(19)
(11)EP 3 527 466 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 19153338.9

(22)Date of filing:  23.01.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B62D 25/06(2006.01)
B62D 25/04(2006.01)
B62D 25/02(2006.01)

(54)

UPPER BODY STRUCTURE OF VEHICLE

OBERTEILSTRUKTUR EINES FAHRZEUGS

STRUCTURE DE CORPS SUPÉRIEUR D'UN VÉHICULE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.01.2018 JP 2018008950

(43)Date of publication of application:
21.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/34

(73)Proprietors:
  • TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken 471-8571 (JP)
  • TOYOTA JIDOSHA KYUSHU KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Miyawaka-shi, Fukuoka-ken 823-0015 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHIBA, Kenji
    TOYOTA-SHI, AICHI-KEN, 471-8571 (JP)
  • YASUDA, Keisuke
    MIYAWAKA-SHI, FUKUOKA-KEN, 823-0015 (JP)

(74)Representative: Cabinet Beau de Loménie 
158, rue de l'Université
75340 Paris Cedex 07
75340 Paris Cedex 07 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
FR-A1- 3 051 172
JP-A- 2016 168 881
JP-A- 2012 121 368
US-B2- 7 407 222
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to an upper body structure of a vehicle and, more particularly, to a reinforcing structure of a roof side rail extending longitudinally on left and right sides of a roof of the vehicle.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] A roof side rail extending longitudinally on left and right sides of a roof of a vehicle is in a closed cross-section structure to enhance rigidity and strength of the vehicle.

    [0003] PATENT DOCUMENT 1 discloses a roof side rail (12) including a rail inner panel (16) and a rail outer reinforcement (20) which form a closed cross section. A reinforcement patch (40) is disposed in the closed cross section to decrease inward deformation of the roof side rail (12) in a width direction of the vehicle. The reference numbers in the brackets above have been used in PATENT DOCUMENT 1 and are in no way relevant to the reference numbers used in the description of an embodiment of the present application. PATENT DOCUMENT 2 discloses reinforcement members extending between the roof side rail members to the cross-member which is connected approximately perpendicular to the B-pillar, but longitudinally offset from the B-pillar.

    CITATION LIST



    [0004] 

    PATENT DOCUMENT 1: JP 2016-168881 A

    PATENT DOCUMENT 2: US 7,407,222 B2


    SUMMARY


    TECHNICAL PROBLEM



    [0005] In the case of side collision of a vehicle, a collision load may not be sufficiently transferred to other frame members via a roof side rail if the closed cross-section structure of the roof side rail is crushed. It is an object of the present disclosure to prevent or decrease crushed deformation of the closed cross-section structure of the roof side rail.

    SOLUTION TO PROBLEM



    [0006] An upper body structure of a vehicle according to the present disclosure includes left and right roof side rails extending longitudinally along left and right sides of a roof of a vehicle, a roof cross member extending across the left and right roof side rails, with both ends of the roof cross member connected individually to the left and right roof side rails, and a reinforcing member disposed in each roof side rail at a position where the roof side rail is connected to the roof cross member. Each roof side rail includes a rail outer member located laterally outside the vehicle and a rail inner member located laterally inside the vehicle, the rail outer member and the rail inner member forming a closed cross-section structure. The rail outer member includes an upper outer wall and a lower outer wall which are curved and bent to protrude laterally to the outside of the vehicle, and a ridgeline is formed to extend longitudinally along a boundary between the upper outer wall and the lower outer wall. A reinforcing member is disposed in a space inside the closed cross-section structure which is formed by the rail outer member and the rail inner member. According to the present invention, the reinforcing member includes a base bonded to the upper outer wall and the lower outer wall of the rail outer member, a facing plate facing the rail inner member, and a supporting wall standing on the base to support the facing plate. The facing plate is at least partially located laterally inside of a plane passing through two edge lines of the upper outer wall and the lower outer wall, each edge line opposing the ridgeline.

    [0007] The facing plate of the reinforcing member is disposed in the vicinity of the rail inner member, so that when the load to laterally crush the closed cross-section structure of the roof side rail is applied to the vehicle body, the facing plate supported by the supporting wall touches the roof inner member to prevent crushed deformation of the closed cross section structure.

