(19)
(11)EP 3 524 580 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 17906812.7

(22)Date of filing:  20.11.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C03B 37/012  (2006.01)
C03B 37/027  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/111853
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/196352 (01.11.2018 Gazette  2018/44)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 27.04.2017 CN 201710289375

(71)Applicant: Fiberhome Telecommunication Technologies Co., Ltd
Wuhan, Hubei 430000 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LUO, Wenyong
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)
  • KE, Yili
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)
  • DU, Cheng
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Tao
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)
  • LI, Wei
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)
  • CHEN, Chao
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)
  • WANG, Bi
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)
  • LEI, Qiong
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Jie
    Wuhan Hubei 430000 (CN)

(74)Representative: Oberdorfer, Jürgen 
Patentanwalt munique-ip Isartorplatz 5
80331 München
80331 München (DE)

  


(54)OPTICAL FIBRE PREFORM FOR MANUFACTURING MULTI-LAYER STRUCTURE OPTICAL FIBRE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING OPTICAL FIBRE


(57) Disclosed are an optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multi-layer structure optical fibre and a method for manufacturing a multi-layer structure optical fibre using the fibre preform. The optical fibre preform comprises a core rod (1), a thin quartz sleeve (2) arranged, in a sleeving manner, on the outside of the core rod, and an isolation quartz tube (3) arranged, in a sleeving manner, between the core rod (1) and the thin quartz sleeve (2), wherein the thin quartz sleeve (2) and the isolation quartz tube (3) are both composed of high-purity silicon dioxide, and a gap between the isolation quartz tube (3) and the thin quartz sleeve (2) forms a second filling space. The use of the optical fibre preform can not only maintain a good optical fibre performance, but also can simplify the technological process of the manufacture of the optical fibre, thereby improving optical fibre manufacturing efficiency.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of optical fibre preforms, in particular to an optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre and a method for manufacturing an optical fibre.

Background



[0002] The manufacturing of an optical fibre is divided into two steps: manufacturing an optical fibre preform and drawing the optical fibre preform to form the optical fibre. At present, the conventional methods for manufacturing the optical fibre preform include PCVD, MCVD, VAD, OVD and other technological methods. Generally, in these methods, an optical fibre core rod is manufactured first; then an optical fibre cladding is manufactured; the core rod and the cladding are combined to form an optical fibre preform that can be drawn to form a finally needed optical fibre; then the optical fibre preform is placed on a drawing tower to be drawn into optical fibres. These techniques have become common practices for producing optical fibres.

[0003] To cope with the increasingly fierce competition in the optical fibre market, improving the manufacturing efficiency of optical fibres has become the focus of research and development in the field of optical fibre manufacturing. A technical solution is urgently needed to maintain good optical fibre performance and simplify the optical fibre manufacturing process so as to improve the manufacturing efficiency of optical fibres.

Summary



[0004] In view of the defects of the prior art, the present invention aims to provide an optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre and a method for manufacturing an optical fibre, which can not only maintain good optical fibre performance, but also simplify the optical fibre manufacturing process to improve the manufacturing efficiency of the optical fibre.

[0005] To realize the above purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical solution: an optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre includes a core rod, a quartz thin sleeve sleeving outside the core rod and a first quartz isolation tube sleeving between the core rod and the quartz thin sleeve; a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube and between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve.

[0006] Based on the above technical solution, the optical fibre preform further includes a tail tube; the tail tube includes a tail rod, a first tail tube sleeving outside the tail rod, a second tail tube sleeving outside the first tail tube and a sealing plug arranged at the end of the tail rod, the first tail tube and the second tail tube; one end of the tail rod is connected to the core rod, and the other end of the tail rod is connected to the sealing plug; an opening at one end of the first tail tube is connected to the quartz isolation tube in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the first tail tube is connected to the sealing plug in a sealed manner; an opening at one end of the second tail tube is connected to the quartz thin sleeve in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the second tail tube is connected to the sealing plug in a sealed manner; a gap among the first tail tube, the tail rod and the sealing plug communicates with a gap between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube to form a first section; the sealing plug is provided with an internal extraction port; the internal extraction port communicates with the first section; a gap among the second tail tube, the first tail tube and the sealing plug communicates with a gap between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve to form a second section; the sealing plug is provided with an external extraction port; the external extraction port communicates with the second section.

