(19)
(11)EP 3 523 884 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 16787451.0

(22)Date of filing:  26.10.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04B 7/0417(2017.01)
H04B 7/06(2006.01)
H04B 7/0452(2017.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2016/075849
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/077405 (03.05.2018 Gazette  2018/18)

(54)

A USER COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CELLULAR COMMUNICATION WITH A BASE STATION AND D2D COMMUNICATION

BENUTZERKOMMUNIKATIONSVORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN FÜR ZELLULARE KOMMUNIKATION MIT EINER BASISSTATION UND D2D-KOMMUNIKATION

DISPOSITIF ET PROCÉDÉ DE COMMUNICATION D'UTILISATEUR POUR UNE COMMUNICATION CELLULAIRE AVEC UNE STATION DE BASE ET POUR UNE COMMUNICATION D2D


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHEN, Junting
    06600 Antibes (FR)
  • YIN, Haifan
    06600 Antibes (FR)
  • COTTATELLUCCI, Laura
    06600 Antibes (FR)
  • GESBERT, David
    06330 Roquefort les Pins (FR)

(74)Representative: Pfenning, Meinig & Partner mbB 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Theresienhöhe 11a
80339 München
80339 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
  
  • CHEN JUNTING ET AL: "Precoder feedback versus channel feedback in massive MIMO under user cooperation", 2015 49TH ASILOMAR CONFERENCE ON SIGNALS, SYSTEMS AND COMPUTERS, IEEE, 8 November 2015 (2015-11-08), pages 1449-1453, XP032874477, DOI: 10.1109/ACSSC.2015.7421384 [retrieved on 2016-02-26] cited in the application
  • YINSHENG LIU ET AL: "Device-to-device Cooperation in Massive MIMO Systems with Cascaded Precoding", ARXIV.ORG, CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, 201 OLIN LIBRARY CORNELL UNIVERSITY ITHACA, NY 14853, 2 September 2016 (2016-09-02), XP080724388,
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] In general, the present invention relates to the field of wireless communications. More specifically, the present invention relates to a user communication device and a method for cellular communication with a base station and D2D communication with a further communication device as well as a corresponding base station.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a radio communication technology that exploits multiple transmitters and receivers to transfer data at the same time. MIMO systems can achieve a large throughput via the ample spatial degree of freedoms provided by a large amount of antennas. MIMO has become an essential element of wireless communication standards, such as IEEE 802.11n (Wi-Fi), IEEE 802.11ac (Wi-Fi), and Long Term Evolution (4G), and will also play a major role in 5G network deployments.

[0003] To achieve these performance advantages, the transmitter requires instantaneous channel state information (CSI), which can be represented as a vector that contains a large number of elements changing on a fast timescale. In frequency division multiplexing (FDM) systems, the CSI is generally available at the user communication devices and, hence, the user communication devices need to feed the CSI back to the transmitter (e.g., a base station) at every timeslot. Based on the global CSI feedback, the base station computes precoders for all the user communication devices by exploiting spatial multiplexing and by means of these precoders can serve multiple user communication devices simultaneously. This feedback scheme will be referred to herein as "CSI feedback scheme". However, the CSI feedback scheme in multiuser MIMO is challenging, because the uplink resource is limited, and the number of user communication devices to be served opportunistically can be large. In consequence, each user communication device may be allocated only a small number of bits for the CSI feedback.

[0004] In parallel to cellular networks, device-to-device (D2D) communication is a fast developing technology that allows user communication devices to directly communicate with each other without having to route the communication via a base station. D2D communication can be implemented in an in-band mode or an out-band mode according to different requirements on spectrum efficiency, quality-of-service, interference level, complexity of scheduling, resource allocation and the like. It is possible that user communication devices can share the CSI among themselves via D2D communication to improve the downlink/uplink transmission in the cellular network provided by a base station.

[0005] Several previous works ("Precoder Feedback versus Channel Feedback in Massive MIMO under User Cooperation" by J. Chen, H. Yin, L. Cottatellucci, D. Gesbert, 2015 49th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, IEEE, (20151108), pages 1449 - 1453; "Enabling massive MIMO systems in the FDD mode thanks to D2D communications" by H. Yin, L. Cottatellucci, D. Gesbert, Proc. Asilomar Conf. on Signals, Systems, and Computers, Pacific Grove, CA, Nov. 2014; "Advanced massive MIMO algorithms, Phase 2 report" by H. Yin, J. Chen, L. Cottatellucci, and D. Gesbert, 2015) have studied the application of a D2D communication system to the feedback and precoder design of MIMO cellular networks. It has been shown that, in an ideal case, wherein user communication devices have infinite or perfect D2D communication capability and share their CSI perfectly between each other, it is better to return the precoder rather than the CSI as feedback to a base station. More specifically, each user communication device can compute the precoder itself, since the perfect global CSI is available at each user communication device. It has been demonstrated that, when the user communication devices have a very limited number of bits for the feedback to the base station, the precoder feedback scheme significantly outperforms the CSI feedback scheme.

[0006] However, practical implementations of the above theoretical studies face several critical problems. Firstly, high-quality D2D communication is not easy to implement in a realistic system. In practice, user communication devices often have only a limited D2D communication capability. Secondly, it is difficult to compute the turning point (i.e., the critical number of feedback bits available in the system) and to determine when to switch from the CSI feedback scheme to the precoder feedback scheme, or vice versa. Intuitively, D2D CSI sharing with limited rates should still benefit the system, but the current existing schemes fail to exploit that. Thirdly, existing methods are not compatible with the CSI feedback scheme. More specifically, they cannot work in a system, wherein some users have D2D links and perform precoder feedback to the base station, while some others have no D2D links at all and hence have to perform CSI feedback to the base station.

[0007] Firstly, generally the CSI exchange among users is not perfect. For example, when the D2D communication quality is poor, the users can only transmit signals with a low data rate over D2D system, and the CSI to be exchanged needs to be quantized using a small number of bits, resulting in a large distortion. As a result, the desired feedback and precoding strategy should be robust to the CSI noise due to the limited D2D CSI exchange. Secondly, the users may experience heterogeneous D2D quality, wherein some user pairs may have good D2D quality, while some other user pairs may have poor D2D quality or no D2D communication at all.

