(19)
(11)EP 3 536 478 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
11.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/37

(21)Application number: 17926781.0

(22)Date of filing:  29.09.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B29C 45/76  (2006.01)
B29B 9/12  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2017/011046
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/066112 (04.04.2019 Gazette  2019/14)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(71)Applicant: LG Chem, Ltd.
Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • LEE, Hyun Sup
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • SUN, Soon Ho
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • CHOI, Yi Young
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Ki Soo
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • HONG, Bog Ki
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • PARK, Sung Hyun
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Myung Han
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • CHUNG, Chang Kwon
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)METHOD FOR SELECTING MATERIAL OF INJECTION-MOLDED ARTICLE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING INJECTION-MOLDED ARTICLE


(57) The present application relates to a method for selecting an injection-molded article and a method for manufacturing an injection-molded article, and according to the method for selecting an injection-molded article and the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article of the present application, a material capable of producing an injection-molded article excellent crack stability can be selected without manufacturing injection-molded articles through injection molding, and an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability can be produced.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present application relates to a method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article and a method for manufacturing an injection-molded article.

Background Art



[0002] Products made by injection molding of polyethylene may crack during use. Therefore, when a product is produced by injection molding, polyethylene should be selected, which is capable of producing an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability. However, the conventional method for selecting a material used for injection molding has a problem that the crack stability of an injection-molded article cannot be known unless an injection-molded article is manufactured by injection molding.

[Prior Art Documents]



[0003] Patent Document 1: Korean Patent No. 1638240

Disclosure


Technical Problem



[0004] The present application provides a method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article and a method for manufacturing an injection-molded article.

Technical Solution



[0005] The present application relates to a method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article. According to the method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article of the present application, it is possible to select polyethylene which can produce an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability through simple physical property evaluation of polyethylene used for injection molding, and to manufacture an injection-molded article using the polyethylene which can produce an injection-molded product having excellent crack stability.

[0006] The method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article of the present invention is a method for selecting a material having a complex modulus within a specific range.

[0007] The complex modulus is measured from a first specimen produced in the form of a sheet having a width of 6 mm, a height of 10 mm and a thickness of 0.3 mm from polyethylene. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that there may be errors, which are acceptable in the art, in describing the lengths and thickness, and the like of the specimen used in the measurement of the physical properties in detail herein. In the specimen manufacturing process, the error may be about 1% to 5% or so. The first specimen can be prepared by dissolving polyethylene pellets at 150°C to 250°C and applying the dissolved pellets to a pressing process at a molding pressure of 20 to 25 MPa. If the complex modulus is measured from the first specimen that is molded under the above conditions and produced, a material having excellent crack stability can be selected when the injection is performed under injection conditions of the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article to be described below.

[0008] The measurement of the complex modulus can be performed by applying a displacement of 0.1% at a frequency of 1 Hz to the first specimen in the longitudinal direction of the first specimen at 25°C. The displacement is calculated by (length after applying tensile strain - length before applying tensile strain)/(length before applying tensile strain) x 100. If the complex modulus is measured under the above conditions, it is possible to select a material capable of producing an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability when the injection is performed under injection conditions of the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article to be described below.

[0009] The crack stability of the injection-molded article produced through injection molding is related to stiffness of the injection-molded article. The stiffness of the injection-molded article can be deduced from the complex modulus of the material. Particularly, when a crucible is manufactured by injection molding, the crack stability of the bottom surface of the crucible can be deduced from the complex modulus of the material. The material capable of producing an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability can have a complex modulus measured in the form of the first specimen described above in a range of 1.80 GPa or less, or 1.75 GPa or less. The smaller the value of the complex modulus means the greater the stiffness of the injection-molded article, but if the complex modulus is too small, processability of the material deteriorates and efficiency of the injection process deteriorates, and thus it is preferred that the complex modulus measured in the form of the first specimen is 1.3 GPa or more, 1.4 GPa or more, or 1.45 GPa or more. When a material having a complex modulus in the above-mentioned range is used, an injection-molded article having excellent stiffness can be produced by an efficient process.