[0007] Based on the above technical solution, the optical fibre preform further includes a sealing rotary cover and at least a first powder filling tube and at least a second powder filling tube that pass through the sealing rotary cover; the sealing rotary cover sleeves on the outer side of the second tail tube, and is connected to the second tail tube in a sealed and rotating manner; the first tail tube is provided with a first circular opening for the first powder filling tube to pass through; one end of each first powder filling tube is open on the sealing rotary cover, and the other end of each first powder filling tube sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover and the first circular opening and is open in the gap between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube; the second tail tube is provided with a second circular opening for the second powder filling tube to pass through; one end of each second powder filling tube is open on the sealing rotary cover, and the other end of each second powder filling tube sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover and the second circular opening and is open in the gap between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve.

[0008] Based on the above technical solution, the optical fibre preform includes two first powder filling tubes; the two first powder filling tubes are symmetrically arranged on the sealing rotary cover.

[0009] The present invention further provides a method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre using the optical fibre preform:

the optical fibre preform is manufactured; and

a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube and between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve, and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.



[0010] Based on the above technical solution, a first powder filling tube is arranged between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube; the first powder filling tube is circumferentially rotatable around the core rod, and through the first powder filling tube, the powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is filled between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube; a second powder filling tube is arranged between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve; the second powder filling tube is circumferentially rotatable around the core rod; when the second powder filling tube is circumferentially rotated around the core rod, the powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is filled between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve.

[0011] Based on the above technical solution, the optical fibre preform further includes a tail tube; the tail tube includes a tail rod, a first tail tube sleeving outside the tail rod, a second tail tube sleeving outside the first tail tube and a sealing plug arranged at the end of the tail rod, the first tail tube and the second tail tube; one end of the tail rod is connected to the core rod, and the other end of the tail rod is connected to the sealing plug; an opening at one end of the first tail tube is connected to the quartz isolation tube in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the first tail tube is connected to the sealing plug in a sealed manner; an opening at one end of the second tail tube is connected to the quartz thin sleeve in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the second tail tube is connected to the sealing plug in a sealed manner; a gap among the first tail tube, the tail rod and the sealing plug communicates with a gap between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube to form a first section; the sealing plug is provided with an internal extraction port; the internal extraction port communicates with the first section; a gap among the second tail tube, the first tail tube and the sealing plug communicates with a gap between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve to form a second section; the sealing plug is provided with an external extraction port; the external extraction port communicates with the second section; the optical fibre preform is fixed on the drawing tower; when a quartz powder is filled into the first section and the second section, the external extraction port and the internal extraction port extract air outwards, so that the air pressure of the first section and the second section respectively reaches an air pressure value preset by a user, and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.

[0012] Based on the above technical solution, the optical fibre preform further includes a sealing rotary cover; the sealing rotary cover sleeves on the outer side of the second tail tube, and is connected to the second tail tube in a sealed and rotating manner; the first tail tube is provided with a first circular opening for the first powder filling tube to pass through; one end of each first powder filling tube is open on the sealing rotary cover, and the other end of each first powder filling tube sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover and the first circular opening and is open in a gap between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube; the second tail tube is provided with a second circular opening for the second powder filling tube to pass through; one end of each second powder filling tube is open on the sealing rotary cover, and the other end of each second powder filling tube sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover and the second circular opening and is open in a gap between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve; during optical fibre drawing, the sealing rotary cover is driven to rotate, so that the first powder filling tube and the second powder filling tube are circumferentially rotated around the core rod.

[0013] The present invention further provides an optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre. The optical fibre preform includes a core rod, a quartz thin sleeve sleeving outside the core rod and a first quartz isolation tube sleeving between the core rod and the quartz thin sleeve; a second quartz isolation tube is further arranged between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve; a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube, between the first quartz isolation tube and the second quartz isolation tube and between the second quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve.