[0008] Thus, in light of the above there is a need for a more practical and flexible user communication device and base station as well as corresponding methods, which, in particular, allow improving MIMO cellular communications under varying D2D communication capabilities.

SUMMARY



[0009] It is an object of the invention to provide for a more practical and flexible user communication device and base station as well as corresponding methods, which, in particular, allow improving MIMO cellular communications under varying D2D communication capabilities.

[0010] The foregoing and other objects are achieved by the subject matter of the independent claims. Further implementation forms are apparent from the dependent claims, the description and the figures.

[0011] According to a first aspect, the invention relates to a user communication device for cellular communication with a base station and D2D communication with at least one further user communication device. The user communication device comprises: a communication interface configured for cellular communication with the base station and D2D communication via a D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device, wherein the D2D communication with the further user communication device comprises receiving channel state information from the further communication device, wherein the channel state information comprises channel state information of a cellular communication channel between the further user communication device and the base station; and a processor configured to adapt a feedback vector on the basis of a quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device and to provide information about the adapted feedback vector via the communication interface to the base station.

[0012] Thus, a more practical and flexible user communication device is provided, which, in particular, allows improving MIMO cellular communications under varying D2D communication capabilities. In other words, user communication devices according to the first aspect of the invention with or without D2D communication capability can co-exist and can achieve (depending on the D2D communication capabilities) a better data rates than prior art devices. Thus, the present invention bridges the gap between the CSI feedback scheme and the D2D-enabled precoder feedback scheme by combining these two schemes into a robust and adaptive feedback scheme, which benefits the user communication devices with good D2D communication capabilities, but does not sacrifice the performance of the user communication devices without D2D communication capabilities.

[0013] In a first possible implementation form of the user communication device according to the first aspect, the processor is configured, in case the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device indicates the D2D communication channel to be perfect to adapt the feedback vector to a precoder vector, wherein the precoder vector is to be applied by the base station for communicating with the user communication device via the cellular communication channel.

[0014] In a second possible implementation form of the user communication device according to the first aspect or the first implementation form thereof, the processor is configured, in case the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device indicates the D2D communication channel to be absent to adapt the feedback vector to a channel state information vector or close thereto, wherein the channel state information vector comprises information about the cellular communication channel between the user communication device and the base station.

[0015] In a third possible implementation form of the user communication device according to the first aspect or any one of the first to second implementation form thereof, the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device is the quantization error σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device.

[0016] In a fourth possible implementation form of the user communication device according to the third implementation form of the first aspect, the processor is configured to adapt the feedback vector on the basis of the quantization error σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device by determining a feedback vector from a codebook of feedback vectors, which satisfies the following equation:

wherein k denotes the feedback vector, hk denotes the downlink channel of the user communication device,

denotes the quantized downlink channel of the further user communication device as known by the user communication device, K denotes number of user communication devices, and P denotes a total transmission power of the base station.

[0017] In a fifth possible implementation form of the user communication device according to the fourth implementation form of the first aspect, the processor is configured to provide information about the adapted feedback vector via the communication interface to the base station by providing an index via the communication interface to the base station, wherein the index is configured to identify the adapted feedback vector in the codebook of feedback vectors.

[0018] In a sixth possible implementation form of the user communication device according to the first aspect or any one of the first to fifth implementation form thereof, the communication interface is configured to use an out-band mode for D2D communication.

[0019] According to a second aspect the invention relates to a method of operating a user communication device for cellular communication with a base station and D2D communication with at least one further user communication device, wherein the method comprises: receiving channel state information from the further communication device via a D2D communication channel, wherein the channel state information comprises channel state information of a cellular communication channel between the further user communication device and the base station; adapting a feedback vector on the basis of a quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device; and providing information about the adapted feedback vector via the communication interface to the base station.

[0020] The method according to the second aspect of the invention can be performed by the user communication device according to the first aspect of the invention. Further features of the method according to the second aspect of the invention result directly from the functionality of the user communication device according to the first aspect of the invention and its different implementation forms.

[0021] According to a third aspect the invention relates to a base station for cellular communication with a user communication device and a further user communication device using a plurality of antennas. The base station comprises a communication interface configured for cellular communication with the user communication device and the further user communication device using a precoder matrix; and a processor configured to adapt the precoder matrix on the basis of a quality measure of a D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device.

[0022] In a first possible implementation form of the base station according to the third aspect, the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device is the quantization error σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device.

[0023] In a second possible implementation form of the base station according to the first implementation form of the third aspect, the processor is configured to adapt the precoder matrix on the basis of the quantization error σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device on the basis of the following equation:

wherein W denotes the precoder matrix, Û denotes a matrix defined by feedback vectors k provided by the user communication device and the further user communication device, K denotes the number of user communication devices, P denotes the total transmission power of the base station, I denotes the identity matrix, Nt denotes the number of transmit antennas of the base station, Ψ denotes a positive diagonal matrix for equal power allocation such that the columns of the precoder matrix W have equal norms and wherein the matrix T and the function s are defined by the following equations:



wherein Λ denotes a diagonal matrix with the kth diagonal element given by [Λ](k,k) =



[0024] In a third possible implementation form of the base station according to the second implementation form of the third aspect, the feedback vectors k provided by the user communication device and the further user communication device are based on the following equation:

wherein hk denotes the downlink channel of the user communication device and

denotes the quantized downlink channel of the further user communication device as known to the user communication device.

[0025] According to a fourth aspect the invention relates to a method of operating a base station for cellular communication with a user communication device and a further user communication device using a plurality of antennas, wherein the method comprises: adapting a precoder matrix on the basis of a quality measure of a D2D communication channel between the further user communication device and the user communication device; and communicating with the user communication device and the further user communication device using the precoder matrix.

[0026] The method according to the fourth aspect of the invention can be performed by the base station according to the third aspect of the invention. Further features of the method according to the fourth aspect of the invention result directly from the functionality of the base station according to the third aspect of the invention and its different implementation forms.

[0027] According to a fifth aspect the invention relates to a computer program comprising program code for performing the method according to the second aspect of the invention when executed on a computer.

