(19)
(11)EP 3 544 980 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.10.2021 Bulletin 2021/41

(21)Application number: 17812187.7

(22)Date of filing:  27.11.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07D 471/04(2006.01)
C07D 487/04(2006.01)
A61K 31/437(2006.01)
A61P 35/00(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A61K 31/5025; A61P 35/00; C07D 487/04
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2017/063230
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/098411 (31.05.2018 Gazette  2018/22)

(54)

GSK-3 INHIBITORS

GSK-3-INHIBITOREN

INHIBITEURS DE GSK-3


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 28.11.2016 US 201662426630 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/40

(73)Proprietor: Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
Princeton, NJ 08543 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • HARTZ, Richard A.
    Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (US)
  • AHUJA, Vijay T.
    Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (US)
  • SIVAPRAKASAM, Prasanna
    Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (US)
  • DUBOWCHIK, Gene M.
    Middlefield, Connecticut 06455 (US)
  • MACOR, John E.
    Washington Crossing, Pennsylvania 18977 (US)

(74)Representative: Mewburn Ellis LLP 
Aurora Building Counterslip
Bristol BS1 6BX
Bristol BS1 6BX (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2012/136776
WO-A1-2013/059594
  
  • XIAO-HONG LI ET AL: "Sirt1 Promotes Axonogenesis by Deacetylation of Akt and Inactivation of GSK3", MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY, vol. 48, no. 3, 10 March 2013 (2013-03-10) , pages 490-499, XP055442799, US ISSN: 0893-7648, DOI: 10.1007/s12035-013-8437-3
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The disclosure generally relates to compounds of formula I, including their salts, as well as compositions and methods of using the compounds. The compounds inhibit GSK-3 and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system.

[0002] GSK-3 is a proline directed serine/threonine kinase that carries out the phosphorylation of multiple protein substrates. Many of these proteins are involved in the regulation of numerous diverse cellular functions, including metabolism, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. GSK-3 is constitutively active, with its base level of activity being positively modulated by phosphorylation on Tyr216/219, depending on isoform. GSK-3 has a unique substrate selectivity profile that is distinguished by the strong preference for the presence of a phosphorylated residue optimally located four amino acids C-terminal to the site of GSK-3 phosphorylation. Most commonly, GSK-3 activity is associated with inducing a loss of substrate function, such that GSK-3 inhibition will frequently result in increased downstream substrate activity.

[0003] GSK-3 exists in two isoforms, GSK-3α (51 kDa) and GSK-3β (47 kDa), that share 84% overall identity and greater than 98% identity within their respective catalytic domains. Both primary isoforms are ubiquitously expressed, with high levels observed in the brain, particularly in the cortex and hippocampus. In most brain areas, GSK-3β is the predominant isoform. However, some studies suggest that GKS-3α and GSK-3β share very similar, if not entirely redundant functions in a number of cellular processes. The activity of GSK-3β is significantly reduced by phosphorylation at Ser9 in the N-terminal domain, most notably by protein kinase B (PKB or AKT). This inhibitory pathway has been proposed to result in neuroprotection, neurogenesis, and favorable outcomes following pharmacological treatment in various mood disorders.

[0004] Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is prominently associated with the formation of beta-amyloid (Aβ) plaques, soluble forms of Aβ such as Aβ1-42 that are associated with increased neuronal toxicity, and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). There is evidence to suggest that certain pathological mechanisms in AD, such as Aβ1-42, cause increases in GSK-3 activity in the brain. A principal consequence of this dysregulation is the hyperphosphorylation of the microtubule associated protein tau. This function of GSK-3 has been demonstrated both in cell culture, and in in vivo studies looking at tau and NFT formation. Hyper-phosphorylated tau disengages from microtubules resulting in structural destabilization of microtubules with concomitant negative effects on intracellular structures and transport mechanisms. In addition, the uncomplexed hyperphosphorylated tau assembles into paired helical filaments (PHFs) that aggregate to produce the stereotypic intracellular NFTs associated with AD. Other potential pathological consequences of over-activation of GSK-3 include neuroinflammation and neuronal apoptosis. In addition, GSK-3 has been demonstrated to be involved in mechanisms underlying memory and learning, and dysregulation of GSK-3 function may explain some of the early cognitive deficits observed in AD.

[0005] GSK-3 is also known to play a key role in glucose metabolism, and was first identified as the enzyme responsible for effecting the inhibitory phosphorylation of glycogen synthase, the result of which is to reduce the rate of conversion of glucose to glycogen, giving rise to elevated blood glucose levels. This function of GSK-3 is controlled by insulin. Binding of insulin to its receptor leads indirectly to the activation of AKT and subsequent inhibitory Ser9 phosphorylation of GSK-3.

[0006] These results and observations suggest that modulation of GSK-3 activity may be useful in the treatment of both the neuropathologic and symptomatic aspects of Alzheimer's disease, as well as other neurodegenerative diseases. These include, but are not limited to, tauopathies (for example, frontotemporal dementia, progressive supranuclear palsy, argyophilic grain disease, corticobasal degeneration, Pick's disease), Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral schlerosis, stroke, Huntington's disease, peripheral neuropathies, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord trauma, and vascular dementias.

[0007] Compounds that inhibit GSK-3 may also have utility in the treatment of diabetes, inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, treatment-resistant depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, manic depression, osteoporosis, cardioprotection, and various cancers such as gliomas, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, T- or B-cell leukemia, and multiple myeloma. Inhibition of GSK-3 has also been shown to downregulate PD-1 in T-reg cells, enhancing viral clearance in vivo (Immunity, Volume 44, Issue 2, 16 February 2016).

[0008] Recent reviews on the functions of GSK-3, potential therapeutic applications, and other compounds that inhibit the enzyme are listed below: Kaidanovich-Beilin O and Woodgett JR (2011) GSK-3: functional insights from cell biology and animal models. Front. Mol. Neurosci. 4:40. doi: 10.3389/fnmol.2011.00040; "Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 (GSK-3) and Its Inhibitors", Martinez, Ana / Castro, Ana / Medina, Miguel (eds.), John Wiley and Sons (2006); and Gentles, RG, Hu, S. and Dubowchik, GM (2009) Recent Advances in the Discovery of GSK-3 Inhibitors and a Perspective on their Utility for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease. Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry 44, 3-26. Also, document WO 2013/059594 discloses substituted bicyclic aza-heterocycles and analogues as sirtuin modulators. Document WO 2012/136776 discloses imidazopyridazines as Akt kinase inhibitors. Xiao-Hong et al., Mol. Neurobiol., vol.48, No 3, pp.490-499, relates to Sirt1 as promoter of axonogenesis by deacylation of Akt.

[0009] The invention provides technical advantages, for example, the compounds are novel inhibitors of GSK-3 and may be useful for the treatment of various disorders of the central nervous system. Additionally, the compounds provide advantages for pharmaceutical uses, for example, with regard to one or more of their mechanism of action, binding, inhibition efficacy, target selectivity, solubility, safety profiles, or bioavailability.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0010] The invention encompasses compounds of Formula I, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts, pharmaceutical compositions, and their use in treating disorders associated with GSK-3.

[0011] One aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I

where:

R1 is hydrogen or N(R3)(R4);

R2 is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, or cycloalkenyl;

or R2 is pyridinyl or phenyl and is substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkoxy;

R3 is alkyl, (cycloalkyl)alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkylcarbonyl, or cycloalkylcarbonyl;

R4 is hydrogen;

Ar1 is 3-pyridinyl, 3-pyridazinyl, 4-pyridazinyl, 5-pyrimidinyl, or 2-pyrazinyl, and is substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, alkylsulfonyl, N(R3)(R4), or Ar2; and

Ar2 is phenyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, haloalkoxy;

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.



[0012] Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where R1 is N(R3)(R4) and R2 is hydrogen.

[0013] Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where R1 is hydrogen and R2 is not hydrogen.

[0014] Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where Ar1 is 3-pyridinyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkoxy.

[0015] Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where Ar1 is 5-pyrimidinyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkoxy.

[0016] Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I where Ar2 is phenyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkoxy.

[0017] For a compound of formula I, the scope of any instance of a variable substituent, including R1, R2, R3, R4, Ar1, and Ar2, can be used independently with the scope of any other instance of a variable substituent. As such, the invention includes combinations of the different aspects.

[0018] Unless specified otherwise, these terms have the following meanings. "Halo" includes fluoro, chloro, bromo, and iodo. "Alkyl" means a straight or branched alkyl group composed of 1 to 6 carbons. "Alkenyl" means a straight or branched alkyl group composed of 2 to 6 carbons with at least one double bond. "Alkynyl" means a straight or branched alkyl group composed of 2 to 6 carbons with at least one triple bond. "Cycloalkyl" means a monocyclic ring system composed of 3 to 7 carbons. "Haloalkyl" and "haloalkoxy" include all halogenated isomers from monohalo to perhalo. Terms with a hydrocarbon moiety (e.g. alkoxy) include straight and branched isomers for the hydrocarbon portion. "Aryl" means a monocyclic or bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbon groups having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, or a bicyclic fused ring system wherein one or both of the rings is a phenyl group. Bicyclic fused ring systems consist of a phenyl group fused to a four- to six-membered aromatic or non-aromatic carbocyclic ring. Representative examples of aryl groups include, but are not limited to, indanyl, indenyl, naphthyl, phenyl, and tetrahydronaphthyl. "Heteroaryl" means a 5 to 7 membered monocyclic or 8 to 11 membered bicyclic aromatic ring system with 1-5 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. Parenthetic and multiparenthetic terms are intended to clarify bonding relationships to those skilled in the art. For example, a term such as ((R)alkyl) means an alkyl substituent further substituted with the substituent R.

[0019] The invention includes all pharmaceutically acceptable salt forms of the compounds. Pharmaceutically acceptable salts are those in which the counter ions do not contribute significantly to the physiological activity or toxicity of the compounds and as such function as pharmacological equivalents. These salts can be made according to common organic techniques employing commercially available reagents. Some anionic salt forms include acetate, acistrate, besylate, bromide, chloride, citrate, fumarate, glucouronate, hydrobromide, hydrochloride, hydroiodide, iodide, lactate, maleate, mesylate, nitrate, pamoate, phosphate, succinate, sulfate, tartrate, tosylate, and xinofoate. Some cationic salt forms include ammonium, aluminum, benzathine, bismuth, calcium, choline, diethylamine, diethanolamine, lithium, magnesium, meglumine, 4-phenylcyclohexylamine, piperazine, potassium, sodium, tromethamine, and zinc.

[0020] Some Formula I compounds contain at least one asymmetric carbon atom. The invention includes all stereoisomeric forms of the compounds, both mixtures and separated isomers. Mixtures of stereoisomers can be separated into individual isomers by methods known in the art.

[0021] The invention is intended to include all isotopes of atoms occurring in the present compounds. Isotopes include those atoms having the same atomic number but different mass numbers. By way of general example and without limitation, isotopes of hydrogen include deuterium and tritium. Isotopes of carbon include 13C and 14C. Isotopically-labeled compounds of the invention can generally be prepared by conventional techniques known to those skilled in the art or by processes analogous to those described herein, using an appropriate isotopically-labeled reagent in place of the non-labeled reagent otherwise employed. Such compounds may have a variety of potential uses, for example as standards and reagents in determining biological activity. In the case of stable isotopes, such compounds may have the potential to favorably modify biological, pharmacological, or pharmacokinetic properties.

Biological Methods



[0022] The kinase assay was performed in V-bottom 384-well plates. The final assay volume was 30 µl prepared from 15 µl additions of enzyme, substrates (fluoresceinated peptide FL-KRREILSRRP[ps]ERYR-NH2 and ATP) and test compounds in assay buffer (100 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 10 mM MgCl2, 25mM Beta-Glycerolphosphate, 0.015% Brij35 and 0.25 mM DTT). The reaction was incubated at room temperature for 20 hours and terminated by adding 45µl of 35 mM EDTA to each sample. The reaction mixture was analyzed on the Caliper LabChip3000 (Caliper, Hopkinton, MA) by electrophoretic separation of the unphosphorylated substrate and phosphorylated product. Inhibition data were calculated by comparison of the no enzyme control reactions for 100% inhibition and vehicle-only reactions for 0% inhibition. The final concentration of reagents in the assay were 250 pM GSK3α or GSK3β, 20 uM ATP, 1.5 uM FL-KRREILSRRP[ps]ERYR-NH2, and 1.6% DMSO. Dose response curves were generated to determine the concentration required to inhibit 50% of the kinase activity (IC50). Compounds were dissolved at 10 mM in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and evaluated at eleven concentrations. IC50 values were derived by non-linear regression analysis.
Pharmaceutical Compositions and Methods of Treatment
ExampleGSK3β/GSK3α (nM)pTau (nM)
1 17.1/5.3 660
2 3.5/0.8 250
3 0.7/0.4 83
4 0.3/0.1 22
5 1.5/0.4 120
6 3.6/1.1 900
7 1.6/0.6 -
8 1.1/0.3 160
9 1.1/0.2 -
10 0.2/0.1 -
11 0.3/0.2 24
12 0.4/0.2 30
13 0.4/0.2 36
14 0.75/0.4 58
15 0.2/0.09 9.2
16 0.8/0.3 86
17 3.4/1.0 180
18 0.3/0.3 5.7
19 37/7/5 3,200
20 2.3/0.6 160
21 0.6/0.2 140
22 14/2.9 2,000
23 0.8/0.6 110
24 0.6/0.4 79
25 0.8/0.2 49
26 1.4/0.6 120
27 19.8/11.4 760
28 4.6/2.0 140
29 3.8/3.2 250
30 1.9/0.4 380
31 0.4/0.2 120
32 2.6/0.8 60
33 6.1/1.2 820
34 0.4/0.1 28
35 1.6/1.0 160
36 1.3/0.4 -
37 5.3/1.0 620
38 3.6/1.0 330
39 220/900 >10,000
40 63/30 3,900
41 6.6/3.4 290
42 3.4/3.2 320
43 1.1/2.0 41
44 9.0/1.4 65
45 5.2/1.6 140
46 6.0/51 5,100
47 140/110 6,800


[0023] Compounds of formula I can be useful in treating neurological or psychiatric disorders. Therefore, another aspect of the invention is a composition comprising a compound of formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

[0024] Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I for use in the treatment for modulation of GSK-3 activity which may be useful in the treatment of both the neuropathologic and symptomatic aspects of Alzheimer's disease, as well as other neurodegenerative diseases. These include, but are not limited to, tauopathies (for example, frontotemporal dementia, progressive supranuclear palsy, argyophilic grain disease, corticobasal degeneration, Pick's disease), Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, stroke, Huntington's disease, peripheral neuropathies, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord trauma, and vascular dementias.

