(11)EP 3 541 608 B1


(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.12.2021 Bulletin 2021/52

(21)Application number: 16921795.7

(22)Date of filing:  18.11.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B29C 70/18(2006.01)
F01N 1/24(2006.01)
F01N 13/16(2010.01)
B29D 23/00(2006.01)
F01N 13/08(2010.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
B29C 70/446; B29D 23/00; B29C 70/18; F01N 13/16; F01N 2530/18; F01N 1/24; F01N 2530/20; F01N 1/00; F01N 13/08; F01N 1/089
(86)International application number:
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/090124 (24.05.2018 Gazette  2018/21)





(84)Designated Contracting States:

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/39

(73)Proprietor: Novo Plastics Inc.
Markham, Ontario L6C 1Z6 (CA)

  • SIERRA, Baljit
    Richmond Hill Ontario L4E 3M9 (CA)
    36391 Sinntal - Sannerz (DE)

(74)Representative: Stöckeler, Ferdinand 
Schoppe, Zimmermann, Stöckeler Zinkler, Schenk & Partner mbB Patentanwälte Radlkoferstrasse 2
81373 München
81373 München (DE)

(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 446 064
CA-A1- 2 806 707
US-A1- 2009 194 364
CA-A1- 2 228 992
US-A1- 2007 240 932
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).



    [0001] This relates generally to exhaust assemblies and methods, and more particularly to exhaust subsystems formed substantially of polymer and fiber (e.g. glass).


    [0002] Vehicle exhaust assemblies are typically formed of sheet metal or stainless steel to allow the transport of hot exhaust gases from a combustion engine away from the vehicle. Metal is typically primarily used to allow the exhaust system to withstand high temperatures, and transfer heat away in the gases away from the vehicle.

    [0003] Metal, of course, has its limitations. In particular, it is somewhat heavy. Also the shapes that can be formed are somewhat limited. Further, it is prone to corrosion. And in exhaust applications, it tends to get hot.

    [0004] More recently, synthetic materials, such as polymers, have been introduced into vehicle exhaust assemblies. The polymer material is less costly, lighter, and less susceptible to corrosion. At the same time, such materials are typically less able to dissipate heat, and require heat resistant components.

    [0005] Nevertheless exhaust systems that incorporate synthetic materials are in early stages of development. Often, they continue to rely on steel components.

    [0006] CA 2 228 992 A1 describes a free-standing, compressed, hardened porous, resilient sheath of sound absorbing fibrous material for use in silencer or muffler pipes as an intermediate sound absorbing element. The material is formed by (a) wrapping an uncompressed pad of fibrous material containing a thermo-setting hardening agent around a shaped mandrel having outside surface shape and dimensions conforming the outside surface shape and dimensions of the inner three-element muffler pipe, (b) subjecting the wrapped mandrel and sheath of uncompressed material to a pressure sufficient to conform the outside surface of the compressed pad to the inside surface shape and dimensions of the outer muffler pipe sleeve element, and to a temperature sufficient to set the thermo-setting hardening agent; and (c) removing the mandrel. Three-element muffler pipes comprising the hardened porous sheath, mufflers containing the three-element pipes, and methods for making the hardened porous sheaths, three-element muffler pipes, and mufflers are also disclosed.

    [0007] EP 0 446 064 A2 describes a glass fiber material for use in severe environments that include nitrogen acids, sulfuric acids, alkalis, and ammonia, wherein said glass fiber contains about 5% to 40% by weight of ZrO2. The glass fiber material can be used to make a reinforced synthetic resin product that is excellent in resistance to acids and alkalis, such as a silencer for the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine.


    [0008] It is an object to provide an improved exhaust subsystem that take advantage of synthetic materials.

    [0009] This object is achieved by an exhaust subsystem according to claim 1, and by a method according to claim 10.

    [0010] Other features will become apparent from the drawings in conjunction with the following description.


