(19)
(11)EP 3 533 786 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
04.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/36

(21)Application number: 18159756.8

(22)Date of filing:  02.03.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07C 323/22  (2006.01)
C11D 3/50  (2006.01)
C11B 9/00  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Givaudan SA
1214 Vernier (CH)

(72)Inventor:
  • FLACHSMANN, Felix
    8600 Duebendorf (CH)

(74)Representative: Global Patents 
Givaudan International SA Ueberlandstrasse 138
8600 Dübendorf
8600 Dübendorf (CH)

  


(54)THIOETHER PRECURSORS FOR FRAGRANT KETONES AND ALDEHYDES


(57) Disclosed is a use of a compound of formula (I), a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I).




Description


[0001] The present invention relates to a use of a compound of formula (I), to a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I), to a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) and to a method for producing a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) according to the independent claims.



[0002] Fruity, exotic, blackcurrant or passionfruit notes are popular in perfumery and constitute attractive alternatives to hesperidic-citrus, lavender or aldehydic scents. They are not only used in fine fragrances but also in other applications, such as cosmetic, laundry and cleaning products. Representative examples of this kind of fragrance ingredient include Corps Cassis (4-(methylthio)-4-methyl-2-pentanone), Oxane ((2R, 4S)-2-methyl-4-propyl-1,3-oxathiane) and Cassyrane (5-tert-butyl-2-methyl-5-propyl-2H-furan). Generally, blackcurrant notes are top notes that consist of small molecules with a relatively low molecular weight that evaporate quickly. Since they are perceived immediately after application of a perfume, top notes are important for the initial impression thereof.

[0003] However, top notes also have a relatively low persistence and are often perceived only over a short period of time. High volatility and poor substantivity can be a problem, when a prolonged effect of a fragrance is required, both in fine and functional perfumery. By way of example, laundry applications require continuous effectiveness of a perfume over a certain period of time after washing and drying of the textiles. Also in household care applications a prolonged effectiveness of perfumes can be required.

[0004] It is therefore a problem underlying the present invention to overcome these drawbacks in the prior art. In particular, it is a problem underlying the present invention to provide blackcurrant or passionfruit notes for fragrances that have an increased persistence and can be perceived over a prolonged period of time. Additionally these notes should be versatile in application and inexpensive in production.

[0005] These problems are solved by use of a compound of formula (I) according to claim 1. Specifically, the compound of formula (I) is used as a precursor for generating a compound of formula (II) and/or a compound of formula (III).



[0006] In the above formulas (I), (II) and (III), R1 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R2 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R3 is H or C1-5-alkyl; and R4 is C1-6-alkyl; or

R1 and R4 together with the carbon atoms to which they and R2 are attached form a 5, 6 or 7 membered ring, preferably a hydrocarbon ring; R2 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and R3 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and wherein

R5 is H or a residue comprising 1 to 20 carbon atoms; and R6 is a residue comprising 3 to 20 carbon atoms.



[0007] β-Thiocarbonyl compounds are known in the prior art as precursors for the generation of fragrance molecules, as for instance described in WO 2003/049666 A2. However, only cleavage of the bond between the sulfur atom and the carbon atom in β-position to the carbonyl group (herein referred to as "y-cleavage") has been reported in the literature. This reaction pathway generally leads to the liberation of a corresponding α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound (not shown here).

[0008] It has now been found that some β-thiocaronyl compounds undergo cleavage of the bond between the sulfur atom and the carbon atom in δ-position to the carbonyl group (herein referred to as "δ-cleavage").



[0009] This newly discovered reactivity allows for use of a compound of formula (I) as a precursor for generating a compound of formula (II), namely a β-thiocarbonyl compound. This is particularly useful for release of fragrance notes with an exotic, fruity, blackcurrant or passionfruit character, as discussed in further detail herein below. Depending on the structure of residues R1 to R4, the odor properties of the compound of formula (II) can be adapted according to a specific application.



[0010] Another aspect of the present invention relates to the discovery that with compounds of formula (I) also carbonyl compounds of formula (III) are generated. This allows for use of a compound of formula (I) as a precursor for generating a compound of formula (III), in particular an aldehyde or a ketone. Since many perfume ingredients comprising a carbonyl group are known in the prior art, depending on the structure of residues R5 and R6, the odor properties of the compound of formula (III) can be adapted according to a specific application.



[0011] The compound of formula (I) can therefore also be used as a precursor for a carbonyl compound of formula (III). In a particularly useful embodiment, the compound of formula (I) can also be used as a precursor for compounds of formulas (II) and (III). In the present context, such a precursor is referred to as a "bifragrant precursor".

[0012] The structure of residues R1 to R6 plays an important role with respect to the kinetics for the release of the compounds of formula (II) and/or formula (III). In the context of the present invention, the compound of formula (I) may additionally undergo γ-cleavage. By careful choice of the residues R1 to R6, it is possible to tune the fragrance release properties of a compound of formula (I).

[0013] Another aspect of the present invention relates to a method for generating a compound of formula (II) and/or a compound of formula (III) by decomposition of a compound of formula (I). The compounds of formula (I), (II) and (III) have the structures as defined herein above.

[0014] A further aspect of the present invention refers to a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A).



[0015] In the above formulas (I) and (A), R1 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R2 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R3 is H or C1-5-alkyl; and R4 is C1-6-alkyl; or

R1 and R4 together with the carbon atoms to which they and R2 are attached form a 5, 6 or 7 membered ring, preferably a hydrocarbon ring; R2 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and R3 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and wherein

R5 is H or a residue comprising 1 to 20 carbon atoms; and R6 is a residue comprising 3 to 20 carbon atoms.



[0016] In the context of the present application, a curly bond (cf. R3 in formula (A)) means that the configuration at a given center is undefined. The double bond in formula (A) may thus be either (E) or (Z).

[0017] In a composition of matter as specified herein above, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 can be the same for both of the compound of formula (I) and the compound of formula (A), or they can be different. Preferably, they are the same.

[0018] In compositions of matter as specified herein above, it has been found that the occurrence of thiol off-odors is suppressed when a compound of formula (A) is present. Consequently, beneficial olfactory properties can be achieved.

[0019] In case the proportion of the compound of formula (A) is increased over a certain level, its odor can become prevalent and disturb the overall olfactory appearance of the composition. Thus, in a preferred embodiment, the amount of the compound of formula (A) in relation to the total amount of the compound of formula (I) and the compound of formula (A) is 0.1-3.0 wt.-%, preferably 0.3-1.2 wt.-%, even more preferably 0.6-1.0 wt.-%.

[0020] In yet another aspect, the present invention refers to a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I).



[0021] In the above formula (I), R1 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R2 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R3 is H or C1-5-alkyl; and R4 is C1-6-alkyl; or
R1 and R4 together with the carbon atoms to which they and R2 are attached form a 5, 6 or 7 membered ring, preferably a hydrocarbon ring, a lactone or a cyclic ether; R2 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and R3 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and wherein

[0022] Furthermore, R5 is H or a residue comprising 1 to 20 carbon atoms; and R6 is a residue comprising 6 to 20 carbon atoms.

[0023] The total combined number of carbon atoms of R1, R2, R3 and R4 is 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 5, more preferably 1 to 4, even more preferably 1 to 3, if R5 is H and R6 is selected from a group consisting of octyl, undecyl and heptadecyl.