[0025] Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I for use in the treatment for diabetes, inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, treatment-resistant depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, manic depression, osteoporosis, cardioprotection, and various cancers such as gliomas, non-small cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, T- or B-cell leukemia, and multiple myeloma.

[0026] Another aspect of the invention is a compound of formula I for use in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

[0027] "Patient" means a person suitable for therapy as understood by practitioners in the field of affective disorders, neurodegenerative disorders, psychiatric disorders, cancer, metabolic disorders, or inflammatory disorders.

[0028] "Treatment," "therapy," and related terms are used as understood by practitioners in the field of neurological and psychiatric disorders.

[0029] The compounds of this invention are generally given as pharmaceutical compositions comprised of a therapeutically effective amount of a compound or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and may contain conventional excipients. Pharmaceutically acceptable carriers are those conventionally known carriers having acceptable safety profiles. Compositions encompass all common solid and liquid forms including for example capsules, tablets, losenges, and powders as well as liquid suspensions, syrups, elixers, and solutions. Compositions are made using common formulation techniques, and conventional excipients (such as binding and wetting agents) and vehicles (such as water and alcohols) are generally used for compositions. See, for example, Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mack Publishing Company, Easton, PA, 17th edition, 1985.

[0030] Solid compositions are normally formulated in dosage units and compositions providing from about 1 to 1000 mg of the active ingredient per dose are preferred. Some examples of dosages are 1 mg, 10 mg, 100 mg, 250 mg, 500 mg, and 1000 mg. Generally, other agents will be present in a unit range similar to agents of that class used clinically. Typically, this is 0.25-1000 mg/unit.

[0031] Liquid compositions are usually in dosage unit ranges. Generally, the liquid composition will be in a unit dosage range of 1-100 mg/mL. Some examples of dosages are 1 mg/mL, 10 mg/mL, 25 mg/mL, 50 mg/mL, and 100 mg/mL. Generally, other agents will be present in a unit range similar to agents of that class used clinically. Typically, this is 1-100 mg/mL.

[0032] The invention encompasses all conventional modes of administration; oral and parenteral methods are preferred. Generally, the dosing regimen will be similar to other agents used clinically. Typically, the daily dose will be 1-100 mg/kg body weight daily. Generally, more compound is required orally and less parenterally. The specific dosing regime, however, will be determined by a physician using sound medical judgement.

Synthetic Methods



[0033] Compounds of Formula I may be made by methods known in the art including those described below and including variations within the skill of the art. Some reagents and intermediates are known in the art. Other reagents and intermediates can be made by methods known in the art using readily available materials. The variables (e.g. numbered "R" substituents) used to describe the synthesis of the compounds are intended only to illustrate how to make the compounds and are not to be confused with variables used in the claims or in other sections of the specification. The following methods are for illustrative purposes and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. The schemes encompass reasonable variations known in the art.

[0034] The abbreviations used in the present application, including particularly in the illustrative schemes and examples which follow, are well-known to those skilled in the art. Some of the abbreviations used are as follows: BOC or Boc for tert-butoxycarbonyl; RT or rt or r.t. for room temperature or retention time (context will dictate); tR for retention time; HATU for O-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate; BOP for benzotriazol-1-yloxytris(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate; EDC or EDCI for 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride; TBTU for O-benzotriazol-1-yl-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate; SPhos for 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-dimethoxybiphenyl; XPhos for 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl; i-Pr or iPr for isopropyl; THF for tetrahydrofuran; EtOH for ethanol; Ac for acetyl; DMAP for N,N-dimethylaminopyridine; TEA or Et3N for triethylamine; DIEA or i-Pr2NEt for N,N-diisopropylethylamine; Me for methyl; TFA for trifluoroacetic acid; Ph for phenyl; DMF for N,N-dimethylformamide; DMSO for dimethylsulfoxide; NMP for N-methylpyrrolidine; MeCN for acetonitrile; HOBt for 1-hydroxybenzotriazole; dppf for 1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphanyl) ferrocene; Et for ethyl; h or hr or hrs for hours; min or mins for minutes; EtOAc for ethyl acetate; DCM for dichloromethane; MeOH for methanol; AcOH for acetic acid; and MeOD for CD3OD.

Preparation of Compounds of Formula I General Chemistry Scheme:



[0035] Compounds of Formula I can be prepared as described in Scheme 1. Compound 2 is prepared by formation of the ethyl ester of 1. The reaction can be carried out using standard coupling reagents such as HATU, BOP, EDC, T3P or TBTU in the presence of DMAP and a solvent such as dichloromethane, dichloroethane, DMF, or THF at temperatures ranging from 20 °C to 80 °C to form compound 2. Treatment of 2 with 4-methoxybenzylamine in the presence of a base such as N,N-diisopropylethylamine in a solvent such as dioxane or THF affords compound 3. Removal of the protecting group in 3 can be accomplished by heating 3 in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid to furnish 4. Preparation of 5 can be conducted by heating 4 in the presence of substituted 2-bromoketones in a solvent such as dioxane, THF, or DMF at temperatures ranging from 25 °C to 120 °C. Removal of the chloro substituent in 5 can then be carried out by a hydrogenation reaction in the presence of 10% palladium on carbon to afford 6. Hydrolysis of the ester in 6 is completed using lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide in a mixture of THF or dioxane and water to form 7. Compounds of formula I are prepared by a coupling reaction between 7 and various amines. The coupling reaction can be carried out using standard peptide coupling reagents such as HATU, BOP, EDC, T3P or TBTU in the presence of a base such as N,N-diisopropylethylamine and a solvent such as dichloromethane, dichloroethane, DMF, or THF at temperatures ranging from 20 °C to 80 °C to form compounds of formula I.


Alternate Route for the Preparation of Compounds of Formula I General Chemistry Scheme:



[0036] Alternatively, compounds of Formula I can be prepared by the route shown in Scheme 2. Compound 3 from Scheme 1 is treated with bis(pinacolato)diboron, PdCl2(dppf), and potassium acetate in a solvent such as dioxane to furnish 8. Removal of the protecting group in 8 can be accomplished by heating 8 in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid to furnish 9. Preparation of 6 can be conducted by heating 9 in the presence of substituted 2-bromoketones in a solvent such as dioxane, THF, or DMF at temperatures ranging from 25 °C to 120 °C. Hydrolysis of the ester in 6 is completed using lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide in a mixture of THF or dioxane and water to form 7. Compounds of formula I are prepared by a coupling reaction between 7 and various amines. The coupling reaction can be carried out using standard peptide coupling reagents such as HATU, BOP, EDC, T3P or TBTU in the presence of a base such as N,N-diisopropylethylamine and a solvent such as dichloromethane, dichloroethane, DMF, or THF at temperatures ranging from 20 °C to 80 °C to form compounds of formula I.


Preparation of Compounds of Formula II General Chemistry Scheme:



[0037] Compounds of Formula II can be prepared as described in Scheme 3. Preparation of 10 can be carried out by heating 4 in the presence of chloroacetaldehyde in a solvent such as isopropanol, dioxane, THF, or DMF at temperatures ranging from 25 °C to 120 °C. Nitration of 10 in the presence of fuming nitric acid/sulfuric acid then furnishes compound 11. Removal of the chloro substituent in 11 is then carried out by a hydrogenation reaction in the presence of 10% palladium on carbon to afford 12. Compound 13 was then prepared by a reductive amination reaction with 12 and an aldehyde in the presence of a reducing agent such as sodium cyanoborohydride or sodium triacetoxyborohydride in acetic acid and methanol. Hydrolysis of the ester in 13 is completed using lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide in a mixture of THF or dioxane and water to form 14. Compounds of formula II are prepared by a coupling reaction between 14 and various amines. The coupling reaction can be carried out using standard peptide coupling reagents such as HATU, BOP, EDC, T3P or TBTU in the presence of a base such as N,N-diisopropylethylamine and a solvent such as dichloromethane, dichloroethane, DMF, or THF at temperatures ranging from 20 °C to 80 °C to form compounds of formula II.



[0038] Various analogs synthesized using Schemes 1-2 are listed in Table 1. Compounds according to examples 9-29; 31-32; 34-36 and 43-45 are not according to the invention.
Table 1.


ExampleR1R2R3
1 Ph H H
2 Ph 4-Me H
3 Ph 4-OCH(CH3)2 H
4 Ph 4-OCH2CF3 H
5 Ph 4-SO2Me H
6 Ph 4-Ph H
7 Ph 4-(4-F-Ph) H
8 Ph 4-(4-CN-Ph) H
9 Ph 4-N-piperidine H
10 Ph 4-(4-CN-N-piperidine) H
11 Ph 4-(4-F-N-piperidine) H
12 Ph 4-(4,4-difluoro-N-piperidine) H
13 Ph 4-(4-morpholine) H
14 Ph 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) H
15 Ph 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) H
16 Ph 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) H
17 Ph 4-((R)-3-methyl-4-morpholine) H
18 Ph 4-((S)-3-methyl-4-morpholine) H
19 Ph 5-OMe H
20 Ph 4-(4,4-difluoro-N-piperidine) F
21 Ph 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) F
22 Ph 4-(4,4-difluoro-N-piperidine) Cl
23 2-OMe-Ph 4-(4,4-difluoro-N-piperidine) H
24 2-OMe-Ph 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) H
25 4-CF3-Ph 4-(4-morpholine) H
26 4-CF3-Ph 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) H
27 H 4-N-piperidine H
28 H 4-(4,4-difluoro-N-piperidine) H
29 H 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) H
30 cPr 4-(4-F-Ph) H
31 cPr 4-(4,4-difluoro-N-piperidine) H
32 cPr 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) H
33 1-cyclohexene 4-(4-F-Ph) H
34 1-cyclohexene 4-(4,4-difluoro-N-piperidine) H
35 1-cyclohexene 4-(2-methyl-4-morpholine) H
36 Pyridin-3-yl 4-(4-morpholine) H

Various analogs synthesized using Schemes 1-2 are listed in Table 2.



[0039] 
Table 2


ExampleR1R2
37 Ph OEt
38 Ph OCH2CF3

Various analogs synthesized using Scheme 3 are listed in Table 3.



[0040] 
Table 3


ExampleR1R2
39 CH2-cPr H
40 CH2-cPr Me
41 CH2-cPr OCH(CH3)2
42 CH2-cPr Ph
43 CH2-cPr 4,4-difluoro-N-piperidine
44 CH2-cPr 4-morpholine
45 CH2-cPr 2-methyl-4-morpholine
46 C(O)cPr OCH(CH3)2
47 C(O)cBu OCH(CH3)2


[0041] In the following examples, proton NMR spectra were recorded on either a Bruker 400 or 500 MHz NMR spectrometer. Chemical shifts are reported in δ values relative to tetramethylsilane. Liquid chromatography (LC)/mass spectra were run on a Shimadzu LC coupled to a Waters Micromass ZQ.

Preparative HPLC Method


Method A



[0042] 

Column: Waters Sunfire 30 x 150 mm, 5 um

Mobile Phase A: 5% acetonitrile/95% water, 0.1% TFA

Mobile Phase B: 95% acetonitrile/5% water 0.1% TFA

Gradient: 10% B to 100% B over 20 minute gradient; hold at 100% B for 5 min

Flow Rate: 40 mL/min

Detector Wavelength: 254 nm


Analytical HPLC Methods


Method A



[0043] 

Column: Waters Sunfire C18, 4.6 x 150 mm, 3.5 µm

Mobile Phase A: water with 0.1% TFA

Mobile Phase B: acetonitrile with 0.1% TFA

Gradient: 10% B to 95% B over 15 min gradient; hold at 100% B for 5 min

Flow Rate: 1 mL/min

Detector Wavelength: 254 nm


Method B



[0044] 

Column: Waters Xbridge Phenyl, 4.6 x 150 mm, 3.5 µm

Mobile Phase A: water with 0.1% TFA

Mobile Phase B: acetonitrile with 0.1% TFA

Gradient: 10% B to 95% B over 15 min gradient; hold at 100% B for 5 min

Flow Rate: 1 mL/min

Detector Wavelength: 254 nm


Method C



[0045] 

Column: Waters XTERRA C18 4.6 x 30mm, 3.5 µm

Mobile Phase A: 10% methanol /90% water with with 0.1% TFA

Mobile Phase B: 90% methanol /10% water with with 0.1% TFA

Gradient: 0% B to 100% B over 12 min gradient; hold at 100% B for 10 min

Flow Rate: 1 mL/min

Detector Wavelength: 254 nm


Method D



[0046] 

Column: Phenomenex LUNA Phenyl-Hex 4.6 x 150mm, 3.5 µm

Mobile Phase A: 10% methanol /90% water with with 0.1% TFA

Mobile Phase B: 90% methanol /10% water with with 0.1% TFA

Gradient: 0% B to 100% B over 12 min gradient; hold at 100% B for 10 min

Flow Rate: 1 mL/min

Detector Wavelength: 254 nm



[0047] The following abbreviations are used: THF (tetrahydrofuran), MeOH (methanol), DMF (N,N-dimethylformamide), EtOH (ethanol), MeCN (acetonitrile), DCE (dichloroethane), DCM (dichloromethane), TFA (trifluoroacetic acid), HCl (hydrochloric acid), DMAP (dimethylaminopyridine), n-BuLi (n-butyllithium), DIPEA (N,N-diisopropylethylamine), HATU (O-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate), TBTU (N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-O-(benzotriazol-1-yl)uronium tetrafluoroborate), TLC (thin layer chromatography), NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance), LC/MS or LCMS (liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry), HPLC (high pressure liquid chromatography).

Preparation of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid via Scheme 1



[0048] 


Part A. Ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0049] 



[0050] To a mixture of 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylic acid (15.0 g, 78 mmol) in THF (150 mL) was added ethanol (18.15 mL, 311 mmol) and DMAP (0.950 g, 7.77 mmol). EDC (16.39 g, 85 mmol) was then added in portions over 1 min. The reaction was mildly exothermic. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (150 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ether (3 x 250 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (100 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 300 g column) to afford ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (13.2 g, 59.7 mmol, 77% yield) as a colorless oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.88 (s, 1H), 4.50 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.46 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 221.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H7Cl2N2O2 221.0].

Part B. Ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0051] 



[0052] To a solution of ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (10.0 g, 45.2 mmol) and (4-methoxyphenyl)methanamine (7.09 mL, 54.3 mmol) in dioxane (200 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (23.70 mL, 136 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated at 70 °C for 1 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to afford ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate (6.00 g, 18.65 mmol, 41% yield) as pale-yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.86 (br. s., 1H), 7.76 (s, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.90 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.80 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 2H), 4.39 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 1.41 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 322.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H17ClN3O3 322.1].

