(19)
(11)EP 3 536 272 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
11.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/37

(21)Application number: 17881065.1

(22)Date of filing:  04.12.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 17/88  (2006.01)
A61B 17/70  (2006.01)
A61C 8/00  (2006.01)
A61B 17/86  (2006.01)
A61B 5/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2017/014050
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/110882 (21.06.2018 Gazette  2018/25)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 13.12.2016 KR 20160169966

(71)Applicant: Kyungpook National University Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation
Daegu 41566 (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • KIM, Kyoungtae
    Daegu 42114 (KR)

(74)Representative: Weickmann & Weickmann PartmbB 
Postfach 860 820
81635 München
81635 München (DE)

  


(54)MEDICAL INSERTION DEVICE


(57) A medical inserting apparatus includes a screw nail which is inserted into a human body, a driver which inserts the screw nail into the human body, a current generator disposed in the driver to generate a predetermined current, a current meter disposed in the driver to measure the current, and a conductor element disposed in the screw nail and the driver along a lengthwise direction and including an exposed portion which is exposed to outside, wherein the conductor element includes a forward conductor element connected to the current generator to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow into the human body, and a reverse conductor element having one end electrically connected to the forward conductor element and the other end connected to the current generator, and including a variable resistor and the current meter installed to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow to the current meter by current division with resistance of the human body.




Description

[Technical Field]



[0001] The present disclosure relates to a medical inserting apparatus, and more particularly, to a medical inserting apparatus for correctly identifying the type of the tissue around a screw nail inserted into human body to prevent damage to the nerve by screw nail insertion.

[Background Art]



[0002] Medical inserting apparatuses may be inserted into human body for operations or treatments. For example, medical inserting apparatuses may include pedicle screw nails that are inserted into the spine, implants that replace teeth, etc. Specifically, patients with severe spinal stenosis first have surgery for widening the small spinal canal. It is to relieve the pressure on the nerve compressed for a long time by removing the surrounding bone or joint to widen a space. This is called nerve decompression. After decompression is performed, each segment becomes unstable, and if left alone, many problems occur from the long-term perspective. Accordingly, it is necessary to stabilize the condition of the spine by spinal fusion. This is a process that fixes adjacent vertebrae using pedicle screw nails and fuses them together through bone grafting.

[0003] Recently, treatments or operations related to the spine or teeth have dramatically increased, and many studies are made on them. In the case of a conventional medical inserting apparatus related to these studies, the medical inserting apparatus has a current generator and a current meter installed therein to apply the current into the human body using the current generator and measure an amount of current coming back using the current meter to identify the type of the tissue around the screw nail inserted into the human body. However, in the case of the conventional medical inserting apparatus (see Korean Patent No. 10-1599603), a conductor element to which the current is applied is made of gold, and the nerve has a higher resistance value than the conductor element, so the applied current does not flow to the nerve, and turns back and moves to the current meter. Accordingly, it is impossible to identify the resistance value of the tissue through which the current passed, which makes it difficult to correctly identify the type of the tissue.

[Disclosure]


[Technical Problem]



[0004] To solve this problem, there is a need for a medical inserting apparatus that allows a predetermined fraction of current generated by a current generator to flow to the tissue and correctly identifies the type of the tissue into which the current flowed.

[0005] The present disclosure is directed to providing a medical inserting apparatus that correctly identifies the type of the tissue around the screw nail by increasing the resistance value of the conductor element serving as the path the current flows back to allow a predetermined current to flow to the tissue, thereby preventing the screw nail from damaging the nerve when inserting the screw nail.

[0006] The problems to be solved by the present disclosure are not limited to those mentioned above, and these and other problems will be clearly understood from the following description.

