(19)
(11)EP 3 537 727 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/24

(21)Application number: 19168453.9

(22)Date of filing:  16.12.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04R 1/28(2006.01)
H04R 11/02(2006.01)

(54)

ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER

AKUSTIKWANDLER

TRANSDUCTEUR ACOUSTIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.07.2015 KR 20150095855

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/37

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
15897815.5 / 3320690

(73)Proprietor: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, 16677 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • Lee, Gyeong-tae
    Seoul (KR)
  • Kim, Jong-bae
    Seoul (KR)
  • Son, Sung-ha
    Suwon-si (KR)

(74)Representative: Nederlandsch Octrooibureau 
P.O. Box 29720
2502 LS The Hague
2502 LS The Hague (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2007/075674
CN-A- 1 977 564
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [Technical Field]



    [0001] One or more exemplary embodiments relate to an acoustic transducer.

    [Background Art]



    [0002] An acoustic transducer reproduces sound using vibration of a vibrating plate.

    [0003] In the case of a woofer unit for reproducing low frequency sound, a large-sized vibrating plate is necessary.

    [0004] Since internal space of thin electronic apparatuses, such as flat panel televisions, sound plates, or sound bars is not sufficiently large, a general woofer unit is difficult to be used. To overcome the above limitation, a linear array transducer (LAT) has been suggested.

    [0005] Prior art useful for understanding the present invention my be found in WO 2007/075674 A2 and CN 1 977 564 A.

    [Disclosure]


    [Technical Problem]



    [0006] It is an aspect to provide an acoustic transducer that restricts vibration.

    [0007] It is another aspect to provide an acoustic transducer that improves mechanical reliability.

    [0008] It is yet another aspect to provide a thin acoustic transducer.

    [0009] Additional aspects will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be apparent from the description, or may be learned by practice of the presented exemplary embodiments.

    [Technical Solution]



    [0010] According to an aspect of one or more exemplary embodiments, there is provided an acoustic transducer comprising a first acoustic module comprising a first motor, a first rod driven by the first motor, and a first vibrating plate connected to the first rod; and a second acoustic module comprising a second motor, a second rod driven by the second motor, and a second vibrating plate connected to the second rod, wherein the first rod and the second rod are coaxially arranged.

    [0011] The first acoustic module and the second acoustic module may be arranged to face each other in an axial direction of the first and second rods.

    [0012] The first and second vibrating plates may have an elongated shape with a major axis and a minor axis.

    [0013] The first rod may comprise two or more first rods, and the first vibrating plate may be connected to the two or more first rods, and the second rod may comprise two or more second rods, and the second vibrating plate may be connected to the two or more second rods.

    [0014] The two or more first rods and the two or more second rods may make pairs with and may be coaxial with each other.

    [0015] The first acoustic module may comprise a plurality of first vibrating plates arranged in an axial direction of the first rod, and the second acoustic module may comprise a plurality of second vibrating plates arranged in an axial direction of the second rod.

    [0016] The first and second vibrating plates may be respectively located inside first and second radiation cells, the first and second radiation cells may be respectively divided by the first and second vibrating plates into a first chamber and a second chamber, and first and second openings connected to an outside of the acoustic transducer may be respectively provided in the first and second chambers.

    [0017] The acoustic transducer may further comprise a baffle guide that separates the first openings from the second openings.

    [0018] The first and second vibrating plates may have an elongated shape with a major axis and a minor axis, and the baffle guide may separate the first openings from the second openings in a direction along the minor axis.

    [0019] The first and second vibrating plates may have an elongated shape with a major axis and a minor axis, and the baffle guide may separate the first openings from the second openings in a direction along the major axis.

    [0020] According to another aspect of one or more exemplary embodiments, there is provided an acoustic transducer comprising first and second radiation cells; first and second vibrating plates respectively arranged inside the first and second radiation cells; first and second rods respectively connected to the first and second vibrating plates; and first and second motors, the first and second motors respectively driving the first and second rods, wherein the first rod does not pass through the second radiation cell, and the second rod does not pass through the first radiation cells.

    [0021] The first rod and the second rod may be coaxially arranged.

    [0022] The first and second radiation cells may be respectively divided by the first and second vibrating plates into first and second chambers, and first and second openings connected to outside of the acoustic transducer may be respectively provided in the first and second chambers.

