(19)
(11)EP 3 524 268 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 17860042.5

(22)Date of filing:  09.10.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61K 39/395  (2006.01)
C07K 16/28  (2006.01)
A61P 35/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/105410
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/068691 (19.04.2018 Gazette  2018/16)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 10.10.2016 CN 201610884688

(71)Applicants:
  • Suzhou Suncadia Biopharmaceuticals Co., Ltd.
    Suzhou, Jiangsu 215126 (CN)
  • Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co., Ltd.
    Jiangsu 222047 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • SUN, Xing
    Lianyungang Jiangsu 222047 (CN)
  • CAO, Guoqing
    Lianyungang Jiangsu 222047 (CN)
  • YANG, Changyong
    Lianyungang Jiangsu 222047 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Lianshan
    Lianyungang Jiangsu 222047 (CN)
  • GUO, Yong
    Lianyungang Jiangsu 222047 (CN)

(74)Representative: Potter Clarkson 
The Belgrave Centre Talbot Street
Nottingham NG1 5GG
Nottingham NG1 5GG (GB)

  


(54)USE OF COMBINATION OF ANTI-PD-1 ANTIBODY AND VEGFR INHIBITOR IN PREPARATION OF DRUG FOR TREATING CANCERS


(57) Disclosed is the use of a combination of an anti-PD-1 antibody and a VEGFR inhibitor in the preparation of a drug for treating cancers.


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to use of combination of anti-PD-1 antibody and VEGFR inhibitor in the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of cancer.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] PD-1 antibody specifically recognizes and binds to PD-1 on the surface of lymphocytes, which leads to the blockade of PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway, and in turn activates the immune cytotoxicity of T cells against tumors, and modulates the immune system of the body to eliminate tumor cells in vivo. WO201508584 discloses a novel anti-PD-1 antibody, which is currently in clinical trials and has shown a certain anti-tumor effect.

[0003] Apatinib is the first oral anti-angiogenic drug for advanced gastric cancer in the world, which is highly selective for VEGFR-2 and has potent anti-angiogenic effect. In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III clinical trial of apatinib in patients with metastatic gastric/gastroesophageal junction cancer after receiving second line therapy, the results showed that, when compared with placebo, apatinib alone could prolong median overall survival by 1.8 months, median progression-free survival by 0.8 months, and adverse events were controlable(Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase III Trial of apatinib in Patients With Chemotherapy-Refractory Advanced or Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach or Gastroesophageal Junction. J Clin Oncol, 2016 Feb 16). The structural formula of apatinib is as shown in formula (I).



[0004] CN101676267A discloses a series of salts of apatinib, such as mesylate, hydrochloride, and the like. The pre-clinical animal experiments disclosed in CN101675930A also show that apartinib combined with cytotoxic drugs such as oxaliplatin, 5-Fu, docetaxel and doxorubicin can significantly improves the therapeutic effect.

[0005] At present, no combination use of PD-1 antibody and VEGFR inhibitor has been approved for marketing, but multiple PD-1 antibodies (from other companies) and VEGFR inhibitors (such as sunitinib, sorafenib, etc.) are in phase II/III clinical trial, and the indications thereof are malignant liver cancer (sorafenib combined with PD-1 antibody) and metastatic renal cell carcinoma (sunitinib combined with PD-1 antibody). The preliminary results show that both the two combinations of the drugs are effective and better than single drug.

[0006] WO2015119930 discloses the use of PD-1 antibody in combination with axitinib, and WO2015088847 discloses the use of PD-1 antibody in combination with pazopanib. However, the action mechanism of these VEGFR inhibitors, including sorafenib, sunitinib, axitinib and pazopanib, differ from that of apatinib. Apatinib has the strongest inhibitory effect on VEGFR-2, but it has little or no inhibition on other kinases, that is, apatinib is highly selective for VEGFR-2. Therefore, the disease treated by apatinib is also different from the aforementioned drugs, and whether apatinib can synergize with PD-1 and improve its efficacy need to be further studied. In addition, according to the current clinical study of PD-1 administered alone (Phase I study of the anti-PD-1 antibody SHR-1210 in patients with advanced solid tumors. (2017): e15572-e15572), the incidence of capillary hemangioma was as high as 79.3%, the incidence of hypothyroidism was 29.3%, the incidence of pruritus was 19.0%, and the incidence of diarrhea was 10.3%, when treated with PD-1 antibody alone. Such high incidence of adverse effect undoubtedly put a burden on the mental health and quality of life of cancer patients; therefore, it is very important to reduce the adverse effect during drug administration.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0007] The present invention provides use of combination of anti-PD-1 antibody and VEGFR inhibitor in the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of cancer.

