Ambit of the Invention
The present invention relates to a process for producing methanol and/or methane by using carbon dioxide sequestered from dissolved carbon dioxide in water taken or isolated from a land-based plant for raising or farming aquatic animals such as fish combined with hydrogen originating from electrolysis of water through the reactions (I) or (II)
= > CH3
OH + H2
+ 4 H2
wherein the methanol/methane is created through the steps of
- a) electrolysis of water for forming hydrogen gas and oxygen gas,
- b) transferring the oxygen gas from step a) to a plant for breeding aquatic animals for oxygenating the water in said plant to be used for the animal's breathing of the water in said plant for forming CO2 to be sequestered from said breeding water to be used in the reactions (I) or (II) supra, and
- c) returning said sequestered carbon dioxide to a plant for conducting the reaction(s) (I) and/or (II) supra for creating methanol and/or methane by combining said carbon dioxide with the hydrogen originating from said electrolysis of water. Particularly the present invention is related to the use of carbon dioxide-rich water from a land-based breeding plant for aquatic animals, e.g. fish farms, for producing methanol and/or methane by combining said carbon dioxide with hydrogen originating from electrolysis of water and further optionally returning the by-product oxygen originating from said electrolysis of the water to the water in the breeding plant for said aquatic animals.
Background for the invention
Based on both environmental and economic considerations it is advantageous to use CO2
being dissolved or stored in water. The combination of farming aquatic animals such as fish for creating carbon dioxide dissolved in the water from the fish farming plant, removing the carbon dioxide from the breeding water and combining this sequestered carbon dioxide with hydrogen for creating compounds for further exploitation, such as methanol and/or methane, will not only provide a sustainable living environment for the aquatic animals by removing said carbon dioxide, but will also provide a source for carbon dioxide to be used as starting materials for producing methane and/or methanol. The produced methanol/methane may be further used for producing e.g. fish feed. A combination of fish breeding with the production of methanol/methane will improve both processes to be more environmentally friendly and sustainable.
The production of methanol through a reaction of carbon dioxide and hydrogen is known from WO 95/214123
. Hydrogen gas and oxygen gas is produced through electrolysis of water. The oxygen gas is then introduced into a carbon-based process wherein CO2
is produced as a waste gas. The CO2
gas is subsequently isolated and transported to a methanol-generating unit. In this unit hydrogen gas is added and methanol is produced by a reaction between the hydrogen and the carbon dioxide. Instead of the CO2
gas being treated as a waste product this is being used for producing methanol.
A process for producing methanol is also known from DE patent 4332789
through a reaction between carbon dioxide and hydrogen, wherein the hydrogen originates from the hydrolysis of water. A similar process is known from EP 2978732 B1
disclosing a method for producing methane wherein hydrogen originating from the hydrolysis of water is reacted with CO2
in a reactor for producing methane.
For cultivating and breeding aquatic organisms it is generally known that CO2
should be removed from the water and that the water should be added oxygen for sustaining the living conditions for the aquatic animals. This is e.g. disclosed in US 2013/0112151 A1
. JP 2003259759 A
discloses removing carbon dioxide from an aqua culture plant while supplying oxygen.
1a. Production of methanol
Based on a newly developed technology by "Carbon Recycling International" (CRI), 201 Kopavogur, Iceland (www.CR.I.IS
) methanol may be produced in an industrial scale from CO2
OH + H2
When the hydrogen gas is produced through electrolysis of water or through natural gas by renewable energy such as by energy issued from solar panels, wind power plants/windmills or conventional water power plants, methanol as well as other products that may be produced based on methanol, may be said to be "green" or environmentally friendly (i.e. without or with a small environmental load) and ranges from additives for fuels to glue in fiber wood as well as plastics in tools, toys, cars or accessories such as kitchen equipment, aids for the handicapped, rails, etc.
The electrolysis of water creates oxygen gas as well in an amount of about 8 kg oxygen per kilogram of hydrogen gas, as well as hot water from the cooling of the electrolysis plant, where both these items are wanted for a land-based plant for cultivating or breeding aquatic organisms such as in fish cultivation plants.