[0028] The invention can be implemented in hardware and/or software.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0029] Further embodiments of the invention will be described with respect to the following figures, wherein:
Fig. 1
shows a schematic diagram of a communication network comprising several user communication devices and a base station according to an embodiment;
Fig. 2
shows a schematic diagram of a communication network comprising several user communication devices and a base station according to an embodiment in a first communication scenario;
Fig. 3
shows a schematic diagram of a communication network comprising several user communication devices and a base station according to an embodiment in a second communication scenario, where the D2D communication link between one pair of user communication devices is absent;
Fig. 4
shows a schematic diagram of a communication network comprising several user communication devices and a base station according to an embodiment in a third communication scenario, wherein the respective D2D communication link between two respective pairs of user communication devices is absent;
Fig. 5
a schematic diagram illustrating a method of operating a user communication device according to an embodiment; and
Fig. 6
a schematic diagram illustrating a method of operating a base station according to an embodiment.


[0030] In the various figures, identical reference signs will be used for identical or at least functionally equivalent features.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0031] In the following description, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, which form part of the disclosure, and in which are shown, by way of illustration, specific aspects in which the present invention may be placed.

[0032] For instance, it will be appreciated that a disclosure in connection with a described method may also hold true for a corresponding device or system configured to perform the method and vice versa. For example, if a specific method step is described, a corresponding device may include a unit to perform the described method step, even if such unit is not explicitly described or illustrated in the figures.

[0033] Moreover, in the following detailed description as well as in the claims embodiments with different functional blocks or processing units are described, which are connected with each other or exchange signals. It will be appreciated that the present invention covers embodiments as well, which include additional functional blocks or processing units that are arranged between the functional blocks or processing units of the embodiments described below.

[0034] Finally, it is understood that the features of the various exemplary aspects described herein may be combined with each other, unless specifically noted otherwise.

[0035] Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of a communication network 100 comprising a first user communication device 102-1 and a further second user communication device 102-2 as well as a MIMO base station 101 according to an embodiment. The user communication device 102-1 is configured for cellular communication with the base station 101 and for D2D communication with the further user communication device 102-2. The cellular communication can be based on a mobile network. In an embodiment, the D2D communication can be in the same frequency band as the cellular communication or in a different frequency band.

[0036] The user communication device 102-1 and the further user communication device 102-2, which could be implemented in the form of mobile phones, represent a plurality of K user communication devices. The MIMO base station 101 provides downlinks for K user communication devices, including the user communication device 102-1 and the further user communication device 102-2. The MIMO base station 101 can comprise Nt antennas 103 and be configured to serve the K single antenna user communication devices. In an embodiment, each user communication device k is assumed to know its own communication channel with the base station, i.e. its channel state information (CSI; for instance based on conventional channel estimation techniques), which can be represented by a vector hk with Nt complex elements that can be assumed to follow a standard independent and identically distributed complex Gaussian distribution.

[0037] As can be taken from the detailed view of the first user communication device 102-1 shown in Figure 1, the first user communication device 102-1 comprises a communication interface 102-1 a and a processor 102-1b.

[0038] The communication interface 102-1 a is configured for cellular communication with the base station 101 and D2D communication via a D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1, wherein the D2D communication with the further user communication device 102-2 comprises receiving channel state information (CSI) from the further user communication device 102-2, wherein the CSI comprises the CSI of a cellular communication channel between the further user communication device 102-1 and the base station 101. In an embodiment, the communication interface 102-1 a can comprise a separate cellular communication interface for cellular communication with the base station 101 and a separate D2D communication interface for D2D communication with further user communication devices, such as the user communication device 102-2.

[0039] The processor 102-1b of the user communication device 102-1 is configured to adapt a feedback vector on the basis of a quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1 and to provide information about the adapted feedback vector via the communication interface to the base station.

[0040] In an embodiment, the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1 is the quantization error σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1.

[0041] In an embodiment, in case the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1 indicates the D2D communication channel to be perfect (e.g. σkj = 0), the processor 102-1b is configured to adapt the feedback vector to a precoder vector, wherein the precoder vector is to be applied by the base station 101 for communicating with the user communication device 102-1 via the cellular communication channel, as will be described in more detail further below.

[0042] In an embodiment, in case the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1 indicates the D2D communication channel to be absent (e.g. σkj = 1), the processor 102-1b is configured to adapt the feedback vector to a channel state information vector, wherein the channel state information vector comprises information about the cellular communication channel between the user communication device 102-1 and the base station.

[0043] As can be taken from the detailed view of the base station 101 shown in Figure 1, the base station 101 comprises a communication interface 101a and a processor 101b. The communication interface 101a of the base station 101 is configured for cellular communication with the user communication device 102-1 and the further user communication device 102-2 using a precoder matrix. The processor 101b of the base station 101 is configured to adapt the precoder matrix on the basis of a quality measure of a D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1, as will be described in more detail further below.

[0044] As already mentioned above, in parallel to the cellular communications between the user communication devices 102-1, 102-2 and the base station 101, the user communication devices 102-1 and 102-2 are configured to establish a D2D communication link for direct signaling between each other. By means of the D2D communication links the user communication devices 102-1 and 102-2 can share their respective CSI directly with each other. In an embodiment, the user communication devices 102-1, 102-2 are configured to compress their respective CSI using quantization at a code rate (i.e., the number of bits to represent the quantized version of the communication channel hk) equal to the D2D communication link capacity. More specifically, in an embodiment, the CSI j of a user communication device j known by another user communication device k is denoted as

and modeled as



[0045] Wherein, as already mentioned above, σkj denotes the quantization error or D2D CSI noise (i.e., the variance of CSI quantization error due to a finite rate D2D communication), and

denotes the quantization noise that is standard complex Gaussian distributed and uncorrelated to



[0046] After the CSI sharing, a user communication device k has the imperfect global CSI k (a Nt x K matrix) in the following form



[0047] Each user communication device 102-1, 102-2 can provide feedback to the base station 101 at a rate of B bits. In an embodiment, each user communication device 102-1, 102-2 can feed an index of an entry in a codebook Ck that contains 2B entries back to the base station 101. The codebook Ck can be designed by using 2B unit norm vectors with Nt dimensions to uniformly pack on the hyper-sphere embedded in the Nt dimensional space. In practice, this can be approximately achieved using random vectors:

wherein ξi are random vectors following a standard Nt-dimensional complex Gaussian distribution.

