(19)
(11)EP 3 521 613 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
07.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/32

(21)Application number: 18863807.6

(22)Date of filing:  11.04.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F03D 7/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/082677
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/119681 (27.06.2019 Gazette  2019/26)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 19.12.2017 CN 201711373920

(71)Applicant: Beijing Goldwind Science & Creation Windpower Equipment Co., Ltd.
Beijing 100176 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • YU, Mengting
    Daxing District, Beijing 100176 (CN)
  • ZHOU, Guilin
    Daxing District, Beijing 100176 (CN)
  • HAN, Mei
    Daxing District, Beijing 100176 (CN)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)

  


(54)METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING ACTIVE POWER OF WIND POWER GENERATOR SET


(57) A method and a device for detecting an active power of a wind turbine. The method includes: acquiring a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of a wind turbine and a current outputted active power; determining an effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power; determining a maximum active power capable to be captured by the wind turbine at the current rotation speed, based on the effective wind speed and a maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine at the current rotation speed; determining a maximum active power capable to be outputted by the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be captured and a corresponding power loss, and determining a release power at which the wind turbine is capable to release a rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for a predetermined time at the current rotation speed; and determining the available active power of the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be outputted, the release power, and the current outputted active power.




Description

FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates to the field of wind power generation, and in particular, to a method and a device for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine.

BACKGROUND



[0002] As a clean and renewable energy source, wind energy receives more and more attention, and an installation capacity is increasing. With a continuous development of wind power generation technology, various researches on wind turbines are becoming more and more in-depth.

[0003] A power system has a process of balancing power generation and load in real time. When a system frequency of the power grid changes greatly due to generator tripping or a sudden change in load, the wind turbine as a power supply is required to provide frequency-regulated power quickly and flexibly, to improve frequency stability. It requires accurate estimation of an available active power of the wind turbine, so as to provide maximum frequency-regulated power to a power grid under a premise of stable operation of the wind turbine.

[0004] Therefore, there is a need for a technique to detect the available active power of the wind turbine more accurately.

SUMMARY



[0005] According to an aspect of the present disclosure, a method for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine is provided. The method includes: acquiring a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of a wind turbine and a current outputted active power of the wind turbine; determining an effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power; determining a maximum active power capable to be captured by the wind turbine at the current rotation speed, based on the effective wind speed and a maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine at the current rotation speed; determining a maximum active power capable to be outputted by the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be captured and a corresponding power loss, and determining a release power, at which the wind turbine is capable to release rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for a predetermined time at the current rotation speed; and determining the available active power of the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be outputted, the release power, and the current outputted active power.

[0006] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a device for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine is provided. The device includes: a parameter acquisition unit, configured to acquire a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of a wind turbine and a current outputted active power of the wind turbine; an effective wind speed unit, configured to determine an effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power; a first power determination unit, configured to determine a maximum active power capable to be captured by the wind turbine at the current rotation speed, based on the effective wind speed and a maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine at the current rotation speed; a second power determination unit, configured to determine a maximum active power capable to be outputted by the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be captured and a corresponding power loss, and determine a release power, at which the wind turbine is capable to release rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for a predetermined time at the current rotation speed; and a third power determination unit, configured to determine the available active power of the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be outputted, the release power, and the current outputted active power.

[0007] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a method for detecting an effective wind speed of a wind turbine is provided. The method includes: acquiring a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of a wind turbine and a current outputted active power of the wind turbine; determining a current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power; and determining an effective wind speed of the wind turbine based on the current tip speed ratio and the current rotation speed.

[0008] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a device for detecting an effective wind speed of a wind turbine is provided. The device includes: a parameter acquisition unit, configured to acquire a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of a wind turbine and a current outputted active power of the wind turbine; a tip speed ratio unit, configured to determine a current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power; and an effective wind speed detecting unit, configured to determine an effective wind speed of the wind turbine based on the current tip speed ratio and the current rotation speed.

[0009] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a system for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine is provided. The system includes: a processor; and a memory storing a computer program, where the computer program when executed by the processor performs the aforementioned method for detecting the available active power of the wind turbine.