    [0008] The facing plate of the reinforcing member may be supported by two supporting walls disposed side by side in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle. This increases the strength of the reinforcing member against the lateral crushed deformation of the closed cross-section structure of the vehicle when compared to a case where the facing plate is supported by one supporting wall.

    [0009] Further, the facing plate of the reinforcing member may be connected to the base either on the upper edge line or the lower edge line of the facing plate. This increases the strength of the reinforcing member against the lateral crushed deformation of the closed cross-section structure of the vehicle when compared to a case where the facing plate is supported only by the two supporting walls.

    [0010] Further, the reinforcing member may include a plurality of facing plates. This increases the strength of the reinforcing member against the lateral crushed deformation of the closed cross-section structure of the vehicle.

    [0011] Further, the reinforcing member may be disposed at a position where the roof side rail is connected to a pillar standing on the side portion of the vehicle. This enables transfer of a load applied to the roof side rail to the roof cross member from the pillar via the reinforcing member.

    [0012] The crushed deformation of the closed cross-section shape of the roof side rail can be prevented or decreased, and the collision load can be transferred to the roof cross member.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0013] An embodiment of the present disclosure will be described based on the following figures, wherein:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a frame structure of a vehicle;

    FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of an upper body structure of a vehicle when seen in a direction of arrow A of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of constituent parts of a frame 10;

    FIG. 4 shows inside of a roof side rail;

    FIG. 5 shows a reinforcing member;

    FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing main components of the upper body structure of the vehicle when taken along line B-B of FIG. 2; and

    FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view showing main components of the upper body structure of the vehicle when taken along line C-C of FIG. 6.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENT



    [0014] An embodiment of the present disclosure is described below in detail with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of a frame 10 of a vehicle. In FIG. 1, the front side of the vehicle is indicated by an arrow FR, the upper side of the vehicle is indicated by an arrow UP, and the left side of the vehicle is indicated by an arrow LH. The terminology used herein for describing directions and orientation, such as front, rear, left, right, upper, lower, and like terms, are used to indicate the directions and orientation of the vehicle unless otherwise specified. Further, the front-rear direction of the vehicle is referred to as a longitudinal direction, and the left-right direction of the vehicle is referred to as a lateral direction. Lastly, in the lateral direction of the vehicle, the side of the vehicle closer to the center line of the vehicle extending in the longitudinal direction is referred to as inside of the vehicle, and the side of the vehicle away from the center line is referred to as outside of the vehicle.

    [0015] The frame 10 includes two roof side rails 12 extending in the longitudinal direction along left and right sides of the roof. The frame 10 also includes a plurality of roof cross members 14 extending laterally across the left and right roof side rails 12. Both ends of each roof cross member 14 are connected individually to the left and right roof side rails 12. The roof side rails 12 and the roof cross members 14 are part of the members constituting the upper body structure of the vehicle. A center pillar 16 is disposed approximately in the center of the vehicle in the longitudinal direction on both left and right sides of the frame 10. Upper ends of the left and right center pillars 16 are connected to the roof side rails 12.

    [0016] FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the upper body structure, particularly a portion where the roof cross member 14 and the center pillar 16 are connected to the roof side rail 12, of the right side of the vehicle, when seen in the direction of an arrow A of FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is an exploded view showing main components of the roof side rail 12, the roof cross member 14, and the center pillar 16. In FIG. 3, the laterally outside direction of the vehicle is indicated by arrow OUT. In the following, the left side structure of the vehicle will not be described, as the left structure is symmetrical to the right structure.

    [0017] The roof side rail 12 includes a rail outer member 18 located laterally outside and a rail inner member 20 located laterally inside. The rail outer member 18 and rail inner member 20 are bonded by welding or the like to form a rail skeletal member 22 of a closed cross-section structure that provides rigidity and strength of the structure. A reinforcing member 24 is disposed in the inner space of the rail skeletal member 22, especially at a position where the roof cross member 14 and the center pillar 16 are connected to the roof side rail 12. The reinforcing member 24 will be described in detail later.

