(19)
(11)EP 3 530 266 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
28.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/35

(21)Application number: 18158897.1

(22)Date of filing:  27.02.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61K 9/127  (2006.01)
B29D 11/00  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: LipoCoat B.V.
7522 NB Enschede (NL)

(72)Inventor:
  • van Weerd, Jasper
    7522 NB Enschede (NL)

(74)Representative: Renkema, Jaap 
IPecunia Patents B.V. P.O. Box 593
6160 AN Geleen
6160 AN Geleen (NL)

  


(54)A LIPID-BASED COATING COMPOSITION, AND AN OBJECT HAVING A LIPID-BASED COATING


(57) The invention relates to a lipid-based coating composition comprising
a. Lipid vesicles consisting of
i. 85-95 mol% of a phospholipid (A) having a phosphatidylcholine group;
ii. 5-12 mol% of a PEGylated phospholipid (B);
iii. optionally 0-3 mol% of a lipophilic compound (C) other than lipids (A) and (B);
b. 0-5 wt% of a water-soluble additive (D); and
c. at least 95 wt% of water,
wherein lipid vesicles having a number average size between 50 and 140 nm (measured according to dynamic light scattering) and wherein the lipid vesicle concentration ranges between 0.025 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml, and wherein the mol% of lipids (A), (B) and (C) is calculated relative to the total molar amount of lipids (A)+(B)+(C) in the lipid-based coating composition and wherein the wt% of water-soluble additive (D) is calculated relative to the weight of the total composition.




Description


[0001] The present invention relates to a lipid-based coating composition, objects treated with the coating composition and objects having a lipid-based coating.
Coating of substrates is known in the art. In general, coatings are coverings that can be applied to a surface or an object. Coatings can be for example decorative, functional or both. Decorative coatings include for example paints and or lacquers. Functional coatings include for example adhesive, optical, catalytic, light sensitive, magnetic, electrical, conductive, insulating, scent properties and or protective. Functional (protective) coatings include for example anti-corrosion, anti-scratch, waterproof, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, anti-fouling, anti-thombogenic, lubricious and/ or bio-active. The typical lipid-based coating, not limited to, Supported Lipid Bilayers are commonly applied using vesicles of varying size and composition. SLBs are generally prepared via vesicle fusion and have been widely used in research since they were first reported (McConnel and Tamm 1985). SLBs have shown great promise as an anti-fouling surface and as tunable coatings since their surface composition and function can be altered. The anti-fouling nature of SLBs and their tunable composition makes them an ideal candidate to serve as a surface coating on solid materials where properties such as anti-fouling, wetting, lubricity and bio-functionality are exploited.
Improper wetting, low lubricity and high fouling is a known problem in healthcare and with the use of medical devices.

[0002] Medical devices are prepared from biomaterials, natural or synthetic materials (metal or polymer) that are suitable for tissue contact or contact with biological fluids. Medical devices tend to lack proper control over surface properties resulting in unwanted phenomena occurring on the medical device or biomaterial interface such as improper wetting, low lubricity and fouling of proteins, cells and micro-organisms. This can be the case on first use or change during the use time of the device. As a result, comfort, safety and performance of the medical device can be affected. For example, more than half of the contact lens users experience discomfort that can be related to improper contact lens wetting and to low lubricity. In some cases, this is affected by protein fouling on the lens surface. Generally, wetting and lubricity are important surface properties for medical devices that enter body orifices or frequently move across a tissue interface. In addition, fouling of micro-organisms on the lens surface increases the risk for eye infection - nowadays 1 in 500 contact lens users develops an eye infection. Fouling of micro-organisms on more invasive devices pose a high health care risk. Half of all the infections that strike inpatients, so-called health care associated infections, are caused by bacteria fouling of catheters. Resulting in increased hospital stay, increased health care costs and deaths. Similar to contact lenses, with catheters - as they move through a body orifice -there is a need to also increase surface wetting and lubricity for comfortable insertion and removal of the device without tissue damage. Additionally, the propensity to adsorb proteins (protein fouling) often results in a coagulation response when in contact with blood. For blood contacting devices such as cardiovascular catheters, blood coagulation is undesired and anti-thrombogenic properties are required. Also, medical implants, such as orthopedic implants, are affected by fouling of micro-organisms. Although the risk is generally considered low (<2%), bacteria fouling and the resulting infection in most cases require revision surgery during which the implant is removed, tissue is cleared and a new device is placed back in the patient.

