(19)
(11)EP 3 525 337 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 19164874.0

(22)Date of filing:  17.08.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H02P 3/22  (2006.01)
H02P 6/20  (2016.01)
H02P 21/18  (2016.01)
H02M 3/156  (2006.01)
D06F 37/20  (2006.01)
H02P 27/06  (2006.01)
H02P 6/24  (2006.01)
D06F 25/00  (2006.01)
D06F 39/00  (2006.01)
D06F 37/30  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.08.2015 KR 20150116914

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
16184510.2 / 3139486

(71)Applicant: LG Electronics Inc.
Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • JUNG, Hansu
    08592 Seoul (KR)
  • JANG, Hoyong
    08592 Seoul (KR)
  • CHO, Seokhee
    08592 Seoul (KR)

(74)Representative: Ter Meer Steinmeister & Partner 
Patentanwälte mbB Nymphenburger Straße 4
80335 München
80335 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 25-03-2019 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)MOTOR DRIVING APPARATUS AND HOME APPLIANCE INCLUDING THE SAME


(57) Disclosed herein are a motor driving apparatus (220) and a home appliance including the same. The motor driving apparatus (220) includes a dc link capacitor (C), an inverter (420), a dc link voltage detector (B), and a controller (430). The controller (430) controls rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor (230), performs bootstrap operation of gate terminals of the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420) during a first period for starting the motor (230), and determines whether the motor (230) stops during the first period based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) or the output current detected by the output current detector (E). Accordingly, it is possible to conveniently determine whether the motor (230) stops in the sensorless type motor driving apparatus (220).




Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION



[0001] This application claims the priority benefit of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2015-0116914, filed on 19 August 2015 in the Korean Intellectual Property Office, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


1. Field of the invention



[0002] The present invention relates to a motor driving apparatus and a home appliance including the same, and, more particularly, to a sensorless type motor driving apparatus capable of conveniently determining whether a motor stops and a home appliance including the same.

2. Description of the Related Art



[0003] A motor driving apparatus drives a motor including a rotor and a stator, around which a coil is wound.

[0004] The motor driving apparatus may be divided into a sensor type motor driving apparatus using a sensor and a sensorless type motor driving apparatus.

[0005] Recently, for manufacturing cost reduction, the sensorless type motor driving motor is widely used. Accordingly, for efficient motor driving, research into the sensorless type motor driving apparatus has been conducted.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0006] Therefore, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a sensorless type motor driving apparatus capable of conveniently determining whether a motor stops and a home appliance including the same.

[0007] In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, the above and other objects can be accomplished by the provision of a motor driving apparatus including a dc link capacitor configured to store a direct current (DC) voltage, an inverter including a plurality of upper and lower arm switching elements and configured to convert the voltage stored in the dc link capacitor into an alternating current (AC) voltage by switching operation of the switching elements and to output the converted AC voltage to a motor, a dc link voltage detector configured to detect the voltage of the dc link capacitor, an output current detector provided between the dc link capacitor and the inverter and configured to detect output current flowing in the motor, and a controller configured to control the inverter based on the output current, wherein the controller controls rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor, performs bootstrap operation of gate terminals of the upper arm switching elements of the inverter during a first period for starting the motor, and determines whether the motor stops during the first period based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector or the output current detected by the output current detector.

[0008] The controller may determine that the motor rotates when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value or a peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is equal to or greater than a first level, and may control resumption of the rheostatic braking in order to stop the motor.

[0009] The controller may also determine that the motor stops when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is less than the first predetermined value or the peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is less than the first level, and may control alignment of the motor after the first period.

[0010] Further, the controller may determine that the motor rotates when change in the output current detected by the output current detector is equal to or greater than a second predetermined value or a peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector is equal to or greater than a second level, and may control resumption of the rheostatic braking in order to stop the motor.

[0011] The controller may determine that the motor stops when change in the output current detected by the output current detector is less than the second predetermined value or the peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector is less than the second level, and controls alignment of the motor after the first period.

[0012] The motor driving apparatus may further comprise a gate driver connected to each of the switching elements of the inverter and a gate capacitor connected to the gate driver and configured to store a gate drive voltage, wherein the controller may turn all the upper and lower arm switching elements of the inverter off to store the gate drive voltage in the gate capacitor corresponding to the lower arm switching elements of the inverter, and may turn the upper arm switching elements of the inverter off and turns the lower arm switching elements on to store the gate drive voltage in the gate capacitor corresponding to the upper arm switching elements of the inverter.

[0013] The controller may determine whether the motor stops based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector or the output current detected by the output current detector, while the upper arm switching elements of the inverter are turned off and the lower arm switching elements are turned on.

[0014] In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a home appliance including a motor, a display, a dc link capacitor configured to store a direct current (DC) voltage, an inverter including a plurality of upper and lower arm switching elements and configured to convert the voltage stored in the dc link capacitor into an alternating current (AC) voltage by switching operation and to output the converted AC voltage to the motor, a dc link voltage detector configured to detect the voltage of the dc link capacitor, an output current detector provided between the dc link capacitor and the inverter and configured to detect output current flowing in the motor, and a controller configured to control the inverter based on the output current, wherein the controller controls rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor, performs bootstrap operation of gate terminals of the upper arm switching elements of the inverter during a first period for starting the motor, and determines whether the motor stops during the first period based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector or the output current detected by the output current detector.

[0015] The controller may determine that the motor rotates when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value or a peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is equal to or greater than a first level, and may control resumption of the rheostatic braking in order to stop the motor.

[0016] The controller further may determine that the motor stops when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is less than the first predetermined value or the peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is less than the first level, and may control alignment of the motor after the first period.

[0017] The controller may determine that the motor rotates when change in the output current detected by the output current detector is equal to or greater than a second predetermined value or a peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector is equal to or greater than a second level, and may control resumption of the rheostatic braking in order to stop the motor.

[0018] Further the controller may determine that the motor stops when change in the output current detected by the output current detector is less than the second predetermined value or the peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector is less than the second level, and may control alignment of the motor after the first period.

[0019] The home appliance may further comprise a gate driver connected to each of the switching elements of the inverter and a gate capacitor connected to the gate driver and may be configured to store a gate drive voltage, wherein the controller may turn all the upper and lower arm switching elements of the inverter off to store the gate drive voltage in the gate capacitor corresponding to the lower arm switching elements of the inverter, and may turn the upper arm switching elements of the inverter off and may turn the lower arm switching elements on to store the gate drive voltage in the gate capacitor corresponding to the upper arm switching elements of the inverter.

[0020] The controller may determine whether the motor stops based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector or the output current detected by the output current detector, while the upper arm switching elements of the inverter may be turned off and the lower arm switching elements may be turned on.

[0021] The controller may control display of a message for restarting the motor after stopping on the display, upon determining that the motor rotates.