Part C. Ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0053] 



[0054] A mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate (1.2 g, 3.73 mmol) and TFA (5.75 ml, 74.6 mmol) was heated at reflux for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (60% → 80% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (700 mg, 3.47 mmol, 93% yield) as a green solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 7.77 (s, 1H), 7.00 (s br, 2H), 4.40 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.40 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 202.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H9N3O2Cl 202.6)].

Part D. Ethyl 6-chloro-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0055] 



[0056] Ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (600 mg, 2.98 mmol) was added to 2-bromo-1-phenylethanone (711 mg, 3.57 mmol) in DMF (10 mL). The solution was heated at 60 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ether (30 mL) and saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with water (20 mL) and saturated aq. NaCl solution (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (5 → 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 40 g column) to afford ethyl 6-chloro-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (600 mg, 1.989 mmol, 67% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.08 (s, 1H), 8.12 - 8.08 (m, 2H), 7.74 (s, 1H), 7.55 - 7.49 (m, 2H), 7.45 - 7.40 (m, 1H), 4.49 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 302.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H13N3O2Cl 302.1].

Part E. Ethyl 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0057] 



[0058] A mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (1.30 g, 4.31 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (0.459 g, 0.215 mmol) in chloroform (15 mL) and ethanol (15 mL) was stirred in a 50 mL round bottom flask under a H2 atmosphere (balloon) for 14 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated to afford ethyl 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (500 mg, 43% yield). The crude product was used directly in the next step. LCMS (ESI) m/e 268.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H14N3O2 268.1].

Part F. 2-Phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0059] 



[0060] A mixture of ethyl 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (235 mg, 0.879 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (111 mg, 2.64 mmol) in water (0.500 mL) and THF (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was concentrated to furnish 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (220 mg, 99% yield), which was used directly in the next step: LCMS (ESI) m/e 240.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C13H10N3O2 240.1].

Preparation of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid via Scheme 2



[0061] 


Part A. Ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0062] 



[0063] To a mixture of 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylic acid (15.0 g, 78 mmol) in THF (150 mL) was added ethanol (18.15 mL, 311 mmol) and DMAP (0.950 g, 7.77 mmol). EDC (16.39 g, 85 mmol) was then added in portions over 1 min. The reaction was mildly exothermic. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (150 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ether (3 x 250 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (100 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 300 g column) to afford ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (13.2 g, 59.7 mmol, 77% yield) as a colorless oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.88 (s, 1H), 4.50 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.46 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 221.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H7Cl2N2O2 221.0].

Part B. Ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0064] 



[0065] To a solution of ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (10.0 g, 45.2 mmol) and (4-methoxyphenyl)methanamine (7.09 mL, 54.3 mmol) in dioxane (200 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (23.70 mL, 136 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated at 70 °C for 1 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to afford ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate (6.00 g, 18.65 mmol, 41% yield) as pale-yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.86 (br. s., 1H), 7.76 (s, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.90 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.80 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 2H), 4.39 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 1.41 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 322.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H17ClN3O3 322.1].

Part C. Ethyl 3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0066] 



[0067] Ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate (3.00 g, 9.32 mmol), 4,4,4',4',5,5,5',5'-octamethyl-2,2'-bi(1,3,2-dioxaborolane) (2.60 g, 10.26 mmol), potassium acetate (2.75 g, 28.0 mmol), and dioxane (30 mL) were combined in a round bottom flask. 1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocenepalladium(II) dichloride·CH2Cl2 (0.767 g, 0.932 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was heated at 95 °C for 6.5 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite with ethyl acetate rinsing and was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (50 mL) and water (50 mL). The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (40% → 60% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 120 g column) to afford ethyl 3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate (2.42 g, 8.42 mmol, 90% yield) as a brown oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.71 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (br. s., 1H), 7.73 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.40 - 7.35 (m, 2H), 6.94 - 6.87 (m, 2H), 4.85 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 2H), 4.37 (q, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 1.40 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 288.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H18N3O3 288.1].

Part D. Ethyl 3-aminopyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0068] 



[0069] A mixture of ethyl 3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate (1.5 g, 5.22 mmol) in TFA (20 mL) was heated at reflux for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and then transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (100 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (100 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (2% → 10% methanol in CH2Cl2; 160 g column) to afford ethyl 3-aminopyridazine-4-carboxylate (752 mg, 4.50 mmol, 86% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.75 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (br. s., 1H), 4.42 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 1.43 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 168.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H10N3O2 168.1].

Part E. Ethyl 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0070] 



[0071] A mixture of ethyl 3-aminopyridazine-4-carboxylate (30 mg, 0.179 mmol) and 2-bromo-1-phenylethanone (107 mg, 0.538 mmol) in dioxane (1 mL) was heated at 80 °C for 3 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (5 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (5 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (10% → 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (9.1 mg, 0.034 mmol, 19% yield) as a yellow film: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.43 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 8.11 - 8.07 (m, 2H), 7.61 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.52 - 7.46 (m, 2H), 7.43 - 7.37 (m, 1H), 4.59 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.54 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 268.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H14N3O2 268.1].

Part F. 2-Phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0072] 



[0073] A mixture of ethyl 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (235 mg, 0.879 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (111 mg, 2.64 mmol) in water (0.500 mL) and THF (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was concentrated to furnish 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (220 mg, 99% yield), which was used directly in the next step: LCMS (ESI) m/e 240.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C13H10N3O2 240.1].

Example 1


2-Phenyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0074] 



[0075] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (35 mg, 0.146 mmol) and pyridin-3-amine (6.0 mg, 0.062 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.036 mL, 0.210 mmol) followed by HATU (32 mg, 0.084 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 14 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford and 2-phenyl-N-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (5.5 mg, 42% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.11 (s, 1H), 9.15 (s, 1H), 9.08 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.80 (d, J=4.6 Hz, 1H), 8.48 (dd, J=4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.41 - 8.38 (m, 1H), 8.20 (dd, J=8.3, 1.1 Hz, 2H), 7.88 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 7.61 - 7.54 (m, 3H), 7.47 - 7.42 (m, 1H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 316.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C18H14N5O 316.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.32 min; (Method B) tR = 9.56 min.

Example 2


N-(4-Methylpyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0076] 



[0077] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.125 mmol), 4-methylpyridin-3-amine (27.1 mg, 0.251 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.131 mL, 0.752 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) at rt was added HATU (95 mg, 0.251 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 6 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 60% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford N-(4-methylpyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (16 mg, 0.046 mmol, 37% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.75 (s, 1H), 9.35 (s, 1H), 9.16 (s, 1H), 8.82 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.21 -8.11 (m, 2H), 7.94 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60 - 7.51 (m, 2H), 7.48 - 7.40 (m, 2H), 2.61 (s, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 330.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C19H16N5O 330.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 8.96 min; (Method B) tR = 10.00 min.

Example 3


N-(4-Isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0078] 



[0079] Part A. 6-Chloro-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0080] To a mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (50 mg, 0.166 mmol), 4-isopropoxypyridin-3-amine, 2 HCl (74.6 mg, 0.331 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added LiHMDS (1M in THF) (0.679 mL, 0.679 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (40% → 60% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford 6-chloro-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (25 mg, 0.056 mmol, 34% yield) as a green solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 11.84 (s, 1H), 9.64 (s, 1H), 8.37 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (s, 1H), 8.08 - 8.03 (m, 2H), 8.00 (s, 1H), 7.55 - 7.41 (m, 3H), 6.92 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 4.77 (dt, J=12.2, 6.2 Hz, 1H), 1.39 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 6H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 408.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C21H19N5O2Cl 408.1].

Part B. N-(4-Isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0081] 



[0082] A mixture of 6-chloro-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (30 mg, 0.074 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (15.66 mg, 0.015 mmol) in EtOH (2 mL) was placed under hydrogen at 45 psi in parr shaker for 6 h. The mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (12 mg, 0.020 mmol, 27% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.12 (s, 1H), 9.65 (s, 1H), 9.18 (s, 1H), 8.83 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.66 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 8.23 - 8.18 (m, 2H), 7.96 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.59 - 7.53 (m, 2H), 7.52 - 7.44 (m, 1H), 5.19 (quin, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 1.42 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 6H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 374.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C21H20N5O2 374.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.13 min; (Method B) tR = 10.62 min.

Example 4


2-Phenyl-N-(4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0083] 



[0084] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (20 mg, 0.084 mmol), 4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridin-3-amine (32.1 mg, 0.167 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.088 mL, 0.502 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) at rt was added HATU (63.6 mg, 0.167 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 80% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford 2-phenyl-N-(4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (15 mg, 0.034 mmol, 41% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.95 (s, 1H), 9.52 (s, 1H), 9.14 (s, 1H), 8.80 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.43 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 7.93 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60 - 7.49 (m, 3H), 7.47 - 7.38 (m, 1H), 5.21 (q, J=8.8 Hz, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 414.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C20H15N5O2F3 414.1]; HPLC (Method C): tR = 10.95 min; (Method D) tR = 11.90 min.

Example 5


N-(4-(Methylsulfonyl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0085] 



[0086] To a suspension of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (10 mg, 0.042 mmol) in dichloromethane (1 mL) at 0 °C was added DMF (0.647 µl, 8.36 µmol) and oxalyl chloride (10.98 µl, 0.125 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dried under vacuum for 1 hour. The residue was suspended in dichloromethane (1 mL) followed by the addition of triethylamine (0.023 mL, 0.167 mmol), DMAP (10.21 mg, 0.084 mmol), and 4-(methylsulfonyl)pyridin-3-amine (7.92 mg, 0.046 mmol) at 0 °C. The cooling bath was removed and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) followed by prep TLC (5% methanol in dichloromethane) to afford N-(4-(methylsulfonyl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (2.0 mg, 5.03 µmol, 12% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ 9.53 (s, 1H), 8.76 (s, 1H), 8.74 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.29 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 8.06 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.50 - 7.43 (m, 3H), 3.29 (s, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 394.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C19H16N5O3S 394.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 16.74 min; (Method B) tR = 17.89 min.

Example 6


2-Phenyl-N-(4-phenylpyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0087] 



[0088] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (50 mg, 0.209 mmol), 4-phenylpyridin-3-amine (71.1 mg, 0.418 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.219 mL, 1.254 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (159 mg, 0.418 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford 2-phenyl-N-(4-phenylpyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (32 mg, 0.081 mmol, 39% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.83 (s, 1H), 9.37 (s, 1H), 9.03 (s, 1H), 8.78 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.54 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.91 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.77 - 7.66 (m, 2H), 7.52 - 7.43 (m, 5H), 7.38 (dd, J=5.0, 1.8 Hz, 3H), 7.35 - 7.27 (m, 1H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 392.3 [(M+H)+, calcd for C24H18N5O 392.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 8.87 min; (Method B) tR = 9.30 min.

Example 7


N-(4-(4-Fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0089] 



[0090] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.125 mmol), 4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-amine (47.2 mg, 0.251 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.131 mL, 0.752 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (95 mg, 0.251 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (22 mg, 0.034 mmol, 27% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.92 (s, 1H), 9.48 (s, 1H), 9.06 (s, 1H), 8.79 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.59 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.86 - 7.80 (m, 2H), 7.62 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.49 - 7.42 (m, 2H), 7.42 - 7.37 (m, 3H), 7.33 - 7.24 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 410.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C24H17N5OF 410.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.75 min; (Method B) tR = 11.06 min.

Example 8


N-(4-(4-Cyanophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0091] 



[0092] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (25 mg, 0.105 mmol), 4-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)benzonitrile (40.8 mg, 0.209 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.110 mL, 0.627 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (79 mg, 0.209 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-(4-cyanophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (8 mg, 0.012 mmol, 11% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.89 (s, 1H), 9.47 (s, 1H), 9.06 (s, 1H), 8.79 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.61 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 8.00 - 7.88 (m, 5H), 7.60 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.46 - 7.38 (m, 5H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 417.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C25H17N6O 417.4]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.63 min; (Method B) tR = 10.83 min.

Example 9


2-Phenyl-N-(4-(piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0093] 



[0094] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (40 mg, 0.167 mmol), 4-(piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine, 2 HCl (84 mg, 0.334 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.175 mL, 1.003 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (127 mg, 0.334 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 2-phenyl-N-(4-(piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (41 mg, 0.063 mmol, 38% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.79 (s, 1H), 9.21 (s, 1H), 9.04 (d, J=0.5 Hz, 1H), 8.84 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.44 (dd, J=6.8, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.26 - 8.12 (m, 2H), 7.94 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.61 - 7.33 (m, 4H), 3.53 - 3.38 (m, 4H), 1.61 (br. s., 4H), 1.46 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 2H); LCMS (APCI) m/e 399.3 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H23N6O 399.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 16.70 min; (Method B) tR = 18.07 min.

Example 10


N-(4-(4-Cyanopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0095] 



[0096] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.125 mmol), 1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidine-4-carbonitrile (50.7 mg, 0.251 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.131 mL, 0.752 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (95 mg, 0.251 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) followed by prep TLC (10% methanol in metheylene chloride) to afford N-(4-(4-cyanopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (10 mg, 0.022 mmol, 18% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 11.83 (br. s., 1H), 9.45 (s, 1H), 8.59 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.41 (s, 2H), 8.07 - 7.95 (m, 3H), 7.56 - 7.45 (m, 3H), 7.02 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.30 - 3.18 (m, 2H), 3.13 - 3.00 (m, 2H), 2.55 - 2.44 (m, 1H), 2.04 - 1.92 (m, 2H), 1.91 - 1.80 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 424.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C24H22N7O 424.3]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 8.91 min; (Method B) tR = 9.57 min.

Example 11


N-(4-(4-Fluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0097] 



[0098] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.125 mmol), 4-(4-fluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (49.0 mg, 0.251 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.131 mL, 0.752 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added HATU (95 mg, 0.251 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 6 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 60% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford N-(4-(4-fluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (16 mg, 0.038 mmol, 31% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.74 (s, 1H), 9.18 (s, 2H), 8.82 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.22 - 8.16 (m, 2H), 7.96 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.56 - 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.48 - 7.41 (m, 1H), 4.68 - 4.46 (m, 1H), 3.26 - 3.15 (m, 2H), 3.12 - 3.03 (m, 2H), 2.00 - 1.86 (m, 2H), 1.79 (d, J=13.8 Hz, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 417.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H22N6OF 417.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.96 min; (Method B) tR = 10.56 min.