[0010] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a system for detecting an effective wind speed of a wind turbine is provided. The system includes: a processor; and a memory storing a computer program, where the computer program when executed by the processor performs the aforementioned method for detecting the effective wind speed of the wind turbine.

[0011] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, a computer readable storage medium storing a computer program is provided, where the computer program when executed performs the aforementioned method.

[0012] Due to adopting the method for detecting the effective wind speed fast and accurately and considering the rotation kinetic energy, the method, the device, and the system for detecting the available active power of the wind turbine according to the present disclosure can estimate the available active power of the wind turbine accurately. In addition, in case of being applied to determining the available active power for a process of primary frequency regulation of the wind turbine, the detected available active power can meet a requirement on active power of the primary frequency regulation to the most extent, under a premise that the wind turbine operates stably.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0013] For clearer illustration of technical solutions according to embodiments of the present disclosure, hereinafter are briefly described the drawings to be applied in the embodiments of the present disclosure.

Figure 1 is a flow chart of a method for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

Figure 2 is a flow chart of a method for determining an effective wind speed of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

Figure 3 is a flow chart of a method for determining a current tip speed ratio of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

Figure 4 is a block diagram of a device for detecting available active power of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0014] Figure 1 illustrates a flow chart of a method for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0015] In step S110, a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of the wind turbine and a current outputted active power of the wind turbine are acquired. The current rotation speed of the rotor and the active power currently outputted by the wind turbine may be obtained in various ways, which is not limited by the present disclosure.

[0016] In step S120, an effective wind speed of the wind turbine is determined based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power.

[0017] The effective wind speed of the wind turbine may be determined based on various relationships between the current rotation speed the current outputted active power and the effective wind speed of the wind turbine.

[0018] Hereinafter an embodiment for determining an effective wind speed of a wind turbine according to the present disclosure is described with reference to Figure 2.

[0019] In step S210, a current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine is determined based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power. The tip speed ratio may be determined based on various relationships between a rotation speed and an outputted active power.

[0020] Hereinafter an embodiment for determining a current tip speed ratio of a wind turbine according to the present disclosure is described with reference to Figure 3.

[0021] Figure 3 illustrates a flow chart of a method for determining a current tip speed ratio of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0022] Reference is made to Figure 3. In step S310, a relationship value indicating a predetermined relationship, between a utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, is determined based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power.

[0023] The predetermined relationship may be obtained by using a relation including the rotation speed, the outputted active power, the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy, and the tip speed ratio.

[0024] In some embodiments, the predetermined relationship is a ratio of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy to a cube of the tip speed ratio of the wind turbine. In such case, the ratio of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy to the cube of the tip speed ratio of the wind turbine is determined based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power.

[0025] For example, the ratio is proportional to the current outputted active power and a power loss, and inversely proportional to an air density, a fifth power of an impeller radius of the wind power generator of the wind turbine, and a cube of the current rotation speed. The ratio may be derived based on such relationship. The following equation (1) shows a specific relationship between the ratio and these parameters.


Cp represents the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine, λ represents a current tip speed ratio, Pout represents the current outputted active power of the wind turbine, Ploss represents a power loss, ρ represents the air density, R represents an impeller radius, and ω represents the current rotation speed of the rotor of the wind power generator.

[0026] It should be understood that the relationship between the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio may be obtained by using other relations including the rotation speed, the outputted active power, the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio. A calculation method may be selected according to accuracy, a difficulty in obtaining parameters and a calculation complexity.

[0027] In step S320, a current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine is determined based on a current pitch angle of the wind turbine and the determined relationship value.

[0028] In some embodiments, a correspondence among the pitch angle, the relationship value (or the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy), and the tip speed ratio (for example, a predetermined relationship table recording a mapping relationship among the pitch angle, the relationship value (or the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy) and the tip speed ratio) is pre-determined. Thereby, the current tip speed ratio, corresponding to the current pitch angle and the determined relationship value, are obtained based on the correspondence.