[0024] In a use of a compound of formula (I), in a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A), and/or in a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) as specified herein above, the total combined number of carbon atoms of R1, R2, R3 and R4 can also be 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 5, more preferably 1 to 4, even more preferably 1 to 3, irrespective of the nature of R5 and R6.

[0025] This selection of residues R1, R2, R3 and R4 has the advantage that compounds of formula (II) generated, due to their low molecular weight, generally have a high vapor pressure which leads to an increased perception of their odor. This is particularly useful when strong fruity, blackcurrant notes are to be generated.

[0026] In a use of a compound of formula (I), in a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A), and/or in a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) as described herein above, R1, R2, R3 and R4 can have the following structures, either alone or in combination:
  • R1 can be selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl and pentyl;
  • R2 can be selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl and pentyl;
  • R3 can be selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl and pentyl;
  • R4 can be selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl and hexyl.


[0027] In a use of a compound of formula (I), in a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A), and/or in a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) as described herein above, the following combinations of R1 and R4 are particularly preferred:
  • R1 is H and R4 is H;
  • R1 is H and R4 is methyl;
  • R1 is methyl and R4 is H;
  • R1 is methyl and R4 is methyl.


[0028] In a use of a compound of formula (I), in a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A), and/or in a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) as described herein above, the following combination of R1, R2, R3 and R4 is particularly preferred:
  • R1 is H; R2 is H; R3 is H; and R4 is methyl
  • R1 is H; R2 is H; R3 is methyl; and R4 is methyl;
  • R1 is methyl; R2 is H; R3 is H; and R4 is methyl;
  • R1 is methyl; R2 is H; R3 is methyl; and R4 is methyl.


[0029] These compounds show a preferred release profile for ketones and aldehydes, which have proven to be useful in perfumery due their beneficial organoleptic properties. The fourth combination of residues leads to the generation of the fruity, exotic, blackcurrant and passionfruit fragrance note 4-mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanone when δ-cleavage occurs.

[0030] In a use of a compound of formula (I), in a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A), and/or in a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) as specified herein above, R5 and R6 can have the following structural features, either alone or in combination:
  • R5 can be a residue comprising 4 to 18 carbon atoms, preferably 6 to 16 carbon atoms;
  • R5 can be an alkyl, alkenyl or aromatic residue;
  • R6 can be a residue comprising 7 to 16 carbon atoms, preferably 8 to 14 carbon atoms, even more preferably 9 to 13 carbon atoms;
  • R6 can be an alkyl, alkenyl or aromatic residue.


[0031] In R5 and/or R6, the alkyl or alkenyl residues can be linear, cyclic or branched. They can be hydrocarbon residues. However, they can also have one or more heteroatoms, in particular one, two or three oxygen atoms. The oxygen atoms can be part of ether and ester groups.

[0032] In a use of a compound of formula (I), in a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A), and/or in a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) according to the present invention, the compound of formula (I) can be selected from the group consisting of 3-(octylthio)butanal, 4-methyl-4-(octylthio)pentan-2-one, 3-(decylthio)butanal, 4-(decylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, 4-(dodecylthio)pentan-2-one, 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, 4-(dodecylthio)-3-methylpentan-2-one, 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylbutanal, 3-(dodecylthio)butanal, 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylcyclohexan-1-one, 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylcyclopentan-1-one, 3-(tetradecylthio)butanal and 4-methyl-4-(tetradecylthio)pentan-2-one.

[0033] These compounds can be prepared in an efficient and inexpensive manner by 1,4-addition of a linear alkylthiol to an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound, as will be discussed in more detail herein below. When γ-cleavage occurs as a side reaction, the thiols generated have a low vapor pressure and are therefore not perceived as a disturbing off-odor. Furthermore, the aldehydes of formula (III) that can be concomitantly generated have by themselves an odor profile that is useful in perfumery. By means of simultaneous release, a particular impression of freshness can be achieved.

[0034] The present invention also refers to a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) or a composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A) as herein specified. Yet another aspect of the present invention refers to a fragrance oil or a fragrance composition comprising any kind of fragrance ingredient as herein defined.

[0035] In the context of the present invention, the term "fragrance oil" is to be understood as a mixture of fragrance ingredients.

[0036] In the context of the present invention, a "fragrance composition" is to be understood as a fragrance ingredient or a fragrance oil that has been mixed with a base material. The base material can comprise a diluent, such as diethyl phthalate (DEP), dipropylene glycol (DPG), isopropyl myristate (IPM), triethyl citrate (TEC) or an alcohol, for instance ethanol.

[0037] The present invention also relates to a consumer product comprising a fragrance as specified herein above. In such a consumer product, the concentration of the compound of formula (I) can be 0.1 to 10 wt.-%, preferably 0.2 to 5 wt.-%, even more preferably 0.5 to 3 wt.-%. The consumer product can be a personal care product, a laundry care product or a household care product. Examples of such products include cosmetics, shampoos, shower gels, deodorants, antiperspirants, laundry detergents, rinse conditioners, fabric softeners, detergents for dishwashers, surface cleaners, in particular for hard and soft surfaces and air care products.

[0038] A further aspect of the present invention refers to a method for producing a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) by reaction of a compound of formula (A) with a compound of formula (B).



[0039] The above-mentioned method can comprise the step of forming a mixture of the compound of formula (A) with the compound of formula (B) in a solvent, wherein the solvent is preferably an alcohol or an ether, in particular selected from the group consisting of methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, iso-propanol, n-butanol, sec-butanol, tert-butanol, diethyl ether, diisopropyl ether, di-n-butyl ether, methyl tert-butyl ether, tetrahydrofuran and 2-methyl tetrahydrofuran.

[0040] On the other hand, reaction of a compound of formula (A) with a compound of formula (B) can also be conducted in the substantial absence of a solvent.

[0041] The reaction of a compound of formula (A) with a compound of formula (B) can be conducted in the presence of a base, preferably selected from the group consisting of DBU (1,8-diazabicyclo(5.4.0)undec-7-ene), trimethylamine, trimethylamine, N,N-diisopropylethylamine and urotropine.

[0042] When R1 is H, it is preferred to conduct the reaction in the substantial absence of any base and in a protic solvent, preferably an alcohol, in particular selected from the group consisting of methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, iso-propanol, n-butanol, sec-butanol, tert-butanol.

[0043] In the reaction of the compound of formula (A) with the compound of formula (B), the molar ratio of the compound of formula (A) and the compound of formula (B) can be between 5:1 and 1:1, preferably between 2:1 and 1.05:1. This has the advantage that removal of a large excess of the compound of formula (B) is avoided.

[0044] The above-mentioned method can further comprise the step of purifying the compound of formula (I) obtained, preferably by distillation, in particular wiped film distillation, or chromatography.

[0045] Further advantages and particular features of the present invention become apparent form the following discussion of several examples and from the figures.

Example 1: 4-(Dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0046] 



[0047] 1-Dodecanethiol (30.0 g, 148 mmol), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (29.1 g, 2 equiv.) and DBU (22.6 g, 1 equiv.) were dissolved in THF (200 mL) and the solution was stirred for 24 h at room temperature, after which it was diluted with hexane (200 mL) and poured on 2M aqueous HCI-solution (400 mL). The organic layer was separated, washed with water and brine (pH 6), dried over MgSO4, filtered by suction and evaporated in a rotatory evaporator. The resulting liquid was further dried under high vacuum at 60°C/0.08 mbar to yield 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one as a clear, yellow liquid (44.5 g, 100%).