Example 12


N-(4-(4,4-Difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0099] 



[0100] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (100 mg, 0.283 mmol) and 4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (72.4 mg, 0.340 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.247 mL, 1.415 mmol) followed by HATU (129 mg, 0.340 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 18 h. The mixture was concentrated and the product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (58 mg, 0.125 mmol, 44% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.77 (s, 1H), 9.21 (s, 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 8.83 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 7.97 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.58 - 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.48 - 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.27 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 3.22 (t, J=5.0 Hz, 4H), 2.10 - 1.95 (m, 4H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 435.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H21F2N6O 435.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.26 min; (Method B) tR = 10.24 min.

Example 13


N-(4-Morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0101] 


Part A. 6-Chloro-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0102] 



[0103] A mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (55 mg, 0.182 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (22.95 mg, 0.547 mmol) in water (0.150 mL) and THF (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was concentrated to afford 6-chloro-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (50 mg, 100% yield). The product was used directly in the next step. LCMS (ESI) m/e 274.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C13H9N3O2Cl 274.0].

Part B. 6-Chloro-N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0104] 



[0105] To a solution of 6-chloro-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (50 mg, 0.183 mmol), 4-morpholinopyridin-3-amine (65.5 mg, 0.365 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.128 mL, 0.731 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added HATU (139 mg, 0.365 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (30 → 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes, 12 g column) to afford 6-chloro-N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (32 mg, 0.074 mmol, 40% yield): 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 11.79 (s, 1H), 9.37 (s, 1H), 8.42 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 8.11 - 8.04 (m, 2H), 8.02 (s, 1H), 7.56 - 7.41 (m, 3H), 7.02 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 3.75 - 3.66 (m, 4H), 3.16 - 3.06 (m, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 435.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C22H20ClN6O2 435.1].

Part C. N-(4-Morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0106] 



[0107] A mixture of 6-chloro-N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (30 mg, 0.069 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (14.68 mg, 0.014 mmol) in CHCl3 (5 mL) and MeOH (5.00 mL) was placed under hydrogen at 45 psi and was shaken on the Parr shaker for 3 h. The mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (13 mg, 0.020 mmol, 30% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.92 (s, 1H), 9.21 (s, 1H), 9.14 (s, 1H), 8.84 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.51 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 8.24 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 7.95 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60 - 7.53 (m, 3H), 7.50 - 7.43 (m, 1H), 3.65 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 4H) (4 H obscured by water peak at 3.54 ppm); LCMS (ESI) m/e 401.3 [(M+H)+, calcd for C22H21N6O2 401.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.18 min; (Method B) tR = 9.79 min.

Example 14


N-(4-(2-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0108] 



[0109] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.125 mmol), 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (48.5 mg, 0.251 mmol) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.131 mL, 0.752 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (95 mg, 0.251 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (22 mg, 0.053 mmol, 42% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.83 (s, 1H), 9.19 (d, J=3.3 Hz, 2H), 8.82 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.27 - 8.22 (m, 2H), 7.95 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.49 - 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.21 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.77 - 3.52 (m, 3H), 2.92 - 2.89 (m, 2H), 2.76 - 2.73 (m, 2H), 0.95 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 415.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H23N6O2 415.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.04 min; (Method B) tR = 10.15 min.

Example 15


N-(4-(2-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0110] 



[0111] Racemic N-(4-(2-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide was subjected to chiral separation (Column: ChiralPak AS-H, 30 x 250mm, 5µm; Mobile Phase: 15% EtOH (ww 0.1% DEA) / 85% CO2; 120 bar; 35 °C; 70 mL/min; 370 nm). Analytical data for Peak 1 (Enantiomer 1): 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.83 (s, 1H), 9.19 (d, J=3.3 Hz, 2H), 8.82 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.27 - 8.22 (m, 2H), 7.95 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.49 - 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.21 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.77 - 3.52 (m, 3H), 2.92 - 2.89 (m, 2H), 2.76 - 2.73 (m, 2H), 0.95 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 415.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H23N6O2 415.2]; Analytical chiral HPLC (Column: ChiralPak AS-H, 4.6x 250mm, 5µm; Mobile Phase: 15 % EtOH (ww 0.1% DEA) / 85% CO2; 120 bar; 35 °C; 3 mL/min; 370 nm), tR = 8.38 min; HPLC (Method A): tR = 8.55 min; (Method B) tR = 9.76 min.

Example 16


N-(4-(2-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0112] 



[0113] Racemic N-(4-(2-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide was subjected to chiral separation (Column: ChiralPak AS-H, 30 x 250mm, 5µm; Mobile Phase: 15% EtOH (ww 0.1% DEA) / 85% CO2; 120 bar; 35 °C; 70 mL/min; 370 nm). Analytical data for Peak 2 (Enantiomer 2): 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.83 (s, 1H), 9.19 (d, J=3.3 Hz, 2H), 8.82 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.27 - 8.22 (m, 2H), 7.95 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.49 - 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.21 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.77 - 3.52 (m, 3H), 2.92 - 2.89 (m, 2H), 2.76 - 2.73 (m, 2H), 0.95 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 415.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H23N6O2 415.2]; Analytical chiral HPLC (Column: ChiralPak AS-H, 4.6x 250mm, 5µm; Mobile Phase: 15 % EtOH (ww 0.1% DEA) / 85% CO2; 120 bar; 35 °C; 3 mL/min; 370 nm), tR = 10.10 min; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.42 min; (Method B) tR = 9.89 min.

Example 17


(R)-N-(4-(3-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0114] 



[0115] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (40 mg, 0.167 mmol), (R)-4-(3-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (64.6 mg, 0.334 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.175 mL, 1.003 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (127 mg, 0.334 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford (R)-N-(4-(3-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (33 mg, 0.051 mmol, 30% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.86 (s, 1H), 9.28 (s, 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 8.81 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.38 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.27 - 8.21 (m, 2H), 7.94 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.57 - 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.50 - 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.30 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.66 (dd, J=11.2, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 3.61 - 3.50 (m, 2H), 3.50 - 3.40 (m, 1H), 3.27 - 3.17 (m, 2H), 2.73 - 2.64 (m, 1H), 0.98 (d, J=63 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 415.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H23N6O2 415.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 12.77 min; (Method B) tR = 14.12 min.

Example 18


(S)-N-(4-(3-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0116] 



[0117] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (40 mg, 0.167 mmol), (S)-4-(3-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (64.6 mg, 0.334 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.175 mL, 1.003 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (127 mg, 0.334 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford (S)-N-(4-(3-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (36 mg, 0.055 mmol, 33% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.86 (s, 1H), 9.28 (s, 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 8.81 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.38 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.27 - 8.21 (m, 2H), 7.94 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.57 - 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.50 - 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.30 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 3.66 (dd, J=11.2, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 3.61 - 3.51 (m, 2H), 3.50 - 3.43 (m, 1H), 3.27 - 3.19 (m, 2H), 2.68 (td, J=7.8, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 0.98 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 415.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H23N6O2 415.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 14.27 min; (Method B) tR = 14.37 min.

Example 19


N-(5-Methoxypyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0118] 



[0119] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.125 mmol) and 5-methoxypyridin-3-amine (31.1 mg, 0.251 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.131 mL, 0.752 mmol) and HATU (95 mg, 0.251 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (5% methanol in methylene chloride; 12 g column) to afford N-(5-methoxypyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (21 mg, 0.060 mmol, 48% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.13 (br. s., 1H), 9.15 (s, 1H), 8.79 (d, J=48 Hz, 1H), 8.54 (s, 1H), 8.23 - 8.16 (m, 3H), 8.06 (br. s., 1H), 7.86 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 7.48 - 7.42 (m, 1H), 3.92 (s, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 346.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C19H16N5O2 346.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.50 min; (Method B) tR = 10.52 min.

Example 20


N-(4-(4,4-Difluoropiperidin-1-yl)-6-fluoropyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0120] 



[0121] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (10 mg, 0.042 mmol), 4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)-6-fluoropyridin-3-amine (9.67 mg, 0.042 mmol) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.029 mL, 0.167 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (19.07 mg, 0.050 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)-6-fluoropyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (8 mg, 0.012 mmol, 28% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.72 (s, 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 8.85 - 8.77 (m, 2H), 8.16 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 7.96 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.59 - 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.48 - 7.38 (m, 1H), 3.28 (br. s., 4H), 2.08 - 1.95 (m, 4H); LCMS (APCI) m/e 453.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H20F3N6O 453.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 16.05 min; (Method B) tR = 15.05 min.

Example 21


N-(6-Fluoro-4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0122] 



[0123] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.094 mmol) and 6-fluoro-4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (19.87 mg, 0.094 mmol) in DMF (0.7 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.082 mL, 0.470 mmol) followed by HATU (42.9 mg, 0.113 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2.5 h. The mixture was concentrated and the product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(6-fluoro-4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (18.5 mg, 0.028 mmol, 30% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.75 (s, 1H), 9.18 (s, 1H), 8.82 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.77 (s, 1H), 8.26 - 8.19 (m, 2H), 7.93 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60 - 7.51 (m, 2H), 7.50 - 7.42 (m, 1H), 6.95 (s, 1H), 3.76 - 3.53 (m, 3H), 3.49 - 3.39 (m, 2H), 2.77 (td, J=11.7, 3.6 Hz, 1H), 2.64 - 2.55 (m, 1H), 0.94 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 433.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H22FN6O2 433.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 15.85 min; (Method B) tR = 14.22 min.

Example 22


N-(6-Chloro-4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0124] 



[0125] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (10 mg, 0.042 mmol), 6-chloro-4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (10.35 mg, 0.042 mmol) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.029 mL, 0.167 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (19.07 mg, 0.050 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(6-chloro-4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (10 mg, 0.014 mmol, 34% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.76 (s, 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 9.01 (s, 1H), 8.83 (d, J=45 Hz, 1H), 8.19 - 8.10 (m, 2H), 7.96 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.57 - 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.48 - 7.40 (m, 1H), 3.27 (br. s., 4H), 2.01 (t, J=13.8 Hz, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 469.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H20F2N6OCl 469.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 17.06 min; (Method B) tR = 15.53 min.

Preparation of 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0126] 


Part A. Ethyl 6-chloro-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0127] 



[0128] Ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (200 mg, 0.992 mmol) was added to 2-bromo-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)ethanone (227 mg, 0.992 mmol) in DMF (3 mL). The solution was heated to 60 °C for 4 h. Additional 2-bromo-1-(2-methoxyphenyl)ethanone (227 mg, 0.992 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated to 60 °C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ether (30 mL) and saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with water (20 mL) and saturated aq. NaCl solution (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (5 → 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 25 g column) to afford ethyl 6-chloro-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (200 mg, 0.603 mmol, 61% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.78 (s, 1H), 8.34 (dd, J=7.8, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.45 - 7.39 (m, 1H), 7.19 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (td, J=7.5, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 4.49 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (s, 3H), 1.42 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H).

Part B. Ethyl 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0129] 



[0130] A mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.452 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (72.2 mg, 0.034 mmol) in chloroform (2 mL) and ethanol (5 mL) was stirred under hydrogen in a 50 mL round bottom flask at atmospheric pressure for 14 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (65 mg, 0.219 mmol, 48% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.75 (s, 1H), 8.66 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.37 (dd, J=7.8, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.44 - 7.38 (m, 1H), 7.19 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (td, J=7.5, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 4.48 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.02 (s, 3H), 1.42 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 298.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C16H16N3O3 298.1].

Part C. 2-(2-Methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0131] 



[0132] A mixture of ethyl 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (65 mg, 0.219 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (10.47 mg, 0.437 mmol) in THF (5 mL) and water (0.250 mL) was stirred at rt for 12 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to afford 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (60 mg, 0.223 mmol, 100% yield) as a yellow solid. The product was used directly in the next step. 1H NMR (400MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ 6.95 (s, 1H), 6.86 (d, J=4.3 Hz, 1H), 6.57 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 6.00 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 1H), 5.72 (t, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 5.48 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 5.41 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 2.36 (s, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 270.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C14H12N3O3 270.1].

Example 23


N-(4-(4,4-Difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pytidin-3-yl)-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0133] 



[0134] To a solution of 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (15 mg, 0.056 mmol), 4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (23.76 mg, 0.111 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.058 mL, 0.334 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added and HATU (42.4 mg, 0.111 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 80% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (10 mg, 0.020 mmol, 37% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 11.98 (s, 1H), 9.40 (s, 1H), 8.74 (s, 1H), 8.58 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.41 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.38 (dd, J=7.9, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.01 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.45 - 7.40 (m, 1H), 7.13 - 7.06 (m, 2H), 7.06 - 7.02 (m, 1H), 4.06 (s, 3H), 3.27 - 3.21 (m, 4H), 2.10 - 1.96 (m, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 465.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C24H23N6O2F2 465.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.45 min; (Method B) tR = 11.07 min.

Example 24


2-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0135] 



[0136] To a solution of 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (15 mg, 0.056 mmol), 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (21.53 mg, 0.111 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.058 mL, 0.334 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (42.4 mg, 0.111 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4,filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 80% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (10 mg, 0.022 mmol, 40% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 12.03 (s, 1H), 9.40 - 9.31 (m, 1H), 8.75 (s, 1H), 8.56 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.51 (dd, J=7.8, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.41 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.44 - 7.39 (m, 1H), 7.10 - 7.04 (m, 2H), 7.02 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 4.07 (s, 3H), 3.82 - 3.76 (m, 1H), 3.76 - 3.70 (m, 2H), 3.34 - 3.27 (m, 2H), 2.87 (ddd, J=12.2, 10.2, 4.6 Hz, 1H), 2.64 (dd, J=11.8, 10.3 Hz, 1H), 1.04 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 445.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C24H25N6O3 445.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.76 min; (Method B) tR = 10.19 min.

Preparation of 2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0137] 


Part A. Ethyl 6-chloro-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0138] 



[0139] Ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (270 mg, 1.339 mmol) was added to 2-bromo-1-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)ethanone (358 mg, 1.339 mmol) in DMF (6 mL). The solution was heated at 60 °C for 4 h. The resulting orange liquid was partitioned between ether (30 mL) and saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with water (20 mL) and saturated aq. NaCl solution (20 mL), dried over MgSO4,filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (5 → 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 40 g column) to afford ethyl 6-chloro-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (190 mg, 0.514 mmol, 38% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.23 (s, 1H), 8.31 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.89 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.79 (s, 1H), 4.49 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 370.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C16H12N3O2F3Cl 370.1].