    [0023] The acoustic transducer may further comprise a baffle guide that separates the first opening from the second opening.

    [0024] The first and second vibrating plates may each have an elongated shape with a major axis and a minor axis.

    [0025] The baffle guide may separate the first opening from the second opening in a direction along the minor axis.

    [0026] The baffle guide may separate the first opening from the second opening in a direction along the major axis.

    [0027] According to another aspect of one or more exemplary embodiments, there is provided an acoustic transducer comprising first and second rods arranged coaxially with each other; a plurality of first vibrating plates arranged in an axial direction of the first rod and connected to the first rod; a plurality of second vibrating plates arranged in an axial direction of the second rod and connected to the second rod; and first and second motors driving the first and second rods in opposite directions.

    [0028] The first and second vibrating plates may have an elongated shape with a major axis and a minor axis.

    [Advantageous Effects]



    [0029] According to the embodiments of the accoustic transducer, it is possible to restrict vibration of the accoustic transducer.

    [0030] According to the embodiments of the accoustic transducer, it is possible to inprove mechanical reliability of the acoustic transducer.

    [0031] According to the embodiments of the accoustic transducer, it is possible to reduce a thickness of the acoustic transducer and thereby to realize a thin acoustic transducer.

    [Description of Drawings]



    [0032] These and/or other aspects will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following description of the exemplary embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an acoustic transducer according to an exemplary embodiment;

    FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along a line A-A' of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along a line B-B' of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along a line C-C' of FIG. 2;

    FIG. 5 is a side view of the acoustic transducer of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 6 is a front view schematically illustrating sound radiation by a baffle guide of FIG. 5;

    FIG. 7 is a front view of an acoustic transducer according to an exemplary embodiment;

    FIG. 8 is a plan view of an acoustic transducer according to an exemplary embodiment;

    FIG. 9 is a plan view of an acoustic transducer according to an exemplary embodiment;

    FIG. 10 is a schematic front view of an example of a display apparatus employing an acoustic transducer;

    FIG. 11 is a schematic front view of another example of a display apparatus employing an acoustic transducer;

    FIG. 12 is a schematic front view of an example of a sound bar employing an acoustic transducer; and

    FIG. 13 is a schematic front view of another example of a sound bar employing an acoustic transducer.


    [Mode for Invention]



    [0033] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an acoustic transducer 1 according to an exemplary embodiment. FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along a line A-A' of FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along a line B-B' of FIG. 1.

    [0034] Referring to FIGS. 1 to 3, the acoustic transducer 1 may include a plurality of vibrating plates 11∼18, a plurality of rods 31∼34, and a plurality of motors 21∼24. The vibrating plates 11∼18 are arranged in an axial direction of the rods 31∼34. The vibrating plates 11∼14 (first vibrating plate 10a) are arranged in an axial direction of the rods 31 and 32 (first rod 30a) and connected to the rods 31 and 32. The vibrating plates 15∼18 (second vibrating plate 10b) are arranged in an axial direction of the rods 33 and 34 (second rod 30b) and connected to the rods 33 and 34. The rods 31 and 32 are coaxial with the rods 33 and 34, respectively. The rods 31 and 32 are respectively driven by the motors 21 and 22 (first motor 20a), and the rods 33 and 34 are respectively driven by the motors 23 and 24 (second motor 20b). The first and second motors 20a and 20b drive the first and second rods 30a and 30b in opposite directions.

    [0035] The vibrating plates 11∼18 are respectively arranged inside radiation cells 41∼48. The radiation cells 41∼48 are sectioned by a plurality of partitions 71∼78. Thus, for example, radiation cell 41 extends between partitions 71 and 72, and radiation cell 42 extends between partitions 72 and 73, and so on. Each of the radiation cells 41∼48 is divided into a first chamber 51 and a second chamber 52 by the vibrating plates 11∼18. It should be noted that, in FIG. 2, the first and second chambers 51 and 52 are only shown with respect to the radiation cell 41 in order to increase clarity. First and second openings 61 and 62 (see FIG. 3) communicating with the outside are respectively provided in the first and second chambers 51 and 52. The first and second openings 61 and 62 are located at opposite sides of the acoustic transducer 1. According to the above-described structure, the radiation cells 41∼48 that are arranged in the axial direction of the rods 31∼34, are sectioned by the partitions 71∼78, and have the vibrating plates 11∼18 arranged therein, are defined.

