(19)
(11)EP 3 524 469 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 19153426.2

(22)Date of filing:  24.01.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60N 2/07  (2006.01)
B60N 2/015  (2006.01)
B60N 2/08  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 25.01.2018 CN 201810074491

(71)Applicant: Adient Engineering and IP GmbH
51399 Burscheid (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHANG, Jianglin
    Shanghai 201315 (CN)
  • HONGHUI, Jiang
    Shanghai 201315 (CN)
  • LONGHUI, He
    Shanghai 201315 (CN)
  • FAN, Yedi
    Shanghai 201315 (CN)
  • HUIJIA, Tao
    Shanghai 201315 (CN)

(74)Representative: Liedtke & Partner Patentanwälte 
Gerhart-Hauptmann-Straße 10/11
99096 Erfurt
99096 Erfurt (DE)

  


(54)MOTOR VEHICLE SEAT FLOOR SLIDE RAIL HAVING A GAP ELIMINATION STRUCTURE


(57) Disclosed in the present invention is a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure, comprising a lower slide rail assembly (100) and an upper slide rail assembly (200), with a gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') thereof comprising a gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) which is shaft-provided on at least one end in a longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, and a rotation centre (232a) axis of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) being perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail; a gap elimination face (113L, 113R) extending in a longitudinal direction of an aluminium slide rail (110) is provided on a bottom face of a locking window face (117L, 117R) on the aluminium slide rail (110), and when the upper slide rail assembly (200) and the lower slide rail assembly (100) are in a locked state, a cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) is in contact with the gap elimination face (113L, 113R) under the action of a force (F), to eliminate a Y-direction gap and a Z-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly (200) and the lower slide rail assembly (100); and in an unlocked state, a locking mechanism (240) drives an action of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R), such that the cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) loses contact with the gap elimination face (113L, 113R). The gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) of the present invention moves in linkage with the locking mechanism (240), reducing sliding friction, and having the advantage of low sliding assistance motive power.




Description

Technical field



[0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of motor vehicle components, especially to a manually adjustable floor slide rail for large-travel sliding of a motor vehicle seat, and in particular to a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure, which has a self-locking property and a gap elimination function which operates in linkage with a locking system.

Background art



[0002] With the development of motor vehicle technology and more exacting demands from consumers regarding motor vehicle comfort, accompanied by dramatic growth in sales of large-space vehicle types with multiple rows of seats such as multi-purpose vehicles (short MPVs)in recent years, as well as the development of driverless motor vehicles of the future, market demand for large-travel adjustment of motor vehicle seats and a common rail for multiple rows of seats is set to become a trend; hence, the development of large-travel floor slide rail technology is also in conformity with market demand. However, large-travel floor slide rail technology is different from conventional short slide rail technology. The unique application field and ultra-long adjustment travel thereof restrict the unique structure thereof, and also place new performance demands on the floor slide rail.

[0003] At present, the principal techniques for gap elimination in large-travel floor slide rails are as follows: one technique is to use an interactive plastic member which moves in linkage with unlocking to eliminate gaps; a second technique is to use a composite spring together with a V-shaped wheel to eliminate gaps; and a third technique is to use a plastic member directly to eliminate gaps. However, all of these gap elimination solutions fall short of being ideal.

Content of the invention



[0004] The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide, in response to the shortcomings of gap elimination in existing large-travel floor slide rails, a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure, which has a self-locking property and a gap elimination function which operates in linkage with a locking system.

[0005] The technical problem to be solved by the present invention may be realized through the following technical solution:
A motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure comprises a lower slide rail assembly and an upper slide rail assembly, wherein the lower slide rail assembly comprises an aluminium slide rail comprising at least one locking window face extending in a longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail, with a number of lower slide rail locking windows being provided at intervals on the locking window face in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail. The upper slide rail assembly comprises an upper slide rail and a locking mechanism mounted on the upper slide rail, a number of upper slide rail locking windows are provided at intervals on the upper slide rail in a longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, locking teeth on a locking plate in the locking mechanism are respectively inserted into the upper slide rail locking windows and the lower slide rail locking windows, realizing locking of the upper slide rail assembly to the lower slide rail assembly, and at the same time eliminating an X-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly and the lower slide rail assembly, wherein when unlocking is carried out, the locking teeth on the locking plate in the locking mechanism withdraw from the lower slide rail locking windows, and after unlocking, the upper slide rail assembly moves reciprocally on the aluminium slide rail in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail; characterized in that at least one gap elimination mechanism is further included, the gap elimination mechanism comprising a gap elimination cam which is shaft-provided on at least one end in the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, with a rotation centre axis of the gap elimination cam being perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail; a gap elimination face extending in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail is provided on a bottom face of the locking window face on the aluminium slide rail, and when the upper slide rail assembly and the lower slide rail assembly are in a locked state, a cam face of the gap elimination cam is in contact with the gap elimination face under the action of a force, to eliminate a Y-direction gap and a Z-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly and the lower slide rail assembly; and in an unlocked state, the locking mechanism drives an action of the gap elimination cam, such that the cam face of the gap elimination cam loses contact with the gap elimination face.