[0022] And the controller may control display of a message for restarting the motor after stopping on the display, upon determining that the motor stops.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0023] The above and other objects, features and other advantages of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing an example of a motor driving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram showing an example of the motor driving apparatus of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing an inverter controller of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an expanded circuit diagram of the inverter of FIG. 2;

FIGS. 5A to 5E are views referenced to explain motor restarting after motor stoppage;

FIG. 6 is a flowchart illustrating a method of operating a motor driving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIGS. 7A to 11B are views referenced to explain the method of FIG. 6;

FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing a laundry treatment machine which is an example of a home appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 13 is a block diagram showing the internal configuration of the laundry treatment machine of FIG. 12;

FIG. 14 is a diagram showing the configuration of an air conditioner which is another example of a home appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 15 is a schematic diagram showing an outdoor unit and an indoor unit of FIG. 14;

FIG. 16 is a perspective view showing a refrigerator which is another example of a home appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 17 is a diagram showing the configuration of a refrigerator of FIG. 16.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



[0024] Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

[0025] The suffixes "module" and "unit" in elements used in description below are given only in consideration of ease in preparation of the specification and do not have specific meanings or functions. Therefore, the suffixes "module" and "unit" may be used interchangeably.

[0026] The motor driving apparatus described in this specification refers to a sensorless type motor driving apparatus for estimating the position of a rotor of a motor in a sensorless manner without a position sensor such as a Hall sensor for sensing the position of the rotor of the motor. Hereinafter, a sensorless type motor driving apparatus will be described.

[0027] A motor driving apparatus 220 according to an embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as a motor driver.

[0028] FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing an example of a motor driving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram showing an example of the motor driving apparatus of FIG. 1.

[0029] Referring to the figure, the motor driving apparatus 220 according to the embodiment of the present invention drives a motor in a sensorless manner and may include an inverter 420 and an inverter controller 430.

[0030] The motor driving apparatus 220 according to the embodiment of the present invention may include a converter 410, a dc link voltage detector B, a smoothing capacitor C and an output current detector E. In addition, the motor driving apparatus 220 may further include an input current detector A, a reactor L, etc.

[0031] The inverter controller 430 of the motor driving apparatus 220 according to the embodiment of the present invention may control rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop a motor 230, perform bootstrap operation of gate terminals of upper arm switching elements of the inverter 420 during a first period for starting the motor 230 after rheostatic braking, and determine whether the motor 230 stops during the first period based on a dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B or output current detected by the output current detector E. Therefore, the sensorless type motor driving apparatus can conveniently determine whether the motor stops.

[0032] In particular, since the inverter controller 430 determines whether the motor 230 stops during the first period in which the bootstrap operation is performed, a time for determining whether the motor stops is not separately required.

[0033] The inverter controller 430 may determine that the motor 230 rotates when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value or when a peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is equal to or greater than a first level, and controls resumption of rheostatic braking in order to stop the motor 230.

[0034] The inverter controller 430 may determine that the motor 230 stops when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is less than the first predetermined value or when the peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is less than the first level, and controls alignment of the motor 230 after the first period.

[0035] The inverter controller 430 may determine that the motor 230 rotates when change in output current detected by the output current detector E is equal to or greater than a second predetermined value or when a peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector E is equal to or greater than a second level, and control resumption of rheostatic braking again in order to stop the motor 230.

[0036] The inverter controller 430 may determine that the motor 230 stops when change in output current detected by the output current detector E is less than the second predetermined value or when the peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector E is less than the second level, and control alignment of the motor 230 after the first period.

[0037] The inverter controller 430 of the motor driving apparatus 220 according to another embodiment of the present invention may determine that the motor 230 rotates when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value or when a peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is equal to or greater than a first level, and control stopping of the motor 230, upon restarting the motor 230 after stopping. Therefore, the sensorless type motor driving apparatus can conveniently determine whether the motor stops.

[0038] Hereinafter, operation of the units of the motor driving apparatus 220 of FIGS. 1 and 2 will be described.

[0039] The reactor L is disposed between a commercial AC power source 405 having a voltage Vs and the converter 410 to perform power factor correction and boosting operation. In addition, the reactor L may perform a function for limiting harmonic current by high-speed switching.

[0040] The input current detector A may detect input current is from the commercial AC power source 405. To this end, a current transformer (CT), a shunt resistor, etc. may be used as the input current detector A. The detected input current is may be input to the inverter controller 430 as a pulse type discrete signal.

[0041] The converter 410 may convert the AC voltage of the commercial AC power source 405 passing through the reactor L into a DC voltage. Although a single-phase AC power source is shown as the commercial AC power source 405 in the figure, a three-phase AC power source may be used. The internal structure of the converter 410 may be changed according to type of the commercial AC power source 405.

[0042] The converter 410 may include a diode without a switching element and perform rectification operation without performing separate switching operation.

[0043] For example, in a single-phase AC power source, four diodes may be used in the form of a bridge. In a three-phase AC power source, six diodes may be used in the form of a bridge.

[0044] As the converter 410, a half-bridge converter, in which two switching elements and four diodes are connected, may be used. In a three-phase AC power source, six switching elements and six diodes may be used.

[0045] When the converter 410 includes a switching element, it is possible to perform boosting operation, power factor improvement and DC voltage conversion by switching operation of the switching element.

[0046] The smoothing capacitor C smooths an input voltage and stores the smoothed voltage. Although one smoothing capacitor C is shown in the figure, a plurality of smoothing capacitors may be included in order to ensure stability.

[0047] Although the smoothing capacitor is connected to the output terminal of the converter 410, the DC voltage may be directly input to the smoothing capacitor without being limited thereto. For example, the DC voltage from a solar cell may be input to the smoothing capacitor C directly or after DC/DC conversion. Hereinafter, parts shown in the figure will be focused upon.

[0048] Since the DC voltage is stored in the smoothing capacitor C, both ends of the smoothing capacitor may be referred to as dc ends or dc-link ends.

[0049] The dc link voltage detector B may detect a dc link voltage Vdc between the both ends of the smoothing capacitor C. To this end, the dc link voltage detector B may include a resistor, an amplifier, etc. The detected dc link voltage Vdc may be input to the inverter controller 430 as a pulse type discrete signal.

[0050] The inverter 420 may include a plurality of inverter switching elements and convert the dc voltage Vdc smoothed by on/off operation of the switching elements into three-phase AC voltages va, vb and vc having a predetermined frequency and output the three-phase AC voltages to the three-phase synchronous motor 230.

[0051] The inverter 420 includes upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb, and Sc and lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b, and S'c, each pair of an upper arm switching element and a lower arm switching element being connected in series and three pairs of upper and lower arm switching elements Sa and S'a, Sb and S'b, and Sc and S'c being connected in parallel. Diodes may be connected in anti-parallel to the respective switching elements Sa, S'a, Sb, S'b, Sc, and S'c.

[0052] The switching elements of the inverter 420 perform on/off operation based on an inverter switching control signal Sic from the inverter controller 430. Thus, the three-phase AC voltages having the predetermined frequency are output to the three-phase synchronous motor 230.

[0053] The inverter controller 430 may control switching operation of the inverter 420 in a sensorless manner. To this end, the inverter controller 430 may receive output current idc detected by the output current detector E.

[0054] The inverter controller 430 outputs the inverter switching control signal Sic to the inverter 420 in order to control switching operation of the inverter 420. The inverter switching control signal Sic is generated and output based on the output current idc detected by the output current detector E, as a pulse width modulation (MWM) switching control signal. Detailed operation for outputting the inverter switching control signal Sic from the inverter controller 430 will be described with reference to FIG. 3.