[0048] Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): cassis, mango, passionfruit, juicy, lindenblossom
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 2.69 (s, 2H), 2.54 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 2.20 (s, 3H), 1.51-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.42 (s, 6H), 1.34-1.23 (m, 18H), 0.88 (t, J=6.6 Hz, 3H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 206.9 (s), 54.7 (t), 43.3 (s), 32.3 (q), 31.9 (t), 29.6 (3 t), 29.5 (2 t), 29.4 (t), 29.3 (2 t), 28.5 (2 q), 28.1 (t), 22.7 (t), 14.1 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 300 (2, M+), 98 (15), 83 (34), 69 (16), 57 (15), 56 (15), 55 (41), 43 (100), 41 (36), 39 (16), 29 (23).

Example 2: 4-Methyl-4-((2-methylundecyl)thio)pentan-2-one



[0049] 



[0050] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 2-methylundecane-1-thiol (preparation see B. Hache, Y. Gareau, Tetrahedron Lett. 1994, 35(12), 1837), (8.0 g, 39.5 mmol, 1 equiv.), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (7.76 g, 2 equiv.) and DBU (6.0 g, 1 equiv.) in THF (80 mL). The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 96:4 to yield 4-methyl-4-((2-methylundecyl)thio)pentan-2-one as a colorless liquid (5.95 g, 50%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): green, tomato leaves, cassis
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 2.69 (s, 2 H), 2.53 (dd, J=11.4, 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 2.38 (dd, J=11.2, 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 2.20 (br s, 3 H), 1.56 - 1.71 (m, 1 H), 1.42 (br s, 6 H), 1.24 - 1.30 (m, 16 H), 0.98 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3 H), 0.89 (t, J=6.6 Hz, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101 MHz): 207.0 (s), 54.7 (t), 43.1 (s), 36.5 (t), 35.4 (t), 33.5 (d), 32.4 (q), 31.9 (t), 29.8 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.3 (t), 28.5 (2q), 27.0 (t), 22.7 (t), 19.7 (q), 14.1 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 300 (2, M+), 201(16), 99 (22), 83 (29), 69 (15), 57 (26), 56 (15), 55 (31), 43 (100), 41 (33), 29 (19).

Example 3: 3-((3-(4-(tert-Butyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)butanal



[0051] 


3a) Preparation of 3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propane-1-thiol



[0052] This thiol was prepared by tosylation of the corresponding alcohol, nucleophilic substitution with potassium thioacetate and reduction of the thioester to the free thiol as described in the following:
3-(4-(tert-Butyl)phenyl)propan-1-ol (32.7 g, 170 mmol) was dissolved in MTBE (100 mL) and tosyl chloride (33.5 g, 1 equiv.) was added. The solution was cooled to 5°C, then pyridine (29.0 g, 2.1 equiv.) was added dropwise over 15 min. The cooling bath was removed and the solution was heated to 60°C for 6 h under stirring. The solution was diluted with water and extracted with MTBE. The combined organic layers were washed with 0.5 N HCI, then with water and brine and dried over MgSO4. The solvents were removed by rotary evaporation, and the residue was dried at room temperature at 0.08 mbar. The tosylate, a slightly yellow, viscous oil, was dissolved in DMF (170 mL) and potassium ethanethioate (39.2 g, 2.0 equiv.) was added and the resulting brown suspension was heated to 80°C for 2 h, cooled to room temperature and left stirring for 16 h. The suspension was then diluted with MTBE/hexane 1 : 1 and washed with brine/water 1:1, then with brine. The organic layer was separated and dried over MgSO4. After evaporation of the solvent, a dark red-brown oil was obtained (36 g) with intense sulfury smell. This product was dissolved in diethyl ether (200 mL) and added dropwise to the cooled (-10°C) suspension of LiAlH4 (5.46 g, 144 mmol) in diethyl ether (100 mL) during 20 min. The temperature rose to 5°C. The resulting suspension was further stirred for 2 h at 5°C, then cooled to -5°C. Saturated aqueous NH4Cl solution (50 mL) was added dropwise, which caused a strong hydrogen evolution. Upon the addition of 2 N aqueous HCI solution (80 mL), a voluminous precipitate was formed. The slurry was diluted with MTBE and water and the aqueous layer was further extracted with MTBE. The combined organic layers were washed with brine and dried over MgSO4. The crude light brown oil (25.3 g) with strong sulfury smell obtained after removal of the solvent was used directly for the preparation of the subsequent 1,4-addition reactions.

3b) Preparation of 3-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)butanal



[0053] 3-(4-(tert-Butyl)phenyl)propane-1-thiol (2.14 g, 10.2 mmol, 1 equiv.) was dissolved in EtOH (5 mL) and the solution of (E)-but-2-enal (0.9 g, 1.2 equiv.) in EtOH (3 mL) was added dropwise. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 days at room temperature, then concentrated in a rotatory evaporator under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by FC using hexane/MTBE 9:1 to yield 3-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl) propyl)thio)butanal (2.15 g, 75%) as a colorless oil.
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): aldehydic, fruity, cassis
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 9.79 (t, J=1.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.33 - 7.39 (m, 2 H), 7.14 - 7.19 (m, 2 H), 3.31 (sxt, J=6.9 Hz, 1 H), 2.57 - 2.77 (m, 6 H), 1.95 (quin, J=7.5 Hz, 2 H), 1.38 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H), 1.36 (s, 9 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 201.0 (s), 149.2 (s), 138.7 (s), 128.5 (2d), 125.7 (2d), 50.9 (t), 34.8 (s), 34.7 (t), 34.5 (d), 31.9 (3q), 31.6 (t), 30.5 (t), 22.2 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 278 (2, M+), 208 (27), 193 (100), 159 (62), 131 (43), 117 (49), 115 (25), 91 (31), 57 (18), 41 (30), 39 (17).

Example 4: 4-((3-(4-(tert-Butyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0054] 



[0055] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propane-1-thiol (prepared in example 3a) (2.12 g, 10.2 mmol, 1 equiv.), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (1.0 g, 1 equiv.) and DBU (1.54 g, 1 equiv.) in ethanol (5 mL). The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 19:1 to yield 4-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one as a colorless liquid (2.22 g, 71%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): fruity, cassis
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 7.31 - 7.37 (m, 2 H), 7.13 - 7.19 (m, 2 H), 2.69 - 2.76 (m, 4 H), 2.60 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 2 H), 2.20 (s, 3 H), 1.92 (quin, J=7.3 Hz, 2 H), 1.44 (s, 6 H), 1.34 (s, 9 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 207.3 (s), 149.1 (s), 138.8 (s), 128.5 (2d), 125.7 (2d), 55.1 (t), 43.9 (s), 35.0 (t), 34.8 (s), 32.8 (q), 31.8 (3q), 31.5 (t), 28.9 (2q), 28.0 (t).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 306 (3, M+), 208 (30), 193 (100), 159 (81), 131 (42), 117 (68), 91 (39), 83 (32), 57 (42), 55 (34), 43 (75).

