(19)
(11)EP 3 521 814 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
03.08.2022 Bulletin 2022/31

(21)Application number: 17855566.0

(22)Date of filing:  31.08.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G01N 23/223(2006.01)
G01N 23/2209(2018.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
G01N 2223/652; G01N 23/2209; G01N 23/223
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/031495
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/061608 (05.04.2018 Gazette  2018/14)

(54)

WAVELENGTH-DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETER AND X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSING METHOD USING THE SAME

WELLENLÄNGENDISPERSIVE RÖNTGENFLUORESZENZSPEKTROMETER UND RÖNTGENFLUORESZENZANALYSEVERFAHREN DAMIT

SPECTROMÈTRE DE FLUORESCENCE DE RAYONS X À DISPERSION EN LONGUEUR D'ONDE ET PROCÉDÉ D'ANALYSE DE FLUORESCENCE X L'UTILISANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.09.2016 JP 2016194355

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/32

(73)Proprietor: Rigaku Corporation
Akishima-shi Tokyo 196-8666 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KATO, Shuichi
    Akishima-shi, Tokyo 196-8666 (JP)
  • KATAOKA, Yoshiyuki
    Takatsuki-shi, Osaka 569-1146 (JP)
  • FUJIMURA, Hajime
    Takatsuki-shi, Osaka 569-1146 (JP)
  • YAMADA, Takashi
    Takatsuki-shi, Osaka 569-1146 (JP)

(74)Representative: Dr. Gassner & Partner mbB 
Wetterkreuz 3
91058 Erlangen
91058 Erlangen (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 064 933
WO-A1-2004/086018
JP-A- H01 134 292
JP-A- S62 285 048
JP-A- 2008 298 679
US-A- 4 562 585
US-A1- 2014 314 207
WO-A1-2004/086018
WO-A1-2015/056305
JP-A- H05 340 897
JP-A- S62 287 136
JP-A- 2012 002 775
US-A1- 2007 086 567
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS REFERENCE TO THE RELATED APPLICATION



    [0001] This application is based on and claims Convention priority to Japanese patent application No. 2016-194355, filed September 30, 2016.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    (Field of the Invention)



    [0002] The present invention relates to a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer having a focusing optical system, and an X-ray fluorescence analyzing method using the same.

    (Description of Related Art)



    [0003] In X-ray fluorescence analysis, background of fluorescent X-rays generated from a sample irradiated with primary X-rays needs to be accurately corrected in order to precisely measure trace elements contained in the sample. Therefore, a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer having a focusing optical system, which: performs monochromating by using a single spectroscopic device; has a receiving slit disposed in front of a single detector and having a plurality of openings adjacent to each other; changes the opening through which secondary X-rays pass; and corrects background of fluorescent X-rays from a sample, is known (Patent Document 1). This focusing optical system is used as a fixed optical system, and is thus used for an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer specific to a single element or a simultaneous multi-elements analysis type X-ray fluorescence spectrometer in general.

    [0004] In many cases, as shown in Fig. 9 that schematically illustrates a fluorescent X-ray spectrum PS and a background spectrum BS, in a peak area PA in which the spectrum PS of fluorescent X-rays occurs and in adjacent areas of peak BA, the background spectrum BS changes approximately linearly. In general, in a sequential X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, when a goniometer is moved to an adjacent area of peak to measure a background intensity, it is assumed that the background intensity can be measured with almost the same sensitivity between the peak area and the adjacent area of peak, and a net intensity is obtained by subtracting a background measured intensity from a peak measured intensity.

    [0005] Meanwhile, as in the spectrometer disclosed in Patent Document 1, in a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer of a focusing optical system in which a spectroscopic device and a detector are fixed, a receiving slit which is disposed in front of a single detector and which has a plurality of openings adjacent to each other is provided, and an opening through which secondary X-rays pass is changed so as to correspond to an adjacent area of peak, to measure a background intensity. However, a sensitivity is lower than that in a peak area, and, thus, an intensity which is lower than a background intensity that actually occurs, is measured. Therefore, an accurate net intensity cannot be obtained merely by subtracting a background measured intensity in the adjacent area of peak from a peak measured intensity.

    [0006] Therefore, a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer having a focusing optical system, which: has a plurality of spectroscopic devices and a unit for selecting an optical path of secondary X-rays incident on a single detector; switches a spectroscopic device to be used; measures a peak intensity and a background intensity with sensitivities that are assumed to be almost the same; and corrects background of fluorescent X-rays generated from a sample, is known. Furthermore, a spectrometer that has, instead of the optical path selection unit of the above spectrometer, a position sensitive detector as a detector, to simultaneously measure a peak intensity and a background intensity in a short time period, is also known (Patent Document 2).

    [0007] WO 2015/056305 A1 discloses an X-ray fluorescence analysis method that uses the results of the measurement of X-rays emitted from a sample, the main component of which is organic matter the molecular formula of which is given, to quantify the main component contained in the sample and contained components other than the main component.

    [0008] From US 2007/086567 A1 a X-ray fluorescence spectrometer for quantitatively analyzing hexavalent chromium and a corresponding method are known.

    [0009] A method of quantitative X-ray analysis and an apparatus for carrying out the method.is disclosed in EP 3 064 933 A1.

    [Related Document]


    [Patent Document]



    [0010] 

    [Patent Document 1] JP Laid-open Patent Publication No. H08-128975

    [Patent Document 2] WO 2004/086018 A1


    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0011] However, in the spectrometer disclosed in Patent Document 2, a plurality of spectroscopic devices is provided in order to separately measure fluorescent X-rays and the background thereof, and, therefore, a problem arises that the structure of the spectrometer is complicated, cost is high, and a time required for assembling or alignment of the spectrometer is increased.

    [0012] The present invention is made in view of the problems of conventional art, and an object of the present invention is to provide: a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer that has a simple structure, quickly performs measurement in a background area according to kinds of samples, and accurately corrects background that is measured so as to indicate an intensity lower than a background intensity which actually occurs, to obtain an accurate net intensity and perform high-precision quantitative analysis; and an X-ray fluorescence analyzing method using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer.

    [0013] In order to attain the aforementioned object, a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer with the features of claim 1 is provided. The wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the present invention is a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, of a focusing optical system, which includes: an X-ray source configured to irradiate a sample with primary X-rays; a divergence slit configured to allow secondary X-rays generated from the sample to pass therethrough; a spectroscopic device configured to monochromate and focus the secondary X-rays that have passed through the divergence slit; and a position sensitive detector configured to have a plurality of detection elements that are disposed in a spectral angle direction of the spectroscopic device, so as to detect intensities of the secondary X-rays at different spectral angles in focused secondary X-rays obtained by the secondary X-rays being focused by the spectroscopic device, by using the detection elements corresponding to the secondary X-rays at different spectral angles, and the divergence slit, the spectroscopic device, and the position sensitive detector are fixed thereto. The wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer includes a measured spectrum display unit configured to display a relationship between a position, in an arrangement direction, of each detection element, and a detected intensity by the detection element, as a measured spectrum, on a display.

    [0014] Furthermore, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the present invention incudes: a detection area setting unit configured to allow an operator to set a peak area that is an area of the detection elements corresponding to fluorescent X-rays to be measured, and a background area that is an area of the detection elements corresponding to background of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in the arrangement direction of the detection elements; and a quantification unit configured to calculate, as a net intensity, an intensity of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured, based on a peak intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by the detection elements in the peak area, a background intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by the detection elements in the background area, and a background correction coefficient which is previously calculated, and to perform quantitative analysis.