[0048] Based on the total KB bits of the feedback from the user communication devices 102-1, 102-2, the base station 101 can compute a precoder matrix W for the downlink transmission. The downlink received signal y = [y1, y2, ...,yK]T at the user communication device 102-1, 102-2 is given by

wherein x denotes a K dimensional vector containing message symbols for the K user communication devices respectively and n denotes the noise.

[0049] In an embodiment, the feedback vector k for each user communication device k is chosen by minimizing the mean-squared-error:

conditioned on user communication device k's imperfect global CSI k.

[0050] At the base station 101, given the feedback Û = [1,2,...,K], the precoder matrix is computed to minimize the conditional mean-squared-error:



[0051] In an embodiment, each user communication device k feeds the following vector back to the base station 101:

wherein k denotes the feedback vector, hk denotes the downlink channel of the user communication device k,

denotes the quantized downlink channel of the user communication device j as known to the user communication device k σkj denotes the quantization error of the D2D channel state information shared from the user communication device j to the user communication device k, K denotes total number of user communication devices, and P denotes total transmission power of the base station 101.

[0052] In an embodiment, the processor 101b of the base station 101 computes the precoder as follows:

where

and

wherein W denotes the precoder matrix, Û denotes a matrix defined by feedback vectors k provided by the user communication device 102-1 and the further user communication device 102-2, K denotes the number of user communication devices, P denotes the total transmission power of the base station, I denotes the identity matrix, Nt denotes the number of transmit antennas 103 of the base station 101, Ψ denotes a positive diagonal matrix for equal power allocation such that the columns of the precoder matrix W have equal norms and Λ denotes a diagonal matrix with the kth diagonal element given by



[0053] Figure 2 shows a schematic diagram of a communication network 100 comprising the first user communication device 102-1, the second user communication device 102-2, a third user communication device 102-3, and the base station 101 according to an embodiment in a first communication scenario.

[0054] In the first communication scenario shown in figure 2, all user communication device 102-1, 102-2, and 102-3 can have the same or a similar D2D quality, i.e. all user communication device 102-1, 102-2, and 102-3 use the same or a similar number of bits to share their respective CSI and the quantized CSI shared between them has the same quantization error σ. Embodiments of the invention can be applied to a more general scenario, where a different number of user communication devices are associated with different quantization errors.

[0055] Figure 3 shows a schematic diagram of the communication network 100 shown in figure 2 in a second communication scenario. In this second communication scenario, the quantized CSI shared between the first user communication device 102-1 and the second user communication device 102-2, and the quantized CSI shared between the first user communication device 102-1 and the third user communication device 102-3 can have the same or a similar D2D quality, i.e., the quantized CSI between the first user communication device 102-1 and the second user communication device 102-2, and the quantized CSI between the first user communication device 102-1 and the third user communication device 102-3 have the same or a similar quantization error σ. However, in this scenario the D2D communication link between the second user communication device 102-2 and the third user communication device 102-3 is absent. Also this second scenario can be beneficially handled by embodiments of the invention.

[0056] Figure 4 shows a schematic diagram of the communication network 100 shown in figures 2 and 3 in a third communication scenario. In this third communication scenario, the quantized CSI shared between the first user communication device 102-1 and the second user communication device 102-2 can have a quantization error σ. However, in this scenario the third user communication device 102-3 does not possess D2D communication capability, i.e., the D2D communication link between the first user communication device 102-1 and the third user communication device 102-3, as well as the D2D communication link between the second user communication device 102-2 and the third user communication device 102-3 are absent. Also this third scenario can be beneficially handled by embodiments of the invention.
Figure 5 shows a schematic diagram of a method 500 of operating a user communication device, for instance the user communication device 102-1 shown in Figure 1, for cellular communication with a base station, for instance the base station 101 shown in Figure 1, and D2D communication with at least one further user communication device, such as the user communication device 102-2 shown in Figure 1.

[0057] The method 500 includes a first step 501 of receiving channel state information from the further communication device 102-2 via a D2D communication channel, wherein the channel state information comprises channel state information of a cellular communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the base station 101.

[0058] The method 500 includes a second step 503 of adapting a feedback vector on the basis of a quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1.

[0059] Finally, the method 500 includes a third step 505 of providing information about the adapted feedback vector via the communication interface to the base station 101.

[0060] Figure 6 shows a schematic diagram of a method 600 of operating a base station, such as the base station 101 in Figure 1, for cellular communication with a user communication device, such as the user communication 102-1 in Figure 1 and a further user communication device, such as the further user communication device 102-2 in Figure 1, using a plurality of antennas, such as the antennas 103 in Figure 1.

[0061] The method 600 includes a first step 601 of adapting a precoder matrix on the basis of a quality measure of a D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device 102-1.

[0062] The method 600 includes a further step 603 of communicating with the user communication device 102-1 and the further user communication device 102-2 using the precoder matrix.

[0063] In the embodiments of the invention, the proposed method tries to strike a balance between the minimum mean square error (MMSE) precoding scheme from a base station and the maximum signal-to-leakage-and-noise ratio (SLNR) precoding scheme from a user communication device by smoothly regularizing these two precoding schemes.
It is to be understood that, in the ideal case with perfect CSI sharing among user communication devices and perfect (infinite rate) feedback from the user communication devices to the base station, the MMSE precoding at the base station and the SLNR precoding at the user communication device are equivalent. However, in the situation with a perfect CSI sharing among user communication devices and imperfect (limited rate) feedbacks from the user communication devices to the base station, the SLNR precoding at the user communication device achieves a higher throughput than the MMSE precoding at the base station.

[0064] While a particular feature or aspect of the disclosure may have been disclosed with respect to only one of several implementations or embodiments, such feature or aspect may be combined with one or more other features or aspects of the other implementations or embodiments as may be desired and advantageous for any given or particular application. Furthermore, to the extent that the terms "include", "have", "with", or other variants thereof are used in either the detailed description or the claims, such terms are intended to be inclusive in a manner similar to the term "comprise". Also, the terms "exemplary", "for example" and "e.g." are merely meant as an example, rather than the best or optimal. The terms "coupled" and "connected", along with derivatives may have been used. It should be understood that these terms may have been used to indicate that two elements cooperate or interact with each other regardless whether they are in direct physical or electrical contact, or they are not in direct contact with each other.