    [0018] The roof cross member 14 includes a beam member 26 extending laterally and a roof cross gusset 28 connecting to the beam member 26 and the roof side rail 12. The beam member 26 and the roof cross gusset 28, as well as the roof cross gusset 28 and the roof side rail 12, are bonded by welding or the like.

    [0019] The center pillar 16 includes a pillar outer member 30 located laterally outside and a pillar inner member 32 located laterally inside. The pillar outer member 30 and the pillar inner member 32 are bonded by welding or the like to form a pillar skeletal member 34 of the closed cross-section structure that provides rigidity and strength.

    [0020] A side member outer panel 36 is provided outside the vehicle to cover the rail skeletal member 22 and the pillar skeletal member 34. The side member outer panel 36 is bonded to the rail skeletal member 22 and the pillar skeletal member 34 by welding or the like to form the surface of a finished vehicle. The side member outer panel 36 includes a rail cover portion 38 covering the rail skeletal member 22. The rail cover portion 38 and the rail skeletal member 22 form the roof side rail 12. The side member outer panel 36 includes a pillar cover portion 40 covering the pillar skeletal member 34 and forms the center pillar 16 with the pillar skeletal member 34.

    [0021] FIG. 4 shows the inside of the closed cross-section structure, particularly the reinforcing member 24, of the rail skeletal member 22, when the rail inner member 20 and the roof cross member 14 are removed. FIG. 5 shows the reinforcing member 24 alone. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 2. FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line C-C of FIG. 6.

    [0022] The reinforcing member 24 is disposed inside the rail skeletal member 22 and bonded to an inner surface of the rail outer member 18 by welding or the like.

    [0023] As shown in FIG. 6, the rail skeletal member 22 has an approximately rectangular closed cross-section, with one side of the rectangle inside the vehicle being formed by the rail inner member 20 and the other three sides being formed by the rail outer member 18. The one side of the closed cross-section inside the vehicle is referred to as an inner wall 42. The inner wall 42 is formed by the rail inner member 20. Among the walls forming the other three sides, two walls directed approximately outside of the vehicle are referred to as an upper outer wall 44 and a lower outer wall 46, and the last wall directed upward is referred to as a ceiling wall 48. The upper outer wall 44 and the lower outer wall 46 are curved and bent to protrude to the outside of the vehicle, and form a ridgeline 50 extending longitudinally along a boundary of the upper outer wall 44 and the lower outer wall 46.

    [0024] A pillar outer member 30 is bonded to the rail outer member 18 on the outside of the vehicle by welding or the like. A pillar inner member 32 is sandwiched between and bonded to lower edges of the rail outer member 18 and the rail inner member 20 by welding or the like.

    [0025] The reinforcing member 24 includes a crush reinforcing portion 52 that mainly prevents or decreases crushed deformation of the rail skeletal member 22, and a curving and bending reinforcing portion 54 that mainly prevents or decreases curving and bending.

    [0026] The crush reinforcing portion 52 includes a base 56 bonded to the upper and lower outer walls 44 and 46 of the rail outer member 18 by welding or the like. The crush reinforcing portion 52 includes a facing plate 58 facing the inner wall 42, that is, the rail inner member 20. Herein, the facing plate 58 is planar and two facing plates 58 are provided at an interval in the longitudinal direction in the reinforcing member 24. Each facing plate 58 is supported by a supporting wall 60 standing on the base 56. Herein, two facing plates 58 are each supported by two supporting walls 60, with both ends of each supporting wall 60 provided side by side in the longitudinal direction.

    [0027] The base 56 of the reinforcing member 24 is bonded to the rail outer member 18 by spot welding, for example, at two places on the upper outer wall 44 and three places on the lower outer wall 46. The welding can be carried out on the upper outer wall 44 at places adjacent to, in front of, and behind the two facing plates 58. The welding can be carried out on the lower outer wall 46 at places adjacent to, in front of, and behind the two facing plates 58, as well as between the two facing plates 58. FIG. 4 shows example positions of the spot welding marked by "x".

