(19)
(11)EP 3 560 403 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
23.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/52

(21)Application number: 18169524.8

(22)Date of filing:  26.04.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A47L 9/16  (2006.01)

(54)

DUST COLLECTING DEVICE USING MULTI-CYCLONE DUST FILTRATION

STAUBSAMMLUNGSVORRICHTUNG MIT VERWENDUNG VON MULTI-ZYKLON-STAUBFILTERUNG

DISPOSITIF DE COLLECTE DE POUSSIÈRE À L'AIDE DE LA FILTRATION DE POUSSIÈRE À CYCLONES MULTIPLES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/44

(73)Proprietor: X'Pole Precision Tools Inc.
Taoyuan City (TW)

(72)Inventor:
  • CHEN, Bach Pangho
    Claremont, CA California 91711 (US)

(74)Representative: 2K Patentanwälte Blasberg Kewitz & Reichel 
Partnerschaft mbB Schumannstrasse 27
60325 Frankfurt am Main
60325 Frankfurt am Main (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 785 081
US-A1- 2001 054 213
JP-A- H08 322 769
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention is related to a dust collecting device separating dust by cyclone, particularly to a dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] In practice, cyclone separation is one kind of centrifugal sedimentation, in which centrifugal force is used to rotate particles at high speed in an eddy airflow. The higher the rotational speed is, the higher centrifugal sedimentation velocity the particles obtain. Further, the object of separating the particles from the airflow is then achieved. A conventional cyclone separator, as schematically illustrated in Fig. 1, is mainly composed of a separation cylinder 8. The separation cylinder 8 is provided through the wall surface thereof with an air inlet 81, is tapered in the tube diameter thereof toward the bottom, and is provided at the top thereof with an extracting channel 82. When the cyclone separator is put into practice, gas containing dust particles is allowed to enter from the air inlet 81, and then a down draft is formed by the gas along an inner wall of the separation cylinder 8. Finally, an updraft is formed within the separation cylinder 8 due to a suction force applied to the extracting channel 82. The dust is incapable of being raised along with the updraft owing to its own force of gravity, and then settled to the bottom of the separation cylinder 8. Further, the effect of dust collection is generated. The related patented technology is just as disclosed in Taiwan patent no. 1558462.

    [0003] The dust filtration effect of the conventional cyclone separator is considerably limited. If the enhancement of the dust filtration effect of the cyclone separator is desired, there are mainly two ways of implementation as follows: one is an increased volume of chamber within the separation cylinder, and the other is a multi-layered dust filtering inner cylinder provided within the separation cylinder, as disclosed in the patents Nos. TW 1411422, TW 201340929, CN 103181741, CN 1572220A, JP 2000-254551A, JP 2005-103251A, JP 2005-224602A, JP 2006-205162A, JP 2006-272322A, JP 2006-297057A, JP 2006-346669A, JP 2014-83478A, JP 2015-131264, US 2017/0202418 and US 2018/0036746. However, if the increased volume of chamber within the separation cylinder is put into practice, there is a tendency for the whole volume of the cyclone separator to be bulky without doubt. However, if the multi-layered dust filtering inner cylinder is put into practice, a tendency for the structure of the cyclone separator to be complex may be resulted, so as to not only be unfavorable to maintenance, but also raise a big problem of periodic replacement of the dust filtering inner cylinder. Once the replacement of dust filtering inner cylinder is required in case of an environment where the filtration of hazardous gas is performed, the whole system should be shut down, and even stopped for a period of time for the replacement. In recent years, although the technology of cyclone separation is applied to a household dust suction device successfully, the dust filtration effect thereof is not in conformity with the requirement of industrial application significantly if the structure which is the same as that of the household dust suction device is adopted for industrial practice, since it is only necessary for the household dust suction device to collect a small indefinite quantity of dust particles with relatively lower-level requirement for the dust filtration effect with respect to that required in industry so as to use a small volume and simply-constructed cyclone separator.

