(19)
(11)EP 3 536 792 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
11.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/37

(21)Application number: 17867973.4

(22)Date of filing:  02.11.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C12N 15/81  (2006.01)
C12R 1/85  (2006.01)
C12N 1/16  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/109029
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/082588 (11.05.2018 Gazette  2018/19)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 04.11.2016 CN 201610961269

(71)Applicants:
  • Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    Tianjin Airport Economic Area Tianjin 300308 (CN)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
    Dong Zhi Men Dongcheng District Beijing 100700 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHANG, Xueli
    Tianjin 300308 (CN)
  • HUANG, Luqi
    Beijing 100700 (CN)
  • DAI, Zhubo
    Tianjin 300308 (CN)
  • WANG, Dong
    Tianjin 300308 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Lili
    Tianjin 300308 (CN)
  • GUO, Juan
    Beijing 100700 (CN)
  • LIU, Yi
    Tianjin 300308 (CN)

(74)Representative: Müller Schupfner & Partner Patent- und Rechtsanwaltspartnerschaft mbB 
Bavariaring 11
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)RECOMBINANT YEAST AND USE THEREOF


(57) Provided is a recombinant yeast expressing germacrene A synthetase or a fusion protein thereof, wherein the fusion protein is germacrene A synthetase and farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase. The recombinant yeast improves the yield of germacrene A, and is suitable for the industrialized production of β-elemene and/or germacrene A.




Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of biochemical industry, in particular to a recombinant strain, and synthesizing β-elemene according to a recombinant microbial method.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] β-elemene (beta-elemene) is a volatile sesquiterpene compound with tulip flavor, which is an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) for first class new cancer drugs of China. At present, it is mainly separated and extracted from plants such as curcuma aromatica and curcuma zedoary, but this method has many disadvantages, including low content of β-elemene and large difference among plants, difficulty in product purification, long plant growth cycle, and serious damage to biological resources, especially wild resources.

[0003] By utilizing the principles of synthetic biology, designing and modifying microbial strains to produce natural products has been internationally recognized as one of the most promising methods, for example, the yield of taxadiene, the precursor of paclitaxel, in E. coli has reached 1000 mg/L (Parayil KuMaran AjikuMar et al., 2010, Science, 330: 70-74); levopimaradiene, the precursor of ginkgolides, has reached a yield of 700 mg/L in the engineered E. coli (Effendi Leonard et al., 2010, PNAS, 107(31): 13654-13659); the yield of artemisinic acid, the precursor of artemisinin in engineered yeast is up to 25g/L (Paddon CJ et al., 2013, Nature, 496 (7446): 528-531); and currently there are related studies on the biosynthesis of drug molecules such as artemisinin, paclitaxel and tanshinone in China.

[0004] In nature, farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) can be catalyzed by germacrene A synthetase (GMAS) to synthesize germacrene A. Germacrene A is thermally unstable and prone to intramolecular thermal rearrangement to give β-elemene. At present, some studies have been carried out on the production of germacrene A, the precursor of β-elemene, by using recombinant strains, but the yields are low and cannot meet the requirements of industrial applications. For example, Gao Yunyun et al. constructed a biosynthetic pathway of germacrene A in E. coli, and the highest yield of germacrene A synthesized by the resulted recombinant strain was only 6.32 mg/L, which is still far from industrialization (Studies on the microbial biosynthesis of the precursor of β-elemene-germacrene A, Gao Yunyun, 2012, Hang-zhou Normal University).

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0005] An object of the present invention is to provide a recombinant strain.

[0006] The recombinant strain provided herein is a yeast comprising or expressing germacrene A synthetase or a fusion protein of germacrene A synthetase in vivo. The fusion protein of germacrene A synthetase comprises the germacrene A synthetase and farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase.

[0007] The above recombinant strains are classified into one or more kinds depending on the host source of gene for the fusion protein, and a nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein comprises a nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase and a nucleic acid encoding the farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase.

[0008] The fusion protein has one or more encoding nucleic acids.

[0009] Among the plurality of nucleic acids encoding the fusion protein, at least two nucleic acids encoding the germacrene A synthetase are derived from different hosts, and at least two nucleic acids encoding the farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase are derived from different hosts.

[0010] The difference of hosts from which the gene is derived in the present invention means that the hosts from which the gene is originally derived are different. The gene for germacrene A synthetase of the present invention can be obtained by cloning from a plant or microorganism known to contain germacrene A synthetase, for example, it can be selected from Helianthus annuus L., Tanacetum parthenium, lettuce (Lactuca sativa Linn.), Artemisia carvifolia, cyanobacteria, etc. The gene for farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (farnesyl diphosphate synthase) can be obtained by cloning from a plant or microorganisms known to contain farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase, for example, it can be selected from Salvia miltiorrhiza, Yeast, Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. Maxim.) Harms), Eucommiaulmoides Oliv., etc.

[0011] The nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase comprises a nucleic acid represented by SEQ ID NO.3 or a nucleic acid represented by positions 13-1686 of SEQ ID NO.12.

[0012] The nucleic acid encoding the farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase comprises a nucleic acid represented by SEQ ID NO.2 or a nucleic acid represented by positions 1-1056 of SEQ ID NO.11.

[0013] In the recombinant strain, the fusion protein further comprises a linker peptide for linking the germacrene A synthetase with the farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase. The linker peptide is selected from GGGS, YGQ (3A001), PGGH (4A001), YRSQI (5A002), VIPFIS (6A005), FLYLKF (6B004), WRFSPKLQ (8A005) or HHVQESQCISTV (12A003).

[0014] In the above recombinant strain, comprising or expressing germacrene A synthetase or a fusion protein of germacrene A synthetase in vivo is introducing a nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase or a nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein into yeast;
And/or, introducing the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase into the yeast is introducing an expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase into the yeast;
Introducing the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein into the yeast is introducing an expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein into the yeast;
And/or, the expression cassette comprises the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase contains a promoter, a nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase, and a terminator;
And/or, the expression cassette comprises the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein contains a promoter, a nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein, and a terminator;
Or, the promoter is selected from TEF1 or MF1 or PGK1; the terminator is CYC1 or ADH1;
Or, the promoter is TEF1, and the terminator is CYC1;
Or, the promoter is MF1, and the terminator is CYC1;
Or, the promoter is PGK1 and the terminator is ADH1.

[0015] Hereinbefore, the promoter TEF1 comprises the sequence represented by SEQ ID NO.4; the promoter MF1 comprises the sequence represented by SEQ ID NO.1; and the terminator CYC1 comprises the sequence represented by SEQ ID NO.5. In the above recombinant strain, the recombinant strain further expresses one or more marker genes; and/or the marker gene is selected from his3 or trp1.

[0016] In the above recombinant strain, the expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase is introduced into the yeast via a vector expressing the expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase.

[0017] The expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein is introduced into the yeast via a vector expressing the expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein.

[0018] In the above recombinant strain, the expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase is introduced into the yeast in the form of plasmid;

[0019] Or, the expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein is introduced into the yeast in the form of plasmid and/or being integrated into a chromosome.

[0020] In the examples of the invention,
the fusion protein is selected from at least one of the following: SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS, SynSmFPS-YGQ-STpGMAS, SynSmFPS-PGGH-STpGMAS, SynSmFPS-YRSQI-STpGMAS, SynSmFPS-VIPFIS-STpGMAS, SynSmFPS-FLYLKF-STpGMAS, SynSmFPS-WRFSPKLQ-STpGMAS, SynSmFPS-HHVQESQCISTV-STpGMAS, SynSmFPS-WRFSPKLQ-STpGMAS, ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2;

[0021] The fusion protein is preferably SynSmFPS-8A005-STpGMAS;
Particularly preferred fusion proteins are three kinds of fusion proteins: SynSmFPS-WRFSPKLQ (8A005)-STpGMAS, ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2, SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS;
The expression cassette expressing the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein is selected from at least one of the following:

PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

PTEF1-SynSmFPS-YGQ-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

PTEF1-SynSmFPS-PGGH-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

PTEF1-SynSmFPS-YRSQI-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

PTEF1-SynSmFPS-VIPFIS-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

PTEF1-SynSmFPS-FLYLKF-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

PTEF1-SynSmFPS-WRFSPKLQ (8A005)-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

PTEF1-SynSmFPS-HHVQESQCISTV-STpGMAS-TCYC1, or

PMF1-SynSmFPS-WRFSPKLQ (8A005)-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

The expression cassette expressing the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein is preferably PMF1-SynSmFPS-8A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1;
Particularly preferred expression cassettes expressing the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein are the following three kinds: PMF1-SynSmFPS-8A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1, PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2-TADH1 and PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1.