1b. Production of methane
Methane may be produced from CO2
via a Sabatier-reactor producing methane through the overall reaction
In this reaction it is additionally produced heat. The methane gas is fed into a recently developed fermenting reactor (developed by "Bioferm/Calysta") producing fish feed ("FeedKind"™ protein) as a replacement for fish meal being supplied to the fish.
The electrolysis of water forming oxygen and hydrogen, may be included in a closed circuit being connected to a conduit for supplying isolated CO2
originating from the combustion of oxygen by fish through their metabolism (dissolved in the water or supplied externally) and carbon through the fish feed, wherein CO2
dissolved in the water may be sequestered by using state of the art techniques such as membrane extraction, aeration through pressure reduction, by using ultrasound waves for forming CO2
The isolated carbon dioxide may be thus be connected to both the production of methanol and/or methane in a closed circuit whereon O2
is formed by the electrolysis of water being transported in a closed circuit to a fish farming plant that subsequently produces carbon dioxide that may be used for producing methanol and/or methane as explained supra. The methane may subsequently be used as a raw material for the production of e.g. fish feed that may be fed back to the fish as well.
Thus the present invention concerns, in one embodiment, the use of CO2
extracted/sequestered from water from an aqua-farming plant such as a land-based fish-farming plant for producing methanol/methane through adding hydrogen to said CO2
and reacting said hydrogen with said carbon dioxide in agreement with the above reactions (I) and/or (II). The produced methanol/methane may be used as starting materials for further production of articles. In one embodiment the sequestration of CO2
may be accomplished by the water in the cultivation/breeding tank being circulated in a closed system to a unit liberating CO2
from the water. It has not been found that capturing CO2
from water originating from the cultivation of aqueous organisms has been suggested as a starting material for the production of methanol and/or methane or that this has been attempted before. The system provides a unique circular supply chain and it is self-sufficient, as detailed below, since the fish provide enough CO2
to feed a methanol/methane and hydrolyzer plant that in turn will provide more oxygen as a bi-product than needed by the fish.
The expression "fish farming plant" or "plant for farming aquatic animals" should in the present context be interpreted to include the farming or breeding of other aquatic animals besides fish, e.g. crustaceans (crayfish, shrimp, crab) or mollusks (oysters, scallops, etc.). A fish farming plant may include a fresh water plant as well as a salt water plant provided they are closed systems and are not to any significant extent supplied with water from external sources. Such a combination of electrolysis of water and the production of CO2
from aquatic animals will also qualify as a carbon-negative process with an advantageous effect on the climate and particularly the water quality in the fish breeding plant. The combined plants will produce fish with no or insignificant outlet to the environment and also bio-based methanol/methane, all provided the electric power used is taken from a renewable source.
It is well known to make bio-fuels like bio-ethanol from plants and trees, but it is also a well-known concern that demand for such fuels might lead to overtaxing of the bio-production capacity in nature and start competing with food production. In the case of the present invention, more demand for bio-fuel will stimulate more production of fish.
2. Fish farming in closed and land-based plants with return of water
In a closed system it is possible to obtain optimal growth and breeding conditions for the aquatic organisms/fish and additionally avoid serious diseases or environmental problems including diseases/fish diseases and the escaping of fish because the water is returned to the fish farming plant subsequent to purification/filtration/sedimentation/flotation and temperature adjustment. However, it is required a lot of O2
to spruce up the water (the fish using oxygen dissolved in the water for their energy/metabolism while producing CO2
through such metabolism). In a closed cultivation system it is also possible to cultivate other organisms such as crustaceans (crawfish etc.) and scallops (fresh water scallops) being organisms that require oxygen for their metabolism as well.
- The electrolysis plant will, through the electrolysis of water, provide the required H2 to the methanol/methane production as well as O2 together with hot water that may be used for:
- more convenient extraction of CO2 from the water in the fish farming ponds,
- the treatment of sediments and waste and storage thereof to useful biomass,
- regulating the temperature in the raising and breeding ponds/tanks,
- supplying hot water for slaughtering the fish, sanitizing equipment, sanitary treatment of the fish meat, etc.