    [0011] In the figures which illustrate example embodiments,

    FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a vehicle including an exhaust assembly and exhaust subsystem, exemplary of an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is an end perspective view of an exhaust subsystem and muffler of FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a portion of the exhaust subsystem including the muffler of FIG. 2;

    FIGS. 4-6 are perspective views of the muffler of FIG. 3, partially open;

    FIG. 7 is a perspective view of fiber pipes used in an example exhaust subsystem;

    FIGS. 8A-8F are schematic views illustrating the formation of pipe of FIG. 7; and

    FIG. 9 is a perspective view an alternate arrangement of fibers used in the formation of fiber pipes.


    [0012] FIG. 1 illustrates a vehicle 10 which includes an exhaust assembly 12, formed of two separate exhaust subsystems: a forward exhaust subsystem 14; and an aft exhaust subsystem 16, having a polymeric exterior housing, and fiber pipes 32, 34 exemplary of an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0013] As illustrated in FIG. 1, vehicle 10 includes an internal combustion engine 18, located forward of a passenger compartment 20. Exhaust assembly 12 interconnects to internal combustion engine 18 and guides exhaust gases from internal combustion engine 18 to the rear of vehicle 10, allowing those gases to exhaust away from vehicle 10. Forward exhaust subsystem 14 is in fluid communication with internal combustion engine 18, and may include one or more exhaust components, such as exhaust manifolds 22, catalytic convertors/particle filters 24, and one or more pipes 26 emanating from internal combustion engine 18 and connected in flow series. Forward exhaust subsystem 14 is further in flow communication with aft exhaust subsystem 16. Aft exhaust subsystem 16 is located downstream of forward exhaust subsystem 14, in the direction of exhaust flow.

    [0014] In the depicted embodiment, aft exhaust subsystem 16 terminates near the rear of vehicle 10, as more particularly illustrated in FIG. 2.

    [0015] Exhaust subsystems 14, 16 are physically mounted to the vehicle in a conventional manner, for example, by being suspended from the chassis of vehicle 10. Forward exhaust subsystem 14 may define one or more flow paths between internal combustion engine 18 and aft exhaust subsystem 16. As illustrated, forward exhaust subsystem 14 may provide a discrete flow path 28 on each side of internal combustion engine 18 to aft exhaust subsystem 16. Multiple flow paths 28 may converge to a single path to feed aft exhaust subsystem 16.

    [0016] Aft exhaust subsystem 16 may include pipe 32 muffler 36, and tail pipe 34. Aft exhaust subsystem 16 may further include one or more coupling assembly(ies) 30 and additional pipe segment(s) which connect forward exhaust subsystem 14 with aft exhaust subsystem 16. Coupling assemblies 30 provide an interface between the substantially polymeric components of aft exhaust subsystem 16 and forward exhaust subsystem 14. As illustrated, coupling assembly 30 is located downstream of the catalytic convertor/particle filter 24 of vehicle 10. However, coupling assembly 30 may be located anywhere downstream of exhaust manifold 22 of vehicle 10.

    [0017] As will be appreciated, engine 18 produces high-temperature and pressure and expels exhaust gases. Exhaust gases travel through sealed forward exhaust subsystem 14. Partially cooled exhaust gases exit from forward exhaust subsystem 14 into aft exhaust subsystem 16 by way of coupling assembly 30.

    [0018] As exhaust gases propagate along pipes of forward exhaust subsystem 14, exhaust gases gradually cool.

    [0019] As illustrated in FIGS. 2-6, muffler 36 of aft exhaust subsystem 16 is housed in a non-metal exterior housing 38. As illustrated in FIG. 3, example housing 38 is generally oval in cross-section, and may have a generally constant cross-section. Other shapes will be apparent to those of ordinary skill. For example, housing 38 could have an arbitrary shape - it may for example have a round or varying cross-section, it might be rectangular, etc., depending on application. Housing 38 defines an interior cavity 40, shown in FIGS. 4-6.