[0029] The predetermined relationship table records a mapping relationship between the tip speed ratio, the pitch angle, and the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy. That is to say, one corresponding parameter may be determined based on the other two of the above parameters, or a combination of two parameters (i.e., a parameter pair consisting of the other two parameters) may be determined based on the other parameter. For example, the predetermined relationship table may be a table for finding a corresponding utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy based on the tip speed ratio and the pitch angle. In such case, the corresponding utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy may be determined based on a certain tip speed ratio and a certain pitch angle. Further, the predetermined relationship table may be acquired, by obtaining utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy corresponding to different tip speed ratios and different pitch angles via a pre-established aerodynamic model of the wind turbine.

[0030] Hereinafter Table 1 shows an example of the predetermined relationship table according to the present disclosure.
Table 1
Cp β1 ... βn
λ13 Cp11 ... Cp1n
... ... ... ...
λm3 Cpm1 ... Cpmn


[0031] As shown in Table 1, Table 1 shows utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy (i.e., Cp11 to Cpmn) corresponding to different combinations of the pitch angles (i.e., n pitch angles β1 to βn) and the cubes of the tip speed ratios (i.e., cubes of m tip speed ratios λ13 to λm3). In such case, the corresponding utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy may be determined from Table 1 based on the pitch angle and the tip speed ratio. Or, corresponding combinations of the tip speed ratio and the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy (i.e., a parameter pair consisting of the tip speed ratio and the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy) may be determined based on the pitch angle.

[0032] It should be understood that the cube of the tip speed ratio is used in Table 1 in order to speed up a search, and the tip speed ratio (i.e., a first power of the tip speed ratio) may be used directly.

[0033] In such case, combinations of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio corresponding to the current pitch angle are acquired from the predetermined relationship table (for example, in Table 1, if the current pitch angle is β1, combinations (Cp11, λ13), ..., and (Cpm1, λm3) of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio corresponding to β1 are acquired). A combination of which a relationship value, indicating the predetermined relationship, is closest to the determined relationship value is obtained from the acquired combinations of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio (namely, a combination of which a value of Cp/λ3 is closest to the relationship value determined in the step S310 is determined from the acquired combinations). A tip speed ratio of the obtained combination is taken as the current tip speed ratio (for example, λ1 is taken as the current tip speed ratio in a case that the relationship value Cp11/λ13, indicating the predetermined relationship of (Cp11, λ13), is closest to the relationship value determined in the step S310).

[0034] Returning to Figure 2, in step S220, an effective wind speed of the wind turbine is determined based on the current tip speed ratio and the current rotation speed. For example, the effective wind speed may be determined based on various relationships between the current tip speed ratio, the current rotation speed and the effective wind speed. In some embodiments, the effective wind speed of the wind turbine is determined based on the current tip speed ratio, the current speed, and the impeller radius of the wind power generator.

[0035] Hereinafter equation (2) shows calculation of the effective wind speed of the wind turbine.


Ue is the effective wind speed, λ represents the current tip speed ratio, co represents the current rotation speed of the rotor of the wind power generator, and R is the impeller radius.

[0036] With the method for detecting the effective wind speed according to the embodiment of the present disclosure, the effective wind speed of the wind turbine may be determined accurately and quickly (for example, the effective wind speed may be determined in an order of seconds or even millimeters). Thereby, requirement on fast response speed of the primary frequency regulation of the wind turbine is met.

[0037] Returning to Figure 1, in step S130, a maximum active power capable to be captured by the wind turbine at the current rotation speed is determined based on the effective wind speed and a maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine at the current rotation speed.

[0038] In some embodiments, the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine at the current rotation speed may be obtained by the predetermined relationship table as described above. Specifically, utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy corresponding to the current tip speed ratio may be obtained from the predetermined relationship table (for example, in Table 1, if the current tip speed ratio is λm, the corresponding utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy include Cpm1, ..., and Cpmn). A largest utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy among the obtained utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy is taken as the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy. In a case that the tip speed ratio is unchanged for a certain period of time, the rotation speed is also unchanged. Therefore, the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy at the corresponding rotation speed may be determined based on the tip speed ratio.

[0039] In a case that the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy is obtained, the maximum active power capable to be captured by the wind turbine at the current rotation speed may be obtained based on the effective wind speed, the current rotation speed, and a parameter of the wind turbine. Namely, the maximum active power capable to be captured without a change of the effective wind speed and the rotation speed may be obtained.