Hot water may in one embodiment also be used in heat exchanger for elevating the temperature of the water from the fish cultivation tank(s) for preparing removal of the entrained CO2
therein. Cold water is known to assimilate gases such as O2
better than hot water. E.g. water at a temperature of 60-90°C carries far less entrained gas than water at e.g. 4-15°C. Consequently the temperature in the fish cultivation and breeding tanks is maintained at temperatures that are suitable for the aquatic animals therein. CO2
-rich water from the cultivation/breeding tank(s) will in one embodiment consequently be heated after having been removed from the cultivation tank(s) but prior to the CO2
removal step of the process according to the invention.
Extraction of CO2
from water is known inter alia from "SFE Extraction and CO2
- For each molecule of O2 being used by the aqueous organisms/fish, said organisms/fish forms one molecule of CO2, or per weight:
∘ 1000 kg O2 = > 1200 kg CO2 giving a CO2-factor of 1,2.
In a closed system carrying live aqueous organisms CO2
has to be removed from the water for maintaining acceptable living conditions for the organisms such as acceptable pH-values (normally about pH 6 - 8, preferably about pH 7). CO2
is normally associated with elevating the pH of water by forming carbonic acid (CO2
O => H2
), and is considered to be a waste product with negative environmental consequences. Many of such negative consequences are dealt with in closed systems such as the system according to the present invention.
The present invention will become better understood with reference to the enclosed figure showing an embodiment of a system according to the present invention combining the formation of oxygen 2 and hydrogen 3 from electrolysis 1 of water wherein CO2
is isolated 4,4' from the water taken from used water including entrained CO2
from a cultivation/breeding tank/pond 5 for aquatic animals/fish. The isolated CO2
is reacted with hydrogen originating from the electrolysis 1 of water forming methane and/or methanol 6,6' as explained supra. In one embodiment the methane may be supplied to a bacterial culture 8 as a growth substrate for creating protein to be used in e.g. fish feed. Such protein may in one embodiment constitute about 30% of protein included in such fish feed.
In an alternative embodiment methanol created by the process according to the invention may be used as a starting material for making more complex substances (e.g. plastics, oil, etc.) or may be used as a fuel or a fuel additive.
In one embodiment hot water used in the system according to the invention may be supplied from an external source or may be water recirculated from the cultivation/breeding tank 5. In an alternative the CO2
-poor water from the carbon dioxide-extracting section 4 may be supplied with oxygen 2 originating from the electrolysis section 1 of the system according to the invention and be returned in an oxygen-rich state back to the cultivation/breeding tank/pond 5. This is indicated by a dotted line 7 running from the carbon dioxide removal stage 4 to the supply line 2 carrying oxygen from the electrolysis stage 1 to the cultivation/breeding tank/pond 5.
The energy in the hot water from the electrolysis stage 1 may be heat-exchanged into cooling of the water in closed plants (not shown). Hot water (exceeding 80°C) being collected as a by-product from the production stages of methanol and methane 6,6', may be used for disinfection or directly for slaughtering fish, and may additionally and optionally be used for drying sludge collected from the cultivation/breeding tank/pond 5. Such sludge may in one embodiment be used as e.g. fertilizer.
In a closed cultivation system for aquatic animals/fish excess CO2
should be removed from the water for maintaining acceptable pH values, and the CO2
is also considered as a waste product with negative environmental effects such as e.g. acidification of the water through the formation of H2
. A too high content of CO2
in the water will also have as a consequence that it will become difficult for the aquatic animals to "breathe" (the water becomes CO2
-poisoned). Several other environmental consequences, e.g. the prevention and/or treatment of diseases and parasites (e.g. salmon lice), escape, no effect on the environment through medication, removal of waste (feces, dead animals, over-feeding, etc.) is easily taken care of in closed cultivation/breeding systems.
Regular feed or feed/protein produced from the bacterial fermentation of CH4
in the fermentor 8 may be introduced into the fish farming tank/pond 5 through lines 9,9'.