    [0020] End walls 33 and 35 cap the end of housing 38, and include generally circular opening 52, 54. Openings 52 and 54 are laterally offset from each other, with openings 52, 54 on either side of a central axis (generally parallel of the flow of gases through muffler 36) of muffler 36. Polymeric sleeves 60, 62 may be formed on wall 33, 35 and extend about openings 52, 54.

    [0021] Housing 38 may be formed in two housing halves - a top half 56a and a bottom half 56b, as illustrated in FIG. 3. The two halves 56a, 56b may each be formed of polymer, and include fitting groves and notches to align halves 56a and 56b and may be screwed together or otherwise affixed to each other to form a closed shell. Again, other geometries will be readily apparent to those of ordinary skill. For example, housing 38 could be formed as central body with end caps.

    [0022] Interior 40 of muffler 36 is depicted in FIGS. 4-6. As illustrated, pipes 32, 34 extend through openings 52, 54 respectively and are supported by laterally offset interior walls 70, 72 and 74. Interior walls 70, 72, 74 may rest within slots the bottom half 56b of housing 38.

    [0023] Each of walls 70, 74 has an opening 80, 82, complementary to openings 52, 54 in end walls 33 and 35. As illustrated, pipe 32 extends through opening 52 in end wall 33; through opening 80 in wall 70; and through opening 86 of wall 72.

    [0024] Outer wall of pipe 32 fit snugly in openings 52, 80, and 86. A further filler material 90 may be placed around pipe 32 to generally seal any gap between pipe 32 and opening 52. Filler material 90 may rest between pipe 32 and skirt 60 in the form of a polymeric sleeve. Filler material 90 may be glass fiber - in sheet or loose form; a gel, glue or the like. Outer wall of pipe 34 likewise fits snugly in openings 54, 82, and 88. Pipe 32 is therefore supported by walls 70 and 72, while pipe 34 is supported by walls 74 and 72.

    [0025] Ends of pipes 32, 34 also each rest within openings 86, 88 in center wall 72. In this way, exhaust gases exiting one pipe 32 may be transferred to the upstream opening of pipe 34 to and exhausted from aft subsystem 16, through pipes 34.

    [0026] As gases are exchanged between pipes 32 and 34, energy and heat may be dissipated within cavity 40. To that end, cavity 40 may be line with a polymeric or insulation layer 41 formed of fiber or other material that is configured to absorb sound and heat. As depicted, insulation layer 41 may take the form of a mat liner mounted or affixed to the interior of housing 38. Optionally, insulation layer 41 may also include other liner material in the form of fiber or the like within cavity 40. Optionally, layer 41 could be molded to conform to the interior of cavity 40 and made of mineral fibers, ceramics or the like.

    [0027] Housing 38 may be formed by forming upper and lower casings 56a, 56b, using conventional polymer molding techniques - e.g. blow moulding or injection molding.

    [0028] Walls 70, 72, 74 may be cut from a suitable material -such as a polymer or fiberglass.

    [0029] Example pipes 32, 34 are formed of a fiber material that are microporous, and define an interior passage 31. In the depicted embodiment the fiber material may be inorganic glass fibers bound by an inorganic binder. Other fiber materials could be used, including ceramics, plastics or composites or mixtures thereof.

    [0030] As a consequence, pipes 32, 34 act as thermal insulators, retaining much of the heat transported by exhaust gases emanating with engine 18 (FIG. 1), without dissipating this heat into cavity 40, and thereby heating housing 38 beyond an acceptable temperature. As will be appreciated, exhaust gases typically have temperatures in excess of 500 °C and often in excess of 900 °C.

    [0031] Moreover, glass fiber of pipe 32 defines micropores on the interior passage 31 of pipe 32, as for example illustrated in FIG. 7. These micropores absorb mechanical energy, and in particular acoustic energy, in gases transported through pipes 32, thereby reducing exhaust noise.