[0055] The output current detector E may detect output current idc flowing in the three-phase motor 230.

[0056] The output current detector E may be disposed between the dc link capacitor C and the inverter 420 to detect current flowing in the motor.

[0057] In particular, the output current detector E may include one shunt resistor Rs.

[0058] The output current detector E may detect phase current which is output current idc flowing in the motor 230 in a time divisional manner upon turning the lower arm switching elements of the inverter 420 on, using one shunt resistor Rs.

[0059] The detected output current idc may be applied to the inverter controller 430 as a pulse type discrete signal and the inverter switching control signal Sic may be generated based on the detected output current idc. Hereinafter, assume that the detected output current idc are made up of three-phase output currents ia, ib, ic.

[0060] The three-phase motor 230 includes a stator and a rotor. The AC voltage of each phase, which has the predetermined frequency, is applied to the coil of the stator of each phase a, b or c to rotate the rotor.

[0061] The motor 230 may include a surface-mounted permanent-magnet synchronous motor (SMPMSM), an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IMPSM) and a synchronous reluctance motor (Synrm), for example. The SMPMSM and the IPMSM are permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) using a permanent magnet and the Synrm does not include a permanent magnet.

[0062] FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing the inverter controller of FIG. 2.

[0063] Referring to FIG. 3, the inverter controller 430 may include an axis transformation unit 310, a speed calculator 320, a current command generator 330, a voltage command generator 340, an axis transformation unit 350 and a switching control signal output unit 360.

[0064] The axis transformation unit 310 may extract three-phase currents ia, ib, ic from the output current idc detected by the output current detector E and transform the extracted phase currents ia, ib, ic into two-phase currents iα and iβ of a stationary coordinate system.

[0065] The axis transformation unit 310 may transform two-phase currents iα and iβ of the stationary coordinate system into two-phase currents id and iq of a rotating coordinate system.

[0066] The speed calculator 320 may estimate a position θ̂r based on the output current idc detected by the output current detector E, differentiate the estimated position and calculate a speed ω̂r.

[0067] The current command generator 330 generates a current command value i*q based on the calculated speed ω̂r and a speed command value ω*r. For example, the current command generator 330 may perform PI control in a PI controller 335 based on a difference between the calculated speed ω̂r and the speed command value ω*r and generate the current command value i*q. Although a q-axis current command value i*q is shown as the current command value in the figure, a d-axis current command value i*d may also be generated unlike the figure. The value of the d-axis current command value i*d may be set to 0.

[0068] The current command generator 330 may further include a limiter (not shown) for limiting the level of the current command value i*q not to exceed an allowable range.

[0069] Next, the voltage command generator 340 generates d-axis and q-axis voltage command values v*d and v*q based on the d-axis and q-axis currents id and iq transformed into the two-phase rotating coordinate system by the axis transformation unit and the current command values i*d and i*q from the current command generator 330. For example, the voltage command generator 340 may perform PI control in the PI controller 344 based on a difference between the q-axis current iq and the q-axis current command i*q and generate a q-axis voltage command value v*q. In addition, the voltage command generator 340 may perform PI control in the PI controller 348 based on a difference between the d-axis current id and the d-axis current command i*d and generate a d-axis voltage command value v*d. The voltage command generator 340 may further include a limiter (not shown) for limiting the level of the d-axis and q-axis voltage command values v*d and v*q not to exceed an allowable range.

[0070] The generated d-axis and q-axis voltage command values v*d and v*q are input to the axis transformation unit 350.

[0071] The axis transformation unit 350 receives the position θ̂r calculated by the speed calculator 320 and the d-axis and q-axis voltage command values v*d and v*q and performs axis transformation.

[0072] First, the axis transformation unit 350 transforms a two-phase rotating coordinate system into a two-phase stationary coordinate system. At this time, the position θ̂r calculated by the speed calculator 320 may be used.

[0073] The axis transformation unit 350 transforms a two-phase stationary coordinate system into a three-phase stationary coordinate system. Through such transformation, the axis transformation unit 1050 outputs three-phase output voltage command values v*a, v*b and v*c.

[0074] The switching control signal output unit 360 generates and outputs an inverter switching control signal Sic according to a pulse width modulation (PWM) method based on the three-phase output voltage command values v*a, v*b and v*c.

[0075] The output inverter switching control signal Sic may be converted into a gate drive signal by a gate driver (not shown) and input to the gate of each switching element of the inverter 420. Accordingly, the switching elements Sa, S'a, Sb, S'b, Sc and S'c of the inverter 420 may perform switching operation.

[0076] The switching control signal output unit 360 may output a switching control signal for turning all the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc of the inverter 420 on or turning all the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c of the inverter 420 off, in order to perform rheostatic braking when the motor 230 stops.

[0077] During a first period for starting the motor 230, the switching control signal output unit 360 may output the switching control signal for turning all the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc and lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c of the inverter 420 off and then turning the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc of the inverter 420 off and turning the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c on after a predetermined time, in order to perform bootstrap operation of the gate terminals of the upper arm switching elements of the inverter 420.

[0078] The current command generator 330 may generate a current command value for aligning the rotor of the motor in a motor rotor alignment period, after bootstrap operation.

[0079] The switching control signal output unit 360 may output a switching control signal for turning any one of the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc of the inverter 420 on and turning two-phase switching elements of the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c on.

[0080] The current command generator 330 may output a switching control signal for continuously increasing or changing the speed of the motor in a motor acceleration period or a motor normal-operation period, after the alignment period.

[0081] The speed of the motor 230 increases in the motor acceleration period or varies in the motor normal-operation period.

[0082] FIG. 4 is an expanded circuit diagram of the inverter of FIG. 2.

[0083] Referring to the figure, the inverter 420 may include the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc and lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c connected to each other in series between the dc ends (nodes a and b), in order to output the three-phase currents ia, ib, and ic to the motor 230.

[0084] That is, each of the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc and each of the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c form a pair and three pairs of upper and lower arm switching elements Sa and S'a, Sb and S'b, and Sc and S'c are connected in parallel.

[0085] For detection of the output current idc flowing in the motor 230, the output current detector E may be disposed between the dc link capacitor C and the inverter 420.

[0086] In particular, the output current detector E may include one shunt resistor Rs.

[0087] Each of the switching elements of the inverter 420 may include an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT), for example. In order to drive the switching elements Sa, Sb, Sc, S'a, S'b and S'c, a gate drive signal is input to a gate terminal.

[0088] Such a gate drive signal may be supplied by a gate driver. A gate capacitor is used to supply an operating voltage of the gate driver.

[0089] The gate driver operates after the gate capacitor is charged with the gate drive voltage to perform switching operation of the switching elements Sa, Sb, Sc, S'a, S'b and S'c.

[0090] Charging the gate capacitor with the gate drive voltage will be described below with reference to FIGS. 7A to 7C.

[0091] FIGS. 5A to 5E are views referenced to explain motor restarting after motor stoppage.
(a) of FIG. 5A shows a state in which the motor 230 rotates at a predetermined speed ωr1 in a clockwise direction, (b) of FIG. 5A shows a state in which the motor 230 stops, and (c) of FIG. 5A shows a state in which the motor 230 restarts and rotates at a predetermined speed ωr2 in a clockwise direction.

