(19)
(11)EP 3 545 167 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 17797929.1

(22)Date of filing:  13.11.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E21B 33/12(2006.01)
E21B 33/035(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2017/079025
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/095752 (31.05.2018 Gazette  2018/22)

(54)

CAP FOR A HYDROCARBON PRODUCTION WELL AND METHOD OF USE

KAPPE FÜR EIN KOHLENWASSERSTOFFPRODUKTIONSSONDE UND VERFAHREN ZUR VERWENDUNG

TÊTE DE TUBAGE DE PUITS DE PRODUCTION D'HYDROCARBURES ET PROCÉDÉ D'UTILISATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.11.2016 GB 201619855

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/40

(73)Proprietor: Total E&P Danmark A/S
2100 Copenhagen Ø (DK)

(72)Inventor:
  • KASTER, Martin
    1902 Frederiksberg C (DK)

(74)Representative: Zacco Denmark A/S 
Arne Jacobsens Allé 15
2300 Copenhagen S
2300 Copenhagen S (DK)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-01/81710
US-B2- 7 600 571
WO-A1-2005/047646
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a cap for use with a hydrocarbon production well, for example a cap for use on a wellhead or a valve tree.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] The present disclosure relates to methods and equipment for petroleum exploration and exploitation. Prior art useful to give a general understanding of the field of technology includes CN 104989314 A, US 5,107,931, US 7,654,329 and US 2013/306325. US 7,600,571 describes a method and apparatus for re-entering an abandoned well having a production plate arranged to seal a production casing. An example of cap closer to that in claim 1 can be found in the document WO2005047646 A1.

    [0003] In petroleum production, there is commonly a need to temporarily abandon a well, i.e. shut down and stop production from the well for a certain period of time. This period can be anything from a few days, to months or even several years. As opposed to a permanent abandonment of the well, where the wellhead is removed and the casings cut below the mudline, the operator will have an option of re-entering the well at a future time. In a temporary abandonment, permanent measures, such as removing the well casing and wellhead, will therefore not be carried out.

    [0004] Such temporary abandonment is commonly carried out by setting cement plugs downhole, and arranging a temporary abandonment cap and/or a valve arrangement on the wellhead or the valve tree (Xmas / Christmas tree). One can thereby re-enter the well, for example in order to repair if leaks should occur.

    [0005] It is of great importance that such temporary abandonment equipment and methods provide a safe and reliable solution, for example to minimize the risk of leakage from the well. Moreover, it is desirable that temporary abandonment can be carried out in a low-cost and effective manner, with low maintenance needs.

    [0006] In other instances, there may be a need to enter the well and/or gain access to a valve tree independently of a temporary abandonment, for example in case some or all of the actuated valves have failed in a producing well.

    [0007] The present invention has the objective to provide equipment and methods to meet at least one of the above mentioned requirements, while providing improvements and/or alternatives to known solutions and techniques.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] In an embodiment, there is provided a cap for a hydrocarbon production well, said cap having a body with a top and a bottom, the bottom having a first connecting flange with a first seal face, the first connecting flange configured to connect to an end flange of a wellhead component, the top having a second connecting flange with a second seal face.

    [0009] The cap may further comprise a packing seal arranged on the first connecting flange.

    [0010] The cap may further comprise a recess extending from said first connecting flange into said body.

    [0011] The cap may further comprise a channel extending between an outside of the cap and the recess.

    [0012] The cap may further comprise a sensor device arranged in fluid communication with the channel.

    [0013] The cap may further comprise a cover arranged on the second connecting flange, the cover arranged to cover the second seal face.

    [0014] The cover may comprise at least one packing seal arranged in sealing engagement with the second connecting flange.

    [0015] The first connecting flange, the second connecting flange and the body may be machined from a single piece of metal material.

    [0016] In an embodiment, there is provided a wellhead component having a cap, the wellhead component being a valve tree or a wellhead.

    [0017] In an embodiment, there is provided a method for entering a hydrocarbon production well, comprising the steps:

    providing a wellhead component having a cap according to any of the embodiments described above, the wellhead component being a valve tree or a wellhead,

    connecting a riser to the second connecting flange of said cap in sealing engagement with the second seal face,

    lowering a machining tool into the riser and machining a through-going opening through the body of said cap.