[0014] The present invention further provides a method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre using the optical fibre preform: the optical fibre preform is manufactured; and a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube, between the first quartz isolation tube and the second quartz isolation tube and between the second quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve, and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.

[0015] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
  1. (1) in the present invention, a combination of the core rod, the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve is directly placed on the drawing tower for drawing; during the drawing process, when an optical fibre is formed by drawing, an optical fibre manufacturing powder is filled in the gap between the core rod and the first quartz thin sleeve and in the gap between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve to form an optical fibre cladding, which eliminates a cladding manufacturing process from the manufacturing process of the optical fibre preform, and improves the manufacturing efficiency of the optical fibre; meanwhile, the first quartz isolation tube effectively realizes isolation between the layers of the multilayer structure optical fibre, thereby avoiding interfering with other layers when the optical fibre manufacturing powder is filled, and avoiding affecting the performance indexes of the optical fibre, such as optical fibre attenuation;
  2. (2) in the present invention, a first powder filling tube is arranged between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube, and a second powder filling tube is arranged between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve; when the first powder filling tube and the second powder filling tube are circumferentially rotated around the core rod, the optical fibre manufacturing powders are filled, so as to realize uniform filling of the optical fibre manufacturing powders; and
  3. (3) in the present invention, a combination type tail tube is arranged at the end of the optical fibre preform; during optical fibre drawing, in order that the optical fibre manufacturing powders filled in the gap between the core rod and the first quartz isolation tube and in the gap between the first quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve are well solidly melted, the air of the first section and the second section is respectively extracted to control low pressure, thereby realizing good solid melting for each layer of the multilayer structure optical fibre.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0016] 

FIG. 1 is a structural schematic diagram of an optical fibre preform (excluding a second quartz isolation tube) for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 2 is a structural schematic diagram of an optical fibre preform (including a second quartz isolation tube) for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre according to an embodiment of the present invention.



[0017] Wherein: 1-core rod; 2-quartz thin sleeve; 3-first quartz isolation tube; 4-second quartz isolation tube; 5-tail tube; 51-tail rod; 52-first tail tube; 53-second tail tube; 54-sealing plug; 55-internal extraction port; 56-external extraction port; 57-first circular opening; 58-second circular opening; 6-sealing rotary cover; 7-first powder filling tube; 8-second powder filling tube; 9-first section; 10-second section; 11-third powder filling tube; 12-fourth powder filling tube; and 13-fifth powder filling tube.

Detailed Description of the Embodiments



[0018] The present invention is further described below with reference to the drawing and embodiments in detail.

[0019] As shown in FIG. 1, an embodiment of the present invention provides an optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre. The optical fibre preform includes a core rod 1, a quartz thin sleeve 2 sleeving outside the core rod 1 and a first quartz isolation tube 3 sleeving between the core rod 1 and the quartz thin sleeve 2; a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3 and between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2.

[0020] In the present invention, a combination of the core rod 1, the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2 is directly placed on a drawing tower for drawing; during the drawing process, when an optical fibre is formed by drawing, an optical fibre manufacturing powder is filled in a gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3 and in a gap between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2 to form an optical fibre cladding, which eliminates a cladding manufacturing process from the manufacturing process of the optical fibre preform, and improves the manufacturing efficiency of the optical fibre; meanwhile, the first quartz isolation tube 3 effectively realizes isolation between the layers of the multi-layer structure optical fibre, thereby avoiding interfering with other layers when the optical fibre manufacturing powder is filled, and avoiding affecting the performance indexes of the optical fibre, such as optical fibre attenuation.

[0021] In the manufacture of the above multilayer structure optical fibre, the manufacturing process of the core rod 1 can be PCVD, MCVD, OVD and VAD, etc.; the core rod 1 includes a core area and a first cladding; the constituent material of the core area is a mixture of silicon dioxide and germanium dioxide, which achieves a high refractive index; when the first cladding of the multilayer structure optical fibre needs to maintain a pure silicon structure and a second cladding needs to have a low refractive index, a pure silicon dioxide powder is filled in the gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3, and a silicon dioxide and fluoride mixed powder is filled between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2.