Example 5: 4-Methyl-4-(phenethylthio)pentan-2-one



[0056] 



[0057] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 2-phenylethane-1-thiol (5.0 g, 36.2 mmol, 1 equiv.), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (5.5 g, 1 equiv.) and DBU (7.1 g, 2 equiv.) in THF (60 mL). The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 96:4 to yield 4-methyl-4-(phenethylthio)pentan-2-one as a colorless liquid (6.33 g, 74%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): bee's wax, fruity, cassis
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 7.31 - 7.36 (m, 2 H), 7.22 - 7.28 (m, 3 H), 2.79 - 2.92 (m, 4 H), 2.71 (s, 2 H), 2.19 (s, 3 H), 1.46 (s, 6 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 206.8 (s), 140.7 (s), 128.5 (2d), 128.5 (2d), 126.4 (d), 54.6 (t), 43.7 (s), 36.0 (t), 32.3 (q), 29.9 (t), 28.5 (2q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 236 (4, M+), 145 (18), 138 (16), 105 (31), 104 (47), 103 (12), 99 (30), 91 (65), 83 (11), 77 (14), 43 (100).

Example 6: 4-((1-(3,3-Dimethylcyclohexyl)ethyl)thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0058] 


6a) 1-(3,3-Dimethylcyclohexyl)ethane-1-thiol



[0059] This thiol was prepared according to the procedure described in example 3a) from 1-(3,3-dimethylcyclo-hexyl)ethanol and used without purification for the subsequent reaction described in Example 6b) below.

6b) 4-((1-(3,3-Dimethylcyclohexyl)ethyl)thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0060] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 1-(3,3-dimethylcyclohexyl)ethane-1-thiol (6.9 g, 40 mmol, 1 equiv.), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (7.86 g, 2 equiv.) and DBU (6.1 g, 1 equiv.) in THF (80 mL). The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 96:4 to yield 4-((1-(3,3-dimethylcyclohexyl)ethyl)thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one as a colorless liquid (6.06 g, 56%, mixture of 2 diastereomers 96:4).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): fruity, cassis, passionfruit
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): (major diastereomer) 2.71 (s, 2 H), 2.57 - 2.65 (m, 1 H), 2.18 (s, 3 H), 1.54 - 1.81 (m, 3 H), 1.43 (2s, together 6 H), 1.31 - 1.40 (m, 3 H), 1.29 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 3 H), 0.93 - 1.13 (m, 3 H), 0.90 (d, J=12.2 Hz, 6 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 206.9 (s), 55.4 (t), 44.3 (s), 43.2 (d), 42.4 (t), 40.2 (d), 39.2 (t), 33.5 (q), 32.4 (q), 30.8 (s), 29.8 (t), 28.9 (2q), 24.8 (q), 22.4 (t), 21.5 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 270 (3, M+), 171 (18), 138 (17), 123 (18), 99 (50), 95 (20), 83 (36), 69 (44), 55 (31), 43 (100), 41 (27).

Example 7: (Z)-4-Methyl-4-(non-6-en-1-ylthio)penta-2-one



[0061] 


7a) (Z)-Non-6-ene-1-thiol



[0062] This thiol was prepared according to the procedure described in example 3a) from (Z)-non-6-en-1-ol and used without purification for the subsequent reaction described in Example 7b) below.

7b) (Z)-4-Methyl-4-(non-6-en-1-ylthio)pentan-2-one



[0063] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with (Z)-non-6-ene-1-thiol (6.2 g, 39.2 mmol, 1 equiv.), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (7.69 g, 2 equiv.) and DBU (5.96 g, 1 equiv.) in THF (80 mL). The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 96:4 to yield 4-((1-(3,3-dimethylcyclohexyl)ethyl)thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one as a colorless liquid (6.12 g, 61%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): green, fruity, cassis
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 5.25 - 5.45 (m, 2 H), 2.69 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2 H), 2.20 (s, 3 H), 1.97 - 2.10 (m, 4 H), 1.52 - 1.64 (m, 2 H), 1.42 (s, 6 H), 1.34 - 1.45 (m, 4 H), 0.96 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 206.9 (s), 131.8 (d), 128.9 (d), 54.7 (t), 43.3 (s), 32.3 (q), 29.4 (t), 29.4 (t), 28.9 (t), 28.5 (2q), 28.1 (t), 26.9 (t), 20.5 (t), 14.4 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 157 (31), 101 (16), 99 (22), 87 (20), 83 (17), 67 (16), 55 (27), 43 (100), 41 (30), 39 (15).

Example 8: (Z)-4-(Hex-3-en-1-ylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0064] 


8a) (Z)-Hex-3-ene-1-thiol



[0065] This thiol was prepared according to the procedure described in example 3a) from (Z)-hex-3-en-1-ol and used without purification for the subsequent reaction described in Example 8b) below.

8b) (Z)-4-(Hex-3-en-1-ylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0066] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with (Z)-Hex-3-ene-1-thiol (2.8 g, 24.1 mmol, 1 equiv.), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (4.73 g, 2 equiv.) and DBU (3.67 g, 1 equiv.) in THF (60 mL). The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 96:4 to yield (Z)-4-(hex-3-en-1-ylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one as a slightly yellow liquid (2.23 g, 43%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): fresh green, fruity, cassis
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 5.31 - 5.50 (m, 2 H), 2.70 (s, 2 H), 2.55 - 2.59 (m, 2 H), 2.26 - 2.34 (m, 2 H), 2.19 (s, 3 H), 2.00 - 2.10 (m, 2 H), 1.43 (s, 6 H), 0.97 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 206.8 (s), 133.2 (d), 126.9 (d), 54.6 (t), 43.4 (s), 32.3 (q), 28.5 (2q), 28.2 (t), 27.2 (t), 20.6 (t), 14.2 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 115 (48), 99 (31), 87 (10), 83 (8), 82 (9), 67 (11), 55 (14), 43 (100), 41 (22), 39 (12).

Example 9: 4-(Dodecylthio)-3-methylpentan-2-one



[0067] 



[0068] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 1-dodecanethiol (7.0 g, 34.6 mmol, 1 equiv.), (E)-3-methylpent-3-en-2-one (6.79 g, 2 equiv.) and DBU (5.27 g, 1 equiv.) in THF (60 mL). The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 95:5 to yield 4-(dodecylthio)-3-methylpentan-2-one as a colorless liquid (9.4 g, 90%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): fruity, cassis
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): (mixture of 2 diastereomers 48:52) 2.96 - 3.13 (m, 1 H), 2.57 - 2.73 (m, 1 H), 2.53 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2 H), 2.22 (s, 1.5H), 2.21 (s, 1.5H), 1.53 - 1.63 (m, 2 H), 1.30 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1.5 H), 1.25-1.40 (m, 18 H), 1.23 (d, J=7.0, 1.5 H), 1.22 (d, J=7.0, 1.5 H), 1.13 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1.5 H), 0.87 - 0.92 (m, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): (mixture of 2 diastereomers 48:52) 211.1 (s), 210.7 (s), 52.5 (d), 51.9 (d), 42.6 (d), 41.1 (d), 31.9 (t), 31.4 (t), 31.0 (t), 29.8 (t), 29.7 (t), 29.7 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.3 (t), 29.2 (t), 29.0 (t), 22.7 (t), 20.5 (q), 18.0 (q), 14.4 (q), 14.1 (q), 12.8 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 300 (5, M+), 229 (20), 99 (40), 98 (24), 83 (29), 69 (25), 57 (19), 55 (51), 43 (100), 41 (40), 29 (24).

