(19)
(11)EP 3 557 793 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/49

(21)Application number: 17894627.3

(22)Date of filing:  25.01.2017
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 1/00  (2006.01)
H04L 1/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/072676
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/137204 (02.08.2018 Gazette  2018/31)

(54)

OUTER LOOP LINK ADAPTATION ADJUSTMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR EINSTELLUNG DER VERBINDUNGSANPASSUNG EINER AUSSENSCHLEIFE

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL DE RÉGLAGE D'ADAPTATION DE LIAISON DE BOUCLE EXTERNE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/43

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZENG, Xing
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • QIN, Yiping
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Epping - Hermann - Fischer 
Patentanwaltsgesellschaft mbH Schloßschmidstraße 5
80639 München
80639 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2013/143069
CN-A- 1 618 250
CN-A- 102 347 816
CN-A- 103 609 051
WO-A1-2014/205644
CN-A- 101 651 533
CN-A- 103 051 430
US-A1- 2012 263 164
  
  • DURAN A ET AL: "Self-Optimization Algorithm for Outer Loop Link Adaptation in LTE", IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, IEEE SERVICE CENTER, PISCATAWAY, NJ, US, vol. 19, no. 11, 1 November 2015 (2015-11-01), pages 2005-2008, XP011589520, ISSN: 1089-7798, DOI: 10.1109/LCOMM.2015.2477084 [retrieved on 2015-11-09]
  • ERICSSON: "Size of CoMP Measurement Set", 3GPP TSG-RAN WG1 #68bis, R1-121744, 20 March 2012 (2012-03-20), XP050599998,
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] Embodiments of the present invention relate to communications technologies, and in particular, to an outer loop link adaptation (Outer Loop Link Adaptation, OLLA for short) adjustment method and apparatus.

BACKGROUND



[0002] An adaptive modulation and coding (Adaptive Modulation and coding, AMC for short) technology is widely used in a wireless transmission system. In the technology, a modulation and coding scheme (Modulation Coding Scheme, MCS for short) used by a communications system is adjusted to adapt to constantly changing wireless channel quality, thereby improving wireless transmission reliability and a system throughput rate. Specifically, in the technology, a signal to interference plus noise ratio (Signal to Interference Noise Ratio, SINR for short) of a wireless channel needs to be monitored to measure wireless channel quality, and channel quality at a future moment is predicted based on a measurement result. Finally, an appropriate MCS is selected based on a prediction result by searching for a preset SINR threshold table.

[0003] Due to a non-ideal factor in an actual system and a time-varying characteristic of the wireless channel, an irremovable error exists between a predicted SINR and an actually corresponding demodulation and decoding SINR. To reduce impact of an SINR prediction error on system performance, and improve robustness of the entire system, the predicted SINR is usually adjusted through OLLA. During adjustment, an initial SINR adjustment amount (also referred to as an initial OLLA value) needs to be first set, and then a convergence adjustment is made in a small step size, until an initial block error rate (Initial Block Error Rate, IBLER for short) of a user meets a target IBLER value. Two errors mainly need to be compensated through OLLA adjustment to obtain the target IBLER value. One error, referred to as a measurement error, is a difference between a measurement SINR (or an SINR threshold) at a current moment and an actual demodulation and decoding SINR. The other error is an SINR fluctuation caused by a time variation or the like of the wireless channel.

[0004] In different wireless environments or channel conditions, different error amounts usually need to be compensated. However, an existing initial OLLA value is a fixed initial value, and cannot reflect situations of all wireless environments. Selection of an inappropriate initial OLLA value directly causes longer time required for achieving a convergence state through OLLA adjustment, and consequently system performance is affected. In particular, for a small packet service in a mobile broadband (Mobile Broadband, MBB) service, transmission time of a data service is relatively short, and there is no sufficient data used for OLLA adjustment to implement convergence. Therefore, in an entire transmission process of the small packet service, AMC performance is greatly reduced due to a deviation of an OLLA adjustment amount.

[0005] The article "Self-Optimization Algorithm for Outer Loop Link Adaptation in LTE", IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 19, no. 11, 1 November 2015, pages 2005-2008, ISSN: 1089-7798, proposes an algorithm adjusting the OLLA initial offset parameter based on OLLA adjustment histograms of large activity connections. At the beginning of an RRC connection, OLLA is initialized to a fixed value defined on a cell basis. OLLA compensates for systematic errors by applying an offset to estimated SINR to compute effective (corrected) SINR in order to select the proper modulation and coding scheme MCS. For the histogram, an analyzed trace connection dataset of nearly 175.000 connections is collected during 24 hours in 24 LTE cells in 4 sites selected at random.

SUMMARY



[0006] Embodiments of the present invention provide an outer loop link adaptation adjustment method according to claim 1 and an apparatus according to claim 9. An initial value of an OLLA adjustment amount of a terminal device is determined from two dimensions: an SINR measurement error and an SINR fluctuation, and a channel quality difference between different terminal devices is considered when the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount is determined, so that the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device is more accurate.

[0007] A first aspect of the present invention provides an outer loop link adaptation adjustment method, including:

obtaining, by a base station, at least one type of channel quality information of a terminal device;

determining, by the base station based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device and channel quality ranges of a plurality of clusters in a cell, a target cluster to which the terminal device belongs;

updating, by the base station, a signal to interference plus noise ratio SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

updating, by the base station, a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

if no initial value of an outer loop link adaptation OLLA adjustment amount is set for the terminal device, determining, by the base station, an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell; and

based on the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, adjusting, by the base station, a measurement SINR of the terminal device, and updating the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, until the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device meets a convergence condition.



[0008] Optionally, the channel quality information of the terminal device includes the measurement SINR of the terminal device, a reference signal received power RSRP, a cyclic redundancy check CRC result, and an MCS used by the terminal device.

[0009] Optionally, the updating, by the base station, an SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device is specifically: updating, by the base station, a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device; and updating, by the base station, the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster.

[0010] Optionally, the updating, by the base station, a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device is specifically: obtaining, by the base station, a correction SINR based on a sum of the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the measurement SINR of the terminal device; obtaining, by the base station based on the MCS used by the terminal device, an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device; comparing, by the base station, the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result; updating, by the base station, the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result; and updating, by the base station, the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result.

[0011] Optionally, the comparing, by the base station, the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result is specifically: comparing, by the base station, the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, where the CRC hard decision result is 0 if the correction SINR is greater than the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, or the CRC hard decision result is 1 if the correction SINR is less than or equal to the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device.

[0012] Optionally, the updating, by the base station, the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result includes:

updating, by the base station, the real block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

IblerMeas represents the real block error rate of the target cluster, a represents a filter coefficient, and CRC represents the CRC result; and

the updating, by the base station, the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result includes:

updating, by the base station, the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

IblerJudge represents the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, and JudgeCRC represents the CRC hard decision result.



[0013] Optionally, the updating, by the base station, the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster is specifically:

updating, by the base station, the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

SinrAdj is the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, IblerJudge is the updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, IblerMeas is the updated real block error rate of the target cluster, and Adj Step is an adjustment step size.



[0014] Optionally, the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell is an SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, and the updating, by the base station, a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the channel quality information of the terminal device is specifically:

updating, by the base station, an average SINR of the cell based on the measurement SINR of the terminal device; and

updating, by the base station, the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell according to the following formula:

where

CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, SINR is the measurement SINR of the terminal device, AvgSinr is the average SINR of the cell, and a represents a filter coefficient.



[0015] Optionally, the determining, by the base station, an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated SINR fluctuation variance of the cell includes:

calculating, by the base station, the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device according to the following formula:

where

SinrAdj represents the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, b represents a fluctuation compensation filter coefficient, and sqrt() represents a square root extraction operation.



[0016] A second aspect of the present invention provides an outer loop link adaptation adjustment appartus, including:

an obtaining module, configured to obtain at least one type of channel quality information of a terminal device;

a first determining module, configured to determine, based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device and channel quality ranges of a plurality of clusters in a cell, a target cluster to which the terminal device belongs;

a first update module, configured to update a signal to interference plus noise ratio SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

a second update module, configured to update a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

a second determining module, configured to: if no initial value of an outer loop link adaptation OLLA adjustment amount is set for the terminal device, determine an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell; and

an adjustment module, configured to: based on the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, adjust a measurement SINR of the terminal device, and update the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, until the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device meets a convergence condition.