[0022] When the first cladding of the multilayer structure optical fibre needs to have a very low refractive index, far beyond the capability of the existing conventional manufacturing process of optical fibres, and the second cladding needs to maintain a pure silicon structure, a silicon dioxide and fluoride mixed powder is filled in the gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3, and a pure silicon dioxide powder is filled between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2.

[0023] When the multilayer structure optical fibre demands that the core area is a pure silicon core and the first cladding and the second cladding have a very high refractive index, the techniques such as PCVD, MCVD, OVD and VAD may be adopted to prepare a pure silicon core rod 1; a silicon dioxide and germanium dioxide mixed powder is filled in the gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3 and in the gap between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2; meanwhile, the thickness of the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2 is increased, thereby producing wide pure silicon isolation between the two claddings of the thus drawn optical fibre and producing a thick pure silicon layer outside the second cladding to meet the transmission performance requirements of the multilayer structure optical fibre.

[0024] The optical fibre preform further includes a tail tube 5; the tail tube 5 includes a tail rod 51, a first tail tube 52 sleeving outside the tail rod 51, a second tail tube 53 sleeving outside the first tail tube 52 and a sealing plug 54 arranged at the end of the tail rod 51, the first tail tube 52 and the second tail tube 53; one end of the tail rod 51 is connected to the core rod 1, and the other end of the tail rod 51 is connected to the sealing plug 54; an opening at one end of the first tail tube 52 is connected to the quartz isolation tube in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the first tail tube 52 is connected to the sealing plug 54 in a sealed manner; an opening at one end of the second tail tube 53 is connected to the quartz thin sleeve 2 in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the second tail tube 53 is connected to the sealing plug 54 in a sealed manner; a gap among the first tail tube 52, the tail rod 51 and the sealing plug 54 communicates with the gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3 to form a first section 9; the sealing plug 54 is provided with an internal extraction port 55; the internal extraction port 55 communicates with the first section 9; a gap among the second tail tube 53, the first tail tube 52 and the sealing plug 54 communicates with the gap between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2 to form a second section 10; the sealing plug 54 is provided with an external extraction port 56; the external extraction port 56 communicates with the second section 10.

[0025] In the present invention, a combination type tail tube 5 is arranged at the end of the optical fibre preform; during optical fibre drawing, in order that the optical fibre manufacturing powders filled in the gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3 and in the gap between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2 are well solidly melted, the air of the first section 9 and the second section 10 is respectively extracted to control low pressure, thereby realizing good solid melting for each layer of the multilayer structure optical fibre.

[0026] The optical fibre preform further includes a sealing rotary cover 6 and at least a first powder filling tube 7 and at least a second powder filling tube 8 that pass through the sealing rotary cover 6; the sealing rotary cover 6 sleeves on the outer side of the second tail tube 53, and is connected to the second tail tube 53 in a sealed and rotating manner; the first tail tube 52 is provided with a first circular opening 57 for the first powder filling tube 7 to pass through; one end of each first powder filling tube 7 is open on the sealing rotary cover 6, and the other end of each first powder filling tube 7 sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover 6 and the first circular opening 57 and is open in the gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3; the second tail tube 53 is provided with a second circular opening 58 for the second powder filling tube 8 to pass through; one end of each second powder filling tube 8 is open on the sealing rotary cover 6, and the other end of each second powder filling tube 8 sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover 6 and the second circular opening 58 and is open in the gap between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2.

[0027] In the embodiment of the present invention, the first powder filling tube 7 is arranged between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3, and the second powder filling tube 8 is arranged between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2; when the first powder filling tube 7 and the second powder filling tube 8 are circumferentially rotated around the core rod 1, the optical fibre manufacturing powders are filled at the same time, so as to realize uniform filling of the optical fibre manufacturing powders.

[0028] The optical fibre preform includes two first powder filling tubes 7; the two powder filling tubes 7 are symmetrically arranged on the sealing rotary cover 6.

[0029] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre using the optical fibre preform:
the optical fibre preform is manufactured; and a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3 and between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2, and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.

