(19)
(11)EP 3 519 331 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 17793727.3

(22)Date of filing:  27.09.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65G 39/20(2006.01)
B65G 17/20(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2017/055905
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/060882 (05.04.2018 Gazette  2018/14)

(54)

TRANSPORTING SYSTEM FOR TRANSPORTING PRODUCTS

TRANSPORTSYSTEM ZUM TRANSPORT VON PRODUKTEN

SYSTÈME DE TRANSPORT POUR LE TRANSPORT DE PRODUITS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.09.2016 IT 201600097555

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/32

(73)Proprietor: Marchesini Group S.p.A.
40065 Pianoro (Bologna) (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • MONTI, Giuseppe
    40065 Pianoro (Bologna) (IT)

(74)Representative: Dall'Olio, Christian et al
INVENTION S.r.l. Via delle Armi, 1
40137 Bologna
40137 Bologna (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/046616
GB-A- 813 769
US-A1- 2009 250 321
GB-A- 347 409
US-A- 1 312 417
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a transport system for transport of products.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART



    [0002] In the sector of automatic work, production and/or packaging systems, there is a known need to transport products, objects, articles, components etc. along a predefined pathway so as to be able to know, exactly and precisely, the position and orientation thereof in relation to specific working steps which are to be carried out.

    [0003] A known transport system used for transport of products comprises at least a mobile carriage, for transport of at least a relative product, and at least a guide rail having a loop-wound pathway along which the carriage is guided and moved, by relative motor means, such as for example linear motors, or loop-wound conveyor belts on relative drive pulleys.

    [0004] The guide rail is conformed so as to exhibit an internal wall and an external wall; usually the internal wall and the external wall are mutually inclined and have a converging extension towards a common point.

    [0005] The transport system further comprises cylindrical rollers each of which is rotatably mounted on a relative shaft which is predisposed rigidly and fixed on the carriage so that rollers have a predetermined configuration that is fixed with respect to the guide rail and can engage the guide rail with the relative lateral wall thereof.

    [0006] In particular, a first series of rollers is predisposed on the carriage in such a way that the rollers can roll on the internal wall of the guide rail, and a second series of rollers in such a way that they are in contact and can roll on the external wall of the guide rail, so as to be able to guarantee the stability of orientation and position of the carriage during the movement thereof along the guide rail.

    [0007] The guide rail, as mentioned above, has a closed loop-wound shape, and comprises two straight portions and two curved portions for linking the straight portions.

    [0008] A first drawback of this transport system consists in the stability of the carriage during the passage thereof from a straight portion to a curved portion, as some of the rollers can lose contact with the internal wall or external wall of the guide rail and therefore the other rollers are subjected to a greater rolling friction.

    [0009] The onset of these circumstances not only influences the stability of the carriage, with repercussions on the correct orientation and positioning of the product to be transported, but also determines more rapid wear on the rollers.

    [0010] Document US2016/0031648 relates to a transport system for transporting products of the above-described type, which aims at reducing the degree of wear on the rollers.

    [0011] The transport system described in the above-mentioned document comprises, as in the previously-described one, a mobile carriage and a loop-wound guide rail along which the carriage is guided and moved by motor means.

    [0012] The transport system described in this document comprises a first group of rollers and a second group of rollers mounted rotatably on relative shafts which are rigidly predisposed in a fixed arrangement on the carriage for transport thereof along the guide rail.

    [0013] In particular, the transport system described in document US2016/0031648 is configured in such a way that the rollers of the first group of rollers are predisposed and mounted on the carriage so as to have a fixed and prefixed configuration with respect to the guide rail and so as to be in contact with the internal wall and the external wall of the guide rail only at the straight portions, and not to be in contact with the two walls in the curved portions, while the rollers of the second group of rollers are predisposed and mounted on the carriage so as to have a fixed and prefixed configuration with respect to the guide rail and so as to be in contact with the internal wall and the external wall of the guide rail only at the curved portions, and not to be in contact with the two walls in the straight portions.

    [0014] The first group of rollers comprises at least an internal roller, and at least a pair of external rollers: the internal roller and the pair of external rollers are predisposed rotatably on relative shafts which are mounted on the carriage according to a fixed configuration so that the internal roller is in contact with the internal wall of the guide rail only at a relative straight portion, and the pair of external rollers are in contact with the external wall of the guide rail only at a relative straight portion.

    [0015] Therefore the internal roller and the pair of external rollers of the first group of rollers are contemporaneously in contact with the two walls of the guide rail along the straight portions while they are not in contact with the two walls when the carriage follows a curved portion of the guide rail.

    [0016] In turn, the second group of rollers comprises at least an internal roller, and at least a pair of external rollers: the internal roller and the pair of external rollers are predisposed rotatably on relative shafts which are mounted on the carriage according to a fixed configuration so that the internal roller is in contact with the internal wall of the guide rail only at a relative curved portion, and the pair of external rollers are in contact with the external wall of the guide rail only at a relative curved portion.

    [0017] Therefore the internal roller and the pair of external rollers of the second group of rollers are contemporaneously in contact with the two walls of the guide rail along the curved portions while they are not in contact with the two walls when the carriage follows a straight portion of the guide rail.

    [0018] In the transport system described in document US2016/0031648 described above there are however some drawbacks.

    [0019] Firstly, problems can arise concerning the stability of the carriage at the change of direction of the carriage of the guide rail from the straight portion to the curved portion, as there is a moment of transition in which the rollers of the first group of rollers lose contact with the internal walls and the external walls of the guide rail in the final part of the straight portion, while the rollers of the second group of rollers must instead gain contact with the two walls at the start of the curved portion. The same drawback occurs during the change of direction of the guide rail from the curved portion to the straight portion.

    [0020] The onset of these circumstances can lead to an increase in stresses on the rollers of the two groups, with the consequence that the reduction in the degree of wear is not as good as was hoped for.

    [0021] Document GB 813769 discloses a transport system according to the preamble of claim 1.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0022] The aim of the present invention is therefore to provide a new transport system for transporting products that is able to obviate the above-mentioned drawbacks present in the transport systems of known type.

    [0023] In particular, an aim of the present invention is to provide a new transport system so as to guarantee the stability of the carriage, and therefore of the product which is transported, on the changing of the advancement direction of the carriage from a straight portion to a curved portion, and vice versa, while at the same time keeping the degree of wear on the rollers to a minimum. The above-cited aims are attained with a transport system according to the contents of claim 1.

    [0024] Further characteristics and advantageous aspects of the transport system of the invention are set down in the various dependent claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0025] The characteristics of a preferred, but not exclusive, embodiment of the transport system of the present invention will be described in the following with reference to the appended tables of drawings, in which:
    • figure 1A illustrates a front view of the transport system of the present invention;
    • figure 1B illustrates the transport system of the present invention in a plan view from above;
    • figure 2 is a lateral view of the transport system of the invention, wherein a partial transversal section has been carried out according to vertical section plane II-II indicated in figure 1, with the aim of revealing some significant elements of the transport system of the invention;
    • figure 3A illustrates particularly significant components of the transport system of the present invention in a perspective view;
    • figure 3B illustrates the components of figure 3A according to a perspective view taken from a different angle;
    • figure 4A illustrates a component of the transport system of the present invention in a plan view from above;
    • figure 4B is a perspective view of the component of the transport system illustrated in figure 4A;
    • figure 5 is a view along section plane V-V of figure 4A;
    • figure 6 illustrates detail K of figure 5 in larger scale;
    • figure 7 illustrates a further component of the transport system of the present invention in a plan view from above;
    • figure 8 is a view along section plane X-X of figure 7.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0026] With reference to the accompanying tables of drawings, reference letter (S) denotes the transport system for transporting products of the present invention. The transport system (S) comprises at least a guide rail (1) and at least a carriage (2) for transport of at least a relative product.

    [0027] The guide rail (1) has a loop-wound pathway comprising straight portions (R) and curved portions (C) for connecting the straight portions (R) (see for example figures 1A and 1B), the guide rail (1) being conformed so as to have an internal rolling wall (11) and an external rolling wall (12) (visible for example in figure 2 in the sectioned part, upper on the left); the carriage (2) being moved (for example via activating means comprising linear motors that are not illustrated) with a movement direction (M) along the loop-wound pathway of the guide rail (1).