[0003] A contact lens is a thin lens placed directly on the surface of the eye and can be classified by their primary function, their material, wear and replacement schedule. Based on the primary function, contact lenses are known that correct vision - most commonly by correcting refractive error. Cosmetic contact lenses are designed to change the appearance of the eye but can also correct refractive error. Therapeutic contact lenses are known, which are used in the treatment and management of non-refractive disorders of the eye.
Contact lenses are usually either soft, rigid or hybrid. Examples of soft contact lenses are hydrogel and silicon hydrogel contact lenses. Examples of rigid contact lenses are rigid gas permeable contact lenses. Examples of hybrid contact lenses are lenses which combine soft and rigid materials.
Contact lenses can be used for different periods of time, for example use during the day, use during the night or overnight - in the case of extended wear lenses.
Furthermore, contact lenses can have different replacement intervals, for example they can be discarded daily (daily disposable lenses), every two weeks, every few months or every half year or longer (mostly the case for rigid gas permeable contact lenses). A special class of rigid lenses, the so-called Ortho K lenses, are only worn during the night to correct vision during the day. Most contact lens types, with the exception of daily disposable lenses, require the use of lens care products for cleaning and storage.

[0004] A catheter is a thin tube that can be inserted in the body to treat diseases, for diagnostic purposes or perform a surgical procedure. By modifying the material or adjusting the way catheters are manufactured, it is possible to tailor catheters for different applications like for example cardiovascular, urological, gastrointestinal, neurovascular and ophthalmic applications.

[0005] Implants are manufactured to replace a missing biological structure, support a damaged biological structure, or enhance an existing biological structure. In some cases, implants contain electronics e.g. artificial pacemaker and cochlear implants. Some implants are bioactive, such as subcutaneous drug delivery devices in the form of implantable pills or drug-eluting stents.
Implants can roughly be categorized into groups by application, for example sensory and neurological, cardiovascular, orthopedic, contraception, cosmetic and other organs and systems.

[0006] To control the inherent medical device or biomaterial surface properties and match them with the application requirements, coatings and new materials are studied. In the art, medical device surface coatings are used to improve the performance of said medical devices and e.g. reduce (bio)fouling. These include commercially available coatings such as ComfortCoat® (DSM) for use on catheters and Tangible Hydra-PEG™ (Contamac) for use on contact lenses.
Although performance can be improved with the current coatings, many end-users still suffer from complications. For example, despite advances made in contact lens materials (such as PC Technology™, CooperVision) and contact lens surface treatments such as the HydraPEG™ coating, a large group of contact lens users still experience discomfort and safety risks due to fouling of the contact lens surface with proteins and or micro-organisms, improper fit and a lack of (sustained) wetting. Similarly, despite new catheter materials and coatings, health care associated infections are still primarily caused by contaminated catheters. Therefore, there is a need to further improve and tailor medical device surface properties. In addition to medical device applications, food, pharma, maritime and consumer products could benefit from the present invention.

[0007] The present invention relates to a lipid-based coating composition comprising
  1. a) Lipid vesicles consisting of
    1. i. 85-95 mol% of a phospholipid (A) having a phosphatidylcholine group;
    2. ii. 5-12 mol% of a PEGylated phospholipid (B);
    3. iii. optionally 0-3 mol% of a lipophilic compound (C) other than lipids (A) and (B);
  2. b) 0-5 wt% of a water-soluble additive (D); and
  3. c) at least 95 wt% of water,
wherein lipid vesicles having a number average size between 50 and 140 nm (measured according to dynamic light scattering) and
wherein the lipid vesicle concentration ranges between 0.025 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml, and
wherein the mol% of lipids (A), (B) and (C) is calculated relative to the total molar amount of lipids (A)+(B)+(C) in the lipid-based coating composition and wherein the wt% of water-soluble additive D is calculated relative to the weight of the total composition.

[0008] The phospholipids (A) contains a phosphatidylcholine (PC) head group is. The phosphatidylcholine group is a zwitterionic head group, as it has a negative charge on the phosphate group and a positive charge on the choline. Because these local charges balance, no net charge is present at physiological pH.