    [0032] The porosity required will depend on the desired frequency range of attenuation, to which the muffler 36 is to be tuned. Not surprisingly, this frequency of attenuation typically influences the overall exhaust subsystem geometry (e.g. the size and configuration of chambers in muffler 36). A typical muffler may, for example, be designed to attenuate sounds with frequencies between 50Hz and 1500Hz. The inorganic binder that is used on the glass fiber of pipe 32 may leave fibers loose but embedded in the binder. The fibers may be spaced and/or loose to provide, in combination with the binder, the micropores. The binder may be chosen to prevent the dislodging of the glass fibers from the pipe. As well, the higher the frequency the higher the absorption grade of the fiber used. As will be appreciated, the resulting porosity and/or loose fiber may create additional friction on gases within the pipe and muffler that assist acoustic attenuation, beyond mere reflection in muffler 36. As will be appreciated, a skilled may select appropriate binder and fibers to achieve a desired porosity and attenuation in pipe 32 using know acoustic tuning techniques.

    [0033] Although insulation layer 41 may provide sufficient thermal protection, to ensure that heat absorbed from the exhaust gases does not cause exterior pipe 32 to melt or materially deform, insulation layer 41 limits the amount of heat that may be transferred from the exhaust gases to aft exhaust subsystem 16. As a consequence, exhaust gases exiting aft exhaust subsystem 16 exit at higher temperatures than they would in the absence of insulation layer 41. With modern combustion engines, this remains acceptable as such engines produce lower temperature exhaust gases.

    [0034] In any event, engine 18, in operation, also causes sound waves to propagate down pipe 32. The sounds created by engine 18 may be particularly loud within a certain characteristic frequency range, which is determined by factors including the operating speed (revolutions per minute), number of cylinders and configuration of cylinders of engine 18. Sound waves are created by pulses of high pressure emitted from engine 18, which pass through forward exhaust subsystem 14 to and through aft exhaust subsystem 16.

    [0035] As the sound waves travel through pipe 32 to muffler 36, they may be attenuated in several ways. Specifically, the sound waves may be attenuated by micropores in pipe 32 or in muffler 36.

    [0036] Each of pipes 32, 34 may be formed as schematically illustrated in FIGS. 8A-8F.

    [0037] As illustrated in FIGS. 8A-8F, raw glass (or other - e.g. ceramic) fibers 200 may be formed into sheets 202. Sheets 202 may be woven, knitted, stamped or otherwise manipulated fibers 200 to form sheets 202. Fibers 200 may for example calcium-silicate fiber strands, as for example made available by HKO under the trademark Hakotherm. Example fibers may have a heat resistance of 750°C and a softening temperature of 916°C or higher. Other suitable fibers may be chosen from avaialable is ECR (E-Glass Corrosion Resistant) glass fibers or ceramic fibers/solids, as available from DBW (Powerfil, Powermat, Powertex), Owens Corning (Advantex), Culimeta (Acousta-fil, VitriMat), or others.

    [0038] Each sheet 202 may be placed atop a molding core 204. Molding core 204 may take the form hollow pipe, with an outer diameter corresponding to the inner diameter of pipes 32, 34. Molding core 204 may be formed of a thermally conductive material, such as metal - e.g. steel, copper, iron, etc. or a suitable alloy; a ceramic; or other material that may be heated and transfer heat to pipe 32, 34 to allow curing, as described below.

    [0039] The thickness of core 204 may be several millimetres (e.g. 5 - 8 mm). Molding core 204 may include a number of apertures 206 on the outer surface of pipe. Apertures 206 may be in flow communication with the interior of pipe 204, to allow air or other gas to flow through the interior of molding core 204.
    A layer 210 of sheets 202 formed on core 204 may then be covered with a binder 208 (FIG. 8D). Binder 208 may take the form of an inorganic binder, such as those that are silicate or silica based. The binders should be resistant to heat and vibration as experienced in muffler applications. Suitable binders may be inorganic molecules. Inorganic binders suitable for the manufacture of glass fiber composites that perform at high temperatures may include alumino-silicate-based geopolymeric systems (e.g., those available from Pyromeral Systems S.A., Barbery, France) and colloidal silica systems (e.g., LUDOX® products, available from W.R. Grace & Co., Columbia, Maryland, U.S.A.).