[Technical Solution]



[0007] To solve the above-described problem, a medical inserting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a screw nail which is inserted into a human body, a driver which inserts the screw nail into the human body, a current generator disposed in the driver to generate a predetermined current, a current meter disposed in the driver to measure the current, and a conductor element disposed in the screw nail and the driver along a lengthwise direction and including an exposed portion which is exposed to outside, wherein the conductor element includes a forward conductor element connected to the current generator to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow into the human body, and a reverse conductor element having one end electrically connected to the forward conductor element and the other end connected to the current generator, and including a variable resistor and the current meter installed to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow to the current meter by current division with resistance of the human body.

[0008] To solve the above-described problem, a medical inserting apparatus according to another embodiment of the present disclosure includes a screw nail which is inserted into a human body, a driver which inserts the screw nail into the human body, a current generator disposed outside of the screw nail and the driver to generate a predetermined current, a current meter disposed outside of the screw nail and the driver to measure the current, and a conductor element which goes out of the current generator and enters the current generator through inside of the screw nail and the driver, and including an exposed portion contacting the human body, wherein the conductor element includes a forward conductor element connected to the current generator to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow into the human body, and a reverse conductor element having one end electrically connected to the forward conductor element and the other end connected to the current generator, and including a variable resistor and the current meter installed to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow to the current meter by current division with resistance of the human body.

[Advantageous Effects]



[0009] According to the present disclosure, there is provided a medical inserting apparatus that correctly identifies the type of the tissue around the screw nail by increasing the resistance value of the conductor element serving as the path the current flows back to allow a predetermined current to flow to the tissue, thereby preventing the screw nail from damaging the nerve when inserting the screw nail.

[Description of Drawings]



[0010] 

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a medical inserting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram formed by a current generator of a medical inserting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure and human body.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of an exposed portion of a medical inserting apparatus according to the present disclosure.

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a medical inserting apparatus according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a medical inserting apparatus according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 6 is a conceptual diagram showing a process of adjusting a resistance value of a variable resistor of a medical inserting apparatus according to the present disclosure.


[Detailed Description of Main Elements]



[0011] 

10, 100: Screw nail

20, 120, 210: Driver

30: Forward conductor element

40: Reverse conductor element

50, 150, 240: Conductor element

60, 160, 250: Current generator

70, 170, 260: Current meter

80, 180, 270: Variable resistor

100, 200, 300: Medical inserting apparatus

130, 220: First conductor element

135, 225: Third conductor element

140: Second conductor element

145: Fourth conductor element

230: Fifth conductor element

235: Sixth conductor element

280: External current generation device

400: Ground element

450: Return element


[Best Mode]



[0012] These and other advantages and features of the present disclosure and methods for achieving them will be apparent by referring to the embodiments described in detail below together with the accompanying drawings. However, the present disclosure is not limited to the following disclosed embodiments and will be embodied in many different forms, and these embodiments are only provided to make the disclosure complete and help those having ordinary skill in the technical field pertaining to the present disclosure to understand the scope of the invention fully, and the present disclosure is only defined by the scope of the appended claims. Like reference numerals indicate like elements throughout the specification.

[0013] The terminology used herein is only for the purpose of describing the embodiments and is not intended to be limiting of the present disclosure. As used herein, the singular forms are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The term "comprises" and/or "comprising" when used in this specification specifies the presence of stated elements, steps and operations, but does not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other elements, steps and operations.

[0014] A medical inserting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure is described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 3. FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of the medical inserting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram formed by a current generator of the medical inserting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure and human body. FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of an exposed portion of the medical inserting apparatus according to the present disclosure.

[0015] Referring to FIGS. 1 to 3, the medical inserting apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a screw nail 10, a driver 20, a current generator 60, a current meter 70, a conductor element 50 and a variable resistor 80. Meanwhile, to help an understanding of the present disclosure, the medical inserting apparatus is exaggerated and depicted in a larger size than the human body on the drawings.