    [0018] In an embodiment, the well has a downhole plug, and the method comprises the further step of removing or replacing said downhole plug.

    [0019] In an embodiment, the method further comprises the step of placing a downhole plug in the well.

    [0020] In an embodiment, the method further comprises the step of machining through at least one valve in the valve tree.

    [0021] In an embodiment, the step of machining an opening through the body comprises at least one of the steps: milling an opening through the body, and drilling an opening through the body.

    [0022] In an embodiment, the method further comprises the step of machining through a sensor device and/or a component for a sensor device connected to the body.

    [0023] In an embodiment, there is provided a method for enabling re-entry into a hydrocarbon production well, comprising the steps: providing a cap according to any of the embodiments described above, and arranging the cap on a wellhead component of the well.

    [0024] In an embodiment, the method further comprises the step of plugging the well by setting at least one plug in the well.

    [0025] In an embodiment, the wellhead component is a valve tree, or the wellhead component is a wellhead.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0026] Examples of embodiments of the present disclosure will now be described with reference to the appended drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 illustrates a petroleum well extending from a reservoir to a wellhead,

    Figures 2A-D illustrate a cap according to an embodiment, in cross-sectional, bottom and top views,

    Figures 3A and 3B illustrate a wellhead with a cap connected thereto,

    Figures 4A and 4B illustrate a wellhead and a valve tree with a cap connected thereto,

    Figures 5A-C illustrate details of a cap and its connection to a riser, and

    Figures 6A-C illustrate details of a cap and its connection to a riser.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0027] In an embodiment, there is provided a cap 100 for a hydrocarbon production well. Fig. 1 illustrates schematically a well 700 extending from a subterranean reservoir 701 to a wellhead 200 in the conventional manner. A valve tree 300 (commonly known as a Xmas tree) is arranged on the wellhead 200. The cap 100 may be arranged on a top flange of the valve tree. Alternatively, the cap 100 may be arranged on the wellhead 200. These alternatives will be described in further detail below. The well 700 illustrated in Fig. 1 has a surface wellhead 200, however the disclosure herein is not limited to any particular type of well and the wellhead may equally well be, for example, a subsea wellhead. In certain embodiments, the well 700 may have downhole plugs 702, 703 arranged therein, or such plugs may be placed into the well 700. This will be described in further detail below.

    [0028] The cap 100 is illustrated in further detail in Figs 2A-D. The cap 100 has a top 100a and a bottom 100b. The bottom 100b of the cap 100 has a first connecting flange 101 with an annular first seal face 102 which encloses a surface area A of the cap 100 at the bottom 100b, in this embodiment a circular area A, having a size which is substantially similar to or slightly larger than the cross-sectional area of the top of the wellhead bore with which the cap 100 is intended to be used. The top 100a of the cap 100 has a second connecting flange 103 with an annular second seal face 104 which encloses a surface area B of the cap 100 at the top 100a. The body 105 is arranged/plugged such that no fluid communication is possible between the area A enclosed by the first seal face 102 and the area B enclosed by the second seal face 104.

    [0029] The seal faces 102 and 104 are parts of the flanges 101 and 103 and are prepared, machined and/or treated such as to provide sufficient sealing properties against packing seals 108 and 602 (see e.g. Fig. 5B), for example in relation to their surface roughness properties and geometry.

    [0030] The first flange 101 is configured to connect to an upper end flange 201, 301 of a wellhead component. The wellhead component may be the wellhead 200 itself (see Fig. 3A), a valve tree 300 (see Fig. 4A), also known as a Christmas tree, or any other intermediate component arranged with the wellhead 200 and having a through bore in communication with the well. When connected, the area A will overlap at least partly with a through bore 202 of the wellhead 200 or, alternatively, with a through bore of the valve tree 300.

    [0031] The cap 100 in this embodiment comprises a recess 106 with a bottom having the aforementioned area A. The recess 106 extends into the body 105 from the bottom 100b of the cap 100. A channel 107 extends from the recess 106 to an outside of the cap 100. The channel 107 may extend to the outside of the cap 100 through the side of the cap 100, as shown in Fig. 1, or through the body 105 and via the top 100a, as shown in e.g. Fig. 5A and 6A. Alternatively, more than one channel may extend to the outside of the cap 100, as shown in Figs 6A and 6B.