    [0036] FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along a line C-C' of FIG. 2. Although FIG. 4 illustrates the vibrating plate 11, the following descriptions are also applied to the vibrating plates 12∼18. As illustrated in FIGS. 2, 3, and 4, the vibrating plates 11∼18 are supported on a side wall 49 of the radiation cells 41∼48. The vibrating plate 11 includes a movable plate 11-1 and a flexible membrane 11-2 that connects an edge of the movable plate 11-1 to the side wall 49 of the radiation cell 41. Connection portions 11-3 and 11-4, to which the rods 31 and 32 are respectively connected, are provided in the vibrating plate 11. A rib 11-5 to maintain rigidity of the vibrating plate 11 may be provided on the movable plate 11-1. The shape of the rib 11-5 is not limited to the example illustrated in FIG. 4. The rib 11-5 may have an appropriate shape to maintain the rigidity of the movable plate 11-1, thereby preventing generation of an undesired vibration mode in the movable plate 11-1.

    [0037] The vibrating plate 11, taken as a whole, may have an elongated shape with a major axis 11a and a minor axis 11b. The vibrating plate 11 may have, for example, a rectangular shape, an ovular shape, or a trapezoidal shape. According to the vibrating plate 11 having the above shape, the acoustic transducer 1 that is slim may be implemented. In other words, as indicated by a dotted line in FIG. 4, when the vibrating plate 11 has a circular shape with an identical area, the thickness of the acoustic transducer 1 increases so as not to be applied to slim electronic apparatuses such as flat panel TVs. According to the present exemplary embodiment, since the vibrating plate 11 having an elongated shape is employed, the acoustic transducer 1 that is slim may be implemented.

    [0038] The vibrating plates 11∼14 respectively arranged inside the radiation cells 41∼44 (first radiation cell group 40a) are connected to the rods 31 and 32 and driven by the motors 21 and 22. The vibrating plates 15∼18 respectively arranged inside the radiation cells 45∼48 (second radiation cell group 40b) are connected to the rods 33 and 34 and driven by the motors 23 and 24.

    [0039] Each of the motors 21∼24 includes a stator and a vibrator. The motors 21∼24 may employ a moving coil method in which a magnet is a stator and a coil is a vibrator, or a moving magnet method in which a coil is a stator and a magnet is a vibrator. One end portions of the rods 31∼34 are directly or indirectly connected to the vibrators of the motors 21∼24. In other words, for example, one end portion of the rod 31 is directly or indirectly connected to the vibrator of the motor 21, and one end portion of the rod 32 is directly or indirectly connected to the vibrator of the motor 22, and so on.

    [0040] The first rod 30a extends from the first motor 20a, penetrates through the first radiation cell 40a, that is, the radiation cells 41∼44, and is connected to the first vibrating plate 10a located therein. Through-holes 79a and 79b, through which the rods 31 and 32 respectively pass, are provided in the partitions 71∼74 that section the radiation cells 41∼44. It should be noted that only the through-holes 79a and 79b are shown with respect to radiation cell 41 in FIG. 2 for clarity of description. The second rod 30b extends from the second motor 20b, penetrates through the second radiation cell 40b, that is, the radiation cells 45∼48, and is connected to the second vibrating plate 10b located therein. Through-holes 79c and 79d, through which the rods 33 and 34 pass, are provided in the partitions 75∼78 that section the radiation cells 45∼48. Similar to the above, it should be noted that the only through-holes 79c and 79d are shown with respect to radiation cell 48 in FIG. 2 for clarity of description. The first rod 30a does not pass through the second radiation cell 40b, and the second rod 30b does not pass through the first radiation cell 40a. Accordingly, the first rod 30a does not penetrate through the second vibrating plate 10b, and the second rod 30b does not penetrate through the first vibrating plate 10a.

    [0041] The first motor 20a, the first rod 30a, the first radiation cell group 40a, and the first vibrating plate 10a form a first acoustic module 100. Likewise, the second motor 20b, the second rod 30b, the second radiation cell group 40b, and the second vibrating plate 10b form a second acoustic module 200. The first and second acoustic modules 100 and 200 are located to face each other in an axial direction of the first and second rods 30a and 30b. The first and second acoustic modules 100 and 200 are complementarily driven.