[0017] Optionally, the channel quality information of the terminal device includes the measurement SINR of the terminal device, a reference signal received power RSRP, a cyclic redundancy check CRC result, and an MCS used by the terminal device.

[0018] Optionally, the first update module is specifically configured to: update a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device, and update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster.

[0019] Optionally, the first update module is specifically configured to:

obtain a correction SINR based on a sum of the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the measurement SINR of the terminal device;

obtain, based on the MCS used by the terminal device, an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device;

compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result;

update the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result; and

update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result.



[0020] Optionally, the first update module is specifically configured to compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, where the CRC hard decision result is 0 if the correction SINR is greater than the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, or the CRC hard decision result is 1 if the correction SINR is less than or equal to the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device.

[0021] Optionally, the first update module is specifically configured to:

update the real block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

IblerMeas represents the real block error rate of the target cluster, a represents a filter coefficient, and CRC represents the CRC result; and

update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

IblerJudge represents the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, and JudgeCRC represents the CRC hard decision result.



[0022] Optionally, the first update module is specifically configured to:

update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

SinrAdj is the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, IblerJudge is the updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, IblerMeas is the updated real block error rate of the target cluster, and AdjStep is an adjustment step size.



[0023] Optionally, the second update module is specifically configured to:

update an average SINR of the cell based on the measurement SINR of the terminal device; and

update an SINR fluctuation variance of the cell according to the following formula:

where

CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, SINR is the measurement SINR of the terminal device, AvgSinr is the average SINR of the cell, and a represents a filter coefficient.



[0024] Optionally, the second determining module is specifically configured to:

calculate the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device according to the following formula:

where

SinrAdj represents the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, b represents a fluctuation compensation filter coefficient, and sqrt() represents a square root extraction operation.



[0025] A third aspect of the present invention provides an outer loop link adaptation adjustment apparatus, including a memory and a processor, where the memory is configured to store a program instruction, and the processor is configured to invoke the program instruction in the memory to perform the following method:

obtaining at least one type of channel quality information of a terminal device;

determining, based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device and channel quality ranges of a plurality of clusters in a cell, a target cluster to which the terminal device belongs;

updating a signal to interference plus noise ratio SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

updating a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

if no initial value of an outer loop link adaptation OLLA adjustment amount is set for the terminal device, determining an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell; and

based on the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, adjusting a measurement SINR of the terminal device, and updating the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, until the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device meets a convergence condition.



[0026] Optionally, the channel quality information of the terminal device includes the measurement SINR of the terminal device, a reference signal received power RSRP, a cyclic redundancy check CRC result, and an MCS used by the terminal device.

[0027] Optionally, the processor is specifically configured to: update a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device, and update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster.

[0028] Optionally, the processor is specifically configured to: obtain a correction SINR based on a sum of the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the measurement SINR of the terminal device; obtain, based on the MCS used by the terminal device, an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device; compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result; update the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result; and update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result.

[0029] Optionally, the processor is specifically configured to compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, where the CRC hard decision result is 0 if the correction SINR is greater than the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, or the CRC hard decision result is 1 if the correction SINR is less than or equal to the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device.

[0030] Optionally, the processor is specifically configured to: update the real block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

IblerMeas represents the real block error rate of the target cluster, a represents a filter coefficient, and CRC represents the CRC result; and

update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

IblerJudge represents the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, and JudgeCRC represents the CRC hard decision result.



[0031] Optionally, the processor is specifically configured to update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where
SinrAdj is the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, IblerJudge is the updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, IblerMeas is the updated real block error rate of the target cluster, and AdjStep is an adjustment step size.

[0032] Optionally, the processor is specifically configured to: update an average SINR of the cell based on the measurement SINR of the terminal device, and then update an SINR fluctuation variance of the cell according to the following formula: CellSinrVar = CellSinrVar × (1 - a) + a × (SINR - AvgSinr)^2, where CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, SINR is the measurement SINR of the terminal device, AvgSinr is the average SINR of the cell, and a represents a filter coefficient.

[0033] Optionally, the processor is specifically configured to calculate the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device according to the following formula: ReSinrAdj = SinrAdj - b × sqrt(CellSinrVar), where SinrAdj represents the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, b represents a fluctuation compensation filter coefficient, and sqrt() represents a square root extraction operation.

[0034] According to the outer loop link adaptation adjustment method and apparatus provided in the embodiments of the present invention, the base station obtains the at least one piece of channel quality information of the terminal device, determines, based on the at least one piece of channel quality information of the terminal device and the channel quality ranges of the plurality of clusters in the cell, the target cluster to which the terminal device belongs, updates the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one piece of channel quality information of the terminal device, and finally determines the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell. In the method in the embodiments, the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device is determined from two dimensions: an SINR measurement error and an SINR fluctuation, and a channel quality difference between different terminal devices is considered during adjustment, so that the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device is more accurate.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0035] 

FIG. 1 is a schematic architectural diagram of a communications system to which an embodiment of the present invention is applicable;

FIG. 2 is a flowchart of an outer loop link adaptation adjustment method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of cluster classification in a cell;

FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an outer loop link adaptation adjustment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of another outer loop link adaptation adjustment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0036] Embodiments of the present invention provide a method for determining an outer loop link adaptation initial value, and the method may be applied to an existing communications system. FIG. 1 is a schematic architectural diagram of a communications system to which an embodiment of the present invention is applicable. As shown in FIG. 1, the communications system includes a base station and a plurality of terminal devices. The communications system may be a global system for mobile communications (Global System for Mobile Communications, GSM for short), a code division multiple access (Code Division Multiple Access, CDMA for short) system, a wideband code division multiple access (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access, WCDMA for short) system, a long term evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE for short) system, or a 5th generation (5th Generation, 5G for short) mobile communications system. Correspondingly, the base station may be a base transceiver station (Base Transceiver Station, BTS for short) in the GSM system or the CDMA system, may be a NodeB (NodeB, NB for short) in the WCDMA system, may be an evolved NodeB (evolved NodeB, eNB for short), an access point (access point, AP), or a relay station in the LTE system, or may be a base station in the 5G system. This is not limited herein.

[0037] The terminal device may be a wireless terminal. The wireless terminal may refer to a device that provides a user with voice and/or data connectivity, a handheld device with a wireless connection function, or another processing device connected to a wireless modem. The wireless terminal may communicate with at least one core network through a radio access network (Radio Access Network, RAN). The wireless terminal may be a mobile terminal such as a mobile phone (or referred to as a "cellular" phone) or a computer with a mobile terminal. For example, the wireless terminal may be a portable, pocket-size, handheld, computer built-in or in-vehicle mobile apparatus, which exchanges voice and/or data with the radio access network. The wireless terminal may also be referred to as a subscriber unit (Subscriber Unit), a subscriber station (Subscriber Station), a mobile station (Mobile Station), a mobile console (Mobile Station), a remote station (Remote Station), an access point (Access Point), a remote terminal (Remote Terminal), an access terminal (Access Terminal), a user terminal (User Terminal), user equipment (User Equipment, UE for short), or a user agent (User Agent). This is not limited herein.

[0038] FIG. 2 is a flowchart of an outer loop link adaptation adjustment method according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the method provided in this embodiment may include the following steps.

[0039] Step 101: A base station obtains at least one type of channel quality information of a terminal device.

[0040] The method in this embodiment may be separately applied to uplink transmission and downlink transmission. For the uplink transmission, the base station detects, in real time, all terminal devices that have accessed a cell, to obtain the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device. The channel quality information is quality information of an uplink channel. For the downlink transmission, the terminal device detects channel quality information of the terminal device, and reports the detected at least one type of channel quality information to the base station. The channel quality information detected by the terminal device is quality information of a downlink channel. Among the terminal devices that have accessed the cell, some terminal devices transmit data at a current moment, and some terminal devices transmit no data at the current moment. If a terminal device transmits data at the current moment, the base station can obtain channel quality information of the terminal device. If a terminal device transmits no data at the current moment, the base station cannot obtain channel quality information of the terminal device. For a newly accessing terminal device, because the terminal device transmits no data, the base station may perform channel quality measurement in a random access process of the terminal device. In the random access process, the terminal device sends an access preamble (preamble) sequence, and the base station obtains at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device through measurement.

