(19)
(11)EP 3 552 686 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 19155968.1

(22)Date of filing:  07.02.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B01D 46/10(2006.01)
B01D 46/00(2006.01)

(54)

AIR CLEANER FOR VEHICLE

LUFTREINIGER FÜR FAHRZEUG

PURIFICATEUR D'AIR POUR VÉHICULE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 11.04.2018 KR 20180041949

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/42

(73)Proprietor: Nam, Chun Ok
Seoul 01905 (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • Nam, Chun Ok
    Seoul 01905 (KR)

(74)Representative: M. Zardi & Co S.A. 
Via G. B. Pioda, 6
6900 Lugano
6900 Lugano (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 837 066
DE-U1-202005 005 673
JP-A- H04 297 341
US-A1- 2017 210 354
WO-A1-2018/134313
FR-A1- 3 006 605
KR-A- 19980 033 569
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates generally to an air cleaner for a vehicle which can be fixed on the rear of the vehicle and, more particularly, to an air cleaner for a vehicle which is fixed on the rear of a passenger car or a truck so as to suck exhaust gas of the vehicle and road dust caused from tires, purify and remove the exhaust gas and dust, and then discharge purified air to the outside, thereby efficiently suppressing and removing direct and indirect type fine dust.

    Description of the Related Art



    [0002] Generally, fine dust is reported to adversely affect the human body to be designated as a first rate cancer-causing agent by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2013, and as air pollution becomes more severe, danger of the fine dust is emphasized as a social problem.

    [0003] It is known that about 30% ∼ 50% of such fine dust is caused by yellow sand dust and smog from China, and the remaining fine dust is caused by domestic pollutants. Among domestic pollutants, exhaust gas including soot generates a considerable amount of fine dust, so self-saving plans such as the 2-day rotation driving system are considered when high concentration of fine dust is predicted.

    [0004] Accordingly, as disclosed in Korean Utility Model Registration No. 20-0134974, an exhaust gas reducing apparatus of diesel vehicles has been proposed and registered. For reducing exhaust soot by collecting imperfect combustion gas discharged through an exhaust pipe, the apparatus includes the exhaust pipe, a silencer formed on the exhaust pipe, a soot collector case formed on an end of the exhaust pipe passing through the silencer, a soot collecting filter made of a metal net having a dense mesh and rotatably installed on the case, a cover attached to the case for separating and cleaning the filter, and an air supplying hole formed on a side of a lower part of the case for supplying outside air to the filter.

    [0005] In addition, a soot filter apparatus of a vehicle for preventing soot emission as disclosed in Korean Utility Model Registration No. 20-0266934 has been proposed and registered. The apparatus is configured of a body integrally formed with an insertion tube which has a plurality of guide wings inside the tube, a plurality of through holes perforated on a front plate of the body, a filter inserted in the body, an opening-and-closing door formed on the bottom of the body, and fixing brackets integrally coupled to the top of the body.

    [0006] In addition, as disclosed in Korean Utility Model Registration No. 20-0349378, a soot filter for a muffler of a vehicle has been proposed and registered, which is related to a soot filter directly configured as an end of a muffler of a vehicle or separately attached to the end of the muffler of the vehicle. In this case, a soot preventing case having a soot filer case purifying exhaust gas is directly configured as the end of the muffler or separately attached to the end of the muffler. In the soot filer case, as soot filters, a plurality of non-woven fabrics in a wet state with grease is provided at predetermined intervals and is opened alternately in different directions, and a screen wire mesh covered by a non-woven fabric is installed to an outlet of the soot filer case. Therefore, when soot included in exhaust gas passes through the soot filer case, the grease on the woven fabrics adsorbs carbon monoxide included in the soot, and only heat of exhaust gas excluding harmful matter is discharged through the outlet.

    [0007] In addition, as disclosed in Korea Patent No. 10-1214097, a diesel particulate filter has been proposed and registered. The diesel particulate filter includes at least two filters which are provided inside a casing through which exhaust gas is passed and arranged in parallel in a direction intersecting with a flow direction of the exhaust gas, and a fixing means seated inside the casing and to which filters are fixed so that an arrangement structure of the filters is maintained. By using the diesel particulate filter, the filters can be easily maintained and repaired because the filters can be installed and replaced without disassembling the entire casing, maintenance costs can be reduced because only damaged parts of the filters are replaced, and the filters are not easily damaged by external impact or external force.

    [0008] In addition, the French Patent Application FR 3 006 605 A, proposes a particulate filter device covering the width of a vehicle but having only a relatively small inlet opening.

    [0009] However, the conventional exhaust gas filters should be used directly installed on an end-muffler of an exhaust line of a vehicle or coupled to a middle part of the exhaust line or an end of the end-muffler. Most of these filters require replacement or improvement of the entire exhaust line depending on their structures, so they have a considerable problem to be applied to a vehicle actually operated.