    [0028] The transport system (S) further comprises a first pair (3) of rollers (31, 32) and
    a second pair (4) of rollers (41, 42) predisposed on the carriage (2).

    [0029] The peculiarities of the transport system (S) of the present invention consist in the fact that it comprises a first shaft (30) mounted and predisposed on the carriage (2) transversally to the movement direction (M) of the carriage (2); and a second shaft (40) also mounted and predisposed on the carriage (2) transversally to the movement direction (M) of the carriage (2);
    and in that:

    the rollers (31, 32) of the first pair (3) of rollers are rotatably mounted on the first shaft (30), flanked to and distanced from one another so that a first roller (31) is arranged internally of the guide rail (1) and has a contact portion (310) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the internal wall (11) of the guide rail (1) and can roll on the internal wall (11) when the carriage (2) is moved in the movement direction (M) and so that a second roller (32) is arranged externally of the guide rail (1) and has a contact portion (320) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the external wall (12) of the guide rail (1) and can roll on the external wall (12) when the carriage (2) is moved in the movement direction (M);

    the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers are rotatably mounted on the second shaft (40), flanked to and distanced from one another so that a first roller (41) is arranged internally of the guide rail (1) and has a contact portion (410) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the internal wall (11) of the guide rail (1) and can roll on the internal wall (11) when the carriage (2) is moved in the movement direction (M) and so that a second roller (42) is arranged externally of the guide rail (1) and has a contact portion (420) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the external wall (12) of the guide rail (1) and can roll on the external wall (12) when the carriage (2) is moved in the movement direction (M);

    the first shaft (30) and the second shaft (40) being predisposed and mounted on the carriage (2) so as to be pivoted according to an axis perpendicular to the carriage (2), the axis being perpendicular to a plane comprising the first shaft (30) and the second shaft (40).



    [0030] In figure 2, in the part in section high on the right, the position of the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers is illustrated with respect to the internal wall (11) and the external wall (12) of the guide rail (1); the same arrangement, though not illustrated, is true of the rollers (31, 32) of the second pair (3) of rollers as described and specified in the foregoing.

    [0031] The fact that in the transport system (S) of the invention the first shaft (30) on which the rollers (31, 32) of the first pair (3) of rollers are mounted, and the second shaft (40) on which the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers are mounted, are predisposed on the carriage (2) so as to be pivoted according to an axis perpendicular to the carriage (2), the axis being perpendicular to a plane comprising the first shaft (30) and the second shaft (40), enables the rollers (31, 32) of the first pair (3) of rollers and the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers to autonomously adapt a position/orientation thereof with respect to the internal wall (11) and the external wall (12) of the second guide rail (1) at the change of direction of the second guide rail (1) in the passage from a straight portion to a curved portion, and vice versa.

    [0032] With this particular specification, therefore, the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) can, with no force or stress, adapt and change the orientation thereof with respect to the carriage (2) at each change of direction of the guide rail (1), due to the possibility of the first shaft (30) and the second shaft (40) to be pivoted with respect to the carriage (2) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2), so that the contact portions (310, 320, 410, 420) of the relative lateral surfaces of the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) remain always in contact with, and can therefore roll on, the internal wall (11) and external wall (12) of the guide rail (1) independently of the changes of direction of the second guide rail (1).

    [0033] In this way, the transport system (S) according to the invention guarantees an excellent stability of the carriage (2) also at each change of direction of the guide rail (1), in the passage from a straight portion to a curved portion, and vice versa, as all the rollers of the two pairs of rollers are always in contact with the internal wall and the external wall of the guide rail.

    [0034] Further, the rollers are always in contact with the internal and external walls of the guide rail with no force or particular stress, and consequently the degree of wear is particularly contained and reduced with respect to the transport systems of the prior art mentioned in the preamble.

    [0035] Further advantageous aspects of the transport system (S) proposed by the present invention are described in the following.

    [0036] In a first preferred aspect, the contact portions (310, 320, 410, 420) of the lateral surfaces of the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) with which the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) are in contact with the internal wall (11) and external wall (12) of the guide rail (1) are conformed as a portion of a spherical cap (see in this regard figure 6 which represents a detail in larger scale and in transversal section of the rollers of the first pair of rollers; this characteristic, though not illustrated in the figures is present, as mentioned, also in the rollers of the second pair of rollers).

    [0037] This particular conformation of the contact portions (310, 320, 410, 420) of the lateral surfaces of the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42), is such that the contact between the rollers and the internal wall and external wall of the guide rail occurs on limited and reduced portions of the lateral surfaces of the rollers, further reducing the degree of wear on the rollers, and therefore enabling a greater duration over time.

    [0038] In the preferred embodiment illustrated in the accompanying figures, the carriage (2) comprises a first through-seating (21) and a second through-seating (22), with a first support element (23) predisposed in the first through-seating (21) so as to be rotatable in said first through-seating (21) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2) and a second support element (24) predisposed in the second through-seating (22) so as to be rotatable in said second through-seating (22) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2).

    [0039] The first shaft (30) is mounted and predisposed on said first support element (23) while the second shaft (40) is mounted and predisposed on the second support element (24).

    [0040] According to further preferred aspects, as illustrated in detail in figures 4A, 4B, 5, 6, the first support element (23) comprises a central housing (230) and two slots (231, 232) arranged on opposite sides of the central housing (230) and communicating with the central housing (230), the central housing (230) having a shape and dimension such as to be able to accommodate and freely receive internally thereof the first pair (3) of rollers (31, 32) so as to enable the rollers (31, 32) to be able to freely rotate about the first shaft (30) and the two slots (231, 232) being arranged and dimensioned so as to be able to receive internally thereof, by form coupling, the ends of the first shaft (30).

    [0041] In turn, in a like way, the second support element (24) comprises a central housing (240) and two slots (241, 242) which are arranged on opposite sides of the central housing (240) and are communicating with the central housing (240), the central housing (240) having a shape and dimension such as to be able to accommodate and freely receive internally thereof the second pair (4) of rollers (41, 42) so as to enable the rollers (41, 42) to be able to freely rotate about the second shaft (40) and the two slots (241, 242) being arranged and dimensioned so as to be able to receive internally thereof by form coupling the ends of the second shaft (40).

    [0042] The portion of the lateral surface of the rollers (31, 32) of the first pair (3) of rollers opposite the contact portion (310, 320) is advantageously tapered: in this way it is possible to reduce the dimensions of the central housing (230) necessary for internally housing the rollers and, consequently, enabling keeping the volumes modest.

    [0043] In the same way, and with the same advantage, the portion of the lateral surface of the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers opposite the contact portion (410, 420) is tapered: in this way it is possible to reduce the dimensions of the central housing (240) necessary for internally housing the rollers.

    [0044] Correspondingly, in a further preferred aspect, the first support element (23) is inserted and predisposed in the first through-seating (21) by interposing of bearings (210) (as for example visible in figure 5) so as enable rotation of the first support element (23) in said first through-seating (21) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2), while, in turn, the second support element (24) is inserted and predisposed in the second through-seating (22) by an interposing of bearings (220) (visible for example in figure 2) so as to enable the rotation of the second support element (24) in the second through-seating (22) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2).

    [0045] A further and other particularly advantageous aspect of the transport system (S) of the present invention consists in the fact that the first support element (23) is inserted and maintained in the first through-seating (21) by first elastic means (81) that are elastically preloaded so as to enable a translation of the first support element (23) with respect to the first through-seating (21) perpendicularly to the guide rail (1) as a consequence of an eventual change of height of the guide rail (1) with respect to a reference plane.

    [0046] Correspondingly, the second support element (24) is also inserted and maintained in the second through-seating (22) by second elastic means (82) that are elastically preloaded so as to enable a translation of the second support element (24) with respect to the second through-seating (22) perpendicularly to the guide rail (1) as a consequence of an eventual change of height of the guide rail (1) with respect to a reference plane.