[0009] The lipid-based coating composition can be applied to a substrate generating a coating consisting of
  1. I. 85-95 mol% of a phospholipid (A) having a phosphatidylcholine group;
  2. II. 5-12 mol% of a PEGylated phospholipid (B);
  3. III. Optionally 0-3 mol% of a lipophilic compound (C) other than lipids (A) and (B).
wherein the mol% of lipids (A), (B) and (C) are calculated relative to the amount of lipids (A)+(B)+(C) in the coating.
The lipid-based coating can be used to improve surface wetting and lubricity and tailored to reduce fouling of proteins and micro-organisms. Alternatively, the coating can be tuned to include bio-activity. In all cases the lipid-based coating can be used in conjunction with a supplement comprising the lipid-based coating composition that maintains the coating quality.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0010] The present invention relates to a lipid-based coating composition comprising
  1. a) Lipid vesicles consisting of
    1. i. 85-95 mol% of a phospholipid (A) having a phosphatidylcholine group;
    2. ii. 5-12 mol% of a PEGylated phospholipid (B);
    3. iii. optionally 0-3 mol% of a lipophilic compound (C) other than lipids (A) and (B);
  2. b) 0-5 wt% of a water-soluble additive (D); and
  3. c) at least 95 wt% of water,
wherein lipid vesicles having a number average size between 50 and 140 nm (measured according to dynamic light scattering) and
wherein the lipid vesicle concentration ranges between 0.025 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml, and wherein the mol% of lipids (A), (B) and lipophilic compound (C) are calculated relative to the amount of (A)+(B)+(C) in the lipid-based coating composition, and wherein the amount of water-soluble additive (D) and water is calculated relative to the total weight of the lipid-based coating composition.

[0011] Phospholipids in general have a hydrophilic head and two hydrophobic tails each. When phospholipids are exposed to water, they arrange themselves into e.g. a two-layered sheet (a bilayer) with all of their tails pointing towards the center of the sheet or as micelles with their tails pointing towards each other. The centers of this bilayer and micelle are non-polar and therefore contain almost no water and exclude molecules that dissolve in water but not in oil.
At a given temperature a lipid bilayer can exist in either a liquid or a gel (solid) phase. All lipids have a characteristic temperature at which they transition (melt) from the gel to the liquid phase- the phase transition temperature. In both phases the lipid molecules are mostly prevented from flip-flopping across the bilayer, but in liquid phase bilayers a given lipid will exchange locations with its neighbor millions of times a second. Unlike liquid phase bilayers, the lipids in a gel phase bilayer are locked in place with very limited mobility.
While lipid tails primarily modulate bilayer phase behavior, it is the head group of the lipid that determines the bilayer surface chemistry. Of the phospholipids, the most common head group is phosphatidylcholine (PC). Phosphatidylcholine is a zwitterionic head group, as it has a negative charge on the phosphate group and a positive charge on the choline but, because these local charges balance, no net charge is present at physiological pH. Another example of a head group with no net charge at physiological pH is phosphatidylethanolamine.
Other head groups, such as for example, phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidyl glycerol carry a negative charge at physiological pH.
Due to their zwitterionic nature, phosphatidylcholine derivatives are preferably used for coating applications; phosphatidylcholine derivatives are a class of lipids that bear a phosphatidylcholine headgroup and can have natural or synthetic hydrophobic tails of varying length and composition such as degree of saturation. Examples of natural hydrophobic tails are palmitoyl, oleoyl, diphytanoyl and myristoyl. Examples of synthetic hydrophobic tails are diacetylenic and acrylate containing tails.
Examples of phospholipids (A) are 1,2-didecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DDPC), 1,2-dilauroyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DLPC), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine(DSPC), 1,2-Dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), 1,2-dierucoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DEPC), DiynePC lipids such as 1,2-bis(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1-palmitoyl-2-(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. Preferred phospholipids (A) are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC). More preferably the phospholipids are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC).

[0012] Examples of PEGylated phospholipids (B) are saturated and unsaturated (e.g. 14:0, 16:0, 18:0 and 18:1) phosphatidylethanolamine derivatives conjugated to polyethylene glycol (PEG). The PEG group in the PEGylated phospholipids have preferably a Mw of 200 - 10,000. The Mw of the PEG group is preferably between 300 and 6000 daltons, more preferably between 500 and 4000 daltons. In this range, the balance between stability of the composition and ability to coat a substrate is optimal: at higher PEG Mw, the stability of the coating composition increases, but the ability to coat a substrate with this composition decreases. At lower PEG Mw, the stability of the coating composition maybe insufficient. In addition, the PEG Mw could affect properties such as wetting and lubricity. Preferably, PEGylated phospholipids B are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-350] (DSPE-PEG350), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-550] (DSPE-PEG550), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-750] (DSPE-PEG750), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-1000] (DSPE-PEG1000), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2000), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-3000] (DSPE-PEG3000), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-5000] (DSPE-PEG5000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-350] (DSPE-PEG350), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-550] (DSPE-PEG550), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-750] (DSPE-PEG750), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-1000] (DSPE-PEG1000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-3000] (DSPE-PEG3000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-5000] (DSPE-PEG5000), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-350] (DSPE-PEG350), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-550] (DSPE-PEG550), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-750] (DSPE-PEG750), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-1000] (DSPE-PEG1000), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-3000] (DSPE-PEG3000) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-5000] (DSPE-PEG5000). More preferably, PEGylated phospholipids B are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DPPE-PEG2000) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DOPE-PEG2000).