    [0042] For example, in FIG. 3, when the first motor 20a drives the first vibrating plate 10a in a direction D1 to reduce an inner space of the first chamber 51 of the first radiation cell group 40a, air in the first chamber 51 of the first radiation cell group 40a is discharged through the first opening 61. Simultaneously, an inner space of the second chamber 52 of the first radiation cell group 40a expands and thus air flows into the second chamber 52 through the second opening 62. At this time, the second motor 20b drives the second vibrating plate 10b in a direction D2 that is the opposite direction to the direction D1, and an inner space of the first chamber 51 of the second radiation cell group 40b is reduced. Then, air in the first chamber 51 of the second radiation cell group 40b is discharged through the first opening 61. Simultaneously, inner space of the second chamber 52 of the second radiation cell group 40b expands and thus air flows into the second chamber 52 through the second opening 62. Accordingly, the air, taken as a whole, flows in a direction E1. It should be noted that this description focuses on the operation of the radiation cell 41 and the radiation cell 48 since these cells have the first and second chambers 51 and 52 and the first and second openings 61 and 62 shown in FIG. 3, but the operation of the remaining individual radiation cells 42-44 is the same as the operation of radiation cell 41 and the operation of the remaining individual radiation cells 45-47 is the same as the operation of radiation cell 48. In other words, when the first motor 20a drives the first vibrating plate 10a in direction D1, the inner spaces of the first chambers 51 of the radiation cells of the first radiation cell group 40a are reduced, while the second chambers 52 of the radiation cells of the first radiation cell group 40a are expanded.

    [0043] Conversely, when the first motor 20a drives the first vibrating plate 10a in the direction D2 to expand the inner space of the first chamber 51 of the first radiation cell group 40a, air flows into the first chamber 51 of the first radiation cell group 40a through the first opening 61. Simultaneously, the inner space of the second chamber 52 of the first radiation cell group 40a is reduced and thus air is discharged from the second chamber 52 through the second opening 62. At this time, the second motor 20b drives the second vibrating plate 10b in the direction D1, and the inner space of the first chamber 51 of the second radiation cell group 40b expands. Then, air flows into the first chamber 51 of the second radiation cell group 40b through the first opening 61. Simultaneously, the inner space of the second chamber 52 of the second radiation cell group 40b is reduced and thus air is discharged from the second chamber 52 through the second opening 62. Accordingly, the air, taken as a whole, flows in a direction E2.

    [0044] As such, when the first and second acoustic modules 100 and 200 are located to face each other and are complementarily driven, a direction of an exciting force by the first acoustic module 100 and a direction of an exciting force by the second acoustic module 200 are opposite to each other. Accordingly, the sum of the exciting forces of the acoustic transducer 1 is "0". If the first and second rods 30a and 30b are deviated from each other, that is, the first and second rods 30a and 30b are not coaxial with each other, although the sum of exciting forces is "0", the sum of moments by the exciting forces is not "0". Accordingly, residual vibration may be generated in a drive process of the acoustic transducer 1. The residual vibration may cause friction between the first and second rods 30a and 30b and the partitions 71∼78, that is, between the first and second rods 30a and 30b and the through-holes 79a, 79b, 79c, and 79d, and also friction between the stator and the vibrator in each of the first and second motors 20a and 20b. The friction generated between the elements of the acoustic transducer 1 may cause generation of abnormal sound and thus deteriorate operational reliability of the acoustic transducer 1.

    [0045] According to the present exemplary embodiment, since the first and second rods 30a and 30b are coaxial with each other, when the acoustic transducer 1 is operated in a method in which the first and second motors 20a and 20b drive the first and second rods 30a and 30b in the opposite directions, both of the sum of the exciting forces and the sum of the moments are "0". Accordingly, the residual vibration of the acoustic transducer 1 in the drive operation may be reduced. As a result, generation of abnormal sound may be prevented and the operational reliability of the acoustic transducer 1 may be improved.