[0022] The vector expressing the expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase is selected from the following:

pRS313-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1.



[0023] The vector expressing the expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase is selected from the following:

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-YGQ-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-PGGH-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-YRSQI-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-VIPFIS-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-FLYLKF-STpGMAS-TCYC1,

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-WRFSPKLQ-STpGMAS-TCYC1, or

pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-HHVQESQCISTV-STpGMAS-TCYC1, or

pRS425-LEU2-PMF1-SynSmFPS-WRFSPKLQ-STpGMAS-TCYC1.



[0024] The above gene expression cassette of the fusion protein integrated into the chromosome is selected from PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 and PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2-TADH1.

[0025] In the above recombinant strain, the yeast is a strain obtained by increasing content and/or activity of alcohol dehydrogenase, acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and acetyl-CoA synthetase in an original yeast.

[0026] The strain obtained by increasing the content and/or activity of alcohol dehydrogenase, acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and acetyl-CoA synthetase in the original yeast relates to increasing copy numbers of a nucleic acid encoding the alcohol dehydrogenase, a nucleic acid encoding the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and a nucleic acid encoding the acetyl-CoA synthetase in the original yeast.

[0027] In the above recombinant strain, increasing copy numbers of the nucleic acid encoding the alcohol dehydrogenase, the nucleic acid encoding the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and the nucleic acid encoding the acetyl-CoA synthetase in the original yeast is introducing an expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the alcohol dehydrogenase, an expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, an expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the acetyl-CoA synthetase, and another said marker gene (his3) into the original yeast by homologous recombination.

[0028] In the above recombinant strain, the original yeast is Saccharomyces cerevisiae; and/or said Saccharomyces cerevisiae is Saccharomyces cerevisiae NK2-SQ. One of the marker genes is TRP1; another of the marker genes is HIS3.

[0029] Gene ADH2 of the above alcohol dehydrogenase comprises the sequence represented by SEQ ID NO.6, gene ALD6 of the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase comprises the sequence represented by SEQ ID NO.7, and gene ACS1 of the acetyl-CoA synthetase comprises the sequence represented by SEQ ID NO.8. Constructions of the recombinant strain and each of the required vectors and fragments of the present invention are shown in the examples.

[0030] In the examples of the invention, the recombinant strains are specifically as follows:

Recombinant strain ELE-001 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS313-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-002 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STPGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-011, which is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-012 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-3A001-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-013 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-4A001-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-014 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-5A002-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-015 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-6A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-016 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-6B004-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-017 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-8A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-018 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-12A003-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-019 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PMF1-SynSmFPS-8A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1 into yeast FPP-001;

Recombinant strain ELE-020 is a strain obtained by introducing pRS425-LEU2-PMF1-SynSmFPS-8A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1, and then introducing PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2-TADH1, PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1, rDNA-TRP1-up and rDNA-TRP1-down by homologous recombination into yeast FPP-001.



[0031] The above yeast FPP-001 is a strain obtained by introducing NDT80-HIS3-up, PPGK1-ADH2-TADH1, PTDH3-ACS1- TTP/1, PTEF1-ALD6-TCYC1 and NDT80-HIS3-down into Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

[0032] Wherein, recombinant strain ELE-020 is Saccharomyces cerevisiae CGMCC No.14829, which also falls within the protection scope of the present invention. This recombinant strain ELE-020 is deposited on October 20, 2017 at the China General Microbiological Culture Collection Center, CGMCC. The deposition address is Building 3, No.1 West Beichen Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing. The strain name is: Saccharomyces cerevisiae; the latin name thereof is: Saccharomyces cerevisiae; and the deposition number thereof is: CGMCC No.14829.

[0033] The use of the above recombinant strain for the production of β-elemene and/or germacrene A also falls within the protection scope of the present invention.

[0034] A third object of the present invention is to provide a method for producing germacrene A.

[0035] The method provided by the invention includes the following steps: fermenting the above recombinant strain to obtain germacrene A.

[0036] A fourth object of the present invention is to provide a method for producing β-elemene.

[0037] The method provided by the invention includes the following steps:
  1. 1) Fermenting the recombinant strain to obtain a fermentation product;
  2. 2) Extracting the fermentation product with an organic solution, and collecting the organic phase;
  3. 3) Heating the organic phase to obtain β-elemene.


[0038] In the above methods, the fermentation relates to: firstly culturing the recombinant strain in a seed medium to obtain a seed liquid; then inoculating the seed liquid into a fermentation medium for fermentation culture, and recording a product of the fermentation culture as a fermentation system.

[0039] In the above methods, during the fermentation culture, a fed-batch medium is added into the fermentation system; preferably, when the dissolved oxygen value in the fermentation system is greater than 60%, a fed-batch medium is added into the fermentation system until glucose concentration of the fermentation system reaches 5g/L.

[0040] In the above methods, a formulation of the seed medium and the fermentation medium contains per L volume: 25g of glucose, 15g of ammonium sulfate, 6.15g of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, 0.72g of zinc sulfate heptahydrate, 8g of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 2mL of calcium chloride mother liquid, 10mL of trace metal salt mother liquid; 12mL of vitamin mother liquid, 1g of tryptophan; and the balance of water.

[0041] The calcium chloride mother liquid is 19.2g/L aqueous solution of calcium chloride dihydrate.

[0042] A formulation of the trace metal salt mother liquid contains per L volume: 19.1g of disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate; 10.2g of zinc sulfate heptahydrate; 0.5g of manganese chloride tetrahydrate; 0.86g of cobalt chloride hexahydrate; 0.78g of copper sulfate pentahydrate; 0.56g of sodium molybdate dihydrate; 5.12g of iron sulphite heptahydrate; and the balance of water.

[0043] The formulation of the vitamin mother liquid contains per L volume: 0.05g of biotin; 0.2g of sodium p-aminobenzoate; 1g of niacin; 1g of calcium pantothenate; 1g pyridoxine hydrochloride; 1g of thiamine hydrochloride; 25g of inositol; and the balance of water.

[0044] The formulation of the fed-batch medium contains per L volume: 800g of glucose, 5.125g of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, 3.5g of potassium sulfate, 0.28g of sodium sulfate, 9g of potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 1g of tryptophan; and the balance of water.

[0045] Before the fermentation, the following steps are further included:
  1. a) Activating the recombinant strain in a solid selective medium;
  2. b) After a shaking culture in a liquid selective medium, transferring the recombinant strain into a seed medium for culturing to give a seed liquid.


[0046] Wherein, the solid or liquid selective medium is a SD-Ura-His-Leu medium.

[0047] The culture conditions in the above step b) are 30°C, 250 rpm; the inoculation step involves a flame loop inoculation.

[0048] Specifically, in the above fermentation method, the method for culturing the seed liquid is that: after the recombinant strain is activated, a monoclonal colony on the plate is picked up and inoculated into a test tube containing SD-Ura-His-Leu medium, and shaken at 250rpm and cultured at 30°C overnight; 500µL of strain culture is pipetted into a 250mL trigonal flask containing 50mL of SD-Ura-His-Leu medium, and shaken at 250rpm and cultured at 30°C for 24h; 2mL of strain culture is respectively pipetted into three 1L trigonal flasks containing 100mL of seed medium, shaken at 250rpm and cultured at 30°C for 48h.

[0049] In the above method for producing β-elemene, the organic solvent is n-dodecane; the heating condition is: heating at 100-380°C for 1 hour.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING



[0050] 

Fig.1 shows the germacrene A biosynthetic pathway.

Fig.2 is a GC-MS test chromatomap.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0051] Unless otherwise specified, the experimental methods used in the following examples are conventional methods.

[0052] Unless otherwise specified, the materials, reagents and the like used in the following examples are commercially available.

[0053] Fig.1 shows the germacrene A biosynthetic pathway.