[0041] The terminal device has at least the following four types of channel quality information: a reference signal received power (Reference Signal Received Power, RSRP for short), a signal to interference plus noise ratio (Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio, SINR for short), a cyclic redundancy check (Cyclic Redundancy Check, CRC for short) result, and a modulation and coding scheme (Modulation and Coding Scheme, MCS for short) of the terminal device.

[0042] The RSRP reflects only absolute received signal strength of the terminal device, and is mainly related to a transmit power spectrum density of the terminal device, a path propagation loss in wireless space, a large/small-scale fading loss, and the like. The SINR reflects a ratio of signal energy to interference plus noise energy. In addition to the foregoing mentioned factors affecting the RSRP, the SINR is further closely related to interference strength in a wireless environment, actual wireless receiver performance, and the like. An MCS is usually selected by using an SINR in an AMC technology. The MCS is mainly determined by using different modulation schemes and bit rates. Common modulation schemes include quadrature phase shift keying (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, QPSK for short), 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation, QAM for short), 64 QAM, and the like. Different bit rates can be selected in a same modulation scheme, so that different MCS ranges are formed. For example, in an LTE system, when 64QAM is supported, there are a total of 29 MCS ranges: 0 to 28, and there are a total of three modulation schemes: QPSK, 16QAM, and the 64QAM. In addition, a lower MCS range leads to lower channel quality or a smaller SINR value required for performing correct transmission in a modulation and coding scheme at the range, and a higher MCS range leads to higher channel quality or a larger SINR value required for performing correct transmission in a modulation and coding scheme at the range. Closer MCS ranges lead to closer channel quality or SINR values required for ensuring correct transmission.

[0043] At a moment t, the base station may obtain channel quality information of a plurality of terminal devices, or may obtain channel quality information of only one terminal device. When obtaining the channel quality information of the plurality of terminal devices, the base station records a measurement SINR of a terminal device k at the moment t as a measurement SINR (t, k), records a CRC result of the terminal device k at the moment t as a CRC (t, k), and records an MCS used by the terminal device k at the moment t as an MCS (t, k). When the CRC check succeeds, the CRC (t, k) = 0. When CRC check fails, the CRC (t, k) = 1.

[0044] For example, in the uplink transmission, the channel quality information of the terminal device may be obtained by the base station by detecting initially transmitted data of the terminal device, or may be equivalent information obtained by the base station by combining data in a plurality of times of retransmission of the terminal device. After the terminal device initially transmits a data packet, the data packet may fail to be received. The terminal device needs to retransmit the data packet for a plurality of times, until the base station correctly receives the data packet or a quantity of retransmission times reaches a maximum quantity of retransmission times that is set in a system. Then, the terminal device stops sending the data packet. In a retransmission scenario, the base station usually combines a plurality of pieces of received data, and then demodulates and decodes the data, to obtain a combined CRC. Therefore, a single SINR, RSRP, MCS, and the like detected in initial transmission or specific retransmission cannot match the combined CRC. Therefore, channel quality information such as SINRs, RSRPs, and MCSs obtained through measurement in a plurality of times of transmission should be combined to obtain an equivalent SINR, RSRP, and MCS, and the equivalent SINR, RSRP, and MCS match the combined CRC. A specific combination method is not specifically limited in this embodiment, and depends on a specific system. When an effective combination method cannot be obtained, a detection result of the initially transmitted data may be used only. Although the uplink transmission is used as an example for description in the foregoing method, the method is also applicable to the downlink transmission. During the downlink transmission, the terminal device performs CRC combination, and combines channel quality information such as SINRs, RSRPs, and MCSs.

[0045] Step 102: The base station determines, based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device and channel quality ranges of a plurality of clusters in a cell, a target cluster to which the terminal device belongs.

[0046] In this embodiment, the cell of the base station includes the plurality of clusters, the plurality of clusters may be obtained through classification by the base station based on the channel quality ranges in advance, and the channel quality ranges of all the clusters are different. It should be specially noted that, as an important measure indicator of channel quality, an SINR is not only related to a channel environment, but also related to performance of a receiver used by a receive end device. Therefore, when receiver types are different or there is a difference in receiver performance, the cell needs to first classify different receivers, and then perform cluster classification for each type of receiver according to the following method. For example, in the uplink transmission, the base station may use a plurality of receiver algorithms, and performance in the plurality of receiver algorithms is different. The base station first performs classification according to the receiver algorithms, and then performs, according to the following method, cluster classification for data of the terminal device that is received by each type of receiver. In the downlink transmission, performance of receivers of terminal devices of different vendors or models may be different. The base station first performs classification based on a difference between the terminal devices, and then performs cluster classification on data of each type of terminal device according to the following method.

[0047] Specifically, the base station may perform cluster classification based on one or more parameters in the channel quality information of the terminal device, for example, an RSRP, a measurement SINR, and an MCS in use. FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of cluster classification in a cell. As shown in FIG. 3, the cell includes three clusters: a cluster 1, a cluster 2, and a cluster 3. It is assumed that the three clusters are obtained through classification based on an MCS range. For example, in an LTE system, an uplink channel includes a total of 29 MCS ranges: 0 to 28, and the 29 MCS ranges are classified into the three clusters. A channel quality range of the cluster 1 may be MCS ranges 0 to 10, a channel quality range of the cluster 2 may be MCS ranges 11 to 20, and a channel quality range of the cluster 3 may be MCS ranges 21 to 28. FIG. 3 is merely an example for description, and the cell may include more or fewer than three clusters.

[0048] When cluster classification is performed based on an SINR, a value range of the SINR is usually -10 dB to 30 dB. A larger value of the SINR indicates better channel quality. Terminal devices in the cell may be classified into five clusters based on the SINR. A channel quality range of a cluster 1 may be SINRs less than 3, a channel quality range of a cluster 2 may be SINRs ranging from 3 to 10, a channel quality range of a cluster 3 may be SINRs ranging from 11 to 15, a channel quality range of a cluster 4 may be SINRs ranging from 16 to 25, and a channel quality range of a cluster 5 may be SINRs greater than 25.

[0049] When cluster classification is performed based on an RSRP, a value range of the RSRP is usually -140 dbm to -40 dbm. A larger value of the RSRP indicates better channel quality. Terminal devices in the cell may be classified into five clusters based on the RSRP. A channel quality range of a cluster 1 may be RSRPs less than -115 dbm, a channel quality range of a cluster 2 may be RSRPs ranging from -115 dbm to -105 dbm, a channel quality range of a cluster 3 may be RSRPs ranging from -105 dbm to -95 dbm, a channel quality range of a cluster 4 may be RSRPs ranging from -95 dbm to -85 dbm, and a channel quality range of a cluster 5 may be RSRPs greater than -85 dbm.

[0050] If the base station obtains only one type of channel quality information in step 101, the base station can determine, based on only the one type of channel quality information obtained in step 101, the target cluster to which the terminal device belongs. If the base station obtains a plurality of types of channel quality information in step 101, the base station may determine, based on one or more of the plurality of types of channel quality information, the target cluster to which the terminal device belongs. Specifically, when cluster classification is performed based on an RSRP, the base station determines whether the measurement RSRP of the terminal device belongs to an RSRP range corresponding to each cluster, and when the measurement RSRP of the terminal device belongs to an RSRP range corresponding to a cluster, the base station determines that the cluster is the target cluster to which the terminal device belongs. When cluster classification is performed based on an MCS, the base station determines whether the MCS used by the terminal device belongs to an MCS range corresponding to each cluster, and when the MCS used by the terminal device belongs to an MCS range corresponding to a cluster, the base station determines that the cluster is the target cluster to which the terminal device belongs. When cluster classification is performed based on an SINR, the base station determines whether the measurement SINR of the terminal device belongs to an SINR range corresponding to each cluster, and when the measurement SINR of the terminal device belongs to an SINR range corresponding to a cluster, the base station determines that the cluster is the target cluster to which the terminal device belongs. Alternatively, classification is performed by making a comprehensive decision based on a plurality of groups of range thresholds for a plurality of measurement quantities.

[0051] In this embodiment, the base station performs cluster classification on the terminal device based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device. Information with similar characteristics may be classified into a same cluster, and terminal devices in a same cluster have similar measurement SINR errors. It should be specially noted that, due to mobility of the terminal device, switching between different receiver methods, or the like, behavior such as cell handover or a channel quality characteristic change in a same cell may occur on a same terminal device. Therefore, a cluster to which each terminal device belongs is determined based on a current measurement result. Overall, a same terminal device may belong to different clusters at different moments. In other words, terminal devices in each cluster all change dynamically.