[0013] Examples of lipophilic compounds (C) are Phosphatidic acid derivatives, Phosphatidylglycerol derivatives, Phosphatidylethanolamine derivatives, Phosphatidylserine derivatives, Natural phospholipid derivates, Sterols, cholesterol, desmosterol, lanosterol and derivatives of sterols, polyglycerin-phospholipids, functionalized-phospholipids, terminal activated-phospholipids) and N-[1-(2,3-Dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium methyl-sulfate (DOTAP); Proteins, peptides, amphiphiles, ionic polymers, sugar molecules, enzymes and pharmaceutical components.

[0014] Examples of Phosphatidic acid derivatives are 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate (DMPA),1, 2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate (DPPA), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate (DSPA).
Examples of Phosphatidylglycerol derivatives are 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3[Phospho-rac-(1-glycerol) (DMPG), 1 ,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3[Phospho-rac-(1-glycerol) (DPPG), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3[Phospho-rac-(1-glycerol) (DSPG), 1-almitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3[Phospho-rac-(1-glycerol)] (POPG).
Examples of Phosphatidylethanolamine derivatives are 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DMPE), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DPPE), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DSPE), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE), DiynePE lipids such as 1,2-bis(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine and 1-palmitoyl-2-(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine and conjugated phosphoethanolamines conjugated with, not limited to, peptides, proteins and fluorophores such as Texas Red- 1,2-dihexadecanoyl-sn-Glycero-3-Phosphoethanolamine (TR-DHPE).
An example of Phosphatidylserine derivatives is for example 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoserine (DOPS).
The concentration of lipid vesicles in the lipid-based coating composition comprising phospholipids (A), PEGylated phospholipids (B) and lipophilic compounds (C) is preferably between 0.025 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml, more preferably between 0.05 and 1.0 mg/ml. The number average size of lipid vesicles in the lipid-based coating composition is between 40 - 140 nm, preferably 80 - 120 nm as measured by dynamic light scattering.

[0015] Optionally, the lipid-based coating composition can also contain between 0-5 wt% (relative to the total weight of the composition) of water-soluble additive (D) such as salts, buffers, (poly)electrolytes and complexing agents. Specific examples of water-soluble additives (D) are phosphate buffered saline (PBS), HEPES, NaCl2 and CaCl2.

[0016] The lipid-based coating composition can be used to prepare a lipid coating on a substrate or used to repair defects in a lipid coating on a substrate.

[0017] The invention also relates the lipid-based coating composition that can be applied to a substrate generating a coating consisting of
  1. I. 85-95 mol% of a phospholipid (A) having a phosphatidylcholine group;
  2. II. 5-12 mol% of a PEGylated phospholipid (B);
  3. III. 0-3 mol% of a lipophilic compound (C) other than lipids (A) and (B).
wherein the mol% of lipids (A), (B) and lipophilic compound (C) are calculated relative to the amount of (A)+(B)+(C) in the lipid coating.

[0018] The lipid coating comprises at least phospholipid derivatives containing a phosphatidylcholine group and a phospholipid which is coupled to a polyethylene glycol (PEG) fragment. The lipid coating is prepared by coating an object with the lipid-based coating composition of the present invention. Application of a lipid coating is known in the art and can be applied using for example spin-coating, vesicle fusion and Langmuir-Blodgett.

[0019] More preferably, the lipid coating comprises between 90-95 mol% (of total lipid content) 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) and 5-10 mol% (of total lipid content) PEGylated phospholipid such as 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DOPE-PEG2000).
The lipid coating can contain a lipid other than phospholipid (A) and PEGylated phospholipid (B), a lipid (C).
The lipid coating can be a monolayer, bilayer or multiplayer of phospholipid derivatives.
Preferably the lipid coating is a bilayer. The material or object can be any suitable medical device or biomaterial for lipid coating formation or pretreated to allow for lipid coating formation such as described in US2008/0241942 and WO2014/184383.