    [0015] The wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the present invention includes the position sensitive detector, the measured spectrum display unit, the detection area setting unit, and the quantification unit as described above, and accurately and quickly corrects background that is measured so as to indicate an intensity lower than a background intensity which actually occurs, with a simple structure, whereby an accurate net intensity can be obtained and high-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0016] In the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the present invention, the measured spectrum display unit calculates a sensitivity coefficient as a ratio of an incident intensity to a detected intensity for each detection element, based on a measured spectrum of a predetermined blank sample, on the assumption that an intensity of background incident on the detection elements is constant in the arrangement direction of the detection elements, and displays a relationship between a position in the arrangement direction of the detection elements and a corrected detected intensity obtained by multiplying a detected intensity by the detection element, by the sensitivity coefficient, as a corrected spectrum, on the display, instead of or in addition to the measured spectrum being displayed.

    [0017] In this wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer having the advantageous configuration, instead of or in addition to the measured spectrum, the corrected spectrum described above is displayed on the display and background can be more accurately corrected, a net intensity can be more accurately obtained and higher-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0018] In a first X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, according to the present invention, for performing quantitative analysis using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer having the advantageous configuration according to the present invention, for samples of an analytical kind having similar profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in corrected spectra displayed by the measured spectrum display unit, the peak area and the background area are set, by the detection area setting unit, based on a corrected spectrum of a predetermined sample for setting a detection area, and a single background correction coefficient is calculated based on a background intensity of a predetermined sample for calculating a coefficient.

    [0019] In the first X-ray fluorescence analyzing method according to the present invention, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer having the above-described advantageous configuration is used to perform quantitative analysis. Therefore, for the samples of the analytical kind having the similar profiles of background, background can be more accurately corrected, the net intensity can be more accurately obtained, and higher-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0020] In a second X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, according to the present invention, for performing quantitative analysis using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer having the advantageous configuration according to the present invention, for samples of an analytical kind having different profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in corrected spectra displayed by the measured spectrum display unit, the peak area and the background areas on both sides, respectively, of the peak area are set, by the detection area setting unit, based on a corrected spectrum of a predetermined sample for setting a detection area such that a distance between a center of the peak area and a center of one of the background areas and a distance between the center of the peak area and a center of the other of the background areas are equal to each other in the arrangement direction of the detection elements, and two background correction coefficients are calculated based on background intensities of a predetermined sample for calculating a coefficient.

    [0021] In the second X-ray fluorescence analyzing method according to the present invention, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer having the above-described advantageous configuration is used to perform the quantitative analysis. Therefore, for the samples of the analytical kind having the different profiles of background, background can be more accurately corrected, the net intensity can be more accurately obtained, and higher-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0022] In the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the present invention, a plurality of receiving areas that are aligned in the arrangement direction of the detection elements are preferably set in a receiving surface of the position sensitive detector, and the receiving area to be used for a spectral angle range to be measured is preferably changed, by the position sensitive detector being moved in the arrangement direction of the detection elements. In this case, a state where the entirety of the position sensitive detector cannot be used due to deterioration in performance of a certain detection element is avoided. Therefore, while the performance of the position sensitive detector, which is expensive, is maintained, the position sensitive detector can be used for a long time period.

    [0023] Any combination of at least two constructions, disclosed in the appended claims and/or the specification and/or the accompanying drawings should be construed as included within the scope of the present invention. In particular, any combination of two or more of the appended claims should be equally construed as included within the scope of the present invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0024] In any event, the present invention will become more clearly understood from the following description of preferred embodiments thereof, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. However, the embodiments and the drawings are given only for the purpose of illustration and explanation, and are not to be taken as limiting the scope of the present invention in any way whatsoever, which scope is to be determined by the appended claims. In the accompanying drawings, like reference numerals are used to denote like parts throughout the several views, and:

    Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to a first and a second embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 2 illustrates detection elements, disposed in a peak area and background areas, which are set by a detection area setting unit;

    Fig. 3 illustrates a peak area and background areas of a spectrum in which measured spectra of a sample containing a large amount of an element to be measured, and a blank sample overlay each other;

    Fig. 4 illustrates a peak measurement area and background measurement areas of a measured spectrum of one sample;

    Fig. 5 illustrates a measured spectrum of a blank sample;

    Fig. 6 illustrates a measured spectrum of an analytical rock sample;

    Fig. 7 illustrates a peak area and a background area of a corrected spectrum of an analytical rock sample;

    Fig. 8 illustrates a receiving surface of a position sensitive detector; and

    Fig. 9 schematically illustrates a spectrum of fluorescent X-rays and a background spectrum.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0025] Hereinafter, a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to a first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. As shown in Fig. 1, this spectrometer is a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, with a focusing optical system, which includes: an X-ray source 2 that irradiates a sample S with primary X-rays 1; a divergence slit 5 which allows secondary X-rays 4 generated from the sample S to pass therethrough; a spectroscopic device 6 that monochromates and focuses the secondary X-rays 4 that have passed through the divergence slit 5; and a position sensitive detector 10 that has a plurality of detection elements 7 which are disposed in a spectral angle direction of the spectroscopic device 6, so as to detect intensities of the secondary X-rays 41 at different spectral angles in focused secondary X-rays 42 obtained by the secondary X-rays 41 being focused by the spectroscopic device 6, by using the detection elements 7 corresponding to the secondary X-rays 41 at different spectral angles. In the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, the divergence slit 5, the spectroscopic device 6, and the position sensitive detector 10 are fixed. The wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer includes a measured spectrum display unit 14 that displays a relationship between positions, in the arrangement direction, of the detection elements 7, and detected intensities by the detection elements 7, as a measured spectrum, on a display 15.

    [0026] The position sensitive detector 10 may be a one-dimensional detector having the plurality of detection elements 7 that are disposed in the spectral angle direction of the spectroscopic device 6 so as to be linearly arranged, or a two-dimensional detector having the plurality of detection elements 7 that are arranged in a plane including the spectral angle direction of the spectroscopic device 6. In the spectrometer according to the first embodiment, a one-dimensional detector 10 is used.

    [0027] Furthermore, this spectrometer includes: a detection area setting unit 16 that allows an operator to set, in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7, a peak area that is an area of the detection elements 7 corresponding to fluorescent X-rays to be measured, and a background area that is an area of the detection elements 7 corresponding to background of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured; and a quantification unit 17 that calculates, as a net intensity, an intensity of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured, based on a peak intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by the detection elements 7 in the peak area, a background intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by the detection elements 7 in the background area, and a background correction coefficient which has been previously input, and that performs quantitative analysis. The measured spectrum display unit 14, the detection area setting unit 16, and the quantification unit 17 are included in a control unit 18 which is, for example, a computer and which controls this wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer.

    [0028] The receiving surface of the one-dimensional detector 10 is positioned at the focal point of the focused secondary X-rays 42. As shown in Fig. 2, for example, the first detection element 7 to the 256-th detection element 7 are linearly arranged in order, respectively, starting from the smallest spectral angle position (the left side position in Fig. 2, diagonally upper side position in Fig. 1. In Fig. 2, the receiving surface of the one-dimensional detector is viewed from the depth side of the drawing sheet in Fig. 1), at intervals of 75 µm.