[0092] FIGS. 5B to 5C are diagrams showing a method of stopping the motor 230.

[0093] First, FIG. 5B shows a state in which the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc of the inverter 420 are all turned off and the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c are all turned on, in order to stop the motor 230. That is, the inverter 420 operates according to the switching control signal Sic of a zero vector, power Pa is consumed by flow of current, and the motor 230 stops after a predetermined time. Such a method may be referred to as rheostatic braking.

[0094] At this time, the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c of the inverter 420 and the motor 230 form a current path path1 and thus the output current detector E disposed between the dc link capacitor C and the inverter 420 cannot detect output current. In addition, the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is not changed.

[0095] Next, FIG. 5C shows a state in which the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc of the inverter 420 are all turned on and the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c are all turned off, in order to stop the motor 230. That is, the inverter 420 operates according to the switching control signal Sic of the zero vector, power Pa is consumed by flow of current, and the motor 230 stops after a predetermined time.

[0096] At this time, the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc of the inverter 420 and the motor 230 form a current path path2 and thus the output current detector E disposed between the dc link capacitor C and the inverter 420 cannot detect output current. In addition, the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is not changed.

[0097] FIG. 5D shows a state in which the motor 230 actually stops by rheostatic braking and FIG. 5E shows a state in which the motor 230 actually rotates despite rheostatic braking.

[0098] As a result, as shown in FIGS. 5B to 5C, it becomes difficult to determine whether the motor 230 completely stops, upon rheostatic braking.

[0099] Since the output current detector E is disposed between the dc link capacitor C and the inverter 420, it becomes difficult to determine whether the motor 230 completely stops, upon rheostatic braking. In order to solve such a problem, there is a method of restarting the motor when a sufficient time has elapsed after rheostatic braking.

[0100] However, this method requires a considerable time and cannot immediately cope with restarting.

[0101] In the present invention, upon restarting the motor after stopping, it is possible to determine whether the motor 230 stops, using a rate of increase of the dc link voltage or a peak value of the dc link voltage upon restarting and, more particularly, during a bootstrap charging period. According to this method, a time for restarting the motor after stopping the motor is not required and a determination as to whether the motor 230 stops is conveniently made. This will be described with reference to FIG. 6 or subsequent figures thereof.

[0102] FIG. 6 is a flowchart illustrating a method of operating a motor driving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIGS. 7A to 11B are views referenced to explain the method of FIG. 6.

[0103] First, referring to FIG. 6, the inverter controller 430 controls rotation of the motor 230 (S610).

[0104] Next, the inverter controller 430 controls turn-on of the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c, in order to stop the motor 230.

[0105] Next, the inverter controller 430 controls bootstrap operation of the gate terminals of the upper arm switching elements of the inverter 420 to be performed during a first period for starting the motor 230 (S625), when motor restarting input is received (S620).

[0106] Next, the output current detector E detects output current using the shunt resistor Rs during the first period (S630).

[0107] Next, the dc link voltage detector B detects the dc link voltage during the first period (S635).

[0108] Next, the inverter controller 430 determines whether the motor 230 stops based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B or the output current detected by the output current detector E (S640).

[0109] The inverter controller 430 controls starting of the motor 230 (S650) when the motor 230 stops (S645).

[0110] When the motor 230 rotates without stopping, the inverter controller 430 controls turn-on of the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c (S655), in order to stop the motor 230.

[0111] FIGS. 7A to 7C are diagrams referenced to explain operation of a pair of switching elements of the inverter of FIG. 4.

[0112] FIG. 7A is a circuit diagram showing gate drivers 820a and 820b, gate capacitors Cga and Cgb, a pair of switching elements Sa and S'a and the shunt resistor Rs.

[0113] A pair of switching elements Sa and S'a may be connected in series between the dc ends (between a node a and a node b). That is, the upper arm switching element Sa is connected between the node a and a node c and the lower arm switching element S'a may be connected between the node c and a node e.

[0114] The resistor Rs may be connected between the node e and the node b. The node e may be the ground GND.

[0115] As described above, the resistor Rs is used to detect output current and is disposed between the dc link capacitor C and the inverter 420.

[0116] The output terminals of the gate drivers 820a and 820b may be connected to the gate terminals of a pair of switching elements Sa and S'a.

[0117] Each of the gate capacitors Cga and Cgb for supplying the driving voltages of the gate drivers 820a and 820b may be connected between both ends of the input terminals of the gate drivers 820a and 820b, respectively.

[0118] The gate drive voltages 821a and 821b may be supplied to the gate capacitors Cga and Cgb, respectively. The gate drive voltages 821a and 821b may be about 15 V.

[0119] The method of charging the gate capacitors Cga and Cgb with the gate drive voltages 821a and 821b will be described with reference to FIGS. 7B and 7C.

[0120] FIG. 7B shows a method of charging the gate capacitor 821b of the gate driver 820b corresponding to the lower arm switching element S'a.

[0121] Referring to the figure, even when a pair of switching elements Sa and S'a is turned off, current Ifa flowing in the gate capacitor Cgb and the ground GND is formed by the gate drive voltage 821b and thus the gate capacitor Cgb is charged with the gate drive voltage 821b.

[0122] The method of charging the gate capacitor 821b of the gate driver 820b corresponding to the lower arm switching element S'a may be controlled by the inverter controller 430.

[0123] That is, the inverter controller 430 may control turn-off of the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc and lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c of the inverter 420 to charge the gate capacitor connected across the gate driver corresponding to the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c with the gate drive voltage, in the first period, before driving the motor 230.

[0124] Since the upper arm switching element Sa may float without being connected to the ground, the gate capacitor Cga is charged with the gate drive voltage 821a using the bootstrap method.

[0125] FIG. 7C shows a method of charging the gate capacitor 821a of the gate driver 820a corresponding to the upper arm switching element Sa.

[0126] Referring to the figure, when the upper arm switching element Sa of a pair of switching elements Sa and S'a is turned off and the lower arm switching element S'a is turned on, current Ifb flowing in the gate capacitor Cga, the lower arm switching element S'a and the ground GND is formed by the gate drive voltage 821a to charge the gate capacitor Cga with the gate drive voltage 821b. That is, the gate capacitor Cga is charged with the gate drive voltage 821a using the bootstrap method.

[0127] The method of charging the gate capacitor 821a of the gate driver 820a corresponding to the upper arm switching element Sa may be controlled by the inverter controller 430.

[0128] That is, the inverter controller 430 may control turn-on of the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc and lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c of the inverter 420 to charge the gate capacitor connected across the gate driver corresponding to the upper arm switching elements Sa, Sb and Sc with the gate drive voltage, in the first period, before driving the motor 230.

[0129] The gate capacitor of the gate driver corresponding to the lower arm switching elements of FIG. 7C may be charged after charging the gate capacitor of the gate driver corresponding to the lower arm switching elements of FIG. 7B and vice versa.

[0130] The period PI in which the gate capacitor is charged may be before driving the motor as shown in FIG. 9. Thereafter, there are a motor alignment period P2, a motor speed increasing period P3, a normal operation period P4, etc.