[0020] The lipid coating of the object has the advantages of being anti-fouling, anti-thrombogenic, hydrophilic and lubricous, which is advantages for medical devices such as contact lenses and catheters and medical implants.
It is possible that the lipid coating abrases due to forces applied to the object and defects can occur in the lipid coating. It is possible to repair the coating by re-applying the lipid-based coating composition described before.

Figures



[0021] 

Fig. 1 shows schematically a lipid-coating composition containing lipid vesicles comprising of (A)+(B) and optionally (C).

Fig. 2 shows the coating on a substrate, wherein the coating is a lipid bilayer comprising (A), (B) and (C).

Fig. 3 shows size distributions of experiments 1-4 of lipid vesicles in dispersion

Fig. 4 shows fluorescent microscopy analysis of experiments 1-4 in the formation of a lipid-coating, before and after drying of a coating on substrate

Fig. 5 shows the set-up for measuring lubricity of coatings on specific substrates and the test results of experiment 6.

Fig. 6 shows lubricity test results according to experiment 7.


EXPERIMENTALS


Experiment 1 (comparative):



[0022] Experiment 1 was performed to evaluate the formation of lipid vesicles in the lipid coating composition using 0 mol% of PEGylated lipid (B). To this end, 99.8 mol% of total lipid content of lipid (A) DOPC (Avanti polar lipids), 0 mol% of total lipid content of PEGylated lipid (B) DSPE-PEG2000 (Avanti polar lipids) and 0.2 mol% of total lipid content of lipophilic compound (C) TR-DHPE (Thermo Fisher) in ethanol (ethanol absolute ≥ 99.8%, VWR) was prepared at a concentration of 50 mg/ml. The aforementioned concentrate solution was stored under argon at stored in microcentrifuge containers (VWR) at -20°C for a maximum of 6 weeks. All lipids were ordered as powdered stocks and kept under argon atmosphere and stored at -20°C for a maximum of 1 year. The concentrate solution was dispensed into 1mL water containing water-soluble additive (D). The water-soluble additive (D) was 0.01 M HEPES (Sigma-Aldrich), 150 mM NaCl (Sigma-Aldrich) and 2 mM CaCl2 pH (Sigma-Aldrich). The concentrate solution was dispensed within 1 second at a dilution factor of 200 using an air-displacement P10 micropipette (Eppendorf) and subsequently agitated using a table-top vortex (labdancer, VWR) and vortexed until steady-state. The resulting lipid-coating composition had a concentration of (A)+(B)+(C) of 0.25 mg/ml containing > 95 wt% water and was characterized using dynamic light scattering (DLS, Nanotrac wave, Microtrac). The mean number-weighted diameter (Mn) of the lipid vesicles was 94.80 ± 31.00 nm and the solution appeared transparent by visual observation. Results shown in Fig. 3.

Experiment 2:



[0023] Experiment 2 was performed to evaluate the formation of lipid vesicles in the lipid coating composition using 5 mol% of PEGylated lipid (B). To this end, 94.8 mol% of total lipid content of lipid (A) DOPC (Avanti polar lipids), 5 mol% of total lipid content of PEGylated lipid (B) DSPE-PEG2000 (Avanti polar lipids) and 0.2 mol% of total lipid content of lipophilic compound (C) TR-DHPE (Thermo Fisher) in ethanol (ethanol absolute ≥ 99.8%, VWR) was prepared at a concentration of 50 mg/ml. The aforementioned concentrate solution was stored under argon at stored in microcentrifuge containers (VWR) at -20°C for a maximum of 6 weeks. All lipids were ordered as powdered stocks and kept under argon atmosphere and stored at -20°C for a maximum of 1 year. The concentrate solution was dispensed into 1mL water containing water-soluble additive (D). The water-soluble additive (D) was 0.01 M HEPES (Sigma-Aldrich), 150 mM NaCl (Sigma-Aldrich) and 2 mM CaCl2 pH (Sigma-Aldrich). The concentrate solution was dispensed within 1 second at a dilution factor of 200 using an air-displacement P10 micropipette (Eppendorf) and subsequently agitated using a table-top vortex (labdancer, VWR) and vortexed until steady-state. The resulting lipid-coating composition had a concentration of (A)+(B)+(C) of 0.25 mg/ml containing > 95 wt% water and was characterized using dynamic light scattering (DLS, Nanotrac wave, Microtrac). The mean number-weighted diameter (Mn) of the lipid vesicles was 74.80 ± 27.37 nm and the solution appeared transparent by visual observation. Results shown in Fig. 3.