    [0032] A sensor device 400, for example a pressure sensor, may be arranged in the channel 107 or in fluid communication with the channel 107. In this embodiment, a pressure gauge base 401 is arranged in the channel 107 with a pressure gauge 402 optionally connectable to the base 401. The pressure gauge base 401 blocks the channel 107 to prevent any fluid flowing through it, and allows the pressure gauge 402 to be connected for monitoring of the pressure in the recess 106.

    [0033] A cap cover 500 can be arranged on the second connecting flange 103 and arranged to cover or protect the second seal face 104. The cap cover 500 may be arranged to seal against the second connecting flange 103 by means of one or more packing seals 501a-f (see also Figs 5A and 6A). The cap cover 500 may, for example, be made from Teflon™, nylon, or a similar material.

    [0034] The cap 100, including the first connecting flange 101, the second connecting flange 103 and the body 105 may be machined from a single piece of metal material. This improves structural strength and reduces the risk of leakage etc.

    [0035] Examples of the use of a cap 100 according to the above described embodiment will now be outlined.

    [0036] When a well is to be temporarily abandoned, the well will be prepared according to how long the well is intended to remain abandoned. If the well is to be abandoned for longer periods of time, the valve tree 300 and parts or all of the completion equipment (production tubing, non-cemented casings, etc.) are usually removed. The wellhead 200 is, however, not removed. The well is plugged downhole with e.g. cement plugs 702, 703, schematically indicated in Fig. 1, arranged in the wellbore. This will prevent reservoir fluids from flowing to surface. Conventionally, a temporary abandonment cap is arranged on the wellhead in order to provide an additional barrier, and in order to monitor the pressure at the wellhead, and the temporary abandonment cap may have a valve to enable reentry into the well for repairs or further plugging (e.g. for permanent abandonment) of the well at a later time, if required.

    [0037] According to one embodiment, when the well has been plugged, a cap 100 according to one of the designs described herein may be placed on the upper flange of the wellhead 200. Fig. 3A illustrates a cap 100 arranged on the upper flange 201 of a wellhead 200. An annular metal-to-metal packing seal 108 (see Fig. 1) is arranged to seal between the upper flange 201 and the first flange 101 of the cap 100. Clamp connectors 109a,b are used to secure the connection.

    [0038] When in place, the cap 100 will seal the outlet of the through bore 202 of the wellhead 200 (or the outlet of the valve tree 300, as the case may be). The shown cap 100 comprises no reentry valve and very few seal faces, and therefore provides a safe and reliable seal for the well which may remain in place for long periods of time with little or no maintenance. If a sensor device 400 is used, such as a pressure sensor, one can monitor the state inside the through bore 202 and thus identify for example potential leakage past the downhole plugs and consequent pressure build-up at the wellhead.

    [0039] The cap cover 500, if used, will protect the top of the second connecting flange 103, including the seal face 104. The space between the cap cover 500 and the second connecting flange 103 may be grease-filled. Regular maintenance of the temporarily abandoned well may include temporarily removing the cap cover 500 and replacing the grease, to ensure reliable protection of the seal face 104 in order to avoid e.g. corrosion or damage. The cap cover 500 may have a snap connection or the like for this purpose. Optionally, this may include replacing the cap cover 500 itself at regular intervals. The cap cover 500 may be "top-hat"-shaped to cover a gauge base 401 located on the top 100a, as illustrated in Fig. 6A.

    [0040] When re-entry into the well is required, such as for permanent plugging, a riser 600 can be connected to the second flange 103 and brought in sealing engagement with the second seal face 104. The riser 600 may comprise a blowout preventer stack 601 (see Fig 3B) and/or other relevant pressure control equipment for this operation. Figs 5B, 5C, 6B and 6C show further details of the connection between the riser 600 and the cap 100. A metal-to-metal packing seal 602 may be provided between the seal face 104 and a corresponding seal face of the lower flange 603 of the riser 600. Clamp connectors 605 can, for example, be used to secure the connection. When connected, the area B at the top 100a of the cap 100 is accessible from the internal bore 604 of the riser 600.