Part B. Ethyl 6-chloro-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0140] 



[0141] A mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (190 mg, 0.514 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (82 mg, 0.039 mmol) in chloroform (2 mL) and ethanol (5 mL) was stirred under hydrogen in a 50 mL round bottom flask at atmospheric pressure for 6 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (90 mg, 0.268 mmol, 52% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.21 (s, 1H), 8.71 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.88 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.69 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 4.48 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 336.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C16H13N3O2F3 336.1].

Part C. 2-(4-(Trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0142] 



[0143] A mixture of ethyl 2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (90 mg, 0.268 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (19.29 mg, 0.805 mmol) in THF (5 mL) and water was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to afford 2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (80 mg, 0.260 mmol, 97% yield) as a yellow solid. The product was used directly in the next step. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.04 (s, 1H), 8.62 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.80 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.58 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 308.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C14H9N3O2F3 308.1].

Example 25


N-(4-Morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0144] 



[0145] To a suspension of 2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.059 mmol) in dichloromethane (4 mL) at 0 °C was added DMF (0.907 µl, 0.012 mmol) and oxalyl chloride (0.015 mL, 0.176 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dried under vaccum for 1 hour. The residue was suspended in dichloromethane (4 mL) followed by the addition of triethylamine (0.033 mL, 0.234 mmol), DMAP (14.32 mg, 0.117 mmol) and 4-morpholinopyridin-3-amine (21.00 mg, 0.117 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) followed by prep TLC (5% methanol in methylene chloride) to afford N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (7 mg, 0.014 mmol, 24% yield) as a yellow solid: LCMS (ESI) m/e 469.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H20N6O2F3 469.2]; HPLC retention time (Method A): tR = 11.23 min; HPLC (Method B): tR = 10.73 min.

Example 26


N-(4-(2-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0146] 



[0147] To a suspension of 2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (50 mg, 0.098 mmol) in dichloromethane (4 mL) at 0 °C was added DMF (1.512 µl, 0.020 mmol) and oxalyl chloride (0.026 mL, 0.293 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dried under vaccum for 1 h. The residue was suspended in dichloromethane (4 mL) followed by the addition of triethylamine (0.054 mL, 0.391 mmol), DMAP (23.86 mg, 0.195 mmol), and 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (37.7 mg, 0.195 mmol) at 0 °C. The cooling bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) followed by prep TLC (5% methanol in methylene chloride) to afford N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)-2-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (15 mg, 0.030 mmol, 30% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.73 (s, 1H), 9.36 (s, 1H), 9.04 (br. s., 1H), 8.88 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.50 (br. s., 1H), 8.46 - 8.41 (m, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.97 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.94 - 7.90 (m, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.59 (br. s., 1H), 3.95 (t, J=13.8 Hz, 2H), 3.74 - 3.62 (m, 2H), 3.56 (t, J=10.8 Hz, 1H), 3.14 (t, J=10.9 Hz, 1H), 2.92 - 2.85 (m, 1H), 0.94 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 483.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C24H22N6O2F3 483.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.63 min; (Method B) tR = 10.63 min.

Preparation of imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0148] 


Part A. Ethyl 6-chloroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0149] 

Chloroacetaldehyde (50% in H2O) (5.04 mL, 39.7 mmol) was added to ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (1.00 g, 4.96 mmol) in isopropanol (20 mL). The solution was heated at 80 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the resulting orange liquid was partitioned between ether (30 mL) and saturated aq. NaHCOs solution (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with water (20 mL) and saturated aq. NaCl solution (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (60% → 80% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 25 g column) to afford ethyl 6-chloroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (750 mg, 3.32 mmol, 67% yield) as a green solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, METHANOL-d4) d 8.23 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 4.52 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.45 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 226.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C9H9N3O2Cl 226.0].

Part B. Imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0150] 



[0151] A mixture of ethyl imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (165 mg, 0.733 mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (130 mg, 0.122 mmol), and triethylamine (0.169 mL, 1.22 mmol) in EtOH (8 mL) and DMF (8 mL) was placed under a hydrogen atmosphere at 45 psi in a Parr shaker for 4 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (10% methanol in dichloromethane; 25 g column) to afford ethyl 3-aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (100 mg, 80% yield). A mixture of ethyl imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (100 mg, 0.485 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (81 mg, 1.940 mmol) in water (0.2 mL) and THF (5 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was then concentrated to afford imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (60 mg, 76% yield). The crude product was used directly in the next step. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.60 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J=4.3 Hz, 1H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 164.0 [(M)+, calcd for C7H6N3O2 164.1].

Example 27


N-(4-(Piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0152] 



[0153] To a solution of imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (40 mg, 0.144 mmol) and 4-(piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine, 2 HCl (72.2 mg, 0.289 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.151 mL, 0.866 mmol) and HATU (110 mg, 0.289 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (5 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-(piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (18 mg, 0.029 mmol, 20% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.90 (s, 1H), 9.15 (s, 1H), 8.86 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.61 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.43 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 8.09 - 8.04 (m, 1H), 7.94 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 3.41 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 4H), 3.22 - 3.11 (m, 2H), 1.74 - 1.68 (m, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 323.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C17H19N6O 323.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 7.54 min; (Method B) tR = 7.83 min.

Example 28


N-(4-(4,4-Difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0154] 



[0155] To a solution of imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (30 mg, 0.108 mmol) and 4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (46.2 mg, 0.216 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.113 mL, 0.649 mmol) and HATU (82 mg, 0.216 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (5 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (17 mg, 0.029 mmol, 27% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.02 (s, 1H), 9.32 (s, 1H), 8.87 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.62 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.53 (dd, J=6.5, 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.03 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 3.53 (t, J=5.5 Hz, 4H), 2.31 - 2.19 (m, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 359.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C17H17N6OF2 359.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 7.90 min; (Method B) tR = 8.48 min.

Example 29


N-(4-(2-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0156] 



[0157] To a solution of imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (30 mg, 0.108 mmol) and 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (41.8 mg, 0.216 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.113 mL, 0.649 mmol) and HATU (82 mg, 0.216 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (5 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (15 mg, 0.025 mmol, 23% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 12.20 (br. s., 1H), 9.69 (s, 1H), 8.65 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.55 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 8.19 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 4.17 - 3.96 (m, 2H), 3.62 (d, J=12.3 Hz, 2H), 3.18 (td, J=11.9, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 2.94 - 2.78 (m, 2H), 1.22 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 339.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C17H19N6O2 339.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 6.71 min; (Method B) tR = 7.21 min.

Preparation of 2-cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0158] 


Part A. Ethyl 2-cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0159] 



[0160] A mixture of ethyl 3-aminopyridazine-4-carboxylate (300 mg, 1.795 mmol) and 2-bromo-1-cyclopropylethanone (585 mg, 3.59 mmol) in dioxane (6 mL) was heated at 80 °C for 1 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (10 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (10% → 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 2-cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (112 mg, 0.484 mmol, 27% yield) as a dark green oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.35 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (s, 1H), 7.52 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 2.22 (tt, J=8.4, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 1.48 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.12 - 1.04 (m, 2H), 1.02 - 0.96 (m, 2H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 232.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C12H14N3O2 232.1].

Part B. 2-Cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0161] 



[0162] A mixture of ethyl 2-cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (110 mg, 0.476 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (59.9 mg, 1.427 mmol) in water (0.150 mL) and THF (3 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was concentrated to afford 2-cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (112 mg, 74% yield). The product was used without further purification in the next step. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.79 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.41 (s, 1H), 7.80 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 1H), 2.27 - 2.18 (m, 1H), 1.14 - 1.06 (m, 2H), 0.98 - 0.92 (m, 2H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 204.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C10H10N3O2 204.1].

Example 30


2-Cyclopropyl-N-(4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0163] 



[0164] To a solution of 2-cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (35 mg, 0.110 mmol) and 4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-amine (29.1 mg, 0.154 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.096 mL, 0.552 mmol) followed by HATU (58.7 mg, 0.154 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated. The product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 2-cyclopropyl-N-(4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (43.3 mg, 0.071 mmol, 65% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.74 (s, 1H), 9.48 (s, 1H), 8.70 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.59 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.26 (s, 1H), 7.83 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.73 - 7.67 (m, 2H), 7.60 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.41 - 7.33 (m, 2H), 1.79 (tt, J=8.3, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 0.92 - 0.84 (m, 2H), 0.54 - 0.46 (m, 2H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 374.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C21H17FN5O 374.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.03 min; (Method B) tR = 10.50 min.

Example 31


2-Cyclopropyl-N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0165] 



[0166] To a solution of 2-cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (35 mg, 0.110 mmol) and 4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (32.9 mg, 0.154 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.096 mL, 0.552 mmol) followed by HATU (58.7 mg, 0.154 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated. The product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 2-cyclopropyl-N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (55.7 mg, 0.088 mmol, 80% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.78 (s, 1H), 9.22 (s, 1H), 8.76 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.53 (dd, J=6.8, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 7.89 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 3.60 (t, J=5.4 Hz, 4H), 2.31 - 2.13 (m, 5H), 1.12 - 1.05 (m, 2H), 0.98 - 0.91 (m, 2H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 399.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C20H21F2N6O 399.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.36 min; (Method B) tR = 9.99 min.

Example 32


2-Cyclopropyl-N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0167] 



[0168] To a solution of 2-cyclopropylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (35 mg, 0.110 mmol) and 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (29.9 mg, 0.154 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.096 mL, 0.552 mmol) followed by HATU (58.7 mg, 0.154 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 1.5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated. The product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 2-cyclopropyl-N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (62.6 mg, 0.099 mmol, 90 % yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.70 (s, 1H), 9.09 (s, 1H), 8.75 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.48 (dd, J=6.9, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.41 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.93 - 3.80 (m, 4H), 3.79 - 3.71 (m, 1H), 3.23 - 3.14 (m, 1H), 2.89 (dd, J=12.7, 10.2 Hz, 1H), 2.25 - 2.16 (m, 1H), 1.14 - 1.07 (m, 2H), 1.05 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H), 1.00 - 0.94 (m, 2H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 379.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C20H23N6O2 379.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 8.45 min; (Method B) tR = 8.74 min.

Preparation of 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0169] 


Part A. Ethyl 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0170] 



[0171] A mixture of ethyl 3-aminopyridazine-4-carboxylate (175 mg, 1.047 mmol) and 2-bromo-1-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)ethanone (319 mg, 1.570 mmol) in dioxane (3.5 mL) was heated at 80 °C for 1 h. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (10 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (10% → 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (82 mg, 0.302 mmol, 29% yield) as a yellow oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.36 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (s, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (dt, J=4.0, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 4.55 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 2.54 - 2.45 (m, 2H), 2.35 - 2.25 (m, 2H), 1.89 - 1.79 (m, 2H), 1.77 - 1.68 (m, 2H), 1.51 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 272.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H18N3O2 272.1].

Part B. 2-(Cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0172] 



[0173] A mixture of ethyl 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (72 mg, 0.265 mmol), lithium hydroxide monohydrate (19.07 mg, 0.796 mmol) in THF (3 mL) and water (0.15 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. Additional lithium hydroxide monohydrate (19 mg) in water (0.15 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated. The product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (79.6 mg, 0.223 mmol, 84% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.67 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.52 (s, 1H), 7.66 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 6.78 (dt, J=3.6, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 2.44 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 2H), 2.28 - 2.21 (m, 2H), 1.79 - 1.72 (m, 2H), 1.70 - 1.62 (m, J=5.7, 5.7, 3.6 Hz, 2H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 244.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C13H14N3O2 244.1].

Example 33


2-(Cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-N-(4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0174] 



[0175] To a solution of 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (20 mg, 0.056 mmol) and 4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-amine (10.54 mg, 0.056 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.049 mL, 0.280 mmol) followed by HATU (25.5 mg, 0.067 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2.5 h. The mixture was concentrated. The product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-N-(4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (6.4 mg, 9.68 µmol, 17% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.92 (s, 1H), 9.43 (s, 1H), 8.70 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 8.55 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 8.41 (s, 1H), 7.87 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 7.75 - 7.70 (m, 2H), 7.55 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (t, J=8.9 Hz, 2H), 5.83 (t, J=3.9 Hz, 1H), 5.76 (s, 1H), 2.15 (br. s., 2H), 2.08 (br. s., 2H), 1.69 - 1.63 (m, 2H), 1.62 - 1.56 (m, 2H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 414.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C24H21FN5O 414.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 11.72 min; (Method B) tR = 11.88 min.

Example 34


2-(Cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0176] 



[0177] To a solution of 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (40 mg, 0.112 mmol) and 4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (28.6 mg, 0.134 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.098 mL, 0.560 mmol) followed by HATU (51.1 mg, 0.134 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2.5 h. The mixture was concentrated. The product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (55 mg, 0.081 mmol, 72% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.84 (s, 1H), 9.20 (s, 1H), 8.76 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 8.57 (s, 1H), 8.47 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (s, 1H), 3.52 - 3.47 (m, 4H), 2.46 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 2H), 2.24 (d, J=3.5 Hz, 2H), 2.18 - 2.07 (m, 4H), 1.80 - 1.72 (m, 2H), 1.70 - 1.63 (m, 2H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 439.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H25F2N6O 439.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 11.15 min; (Method B) tR = 11.71 min.

Example 35


2-(Cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0178] 



[0179] To a solution of 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid, TFA (20 mg, 0.056 mmol) and 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (12.98 mg, 0.067 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.049 mL, 0.280 mmol) followed by HATU (25.5 mg, 0.067 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2.5 h. The mixture was concentrated. The product was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 2-(cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (3.3 mg, 5.00 µmol, 9% yield) as a yellow amorphous solid: 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.83 (s, 1H), 9.11 (br. s., 1H), 8.75 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 8.56 (s, 1H), 8.42 (br. s., 1H), 7.89 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (t, J=3.8 Hz, 1H), 3.78 - 3.59 (m, 5H), 3.04 - 2.96 (m, 1H), 2.77 (t, J=11.0 Hz, 1H), 2.29 - 2.22 (m, J=5.9, 2.9, 2.9 Hz, 2H), 1.80 - 1.74 (m, 2H), 1.72 - 1.65 (m, J=5.8 Hz, 2H), 1.28 - 1.22 (m, 2H), 1.02 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 419.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C23H27N6O2 419.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.08 min; (Method B) tR = 10.47 min.