[0008] Preferably, the VEGFR inhibitor is a VEGFR-2 inhibitor.

[0009] A preferred VEGFR inhibitor of the present invention is a VEGFR inhibitor which has an IC50 of less than 100 nM for VEGFR kinase and has no inhibitory activity against EGFR, HER2, FGFR (IC50 > 10000nM), according to the test method disclosed in CN101676267A. A particularly preferred VEGFR inhibitor is a VEGFR-2 inhibitor having an IC50 of less than 50 nM for VEGFR-2 kinase, preferably less than 20 nM, more preferably less than 10 nM, and most preferably less than 5 nM, and the inhibitory effect thereof on VEGFR-1 or VEGFR-3 is poor, for example, its IC50 is greater than 20 nM, preferably greater than 50 nM.

[0010] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the VEGFR-2 inhibitor is apatinib or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0011] The PD-1 antibody is known, and preferably the light chain variable region of the PD-1 antibody comprises LCDR1, LCDR2 and LCDR3 as shown in SEQ ID NO: 4, SEQ ID NO: 5 and SEQ ID NO: 6, respectively.

[0012] The heavy chain variable region of the PD-1 antibody comprises HCDR1, HCDR2 and HCDR3 as shown in SEQ ID NO: 1, SEQ ID NO: 2 and SEQ ID NO: 3, respectively.

[0013] Wherein the CDR sequences described above are shown in the following table:
NameSequenceNO.
HCDR1 SYMMS SEQID NO: 1
HCDR2 TISGGGANTYYPDSVKG SEQID NO: 2
HCDR3 QLYYFDY SEQID NO: 3
LCDR1 LASQTIGTWLT SEQID NO: 4
LCDR2 TATSLAD SEQID NO: 5
LCDR3 QQVYSIPWT SEQID NO: 6


[0014] Preferably, the PD-1 antibody is a humanized antibody.

[0015] The preferred humanized antibody light chain sequence is the sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 8 or a variant thereof; the variant preferably has 0-10 amino acid substitution(s) in the light chain variable region; more preferably, has the amino acid change of A43S.

[0016] The humanized antibody heavy chain sequence is the sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 7 or a variant thereof; the variant preferably has 0-10 amino acid substitution(s) in the heavy chain variable region; more preferably, has the amino acid change of G44R.

[0017] Particularly preferably, the humanized antibody light chain sequence is the sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 8, and the heavy chain sequence is the sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 7.

[0018] The sequences of the aforementioned humanized antibody heavy and light chains are as follows:

Heavy chain

Light chain



[0019] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the VEGFR inhibitor may also be selected from the group consisting of MP-0250, DE-120, ALN-VSP, Aflibercept, Anecortave, BI-695502, Bevacizumab, PF-06439535, Carboxyamidotriazole, Vanucizumab, RG-7716, Bevacizumab analogue, Navicixizumab, Ranibizumab, Ranibizumab analogue, Conbercept, IBI-302, BI-836880, ARQ-736, RPI-4610, LMG-324, PTC-299, ABT-165, AG-13958, Brolucizumab, PAN-90806, Vatalanib, ODM-203, Altiratinib, TG-100572, OPT-302, TG-100801, CEP-7055, TAS-115, Ilorasertib, Foretinib, JNJ-26483327, Metatinib, R-1530, Tafetinib, Vorolanib, Donafenib, Subutinib, Regorafenib, VGX-100, ENMD-2076, Anlotinib, Ningetinib, Tesevatinib, Tanibirumab, Lucitanib, Cediranib, Chiauranib, IMC-3C5, Glesatinib, KRN-633, Icrucumab, PF-337210, RAF265, Puquitinib, SU-014813, Tivozanib, Fruquintinib, Sitravatinib, Pegaptanib, Pazopanib, Vandetanib, Axitinib, Sulfatinib, Ramucirumab, Plitidepsin, Orantinib, Alacizumab pegol, Telatinib, Ponatinib, Cabozantinib, Lenvatinib, Brivanib Alaninate, Linifanib.

