(19)
(11)EP 3 542 385 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 17817128.6

(22)Date of filing:  21.11.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01H 3/16(2006.01)
H01H 27/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2017/057277
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/092108 (24.05.2018 Gazette  2018/21)

(54)

SAFETY SWITCH WITH DIFFERENTIATED CPU

SICHERHEITSSCHALTER MIT DIFFERENZIERTER CPU

COMMUTATEUR DE SÉCURITÉ À CPU DIFFÉRENCIÉE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 21.11.2016 IT 201600117298

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/39

(73)Proprietor: Pizzato Elettrica S.r.l.
36063 Marostica (Vicenza) (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • PIZZATO, Marco
    36063 Marostica (VI) (IT)

(74)Representative: Maiello, Helenio Francesco 
Studio Ing. Ranieri Marino Contrà Paolo Lioy, 24
36100 Vicenza
36100 Vicenza (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2007 091 518
US-B1- 6 409 083
US-A1- 2016 156 351
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention finds application in the field of electrical devices for industrial use and has particularly for object a safety switch with differentiated CPUs designed to guard an access to a machine or industrial plant.

    State of the art



    [0002] As known, the switches designed to guard access to industrial machines or plants, such as protection panels, barriers, safety perimeters, comprise a switching device suitable for being anchored to the fixed part of the access and a driving device adapted to be anchored to the movable part.

    [0003] In known manner, when the movable part is closed, the interaction between the switching device and the driving device is determined, making it possible to start the machine or plant, unless there are conditions that require the specific intervention of an operator.

    [0004] By contrast, the opening of the access and the consequent removal of the driving device from the switching device produce the immediate shutdown of the machine or plant in order to allow access to it in safe conditions.

    [0005] The switching device is also provided with electronic control means to verify that all the safety conditions are respected and to block the machine or plant in case one or more of the safety conditions are not respected.

    [0006] In particular, the control means comprise a CPU connected to the various communication buses to receive respective information regarding the opening or closing of the access and the correct operation of the various parts of the system, as described for example in EP2850628.

    [0007] EP2748926 discloses an electronically operated switch with a Tag/RFID identification system, wherein the driving device communicates with the switching device by sending to the latter a remote signal provided with an identification code.

    [0008] The CPU provides to receive this code and to compare it with a code stored in the memory, authorizing the system to start only if the recognition is positive.

    [0009] The CPU also manages all communications with the signal buses that handle information not related to safety conditions, usually providing the system shutdown even if it should encounter errors in one of the functions not related to safety conditions.

    [0010] To increase the safety of the switch, the control means are usually provided with two CPUs, organized according to a master/slave architecture but which in any case substantially perform the same functions in a redundant manner.

    [0011] The two CPUs communicate with each other in such a way as to check each other for correct operation and to order the system shutdown in the event of malfunction of the other CPU. The main drawback of these known solutions is due precisely to the fact that the CPU, or the two redundant CPUs, handle both functions related to safety conditions and functions not associated with safety conditions.

    [0012] This aspect implies that in the moment in which it is necessary to reconfigure one or more functions of the CPU not related to safety conditions, since the intervention is carried out on a component that also manages functions related to safety conditions, the legislation provides that it is necessary to proceed to a new component certification, with a consequent increase in costs and times.

    [0013] US 6,409,083 discloses a safety switch according to the preamble of claim 1.

    Scope of the invention



    [0014] The object of the present invention is to overcome the above drawbacks by providing a safety switch with differentiated CPUs which has features of high efficiency and relative cost-effectiveness.

    [0015] A particular object is to realize a safety switch with differentiated CPUs that allows to reconfigure the functions not related to safety conditions without having to proceed with a new certification of the CPU.

    [0016] Another object is to provide a safety switch with differentiated CPUs that avoids having to reprogram the CPU assigned to the safety checks even when modifying parameters related to functions that do not require safety conditions.

    [0017] These objects, as well as others that will become more apparent hereinafter, are achieved by a safety switch with differentiated CPUs suitable for guarding a safety access to a machine or industrial plant which, according to claim 1, comprises a switching device which can be associated with a fixed part of the access to be controlled and having switching means adapted to be operatively connected to one or more control and/or service circuits of the system for opening/closing thereof, a driving device associable to a movable part of the access to interact with said switching means upon opening/closing of the access for opening/closing one or more of said circuits; control means associated with said switching device and adapted to receive input signals from said control and/or service circuits by means of respective communication channels to verify correct operation thereof and to control said switching means to send an error and/or system shutdown signal in case of absence of signal or upon detection of non-conformity.