Example 10: 3-(Dodecylthio)-3-methylbutanal



[0069] 



[0070] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 1-dodecanethiol (24.1 g, 119 mmol, 1 equiv.), 3-methylbut-2-enal (10.0 g, 1 equiv.) and DBU (18.1 g, 1 equiv.) without solvent. The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 95:5 to yield 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylbutanal as a colorless liquid (7.0 g, 21%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): cassis, sulfury
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 9.87 (t, J=2.9 Hz, 1 H), 2.53 - 2.58 (m, 4 H), 1.52 - 1.63 (m, 2 H), 1.45 (s, 6 H), 1.28-1.41 (m, 18 H), 0.90 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 202.0 (d), 54.6 (t), 42.7 (s), 32.3 (t), 30.0 (t), 30.0 (t), 30.0 (t), 29.9 (t), 29.8 (t), 29.7 (2q), 29.6 (2t), 29.6 (s), 28.4 (t), 23.1 (t), 14.5 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 286 (2, M+), 97 (35), 84 (50), 83 (54), 70 (32), 69 (47), 57 (89), 56 (73), 55 (100), 43 (53), 41 (77).

Example 11: 3-(Dodecylthio)-3-methylcyclohexan-1-one



[0071] 



[0072] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 1-dodecanethiol (7.7 g, 38.0 mmol, 1 equiv.), 3-methyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one (5.03 g, 1.2 equiv.) and DBU (5.79 g, 1 equiv.) in THF (60 mL) during 4 days at room temperature. The crude product was purified by FC with hexane to hexane/MTBE 9:1 to yield 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylcyclohexan-1-one as a colorless liquid (3.09 g, 26%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): aldehydic, floral, green, slightly sulfury
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 2.53 - 2.58 (m, 1 H), 2.44 - 2.52 (m, 2 H), 2.34 - 2.43 (m, 2 H), 2.08 - 2.30 (m, 2 H), 1.77 - 2.01 (m, 3 H), 1.51 - 1.61 (m, 2 H), 1.40 (s, 3 H), 1.27-1.42 (m, 18 H), 0.89 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 208.9 (s), 53.5 (t), 48.3 (s), 40.3 (t), 36.8 (t), 31.9 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.4 (t), 29.3 (t), 29.2 (t), 29.2 (t), 28.8 (q), 27.4 (t), 22.7 (t), 22.1 (t), 14.1 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 312 (1, M+), 112 (21), 111 (100), 110 (36), 83 (30), 82 (56), 69 (29), 55 (78), 43 (32), 41 (42), 39 (22).

Example 12: 3-(Dodecylthio)-3-methylcyclopentan-1-one



[0073] 



[0074] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 1-dodecanethiol (8.7 g, 43.0 mmol, 1 equiv.), 3-methylcyclopent-2-enone (4.96 g, 1.2 equiv.) and DBU (6.54 g, 1 equiv.) in THF (60 mL) during 4 days at room temperature. The crude product was purified by FC with hexane to hexane/MTBE 9:1 to yield 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylcyclopentan-1-one as a colourless liquid (0.68 g, 5%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): fruity, sulfury
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 2.44 - 2.63 (m, 4 H), 2.16 - 2.37 (m, 3 H), 1.93 - 2.05 (m, 1 H), 1.56 (s, 3 H), 1.54-1.63 (m, 2 H), 1.28-1.38 (m, 18 H), 0.90 (t, J=6.6 Hz, 3 H). 13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 216.9 (s), 52.7 (t), 49.1 (s), 36.9 (t), 36.1 (t), 31.9 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.3 (t), 29.2 (t), 29.2 (t), 28.8 (t), 28.3 (q), 22.7 (t), 14.1 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 298 (4, M+), 201 (19), 97 (100), 96 (41), 83 (19), 69 (52), 67 (19), 55 (35), 43 (32), 41 (48), 39 (18).

Example 13: 5-(Dodecylthio)-5-methylhexan-3-one



[0075] 



[0076] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 1-dodecanethiol (4.9 g, 24.2 mmol, 1 equiv.), 5-methylhex-4-en-3-one (5.43 g, 48.4 mmol, 2 equiv.) and DBU (3.69 g, 24.2 mmol, 1 equiv.) in THF (80 mL) during 20 h at room temperature. The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 96:4 to yield 5-(dodecylthio)-5-methylhexan-3-one as a colourless liquid (3.45 g, 46%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): fruity, sulfury, slightly aldehydic
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 2.68 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 2 H), 2.50 (q, J=7.3 Hz, 2 H), 1.52 - 1.62 (m, 2 H), 1.43 (s, 6 H), 1.27 (1.42-1.20, m, 18 H), 1.05 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3 H), 0.89 (t, J=6.6 Hz, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 209.5 (s), 53.6 (t), 43.5 (s), 38.2 (t), 31.9 (t), 29.7 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.6 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.3 (t), 29.3 (2t), 28.6 (2q), 28.2 (t), 22.7 (t), 14.1 (q), 7.6 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 314 (3, M+), 257 (3), 243 (7), 201 (8), 113 (11), 97 (13), 83 (57), 69 (17), 57 (100), 43 (31), 29 (29).

Example 14: 4-(Decylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0077] 



[0078] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 1-decanethiol (10.0 g, 57.4 mmol, 1 equiv.), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (11.26 g, 114.8 mmol, 2 equiv.) and DBU (8.73 g, 57.4 mmol, 1 equiv.) in THF (80 mL) during 24 h at room temperature. The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 95:5 to yield 4-(decylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one as a colourless liquid (14.12 g, 90%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): fruity, sulfury, slightly aldehydic.
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 2.70 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 2 H), 2.20 (s, 3 H), 1.52 - 1.62 (m, 2 H), 1.43 (s, 6 H), 1.27 (1.43 - 1.23, m, 14 H), 0.89 (t, J=6.6 Hz, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 206.9 (s), 54.7 (t), 43.3 (s), 32.4 (q), 31.9 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.3 (t), 29.3 (t), 29.3 (t), 28.5 (2q), 28.1 (t), 22.7 (t), 14.1 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 272 (6, M+), 173 (17), 140 (4), 99 (26), 83 (24), 69 (9), 55 (23), 43 (100), 29 (11).

Example 15: 4-Methyl-4-(tetradecylthio)pentan-2-one



[0079] 



[0080] The procedure described in Example 1 was repeated with 1-tetradecanethiol (4.16 g, 18.1 mmol, 1 equiv.), 4-methylpent-3-en-2-one (3.54 g, 36.2 mmol, 2 equiv.) and DBU (2.75 g, 18.1 mmol, 1 equiv.) in THF (50 mL) during 24 h at room temperature. The crude product was purified by FC with hexane/MTBE 95:5 to yield 4-methyl-4-(tetradecylthio)pentan-2-one as a colourless liquid (3.21 g, 54%).
Odor (1% wt/vol in EtOH on blotter after 24 h): fruity, sulfury, slightly aldehydic.
1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 2.70 (s, 2 H), 2.54 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2 H), 2.21 (s, 3 H), 1.53 - 1.62 (m, 2 H), 1.43 (s, 6 H), 1.25 - 1.42 (m, 22 H), 0.89 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 3 H).
13C-NMR (CDCl3, 101MHz): 206.9 (s), 54.7 (t), 43.3 (s), 32.4 (q), 31.9 (t), 29.7 (t), 29.7 (t), 29.7 (2t), 29.6 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.5 (t), 29.4 (t), 29.3 (2t), 28.5 (2q), 28.1 (t), 22.7 (t), 14.1 (q).
MS (EI, 70 eV): 328 (3, M+), 285 (4), 271 (3), 229 (11), 168 (2), 111 (8), 99 (27), 83 (46), 69 (21), 55 (39), 43 (100), 29 (15).