[0052] Step 103: The base station updates an SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device.

[0053] In this embodiment, the base station needs to maintain an SINR error adjustment amount for each cluster, and maintain a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell. The SINR error adjustment amount is mainly used to compensate for an SINR measurement error. The channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell is mainly used to compensate for an SINR fluctuation caused by a time variation of a wireless channel, or the like. An initial value of the SINR error adjustment amount of each cluster is a fixed value preconfigured for the base station. Initial values of SINR error adjustment amounts of all clusters may be the same or may be different. Subsequently, the SINR error adjustment amount of each cluster is updated based on channel quality information of a terminal device in the cluster. If an initial value of an SINR error adjustment amount of a cluster 1 is A, and channel quality information of three terminal devices is detected at the moment t, the base station first updates the SINR error adjustment amount from the initial value A to A + Δ1 based on channel quality information of a terminal device 1, then updates the SINR error adjustment amount from A + Δ1 to A + Δ1 + Δ2 based on channel quality information of a terminal device 2, and subsequently updates the SINR error adjustment amount from A + Δ1 + Δ2 to A + Δ1 + Δ2 + Δ3 based on channel quality information of a terminal device 3, where each of values of Δ1, Δ2 , and Δ3 may be a positive number, 0, or a negative number.

[0054] Specifically, the base station may first update a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device, and then update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, to eliminate a measurement error. If the base station obtains only one type of channel quality information in step 101, the base station can update the real block error rate and the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on only the one type of channel quality information obtained in step 101. If the base station obtains a plurality of types of channel quality information in step 101, the base station may update the real block error rate and the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on one or more of the plurality of types of channel quality information.

[0055] In the following example, the base station updates the real block error rate and the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on a measurement SINR of the terminal device, a CRC result, and an MCS used by the terminal device. Details are as follows:
  1. (1) The base station obtains a correction SINR based on a sum of the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the measurement SINR of the terminal device, in other words, CorrSINR (t, k) = SINR (t, k) + SinrAdj, where CorrSINR (t, k) represents the correction SINR, SINR (t, k) represents the measurement SINR of the terminal device k at the moment t, and SinrAdj represents the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster.
  2. (2) The base station obtains, based on the MCS used by the terminal device, an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device. SINR thresholds corresponding to all MCSs may be preconfigured by a system into a corresponding threshold table. Subsequently, the base station queries the threshold table based on an MCS used by the terminal device k, to obtain an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device k, and records the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device k as ThrSINR (t, k).
  3. (3) The base station compares the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result.
    Specifically, the base station compares the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device. When the correction SINR is greater than the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, the CRC hard decision result is 0. If the CRC hard decision result is recorded as JudgeCRC (t, k), JudgeCRC (t, k) = 0. When the correction SINR is less than or equal to the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, the CRC hard decision result is 1, in other words, JudgeCRC (t, k) = 1. If the CRC hard decision result is 0, it indicates that corrected channel quality is better than channel quality before correction. If the CRC hard decision result is 1, it indicates that corrected channel quality is worse than channel quality before correction.
  4. (4) The base station updates the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result of the terminal device, and updates the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result.


[0056] Specifically, the base station updates the real block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where
IblerMeas represents the real block error rate of the target cluster, a represents a filter coefficient, a value of a may be adjusted to obtain good performance in different systems or scenarios, CRC (t, k) represents a CRC result of the newly accessing terminal device k at the moment t, and the CRC result is obtained by the base station by performing decoding based on an actually received result.

[0057] The base station updates the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where
IblerJudge represents the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, and JudgeCRC (t, k) represents a CRC hard decision result of the terminal device k at the moment t.

[0058] The base station may specifically update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the updated real block error rate of the target cluster and the updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where
SinrAdj is the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, IblerJudge is the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, IblerMeas is the real block error rate of the target cluster, and AdjStep is an adjustment step size. AdjStep is mainly used to weigh tracking, a convergence speed, and stability of an adjustment algorithm. For different systems and scenarios, AdjStep may be adjusted based on a requirement, to select optimal AdjStep.

[0059] Step 104: The base station updates a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device.

[0060] The channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell is mainly used to compensate for an SINR fluctuation caused by a time variation of a wireless channel, or the like. The SINR fluctuation is usually related to a wireless channel physical environment (including large/small-scale fading and the like), a change of co-channel interference caused by a neighboring cell on a serving cell, and the like. In an actual wireless network, a cell always serves terminal devices in a fixed physical area, and the terminal devices in the cell have similar wireless channel physical environments. Due to randomness of terminal device behavior in the entire wireless network, a pattern of wireless interference on a terminal device also tends to be random. Therefore, in a same cell, SINR fluctuations (which usually refer to SINR values obtained after a correlation of an SINR is filtered out through temporal filtering) of a terminal device have similar statistical characteristics. Therefore, in this embodiment, the base station collects real-time statistics of a channel quality fluctuation parameter generated by each terminal device in the cell, and obtains the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the channel quality fluctuation parameter generated by each terminal device. When a terminal device newly accesses the cell, the base station may use the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell as a reference of a channel quality fluctuation status of the terminal device.

[0061] The channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell includes one or more of the following parameters: an SINR fluctuation variance, an interference intensity change amount, a Doppler frequency shift value, and a moving speed and a physical environment of the terminal device. For example, the physical environment is a dense urban area or an open suburb.

[0062] Optionally, when behavior of terminal devices in a cell is not random, but has some fixed differences, referring to an idea of processing an SINR error adjustment amount based on cluster classification, an SINR fluctuation variance may also be processed based on cluster classification. Details are not described herein.

[0063] In this embodiment, when the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, the base station updates the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell based on the channel quality information of the terminal device. Details are as follows:
The base station first updates an average SINR of the cell based on the measurement SINR of the terminal device. The measurement SINR is usually an instantaneous measurement value. The base station may obtain the average SINR of the cell by performing temporal filtering on the measurement SINR. Then, the base station updates the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell according to the following formula:

where
CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, SINR (t, k) is the measurement SINR of the terminal device k at the moment t, AvgSinr is the average SINR of the cell, and a represents a filter coefficient that may be adjusted based on an actual situation.

[0064] Step 105: When no initial value of an OLLA adjustment amount is set for the terminal device, the base station determines an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell.

[0065] After step 104, the base station needs to determine whether the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount is set for the terminal device. If the base station sets no initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount for the terminal device, step 105 is performed, or if the base station has set the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount for the terminal device, step 106 is directly performed after step 104.

[0066] Specifically, the base station may calculate the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device according to the following formula:

where
SinrAdj represents the SINR error adjustment amount that is of the target cluster and that is obtained in step 103, CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance that is of the cell and that is obtained in step 104, b represents a fluctuation compensation filter coefficient, and sqrt() represents a square root extraction operation. A value of b may be adjusted based on different requirements. For example, in an LTE system, an IBLER of a data service transmitted on a PUSCH needs to be less than 10%, and if an SINR fluctuation is approximately Gaussian distribution, b is set to 1.23.

[0067] It can be learned from the foregoing formula that, in the method in this embodiment, the measurement SINR of the terminal device is compensated from two dimensions: the SINR measurement error and the SINR fluctuation, and a channel quality difference between different terminal devices is considered during compensation, so that the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device is more accurate. Finally, all terminal devices in the cell can obtain optimal initial values of OLLA adjustment amounts.

[0068] Theoretically, each terminal device has an optimal initial value of an OLLA adjustment amount, and in most scenarios, initial values of OLLA adjustment amounts of all terminal devices are different. To obtain the optimal initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount, each terminal device requires sufficient data samples for convergence of the initial values of the OLLA adjustment amounts. If no cluster classification is performed on the terminal devices in the cell, convergence of the initial values of the OLLA adjustment amounts may be performed by using data samples of all the terminal devices. In this method, although there are sufficient data samples for convergence of the initial values of the OLLA adjustment amounts, a finally obtained initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount is an average statistical result of all the terminal devices, and there is still a large difference between the average statistical result and the optimal initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of each terminal device. In the method in this embodiment, terminal devices with similar optimal initial values of OLLA adjustment amounts are classified into one cluster by using a cluster classification method, so that a relatively small difference can be ensured between an optimal initial value of an OLLA adjustment amount of an individual terminal device and a statistical initial value of an OLLA adjustment amount in the cluster, and sufficient data samples in each cluster can also be ensured to implement convergence of initial values of OLLA adjustment amounts.