Example 1: Preparation of target genes and plasmids used


1. Preparation of target genes


(1) Acquisition of ADH2, ALD6, ASC1, MF1, TEF1 and CYC1



[0054] Genomic DNA of yeast NK2-SQ (China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica, Lin Tingting, Wang Dong, Dai Zhubo, Zhang Xueli, Huang Luqi, 2016, 41(6): 1008-1015) was extracted as a template, and was amplified by using the primers required in the gene amplification in Table 1 to obtain ADH2, ALD6, ASC1 gene fragments with the expected size, promoter MF1, TEF1 and terminator CYC1. PCR amplification kit TAKARA PrimeSTAR®HS DNApolymerase was used to formulate an amplification system (TAKARA). The amplification system included: 5×PS Buffer 10µL, dNTPMix 4µL, primers 1µL for each, genomic DNA template 1µL, PrimeSTAR®HS polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3 minutes (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 55°C for 15sec, extension at 72°C for 2.5min (30 cycles); and extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle).
Table 1 Primer sequences
Gene fragmentPrimer namePrimer sequence (5'→3')
ADH2 SexA1-ADH2 GCGACCWGGTATGTCTATTCCAGAAACTCAAAAAGC
ADH2-Asc1 GCGGCGCGCCTTATTTAGAAGTGTCAACAACGTATC
ALD6 SexA1-ALD6 TCGCGACCWGGTAAAACAATGACTAAGCTACACTTTGAC
ALD6-Asc1 TCGCGGCGCGCCTTACAACTTAATTCTGACAGCT
ACS1 SexA1-ACS1 TCGCGACCWGGTAAAACAATGTCGCCCTCTGCCGTACAATC
ACS1-Asc1 TCGCGGCGCGCCTTACAACTTGACCGAATCAATTAG
TEF1 Sac11-TEF1 GCGCCGCGGAGTGATCCCCCACACACCATAGCTT
TEF1-SexA1 TGGCGACCWGGTTTTGTAATTAAAACTTAGATTAGA
MF1 BamH1-pMF1 GCGGGATCCGGGAAGACATGCTTAACAAGAAGAT
pMF1-SexA1 GCGACCTGGTTCTTTTAATCGTTTATATTGTGTAT
CYC1 Asc1-CYC1 GCGGCGCGCCCCGCTGATCCTAGAGGGCCGCATCA
CYC1-Sac11 GCGCCGCGGGCGCGTTGGCCGATTCATTAATGCA

(2) Acquisition of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase gene SynSmFPS from Salvia miltiorrhiza and germacrene A synthetase gene STpGMA from Tanacetum parthenium



[0055] Nanjing GenScript Biotechnology Co., Ltd. designed full-length primers according to the sequences of SynSmFPS (SEQ ID NO.2, derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza) and STpGMAS (SEQ ID NO.3, derived from Tanacetum parthenium) genes, and the template DNA was formed by using OVERLAP method. The double-stranded DNAs of SynSmFPS (SEQ ID NO.2) and STpGMAS (SEQ ID NO.3) were obtained by PCR amplification method, and then the PCR products were transformed and cloned into a cloning vector pUC57 (Nanjing GenScript Biotechnology Co., Ltd.), and cloning plasmids of pUC57-SynSmFPS and pUC57-STpGMAS containing SynSmFPS gene and STpGMAS gene were constructed, respectively. (3) Acquisition of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase gene ERG20-GGGS from yeast and germacrene A synthetase gene GGGS-LsLTC2 from lettuce.

[0056] 200mg of lettuce leaves was taken and ground with liquid nitrogen, and then total RNA thereof was extracted by CTAB method (Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide method): 1ml of 2CTAB extract (2% CTAB, 100mM of Tris-HCl PH 8.0, 20mM of EDTA solution (ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid), and 1.4M NaCl solution) was added into a 1.5ml centrifuge tube. After being pre-heated at 65°C, 20µL of 2-mercaptoethanol was added, and a small amount of lettuce leaf powder (about 50mg) was added thereto, and then they were mixed well and kept at 65°C for 10min, shaken 5 times, centrifuged at 12,000rpm for 10min under 4°C; the resulted supernatant was removed, extracted with an equal volume of chloroform/isoamyl alcohol, centrifuged at 12,000rpm for 10min under 4°C; the obtained supernatant was removed, extracted with an equal volume of chloroform/isoamyl alcohol, centrifuged at 12,000rpm for 10min under 4°C; the resulted supernatant was removed, extracted with 1/6 volume of chloroform/isoamyl alcohol, centrifuged at 15,000rpm for 30min under 4°C; the obtained supernatant was removed, to which 1/4 volume of 10mol/L LiCl was added, kept at 4°C overnight, centrifuged at 15,000rpm for 30min under 4°C; the supernatant was discarded, and the obtained precipitate was washed twice with 75% ethanol and washed once with absolute ethanol, and placed on the super-clean bench for 15min (room temperature); it was dissolved in 20µL of milliQ DEPC-treated water (the solvent was milliQ pure water and the solute was diethyl pyrocarbonate, and the volume ratio diethyl pyrocarbonate: water was 1: 1000), to which 1/10 volume of 2mol/L NaAC (pH 4.0) and 2 volumes of absolute ethanol were added, kept at -20°C for 2h, and centrifuged at 12,000rpm for 10min under 4°C; the resulted supernatant was discarded, and the obtained precipitate was washed twice with 75% ethanol and washed once with absolute ethanol, placed on a super-clean bench for 15min (room temperature), to which 15µL of milliQ DEPC-treated water was added to fully dissolve the precipitate, and stored at -70°C.

[0057] First-strand reverse transcription-PCR: a RNase-free PCR tube was taken, and the system was formulated according to a first strand reverse transcription kit (TaKaRa Biotechnology (Dalian) Co., Ltd.): Radom 6 Mers 2µL, dNTP 1µL, total RNA 1µL (200ng), H2O 6µL, Total 10µL; a transient centrifugation was performed; PCR was carried out at 65°C for 5min; quenching it on ice and then adding the same into the following system for reaction (coming with the first chain reverse transcription kit): 5*primer Buffer 4µL, RNAs Inhibiter 05µL, R-Transcription 1µL, H2O 4.5µL; transient centrifugation was performed, and a reaction was performed in a PCR instrument: 30°C for 10min, 42°C for 60 min, 70°C for 15min, and kept at 4°C.

[0058] NK2-SQ genomic DNA and lettuce cDNA were used as templates, respectively, and amplified by using the primers in Table 2 to obtain about 1068bp of ERG20-GGGS (the one of positions 13-1686 in SEQ ID NO.11 was ERG20) and 1688bp of GGGS-LsLTC2 (the one of positions 1-1056 in SEQ.ID NO.12 was LsLTC2). The system was formulated according to the PCR amplification kit Phusion High-Fidelity PCR Master Mix with HF Buffer (purchased from NEB (Beijing) Co., Ltd.). The amplification system included: 5xPhusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, primers (10µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. Amplification conditions: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 1min (30 cycles); and extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle).
Table 2 Primer sequences
Gene fragmentPrimer namePrimer sequence (5'→3')
ERG20-GGGS SEXA1-ERG20 GCGACCWGGTAAAACAATGGCTTCAGAAAAAGAAATTAGGAG
ERG20-GGGS CTTTCCCATAGAACCACCACCCTATTTGCTTCTCTTGTAAACTTTG
GGGS-LSL TC2 GGGS-LSLTC2 GGTGGTGGTTCTATGGCAGCAGTTGACACTAA
LSLTC2-ASC1 GCGGGCGCGCCTTACATGGATACAGAACCAACAAAT

2. Construction of recombinant plasmids


(1) Plasmid pM2-ADH2



[0059] ADH2 obtained through amplification in the above "1. Preparation of target genes" and plasmid pM2-tHMG1 (described in Chinese patent ZL201310399947.X) were double enzyme digested by using SexA1 (purchased from NEB (Beijing) Co., Ltd.) and Asc1 (purchased from NEB (Beijing) Co., Ltd.) to obtain 1052bp of ADH2 enzyme-digested product and 4738bp of enzyme-digested plasmid pM2-tHMG1 backbone; the ADH2 enzyme-digested product was then ligated with the enzyme-digested plasmid pM2-tHMG1 backbone to obtain the recombinant plasmid pM2-ADH2.

(2) Plasmid pM4-ACS1



[0060] ACS1 obtained through amplification in the above "1. Preparation of target genes" and plasmid pM4-AtCPR1 (described in Chinese patent ZL201310399947.X) were double enzyme digested by using SexA1 and Asc1 to obtain 2201bp of ACS1 enzyme-digested product and 5061bp of enzyme-digested plasmid pM4-AtCPR1 backbone; the ACS1 enzyme-digested product was then ligated with the enzyme-digested plasmid pM4-AtCPR1 backbone to obtain the recombinant plasmid pM4-ACS1.