    [0046] According to an acoustic transducer of a related art, the first vibrating plate 10a and the second vibrating plate 10b are alternately arranged when using the nomenclature of the present application. In other words, when using the nomenclature of the present application, the vibrating plates are arranged in an interleaved arrangement having an order of the vibrating plate 11 - the vibrating plate 15 ?the vibrating plate 12 ?the vibrating plate 16 ?the vibrating plate 13 ?the vibrating plate 17 ?the vibrating plate 14 ?the vibrating plate 18. According to the related art alternate arrangement structure, the first rod 30a is connected to the vibrating plates 11∼14 by penetrating through the vibrating plate 15, 16, and 17, and the second rod 30b is connected to the vibrating plates 15∼18 by penetrating through the vibrating plates 14, 13, and 12. To this end, through-holes, through which the first and second rods 30a and 30b penetrate, are provided in each of the vibrating plates 12∼14 and the vibrating plates 15∼17. According to the related art structure, the first and second rods 30a and 30b may not be arranged coaxially. Thus, the sum of moments is not "0" so that residual vibration may be generated. Also, since the first and second rods 30a and 30b move in the opposite directions, the vibrating plates 11∼14 and the vibrating plates 15∼18 are moved in the opposite directions. Accordingly, as the first rod 30a and the through-holes of the vibrating plates 15∼17, and the second rod 30b and the through-holes of the vibrating plates 12∼14, move in the opposite direction, friction is generated therebetween and abnormal sound may be generated.

    [0047] According to the acoustic transducer 1 of the present exemplary embodiment, the first vibrating plate 10a of the first acoustic module 100 and the second vibrating plate 10b of the second acoustic module 200 are spaced apart from each other and are not alternately arranged. Accordingly, the coaxial arrangement of the first and second rods 30a and 30b is possible. Also, since the first and second rods 30a and 30b drive the first and second vibrating plates 10a and 10b, respectively; the first rod 30a and the second vibrating plate 10b, and the second rod 30b and the first vibrating plate 10a, do not interfere with each other. Thus, since there is no need to form through-holes in the first and second vibrating plates 10a and 10b for the opposing rods, the structure of the first and second vibrating plates 10a and 10b are simplified and the generation of abnormal sound due to the friction between the first and second vibrating plates 10a and 10b and the second and first rods 30b and 30a, as in the acoustic transducer of a related art, may be structurally prevented.

    [0048] FIG. 5 is a side view of the acoustic transducer 1 of FIG. 1. FIG. 6 is a front view schematically illustrating sound radiation by a baffle guide 80 of FIG. 5. Referring to FIG. 5, the acoustic transducer 1 includes a baffle guide 80. The baffle guide 80 separates the first opening 61 and the second opening 62. When the acoustic transducer 1 is driven, the phase of a sound wave through the first opening 61 is reverse to the phase of a sound wave through the second opening 62. Accordingly, when the two sound waves meet, the two sound waves are offset by each other. Accordingly, the first opening 61 and the second opening 62 are separated by the baffle guide 80. When the acoustic transducer 1 is assembled in an enclosure of an electronic apparatus, for example a housing 302 of a display device in FIG. 10, any one of the first opening 61 and the second opening 62 becomes a sound radiation hole toward the outside of the enclosure and the other is located inside the enclosure.

    [0049] The baffle guide 80 of the present exemplary embodiment separates the first and second openings 61 and 62 in a direction along the minor axis 11b of the first and second vibrating plates 10a and 10b. That is, the baffle guide 80 extends along the major axis 11a. Accordingly, as illustrated in FIG. 6, sound is output in a direction along the minor axis 11b of the first and second vibrating plates 10a and 10b. In FIG. 6, a detailed structure of the acoustic transducer 1 is omitted, and only the first and second openings 61 and 62 and the baffle guide 80 are schematically illustrated.

    [0050] The shape of the baffle guide 80 is not limited to the example illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6. FIG. 7 is a front view of an acoustic transducer according to another exemplary embodiment. In FIG. 7, a detailed structure of the acoustic transducer 1 is omitted, and only the first and second openings 61 and 62 and a baffle guide 80a are schematically illustrated. Referring to FIG. 7, the baffle guide 80a separates the first and second openings 61 and 62 in a direction along the major axis 11a of the first and second vibrating plates 10a and 10b. According to the above structure, sound is output in a direction along the major axis 11a of the first and second vibrating plates 10a and 10b.

    [0051] As described above, by employing a baffle guide having various shapes, the acoustic transducer 1 may be appropriately arranged to occupy space as small as possible in an electronic apparatus according to the shape of the electronic apparatus employing the acoustic transducer 1.