    [0029] The spectrometer according to the first embodiment includes the measured spectrum display unit 14. When an operator sets the peak area and the background area, the measured spectrum display unit 14 is used together with the detection area setting unit 16. For example, the measured spectrum display unit 14 displays the measured spectrum shown in Fig. 3 on the display 15.

    [0030] In Fig. 3, measured spectra PS and BS of a sample S that contains a large amount of elements to be measured, and a blank sample S are displayed so as to overlay each other. The intensity of the sample S that contains the large amount of elements to be measured is indicated so as to be reduced, in order to facilitate comparison between the overlaying spectra. For this measured spectrum, the abscissa axis represents positions of the detection elements 7 in the arrangement direction thereof, and may represent the detection element numbers, spectral angles of the spectroscopic device 6, or energy values (the same applies to Figs. 4 and 5). The ordinate axis represents detected intensities by the detection elements 7. The spectrum PS of fluorescent X-rays measured from the sample S that contains the large amount of elements to be measured is represented by a broken line, and the background spectrum BS measured from the blank sample S is represented by a solid line. A peak area PA, a first background area BA1, and a second background area BA2 are displayed in the abscissa axis direction.

    [0031] In Fig. 3, in each area BA1, PA, BA2, an area size of a portion that is less than or equal to each spectrum PS, BS (a portion between each spectrum PS, BS and the abscissa axis, three black bar-like portions in the spectrum BS, a portion obtained by further extending the central black bar-like portion with the broken line for the spectrum PS) corresponds to a detected intensity that is detected by the detection elements 7 in each area BA1, PA, BA2 for the sample S corresponding to the spectrum PS, BS. In Fig. 3, for the sample S that contains the large amount of elements to be measured, a detected intensity IP detected by the detection elements 7 in the peak area PA can be read. For the blank sample S, a detected intensity IB1 detected by the detection elements 7 in the first background area BAi, a detected intensity IB detected by the detection elements 7 in the peak area PA, and a detected intensity IB2 detected by the detection elements 7 in the second background area BA2 can be read. Each spectrum PS, BS and each area BA1, PA, BA2 in the abscissa axis direction are displayed on the display 15 by the measured spectrum display unit 14, and a portion corresponding to each detected intensity described above is not necessarily displayed.

    [0032] An operator performs setting based on the displayed measured spectra PS, BS by using the detection area setting unit 16 such that, for example, the 123-rd to the 129-th detection elements 7 are set for measuring an intensity of fluorescent X-rays in the peak area PA, the 106-th to the 112-nd detection elements 7 are set for measuring background in the first background area BAi, and the 140-th to the 146-th detection elements 7 are set for measuring background in the second background area BA2. The setting of the detection elements 7 is stored in the detection area setting unit 16. Thus, the optimal peak area PA and the optimal background areas BA1 and BA2 can be set based on the displayed measured spectra PS and BS.

    [0033] When the peak area PA, the first background area BA1, and the second background area BA2 are set in the detection area setting unit 16, the intensity of the secondary X-rays 41 (the center in Fig. 2) in which a spectral angle is a spectral angle θ of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured (analytical line), is detected by the detection elements 7 in the peak area PA, the intensity of the secondary X-rays 41 (the left side in Fig. 2) in which a spectral angle is less than the spectral angle Θ, is detected by the detection elements 7 in the first background area BA1, and the intensity of the secondary X-rays 41 (the right side in Fig. 2) in which the spectral angle is greater than the spectral angle θ is detected by the detection elements 7 in the second background area BA2. The focused secondary X-rays 42 shown in Fig. 1 are represented by overlapping of three lines, of the focused secondary X-rays 42, which are slightly different from each other in the spectral angle as described above. In Fig. 2, among the secondary X-rays 41 of the focused secondary X-rays 42, the secondary X-rays 41 on the optical axes are represented as the three lines of the focused secondary X-rays 42.

    [0034] When an analytical sample S has been measured, the quantification unit 17 appropriately subtracts the background intensity IB in the peak area from the peak intensity IP and calculates a net intensity Inet of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured, based on equation (1) and equation (2) described below, to perform quantitative analysis. In equation (2), the background intensity IB in the peak area is calculated as a product of: an intensity obtained by integrating intensities IB1 and IB2 in the respective background areas; and a background correction coefficient k.



    Inet: calculated net intensity of fluorescent X-rays to be measured

    IP: peak intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by detection elements (the 123-rd to the 129-th detection elements) in peak area

    IB: background intensity in peak area

    IB1: background intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by detection elements (the 106-th to the 112-nd detection elements) in first background area

    IB2: background intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by detection elements (the140-th to the 146-th detection elements) in second background area

    k: background correction coefficient



    [0035] The background correction coefficient k is previously calculated based on the following equation (3) by measuring, for example, the blank sample S as the sample S for calculating a coefficient, and is input in the quantification unit 17. The background correction coefficient k may be automatically calculated by the quantification unit 17 according to the following equation (3) based on the measured spectrum BS, of the blank sample S, shown in Fig. 3 before the quantitative analysis is performed for the analytical sample S after an operator has set the peak area PA and the background areas BA1 and BA2.

    IBB: peak intensity, of blank sample, obtained by integrating detected intensities by detection elements (the 123-rd to the 129-th detection elements) in peak area

    IB1B: background intensity, of blank sample, obtained by integrating detected intensities by detection elements (the 106-th to the 112-nd detection elements) in first background area

    IB2B: background intensity, of blank sample, obtained by integrating detected intensities by detection elements (the 140-th to the 146-th detection elements) in second background area



    [0036] The background correction coefficient k may be calculated simultaneously when calibration curve constants are obtained by regression calculation, by using a calibration curve equation of the following equation (4).

    W: content of element, to be measured, in sample

    A, B: calibration curve constants



    [0037] In the example described above, measurement is performed in the two background areas BA1 and BA2, to correct (remove) background. However, the measurement may be performed in one or three or more background areas BA. In the example described above, the number of the detection elements 7 is set such that the number of the detection elements 7 in the peak area PA, the number of the detection elements 7 in the first background area BA1, and the number of the detection elements 7 in the second background area BA2 are the same. However, the numbers may be different.

    [0038] As the measured spectrum of the sample S for setting a detection area, instead of the above-described measured spectrum in which the measured spectra PS and BS of the sample S that contains a large amount of elements to be measured and the blank sample S overlay each other, a measured spectrum MS, of one sample S, by which a spectrum of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, and a background spectrum can be observed may be used as shown in Fig. 4. In Fig. 4, for this one sample S, the detected intensity IB1 detected by the detection elements 7 in the first background area BA1, the detected intensity IP detected by the detection elements 7 in the peak area PA, and the detected intensity IB2 detected by the detection elements 7 in the second background area BA2, can be read.

    [0039] The wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the first embodiment includes the one-dimensional detector 10, the measured spectrum display unit 14, the detection area setting unit 16, and the quantification unit 17 as described above, and accurately and quickly corrects background that is measured so as to indicate an intensity lower than a background intensity which actually occurs, with a simple structure, whereby an accurate net intensity can be obtained and high-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0040] Next, an X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, which is not according to the invention and present for illustration purposes only, for performing quantitative analysis using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer of the first embodiment, will be described. In this X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, for samples S of an analytical kind having similar profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in measured spectra displayed by the measured spectrum display unit 14, the peak area PA and the background area BA are set, by the detection area setting unit 16, based on the measured spectrum of a predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, and a single background correction coefficient k is calculated based on a background intensity of a predetermined sample S for calculating a coefficient, to be input in the quantification unit 17, thereby performing quantitative analysis.