[0010] The material selection method of the injection-molded article of the present invention is a method for selecting a material having an elongation ratio in a specific range. The elongation ratio of the present invention means a ratio (A/B) of elongation in the transverse direction (A) and elongation in the longitudinal direction (B). The transverse direction in the elongation means the same direction as the injection direction in which a second specimen is produced, and the longitudinal direction in the elongation means a direction perpendicular to the injection direction.

[0011] A second specimen in the form of a dog bone having a thickness of 3 mm, a width of 3 mm and an elongation part length of 13 mm is prepared, from which the elongation ratio is confirmed. The second specimen can be produced by an injection molding method with a resin temperature of 190°C to 250°C, a mold temperature of 40°C to 60°C and a molding pressure of 0.6 MPa to 1.2 MPa. If the elongation ratio is measured from the second specimen prepared by injection under the above conditions, a material having excellent crack stability can be selected when the injection is performed under the injection conditions of the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article to be described below.

[0012] Determination of the elongation ratio (A/B) is performed by measuring elongation (A) in the transverse direction and elongation (B) in the longitudinal direction of the second specimen at 25°C. The elongation means a value obtained by elongating the specimen to the breaking point and dividing an additional length of the specimen elongated to the breaking point and thus additionally elongated to the elongation direction by a length in the elongation direction before elongation. Specifically, it is calculated by (length after elongation - length before elongation)/(length before elongation). The elongation (A) in the transverse direction can be measured by elongating the second specimen in the transverse direction at an elongation speed of 300 mm/min at 25°C. The elongation (B) in the longitudinal direction can be measured by elongating the second specimen in the longitudinal direction at an elongation speed of 300 mm/min at 25°C. When the elongation ratio is determined under the above-described conditions, a material capable of producing an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability can be selected when the injection is performed under the injection conditions of the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article to be described below.

[0013] The crack stability of the injection-molded article produced through injection molding is related to orientation of the injection-molded article. The orientation of the injection-molded article can be deduced from the elongation ratio of the material. Particularly, when the crucible is manufactured by injection molding, the crack stability of the side surface of the crucible can be deduced from the elongation ratio of the material. The material capable of producing an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability may have an elongation ratio (A/B) as determined in the form of the above-mentioned second specimen in a range of 2.8 or less, 2.5 or less, or 2.2 or less. The smaller the range of the elongation ratio is, the smaller the orientation in the transverse direction is and the stiffness in the longitudinal direction is increased, so that a probability of occurrence of cracks parallel to the transverse direction is reduced. However, when the range of the elongation ratio is too small, there is a problem that productivity is lowered when the injection-molded article is produced through injection, and thus it is preferred that the range of the elongation ratio determined in the form of the above-mentioned second specimen is 1.5 or more, 1.6 or more, or 1.7 or more. Values of the elongation (A) in the transverse direction and the elongation (B) in the transverse direction are not particularly limited as long as the elongation ratio (A/B) satisfies the above value, but it is preferred that the elongation (A) in the transverse direction is 1.8 to 2.5 and the elongation in the longitudinal direction is 1.25 to 1.45.

[0014] The present invention also relates to a method for manufacturing an injection-molded article with polyethylene which is capable of producing an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability.

[0015] The method for manufacturing an injection-molded article of the present invention is a method for manufacturing an injection-molded article with polyethylene having a complex modulus and an elongation ratio in specific ranges.

[0016] In the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article of the present invention, the manufacturing method of the first specimen relating to the complex modulus, the method of measuring the complex modulus and the preferred range of the complex modulus are as described above and will be omitted.

[0017] In the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article of the present invention, the method for manufacturing the second specimen relating to the elongation ratio, the method of determining the elongation ratio, the preferred elongation ratio and the preferred range of elongation are as described above and will be omitted.