3. The addition of extra oxygen (O2
) to fish cultivation/breeding/farming plants has been recommended in studies performed by IRIS (previously Rogalands-forskning), but integration with a methanol or methane production plant is a new concept. The new concept is to capture CO2
created by cultivated/bred organisms/fish and process this as a raw material in the methanol/methane plant. This idea is new probably because the technology for producing methanol, as disclosed supra, is rather new. The use of CO2
in this way reduced the capital expenses with about 30% and the production costs with about 14% for the methanol production and free oxygen and heat assists in making land-based fish raising and breeding plants very profitable. By utilizing CO2
for producing methane and fish feed about 30% of the expenses may be saved for necessary feed.
The liberated oxygen expelled from the electrolysis plant 1 may also be used for other purposes than the addition to a fish cultivation/breeding plant, e.g. for combustion systems/plants for garbage, from which further CO2
may be introduced into the methanol/methane production plant 6,6' (not shown).
The balance for the methanol production related to fish farming/breeding (per 1000 kg methanol) is:
- produced O2 from H2O: 1541 kg
- 75% of O2 introduced in the fish farming: 1157 kg
- CO2 available from the fish: 1157·1,2 = 1388 kg
- CO2 required for producing methanol: 1380 kg ≈ balance
Some extra oxygen may be provided to the fish because the fish may not be able to assimilate it all. The extra oxygen originating from the electrolysis covers this requirement.
The enclosed figure depicts a possible flow chart for a system for producing methanol/methane according to the invention, wherein said system includes an electrolysis section 1 producing hydrogen and oxygen from the cleaving of water molecules, and said system further including a closed cultivation/breeding container/pond 5 for aquatic organisms creating CO2
to be liberated into the water surrounding said organisms forming CO2
-rich water, said CO2
-rich water being transported to a CO2
-liberating section forming gaseous CO2
-poor water, said liberated gaseous CO2
being transported to a reactor 6,6' and being combined with said hydrogen from said electrolysis plant 1 for creating methanol and/or methane as an end product, said methanol/methane being isolated and exited from said system.
Technology for harvesting CO2
from water in an industrial scale is available as explained supra, and the system according to the invention will, in one embodiment, capture the formed CO2
as well and thereby avoid accumulation. If this security measure should fail, there exist methods for removing CO2
from water without capturing the CO2
, e.g. like bubbling air through the water in an aquarium. The loops for transporting oxygen, hydrogen and carbon dioxide between a methanol/methane production plant and a plant for cultivating/breeding aquatic organisms/fish improve both to a large extent by:
- 1. Reducing both capital and production expenses for the methanol/methane production.
- 2. Providing a continuous supply of oxygen and energy to the fish raising/breeding plant.
- 3. Replacing parts of the need for fish feed.
In summary the present invention may be presented by the following features:
The process according to the invention is conducted by producing methanol and/or methane by the reactions (I) and/or (II)
= > Z r CH3
OH + H2
+ 4 H2
wherein the methanol/methane is created through the steps
- a) electrolysis of water for forming hydrogen gas and oxygen gas,
- b) transferring the oxygen gas from step a) to a plant for breeding aquatic animals for oxygenating the water in said plant to be used for the animal's breathing of the water in said plant for forming CO2 to be sequestered from said cultivation/breeding water to be used in the reactions (I) or (II) supra, and
- c) returning said sequestered carbon dioxide to a plant for conducting the reaction(s) (I) and/or (II) supra for creating methanol and/or methane by combining said carbon dioxide with the hydrogen originating from said electrolysis of water.
Alternatively the invention may be viewed as using carbon dioxide-rich water originating from a cultivation plant/container/pond for aquatic animals/fish, after the liberation of said carbon dioxide from said cultivation/breeding water, to be combined with hydrogen originating from electrolysis of water for forming methanol and/or methane.
The aquatic animals such as fish that may be cultivated/bred in a closed cultivation/breeding plant comprises fish types such as e.g. carp, mullet, bass, abbor, pike, trout, etc. The water used for cultivating/breeding the aquatic animals may be salt or fresh, fresh water being preferred. Organisms thriving in fresh water other than fish, and that may be cultivated in a land-based closed cultivation/breeding plant either alone or together with the different fish types, may be fresh water crawfish, fresh water clams, pearl fresh water oysters, etc.
