(19)
(11)EP 3 524 920 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 17857876.1

(22)Date of filing:  02.10.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F41A 3/12  (2006.01)
F41C 7/00  (2006.01)
F41A 3/18  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/ES2017/000121
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/065642 (12.04.2018 Gazette  2018/15)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 07.10.2016 ES 201600686 U

(71)Applicant: Braceras Devecchi, Saul Angel
C.P. 28200 San Lorenzo De El Escorial, Madrid (ES)

(72)Inventor:
  • Braceras Devecchi, Saul Angel
    C.P. 28200 San Lorenzo De El Escorial, Madrid (ES)

(74)Representative: Sempere Massa, Iván Luis 
Explanada de España nº 11, 1º
03002 Alicante
03002 Alicante (ES)

  


(54)AMBIDEXTROUS STRAIGHT-LINE MANUALLY OPERATED LOCK WITH ROTATING CLOSING LUGS


(57) Ambidextrous straight-line manually operated lock with rotating closing lugs comprising a lock body or casing (00) having a square cross section and housing inside it a hollow main cylinder (06a) with 3 closing lugs (10) on its head, a second hollow cylindrical body (05) that fits inside the first cylinder (06a), the top half of which is open at the front and on the sides of which rest two flat gears (05a); multiplier gears (02, 03, 04, 04b, 04c) that act on the flat gears (05a), and a striking needle or striker (07) that passes in between the two hollow cylinders (05, 06a).




Description

Field of the Art



[0001] The ambidextrous straight pull bolt action with closing rotative slugs is comprised in the sector of firearms.

Background of the Invention



[0002] There are several guns with straight pull bolt actions, for example, the Blaser rifle (PN DE3718431A 1988-12-22 DW198901 DE3718431C 1990-04-12 DW199015 TI Cylindrical breech for repeating rifle - BLASER H JAGDWAFFEN ICAI F41A19/34; F41A3/22) uses one, but it lacks closing rotative or rotating slugs, uses a "daisy" with steel petals which open up like a flower once it has been checked that the gun is locked. There are others, such as: (Browning (Acera), Pirkan Ase (Lynx), Merkel, Österreichischen Waffenfabriks (Steyr), Schmidt-Rubin, Ross, all of which are provided with several contrivances for locking the gun when firing. None of them, however, operates the same way the straight pull bolt action with rotating closing slugs does.

Description of the Invention



[0003] 
  1. 1 The straight pull bolt action with rotative slugs is characterized by the horizontal implementation of the opening and closing thereof. Its linear movement can be backward or forward, without rotating the operative opening/closing handle (01), simply pulling or pushing to operate it.
  2. 2 The straight pull bolt action with rotative slugs is characterized by its ambidextrousness, where the operative closing and opening handle (01) can be placed on either side thereof.
  3. 3 The straight pull bolt action with rotative slugs is characterized by its smooth handling given its system of multiple gears (5 in total) which accelerate the transmission and convert the straight movement on the two flat gears of the secondary body (05) into the rotative movement of the central bolt body (06a) as a result of its helical cut (12) which, as a result of its guide screw (13), makes it, along with its three closing slugs (10), rotate to the right (close) or to the left (open). Upon pulling or pushing (opening or closure of the locking action) the operative opening/closing handle (01), it rotates, imparting said movement to the multiplier gears (three single gears plus one double gear).
    It operates as follows: the operative opening/closing handle (01) is attached to the central shaft (02A) which passes through the main gear (02) connected to a small reversing gear (03) which in turn transmits the movement to another double gear (04) (which is attached to another gear (04B) having larger dimensions that is attached to the third gear (04C) by means of a shaft (04A)). The gears (04B and 04C) are in contact with secondary body flat gears (05A), and when the reversing gear (03) transmits movement to the double gear (04) attached to (04B and 04C), the latter mesh with the flat gear (05A), performing backward or forward translational movement for opening or closing the mechanism.
  4. 4 The straight pull bolt action with rotative slugs is characterized by allowing the arming of the firing system, in the event of a failed or delayed firing, without opening the bolt (see Figures 04 and 05, bolt open and striker armed). The bolt is still in the closed position. The firing system is armed by simply pulling back on the operative opening/closing handle (01) one-sixth of a rotation (15°). Clearly, in order to completely open the bolt, another one-sixth of a rotation would be required since this is checked with one-third of a rotation (30°).
  5. 5 The straight pull bolt action with rotative slugs is characterized in that the operative opening/closing handle (01) has more force than any of the other straight pull locking actions today for chambering the cartridge in the chamber because the rotation of the operative handle exhibits more force due to the action of the gearbox with multiple gears by applying closing pressure as if it were a manually rotative bolt action.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0004] 

Figure 1 shows a side view of the straight pull bolt action with rotative slugs (bolt open and striker armed).
Identification of constitutive elements and/or parts:

00 Bolt casing

01 Bolt operative handle

02 Gear

02A Main shaft

03 Reversing gear

04 Double gear

04A Double gear shaft

05 Secondary body provided with a double flat gear

05A Secondary body flat gears

06 Rotating main body cylindrical bearing

06A Rotating main body

07 Striker

08 Striker spring

09 Striker shroud

10 Head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

11 Rotating main body cylindrical bearing holding elements

12 Rotating main body helical cut

13 Guide screw with bearing

14 Striker body holding element

15 Barrel axis

16 Interlock element for interlocking with the head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

17 Striker tip

18 Notch for interlocking with the head of the bolt action with rotative slugs.

Figure 2 shows a side view of a straight pull bolt action with rotative slugs (bolt closed and striker fired).
Identification of constitutive elements and/or parts:

00 Bolt casing

01 Bolt operative handle

02 Gear

02A Main shaft

03 Reversing gear

04 Double gear

04A Double gear shaft

05 Secondary body provided with double flat gear

05A Secondary body flat gears

06 Rotating main body cylindrical bearing

06A Rotating main body

07 Striker

08 Striker spring

09 Striker shroud

10 Head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

11 Rotating main body cylindrical bearing holding elements

12 Rotating main body helical cut

13 Guide screw with bearing

14 Striker body holding element

15 Barrel axis

16 Interlock element interlocking with the head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

17 Striker tip

18 Notch for interlocking with the head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

Figure 3 shows a top view of the straight pull bolt action with rotative slugs (bolt closed and striker fired).
Identification of constitutive elements and/or parts:

00 Bolt casing

01 Bolt operative handle

02 Gear

02A Main shaft

03 Reversing gear

04 First double gear

04A Double gear shaft

04B Second double gear

04C Third Gear attached by the shaft (04A) to the double gear (04B)

05 Secondary body provided with double flat gear

05A Secondary body flat gears

06 Rotating main body cylindrical bearing

06A Rotating main body

07 Striker

08 Striker spring

09 Striker shroud

10 Head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

11 Rotating main body cylindrical bearing holding elements

12 Rotating main body helical cut

13 Guide screw with bearing

14 Striker body holding element

15 Barrel axis

16 Interlock element for interlocking with the head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

17 Striker tip

18 Notch for interlocking with the head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

Figure 4 shows the notch for blocking the rotation of the head with rotative slugs (bolt closed and striker fired)
Identification of constitutive elements and/or parts:

05 Secondary body provided with flat gear

05A Secondary body flat gears

06 Rotating main body bearings

06A Rotating main body

07 Striker

10 Head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

11 Bearing holder

15 Barrel axis

16 Interlock element for interlocking with the head with rotative slugs

17 Striker tip

18 Notch for interlocking with the head with rotative slugs

Figure 5 shows the notch for blocking the rotation of the head with rotative slugs (bolt open and striker armed)
Identification of constitutive elements and/or parts:

05 Secondary body provided with flat gear

05A Secondary body flat gears

06 Rotating main body bearings

06A Rotating main body

07 Striker

10 Head of the bolt action with rotative slugs

11 Bearing holder

15 Barrel axis

16 Interlock element for interlocking with the head with rotative slugs

17 Striker tip

18 Notch for interlocking with the head with rotative slugs


Preferred Embodiment of the Invention



[0005] The bolt as a whole is made up of a bolt body and a frame in which it moves. The bolt body or casing (00) has a square cross section of 3 x 3 and 14.5 cm in length, housing movable parts inside it, namely:
  1. 1) A hollow main cylinder (06a) with the three closing slugs (10) on its head (an upper closing slug at 0° degrees and the other two closing slugs at 120° on either side) and a side cut at 45°. At the head of the upper slug, it has, at the front, a pin with a recess and the pin spring which, upon coming into contact with the chamber, will allow the closing slugs to rotate. When the upper slug is not in contact with the chamber, this pin spring will be in charge of blocking them from rotating.
    In the front part of the closing slugs there are: a movable claw extractor, an active ejector, and the recessed pin with the pin spring which disables rotation thereof if it is being pressed by the front of the chamber.
    The head of the bolt body with its rotative slugs (10) is interchangeable so as to enable receiving different diameters of the cartridges chambered in the interchangeable barrels.
  2. 2) A second hollow cylindrical body (05) that fits inside the first or main hollow cylindrical body, the top half of which is open at the front and on the right and left inner sides of which rest two flat gears (05a) . It furthermore has on the rear outer side a screw (13) holding a bearing that fits inside the cut (12) of the hollow main cylinder with the closing slugs on its head.
  3. 3) Multiplier gears (three single gears (02, 03, and 04C, the latter shown in Figure 3, plus a third double gear (04 and 05), two of which (the double gears (04 and 05) and another identical gear (04C, the latter shown in Figure 3)) are attached by a shaft (04-A) to impart movement to the flat gears (05A) on either side of the second hollow cylindrical body (05). Through the backward and forward movement of the operative opening and closing handle (01), the multiplier gears (2, 03, and 04) multiply the travel over the flat gears (05A) of the secondary hollow cylindrical body (05) which, by moving forward or backward, rotates the cylinder of the rotating main body (05) with the closing slugs on its head (10), which thereby allows closing the bolt in the event of clockwise rotation or opening the bolt in the event of counterclockwise rotation. This rotation only occurs when the closing head with its slugs (10) comes into contact with the chamber, which prevents the slugs from freely rotating during the translational phase of the bolt from back to front and vice versa.
  4. 4) A firing pin or striker (07) with the shroud (09), with its corresponding tooth, fits inside the trigger and its spring (08) that passes in between the two hollow cylindrical upon going through a fixed arm or striker body holding element (14) which is part of the bolt body having a rectangular cross section which encompasses the two cylindrical hollow bodies (06A and 05) which fit inside one another, thereby allowing the movement thereof in the longitudinal direction of the weapon. This movement is what allows firing the cartridge, if it is a forward movement, as a result of the spring, or of arming the firing system if it is a backward movement, where the spring is constricted.