    [0004] In addition, the applicant also proposed a patented technology, as disclosed in a European patent no. 2923625. US-A-2001054213 discloses a dust collecting device according to the preamble of independent claim 1.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] It is the main object of the present invention to solve the problem of incapability of filtering out smaller dust particles by a dust collecting device implemented by cyclone.

    [0006] For achieving the above object, the present invention provides a dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration, including a dust collecting chamber, a cyclone chamber and an airflow guiding component. The cyclone chamber is communicated with the dust collecting chamber. The cyclone chamber is provided with an intake port provided for a gas to be filtered to enter, an annular side wall being connected to the intake port and guiding the gas to be filtered to flow spirally so as to form a first cyclone, an engaging port being communicated with the dust collecting chamber and allowing the first cyclone to enter the dust collecting chamber, and an exhaust port. The airflow guiding component is provided within the cyclone chamber. The airflow guiding component is provided with a return flow tube receiving the gas to be filtered returned from the cyclone chamber and guiding the gas to be filtered to flow spirally so as to form a second cyclone, an airflow guiding bonnet coaxially and separately located with respect to the return flow tube, and a dust filtration channel formed between the airflow guiding bonnet and the return flow tube. The first cyclone is incapable of entering the return flow tube from the dust filtration channel due to the restriction provided by the airflow guiding bonnet. The second cyclone is allowed to flow toward the exhaust port. As passing by the dust filtration channel, the second cyclone is capable of throwing dust contained therein into the dust filtration channel. The dust is restricted by the airflow guiding bonnet so as to enter the dust collecting chamber.

    [0007] In one embodiment, the airflow guiding component is provided with a drainage tube connecting the airflow guiding bonnet to the exhaust port.

    [0008] In one embodiment, the airflow guiding component is provided with an auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet, which is provided for the return flow tube and allowed for forming, together with the airflow guiding bonnet, the dust filtration channel.

    [0009] In one embodiment, the airflow guiding component is provided with a plurality of supporting poles connecting the airflow guiding bonnet to the return flow tube.

    [0010] In one embodiment, the airflow guiding component is provided with a drainage bonnet provided at one side, facing toward the engaging port, of the return flow tube for guiding the gas to be filtered into the return flow tube.

    [0011] In one embodiment, the return flow tube is provided with a plurality of drainage through-holes provided correspondingly to the drainage bonnet so as to enable part of the gas to be filtered restricted by the drainage bonnet to enter the return flow tube.

    [0012] In one embodiment, the airflow guiding component is provided with a plurality of connecting ribs connecting the airflow guiding bonnet to the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet.

    [0013] In one embodiment, the airflow guiding component is provided with an auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet, which is provided for the return flow tube and allowed for forming, together with the airflow guiding bonnet, the dust filtration channel, the return flow tube is provided with a connecting wall connecting the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet to the drainage bonnet.

    [0014] In one embodiment, the airflow guiding component includes a plurality of supporting ribs connecting the return flow tube to the annular side wall. Further, each of the supporting ribs is provided with a windward end and a discharge end along the flow direction of the first cyclone, each supporting rib being provided in an inclined manner, the windward end being higher than the discharge end in position.

    [0015] In one embodiment, an outer diameter of the return flow tube is smaller than an inner diameter of the annular side wall.

    [0016] In one embodiment, the cyclone chamber is provided with a first spatial width, while the dust collecting chamber is provided with a second spatial width greater than the first spatial width. Further, each of the dust collecting chamber and the cyclone chamber is formed by a housing, respectively.

    [0017] In comparison with the conventional art, there are features, obtained from what is disclosed in the foregoing of the present invention, as follows. Multiple cyclones are generated through the airflow guiding component provided in the cyclone chamber in the present invention. In the case of forming cyclone in the return flow tube of the airflow guiding component, the cyclone is restricted by the return flow tube so as to increase rotational speed, and further a higher centrifugal force is used by the cyclone to throw the tiny dust particles, remained in the gas to be filtered, into the dust filtration channel so as to accomplish the secondary dust filtration. Then, gas discharged from the exhaust port is even purer. Thereby, a filter screen provided for the exhaust port may be eliminated without the need for a user to shut down frequently to replace the filter screen.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0018] 

    Fig. 1 is a view of the implementation of a conventional cyclone separator.