[0040] For example, the maximum active power capable to be captured may be calculated based on following equation (3).


Pin_max represents the maximum active power capable to be captured, λ represents the current tip speed ratio, co represents the current rotation speed of the rotor of the wind turbine, R is the impeller radius, Cpmax represents the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy, and ρ represents the air density.

[0041] In step S140, a release power is determined, at which the wind turbine is capable to release rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for a predetermined time at the current rotation speed.

[0042] The predetermined time is a length of time, during which the wind turbine is required to keep an output power in a rising state in primary frequency-regulation. Given that the wind turbine is ensured to operate stably without being off-grid, the kinetic energy released by the wind turbine should not cause an excessive drop of the rotation speed of the rotor of the wind turbine (for example, being less than or equal to a switching-in speed for grid connection of the wind turbine). Therefore, the release power satisfies a following condition: the wind turbine is operable at a speed greater than the switching-in speed for grid connection of the wind turbine, after releasing, at the release power, the rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for the predetermined time at the current rotation speed.

[0043] The release power may be calculated based on following equation (4).


Protating represents the release power, J represents rotation moment of inertia of the wind turbine, co represents the current rotation speed of the rotor of the wind power generator, ωcut_in represents the switching-in speed for grid connection of the wind turbine, k is a rotation speed coefficient which is greater than 1, and T represents the predetermined time.

[0044] Magnitude of k may be adjusted so that the kinetic energy released by the wind turbine would not cause the excessive drop of the rotation speed of the rotor of the wind power generator (for example, being less than or equal to the switching-in speed for grid connection of the wind turbine). Namely, magnitude of k may be adjusted, so that the wind turbine may operate at a speed greater than the switching-in speed for grid connection of the wind turbine after releasing, at the release power, the rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for the predetermined time at the current rotation speed.

[0045] According to the present disclosure, a sequence of performing the step S130 and the step S140 is not limited. The step S130 and the step S140 may be simultaneously performed, or first the step S130 is performed and then the step S140 is performed, or first the step S140 is performed and then the step S130 is performed.

[0046] In step S150, an available active power of the wind turbine is determined based on the maximum active power capable to be outputted, the release power, and the current outputted active power.

[0047] Specifically, a sum of the maximum active power capable to be outputted and the release power is calculated, and the current outputted active power is subtracted from the calculated sum, thereby obtaining the available active power of the wind turbine.

[0048] Hereinafter a device for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure is described in conjunction with Figure 4.

[0049] Figure 4 shows a block diagram of a device for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0050] As shown in Figure 4, the device 400 for detecting an effective wind speed of a wind turbine according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a parameter acquisition unit 410, an effective wind speed unit 420, a first power determination unit 430, a second power determination unit 440, and a third power determination unit 450.

[0051] The parameter acquisition unit 410 acquires a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of a wind turbine and the current outputted active power of the wind turbine. The current rotation speed of the rotor and the current outputted active power of the wind turbine may be obtained in various ways, which is not limited by the present disclosure.

[0052] The effective wind speed unit 420 determines an effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power. The effective wind speed unit 420 may determine the effective wind speed of the wind turbine based on various relationships between the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power and the effective wind speed of the wind turbine.

[0053] In some embodiments, the effective wind speed unit 420 includes a tip speed ratio unit and an effective wind speed detection unit. The tip speed ratio unit determines a current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power. The effective wind speed detection unit determines the effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current tip speed ratio and the current rotation speed.

[0054] In some embodiments, the tip speed ratio unit includes a relationship determination unit and a tip speed ratio determination unit.

[0055] The relationship determination unit determines a relationship value indicating a predetermined relationship between a utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine and the tip speed ratio, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power. For example, the relationship determination unit may determine the relationship value in the manner of the step S310 shown in Figure 3.

[0056] The tip speed ratio determination unit obtains the current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, based on a current pitch angle of the wind turbine and the determined relationship value. For example, the tip speed ratio determination unit may determine the current tip speed ratio in the manner of the step S320 shown in Figure 3.

[0057] The effective wind speed detection unit determines the effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current tip speed ratio and the current rotation speed. For example, the effective wind speed of the wind turbine may be determined based on the current tip speed ratio, the current rotation speed, and the impeller radius of the wind power generator.