    [0052] Although in the above-described exemplary embodiments each of the first and second acoustic modules 100 and 200 includes four vibrating plates, the number of vibrating plates may vary according to the output of the acoustic transducer 1. Accordingly, the number of vibrating plates of each of the first and second acoustic modules 100 and 200 may be greater or less than four. It should be noted that when the numbers of vibrating plates of the first and second acoustic modules 100 and 200 are the same, the sum of exciting forces is "0".

    [0053] Although in the above-described exemplary embodiments each of the first and second acoustic modules 100 and 200 employs two rods, the number of rods may be one, or three or more as illustrated in FIG. 8. Referring to FIG. 8, the first acoustic module 100 includes three rods 31, 32, and 35 and three motors 21, 22, and 25 for driving the three rods 31, 32, and 35, respectively. The second acoustic module 200 includes three rods 33, 34, and 36 and three motors 23, 24, and 26 for driving the three rods 33, 34, and 36, respectively. The rods 31, 32, and 35 make pairs with and are coaxial with the rods 33, 34, and 36, respectively. That is, rod 31 and rod 33 may form a pair, rod 32 and rod 34 may form a pair, and rod 35 and rod 36 may form a pair.

    [0054] Also, although in the above-described exemplary embodiment a structure in which the rods 31∼34 are respectively driven by the motors 21∼24, that is, the rod and the motor make a pair, is described, a structure in which two or more rods are driven by one motor may be possible. Referring to FIG. 9, the rods 31 and 32 of the first acoustic module 100 are driven by the motor 21, and the rods 33 and 34 of the second acoustic module 200 are driven by the motor 23. For example, a connection member 21a connected to a vibrator (not shown) is provided at the motor 21, and one end portions of each of the rods 31 and 32 may be connected to the connection member 21a. Likewise, a connection member 23a connected to a vibrator (not shown) is provided at the motor 23, and one end portion of each of the rods 33 and 34 may be connected to the connection member 23a. The rods 31 and 32 are coaxial with the rods 33 and 34, respectively. Also, vibration axes of the motors 21 and 23 are also coaxial with each other.

    [0055] The acoustic transducer 1 of the present exemplary embodiments may be applied to a variety of electronic apparatuses. For example, the acoustic transducer 1 may be applied to electronic apparatuses, for example, sound bars or display apparatuses such as flat panel televisions or monitors, for which slimming or miniaturizing are advantageous. For example, the acoustic transducer 1 may be employed as a woofer system of an electronic apparatus.

    [0056] FIG. 10 is a schematic front view of an example of a display apparatus employing the acoustic transducer 1. Referring to FIG. 10, a display apparatus 3 includes a housing 302 that accommodates a flat panel display 301. The housing 302 includes a sound radiation hole 303. In FIG. 10, the sound radiation hole 303 may be provided in a front or rear surface of the housing 302. The acoustic transducer 1 is arranged inside the housing 302. The acoustic transducer 1 may radiate sound forwardly from the display apparatus 3 through the sound radiation hole 303. In this case, the acoustic transducer 1 may have a structure of outputting sound in the direction along the minor axis 11b by employing, for example, the baffle guide 80 having a linear shape as illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6. As a result, the display apparatus 3 may be made slim, when taken as a whole.

    [0057] FIG. 11 is a schematic front view of another example of a display apparatus employing the acoustic transducer 1. Referring to FIG. 11, the display apparatus 3 includes the housing 302 that accommodates the flat panel display 301. The sound radiation hole 303 is provided in the housing 302. As illustrated in FIG. 11, when a width of an edge between the housing 302 and the display 301 is narrow, the sound radiation hole 303 may be provided on a lower or side surface of the housing 302. In this case, the acoustic transducer 1 may employ the baffle guide 80a having a "Z" shape as illustrated in FIG. 7 and may radiate sound in the direction along the major axis 11a. The acoustic transducer 1 having the above structure may be employed in the display apparatus 3 having a narrow edge so as to radiate sound downward or sideways from the display apparatus 3. A degree of freedom of design of the display apparatus 3 may be extended. The sound radiation hole 303 may have a slit radiation structure to radiate sound forward or rearward.

    [0058] FIG. 12 is a schematic front view of an example of a sound bar 4 employing the acoustic transducer 1. In the present exemplary embodiment, the acoustic transducer 1 is employed as a woofer system. Referring to FIG. 12, a housing 401 of a sound bar 4 accommodates one or more speakers 402 reproducing sound of various frequency ranges and the acoustic transducer 1. In this case, a radiation woofer system may be implemented by employing the baffle guide 80 having a linear shape as illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6. A forward radiation woofer system may be implemented by employing the baffle guide 80a having a "Z" shape as illustrated in FIG. 7. According to the above structure, a thickness T of the sound bar 4 may be reduced and thus the sound bar 4 or a sound plate having a slim shape with an integrated woofer system may be implemented.