[0016] The screw nail 10 may be a bone fusion screw nail 10 that is inserted into a tissue 350 of the bone near the nerve, in particular, a pedicle screw nail 10 that is inserted into the spine. The screw nail 10 may have a thread on the outer side for insertion into the human body. Additionally, because the screw nail 10 is inserted into the human body, the screw nail 10 may be made of titanium used as a material for various types of implants because of good biocompatibility and strength.

[0017] The screw nail 10 may have a tapping screw T at the front end, and the tapping screw T performs a drilling operation in advance before insertion of the screw nail 10 into the human body, so that the screw nail 10 can be inserted more safely through a hole formed by the tapping screw T.

[0018] The driver 20 is an element that inserts the screw nail 10 into the human body or removes the inserted screw nail 10 from the human body, and in the case of the medical inserting apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the screw nail 10 and the driver 20 are integrally formed, and as the driver 20 rotates, the screw nail 10 formed integrally with the driver 20 also rotates in the clockwise or counterclockwise direction so that the screw nail 10 may be inserted into the human body or removed from the human body.

[0019] The current generator 60 is an element that may be disposed in the driver 20, and generates the current flowing into the human body through the conductor element.

[0020] The current meter 70 is an element that may be disposed in the driver 20, and measures an amount of current flowing to the current meter (i.e., an amount of current not flowing into the human body) in the current generated from the current generator 60 by current division with the human body's resistance. The current from the current generator 60 is applies to the human body, and subsequently, a fraction of the current flows into the human body and the remaining current returns to the current meter 70, and thus an amount of current flowing into the human body may be determined by measuring an amount of current returning to the current meter 70, and accordingly the resistance value of the tissue 350 in the human body into which the current flowed may be calculated. It is possible to identify whether the tissue 350 into which the current flowed is a nerve or a muscle by comparing the calculated resistance value and the already known inherent resistance value based on the type of the tissue 350.

[0021] Meanwhile, the current flowing into the human body goes out through a ground element 400 mounted on a specific part of the human body such as a leg, then returns to the current generator 60 through a return element 450 connected to the ground element 400, and accordingly the medical inserting apparatus 100 according to the present disclosure may form a closed circuit (see FIG. 2). Additionally, the return element 450 may be made of platinum, gold, silver and tungsten, and the material is not limited to a particular type and may include any material that is accepted as suitable for the human body and has very good electrical conductivity.

[0022] The conductor element 50 includes an exposed portion S that is disposed in the screw nail 10 and the driver 20 along the lengthwise direction and is exposed to the outside, and when the current generated by the current generator 60 is allowed to flow into the tissue 350 in the human body through the exposed portion S, it is possible to identify the type of the tissue 350 disposed around the inserted screw nail 10, thereby preventing the screw nail 10 from contacting the nerve in the process of inserting the screw nail 10.

[0023] To this end, the conductor element 50 may include a forward conductor element 30 connected to the current generator 60 to allow the current generated by the current generator 60 to flow into the human body, and a reverse conductor element 40 having one end electrically connected to the forward conductor element 30 and the other end connected to the current generator 60 (to form a closed circuit), and including the variable resistor and the current meter installed to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow to the current meter by current division with the human body's resistance.

[0024] That is, the current generator 60, the forward conductor element 30, the reverse conductor element 40 and the current meter 70 form a closed circuit, and a fraction of the current generated by the current generator 60 flows into the tissue 350 in the human body through the forward conductor element 30, and the remaining current passes through the current meter 70 via the reverse conductor element 40, then flows to the current generator 60. Accordingly, it is possible to identify whether the tissue 350 into which the current flowed is a nerve or a muscle by determining a reduced amount of current or the resistance value of the tissue 350 into which the current flowed.

[0025] Describing the exposed portion S of the conductor element 50 with reference to FIG. 3, the exposed portion S may be formed by direct connection of the forward conductor element 30 and the reverse conductor element 40, and disposed at the outer periphery of the front end of the screw nail 10. That is, the exposed portion S may include a contact region between the forward conductor element 30 and the reverse conductor element 40 and its surrounding region, and may be attached to the outer periphery of the front end of the screw nail 10.