    Fig. 2 is a structural view of one embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 3 is a structural top view of one embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 4 is a structural view of another embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 5 is a view of the implementation of one embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of partial structure showing the implementation of one embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of three-dimensional structure of another embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of three-dimensional structure of one embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 9 is a structural view of another embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 10 is a structural view of another embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 11 is a view showing the implementation of another embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 12 an enlarged view of partial structure showing the implementation of one embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 13 a structural view of another embodiment of the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0019] The detailed description and technical content of the present invention will now be described, in conjunction with drawings, as follows.

    [0020] Hereinafter, the terms "first" and "second" used for elements are meant to distinguish the elements from each other, and not used for limiting the sequential order thereof. Moreover, the relative spatial expressions including "top end", "bottom edge", "upward", "downward" and so on., mentioned hereinafter are determined on the basis of orientation drawn in the drawings of the context. It should be understood that the relative spatial expressions may be varied along with the change of orientation drawn in the drawings. For instance, the original "top end" and "bottom edge" may be varied as "left" and "right", respectively, once the drawings are rotated to horizontal.

    [0021] Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, the present invention provides a dust collecting device 100 using multi-cyclone dust filtration, the dust collecting device 100 possibly being applied to an industrial process obtaining pure working gas necessarily. The dust collecting device 100 includes a dust collecting chamber 11, a cyclone chamber 12 and an airflow guiding component 13. In this case, the dust collecting chamber 11 is connected to the cyclone chamber 12, the cyclone chamber 12 having a first spatial width 120, while the dust collecting chamber 11 having a second spatial width 110 greater than the first spatial width 120. Further, the first spatial width 120 is directed to a spatial length in the cyclone chamber 12, while the second spatial width 110 is directed to a spatial length in the dust collecting chamber 11. Then, the dust collecting chamber 11 is significantly larger than the cyclone chamber 12 in volume in the present invention, as shown in Fig. 2. Furthermore, the cyclone chamber 12 is communicated with the dust collecting chamber 11, such that gas is capable of flowing between the cyclone chamber 12 and the dust collecting chamber 11. In one embodiment, each of the cyclone chamber 12 and the dust collecting chamber 11 is formed by a housing (15, 16), respectively; that is to say, each of the cyclone chamber 12 and the dust collecting chamber 11 is subordinate to different housings (15, 16), respectively. The two housings (15, 16) are combined through a connecting structure, the connecting structure possibly being selected from a screwing element, a fastening element and so on. Accordingly, an operator is allowed to separate the two housings (15, 16) so as to clean the dust collecting chamber 11 depending on the state of dust collection of the dust collecting device 100. Additionally, the housing 16 forming the dust collecting chamber 11 may be further a dust collecting barrel.

    [0022] The cyclone chamber 12 is provided with an intake port 121, an annular side wall 122 connected to the intake port 121, an engaging port 123 communicated with the dust collecting chamber 11, and an exhaust port 124. In this case, the intake port 121 is provided on a tangent (as indicated by 125 in Fig. 3) to the annular side wall 122. The intake port 121 may be joined to a tube. In one embodiment, the intake port 121 may be further a tubular structure protruding out of the annular side wall 122. Additionally, the intake port 121 is provided at one end of the cyclone chamber 12 away from the dust collecting chamber 11, i.e., the top end of the cyclone chamber 12, while the engaging port 123 is provided at the bottom edge of the cyclone chamber 12. In one embodiment, the engaging port 123 may be defined by the annular side wall 122. Furthermore, the exhaust port 124 is provided at the top end of the cyclone chamber 12. In one embodiment, the cyclone chamber 12 is provided with a barrier wall 126 provided around the exhaust port 124, the barrier wall 126 being not connected to the airflow guiding component 13, for the reduction of possibility of discharging the gas, entering the cyclone chamber 12 from the intake port 121, via the exhaust port 124 directly. Additionally, a first phantom line 127 may be defined in the extension direction of the intake port 121, while a second phantom line 128 may be defined in the extension direction of the exhaust port 124. The first phantom line 127 and the second phantom line 128 are not intersected in the top view from the cyclone chamber 12. Moreover, the second phantom line 128 is extended longitudinally, while the first phantom line 127 is extended laterally.