(3) Plasmid pM3-ALD6



[0061] ALD6 obtained through amplification in the above "1. Preparation of target genes" and plasmid pM3-ERG9 (described in Chinese patent ZL201310399947.X) were double enzyme digested by using SexA1 and Asc1 to obtain 1511bp of ALD6 enzyme-digested product and 4598bp of enzyme-digested plasmid pM3-ERG9 backbone; the ALD6 enzyme-digested product was then ligated with the enzyme-digested plasmid pM3-ERG9 backbone to obtain the recombinant plasmid pM3-ALD6.

(4) Construction of plasmids pRS313-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 and pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1



[0062] TEF1 obtained through amplification in the above "1. Preparation of target genes" was enzyme digested by using SexA1, and 440bp of TEF1 enzyme-digested product was obtained;
CYC1 obtained through amplification in the above "1. Preparation of target genes" was enzyme digested by using Asc1, and 322bp of CYC1 enzyme-digested product was obtained;
pUC57-STpGMAS was enzyme digested by using SexA1 and Asc1, and 1694bp of STpGMAS was recovered. 50 ng of each of the enzyme-digested products TEF1, CYC1 and STpGMAS was added into a ligation system including: 2µL of 10×T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer (NEB), 1µL of T4 DNA Ligase (NEB, 400,000 cohesive end units/ml), distilled water supplemented to 20µL; they reacted at room temperature for 2 hours to obtain a ligation product.

[0063] 1µL of the ligation product was added into a PCR system (Phusion High-Fidelity PCR Master Mix with HF Buffer kit, NEB) including: 5×Phusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, and primers Sac11-TEF1 and CYC1 -Sac11 (10µM) in Table 3, 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5 U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10 sec, extension at 72°C for 1.5min (30 cycles); and extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle). 2456bp of PCR amplification product was obtained.

[0064] The amplification product was purified, and then enzyme digested by using Sacll. The target fragment Sacll-TEF1-STpGMAS-CYC1-Sacll was recovered from gel, and prepared to use.

[0065] Plasmids pRS313 (Sikorski, R.S. and Hieter, P. 1989, Genetics 122 (1): 19-27) and pRS425 (Sikorski, R.S. and Hieter, P. 1989, Genetics 122 (1): 19-27) were enzyme digested with Sacll, respectively, and 4967bp of pRS313 vector fragment and 6849bp of pRS425 vector fragment were obtained; 4µL of NEB buffer and 1µL of CIP dephosphorylation enzyme (NEB) were then added, and distilled water was supplemented to 40µL; it was treated at 37°C for 1h, and EDTA with the final concentration of 10 µmol was added; it was kept at 65°C for 30 min to terminate the reaction, and pRS313-SacII vector fragment and pRS425-SacII vector fragment were recovered from gel.

[0066] 50ng of each of the vector fragments pRS313-Sacll, pRS425-Sacll and Sacll-TEF1-STpGMAS-CYC1-Sacll obtained in the above step "1. Preparation of target genes" were respectively added into a ligation system including: 2µL 10×T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer (NEB)), 1µL T4 DNA Ligase (NEB, 400,000 cohesive end units/ml), distilled water supplemented to 20µL; they reacted at room temperature for 2 hours to obtain the ligation product, which was transferred into Trans10 competent cells and verified by sequencing, and thus plasmids pRS313-HIS3-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 and pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 were obtained. Using plasmid pRS313-HIS3-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 as a template, 6692bp of plasmid pRS313-TEF1-STpGMAS-CYC1 backbone was amplified by using the primers in Table 3.

[0067] Using pRS425 as a template, LEU2 (1808bp) was amplified by using the primers in Table 3.

[0068] The amplification system included: 5xPhusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, primers (10µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 4min (30 cycles); and extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle).

[0069] The target fragment was purified from gel. 2µL of 10×T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer (NEB) and 1µL of T4 Polynucleotide kinase (NEB) were added into the product of LEU2 fragment, and distilled water was supplemented to a total volume of 20µL. A phosphorylation was performed at 37°C for 1h, and it was ligated to pRS313-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 by T4 DNA ligase (NEB) after being recovered from gel, transformed, and verified by sequencing to obtain plasmid pRS313-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1.
Table 3 Primer sequences
Gene fragmentPrimer namePrimer sequence (5'→3')
TEF1-STpGMAS-CYC1 Sac11-TEF1 GCGCCGCGGAGTGATCCCCCACACACCATAGCTT
CYC1-Sac11 GCGCCGCGGGCGCGTTGGCCGATTCATTAATGCA
pRS313-TEF1-STpGM AS-CYC1 V313-to-R CTTTGCCTTCGTTTATCTTGC
V313-to-F TATATGTATACCTATGAATGTCAG
LEU2 Bsp-Leu-F TGGcgTCCGGATTAAGCAAGGATTTTCTTAACTTCTTC
Bsp-Leu-R TGGcgTCCGGAGATGCGGTATTTTCTCCTTACGCA

(5) Construction of plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1



[0070] Using pUC57-SynSmFPS and pUC57-STpGMAS as templates, 1080bp of SynSmFPS-GGGS and 1704bp of GGGS-STpGMAS were obtained by amplification using the primers in Table 4.

[0071] The amplification system included: 5xPhusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, primers (10µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5 U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 1min (30 cycles); extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle). SynSmFPS-GGGS and GGGS-STpGMAS were used together as templates, and 2767bp of SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS fragment was obtained by amplification using the primers in Table 4 (SexA1-SynSmFPS and STpGMAS-Asc1).

[0072] The amplification system included: 5xPhusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1 µL, DNA templates SynSmFPS-GGGS and GGGS-STpGMAS 20ng for each, primers (10 µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5 U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 2min (30 cycles); extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle).

[0073] The amplification product was purified, and then enzyme digested with SexA1 and Asc1, and the target fragment SexA1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-Asc1 (2760bp) was recovered from gel, and prepared to use.

[0074] The plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 constructed in the above item "(4)" was enzyme digested with SexA1 and Asc1, and the 7602bp large fragment was recovered from gel, so as to obtain the vector pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-...-TCYC1; 50ng of each of the vectors pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-...-TCYC1 and SexA1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-Asc1 was added into the ligation system including: 2µL 10×T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer (NEB), 1µL T4 DNA Ligase (NEB, 400,000 cohesive end units/ml), and distilled water supplemented to 20µL; they reacted at room temperature for 2 hours to obtain a ligation product which was transferred into Trans10 competent cells, the plasmid was extracted and verified by sequencing, and plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 was obtained.
Table 4 Primer sequences
Gene fragmentPrimer namePrimer sequence (5'→3')
SynSm FPS-GGGS SexA1-SynSm FPS

 
SynSmFPS-GGGS

 
GGGS-STpGMAS GGGS-STpGMAS

 
STpGMAS-Asc1 GGCGCGCCTCAGACTGGCAAGGAATCTA
SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS SexA1-SynSmFPS

 
STpGMAS-Asc1 GGCGCGCCTCAGACTGGCAAGGAATCTA

(6) Construction of plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PMF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1



[0075] MF1 obtained in the above "1. Preparation of target genes" and plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 constructed in the above item "(5)" were double enzyme digested by using BamH1 (purchased from TaKaRa) and SexA1, respectively. 814bp target promoter gene MF1 and 9898bp vector fragment pRS425-LEU2-...-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 were purified from gel and the two (50ng for each) were added into a ligation system including: 2µL 10×T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer (NEB), 1µL T4 DNA Ligase (NEB, 400,000 cohesive end units/ml), and distilled water supplemented to 20µL; they reacted at room temperature for 2 hours to obtain the ligation product which was transformed into Trans10 competent cells, and the plasmid was extracted and verified by sequencing. The plasmid obtained accordant with the correct sequence was named as pRS425-LEU2-PMF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1.

(7) Construction of plasmid pM2-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2



[0076] Using ERG20-GGGS and GGGS-LsLTC2 together as templates, an ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2 fragment of about 2744bp was obtained by amplification using the primers (SexA1-ERG20 and LsLTC2-Asc1) in Table 5.

[0077] The amplification system included: 5×Phusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10 mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA templates ERG20-GGGS and GGGS-LsLTC2 20ng for each, primers (10µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 2min (30 cycles); and extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle).