[0006] A motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure comprises a lower slide rail assembly and an upper slide rail assembly, wherein the lower slide rail assembly comprises an aluminium slide rail comprising at least one locking window face extending in a longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail, with a number of lower slide rail locking windows being provided at intervals on the locking window face in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail. The upper slide rail assembly comprises an upper slide rail and a locking mechanism mounted on the upper slide rail. A number of upper slide rail locking windows are provided at intervals on the upper slide rail in a longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail. Furthermore locking teeth on a locking plate in the locking mechanism are respectively inserted into the upper slide rail locking windows and the lower slide rail locking windows, realizing locking of the upper slide rail assembly to the lower slide rail assembly, and at the same time eliminating an X-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly and the lower slide rail assembly. When an unlocking is carried out, the locking teeth on the locking plate in the locking mechanism withdraw from the lower slide rail locking windows, and after unlocking, the upper slide rail assembly moves reciprocally on the aluminium slide rail in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail. At least one gap elimination mechanism is further included, the gap elimination mechanism comprising a gap elimination cam which is shaft-provided on at least one end in the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, with a rotation centre axis of the gap elimination cam being perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail. To eliminate a Y-direction gap and a Z-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly and the lower slide rail assembly is the gap elimination mechanism engageable with one of the ends of the locking mechanism and with the upper slide rail assembly, wherein a driver drives the gap elimination mechanism to engage with the lower rail in a locked state of the rail assembly. The driver can be formed as a spring, in particular as a gap elimination spring.

[0007] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention to perform an unlocking of the upper slide rail assembly and the lower slide rail assembly the gap elimination mechanism is engageable with one of the ends of the locking mechanism when the locking plate is moved downwards wherein the locking mechanism drives the gap elimination mechanism to disengage with the lower rail assembly. Therefore a sliding of the upper slide rail assembly is facilitated.

[0008] In a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, two gap elimination mechanisms are included, wherein one gap elimination mechanism is positioned at a first end of the upper slide rail assembly and one another gap elimination mechanism is positioned at a second end of the upper slide rail assembly. So a Y-direction gap and a Z-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly and the lower slide rail assembly will be eliminated at each side of the slide rail assembly.

[0009] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the cam face on the gap elimination cam has a circular arc cam face section; a circle centre of the circular arc cam face is offset from a rotation centre of the gap elimination cam towards the locking mechanism; and a self-locking angle is formed between a line connecting the rotation centre of the gap elimination cam to a point of contact between the circular arc cam face and the gap elimination face, and a line connecting the circle centre of the circular arc cam face to the point of contact between the circular arc cam face and the gap elimination face.

[0010] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a cross section, along the rotation centre axis parallel to the gap elimination cam, of the cam face on the gap elimination cam is a V-shaped surface or a flat surface or a protruding spherical surface.

[0011] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the gap elimination mechanism further comprises a cam frame and a gap elimination spring, with the gap elimination cam being mounted on the cam frame, the cam frame being shaft-provided on at least one end in the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, and a rotation centre of the cam frame coinciding with the rotation centre of the gap elimination cam; the cam frame has a cam drive arm extending towards the locking mechanism, and an end of the cam drive arm close to the locking mechanism extends to a region below the locking plate in the locking mechanism, and when unlocking is carried out, the locking plate in the locking mechanism, when moving downwards, drives the end of the cam drive arm close to the locking mechanism to move downwards, such that the cam face of the gap elimination cam loses contact with the gap elimination face; the cam drive arm is connected to the upper slide rail by means of the gap elimination spring, and the gap elimination spring applies a said force to the cam face of the gap elimination cam by means of the cam drive arm, such that the cam face of the gap elimination cam is in contact with the gap elimination face.

[0012] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the gap elimination mechanism further comprises a cam frame and a gap elimination spring and a swing rod, with the gap elimination cam being mounted on the cam frame, the cam frame being shaft-provided on at least one end in the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, and a rotation centre of the cam frame coinciding with the rotation centre of the gap elimination cam; the cam frame has a cam drive arm extending towards the locking mechanism, and the cam drive arm is provided with an obround hole; the swing rod is shaft-provided on the upper slide rail and positioned between the cam drive arm and one end of the locking plate in the locking mechanism; a swing rod drive shaft is provided on the end of the swing rod close to the cam drive arm, with the swing rod drive shaft extending into the obround hole of the cam drive arm, and an end of the swing rod close to the locking mechanism extends to a region below the locking plate in the locking mechanism, and when unlocking is carried out, the locking plate in the locking mechanism, when moving downwards, drives the end of the swing rod close to the locking mechanism to move downwards, such that the end of the swing rod close to the cam drive arm moves upwards, in turn causing the cam face of the gap elimination cam to lose contact with the gap elimination face by means of the cam drive arm; the swing rod is connected to the upper slide rail by means of the gap elimination spring, and the gap elimination spring applies a said force to the cam face of the gap elimination cam by means of the swing rod and the cam drive arm, such that the cam face of the gap elimination cam is in contact with the gap elimination face; compared with a position where the swing rod is shaft-provided on the upper slide rail, a position where the gap elimination spring is connected to the swing rod is closer to the locking mechanism.

[0013] Due to the adoption of the technical solution described above, the present invention has the following advantages compared with the prior art:
  1. (1) It has the locking mechanism eliminating gaps in the X-direction, and the gap elimination cam eliminating gaps in the Y-direction and the Z-direction, so that there are no gaps between the upper and lower slide rails in the X-, Y- and Z-directions.
  2. (2) A self-locking function of the gap elimination cam is used to achieve self-locking between the cam face on the gap elimination cam and the gap elimination face on the lower slide rail.
  3. (3) The gap elimination cam of the present invention moves in linkage with the locking mechanism, reducing sliding friction, and having the advantage of low sliding assistance motive power.
  4. (4) The present invention may be applied to different vehicle types, with rail types being changed over at very low cost.