[0030] A first powder filling tube 7 is arranged between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3; the first powder filling tube 7 is circumferentially rotatable around the core rod 1, and through the first powder filling tube 7, the powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is filled between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3; a second powder filling tube 8 is arranged between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2; the second powder filling tube 8 is circumferentially rotatable around the core rod 1; when the second powder filling tube 8 is circumferentially rotated around the core rod 1, the powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is filled between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2.

[0031] The optical fibre preform further includes a tail tube 5; the tail tube 5 includes a tail rod 51, a first tail tube 52 sleeving outside the tail rod 51, a second tail tube 53 sleeving outside the first tail tube 52 and a sealing plug 54 arranged at the end of the tail rod 51, the first tail tube 52 and the second tail tube 53; one end of the tail rod 51 is connected to the core rod 1, and the other end of the tail rod 51 is connected to the sealing plug 54; an opening at one end of the first tail tube 52 is connected to the quartz isolation tube in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the first tail tube 52 is connected to the sealing plug 54 in a sealed manner; an opening at one end of the second tail tube 53 is connected to the quartz thin sleeve 2 in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the second tail tube 53 is connected to the sealing plug 54 in a sealed manner; a gap among the first tail tube 52, the tail rod 51 and the sealing plug 54 communicates with a gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3 to form a first section 9; the sealing plug 54 is provided with an internal extraction port 55; the internal extraction port 55 communicates with the first section 9; a gap among the second tail tube 53, the first tail tube 52 and the sealing plug 54 communicates with a gap between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2 to form a second section 10; the sealing plug 54 is provided with an external extraction port 56; the external extraction port 56 communicates with the second section 10.

[0032] The optical fibre preform is fixed on a drawing tower; when the first section 9 and the second section 10 are filled with a quartz powder, the external extraction port 56 and the internal extraction port 55 extract air outwards so that the air pressure of the first section 9 and the second section 10 respectively reaches an air pressure value preset by a user, and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.

[0033] The optical fibre preform further includes a sealing rotary cover 6; the sealing rotary cover 6 sleeves on the outer side of the second tail tube 53, and is connected to the second tail tube 53 in a sealed and rotating manner; the first tail tube 52 is provided with a first circular opening 57 for the first powder filling tube 7 to pass through; one end of each first powder filling tube 7 is open on the sealing rotary cover 6, and the other end of each first powder filling tube 7 sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover 6 and the first circular opening 57 and is open in the gap between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3; the second tail tube 53 is provided with a second circular opening 58 for the second powder filling tube 8 to pass through; one end of each second powder filling tube 8 is open on the sealing rotary cover 6, and the other end of each second powder filling tube 8 sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover 6 and the second circular opening 58 and is open in the gap between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2; during optical fibre drawing, the sealing rotary cover 6 is driven to rotate so that the first powder filling tube 7 and the second powder filling tube 8 are circumferentially rotated around the core rod 1.

[0034] As shown in FIG. 2, an embodiment of the present invention further provides an optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre. The optical fibre preform includes a core rod 1, a quartz thin sleeve 2 sleeving outside the core rod 1 and a first quartz isolation tube 3 sleeving between the core rod 1 and the quartz thin sleeve 2; a second quartz isolation tube 4 is further arranged between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the quartz thin sleeve 2; a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3, between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the second quartz isolation tube 4 and between the second quartz isolation tube 4 and the quartz thin sleeve 2.

[0035] A third powder filling tube 11 is arranged between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3, a fourth powder filling tube 12 is arranged between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the second quartz isolation tube 4, and a fifth powder filling tube 13 is arranged between the second quartz isolation tube 4 and the quartz thin sleeve 2; when the third powder filling tube 11, the fourth powder filling tube 12 and the fifth powder filling tube 13 are respectively circumferentially rotated around the core rod 1, the powders for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding are filled at the same time, so as to realize uniform filling of the powders for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding.