    [0010] In addition to exhaust gas including soot, there is no countermeasure against indirect fine dust which is indirectly generated by a vehicle when tires of the vehicle rub with a road surface and by scattering of fine dust on the road.

    Documents of Related Art



    [0011] 

    (Patent Document 1) Korea Utility Model Registration No. 20-0134974 "Exhaust Gas Reducing Apparatus" (date of registration, October 27, 1998);

    (Patent Document 2) Korea Utility Model Registration No. 20-0266934 "Soot Filter apparatus for preventing soot emission" (date of registration, February 22, 2002);

    (Patent Document 3) Korea Utility Model Registration No. 20-0349378 "Soot Filter for Muffler of Vehicle" (date of registration, April 26, 2004);

    (Patent Document 4) Korea Patent No. 10-1214097. "Diesel Particulate Filter" (date of registration, December 13, 2012) ; and

    (Patent Document 5) French Patent Application No. FR 3 006 605 A "Device and Method to Reduce the Emission of Gaseous Pollutants of a Motor Vehicle into the Environment"(date of registration, June 5, 2013)


    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0012] Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the related art, and the present invention is intended to propose an air cleaner for a vehicle, which may be fixed on the rear of the vehicle, and include a suction pipe provided with a slit having a length corresponding to a width of the vehicle, an air pump connected to inside of the suction pipe by a guide pipe, and a filter means connected to the air pump.

    [0013] Therefore, the purpose of the present invention is to provide an air cleaner which can suck and purify exhaust gas discharged from the muffler of the vehicle and fine dust generated around the tires of the vehicle due to driving of the vehicle thereby reducing and removing fine dust directly and indirectly generated from the vehicle.

    [0014] In order to achieve the above object, according to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided an air cleaner for a vehicle, including a suction pipe provided with a slit having the length corresponding to the width of the vehicle, an air pump connected by a guide pipe to inside of the suction pipe, and a filter means 30 connected to the air pump. The slit of the suction pipe is disposed to face an end-muffler and a tire of the vehicle, and assembling brackets for fixing the suction pipe to a rear side of the vehicle are joined to opposite sides of an upper part of the suction pipe.

    [0015] By operation of the air pump, polluted air is introduced through the slit into the suction pipe, the guide pipe, and the air pump and supplied to the filter means and purified thereby, and purified air is discharged to the atmosphere through an outlet formed in the filter means.

    [0016] Since the air cleaner of the present invention sucks exhaust gas and fine dust generated from an exhaust line of the vehicle together with fine dust and dust particles generated around the tires of the vehicle during driving of the vehicle, removes them, and then discharges purified air to the atmosphere the fine dust and various-shaped dust particles directly and indirectly discharged from the vehicle can be effectively removed, and generation of fine dust can be remarkably reduced by considerably suppressing diffusion of fine dust into the atmosphere.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0017] The above and other objects, features and other advantages of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an air cleaner for a vehicle according to the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is an installation view showing a vehicle in which the air cleaner for the vehicle according to the present invention is installed.

    FIG. 3 is a rear view showing a truck in which the air cleaner for the vehicle according to the present invention is installed.

    FIG. 4 is a side view showing the truck in which the air cleaner for the vehicle according to the present invention is installed.

    FIG. 5 is a detailed sectional view showing a filter means of the air cleaner for the vehicle according to the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0018] Hereinbelow, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0019] FIG. 1 is a general perspective view showing an air cleaner for a vehicle according to the present invention. FIG. 2 is an installation view, as an example, showing a vehicle in which the air cleaner for the vehicle according to the present invention is installed. FIG. 3 is a rear view, as an example, showing a truck in which the air cleaner for the vehicle according to the present invention is installed. FIG. 4 is a side view, as an example, showing the truck in the air cleaner for the vehicle according to the present invention is installed.

    [0020] As shown in the drawings, the air cleaner for the vehicle according to the present invention can remove from fine dust directly discharged from the vehicle to fine dust indirectly generated by driving of the vehicle, through the following process. The process proceeds such that the air cleaner collects exhaust gas discharged to the atmosphere from a muffler of the vehicle, i.e., an end-muffler which is the end of an exhaust line and also collects tire dust and road dust generated around tires during driving of the vehicle, and then, removes debris and soot from the collected exhaust gas and discharges purified air to the atmosphere.

    [0021] Accordingly, the air cleaner for the vehicle of the present invention has a rectangular suction pipe 10 having a length corresponding to a width of the vehicle. In the suction pipe 10, a slit 11 is formed in the lateral direction on a side of the suction pipe toward the end-muffler and the tires of the vehicle, a separate air pump 20 is provided by fixing to an upper part of the suction pipe 10. The suction pipe 10 and the air pump 20 are connected to each other by a guide pipe 12.