Description of the accompanying drawings



[0014] 

Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the external form of a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a schematic view of fig. 1 in direction A.

Fig. 3 is a partial schematic view of fig. 1 in direction B.

Fig. 4 is an exploded schematic diagram of a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is an exploded schematic diagram of a lower slide rail assembly in a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure of the present invention.

Fig. 6 is a structural schematic diagram of an end of an aluminium slide rail in a lower slide rail assembly of the present invention.

Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of a radial cross section of an aluminium slide rail in a lower slide rail assembly of the present invention.

Fig. 8 is a structural schematic diagram of an upper slide rail assembly in a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure of the present invention.

Fig. 9 is an exploded schematic diagram of an upper slide rail assembly in a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure of the present invention.

Fig. 10 is a left-side schematic assembly diagram of an upper slide rail in an upper slide rail assembly of the present invention.

Fig. 11 is a right-side schematic assembly diagram of an upper slide rail in an upper slide rail assembly of the present invention.

Fig. 12 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of an upper slide rail assembly of the present invention.

Fig. 13 is a structural schematic diagram of a locking mechanism of the present invention.

Fig. 14 is a structural schematic diagram of a gap elimination mechanism of the present invention.

Fig. 15 is an exploded schematic diagram of an upper slide rail of the present invention.

Fig. 16 is a schematic diagram of locking windows in an aluminium slide rail of the present invention.

Fig. 17 is a schematic diagram of locking windows of an upper slide rail of the present invention.

Fig. 18 is a structural schematic diagram of a locking plate of the present invention.

Fig. 19 is a structural schematic diagram of locking teeth on a locking plate of the present invention.

Fig. 20 is a schematic diagram of an upper slide rail and an aluminium slide rail of the present invention in a locked state.

Fig. 21 is a schematic diagram of locking teeth on a locking plate locked to locking windows on an aluminium slide rail in the present invention.

Fig. 22 is a schematic diagram of locking teeth on a locking plate locked to locking windows on an upper slide rail in the present invention.

Fig. 23 is a schematic diagram of the present invention when locking teeth on a locking plate have been completely unlocked from locking windows on an aluminium slide rail.

Fig. 24 is a schematic diagram of locking teeth on a locking plate unlocked from locking windows on an aluminium slide rail in the present invention.

Fig. 25 is a schematic diagram of locking teeth on a locking plate unlocked from locking windows on an upper slide rail in the present invention.

Fig. 26 is a schematic diagram of a gap elimination cam and a gap elimination face on an aluminium slide rail of the present invention when in a state of contact.

Fig. 27 is a structural schematic diagram of one structural form of a gap elimination cam.

Fig. 28 is a structural schematic diagram of another structural form of a gap elimination cam.

Fig. 29 is a structural schematic diagram of another structural form of a gap elimination cam.

Fig. 30 is a schematic diagram of a state of action between a gap elimination structure and a locking plate of the present invention.

Fig. 31 is a schematic diagram of a gap elimination structure of the present invention when in a normal gap elimination state.

Fig. 32 is a sectional schematic diagram of a gap elimination structure of the present invention when in a normal gap elimination state.

Fig. 33 is a schematic diagram of a gap elimination structure of the present invention when in a maximum gap elimination state.

Fig. 34 is a sectional schematic diagram of a gap elimination structure of the present invention when in a maximum gap elimination state.

Fig. 35 is a schematic diagram of a gap elimination structure of the present invention when in a critical gap elimination state.

Fig. 36 is a sectional schematic diagram of a gap elimination structure of the present invention when in a critical gap elimination state.

Fig. 37 is a schematic diagram of a state of action between a gap elimination structure of another structural form and a locking plate of the present invention.


Particular embodiments



[0015] Referring to figs. 1 to 25, a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure shown in the figures comprises a lower slide rail assembly 100 and an upper slide rail assembly 200, wherein:
referring to fig. 5 in particular, the lower slide rail assembly 100 comprises an aluminium slide rail 110, three bolts 120, three washers 130, three paper washers 140, two locating pins 150, two end stop pins 160, a left soft trim strip 170L, a right soft trim strip 170R and two end caps 180.

[0016] The aluminium slide rail 110 has a total length of 2420 mm and an adjustment step length of 20 mm. A corresponding maximum locking adjustment travel can reach 2000 mm, and the specific application length is adjusted, being increased or decreased, according to the project environment. A surface of the aluminium slide rail 110 can serve as an exterior surface after undergoing surface treatment (such as anodizing).

[0017] Referring to figs. 6 and 7 in particular, a cross section of the aluminium slide rail 110 perpendicular to a longitudinal direction thereof has a U-shaped structure formed by a bottom wall 118 and left and right sidewalls 119L and 119R. A left locking window face 111L and a right locking window face 111R are provided at top inside edges of the left and right sidewalls 119L and 119R respectively. A left carpet-pressing folded edge 114L and a right carpet-pressing folded edge 114R are provided at top outside edges of the left sidewall 119L and the right sidewall 119R respectively. The left sidewall 119L, the left locking window face 111L and the left carpet-pressing folded edge 114L are integrally formed. The right sidewall 119R, the right locking window face 111R and the right carpet-pressing folded edge 114R are also integrally formed.