[0065] Although the elements in the following claims are recited in a particular sequence with corresponding labeling, unless the claim recitations otherwise imply a particular sequence for implementing some or all of those elements, those elements are not necessarily intended to be limited to being implemented in that particular sequence.

[0066] Many alternatives, modifications, and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art in light of the above teachings. Of course, those skilled in the art readily recognize that there are numerous applications of the invention beyond those described herein.


Claims

1. A user communication device (102-1) for cellular communication with a base station (101) and device-to-device, D2D, communication with at least one further user communication device (102-2), wherein the user communication device (102-1) comprises:

a communication interface (102-1a) configured for cellular communication with the base station (101) and D2D communication via a D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1), wherein the D2D communication with the further user communication device (102-2) comprises receiving channel state information from the further communication device (102-2), wherein the channel state information comprises channel state information of a cellular communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the base station (101); and

a processing unit (102-1b) configured to adapt a feedback vector on the basis of a quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) and to provide information about the adapted feedback vector via the communication interface (102-1a) to the base station (101);

wherein the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) is a noise σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1);

wherein the processing unit (102-1b) is configured to adapt the feedback vector on the basis of the noise σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device 102-2 and the user communication device (102-1) by determining a feedback vector from a codebook C of feedback vectors, which satisfies the following equation:

wherein k denotes the feedback vector, hk denotes the downlink channel of the user communication device,

denotes the quantized downlink channel of the further user communication device as known by the user communication device, K denotes number of user communication devices, and P denotes a total transmission power of the base station (101); and

wherein σkj is the variance of CSI quantization error due to a finite rate D2D communication.


 
2. The user communication device (102-1) of claim 1, wherein, in case the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) indicates the D2D communication channel to be perfect, the processing unit (102-1b) is configured to adapt the feedback vector to a precoder vector, wherein the precoder vector is to be applied by the base station (101) for communicating with the user communication device (102-1) via the cellular communication channel.
 
3. The user communication device (102-1) of claim 1 or 2, wherein, in case the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) indicates the D2D communication channel to be absent, the processing unit (102-1b) is configured to adapt the feedback vector to a channel state information vector, wherein the channel state information vector comprises information about the cellular communication channel between the user communication device (102-1) and the base station (101).
 
4. The user communication device (102-1) of claim 1, wherein the processing unit (102-1b) is configured to provide information about the adapted feedback vector via the communication interface (102-1a) to the base station (101) by providing an index via the communication interface (102-1a) to the base station (101), wherein the index is configured to identify the adapted feedback vector in the codebook of feedback vectors.
 
5. The user communication device (102-1) of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the communication interface (102-1a) is configured to use an out-band mode for D2D communication.
 
6. A method (500) of operating a user communication device (102-1) for cellular communication with a base station (101) and device-to-device, D2D, communication with at least one further user communication device (102-2), wherein the method comprises:

receiving (501) channel state information from the further communication device (102-2) via a D2D communication channel, wherein the channel state information comprises channel state information of a cellular communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the base station (101);

adapting (503) a feedback vector on the basis of a quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device(102-1); and

providing (505) information about the adapted feedback vector via the communication interface (102-1a) to the base station (101);

wherein the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) is a noise σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1);

wherein the feedback vector is adapted on the basis of the noise σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) by determining a feedback vector from a codebook C of feedback vectors, which satisfies the following equation:

wherein k denotes the feedback vector, hk denotes the downlink channel of the user communication device,

denotes the quantized downlink channel of the further user communication device as known by the user communication device, K denotes number of user communication devices, and P denotes a total transmission power of the base station (101); and

wherein σkj is the variance of CSI quantization error due to a finite rate D2D communication.


 
7. A base station (101) for cellular communication with a user communication device (102-1) and a further user communication device (102-2) using a plurality of antennas (103), wherein the base station (101) comprises:

a communication interface (101a) configured for cellular communication with the user communication device (102-1) and the further user communication device (102-2) using a precoder matrix; and

a processing unit (101b) configured to adapt the precoder matrix on the basis of a quality measure of a device-to-device, D2D, communication channel between the further user communication device and (102-2) the user communication device (102-1);

wherein the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) is a noise σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1);

wherein the processing unit (101b) is configured to adapt the precoder matrix on the basis of the noise σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) on the basis of the following equation:

wherein W denotes the precoder matrix, Û denotes a matrix defined by feedback vectors k provided by the user communication device and the further user communication device, K denotes the number of user communication devices, P denotes the total transmission power of the base station (101), I denotes the identity matrix, Nt denotes the number of transmit antennas of the base station, Ψ denotes a positive diagonal matrix for equal power allocation such that the columns of the precoder matrix W have equal norms and wherein the matrix T and the function s are defined by the following equations:



wherein Λ denotes a diagonal matrix with the kth diagonal element given by [Λ](k,k) =

wherein the feedback vectors k provided by the user communication device and the further user communication device are quantized using B bits and are based on the following equation:

wherein hk denotes the downlink channel of the user communication device 102-1 C denotes a codebook of feedback vectors and

denotes the quantized downlink channel of the further user communication device (102-2) as known by the user communication device (102-1); and wherein σkj is the variance of CSI quantization error due to a finite rate D2D communication.


 
8. A method (600) of operating a base station (101) for cellular communication with a user communication device (102-1) and a further user communication device (102-2) using a plurality of antennas (103), wherein the method comprises:

adapting (601) a precoder matrix on the basis of a quality measure of a device-to-device, D2D, communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1); and

communicating (603) with the user communication device (102-1) and the further user communication (102-2) device using the precoder matrix;

wherein the quality measure of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) is a noise σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1);

wherein the precoder matrix is adapted on the basis of the noise σkj of the channel state information of the D2D communication channel between the further user communication device (102-2) and the user communication device (102-1) on the basis of the following equation:

wherein W denotes the precoder matrix, Û denotes a matrix defined by feedback vectors k provided by the user communication device and the further user communication device, K denotes the number of user communication devices, P denotes the total transmission power of the base station (101), I denotes the identity matrix, Nt denotes the number of transmit antennas of the base station, Ψ denotes a positive diagonal matrix for equal power allocation such that the columns of the precoder matrix W have equal norms and wherein the matrix T and the function s are defined by the following equations:



wherein Λ denotes a diagonal matrix with the kth diagonal element given by [Λ](k,k) =

wherein the feedback vectors k provided by the user communication device and the further user communication device are quantized using B bits and are based on the following equation:

wherein hk denotes the downlink channel of the user communication device (102-1), C denotes a codebook of feedback vectors and

denotes the quantized downlink channel of the further user communication device (102-2) as known by the user communication device (102-1); and

wherein σkj is the variance of CSI quantization error due to a finite rate D2D communication.