[0026] Alternatively, the exposed portion S may form the outer surface of the front end of the screw nail 10, and be connected to the forward conductor element 30 and the reverse conductor element 40 (see FIG. 3(A)). In this case, the exposed portion S may be a separate conductor body 35 from the forward conductor element 30 and the reverse conductor element 40, and the conductor body 35 may be attached to the front end of the screw nail 10 and connected to the forward conductor element 30 and the reverse conductor element 40. With the conductor body 35, the contact area of the conductor element 50 with the nerve may increase, which makes it possible to sense the nerve more easily.

[0027] Alternatively, the exposed portion S may be in the shape of a ring around the periphery of the front end of the screw nail 10, and be connected to the forward conductor element 30 and the reverse conductor element 40 (see FIG. 3(B)). The ring shaped conductor element 45 may run around the periphery of the screw nail 10 at a location that is a predetermined distance apart from the front end of the screw nail 10, and two or more ring shaped conductor elements 45 may be provided.

[0028] Meanwhile, the conductor element 50 may be made of platinum, gold, silver and tungsten, and the material is not limited to a particular type and may include any material that is accepted as suitable for the human body and has very good electrical conductivity and is suitable to detect a small electromyogram (EMG) signal.

[0029] The variable resistor 80 may be used to correctly identify the type of the tissue 350 into which the current flowed. In relation to this, in the case of the conventional medical inserting apparatus, because the resistance value of the nerve is higher than that of the conductor element 50 made of gold, the applied current does not flow to the nerve and turns back and moves to the current meter 70. Accordingly, it is impossible to identify the resistance value of the tissue 350 into which the current flowed, which makes it difficult to correctly identify the type of the tissue 350.

[0030] To solve this problem, the present disclosure installs the variable resistor 80 to increase the resistance value the of the conductor element 50, and as a result, allow a predetermined current to flow to the tissue 350, thereby correctly identifying the type of the tissue 350. Moreover, the resistance value of the variable resistor 80 may be automatically or manually adjusted, and the medical inserting apparatus according to the present disclosure may further include a controller to automatically control the variable resistor 80. The controller may be integrally formed with other elements and may be separately formed from other elements, and its installation is not limited to a particular type.

[0031] In detail, the variable resistor 80 is equipped in the reverse conductor element 40 at which the current meter 70 is installed, so that the resistance value of the variable resistor 80 may be automatically or manually adjusted to increase the total resistance value of the reverse conductor element 40, and as a consequence, to allow the current generated by the current generator 60 to flow to the tissue 350 in the human body including the nerve. Subsequently, the resistance value of the tissue 350 into which the current flowed may be calculated through an amount of current returning to the current meter 70 (or an amount of current flowing to the tissue 350) and the resistance value of the variable resistor 80, and the type of the tissue 350 into which the current flowed may be easily identified by comparing the calculated resistance value and the inherent resistance value of the tissue 350.

[0032] Meanwhile, describing a process in which the controller adjusts the resistance value of the variable resistor 80 through FIG. 6, the current meter 70 may measure an amount of current flowing back, and transmit the measured value to the controller. Subsequently, the controller may calculate an amount of current flowing into the human body through the received amount of current flowing back, and compare the calculated amount of current with a preset threshold, and when the amount of current flowing into the human body is determined to be less than the threshold, may automatically adjust the resistance value of the variable resistor to allow the current equal to or more than the threshold to flow into the human body.

[0033] Further, in the case of the present disclosure, the resistance value of the variable resistor 80 may be automatically or manually adjusted such that a ratio of an amount of current returning to the current meter 70 to an amount of current generated from the current generator 60 is uniform, irrespective of the type of the tissue 350 of the human body into which the current flowed. For example, the variable resistance value may be adjusted such that the amount of current flowing back is 1/2 of the amount of generated current. In this case, when the tissue 350 into which the current flows is a nerve and when the tissue 350 into which the current flows is a muscle, the resistance value of the variable resistor 80 differs, and through this resistance value difference, the resistance value of the tissue 350 may be calculated. Subsequently, it is possible to correctly identify whether the tissue 350 into which the current flowed is a nerve or a muscle by comparing the calculated resistance value of the tissue 350 and the already known inherent resistance value based on the type of the tissue 350.