[0018] A number of lower left locking windows 117L and lower right locking windows 117R are provided at intervals at inner edges of the left locking window face 111L and the right locking window face 111R respectively in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail 110. A left soft trim strip fixing groove 112L and a right soft trim strip fixing groove 112R extending in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail 110 are provided on top faces of the left locking window face 111L and the right locking window face 111R respectively. A left gap elimination face 113L and a right gap elimination face 113R extending in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail 110 are provided on bottom faces of the left locking window face 111L and the right locking window face 111R respectively.

[0019] A slide rail mounting face 116, a left bearing rolling face 115L and a right bearing rolling face 115R extending in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail 110 are provided on an inner surface of the bottom wall 118 of the aluminium slide rail 110. The slide rail mounting face 116 is located between the left bearing rolling face 115L and the right bearing rolling face 115R.

[0020] When mounting is carried out, the left soft trim strip 170L and the right soft trim strip 170R are mounted in the left soft trim strip fixing groove 112L and the right soft trim strip fixing groove 112R respectively the left carpet-pressing folded edge 114L and the right carpet-pressing folded edge 114R are used to press down on a vehicle interior carpet on the left and right sides of the aluminium slide rail 110 respectively.

[0021] The two locating pins 150 are on the bottom wall 118 of the aluminium slide rail 110, and are used for locating in a forward-rear direction when the aluminium slide rail 110 is mounted to a vehicle body bottom plate. Before the locating pins 150 are riveted, all of the washers 130 must be inserted into the slide rail mounting face 116 on the bottom wall 118 of the aluminium slide rail 110, and the three bolts 120 are passed through the corresponding washers 130, the bottom wall 118 of the aluminium slide rail 110 and the slide rail mounting face 116 thereon, and connected to the paper washers 140 located on a bottom surface of the bottom wall 118 of the aluminium slide rail 110.

[0022] Once the upper slide rail assembly 200 has been fitted into the aluminium slide rail 110, the two end stop pins 160 are inserted into stop pin holes 101 at two ends in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail 110 respectively; finally, the two end caps 180 are fitted to the two ends in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail 110, and the upper slide rail assembly 200 slides forwards and backwards on the aluminium slide rail 110, forming a motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure of the present invention.

[0023] Referring to figs. 8 to 19 in particular, the upper slide rail assembly 200 comprises an upper rail left side assembly 210 and an upper rail right side assembly 220 which are welded together to form an upper slide rail, and also comprises two gap elimination mechanisms 230 and a locking mechanism 240.

[0024] The upper rail left side assembly 210 comprises an upper rail left side plate 211 and, welded to two ends in the longitudinal direction of the upper rail left side plate 211, two left welded nuts 212, two left reinforcing plates 213 and two left support plates 214; a left plastic-coated bearing 215 is shaft-provided by means of a left bearing rivet 216 at each of the two ends in the longitudinal direction of the upper rail left side plate 211. Five upper left slide rail locking windows 211L are provided at intervals in the longitudinal direction of the upper rail left side plate 211, in a middle position of the upper rail left side plate 211. An unlocking pin guide hole 211b and two locking spring hanging holes 211c are provided in a top face of the upper rail left side plate 211. Furthermore, two spring hanging plates 217 are provided on the upper rail left side plate 211, with the five upper left slide rail locking windows 211L being located between the two spring hanging plates 217.

[0025] The upper rail right side assembly 220 comprises an upper rail right side plate 221, and right reinforcing plates 223 welded to two ends in the longitudinal direction of the upper rail right side plate 221; a right plastic-coated bearing 225 is shaft-provided by means of a right bearing rivet 226 at each of the two ends in the longitudinal direction of the upper rail right side plate 221. Five upper right slide rail locking windows 221R are provided at intervals in the longitudinal direction of the upper rail right side plate 221, in a middle position of the upper rail right side plate 221.

[0026] The locking mechanism 240 comprises a locking plate 241, an unlocking pin 242 and two locking springs 243. On left and right side edges of the locking plate 241, five left locking teeth 241L and five right locking teeth 241R are provided at intervals in the longitudinal direction of the locking plate 241.

[0027] A lower end of the unlocking pin 242 is anchored to a middle position of the locking plate 241, and a locking spring hanging hole 241a is provided at each of two ends in the longitudinal direction of the locking plate 241.

[0028] Each gap elimination mechanism 230 comprises a left gap elimination cam 231L, a right gap elimination cam 231R, a cam frame 232, a swing rod 233 and a gap elimination spring 234, with the left gap elimination cam 231L and the right gap elimination cam 231R being disposed at left and right ends of the cam frame 232 and integrally formed with the cam frame 232. A left cam rotation shaft 232aL and a right cam rotation shaft 232aR are provided on end faces at the left and right ends of the cam frame 232 respectively.

[0029] A cam drive arm 232b is provided in a middle position of the cam frame 232, with a U-shaped slot 232c being provided at one end of the cam drive arm 232b, said end being close to the swing rod 233, and arms on two sides of the U-shaped slot 232c are each provided with an obround hole 232d of identical shape.

[0030] A swing rod rotation shaft 233a is provided in a middle position of the swing rod 233, which has a first end 233b and a second end 233c; a spring hanging hole 233d is provided in the middle of the swing rod 233, in a position offset towards the second end 233c. The first end 233b of the swing rod 233 is inserted into the U-shaped slot 232c of the cam drive arm 232b, then a swing rod drive shaft 235 is passed through the obround holes 232d in the arms on the two sides of the U-shaped slot 232c and through the first end of the swing rod 233, such that the first end 233b of the swing rod 233 is hinged to the cam drive arm 232b.