[0131] In (b) of FIG. 9, after the period PI in which the gate capacitor is charged, the voltage Vega charged in the gate capacitor Cga is maintained at a predetermined level or more.

[0132] When the motor 230 rotates while the gate capacitors of FIGS 7b and 7c are charged, as shown in FIG. 8A, the current component by counter electromotive force caused by the motor 230 flows into the dc link capacitor.

[0133] In particular, as shown in FIG. 7C, when the lower arm switching elements S'a, S'b and S'c of the inverter 420 is turned on as shown in FIG. 7C and then is turned off as shown in FIG. 7B, a current path is formed in the motor 230 as shown in FIG. 7C such that the motor 230 consumes power by rheostatic braking and then forming of the current path is stopped as shown in FIG. 7B, thereby flowing the current component by counter electromotive force caused by the motor 230 into the dc link capacitor C as shown in FIG. 8A.

[0134] As shown in FIG. 10B, the inverter controller 430 may determine that the motor 230 rotates when the change in dc link voltage ΔV detected by the dc link voltage detector B is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value ΔVref or the peak value Vdcpk of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is equal to or greater than a first level Vdcref and control rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor 230.

[0135] Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 10A, the inverter controller 430 may determine that the motor 230 rotates when change in output current Δi detected by the output current detector E is equal to or greater than a second predetermined value or the peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector E is equal to or greater than a second level iLe1 and control rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor 230.

[0136] When the motor 230 stops while the gate capacitors of FIGS. 7B and 7C are charged, as shown in FIG. 8B, rheostatic braking is performed in the motor 230 without counter electromotive force caused by the motor 230, such that the motor 230 consumes power.

[0137] As shown in FIG. 10A, the inverter controller 430 may determine that the motor 230 stops when change in dc link voltage ΔV detected by the dc link voltage detector B is less than the first predetermined value ΔVref or the peak value Vdcpk of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is less than the first level Vdcref and control alignment of the motor 230 in the alignment period Pb1 after the first period Pa1 and then control operation of the motor speed increasing period Pc and the normal operation period Pd1.

[0138] Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 10A, the inverter controller 430 may determine that the motor 230 stops when change in output current detected by the output current detector E is less than the second predetermined value or the peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector E is less than the second level iLe1 and control alignment of the motor 230 after the first period and control operation of the motor speed increasing period Pc and the normal operation period Pd1.

[0139] FIGS. 11a to 11b are diagrams showing a variety of information displayed on a display depending on whether the motor stops.

[0140] First, upon determining that the motor 230 stops while the gate capacitors of FIGS. 7B and 7C are charged, the inverter controller 430 may control output of a message 1320 for continuously restarting the motor on the display 130 as shown in FIG. 11A.

[0141] Next, upon determining that the motor 230 rotates while the gate capacitors of FIGS. 7B and 7C are charged, the inverter controller 430 may control output of a message 1320 for restarting the motor after stopping on the display 130 as shown in FIG. 11B.

[0142] By various messages, a user may conveniently recognize a mode for restarting the motor or a mode for stopping and then restarting the motor depending on whether the motor stops or not.

[0143] FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing a laundry treatment machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0144] Referring to the figure, the laundry treatment machine 100a according to the embodiment of the present invention is a front load type laundry treatment machine in which laundry is inserted into a drum in a front direction. The front load type laundry treatment machine includes a washing machine for washing and rinsing laundry or a dryer for drying laundry. Hereinafter, the washing machine will be focused upon.

[0145] The laundry treatment machine 100a of FIG. 12 is a drum type laundry treatment machine, which includes a cabinet 110 forming an appearance of the laundry treatment machine 100a, a tub 120 provided in the cabinet 110 and supported by the cabinet 110, a drum 122 which is provided in the tub 120 and in which laundry is washed, a motor 130 for driving the drum 122, a washing water supply device (not shown) provided outside a cabinet body 111 to supply washing water into the cabinet 110, and a drainage device (not shown) formed at the lower side of the tub 120 to drain washing water.

[0146] A plurality of openings 122A is formed in the drum 122 to pass washing water and a lifter 124 may be provided on the inner surface of the drum 122 such that laundry is lifted up to a predetermined height and then is dropped by gravity.

[0147] The cabinet 110 includes the cabinet body 111, a cabinet cover 112 provided on a front surface of the cabinet body 111 to be coupled to the cabinet body, a control panel 115 provided above the cabinet cover 122 to be coupled to the cabinet body 111, and a top plate 116 provided above the control panel 115 to be coupled to the cabinet body 111.

[0148] The cabinet cover 112 includes a laundry inlet 114, through which laundry is put into and taken out of the washing machine, and a door 113 rotatably provided such that the laundry inlet 114 is opened or closed.

[0149] The control panel 115 includes operation keys 117 for controlling an operation state of the laundry treatment machine 100a and a display 118 provided at one side of the operation keys 117 to display the operation state of the laundry treatment machine 100a.

[0150] The operation keys 117 and the display 118 of the control panel 115 are electrically connected to a controller (not shown) and the controller (not shown) electrically controls the components of the laundry treatment machine 100a. Operation of the controller (not shown) will be described later.

[0151] The drum 122 may include an auto balance (not shown). The auto balance (not shown) reduces vibrations generated according eccentricity of laundry contained in the drum 122 and may be implemented by a liquid balance, a ball balance, etc.

[0152] Although not shown in the figure, the laundry treatment machine 100a may further include a vibration sensor for measuring vibrations of the drum 122 or vibrations of the cabinet 110.

[0153] FIG. 13 is a block diagram showing the internal configuration of the laundry treatment machine of FIG. 12.

[0154] Referring to the figure, in the laundry treatment machine 100a, the driver 220 is controlled by control operation of the controller 210 and the driver 220 drives the motor 230. Therefore, the drum 122 rotates by the motor 230.

[0155] The controller 210 may operate according an operation signal from the operation keys 117 so as to perform washing, rinsing and dehydration cycles.

[0156] In addition, the controller 210 controls the display 118 so as to display a washing course, a washing time, a dehydration time, a rinsing time, a current operation state, etc.

[0157] The controller 210 controls the driver 220 to operate the motor 230. At this time, a position sensor for sensing the position of the rotor of the motor is not provided inside or outside the motor 230. That is, the driver 220 controls the motor 230 in a sensorless manner.

[0158] The driver 220 may drive the motor 230 and may include an inverter (not shown), an inverter controller (not shown), an output current detector (E of FIG. 2) for detecting output current flowing in the motor 230 and an output voltage detector (F of FIG. 2) for detecting the output voltage vo applied to the motor 230. In addition, the driver 220 may further include a converter for supplying a DC voltage to the inverter (not shown).

[0159] For example, the inverter controller (430 of FIG. 2) of the driver 220 estimates the position of the rotor of the motor 230 based on the output current idc and the output voltage vo. The inverter controller controls rotation of the motor 230 based on the estimated position of the rotor.