    [0041] The samples S of the analytical kind having similar profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured represent samples S, of an analytical kind, in which profiles of background in the adjacent area of peak are similar to each other even when the sample S is changed among them. This case corresponds to a case where fluorescent X-rays of a heavy element are to be measured for an oxide sample, for example, a case where Pb-Lβ line is to be measured for a sample that is a rock. As the predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, as described for the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the first embodiment, two samples S that are the sample S containing a large amount of elements to be measured and the blank sample S may be used, or one sample S by which a spectrum of fluorescent X-rays to be measured and a background spectrum can be observed, may be used.

    [0042] For example, the sample S, for setting a detection area, which is the sample S containing a large amount of element to be measured and the blank sample S as used for the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the first embodiment are measured, and the overlaying measured spectra (Fig. 3) are displayed on the display 15 by the measured spectrum display unit 14. Similarly to an operation for the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the first embodiment, based on the displayed measured spectra, the peak area PA and the background area BA, e.g. the first background area BA1 and the second background area BA2 are set by and stored in the detection area setting unit 16.

    [0043] Next, as the sample S for calculating a coefficient, for example, the blank sample S is measured, and a single background correction coefficient k is obtained similarly to the operation for the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the first embodiment. The background correction coefficient k may be obtained simultaneously when calibration curve constants are obtained by regression calculation, by using a calibration curve equation of equation (4) described above. For a plurality of analytical samples S of one analytical kind, a background correction coefficient common to the plurality of analytical samples S is used. The same applies to another embodiment.

    [0044] The background correction coefficient k is input in advance in the quantification unit 17, or the background correction coefficient k is automatically calculated in advance by the quantification unit 17, and the analytical sample S is measured, whereby the quantification unit 17 calculates the net intensity Inet of fluorescent X-rays to be measured and performs quantitative analysis.

    [0045] In this quantitative analysis, for samples S of an analytical kind having similar profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, a background intensity obtained by integrating all the detected intensities by any number of the detection elements 7 set in any number of background areas, and the single background correction coefficient k are used, whereby the net intensity Inet of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, can be accurately calculated.

    [0046] In this X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, for the samples S of the analytical kind having the similar profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, the peak area PA and the background areas BA1 and BA2 are set based on the measured spectrum of the predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, and the single background correction coefficient k is calculated based on the background intensity IB of the predetermined sample S for calculating a coefficient, to perform quantitative analysis. Therefore, for the samples S of the analytical kind having the similar profiles of background, background that is measured so as to indicate an intensity lower than a background intensity which actually occurs, is accurately and quickly corrected with a simple structure, whereby an accurate net intensity Inet can be obtained and high-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0047] Next, an X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, which is not according to the invention and present for illustration purposes only, for performing quantitative analysis using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the first embodiment will be described. In this X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, for samples S of an analytical kind among which profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in measured spectra displayed by the measured spectrum display unit 14, are different according to, for example, whether or not influence of a skirt of a large interfering peak occurs, the peak area PA and the background areas BA1 and BA2 on both sides, respectively, of the peak area PA are set, by the detection area setting unit 16, based on a measured spectrum of a predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, such that a distance between a center of the peak area PA and a center of one of the background areas BA1 and BA2 is equal to a distance between the center of the peak area PA and a center of the other of the background areas BA1 and BA2 in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7, and two background correction coefficients k1 and k2 are calculated based on background intensities of a predetermined sample S for calculating a coefficient, to be input in the quantification unit 17, thereby performing the quantitative analysis. It is assumed that, in the peak area of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, and the background areas on both sides thereof, the profile of background intensity which actually occurs is on a straight line.

    [0048] The samples S of the analytical kind among which profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured are different represent samples S, of an analytical kind, which include at least one sample S, of an analytical kind, which has a different profile of background in the adjacent area of peak. The samples S are, for example, samples S of an analytical kind including a sample S that generates an interfering line, near the peak area PA.

    [0049] As the predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, for example, a sample S that generates an interfering line, near the peak area PA, is used. This sample S for setting a detection area is measured, and the measured spectrum display unit 14 displays the measured spectrum on the display 15. The peak area PA, and the first background area BA1 and the second background area BA2 on both sides of the peak area PA are set by an operator based on the displayed measured spectrum by the detection area setting unit 16, and are stored in the detection area setting unit 16. At this time, the distance between the center of the peak area PA and the center of the first background area BA1 and the distance between the center of the peak area PA and the center of the second background area BA2 are set to be equal to each other.

    [0050] For the measured spectrum, the peak area PA, and the first background area BA1 and the second background area BA2 which are set by the operator by the detection area setting unit 16 and stored therein are displayed.

    [0051] Next, the sample S for calculating a coefficient, e.g. the blank sample S which does not contain an element that generates an interfering line, and in which variation in intensity among the peak area PA and the first and the second background areas BA1 and BA2 is small in a background spectrum of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, is measured, whereby the two background correction coefficients k1 and k2 are obtained based on the following equation (5) and equation (6).





    [0052] The constant 0.5 in equation (5) and equation (6) is based on the distance between the center of the peak area PA and the center of the first background area BA1, and the distance between the center of the peak area PA and the center of the second background area BA2 being equal to each other.

    [0053] The background correction coefficients k1 and k2 are input in advance in the quantification unit 17, or the background correction coefficients k1 and k2 are automatically calculated in advance by the quantification unit 17, and the analytical sample S is measured, whereby the quantification unit 17 appropriately subtracts a background intensity IB=(k1×IB1+k2×IB2) in the peak area from the peak intensity IP based on the following equation (7), calculates a net intensity Inet of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, and performs quantitative analysis.

    k1: background correction coefficient for first background area

    k2: background correction coefficient for second background area



    [0054] When the quantitative analysis is performed based on equation (7), ratios ri1 and ri2 of intensities of the first and the second background areas BA1 and BA2, respectively, to an intensity of the peak area PA in a background spectrum of fluorescent X-rays to be measured for the blank sample S are previously obtained by a scanning goniometer of a simultaneous multi-elements analysis type X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, and, instead of the background correction coefficients k1 and k2 calculated according to equation (5) and equation (6) described above, background correction coefficients ri1k1 and ri2k2 obtained by correction through multiplication by the intensity ratios ri1 and ri2, respectively, may be used. When the background correction coefficients ri1k1 and ri1k2 obtained by the correction are used, quantitative analysis can be prevented from being influenced by variation of intensities in the peak area PA and the first and the second background areas BA1 and BA2 in the background spectrum of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, for the blank sample S.

    [0055] In a case where the quantitative analysis is performed, equation (7) described above is used when the number of the detection elements is the same among the peak area PA and the first and the second background areas BA1 and BA2. In a case where the number of the detection elements is different among the peak area PA and the first and the second background areas BA1 and BA2, ratios rn1 and rn2 of the number of the detection elements in the peak area PA to the numbers of the detection elements in the first and the second background areas BA1 and BA2, respectively, are calculated in advance, and, instead of the background correction coefficients k1 and k2 obtained according to equation (5) and equation (6) described above, background correction coefficients rn1k1 and rn2k2 which are obtained by correction through multiplication by the ratios rn1 and rn2 for the respective numbers of the detection elements, are used.