    [0047] With these specifications, should there be any height displacements of the guide rail (1) with respect to a fixed reference plane, in the movement direction (M) of the carriage (2) along the loop-wound pathway of the guide rail, the support elements (23, 24) of the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) can adjust the vertical position thereof with respect to the carriage (2) so as to maintain the rollers (31, 32) of the first pair (3) of rollers with the relative contact portions (310, 320) always in contact with the internal wall (11) and the external wall (12) of the guide rail (1), and so as to maintain the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers with the relative contact portions (410, 420) always in contact with the internal wall (11) and the external wall (12) of the guide rail (1).

    [0048] These specifications are particularly effective and advantageous in the particular and preferred embodiment of the transport system (S) of the invention, which will be described in the following and illustrated in figure 1A.

    [0049] The above-mentioned first elastic means (81) comprise: a first plate (83), predisposed and mounted on the carriage (2) on an opposite side with respect to the guide rail (1) at the first through-seating (21) and so as to be able to translate vertically with respect to the carriage (2), a first elastic organ (84) that is elastically preloaded, constrained, at a first end, to the carriage (2) and, at a second end, to the first plate (83), the first support element (23) being predisposed in the first through-seating (21) so that the relative bearings (210) interposed there-between are borne and mounted on the first plate (83) (see for example figures 3A, 3B, 4B, 5).

    [0050] In turn, the above-mentioned second elastic means (82) comprise: a second plate (85), predisposed and mounted on the carriage (2) on an opposite side with respect to the guide rail (1) at the second through-seating (22) and so as to be able to translate vertically with respect to the carriage (2), a second elastic organ (86) that is elastically preloaded, constrained, at a first end, to the carriage (2) and, at a second end, to the second plate (85), the second support element (24) being predisposed in the second through-seating (22) so that the relative bearings (220) interposed there-between are borne and mounted on the second plate (85) (see for example figures 2, 3B).

    [0051] The guide rail (1) of the transport system (S) can be realised, according to a preferred embodiment illustrated in the figures, so that the internal wall (11) and the external wall (12) are conformed so as to have, at the straight portions (R), a flat surface shape with a same inclination with respect to the axis of the guide rail (1) and, at the curved portions (C), a truncoconical shape.

    [0052] Figure 1A illustrates a preferred embodiment of the invention, in which the transport system further comprises: a second loop-wound guide rail (5) having a specular shape to the guide rail (1) and arranged opposite the guide rail (1) (for example below but it could also be arranged above), the second guide rail (5) being conformed so as to have an internal rolling wall (50) and an external rolling wall (51); a second carriage (52) and a connecting element (53), predisposed so as to connect the second carriage (52) to the carriage (2), so that when the carriage (2) is moved along the loop-wound pathway of the guide rail (1), the second carriage (52) is also contemporaneously moved along the loop-wound pathway of the second guide rail (5) in a movement direction (N) parallel to the movement direction (M) of the carriage (2).

    [0053] See for example figures 3A and 3B where the two carriages are illustrated (carriage (2), arranged superiorly, and the second carriage (52), arranged inferiorly), connected to one another by the connecting element (53).

    [0054] In this case, the transport system (S) of the invention further comprises:

    a third shaft (70) which is mounted and predisposed on the second carriage (52) transversally to the movement direction (N) of the second carriage (52);

    a fourth shaft (90) which is mounted and predisposed on the second carriage (52) transversally to the movement direction (N) of the second carriage (52);

    a third pair (7) of rollers (71, 72) and a fourth pair (9) of rollers (91, 92) which are mounted and predisposed on the second carriage (2) in the following way.



    [0055] The rollers (71, 72) of the third pair (7) of rollers are rotatably mounted on the third shaft (70), flanked to one another and spaced so that a first roller (71) is arranged internally of the second guide rail (5) and has a contact portion (710) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the internal wall (50) of the second guide rail (5) and can roll on the internal wall (50) when the second carriage (52) is moved in the movement direction (N) and so that a second roller (72) is arranged externally of the guide rail (5) and has a contact portion (720) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the external wall (51) of the second guide rail (5) and can roll on the external wall (51) when the second carriage (52) is moved in the movement direction (N);
    the rollers (91, 92) of the fourth pair (9) of rollers are rotatably mounted on the fourth shaft (90), flanked to one another and spaced so that a first roller (91) is arranged internally of the second guide rail (5) and has a contact portion (910) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the internal wall (50) of the second guide rail (5) and can roll on the internal wall (50) when the second carriage (52) is moved in the movement direction (N) and so that a second roller (92) is arranged externally of the second guide rail (5) and has a contact portion (920) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the external wall (51) of the second guide rail (5) and can roll on the external wall (51) when the carriage (52) is moved in the movement direction (N);
    the third shaft (70) and the fourth shaft (90) being predisposed and mounted on the second carriage (52) so as to be pivoted according to an axis that is perpendicular to the second carriage (52), said axis being perpendicular to a plane comprising the third shaft (70) and the fourth shaft (90).

    [0056] See for example figures 2, 3A, 3B, where the second carriage (52) is illustrated coupled to the carriage (2) via the connecting member (53), i.e. figures 7, 8 where the second carriage (52) has been illustrated independently.

    [0057] Therefore, in this case too, as illustrated in the foregoing, the rollers (71, 72) of the third pair (7) of rollers and the rollers (91, 92) of the fourth pair (9) of rollers can change, with no particular force or stress, adapt and change the orientation thereof with respect to the second carriage (52) at each change of direction of the second guide rail (5), due to the possibility of the third shaft (70) and the fourth shaft (90) to be pivoted with respect to the second carriage (52) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the second carriage (52).

    [0058] In this way, the rollers (71, 72) of the third pair (7) of rollers and the rollers (91, 92) of the fourth pair (9) of rollers can adapt and change the position thereof with respect to the internal wall (50) and external wall (51) of the guide rail (52) at the change of direction of the second guide rail (52) in the passage from a straight portion to a curved portion, and vice versa, so that the contact portions (710, 720, 910, 920) of the lateral surfaces of the rollers (71, 72, 91, 92) remain always in contact with, and can therefore roll on, the internal wall (50) and external wall (51) independently of the changes of direction of the guide rail (52).

    [0059] The above-mentioned connecting element (53) between the carriage (2) and the second carriage (52) comprises coupling means (530) for the coupling and the fixing of a support element for support of a product to be transported (not illustrated).

    [0060] With this particular structure, the transport system (S) guarantees excellent stability in the transport of the product, as the product, borne by the connecting element (53), is guided and supported in the movement thereof by the two carriages that are moved along the two guide rails, especially at changes of direction of the two guide rails, as in the passages from the straight portions to the curved portions, and vice versa.

    [0061] Further, as described in the foregoing, the wear on the rollers is especially modest and contained, which gives them a long working life, surely greater with respect to the prior art systems mentioned in the foregoing.

    [0062] The conformation of the contact portions of the rollers (71.72, 91, 92) of the third (7) and fourth (9) pair of rollers, the structure of the second carriage (52) and the ways in which the third shaft (70) and the fourth shaft (90) are predisposed and mounted on the second carriage (52) and are the same as those already described in relation to the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) of the first (3) and second (4) pair of rollers, the carriage (1) and the first shaft (30) and the second shaft (40), and will therefore not be described in detail.

    [0063] Briefly, in the second carriage (52) there will also be two through-seatings in which two support elements are predisposed for the support of the third and fourth shaft, where the rollers and the third and fourth shaft are inserted in housings and slots present in the two support elements, the two support elements being inserted in the through-seatings by the interposing of bearings that enable the shafts to be pivoted according to an axis perpendicular to the carriage.

    [0064] In this case, however, the two support elements are inserted in the through-seatings of the second carriage (52) so as not to be able to vary the position thereof vertically in the two through-seatings: this is because the carriage (1) already includes the possibility of height-adjusting the position of the rollers and therefore, during the movement of the two carriages along the loop-wound pathway of the two guide rails, the compensation of any displacements and variations of the reciprocal distance between the two guide rails is carried out by the first elastic means (81) and the second elastic means (82) predisposed on the carriages (2) (the upper carriage).