[0020] In the use of the present invention, the cancer is preferably a cancer expressing PD-L1; more preferably is breast cancer, lung cancer, gastric cancer, intestinal cancer, renal cancer, liver cancer, melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer; most preferably is non-small cell lung cancer, melanoma and kidney cancer, intestinal cancer, and the intestinal cancer includes colon cancer, colorectal cancer, and the like. Apatinib is preferably administered in the form of pharmaceutically acceptable salt when being administered, the pharmaceutically acceptable salt may be selected from the group consisting of mesylate and hydrochloride.

[0021] Specifically, when being administered, the PD-1 antibody may be administered at a dose of 0.5-30mg/kg, preferably 2-10mg/kg, more preferably 2-6mg/kg, and most preferably 3 mg/kg; it can be administered once every 1 to 3 weeks, preferably once every 2 weeks. For adult humans, a fixed dose can also be used, for example 100-1000mg per time, preferably 200-600mg. The dose of the VEGFR inhibitor may be 3-200mg/kg. For adult humans, a fixed dose can also be used, for example 100-1000mg, 250-1000mg, preferably 400-850mg, 100-500mg, it can be administered once per day.

[0022] In the present invention, the term "combination" is a mode of administration including various situations in which two drugs are administered sequentially or simultaneously. So-called "simultaneously" herein refers to the administration of PD-1 antibody and VEGFR inhibitor during the same administration cycle, for example, administration of the two drugs within 2 days, or within 1 day. So-called "sequentially" administration includes the administration of PD-1 antibody and VEGFR inhibitor in different administration cycles, respectively. These modes of administration all belong to the combination administration described in the present invention.

[0023] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the PD-1 antibody is administered by injection, for example subcutaneously or intravenously, and the PD-1 antibody is formulated in an injectable form prior to injection. A particularly preferred injectable form of the PD-1 antibody is injection or lyophilized powder comprising PD-1 antibody, buffer, stabilizer, and optionally comprising surfactant. The buffer may be selected from one or more of acetate, citrate, succinate and phosphate. The stabilizer may be selected from sugars or amino acids, preferably disaccharide such as sucrose, lactose, trehalose and maltose. The surfactant is selected from the group consisting of polyoxyethylene hydrogenated castor oil, glycerin fatty acid ester, polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester, preferably the polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester is polysorbate 20, 40, 60 or 80, most preferred is polysorbate 20. The most preferred injectable form of the PD-1 antibody comprises PD-1 antibody, acetate buffer, trehalose and polysorbate 20.

[0024] The present invention provides the anti-PD-1 antibody as described above in combination with the VEGFR as described above, as a medicament for treating tumors.

[0025] The present invention provides the anti-PD-1 antibody as described above in combination with the VEGFR as described above as a medicament for reducing adverse effect of drugs. Preferably, the adverse effect of drugs is selected from the effect caused by anti-PD-1 antibody or VEGFR inhibitor.

[0026] The present invention provides the anti-PD-1 antibody as described above in combination with the VEGFR as described above, as a medicament for reducing the dose of the anti-PD-1 antibody administered alone and/or the dose of the VEGFR inhibitor administered alone.

[0027] The present invention provides a method for treating tumor/cancer comprising administering to a patient with the anti-PD-1 antibody as described above and the VEGFR inhibitor as described above.

[0028] The present invention provides a method for reducing the dose of either PD-1 antibody or VEGFR inhibitor administered alone, comprising administering to a patient with the the PD-1 antibody as described above in combination with VEGFR inhibitor as described above.