[0160] More specifically, when the inverter controller (430 of FIG. 2) generates and outputs a pulse width modulation (PWM) switching control signal (Sic of FIG. 2) to the inverter (not shown) based on the output current idc and the output voltage vo, the inverter (not shown) may perform a high-speed switching operation to supply an AC voltage having a predetermined frequency to the motor 230. The motor 230 rotates by the AC voltage having the predetermined frequency.

[0161] The driver 220 may correspond to the motor driver 220 of FIG. 1.

[0162] The controller 210 may sense the amount of laundry based on the output current idc flowing in the motor 230. For example, while the drum 122 rotates, the amount of laundry may be sensed based on the current value idc of the motor 230.

[0163] In particular, the controller 210 may accurately sense the amount of laundry using resistance and inductance values of the stator of the motor measured in the motor alignment period, upon sensing the amount of laundry.

[0164] The controller 210 may sense eccentricity of the drum 122, that is, unbalance UB of the drum 122. Eccentricity may be sensed based on a ripple component of the output current idc flowing in the motor 230 or change in rotation speed of the drum 122.

[0165] In particular, the controller 210 may accurately sense eccentricity using resistance and inductance values of the stator of the motor measured in the motor alignment period, upon sensing the amount of laundry.

[0166] FIG. 14 is a diagram showing the configuration of an air conditioner which is another example of a home appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0167] As illustrated in FIG. 14, an air conditioner 100b according to an embodiment of the present invention may include an indoor unit 31b and an outdoor unit 21b connected to the indoor unit 31b.

[0168] The indoor unit 31b of the air conditioner may be any one of stand type, wall mount type, and ceiling type air conditioners. In the figure, the stand type indoor unit 31b is illustrated.

[0169] The air conditioner 100b may further include at least one of a ventilator, an air purifier, a humidifier, and a heater, which may be operatively connected to the indoor unit and the outdoor unit.

[0170] The outdoor unit 21b includes a compressor (not shown) for compressing a refrigerant, an outdoor heat exchanger (not shown) for performing heat exchange between the refrigerant and outdoor air, an accumulator (not shown) for extracting a gaseous refrigerant component from the refrigerant and supplying the extracted gaseous refrigerant component to the compressor, and a four-way valve (not shown) for changing a flow path of the refrigerant based on a heating operation. In addition, while the outdoor unit 21b may further include a plurality of sensors, a valve, and an oil collector, descriptions thereof will be omitted herein.

[0171] The outdoor unit 21b operates compressors and outdoor heat exchangers included therein to compress the refrigerant or perform heat exchange based on setting conditions and to supply the compressed or heat-exchanged refrigerant to the indoor unit 31b. The outdoor unit 21b may be driven according to demand of a remote control unit (not shown) or the indoor unit 31b. As a cooling/heating capacity of the air conditioner 100b varies based on the indoor unit which is driven, the number of driven outdoor units and the number of driven compressors installed in outdoor units may be changed.

[0172] In this case, the outdoor unit 21b supplies the compressed refrigerant to the connected indoor unit 31b.

[0173] The indoor unit 31b receives the refrigerant from the outdoor unit 21b to discharge cool or hot air into a room. The indoor unit 31b includes an indoor heat exchanger (not shown), an indoor fan (not shown), an expansion valve (not shown) for expanding the refrigerant, and a plurality of sensors (not shown).

[0174] The outdoor unit 21b and the indoor unit 31b are connected to each other via communication cables to exchange data with each other. The outdoor unit and the indoor unit are connected to the remote control unit (not shown) by wire or wirelessly to operate under control of the remote control unit (not shown).

[0175] A remote controller (not shown) is connected to the indoor unit 31b to allow a user to input a control command for controlling the indoor unit and to receive and display state information on the indoor unit. In this case, the remote controller may communicate with the indoor unit in a wired or wireless manner according to how the remote controller is connected to the indoor unit 31b.

[0176] FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the outdoor unit and the indoor unit shown in FIG. 14.

[0177] Referring to FIG. 15, the air conditioner 100b is broadly divided into the indoor unit 31b and the outdoor unit 21b.

[0178] The outdoor unit 21b includes a compressor 102b for compressing a refrigerant, a compressor motor 102bb for driving the compressor, an outdoor heat exchanger 104b for dissipating heat from the compressed refrigerant, an outdoor blower 105 including an outdoor fan 105ab disposed at one side of the outdoor heat exchanger 104b to accelerate heat dissipation of the refrigerant and an outdoor fan motor 105bb for rotating the outdoor fan 105ab, an expansion unit 106 for expanding the condensed refrigerant, a cooling/heating switching valve 110b for changing a flow path of the compressed refrigerant, and an accumulator 103b for temporarily storing the gaseous refrigerant to remove moisture and foreign particles from the refrigerant and supplying the refrigerant of predetermined pressure to the compressor.

[0179] The indoor unit 31b includes an indoor heat exchanger 109b disposed in a room to perform a cooling/heating function, and an indoor blower 109b including an indoor fan 109ab disposed at one side of the indoor heat exchanger 109b to accelerate heat dissipation of the refrigerant and an indoor fan motor 109bb for rotating the indoor fan 109ab.

[0180] At least one indoor heat exchanger 109b may be provided. At least one of an inverter compressor and a constant speed compressor may be used as the compressor 102b.

[0181] In addition, the air conditioner 100b may be configured as a cooler for cooling the room or may be configured as a heat pump for cooling or heating the room.

[0182] The compressor 102b of the outdoor unit 21b of FIG. 14 may be driven by the motor driving apparatus for driving the compressor motor 250b shown in FIG. 1.

[0183] Alternatively, the indoor fan 109ab or the outdoor fan 105ab may be driven by the motor driving apparatus for driving the indoor fan motor 109bb and the outdoor fan motor 150bb shown in FIG. 1.

[0184] FIG. 16 is a perspective view showing a refrigerator which is another example of a home appliance according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0185] With reference to the drawing, the refrigerator 100c related to the present invention includes a case 110c, which has an inner space divided into a freezing compartment and a refrigerating compartment (not shown in the drawing), a freezing compartment door 120c to shield the freezing compartment, and a refrigerating compartment door 140c to shield the refrigerating compartment, the case 110c and the doors 120c and 140c defining an outer appearance of the refrigerator.

[0186] The freezing compartment door 120c and the refrigerating compartment door 140c may be provided at front surfaces thereof with forwardly protruding door handles 121c to assist a user in easily pivoting the freezing compartment door 120c and the refrigerating compartment door 140c by gripping the door handles 121c.

[0187] The refrigerating compartment door 140c may further be provided at a front surface thereof with a so-called home bar 180c that allows the user to conveniently retrieve stored items, such as beverages, without opening the refrigerating compartment door 140c.

[0188] The freezing compartment door 120c may further be provided at a front surface thereof with a dispenser 160c that allows the user to easily and conveniently retrieve ice or drinking water without opening the freezing compartment door 120c. The freezing compartment door 120c may further be provided with a control panel 210c at the upper side of the dispenser 160c. The control panel 210c serves to control driving operation of the refrigerator 100c and to display a screen showing a current operating state of the refrigerator 100c.

[0189] While the dispenser 160c is shown in the drawing as being located at the front surface of the freezing compartment door 120c, the present invention is not limited thereto and the dispenser 160c may be located at the front surface of the refrigerating compartment door 140c.