    [0065] From the above it is clear that the transport system of the present invention effectively obviates the various drawbacks which are encountered in the transport systems of the prior art described in the preamble hereto.


    Claims

    1. A transport system (S) for transport of products, comprising:

    at least a guide rail (1) having a loop-wound pathway and comprising straight portions (R) and curved portions (C) for connecting the straight portions (R), the guide rail (1) being conformed so as to have an internal rolling wall (11) and an external rolling wall (12);

    at least a carriage (2) for transport of at least a relative product that can be moved in a movement direction (M) along the loop-wound pathway of the guide rail (1);

    a first pair (3) of rollers (31, 32);

    a second pair (4) of rollers (41, 42);

    a first shaft (30) mounted and predisposed on the carriage (2) transversally to the movement direction (M) of the carriage (2);

    a second shaft (40) mounted and predisposed on the carriage (2) transversally to the movement direction (M) of the carriage (2);

    the rollers (31, 32) of the first pair (3) of rollers being rotatably mounted on a first shaft (30), flanked to and distanced from one another so that a first roller (31) is arranged internally of the guide rail (1) and has a contact portion (310) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the internal rolling wall (11) of the guide rail (1) and can roll on the internal rolling wall (11) when the carriage (2) is moved in the movement direction (M) and so that a second roller (32) is arranged externally of the guide rail (1) and has a contact portion (320) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the external rolling wall (12) of the guide rail (1) and can roll on the external rolling wall (12) when the carriage (2) is moved in the movement direction (M);

    the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers being rotatably mounted on a second shaft (40), flanked to and distanced from one another so that a first roller (41) is arranged internally of the guide rail (1) and has a contact portion (410) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the internal rolling wall (11) of the guide rail (1) and can roll on the internal rolling wall (11) when the carriage (2) is moved in the movement direction (M) and so that a second roller (42) is arranged externally of the guide rail (1) and has a contact portion (420) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the external rolling wall (12) of the guide rail (1) and can roll on the external rolling wall (12) when the carriage (2) is moved in the movement direction (M);

    characterised in that the first shaft (30) and the second shaft (40) are predisposed and mounted on the carriage (2) so as to be pivoted according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2), said axis being perpendicular to a plane comprising the first shaft (30) and the second shaft (40), so as to enable the rollers (31, 32) of the first pair (3) of rollers and the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers to adapt a position/orientation thereof with respect to the internal rolling wall (11) and external rolling wall (12) of the guide rail (1) at the change of direction of the guide rail (1) in the passage from a straight portion (R) to a curved portion (C), and vice versa, so that the contact portions (310, 320, 410, 420) of the lateral surfaces of the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) remain always in contact with, and can therefore roll on, the internal rolling wall (11) and external rolling wall (12) independently of the changes of direction of the guide rail (1).


     
    2. The transport system of claim 1, characterised in that the contact portions (310, 320, 410, 420) of the lateral surfaces of the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) with which the rollers (31, 32, 41, 42) are in contact with the internal rolling wall (11) and external rolling wall (12) of the guide rail (1) are conformed as a portion of a spherical cap.
     
    3. The transport system of any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the carriage (2) comprises a first through-seating (21) and a second through-seating (22) and in that it comprises a first support element (23) predisposed in the first through-seating (21) so as to be rotatable in said first through-seating (21) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2) and a second support element (24) predisposed in the second through-seating (22) so as to be rotatable in said second through-seating (22) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2), and in that the first shaft (30) is mounted and predisposed on the first support element (23) and the second shaft (40) is mounted and predisposed on the second support element (24).
     
    4. The transport system of the preceding claim, characterised in that the first support element (23) comprises a central housing (230) and two slots (231, 232) arranged on opposite sides of the central housing (230) and communicating with the central housing (230), the central housing (230) having a shape and dimension such as to be able to accommodate and freely receive internally thereof the first pair (3) of rollers (31, 32) so as to enable the rollers (31, 32) to be able to freely rotate about the first shaft (30) and the two slots (231, 232) being arranged and dimensioned so a to be able to receive internally thereof by form coupling the ends of the first shaft (30), and in that the second support element (24) in turn comprises a central housing (240) and two slots (241, 242) arranged on opposite sides of the central housing (240) and communicating with the central housing (240), the central housing (240) having a shape and dimension such as to be able to accommodate and freely receive internally thereof the second pair (4) of rollers (41, 42) so as to enable the rollers (41, 42) to be able to freely rotate about the second shaft (40) and the two slots (241, 242) being arranged and dimensioned so as to be able to receive internally thereof by form coupling the ends of the second shaft (40).
     
    5. The transport system of any one of claims 3 and 4, characterised in that the first support element (23) is inserted and predisposed in the first through-seating (21) by interposing of bearings (210) so as enable rotation of the first support element (23) in said first through-seating (21) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2), and in that the second support element (24) is inserted and predisposed in the second through-seating (22) by an interposing of bearings (220) so as to enable the rotation of the second support element (24) in the second through-seating (22) according to an axis that is perpendicular to the carriage (2).
     
    6. The transport system of the preceding claim characterised in that the first support element (23) is inserted and maintained in the first through-seating (21) by first elastic means (81) that are elastically preloaded so as to enable a translation of the first support element (23) with respect to the first through-seating (21) perpendicularly to the guide rail (1) as a consequence of an eventual change of height of the guide rail (1) with respect to a reference plane so as to maintain the rollers (31, 32) of the first pair (3) of rollers predisposed on the first support element (23) with the relative contact portions (310, 320) always in contact with the internal rolling wall (11) and the external rolling wall (12) of the guide rail (1), and in that the second support element (24) is inserted and maintained in the second through-seating (22) by second elastic means (82) that are elastically preloaded so as to enable a translation of the second support element (24) with respect to the second through-seating (22) perpendicularly to the guide rail (1) as a consequence of an eventual change of height of the guide rail (1) with respect to a reference plane so as to maintain the rollers (41, 42) of the second pair (4) of rollers predisposed on the second support element (24) with the relative contact portions (410, 420) always in contact with the internal rolling wall (11) and the external rolling wall (12) of the guide rail (1).
     
    7. The transport system of claim 6, characterised in that the first elastic means (81) comprise: a first plate (83), predisposed and mounted on the carriage (2) on an opposite side with respect to the guide rail (1) at the first through-seating (21) and so as to be able to translate vertically with respect to the carriage (2), a first elastic organ (84) that is elastically preloaded, constrained, at a first end, to the carriage (2) and, at a second end, to the first plate (83), the first support element (23) being predisposed in the first through-seating (21) so that the relative bearings (210) interposed there-between are borne and mounted on the first plate (83);
    and in that the second elastic means (82) comprise a second plate (85), predisposed and mounted on the carriage (2) on an opposite side with respect to the guide rail (1) at the second through-seating (22) and so as to be able to translate vertically with respect to the carriage (2), a second elastic organ (86) that is elastically preloaded and constrained, at a first end, to the carriage (2) and, at a second end, to the second plate (85), the second support element (24) being predisposed in the second through-seating (22) so that the relative bearings (220) interposed there-between are borne and mounted on the second plate (85).
     
    8. The transport system of any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the internal rolling wall (11) and the external rolling wall (12) of the guide rail (1) are conformed such as to have, at the straight portions (R), a flat surface shape with a same inclination with respect to the guide rail (1) and, at the curved portions (C), a truncoconical shape.
     