[0029] Preferably, when administered in combination with PD-1, the VEGFR inhibitor is administered at a dose of 10% to 100%, preferably 10% to 75%, more preferably 75%, 50%, 25%, 12.5% of the dose administered alone.

[0030] Preferably, when administered in combination with VEGFR inhibitor, the PD-1 antibody is administered at a dose of 10% to 100%, preferably 10% to 50% of the dose administered alone.

[0031] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the PD-1 antibody is administered in combination with the VEGFR inhibitor, the the adverse effect of drugs mediated by the anti-PD-1 antibody and/or immune can be reduced; preferably, the adverse effect is selected from the group consisting of a vascular-associated adverse effect, glandular hypofunction, skin adverse effect, respiratory system adverse effect, liver-associated adverse effect, endocrine-associated adverse effect, digestive system adverse effect, kidney-associated adverse effect, and fatigue, pyrexia; the preferred vascular-associated adverse effect is selected from the group consisting of hemangioma, vasculitis, lymphangioma; the glandular hypofunction is selected from the group consisting of hypothyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, pancreatic hypofunction, prostatic hypofunction; the skin adverse effect is selected from the group consisting of pruritus, urticaria, rash, toxic epidermal necrosis; the respiratory adverse effect is selected from the group consisting of pneumonia, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary fibrosis; the liver-associated adverse effect is selected from the group consisting of hepatitis and liver dysfunction; the endocrine-associated adverse effect is selected from the group consisting of diabetes type I, diabetes type II, hypoglycemia; the kidney-associated adverse effect is selected from the group consisting of nephritis and renal failure; the digestive system adverse effect is selected from the group consisting of diarrhea, nausea, emesis, enteritis, constipation; more preferably, the adverse effect of drugs is selected from the group consisting of hemangioma, hypothyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, pruritus, pneumonia, hepatitis, liver dysfunction, diabetes type I, nephritis, renal failure.

[0032] The present invention provides a pharmaceutical kit or a pharmaceutical package, which comprising the VEGFR inhibitor and the PD-1 antibody as described above.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0033] 

Figure 1. Effect of administration of antibody and compound on the relative volume of MC38 (PD-L1) xenograft in tumor-bearing mice;

Figure 2. Effect of administration of antibody and compound on body weight of tumor-bearing mice with MC38 (PD-L1) xenograft, wherein * indicates p<0.05, vs blank control group;

Figure 3. Effect of administration of antibody and compound on MC38 (PD-L1) xenograft in tumor-bearing mice - tumor weight.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0034] The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the examples, these examples are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

Example 1: Effect of PD-1 antibody and apatinib mesylate, administered alone or in combination, on human PD-1 transgenic C57 mice which bears mouse colon cancer cell MC-38 (PD-L1) xenograft transferred with PD-L1 gene


1. Study purposes



[0035] Human PD-1 transgenic mice were used as test animals, and the effects of PD-1 antibody in combination with apartinib on human PD-1 transgenic C57 mice were evaluated, wherein said transgenic mice bears mouse colon cancer cell MC-38 (PD-L1) xenograft which was transferred with PD-L1 gene.

2. Test antibodies and compounds



[0036] The PD-1 antibody was prepared according to the method disclosed in WO2015085847 in which the corresponding code of the antibody is H005-1, and the sequences of the heavy and light chain are shown in SEQ ID NO: 7 and SEQ ID NO: 8 in the present invention. Lot number: P1512, 200mg/vial, formulated into 20mg/ml before use.

[0037] Apatinib mesylate was prepared according to the method disclosed in CN101676267A, lot number: 668160401; molecular weight: 493.58; purity: 99.60%.

3. Experimental animals



[0038] Human PD-1 transgenic C57 mice, SPF, with different body weight, 50% male and 50% femal, purchased from IsisInnovation Limited, UK.

4. Drug preparation



[0039] PD-1 antibody (3 mg/kg): PD-1 antibody stock solution (20 mg/ml) was adjusted to a concentration of 0.3 mg/ml with PBS, and the intraperitoneal injection volume was 0.2 ml/mouse.

[0040] Apatinib (200mpk): 400mg apatinib was dissolved in 20ml of 0.5% NaCMC, adjusted to 20mg/ml, and was administered in 0.2ml per mouse by gavage.