    [0028] The facing plates 58 are disposed closer to the inner wall 42 of the rail skeletal member 22. Specifically, the facing plates 58 are at least partially located on the inside of a plane P defined by an upper edge line 62 of the upper outer wall 44 and a lower edge line 64 of the lower outer wall 46 in the vehicle. The upper outer wall 44 has the upper edge line 62 opposing the ridgeline 50, and the lower outer wall 46 has the lower edge line 64 opposing the ridgeline 50. The plane P passes through the upper edge line 62 and the lower edge line 64. Herein, an upper edge line 66 of each facing plate 58 is located closer to the inner wall 42 than to the plane P in the reinforcing member 24. A lower edge line 68 of each facing plate 58 is connected to the base 56, so that the facing plate 58 can be directly supported on the base 56 at the lower edge line 68 of the facing plate 58 without using the supporting wall 60. The position of the facing plates 58 may be reversed. In other words, the lower edge line 68 may be brought closer to the inner wall 42 than to the plane P so that the upper edge line 66 can be connected to the base 56. Further, both upper and lower edge lines 66 and 68 may be brought closer to the inner wall 42 than to the plane P so that the whole of the facing plates 58 can be brought closer to the inner wall 42 than to the plane P.

    [0029] In the case of side collision, for example, where a load of collision is applied to the rail skeletal member 22, the facing plates 58 and the supporting walls 60 act against the collision load to prevent or decrease deformation of the cross section of the rail skeletal member 22. In addition, the base 56 reinforces the upper and lower outer walls 44 and 46 in the vicinity of the ridgeline 50 to prevent or decrease curving or bending of the rail skeletal member 22 in the longitudinal direction. Thus, the reinforcing member 24 includes the facing plates 58 and the supporting walls 60 and also includes a supporting body standing on the base 56, the supporting body protruding to the inside of the vehicle from the plane P. The supporting body receives the collision load and prevents or decreases crushed deformation of the cross section of the rail skeletal member 22.

    [0030] In the side collision, the roof cross members 14 receive the collision load from the outside of the vehicle. This causes a large deformation of the roof side rail 12 at positions connected to the roof cross members 14. By disposing the reinforcing member 24, particularly the crush reinforcing portion 52 of the reinforcing member 24, at these positions, the deformation of the roof side rail 12 can be prevented or decreased efficiently. Meanwhile, in the side collision, the collision load is partially input to the center pillar 16 and transferred to the roof side rail 12. Therefore, a large deformation may occur at the position connected to the center pillar 16. By disposing the reinforcing member 24, especially the crush reinforcing portion 52, the deformation of the roof side rail 12 can be prevented or decreased efficiently.

    [0031] At a position adjacent to the position reinforced by the crush reinforcing portion 52, the strength may relatively decrease, causing curving and bending of the roof side rail 12 upon receipt of the collision load. To prevent or decrease the curving and bending at this position, the reinforcing member 24 may include a curving and bending reinforcing portion 54. The curving and bending reinforcing portion 54 reinforces the ceiling wall 48 and the upper outer wall 44 of the rail skeletal member 22. The curving and bending reinforcing portion 54 may be provided on the front side, the rear side, or both sides of the crush reinforcing portion 52. Further, the crush reinforcing portion 52 and the curving and bending reinforcing portion 54 may not be provided integrally and is provided separately. The curving and bending reinforcing portion 54 may not be provided if the roof side rail 12 has a sufficient strength.

    REFERENCE SIGNS LIST



    [0032] 
    10
    Frame
    12
    Roof side rail
    14
    Roof cross member
    16
    Center pillar
    18
    Rail outer member
    20
    Rail inner member
    22
    Rail skeletal member
    24
    Reinforcing member
    26
    Beam member
    28
    Roof cross gusset
    30
    Pillar outer member
    32
    Pillar inner member
    34
    Pillar skeletal member
    36
    Side member outer panel
    38
    Rail cover portion
    40
    Pillar cover portion
    42
    Inner wall
    44
    Upper outer wall
    46
    Lower outer wall
    48
    Ceiling wall
    50
    Ridgeline
    52
    Crush reinforcing portion
    54
    Curving and bending reinforcing portion
    56
    Base
    58
    Facing plate
    60
    Supporting wall
    62
    Upper edge line (of upper outer wall)
    64
    Lower edge line (of lower outer wall)
    66
    Upper edge line (of facing plate)
    68
    Lower edge line (of facing plate)