Example 36


N-(4-Morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0180] 


Part A. Ethyl 6-chloro-2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0181] 



[0182] Ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (300 mg, 1.488 mmol) was added to 2-bromo-1-(pyridin-3-yl)ethanone (357 mg, 1.786 mmol) in Ethanol (10 mL). The solution was heated to 80 °C for 4 h. Additional 2-bromo-1-(pyridin-3-yl)ethanone (200 mg, 1 mmol, 06 eq) was added and the reaction was heated to 80 °C for 12 h. LCMS showed 50% conversion of starting material to the desired product. Additional 2-bromo-1-(pyridin-3-yl)ethanone (200 mg, 1 mmol, 06 eq) was added and the reaction was heated to 80 °C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to remove ethanol. The resulting orange liquid was partitioned between ether (30 mL) and saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with water (20 mL) and saturated aq. NaCl solution (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (50 → 80% ethyl aceatee in hexane ethyl acetate in hexanes; 40 g column) to afford ethyl 6-chloro-2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (70 mg, 0.231 mmol, 16% yield) as a red oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 9.20 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.61 (dd, J=4.8, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.38 - 8.32 (m, 2H), 7.62 (s, 1H), 7.44 - 7.36 (m, 1H), 4.56 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.50 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 303.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C14H12N4O2Cl 303.1].

Part B. Ethyl 2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate and ethyl 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-5,6-dihydroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0183] 



[0184] A mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.198 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (42.2 mg, 0.040 mmol) in methanol (010 mL) was shaken in Parr shaker under H2 at 45 psi for 1.5 h. LCMS suggested the formation of the desired product along with the overreduced product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was used as is in the next step. LCMS (ESI) m/e 269.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C14H13N4O2 269.1] and LCMS (ESI) m/e 271.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C14H15N4O2 271.1].

Part C. Ethyl 2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0185] 



[0186] A mixture of ethyl 2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.224 mmol) and ethyl 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-5,6-dihydroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (0 mg), and 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (55.8 mg, 0.246 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was stirred at rt for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (5% → 10% methanol in methylene chloride; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (15.00 mg, 0.056 mmol, 25% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ 9.54 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 9.09 (dt, J=8.2, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.99 (s, 1H), 8.78 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.05 (dd, J=8.0, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 4.56 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.49 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 269.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C14H13N4O2 269.1].

Part D. 2-(Pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0187] 



[0188] A mixture of ethyl 2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (25 mg, 0.093 mmol), lithium hydroxide monohydrate (11.73 mg, 0.280 mmol) in water (0.100 mL) and THF (2 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated to afford 2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (25 mg, 78% yield). The product was used directly in the next step. LCMS (ESI) m/e 241.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C12H9N4O2 241.1].

Part E. N-(4-Morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0189] 



[0190] To a solution of 2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (20 mg, 0.083 mmol) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.087 mL, 0.500 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) at rt was added 4-morpholinopyridin-3-amine (29.8 mg, 0.167 mmol) and HATU (63.3 mg, 0.167 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (5 mg, 0.012 mmol, 15% yield) as a tan solid. The product was purified further by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)-2-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (1 mg, 1.315 µmol) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ 9.46 (br. s., 1H), 9.20 (s, 1H), 9.02 (s, 1H), 8.81 - 8.64 (m, 3H), 8.41 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.59 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.77 - 3.69 (m, 4H), 3.69 - 3.60 (m, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 402.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C21H20N7O2 402.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 10.28 min; (Method B) tR = 10.93 min.

Example 37


N-(4-Ethoxypyrimidin-5-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0191] 



[0192] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (40 mg, 0.167 mmol) and 4-ethoxypyrimidin-5-amine (46.5 mg, 0.334 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.175 mL, 1.003 mmol) and HATU (127 mg, 0.334 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (80% → 90% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 24 g column) to afford N-(4-ethoxypyrimidin-5-yl)-2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (20 mg, 0.055 mmol, 33% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.28 (s, 1H), 9.64 (s, 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 8.81 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.65 (s, 1H), 8.27 - 8.23 (m, 2H), 7.92 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60 - 7.55 (m, 2H), 7.50 - 7.45 (m, 1H), 4.79 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.47 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 361.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C19H17N6O2 361.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 13.50 min; (Method B) tR = 12.55 min.

Example 38


2-Phenyl-N-(4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyrimidin-5-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0193] 



[0194] To a solution of 2-phenylimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (40 mg, 0.167 mmol) and 4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyrimidin-5-amine (64.6 mg, 0.334 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.175 mL, 1.003 mmol) and HATU (127 mg, 0.334 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (10% → 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 25 g column) to afford 2-phenyl-N-(4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyrimidin-5-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (22 mg, 0.053 mmol, 32% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.14 (s, 1H), 9.70 (s, 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 8.81 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.75 (s, 1H), 8.22 - 8.17 (m, 2H), 7.94 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.58 - 7.51 (m, 2H), 7.48 - 7.41 (m, 1H), 5.44 (q, J=8.8 Hz, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 415.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C19H14N6O2F3 415.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 15.99 min; (Method B) tR = 14.10 min.

Preparation of 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0195] 


Part A. Ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0196] 



[0197] To a mixture of 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylic acid (15.0 g, 78 mmol) in THF (150 mL) was added ethanol (18.15 mL, 311 mmol) and DMAP (0.950 g, 7.77 mmol). EDC (16.39 g, 85 mmol) was then added in portions over 1 min. The reaction was mildly exothermic. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (150 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ether (3 x 250 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (100 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 300 g column) to afford ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (13.2 g, 59.7 mmol, 77% yield) as a colorless oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.88 (s, 1H), 4.50 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.46 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 221.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H7Cl2N2O2 221.0].

Part B. Ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0198] 



[0199] A mixture of ethyl 3,6-dichloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (2.00 g, 9.05 mmol), 4-methoxyphenyl)methanamine (1.241 g, 9.05 mmol) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (4.74 mL, 27.1 mmol) in dioxane (20 mL) in a sealed tube was heated at 80 °C for 20 minutes. The solvent was evaporated and residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 25 g column) to afford ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate (2.50 g, 7.77 mmol, 86% yield) as a green solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.86 (br. s., 1H), 7.76 (s, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.90 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 4.80 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 2H), 4.39 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 1.41 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 322.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H17ClN3O3 322.1].

Part C. Ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate



[0200] 



[0201] A mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-3-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)pyridazine-4-carboxylate (2.50 g, 7.77 mmol) and TFA (11.97 ml, 155 mmol) was heated at reflux for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (60% → 80% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (1.00 g, 4.96 mmol, 64% yield) as a green solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.77 (s, 1H), 7.00 (s br, 2H), 4.40 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.40 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 202.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H9N3O2Cl 202.6)].

Part D. Ethyl 6-chloroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0202] 

Chloroacetaldehyde (50% in H2O) (5.04 mL, 39.7 mmol) was added to ethyl 3-amino-6-chloropyridazine-4-carboxylate (1.00 g, 4.96 mmol) in isopropanol (20 mL). The solution was heated at 80 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to remove isopropanol. The resulting orange liquid was partitioned between ether (30 mL) and saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with water (20 mL) and brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (60% → 80% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 25 g column) to afford ethyl 6-chloroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (750 mg, 3.32 mmol, 67% yield) as a green solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ 8.23 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 4.52 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.45 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 226.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C9H9N3O2Cl 226.0].

Part E. Ethyl 6-chloro-3-nitroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0203] 



[0204] A 50 mL round bottom flask was charged with ethyl 6-chloroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (600 mg, 2.66 mmol) and was cooled to 0 °C. Sulfuric acid (3 mL, 56.3 mmol) was added to the flask followed by the addition of fuming nitric acid (3.57 mL, 80 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 30 min and then at room temperature for 5 h. The mixture was neutralized with sat. aqueous Na2CO3 solution. The mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel and was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 50 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated to afford ethyl 6-chloro-3-nitroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (480 mg, 1.774 mmol, 67% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ 8.74 (s, 1H), 8.12 (s, 1H), 4.55 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 1.46 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 271.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C9H8N4O4Cl 271.0].

Part F. Ethyl 3-aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0205] 



[0206] A mixture of ethyl 6-chloro-3-nitroimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (480 mg, 1.774 mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (378 mg, 0.355 mmol) and triethylamine (0.494 mL, 3.55 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) and DMF (10.00 mL) was placed under a hydrogen atmosphere at 45 psi in a Parr shaker for 4 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (10% methanol in dichloromethane; 25 g column) to afford ethyl 3-aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (300 mg, 1.455 mmol, 82% yield) as a dark red oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ 8.52 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (s, 1H), 4.50 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.44 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 207.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C9H11N4O2 207.1].

Part G. Ethyl 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0207] 



[0208] To a solution of ethyl 3-aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.727 mmol) and acetic acid (0.083 mL, 1.455 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added cyclopropanecarboxaldehyde (0.055 mL, 0.727 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Sodium cyanoborohydride (91 mg, 1.455 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred for 2 h at room temperature. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 80% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (95 mg, 0.365 mmol, 50% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 8.35 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (s, 1H), 4.55 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.19 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.46 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.28 - 1.12 (m, 1H), 0.64 - 0.56 (m, 2H), 0.34 - 0.28 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 261.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C13H17N4O2 261.1].

Part H. 3-((Cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0209] 



[0210] A mixture of ethyl 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (110 mg, 0.423 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (70.9 mg, 1.690 mmol) in water (0.200 mL) and THF (5 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was then concentrated to afford 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (180 mg, 0.388 mmol, 92% yield) as a red solid. The crude product was used directly in the next step. LCMS (ESI) m/e 233.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C11H13N4O2 233.1].

Example 39


3-((Cyclopropylmethyl)antino)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0211] 



[0212] To a mixture of 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (25 mg, 0.108 mmol), pyridin-3-amine (20.26 mg, 0.215 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.056 mL, 0.323 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (61.4 mg, 0.161 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (10 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with methylene chloride (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (10 mg, 0.017 mmol, 16% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.96 (s, 1H), 8.96 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.69 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.42 (dd, J=4.8, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.28 - 8.25 (m, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (dd, J=7.9, 4.6 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (s, 1H), 6.05 (t, J=63 Hz, 1H), 3.17 (t, J=64 Hz, 2H), 1.19 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 0.51 - 0.46 (m, 2H), 0.33 - 0.29 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 309.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C16H17N6O 309.1]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 6.12 min; (Method B) tR = 6.50 min.

Example 40


3-((Cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-methylpyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0213] 



[0214] To a mixture of 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (25 mg, 0.108 mmol), 4-methylpyridin-3-amine (23.28 mg, 0.215 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.056 mL, 0.323 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (61.4 mg, 0.161 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (10 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with methylene chloride (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-methylpyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide (10 mg, 0.030 mmol, 28% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 11.87 (br. s., 1H), 9.48 (s, 1H), 8.49 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.36 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (s, 1H), 7.22 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (s, 1H), 3.22 (t, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H), 1.29 - 1.20 (m, 1H), 0.69 - 0.62 (m, 2H), 0.38 - 0.31 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 323.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C17H19N6O 323.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 7.47 min; (Method B) tR = 8.06 min.

Example 41


3-((Cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0215] 



[0216] To a mixture of 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (20 mg, 0.086 mmol), 4-isopropoxypyridin-3-amine, 2 HCl (38.8 mg, 0.172 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.075 mL, 0.431 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (49.1 mg, 0.129 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (24 mg, 0.040 mmol, 46% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.82 (s, 1H), 9.71 (s, 1H), 8.71 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.68 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (s, 1H), 5.25 (dt, J=12.0, 5.9 Hz, 1H), 3.18 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.57 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 6H), 1.25 - 1.13 (m, 1H), 0.52 - 0.46 (m, 2H), 0.34 - 0.28 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 367.3 [(M+H)+, calcd for C19H23N6O2 367.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.52 min; (Method B) tR = 9.90 min.

Example 42


3-((Cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-phenylpyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0217] 



[0218] To a mixture of 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (20 mg, 0.086 mmol), 4-phenylpyridin-3-amine, 2 HCl (41.9 mg, 0.172 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.075 mL, 0.431 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (49.1 mg, 0.129 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-phenylpyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (15 mg, 0.023 mmol, 27% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.87 (s, 1H), 9.59 (s, 1H), 8.65 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.56 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.63 - 7.48 (m, 8H), 6.87 (s, 1H), 3.09 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 0.90 - 0.81 (m, 1H), 0.53 - 0.40 (m, 2H), 0.32 - 0.22 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 385.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C22H21N6O 385.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.76 min; (Method B) tR = 10.16 min.

Example 43


3-((Cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0219] 



[0220] To a solution of 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.129 mmol), 4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (55.1 mg, 0.258 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.135 mL, 0.775 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (98 mg, 0.258 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (5 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-(4,4-difluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (26 mg, 0.039 mmol, 30% yield) as a red oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.00 (s, 1H), 9.34 (s, 1H), 8.79 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.73 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.52 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (s, 1H), 3.53 - 3.48 (m, 4H), 3.17 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.32 - 2.18 (m, 4H), 1.22 - 1.13 (m, 1H), 0.52 - 0.45 (m, 2H), 0.33 - 0.28 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 428.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C21H24N7OF2 428.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 9.10 min; (Method B) tR = 9.50 min.

Example 44


3-((Cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0221] 



[0222] To a solution of 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.129 mmol), 4-morpholinopyridin-3-amine (46.3 mg, 0.258 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.135 mL, 0.775 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (98 mg, 0.258 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (5 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (28 mg, 0.043 mmol, 33% yield) as a red oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) 12.01 (s, 1H), 9.34 (s, 1H), 8.72 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.49 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (s, 1H), 3.91 - 3.81 (m, 4H), 3.40 (br. s., 4H), 3.18 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.22 - 1.12 (m, 1H), 0.54 - 0.43 (m, 2H), 0.35 - 0.25 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 394.3 [(M+H)+, calcd for C20H24N7O2 394.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 7.69 min; (Method B) tR = 7.93 min.

Example 45


3-((Cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0223] 



[0224] To a solution of 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (30 mg, 0.129 mmol), 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (49.9 mg, 0.258 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.135 mL, 0.775 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (98 mg, 0.258 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. LCMS suggested the formation of the desired product. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (5 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-((cyclopropylmethyl)amino)-N-(4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (29 mg, 0.043 mmol, 34% yield) as a red oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.95 (s, 1H), 9.28 (s, 1H), 8.72 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.53 - 8.46 (m, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (s, 1H), 3.94 - 3.70 (m, 7H), 3.18 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.23 - 1.15 (m, 1H), 1.07 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H), 0.53 - 0.45 (m, 2H), 0.35 - 0.27 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 408.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C21H26N7O2 408.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 8.50 min; (Method B) tR = 8.35 min.