    [0041] After pressure testing of the connections, milling equipment 800 (see Fig. 6B) is run into the riser 600 to mill out an opening in the body 105 of the cap 100, to create a connection between the riser bore 604 and the through bore 202 of the wellhead 200. When the milling is finished, the well can be intervened through the riser 600 and the opening in the cap 100, and further operations can be carried out, such as replacement of downhole plugs and other operations necessary for permanent plugging or repairs.

    [0042] The method according to this embodiment may include the further step of removing the riser 600, attaching a production riser (not shown) and commencing production from the well. Alternatively, the method may include the step of setting additional plugs in the well 700 for plugging the well. Such plugs may be cement plugs for permanent abandonment and plugging of the well 700.

    [0043] The machining tool may be a milling tool, a drilling tool, or any equivalent tool capable of machining an opening in the cap 100.

    [0044] If a sensor device 400, or any component associated therewith, such as the base 401, is arranged at the top 100a of the cap 100, the machining tool 800 may also machine through this device. Figures 5A-C show an example of this case. Fig. 5A illustrates the situation during the temporary abandonment, with the cap 100 in place with the cap cover 500 attached. In order to re-enter the well, the cap cover 500 is removed, and a riser 600 connected to the second connecting flange 103. This situation is shown in Fig. 5B. Fig. 5C shows the situation after milling, where part of the body 105 and the sensor device 400 have been machined out. Figures 6A-C show the same steps for a system in which the pressure gauge 402 has been removed.

    [0045] According to some embodiments, the need for a valve in the temporarily abandoned wellhead to enable re-entry is therefore eliminated, since a system and/or method according to embodiments described herein permit such re-entry when required. This saves the cost of the valve and the maintenance required to service it regularly (e.g. every year) until the well is re-entered, or the hydrocarbon production platform is finally decommissioned and torn down, and the well permanently plugged. If required, providing a connection channel 107 on the cap 100 will enable pressure monitoring during the years of waiting on final decommissioning.

    [0046] Figs 4A and 4B illustrate a situation where the cap 100 is arranged on a valve tree 300. The valve tree 300 has a plurality of valves 310a-e and is arranged on a wellhead 200 in the conventional manner. If access is required from above to the vertical through bore of the valve tree 300, access through the cap 100 may be obtained in the equivalent manner as described above. Fig. 4B illustrates this, with a riser 600 having a blowout preventer stack 601 being connected to the second flange 103 of the cap 100, and the machining of an opening through the cap 100 can begin.

    [0047] The cap 100 can thus, for example, be installed on a valve (Christmas) tree 300 as a contingency device to gain access to the tree in case some or all actuated valves have failed. In this case, the method may also include machining through at least one valve 310a-c located in the through bore of the valve tree 300. When the machining is finished and access is gained from the riser 600, through the wellhead through bore 202 and into the well 700, the well can be intervened and secured using e.g. bridge plugs and/or back pressure valves.

    [0048] The cap 100 can be installed on the valve tree as a permanent feature when the tree is installed or retrofitted as part of normal wellhead maintenance. The cap 100 can, for example, be used in cases where some or all valves 310a-e has failed, and where it is not possible to rig up well services equipment on the well. In such a case, the embodiments described herein may provide an alternative to, for example, performing a freezing operation or to kill the well. In mature fields, such a kill operation can be an undesirable option as the fluid level in the well cannot be appropriately monitored. A freeze option can be both complicated and not risk-free.

    [0049] When used in this specification and claims, the terms "comprises" and "comprising" and variations thereof mean that the specified features, steps or integers are included. The terms are not to be interpreted to exclude the presence of other features, steps or components.

    [0050] The features disclosed in the foregoing description, or the following claims, or the accompanying drawings, expressed in their specific forms or in terms of a means for performing the disclosed function, or a method or process for attaining the disclosed result, as appropriate, may, separately, or in any combination of such features, be utilised for realising the invention in diverse forms thereof.