    Claims

    1. An upper body structure of a vehicle, comprising:

    left and right roof side rails (12) each including a rail outer member (18) located laterally outside the vehicle and a rail inner member (20) located laterally inside the vehicle and forming a closed cross-section structure with the rail outer member (18), the left and right roof side rails (12) extending in a longitudinal direction along left and right sides of a roof of the vehicle;

    a roof cross member (14) extending across the left and right roof side rails (12), with both ends of the roof cross member (14) connected individually to the left and right roof side rails (12); and

    a reinforcing member (24) disposed in the closed cross-section structure of the left and right roof side rails (12) at a position where each roof side rail (12) is connected to the roof cross member (12), wherein

    the rail outer member (18) includes an upper outer wall (44) and a lower outer wall (46) which are curved and bent to protrude laterally to the outside of the vehicle to form a ridgeline (50) extending longitudinally along a boundary between the upper outer wall (44) and the lower outer wall said upper body structure of a vehicle being characterized in that

    the reinforcing member (24) includes a base (56) bonded to the upper outer wall (44) and the lower outer wall (46), a facing plate (58) facing the rail inner member (20), and a supporting wall (60) standing on the base (56) to support the facing plate (58), and

    the facing plate (58) is at least partially located on the laterally inside of a plane (P) passing through two edge lines (62, 64) of the upper outer wall (44) and the lower outer wall (46), each edge line opposing the ridgeline (50).


     
    2. The upper body structure of the vehicle according to claim 1, wherein
    the facing plate (58) is supported by two supporting walls (60) disposed side by side in the longitudinal direction.
     
    3. The upper body structure of the vehicle according to claim 2, wherein the facing plate (58) is connected to the base (56) either on an upper edge line (66) or a lower edge line (68) of the facing plate (58).
     
    4. The upper body structure of the vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein
    the reinforcing member (24) includes a plurality of the facing plates (58).
     
    5. The upper body structure of the vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein
    the reinforcing member (24) is disposed at a position where each roof side rail (12) is connected to a pillar (16) standing on the side portion of the vehicle.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Obere Karosseriestruktur eines Fahrzeugs, umfassend:

    eine linke und rechte Dachseitenschiene (12), die jeweils ein Schienenaußenelement (18), das sich seitlich außerhalb des Fahrzeugs befindet, und ein Schieneninnenelement (20), das sich seitlich innerhalb des Fahrzeugs befindet und mit dem Schienenaußenelement (18) eine geschlossene Querschnittsstruktur bildet, beinhalten, wobei sich die linke und rechte Dachseitenschiene (12) in einer Längsrichtung entlang der linken und rechten Seite eines Daches des Fahrzeugs erstrecken,

    einen Dachquerträger (14), der sich über die linke und rechte Dachseitenschiene (12) erstreckt, wobei beide Enden des Dachquerträgers (14) einzeln mit der linken und rechten Dachseitenschiene (12) verbunden sind, und

    ein Verstärkungselement (24), das in der geschlossenen Querschnittsstruktur der linken und rechten Dachseitenschiene (12) an einer Position angeordnet ist, an der jede Dachseitenschiene (12) mit dem Dachquerträger (12) verbunden ist, wobei

    das Schienenaußenelement (18) eine obere Außenwand (44) und eine untere Außenwand (46) beinhaltet, die gekrümmt und gebogen sind, um seitlich zu der Außenseite des Fahrzeugs vorzustehen, um eine Kammlinie (50) zu bilden, die sich in Längsrichtung entlang einer Grenze zwischen der oberen Außenwand (44) und der unteren Außenwand erstreckt,

    wobei die obere Karosseriestruktur eines Fahrzeugs dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass

    das Verstärkungselement (24) ein Unterteil (56), das mit der oberen Außenwand (44) und der unteren Außenwand (46) verbunden ist, eine Verblendplatte (58), die das Schieneninnenelement (20) verblendet, und eine Stützwand (60), die auf dem Unterteil (56) steht, um die Verblendplatte (58) zu stützen, beinhaltet, und

    die Verblendplatte (58) sich mindestens teilweise auf der seitlichen Innenseite einer Ebene (P) befindet, die durch zwei Kantenlinien (62, 64) der oberen Außenwand (44) und der unteren Außenwand (46) verläuft, wobei jede Kantenlinie der Kammlinie (50) gegenüberliegt.