[0034] As a result, by introducing the variable resistor 80, it is possible to correctly identify the type of the tissue 350 around the inserted screw nail 10, and when inserting the screw nail 10 into the human body, it is possible to sense the contact with the nerve in real time, thereby preventing the nerve damage.

[0035] Additionally, the driver 20 may have a display including an indicator window or a lamp and an indicator window. It is possible to visually see a reduction in current through the display. In detail, when the current applied to the forward conductor element 30 by the current generator 60 and the current measured by the current meter 70 are displayed in number on the display, it is possible to easily see if there is a reduction in current. Moreover, when the current measured by the current meter 70 is smaller than the current applied to the forward conductor element 30 by the current generator 60, the lamp may light up to easily see if there is a reduction in current. Alternatively, when the current measured by the current meter 70 is smaller than the current applied to the forward conductor element 30 by the current generator 60, an alarm may be set to easily see if there is a reduction in current visually as well as audibly.

[0036] The medical inserting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure has been hereinabove described, and a medical inserting apparatus according to another embodiment of the present disclosure will be hereinafter described with reference to FIG. 4. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the medical inserting apparatus according to another embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0037] Referring to FIG. 4, the medical inserting apparatus 200 according to another embodiment of the present disclosure includes a screw nail 110 and a driver 120 that are separate, not integral. For coupling of the screw nail 110 and the driver 120 that are separate components, the screw nail 110 has a coupling groove with a female thread at the head, and the driver 120 has a male thread corresponding to the female thread of the screw nail 110 at the front end, so the screw nail 110 and the driver 120 may be engaged and coupled to each other. However, the coupling method of the screw nail 110 and the driver 120 is not limited to the above-described method, and various coupling methods may be used.

[0038] Additionally, the forward conductor element may include a first conductor element 130 disposed in the screw nail 110 and a second conductor element 140 disposed in the driver 120, and the reverse conductor element may include a third conductor element 135 disposed in the screw nail 110 and a fourth conductor element 145 disposed in the driver 120. Accordingly, the second conductor element 140 may be connected to a current generator 160, and the fourth conductor element 145 may be connected to a current meter 170. Meanwhile, when the screw nail 110 and the driver 120 are engaged with each other, the first conductor element 130 and the second conductor element 140 may be connected to form one forward conductor element, and the third conductor element 135 and the fourth conductor element 145 may be connected to form one reverse conductor element.

[0039] A variable resistor 180 is installed on the fourth conductor element 145 connected to the current meter 170 to correctly identify whether the tissue 350 into which the current flows is a nerve or a muscle. Meanwhile, the current flowing into the human body goes out through the ground element 400 mounted on a specific part of the human body such as a leg, then returns to the current generator 160 through the return element 450 connected to the ground element 400, and accordingly the medical inserting apparatus 200 according to the present disclosure may form a closed circuit.

[0040] In the case of the exposed portion S, similar to the above-described medical inserting apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the exposed portion S may be formed by direct connection of the first conductor element 130 and the third conductor element 135, or using a separate conductor body and a ring shaped conductor.

[0041] The medical inserting apparatus according to another embodiment of the present disclosure has been hereinabove described, and a medical inserting apparatus according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure will be hereinafter described with reference to FIG. 5. FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the medical inserting apparatus according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure.