[0058] The first power determination unit 430 determines a maximum active power capable to be captured by the wind turbine at the current rotation speed, based on the effective wind speed and the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine at the current rotation speed. For example, the first power determination unit 430 may determine the maximum active power capable to be captured in the manner of the step S140 shown in Figure 1.

[0059] The second power determination unit 440 determines a maximum active power capable to be outputted by the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be captured and a corresponding power loss, and determines a release power at which the wind turbine is capable to release rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for a predetermined time at the current rotation speed. For example, the second power determination unit 440 may determine the release power in the manner of step S150 shown in Figure 1.

[0060] The third power determination unit 450 determines an available active power of the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be outputted, the release power, and the current outputted active power. Specifically, the third power determination unit 450 calculates a sum of the maximum active power capable to be outputted and the release power, and subtracts the current outputted active power from the calculated sum, thereby obtaining the available active power of the wind turbine.

[0061] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, a system for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine is further provided according to the present disclosure. The system includes a processor and a memory. The memory stores a computer program. The computer program when executed by the processor performs the method for detecting the available active power of the wind turbine according to the aforementioned embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0062] Moreover, it should be understood that various units in the device according to the exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be implemented as hardware components and/or software components. Those skilled in the art may implement the various units according to the defined processing performed by the various units, for example, by using a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC).

[0063] Furthermore, the above method according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure may be implemented as a computer program in a computer readable recording medium. Those skilled in the art may implement the computer program according to the description of the above method. The above method of the present disclosure is implemented when the computer program is executed in a computer.

[0064] The method, the device, and the system for detecting the available active power of the wind turbine according to the present disclosure may estimate the available active power of the wind turbine accurately, due to adopting the method for detecting the effective wind speed fast and accurately and considering the rotation kinetic energy. In addition, in case of being applied to determining the available active power for the process of the primary frequency regulation of the wind turbine, the detected available active power may meet the requirement on the active power of the primary frequency regulation to the most extent, under the premise that the wind turbine operates stably.

[0065] Although the present disclosure has been particularly shown and described with reference to the exemplary embodiments thereof, those skilled in the art should appreciate that various modification in form and detail can be made to the present disclosure without departing from the spirit and scope of the present disclosure as defined by the appended claims.


Claims

1. A method for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine, comprising:

acquiring a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of a wind turbine and a current outputted active power of the wind turbine;

determining an effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power;

determining a maximum active power capable to be captured by the wind turbine at the current rotation speed, based on the effective wind speed and a maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine at the current rotation speed;

determining a maximum active power capable to be outputted by the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be captured and a corresponding power loss, and determining a release power, at which the wind turbine is capable to release rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for a predetermined time at the current rotation speed; and

determining the available active power of the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be outputted, the release power, and the current outputted active power.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein determining the effective wind speed of the wind turbine comprises:

determining a current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power; and

determining the effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current tip speed ratio and the current rotation speed.


 
3. The method according to claim 2, wherein determining the current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine comprises:

determining, based on the current rotation speed and the current outputted active power, a relationship value indicating a predetermined relationship between a utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine and a tip speed ratio of the wind turbine; and

obtaining the current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, based on a current pitch angle of the wind turbine and the determined relationship value.


 
4. The method according to claim 3, wherein obtaining the current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine comprises:

acquiring one or more combinations of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio, corresponding to the current pitch angle, from a predetermined relationship table, wherein the predetermined relationship table records a mapping relationship among the tip speed ratio, a pitch angle and the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy;

obtaining a combination of which another relationship value indicating the predetermined relationship is closest to the determined relationship value, from the acquired one or more combinations of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio; and

taking a tip speed ratio of the obtained combination as the current tip speed ratio.


 
5. The method according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the predetermined relationship is a ratio of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine to a cube of the tip speed ratio of the wind turbine.
 
6. The method according to claim 2, wherein the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy is obtained by:

obtaining one or more utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy corresponding to the current tip speed ratio, from a predetermined relationship table, wherein the predetermined relationship table records a mapping relationship between a tip speed ratio, a pitch angle, and a utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy;

taking a largest utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy among the obtained one or more utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy as the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy.