Example 46


3-(Cyclopropanecarboxamido)-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0225] 


Part A. Ethyl 3-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate



[0226] 



[0227] To a solution of ethyl 3-aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (50 mg, 0.242 mmol) in pyridine (1 mL) at rt was added cyclopropanecarboxylic acid chloride (0.024 mL, 0.267 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (40% → 60% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 12 g column) to afford ethyl 3-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (15 mg, 0.055 mmol, 23% yield) as a red oil: LCMS (ESI) m/e 275.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C13H15N4O3 275.1].

Part B. 3-(Cyclopropanecarboxamido)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0228] 



[0229] A mixture of ethyl 3-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (15 mg, 0.055 mmol) and lithium hydroxide monohydrate (3.93 mg, 0.164 mmol) in THF (0.5 mL) and water (0.100 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated to afford 3-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (12 mg, 89% yield). The product was used directly in the next step. LCMS (ESI) m/e 247.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C11H11N4O3 247.2].

Part C. 3-(Cyclopropanecarboxamido)-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0230] 



[0231] To a solution of 3-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (15 mg, 0.061 mmol), 4-isopropoxypyridin-3-amine (18.54 mg, 0.122 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.064 mL, 0.366 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (46.3 mg, 0.122 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (7 mg, 10.93 µmol, 18% yield) as a red oil: 1H NMR (500MHz, METHANOL-d4) 9.84 (s, 1H), 8.75 (d, J=4.6 Hz, 1H), 8.56 (dd, J=6.8, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.07 (s, 1H), 7.92 (d, J=4.6 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 1H), 5.27 (dt, J=12.2, 6.0 Hz, 1H), 2.13 - 2.07 (m, 1H), 1.56 (d, J=3.8 Hz, 6H), 1.14 - 1.04 (m, 2H), 1.03 - 0.95 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 379.3 [(M-H)-, calcd for C19H19N6O3 379.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 8.95 min; (Method B) tR = 9.20 min.

Example 47


3-(Cyclobutanecarboxamido)-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0232] 


Part A. 3-Aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid



[0233] 



[0234] A mixture of ethyl 3-aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.727 mmol) and LiOH (52.3 mg, 2.182 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (2 mL) and water (0.100 mL) was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to afford 3-aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (150 mg, 0.842 mmol, 116% yield) as an off-white solid. The crude product was used directly in the next step. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) 8.50 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 6.98 (s, 1H), 5.49 (s, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 179.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H7N4O2 179.1].

Part B. 3-Amino-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0235] 



[0236] A mixture of 3-aminoimidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxylic acid (150 mg, 0.842 mmol), 4-isopropoxypyridin-3-amine (384 mg, 2.53 mmol), N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.735 mL, 4.21 mmol) and HATU (640 mg, 1.684 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (10 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with methylene chloride (3 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-amino-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 3 TFA (150 mg, 0.229 mmol, 27% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) 12.85 (s, 1H), 9.71 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.71 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.69 (dd, J=6.8, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (s, 1H), 5.26 (dt, J=12.1, 6.1 Hz, 1H), 1.56 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 6H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 313.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C15H17N6O2 313.1].

Part C. 3-(Cyclobutanecarboxamido)-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide



[0237] 



[0238] To a solution of 3-amino-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 3 TFA (60 mg, 0.092 mmol), cyclobutanecarboxylic acid (0.018 mL, 0.183 mmol), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.096 mL, 0.550 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) a rt, was added HATU (69.7 mg, 0.183 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by reverse phase HPLC (Method A) to afford 3-(cyclobutanecarboxamido)-N-(4-isopropoxypyridin-3-yl)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine-8-carboxamide, 2 TFA (10 mg, 0.015 mmol, 17% yield) as a red solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) 12.76 (s, 1H), 10.68 (s, 1H), 9.71 (s, 1H), 8.88 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 8.12 (s, 1H), 7.91 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 5.25 (quin, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 2.36 - 2.11 (m, 5H), 2.07 - 1.94 (m, 1H), 1.92 - 1.79 (m, 1H), 1.57 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 6H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 395.3 [(M+H)+, calcd for C20H23N6O3 395.2]; HPLC (Method A): tR = 8.80 min; (Method B) tR = 8.34 min.

Preparation of the Amine Intermediates



[0239] The following amine intermediates used in the above Examples were prepared as described by Lou et al., in WO 2015/069594.





[0240] Additional amine intermediates used for the preparation of the above Examples were prepared as described below:

Preparation of 4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridin-3-amine



[0241] 


Part A. 3-Nitro-4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridine



[0242] 



[0243] A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (1.00 g, 6.31 mmol), 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (3.15 g, 31.5 mmol) and triethylamine (2.64 mL, 18.92 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was stirred at reflux for 12 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing water (25 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated to afford 3-nitro-4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridine (1.3 g, 5.85 mmol, 93% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.09 (s, 1H), 8.79 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.16 (q, J=8.7 Hz, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 223.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H6N2O3F3 223.0].

Part B. 4-(2,2,2-Trifluoroethoxy)pyridin-3-amine



[0244] 



[0245] A mixture of 3-nitro-4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridine (1.3 g, 5.85 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (0.623 g, 0.293 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) was stirred under H2 at 1 atm for 2 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The mixture was concentrated to afford 4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridin-3-amine (1.0 g, 5.20 mmol, 89% yield) as a red oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 7.96 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.93 (s, 2H), 4.84 (q, J=8.9 Hz, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 193.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H8N2OF3 193.1].

Preparation of 4-phenylpyridin-3-amine



[0246] 


Part A. 3-Nitro-4-phenylpyridine



[0247] 



[0248] A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (500 mg, 3.15 mmol), phenylboronic acid (577 mg, 4.73 mmol) and Na2CO3 (2M) (3.94 mL, 7.88 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) and ethanol (2.00 mL) was degassed. Bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II) chloride (111 mg, 0.158 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was heated to 100 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (25 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 40 g column) to afford 3-nitro-4-phenylpyridine (600 mg, 3.00 mmol, 95% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) 9.19 (s, 1H), 8.92 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (dd, J=5.0, 0.5 Hz, 1H), 7.58 - 7.51 (m, 3H), 7.48 - 7.41 (m, 2H); LCMS (APCI) m/e 201.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C11H9N2O2 201.1].

Part B. 4-Phenylpyridin-3-amine



[0249] 



[0250] A mixture of 3-nitro-4-phenylpyridine (600 mg, 3.00 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (319 mg, 0.150 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) was stirred under H2 at 1 atm for 3 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The mixture was concentrated to afford 4-phenylpyridin-3-amine (420 mg, 2.468 mmol, 82% yield) as an off-white solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.54 - 7.47 (m, 4H), 7.45 - 7.38 (m, 1H), 7.00 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 5.10 (br. s., 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 171.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C11H11N2 171.1].

Preparation of 4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-amine



[0251] 


Part A. 4-(4-Fluorophenyl)-3-nitropyridine



[0252] 



[0253] A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (1.00 g, 6.31 mmol), (4-fluorophenyl)boronic acid (1.32 g, 9.46 mmol) and Na2CO3 (2M) (7.88 mL, 15.77 mmol) in toluene (20 mL) and ethanol (4.00 mL) was degassed. Bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II) chloride (0.221 g, 0.315 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was heated to 100 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (25 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 40 g column) to afford 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-nitropyridine (1.1 g, 5.04 mmol, 80% yield) as a colorless solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.21 (s, 1H), 8.92 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.74 - 7.64 (m, 1H), 7.58 - 7.48 (m, 2H), 7.45 - 7.32 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 219.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C11H8N2O2F 219.1].

Part B. 4-(4-Fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-amine



[0254] 



[0255] A mixture of 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-nitropyridine (1.1 g, 5.04 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (0.537 g, 0.252 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) was stirred under H2 at 1 atm for 3 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The mixture was concentrated to afford 4-(4-fluorophenyl)pyridin-3-amine (865 mg, 4.60 mmol, 91% yield) as a colorless solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.84 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.63 - 7.46 (m, 2H), 7.39 - 7.23 (m, 2H), 6.98 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 5.12 (s, 2H); LCMS (APCI) m/e 189.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C11H10N2F 189.1].

Preparation of 4-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)benzonitrile



[0256] 


Part A. 4-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)benzonitrile



[0257] 



[0258] A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (600 mg, 3.78 mmol), 4-cyanophenylboronic acid (834 mg, 5.68 mmol), and Na2CO3 (2M) (4.73 mL, 9.46 mmol) in toluene (20 mL) and ethanol (4.00 mL) was degassed. Bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II) chloride (133 mg, 0.189 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was heated to 100 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (25 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 40 g column) to afford 4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)benzonitrile (450 mg, 1.998 mmol, 53% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.30 (s, 1H), 8.98 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 8.21 - 7.92 (m, 2H), 7.85 - 7.52 (m, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 226.0 [(M+H)+, calcd for C12H8N3O2 226.1].

Part B. 4-(3-Aminopyridin-4-yl)benzonitrile



[0259] 



[0260] A mixture of 4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)benzonitrile (450 mg, 1.998 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (425 mg, 0.200 mmol) in methanol (15 mL) was stirred under H2 at 1 atm for 3 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30% → 70% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 25 g column) to afford 4-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)benzonitrile (210 mg, 1.076 mmol, 54% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.14 (s, 1H), 7.99 - 7.93 (m, 2H), 7.86 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 7.73 - 7.66 (m, 2H), 5.30 (s, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 196.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C12H10N3 196.1].

Preparation of 1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidine-4-carbonitrile



[0261] 


Part A. 1-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidine-4-carbonitrile



[0262] 



[0263] A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (2.00 g, 12.61 mmol), piperidine-4-carbonitrile (2.78 g, 25.2 mmol) and triethylamine (5.27 mL, 37.8 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and suspended in hexanes. The solid was filtered and dried to afford 1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidine-4-carbonitrile (2.50 g, 10.76 mmol, 85% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.80 (s, 1H), 8.39 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 3.35 - 3.28 (m, 2H), 3.23 - 3.13 (m, 3H), 2.00 (ddt, J=13.2, 6.6, 3.5 Hz, 2H), 1.89 - 1.76 (m, 2H).

Part B. 1-(3-Aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidine-4-carbonitrile



[0264] 



[0265] A mixture of 1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidine-4-carbonitrile (2.50 g, 10.76 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (1.146 g, 10.76 mmol) in methanol (50 mL) was stirred under H2 at 1 atm for 2 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The mixture was concentrated to afford 1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidine-4-carbonitrile (2.1 g, 10.38 mmol, 96 % yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 7.93 (s, 1H), 7.74 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 6.78 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.82 (s, 2H), 3.18 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1H), 3.04 (d, J=4.3 Hz, 3H), 2.78 (br. s., 2H), 2.11 - 1.99 (m, 2H), 1.97 - 1.86 (m, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 203.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C11H15N4 203.2].

Preparation of 4-(4-fluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine



[0266] 


Part A. 4-(4-Fluoropiperidin-1-yl)-3-nitropyridine



[0267] 



[0268] A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (1 g, 6.31 mmol), 4-fluoropiperidine (0.781 g, 7.57 mmol) and triethylamine (2.64 mL, 18.92 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 25 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 40 g column) to afford 4-(4-fluoropiperidin-1-yl)-3-nitropyridine (750 mg, 3.33 mmol, 53% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 8.85 - 8.76 (m, 1H), 8.33 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 5.13 - 4.71 (m, 1H), 3.43 - 3.31 (m, 2H), 3.16 (dt, J=12.9, 4.7 Hz, 2H), 2.11 - 1.92 (m, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 226.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C10H13N3O2F 226.1].

Part B. 4-(4-Fluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine



[0269] 



[0270] A mixture of 4-(4-fluoropiperidin-1-yl)-3-nitropyridine (750 mg, 3.33 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (354 mg, 0.167 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) was stirred under H2 at 1 atm for 2 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The mixture was concentrated to afford 4-(4-fluoropiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-amine (600 mg, 3.07 mmol, 92% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 7.93 (s, 1H), 7.80 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 5.01 (br. s., 2H), 4.96 - 4.74 (m, 1H), 3.09 (t, J=9.5 Hz, 2H), 2.91 (ddd, J=11.6, 7.2, 3.8 Hz, 2H), 2.13 - 1.97 (m, 2H), 1.91 (dddd, J=13.5, 10.3, 7.1, 3.5 Hz, 2H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 196.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C10H15N3F 196.1].

Preparation of 4-morpholinopyridin-3-amine



[0271] 


Part A. 4-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)morpholine



[0272] 



[0273] A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (5.00 g, 31.5 mmol), morpholine (5.50 mL, 63.1 mmol) and triethylamine (13.19 mL, 95 mmol) in THF (50 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was suspended in hexanes. The solid was collected by filtration and was dried to afford 4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)morpholine (6.00 g, 28.7 mmol, 91% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.79 (s, 1H), 8.41 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.74 - 3.65 (m, 4H), 3.27 - 3.18 (m, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 210.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C9H12N3O3 210.1].

Part B. 4-Morpholinopyridin-3-amine



[0274] 



[0275] A mixture of 4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)morpholine (6.00 g, 28.7 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (1.526 g, 1.434 mmol) in MeOH (50 mL) was stirred under H2 at 1 atm for 3 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (10% methanol in methylene chloride; 160 g column) to afford 4-morpholinopyridin-3-amine (4.30 g, 23.99 mmol, 84% yield) as an off-white solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 6.78 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.84 (s, 2H), 3.82 - 3.70 (m, 4H), 2.94 - 2.85 (m, 4H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 180.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C9H14N3O 180.1].

Preparation of 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine



[0276] 


Part A. 2-Methyl-4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)morpholine



[0277] 



[0278] A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (2.00 g, 12.61 mmol), 2-methylmorpholine (1.718 mL, 15.14 mmol), and triethylamine (5.27 mL, 37.8 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (30 → 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes, 40 g column) to afford 2-methyl-4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)morpholine (2.00 g, 8.96 mmol, 71% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.79 (s, 1H), 8.39 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 3.91 - 3.82 (m, 1H), 3.70 - 3.52 (m, 2H), 3.41 - 3.32 (m, 1H), 3.25 (dd, J=12.9, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 3.16 - 3.05 (m, 1H), 2.81 (dd, J=12.9, 10.2 Hz, 1H), 1.12 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 224.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C10H14N3O3 224.2].