[0041] The solvent vehicle was HIgG (3mpk) which was dissolved in 0.5% CMC, adjusted to 0.3 mg/ml, and the volume for intraperitoneal injection was 0.2 ml/mouse.

5. Test method


5.1 C57 mice were adapted to the laboratory environment for >5 days.


5.2 Tumor cells transplantation



[0042] Skin preparation was performed on human PD-1 transgenic C57 mice one day in advance, and MC38 (PD-L1) cells (5×106/mouse) were inoculated subcutaneously at the right flank on June 12, and the tumors were grown for 8 days. When the tumors reached 142.17±13.30 mm3, the animals were randomly assigned to 4 groups (d0) with 8 mice in each group (four male mice and four female mice ineach group).

5.3 Dose and method of administration



[0043] PD-1 antibody was injected intraperitoneally, Q2D*7 (Once every 2 days, 7 times in total), apatinib, oral gavage, QD*14 (once a day for 14 days). The specific drug administration regimen is shown in Table 1.

5.4 Determination of volume of xenograft and body weight of mice



[0044] Tumor volume and body weight were measured twice a week and data were recorded.

5.5 Statistics



[0045] Excel 2003 statistical software was used: the mean was calculated by avg; the SD value was calculated by STDEV; the SEM value was calculated by STDEV/SQRT; the P value indicating the difference between groups is calculated by TTEST.

[0046] The formula for calculating tumor volume (V) is: V = 1/2 × Llong × Lshort2



Wherein, V0 and VT are the tumor volume at the beginning of the experiment and at the end of the experiment, respectively. CRTV and TRTV are the relative tumor volumes of the blank control group and the experimental group at the end of the experiment, respectively.

6. Test results



[0047] The results of this experiment showed that PD-1 antibody was injected intraperitoneally, Q2D*7. Compound apatinib was administered by oral gavage, QD*14. On the 21 day, the tumor inhibition rate of PD-1 antibody (3mpk) was 20.40%, and the tumor inhibition rate of the group administered apatinib (200mpk) alone was 35.67%; the tumor inhibition rate of the combination of PD-1 antibody (3mpk)+ and apatinib (200mpk) was 63.07% (significantly different from that in HIgG control group), and there were no significant differences between the other administration groups (administration of agent alone) relative to the HIgG control group. From the experimental results, the efficacy of the combination group of PD-1 antibody (3mpk) + apatinib (200mpk) is superior to that of PD-1 antibody administrated alone and that of apintinib administrated alone. The body weight of mice in each group was normal, indicating that the drug had no obvious side effects. The specific data is shown in Table 1 and Figure 1-3.

Example 2: Clinical study of anti-PD-1 antibody combined with apatinib mesylate in the treatment of advanced malignant tumor



[0048] Inclusion criteria: (1) advanced malignancy; (2) failure in chemotherapy by using first-line, second-line or above; (3) measurable lesions; (4) ECOG score 0-1.

[0049] Test drugs: commercially available apatinib mesylate tablet; the PD-1 antibody of Example 1.

[0050] Method of administration: Up to September 20 2017, a total of 31 subjects were screened, 30 subjects have been enrolled (14 subjects have withdrawn from treatment, and 16 subjects were still in the group of administration).

[0051] Administration method for subjects No. 001-005 was intravenous infusion of PD-1 antibody, 3mg/kg, once every 2 weeks; apatinib orally, 500 mg, once a day; administration method for subjects No. 006-010 was intravenous infusion of PD-1 antibody, 200mg, once every 2 weeks; apatinib orally, 125mg, once a day; method for subjects No. 011-031 was intravenous infusion of PD-1 antibody, 200mg, once every 2 weeks; apatinib orally, 250mg, once a day.