     
    2. Obere Karosseriestruktur des Fahrzeugs nach Anspruch 1, wobei
    die Verblendplatte (58) durch zwei Stützwände (60) abgestützt ist, die Seite an Seite in der Längsrichtung angeordnet sind.
     
    3. Obere Karosseriestruktur des Fahrzeugs nach Anspruch 2, wobei
    die Verblendplatte (58) mit dem Unterteil (56) entweder auf einer oberen Kantenlinie (66) oder einer unteren Kantenlinie (68) der Verblendplatte (58) verbunden ist.
     
    4. Obere Karosseriestruktur des Fahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei
    das Verstärkungselement (24) mehrere Verblendplatten (58) beinhaltet.
     
    5. Obere Karosseriestruktur des Fahrzeugs nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei
    das Verstärkungselement (24) an einer Position angeordnet ist, an der jede Dachseitenschiene (12) mit einer Säule (16) verbunden ist, die auf der Seitensektion des Fahrzeugs steht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Structure de carrosserie supérieure d'un véhicule, comprenant :

    des rails latéraux de toit gauche et droit (12) comprenant chacun un élément extérieur de rail (18) situé latéralement à l'extérieur du véhicule et un élément intérieur de rail (20) situé latéralement à l'intérieur du véhicule et formant une structure de section transversale fermée avec l'élément extérieur de rail (18), les rails latéraux de toit gauche et droit (12) s'étendant dans une direction longitudinale le long des côtés gauche et droit d'un toit du véhicule ;

    une traverse de toit (14) s'étendant entre les rails latéraux de toit gauche et droit (12), les deux extrémités de la traverse de toit (14) étant reliées individuellement aux rails latéraux de toit gauche et droit (12) ; et

    un élément de renfort (24) disposé dans la structure de section transversale fermée des rails latéraux de toit gauche et droit (12), dans une position où chaque rail latéral de toit (12) est relié à la traverse de toit (12),

    l'élément extérieur de rail (18) comprenant une paroi externe supérieure (44) et une paroi externe inférieure (46) qui sont courbées et pliées de telle sorte à dépasser latéralement vers l'extérieur du véhicule, de manière à former une ligne de crête (50) s'étendant longitudinalement le long d'une limite entre la paroi extérieure supérieure (44) et la paroi extérieure inférieure

    ladite structure de carrosserie supérieure d'un véhicule étant caractérisé en ce que l'élément de renfort (24) comprend une base (56) liée à la paroi externe supérieure (44) et à la paroi externe inférieure (46), une plaque de parement (58) qui fait face à l'élément intérieur de rail (20), et une paroi de support (60) qui repose sur la base (56) pour supporter la plaque de parement (58), et

    la plaque de parement (58) est au moins partiellement située sur le côté latéralement à l'intérieur d'un plan (P) qui passe par deux lignes de bord (62, 64) de la paroi extérieure supérieure (44) et de la paroi extérieure inférieure (46), chaque ligne de bord étant opposée au pli (50).


     
    2. Structure de carrosserie supérieure du véhicule selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle
    la plaque de parement (58) est supportée par deux parois de support (60) disposées côte à côte dans la direction longitudinale.
     
    3. Structure de carrosserie supérieure du véhicule selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle
    la plaque de parement (58) est reliée à la base (56) sur une ligne de bord supérieur (66) ou une ligne de bord inférieur (68) de la plaque de parement (58).
     
    4. Structure de carrosserie supérieure du véhicule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle
    l'élément de renfort (24) comprend une pluralité de plaques de parement (58).
     
    5. Structure de carrosserie supérieure du véhicule selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans laquelle
    l'élément de renfort (24) est disposé dans une position où chaque rail latéral de toit (12) est relié à un montant (16) qui repose sur la partie latérale du véhicule.
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description