 
9. A computer program comprising program code for performing the method of claim 6 or the method of claim 8, when executed on a computer.
 


Ansprüche

1. Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) für zellulare Kommunikation mit einer Basisstation (101) und Kommunikation von Vorrichtung zu Vorrichtung, D2D, mit mindestens einer weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2), wobei die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) Folgendes umfasst:

eine Kommunikationsschnittstelle (102-1a), die konfiguriert ist für zellulare Kommunikation mit der Basisstation (101) und D2D-Kommunikation über einen D2D-Kommunikationskanal zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1), wobei die D2D-Kommunikation mit der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) ein Empfangen von Kanalzustandsinformationen von der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) umfasst, wobei die Kanalzustandsinformationen Kanalzustandsinformationen eines zellularen Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Basisstation (101) umfasst; und

eine Verarbeitungseinheit (102-1b), die dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Feedbackvektor auf der Basis eines Qualitätsmaßes des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) anzupassen und über die Kommunikationsschnittstelle (102-1a) der Basisstation (101) Informationen über den angepassten Feedbackvektor bereitzustellen;

wobei das Qualitätsmaß des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) ein Geräusch σkj der Kanalzustandsinformationen des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) ist;

wobei die Verarbeitungseinheit (102-1b) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Feedbackvektor auf der Basis des Geräuschs σkj der Kanalzustandsinformationen des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) durch Bestimmen eines Feedbackvektors aus einem Codebuch C von Feedbackvektoren anzupassen, der folgende Gleichung erfüllt:

wobei ûk den Feedbackvektor bezeichnet, hk den Downlinkkanal der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bezeichnet,

den quantisierten Downlinkkanal der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bezeichnet, wie er durch die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bekannt ist, K die Anzahl von Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtungen bezeichnet, und P eine Gesamtübertragungsleistung der Basisstation (101) bezeichnet; und

wobei σkj die Varianz eines CSI-Quantisierungsfehlers wegen einer D2D-Kommunikation mit endlicher Rate ist.


 
2. Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei, im Falle, dass das Qualitätsmaß des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) anzeigt, dass der D2D-Kommunikationskanal perfekt ist, die Verarbeitungseinheit (102-1b) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Feedbackvektor an einen Vorcodierungsvektor anzupassen, wobei der Vorcodierungsvektor dazu da ist, um durch die Basisstation (101) angewandt zu werden, um über den zellularen Kommunikationskanal mit der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) zu kommunizieren.
 
3. Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei, im Falle, dass das Qualitätsmaß des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) anzeigt, dass der D2D-Kommunikationskanal nicht vorhanden ist, die Verarbeitungseinheit (102-1b) dazu konfiguriert ist, den Feedbackvektor an einen Kanalzustandsinformationenvektor anzupassen, wobei der Kanalzustandsinformationenvektor Informationen über den zellularen Kommunikationskanal zwischen der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) und der Basisstation (101) umfasst.
 
4. Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Verarbeitungseinheit (102-1b) dazu konfiguriert ist, über die Kommunikationsschnittstelle (102-1a) der Basisstation (101) Informationen über den angepassten Feedbackvektor bereitzustellen, indem der Basisstation (101) über die Kommunikationsschnittstelle (102-1a) ein Index bereitgestellt wird, wobei der Index dazu konfiguriert ist, den angepassten Feedbackvektor in dem Codebuch von Feedbackvektoren zu identifizieren.
 
5. Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Kommunikationsschnittstelle (102-1a) dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Outband-Modus für D2D-Kommunikation zu verwenden.
 
6. Verfahren (500) zum Betreiben einer Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) für zellulare Kommunikation mit einer Basisstation (101) und Kommunikation von Vorrichtung zu Vorrichtung, D2D, mit mindestens einer weiterer Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2), wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Empfangen (501) von Kanalzustandsinformationen von der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) über einen D2D-Kommunikationskanal, wobei die Kanalzustandsinformationen Kanalzustandsinformationen eines zellularen Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Basisstation (101) umfassen;

Anpassen (503) eines Feedbackvektors auf der Basis eines Qualitätsmaßes des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1); und

Bereitstellen (505) von Informationen über den angepassten Feedbackvektor für die Basisstation (101) über die Kommunikationsschnittstelle (102-1a);

wobei das Qualitätsmaß des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) ein Geräusch σkj der Kanalzustandsinformationen des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) ist;

wobei der Feedbackvektor auf Basis des Geräuschs σkj der Kanalzustandsinformationen des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) angepasst ist, indem ein Feedbackvektor aus einem Codebuch C von Feedbackvektoren bestimmt wird, der die folgende Gleichung erfüllt:

wobei ûk den Feedbackvektor bezeichnet, hk den Downlinkkanal der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bezeichnet,

den quantisierten Downlinkkanal der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bezeichnet, wie er durch die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bekannt ist, K die Anzahl von Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtungen bezeichnet, und P eine Gesamtübertragungsleistung der Basisstation (101) bezeichnet; und

wobei σkj die Varianz eines CSI-Quantisierungsfehlers wegen einer D2D-Kommunikation mit endlicher Rate ist.