    [0018] The control means comprise at least one main CPU operatively connected to the communication channels associated with safety functions of the plant and at least one auxiliary CPU operatively connected exclusively to the communication channels associated with service circuits not related to plant safety conditions.

    [0019] Thanks to this combination of features when you need to reconfigure the switch to change one or more auxiliary functions not related to safety conditions, for example to adapt to the specific needs of the user, you will not need to intervene on the main CPU assigned to the safety control.

    [0020] As a result, the main CPU will not need to be reprogrammed and therefore will not need to be re-certified.

    [0021] At the same time the auxiliary CPU, not being entrusted with security checks, will not require certification in case of reprogramming, allowing savings in terms of costs and time. Suitably, the auxiliary CPU may comprise a memory portion for storing data relating to the operation of the monitored circuits and to be associated with an accumulator connected to charging means that can be activated when the system is turned off.

    [0022] Moreover, the charging means may comprise a diode adapted to charge said accumulator with a charge sufficient to said auxiliary CPU to save the operating data in said memory portion.

    [0023] In this way, when the switch is switched off, the auxiliary CPU will have enough time to backup and memorize the information about the status of the circuits controlled at the time of power-off, in order to facilitate the correct restart of the system.

    [0024] Advantageous embodiments of the invention are obtained according to the dependent claims.

    Brief disclosure of the drawings



    [0025] Further features and advantages of the invention will become clearer in the light of the detailed description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of a safety switch according to the invention, illustrated as a non-limiting example with the aid of the attached drawings wherein:

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the switch of the invention;

    FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the switch of Fig. 1;

    FIG. 3 schematically shows the control means of a switch of the invention.


    Best mode of carrying out the invention



    [0026] With reference to the attached figures, a preferred but non-exclusive configuration of a safety switch according to the invention is shown, which will generally be designed to guard an access to a machine or industrial plant.

    [0027] As shown in Fig. 1, the switch, indicated globally by 1, will be designed to be applied, in a preferred but not exclusive manner, to a protection P of the barrier or mobile panel type designed to prevent unsafe access to a machine or industrial plant in action.

    [0028] In a known manner, the switch 1 will be designed to be applied to the protection P at an access A thereof in order to interrupt the operation of the machine or plant in an immediate or timed manner in the event of a request to open the access A.

    [0029] The opening of the access A may be of any type, both hinged and sliding, and still with opening to the right or left, without particular limitations.

    [0030] In the illustrated configuration, the switch 1 is of the electronically actuated type, that is, provided with a remote communication system between the switching part and the driving part, as described more clearly below.

    [0031] However, according to an alternative configuration not shown, the switch may also be mechanically or electromechanically operated with a key actuator.

    [0032] In its most essential form, the switch 1 comprises a switching device 2 adapted to be anchored to a fixed part F of the access A to be controlled and a driving device 3 adapted to be anchored to the movable part M of the access A.

    [0033] The anchoring methods of the switching device 2 and of the driving device 3 to the respective parts F, M of the access A are of known type and do not form part of the present invention, so that they will not be described in more detail below.

    [0034] The switching device 2 comprises a case 4 housing inside switching means, not visible in the figures but with a configuration known per se, adapted to be operatively connected to one or more electric and/or electronic circuits for power supply and/or control the main circuit and/or service and emergency circuits of the system.

    [0035] The switching means may be selected from those commonly used in the sector and may also vary according to the functionality of the switch 1, without particular limitations.

    [0036] The methods of connection of the switching means will be selected among those typical for this type of product and will also not be described in more detail below.

    [0037] The case also houses control means 6, as shown in Fig. 2, which are adapted to receive input signals from the control and/or service circuits by means of respective communication channels to verify correct operation thereof.

    [0038] In this way, the control means 6 may control the switching means to send an error signal and/or provide for the system shutdown in the absence of a communication signal from one of the communication channels or in case of non-conformity detection.

    [0039] In Fig. 3 a preferred but non-exclusive configuration of the control means 6 is schematically shown, from which it can be observed that the control means comprise a main CPU 7 operatively connected to the communication channels associated with safety functions of the plant and an auxiliary CPU 8 operatively connected exclusively to the communication channels associated with service circuits not related to plant safety conditions.