1. A system for producing methanol/methane, said system comprising an electrolysis section (1) producing hydrogen and oxygen from the cleaving of water molecules, and said system further comprising a closed cultivation/breeding container/pond (5) for aquatic organisms creating CO2 through the metabolism of the aquatic animals as well as biodegradation of faeces and unused feed at the bottom of the breeding/cultivation container/pond to be liberated into the water surrounding said organisms forming CO2-rich water, said CO2-rich water being transported to a CO2-liberating section forming gaseous CO2 and CO2-poor water, said liberated gaseous CO2 being transported to a reactor (6,6') and being combined with said hydrogen from said electrolysis plant (1) for creating methanol and/or methane as an end product, said methanol/methane being isolated and exited from said system, the system being
characterized in that the oxygen liberated from said cleaving of water molecules is introduced into the water in the cultivation/breeding plant for the aquatic animals.
2. A system according to claim 1, wherein said oxygen is added to the CO2-poor water originating from said CO2-liberating section (7) prior to its reintroduction to the cultivation/breeding plant (5).
A process for producing methanol/methane by the use of a system according to any of the claims 1 - 2, wherein the methanol and/or methane is/are formed through the overall reactions
= > CH3
OH + H2
+ 4 H2
wherein the methanol/methane is created through the steps of
a) electrolysis of water for forming hydrogen gas and oxygen gas,
b) isolating CO2 from the CO2-rich water originating from the animal's breathing of the water in said plant for forming CO2 to be sequestered from said breeding water to be used in the reactions (I) or (II) supra, and
c) returning said sequestered carbon dioxide to a plant for conducting the reaction(s) (I) and/or (II) supra for creating methanol and/or methane by combining said carbon dioxide with the hydrogen originating from said electrolysis of water, the process being
characterized in that
the oxygen liberated from the electrolysis of the water is introduced into the water in the cultivation/breeding plant for the aquatic animals (5).
4. The process according to claim 3 wherein carbon dioxide-rich water from a land-based breeding plant for aquatic animals, e.g. fish farms, is used for producing methanol and/or methane by combining said carbon dioxide with hydrogen originating from electrolysis of water and returning the oxygen originating from said electrolysis of the water to the water in the breeding plant for said aquatic animals.
5. The process according to any of the claims 3 or 4, wherein said cultivating/ breeding plant (5) is a closed fish farming plant wherein the water is re-circulated after having been liberated for CO2.
6. The process according to any of the claims 3 to 5, wherein hot water originating from the electrolysis of water is supplied to the cultivation/breeding plant to be used in disinfection or slaughtering of edible aquatic animals and/or controlling the temperature in the breeding/cultivating container/pond.
7. The process according to any of the claims 3 to 6, wherein the aquatic animals are fish that may be raised in a land-based cultivation/breeding plant such as carp, mullet, bass, pike, trout etc. or wherein said aquatic animals are different from fish such as fresh water crayfish, fresh water pearl clams, fresh water scallops, etc.
8. The use of CO2-rich water originating from a plant for cultivating/breeding aquatic organisms for isolating CO2 to be reacted with hydrogen originating from the electrolysis of water for forming methanol and/or methane in a process according to claim 3.
9. The process according to any of the claims 3 to 7 or the use according to claim 8 further utilizing the produced methane for producing fish feed.
1. System zur Herstellung von Methanol/Methan, wobei das System einen Elektrolyseabschnitt (1) umfasst, der Wasserstoff und Sauerstoff aus der Spaltung von Wassermolekülen erzeugt, und wobei das System weiter einen geschlossenen Zucht-/Ablaichbehälter/Teich (5) für Wasserorganismen umfasst, die CO2 durch den Stoffwechsel der Wassertiere sowie durch den biologischen Abbau von Fäkalien und unbenutztem Futter am Boden des Zucht-/Ablaichbehälters/Teichs erzeugen, das in das Wasser, das die Organismen umgibt, die CO2-reiches Wasser bilden, freigesetzt werden soll, wobei das CO2-reiche Wasser zu einem CO2-freisetzenden Abschnitt transportiert wird, wobei gasförmiges CO2 und CO2-armes Wasser gebildet wird, wobei das freigesetzte gasförmige CO2 zu einem Reaktor (6, 6') transportiert und mit dem Wasserstoff aus der Elektrolyseanlage (1) kombiniert wird, um Methanol und/oder Methan als Endprodukt zu erzeugen, wobei das Methanol/Methan isoliert und aus dem System abgegeben wird, wobei das System
dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der durch diese Spaltung von Wassermolekülen freigesetzte Sauerstoff in das Wasser in der Zucht-/Ablaichanlage für die Wassertiere eingebracht wird.