 
7. The method according to claim 1, wherein determining the available active power of the wind turbine comprises:
calculating a sum of the maximum active power capable to be outputted and the release power, and subtracting the current outputted active power from the calculated sum.
 
8. The method according to claim 1, wherein the predetermined time is a length of time during which the wind turbine is required to keep an output power in a rising state in primary frequency regulation.
 
9. The method according to claim 1, wherein the release power meets a condition, and the condition is that the wind turbine is operable at a speed greater than a switching-in speed for grid-connection of the wind turbine after releasing, at the release power, the rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for the predetermined time at the current rotation speed.
 
10. A device for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine, comprising:

a parameter acquisition unit, configured to acquire a current rotation speed of a rotor of a wind power generator of a wind turbine and a currently outputted active power of the wind turbine;

an effective wind speed unit, configured to determine an effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the currently outputted active power;

a first power determination unit, configured to determine a maximum active power capable to be captured by the wind turbine at the current rotation speed, based on the effective wind speed and a maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine at the current rotation speed,

a second power determination unit, configured to determine a maximum active power capable to be outputted by the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be captured and a corresponding power loss, and determine a release power at which the wind turbine is capable to release rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for a predetermined time at the current rotation speed; and

a third power determination unit, configured to determine the available active power of the wind turbine, based on the maximum active power capable to be outputted, the release power, and the currently outputted active power.


 
11. The device according to claim 10, wherein the effective wind speed unit comprises:

a tip speed ratio unit, configured to determine a current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, based on the current rotation speed and the currently outputted active power;

an effective wind speed detection unit, configured to determine the effective wind speed of the wind turbine, based on the current tip speed ratio and the current rotation speed.


 
12. The device according to claim 11, wherein the tip speed ratio unit comprises:

a relationship determination unit, configured to determine, based on the current rotation speed and the currently outputted active power, a relationship value indicating a predetermined relationship between a utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine and a tip speed ratio of the wind turbine;

a tip speed ratio determination unit, configured to obtain the current tip speed ratio of the wind turbine, based on a current pitch angle of the wind turbine and the determined relationship value.


 
13. The device according to claim 12, wherein the tip speed ratio determination unit is configured to: acquire one or more combinations of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio, corresponding to the current pitch angle, from a predetermined relationship table, wherein predetermined relationship table records a mapping relationship among the tip speed ratio, a pitch angle and the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy; obtain a combination of which another relationship value indicating the predetermined relationship is closest to the determined relationship value, from the acquired one or more combinations of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy and the tip speed ratio; and take a tip speed ratio of the obtained combination as the current tip speed ratio.
 
14. The device according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the predetermined relationship is a ratio of the utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy of the wind turbine to a cube of the tip speed ratio of the wind turbine.
 
15. The device according to claim 11, wherein the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy is obtained by:

obtaining one or more utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy corresponding to the current tip speed ratio, from a predetermined relationship table, wherein the predetermined relationship table records a mapping relationship between a tip speed ratio, a pitch angle, and a utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy;

taking a largest utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy among the obtained one or more utilization-rate coefficients for wind energy as the maximum utilization-rate coefficient for wind energy.


 
16. The device according to claim 10, wherein the third power determination unit is configured to:
calculate a sum of the maximum active power capable to be outputted and the release power, and subtracting the currently outputted active power from the calculated sum.
 
17. The device according to claim 10, wherein the predetermined time is a length of time during which the wind turbine is required to keep an output power in a rising state in primary frequency regulation.
 
18. The device according to claim 10, wherein the release power meets a condition, the condition is that the wind turbine is operable at a speed greater than a switching-in speed for grid-connection of the wind turbine after releasing, at the release power, the rotation kinetic energy of the wind turbine for the predetermined time at the current rotation speed.
 
19. A system for detecting an available active power of a wind turbine, wherein the system comprises:

a processor; and

a memory storing a computer program, wherein the computer program when executed by the processor performs the method according to any one of claims 1 to 9.


 
20. A computer readable storage medium storing a computer program, wherein the computer program when executed performs the method according to any one of claims 1 to 9.
 




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