[0078] The amplification product was purified, and then enzyme digested with SexA1 and Asc1, and the target fragment SexA1-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2-Asc1 (about 2744bp) was recovered from gel, and then ligated with the enzyme-digested plasmid vector pM2-tHMG1 backbone, so as to obtain the recombinant plasmid pM2-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2.
Table 5 Primer sequences
Gene fragmentPrimer namePrimer sequence (5'→3')
ERG20-GGGS SEXA1-ERG20 GCGACCWGGTAAAACAATGGCTTCAGAAAAAGAAATTAGGAG
  ERG20-GGGS

 
GGGS-LSLTC2 GGGS-LSLTC2 GGTGGTGGTTCTATGGCAGCAGTTGACACTAA
  LSLTC2-ASC1 GCGGGCGCGCCTTACATGGATACAGAACCAACAAAT
ERG20-GGGS-STPGMAS SEXA1-ERG20 GCGACCWGGTAAAACAATGGCTTCAGAAAAAGAAATTAGGAG
  LSLTC2-ASC1 GCGGGCGCGCCTTACATGGATACAGAACCAACAAAT

(8) Construction of plasmid pEASY-NDT80-HIS3



[0079] Using NK2-SQ genomic DNA and pRS313 as templates, 1252bp of NDT80 (SEQ ID NO.13) and 1168bp of HIS3 (SEQ ID NO.14) were obtained by amplification using the primers in Table 6.

[0080] The amplification system included: 5xPhusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, primers (10µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 1min (30 cycles); and extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle).

[0081] The amplification product NDT80 was cloned into pEASY-Blunt Simple cloning vector (pEASY cloning vector, Beijing TransGen Biotech Co., Ltd.), transformed into Trans10 competent cells, and the plasmid was extracted and verified by sequencing, and thus plasmid pEASY-NDT80 was obtained.
Table 6 Primers
Gene fragmentPrimer nameTemplatePrimer sequence (5'→3')
NDT80 NDT80-up-Pmel Genomic DNA of NK2-SQ

 
NDT80-down CTGTTCCATTGATTTCTTCTCTATTGTTATATC
HIS3 Bsp-HIS-F pRS313 TGGCGTCCGGATCGCGCGTTTCGGTGATGACGG
Pme1-HIS-R GCGGTTTAAACGTGTCACTACATAAGAACACCT


[0082] pEASY-NDT80 was enzyme digested by using Pmel (purchased from NEB (Beijing) Co., Ltd.), and 5122bp target fragment (30ng) was purified from gel, 4µL NEB buffer (reaction buffer, purchased from NEB (Beijing) Co., Ltd.) and 1µL CIP dephosphorylation enzyme (NEB) were added, and distilled water was supplemented to 40µL; it was treated at 37°C for 1h, to which EDTA at a final concentration of 10µmol was added, and it was kept at 65°C for 30min to terminate the reaction. 5122bp target fragment pEASY-NDT80 was recovered from gel, and prepared to use.

[0083] HIS3 (30ng) was purified from gel, 4µL of 10×T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer (NEB) and 1µL of T4 Polynucleotide kinase (NEB) were added, and distilled water was supplemented to 40µL, and it was phosphorylated at 37°C for 1h. After being recovered from gel, it was ligated with pEASY-NDT80 by using T4 DNA ligase (NEB), transformed into Trans10 competent cells, and verified by sequencing to obtain plasmid pEASY-NDT80-HIS3.

[0084] The information of plasmids constructed above was shown in Table 7 below:
Table 7 Plasmid Information
Plasmid nameBasic information
pM2-ADH2 Containing PPGK1-ADH2-TADH1 cassette
pM4-ACS1 Containing PTDH3-ACS1-TTPI1 cassette
pM3-ALD6 Containing PTEF1-ALD6-TCYC1 cassette
pRS313-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 Containing PTEF1-SynSmFPS-TCYC1 cassette, LEU2, low-copy plasmid
pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 Containing PTEF1-SynSmFPS-TCYC1 cassette, LEU2, high-copy plasmid
pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGM AS-TCYC1 Contain ing PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 cassette, LEU2, high-copy plasmid
pRS425-LEU2-PMF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGM AS-TCYC1 Containing PMP1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMA5-TCYC1 cassette, LEU2, high-copy plasmid
pEASY-NDT80-HIS3 NDT80, HIS3

(9) Construction of plasmid pEASY-rDNA-TRP1



[0085] Using NK2-SQ genomic DNA and pRS314 (Sikorski, R.S. and Hieter, P. 1989, Genetics 122(1): 19-27) as templates, respectively, rDNA (SEQ ID NO.9) and TRP1 (SEQ ID NO.10) were obtained by amplification using the primers in Table 8.

[0086] The amplification system included: 5xPhusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, primers (10 µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 1min (30 cycles); and extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle) . The amplification product rDNA was cloned into pEASY-Blunt Simple cloning vector and transformed into Trans10 competent cells, and the plasmid was extracted and verified by sequencing, so as to obtain plasmid pEASY-rDNA.
Table 8 Primers
Gene fragmentPrimer nameTemplatePrimer sequence (5'→3')
rDNA rDNA-up-F Genomic DNA of NK2-SQ ATGAGAGTAGCAAACGTAAGTCT
rDNA-R-Pmel

 
TRP1 BSP-TRP1-F pRS314

 
BSP-TRP1-R

 


[0087] pEASY-rDNA was enzyme digested by using Pmel, and 5122bp target fragment (30ng) was purified from gel, 4µL NEB buffer and 1µL CIP dephosphorylation enzyme (NEB) was added, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 40µL; it was treated at 37°C for 1h, to which EDTA at a final concentration of 10µmol was added, and it was kept at 65°C for 30min to terminate the reaction. 5122bp target fragment pEASY-rDNA was recovered from gel, and prepared to use.

[0088] TRP1 (30ng) was purified from gel, 4µL of 10×T4 DNA Ligase Reaction Buffer (NEB) and 1µL of T4 Polynucleotide kinase (NEB) were added, and distilled water was supplemented to a total volume of 40µL, and it was phosphorylated at 37°C for 1h. After being recovered from gel, it was ligated with pEASY-rDNA by using T4 DNA ligase (NEB), transformed into Trans10 competent cells, and verified by sequencing, and thus plasmid pEASY-rDNA-TRP1 was obtained.

Example 2: Construction of recombinant strains


1. Preparation of yeast competent cells



[0089] The original strains were respectively cultured in the corresponding medium (Table 13) at 30°C, 250rpm overnight. 1mL of the culture suspension (with OD around 0.6-10) was added into a 1.5mL EP tube, centrifuged at 10,000g for 1min under 4°C; the resulted supernatant was discarded, the precipitate was washed with sterile water (4°C) and centrifuged under the same conditions; and the resulted supernatant was discarded. 1mL of a treatment solution (10mM LiAc (lithium acetate); 10mM DTT (dithiothreitol); 0.6M sorbitol; 10mM Tris-HCl (tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane hydrochloride buffer, pH7.5), DTT was added immediately before using the treatment solution) was added into the yeast, and it was kept at 25°C for 20 min. After centrifugation, the supernatant was discarded, and 1mL of 1M sorbitol (filtered and sterilized through a 0.22µm aqueous membrane) was added to re-suspend the yeast, then it was centrifuged, and the supernatant was discarded (re-suspended twice with 1M sorbitol) until the final volume became about 90µL.

2. Construction of strain FPP-001


1) Preparation of NDT80-HIS3-up, PPGK1-ADH2-TADH1, PTDH3-ACS1-TTPI1, PTEF1-ALD6-TCYC1 and NDT80-HIS3-down



[0090] PPGK1-ADH2-TADH1, PTDH3-ACS1-TTPIT, and PTEF1-ALD6-TCYC1 were expression cassettes carrying alcohol dehydrogenase 2, acetyl-CoA synthetase 1, and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 6, respectively; NDT80-HIS3-up and NDT80-HIS3-down were the upstream and downstream homology arms of HIS3, respectively; the fragments were respectively amplified according to the following methods:
The functional modules were obtained by PCR using the templates and primers of PCR described in Table 9, respectively: 698bp M1 (NDT80-HIS3-up), 2081bp M2 (PPGK1-ADH2-TADH1), 3519bp M3 (PTDH3-ACS1-TTPI1), 2376bp M4 (PTEF1-ALD6-TCYC1), 1835bp M5 (NDT80-HIS3-down).