    [0040] In particular, the main CPU 7 will be connected to the communication channels 9 that transmit information about the correct closure of access A, to the communication channels used to send information on the correct operation of the switching means and any possible means of block/unlock, as specified in more detail below, and to the control channels of the safety outputs 10, 11.

    [0041] In turn, the auxiliary CPU 8 is associated with the communication channels 12 adapted to transport information relating to the operation of secondary devices, such as signal lights 13 and other auxiliary devices 14, whose possible malfunction could not however jeopardize the safe operation of the plant.

    [0042] Appropriately, the main CPU 7 will not be connected to communication channels associated with functions that are not safe, so that there is no need to reprogram it, and at the same time the secondary CPU 8 will not be associated with safety functions but exclusively unsafe functions, so that in case of reprogramming it will not have to be re-certified.

    [0043] The auxiliary CPU 8 will in any case be connected to the main CPU 7 to send thereto information related to the monitored service circuits.

    [0044] In addition, the main CPU 7 may be designed to control the switching means to execute the system shutdown following the sending by the auxiliary CPU 8 of an error signal, so as to increase the overall safety level of the switch 1.

    [0045] For safety reasons, the control means 6 comprise two main CPUs 7, 15 which are at least partly redundant in their respective safety functions and organized according to a master/slave architecture.

    [0046] Generally, the auxiliary CPU 8 will be connected only to the main CPU 7 with the master function.

    [0047] The two main CPUs 7, 15 are connected to the control circuits of the system by means of respective communication channels 9, 10, 11 for the independent check of the safety conditions of the system.

    [0048] Furthermore, the two main CPUs 7, 15 are mutually connected for mutual control of correct operation.

    [0049] The methods of connection and dialogue between the two main CPUs 7, 15 and of the same ones with the switching means are not indicative of the scope of the present invention and therefore will not be described in detail.

    [0050] In an indicative manner, the two main CPUs 7, 15 may operate in a similar manner to that described in the aforementioned EP2748926.

    [0051] According to the configuration of the figures, preferred but not exclusive, the driving device 3 is adapted to interact with the switching means at the opening/closing of the access A for opening/closing one or more circuits of the machine or plant.

    [0052] In particular, the switch 1 is of the electronically actuated type, i.e. the interaction between the driving device 3 and the switching means will be controlled by an electronic signal transmitted to the switching means by the driving device 3 when the latter is at a minimum distance predetermined by the switching device 2 such that it is possible to consider access A closed and in a safe condition.

    [0053] For this purpose, the switching device 2 houses a receiver 16, for example an antenna of the RFID type, inserted inside the case 4 and designed to receive a remote control signal, or a presence signal, transmitted by a transmitter or transponder, not visible since it is housed in the mobile driving device 3, when the latter is at the minimum distance detectable by the switching device 2.

    [0054] In particular, the transponder will be provided with a tag with identification code that will be received by the receiver 16 and be recognized by the main CPU 7 in order to allow the machine or system to start up.

    [0055] The recognition of the code may be univocal or generic, depending on whether you want to make a switch with a high or low level of coding.

    [0056] The coded signal thus detected will be sent to the main master CPU 7 for comparison with a code stored thereinto and for authorizing the start of the system in case of recognition of the received identification code and its correspondence with the stored code.

    [0057] The slave CPU 15 will instead carry out an analysis of the clock signal coming from the receiver 16.

    [0058] Typically for this kind of switch, the case 4 will also house an unlocking mechanism 17 adapted to move from a blocking position of the access A to a release position to which the opening of the switching means corresponds, allowing the opening of access A only when the switching means are open.

    [0059] In particular, the unlocking mechanism 17 comprises an unlocking pin 18 adapted to move between the two locking and releasing positions and which is associated with an electromagnet 19 controlled by the same main CPUs 7, 15 upon receipt of the opening signal of the access A.

    [0060] According to a particular variant, an emergency control may also be provided, such as a mushroom pushbutton, a key selector or similar control adapted to mechanically intervene on the unlocking mechanism to promote translation of the pin towards the release position.

    [0061] Each main CPU 7, 15 will comprise a communication channel 20 adapted to send to the auxiliary CPU 8 a signal relating to the condition for switching the system on or off.