[0052] Clinical Outcome: in terms of effectiveness, in 6th week, there were 24 evaluable data for efficacy evaluation, with a DCR of 83.3% (20/24); in 12th week, there were 19 evaluable data for efficacy evaluation, with a DCR of 63.2% (12/19); in 18th week, there were 10 evaluable data for efficacy evaluation, with a DCR of 70% (7/10); in 24th week, there were 5 evaluable data for efficacy evaluation, with a DCR of 80% (4/5); currently there were 2 hepatocellular carcinoma subjects with their 24-week effect of PR and PFS of more than 6 months. Among the 24 evaluable data, there were 4 cases showing optimal efficacy with PR, 15 cases of SD, and 5 cases of PD. Although the ORR was only 16.7%, the DCR was as high as 79%, the disease control rate was high, and some subjects had a PFS of more than 6 months. The specific results are shown in Table 2, Table 3 and Table 4. In addition, the dose of apatinib alone in treatment of solid tumor (such as gastric cancer, gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, liver cancer, etc.) is usually up to 850 mg/day (see instructions for apatinib). However, in embodiments of the invention the combination of apatinib and PD-1 antibody makes it possible to reduce the dose of apatinib down to 125 mg/day, and provides improved effectiveness and better safety when compared with apatinib administrated alone administration. In terms of safety, up to September 20, 11 cases of serious adverse events (SAE) were reported in 8 subjects, and the incidence of SAE was 26.7% (8/30). 7 SAEs were observed in subjects No.001-005 (the dose of apatinib for initial test was high, 500 mg) accounted for most of the serious adverse events. Howerer, with modified dosage regimen by adjusting the dose, it was found that good anti-tumor effect could be maintained, and also the adverse effect caused by high dose of apintinib could be significantly reduced. In addition, in this clinical study, it was surprisingly found that the combination of apatinib and PD-1 antibody showed almost no hemangioma-associated adverse effect in the treatment of malignant tumors when compared with PD-1 antibody alone. Hemangiomas was observed in only one subject who was administrated with PD-1 antibody alone, due to intolerance to combination therapy.

Example 3: Phase II clinical study of anti-PD-1 antibody combined with apatinib mesylate in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer



[0053] Inclusion criteria: (1) advanced non-small cell lung cancer; (2) failure in chemotherapy by using first-line or second-line or above; (3) measurable lesions; (4) ECOG score 0-1.

[0054] Test drugs: commercially available apatinib mesylate tablet; the PD-1 antibody of Example 1.

[0055] Method of administration: PD-1 antibody, once every 2 weeks, intravenous infusion, 200mg each time; apatinib mesylate orally, once daily, 250mg or 375mg or 500mg each time.