[0069] Step 106: Based on the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, the base station adjusts a measurement SINR of the terminal device, and updates the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, until the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device meets a convergence condition.

[0070] In a data transmission process of the terminal device, the base station obtains a measurement SINR of the terminal device in a current transmission time unit. The transmission time unit may be a minimum transmission unit in an existing communications system, for example, a transmission time interval (Transmission Time Interval, TTI for short) in an LTE system. With development of the communications system, the transmission time unit may change.

[0071] When the measurement SINR is adjusted for the first time, the base station adds the measurement SINR of the terminal device to the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device to obtain an adjusted SINR, and then selects, based on the preset SINR threshold table, an MCS corresponding to the adjusted SINR. The MCS corresponding to the adjusted SINR is an MCS used by the terminal device in a next transmission time unit. The convergence condition may be a target IBLER value. For example, the target value is 10%. Then, in the next transmission time unit, the terminal device transmits data by using the MCS corresponding to the adjusted SINR. The base station measures an IBLER of the terminal device, and compares an IBLER obtained through measurement with the target IBLER value. If the IBLER obtained through measurement is less than the target IBLER value, it is determined that the OLLA adjustment amount meets the convergence condition, and adjustment of the OLLA adjustment amount ends. If the IBLER obtained through measurement is greater than the target IBLER value, it is determined that the OLLA adjustment amount does not meet the convergence condition, and the base station updates the OLLA adjustment amount by using a preset adjustment step size. After the OLLA adjustment amount is updated, the measurement SINR of the terminal device is adjusted by using an updated OLLA adjustment amount, and the foregoing process is repeated, until an updated OLLA adjustment amount meets the convergence condition. Then, it is determined that the OLLA adjustment amount is an OLLA adjustment amount used by the terminal device.

[0072] In this embodiment, the base station obtains the at least one piece of channel quality information of the terminal device, determines, based on the at least one piece of channel quality information of the terminal device and the channel quality ranges of the plurality of clusters in the cell, the target cluster to which the terminal device belongs, updates the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one piece of channel quality information of the terminal device, and finally determines the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell. In the method in this embodiment, the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device is determined from two dimensions: the SINR measurement error and the SINR fluctuation, and a channel quality difference between different terminal devices is considered during adjustment, so that the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device is more accurate.

[0073] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an outer loop link adaptation adjustment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4, the apparatus includes:

an obtaining module 11, configured to obtain at least one type of channel quality information of a terminal device;

a first determining module 12, configured to determine, based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device and channel quality ranges of a plurality of clusters in a cell, a target cluster to which the terminal device belongs;

a first update module 13, configured to update a signal to interference plus noise ratio SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

a second update module 14, further configured to update a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

a second determining module 15, configured to: if no initial value of an OLLA adjustment amount is set for the terminal device, determine an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell; and

an adjustment module 16, configured to: based on the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, adjust a measurement SINR of the terminal device, and update the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, until the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device meets a convergence condition.



[0074] Optionally, the channel quality information of the terminal device includes the measurement SINR of the terminal device, an RSRP, a CRC result, and an MCS used by the terminal device.

[0075] Optionally, the first update module 13 is specifically configured to: update a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device, and update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster.

[0076] Optionally, the first update module 13 is specifically configured to: obtain a correction SINR based on a sum of the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the measurement SINR of the terminal device; obtain, based on the MCS used by the terminal device, an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device; compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result; update the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result; and update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result.

[0077] Optionally, the first update module 13 is specifically configured to compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, where the CRC hard decision result is 0 if the correction SINR is greater than the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, or the CRC hard decision result is 1 if the correction SINR is less than or equal to the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device.

[0078] Optionally, the first update module 13 is specifically configured to: update the real block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula: IblerMeas = IblerMeas × (1 - a) + a × CRC, where IblerMeas represents the real block error rate of the target cluster, a represents a filter coefficient, and CRC represents the CRC result; and update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula: IblerJudge = IblerJudge × (1 - a) + a × JudgeCRC, where IblerJudge represents the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, and JudgeCRC represents the CRC hard decision result.

[0079] Optionally, the first update module 13 is specifically configured to update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster according to the following formula: SinrAdj = SinrAdj + (IblerJudge - IblerMeas) × AdjStep, where SinrAdj is the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, IblerJudge is the updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, IblerMeas is the updated real block error rate of the target cluster, and AdjStep is an adjustment step size.

[0080] Optionally, the second update module 14 is specifically configured to: update an average SINR of the cell based on the measurement SINR of the terminal device, and update an SINR fluctuation variance of the cell according to the following formula: CellSinrVar = CellSinrVar × (1 - a) + a × (SINR - AvgSinr)^2, where CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, SINR is the measurement SINR of the terminal device, AvgSinr is the average SINR of the cell, and a represents a filter coefficient.

[0081] Optionally, the second determining module 15 is specifically configured to calculate the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device according to the following formula: ReSinrAdj = SinrAdj - b × sqrt(CellSinrVar), where SinrAdj represents the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, b represents a fluctuation compensation filter coefficient, and sqrt() represents a square root extraction operation.

[0082] An implementation principle and a technical effect of the apparatus provided in this embodiment are similar to those in the foregoing method embodiment, and details are not described herein again.

[0083] FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of another outer loop link adaptation adjustment apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5, the apparatus includes a processor 21, a memory 22, an interface circuit 23, and a bus 24.

[0084] The processor 21, the memory 22, and the interface circuit 23 are connected and complete mutual communication by using the bus 24, and the processor 21 interacts with another apparatus by using the interface circuit 23. The memory 22 stores a group of program code, and the processor 21 invokes the program code stored in the memory 22, to perform the following operations:

obtaining at least one type of channel quality information of a terminal device;

determining, based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device and channel quality ranges of a plurality of clusters in a cell, a target cluster to which the terminal device belongs;

updating a signal to interference plus noise ratio SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

updating a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

if no initial value of an outer loop link adaptation OLLA adjustment amount is set for the terminal device, determining an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell; and

based on the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, adjusting a measurement SINR of the terminal device, and updating the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, until the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device meets a convergence condition.



[0085] Optionally, the channel quality information of the terminal device includes the measurement SINR of the terminal device, a reference signal received power RSRP, a cyclic redundancy check CRC result, and an MCS used by the terminal device.

[0086] Optionally, the processor 21 is specifically configured to: update a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device, and update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster.

[0087] Optionally, the processor 21 is specifically configured to: obtain a correction SINR based on a sum of the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the measurement SINR of the terminal device; obtain, based on the MCS used by the terminal device, an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device; compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result; update the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result; and update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result.

[0088] Optionally, the processor 21 is specifically configured to compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, where the CRC hard decision result is 0 if the correction SINR is greater than the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, or the CRC hard decision result is 1 if the correction SINR is less than or equal to the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device.

[0089] Optionally, the processor 21 is specifically configured to: update the real block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

IblerMeas represents the real block error rate of the target cluster, a represents a filter coefficient, and CRC represents the CRC result; and

update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where

IblerJudge represents the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, and JudgeCRC represents the CRC hard decision result.



[0090] Optionally, the processor is specifically configured to update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster according to the following formula:

where
SinrAdj is the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, IblerJudge is the updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, IblerMeas is the updated real block error rate of the target cluster, and AdjStep is an adjustment step size.

[0091] Optionally, the processor 21 is specifically configured to: update an average SINR of the cell based on the measurement SINR of the terminal device, and then update an SINR fluctuation variance of the cell according to the following formula: CellSinrVar = CellSinrVar × (1 - a) + a × (SINR - AvgSinr)^2, where CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, SINR is the measurement SINR of the terminal device, AvgSinr is the average SINR of the cell, and a represents a filter coefficient.

[0092] Optionally, the processor 21 is specifically configured to calculate the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device according to the following formula: ReSinrAdj = SinrAdj - b × sqrt(CellSinrVar), where SinrAdj represents the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, b represents a fluctuation compensation filter coefficient, and sqrt() represents a square root extraction operation.