[0091] The amplification system included: 5xPhusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, primers (10µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 2min (30 cycles); extension at 72°C for 10min (1 Cycle). The product was recovered from gel and stored.
Table 9 Primers
modulePCR templateAmplification fragment namePrimer namePrimer sequence (5'→3')
M1 pEASY-NDT80-HIS3 NDT80-HIS3-up X1-M-pEASY-r-t-F

 
      NDT80-interg-2

 
M2 pM2-ADH2 PPGK1-ADH2-TADH1 1-M-pEASY-PGK1-F

 
      3G-1-M-ADHt-TDH3-R

 
M3 pM4-ACS1 PTDH3-ACS1-TTPI1 3G-3-M-ADHt-TDH3-F

 
      3G-3-M-TPI1t-TEF1-R

 
       

 
M4 pM3-ALD6 PTEF1-ALD6-TCYC1 3G-2-M-TPI1t-TEF1-F

 
      M-CYC1-pEASY-R

 
M5 pEASY-NDT80-HIS3 NDT80-HIS3-down NDT80-interg-1

 
      X2-M-pEASY-r-t-R

 

2) Construction of strain FPP-001



[0092] Original strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae NK2-SQ was cultured in a SD-Ura liquid medium (0.8% yeast selective medium SD-Ura-Trp-His (Beijing FunGenome Technology Co., Ltd.), 2% glucose, 0.005% His, 0.01% Trp) overnight, followed by being prepared into competent cells. Then, the transformation fragments M1, M2, M3, M4 and M5 in Table 9 were added in a total amount of 5µg (molar ratio=1:1:1:1:1), mixed well and transferred to an electric shock cup, electrically shocked at 2.7kv for 5.7ms, to which 1mL of 1M sorbitol was added, and it was resuscitated at 30°C for 1h, and spread onto a SD-Ura-His medium and cultured at 30°C for 36h or more. The ingredients in the screening medium composition were: 0.8% yeast selective medium SD-Ura-Trp-His (Beijing FunGenome Technology Co., Ltd.), 2% glucose, and 0.01% Trp. The true positive clone was identified by PCR, and named as strain FPP-001.

3 Construction of strains ELE-001 and ELE-002



[0093] Original strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae FPP-001 was cultured in a SD-Ura-His liquid medium overnight, followed by being prepared into competent cells. Then, plasmids pRS313-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 and pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 were respectively added, mixed well and transferred into an electric shock cup, electrically shocked at 2.7kv for 5.7ms, to which 1mL of 1M sorbitol was added, and it was resuscitated at 30°C for 1h, and spread onto a SD-Ura-His-Leu medium and cultured at 30°C for 36h or more. The ingredients in the screening medium composition were: 0.8% yeast selective medium SD-Ura-Trp-His (Beijing FunGenome Technology Co., Ltd.), 2% glucose, and 0.01% Trp. The true positive clone was identified by PCR, and named as strains ELE-001 (into which plasmid pRS313-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 was transferred) and ELE-002 (into which plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 was transferred), respectively.

4 Construction of strain ELE-011



[0094] FPP-001 competent cells were prepared according to the steps in the above item 3. Then, plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 was added thereto, mixed well and transferred into an electric shock cup, electrically shocked at 2.7kv for 5.7ms, to which 1mL of 1M sorbitol was added, and it was resuscitated at 30°C for 1h, and spread onto a SD-Ura-His-Leu medium and cultured at 30°C for 36h or more. The true positive clone was identified by PCR, and named as strain ELE-011.

5 Construction of strains ELE-012 to ELE-019



[0095] Using plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 as a template, PCR amplification was performed by using the primers of Table 11 to obtain the amplification products corresponding to different primers. Then, the amplification products corresponding to different primers were respectively transferred into yeast FPP-001 for carrying out its own homologous recombination, and recombinant strains ELE-012 to ELE-018 were obtained, respectively. The linker peptide GGGS of the fusion protein SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS in the vector were replaced with 3A001, 4A001, 5A002, 6A005, 6B004, 8A005, 12A003, respectively (as shown in Table 10).

[0096] Using plasmid pRS425-LEU2-PMF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 as a template, PCR amplification was performed by using the primers with the linker peptide of 8A005 in Table 10 (Table 11) to obtain the amplification products corresponding to different primers. Then, the amplification products corresponding to the different primers were respectively transferred into yeast FPP-001 for carrying out its own homologous recombination, and recombinant strain ELE-019 was obtained. The linker peptide GGGS of the fusion protein SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS in the vector was replaced with 8A005.
Table 10 Showing the nucleotide sequences and amino acid sequences of linker peptides
Linker peptide nameNucleotide sequence (5'→3')Amino acid sequence of linker peptide
3A001 TACGGTCAG YGQ
4A001 CCGGGGGGACAC PGGH
5A002 TATAGAAGTCAAATC YRSQI
6A005 GTGATACCTTTTATTTCA VIPFIS
6B004 TTTTTGTATCTTAAGTTT FLYLKF
8A005 TGGCGGTTCTCGCCGAAGCTTCAG WRFSPKLQ
12A003 CACCACGTGCAGGAGTCACAATGTATTTCCACAGTG HHVQESQCISTV


[0097] The specific reaction conditions were as follows:
The above amplification system included: 5×Phusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, primers (as shown in Table 11) (10µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 5.5min (30 cycles); extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle).

[0098] The amplification product was digested by using DpnI enzyme from Fermentas Company after being purified. The system thereof included: 5×Fast Digest Green Buffer 4µL, purified product 34µL, DpnI 2µL. The enzyme digestion temperature and reaction time were 37°C and 1h, respectively. Finally, it was recovered from gel and stored.
Table 11 Primers
Linker PeptidePrimer namePrimer sequence (5'→3')
3A001 50bp 3A001 STpGmA

 
SynSmFPS Linker R TTTTTGTCTTTTATAGATTTTACC
4A001 50bp 4A001 STpGmA

 
SynSmFPS Linker R TTTTTGTCTTTTATAGATTTTACC
5A002 50bp 5A002 STpGmA

 
SynSmFPS Linker R TTTTTGTCTTTTATAGATTTTACC
6AD05 50bp 6A005 STpGmA

 
SynSmFPS Linker R TTTTTGTCTTTTATAGATTTTACC
6B004 50bp 6B004 STpGmA

 
SynSmFPS Linker R TTTTTGTCTTTTATAGATTTTACC
8A005 50bp 8A005 STpGmA

 
SynSmFPS Linker R TTTTTGTCTTTTATAGATTTTACC
12A003 50bp 12A003 STpGmA

 
SynSmFPS Linker R TTTTTGTCTTTTATAGATTTTACC


[0099] FPP-001 competent cells were prepared according to the steps in above item 3. Then, the products recovered from gel obtained in the previous step were respectively added thereto, mixed well and transferred into an electric shock cup, electrically shocked at 2.7kv for 5.7ms, to which 1mL of 1M sorbitol was added, and it was resuscitated at 30°C for 1h, and respectively spread onto SD-Ura-His-Leu medium and cultured at 30°C for 36h or more. The true positive clone was identified by PCR, and named as strains ELE-012 to ELE-019, respectively.

6 Construction of recombinant strain ELE-020


1) Preparation of PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2-TADH1, PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1, rDNA-TRP1-up, and rDNA-TRP1-down



[0100] PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2-TADH1 and PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 were expression cassette carrying a fusion protein of yeast farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase and lettuce-derived germacrene A synthetase, and a fusion protein of codon-optimized Salvia miltiorrhiza-derived farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase and codon-optimized Tanacetum parthenium-derived germacrene A synthetase, respectively; and rDNA-TRP1-up and rDNA-TRP1-down were the upstream and downstream homologous arms of rDNA, respectively; the fragments were amplified according to the following methods:
The functional modules were obtained by PCR using templates and primers described in Table 12, respectively:

M1 (rDNA-TRP1-up),

M2 (PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2-TADH1),

M3 (PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1),

M4 (rDNA-TRP1-down).