[0056] Clinical results: up to July 28, a total of 15 subjects were screened, in which 12 had been enrolled. A total of 12 subjects completed at least 1 cycle of administration observation, 10 patients (10/12) had disease in stable condition, and 1 patient had partial remission. See Table 5 for details. In addition, during the combination of apatinib mesylate and PD-1 antibody, it was surprised to find that the combination of the apatinib mesylate and PD-1 antibody enhanced the efficacy and reduced the adverse effects when compared with PD-1 antibody administered alone. In this study, the common adverse effects were usually grade I to II, and the incidence of PD-1 antibody-associated or immune-associated adverse effects (such as capillary hemangioma) was only 8% (1 case), and the incidence of hypothyroidism was only 8% (1 case), gastrointestinal adverse effects (such as diarrhea) and skin adverse effect (such as pruritus) were not observed; In ASCOreport published in 2017, PD-1 antibody administrated alone for the treatment of solid tumors in phase I clinical trial (Phase I study of the anti-PD-1 antibody SHR-1210 in patients with advanced solid tumors. (2017): e15572-e15572) exhibited an incidence of capillary hemangioma as high as 79.3%, and the incidence of hypothyroidism was 29.3%, the incidence of pruritus was 19.0%, the incidence of diarrhea was 10.3%. Therefore, the combination of apatinib mesylate and PD-1 antibody can not only alleviate or control the tumor proliferation of non-small cell lung cancer (which has experienced with chemotherapy failure), but also reduce the PD-1 antibody-associated or immune-mediated adverse effects and improve the life quality of patients.
Table 1
GroupadministrationRouteMean tumor volume (mm3)Mean tumor volume (mm3)Relative tumor volume%Tumor inhibition rate D21p (vs blank)Number of animals/group
D0SEMD21SEMD21SEM
HIgG (3mpk) Q2D*7 ip 141.46 13.23 1983.55 292.09 14.41 2.07 - - 8
PD-1 antibody (3mpk) Q2D*7 ip 146.40 12.68 1652.93 309.61 11.47 2.49 20.40% 0.379164 8
PD-lantibody (3pmk)+apatinib (200mpk) Q2D*7/Q D(14D) ip/po 146.11 11.69 771.95 73.42 5.32 0.73 63.07%** 0.001007 8
apatinib QD(14D) po 139.70 7.59 1263.86 206.54 9.27 1.58 25.67% 0.068923 8
**:p<0.01, vs control group
Table 2
Administration methods: PD-1 antibody 3mg/kg + apatinib 500mg
No.DiagnosisPrevious therapyTreatment cycle6 weeks evaluation12 weeks evaluation18 weeks evaluation24 weeks evaluation32 weeks evaluationOptimal efficacy
001 gastric cancer Second-line therapy 1 NA NA NA NA NA Not evaluated
002 gastric cancer Fouth-line therapy 6 SD reduced PD NA NA NA SD
003 gastric cancer Fifth-line therapy 9 SD reduced SD reduced PD PD NA SD
004 hepatocellular carcinoma First-line therapy 2 SD increased NA NA NA NA SD
005 hepatocellular carcinoma Second-line therapy 1 NA NA NA NA NA Not evaluated
Table 3
Administration methods: PD-1 antibody 200mg+apatinib 125mg
No.DiagnosisPrevious therapyTreatment cycle6 weeks evaluation12 weeks evaluation18 weeks evaluation24 weeks evaluation32 weeks evaluationOptimal efficacy
006 hepatocellular carcinoma Second-line therapy 18 SD increased SD increased PD PR SD PR
007 hepatocellular carcinoma Second-line therapy 18 SD SD reduced SD reduced SD Performed, Not evaluated SD
009 hepatocellular carcinoma Second-line therapy 18 SD SD reduced SD reduced SD reduced NA SD
008 hepatocellular carcinoma First-line therapy 4 PD NA NA NA NA PD
010 gastric cancer Third-line therapy 2 NA NA NA NA NA Not evaluated
Table 4
Administration methods: PD-1 antibody 200mg+apatinib 250mg
No.DiagnosisTherapyTreatment cycle6 weeks evaluation12 weeks evaluation18 weeks evaluation24 weeks evaluation32 weeks evaluationOptimal efficacy
011 hepatocellular carcinoma Second-line therapy 15 SD reduced PR PR PR NA PR
014 hepatocellular carcinoma Third-line therapy 14 SD reduced SD reduced SD Performed, Not evaluated NA SD
019 hepatocellular carcinoma Second-line therapy 11 SD SD reduced SD NA NA SD
021 hepatocellular carcinoma First-line therapy 9 SD increased SD Performed, Not evaluated NA NA SD
027 hepatocellular carcinoma Second-line therapy 3 SD reduced Not performed NA NA NA SD
018 hepatocellular carcinoma Second-line therapy 4 SD increased PD NA NA NA PD
016 gastric cancer Fouth-line therapy 9 PR PD PD NA NA PR
025 gastric cancer Second-line therapy 8 PR PR NA NA NA PR
012 gastric cancer Multi-line therapy 9 SD reduced SD reduced SD increased NA NA SD
013 gastric cancer Third-line therapy 5 SD NA NA NA NA SD
022 gastric cancer Second-line therapy 10 SD reduced SD SD NA NA SD
024 gastric cancer Third-line therapy 6 SD increased PD NA NA NA SD
026 gastric cancer Third-line therapy 8 SD reduced SD NA NA NA SD
028 gastric cancer Third-line therapy 7 SD Performed, Not evaluated NA NA NA SD
015 gastric cancer Second-line therapy 5 9 weeks PD PD NA NA NA PD
017 gastric cancer Fifth-line therapy 4 PD PD NA NA NA PD
023 gastric cancer Second-line therapy 5 PD PD NA NA NA PD
029 gastric cancer Multi-line therapy 5 Performed, Not evaluated NA NA NA NA To be evaluated
030 gastric cancer Third-line therapy 5 Performed, Not evaluated NA NA NA NA To be evaluated
031 gastric cancer Second-line therapy 3 Not Performed NA NA NA NA Not evaluated
Table 5 Efficacy evaluation of enrolled patients
Screening No.Efficacy evaluation-Diameter(mm)/Baseline ratio (%)General evaluation
Baseline2 cycles4 cycles
01001 28 27/-3.6% 15.5/-44.6% PR
01002 20.6 1 cycle, hydrothorax increased   PD
01003 76.7 New onset of hydrothorax 74.7/-2.6% SD
01005 122.9 liver metastases increased, enlarged   PD
01006 137 118/-13.9% 107/-22% SD
01007 134.2 117.7/-12.2% 107/-20.3 SD
01008 58.3 52/-10.8% SD SD
01010 11 9/-20%   SD
01011 36 SD   SD
01013 87 SD   SD
01014 85.5 SD   SD
01015   SD   SD