    [0040] Binder 208 may be applied after sheets 202 are placed on molding core 204, or may be applied with each sheet 202 - for example by soaking sheet 202, or otherwise impregnating or coating fibers 200 prior to application of sheet 202.

    [0041] Once an initial layer 210 is formed, subsequent layers 210 of sheets 202 may be formed atop the initial layer. Each subsequent layer of glass sheets 202 may be formed atop previously formed layers of sheet and bound by binder 208.

    [0042] Once a desired number of layers 210 of sheets 202 are placed atop molding core 204, the multiple layers 210 may be cured. This may, for example, be facilitated by heating core 204.

    [0043] For example, heated gases may be flowed through the interior of molding core 204 to cure resulting pipe 32 or 34. The heated gases may take the form of hot air, heated to temperatures to between 100°C-350°C or hotter. Hot air entering pipe defining molding core 204 may exit apertures 206. The temperature of the air and curing time will depend on the number of layers 210, and therefore the overall thickness of the resulting pipe 32, 34. Generally, the thicker the pipe the longer the curing time.

    [0044] Example pipe 32 and pipes 32' and 32" formed as described with reference to FIGS. 8A-8F are illustrated in FIG. 7.

    [0045] Example binders, once cured may be heat resistant to about 500 °C, 700 °C, 900 °C or higher temperatures.

    [0046] Once cured, pipe 32/34 may be removed from molding core 204 (or likewise, molding core 204 may be removed from pipe 32/34).

    [0047] The exterior of pipe 32 may then be painted, buffed, sanded or otherwise finished. In an embodiment, pipe 32 may be perforated by a series of holes formed in pipe 32. Pipe 32 may perforated by drilling. In alternate embodiments, molding core 204 may include protrusions used to form such perforations.

    [0048] Pipes 32/34 when formed may be mounted in housing 38 to form muffler 36. The resulting muffler 36 is substantially or entirely free of metal, and is therefore much lighter than a conventional muffler.

    [0049] As will be appreciated pipes 32/34 are depicted as straight, with uniform cross-sections. Pipes 32/34 or similar pipes could be formed of arbitrary shapes - e.g. having differing cross sections, bends, openings, contours, or the like. To that end, a pipe as depicted in US Patent No. 9,194,513 may be formed as described herein.

    [0050] In yet alternate embodiments, an example glass fiber pipe could be formed by placing loose or braided fibers on molding core 204, along with binder 208. Again, multiple layers of loose or braided fibers could be placed, bonded and cured. An example arrangement of braided fibers is illustrated in FIG. 9.

    [0051] Conveniently, aft exhaust subsystem 16 may extend all the way to the exhaust system exit, and may obviate the need for a volume muffler. Conveniently, sound attenuation may occur all the way along the length of pipes 32, 34.

    [0052] Of course, the above described embodiments are intended to be illustrative only and in no way limiting. The described embodiments are susceptible to many modifications of form, arrangement of parts, details and order of operation. The invention is intended to encompass all such modification within its scope, as defined by the claims.


    1. An exhaust subsystem comprising:

    an exterior housing (38) formed of polymer, defining a cavity (40); and

    a pipe (32) carried by said exterior housing (38), said pipe (32) defining an interior passage that transports exhaust gases into said cavity (40) to attenuate sound;

    wherein said pipe (32) is formed of a layered fibers (210) formed at least partially of glass, and bound by an inorganic binder (208), wherein said fibers (210) define a microporous inner surface of said interior passage, and

    wherein said exhaust subsystem is substantially metal free.