Example 16: Release of odoriferous volatiles from 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0081] A 10% wt/wt solution of 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one (prepared according to Example 1) in MTBE (200 µl, 16.3 mg) was applied on a paper blotter (4x1.2 cm2, conditioned by rinsing with MeOH and vacuum drying). After 5 min evaporation of the solvent in open air, the blotter was placed at the bottom of a 2 L glass jar closed with a lid containing two openings which were sealed with Parafilm. The glass jar was left for 48 h at 25°C in a cabinet lit with a fluorescent UV A/B-light source (ca. 0.8 mW/cm2).

[0082] Then a stainless steel tube (length 25 cm, i.d. 0.8 mm) with a Porapak Q filter (cf. R. Kaiser, "Meaningful Scents around the World", Helvetica Chimica Acta, Zürich 2006, chapter 1.3.) attached to its tip with shrinking tube and secured with Parafilm, was introduced into the jar through one of the openings, to which it was attached by an airtight Teflon joint. The tube was attached to a peristaltic pump with a thin rubber hose and the other opening of the jar (the air inlet) was equipped with a charcoal filter. An air volume of 2 L was drawn through the filter with a flow of 10 mL/min. The trapped volatiles were desorbed with 100 µL of MTBE and the liquid sample was analysed by GC/MS and GC-sniff. As shown in Fig. 1, the presence of the odorants 4-mercapto-4-methylpentan-2-one and dodecanal was detected among the volatiles released from 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one.

Example 17: Release of odoriferous volatiles from 3-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propyl) thio)butanal



[0083] Example 13 was repeated with 3-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)butanal. The presence of the odorant 3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propanal was detected among the volatiles released from 3-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)butanal (Fig. 2).

Example 18: Release of odoriferous volatiles from 4-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propyl) thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one



[0084] Example 13 was repeated with 4-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one. The presence of the odorants 4-mercapto-4-methylpentan-2-one and 3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propanal was detected among the volatiles released from 4-((3-(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)-4-methylpentan-2-one (Fig. 3).

Example 19: A fresh clean citrus fragrance for an all-purpose cleaner



[0085] The following fragrance accord has been created for an all-purpose cleaner and is to be assessed at 0.3% in the unperfumed product base.
CAS numberIngredient nameAmount parts wt/wt
140-11-4 Benzyl acetate 15
80-26-2 Terpenyl Acetate 60
101-86-0 alpha Hexyl Cinnamic Aldehyde 30
112-31-2 Decanal 18
67634-00-8 Allyl amyl glycolate 3
1092785-58-4 Cassyrane™ (Givaudan) 0.5
106-22-9 Citronellol 20
68039-49-6 Cyclal C 5
57378-68-4 delta Damascone 1
65405-70-1 4-E-Decenal 0.2
18479-58-8 Dihydro Myrcenol 60
8000-48-4 Eucalyptus Essence 10
67634-14-4 Floralozone 3
125109-85-5 Florhydral 2
14765-30-1 Freskomenthe 5
54464-57-2 Iso E Super 20
20665-85-4 Isobutavan 0.2
1335-46-2 Isoraldeine 70 10
198404-98-7 Javanol 1
81783-01-9 Labienoxime 1% in TEC/IPM 3
61792-11-8 Lemonile 35
73018-51-6 Lime Oxide 20
78-70-6 Linalool 90
39255-32-8 Manzanate 2
37677-14-8 Myraldene 10
1637294-12-2 Nympheal 8
68647-72-3 Orange Terpenes 300    
916887-53-1 Petalia™ (Givaudan) 7    
313973-37-4 Pharaone™ (Givaudan) 10% in DPG 4    
82461-14-1 Rhubafuran 0.5    
1655500-83-6 Rosyfolia™ (Givaudan) 3    
16510-27-3 Toscanol™ (Givaudan) 1    
    Reference Accord Accord A Accord B
  4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one (Example 1) 0 2 10
25265-71-8 Dipropylene Glycol 252.6 250.6 242.6
  Total parts wt/wt 1000 1000 1000


[0086] The olfactory character imparted to the product by the reference accord is citrus and fresh floral aldehydic, with a watery facette.

[0087] Addition of 0.2% of 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one (Example 1) enhances the citrus odor aspect, while addition of 1% renders the accord more intense citrus and enhances the juicy aspect. After 24 hours application on a floor tile, the perfume is slightly more intense with the addition of 0.2% 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one and clearly more intense, fresher and juicier than the reference with 1%.

Example 20: Olfacive evaluation of compound according to Example 1 and mixtures thereof with mesityl oxide



[0088] Mixtures of the compound according to Example 1 (4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one) with mesityl oxide were prepared in different ratios and subjected to olfactive evaluation. All samples were assessed as 10% solutions in ethanol on a fresh blotter.
SampleOlfacive evaluation
4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one cassis, sulphur, eucalyptus bud, overall sulphurous impression is dominant, polarizing
4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, spiked with 0.01 wt.-% or 0.03 wt.-% mesityl oxide effect is minor, and olfactive profile still very close to pure material
4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, spiked with 0.1 wt.-% mesityl oxide combination starts to bring a positive olfactive benefit
4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, spiked with 0.3 wt.-% mesityl oxide combination brings a positive olfactive benefit, more juicy, more pleasant
4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, containing 0.8% mesityl oxide fruity juicy cassis, juicy, pleasant
4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, spiked with 1.0 wt.-% mesityl oxide combination brings a positive olfactive benefit, more juicy
4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, spiked with 3.0 wt.-% mesityl oxide mesityl oxide starts to dominate, and brings an additional green and technical facet
mesityl oxide green, solvent, plastic like, then fruity, almondy, cherry


[0089] The above results show that there is an optimum ratio between 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one and mesityl oxide, in which the mixture shows superior olfactive properties.

Example 21: Application in liquid detergent 1



[0090] Three samples of liquid detergent samples (34 g each) were prepared by adding 0.2 wt.-% of the following precursors according to the present invention to a non fragranced heavy duty liquid detergent base (pH 8.4): 4-(decylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one (Example 14), 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one (Example 1) and 4-methyl-4-(tetradecylthio)pentan-2-one (Example 15). The samples were used to wash a load of 5 cotton terry towels (ca. 200 g dry weight each, 1.1 kg total load) in a standard frontloading washing machine. The wash cycle was carried out at 40°C, followed by two cold rinse cycles and spinning at 1000 rpm. The washed towels were assessed blind by a panel of 6 experienced evaluators for fragrance intensity on wet towel and after 24 h line dry at room temperature. The intensity was indicated on a scale from 0 (odorless) to 5 (very strong).
IngredientFragrance intensity on wet towelFragrance intensity on dry towel (24 h line dry)
4-(decylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one 1.5 0.8
4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one 1.2 2.1
4-methyl-4-(tetradecylthio)pentan-2-one 1.0 1.3


[0091] As can be seen from the results provided in the table above, the comparative study of three precursors according to the present invention with R1 = R3 = R4 = methyl, R2 = R5 = H and R6 = nonyl, undecyl or tridecyl, the strongest precursor effect was observed with R6 = undecyl. The observed differencies between R6 = undecyl and R6 = nonyl or R6 = tridecyl were significant at confidence levels of 99.8% and 96%, respectively.