[0031] The method of assembling the upper slide rail assembly 200 is as follows: first of all, the locking mechanism 240 and the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 are mounted to the upper rail left side plate 211, specifically: the left locking teeth 241L on the left side edge of the locking plate 241 in the locking mechanism 240 are inserted into the corresponding upper left slide rail locking windows 211L in the upper rail left side plate 211 respectively, then an upper end of the unlocking pin 242 is passed through the unlocking pin guide hole 211b in the top face of the upper rail left side plate 211, then lower ends of the two locking springs 243 are hung in the two locking spring hanging holes 241a in the locking plate 241 respectively, and upper ends of the two locking springs 243 are hung in the two locking spring hanging holes 211c in the top face of the upper rail left side plate 211.

[0032] Next, the left cam rotation shafts 232aL at the left ends of the cam frames 232 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 are inserted into left cam rotation shaft holes 218 at the two ends of the upper rail left side plate 211 respectively, and left ends of the swing rod rotation shafts 233a on the swing rods 233 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 are inserted into left swing rod rotation shaft holes 219 in the upper rail left side plate 211.

[0033] Next, upper ends 234a of the gap elimination springs 234 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 are hooked onto the two spring hanging plates 217 respectively, and lower ends 234b of the gap elimination springs 234 are hooked into the spring hanging holes 233d on the swing rods 233 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230. Once the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 have been assembled, the second ends 233c of the swing rods 233 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 are located below the two ends in the longitudinal direction of the locking plate 241 respectively.

[0034] Next, the upper rail left side plate 211 is fastened to the upper rail right side plate 221 at the same time inserting the right locking teeth 241R on the right side edge of the locking plate 241 in the locking mechanism 240 into the corresponding upper right slide rail locking windows 221R in the upper rail right side plate 221 respectively, inserting the right cam rotation shafts 232aR at the right ends of the cam frames 232 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 into right cam rotation shaft holes 228 at the two ends of the upper rail right side plate 221 respectively, and inserting right ends of the swing rod rotation shafts 233a on the swing rods 233 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 into right swing rod rotation shaft holes 229 in the upper rail right side plate 221.

[0035] Referring to figs. 20 to 22 in particular, once the upper slide rail assembly 200 has been fitted into the aluminium slide rail 110, the five left locking teeth 241L on the left side edge of the locking plate 241 in the locking mechanism 240 respectively pass through the corresponding upper left slide rail locking windows 211L in the upper rail left side plate 211 and five corresponding left lower locking windows 117L in the left locking window face 111L of the aluminium slide rail 110, and the five right locking teeth 241R on the right side edge of the locking plate 241 in the locking mechanism 240 respectively pass through the corresponding upper right slide rail locking windows 221R in the upper rail right side plate 221 and five corresponding right lower locking windows 117R in the right locking window face 111R of the aluminium slide rail 110, such that locking is achieved between the upper slide rail assembly 200 and the lower slide rail assembly 100.

[0036] Referring to figs. 23 to 25 in particular, when unlocking is performed, the unlocking pin 242 is pressed down with a force F; the downward-moving unlocking pin 242 drives the locking plate 241 to move downwards, and the locking plate 241 moves downwards such that the five left locking teeth 241L and the five right locking teeth 241R on the left and right side edges of the locking plate 241 synchronously withdraw from the five corresponding left lower locking windows 117L in the left locking window face 111L and the five corresponding right lower locking windows 117R in the right locking window face 111R of the aluminium slide rail 110, to achieve unlocking of the upper slide rail assembly 200 from the lower slide rail assembly 100.

[0037] Referring to fig. 26, a cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and a cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R in each of the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 each comprise a circular arc cam face 23111L/23111R section. Circle centres 23113L and 23113R of the circular arc cam faces 23111L and 23111R are offset from a rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 (i.e. a rotation centre of the left gap elimination cam 231L and the right gap elimination cam 231R) towards the locking mechanism 240 by a distance e. A self-locking angle α is formed between a line connecting the rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 to a point of contact A between the cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and the left gap elimination face 113L, and a line connecting the circle centre 23113L of the circular arc cam face 23111L to the point of contact A between the cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and the left gap elimination face 113L.

[0038] Similarly, a self-locking angle α is formed between a line connecting the rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 to a point of contact B between the cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R and the right gap elimination face 113R, and a line connecting the circle centre 23113R of the circular arc cam face 23111R to the point of contact B between the circular arc cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R and the right gap elimination face 113R.

[0039] When the circular arc cam faces 23111L and 23111R on the left and right gap elimination cams 231L and 231R are in contact with the left and right gap elimination faces 113L and 113R, there is an action force Fn at the points of contact A and B; when an action of an external force such as an impact is received, Fn is increased, and due to the presence of the self-locking angle α, the left and right gap elimination cams 231L and 231R have a self-locking function, so that in theory, the circular arc cam faces 23111L and 23111R on the left and right gap elimination cams 231L and 231R will not separate from the left and right gap elimination faces 113L and 113R.

[0040] Referring to fig. 27, a cross section, along the rotation centre 232a parallel to the cam frame 232, of the cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and the cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R is a V-shaped surface.

[0041] Referring to fig. 28, a cross section, along the rotation centre 232a parallel to the cam frame 232, of the cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and the cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R is a flat surface.

[0042] Referring to fig. 29, a cross section, along the rotation centre 232a parallel to the cam frame 232, of the cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and the cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R is a protruding spherical surface.