2. System nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Sauerstoff dem CO2-armen Wasser, das aus dem CO2-freisetzenden Abschnitt (7) stammt, vor seiner Wiedereinführung in die Zucht-/Ablaichanlage (5) zugegeben wird.
Verfahren zur Herstellung von Methanol/Methan durch die Verwendung eines Systems nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 2, wobei das Methanol und/oder Methan durch die Gesamtreaktionen
OH + H2
gebildet wird/werden, wobei das Methanol/Methan durch die folgenden Schritte erzeugt wird:
a) Elektrolyse von Wasser zur Bildung von Wasserstoffgas und Sauerstoffgas,
b) Isolieren von CO2 aus dem CO2-reichen Wasser, das aus der Wasseratmung des Tieres in der Anlage stammt, zur Bildung von CO2, das aus dem Ablaichwasser sequestriert werden soll, um es in den vorstehenden Reaktionen (I) oder (II) zu verwenden, und
c) Rückführen des sequestrierten Kohlendioxids in eine Anlage zur Durchführung der vorstehenden Reaktion(en) (I) und/oder (II) zur Erzeugung von Methanol und/oder Methan durch Kombination des Kohlendioxids mit dem aus der Wasserelektrolyse stammenden Wasserstoff, wobei das Verfahren
dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass
der bei der Elektrolyse des Wassers freigesetzte Sauerstoff in die Zucht-/Ablaichanlage für die Wassertiere (5) in das Wasser eingebracht wird.
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, bei wobei kohlendioxidreiches Wasser aus einer landbasierten Ablaichanlage für Wassertiere, z.B. Fischfarmen, zur Herstellung von Methanol und/oder Methan verwendet wird, indem das Kohlendioxid mit Wasserstoff kombiniert wird, der aus der Elektrolyse von Wasser stammt, und der aus der Elektrolyse des Wassers stammende Sauerstoff in das Wasser in der Zuchtanlage für die Wassertiere zurückgeführt wird.
5. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 3 oder 4, wobei die Zucht-/Ablaichanlage (5) eine geschlossene Fischfarmanlage ist, in der das Wasser nach Freisetzung von CO2 wieder in den Kreislauf zurückgeführt wird.
6. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 5, wobei heißes Wasser, das aus der Elektrolyse von Wasser stammt, der Zucht-/Ablaichanlage zugeführt wird, um zur Desinfektion oder zum Schlachten von essbaren Wassertieren und/oder zur Regelung der Temperatur im Zucht-/Ablaichbehälter/Teich verwendet zu werden.
7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 6, wobei es sich bei den Wassertieren um Fische handelt, die in einer landbasierten Zucht-/Ablaichanlage aufgezogen werden können, wie z.B. Karpfen, Äsche, Flussbarsch, Hecht, Forelle usw., oder wobei sich die Wassertiere von Fischen wie z.B. Flusskrebsen, Süßwasser-Perlmuscheln, Süßwasser-Jakobsmuscheln usw. unterscheiden.
8. Verwendung von CO2-reichem Wasser, das aus einer Anlage zur Zucht/Ablaichung von Wasserorganismen stammt, zur Isolierung von CO2, das mit Wasserstoff, der aus der Elektrolyse von Wasser stammt, zur Bildung von Methanol und/oder Methan in einem Verfahren nach Anspruch 3 reagieren soll.
9. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 7 oder die Verwendung nach Anspruch 8, mit weiterer Nutzung des hergestellten Methans zur Herstellung von Fischfutter.