    9. The transport system of any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that comprises:

    a second loop-wound guide rail (5) having a specular shape to the guide rail (1) and arranged opposite the guide rail (1), the second loop-wound guide rail (5) being conformed so as to have an internal rolling wall (50) and an external rolling wall (51);

    a second carriage (52);

    a connecting element (53), predisposed so as to connect the second carriage (52) to the carriage (2), so that when the carriage (2) is moved along the loop-wound pathway of the guide rail (1), the second carriage (52) is also contemporaneously moved along the loop-wound pathway of the second loop-wound guide rail (5) in a movement direction (N) parallel to the movement direction (M) of the carriage (2);

    a third pair (7) of rollers (71, 72);

    a fourth pair (9) of rollers (91, 92);

    a third shaft (70) mounted and predisposed on the second carriage (52) transversally to the movement direction (N) of the second carriage (52);

    a fourth shaft (90) mounted and predisposed on the second carriage (52) transversally to the movement direction (N) of the second carriage (52);

    the rollers (71, 72) of the third pair (7) of rollers being rotatably mounted on the third shaft (70), flanked to one another and spaced so that a first roller (71) is arranged internally of the second guide rail (5) and has a contact portion (710) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the internal rolling wall (50) of the second loop-wound guide rail (5) and can roll on the internal rolling wall (50) when the second carriage (52) is moved in the movement direction (N) and so that a second roller (72) is arranged externally of the guide rail (5) and has a contact portion (720) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the external rolling wall (51) of the second loop-wound guide rail (5) and can roll on the external rolling wall (51) when the second carriage (52) is moved in the movement direction (N);

    the rollers (91, 92) of the fourth pair (9) of rollers being rotatably mounted on the fourth shaft (90), flanked to one another and spaced so that a first roller (91) is arranged internally of the second loop-wound guide rail (5) and has a contact portion (910) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the internal rolling wall (50) of the second guide rail (5) and can roll on the internal rolling wall (50) when the second carriage (52) is moved in the movement direction (N) and so that a second roller (92) is arranged externally of the second loop-wound guide rail (5) and has a contact portion (920) of the lateral surface thereof in contact with the external rolling wall (51) of the second loop-wound guide rail (5) and can roll on the external rolling wall (51) when the second carriage (52) is moved in the movement direction (N);

    the third shaft (70) and the fourth shaft (90) are predisposed and mounted on the second carriage (52) so as to be pivoted according to a axis that is perpendicular to the second carriage (52), said axis being perpendicular to a plane comprising the third shaft (70) and the fourth shaft (90), so as to enable the rollers (71, 72) of the third pair (7) of rollers and the rollers (91, 92) of the fourth pair (9) of rollers to adapt a position/orientation thereof with respect to the internal rolling wall (50) and the external rolling wall (51) of the second loop-wound guide rail (5) at the change of direction of the second loop-wound guide rail (5) in the passage from a straight portion to a curved portion , and vice versa, so that the contact portions (710, 720, 910, 920) of the lateral surfaces of the rollers (71, 72, 91, 92) remain always in contact with, and can therefore roll on, the internal rolling wall (50) and external rolling wall (51) independently of the changes of direction of the second loop-wound guide rail (5).


     
    10. The transport system of the preceding claim characterised in that the connecting element (53) comprises coupling means (530) for the coupling and the fixing of a support element for support of a product to be transported.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Transportsystem (S) zum Transport von Produkten, umfassend:

    zumindest eine Führungsschiene (1) die einen schleifenförmig geschlossenen Verlauf aufweist und gerade Abschnitte (R) und kurvenförmige Abschnitte (C) zur Verbindung der geraden Abschnitte (R) umfasst, wobei die Führungsschiene (1) derart beschaffen ist, dass sie eine innere Abrollwand (11) und eine äußere Abrollwand (12) aufweist;

    zumindest einen Wagen (2) zum Transportieren von zumindest einem entsprechenden Produkt, der in einer Bewegungsrichtung (M) entlang dem schleifenförmig geschlossenen Verlauf der Führungsschiene (1) beweglich ist;

    ein erstes Paar (3) Rollen (31, 32);

    ein zweites Paar (4) Rollen (41, 42);

    eine erste Welle (30), die auf dem Wagen (2) quergerichtet zu der Bewegungsrichtung (M) des Wagens (2) montiert und vorgesehen ist;

    eine zweite Welle (40), die auf dem Wagen (2) quergerichtet zu der Bewegungsrichtung (M) des Wagens (2) montiert und vorgesehen ist;

    wobei die Rollen (31, 32) des ersten Paares (3) Rollen drehbar auf einer ersten Welle (30) derart nebeneinander und voneinander beabstandet montiert sind, dass eine erste Rolle (31) innerhalb der Führungsschiene (1) angeordnet ist und mit einem Kontaktabschnitt (310) ihrer seitlichen Oberfläche in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (11) der Führungsschiene (1) ist und auf der inneren Abrollwand (11) rollen kann, wenn der Wagen (2) in der Bewegungsrichtung (M) bewegt wird, und dass eine zweite Rolle (32) außerhalb der Führungsschiene (1) angeordnet ist und mit einem Kontaktabschnitt (320) ihrer seitlichen Oberfläche in Berührung mit der äußeren Abrollwand (12) der Führungsschiene (1) ist und auf der äußeren Abrollwand (12) rollen kann, wenn der Wagen (2) in der Bewegungsrichtung (M) bewegt wird;

    wobei die Rollen (41, 42) des zweiten Paares (4) Rollen drehbar auf einer zweiten Welle (40) derart nebeneinander und voneinander beabstandet montiert sind, dass eine erste Rolle (41) innerhalb der Führungsschiene (1) angeordnet ist und mit einem Kontaktabschnitt (410) ihrer seitlichen Oberfläche in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (11) der Führungsschiene (1) ist und auf der inneren Abrollwand (11) rollen kann, wenn der Wagen (2) in der Bewegungsrichtung (M) bewegt wird, und dass eine zweite Rolle (42) außerhalb der Führungsschiene (1) angeordnet ist und mit einem Kontaktabschnitt (420) ihrer seitlichen Oberfläche in Berührung mit der äußeren Abrollwand (12) der Führungsschiene (1) ist und auf der äußeren Abrollwand (12) rollen kann, wenn der Wagen (2) in der Bewegungsrichtung (M) bewegt wird;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Welle (30) und die zweite Welle (40) derart auf dem Wagen (2) vorgesehen und montiert sind, dass sie um eine Achse schwenkbar sind, die orthogonal zu dem Wagen (2) ist, wobei diese Achse orthogonal zu einer Ebene ist, welche die erste Welle (30) und die zweite Welle (40) enthält, um den Rollen (31, 32) des ersten Paares (3) Rollen und den Rollen (41, 42) des zweiten Paares (4) Rollen das Anpassen ihrer Position/Ausrichtung relativ zu der inneren Abrollwand (11) und der äußeren Abrollwand (12) der Führungsschiene (1) beim Richtungswechsel der Führungsschiene (1) im Übergang von einem geraden Abschnitt (R) zu einem kurvenförmigen Abschnitt (C), und umgekehrt, zu ermöglichen, so dass die Kontaktabschnitte (310, 320, 410, 420) der seitlichen Oberflächen der Rollen (31, 32, 41, 42) immer in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (11) und der äußeren Abrollwand (12) bleiben und somit darauf rollen können, unabhängig von den Richtungswechseln der Führungsschiene (1).


     
    2. Transportsystem nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kontaktabschnitte (310, 320, 410, 420) der seitlichen Oberflächen der Rollen (31, 32, 41, 42), mit denen die Rollen (31, 32, 41, 42) in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (11) und der äußeren Abrollwand (12) der Führungsschiene (1) stehen, die Form eines Abschnitts einer kugelförmigen Kappe aufweisen.
     
    3. Transportsystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Wagen (2) eine erste durchgehende Aufnahme (21) und eine zweite durchgehende Aufnahme (22) umfasst und dadurch, dass es ein erstes Trägerelement (23) umfasst, das in der ersten durchgehenden Aufnahme (21) derart vorgesehen ist, dass es in der ersten durchgehenden Aufnahme (21) um eine Achse drehbar ist, die orthogonal zu dem Wagen (2) ist, und ein zweites Trägerelement (24) umfasst, das in der zweiten durchgehenden Aufnahme (22) derart vorgesehen ist, dass es in der zweiten durchgehenden Aufnahme (22) um eine Achse drehbar ist, die orthogonal zu dem Wagen (2) ist, und dadurch, dass die erste Welle (30) auf dem ersten Trägerelement (23) montiert und vorgesehen ist und die zweite Welle (40) auf dem zweiten Trägerelement (24) montiert und vorgesehen ist.
     