[0093] An implementation principle and a technical effect of the apparatus provided in this embodiment are similar to those in the foregoing method embodiment, and details are not described herein again.

[0094] In the several embodiments provided in the present invention, it should be understood that the disclosed apparatus and method may be implemented in other manners. For example, the described apparatus embodiment is merely an example. For example, the unit division is merely logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual couplings or direct couplings or communication connections may be implemented through some interfaces. The indirect couplings or communication connections between the apparatuses or units may be implemented in electronic, mechanical, or other forms.

[0095] The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one position, or may be distributed on a plurality of network units. Some or all of the units may be selected based on actual requirements to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

[0096] In addition, functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, or each of the units may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit. The integrated unit may be implemented in a form of hardware, or may be implemented in a form of hardware in addition to a software functional unit.

[0097] When the foregoing integrated unit is implemented in a form of a software functional unit, the integrated unit may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. The software functional unit is stored in a storage medium and includes several instructions for instructing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, a server, a network device, or the like) or a processor (English: processor) to perform some of the steps of the methods described in the embodiments of the present invention. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a USB flash drive, a removable hard disk, a read-only memory (English: Read-Only Memory, ROM for short), a random access memory (English: Random Access Memory, RAM for short), a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.


Claims

1. An outer loop link adaptation adjustment method, comprising:

obtaining (101), by a base station, at least one type of channel quality information of a terminal device;

determining (102), by the base station based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device and channel quality ranges of a plurality of clusters in a cell, a target cluster to which the terminal device belongs;

updating (103), by the base station, a signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINR, error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

updating (104), by the base station, a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

if no initial value of an outer loop link adaptation, OLLA, adjustment amount is set for the terminal device, determining (105), by the base station, an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell; and

based on the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, adjusting (106), by the base station, a measurement SINR of the terminal device, and updating the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, until the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device meets a convergence condition.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the channel quality information of the terminal device comprises the measurement SINR of the terminal device, a reference signal received power, RSRP, a cyclic redundancy check, CRC, result, and an MCS used by the terminal device.
 
3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the updating (103), by the base station, an SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device comprises:

updating, by the base station, a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device; and

updating, by the base station, the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster.


 
4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the updating, by the base station, a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device comprises:

obtaining, by the base station, a correction SINR based on a sum of the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the measurement SINR of the terminal device;

obtaining, by the base station based on the MCS used by the terminal device, an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device;

comparing, by the base station, the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result;

updating, by the base station, the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result; and

updating, by the base station, the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result.


 
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the updating, by the base station, the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result comprises:

updating, by the base station, the real block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

wherein

IblerMeas represents the real block error rate of the target cluster, a represents a filter coefficient, and CRC represents the CRC result; and

the updating, by the base station, the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result comprises:

updating, by the base station, the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

wherein

IblerJudge represents the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, and JudgeCRC represents the CRC hard decision result.


 
6. The method according to claim 3, wherein the updating, by the base station, the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster comprises:

updating, by the base station, the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster according to the following formula:

wherein

SinrAdj is the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, IblerJudge is the updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, IblerMeas is the updated real block error rate of the target cluster, and Adj Step is an adjustment step size.


 
7. The method according to any one of claims 2 to 6, wherein the channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell is an SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, and the updating, by the base station, a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the channel quality information of the terminal device comprises:

updating, by the base station, an average SINR of the cell based on the measurement SINR of the terminal device; and

updating, by the base station, the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell according to the following formula:

wherein

CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, SINR is the measurement SINR of the terminal device, AvgSinr is the average SINR of the cell, and a represents a filter coefficient.


 
8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the determining, by the base station, an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated SINR fluctuation variance of the cell comprises:

calculating, by the base station, the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device according to the following formula:

wherein

SinrAdj represents the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, b represents a fluctuation compensation filter coefficient, and sqrt() represents a square root extraction operation.


 
9. An outer loop link adaptation adjustment apparatus, comprising:

an obtaining module (11), configured to obtain at least one type of channel quality information of a terminal device;

a first determining module (12), configured to determining, based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device and channel quality ranges of a plurality of clusters in a cell, a target cluster to which the terminal device belongs;

a first update module (13), configured to update a signal to interference plus noise ratio SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

a second update module (14), further configured to update a channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device;

a second determining module (15), configured to: if no initial value of an OLLA adjustment amount is set for the terminal device, determine an initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device based on an updated SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and an updated channel quality fluctuation parameter of the cell; and

an adjustment module (16), configured to: based on the initial value of the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, adjust a measurement SINR of the terminal device, and update the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device, until the OLLA adjustment amount of the terminal device meets a convergence condition.


 
10. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the channel quality information of the terminal device comprises the measurement SINR of the terminal device, a reference signal received power, RSRP, a cyclic redundancy check, CRC, result, and an MCS used by the terminal device.
 
11. The apparatus according to claim 10, wherein the first update module (13) is specifically configured to:update a real block error rate and a hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the at least one type of channel quality information of the terminal device; and
update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster based on an updated real block error rate of the target cluster and an updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster.
 
12. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the first update module (13) is specifically configured to:

obtain a correction SINR based on a sum of the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster and the measurement SINR of the terminal device;

obtain, based on the MCS used by the terminal device, an SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device;

compare the correction SINR with the SINR threshold corresponding to the MCS used by the terminal device, to obtain a CRC hard decision result;

update the real block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC result; and

update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster based on the CRC hard decision result.


 
13. The apparatus according to claim 12, wherein the first update module (13) is specifically configured to:

update the real block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

wherein

IblerMeas represents the real block error rate of the target cluster, a represents a filter coefficient, and CRC represents the CRC result; and

update the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster according to the following formula:

wherein

IblerJudge represents the hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, and JudgeCRC represents the CRC hard decision result.


 
14. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the first update module (13) is specifically configured to:

update the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster according to the following formula:

wherein

SinrAdj is the SINR error adjustment amount of the target cluster, IblerJudge is the updated hard decision block error rate of the target cluster, IblerMeas is the updated real block error rate of the target cluster, and Adj Step is an adjustment step size.


 
15. The apparatus according to any one of claims 10 to 14, wherein the second update module (14) is specifically configured to:

update an average SINR of the cell based on the measurement SINR of the terminal device; and

update an SINR fluctuation variance of the cell according to the following formula:

wherein

CellSinrVar is the SINR fluctuation variance of the cell, SINR is the measurement SINR of the terminal device, AvgSinr is the average SINR of the cell, and a represents a filter coefficient.


 


Ansprüche

1. Einstellverfahren zur Anpassung einer äußeren Schleifenverbindung, umfassend:

Erhalten (101), durch eine Basisstation, mindestens eines Typs von Kanalqualitätsinformationen eines Endgeräts;

Bestimmen (102), durch die Basisstation, eines Zielclusters, zu dem das Endgerät gehört, basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts und Kanalqualitätsbereichen einer Vielzahl von Clustern in einer Zelle;

Aktualisieren (103), durch die Basisstation, eines SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrags (SINR: Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio) des Zielclusters basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts;

Aktualisieren (104), durch die Basisstation, eines Kanalqualitätsschwankungsparameters der Zelle basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts;

wenn kein Anfangswert eines Einstellbetrags zur Anpassung der äußeren Schleifenverbindung, OLLA, für das Endgerät festgelegt ist, Bestimmen (105), durch die Basisstation, eines Anfangswerts des OLLA-Einstellbetrags des Endgeräts basierend auf einem aktualisierten SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag des Zielclusters und einem aktualisierten Kanalqualitätsschwankungsparameter der Zelle; und

basierend auf dem Anfangswert des OLLA-Einstellbetrags des Endgeräts, Einstellen (106), durch die Basisstation, eines Mess-SINR des Endgeräts und Aktualisieren des OLLA-Einstellbetrags des Endgeräts bis der OLLA-Einstellbetrag des Endgeräts eine Konvergenzbedingung erfüllt.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts das Mess-SINR des Endgeräts, eine Referenzsignalempfangsleistung, RSRP, ein Ergebnis einer zyklischen Redundanzprüfung, CRC, und ein von dem Endgerät verwendetes MCS umfasst.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Aktualisieren (103), durch die Basisstation, eines SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrags des Zielclusters basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts umfasst:

Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, einer realen Blockfehlerrate und einer Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts; und

Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, des SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrags des Zielclusters basierend auf einer aktualisierten realen Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters und einer aktualisierten Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters.