    [0062] According to a further aspect of the invention, the auxiliary CPU 8 comprises a memory portion 21 for storing data relating to the operation of the monitored circuits.

    [0063] Furthermore, the auxiliary CPU will also be associated with an accumulator 22 connected to charging means 23 which can be activated when the system is turned off.

    [0064] By way of example, the accumulator 22 may be a condenser, while the charging means 23 may comprise a diode able to charge the accumulator 22 with a charge sufficient for the auxiliary CPU 8 to perform a backup of the operating data inside of the memory portion 21 upon reception of the switching off signal.

    [0065] From above, it is clear that the switch according to the invention achieves the intended objects and in particular that of avoiding having to submit the CPU assigned to the safety checks to a new certification even after reprogramming related to functions not correlated with safety.

    [0066] The switch according to the invention is susceptible of numerous modifications and variations, all of which are within the inventive concept expressed in the appended claims.

    [0067] All the details may be replaced by other technically equivalent elements, and the materials may be different according to requirements, without departing from the scope of protection of the present invention.

    [0068] Even though the switch has been described with particular reference to the attached figures, the reference numbers used in the description and claims are used to improve the intelligence of the invention and do not constitute any limitation to the claimed scope of protection.


    Claims

    1. A safety switch with differentiated CPUs for controlling a security access of a machine or industrial system, comprising:

    - a switching device (2) adapted to be associated with a fixed part of an access to be controlled and having switching means adapted to be operatively connected to one or more control and/or service circuits of the system for the opening/closing thereof;

    - a driving device (3) associated to a movable part of the access to interact with said switching means at the opening/closing of the access for opening/closing of one or more of said circuits;

    - control means (6) associated with said switching device (2) and adapted to receive input signals from said control and/or service circuits through respective communication buses to verify the proper operation and to control said switching means for sending an error signal and/or for stopping the system in case of no signal or detection of non-compliance; wherein said control means (6) comprise at least a main CPU (7) operatively connected with the communication buses (9) associated with the safety functions of the system;

    characterized in that said control means (6) comprise at least one auxiliary CPU (8) operatively connected solely to the communication buses (12) associated with service circuits and/or service devices not related to safety conditions of the system.
     
    2. Switch as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said auxiliary CPU (8) is connected to said main CPU (7) to send thereto information related to the monitored service circuits and/or service devices.
     
    3. Switch as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that said main CPU (7) is adapted to control said switching means to operate the stop of the system following the sending of an error signal by said auxiliary CPU (8).
     
    4. Switch as claimed in any preceding claim, characterized in that said auxiliary CPU (8) comprises a memory portion (21) for storing data relating to the operation of the monitored circuits and/or devices.
     
    5. Switch as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that said auxiliary CPU (8) is associated to an accumulator (22) connected to charging means (23) activated by said control means (6) upon the switching off of the system.
     
    6. Switch as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that said charging means (23) comprise a diode adapted to charge said accumulator (22) with a charge sufficient for said auxiliary CPU (8) to operate a backup in said memory portion (21).
     
    7. Switch as claimed in any preceding claim, characterized in that said control means (6) comprise two main CPUs (7, 15) at least partially redundant therebetween in their respective safety functions and mutually connected for mutually controlling of their correct operation, said main CPUs (7, 15) being organized according to a master/slave scheme.
     
    8. Switch as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that each of said main CPUs (7, 15) is connected to the control circuits of the system by means of respective communication buses for independent verification of the safety conditions.
     
    9. Switch as claimed in any preceding claim, characterized in that said driving device (3) comprises drive means adapted to remotely interact with said switching means at the time of the opening/closing of the access (A) for the opening/closing of one or more of said circuits.
     
    10. Switch as claimed in claim 9, characterized in that said operating device (3) comprises a transmitter or transponder adapted to send an identification code to said switching means, these latter being connected to a receiver or antenna (16) adapted to receive said signal and to send said identification code to the master main CPU (7) for comparison with a code stored thereinto, said master main CPU (7) being adapted to authorize the starting of the system upon recognition of said identification code.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Sicherheitsschalter mit differenzierten CPUs zur Steuerung eines Sicherheitszugriffs auf eine Maschine oder ein industrielles System, umfassend:

    - eine Schaltvorrichtung (2), die so ausgelegt ist, dass sie einem festen Teil eines zu steuernden Zugangs zugeordnet ist, und Schaltmittel aufweist, die so ausgelegt sind, dass sie betriebsmäßig mit einem oder mehreren Steuer- und/oder Servicekreisen des Systems zum Öffnen/Schließen desselben verbunden sind;

    - eine Antriebsvorrichtung (3), die einem beweglichen Teil des Zugangs zugeordnet ist, um mit dem Schaltmittel beim Öffnen/Schließen des Zugangs zum Öffnen/Schließen eines oder mehrerer der Stromkreise zu interagieren;

    - Steuermittel (6), die der Schaltvorrichtung (2) zugeordnet sind und dazu ausgelegt sind, Eingangssignale von den Steuer- und/oder Serviceschaltungen über entsprechende Kommunikationsbusse zu empfangen, um den ordnungsgemäßen Betrieb zu überprüfen und die Schaltmittel zum Senden eines Fehlersignals und/oder zu steuern oder zum Stoppen des Systems, wenn kein Signal vorliegt oder eine Nichteinhaltung festgestellt wird;

    wobei die Steuermittel (6) mindestens eine Main-CPU (7) umfassen, die betriebsmäßig mit den Kommunikationsbussen (9) verbunden ist, die den Sicherheitsfunktionen des Systems zugeordnet sind;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Steuermittel (6) mindestens eine Hilfs-CPU (8) umfassen, die betriebsmäßig ausschließlich mit den Kommunikationsbussen (12) verbunden ist, die Dienstschaltungen und/oder Dienstvorrichtungen zugeordnet sind, die nicht mit Sicherheitsbedingungen des Systems zusammenhängen.
     
    2. Sicherheitsschalter nach Anspruch 1, der dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass die Hilfs-CPU (8) mit der Main-CPU (7) verbunden ist, um Informationen zu den überwachten Dienstschaltungen und/oder Dienstgeräten an diese zu senden.
     
    3. Sicherheitsschalter nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Main-CPU (7) dazu ausgelegt ist, die Schaltmittel zu steuern, um den Stopp des Systems nach dem Senden eines Fehlersignals durch die Hilf-CPU (8) zu betreiben.
     
    4. Sicherheitsschalter, wie in einem vorhergehenden Anspruch beansprucht, der dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass die Hilfs-CPU (8) einen Speicherabschnitt (21) zum Speichern von Daten umfasst, die sich auf den Betrieb der überwachten Schaltungen und/oder Vorrichtungen beziehen.
     
    5. Sicherheitsschalter nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Hilfs-CPU (8) einem Akkumulator (22) zugeordnet ist, der mit den Lademitteln (23) verbunden ist, die durch die Steuermittel (6) beim Ausschalten des Systems aktiviert werden.
     
    6. Sicherheitsschalter nach Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Lademittel (23) eine Diode umfassen, die zum Laden des Akkumulators (22) mit einer Ladung geeignet ist, die ausreicht, damit die Hilfs-CPU (8) eine Sicherung in dem Speicherabschnitt (21) betreibt.
     
    7. Sicherheitsschalter, wie in einem vorhergehenden Anspruch beansprucht, der dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass die Steuermittel (6) zwei Main-CPUs (7, 15) umfassen, die in ihren jeweiligen Sicherheitsfunktionen zumindest teilweise redundant dazwischen sind und zur gegenseitigen Steuerung ihres korrekten Betriebs miteinander verbunden sind Main-CPUs (7, 15) sind nach einem Master/Slave-Schema organisiert.
     
    8. Sicherheitsschalter nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede der Main-CPUs (7, 15) mittels entsprechender Kommunikationsbusse zur unabhängigen Überprüfung der Sicherheitsbedingungen mit den Steuerschaltungen des Systems verbunden ist.
     
    9. Sicherheitsschalter, wie in einem vorhergehenden Anspruch beansprucht, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Antriebsvorrichtung (3) Antriebsmittel umfasst, die zum Zeitpunkt des Öffnens/Schließens des Zugangs (A) zum Öffnen/Schließen von ferngesteuert mit den Schaltmitteln interagieren können eine oder mehrere der Schaltungen.
     