    [0056] In the X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, for the samples S of the analytical kind among which profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured are different, the peak area PA and the background areas BA1 and BA2 on both sides, respectively, of the peak area PA are set, by the detection area setting unit 16, based on the measured spectrum of the predetermined sample S for setting a detection area such that the distance between the center of the peak area PA and the center of one of the background areas BA1 and BA2 and the distance between the center of the peak area PA and the center of the other of the background areas BA1 and BA2 are equal to each other in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7, and the two background correction coefficients k1 and k2 are calculated based on the background intensities of the predetermined sample S for calculating a coefficient, to perform the quantitative analysis. Therefore, for samples of an analytical kind among which profiles of background are different, background that is measured so as to indicate an intensity lower than a background intensity which actually occurs, is accurately and quickly corrected with a simple structure, whereby an accurate net intensity can be obtained and high-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0057] Next, a wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to a second embodiment of the present invention will be described. Difference from the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer of the first embodiment will be merely described.

    [0058] In the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment, on the assumption that an intensity of background incident on the detection elements 7 is constant in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7, the measured spectrum display unit 14 firstly calculates a sensitivity coefficient αi as a ratio of an incident intensity to a detected intensity for each detection element 7, according to the following equation (8), based on a measured spectrum BS, shown in Fig. 5, for a predetermined blank sample S. In Fig. 5, the abscissa axis represents the detection element numbers, and the same applies also to Figs. 6 and 7. The predetermined blank sample S is the same as the sample S for setting a detection area and/or the sample S for calculating a coefficient as described in the first embodiment. For example, in a case where Pb-Lβ line is to be measured for a sample that is a rock, the predetermined blank sample S is SiO2 which has a composition similar to a composition of the rock and does not contain Pb that is an element to be measured, and an element that generates an interfering line.



    [0059] In the measured spectrum BS of the blank sample S, the detected intensity IPB by the detection element 7 at a peak position is assumed as an incident intensity with respect to the detected intensity IiB by the i-th detection element 7.

    [0060] When the predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, e.g., an analytical rock sample S is measured, the measured spectrum display unit 14 displays, on the display 15, a relationship between the detection element number and a corrected detected intensity IiC obtained by multiplying the detected intensity Ii by the detection element 7, by the sensitivity coefficient αi, according to equation (9) described below, as a corrected spectrum AS shown in Fig. 7, instead of or in addition to the measured spectrum MS which is similar to the measured spectrum MS shown in Fig. 4 and which represents a relationship between the detection element number (position in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7) and the detected intensity by the detection element 7, which are shown in Fig. 6.



    [0061] In Fig. 7, the kinds of lines at the respective peaks are identified and displayed according to conventional art. However, in the present invention, those identification and display are not necessarily performed. In a case where both the corrected spectrum AS in Fig. 7 and the measured spectrum MS in Fig. 6 are displayed on the display 15, both spectra are displayed on one screen so as to overlay each other, or are displayed separately in one screen, or are displayed on two screens which can be switched. Thus, in a case where not only the corrected spectrum AS in Fig. 7 but also the measured spectrum MS in Fig. 6 is displayed, a detection element which is distant from the peak position in the abscissa axis direction and which has a low sensitivity as a spectroscopic system is easily set so as to be excluded from the background area BA, with reference to the measured spectrum MS in Fig. 6 in order to enhance an accuracy for the background intensity IB.

    [0062] In the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment, the background correction coefficient k which is previously calculated outside the spectrometer is not input in the quantification unit 17, and, in a case where, after an operator has set the peak area PA and the background area BA, the quantification unit 17 calculates a net intensity Inet of fluorescent X-rays to be measured based on equation (1) and equation (2) described above, and performs the quantitative analysis, the background correction coefficient k is automatically calculated according to equation (3) described above based on the measured spectrum BS, of the blank sample S, shown in Fig. 5. However, in the example shown in Fig. 7, since the second background area BA2 is not set, IB2B=0 is used.

    [0063] In the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment, instead of or in addition to the measured spectrum MS, the corrected spectrum AS described above is displayed on the display 15, whereby background can be more accurately corrected, a net intensity can be more accurately obtained, and higher-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0064] Next, an X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, according to a third embodiment of the present invention, for performing quantitative analysis using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment will be described. In the X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, for samples S of an analytical kind having similar profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in corrected spectra displayed by the measured spectrum display unit 14, the peak area PA and the background area BA are set, by the detection area setting unit 16, based on the corrected spectrum of a predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, and a single background correction coefficient k is calculated based on a background intensity of a predetermined sample S for calculating a coefficient, to perform quantitative analysis.

    [0065] The samples S of the analytical kind having similar profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured represent samples S, of an analytical kind, in which profiles of background in the adjacent area of peak are similar to each other even when the sample S is changed among them. This case corresponds to a case where fluorescent X-rays of a heavy element are to be measured for an oxide sample, for example, a case where Pb-Lβ line is to be measured for a sample that is a rock.

    [0066] In the X-ray fluorescence analyzing method according to the third embodiment, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment is used. Firstly, as described above, the predetermined blank sample S is measured, and the measured spectrum display unit 14 calculates the sensitivity coefficient αi.

    [0067] The predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, for example, one of analytical rock samples S is measured, and the measured spectrum display unit 14 displays, on the display 15, the corrected spectrum AS shown in Fig. 7 instead of or in addition to the measured spectrum MS shown in Fig. 6. As in the operation for the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the first embodiment, the peak area PA and the background area BA as shown in Fig. 7 are set by and stored in the detection area setting unit 16, based on the displayed corrected spectrum AS. In a case where not only the corrected spectrum AS shown in Fig. 7 but also the measured spectrum MS shown in Fig. 6 is displayed, a detection element which is distant from the peak position in the abscissa axis direction and which has a low sensitivity as a spectroscopic system is easily set so as to be excluded from the background area BA as described above.

    [0068] After the peak area PA and the background area BA are set, the background correction coefficient k is automatically calculated by the quantification unit 17 according to equation (3) described above (however, IB2B=0), based on the measured spectrum BS, of the blank sample S, shown in Fig. 5. For the measured analytical sample S, the quantification unit 17 calculates a net intensity Inet of fluorescent X-rays to be measured according to equation (1) and equation (2) described above (however, IB2=0 in equation (2)), and performs quantitative analysis.

    [0069] In the X-ray fluorescence analyzing method according to the third embodiment, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment is used to perform quantitative analysis. Therefore, for the samples of the analytical kind having the similar profiles of background, background can be more accurately corrected, the net intensity can be more accurately obtained, and higher-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0070] Next, an X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention, for performing quantitative analysis using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment will be described. In the X-ray fluorescence analyzing method, for samples S of an analytical kind among which profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in corrected spectra displayed by the measured spectrum display unit 14, are different according to, for example, whether or not influence of a skirt of a large interfering peak occurs, the peak area PA and the background areas BA1 and BA2 on both sides, respectively, of the peak area PA are set, by the detection area setting unit 16, based on a corrected spectrum of a predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, such that a distance between a center of the peak area PA and a center of one of the background areas BA1 and BA2 is equal to a distance between the center of the peak area PA and a center of the other of the background areas BA1 and BA2 in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7, and two background correction coefficients k1 and k2 are calculated based on background intensities of a predetermined sample S for calculating a coefficient. It is assumed that, in the peak area of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, and the background areas on both sides thereof, the profile of background intensity which actually occurs is on a straight line.