[0092] Due to the high volatility and water solubility of the released odorant 4-mercapto-4-methyl-2- pentanone (clogP = 1.0, as compared to clogP = 7.2 for 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one), it would not have been technically possible to deposit a sufficient amount of the material on fabric to trigger a fragrance impact.

Example 22: Application in liquid detergent 2


a) General



[0093] As series of experiments was conducted in order to determine whether fragrance ingredients according to the present invention show intensity benefits in fabric detergents. The compound of Example 1 (4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one) was tested with two fragrances A and B, which had different olfactive profiles. The products were assessed on wet cloth and on 1 day, 3 days and 7 days dried cloth.

[0094] The members of a sensory analysis panel were selected on a basis of their olfactory sensory acuity and then trained for several months. Their training enabled them to identify individual odor characteristics and score their perceived intensity against given standards in a consistent manner.

[0095] The fabrics were washed in European washing machines (40°C - 1,000 spin/min) with one unit dose per wash load. For the wet stage, after washing, the cloths were placed into 500 mL wide necked glass jars ready for assessment. For the dry cloth assessment, the cloth was lined-dried and left overnight in a perfume free room at 25 °C. Cloths washed with fragrance A were used as the control.

[0096] For all stages the overall perceived intensity was assessed by the trained sensory panel using a 0-100 linear scale. All overall perceived intensities were scaled against a reference sample A, for which the overall perceived intensity was set at 35 for wet cloth assessment and 10 for the dry cloth assessments where the reference sample was a 1 day dry cloth. The reference sample A was presented in the same format as the test samples for the wet cloth and dry cloth assessment.

[0097] For the wet cloth assessment, each sample was assessed twice by 20 panellists, thus giving 40 assessments per product. For the 1 day, 3 days and 7 days dry cloth assessments, each sample was assessed twice by 14 panellists, thus giving 28 assessments per product.

[0098] The estimated product means are reported on the next pages, together with any statistically significant differences between products.

b) Wet Cloth



[0099] 
ProductOverall Perceived IntensitySignificance of Differences
Fragrance A 35.7 A
Fragrance A + 2% Precursor 35.8 A
Fragrance B 44.6 B
Fragrance B + 2% Precursor 45.2 B


[0100] Where the same letter is shown in the "significance of differences" column there are no statistically significant differences between the relevant figures.

[0101] When assessed from wet cloth, cloth washed with Fragrance B or Fragrance B + 2% precursor were not perceived to be significantly different, but were perceived to be significantly stronger than cloth washed with Fragrance A or Fragrance A + 2% precursor, which were also not perceived to be significantly different to each other.

c) Dry cloth 1 day



[0102] 
ProductOverall Perceived IntensitySignificance of Differences
Fragrance A 10.9 A
Fragrance A + 2% Precursor 23.4 B
Fragrance B 12.3 A
Fragrance B + 2% Precursor 27.3 C


[0103] Where the same letter is shown in the "significance of differences" column there are no statistically significant differences between the relevant figures.

[0104] When assessed from 1 day dry cloth, cloth washed with Fragrance A + precursor was perceived to be significantly stronger than cloth washed with Fragrance A. Cloth washed with Fragrance B was perceived to be significantly weaker than cloth washed with Fragrance B + precursor.

d) Dry cloth 3 days



[0105] 
ProductOverall Perceived IntensitySignificance of Differences
Fragrance A 11.1 A
Fragrance A + 2% Precursor 22.9 C
Fragrance B 16.0 B
Fragrance B + 2% Precursor 26.1 D


[0106] Where the same letter is shown in the "significance of differences" column there are no statistically significant differences between the relevant figures.

[0107] When assessed from 3 day dry cloth, cloth washed with Fragrance B + 2% precursor was perceived to be significantly stronger than cloth washed with any of the other products. Whereas, cloth washed with Fragrance A was perceived to be significantly weaker than cloth washed with any of the other products.

e) Dry cloth 7 days



[0108] 
ProductOverall Perceived IntensitySignificance of Differences
Fragrance A 14.1 A
Fragrance A + 2% Precursor 23.1 B
Fragrance B 15.6 A
Fragrance B + 2% Precursor 25.2 B


[0109] Where the same letter is shown in the "significance of differences" column there are no statistically significant differences between the relevant figures.

[0110] When assessed from 7 day dry cloth, cloth washed with Fragrance A + 2% precursor or Fragrance B + 2% precursor were not perceived to be significantly different, but were perceived to be significantly stronger than cloth washed Fragrance A or Fragrance B which were also not perceived to be significantly different to each other.

f) Conclusion



[0111] When assessed from wet cloth, for both Fragrance A and Fragrance B, the cloth washed with product containing the precursor was comparable in terms of strength to cloth washed with product not containing the precursor. When assessed from 1 day, 3 day and 7 day dry cloth, for both Fragrance A and Fragrance B, the cloth washed with product containing the precursor was perceived to be significantly stronger than the same fragrance without the precursor.

Example 23: Application in all-purpose cleaner


a) General



[0112] As series of experiments was conducted in order to determine whether fragrance ingredients according to the present invention show intensity benefits in all purpose cleaners (APCs). The compound of Example 1 (4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one) was tested with two fragrances A and B, which had different olfactive profiles. The products were assessed in booths on the floor at fresh (time 0) and after 1 hour, 2 hours and 4 hours application.

[0113] The members of a sensory analysis panel were selected on a basis of their olfactory sensory acuity and then trained for several months. Their training enabled them to identify individual odor characteristics and score their perceived intensity against given standards in a consistent manner.

[0114] The testing was carried out in small booths (10 m3 booths, 21 °C, 50% RH) specifically designed. The booths were closed during testing, with the doors sealed. The APC products were diluted at 1.2% in warm water (45°C +/- 2°C). 60 mL of the diluted product was applied directly to the booth floor. It was evenly spread using a gloved hand, over an area of 65 cm x 65 cm.

[0115] The system was assessed through a porthole in the door of the booth. The overall perceived intensity was assessed by the trained sensory panel using a 0-100 line scale. The order of samples assessed by the panelists was pre-determined using. The dilution assessment was conducted over four sessions. The Fresh (time 0), 1 hour and 4 hour stages were assessed by 16 panelists, thus giving 32 assessments per product. The 2 hour stage was assessed by 17 panelists, thus giving 34 assessments per product.

[0116] The estimated product means are reported on the next pages, together with any statistically significant differences between products.

b) Fresh (time = 0) bloom from floor assessment



[0117] 
ProductOverall Perceived IntensitySignificance of Differences
Fragrance A 33.8 A
Fragrance A + 5% Precursor 33.7 A
Fragrance B 36.5 A
Fragrance B + 4% Precursor 37.8 A
Fragrance B + 8% Precursor 36.5 A


[0118] Where the same letter is shown in the "significance of differences" column there are no statistically significant differences between the relevant figures.

[0119] When the products were assessed fresh (time = 0), there was no perceived significant difference between the booths containing any of the five products tested.

c) One hour bloom from floor assessment



[0120] 
ProductOverall Perceived IntensitySignificance of Differences
Fragrance A 28.8 A
Fragrance A + 5% Precursor 37.9 C
Fragrance B 33.1 B
Fragrance B + 4% Precursor 35.4 BC
Fragrance B + 8% Precursor 37.0 C


[0121] Where the same letter is shown in the "significance of differences" column there are no statistically significant differences between the relevant figures.