1. Système de production de méthanol/méthane, ledit système comprenant une section d'électrolyse (1) produisant de l'hydrogène et de l'oxygène par clivage des molécules d'eau, et ledit système comprenant en outre un récipient/bassin de culture/d'élevage fermé (5) pour des organismes aquatiques produisant du CO2 par le métabolisme des animaux aquatiques, ainsi que la biodégradation de matières fécales et de nourriture inutilisée sur le fond du récipient/bassin de culture/d'élevage fermé pour être libéré dans l'eau environnant lesdits organismes formant de l'eau enrichie en CO2, ladite eau enrichie en CO2 étant transportée vers une section de libération du CO2 formant du CO2 gazeux et de l'eau appauvrie en CO2, ledit CO2 gazeux libéré étant transporté vers un réacteur (6,6') et étant combiné avec ledit hydrogène provenant de ladite installation d'électrolyse (1) pour produire du méthanol et/ou du méthane en tant que produit final, ledit méthanol/méthane étant isolé et extrait dudit système, le système étant
caractérisé en ce que l'oxygène libéré dudit clivage des molécules d'eau est introduit dans l'eau de l'installation de culture/d'élevage pour les animaux aquatiques.
2. Système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit oxygène est ajouté à l'eau appauvrie en CO2 provenant de la section de libération du CO2 (7) avant sa réintroduction dans l'installation de culture/d'élevage (5).
Processus de production de méthanol/méthane par l'utilisation d'un système selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, dans lequel le méthanol et/ou le méthane est/sont formés par les réactions générales
OH + H2
+ 4 H2
dans lequel le méthanol/méthane est produit par les étapes de
a) électrolyse de l'eau pour former du gaz hydrogène et du gaz oxygène,
b) isolement du CO2 à partir de l'eau enrichie en CO2 provenant de la respiration des animaux sous l'eau dans ladite installation pour former du CO2 devant être piégé à partir de l'eau d'élevage à utiliser dans les réactions (I) ou (II) ci-dessus, et
c) renvoi dudit dioxyde de carbone piégé vers une installation pour réaliser la(les) réaction(s) (I) et/ou (II) ci-dessus permettant de produire du méthanol et/ou du méthane en combinant ledit dioxyde de carbone à l'hydrogène provenant de ladite électrolyse de l'eau, le processus étant
caractérisé en ce que
l'oxygène libéré de l'électrolyse de l'eau est introduit dans l'eau de l'installation de culture/d'élevage pour les animaux aquatiques (5).
4. Processus selon la revendication 3 dans lequel l'eau enrichie en dioxyde de carbone provenant d'une installation d'élevage terrestre pour animaux aquatiques, p. ex. fermes piscicoles, est utilisée pour produire du méthanol et/ou du méthane en combinant ledit dioxyde de carbone à l'hydrogène provenant de l'électrolyse de l'eau et renvoyer l'oxygène provenant de ladite électrolyse de l'eau vers l'eau de l'installation d'élevage pour lesdits animaux aquatiques.
5. Processus selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 ou 4, dans lequel ladite installation de culture/d'élevage (5) est une installation de pisciculture fermée dans laquelle l'eau est recyclée après avoir été libérée du CO2.
6. Processus selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 5, dans lequel de l'eau chaude provenant de l'électrolyse de l'eau est alimentée dans l'installation de culture/d'élevage pour être utilisée pour la désinfection ou l'abattage d'animaux aquatiques comestibles et/ou pour la régulation de la température dans le récipient/bassin de culture/d'élevage.
7. Processus selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 6, dans lequel les animaux aquatiques sont des poissons qui peuvent être élevés dans une installation de culture/d'élevage terrestre, tels que la carpe, le mulet, le bar, le brochet, la truite, etc. ou dans lequel lesdits animaux aquatiques sont différents des poissons, tels que des écrevisses d'eau douce, des palourdes d'eau douce, des coquilles Saint-Jacques d'eau douce, etc.
8. Utilisation de l'eau enrichie en CO2 provenant d'une installation destinée à la culture/l'élevage d'organismes aquatiques pour isoler le CO2 à faire réagir avec l'hydrogène provenant de l'électrolyse de l'eau pour former du méthanol et/ou du méthane dans un processus selon la revendication 3.
9. Processus selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 7 ou utilisation selon la revendication 8 utilisant en outre le méthane produit pour produire l'alimentation des poissons.