Part B. 4-(2-Methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine



[0279] 



[0280] A mixture of 2-methyl-4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)morpholine (2.0 g, 8.96 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (0.953 g, 0.448 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) was stirred under H2 at 1 atm for 2 h. The catalyst was removed by filtration through a pad of Celite. The mixture was concentrated to afford 4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (740 mg, 3.83 mmol, 43% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 7.93 (s, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.82 (s, 2H), 3.91 - 3.81 (m, 1H), 3.81 - 3.51 (m, 2H), 3.24 - 2.98 (m, 2H), 2.58 (td, J=11.5, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 2.29 (t, J=10.8 Hz, 1H), 1.11 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 194.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C10H16N3O 194.1].

Preparation of 4-ethoxypyridin-3-amine



[0281] 



[0282] A mixture of 4-ethoxy-3-nitropyridine, HCl (1 g, 4.89 mmol) and tin(II) chloride dihydrate (2.78 g, 14.66 mmol) in ethanol (20 mL) was heated at reflux for 3 h. Saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (30 mL) was added and the mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite. The filtrate was concentrated to afford 4-ethoxypyridin-3-amine, 2 HCl (320 mg, 1.516 mmol, 31% yield) as a tan solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.52 - 8.40 (m, 1H), 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.95 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (s, 1H), 6.87 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 4.10 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.37 - 1.32 (m, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 139.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C7H11N2O 139.2].

Preparation of 4-ethoxypyrimidin-5-amine



[0283] 



[0284] A mixture of 2,4-dichloropyrimidin-5-amine (400 mg, 2.439 mmol), ethanol (12.200 g, 265 mmol), NaOH (195 mg, 4.88 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (260 mg, 0.122 mmol) in THF (4 mL) was stirred under a hydrogen atmosphere at room temperature for 24 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (40% → 70% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 25 g column) to afford 4-ethoxypyrimidin-5-amine (140 mg, 1.006 mmol, 41% yield) as a yellow solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.85 (s, 1H), 5.07 (s, 2H), 4.39 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.35 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H); LCMS (ESI) m/e 140.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C6H10N3O 140.1].

Preparation of 6-fluoro-4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine



[0285] 


Part A. 2,4-Difluoro-5-nitropyridine



[0286] 



[0287] A mixture of 2,4-dichloro-5-nitropyridine (450 mg, 2.332 mmol), potassium fluoride (406 mg, 7.00 mmol), and 18-Crown-6 (99 mg, 0.373 mmol) in NMP (2 mL) was heated at 100°C under nitrogen for 2 h. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing water (5 mL) and ether (50 mL). The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with water (2 x 5 mL), brine (5 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (10% → 20% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 40 g column) to afford 2,4-difluoro-5-nitropyridine (177 mg, 1.106 mmol, 47% yield) as a colorless solid: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.07 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (dd, J=9.4, 2.4 Hz, 1H); 19F NMR (376MHz, CDCl3) δ -52.17 (d, J=27.7 Hz, IF), -98.12 (dt, J=29.5, 8.7 Hz, IF).

Part B. 4-(2-Fluoro-5-nitropyridin-4-yl)-2-methylmorpholine



[0288] 



[0289] To a solution of 2,4-difluoro-5-nitropyridine (335 mg, 2.093 mmol) in THF (10 mL) at - 40°C, was added via cannula 2-methylmorpholine (80 mg, 0.791 mmol) dissolved in THF (1 mL) followed by Et3N (0.583 mL, 4.19 mmol). The cloudy yellow mixture was stirred at -40 °C for 1 h and was allowed to warm to 0°C. After stirring an additional 2 h, TLC (50% ethyl acetate in hexanes) showed a more polar spot with a small amount of starting material remaining. The mixture was concentrated. The product was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (20% → 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes; 25 g column) to afford 4-(2-fluoro-5-nitropyridin-4-yl)-2-methylmorpholine (264 mg, 1.094 mmol, 52% yield) as a yellow oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.63 (s, 1H), 6.42 (s, 1H), 4.04 - 3.95 (m, 1H), 3.89 - 3.76 (m, 2H), 3.26 - 3.17 (m, 3H), 2.87 (dd, J=12.8, 10.0 Hz, 1H), 1.24 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); 19F NMR (376MHz, CDCl3) δ -61.49 (s, IF); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 242.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C10H13FN3O3 242.1].

Part C. 6-Fluoro-4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine



[0290] 



[0291] To a solution of 4-(2-fluoro-5-nitropyridin-4-yl)-2-methylmorpholine (244 mg, 1.012 mmol) in ethanol (8 mL) was added ammonium chloride (433 mg, 8.09 mmol) and zinc (powder) (661 mg, 10.12 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C for 2 h. The mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and was concentrated. The reaction mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel containing saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution (15 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated to give 6-fluoro-4-(2-methylmorpholino)pyridin-3-amine (224 mg, 93% yield): 1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.61 (s, 1H), 6.43 (d, J=0.8 Hz, 1H), 4.05 - 3.98 (m, 1H), 3.88 - 3.74 (m, 2H), 3.58 (br. s., 2H), 3.35 - 3.21 (m, 2H), 2.79 (td, J=11.6, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 2.46 (dd, J=11.8, 10.0 Hz, 1H), 1.25 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 212.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C10H15FN3O 212.1].

Preparation of 7-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-2-oxa-7-azaspiro[3.5]nonane



[0292] 


Part A. 7-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)-2-oxa-7-azaspiro[3.5]nonane



[0293] 



[0294] Triethylamine (0.330 mL, 2.365 mmol) was added to a mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (125 mg, 0.788 mmol) and 2-oxa-7-azaspiro[3.5]nonane (100 mg, 0.788 mmol) in THF (1.5 mL) and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2.5 h. The reaction mixture was then heated at 50 °C for 30 min. No further reaction took place. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (2% → 7% methanol in CH2Cl2; 12 g column) to afford 7-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-2-oxa-7-azaspiro[3.5]nonane (153 mg, 0.614 mmol, 78% yield) as a yellow oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 8.86 (s, 1H), 8.38 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.88 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.52 (s, 4H), 3.21 - 3.12 (m, 4H), 2.09 - 2.02 (m, 4H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 250.1 [(M+H)+, calcd for C12H16N3O3 250.1].

Part B. 7-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)-2-oxa-7-azaspiro[3.5]nonane



[0295] 



[0296] A mixture of 7-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-2-oxa-7-azaspiro[3.5]nonane (150 mg, 0.602 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (128 mg, 0.060 mmol) in MeOH (3 mL) was stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 2.5 h. The mixture was filtered through a pad of Celite and was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (4% → 8% methanol in CH2Cl2; 25 g column) to afford 4-(2-oxa-7-azaspiro[3.5]nonan-7-yl)pyridin-3-amine (93 mg, 0.424 mmol, 71% yield) as a colorless oil: 1H NMR (400MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) d 8.05 (s, 1H), 7.99 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.51 (s, 4H), 2.89 (br. s., 4H), 2.04 (t, J=5.0 Hz, 4H); LC/MS (ESI) m/e 220.2 [(M+H)+, calcd for C12H18N3O 220.1].

[0297] It will be evident to one skilled in the art that the present disclosure is not limited to the foregoing illustrative examples, and that it can be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the essential attributes thereof. It is therefore desired that the examples be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, reference being made to the appended claims, rather than to the foregoing examples.


Claims

1. A compound of formula I

where:

R1 is hydrogen or N(R3)(R4);

R2 is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, or cycloalkenyl;

or R2 is pyridinyl or phenyl and is substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkoxy;

R3 is alkyl, (cycloalkyl)alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkylcarbonyl, or cycloalkylcarbonyl;

R4 is hydrogen;

Ar1 is 3-pyridinyl, 3-pyridazinyl, 4-pyridazinyl, 5-pyrimidinyl, or 2-pyrazinyl, and is substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, alkylsulfonyl, N(R3)(R4), or Ar2; and

Ar2 is phenyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, haloalkoxy;

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
 
2. A compound of claim 1 where R1 is N(R3)(R4) and R2 is hydrogen.
 
3. A compound of claim 1 where R1 is hydrogen and R2 is not hydrogen.
 
4. A compound of claim 1 where Ar1 is 3-pyridinyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkoxy.
 
5. A compound of claim 1 where Ar1 is 5-pyrimidinyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkoxy.
 
6. A compound of claim 1 where Ar2 is phenyl substituted with 0-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of cyano, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkoxy.
 
7. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of claim 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
 
8. A compound according to anyone of claims 1 to 6 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in the treatment of a disease, disorder, or condition selected from the group consisting of neurodegenerative disorders, psychiatric disorders, cancer, metabolic disorders, and inflammatory disorders.
 
9. A compound according to anyone of claims 1 to 6 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in the treatment of a condition selected from the group consisting of Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia, progressive supranuclear palsy, argyophilic grain disease, corticobasal degeneration, Pick's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, stroke, Huntington's disease, peripheral neuropathy, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord trauma, and vascular dementia.
 
10. The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use according to claim 9 for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verbindung der Formel I

worin:

R1 Wasserstoff oder N(R3)(R4) ist;

R2 Wasserstoff, Alkyl, Cycloalkyl oder Cycloalkenyl ist;

oder R2 Pyridinyl oder Phenyl ist und substituiert ist mit 0-3 Substituenten, ausgewählt aus Cyano, Halogen, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, Alkoxy und Halogenalkoxy;

R3 Alkyl, (Cycloalkyl)alkyl, Cycloalkyl, Alkylcarbonyl oder Cycloalkylcarbonyl ist;

R4 Wasserstoff ist;

Ar1 besteht in 3-Pyridinyl, 3-Pyridazinyl, 4-Pyridazinyl, 5-Pyrimidinyl oder 2-Pyrazinyl, und substituiert ist mit 0-3 Substituenten, ausgewählt aus Halogen, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, Alkoxy, Halogenalkoxy, Alkylsulfonyl, N(R3)(R4), oder Ar2; und

Ar2 Phenyl ist, substituiert mit 0-3 Substituenten, ausgewählt aus Cyano, Halogen, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, Alkoxy, Halogenalkoxy;

oder ein pharmazeutisch verträgliches Salz davon.


 
2. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, worin R1 N(R3)(R4) ist und R2 Wasserstoff ist.
 
3. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, worin R1 Wasserstoff ist und R2 nicht Wasserstoff ist.
 
4. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, worin Ar1 3-Pyridinyl ist, substituiert mit 0-3 Substituenten, ausgewählt aus Halogen, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, Alkoxy und Halogenalkoxy.
 
5. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, worin Ar1 5-Pyrimidinyl ist, substituiert mit 0-3 Substituenten, ausgewählt aus Halogen, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, Alkoxy und Halogenalkoxy.
 
6. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, worin Ar2 Phenyl ist, substituiert mit 0-3 Substituenten, ausgewählt aus Cyano, Halogen, Alkyl, Halogenalkyl, Alkoxy und Halogenalkoxy.
 
7. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung, umfassend eine Verbindung nach Anspruch 1 oder ein pharmazeutisch verträgliches Salz davon und einen pharmazeutisch verträglichen Träger.
 
8. Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 oder ein pharmazeutisch verträgliches Salz davon zur Verwendung in der Behandlung einer Erkrankung, einer Störung oder eines Zustands, ausgewählt aus neurodegenerativen Störungen, psychiatrischen Störungen, Krebs, metabolischen Störungen und entzündlichen Störungen.
 
9. Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 oder ein pharmazeutisch verträgliches Salz davon zur Verwendung in der Behandlung eines Zustands, ausgewählt aus Morbus Alzheimer, frontotemporaler Demenz, progressiver supranukleärer Blickparese, Silberkornkrankheit, kortikobasaler Degeneration, Morbus Pick, Morbus Parkinson, amyotropher Lateralsklerose, Schlaganfall, Chorea Huntington, peripherer Neuropathie, traumatischer Gehirnverletzung, Rückenmarkverletzung und vaskulärer Demenz.
 
10. Verbindung oder pharmazeutisch verträgliches Salz davon zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 9, für die Behandlung von Morbus Alzheimer.
 


Revendications

1. Composé de formule I :

dans lequel :

R1 est un hydrogène ou N(R3)(R4) ;

R2 est un hydrogène, un alkyle, un cycloalkyle ou un cycloalcényle ;

ou R2 est un pyridinyle ou un phényle et il est substitué par 0-3 substituants choisis parmi : cyano, halo, alkyle, haloalkyle, alcoxy et haloalcoxy ;

R3 est un alkyle, un (cycloalkyl)alkyle, un cycloalkyle, un alkylcarbonyle ou un cycloalkylcarbonyle ;

R4 est un hydrogène ;

Ar1 est un 3-pyridinyle, un 3-pyridazinyle, un 4-pyridazinyle, un 5-pyrimidinyle ou un 2-pyrazinyle et il est substitué par 0-3 substituants choisis parmi : halo, alkyle, haloalkyle, alcoxy, haloalcoxy, alkylsulfonyle, N(R3)(R4) ou Ar2 ; et

Ar2 est un phényle substitué par 0-3 substituants choisis parmi : cyano, halo, alkyle, haloalkyle, alcoxy, haloalcoxy ;

ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci.


 
2. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel R1 est N(R3)(R4) et R2 est un hydrogène.
 
3. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel R1 est un hydrogène et R2 n'est pas un hydrogène.
 
4. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel Ar1 est un 3-pyridinyle substitué par 0-3 substituants choisis parmi : halo, alkyle, haloalkyle, alcoxy et haloalcoxy.
 
5. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel Ar1 est un 5-pyrimidinyle substitué par 0-3 substituants choisis parmi : halo, alkyle, haloalkyle, alcoxy et haloalcoxy.
 
6. Composé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel Ar2 est un phényle substitué par 0-3 substituants choisis parmi : cyano, halo, alkyle, haloalkyle, alcoxy, haloalcoxy.
 
7. Composition pharmaceutique comprenant un composé selon la revendication 1 ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci et un véhicule pharmaceutiquement acceptable.
 
8. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci pour utilisation dans le traitement d'une maladie, d'un trouble ou d'un état choisis parmi : des troubles neuro-dégénératifs, des troubles psychiatriques, un cancer, des troubles métaboliques et des troubles inflammatoires.
 
9. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 ou un sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci pour utilisation dans le traitement d'un état choisi parmi : la maladie d'Alzheimer, une démence fronto-temporale, une paralysie supranucléaire progressive, la maladie des grains argyrophiles, une dégénérescence cortico-basale, la maladie de Pick, la maladie de Parkinson, une sclérose latérale amyotrophique, un accident vasculaire cérébral, la maladie de Huntington, une neuropathie périphérique, une lésion cérébrale traumatique, un traumatisme de la moelle épinière et une démence vasculaire.
 
10. Composé ou sel pharmaceutiquement acceptable de celui-ci pour utilisation, selon la revendication 9, dans le traitement de la maladie d'Alzheimer.
 






Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description