    [0071] The samples S of the analytical kind among which profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured are different represent samples S, of an analytical kind, which include at least one sample S, of an analytical kind, which has a different profile of background in the adjacent area of peak. The samples S are, for example, samples S of an analytical kind including a sample S that generates an interfering line, near the peak area PA.

    [0072] In the X-ray fluorescence analyzing method according to the fourth embodiment, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment is used. Firstly, as described above, the predetermined blank sample S is measured and the measured spectrum display unit 14 calculates the sensitivity coefficient αi.

    [0073] The predetermined sample S for setting a detection area, for example, a sample S that generates an interfering line, near the peak area PA, is measured, and the measured spectrum display unit 14 displays the corrected spectrum on the display 15, instead of or in addition to the measured spectrum. The peak area PA, and the first background area BA1 and the second background area BA2 on both sides of the peak area PA are set, by the detection area setting unit 16, based on the displayed corrected spectrum, and are stored in the detection area setting unit 16. At this time, the distance between the center of the peak area PA and the center of the first background area BA1 and the distance between the center of the peak area PA and the center of the second background area BA2 are set to be equal to each other. In a case where not only the corrected spectrum but also the measured spectrum is displayed, a detection element which is distant from the peak position in the abscissa axis direction and which has a low sensitivity as a spectroscopic system is easily set so as to be excluded from the background areas BA1 and BA2, as described above.

    [0074] The peak area PA, the first background area BA1, and the second background area BA2 which are set by an operator by the detection area setting unit 16 and stored therein are displayed in the corrected spectrum.

    [0075] After the peak area PA and the background area BA have been set, the two background correction coefficients k1 and k2 are automatically calculated according to equation (5) and equation (6) described above, based on the measured spectrum of the blank sample S by the quantification unit 17. When the analytical sample S is measured, the quantification unit 17 calculates the net intensity Inet of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured according to equation (7) described above, and performs quantitative analysis.

    [0076] In the X-ray fluorescence analyzing method according to the fourth embodiment, the quantitative analysis is performed by using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the second embodiment. Therefore, for the samples of the analytical kind having the different profiles of background, background can be more accurately corrected, the net intensity can be more accurately obtained, and higher-precision quantitative analysis can be performed.

    [0077] In the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer according to the first embodiment and the second embodiment, as shown in Fig. 8, it is preferable that a plurality of, for example, three receiving areas 10ai, 10a2, 10a3 which are aligned in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7 are set in a receiving surface 10a of the position sensitive detector 10, and the position sensitive detector 10 is moved in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7, whereby the receiving area to be used for a spectral angle range to be measured is changed. The detection elements 7 each have a life span for counting. In a case where the detection elements 7 are continuously used after the life span is exhausted, performance such as energy resolution is degraded and the detection elements 7 do not accurately function. However, in this advantageous configuration, in the focusing optical system, a state where the entirety of the position sensitive detector 10 cannot be used due to deterioration in performance of a certain detection element 7 is avoided. Therefore, while the performance of the position sensitive detector 10, which is expensive, is maintained, the position sensitive detector 10 can be used for a long time period.

    [0078] In this advantageous configuration, each receiving area has the length, that is, the number of the detection elements, which can meet the spectral angle range to be measured, in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7. However, both end portions of each receiving area in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7, are distant from the peak position, and, at the positions of the end portions, sensitivity is low as a spectroscopic system, and the intensity of the secondary X-rays 41 incident on the detection element 7 at that positions is very low as can be understood from, for example, the measured spectrum MS in Fig. 6. Therefore, the end portions of the plurality of receiving areas 10a1, 10a2, 10a3 overlap each other in the arrangement direction of the detection elements 7, as illustrated in Fig. 8, whereby the position sensitive detector 10 can be more efficiently used for an elongated time period.

    [0079] The receiving area to be used is changed, for example, when the average cumulative count per one detection element has reached a predetermined cumulative count value, when the maximal value of the cumulative count of each detection element has reached a predetermined cumulative count value, or when the minimal value of an energy resolution of each detection element has reached a predetermined value. The background correction coefficient is updated at this time.

    [0080] As described above, in the present invention, while a spectrum is being observed, the peak area and the background area can be appropriately set. Therefore, high-precision quantitative analysis can be simply performed quickly.

    [Reference Numerals]



    [0081] 
    1
    primary X-rays
    2
    X-ray source
    4
    secondary X-rays
    5
    divergence slit
    6
    spectroscopic device
    7
    detection element
    10
    position sensitive detector (one-dimensional detector)
    10a
    receiving surface
    10a1, 10a2, 10a3
    receiving area
    14
    measured spectrum display unit
    15
    display
    16
    detection area setting unit
    17
    quantification unit
    41
    secondary X-rays at different spectral angles
    42
    focused secondary X-rays
    AS
    corrected spectrum
    BA1, BA2
    background area
    BS, MS, PS
    measured spectrum
    PA
    peak area
    S
    sample, sample for setting detection area, sample for calculation coefficient, blank sample



    Claims

    1. A wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer of a focusing optical system, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer comprising:

    an X-ray source (2) configured to irradiate a sample (S) with primary X-rays (1);

    a divergence slit (5) configured to allow secondary X-rays (4) generated from the sample (S) to pass therethrough;

    a spectroscopic device (6) configured to monochromate and focus the secondary X-rays (4) that have passed through the divergence slit (5); and

    a position sensitive detector (10) configured to have a plurality of detection elements (7) that are disposed in a spectral angle direction of the spectroscopic device (6), so as to detect intensities of the secondary X-rays (4) at different spectral angles in focused secondary X-rays (42) obtained by the secondary X-rays (4) being focused by the spectroscopic device (6), by using the detection elements (7) corresponding to the secondary X-rays (4) at different spectral angles,

    the divergence slit (5), the spectroscopic device (6), and the position sensitive detector (10) being fixed thereto, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer is characterized by:

    a measured spectrum display unit (14) configured to display a relationship between a position, in an arrangement direction, of each detection element (7), and a detected intensity by the detection element (7), as a measured spectrum (BS, MS, PS), on a display (15);

    a detection area setting unit (16) configured to allow an operator to set a peak area (PA) that is an area of the detection elements (7) corresponding to fluorescent X-rays to be measured, and a background area (BA1, BA2) that is an area of the detection elements (7) corresponding to background of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in the arrangement direction of the detection elements (7); and

    a quantification unit (17) configured to calculate, as a net intensity, an intensity of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured, based on a peak intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by the detection elements (7) in the peak area (PA), a background intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by the detection elements (7) in the background area (BA1, BA2), and a background correction coefficient which is previously calculated, and to perform quantitative analysis,

    wherein

    the measured spectrum display unit (14)

    calculates a sensitivity coefficient as a ratio of an incident intensity to a detected intensity for each detection element (7), based on a measured spectrum (BS, MS, PS) of a predetermined blank sample, on the assumption that an intensity of background incident on the detection elements (7) is constant in the arrangement direction of the detection elements (7), and

    displays a relationship between a position in the arrangement direction of the detection elements (7) and a corrected detected intensity obtained by multiplying a detected intensity by the detection element (7), by the sensitivity coefficient, as a corrected spectrum, on the display (15), instead of or in addition to the measured spectrum (BS, MS, PS) being displayed.