[0101] The amplification system included: 5xPhusion HF Buffer 10µL, dNTP (10mM each dNTP) 1µL, DNA template 20ng, primers (10µM) 1.5µL for each, Phusion High-Fidelity DNA Polymerase (2.5U/µL) 0.5µL, and distilled water supplemented to a total volume of 50µL. The amplification conditions were: pre-denaturation at 98°C for 3min (1 cycle); denaturation at 98°C for 10sec, annealing at 58°C for 10sec, extension at 72°C for 2min (30 cycles); and extension at 72°C for 10min (1 cycle). The product was recovered from gel and stored.
Table 12 Primers
ModulePCR templateAmplification fragment namePrimer namePrimer sequence (5'→3')
M1 pEASY-rDNA-TRP1 TRP1 rDNA-TRP1-up X1-M-pEASY-r-t-F

 
      X1-r-t-R-rDNA

 
M2 pM2-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2 PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LTC2-TADH1 1-M-pEASY-PGK1-F

 
       

 
    1-M-ADHt-TEF1-R

 
M3 pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 2-M-ADHt-TEF1-F

 
  M-CYC1-pEASY-R

 
M4 pEASY-rDNA-TRP1 rDNA-TRP1-down X2-r-t-F-rDNA

 
      X2-M-pEASY-r-t-R

 


[0102] Original strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae ELE-019 was cultured in a SD-Ura- His-Leu liquid medium overnight, followed by being prepared into competent cells. Then, the transformation fragments M1, M2, M3, and M4 in Table 12 were added in a total amount of 4µg (molar ratio=1:1:1:1), mixed well and transferred into an electric shock cup, electrically shocked at 2.7kv for 5.7ms, to which 1mL of 1M sorbitol was added, and it was resuscitated at 30°C for 1h, and spread onto SD-Ura-His-Leu-Trp medium and cultured at 30°C for 36h or more. The ingredients in the screening medium composition were: 0.8% yeast selective medium SD-Ura-His-Leu-Trp (Beijing FunGenome Technology Co., Ltd.), 2% glucose. The true positive clone was identified by PCR, and named as strain ELE-020.

[0103] This ELE-020 recombinant strain was deposited on October 20, 2017 at the China General Microbiological Culture Collection Center, CGMCC. The deposition address was Building 3, No.1 West Beichen Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing. The strain name was: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the latin name thereof is: Saccharomyces cerevisiae; and the deposition number thereof was: CGMCC No.14829. The information of all the above engineering strains was shown in Table 13.
Table 13 Information of engineering strains
Strain nameBasic informationMedium
NK2-SQ PPGK1-tHMG1-TADH1, PPDC1-ERG12-TADH2, PENO2-IDI1-T-PDC1, PPYK1-ERG19-TPGI1, PFBA1-ERG13-TTDH2, PTDH3-ERG8-TTPI1 and PTEF1-ERG10-TCYC1 and the screening marker of URA3 were integrated into GAL7 site of the chromosome of strain CEN. PK2-1D (MATαura3-52; trp1-289; leu2-3, 112; his3Δ1; MAL2-8C; SUC2) SD-Ura
FPP-001 PPGK1-ADH2-TADH1, PTEF1-ALD6-TCYC1, PTDH3-ACS1-TTPL1 and the screening marker of HIS3 were integrated into NDT80 site of the chromosome of strain NK2-SQ SD-Ura-His
ELE-001 FPP-001 transferred with pRS313-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-002 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-011 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-012 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-3A001-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-013 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-4A001-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-014 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-5A002-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-015 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-6A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-016 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-6B004-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-017 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-8A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-018 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PTEF1-SynSmFPS-12A003-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-019 FPP-001 transferred with pRS425-LEU2-PMF1-SynSmFPS-8A005-STpGMAS-TCYC1 SD-Ura-His-Leu
ELE-020 PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LSLTC2-TADH1, PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 and the screening marker of TRP1 were integrated into the rDNA site of the chromosome of strain ELE-019 SD-Ura-His-Leu-Trp

Example 3: Application of recombinant strain in producing β-elemene


1. Engineering strain culture and product extraction



[0104] All engineering yeast strains prepared in Example 2 were activated in the corresponding solid selective medium SD-Ura-His-Leu, and seed solutions were prepared in the corresponding liquid selective medium SD-Ura-His-Leu (30°C, 250 rpm, 16h), inoculated in an amount of 1% into a 100mL trigonal flask containing 15mL of the corresponding liquid selective medium, shaken at 250rpm and cultured at 30°C for 1d. Then, 1.5mL of n-dodecane was added thereto, and continued to be shaken and cultured for 5d. Finally, the liquid in the trigonal flask was transferred to a 50mL centrifuge tube, centrifuged at 5,000rpm for 5min, and the organic phase was collected for use.

2. β-elemene conversion and its qualitative and quantitative analyses


1) β-elemene conversion



[0105] The above organic phase sample was heated in an oil bath at 100-380°C (180°C) within a fuming cupboard for 1h to obtain a converted material.

2) Detection



[0106] The converted material was diluted 10 times with n-hexane, filtered through an organic nylon membrane (0.22µm), and detected by using GC-MS. Testing equipment: Agilent GCMSD Agilent 7890A/5975C; GC-MS measurement conditions: inlet temperature 250°C, injection volume 1µL, splitless, solvent delay 3min; column: HP-5ms (30m*0.25mm); Chromatographic conditions: 45°C for 1min, warming up to 300°C at 10°C/min and keeping for 5min; MS conditions: Full Scan: 50-750amu. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were carried out by using the standard of β-elemene, which was purchased from the China National Institutes for Food and Drug Control (Cat. No.100268). Fig.2 is a GC-MS test chromatomap of β-elemene produced by all engineering yeast strains prepared in Example 2.

[0107] As a result, the yield of each engineering strain after fermentation for 6 days was as follows:

Engineering strains ELE-001 and ELE-002 were obtained by introducing low and high copy number of STpGMAS based on FPP-001. Wherein, the yield of β-elemene of ELE-001 reached 9.3mg/L, and the yield of β-elemene of ELE-002 reached 22.1mg/L;

Engineering strain ELE-011 was obtained by introducing high copy number of fusion protein gene SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS based on FPP-001, and the yield of β-elemene reached 101.1mg/L.

Engineering strains ELE-012 to ELE-019 (the promoters and linkers thereof were TEF1 and 3A001, TEF1 and 4A001, TEF1 and 5A002, TEF1 and 6A005, TEF1 and 6B004, TEF1 and 8A005, TEF1 and 12A003, MF1 and 8A005, respectively) were obtained by introducing high copy number of fusion protein gene SynSmFPS-Linker-STpGMAS based on FPP-001.

Engineering strain ELE-020 was obtained by the recombination and introduction of fusion protein genes PPGK1-ERG20-GGGS-LsLTC2-TADH1 and PTEF1-SynSmFPS-GGGS-STpGMAS-TCYC1 based on ELE-019.



[0108] The yields of β-elemene produced by using strains ELE-012 to ELE-020 were 2.2mg/L (relative to the culture solution), 35.5mg/L, 110.4mg/L, 108.6mg/L, 73.6mg/L, 109.7mg/L, 48.3mg/L, 158.1mg/L and 469mg/L, respectively.

3. Bioreactor fermentation culture


1) Medium formulation



[0109] The calcium chloride mother liquid: 19.2g/L aqueous solution of calcium chloride dihydrate.

[0110] The trace metal salt mother liquid: 19.1g/L of disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate, 10.2g/L of zinc sulfate heptahydrate, 0.5g/L of manganese chloride tetrahydrate, 0.86g/L of cobalt chloride hexahydrate, 0.78g/L of copper sulfate pentahydrate, 0.56g/L of sodium molybdate dehydrate, and 5.12g/L of iron sulphite heptahydrate.

[0111] The vitamin mother liquid: 0.05g/L of biotin, 0.2g/L of sodium p-aminobenzoate, 1g/L of niacin, 1g/L of calcium pantothenate, 1g/L pyridoxine hydrochloride, 1g/L of thiamine hydrochloride, and 25g/L of inositol.

[0112] The seed medium and the fermentation medium: 25g/L of glucose, 15g/L of ammonium sulfate, 6.15g/L of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, 0.72g/L of zinc sulfate heptahydrate, 8g/L of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 2mL/L of calcium chloride mother liquid, 10mL/L of trace metal salt mother liquid; 12mL/L of vitamin mother liquid, 1g/L of tryptophan, and the balance of water.

[0113] The fed-batch medium: 800g/L of glucose, 5.125g/L of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, 3.5g/L of potassium sulfate, 0.28g/L of sodium sulfate, 9g/L of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1g/L of tryptophan, and the balance of water.

2) Fermentation of engineering strain ELE-019



[0114] The engineering strain ELE-019 was activated according to the methods in item 1. The monoclonal colony on the plate was picked up and inoculated into a test tube containing SD-Ura-His-Leu medium, and shaken at 250rpm and cultured at 30°C overnight; 500µL of the strain culture was pipetted into a 250mL trigonal flask containing 50mL of SD-Ura-His-Leu medium, and shaken at 250rpm and cultured at 30°C for 24h.