[0043] Referring to fig. 30, the swing rods 233 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 can have the effects of increasing a transfer stroke, increasing an angle of rotation of the left gap elimination cam 231L and the right gap elimination cam 231R and improving an operating force of the locking plate 241.

[0044] Referring to figs. 31 and 32, in a locked stable state, under the action of the gap elimination spring 234, the swing rod 233 rotates anticlockwise around the swing rod rotation shaft 233a; the swing rod drive shaft 235 on the first end 233b of the swing rod 233 acts on the obround hole 232d in the cam drive arm 232b, and the left gap elimination cam 231L and the right gap elimination cam 231R are caused to rotate clockwise around the rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 by means of the cam drive arm 232b and the cam frame 232, until the circular arc cam faces 23111L and 23111R on the left and right gap elimination cams 231L and 231R come into contact with the left and right gap elimination faces 113L and 113R.

[0045] At this time, since the cross section of the cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and the cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R, along the rotation centre 232a parallel to the cam frame 232, is a V-shaped surface, the circular arc cam faces 23111L and 23111R on the left and right gap elimination cams 231L and 231R are in sloping-line and circular-arc contact with the left and right gap elimination faces 113L and 113R. This can ensure that the upper slide rail assembly 200 is gap-free and stable in a Y-direction and a Z-direction simultaneously.

[0046] At the same time, due to the fact that the five left locking teeth 241L on the left side edge of the locking plate 241 in the locking mechanism 240 are in contact with the corresponding upper left slide rail locking windows 211L in the upper rail left side plate 211 and five corresponding left lower locking windows 117L in the left locking window face 111L of the aluminium slide rail 110, and the fact that the five right locking teeth 241R on the right side edge of the locking plate 241 in the locking mechanism 240 are in contact with the corresponding upper right slide rail locking windows 221R in the upper rail right side plate 221 and five corresponding right lower locking windows 117R in the right locking window face 111R of the aluminium slide rail 110, the upper slide rail assembly 200 and the lower slide rail assembly 100 are gap free and are stable in an X-direction.

[0047] Furthermore, due to the fact that the circle centre 23113L of the circular arc cam face 23111L of the left gap elimination cam 231L and the circle centre 23113R of the circular arc cam face 23111R of the right gap elimination cam 231R are both offset from the rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 (i.e. the rotation centre of the left gap elimination cam 231L and the right gap elimination cam 231R) towards the locking mechanism 240 by a distance e, due to the presence of friction, a self-locking angle α is formed between a line connecting the rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 to a point of contact A between the cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and the left gap elimination face 113L, and a line connecting the circle centre 23113L of the circular arc cam face 2311L to the point of contact A between the cam face 2311L on the left gap elimination cam 231L and the left gap elimination face 113L.

[0048] Similarly, a self-locking angle α is formed between a line connecting the rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 to a point of contact B between the cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R and the right gap elimination face 113R, and a line connecting the circle centre 23113R of the circular arc cam face 23111R to the point of contact B between the cam face 2311R on the right gap elimination cam 231R and the right gap elimination face 113R, external force impacts can be resisted, preventing a situation in which the left gap elimination cam 231L and the right gap elimination cam 231R rotate anticlockwise, and separate from the left and right gap elimination faces 113L and 113R, causing the upper slide rail assembly 200 to rock.

[0049] Furthermore, due to presence of a design gap S between the second end 233c of the swing rod 233 in each of the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 and the end of the locking plate 241, when there is a gap between the upper slide rail assembly 200 and the lower slide rail assembly 100, under the action of the gap elimination spring 234, the swing rod 233 rotates anticlockwise around the swing rod rotation shaft 233a, the swing rod drive shaft 235 on the first end 233b of the swing rod 233 acts on the obround hole 232d in the cam drive arm 232b, and the left gap elimination cam 231L and the right gap elimination cam 231R are caused to rotate clockwise around the rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 by means of the cam drive arm 232b and the cam frame 232, until the circular arc cam faces 23111L and 23111R on the left and right gap elimination cams 231L and 231R come into contact with the left and right gap elimination faces 113L and 113R and eliminate the gap. When S = 0, this is a state in which a maximum gap is eliminated (see figs. 33 and 34).

[0050] Referring to figs. 35 and 36, when unlocking is performed, the locking plate 241 moves downward, and when the locking plate 241 comes into contact with the second ends 233c in the swing rods 233 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230, the locking plate 241 continues to press down the second ends 233c in the swing rods 233 in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230, such that the swing rod 233 rotates clockwise, the swing rod drive shaft 235 on the first end 233b of the swing rod 233 acts on the obround hole 232d in the cam drive arm 232b, and the left gap elimination cam 231L and the right gap elimination cam 231R are caused to rotate anticlockwise around the rotation centre 232a of the cam frame 232 by means of the cam drive arm 232b and the cam frame 232, such that the circular arc cam faces 23111L and 23111R on the left and right gap elimination cams 231L and 231R lose contact with the left and right gap elimination faces 113L and 113R, to facilitate sliding of the upper slide rail assembly 200.

[0051] Referring to fig. 37, in this particular embodiment, each gap elimination mechanism 230' comprises a left gap elimination cam 231L', a right gap elimination cam 231R', a cam frame 232' and a gap elimination spring 234', with the left gap elimination cam 231L' and the right gap elimination cam 231R' being disposed at left and right ends of the cam frame 232' and integrally formed with the cam frame 232'. A left cam rotation shaft 232aL' and a right cam rotation shaft 232aR' are provided on end faces at the left and right ends of the cam frame 232' respectively. A cam drive arm 232b' is provided in a middle position of the cam frame 232', with a spring hanging hole 233d' being provided on the cam drive arm 232b'.