Experiment 3:



[0024] Experiment 3 was performed to evaluate the formation of lipid vesicles in the lipid coating composition using 10 mol% of PEGylated lipid (B). To this end, 89.8 mol% of total lipid content of lipid (A) DOPC (Avanti polar lipids), 10 mol% of total lipid content of PEGylated lipid (B) DSPE-PEG2000 (Avanti polar lipids) and 0.2 mol% of total lipid content of lipophilic compound (C) TR-DHPE (Thermo Fisher) in ethanol (ethanol absolute ≥ 99.8%, VWR) was prepared at a concentration of 50 mg/ml. The aforementioned concentrate solution was stored under argon at stored in microcentrifuge containers (VWR) at -20°C for a maximum of 6 weeks. All lipids were ordered as powdered stocks and kept under argon atmosphere and stored at -20°C for a maximum of 1 year. The concentrate solution was dispensed into 1mL water containing water-soluble additive (D). The water-soluble additive (D) was 0.01 M HEPES (Sigma-Aldrich), 150 mM NaCl (Sigma-Aldrich) and 2 mM CaCl2 pH (Sigma-Aldrich). The concentrate solution was dispensed within 1 second at a dilution factor of 200 using an air-displacement P10 micropipette (Eppendorf) and subsequently agitated using a table-top vortex (labdancer, VWR) and vortexed until steady-state. The resulting lipid-coating composition had a concentration of (A)+(B)+(C) of 0.25 mg/ml containing > 95 wt% water and was characterized using dynamic light scattering (DLS, Nanotrac wave, Microtrac). The mean number-weighted diameter (Mn) of the lipid vesicles was 51.90 ± 18.23 nm and the solution appeared transparent by visual observation. Results shown in Fig. 3.

Experiment 4 (comparative):



[0025] Experiment 4 was performed to evaluate the formation of lipid vesicles in the lipid coating composition using 20 mol% of PEGylated lipid (B). To this end, 79.8 mol% of total lipid content of lipid (A) DOPC (Avanti polar lipids), 20 mol% of total lipid content of PEGylated lipid (B) DSPE-PEG2000 (Avanti polar lipids) and 0.2 mol% of total lipid content of lipophilic compound (C) TR-DHPE (Thermo Fisher) in ethanol (ethanol absolute ≥ 99.8%, VWR) was prepared at a concentration of 50 mg/ml. The aforementioned concentrate solution was stored under argon at stored in microcentrifuge containers (VWR) at -20°C for a maximum of 6 weeks. All lipids were ordered as powdered stocks and kept under argon atmosphere and stored at -20°C for a maximum of 1 year. The concentrate solution was dispensed into 1mL water containing water-soluble additive (D). The water-soluble additive (D) was 0.01 M HEPES (Sigma-Aldrich), 150 mM NaCl (Sigma-Aldrich) and 2 mM CaCl2 pH (Sigma-Aldrich). The concentrate solution was dispensed within 1 second at a dilution factor of 200 using an air-displacement P10 micropipette (Eppendorf) and subsequently agitated using a table-top vortex (labdancer, VWR) and vortexed until steady-state. The resulting lipid-coating composition had a concentration of (A)+(B)+(C) of 0.25 mg/ml containing > 95 wt% water and was characterized using dynamic light scattering (DLS, Nanotrac wave, Microtrac). The mean number-weighted diameter (Mn) of the lipid vesicles was 17.11 ± 4.62 nm and the solution appeared transparent by visual observation. Results shown in Fig. 3.