    2. The exhaust subsystem of claim 1, wherein said fibers (210) comprise at least one of calcium silicate, ceramics, or braided fibers.
    3. The exhaust subsystem of claim 1, wherein said inorganic binder (208) is silica or silicate based.
    4. The exhaust subsystem of claim 1, further comprising a fiber liner (41) in said housing (38).
    5. The exhaust subsystem of claim 1, wherein said pipe (32) has been pre-molded on a molding core (204).
    6. The exhaust subsystem of claim 1, further comprising sound insulating material within said housing (38) to absorb energy from exhaust gasses transported by said interior passage into said cavity (40).
    7. The exhaust subsystem of claim 6, wherein said sound insulating material comprises glass fiber.
    8. The exhaust subsystem of claim 1, further comprising an upstanding wall (70, 74) for supporting said pipe (32) and a second pipe (34) in said housing (38).
    9. The exhaust subsystem of claim 1, wherein said housing (38) has a generally oval cross-section, and wherein said exterior housing (38) is formed in at least two casing portions.
    10. A method of forming a pipe (32) for use in an exhaust subsystem, the method comprising:

    forming at least one layer comprising fiber material and an inorganic binder (208) on a molding core (204), wherein said molding core (204) is formed of a thermally conductive material; and

    curing said inorganic binder (208), by heating said thermally conductive material by flowing heated gases through said molding core (204), to form said pipe (32).

    11. The method of claim 10, wherein said at least one layer comprises sheets of fiber material, or braided fiber material.
    12. The method of claim 10, further comprising removing said pipe (32) from said molding core (204).
    13. The method of claim 10, wherein said molding core (204) comprises apertures to guide said heated gases from an interior of said molding core (204) to said pipe (32).


    1. Ein Abluftteilsystem, das folgende Merkmale aufweist:

    ein Außengehäuse (38), das aus Polymer gebildet ist und einen Hohlraum (40) definiert; und

    ein Rohr (32), das seitens des Außengehäuses (38) getragen wird, wobei das Rohr (32) einen Innendurchgang definiert, der Abgase in den Hohlraum (40) transportiert, um Schall zu dämpfen;

    wobei das Rohr (32) aus geschichteten Fasern (210) gebildet ist, die zumindest teilweise aus Glas gebildet und durch ein anorganisches Bindemittel (208) gebunden sind, wobei die Fasern (210) eine mikroporöse Innenoberfläche des Innendurchgangs definieren, und

    wobei das Abluftteilsystem im Wesentlichen frei von Metall ist.

    2. Das Abluftteilsystem gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem die Fasern (210) zumindest entweder Calciumsilicat, Keramik und/oder geflochtene Fasern aufweisen.
    3. Das Abluftteilsystem gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem das anorganische Bindemittel (208) auf Silika oder Silikat beruht.
    4. Das Abluftteilsystem gemäß Anspruch 1, das ferner einen Faserbelag (41) in dem Gehäuse (38) aufweist.
    5. Das Abluftteilsystem gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem das Rohr (32) an einem Formungskern (204) vorgeformt wurde.
    6. Das Abluftteilsystem gemäß Anspruch 1, das ferner ein Schallisoliermaterial in dem Gehäuse (38) aufweist, um Energie von Abgasen zu absorbieren, die seitens des Innendurchgangs in den Hohlraum (40) transportiert werden.
    7. Das Abluftteilsystem gemäß Anspruch 6, bei dem das Schallisoliermaterial Glasfaser aufweist.
    8. Das Abluftteilsystem gemäß Anspruch 1, das ferner eine aufrechtstehende Wand (70, 74) zum Stützen des Rohrs (32) und eines zweiten Rohrs in dem Gehäuse (38) aufweist.
    9. Das Abluftteilsystem gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem das Gehäuse (38) einen allgemein ovalen Querschnitt aufweist und bei dem das Außengehäuse (38) in zumindest zwei Ummantelungsabschnitten gebildet ist.
    10. Ein Verfahren zum Bilden eines Rohrs (32) zur Verwendung bei einem Abluftteilsystem, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte aufweist:

    Bilden zumindest einer Schicht, die Fasermaterial und ein anorganisches Bindemittel (208) aufweist, an einem Formungskern (204), wobei der Formungskern (204) aus einem wärmeleitfähigen Material gebildet ist; und

    Härten des anorganischen Bindemittels (208) durch Erhitzen des wärmeleitfähigen Materials, indem man erhitzte Gase durch den Formungskern (204) strömen lässt, um das Rohr (32) zu bilden.