[0018] The injection molding method of the present invention may be an injection molding with a resin temperature of 190°C to 250°C, a mold temperature of 40°C to 60°C and a molding pressure of 0.6 MPa to 1.2 MPa. When the injection molding is performed under the above conditions, an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability can be manufactured with polyethylene satisfying the range of the complex modulus and the range of the elongation ratio as described above, and the injection molding can be efficiently performed.

Advantageous Effects



[0019] According to the method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article and the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article of the present application, a material capable of producing an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability can be selected and an injection-molded article having excellent crack stability can be produced.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0020] Figure 1 is a view showing results of measuring complex moduli and ratios of elongation in the transverse direction to elongation in the longitudinal direction in Examples and Comparative Examples of the present invention.

Mode for Invention



[0021] Hereinafter, the present application will be described in more detail by way of examples according to the present application and comparative examples that do not comply with the present application, but the scope of the present application is not limited by the examples as set forth below.

[0022] In order to evaluate crack stability of injection-molded articles made of seven types of polyethylene, the complex modulus and the ratio of elongation in the transverse direction and elongation in the longitudinal direction were measured from polyethylene as follows.

1. Measurement of complex modulus



[0023] Polyethylene pellets were dissolved at 200°C and the dissolved polyethylene pellets were applied to a pressing process at a molding pressure of 20 to 25 MPa to prepare a specimen in the form of a sheet having a width of 6 mm, a height of 10 mm and a thickness of 0.3 mm.

[0024] The complex modulus was measured by applying a displacement of 0.1% at a frequency of 1 Hz to the specimen at 25°C using Q800, a dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA) from TA instruments. The measurement results were shown in Table 1 below.

2. Determination of ratio of elongation in the transverse direction to elongation in the longitudinal direction



[0025] Polyethylene was injection-molded by an injection molding method with a resin temperature of about 230°C, a mold temperature of about 50°C and a molding pressure of about 0.9 to 1.0 MPa to prepare a specimen in the form of a dog bone having a thickness of 3 mm, a width of 3 mm, and an elongation part length of 13 mm.

[0026] Using a universal testing machine (UTM), the specimen was elongated to the breaking point in the transverse direction and the longitudinal direction at an elongation speed of 300 mm/min at 25°C, and elongation in the transverse direction and elongation in the longitudinal direction (B) were measured. The measurement results were shown in Table 1 below.

3. Crack stability test



[0027] Polyethylene was injection-molded by an injection molding method with a resin temperature of about 230°C, a mold temperature of about 50°C and a molding pressure of about 0.9 to 1.0 MPa to manufacture a crucible having a top surface diameter of 30 cm, a bottom surface diameter of 27 cm and a height of 36 cm.

[0028] The crucible manufactured by injection molding was filled with water and treated with a lid so as to prevent water from leaking during a drop process, and then, it was observed whether or not cracks were generated on the bottom surface and side surface of the crucible by dropping the crucible 10 times from a 2M height to the bottom surface and the side surface, respectively. Observation results were shown in Table 1 below, where notation criteria are as follows.

[0029] O: cracks were not found on both side and bottom surfaces of crucible.

[0030] X: cracks were found on side surface or bottom surface of crucible.




Claims

1. A method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article comprising steps of:

preparing a first specimen in a form of a sheet having a width of 6 mm, a height of 10 mm and a thickness of 0.3 mm using polyethylene;

preparing a second specimen in a form of a dog bone having a thickness of 3 mm, a width of 3 mm and an elongation part length of 13 mm by injection-molding polyethylene;

measuring a complex modulus of the first specimen at 25°C;

measuring elongation (A) in the transverse direction and elongation (B) in the longitudinal direction of the second specimen at 25°C to determine an elongation ratio (A/B); and

selecting the polyethylene having the complex modulus of 1.80 GPa or less and the elongation ratio (A/B) of 2.8 or less as a material for injection molding.