[0036] When the multilayer structure optical fibre demands a very high refractive index in the centre and a very low refractive index in the first cladding, which are far beyond the capability of the existing conventional manufacturing process of optical fibres, a high-proportion germanium dioxide and silicon dioxide mixed powder may be filled in the first quartz isolation tube 3, a silicon dioxide and fluoride mixed powder may be filled in the area between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the second quartz isolation tube 4 corresponding to the first cladding, and a pure silicon dioxide powder may be filled in the area between the second quartz isolation tube 4 and the quartz thin sleeve 2 corresponding to the second cladding.

[0037] When the multilayer structure optical fibre demands pure silicon in the centre and a very high refractive index in the second cladding, which are far beyond the capability of the existing conventional manufacturing process of optical fibres, a pure silicon dioxide powder may be filled in the first quartz isolation tube 3 and in the area between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the second quartz isolation tube 4 corresponding to the first cladding, and a high-proportion germanium dioxide and silicon dioxide mixed powder may be filled in the area between the second quartz isolation tube 4 and the quartz thin sleeve 2 corresponding to the second cladding.

[0038] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre using the optical fibre preform:
the optical fibre preform is manufactured; and a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod 1 and the first quartz isolation tube 3, between the first quartz isolation tube 3 and the second quartz isolation tube 4, and between the second quartz isolation tube 4 and the quartz thin sleeve 2, and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.

[0039] The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments. A person of ordinary skill in the technical field may make improvements and polishing without departing from the principle of the present invention; such improvements and polishing shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. Those not described in detail in the specification shall be a prior art known to persons professionally skilled in the field.


Claims

1. An optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre, wherein the optical fibre preform comprises a core rod (1), a quartz thin sleeve (2) sleeving outside the core rod (1) and a first quartz isolation tube (3) sleeving between the core rod (1) and the quartz thin sleeve (2); a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3) and between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2).
 
2. The optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre according to claim 1, wherein
the optical fibre preform further comprises a tail tube (5); the tail tube (5) comprises a tail rod (51), a first tail tube (52) sleeving outside the tail rod (51), a second tail tube (53) sleeving outside the first tail tube (52) and a sealing plug (54) arranged at the end of the tail rod (51), the first tail tube (52) and the second tail tube (53); one end of the tail rod (51) is connected to the core rod (1), and the other end of the tail rod (51) is connected to the sealing plug (54); an opening at one end of the first tail tube (52) is connected to the quartz isolation tube in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the first tail tube (52) is connected to the sealing plug (54) in a sealed manner; an opening at one end of the second tail tube (53) is connected to the quartz thin sleeve (2) in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the second tail tube (53) is connected to the sealing plug (54) in a sealed manner;
a gap among the first tail tube (52), the tail rod (51) and the sealing plug (54) communicates with a gap between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3) to form a first section (9); the sealing plug (54) is provided with an internal extraction port (55); the internal extraction port (55) communicates with the first section (9);
a gap among the second tail tube (53), the first tail tube (52) and the sealing plug (54) communicates with a gap between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2) to form a second section (10); the sealing plug (54) is provided with an external extraction port (56); the external extraction port (56) communicates with the second section (10).
 
3. The optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre according to claim 2, wherein the optical fibre preform further comprises a sealing rotary cover (6) and at least a first powder filling tube (7) and at least a second powder filling tube (8) that pass through the sealing rotary cover (6);
the sealing rotary cover (6) sleeves on the outer side of the second tail tube (53), and is connected to the second tail tube (53) in a sealed and rotating manner; the first tail tube (52) is provided with a first circular opening (57) for the first powder filling tube (7) to pass through; one end of each first powder filling tube (7) is open on the sealing rotary cover (6), and the other end of each first powder filling tube (7) sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover (6) and the first circular opening (57) and is open in the gap between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3);
the second tail tube (53) is provided with a second circular opening (58) for the second powder filling tube (8) to pass through; one end of each second powder filling tube (8) is open on the sealing rotary cover (6), and the other end of each second powder filling tube (8) sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover (6) and the second circular opening (58) and is open in the gap between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2).
 
4. The optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre according to claim 3, wherein the optical fibre preform comprises two first powder filling tubes (7); the two first powder filling tubes (7) are symmetrically arranged on the sealing rotary cover (6).
 