    [0051] The present invention is not limited to the embodiments described herein. Reference should be had to the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A cap (100) for a hydrocarbon production well (700), said cap (100) having a body (105) with a top (100a) and a bottom (100b),
    the bottom (100b) having a first connecting flange (101) with a first seal face (102) prepared for sealing against a packing seal, the first connecting flange (101) configured to connect to an end flange (201, 301) of a wellhead component (200,300),
    the top (100a) having a second connecting flange (103) with a second seal face (104) prepared for sealing against a packing seal,
    said cap (100) further comprising a recess (106) extending from said first connecting flange (101) into said body (105), characterised by further comprising a channel (107) extending
    between an outside of the cap (100) and the recess (106), wherein a sensor device (400,401,402) is arranged in fluid communication with the channel (107).
     
    2. A cap according to claim 1, said body (105) forming a fluid-tight structure between a first area (A) enclosed by said first seal face (102) and a second area (B) enclosed by the second seal face (104)
     
    3. A cap (100) according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising a packing seal (108) arranged on the first connecting flange (101).
     
    4. A cap (100) according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising a cover (500) arranged on the second connecting flange (103), the cover (500) arranged to cover the second seal face (104).
     
    5. A cap (100) according to claim 4, wherein the cover (500) comprises at least one packing seal (501a-f) arranged in sealing engagement with the second connecting flange (103).
     
    6. A cap (100) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first connecting flange (101), the second connecting flange (103) and the body (105) is machined from a single piece of metal material.
     
    7. A wellhead component (200,300) having a cap (100) according to any one of claims 1-6 connected thereto, wherein

    the wellhead component (200,300) is a valve tree (300), or

    the wellhead component (200,300) is a wellhead (200).


     
    8. A method for entering a hydrocarbon production well (700), comprising the steps of:

    providing a wellhead component (200,300) having a cap (100) according to claim 1,

    wherein the wellhead component (200,300) is a valve tree (300) or the wellhead component (200,300) is a wellhead (200),

    connecting a riser (600) to the second connecting flange (103) of said cap (100) in sealing engagement with the second seal face (104), lowering a machining tool (800) into the riser (600) and machining a through-going opening through the body (105) of said cap (100).


     
    9. A method according to claim 8, wherein the well has a downhole plug (702,703), comprising the further step of removing or replacing said downhole plug (702,703).
     
    10. A method according to claim 8 or 9, further comprising the step of placing a downhole plug in the well (700).
     
    11. A method according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the wellhead component is a valve tree (300), further comprising the step of
    machining through at least one valve (310a-c) in the valve tree (300).
     
    12. A method according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the step of machining an opening through the body (105) comprises at least one of the steps:

    milling an opening through the body (105), and

    drilling an opening through the body (105).


     
    13. A method according to claim 8 or 9, comprising the step of machining through a sensor device (400) and/or a component for a sensor device (401,402) connected to the body (105).
     
    14. A method for enabling re-entry into a hydrocarbon production well (700), comprising the steps:

    providing a cap (100) according to any one of claims 1-6, and

    arranging the cap (100) on a wellhead component (200,300) of the well (700).


     
    15. A method according to claim 14, further comprising the step of plugging the well (700) by setting at least one plug (701,702) in the well (700).
     
    16. A method according to any one of claims 14-15, wherein
    the wellhead component (200,300) is a valve tree (300), or
    the wellhead component (200,300) is a wellhead (200).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kappe (100) für eine Kohlenwasserstoffproduktionssonde (700), welche Kappe (100) einen Körper (105) mit einem Oberteil (100a) und einem Unterteil (100b) aufweist,
    wobei der Unterteil (100b) einen ersten Verbindungsflansch (101) aufweist mit einer ersten Dichtungsfläche (102) zum Dichten gegen eine Packungsdichtung, wobei der erste Verbindungsflansch (101) zum Verbinden mit einem Endflansch (201, 301) der Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) ausgelegt ist, wobei der Oberteil (100a) einen zweiten Verbindungsflansch (103) mit einer zweiten Dichtungsfläche (104) zum Dichten gegen eine Packungsdichtung aufweist,
    wobei die Kappe (100) weiter eine Ausnehmung (106) umfasst, die sich vom ersten Verbindungsflansch (101) in den Körper (105) erstreckt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie weiter einen Kanal (107) umfasst, der sich zwischen einer Außenseite der Kappe (100) und der Ausnehmung (106) erstreckt, wobei eine Sensoreinrichtung (400,401,402) mit dem Kanal (107) in Fluidkommunikation angeordnet ist.
     