    [0059] Also, as illustrated in FIG. 13, the acoustic transducer 1 may be arranged by being erected. In this case, a forward radiation woofer system may be implemented by employing the baffle guide 80 having a linear shape as illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6. A downward or sideways radiation woofer system may be implemented by employing the baffle guide 80a having a "Z" shape as illustrated in FIG. 7. According to the above structure, a depth D of the sound bar 4 may be reduced and thus a linear-type sound bar with an integrated woofer system may be implemented.

    [0060] Although in the above-described exemplary embodiments a display apparatus and a sound bar are described as examples of electronic apparatuses, the electronic apparatuses may include personal computers (PCs), notebook computers, mobile phone, tablet PCs, navigation terminals, smartphones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), portable multimedia players (PMPs), and digital broadcast receivers. These are merely exemplary and the electronic apparatuses may be interpreted to be a concept including all apparatuses capable of communicating that are currently developed and commercialized or will be developed in the future, in addition to the above examples.


    Claims

    1. An acoustic transducer comprising:

    a first acoustic module (100) comprising a first vibrating plate (10a), a first rod (31), a second rod (32) and at least one first motor (21), wherein the first rod and the second rod are connected to and driven by the first motor and the first vibrating plate is connected to the first rod and the second rod; and

    a second acoustic module (200) comprising a second vibrating plate (10b), a third rod (33), a fourth rod (34) and at least one second motor (23), wherein the third rod and the fourth rod are connected to and driven by the second motor and the second vibrating plate is connected to the third rod and the fourth rod,

    wherein the first rod and the third rod are coaxially arranged separate rods, the second rod and the fourth rod are coaxially arranged separate rods.


     
    2. The acoustic transducer of claim 1, wherein the first acoustic module and the second acoustic module are arranged to face each other in an axial direction of the first and third rods.
     
    3. The acoustic transducer of claim 2, wherein the first and second vibrating plates have an elongated shape with a major axis and a minor axis.
     
    4. The acoustic transducer of claim 3, wherein the first acoustic module comprises a plurality of first vibrating plates arranged in an axial direction of the first rod, and the second acoustic module comprises a plurality of second vibrating plates arranged in an axial direction of the third rod.
     
    5. The acoustic transducer of claim 3, wherein the first and second vibrating plates are respectively located inside first and second radiation cells,
    the first and second radiation cells are respectively divided by the first and second vibrating plates into a first chamber and a second chamber, and
    first and second openings connected to an outside of the acoustic transducer are respectively provided in the first and second chambers.
     
    6. The acoustic transducer of claim 5, further comprising a baffle guide that separates the first openings from the second openings.
     
    7. The acoustic transducer of claim 6, wherein the baffle guide separates the first openings from the second openings in a direction along the minor axis.
     
    8. The acoustic transducer of claim 6, wherein the baffle guide separates the first openings from the second openings in a direction along the major axis.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Akustischer Wandler umfassend:

    ein erstes akustisches Modul (100), das eine erste Vibrationsplatte (10a), eine erste Stange (31), eine zweite Stange (32) und mindestens einen ersten Motor (21) umfasst, wobei die erste Stange und die zweite Stange mit dem ersten Motor verbunden sind und durch ihn angetrieben werden und die erste Vibrationsplatte mit der ersten Stange und der zweiten Stange verbunden ist; und

    ein zweites akustisches Modul (200), das eine zweite Vibrationsplatte (10b), eine dritte Stange (33), eine vierte Stange (34) und mindestens einen zweiten Motor (23) umfasst, wobei die dritte Stange und die vierte Stange mit dem zweiten Motor verbunden sind und durch ihn angetrieben werden und die zweite Vibrationsplatte mit der dritten Stange und der vierten Stange verbunden ist,

    wobei die erste Stange und die dritte Stange koaxial angeordnete getrennte Stangen sind, die zweite Stange und die vierte Stange koaxial angeordnete getrennte Stangen sind.