    [0022] In addition, a separate filter means 30 with an empty inside space is installed on a side of the air pump 20, which has an inlet 32 connected to the air pump 20 on a first side of the separate filter means and an outlet 31 through which inside air is discharged to the atmosphere.

    [0023] Particularly, assembling brackets 40 and 40' formed by bending a metal plate are joined to opposite sides of an upper part of the suction pipe 10, so the suction pipe 10 may be fixed to a rear and under side of the vehicle using the assembling brackets 40 and 40', and thus the slit 11 of the suction pipe 10 faces the end-muffler and the tires of the vehicle.

    [0024] In addition, the air pump 20 is connected to an electric device of the vehicle. Thus, when the vehicle starts, power is applied to the air pump 20 so that the air cleaner can immediately suck the exhaust gas discharged from the end-muffler.

    [0025] When the air pump 20 is operated, polluted air including the exhaust gas is sucked into the suction pipe, and moves along the guide pipe 12 into the air pump 20. The polluted air is supplied to the inside of the filter means 30 along the air pump 20 and the inlet 32. Then, the filter means 30 filters various debris and fine dust from the polluted air and discharges purified air through the outlet 31.

    [0026] In particular, as the air cleaner for the vehicle of the present invention can efficiently remove dust or debris generated around the tires as well as the soot and exhaust gas of the vehicle. The above-mentioned tires generates much tire dust due to friction with the road surface during driving of the vehicle, and dust, fine dust, and various debris on the road are scattered during driving of the vehicle, so that such fine dust, debris, etc. can be removed by the air cleaner while being sucked into the suction pipe 10.

    [0027] In addition, the air cleaner for the vehicle of the present invention may use the filter means 30 with multi-stage filters, as shown in FIG. 5. On an upper surface of the filter means 30, a plurality of fitting holes 36 is sequentially disposed apart from the inlet 32, so that a plurality of filters may be inserted through the fitting holes 36 into the filter means 30.

    [0028] Here, on a under surface of the fitting holes 36 and a lower inside of the filter means 30, filter guides 37 protrude so that various filters inserted through the fitting holes 36 into the inside of the filter means are guided along the filter guides 37 and divide the inside of the filter means 30.

    [0029] In particular, a mesh filter 33, an activated carbon filter 34, and a high-efficiency particulate air filter (HEPA filter) 35 are sequentially inserted into the filter means 30. The mesh filter 33 formed by synthetic resin or a metal mesh removes relatively large particles in the polluted air supplied by the inlet 32, the activated carbon filter primarily filters the dust and fine dust from the polluted air passing through the mesh filter 33, and the HEPA filter 35 completely filters the fine dust that is harmful to the human body from the primary filtered polluted air.

    [0030] Then, purified air passing through the HEPA filter 35 is discharged through the outlet 31 to the atmosphere. Therefore, the air cleaner is a more eco-friendly device which can quickly and effectively remove indirect pollutants such as tire dust and road dust as well as direct pollutants such as exhaust gas and fine dust generated from the vehicle.

    [0031] In addition, the filter means 30 is very convenient for use because the filters can be periodically cleaned or replaced by being separated from the filter means 30.

    [0032] Although a preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described for illustrative purposes, they are not intended to represent all of the Possible embodiments of the present invention, and those skilled in the art will appreciate that various modifications, additions and substitutions are possible, without departing from the scope of the invention as disclosed in the accompanying claims.


    Claims

    1. An air cleaner for a vehicle, the air cleaner comprising:

    a suction pipe (10) provided with a slit (11);

    an air pump (20) connected by a guide pipe (12) to an inside of the suction pipe (10); and

    a filter means (30) connected to the air pump (20),

    wherein the slit (11) of the suction pipe (10) is disposed to face an end-muffler and a tire of the vehicle, and assembling brackets (40, 40') for fixing the suction pipe (10) to a rear side of the vehicle are joined to opposite sides of an upper part of the suction pipe (10), and

    by operation of the air pump (20), polluted air is introduced through the slit (11) into the suction pipe (10), the guide pipe (12), and the air pump (20) and supplied to the filter means (30) and purified thereby, and purified air is discharged to the atmosphere through an outlet (31) formed in the filter means (30); 11
    characterised in that the slit (11) has a length corresponding to a width of the vehicle.


     
    2. The air cleaner for the vehicle of claim 1, wherein the filter means (30) has an inlet (32) connected to the air pump (20) and the outlet (31) through which the purified air is discharged to the atmosphere, and a mesh filter (33), an activated carbon filter (34), and a HEPA filter (35) are sequentially disposed while being spaced apart from each other between the inlet (32) and the outlet (31) of the filter means (30).
     