Experiment 5:



[0026] Experiment 5 was performed to evaluate lipid coating formation on control surfaces using the different lipid-coating compositions and their air-stability. To this end, 96-well glass bottoms plates (SensoPlates, Greiner Bio-one) were used. The 96-well glass bottoms plates were cleaned beforehand by incubation of 300 µL 2 v/v% Hellmanex III (Sigma-Aldrich) solution in milliQ for 1 hour at room temperature and subsequently rinsed with demi water to remove the detergent. 200 µL of lipid-coating compositions - prepared as described in experiment 1-4 - was left to incubate for at least 5 minutes to form a lipid coating and subsequently washed with milliQ by means of serial dilution through addition of 100 µL of milliQ and removal of 100 µL of solution. At least 16 serial dilution were performed to remove remnants lipid-coating composition. The glass wells were characterized using fluorescence microscopy. To this end, an Olympus inverted IX71 epi-fluorescence research microscope with a Xenon X-cite 120PC as light source and a digital Olympus DR70 camera for image acquisition was used to acquire fluorescence micrographs. TR-DHPE was imaged using 510 ≤ λex ≤ 5 550 nm and λem > 590 nm. After imaging the samples were exposed to air to demonstrate air-stability, essential for commercial use. Results shown in Fig. 4. Successful lipid coating for formation was observed for experiment 1-3. Experiment 4 for did not show a successful coating formation most likely due to a lipid vesicles size distribution that not allows for coating formation by means of vesicle fusion. Only the lipid-based coating composition from experiment 2 and 3 showed improved stability.

Experiment 6:



[0027] Experiment 6 was performed to show the improved lubricity of coated RGP contact lenses using the lipid-coating composition resulting in a lipid coating on the contact lenses. To this end, 2 lipid-coating compositions were used as described in experiment 2 (5 mol% (B)) and experiment 3 (10 mol% (B)). Results shown in Fig. 5. Menicon EX contact lenses were used to illustrate improved lubricity using an inclined-plane method. Menicon EX lenses were cleaned with ethanol, dried and treated with oxygen plasma for 60s at 40 watts (Plasma Prep II, SPI supplies). Control lenses were incubated in 0.01 M PBS buffer (Sigma-Aldrich). In addition, freshly treated Menicon EX lenses were incubated in lipid-coating composition 5 mol% (B) and 10 mol% (B) for 30 minutes and subsequently washed with 0.01 M PBS buffer (Sigma-Aldrich). Using an in-house build inclined-plane system (Fig. 5) lubricity improvement was shown. Here, the glass plane was cleaned in 0.1 M NaOH solution for 1 hour and rinsed with demi water. The cleaned glass plate was placed in a buffer reservoir containing 0.01 M PBS buffer (Sigma-Aldrich). One end of the glass plate was attached via a wire to a stepper motor to lift the glass plate and the angle was set at 11.5 degrees. This angle was chosen because no movement of the control Menicon EX lens was observed. Lenses were placed with the concave side facing the glass plate. A steel ferrule of 0.5 gram was added to the lenses while the lenses were kept in place using a tweezer. Once released, the speed of movement was deduced through movie analysis of the experiment using ImageJ software. Results are show demonstrate an increase in lubricity, as indicated by higher speeds, is correlated to higher mol% of (B) in the lipid-coating composition and therefore in the lipid coating on the lens.

Experiment 7:



[0028] Experiment 7 was performed to show the improved lubricity of coated soft contact lenses using the lipid-coating composition resulting in a lipid coating on the contact lenses. To this end, the most lubricious composition from experiment 6 was used i.e. the lipid-coating compositions described in experiment 3 (10 mol% (B)). Results shown in Fig. 6. Midafilcon A contact lenses were used to illustrate improved lubricity using an inclined-plane method. Midafilcon A lenses were washed in milliQ, dried and treated with oxygen plasma for 60s at 40 watts (Plasma Prep II, SPI supplies). Control lenses were incubated in 0.01 M PBS buffer (Sigma-Aldrich). In addition, freshly treated Midafilcon A lenses were incubated in lipid-coating composition 10 mol% (B) for 30 minutes and subsequently washed with 0.01 M PBS buffer (Sigma-Aldrich). Using an in-house build inclined-plane system (Fig. 5) lubricity improvement was shown. Here, the glass plane was cleaned in 0.1 M NaOH solution for 1 hour and rinsed with demi water. The cleaned glass plate was placed in a buffer reservoir containing 0.01 M PBS buffer (Sigma-Aldrich). One end of the glass plate was attached via a wire to a stepper motor to lift the glass plate and the angle was set at 5.9 degrees. This angle was chosen because no movement of the control Midafilcon A lens was observed. Lenses were placed with the concave side facing the glass plate. A steel ferrule of 0.5 gram was added to the lenses while the lenses were kept in place using a tweezer. Once released, the speed of movement was deduced through movie analysis of the experiment using ImageJ software. Results are show a similar trend compared to experiment 6 whereby highest speeds are observed with lipid-coating composition with 10 mol% (B).