[0052] When assembly is carried out, the left cam rotation shaft 232aL' at the left ends of the cam frames 232' in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230' are inserted into left cam rotation shaft holes 218 at the two ends of the upper rail left side plate 211 respectively.

[0053] Next, upper ends 234a' of the gap elimination springs 234' in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230' are hooked onto the two spring hanging plates 217 respectively, and lower ends 234b' of the gap elimination springs 234' are hooked into the spring hanging holes 233d' on the cam drive arms 232b' in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230'. Once the two gap elimination structures 230 have been assembled, free ends of the cam drive arms 232b' in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230 are located below the two ends in the longitudinal direction of the locking plate 241 respectively.

[0054] Next, the upper rail left side plate 211 is fitted to the upper rail right side plate 221, at the same time inserting the right locking teeth 241R on the right side edge of the locking plate 241 in the locking mechanism 240 into the corresponding upper right slide rail locking windows 221R in the upper rail right side plate 221 respectively, and inserting the right cam rotation shafts 232aR' at the right ends of the cam frames 232' in the two gap elimination mechanisms 230' into the right cam rotation shaft holes 228 at the two ends of the upper rail right side plate 221 respectively.

List of References



[0055] 
100
lower slide rail assembly
110
aluminium slide rail
111L
left locking window face
111R
right locking window face
112L
left soft trim strip fixing groove
112R
right soft trim strip fixing groove
113L
left gap elimination face
113R
right gap elimination face
114L
left carpet-pressing folded edge
114R
right carpet-pressing folded edge
115L
left bearing rolling face
115R
right bearing rolling face
116
mounting face
117L
lower left locking window
117R
lower right locking window
118
bottom wall
119L
left sidewall
119R
right sidewall
120
bolt
130
washer
140
paper washer
150
locating pin
160
end stop pin
170L
left soft trim strip
170R
right soft trim strip
180
end cap
200
upper slide rail assembly
210
upper rail left side assembly
211
upper rail left side plate
211b
unlocking pin guide hole
211c
locking spring hanging hole
211L
upper left slide rail locking windows
212
left welded nut
213
left reinforcing plate
214
left support plate
215
left plastic-coated bearing
216
left bearing rivet
217
spring hanging plate
218
left cam rotation shaft hole
219
left swing rod rotation shaft hole
220
upper rail right side assembly
221
upper rail right side plate
221R
upper right slide rail locking windows
222 / 223
right reinforcing plates
224 / 225
right plastic-coated bearing
226
right bearing rivet
228
right cam rotation shaft hole
229
right swing rod rotation shaft hole
230, 230'
gap elimination mechanism
231L, 231L'
left gap elimination cam
231R
right gap elimination cam
2311L
cam face
2311R
cam face
23111L
circular arc cam face
23111R
circular arc cam face
23113L
circle centre
23113R
circle centre
232, 232'
cam frame
232a
rotation centre
232aL, 232aL'
left cam rotation shaft
232aR, 232aR'
right cam rotation shaft
232b, 232b'
cam drive arm
232c
U-shaped slot
232d
obround hole
233
swing rod
233a
swing rod rotation shaft
233b
first end
233c
second end
233d, 233d'
spring hanging hole
234
gap elimination spring
234a
upper end
234b
lower end
235
swing rod drive shaft
240
locking mechanism
241
locking plate
241a
locking spring hanging hole
241R
right locking teeth
241L
left locking teeth
242
unlocking pin
243
two locking springs
A, B
point of contact
S
design gap
F
force
Fn
action force
e
distance
α
Angle



Claims

1. Motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure, comprising

- a lower slide rail assembly (100) and

- an upper slide rail assembly (200), wherein:
the lower slide rail assembly (100) comprises

- an aluminium slide rail (110) comprising at least one locking window face (111L, 111R) extending in a longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail (110), with a number of lower slide rail locking windows (117L, 117R) being provided at intervals on the locking window face (111L, 111R) in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail (110);
the upper slide rail assembly (200) comprises

- an upper slide rail and a locking mechanism (240) mounted on the upper slide rail,

- a number of upper slide rail locking windows (211L, 221R) are provided at intervals on the upper slide rail in a longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, locking teeth on a locking plate (241) in the locking mechanism (240) are respectively inserted into the upper slide rail locking windows (211L, 221R) and the lower slide rail locking windows (117L, 117R), realizing locking of the upper slide rail assembly (200) to the lower slide rail assembly (100),
and at the same time eliminating an X-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly (200) and the lower slide rail assembly (100),
wherein when unlocking is carried out, the locking teeth on the locking plate (241) in the locking mechanism (240) withdraw from the lower slide rail locking windows (117L, 117R),
and after unlocking, the upper slide rail assembly (200) moves reciprocally on the aluminium slide rail (110) in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail (110); characterized in that at least one gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') is further included, the gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') comprising

- at least one gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) which is shaft-provided on at least one end in the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, with a rotation centre (232a) axis of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) being perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail; to eliminate a Y-direction gap and a Z-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly (200) and the lower slide rail assembly (100); wherein
the gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') is engageable with one of the ends of the locking mechanism (240) and with the upper slide rail assembly wherein a driver drives the gap elimination mechanism(230, 230') to engage with the lower rail in a locked state of the rail assembly.