[0115] 2mL of the strain culture was respectively pipetted into three 1 L trigonal flasks containing 100mL of seed medium, shaken at 250rpm and cultured at 30°C for 48h; finally, the seed solution was inoculated into a 7L fermentation tank containing 3L of the fermentation medium via a flame inoculation loop (Eppendorf Company, Germany, model no.: BioFlo®320).

[0116] The parameters set in the fermentation process were: temperature 30°C, pH 5.0, dissolved oxygen 30%, air flow rate 3-20L/min, stirring speed 300-1000rpm; and dissolved oxygen were cascading with stirring speed and air flowing. When the dissolved oxygen value was greater than 60%, the fed-batch medium was added into the fermentation tank until the glucose concentration in the fermentation liquid was 5g/L.

[0117] Three hours before the end of the fermentation, 10% (relative to the volume of the culture solution) of n-dodecane was added, and after the end of the fermentation, the organic phase was separated.

[0118] After the treatment carried out according to the conversion and detection methods in item 2, qualitative and quantitative analyses were performed. After high-density fermentation of the engineering strain ELE-019 for 96 hours, 2g/L (relative to the culture solution) of β-elemene may be obtained. The recombinant strains complying with the object of the present invention, including but not limited to the specific experimental examples described in Table 13, may be subjected to a fermentation culture according to the fermentation methods described in item "3" to obtain germacrene A.

Industrial application



[0119] The experiments of the present invention verified that a recombinant strain can be obtained by expressing germacrene A synthetase gene or fusion protein gene thereof in a host yeast in the present invention, which can greatly improve the yield of germacrene A. It is suitable for industrial production of β-elemene and/or germacrene A, and provides a potent strain and research basis for the biosynthesis of anti-cancer raw material β-elemene.
















Claims

1. A recombinant strain, which is a yeast comprising or expressing germacrene A synthetase or a fusion protein of germacrene A synthetase in vivo; the fusion protein of germacrene A synthetase comprises the germacrene A synthetase and farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase.
 
2. The recombinant strain of claim 1, wherein a nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein comprises a nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase and a nucleic acid encoding the farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase;
the fusion protein has one or more encoding nucleic acids;
among the plurality of nucleic acids encoding the fusion proteins, at least two nucleic acids encoding the germacrene A synthetase are derived from different hosts, and at least two nucleic acids encoding the farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase are derived from different hosts.
 
3. The recombinant strain of claim 2, wherein:

the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase comprises a nucleic acid represented by SEQ ID NO.3 or a nucleic acid represented by positions 13-1686 of SEQ ID NO.12;

the nucleic acid encoding the farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase comprises a nucleic acid represented by SEQ ID NO.2 or a nucleic acid represented by positions 1-1056 of SEQ ID NO.11.


 
4. The recombinant strain of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the fusion protein further comprises a linker peptide for linking the germacrene A synthetase with the farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase;
the linker peptide is selected from GGGS, YGQ, PGGH, YRSQI, VIPFIS, FLYLKF, WRFSPKLQ or HHVQESQCISTV.
 
5. The recombinant strain of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein:

comprising or expressing the germacrene A synthetase or the fusion protein of germacrene A synthetase in vivo is introducing a nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase or a nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein into the yeast;

and/or, introducing the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase into the yeast is introducing an expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase into the yeast;

introducing the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein into the yeast is introducing an expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein into the yeast;

and/or, the expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase contains a promoter, a nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase, and a terminator;

and/or, the expression cassette comprises the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein contains a promoter, a nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein, and a terminator;

or, the promoter is selected from TEF1 or MF1 or PGK1; the terminator is CYC1 or ADH1;

or, the promoter is TEF1, and the terminator is CYC1;

or, the promoter is MF1, and the terminator is CYC1;

or, the promoter is PGK1, and the terminator is ADH1.


 
6. The recombinant strain of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the recombinant strain further expresses one or more marker genes; and/or the marker gene is selected from his3 or trp1.
 
7. The recombinant strain of claim 5 or 6, wherein:

the expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase is introduced into the yeast via a vector expressing the expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase;

the expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein is introduced into the yeast via a vector expressing the expression cassette comprising the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein.


 
8. The recombinant strain of any one of claims 5 to 7, wherein:

the expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the germacrene A synthetase is introduced into the yeast in the form of plasmid;

or, the expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the fusion protein is introduced into the yeast in the form of plasmid and/or being integrated into a chromosome.


 
9. The recombinant strain of any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the yeast is a strain obtained by increasing content and/or activity of alcohol dehydrogenase, acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and acetyl-CoA synthetase in an original yeast.
 
10. The recombinant strain of claim 9, wherein:

the strain obtained by increasing the content and/or activity of alcohol dehydrogenase, acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and acetyl-CoA synthetase in the original yeast relates to increasing copy numbers of a nucleic acid encoding the alcohol dehydrogenase, a nucleic acid encoding the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and a nucleic acid encoding the acetyl-CoA synthetase in the original yeast;

and/or, increasing the copy numbers of the nucleic acid encoding the alcohol dehydrogenase, the nucleic acid encoding the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase and the nucleic acid encoding the acetyl-CoA synthetase in the original yeast is introducing an expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the alcohol dehydrogenase, an expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, an expression cassette of the nucleic acid encoding the acetyl-CoA synthetase, and another said marker encoding nucleic acid into the original yeast by using homologous recombination.


 
11. The recombinant strain of claim 9 or 10, wherein the original yeast is Saccharomyces cerevisiae; and/or said Saccharomyces cerevisiae is Saccharomyces cerevisiae NK2-SQ.
 
12. The recombinant strain of claim 11, which is Saccharomyces cerevisiae CGMCC No.14829.
 
13. Use of the recombinant strain of any one of claims 1-12 for the production of β-elemene and/or germacrene A.
 
14. A method of producing germacrene A, comprising the step of fermenting the recombinant strain of any one of claims 1-12 to obtain germacrene A.
 
15. A method of producing β-elemene, comprising the following steps:

1) fermenting the recombinant strain of any one of claims 1 to 12 to obtain a fermentation product;

2) extracting the fermentation product with an organic solution, and collecting the organic phase;

3) heating the organic phase of step 2) to obtain β-elemene.


 
16. The method of claim 14 or 15, wherein:
the fermentation method relates to: firstly culturing the recombinant strain in a seed medium to obtain a seed liquid; then inoculating the seed liquid into a fermentation medium for fermentation culture, and recording a product of the fermentation culture as a fermentation system.
 
17. The method of claim 16, wherein during the fermentation culture, a fed-batch medium is added into the fermentation system; preferably, when the dissolved oxygen value in the fermentation system is greater than 60%, a fed-batch medium is added into the fermentation system until glucose concentration in the fermentation system reaches 5g/L.
 
18. The method of claim 16, wherein a formulation of the seed medium and the fermentation medium contains per L volume: 25g of glucose, 15g of ammonium sulfate, 6.15g of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, 0.72g of zinc sulfate heptahydrate, 8g of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 2mL of calcium chloride mother liquid, 10mL of trace metal salt mother liquid; 12mL of vitamin mother liquid, 1g of tryptophan;
the calcium chloride mother liquid is 19.2g/L aqueous solution of calcium chloride dihydrate;
a formulation of the trace metal salt mother liquid contains per L volume:

19.1g of disodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate; 10.2g of zinc sulfate heptahydrate; 0.5g of manganese chloride tetrahydrate; 0.86g of cobalt chloride hexahydrate; 0.78g of copper sulfate pentahydrate; 0.56g of sodium molybdate dihydrate; 5.12g of iron sulphite heptahydrate;

a formulation of the vitamin mother liquid contains per L volume: 0.05g of biotin; 0.2g of sodium p-aminobenzoate; 1g of niacin; 1g of calcium pantothenate; 1g pyridoxine hydrochloride; 1g of thiamine hydrochloride; 25g of inositol.


 
19. The method of claim 17 or 18, wherein a formulation of the fed-batch medium contains per L volume: 800g of glucose, 5.125g of magnesium sulfate heptahydrate, 3.5g of potassium sulfate, 0.28g of sodium sulfate, 9g of potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 1g of tryptophan.
 
20. The method of any one of claims 15 to 19, wherein:

the organic solvent is n-dodecane;

the heating condition is: heating at 100-380°C for 1 hour.


 




Drawing
















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description