    4. Transportsystem nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Trägerelement (23) ein mittleres Gehäuse (230) und zwei Schlitze (231, 232) umfasst, die auf einander gegenüberliegenden Seiten des mittleren Gehäuses (230) angeordnet sind und mit dem mittleren Gehäuse (230) in Verbindung stehen, wobei das mittlere Gehäuse (230) derart geformt und bemessen ist, dass es in seinem Inneren das erste Paar (3) Rollen (31, 32) empfangen und frei aufnehmen kann, so dass sich die Rollen (31, 32) frei um die erste Welle (30) drehen können, und wobei die zwei Schlitze (231, 232) derart angeordnet und bemessen sind, dass sie in ihrem Inneren durch formschlüssige Kupplung die Enden der ersten Welle (30) aufnehmen können, und dadurch, dass das zweite Trägerelement (24) seinerseits ein mittleres Gehäuse (240) und zwei Schlitze (241, 242) umfasst, die auf einander gegenüberliegenden Seiten des mittleren Gehäuses (240) angeordnet sind und mit dem mittleren Gehäuse (240) in Verbindung stehen, wobei das mittlere Gehäuse (240) derart geformt und bemessen ist, dass es in seinem Inneren das zweite Paar (4) Rollen (41, 42) empfangen und frei aufnehmen kann, so dass sich die Rollen (41, 42) frei um die zweite Welle (40) drehen können, und wobei die zwei Schlitze (241, 242) derart angeordnet und bemessen sind, dass sie in ihrem Inneren durch formschlüssige Kupplung die Enden der zweiten Welle (40) aufnehmen können.
     
    5. Transportsystem nach einem der Ansprüche 3 und 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass beim Einsetzen und Anordnen des ersten Trägerelements (23) in der ersten durchgehenden Aufnahme (21) Lager (210) zwischengelegt werden, um das Drehen des ersten Trägerelements (23) in der ersten durchgehenden Aufnahme (21) um eine Achse zu ermöglichen, die orthogonal zu dem Wagen (2) ist, und dadurch, dass beim Einsetzen und Anordnen des zweiten Trägerelements (24) in der zweiten durchgehenden Aufnahme (22) Lager (220) zwischengelegt werden, um das Drehen des zweiten Trägerelements (24) in der zweiten durchgehenden Aufnahme (22) um eine Achse zu ermöglichen, die orthogonal zu dem Wagen (2) ist.
     
    6. Transportsystem nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Trägerelement (23) in die erste durchgehende Aufnahme (21) mittels erster elastischer Mittel (81) eingeführt und darin festgehalten werden, die elastisch vorgespannt sind, um eine Translationsbewegung des ersten Trägerelements (23) relativ zu der ersten durchgehenden Aufnahme (21) orthogonal zu der Führungsschiene (1) infolge einer eventualen Höhenänderung der Führungsschiene (1) relativ zu einer Bezugsebene zu ermöglichen, um die Rollen (31, 32) des ersten Paares (3) Rollen, die auf dem ersten Trägerelement (23) vorgesehen sind, mit ihren jeweiligen Kontaktabschnitten (310, 320) immer in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (11) und der äußeren Abrollwand (12) der Führungsschiene (1) zu halten, und dadurch, dass das zweite Trägerelement (24) in die zweite durchgehende Aufnahme (22) mittels zweiter elastischer Mittel (82) eingeführt und darin festgehalten werden, die elastisch vorgespannt sind, um eine Translationsbewegung des zweiten Trägerelements (24) relativ zu der zweiten durchgehenden Aufnahme (22) orthogonal zu der Führungsschiene (1) infolge einer eventuellen Höhenänderung der Führungsschiene (1) relativ zu einer Bezugsebene zu ermöglichen, um die Rollen (41, 42) des zweiten Paares (4) Rollen, die auf dem zweiten Trägerelement (24) vorgesehen sind, mit ihren jeweiligen Kontaktabschnitten (410, 420) immer in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (11) und der äußeren Abrollwand (12) der Führungsschiene (1) zu halten.
     
    7. Transportsystem nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die ersten elastischen Mittel (81) umfassen: eine erste Platte (83), die auf einer relativ zu der Führungsschiene (1) gegenüberliegenden Seite an der ersten durchgehenden Aufnahme (21) auf dem Wagen (2) derart vorgesehen und montiert ist, dass sie relativ zu dem Wagen (2) vertikal eine Translationsbewegung ausführen kann, ein erstes elastisches Organ (84), das elastisch vorgespannt ist und an einem ersten Ende an dem Wagen (2) festgelegt ist und an einem zweiten Ende an der ersten Platte (83) festgelegt ist, wobei das erste Trägerelement (23) in der ersten durchgehenden Aufnahme (21) so vorgesehen ist, dass die entsprechenden zwischengelegten Lager (210) auf der ersten Platte (83) gelagert und montiert sind;
    und dadurch, dass die zweiten elastischen Mittel (82) eine zweite Platte (85) umfassen, die auf einer relativ zu der Führungsschiene (1) gegenüberliegenden Seite an der zweiten durchgehende Aufnahme (22) auf dem Wagen (2) derart vorgesehen und montiert ist, dass sie relativ zu dem Wagen (2) vertikal eine Translationsbewegung ausführen kann, ein zweites elastisches Organ (86), das elastisch vorgespannt ist und an einem ersten Ende an dem Wagen (2) festgelegt ist und an einem zweiten Ende an der zweiten Platte (85) festgelegt ist, wobei das zweite Trägerelement (24) in der zweiten durchgehenden Aufnahme (22) so vorgesehen ist, dass die entsprechenden zwischengelegten Lager (220) auf der zweiten Platte (85) gelagert und montiert sind.
     
    8. Transportsystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die innere Abrollwand (11) und die äußere Abrollwand (12) der Führungsschiene (1) derart beschaffen sind, dass sie, an den geraden Abschnitten (R), eine Form mit flacher Oberfläche mit derselben Neigung relativ zu der Führungsschiene (1) aufweisen und, an den kurvenförmigen Abschnitten (C), eine kegelstumpfartige Form.
     
    9. Transportsystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es umfasst:

    eine zweite schleifenförmig geschlossene Führungsschiene (5), die eine zur Führungsschiene (1) spiegelbildliche Form aufweist und gegenüber der Führungsschiene (1) angeordnet ist, wobei die zweite schleifenförmig geschlossene Führungsschiene (5) so beschaffen ist, dass sie eine innere Abrollwand (50) und eine äußere Abrollwand (51) aufweist;

    einen zweiten Wagen (52);

    ein Verbindungselement (53), das derart vorgesehen ist, dass es den zweiten Wagen (52) mit dem Wagen (2) verbindet, so dass, wenn der Wagen (2) entlang dem schleifenförmig geschlossenen Verlauf der Führungsschiene (1) bewegt wird, der zweite Wagen (52) ebenfalls gleichzeitig entlang dem schleifenförmig geschlossenen Verlauf der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5) in einer Bewegungsrichtung (N) bewegt wird, die parallel zu der Bewegungsrichtung (M) des Wagens (2) ist;

    ein drittes Paar (7) Rollen (71, 72);

    ein viertes Paar (9) Rollen (91, 92);

    eine dritte Welle (70), die auf dem zweiten Wagen (52) quergerichtet zu der Bewegungsrichtung (N) des zweiten Wagens (52) montiert und vorgesehen ist;

    eine vierte Welle (90), die auf dem zweiten Wagen (52) quergerichtet zu der Bewegungsrichtung (N) des zweiten Wagens (52) montiert und vorgesehen ist;

    wobei die Rollen (71, 72) des dritten Paares (7) Rollen drehbar auf der dritten Welle (70) derart nebeneinander und voneinander beabstandet montiert sind, dass eine erste Rolle (71) innerhalb der zweiten Führungsschiene (5) angeordnet ist und mit einem Kontaktabschnitt (710) ihrer seitlichen Oberfläche in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (50) der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5) ist und auf der inneren Abrollwand (50) rollen kann, wenn der zweite Wagen (52) in der Bewegungsrichtung (N) bewegt wird, und dass eine zweite Rolle (72) außerhalb der zweiten Führungsschiene (5) angeordnet ist und mit einem Kontaktabschnitt (720) ihrer seitlichen Oberfläche in Berührung mit der äußeren Abrollwand (51) der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5) ist und auf der äußeren Abrollwand (51) rollen kann, wenn der zweite Wagen (52) in der Bewegungsrichtung (N) bewegt wird;