Claims

1. Use of combination of anti-PD-1 antibody and VEGFR inhibitor in the preparation of a medicament for the treatment of cancer.
 
2. The use according to claim 1, wherein the VEGFR inhibitor is VEGFR-2 inhibitor.
 
3. The use according to claim 1, wherein the VEGFR-2 inhibitor is apatinib or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
 
4. The use according to claim 1, wherein the light chain variable region of the PD-1 antibody comprises LCDR1, LCDR2 and LCDR3 as shown in SEQ ID NO: 4, SEQ ID NO: 5 and SEQ ID NO: 6, respectively, the heavy chain variable region of the PD-1 antibody comprises HCDR1, HCDR2 and HCDR3 as shown in SEQ ID NO: 1, SEQ ID NO: 2 and SEQ ID NO: 3, respectively.
 
5. The use according to claim 4, wherein the PD-1 antibody is a humanized antibody.
 
6. The use according to claim 5, wherein the humanized antibody light chain sequence is the sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 8 or a variant thereof; the variant preferably has 0 to 10 amino acid substitution(s) in the light chain variable region; more preferably, has the amino acid change of A43S.
 
7. The use according to claim 5, wherein the humanized antibody heavy chain sequence is the sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 7 or a variant thereof; the variant preferably has 0 to 10 amino acid substitution(s) in the heavy chain variable region; more preferably, has the amino acid substitution of G44R.
 
8. The use according to claim 5, wherein the humanized antibody light chain sequence is the sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 8, and the heavy chain sequence is the sequence as shown in SEQ ID NO: 7.
 
9. The use according to claim 1, wherein the cancer is cancer expressing PD-L1; preferably is selected from the group consisting of breast cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, gastric cancer, intestinal cancer, renal cancer, melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer; most preferably is selected from the group consisting of non-small cell lung cancer, melanoma, liver cancer and kidney cancer.
 
10. A method for reducing adverse effect caused by anti-PD-1 antibody or VEGFR inhibitor, comprising administering to a patient with the VEGFR inhibitor as defined in any one of claims 1-3 in combination with the PD-1 antibody as defined in any one of claims 4-8.
 
11. A method for reducing the dose of either PD-1 antibody or VEGFR inhibitor administered alone, comprising administering to a patient with the VEGFR inhibitor as defined in any one of claims 1-3 in combination with the PD-1 antibody as defined in any one of claims 4-9.
 
12. The use according to claim 3, wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable salt of apatinib is selected from the group consisting of mesylate and hydrochloride.
 
13. The use according to claim 1, wherein the PD-1 antibody is administered at a dose from 100 mg to 1000 mg per time, preferably from 200 mg to 600 mg.
 
14. The use according to claim 1, wherein the VEGFR inhibitor is administered at a dose from 250 mg to 1000 mg, preferably from 400 mg to 850 mg.
 
15. A pharmaceutical kit, comprising the VEGFR inhibitor as defined in any one of claims 1-3 and the PD-1 antibody as defined in one of claims 4-8.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description