[0006] When the operative opening and closing handle (01) is driven backward by the user's hand (opening movement), it imparts a rotational movement to the shaft* (02 A) which goes through the bolt body having a rectangular cross section from side to side, causing the first gear (02) to multiply the rotation on a second reversing gear (03), and thus on the third double gear (04) attached by a secondary shaft to another identical gear (04C, the latter shown in Figure 3). Said movement will cause the second hollow cylindrical that fits inside the first or main hollow cylindrical body to travel 15 mm, thereby producing a clockwise rotation of 15° to release each slug from its slot.

[0007] In the first one-sixth of the rotational movement of the operative opening and closing handle, the second hollow cylindrical body moves back 4 millimeters in the straight area of the cut at 45°, therefore it does not rotate, pushing the shroud of the firing pin, arming the firing system. However, the bolt remains closed.

[0008] Continuing with the backward movement of the operative opening and closing handle (01) which will generate an additional one-sixth of a rotation, the closing slugs (10) rotate and are released from their slots, allowing the bolt to move backward at the will of the user to eject the cartridge (if there is one) from the chamber, and, at the end of its backward travel, taking in the new cartridge from the magazine.

[0009] With the reverse movement, i.e., the user's hand pushing the operative opening and closing handle (01) forward, lifts the entire mechanism of the bolt body or receiver towards the chamber, taking in the new cartridge to place it in the chamber. When the recessed pin comes into contact with a spring of the head of the upper closing slug, the clockwise rotation thereof is produced, allowing the closure of the bolt.

[0010] The main shaft (02-A, seen best in Figure 3) which goes through the receiver from side to side is what allows, according to the side where it is screwed in (on the right for right-handed users or on the left for left-handed users), the operative opening and closing handle to be ambidextrous.

[0011] The bolt body moves as a result of rails provided in the frame thereof, and in the lower front part thereof rests the trigger system, and in front of that is the magazine with cartridges, and finally the interlock element for the interchangeable barrel or barrels.

Industrial Applications



[0012] The mentioned invention has several industrial applications:
  1. a) It can be used to develop a completely novel sport rifle with a unique bolt action given its advantages in terms of safety, execution speed, and precision of desmodromic movements. Furthermore, its ambidextrousness allows it to be used by any type of shooter, right- or left-handed, making it the only one of its kind worldwide. Being a short-stroke bolt action allows use of interchangeable barrels.
  2. b) It can be used in several brands of already existing sport rifles, which are potentially those most interested in the production thereof.



Claims

1. Ambidextrous straight pull bolt action with closing rotative slugs, characterized by:
a bolt body or casing (00) having a square cross section of 3 x 3 and 14.5 cm in length, housing inside it the following movable parts:

a) A hollow main cylinder (06a) with the three closing slugs (10) on its head (an upper closing slug at 0° degrees and the other two closing slugs at 120° on either side) and a side cut at 45°. At the head of the upper slug, it has, at the front, a pin with a recess and the pin spring which, upon coming into contact with the chamber, will allow the closing slugs to rotate. When the upper slug is not in contact with the chamber, this pin spring will be in charge of blocking them from rotating.

b) In the front part of the closing slugs there are: a movable claw extractor, an active ejector, and the recessed pin with the pin spring which disables rotation thereof if it is being pressed by the front of the chamber.

c) A second hollow cylindrical body (05) that fits inside the first or main hollow cylindrical body, the top half of which is open at the front and on the right and left inner sides of which rest two flat gears (05a). It furthermore has on the rear outer side a screw (13) holding a bearing that fits inside the cut (12) of the hollow main cylinder with the closing slugs on its head.

d) Multiplier gears (three single gears (02, 03, 04C) plus a third double gear (04 and 05)), two of which (the double gears (04 and 05) and another identical gear (04C)) are attached by a shaft (04A) to impart movement to the flat gears (05A) on either side of the second hollow cylindrical body (05) .

e) A firing pin or striker (07) with the shroud (09), with its corresponding tooth, fits inside the trigger and its spring (08) that passes in between the two hollow cylindrical upon going through a fixed arm or striker body holding element (14) which is part of the bolt body having a rectangular cross section which encompasses the two cylindrical hollow bodies (06A and 05) which fit inside one another, thereby allowing the movement thereof in the longitudinal direction of the weapon.


 




Drawing































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description