    wobei die Rollen (91, 92) des vierten Paares (9) Rollen drehbar auf der vierten Welle (90) derart nebeneinander und voneinander beabstandet montiert sind, dass eine erste Rolle (91) innerhalb der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5) angeordnet ist und mit einem Kontaktabschnitt (910) ihrer seitlichen Oberfläche in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (50) der zweiten Führungsschiene (5) ist und auf der inneren Abrollwand (50) rollen kann, wenn der zweite Wagen (52) in der Bewegungsrichtung (N) bewegt wird, und dass eine zweite Rolle (92) außerhalb der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5) angeordnet ist und mit einem Kontaktabschnitt (920) ihrer seitlichen Oberfläche in Berührung mit der äußeren Abrollwand (51) der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5) ist und auf der äußeren Abrollwand (51) rollen kann, wenn der zweite Wagen (52) in der Bewegungsrichtung (N) bewegt wird;

    wobei die dritte Welle (70) und die vierte Welle (90) derart auf dem zweiten Wagen (52) vorgesehen und montiert sind, dass sie um eine Achse schwenkbar sind, die orthogonal zu dem zweiten Wagen (52) ist, wobei diese Achse orthogonal zu einer Ebene ist, welche die dritte Welle (70) und die vierte Welle (90) enthält, um den Rollen (71, 72) des dritten Paares (7) Rollen und den Rollen (91, 92) des vierten Paares (9) Rollen das Anpassen ihrer Position/Ausrichtung relativ zu der inneren Abrollwand (50) und der äußeren Abrollwand (51) der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5) beim Richtungswechsel der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5) im Übergang von einem geraden Abschnitt zu einem kurvenförmigen Abschnitt, und umgekehrt, zu ermöglichen, so dass die Kontaktabschnitte (710, 720, 910, 920) der seitlichen Oberflächen der Rollen (71, 72, 91, 92) immer in Berührung mit der inneren Abrollwand (50) und der äußeren Abrollwand (51) bleiben und somit darauf rollen können, unabhängig von den Richtungswechseln der zweiten schleifenförmig geschlossenen Führungsschiene (5).


     
    10. Transportsystem nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verbindungselement (53) Kupplungsmittel (530) zur Ankopplung und Befestigung eines Trägerelements zum Tragen eines zu transportierenden Produktes umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un système de transport (S) pour le transport de produits, comprenant :

    au moins un rail de guidage (1) ayant un parcours en boucle fermée et comprenant des portions rectilignes (R) et des portions courbes (C) de raccordement des portions rectilignes (R), le rail de guidage (1) étant conformé de manière à avoir une paroi intérieure de roulement (11) et une paroi extérieure de roulement (12) ;

    au moins un chariot (2) pour le transport d'au moins un produit correspondant qui peut être déplacé dans une direction de mouvement (M) le long du parcours en boucle fermée du rail de guidage (1) ;

    une première paire (3) de rouleaux (31, 32) ;

    une deuxième paire (4) de rouleaux (41, 42) ;

    un premier arbre (30) monté et prédisposé sur le chariot (2) transversalement à la direction de mouvement (M) du chariot (2) ;

    un deuxième arbre (40) monté et prédisposé sur le chariot (2) transversalement à la direction de mouvement (M) du chariot (2) ;

    les rouleaux (31, 32) de la première paire (3) de rouleaux étant montés de façon rotative sur un premier arbre (30), l'un à côté de l'autre et espacés l'un de l'autre de manière à ce qu'un premier rouleau (31) soit disposé intérieurement au rail de guidage (1) et ait une portion de contact (310) de sa propre surface latérale en contact avec la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) du rail de guidage (1) et puisse rouler sur la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) lorsque le chariot (2) est déplacé dans la direction de mouvement (M) et de manière à ce qu'un deuxième rouleau (32) soit disposé extérieurement au rail de guidage (1) et ait une portion de contact (320) de sa propre surface latérale en contact avec la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) du rail de guidage (1) et puisse rouler sur la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) lorsque le chariot (2) est déplacé dans la direction de mouvement (M) ;

    les rouleaux (41, 42) de la deuxième paire (4) de rouleaux étant montés de façon rotative sur un deuxième arbre (40), l'un à côté de l'autre et espacés l'un de l'autre de manière à ce qu'un premier rouleau (41) soit disposé intérieurement au rail de guidage (1) et ait une portion de contact (410) de sa propre surface latérale en contact avec la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) du rail de guidage (1) et puisse rouler sur la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) lorsque le chariot (2) est déplacé dans la direction de mouvement (M) et de manière à ce qu'un deuxième rouleau (42) soit disposé extérieurement au rail de guidage (1) et ait une portion de contact (420) de sa propre surface latérale en contact avec la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) du rail de guidage (1) et puisse rouler sur la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) lorsque le chariot (2) est déplacé dans la direction de mouvement (M) ;

    caractérisé en ce que le premier arbre (30) et le deuxième arbre (40) sont prédisposés et montés sur le chariot (2) de manière à pouvoir pivoter selon un axe qui est perpendiculaire au chariot (2), ledit axe étant perpendiculaire à un plan comprenant le premier arbre (30) et le deuxième arbre (40), de manière à permettre aux rouleaux (31, 32) de la première paire (3) de rouleaux et aux rouleaux (41, 42) de la deuxième paire (4) de rouleaux d'adapter leur position/orientation par rapport à la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) et à la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) du rail de guidage (1) au niveau du changement de direction du rail de guidage (1) au passage d'une portion rectiligne (R) à une portion courbe (C), et inversement, afin que les portions de contact (310, 320, 410, 420) des surfaces latérales des rouleaux (31, 32, 41, 42) restent toujours en contact avec, et puissent donc rouler sur, la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) et la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) indépendamment des changements de direction du rail de guidage (1).


     
    2. Le système de transport selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les portions de contact (310, 320, 410, 420) des surfaces latérales des rouleaux (31, 32, 41, 42) avec lesquelles les rouleaux (31, 32, 41, 42) sont en contact avec la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) et la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) du rail de guidage (1) sont conformées comme une portion d'une calotte sphérique.
     
    3. Le système de transport selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le chariot (2) comprend un premier siège traversant (21) et un deuxième siège traversant (22) et en ce qu'il comprend un premier élément de support (23) prédisposé dans le premier siège traversant (21) de manière à pouvoir tourner dans ledit premier siège traversant (21) selon un axe qui est perpendiculaire au chariot (2) et un deuxième élément de support (24) prédisposé dans le deuxième siège traversant (22) de manière à pouvoir tourner dans ledit deuxième siège traversant (22) selon un axe qui est perpendiculaire au chariot (2), et en ce que le premier arbre (30) est monté et prédisposé sur le premier élément de support (23) et le deuxième arbre (40) est monté et prédisposé sur le deuxième élément de support (24).
     
    4. Le système de transport selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que le premier élément de support (23) comprend un logement central (230) et deux fentes (231, 232) disposées sur des côtés opposés du logement central (230) et communiquant avec le logement central (230), le logement central (230) ayant une forme et taille telles qu'il peut loger et recevoir librement à l'intérieur de lui-même la première paire (3) de rouleaux (31, 32) de manière à permettre aux rouleaux (31, 32) de pouvoir librement tourner autour du premier arbre (30) et les deux fentes (231, 232) étant disposées et dimensionnées de manière à pouvoir recevoir à l'intérieur d'elles-mêmes par accouplement de forme les extrémités du premier arbre (30), et en ce que le deuxième élément de support (24) comprend à son tour un logement central (240) et deux fentes (241, 242) disposées sur des côtés opposés du logement central (240) et communiquant avec le logement central (240), le logement central (240) ayant une forme et taille telles qu'il peut loger et recevoir librement à l'intérieur de lui-même la deuxième paire (4) de rouleaux (41, 42) de manière à permettre aux rouleaux (41, 42) de pouvoir librement tourner autour du deuxième arbre (40) et les deux fentes (241, 242) étant disposées et dimensionnées de manière à pouvoir recevoir à l'intérieur d'elles-mêmes par accouplement de forme les extrémités du deuxième arbre (40).
     