    10. Sicherheitsschalter nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Betriebsvorrichtung (3) einen Sender oder Transponder umfasst, der zum Senden eines Identifikationscodes an die Vermittlungseinrichtung geeignet ist, wobei letztere mit einem Empfänger oder einer Antenne (16) verbunden sind, die zum Empfangen der Vorrichtung geeignet sind Signalisieren und Senden des Identifikationscodes an die Haupt-Main-CPU (7) zum Vergleich mit einem darin gespeicherten Code, wobei die Haupt-Main-CPU (7) angepasst wird, um das Starten des Systems nach Erkennung des Identifikationscodes zu autorisieren.
     


    Revendications

    1. Interrupteur de sécurité à CPU différenciées pour contrôler un accès de sécurité d'une machine ou d'un système industriel, comprenant:

    - un dispositif de commutation (2) adapté pour être associé à une partie fixe d'un accès à commander et comportant des moyens de commutation adaptés pour être connectés de manière opérationnelle à un ou plusieurs circuits de commande et/ou de service du système pour son ouverture/fermeture;

    - un dispositif d'actionnement (3) associé à une partie mobile de l'accès pour interagir avec lesdits moyens de commutation à l'ouverture/fermeture de l'accès pour l'ouverture/la fermeture d'un ou plusieurs desdits circuits;

    - des moyens de commande (6) associés audit dispositif de commutation (2) et adaptés pour recevoir des signaux d'entrée desdits circuits de commande et/ou de service via des bus de communication respectifs pour vérifier le bon fonctionnement et pour commander lesdits moyens de commutation pour envoyer un signal d'erreur et/ou pour arrêter le système en cas d'absence de signal ou de détection de non-conformité;

    dans lequel lesdits moyens de commande (6) comprennent au moins une CPU principale (7) connectée fonctionnellement aux bus de communication (9) associés aux fonctions de sécurité du système;
    caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens de commande (6) comprennent au moins une CPU auxiliaire (8) connectée de manière opérationnelle uniquement aux bus de communication (12) associés à des circuits de service et/ou des dispositifs de service non liés aux conditions de sécurité du système.
     
    2. Interrupteur selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ladite CPU auxiliaire (8) est connectée à ladite CPU principale (7) pour lui envoyer des informations relatives aux circuits de service surveillés et/ou aux dispositifs de service.
     
    3. Interrupteur selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que ladite CPU principale (7) est apte à commander lesdits moyens de commutation pour opérer l'arrêt du système suite à l'envoi d'un signal d'erreur par ladite CPU auxiliaire (8).
     
    4. Interrupteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ladite CPU auxiliaire (8) comprend une partie mémoire (21) pour stocker des données relatives au fonctionnement des circuits et/ou dispositifs surveillés.
     
    5. Interrupteur selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que ladite CPU auxiliaire (8) est associée à un accumulateur (22) connecté à des moyens de charge (23) activés par lesdits moyens de commande (6) lors de la mise hors tension du système.
     
    6. Interrupteur selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens de charge (23) comprennent une diode adaptée pour charger ledit accumulateur (22) avec une charge suffisante pour que ladite CPU auxiliaire (8) opère une sauvegarde dans ladite partie mémoire (21).
     
    7. Interrupteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens de commande (6) comprennent deux CPU principales (7, 15) au moins partiellement redondantes entre elles dans leurs fonctions de sécurité respectives et mutuellement connectées pour commander mutuellement leur bon fonctionnement, lesdits les CPU principales (7, 15) étant organisées selon un schéma maître/esclave.
     
    8. Interrupteur selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que chacune desdites CPU principales (7, 15) est connectée aux circuits de commande du système au moyen de bus de communication respectifs pour une vérification indépendante des conditions de sécurité.
     
    9. Interrupteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que ledit dispositif d'actionnement (3) comprend des moyens d'entraînement aptes à interagir à distance avec lesdits moyens de commutation au moment de l'ouverture/fermeture de l'accès (A) pour l'ouverture/la fermeture d'un ou plusieurs de ces circuits.
     
    10. Interrupteur selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce que ledit dispositif d'actionnement (3) comprend un émetteur ou transpondeur apte à envoyer un code d'identification auxdits moyens de commutation, ces derniers étant connectés à un récepteur ou antenne (16) apte à recevoir ledit signal et pour envoyer ledit code d'identification à la CPU principale maître (7) pour comparaison avec un code stocké dans celle-ci, ladite CPU principale maître (7) étant adaptée pour autoriser le démarrage du système lors de la reconnaissance dudit code d'identification.
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description