    2. Kappe nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Körper (105) eine fluiddichte Struktur zwischen einem ersten Bereich (A) umgeben von der ersten Dichtungsfläche (102) und einem zweiten Bereich (B) umgeben von der zweiten Dichtungsfläche (104) bildet.
     
    3. Kappe (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, weiter umfassend eine Packungsdichtung (108) angeordnet auf dem ersten Verbindungsflansch (101).
     
    4. Kappe (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, weiter umfassend eine Abdeckung (500), die auf dem zweiten Verbindungsflansch (103) angeordnet ist, wobei die Abdeckung (500) zur Abdeckung der zweiten Dichtungsfläche (104) angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Kappe (100) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Abdeckung (500) mindestens eine Packungsdichtung (501a-f) umfasst, angeordnet im Dichtungseingriff mit dem zweiten Verbindungsflansch (103).
     
    6. Kappe (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der erste Verbindungsflansch (101), der zweite Verbindungsflansch (103) und der Körper (105) aus einem einzigen Stück von Metallmaterial hergestellt ist.
     
    7. Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) mit einer Kappe (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-6 verbunden damit, wobei
    die Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) ein Ventilbaum (300) ist, oder
    die Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) er Bohrlochkopf (200) ist.
     
    8. Verfahren zum Eintritt in eine Kohlenwasserstoffproduktionssonde (700), umfassend die folgenden Schritte:

    Bereitstellen einer Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) mit einer Kappe (100) nach Anspruch 1,

    wobei die Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) ein Ventilbaum (300) ist oder die Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) ein Bohrlochkopf (200) ist,

    Verbinden eines Steigrohrs (600) mit dem zweiten Verbindungsflansch (103) der Kappe (100) im Dichtungseingriff mit der zweiten Dichtungsfläche (104),

    Niedersenken eines Bearbeitungswerkzeugs (800) in das Steigrohr (600) und Bearbeiten einer durchgehenden Öffnung durch den Körper (105) der Kappe (100).


     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Sonde einen Bohrlochstopfen (702,703) aufweist, umfassend den weiteren Schritt zum Entfernen oder Austauschen des Bohrlochstopfens (702,703).
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, weiter umfassend den Schritt zum Anbringen eines Bohrlochstopfens in der Sonde (700).
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei die Bohrlochkopfkomponente ein Ventilbaum (300) ist, weiter umfassend den folgenden Schritt zum Bearbeiten durch mindestens ein Ventil (310a-c) im Ventilbaum (300).
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei der Schritt zum Bearbeiten einer Öffnung durch den Körper (105) mindestens einen der Schritte umfasst:

    Fräsen einer Öffnung durch den Körper (105), und

    Bohren einer Öffnung durch den Körper (105).


     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, umfassend den folgenden Schritt zum Bearbeiten durch eine Sensoreinrichtung (400) und/oder eine Komponente für eine Sensoreinrichtung (401,402) verbunden mit dem Körper (105).
     
    14. Verfahren zum Ermöglichen von Wiedereintritt in eine Kohlenwasserstoffproduktionssonde (700), umfassend die folgenden Schritte:

    Bereitstellen einer Kappe (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-6, und

    Anordnen der Kappe (100) auf einer Bohrlochkomponente (200,300) der Sonde (700).


     
    15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, weiter umfassend den Schritt des Stopfens der Sonde (700) durch Anbringen mindestens eines Stopfens (701,702) in der Sonde (700).
     