    11. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 10, bei dem die zumindest eine Schicht Lagen aus Fasermaterial oder geflochtenem Fasermaterial aufweist.
    12. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 10, das ferner ein Beseitigen des Rohrs (32) aus dem Formungskern (204) aufweist.
    13. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 10, bei dem der Formungskern (204) Aperturen aufweist, um die erhitzten Gase aus einem Inneren des Formungskerns (204) zu dem Rohr (32) zu leiten.


    1. Sous-système d'échappement comprenant:

    un boîtier extérieur (38) formé en polymère, définissant une cavité (40); et

    un tuyau (32) porté par ledit boîtier extérieur (38), ledit tuyau (32) définissant un passage intérieur qui transporte les gaz d'échappement vers ladite cavité (40) pour atténuer le son;

    dans lequel ledit tuyau (32) est formé de fibres stratifiées (210) formées au moins partiellement de verre, et liées par un liant inorganique (208), dans lequel lesdites fibres (210) définissent une surface intérieure microporeuse dudit passage intérieur, et

    dans lequel ledit sous-système d'échappement est sensiblement exempt de métal.

    2. Sous-système d'échappement selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdites fibres (210) comprennent au moins l'un parmi du silicate de calcium, des céramiques ou des fibres tressées.
    3. Sous-système d'échappement selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit liant inorganique (208) est à base de silice ou de silicate.
    4. Sous-système d'échappement selon la revendication 1, comprenant par ailleurs un revêtement de fibres (41) dans ledit boîtier (38).
    5. Sous-système d'échappement selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit tuyau (32) a été pré-moulé sur un noyau de moulage (204).
    6. Sous-système d'échappement selon la revendication 1, comprenant par ailleurs un matériau d'isolation acoustique à l'intérieur dudit boîtier (38) destiné à absorber l'énergie des gaz d'échappement transportés par ledit passage intérieur vers ladite cavité (40).
    7. Sous-système d'échappement selon la revendication 6, dans lequel ledit matériau d'isolation acoustique comprend de la fibre de verre.
    8. Sous-système d'échappement selon la revendication 1, comprenant par ailleurs une paroi verticale (70, 74) destinée à supporter ledit tuyau (32) et un deuxième tuyau (34) dans ledit boîtier (38).
    9. Sous-système d'échappement selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit boîtier (38) présente une section transversale généralement ovale, et dans lequel ledit boîtier extérieur (38) est formé dans au moins deux parties de boîtier.
    10. Procédé de formation d'un tuyau (32) destiné à être utilisé dans un sous-système d'échappement, le procédé comprenant le fait de:

    former au moins une couche comprenant un matériau de fibres et un liant inorganique (208) sur un noyau de moulage (204), dans lequel ledit noyau de moulage (204) est formé en un matériau thermo-conducteur; et

    laisser durcir ledit liant inorganique (208) en chauffant ledit matériau thermo-conducteur en faisant circuler des gaz chauffés à travers ledit noyau de moulage (204), pour former ledit tuyau (32).

    11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel ladite au moins une couche comprend des feuilles de matériau en fibres, ou de matériau en fibres tressées.
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 10, comprenant par ailleurs le fait de retirer ledit tuyau (32) dudit noyau de moulage (204).
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel ledit noyau de moulage (204) comprend des ouvertures destinées à guider lesdits gaz chauffés d'un intérieur dudit noyau de moulage (204) vers ledit tuyau (32).


    Cited references


    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description