[0042] Referring to FIG. 5, the medical inserting apparatus 300 according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure includes a current generator, a current meter and a variable resistor that are not installed in a driver 210, and instead, are separately provided outside of the driver 210. In detail, the medical inserting apparatus 300 according to still another embodiment of the present disclosure includes an external current generation device 280 including a current generator 250 to generate a current flowing to a conductor element, a current meter 260 to measure an amount of current going back through the human body after generated by the current generator 250, and a variable resistor 270 installed on the path of the current returning to the current meter 260. Because the current generator 250 and the current meter 260 are disposed outside, it is easy to maintain and repair the current generator 250 and the current meter 260.

[0043] Additionally, the forward conductor element includes a first conductor element 220 disposed in the screw nail 110 and a fifth conductor element 230 extending outward from the inside of the driver 210 and connected to the current generator, the reverse conductor element includes a third conductor element 225 disposed in the screw nail 110 and a sixth conductor element 235 extending outward from the inside of the driver 210 and connected to the current meter 260, and the variable resistor 270 may be installed on the sixth conductor element 235 in the external current generation device 280. Of course, in some cases, the variable resistor 270 may be installed on the sixth conductor element 235, rather than inside of the external current generation device 280.

[0044] Further, the screw nail 110 and the driver 210 may be separate, not integral, and when the screw nail 110 and the driver 210 are engaged with each other, the first conductor element 220 and the fifth conductor element 230 may be connected to form one forward conductor element, and the third conductor element 225 and the sixth conductor element 235 may be connected to form one reverse conductor element.

[0045] Meanwhile, although FIG. 5 shows the screw nail 110 and the driver 210 as separate components, as shown in FIG. 1, the screw nail 110 and the driver 210 may be integrally formed, and such an integral medical inserting apparatus may include the external current generation device 280.

[0046] Additionally, in the case of the exposed portion S, similar to the above-described medical inserting apparatus, the exposed portion may be formed by direct connection of the first conductor element 220 and the third conductor element 225, or using a separate conductor body and a ring shaped conductor.

[0047] Meanwhile, the current flowing into the human body goes out through the ground element 400 mounted on a specific part of the human body such as a leg, then returns to the current generator 250 through the return element 450 connected to the ground element 400, and accordingly the medical inserting apparatus 300 according to the present disclosure may form a closed circuit.


Claims

1. A medical inserting apparatus, comprising:

a screw nail which is inserted into a human body;

a driver which inserts the screw nail into the human body;

a current generator disposed in the driver to generate a predetermined current;

a current meter disposed in the driver to measure the current; and

a conductor element disposed in the screw nail and the driver along a lengthwise direction and including an exposed portion which is exposed to outside,

wherein the conductor element includes a forward conductor element connected to the current generator to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow into the human body, and a reverse conductor element having one end electrically connected to the forward conductor element and the other end connected to the current generator, and including a variable resistor and the current meter installed to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow to the current meter by current division with resistance of the human body.


 
2. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein when as a result of measurement by the current meter, an amount of current flowing into the human body is determined to be less than a preset threshold, a resistance value of the variable resistor is manually or automatically adjusted to allow the current equal to or more than the threshold to flow into the human body.
 
3. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a resistance value of the human body tissue into which the current flowed is calculated through the amount of current measured by the current meter and the resistance value of the variable resistor, and a type of the tissue is identified by comparing the calculated resistance value and an inherent resistance value of the tissue.
 
4. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the resistance value of the human body tissue into through the current flowed is calculated by controlling the variable resistor so that a ratio of the amount of current returning to the current meter to the amount of current generated from the current generator is uniform, and the type of the tissue is identified by comparing the calculated resistance value and the inherent resistance value of the tissue.
 
5. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the current flowing into the human body goes out through a ground element mounted on the human body, and flows to the current generator through a return element.
 
6. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the screw nail and the driver are integrally formed.
 
7. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 6, wherein the screw nail has a tapping screw at a front end.
 
8. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the screw nail has a coupling groove with a female thread at a head, and the driver has a male thread corresponding to the female thread at a front end, allowing the screw nail and the driver to be engaged with each other.
 
9. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the forward conductor element includes a first conductor element disposed in the screw nail and a second conductor element disposed in the driver,
the reverse conductor element includes a third conductor element disposed in the screw nail and a fourth conductor element disposed in the driver, and
when the screw nail and the driver are engaged with each other, the first conductor element and the second conductor element are connected to each other, and the third conductor element and the fourth conductor element are connected to each other.
 
10. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the exposed portion is formed by direct connection of the forward conductor element and the reverse conductor element, and is disposed at an outer periphery of the front end of the screw nail.
 
11. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the exposed portion forms an outer surface of the front end of the screw nail, and is connected to the forward conductor element and the reverse conductor element.
 
12. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the exposed portion is in a shape of a ring around a periphery of the front end of the screw nail, and is connected to the forward conductor element and the reverse conductor element.
 
13. A medical inserting apparatus, comprising:

a screw nail which is inserted into a human body;

a driver which inserts the screw nail into the human body;

a current generator disposed outside of the screw nail and the driver to generate a predetermined current;

a current meter disposed outside of the screw nail and the driver to measure the current; and

a conductor element which goes out of the current generator and enters the current generator through inside of the screw nail and the driver, and including an exposed portion contacting the human body,

wherein the conductor element includes a forward conductor element connected to the current generator to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow into the human body, and a reverse conductor element having one end electrically connected to the forward conductor element and the other end connected to the current generator, and including a variable resistor and the current meter installed to allow the current generated by the current generator to flow to the current meter by current division with resistance of the human body.


 
14. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, wherein when as a result of measurement by the current meter, an amount of current flowing into the human body is determined to be less than a preset threshold, a resistance value of the variable resistor is manually or automatically adjusted to allow the current equal to or more than the threshold to flow into the human body.
 
15. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, wherein a resistance value of the human body tissue into which the current flowed is calculated through the amount of current measured by the current meter and the resistance value of the variable resistor, and a type of the tissue is identified by comparing the calculated resistance value and an inherent resistance value of the tissue.
 
16. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 15, wherein the resistance value of the human body tissue into which the current flowed is calculated by controlling the variable resistor so that a ratio of the amount of current returning to the current meter to the amount of current generated from the current generator is uniform, and the type of the tissue is identified by comparing the calculated resistance value and the inherent resistance value of the tissue.
 
17. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, wherein the current flowing into the human body goes out through a ground element mounted on the human body, and flows to the current generator through a return element.
 
18. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, wherein the screw nail and the driver are integrally formed.
 
19. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 18, wherein the screw nail has a tapping screw at a front end.
 
20. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, wherein the screw nail has a coupling groove with a female thread at a head, the driver has a male thread corresponding to the female thread at a front end, allowing the screw nail and the driver to be engaged with each other.
 
21. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 20, wherein the forward conductor element includes a first conductor element disposed in the screw nail, and a fifth conductor element extending outward from inside of the driver and connected to the current generator,
the reverse conductor element includes a third conductor element disposed in the screw nail, and a sixth conductor element extending outward from inside of the driver and connected to the current meter, and
when the screw nail and the driver are engaged with each other, the first conductor element and the fifth conductor element are connected to each other, and the third conductor element and the sixth conductor element are connected to each other.
 
22. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, wherein the exposed portion is formed by direct connection of the forward conductor element and the reverse conductor element, and is disposed at an outer periphery of the front end of the screw nail.
 
23. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, wherein the exposed portion forms an outer surface of the front end of the screw nail, and is connected to the forward conductor element and the reverse conductor element.
 
24. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, wherein the exposed portion is in a shape of a ring around a periphery of the front end of the screw nail, and is connected to the forward conductor element and the reverse conductor element.
 
25. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 13, further comprising:
an external current generation device which receives the current generator and the current meter.
 
26. The medical inserting apparatus according to claim 24, wherein the external current generation device further receives the variable resistor.
 




Drawing


































REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description