 
2. The method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article according to claim 1, wherein the first specimen is prepared by dissolving polyethylene pellets at 150°C to 250°C and applying the dissolved pellets to a pressing process at a molding pressure of 20 to 25 MPa.
 
3. The method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article according to claim 1, wherein the step of measuring the complex modulus of the first specimen comprises applying a displacement of 0.1% at a frequency of 1 Hz to the first specimen in the longitudinal direction of the first specimen at 25°C.
 
4. The method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article according to claim 1, wherein the second specimen is prepared by an injection molding method with a resin temperature of 190°C to 250°C, a mold temperature of 40°C to 60°C and a molding pressure of 0.6 MPa to 1.2 MPa.
 
5. The method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article according to claim 1, wherein the step of determining the elongation ratio of the second specimen comprises measuring the elongation in the transverse direction and the elongation in the longitudinal direction at an elongation speed of 300 mm/min at 25°C.
 
6. The method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article according to claim 1,
wherein the step of selecting polyethylene as the material for injection molding is a step of selecting polyethylene having a complex modulus of 1.3 GPa to 1.80 GPa and a ratio (A/B) of elongation (A) in the transverse direction and elongation (B) in the longitudinal direction of 1.5 to 2.8.
 
7. The method for selecting a material of an injection-molded article according to claim 1,
wherein the step of selecting polyethylene as the material for injection molding is a step of selecting polyethylene having elongation (A) of the second specimen in the transverse direction of 1.8 to 2.5 and elongation (B) of the second specimen in the longitudinal direction of 1.25 to 1.45.
 
8. A method for manufacturing an injection-molded article using polyethylene as a raw material,
wherein the polyethylene has a complex modulus in a range of 1.3 GPa to 1.80 GPa as measured in a state of a first specimen in a form of a sheet having a width of 6 mm, a height of 10 mm and a thickness of 0.3 mm at 25°C, and also
has a ratio (A/B) of elongation (A) in the transverse direction and elongation (B) in the longitudinal direction of 1.5 to 2.8, as measured after a second specimen in a form of a dog bone having a thickness of 3 mm, a width of 3 mm and an elongation part length of 13 mm is prepared by injection molding.
 
9. The method for manufacturing an injection-molded article according to claim 8,
wherein the method for manufacturing an injection-molded article is an injection molding with a resin temperature of 190°C to 250°C, a mold temperature of 40°C to 60°C and a molding pressure of 0.6 MPa to 1.2 MPa.
 
10. The method for manufacturing an injection-molded article according to claim 8,
wherein the first specimen is prepared by dissolving polyethylene pellets at 150°C to 250°C and applying the dissolved pellets to a pressing process at a molding pressure of 20 to 25 MPa.
 
11. The method for manufacturing an injection-molded article according to claim 8,
wherein the complex modulus is measured by applying a displacement of 0.1% at a frequency of 1 Hz in the longitudinal direction of the first specimen at 25°C.
 
12. The method for manufacturing an injection-molded article according to claim 8,
wherein the second specimen is prepared by an injection molding method with a resin temperature of 190°C to 250°C, a mold temperature of 40°C to 60°C and a molding pressure of 0.6 MPa to 1.2 MPa.
 
13. The method for manufacturing an injection-molded article according to claim 8,
wherein the elongation (A) in the transverse direction and the elongation (B) in the longitudinal direction are measured at an elongation speed of 300 mm/min at 25°C.
 
14. The method for manufacturing an injection-molded article according to claim 8,
wherein the polyethylene has elongation (A) in the transverse direction of 1.8 to 2.5 and elongation (B) in the longitudinal direction of 1.25 to 1.45, as measured after the second specimen in the form of the dog bone is prepared.
 
15. The method for manufacturing an injection-molded article according to claim 8,
wherein the injection-molded article is a crucible.
 




Drawing













REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description