 
2. Motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure according to Claim 1
the gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') is engageable with one of the ends of the locking plate (241) when the locking plate (241) is moved downwards wherein the locking mechanism (240) drives the gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') to disengage with the lower rail assembly (100).
 
3. Motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure according to Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that two gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') are included, wherein one gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') is positioned at a first end of the upper slide rail (200) assembly and one another gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') is positioned at a second end (233c) of the upper slide rail assembly (200).
 
4. Motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure according to Claim 1 , characterized that a gap elimination face (113L, 113R) extending in the longitudinal direction of the aluminium slide rail (110) is provided on a bottom face of the locking window face (111L, 112R) on the aluminium slide rail (110), and when the upper slide rail assembly (200) and the lower slide rail assembly (100) are in a locked state, a cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) is in contact with the gap elimination face (113L, 113R) under the action of a force, to eliminate a Y-direction gap and a Z-direction gap between the upper slide rail assembly (200) and the lower slide rail assembly (100); in an unlocked state, the locking mechanism (240) drives an action of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R), such that the cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) loses contact with the gap elimination face (113L, 113R).
 
5. Motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure according to Claim 1 to 4, characterized in that the cam face (2311L, 2311R) on the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) has a circular arc cam face (23111L, 23111R) section; a circle centre (23113L, 23113R) of the circular arc cam face (23111L, 23111R) is offset from a rotation centre (232a) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) towards the locking mechanism (240); and a self-locking angle (α) is formed between a line connecting the rotation centre (232a) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) to a point of contact (A, B) between the cam face (2311L, 2311R) and the gap elimination face (113L, 113R), and a line connecting the circle centre (23113L, 23113R) of the circular arc cam face (23111L, 23111R) to the point of contact (A, B) between the cam face (2311L, 2311R) and the gap elimination face (113L, 113R).
 
6. Motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure according to Claim 1 to 5, characterized in that a cross section, along the rotation centre (232a) axis parallel to the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R), of the cam face (2311L, 2311R) on the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) is a V-shaped surface or a flat surface or a protruding spherical surface.
 
7. Motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure according to Claim 1 to 6, characterized in that the gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') further comprises a cam frame (232, 232') and a gap elimination spring (234), with the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) being mounted on the cam frame (232, 232'), the cam frame (232, 232') being shaft-provided on at least one end in the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, and a rotation centre (232a) of the cam frame (232, 232') coinciding with the rotation centre (232a) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R); the cam frame (232, 232') has a cam drive arm (232b, 232b') extending towards the locking mechanism (240), and an end of the cam drive arm (232b, 232b') close to the locking mechanism (240) extends to a region below the locking plate (241)in the locking mechanism (240), and when unlocking is carried out, the locking plate (241) in the locking mechanism (240), when moving downwards, drives the end of the cam drive arm (232b, 232b') close to the locking mechanism (240) to move downwards, such that the cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) loses contact with the gap elimination face (113L, 113R); the cam drive arm (232b, 232b') is connected to the upper slide rail by means of the gap elimination spring (234), and the gap elimination spring (234) applies a said force to the cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) by means of the cam drive arm (232b, 232b'), such that the cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) is in contact with the gap elimination face (113L, 113R).
 
8. Motor vehicle seat floor slide rail having a gap elimination structure according to Claim 1 to 7, characterized in that the gap elimination mechanism (230, 230') further comprises a cam frame (232, 232') and a gap elimination spring (234) and a swing rod (233), with the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) being mounted on the cam frame (232, 232'), the cam frame (232, 232') being shaft-provided on at least one end in the longitudinal direction of the upper slide rail, and a rotation centre (232a) of the cam frame (232, 232') coinciding with the rotation centre (232a) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R); the cam frame (232, 232') has a cam drive arm (232b, 232b') extending towards the locking mechanism (240), and the cam drive arm (232b, 232b') is provided with an obround hole (232d); the swing rod (233) is shaft-provided on the upper slide rail and positioned between the cam drive arm (232b, 232b') and one end of the locking plate (241) in the locking mechanism (240); a swing rod (233) drive shaft is provided on the end of the swing rod (233) close to the cam drive arm (232b, 232b'), with the swing rod (233) drive shaft extending into the obround hole (232d) of the cam drive arm (232b, 232b'), and an end of the swing rod (233) close to the locking mechanism (240) extends to a region below the locking plate (241) in the locking mechanism (240), and when unlocking is carried out, the locking plate (241) in the locking mechanism (240), when moving downwards, drives the end of the swing rod (233) close to the locking mechanism (240) to move downwards, such that the end of the swing rod (233) close to the cam drive arm (232b, 232b') moves upwards, in turn causing the cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam (231L, 231R) to lose contact with the gap elimination face (113L, 113R) by means of the cam drive arm (232b, 232b'); the swing rod (233) is connected to the upper slide rail by means of the gap elimination spring (234), and the gap elimination spring (234) applies a said force to the cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam(231L, 231R) by means of the swing rod (233) and the cam drive arm(232b, 232b'), such that the cam face (2311L, 2311R) of the gap elimination cam(231L, 231R) is in contact with the gap elimination face (113L, 113R); compared with a position where the swing rod (233) is shaft-provided on the upper slide rail, a position where the gap elimination spring (234) is connected to the swing rod (233) is closer to the locking mechanism (240).
 




Drawing