     
    2. The wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of receiving areas (10a1, 10a2, 10a3) which are aligned in the arrangement direction of the detection elements (7) are set in a receiving surface (10a) of the position sensitive detector (10), and the receiving area (10ai, 10a2, 10a3) to be used is changed so as to correspond to a spectral angle range to be measured, by the position sensitive detector (10) being moved in the arrangement direction of the detection elements (7).
     
    3. An X-ray fluorescence analyzing method for performing quantitative analysis using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer as claimed in claim 1, wherein

    for samples (S) of an analytical kind having similar profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in corrected spectra displayed by the measured spectrum display unit (14),

    the peak area (PA) and the background area (BA1, BA2) are set, by the detection area setting unit (16), based on a corrected spectrum of a predetermined sample (S) for setting a detection area, and

    a single background correction coefficient is calculated based on a background intensity of a predetermined sample (S) for calculating a coefficient.


     
    4. An X-ray fluorescence analyzing method for performing quantitative analysis using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer as claimed in claim 1, wherein

    for samples (S) of an analytical kind having different profiles of background of fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in corrected spectra displayed by the measured spectrum display unit (14),

    the peak area (PA) and the background areas (BA1, BA2) on both sides, respectively, of the peak area (PA) are set, by the detection area setting unit (16), based on a corrected spectrum of a predetermined sample (S) for setting a detection area such that a distance between a center of the peak area (PA) and a center of one of the background areas (BA1, BA2) and a distance between the center of the peak area (PA) and a center of the other of the background areas (BA1, BA2) are equal to each other in the arrangement direction of the detection elements (7), and

    two background correction coefficients are calculated based on background intensities of a predetermined sample (S) for calculating a coefficient.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Wellenlängendispersives Röntgenfluoreszenzspektrometer eines fokussierenden optischen Systems, wobei das wellenlängendispersive Röntgenfluoreszenzspektrometer umfasst:

    eine Röntgenquelle (2), die so konfiguriert ist, dass sie eine Probe (S) mit primären Röntgenstrahlen (1) bestrahlt;

    einen Divergenzschlitz (5), der so konfiguriert ist, dass er die von der Probe (S) erzeugten sekundären Röntgenstrahlen (4) durchlässt;

    eine spektroskopische Vorrichtung (6) zur Monochromatisierung und Fokussierung der sekundären Röntgenstrahlen (4), die durch den Divergenzschlitz (5) hindurchgegangen sind; und

    einen positionsempfindlichen Detektor (10), der so konfiguriert ist, dass er eine Vielzahl von Erfassungselementen (7) aufweist, die in einer Spektralwinkelrichtung der spektroskopischen Vorrichtung (6) angeordnet sind, um Intensitäten der sekundären Röntgenstrahlen (4) bei verschiedenen Spektralwinkeln in fokussierten sekundären Röntgenstrahlen (42) zu erfassen, die durch die sekundären Röntgenstrahlen (4) erhalten werden, die durch die spektroskopische Vorrichtung (6) fokussiert werden, indem die Erfassungselemente (7) verwendet werden, die den sekundären Röntgenstrahlen (4) bei verschiedenen Spektralwinkeln entsprechen,

    wobei der Divergenzschlitz (5), die spektroskopische Vorrichtung (6) und der positionsempfindliche Detektor (10) daran befestigt sind und das wellenlängendispersive Röntgenfluoreszenzspektrometer gekennzeichnet ist durch:

    eine Anzeigeeinheit (14) für ein gemessenes Spektrum, die so konfiguriert ist, dass sie eine Beziehung zwischen einer Position in einer Anordnungsrichtung jedes Erfassungselements (7) und einer durch das Erfassungselement (7) erfassten Intensität als ein gemessenes Spektrum (BS, MS, PS) auf einer Anzeige (15) anzeigt;

    eine Erfassungsbereichs-Einstelleinheit (16), die so konfiguriert ist, dass sie einem Bediener ermöglicht, einen Spitzenbereich (PA), der ein Bereich der Erfassungselemente (7) ist, der den zu messenden fluoreszierenden Röntgenstrahlen entspricht, und einen Hintergrundbereich (BA1, BA2), der ein Bereich der Erfassungselemente (7) ist, der dem Hintergrund der zu messenden fluoreszierenden Röntgenstrahlen entspricht, in der Anordnungsrichtung der Erfassungselemente (7) einzustellen; und

    eine Quantifizierungseinheit (17), die so konfiguriert ist, dass sie als Nettointensität eine Intensität der zu messenden fluoreszierenden Röntgenstrahlen auf der Grundlage einer Spitzenintensität, die durch Integration der von den Erfassungselementen (7) im Spitzenbereich (PA) erfassten Intensitäten erhalten wird, berechnet, sowie auf der Grundlage einer Hintergrundintensität, die durch Integration der von den Erfassungselementen (7) im Hintergrundbereich (BA1, BA2) erfassten Intensitäten erhalten wird, und eines zuvor berechneten Hintergrundkorrekturkoeffizienten und eine quantitative Analyse durchführt,

    wobei die Anzeigeeinheit für das gemessene Spektrum (14) einen Empfindlichkeitskoeffizienten als Verhältnis einer einfallenden Intensität zu einer detektierten Intensität für jedes Detektionselement (7) auf der Grundlage eines gemessenen Spektrums (BS, MS, PS) einer vorbestimmten Leerprobe berechnet, unter der Annahme, dass eine Intensität des auf die Detektionselemente (7) einfallenden Hintergrunds in der Anordnungsrichtung der Detektionselemente (7) konstant ist, und

    eine Beziehung zwischen einer Position in der Anordnungsrichtung der Detektionselemente (7) und einer korrigierten detektierten Intensität, die durch Multiplikation einer detektierten Intensität durch das Detektionselement (7) mit dem Empfindlichkeitskoeffizienten erhalten wird, als korrigiertes Spektrum auf dem Display (15) anstelle des oder zusätzlich zu dem angezeigten gemessenen Spektrum (BS, MS, PS) anzeigt.


     
    2. Wellenlängendispersives Röntgenfluoreszenzspektrometer nach Anspruch 1, wobei in einer Empfangsfläche (10a) des positionsempfindlichen Detektors (10) mehrere in Anordnungsrichtung der Detektionselemente (7) ausgerichtete Empfangsbereiche (10a1, 10a2, 10a3) angeordnet sind, und der zu verwendende Empfangsbereich (10a1, 10a2, 10a3) entsprechend einem zu messenden Spektralwinkelbereich verändert wird, indem der positionsempfindliche Detektor (10) in Anordnungsrichtung der Detektionselemente (7) bewegt wird.
     
    3. Röntgenfluoreszenz-Analyseverfahren zur Durchführung einer quantitativen Analyse unter Verwendung des wellenlängendispersiven Röntgenfluoreszenzspektrometers nach Anspruch 1, wobei

    für Proben (S) einer analytischen Art, die ähnliche Profile des Hintergrunds der zu messenden fluoreszierenden Röntgenstrahlen aufweisen, in korrigierten Spektren, die von der Messspektrum-Anzeigeeinheit (14) angezeigt werden,

    der Spitzenbereich (PA) und die Hintergrundfläche (BA1, BA2) durch die Detektionsflächen-Einstelleinheit (16) auf der Grundlage eines korrigierten Spektrums einer vorbestimmten Probe (S) zum Einstellen einer Detektionsfläche eingestellt werden, und

    ein einzelner Hintergrundkorrekturkoeffizient auf der Grundlage einer Hintergrundintensität einer vorbestimmten Probe (S) zur Berechnung eines Koeffizienten berechnet wird.