 
7. Basisstation (101) für zellulare Kommunikation mit einer Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) und einer weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2), die eine Vielzahl von Antennen (103) verwendet, wobei die Basisstation (101) Folgendes umfasst:

eine Kommunikationsschnittstelle (101a), die dazu konfiguriert ist, eine Vorcodierungsmatrix für zellulare Kommunikation mit der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) und der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) zu verwenden; und

eine Verarbeitungseinheit (101b), die dazu konfiguriert ist, die Vorcodierungsmatrix auf der Basis eines Qualitätsmaßes eines Kanals für Kommunikation von Vorrichtung zu Vorrichtung, D2D, zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) anzupassen;

wobei das Qualitätsmaß des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) ein Geräusch σkj der Kanalzustandsinformationen des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) ist;

wobei die Verarbeitungseinheit (101b) dazu konfiguriert ist, die Vorkodierungsmatrix auf der Basis des Geräuschs σkj der Kanalzustandsinformationen des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) auf der Basis der folgenden Gleichung anzupassen:

wobei W die Vorcodierungsmatrix bezeichnet, Û eine Matrix bezeichnet, die durch Feedbackvektoren ûk definiert wird, die durch die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung und die weitere Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bereitgestellt werden, K die Anzahl von Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtungen bezeichnet, P die Gesamtübertragungsleistung der Basisstation (101) bezeichnet, I die Identitätsmatrix bezeichnet, Nt die Anzahl von Sendeantennen der Basisstation bezeichnet, Ψ eine positive Diagonalmatrix für gleiche Leistungszuordnung bezeichnet, sodass die Spalten der Vorcodierungsmatrix W gleiche Normen aufweisen und wobei die Matrix T und die Funktion s durch folgende Gleichungen definiert sind:

wobei Λ eine Diagonalmatrix bezeichnet, bei der das k-te Diagonalelement durch

[Λ](k,k) gegeben ist;

wobei die Feedbackvektoren ûk, die durch die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung und die weitere Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bereitgestellt werden, durch Verwenden von B Bits quantisiert werden und auf der folgenden Gleichung basieren:

wobei hk den Downlinkkanal der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) bezeichnet, C ein Codebuch von Feedbackvektoren bezeichnet und

den quantisierten Downlinkkanal der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) bezeichnet, wie er durch die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) bekannt ist; und

wobei σkj die Varianz eines CSI-Quantisierungsfehlers wegen einer D2D-Kommunikation mit endlicher Rate ist.


 
8. Verfahren (600) zum Betreiben einer Basisstation (101) für zellulare Kommunikation mit einer Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) und einer weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) durch Verwenden einer Vielzahl von Antennen (103), wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Anpassen (601) einer Vorcodierungsmatrix auf der Basis eines Qualitätsmaßes eines Kanals für Kommunikation von Vorrichtung zu Vorrichtung, D2D, zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1); und

Kommunizieren (603) mit der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) und der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) durch Verwenden der Vorkodierungsmatrix;

wobei das Qualitätsmaß des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) ein Geräusch σkj der Kanalzustandsinformationen des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) ist;

wobei die Vorkodierungsmatrix auf der Basis des Geräuschs σkj der Kanalzustandsinformationen des D2D-Kommunikationskanals zwischen der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) und der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) angepasst ist, basierend auf folgender Gleichung:

wobei W die Vorcodierungsmatrix bezeichnet, Û eine Matrix bezeichnet, die durch Feedbackvektoren k definiert wird, die durch die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung und die weitere Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bereitgestellt werden, K die Anzahl von Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtungen bezeichnet, P die Gesamtübertragungsleistung der Basisstation (101) bezeichnet, I die Identitätsmatrix bezeichnet, Nt die Anzahl von Sendeantennen der Basisstation bezeichnet, Ψ eine positive Diagonalmatrix für gleiche Leistungszuordnung bezeichnet, sodass die Spalten der Vorcodierungsmatrix W gleiche Normen aufweisen und wobei die Matrix T und die Funktion s durch folgende Gleichungen definiert sind:

wobei Λ eine Diagonalmatrix bezeichnet, bei der das k-te Diagonalelement durch

[Λ](k,k) gegeben ist;

wobei die Feedbackvektoren ûk, die durch die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung und die weitere Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung bereitgestellt werden, durch Verwenden von B Bits quantisiert werden und auf der folgenden Gleichung basieren:

wobei hk den Downlinkkanal der Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) bezeichnet, C ein Codebuch von Feedbackvektoren bezeichnet und

den quantisierten Downlinkkanal der weiteren Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-2) bezeichnet, wie er durch die Benutzerkommunikationsvorrichtung (102-1) bekannt ist; und

wobei σkj die Varianz eines CSI-Quantisierungsfehlers wegen einer D2D-Kommunikation mit endlicher Rate ist.


 
9. Computerprogramm, das einen Programmcode umfasst, um das Verfahren nach Anspruch 6 oder das Verfahren nach Anspruch 8 durchzuführen, wenn er durch einen Computer ausgeführt wird.
 


Revendications

1. Dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) pour une communication cellulaire avec une station de base (101) et de communication de dispositif à dispositif, D2D, avec au moins un dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2), dans lequel le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) comprend :

une interface de communication (102-1a) configurée pour une communication cellulaire avec la station de base (101) et une communication D2D via un canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1), dans lequel la communication D2D avec le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) comprend la réception d'informations d'état de canal à partir du dispositif de communication additionnel (102-2), dans lequel les informations d'état de canal comprennent des informations d'état de canal d'un canal de communication cellulaire entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et la station de base (101) ; et

une unité de traitement (102-1b) configurée pour adapter un vecteur de rétroaction sur la base d'une mesure de qualité du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) et pour fournir des informations sur le vecteur de rétroaction adapté via l'interface de communication (102-1a) à la station de base (101) ;

dans lequel la mesure de qualité du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) est un bruit σkj des informations d'état de canal du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ;

dans lequel l'unité de traitement (102-1b) est configurée pour adapter le vecteur de rétroaction sur la base du bruit σkj des informations d'état de canal du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) par détermination d'un vecteur de rétroaction à partir d'un livre de codes C de vecteurs de rétroaction, qui satisfait l'équation suivante :

dans lequel k désigne le vecteur de rétroaction, hk désigne le canal de liaison descendante du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur,

désigne le canal de liaison descendante quantifié du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel tel que connu par le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur, K désigne le nombre de dispositifs de communication d'utilisateur, et P désigne une puissance de transmission totale de la station de base (101) ; et

dans lequel σkj est la variance d'une erreur de quantification CSI due à une communication D2D à débit fini.


 
2. Dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, dans le cas où la mesure de qualité du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) indique que le canal de communication D2D est parfait, l'unité de traitement (102-1b) est configurée pour adapter le vecteur de rétroaction à un vecteur de précodeur, dans lequel le vecteur de précodeur doit être appliqué par la station de base (101) pour communiquer avec le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) via le canal de communication cellulaire.
 
3. Dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel, dans le cas où la mesure de qualité du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) indique que le canal de communication D2D est absent, l'unité de traitement (102-1b) est configurée pour adapter le vecteur de rétroaction à un vecteur d'informations d'état de canal, dans lequel le vecteur d'informations d'état de canal comprend des informations sur le canal de communication cellulaire entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) et la station de base (101).
 
4. Dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de traitement (102-1b) est configurée pour fournir des informations sur le vecteur de rétroaction adapté via l'interface de communication (102-1a) à la station de base (101) par fourniture d'un index via l'interface de communication (102-1a) à la station de base (101), dans lequel l'index est configuré pour identifier le vecteur de rétroaction adapté dans le livre de codes de vecteurs de rétroaction.
 
5. Dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'interface de communication (102-1a) est configurée pour utiliser un mode hors bande pour une communication D2D.
 
6. Procédé (500) de fonctionnement d'un dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) pour une communication cellulaire avec une station de base (101) et de communication de dispositif à dispositif, D2D, avec au moins un dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2), dans lequel le procédé comprend :

la réception (501) d'informations d'état de canal à partir du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) via un canal de communication D2D, dans lequel les informations d'état de canal comprennent des informations d'état de canal d'un canal de communication cellulaire entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et la station de base (101) ;

l'adaptation (503) d'un vecteur de rétroaction sur la base d'une mesure de qualité du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ; et

la fourniture (505) d'informations sur le vecteur de rétroaction adapté via l'interface de communication (102-1a) à la station de base (101) ;

dans lequel la mesure de qualité du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) est un bruit σkj des informations d'état de canal du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ;

dans lequel le vecteur de rétroaction est adapté sur la base du bruit σkj des informations d'état de canal du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) par détermination d'un vecteur de rétroaction à partir d'un livre de codes C de vecteurs de rétroaction, qui satisfait l'équation suivante :

dans lequel k désigne le vecteur de rétroaction, hk désigne le canal de liaison descendante du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur,

désigne le canal de liaison descendante quantifié du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel tel que connu par le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur, K désigne le nombre de dispositifs de communication d'utilisateur, et P désigne une puissance de transmission totale de la station de base (101) ; et

dans lequel σkj est la variance d'une erreur de quantification CSI due à une communication D2D à débit fini.


 
7. Station de base (101) pour une communication cellulaire avec un dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) et un dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) utilisant une pluralité d'antennes (103), dans laquelle la station de base (101) comprend :

une interface de communication (101a) configurée pour une communication cellulaire avec le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) utilisant une matrice de précodeur ; et

une unité de traitement (101b) configurée pour adapter la matrice de précodeur sur la base d'une mesure de qualité d'un canal de communication de dispositif à dispositif, D2D, entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ;

dans laquelle la mesure de qualité du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) est un bruit σkj des informations d'état de canal du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ;

dans laquelle l'unité de traitement (101b) est configurée pour adapter la matrice de précodeur sur la base du bruit σkj des informations d'état de canal du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) sur la base de l'équation suivante :

dans laquelle W désigne la matrice de précodeur, Û désigne une matrice définie par des vecteurs de rétroaction k fournis par le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel, K désigne le nombre de dispositifs de communication d'utilisateur, P désigne la puissance de transmission totale de la station de base (101), I désigne la matrice d'identité, Nt désigne le nombre d'antennes de transmission de la station de base, Ψ désigne une matrice diagonale positive pour une attribution de puissance égale de telle manière que les colonnes de la matrice de précodeur W ont des normes égales et dans laquelle la matrice T et la fonction s sont définies par les équations suivantes :



dans laquelle Λ désigne une matrice diagonale avec le kième élément diagonal donné par

dans laquelle les vecteurs de rétroaction k fournis par le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel sont quantifiés en utilisant B bits et sont basés sur l'équation suivante :

dans laquelle hk désigne le canal de liaison descendante du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1), C désigne un livre de codes de vecteurs de rétroaction et

désigne le canal de liaison descendante quantifié du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) tel que connu par le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ; et dans laquelle σkj est la variance d'une erreur de quantification CSI due à une communication D2D à débit fini.


 
8. Procédé (600) de fonctionnement d'une station de base (101) pour une communication cellulaire avec un dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) et un dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) utilisant une pluralité d'antennes (103), dans lequel le procédé comprend :

l'adaptation (601) d'une matrice de précodeur sur la base d'une mesure de qualité d'un canal de communication de dispositif à dispositif, D2D, entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ; et

la communication (603) avec le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) en utilisant la matrice de précodeur ;

dans lequel la mesure de qualité du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) est un bruit σkj des informations d'état de canal du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ;

dans lequel la matrice de précodeur est adaptée sur la base du bruit σkj des informations d'état de canal du canal de communication D2D entre le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) sur la base de l'équation suivante :

dans lequel W désigne la matrice de précodeur, Û désigne une matrice définie par des vecteurs de rétroaction k fournis par le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel, K désigne le nombre de dispositifs de communication d'utilisateur, P désigne la puissance de transmission totale de la station de base (101), I désigne la matrice d'identité, Nt désigne le nombre d'antennes de transmission de la station de base, Ψ désigne une matrice diagonale positive pour une attribution de puissance égale de telle manière que les colonnes de la matrice de précodeur W ont des normes égales et dans lequel la matrice T et la fonction s sont définies par les équations suivantes :



dans lequel Λ désigne une matrice diagonale avec le kième élément diagonal donné par

[Λ](k,k)

dans lequel les vecteurs de rétroaction k fournis par le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur et le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel sont quantifiés en utilisant B bits et sont basés sur l'équation suivante :

dans lequel hk désigne le canal de liaison descendante du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1), C désigne un livre de codes de vecteurs de rétroaction et

désigne le canal de liaison descendante quantifié du dispositif de communication d'utilisateur additionnel (102-2) tel que connu par le dispositif de communication d'utilisateur (102-1) ; et dans lequel σkj est la variance d'une erreur de quantification CSI due à une communication D2D à débit fini.


 
9. Programme informatique comprenant un code de programme pour mettre en œuvre le procédé selon la revendication 6 ou le procédé selon la revendication 8, lorsqu'il est exécuté sur un ordinateur.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Non-patent literature cited in the description