     
    2. Akustischer Wandler nach Anspruch 1, wobei das erste akustische Modul und das zweite akustische Modul so angeordnet sind, dass sie in axialer Richtung der ersten und dritten Stangen einander zugewandt sind.
     
    3. Akustischer Wandler nach Anspruch 2, wobei die erste und die zweite Vibrationsplatte eine verlängerte Form mit einer Hauptachse und einer Nebenachse aufweisen.
     
    4. Akustischer Wandler nach Anspruch 3, wobei das erste akustische Modul eine Vielzahl von ersten Vibrationsplatten umfasst, die in axialer Richtung der ersten Stange angeordnet sind, und das zweite akustische Modul eine Vielzahl von zweiten Vibrationsplatten umfasst, die in axialer Richtung der dritten Stange angeordnet sind.
     
    5. Akustischer Wandler nach Anspruch 3, wobei die ersten und die zweiten Vibrationsplatten jeweils in die ersten und die zweiten Strahlungszellen positioniert werden,
    die ersten und die zweiten Strahlungszellen jeweils durch die ersten und die zweiten Vibrationsplatten in eine erste Kammer und eine zweite Kammer geteilt werden, und
    die ersten und die zweiten Öffnungen, die mit einer Außenseite des akustischen Wandlers verbunden sind, jeweils in der ersten und der zweiten Kammer vorgesehen sind.
     
    6. Akustischer Wandler nach Anspruch 5, ferner umfassend eine Umlenkführung, die die ersten Öffnungen von den zweiten Öffnungen trennt.
     
    7. Akustischer Wandler nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Umlenkführung die ersten Öffnungen von den zweiten Öffnungen in einer Richtung entlang der Nebenachse trennt.
     
    8. Akustischer Wandler nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Umlenkführung die ersten Öffnungen von den zweiten Öffnungen in einer Richtung entlang der Hauptachse trennt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Transducteur acoustique comprenant :

    un premier module acoustique (100) comprenant une première plaque vibrante (10a), une première tige (31), une deuxième tige (32) et au moins un premier moteur (21), où la première tige et la deuxième tige sont connectées à et guidées par le premier moteur et la première plaque vibrante est connectée à la première tige et à la deuxième tige ; et

    un deuxième module acoustique (200) comprenant une deuxième plaque vibrante (10b), une troisième tige (33), une quatrième tige (34) et au moins un deuxième moteur (23), où la troisième tige et la quatrième tige sont connectées à et guidées par le deuxième moteur et la deuxième plaque vibrante est connectée à la troisième tige et à la quatrième tige,

    où la première tige et la troisième tige sont des tiges séparées disposées de manière coaxiale, la deuxième tige et la quatrième tige étant des tiges séparées disposées de manière coaxiale.


     
    2. Transducteur acoustique selon la revendication 1, où le premier module acoustique et le deuxième module acoustique sont disposés pour se faire face dans une direction axiale des première et troisième tiges.
     
    3. Transducteur acoustique selon la revendication 2, où les première et deuxième plaques vibrantes ont une forme allongée avec un axe majeur et un axe mineur.
     
    4. Transducteur acoustique selon la revendication 3, où le premier module acoustique comprend une pluralité de premières plaques vibrantes disposées dans une direction axiale de la première tige, et le deuxième module acoustique comprend une pluralité de deuxièmes plaques vibrantes disposées dans une direction axiale de la troisième tige.
     
    5. Transducteur acoustique selon la revendication 3, où les première et deuxième plaques vibrantes sont respectivement situées à l'intérieur des première et deuxième cellules de rayonnement,
    les première et deuxième cellules de rayonnement sont respectivement divisées par les première et deuxième plaques vibrantes en une première chambre et une deuxième chambre, et
    des première et deuxième ouvertures connectées à l'extérieur du transducteur acoustique sont respectivement prévues dans les première et deuxième chambres.
     
    6. Transducteur acoustique selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre un guide de déflecteur qui sépare les premières ouvertures des deuxièmes ouvertures.
     
    7. Transducteur acoustique selon la revendication 6, où le guide de déflecteur sépare les premières ouvertures des deuxièmes ouvertures dans une direction le long de l'axe mineur.
     
    8. Transducteur acoustique selon la revendication 6, où le guide de déflecteur sépare les premières ouvertures des deuxièmes ouvertures dans une direction le long de l'axe majeur.
     




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    Cited references

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    Patent documents cited in the description