[0122] When the products were assessed after 1 hour application, booths containing Fragrance B + 8% precursor or Fragrance A + 5% precursor were not perceived to be significantly different to booths containing Fragrance B + 4% precursor, but were perceived to be significantly stronger than booths containing Fragrance A or Fragrance B.

d) Two hour bloom from floor assessment



[0123] 
ProductOverall Perceived IntensitySignificance of Differences
Fragrance A 21.6 A
Fragrance A + 5% Precursor 29.2 B
Fragrance B 18.2 A
Fragrance B + 4% Precursor 19.5 A
Fragrance B + 8% Precursor 31.1 B


[0124] Where the same letter is shown in the "significance of differences" column there are no statistically significant differences between the relevant figures.

[0125] When the products were assessed after 2 hours application, the booths containing Fragrance A + 5% precursor or Fragrance B + 8% precursor, which were not perceived to be significantly different, were perceived to be significantly stronger than the booths containing Fragrance A, Fragrance B or Fragrance B + 4% precursor, which were also not perceived to be significantly different to each other.

e) Four hour bloom from floor assessment



[0126] 
ProductOverall Perceived IntensitySignificance of Differences
Fragrance A 20.4 B
Fragrance A + 5% Precursor 28.6 C
Fragrance B 10.8 A
Fragrance B + 4% Precursor 20.8 B
Fragrance B + 8% Precursor 27.2 C


[0127] Where the same letter is shown in the "significance of differences" column there are no statistically significant differences between the relevant figures.

[0128] When the products were assessed after 4 hours application, the booths containing Fragrance B + 8% precursor or Fragrance A + 5% precursor, which were not perceived to be significantly different, were perceived to be significantly stronger than booths containing Fragrance A or Fragrance B + 4% precursor, which were also not perceived to be significantly different to each other. Furthermore, booths containing Fragrance B were perceived to be significantly weaker than the booths containing any of the other four products tested.

f) Conclusion



[0129] Fragrance A + 5% precursor was comparable in terms of strength to Fragrance A at fresh (time = 0), but was perceived to be significantly stronger than Fragrance A when assessed 1 hour, 2 hours and 4 hours after application.

[0130] The Fragrance B + 8% precursor was comparable in terms of strength to Fragrance B at fresh (time = 0) but was perceived to be significantly stronger than Fragrance B when assessed 1 hour, 2 hours and 4 hours after application. Whereas Fragrance B + 4% precursor was comparable in terms of strength to Fragrance B at the fresh, 1 hour and 2 hour assessments, but was perceived to be significantly stronger than Fragrance B when assessed 4 hours after application.

[0131] Furthermore, Fragrance A + 5% precursor and Fragrance B + 8% precursor were comparable in terms of strength when assessed at all time points (0, 1, 2 and 4 hours).


Claims

1. Use of a compound of formula (I) as a precursor for generating a compound of formula (II) and/or a compound of formula (III).

wherein R1 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R2 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R3 is H or C1-5-alkyl; and R4 is C1-6-alkyl; or

R1 and R4 together with the carbon atoms to which they and R2 are attached form a 5, 6 or 7 membered ring, preferably a hydrocarbon ring; R2 is H or 61-4-alkyl; and R3 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and wherein

R5 is H or a residue comprising 1 to 20 carbon atoms; and R6 is a residue comprising 3 to 20 carbon atoms.


 
2. A composition of matter comprising a compound of formula (I) and a compound of formula (A)

wherein R1 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R2 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R3 is H or C1-5-alkyl; and R4 is C1-6-alkyl; or

R1 and R4 together with the carbon atoms to which they and R2 are attached form a 5, 6 or 7 membered ring, preferably a hydrocarbon ring; R2 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and R3 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and wherein

R5 is H or a residue comprising 1 to 20 carbon atoms; and R6 is a residue comprising 3 to 20 carbon atoms.


 
3. A composition of matter according to claim 2, wherein the amount of the compound of formula (A) in relation to the total amount of the compound of formula (I) and the compound of formula (A) is 0.1 to 3.0 wt.-%, preferably 0.3 to 1.2 wt.-%, even more preferably 0.6 to 1.0 wt.-%.
 
4. A fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I)

wherein R1 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R2 is H or C1-5-alkyl; R3 is H or C1-5-alkyl; and R4 is C1-6-alkyl; or

R1 and R4 together with the carbon atoms to which they and R2 are attached form a 5, 6 or 7 membered ring, preferably a hydrocarbon ring, a lactone or a cyclic ether; R2 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and R3 is H or C1-4-alkyl; and wherein

R5 is H or a residue comprising 1 to 20 carbon atoms; and R6 is a residue comprising 6 to 20 carbon atoms;

wherein the total combined number of carbon atoms of R1, R2, R3 and R4 is 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 5, more preferably 1 to 4, even more preferably 1 to 3, if R5 is H and R6 is selected from a group consisting of octyl, undecyl and heptadecyl.


 
5. A fragrance ingredient according to claim 4, wherein the total combined number of carbon atoms of R1, R2, R3 and R4 is 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 5, more preferably 1 to 4, even more preferably 1 to 3.
 
6. A fragrance ingredient according to one of claims 4 or 5, wherein R1 is H; R2 is H; R3 is H; and R4 is methyl.
 
7. A fragrance ingredient according to one of claims 4 or 5, wherein R1 is H; R2 is H; R3 is methyl; and R4 is methyl.
 
8. A fragrance ingredient according to one of claims 4 or 5, wherein R1 is methyl; R2 is H; R3 is H; and R4 is methyl.
 
9. A fragrance ingredient according to one of claims 4 or 5, wherein R1 is methyl; R2 is H; R3 is methyl; and R4 is methyl.
 
10. A fragrance ingredient according to one of claims 4 to 9, wherein R6 is a residue comprising 7 to 16 carbon atoms, preferably 8 to 14 carbon atoms, even more preferably 9 to 13 carbon atoms.
 
11. A fragrance ingredient according to one of claims 4 to 10, wherein R6 is an alkyl, alkenyl or aromatic residue.
 
12. A fragrance ingredient according to claim 4, wherein the compound of formula (I) is selected from the group consisting of 3-(octylthio)butanal, 4-methyl-4-(octylthio)pentan-2-one, 3-(decylthio)butanal, 4-(decylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, 4-(dodecylthio)pentan-2-one, 4-(dodecylthio)-4-methylpentan-2-one, 4-(dodecylthio)-3-methylpentan-2-one, 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylbutanal, 3-(dodecylthio)butanal, 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylcyclohexan-1-one, 3-(dodecylthio)-3-methylcyclopentan-1-one, 3-(tetradecylthio)butanal and 4-methyl-4-(tetradecylthio)pentan-2-one.
 
13. A consumer product comprising a composition of matter according to one of claims 2 or 3 or a fragrance ingredient according to one of claims 4 to 12.
 
14. A consumer product according to claim 13, wherein the concentration of the compound of formula (I) is 0.1% to 10%, preferably 0.2% to 5%, even more preferably 0.5% to 3%.
 
15. A method for producing a fragrance ingredient comprising a compound of formula (I) according to one of claims 4 to 12 by reaction of a compound of formula (A) with a compound of formula (B).


 




Drawing



































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description