[0190] In addition, the freezing compartment (not shown) may accommodate, in an upper region thereof, an icemaker 190c used to make ice using water supplied thereto and cold air within the freezing compartment and an ice bank 195c located under the icemaker 190c to receive ice released from the icemaker 190c. In addition, although not shown in the drawing, an ice chute (not shown) may be used to guide the ice received in the ice bank 195c to fall into the dispenser 160c.

[0191] The control panel 210c may include an input unit 220c having a plurality of buttons and a display unit 230c to display control screens, operating states, and the like.

[0192] The display unit 230c displays control screens, operating states, and other information, such as an internal temperature of the refrigerator, etc. For example, the display unit 230c may display a service type of the dispenser (ice cubes, water, crushed ice), a set temperature of the freezing compartment, and a set temperature of the refrigerating compartment.

[0193] The display unit 230c may be any one of a liquid crystal display (LCD), a light emitting diode (LED), and an organic light emitting diode (OLED) units and the like. In addition, the display unit 230c may be a touchscreen that may additionally perform a function of the input unit 220c.

[0194] The input unit 220c may include a plurality of operation buttons. For example, the input unit 220c may include a dispenser setting button (not shown) to set a service type of the dispenser (ice cubes, water, crushed ice), a freezing compartment temperature setting button (not shown) to set a temperature of the freezing compartment, and a refrigerating compartment temperature setting button (not shown) to set a temperature of the refrigerating compartment. In addition, the input unit 220c may be a touchscreen that may additionally perform a function of the display unit 230c.

[0195] The refrigerator according to embodiments of the present invention is not limited to a double door type shown in the drawing, and may be any one of a one door type refrigerator, a sliding door type refrigerator, a curtain door type refrigerator and others.

[0196] FIG. 17 is a diagram showing the configuration of the refrigerator of FIG. 16.

[0197] In explaining with reference to the drawing, the refrigerator 100c may include a compressor 112c, a condenser 116c to condense refrigerant compressed in the compressor 112c, a freezing compartment evaporator 124c placed in the freezing compartment (not shown) to evaporate the condensed refrigerant directed from the condenser 116c, and a freezing compartment expansion valve 134c to expand the refrigerant to be directed to the freezing compartment evaporator 124c.

[0198] While the drawing shows use of a single evaporator by way of example, evaporators may be respectively placed in the freezing compartment and the refrigerating compartment.

[0199] That is, the refrigerator 100c may further include a refrigerating compartment evaporator (not shown) placed in the refrigerating compartment (not shown), a 3-way valve (not shown) to direct the condensed refrigerant from the condenser 116c to the refrigerating compartment evaporator (not shown) or the freezing compartment evaporator 124c, and a refrigerating compartment expansion valve (not shown) to expand the refrigerant to be directed to the refrigerating compartment evaporator (not shown).

[0200] In addition, the refrigerator 100c may further include a gas-liquid separator (not shown) in which the refrigerant having passed through the freezing compartment evaporator 124c is divided into liquid and gas.

[0201] The refrigerator 100c may further include a refrigerating compartment fan (not shown) and a freezing compartment fan 144c, which suction cold air having passed through the freezing compartment evaporator 124c and blow the cold air to the refrigerating compartment (not shown) and the freezing compartment (not shown) respectively.

[0202] The refrigerator 100c may further include a compressor drive unit 113c to drive the compressor 112c, a refrigerating compartment fan drive unit (not shown) to drive the refrigerating compartment fan (not shown), and a freezing compartment fan drive unit 145c to drive the freezing compartment fan 144c.

[0203] Meanwhile, in the case in which the common evaporator 124c is used in the freezing compartment and the refrigerating compartment as shown in the drawing, a damper (not shown) may be installed between the freezing compartment and the refrigerating compartment, and a fan (not shown) may forcibly blow cold air generated by the single evaporator to the freezing compartment and the refrigerating compartment.

[0204] The compressor 112c of FIG. 17 may be driven by the motor driving apparatus for driving the compressor motor shown in FIG. 1.

[0205] The refrigerating compartment fan (not shown) and the freezing compartment fan 144c may be driven by the motor driving apparatus for driving the freezing compartment fan motor (not shown) and the freezing compartment fan motor (not shown) shown in FIG. 1.

[0206] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the motor driving apparatus and the home appliance including the same include a dc link capacitor configured to store a direct current (DC) voltage, an inverter including a plurality of upper and lower arm switching elements and configured to convert the voltage stored in the dc link capacitor into an alternating current (AC) voltage by switching operation and to output the converted AC voltage to a motor, a dc link voltage detector configured to detect the voltage of the dc link capacitor, an output current detector provided between the dc link capacitor and the inverter and configured to detect output current flowing in the motor, and a controller configured to control the inverter based on the output current. The controller controls rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor, performs bootstrap operation of gate terminals of the upper arm switching elements of the inverter during a first period for starting the motor, and determines whether the motor stops during the first period based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector or the output current detected by the output current detector. Accordingly, it is possible to conveniently determine whether the motor stops in the sensorless type motor driving apparatus.

[0207] In particular, since a determination as to whether the motor stops is made during the first period in which the bootstrap operation is performed, a time for determining whether the motor stops is not separately required.

[0208] A motor driving apparatus and a home appliance including the same according to another embodiment of the present invention includes a dc link capacitor configured to store a direct current (DC) voltage, an inverter including a plurality of upper and lower arm switching elements and configured to convert the voltage stored in the dc link capacitor into an alternating current (AC) voltage by switching operation and to output the converted AC voltage to a motor, a dc link voltage detector configured to detect the voltage of the dc link capacitor, an output current detector provided between the dc link capacitor and the inverter and configured to detect output current flowing in the motor, and a controller configured to control the inverter based on the output current. The controller determines that the motor rotates when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value or a peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector is equal to or greater than a first level, upon restarting the motor after stopping, and controls stopping of the motor. Accordingly, it is possible to conveniently determine whether the motor stops in the sensorless type motor driving apparatus.

[0209] The motor driving apparatus and the home appliance including the same according to the embodiment of the present invention should not be limited to configurations and methods of the above-described embodiments, and all or some of the embodiments may be selectively combined with one another to achieve various alterations.

[0210] The method of driving the motor or the method of operating the home appliance according to the present invention may be implemented as code that can be written to a processor-readable recording medium and can thus be read by a processor provided in the motor driving apparatus or the home appliance. The processor-readable recording medium may be any type of recording device in which data can be stored in a processor-readable manner.

[0211] Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed for illustrative purposes, those skilled in the art will appreciate that various modifications, additions and substitutions are possible, without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention as disclosed in the accompanying claims. Such modifications should not be individually understood from the technical spirit or prospect of the present invention.

[0212] It follows a list of examples:
  1. 1. A motor driving apparatus (220) comprising:

    a dc link capacitor (C) configured to store a direct current (DC) voltage;

    an inverter (420) including a plurality of upper and lower arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc; S'a, S'b, S'c) and configured to convert the voltage stored in the dc link capacitor (C) into an alternating current (AC) voltage by switching operation of the switching elements and to output the converted AC voltage to a motor (230);

    a dc link voltage detector (B) configured to detect the voltage of the dc link capacitor (C);

    an output current detector (E) provided between the dc link capacitor (C) and the inverter (420) and configured to detect output current flowing in the motor (230); and

    a controller (430) configured to control the inverter (420) based on the output current,

    wherein the controller (430) controls rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor (230), performs bootstrap operation of gate terminals of the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420) during a first period for starting the motor (230), and determines whether the motor (230) stops during the first period based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) or the output current detected by the output current detector (E).