     
    4. Röntgenfluoreszenz-Analyseverfahren zur Durchführung einer quantitativen Analyse unter Verwendung des wellenlängendispersiven Röntgenfluoreszenzspektrometers nach Anspruch 1, wobei

    für Proben (S) analytischer Art, die unterschiedliche Profile des Hintergrunds der zu messenden fluoreszierenden Röntgenstrahlen aufweisen, in korrigierten Spektren, die von der Messspektrum-Anzeigeeinheit (14) angezeigt werden,

    der Spitzenbereich (PA) und die Hintergrundflächen (BA1, BA2) auf beiden Seiten des Spitzenbereichs (PA) durch die Detektionsflächen-Einstelleinheit (16) auf der Grundlage eines korrigierten Spektrums einer vorbestimmten Probe (S) eingestellt werden, um eine Detektionsfläche so einzustellen, dass ein Abstand zwischen einer Mitte des Spitzenbereichs (PA) und einer Mitte einer der Hintergrundflächen (BA1, BA2) und einem Abstand zwischen der Mitte des Spitzenbereichs (PA) und einer Mitte der anderen der Hintergrundflächen (BA1, BA2) in der Anordnungsrichtung der Detektionselemente (7) einander gleich sind, und

    zwei Hintergrundkorrekturkoeffizienten werden auf der Grundlage der Hintergrundintensität einer vorbestimmten Probe (S) berechnet, um einen Koeffizienten zu ermitteln.


     


    Revendications

    1. Analyseur par fluorescence de rayons X dispersif en longueur d'onde d'un système optique de focalisation, l'analyseur par fluorescence de rayons X dispersif en longueur d'onde comprenant :

    une source de rayons X (2) conçue pour irradier un échantillon (S) avec des rayons X primaires (1) ;

    une fente de divergence (5) conçue pour permettre aux rayons X secondaires (4) générés à partir de l'échantillon (S) de passer à travers celle-ci ;

    un dispositif spectroscopique (6) conçu pour monochromatiser et focaliser les rayons X secondaires (4) qui sont passés à travers la fente de divergence (5) ; et

    un détecteur sensible à la position (10) conçu pour avoir une pluralité d'éléments de détection (7) qui sont disposés dans un sens d'angle spectral du dispositif spectroscopique (6), de façon à détecter des intensités des rayons X secondaires (4) à différents angles spectraux dans des rayons X secondaires focalisés (42) obtenus par les rayons X secondaires (4) étant focalisés par le dispositif spectroscopique (6), en utilisant les éléments de détection (7) correspondant aux rayons X secondaires (4) à différents angles spectraux,

    la fente de divergence (5), le dispositif spectroscopique (6), et le détecteur sensible à la position (10) étant fixés à celui-ci, l'analyseur par fluorescence de rayons X dispersif en longueur d'onde est caractérisé par :

    une unité d'affichage de spectre mesuré (14) conçue pour afficher une relation entre une position, un sens de disposition, de chaque élément de détection (7), et une intensité détectée par l'élément de détection (7), comme un spectre mesuré (BS, MS, PS), sur un affichage (15) ;

    une unité de réglage de zone de détection (16) conçue pour permettre à un opérateur de définir une zone de crête (PA) qui est une zone des éléments de détection (7) correspondant aux rayons X fluorescents à mesurer, et une zone de fond (BA1, BA2) qui est une zone des éléments de détection (7) correspondant au fond des rayons X fluorescents à mesurer, dans le sens de disposition des éléments de détection (7) ; et

    une unité de quantification (17) conçue pour calculer, en tant qu'intensité nette, une intensité des rayons X fluorescents à mesurer, sur la base d'une intensité de crête obtenue en intégrant des intensités détectées par les éléments de détection (7) dans la zone de crête (PA), une intensité de fond obtenue en intégrant des intensités détectées par les éléments de détection (7) dans la zone de fond (BA1, BA2), et un coefficient de correction de fond qui est calculé préalablement, et pour effectuer une analyse quantitative,

    en ce que

    l'unité d'affichage de spectre mesuré (14)

    calcule un coefficient de sensibilité en tant que rapport d'une intensité incidente sur une intensité détectée pour chaque élément de détection (7), sur la base d'un spectre mesuré (BS, MS, PS) d'un échantillon vierge prédéterminé, en supposant qu'une intensité d'incidence de fond sur les éléments de détection (7) est constante dans le sens de disposition des éléments de détection (7), et

    affiche une relation entre une position dans le sens de disposition des éléments de détection (7) et une intensité détectée corrigée obtenue en multipliant une intensité détectée par l'élément de détection (7), par le coefficient de sensibilité, en tant que spectre corrigé, sur l'affichage (15), à la place du ou en plus du spectre mesuré (BS, MS, PS) affiché.


     
    2. Analyseur par fluorescence de rayons X dispersif en longueur d'onde selon la revendication 1, en ce qu'une pluralité de zones de réception (10a1, 10a2, 10a3) qui sont alignées dans le sens de disposition des éléments de détection (7) sont définies dans une surface de réception (10a) du détecteur sensible à la position (10), et la zone de réception (10a1, 10a2, 10a3) à utiliser est modifiée de manière à correspondre à une plage d'angle spectral à mesurer, en déplaçant le détecteur sensible à la position (10) dans le sens de disposition des éléments de détection (7).
     
    3. Procédé d'analyse par fluorescence de rayons X pour effectuer une analyse quantitative en utilisant l'analyseur par fluorescence de rayons X dispersif en longueur d'onde selon la revendication 1, en ce que

    pour des échantillons (S) de type analytique ayant des profils similaires de fond de rayons X fluorescents à mesurer, dans des spectres corrigés affichés par l'unité d'affichage de spectre mesuré (14),

    la zone de crête (PA) et la zone de fond (BA1, BA2) sont définies, par l'unité de réglage de zone de détection (16), sur la base d'un spectre corrigé d'un échantillon (S) prédéterminé pour définir une zone de détection, et

    un coefficient de correction de fond unique est calculé sur la base d'une intensité de fond d'un échantillon (S) prédéterminé pour calculer un coefficient.


     
    4. Procédé d'analyse par fluorescence de rayons X pour effectuer une analyse quantitative en utilisant l'analyseur par fluorescence de rayons X dispersif en longueur d'onde selon la revendication 1, en ce que

    pour des échantillons (S) de type analytique ayant différents profils de fond de rayons X fluorescents à mesurer, dans des spectres corrigés affichés par l'unité d'affichage de spectre mesuré (14),

    la zone de crête (PA) et les zones de fond (BA1, BA2) des deux côtés, respectivement, de la zone de crête (PA) sont définies, par l'unité de réglage de zone de détection (16), sur la base d'un spectre corrigé d'un échantillon (S) prédéterminé pour définir une zone de détection telle qu'une distance entre un centre de la zone de crête (PA) et un centre de l'une des zones de fond (BA1, BA2) et une distance entre le centre de la zone de crête (PA) et le centre de l'autre des zones de fond (BA1, BA2) sont égales l'une à l'autre dans le sens de disposition des éléments de détection (7), et

    deux coefficients de correction de fond sont calculés sur la base d'intensités de fond d'un échantillon (S) prédéterminé pour calculer un coefficient.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description