    5. Le système de transport selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 et 4, caractérisé en ce que le premier élément de support (23) est inséré et prédisposé dans le premier siège traversant (21) par interposition de roulements (210) de manière à permettre la rotation du premier élément de support (23) dans ledit premier siège traversant (21) selon un axe qui est perpendiculaire au chariot (2), et en ce que le deuxième élément de support (24) est inséré et prédisposé dans le deuxième siège traversant (22) par interposition de roulements (220) de manière à permettre la rotation du deuxième élément de support (24) dans le deuxième siège traversant (22) selon un axe qui est perpendiculaire au chariot (2).
     
    6. Le système de transport selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que le premier élément de support (23) est inséré et maintenu dans le premier siège traversant (21) par des premiers moyens élastiques (81) qui sont élastiquement pré-chargés de manière à permettre une translation du premier élément de support (23) par rapport au premier siège traversant (21) perpendiculairement au rail de guidage (1) à la suite d'un éventuel changement de hauteur du rail de guidage (1) par rapport à un plan de référence afin de maintenir les rouleaux (31, 32) de la première paire (3) de rouleaux prédisposés sur le premier élément de support (23) avec les portions de contact (310, 320) correspondantes toujours en contact avec la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) et la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) du rail de guidage (1), et en ce que le deuxième élément de support (24) est inséré et maintenu dans le deuxième siège traversant (22) par des deuxièmes moyens élastiques (82) qui sont élastiquement pré-chargés de manière à permettre une translation du deuxième élément de support (24) par rapport au deuxième siège traversant (22) perpendiculairement au rail de guidage (1) à la suite d'un éventuel changement de hauteur du rail de guidage (1) par rapport à un plan de référence afin de maintenir les rouleaux (41, 42) de la deuxième paire (4) de rouleaux prédisposés sur le deuxième élément de support (24) avec les portions de contact (410, 420) correspondantes toujours en contact avec la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) et la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) du rail de guidage (1).
     
    7. Le système de transport selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que les premiers moyens élastiques (81) comprennent : une première plaque (83), prédisposée et montée sur le chariot (2) d'un côté opposé par rapport au rail de guidage (1) au niveau du premier siège traversant (21) et de manière à pouvoir translater verticalement par rapport au chariot (2), un premier organe élastique (84) qui est élastiquement pré-chargé, assujetti, à une première extrémité, au chariot (2) et, à une deuxième extrémité, à la première plaque (83), le premier élément de support (23) étant prédisposé dans le premier siège traversant (21) de manière à ce que les roulements (210) correspondants interposés entre ceux-ci soient portés et montés sur la première plaque (83) ;
    et en ce que les deuxièmes moyens élastiques (82) comprennent une deuxième plaque (85), prédisposée et montée sur le chariot (2) d'un côté opposé par rapport au rail de guidage (1) au niveau du deuxième siège traversant (22) et de manière à pouvoir translater verticalement par rapport au chariot (2), un deuxième organe élastique (86) qui est élastiquement pré-chargé et assujetti, à une première extrémité, au chariot (2) et, à une deuxième extrémité, à la deuxième plaque (85), le deuxième élément de support (24) étant prédisposé dans le deuxième siège traversant (22) de manière à ce que les roulements (220) correspondants interposés entre ceux-ci soient portés et montés sur la deuxième plaque (85).
     
    8. Le système de transport selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que la paroi intérieure de roulement (11) et la paroi extérieure de roulement (12) du rail de guidage (1) sont conformées de manière à avoir, au niveau des portions rectilignes (R), une forme à surface plate avec une même inclinaison par rapport au rail de guidage (1) et, au niveau des portions courbes (C), une forme tronco-conique.
     
    9. Le système de transport selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend :

    un deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée ayant une forme spéculaire au rail de guidage (1) et disposé opposé au rail de guidage (1), le deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée étant conformé de manière à avoir une paroi intérieure de roulement (50) et une paroi extérieure de roulement (51) ;

    un deuxième chariot (52) ;

    un élément de liaison (53), prédisposé de manière à relier le deuxième chariot (52) au chariot (2), afin que, lorsque le chariot (2) est déplacé le long du parcours en boucle fermée du rail de guidage (1), le deuxième chariot (52) soit également déplacé en même temps le long du parcours en boucle fermée du deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée dans une direction de mouvement (N) parallèle à la direction de mouvement (M) du chariot (2) ;

    une troisième paire (7) de rouleaux (71, 72) ;

    une quatrième paire (9) de rouleaux (91, 92) ;

    un troisième arbre (70) monté et prédisposé sur le deuxième chariot (52) transversalement à la direction de mouvement (N) du deuxième chariot (52) ;

    un quatrième arbre (90) monté et prédisposé sur le deuxième chariot (52) transversalement à la direction de mouvement (N) du deuxième chariot (52) ;

    les rouleaux (71, 72) de la troisième paire (7) de rouleaux étant montés de façon rotative sur le troisième arbre (70), l'un à côté de l'autre et espacés de manière à ce qu'un premier rouleau (71) soit disposé intérieurement au deuxième rail de guidage (5) et ait une portion de contact (710) de sa propre surface latérale en contact avec la paroi intérieure de roulement (50) du deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée et puisse rouler sur la paroi intérieure de roulement (50) lorsque le deuxième chariot (52) est déplacé dans la direction de mouvement (N) et de manière à ce qu'un deuxième rouleau (72) soit disposé extérieurement au deuxième rail de guidage (5) et ait une portion de contact (720) de sa propre surface latérale en contact avec la paroi extérieure de roulement (51) du deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée et puisse rouler sur la paroi extérieure de roulement (51) lorsque le deuxième chariot (52) est déplacé dans la direction de mouvement (N) ;

    les rouleaux (91, 92) de la quatrième paire (9) de rouleaux étant montés de façon rotative sur le quatrième arbre (90), l'un à côté de l'autre et espacés de manière à ce qu'un premier rouleau (91) soit disposé intérieurement au deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée et ait une portion de contact (910) de sa propre surface latérale en contact avec la paroi intérieure de roulement (50) du deuxième rail de guidage (5) et puisse rouler sur la paroi intérieure de roulement (50) lorsque le deuxième chariot (52) est déplacé dans la direction de mouvement (N) et de manière à ce qu'un deuxième rouleau (92) soit disposé extérieurement au deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée et ait une portion de contact (920) de sa propre surface latérale en contact avec la paroi extérieure de roulement (51) du deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée et puisse rouler sur la paroi extérieure de roulement (51) lorsque le deuxième chariot (52) est déplacé dans la direction de mouvement (N) ;

    le troisième arbre (70) et le quatrième arbre (90) sont prédisposés et montés sur le deuxième chariot (52) de manière à pouvoir pivoter selon un axe qui est perpendiculaire au deuxième chariot (52), ledit axe étant perpendiculaire à un plan comprenant le troisième arbre (70) et le quatrième arbre (90), de manière à permettre aux rouleaux (71, 72) de la troisième paire (7) de rouleaux et aux rouleaux (91, 92) de la quatrième paire (9) de rouleaux d'adapter leur position/orientation par rapport à la paroi intérieure de roulement (50) et à la paroi extérieure de roulement (51) du deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée au niveau du changement de direction du deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée au passage d'une portion rectiligne à une portion courbe, et inversement, afin que les portions de contact (710, 720, 910, 920) des surfaces latérales des rouleaux (71, 72, 91, 92) restent toujours en contact avec, et puissent donc rouler sur, la paroi intérieure de roulement (50) et la paroi extérieure de roulement (51) indépendamment des changements de direction du deuxième rail de guidage (5) en boucle fermée.


     
    10. Le système de transport selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que l'élément de liaison (53) comprend des moyens d'accouplement (530) pour l'accouplement et la fixation d'un élément de support pour le support d'un produit à transporter.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description