    3. The air cleaner for the vehicle of claim 2, wherein the filter means (30) has fitting holes (36) formed on an upper part of the filter means (30), and filter guides (37) protrude below the fitting holes (36) and inside the filter means (30), and thus, the mesh filter (33), the activated carbon filter (34), and the HEPA filter (35) are removably installed by the fitting holes (36) and the filter guides (37).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Luftreiniger für ein Fahrzeug, wobei der Luftreiniger umfasst:

    ein Saugrohr (10), das mit einem Schlitz (11) versehen ist;

    eine Luftpumpe (20), die durch ein Führungsrohr (12) mit einer Innenseite des Saugrohrs (10) verbunden ist; und

    eine Filtereinrichtung (30), die mit der Luftpumpe (20) verbunden ist,

    wobei der Schlitz (11) des Saugrohrs (10) dazu angeordnet ist, einem Endschalldämpfer und einem Reifen des Fahrzeugs zugewandt zu sein, und

    Montagehalterungen (40, 40') zum Fixieren des Saugrohrs (10) an einer Hinterseite des Fahrzeugs an gegenüberliegende Seiten eines oberen Teils des Saugrohrs (10) angefügt sind, und

    und durch Betätigung der Luftpumpe (20) verschmutzte Luft durch den Schlitz (11) in das Saugrohr (10), das Führungsrohr (12) und die Luftpumpe (20) eingeführt und der Filtereinrichtung (30) zugeführt und dadurch gereinigt wird, und

    gereinigte Luft durch einen in der Filtereinrichtung (30) gebildeten Auslass (31) in die Atmosphäre abgeführt wird;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schlitz (11) eine Länge aufweist, die einer Breite des Fahrzeugs entspricht.


     
    2. Luftreiniger für das Fahrzeug nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Filtereinrichtung (30) einen Einlass (32), der mit der Luftpumpe (20) verbunden ist, und den Auslass (31) aufweist, durch den die gereinigte Luft in die Atmosphäre abgeführt wird, und ein Netzfilter (33), ein Aktivkohlefilter (34) und ein HEPA-Filter (35) sequentiell angeordnet sind, während sie zwischen dem Einlass (32) und dem Auslass (31) der Filtereinrichtung (30) voneinander beabstandet sind.
     
    3. Luftreiniger für das Fahrzeug nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Filtereinrichtung (30) Passlöcher (36) aufweist, die auf einem oberen Teil der Filtereinrichtung (30) gebildet sind, und Filterführungen (37) unter den Passlöchern (36) und innerhalb der Filtereinrichtung (30) hervorstehen, und somit der Netzfilter (33), der Aktivkohlefilter (34), und der HEPA-Filter (35) durch die Passlöcher (36) und die Filterführungen (37) entfernbar installiert sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Purificateur d'air pour véhicule, le purificateur d'air comprenant :

    un tuyau d'aspiration (10) pourvu d'une fente (11),

    une pompe à air (20) connectée par un tuyau de guidage (12) à un intérieur du tuyau d'aspiration (10), et

    un moyen de filtration (30) connecté à la pompe à air (20),

    où la fente (11) du tuyau d'aspiration (10) est placée pour faire face à un silencieux terminal et un pneu du véhicule, et des supports d'assemblage (40, 40') pour fixer le tuyau d'aspiration (10) sur un côté arrière du véhicule sont joints sur des côtés opposés d'une partie supérieure du tuyau d'aspiration (10), et

    par le fonctionnement de la pompe à air (20), l'air pollué est introduit à travers la fente (11) dans le tuyau d'aspiration (10), le tuyau de guidage (12) et la pompe à air (20), et fourni au moyen de filtration (30) et purifié per celui-ci, et l'air purifié est déchargé dans l'atmosphère à travers une sortie (31) formée dans le moyen de filtration (30),

    caractérisé en ce que la fente (11) présente une longueur correspondant à une largeur du véhicule.


     
    2. Purificateur d'air pour véhicule selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le moyen de filtration (30) présente une entrée (32) connectée à la pompe à air (20) et la sortie (31) à travers laquelle l'air purifié est déchargé dans l'atmosphère et un filtre à mailles (33), un filtre à charbon actif (34) et un filtre HEPA (35) sont disposés séquentiellement tout en étant séparés les uns des autres entre l'entrée (32) et la sortie (31) du moyen de filtration (30) .
     
    3. Purificateur d'air pour véhicule selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le moyen de filtration (30) présente des orifices d'application (36) formés sur une partie supérieure du moyen de filtration (30) et des guides de filtration (37) émergent sous les orifices d'application (36) et à l'intérieur du moyen de filtration (30) et ainsi, le filtre à mailles (33), le filtre à charbon actif (34) et le filtre HEPA (35) sont installés de manière amovible par les orifices d'application (36) et les guides de filtration (37) .
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description