5. A method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre using the optical fibre preform according to claim 1, wherein the optical fibre preform is manufactured; and
a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3) and between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2), and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.
 
6. The method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre according to claim 5, wherein a first powder filling tube (7) is arranged between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3); the first powder filling tube (7) is circumferentially rotatable around the core rod (1), and through the first powder filling tube (7), the powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is filled between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3);
a second powder filling tube (8) is arranged between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2); the second powder filling tube (8) is circumferentially rotatable around the core rod (1); when the second powder filling tube (8) is circumferentially rotated around the core rod (1), the powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is filled between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2).
 
7. The method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre according to claim 5, wherein
the optical fibre preform further comprises a tail tube (5); the tail tube (5) comprises a tail rod (51), a first tail tube (52) sleeving outside the tail rod (51), a second tail tube (53) sleeving outside the first tail tube (52) and a sealing plug (54) arranged at the end of the tail rod (51), the first tail tube (52) and the second tail tube (53); one end of the tail rod (51) is connected to the core rod (1), and the other end of the tail rod (51) is connected to the sealing plug (54); an opening at one end of the first tail tube (52) is connected to the quartz isolation tube in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the first tail tube (52) is connected to the sealing plug (54) in a sealed manner; an opening at one end of the second tail tube (53) is connected to the quartz thin sleeve (2) in a sealed manner, and an opening at the other end of the second tail tube (53) is connected to the sealing plug (54) in a sealed manner;
a gap among the first tail tube (52), the tail rod (51) and the sealing plug (54) communicates with a gap between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3) to form a first section (9); the sealing plug (54) is provided with an internal extraction port (55); the internal extraction port (55) communicates with the first section (9);
a gap among the second tail tube (53), the first tail tube (52) and the sealing plug (54) communicates with a gap between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2) to form a second section (10); the sealing plug (54) is provided with an external extraction port (56); the external extraction port (56) communicates with the second section (10);
the optical fibre preform is fixed on a drawing tower; when the first section (9) and the second section (10) are filled with a quartz powder, the external extraction port (56) and the internal extraction port (55) extract air outwards so that the air pressure of the first section (9) and the second section (10) respectively reaches an air pressure value preset by a user, and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.
 
8. The method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre according to claim 6, wherein the optical fibre preform further comprises a sealing rotary cover (6); the sealing rotary cover (6) sleeves on the outer side of the second tail tube (53), and is connected to the second tail tube (53) in a sealed and rotating manner;
the first tail tube (52) is provided with a first circular opening (57) for the first powder filling tube (7) to pass through; one end of each first powder filling tube (7) is open on the sealing rotary cover (6), and the other end of each first powder filling tube (7) sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover (6) and the first circular opening (57) and is open in a gap between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3);
the second tail tube (53) is provided with a second circular opening (58) for the second powder filling tube (8) to pass through; one end of each second powder filling tube (8) is open on the sealing rotary cover (6), and the other end of each second powder filling tube (8) sequentially passes through the sealing rotary cover (6) and the second circular opening (58) and is open in a gap between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2);
during optical fibre drawing, the sealing rotary cover (6) is driven to rotate so that the first powder filling tube (7) and the second filling tube (8) are circumferentially rotated around the core rod (1).
 
9. An optical fibre preform for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre, wherein the optical fibre preform comprises a core rod (1), a quartz thin sleeve (2) sleeving outside the core rod (1) and a first quartz isolation tube (3) sleeving between the core rod (1) and the quartz thin sleeve (2); a second quartz isolation tube is further arranged between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the quartz thin sleeve (2); a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3), between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the second quartz isolation tube and between the second quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve (2).
 
10. A method for manufacturing a multilayer structure optical fibre using the optical fibre preform according to claim 9, wherein the optical fibre preform is manufactured; and a powder for manufacturing an optical fibre cladding is respectively filled between the core rod (1) and the first quartz isolation tube (3), between the first quartz isolation tube (3) and the second quartz isolation tube and between the second quartz isolation tube and the quartz thin sleeve (2), and optical fibre drawing is performed at the same time.
 




Drawing