Claims

1. A lipid-based coating composition comprising

a. Lipid vesicles consisting of

i. 85-95 mol% of a phospholipid (A) having a phosphatidylcholine group;

ii. 5-12 mol% of a PEGylated phospholipid (B);

iii. optionally 0-3 mol% of a lipophilic compound (C) other than lipids (A) and (B);

b. 0-5 wt% of a water-soluble additive (D); and

c. at least 95 wt% of water,

wherein lipid vesicles having a number average size between 50 and 140 nm (measured according to dynamic light scattering) and
wherein the lipid vesicle concentration ranges between 0.025 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml, and
wherein the mol% of lipids (A), (B) and (C) is calculated relative to the total molar amount of lipids (A)+(B)+(C) in the lipid-based coating composition and wherein the wt% of water-soluble additive (D) is calculated relative to the weight of the total composition.
 
2. The lipid based composition according to claim 1, wherein phospholipids (A) are chosen from 1,2-didecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DDPC), 1,2-dilauroyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DLPC), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine(DSPC), 1,2-Dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), 1,2-dierucoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DEPC), DiynePC lipids such as 1,2-bis(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1-palmitoyl-2-(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine.
 
3. The lipid-based composition according to claim 1, wherein phospholipids (A) are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC).
 
4. The lipid-based composition according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the phospholipids (A) are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC).
 
5. The lipid based composition according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein PEGylated phospholipids B are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-350] (DSPE-PEG350), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-550] (DSPE-PEG550), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-750] (DSPE-PEG750), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-1000] (DSPE-PEG1000), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2000), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-3000] (DSPE-PEG3000), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-5000] (DSPE-PEG5000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-350] (DSPE-PEG350), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-550] (DSPE-PEG550), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-750] (DSPE-PEG750), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-1000] (DSPE-PEG1000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-3000] (DSPE-PEG3000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-5000] (DSPE-PEG5000), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-350] (DSPE-PEG350), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-550] (DSPE-PEG550), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-750] (DSPE-PEG750), 1,2- dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-1000] (DSPE-PEG1000), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2000), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-3000] (DSPE-PEG3000) and 1,2- dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-5000] (DSPE-PEG5000).
 
6. The lipid-based composition according to any one of claim 1-5, wherein PEGylated phospholipids B are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DPPE-PEG2000) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DOPE-PEG2000).
 
7. The lipid-based composition according to any one of claim 1-6, wherein lipophilic compound (C) is chosen from Phosphatidic acid derivatives, Phosphatidylglycerol derivatives, Phosphatidylethanolamine derivatives, Phosphatidylserine derivatives, natural phospholipid derivates, Sterols, cholesterol, desmosterol, lanosterol and derivatives of sterols, polyglycerin-phospholipids, functionalized-phospholipids, terminal activated-phospholipids), N-[1-(2,3-Dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium methyl-sulfate (DOTAP), proteins, peptides, amphiphiles, ionic polymers, sugar molecules, enzymes and pharmaceutical components.
 
8. The lipid-based composition according to any one of claim 1-7, wherein the water-soluble additive (D) is chosen from the group of salts, buffers, (poly)electrolytes and complexing agents, preferably water-soluble additives (D) are chosen from phosphate buffered saline (PBS), HEPES, NaCl2 and CaCl2.
 
9. Use of the lipid-based coating composition according to any one of claims 1-8 to prepare a lipid coating on a substrate or to use to repair defects in a lipid coating on a substrate.
 
10. Substrate comprising a lipid-based coating, wherein the coating consists of

a. 85-95 mol% of a phospholipid (A) having a phosphatidylcholine group;

b. 5-12 mol% of a PEGylated phospholipid (B);

c. 0-3 mol% of a lipophilic compound (C) other than lipids (A) and (B).


 
11. Substrate according to claim 10, wherein phospholipids (A) are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC).
 
12. Substrate according to claims 10 or 11, wherein PEGylated phospholipids B are chosen from the group consisting of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DPPE-PEG2000) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DOPE-PEG2000).
 
13. Substrate according to claim 10, wherein the lipid coating comprises between 85-95 mol% (of total lipid content) 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) and 5-12 mol% (of total lipid content) PEGylated phospholipid such as 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DOPE-PEG2000), and 0-3 mol% of a lipophilic compound (C).
 




Drawing
































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description