 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, einer realen Blockfehlerrate und einer Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts umfasst:

Erhalten, durch die Basisstation, eines Korrektur-SINR basierend auf einer Summe des SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrags des Zielclusters und des Mess-SINR des Endgeräts;

Erhalten, durch die Basisstation, basierend auf dem von dem Endgerät verwendeten MCS, eines SINR-Schwellenwerts, der dem von dem Endgerät verwendeten MCS entspricht;

Vergleichen, durch die Basisstation, des Korrektur-SINR mit dem SINR-Schwellenwert, die dem von dem Endgerät verwendeten MCS entspricht, um ein CRC-Ergebnis einer harten Entscheidung zu erhalten;

Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, der realen Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters basierend auf dem CRC-Ergebnis; und

Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, der Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters basierend auf dem CRC-Ergebnis einer harten Entscheidung.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, der realen Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters basierend auf dem CRC-Ergebnis umfasst:

Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, der realen Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters gemäß der folgenden Formel:

wobei IblerMeas die reale Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters darstellt, a einen Filterkoeffizienten darstellt und CRC das CRC-Ergebnis darstellt; und

das Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, der Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters basierend auf dem CRC-Ergebnis einer harten Entscheidung umfasst:
Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, der Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters gemäß der folgenden Formel:

wobei IblerJudge die Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters darstellt und JudgeCRC das CRC-Ergebnis der harten Entscheidung darstellt.


 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, des SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrags des Zielclusters basierend auf einer aktualisierten realen Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters und einer aktualisierten Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters umfasst:
Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, des SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrags des Zielclusters gemäß der folgenden Formel:

wobei SinrAdj der SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag des Zielclusters ist, IblerJudge die aktualisierte Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters ist, IblerMeas die aktualisierte reale Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters ist und AdjStep eine Einstellschrittgröße ist.
 
7. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 6, wobei der Kanalqualitätsschwankungsparameter der Zelle eine SINR-Schwankungsvarianz der Zelle ist und das Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, eines Kanalqualitätsschwankungsparameters der Zelle basierend auf den Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts umfasst:

Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, eines durchschnittlichen SINR der Zelle basierend auf dem Mess-SINR des Endgeräts; und

Aktualisieren, durch die Basisstation, der SINR-Schwankungsvarianz der Zelle gemäß der folgenden Formel:

wobei CellSinrVar die SINR-Schwankungsvarianz der Zelle ist, SINR das Mess-SINR des Endgeräts ist, AvgSinr das durchschnittliche SINR der Zelle ist und a einen Filterkoeffizienten darstellt.


 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei das Bestimmen, durch die Basisstation, eines Anfangswertes des OLLA-Einstellbetrags des Endgeräts basierend auf einem aktualisierten SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag des Zielclusters und einer aktualisierten SINR-Schwankungsvarianz der Zelle umfasst:
Berechnen, durch die Basisstation, des Anfangswertes des OLLA-Einstellbetrags des Endgeräts gemäß der folgenden Formel:

wobei SinrAdj den SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag des Zielclusters darstellt, CellSinrVar die SINR-Schwankungsvarianz der Zelle ist, b einen Schwankungskompensationsfilterkoeffizienten darstellt und sqrt() eine Quadratwurzelextraktionsoperation darstellt.
 
9. Einstellvorrichtung zur Anpassung der äußeren Schleifenverbindung, umfassend:

ein Erhaltensmodul (11), das dazu konfiguriert ist, mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen eines Endgeräts zu erhalten;

ein erstes Bestimmungsmodul (12), das dazu konfiguriert ist, basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts und Kanalqualitätsbereichen einer Vielzahl von Clustern in einer Zelle einen Zielcluster zu bestimmen, zu dem das Endgerät gehört;

ein erstes Aktualisierungsmodul (13), das dazu konfiguriert ist, einen SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag (SINR: Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio) des Zielclusters basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts zu aktualisieren;

ein zweites Aktualisierungsmodul (14), das ferner dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Kanalqualitätsschwankungsparameter der Zelle basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts zu aktualisieren;

ein zweites Bestimmungsmodul (15), das dazu konfiguriert ist:

wenn kein Anfangswert eines OLLA-Einstellbetrags für das Endgerät festgelegt ist, Bestimmen eines Anfangswertes des OLLA-Einstellbetrags des Endgeräts basierend auf einem aktualisierten SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag des Zielclusters und einem aktualisierten Kanalqualitätsschwankungsparameter der Zelle; und

ein Einstellmodul (16), das dazu konfiguriert ist:
basierend auf dem Anfangswert des OLLA-Einstellbetrags des Endgeräts ein Mess-SINR des Endgeräts einzustellen und den OLLA-Einstellbetrag des Endgeräts zu aktualisieren, bis der OLLA-Einstellbetrag des Endgeräts eine Konvergenzbedingung erfüllt.


 
10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts das Mess-SINR des Endgeräts, eine Referenzsignalempfangsleistung, RSRP, ein Ergebnis einer zyklischen Redundanzprüfung, CRC, und ein von dem Endgerät verwendetes MCS umfasst.
 
11. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, wobei das erste Aktualisierungsmodul (13) speziell dazu konfiguriert ist:

eine reale Blockfehlerrate und eine Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters basierend auf dem mindestens einen Typ von Kanalqualitätsinformationen des Endgeräts zu aktualisieren; und

den SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag des Zielclusters basierend auf einer aktualisierten realen Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters und einer aktualisierten Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters zu aktualisieren.


 
12. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 11, wobei das erste Aktualisierungsmodul (13) speziell dazu konfiguriert ist:

ein Korrektur-SINR basierend auf einer Summe des SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrags des Zielclusters und des Mess-SINR des Endgeräts zu erhalten;

basierend auf dem vom Endgerät verwendeten MCS einen SINR-Schwellenwert zu erhalten, der dem vom Endgerät verwendeten MCS entspricht;

das Korrektur-SINR mit der SINR-Schwelle zu vergleichen, die dem vom Endgerät verwendeten MCS entspricht, um ein CRC-Ergebnis einer harten Entscheidung zu erhalten;

die reale Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters basierend auf dem CRC-Ergebnis zu erhalten; und

die Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters basierend auf dem CRC-Ergebnis einer harten Entscheidung zu aktualisieren.


 
13. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, wobei das erste Aktualisierungsmodul (13) speziell dazu konfiguriert ist:

die reale Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters gemäß der folgenden Formel zu aktualisieren:

wobei IblerMeas die reale Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters darstellt, a einen Filterkoeffizienten darstellt und CRC das CRC-Ergebnis darstellt; und

die Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters gemäß der folgenden Formel zu aktualiseren:

wobei IblerJudge die Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters darstellt und JudgeCRC das CRC-Ergebnis der harten Entscheidung darstellt.


 
14. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 11, wobei das erste Aktualisierungsmodul (13) speziell dazu konfiguriert ist:
den SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag des Zielclusters gemäß der folgenden Formel zu aktualisieren:

wobei SinrAdj der SINR-Fehlereinstellbetrag des Zielclusters ist, IblerJudge die aktualisierte Blockfehlerrate für harte Entscheidungen des Zielclusters ist, IblerMeas die aktualisierte reale Blockfehlerrate des Zielclusters ist und AdjStep eine Einstellschrittgröße ist.
 
15. Vorrrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 14, wobei das zweite Aktualisierungsmodul (14) speziell dazu konfiguriert ist:

ein durchschnittliches SINR der Zelle basierend auf dem Mess-SINR des Endgeräts zu aktualisieren; und

eine SINR-Schwankungsvarianz der Zelle gemäß der folgenden Formel zu aktualisieren:

wobei CellSinrVar die SINR-Schwankungsvarianz der Zelle ist, SINR das Mess-SINR des Endgeräts ist, AvgSinr das durchschnittliche SINR der Zelle ist und a einen Filterkoeffizienten darstellt.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé de réglage d'adaptation de liaison de boucle externe, comprenant :

l'obtention (101), par une station de base, d'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal d'un dispositif terminal ;

la détermination (102), par la station de base, sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal et des plages de qualité de canal d'une pluralité de groupes dans une cellule, d'un groupe cible auquel appartient le dispositif terminal ;

la mise à jour (103), par la station de base, d'une quantité de réglage d'erreur d'un rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit, SINR, du groupe cible sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal ;

la mise à jour (104), par la station de base, d'un paramètre de fluctuation de qualité de canal de la cellule sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal ;

si aucune valeur initiale d'une quantité de réglage d'adaptation de liaison de boucle externe, OLLA, n'est définie pour le dispositif terminal, la détermination (105), par la station de base, d'une valeur initiale de la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal sur la base d'une quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR mise à jour du groupe cible et d'un paramètre de fluctuation de qualité de canal de la cellule mis à jour ; et

sur la base de la valeur initiale de la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal, le réglage (106), par la station de base, d'un SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal, et la mise à jour de la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal, jusqu'à ce que la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal remplisse une condition de convergence.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal comprennent le SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal, une puissance reçue de signal de référence, RSRP, un résultat de contrôle de redondance cyclique, CRC, et un MCS utilisé par le dispositif terminal.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la mise à jour (103), par la station de base, d'une quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal comprend :

la mise à jour, par la station de base, d'un taux d'erreur de bloc réel et d'un taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal ; et

la mise à jour, par la station de base, de la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible sur la base d'un taux d'erreur de bloc réel mis à jour du groupe cible et d'un taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme mis à jour du groupe cible.


 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la mise à jour, par la station de base, d'un taux d'erreur de bloc réel et d'un taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal comprend :

l'obtention, par la station de base, d'un SINR de correction sur la base d'une somme de la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible et du SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal ;

l'obtention, par la station de base sur la base du MCS utilisé par le dispositif terminal, d'un seuil de SINR correspondant au MCS utilisé par le dispositif terminal ;

la comparaison, par la station de base, du SINR de correction avec le seuil de SINR correspondant au MCS utilisé par le dispositif terminal, pour obtenir un résultat de décision ferme de CRC ;

la mise à jour, par la station de base, du taux d'erreur de bloc réel du groupe cible sur la base du résultat de CRC ; et

la mise à jour, par la station de base, du taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible sur la base du résultat de décision ferme de CRC.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la mise à jour, par la station de base, du taux d'erreur de bloc réel du groupe cible sur la base du résultat de CRC comprend :

la mise à jour, par la station de base, du taux d'erreur de bloc réel du groupe cible selon la formule suivante :

IblerMeas représente le taux d'erreur de bloc réel du groupe cible, a représente un coefficient de filtre et CRC représente le résultat de CRC ; et

la mise à jour, par la station de base, du taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible sur la base du résultat de décision ferme de CRC comprend :

la mise à jour, par la station de base, du taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible selon la formule suivante :

IblerJudge représente le taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible, et JudgeCRC représente le résultat de décision ferme de CRC.


 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la mise à jour, par la station de base, de la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible sur la base d'un taux d'erreur de bloc réel mis à jour du groupe cible et d'un taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme mis à jour du groupe cible comprend :

la mise à jour, par la station de base, de la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible selon la formule suivante :

SinrAdj est la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible, IblerJudge est le taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme mis à jour du groupe cible, IblerMeas est le taux d'erreur de bloc réel mis à jour du groupe cible, et AdjStep est une taille de pas de réglage.


 
7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 6, dans lequel le paramètre de fluctuation de qualité de canal de la cellule est une variance de fluctuation de SINR de la cellule, et la mise à jour, par la station de base, d'un paramètre de fluctuation de qualité de canal de la cellule sur la base des informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal comprend :

la mise à jour, par la station de base, d'un SINR moyen de la cellule sur la base du SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal ; et

la mise à jour, par la station de base, de la variance de fluctuation de SINR de la cellule selon la formule suivante :

CellSinrVar est la variance de fluctuation de SINR de la cellule, SINR est le SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal, AvgSinr est le SINR moyen de la cellule, et a représente un coefficient de filtre.


 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la détermination, par la station de base, d'une valeur initiale de la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal sur la base d'une quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR mise à jour du groupe cible et d'une variance de fluctuation de SINR mise à jour de la cellule comprend :

le calcul, par la station de base, de la valeur initiale de la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal selon la formule suivante :

SinrAdj représente la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible, CellSinrVar est la variance de fluctuation de SINR de la cellule, b représente un coefficient de filtre de compensation de fluctuation et sqrt() représente une opération d'extraction de racine carrée.


 
9. Appareil de réglage d'adaptation de liaison de boucle externe, comprenant :

un module d'obtention (11), configuré pour obtenir au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal d'un dispositif terminal ;

un premier module de détermination (12), configuré pour déterminer, sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal et des plages de qualité de canal d'une pluralité de groupes dans une cellule, un groupe cible auquel appartient le dispositif terminal ;

un premier module de mise à jour (13), configuré pour mettre à jour une quantité de réglage d'erreur d'un rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit, SINR, du groupe cible sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal ;

un second module de mise à jour (14), configuré en outre pour mettre à jour un paramètre de fluctuation de qualité de canal de la cellule sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal ;

un second module de détermination (15), configuré pour :

si aucune valeur initiale d'une quantité de réglage d'OLLA n'est définie pour le dispositif terminal, déterminer une valeur initiale de la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal sur la base d'une quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR mise à jour du groupe cible et d'un paramètre de fluctuation de qualité de canal de la cellule mis à jour ; et

un module de réglage (16), configuré pour :
sur la base de la valeur initiale de la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal, régler un SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal, et mettre à jour la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal, jusqu'à ce que la quantité de réglage d'OLLA du dispositif terminal remplisse une condition de convergence.


 
10. Appareil selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal comprennent le SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal, une puissance reçue de signal de référence, RSRP, un résultat de contrôle de redondance cyclique, CRC, et un MCS utilisé par le dispositif terminal.
 
11. Appareil selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le premier module de mise à jour (13) est plus particulièrement configuré pour :

mettre à jour un taux d'erreur de bloc réel et un taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible sur la base de l'au moins un type d'informations de qualité de canal du dispositif terminal ; et

mettre à jour la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible sur la base d'un taux d'erreur de bloc réel mis à jour du groupe cible et d'un taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme mis à jour du groupe cible.


 
12. Appareil selon la revendication 11, dans lequel le premier module de mise à jour (13) est plus particulièrement configuré pour :

obtenir un SINR de correction sur la base d'une somme de la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible et du SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal ;

obtenir, sur la base du MCS utilisé par le dispositif terminal, un seuil de SINR correspondant au MCS utilisé par le dispositif terminal ;

comparer le SINR de correction avec le seuil de SINR correspondant au MCS utilisé par le dispositif terminal, pour obtenir un résultat de décision ferme de CRC ;

mettre à jour le taux d'erreur de bloc réel du groupe cible sur la base du résultat de CRC ; et

mettre à jour le taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible sur la base du résultat de décision ferme de CRC.


 
13. Appareil selon la revendication 12, dans lequel le premier module de mise à jour (13) est plus particulièrement configuré pour :

mettre à jour le taux d'erreur de bloc réel du groupe cible selon la formule suivante :

IblerMeas représente le taux d'erreur de bloc réel du groupe cible, a représente un coefficient de filtre et CRC représente le résultat de CRC ; et

mettre à jour le taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible selon la formule suivante :

IblerJudge représente le taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme du groupe cible, et JudgeCRC représente le résultat de décision ferme de CRC.


 
14. Appareil selon la revendication 11, dans lequel le premier module de mise à jour (13) est plus particulièrement configuré pour :

mettre à jour la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible selon la formule suivante :

SinrAdj est la quantité de réglage d'erreur de SINR du groupe cible, IblerJudge est le taux d'erreur de bloc de décision ferme mis à jour du groupe cible, IblerMeas est le taux d'erreur de bloc réel mis à jour du groupe cible, et AdjStep est une taille de pas de réglage.


 
15. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 14, dans lequel le second module de mise à jour (14) est plus particulièrement configuré pour :

mettre à jour un SINR moyen de la cellule sur la base du SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal ; et

mettre à jour une variance de fluctuation de SINR de la cellule selon la formule suivante :

CellSinrVar est la variance de fluctuation de SINR de la cellule, SINR est le SINR de mesure du dispositif terminal, AvgSinr est le SINR moyen de la cellule, et a représente un coefficient de filtre.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Non-patent literature cited in the description