    16. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 14-15, wobei
    die Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) ein Ventilbaum (300) ist, oder
    die Bohrlochkopfkomponente (200,300) er Bohrlochkopf (200) ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Capuchon (100) pour un puits de production d'hydrocarbures (700), ledit capuchon (100) ayant un corps (105) avec une partie supérieure (100a) et une partie inférieure (100b),
    la partie inférieure (100b) ayant une première bride de connexion (101) avec une première face d'étanchéité (102), préparée pour être étanche contre une garniture d'étanchéité, la première bride de connexion (101) configurée pour être connectée à une bride d'extrémité (201, 301) d'un composant de tête de puits (200,300),
    le partie supérieure (100a) ayant une seconde bride de connexion (103) avec une seconde face d'étanchéité (104) préparée pour être étanche contre la garniture d'étanchéité,
    le capuchon (100) comprenant en outre un évidement (106) s'étendant depuis ladite première bride de connexion (101) dans l'intérieur dudit corps (105), caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre un canal (107) s'étendant entre l'extérieur du capuchon (100) et l'évidement (106), dans lequel un dispositif capteur (400, 401, 402) est agencé en communication fluidique avec le canal (107).
     
    2. Bouchon selon la revendication 1, ledit corps (105) formant une structure étanche aux fluides entre une première zone (A) enfermée par ladite première face d'étanchéité (102) et une seconde zone (B) enfermée par la seconde face d'étanchéité (104)
     
    3. Bouchon (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre une garniture d'étanchéité (108) agencée sur la première bride de connexion (101).
     
    4. Bouchon (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre un couvercle (500) agencé sur la seconde bride de connexion (103), le couvercle (500) étant agencé pour recouvrir la seconde face d'étanchéité (104).
     
    5. Bouchon (100) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le couvercle (500) comprend au moins une garniture d'étanchéité (501 a-f) agencée en engagement d'étanchéité avec la seconde bride de connexion (103).
     
    6. Bouchon (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la première bride de connexion (101), la seconde bride de connexion (103) et le corps (105) sont usinés à partir d'une seule pièce de matériau métallique.
     
    7. Composant de tête de puits (200, 300) ayant un capuchon (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 connecté à celui-ci, dans lequel le composant de tête de puits (200, 300) est un arbre de vannes (300), ou
    le composant de tête de puits (200, 300) est une tête de puits (200).
     
    8. Procédé pour entrer dans un puits de production d'hydrocarbures (700), comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    fournir un composant de tête de puits (200,300) ayant un capuchon (100) selon la revendication 1,

    dans lequel le composant de tête de puits (200,300) est un arbre de vannes (300) ou le composant de tête de puits (200,300) est une tête de puits (200), connecter une colonne montante (600) à la seconde bride de connexion (103) dudit capuchon (100) en engagement d'étanchéité avec la deuxième face d'étanchéité (104),

    abaisser un outil d'usinage (800) dans la colonne montante (600) et usiner une ouverture traversante à travers le corps (105) dudit capuchon (100).


     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le puits a un bouchon de fond de puits (702, 703), comprenant l'étape supplémentaire de retrait ou de remplacement dudit bouchon de fond de puits (702, 703).
     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 8 ou 9, comprenant en outre l'étape de placement d'un bouchon de fond de puits dans le puits (700).
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 8 ou 9, dans lequel le composant de tête de puits est un arbre de vannes (300), comprenant en outre l'étape d'usinage à travers au moins une vanne (310a-c) dans l'arbre de vannes (300).
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 8 ou 9, dans lequel l'étape d'usinage d'une ouverture à travers le corps (105) comprend au moins l'une des étapes :

    le fraisage d'une ouverture à travers le corps (105), et

    le forage d'une ouverture à travers le corps (105).


     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 8 ou 9, comprenant l'étape consistant en l'usinage à travers un dispositif capteur (400) et / ou un composant pour un dispositif capteur (401, 402) connecté au corps (105).
     
    14. Procédé pour permettre de rentrer dans un puits de production d'hydrocarbures (700), comprenant les étapes :

    fournir un capuchon (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, et

    agencer le capuchon (100) sur un composant de tête de puits (200, 300) du puits (700).


     
    15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, comprenant en outre l'étape de bouchage du puits (700) en plaçant au moins un bouchon (701, 702) dans le puits (700).
     
    16. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 14 à 15, dans lequel le composant de tête de puits (200, 300) est un arbre de vannes (300), ou le composant de tête de puits (200, 300) est une tête de puits (200).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description