  2. 2. The motor driving apparatus according to example 1, wherein the controller (430) determines that the motor (230) rotates when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value or a peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) is equal to or greater than a first level, and controls resumption of the rheostatic braking in order to stop the motor (230).
  3. 3. The motor driving apparatus according to example 2, wherein the controller (430) determines that the motor (230) stops when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) is less than the first predetermined value or the peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) is less than the first level, and controls alignment of the motor (230) after the first period.
  4. 4. The motor driving apparatus according to example 1, wherein the controller (430) determines that the motor (230) rotates when change in the output current detected by the output current detector (E) is equal to or greater than a second predetermined value or a peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector (E) is equal to or greater than a second level, and controls resumption of the rheostatic braking in order to stop the motor (230).
  5. 5. The motor driving apparatus according to example 4, wherein the controller (430) determines that the motor (230) stops when change in the output current detected by the output current detector (E) is less than the second predetermined value or the peak value of the output current detected by the output current detector (E) is less than the second level, and controls alignment of the motor (230) after the first period.
  6. 6. The motor driving apparatus according to any one of the examples 1 to 5, further comprising:

    a gate driver (820a,820b) connected to each of the switching elements of the inverter (420); and

    a gate capacitor (Cga,Cgb) connected to the gate driver (820a,820b) and configured to store a gate drive voltage,

    wherein the controller (430):

    turns all the upper and lower arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc; S'a, S'b, S'c) of the inverter (420) off to store the gate drive voltage in the gate capacitor corresponding to the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) of the inverter (420), and

    turns the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420) off and turns the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) on to store the gate drive voltage in the gate capacitor corresponding to the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420).

  7. 7. The motor driving apparatus according to example 6, wherein the controller (430) determines whether the motor (230) stops based on the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) or the output current detected by the output current detector (E), while the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420) are turned off and the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) are turned on.
  8. 8. A home appliance (100) comprising:

    a motor driving apparatus according to one or more of the example 1 to 7;

    said motor (230); and

    a display (130).

  9. 9. The home appliance according to example 8, wherein the controller (430) controls display of a message for restarting the motor (230) after stopping on the display (130), upon determining that the motor (230) rotates.
  10. 10. The home appliance according to example 8, wherein the controller (430) controls display of a message for restarting the motor (230) after stopping on the display (130), upon determining that the motor (230) stops.



Claims

1. A motor driving apparatus (220) comprising:

a dc link capacitor (C) configured to store a direct current (DC) voltage;

an inverter (420) including a plurality of upper and lower arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc; S'a, S'b, S'c) and configured to convert the voltage stored in the dc link capacitor (C) into an alternating current, AC, voltage by switching operation of the switching elements and to output the converted AC voltage to a three-phase synchronous motor (230);

a dc link voltage detector (B) configured to detect the voltage of the dc link capacitor (C);

an output current detector (E) provided between the dc link capacitor (C) and the inverter (420) and configured to detect phase current (ia, ib, ic) flowing in the motor (230) in a time divisional manner; and

a controller (430) configured to:

(a) control switching operation of switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc; S'a, S'b, S'c) of the inverter (420) based on the phase current (ia, ib, ic) in order to rotate the motor (230),

(b) turn all the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb and Sc) of the inverter (420) on or turn all the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b and S'c) of the inverter (420) off in order to stop the motor (230), and

(c) determine that the motor (230) rotates when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value or when a peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector B is equal to or greater than a first level, and

(d) control stopping the motor (230), upon restarting the motor (230) after stopping.


 
2. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the controller (430) during the step (c) is configured to:

(c1) before restarting the motor (230) after stopping, turn the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420) off and turn the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) on in order to charge upper arm gate capacitor (Cga),

(c2) before restarting the motor (230) after stopping, turn the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) and the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) of the inverter (420) off in order to charge lower arm gate capacitor (Cgb), and

(c3) during turning the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) and the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) of the inverter (420) off before restarting the motor (230), when a rate of increase of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) is equal to or greater than a first predetermined value, or a level of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) is equal to or greater than a first level, or change in the phase current (ia, ib, ic) detected by the output current detector (E) is less than a second predetermined value, or peak value of the phase current (ia, ib, ic) detected by the output current detector (E) is less than a second level, turn all the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb and Sc) of the inverter (420) on or turn all the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b and S'c) of the inverter (420) off in order to stop the motor (230).


 
3. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the controller (430) is configured to :
after the (c2) step and prior the c3) step, perform bootstrap operation of gate terminals of the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420) by turning the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420) off and turning the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) on during a first period (Pa1, Pa2) prior to a motor alignment period (Pb1, Pb2) for aligning a rotor of the motor (230).
 
4. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the controller (430) is configured to:
determine whether the motor (230) stops or rotates during the first period based on counter electromotive force caused by the motor (230).
 
5. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the controller (430) is configured to:

during the (b) step, control rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor (230), and

during the (c3) step, control resumption of rheostatic braking to be performed in order to stop the motor (230).


 
6. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the controller (430) is configured to:
determine that the motor (230) stops when change in the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) is less than the first predetermined value or the peak value of the dc link voltage detected by the dc link voltage detector (B) is less than the first level, and control alignment of the motor (230) after the first period.
 
7. The motor driving apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the controller (430) is configured to determine that the motor (230) stops when change in the phase current (ia, ib, ic) detected by the output current detector (E) is less than the second predetermined value or the peak value of the phase current (ia, ib, ic) detected by the output current detector (E) is less than the second level, and control alignment of the motor (230) after the first period.
 
8. The motor driving apparatus according to any one of the claims 1 to 7, further comprising:

a gate driver (820a,820b) connected to each of the switching elements of the inverter (420); and

a gate capacitor (Cga,Cgb) connected to the gate driver (820a,820b) and configured to store a gate drive voltage,

wherein the controller (430)) is further configured to:

turn all the upper and lower arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc; S'a, S'b, S'c) of the inverter (420) off to store the gate drive voltage in the gate capacitor corresponding to the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) of the inverter (420), and

turn the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420) off and turns the lower arm switching elements (S'a, S'b, S'c) on to store the gate drive voltage in the gate capacitor corresponding to the upper arm switching elements (Sa, Sb, Sc) of the inverter (420).


 
9. A home appliance (100) comprising:

a motor driving apparatus according to one or more of the claim 1 to 8;

said three-phase synchronous motor (230); and

a display (130).


 
10. The home appliance according to claim 9, wherein the controller (430) is configured to control displaying of a message for restarting the motor (230) after stopping on the display (130), upon determining that the motor (230) rotates.
 
11. The home appliance according to claim 9, wherein the controller (430) is configured to control displaying of a message for restarting the motor (230) after stopping on the display (130), upon determining that the motor (230) stops.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description