    [0023] On the other hand, the airflow guiding component 13 is provided within the cyclone chamber 12. The airflow guiding component 13 is provided with a return flow tube 131 located within the cyclone chamber 12, an airflow guiding bonnet 132 coaxially and separately located with respect to the return flow tube 131, and a dust filtration channel 133 formed between the airflow guiding bonnet 132 and the return flow tube 131. Further, an outer diameter 401 of the return flow tube 131 is smaller than an inner diameter 402 of the annular side wall 122, such that a space allowing the flow of cyclone is still provided between the return flow tube 131 and the annular side wall 122. Additionally, a part existing between the airflow guiding bonnet 132 and the return flow tube 131 is not connected therebetween, and the part is just the dust filtration channel 133. By way of the dust filtration channel 133, the internal space of the return flow tube 131 is communicated with the cyclone chamber 12; that is to say, gas is allowed to enter the cyclone chamber 12 from the return flow tube 131 via the dust filtration channel 133 without being pushed by external force. In one embodiment, the airflow guiding component 13 is provided with a plurality of supporting poles 134 connecting the airflow guiding bonnet 132 to the return flow tube 131. Further, each of the plurality of supporting poles 134 is allowed to connect one end of the return flow tube 131 facing toward the airflow guiding bonnet 132 to one side of the airflow guiding bonnet 132 facing toward the return flow tube 131. The pattern and actual location of the plurality of supporting poles 134 may be modified appropriately depending on implementation, without being reiterated herein any more. Furthermore, besides the disclosure in the former embodiment, the airflow guiding bonnet 132 may be also fixed through the structure disclosed in another embodiment. In this embodiment, the airflow guiding component 13 is provided with a drainage tube 135 connecting the airflow guiding bonnet 132 to the exhaust port 124. The drainage tube 135 and the return flow tube 131 are located coaxially. The drainage tube 135, together with the airflow guiding bonnet 132, may be formed as integral structure. Furthermore, the airflow guiding bonnet 132 may be further formed as umbrella-shaped structure. Assuming a portion of the airflow guiding bonnet 132 corresponding to the return flow tube 131 is considered as a top end, the bottom end of the airflow guiding bonnet 132 may face toward the engaging port 123. One side of the dust filtration channel 133 is blocked by the airflow guiding bonnet 132, such that gas coming from the intake port 121 is incapable of entering the dust filtration channel 133. In addition, a portion of the airflow guiding bonnet 132 corresponding to the return flow tube 131 is a vent 136. In other words, the vent 136, the return flow tube 131 and the drainage tube 135 are located on the same axis. Furthermore, after the cyclone chamber 12 and the airflow guiding component 13 of the present invention are combined, a first cyclone path 601 advancing toward the dust collecting chamber 11 along the annular side wall 122 and a second cyclone path 602 being delimited by the return flow tube 131, advancing toward the exhaust port 124 and passing by the dust filtration channel 133 are formed. Additionally, the initial part of the second cyclone path 602 is limited by the return flow tube 131 of the present invention, such that cyclone formed here is compact due to the effect of the return flow tube 131.

    [0024] Referring to Fig. 5 together, when the dust collecting device 100 is put into practice, the intake port 121 may be connected to an apparatus, capable of generating a gas to be filtered 300, via a tube, or may be provided within a space filled with the gas to be filtered 300 directly. On the other hand, the exhaust port 124 is connected to an air extracting device 200. The cyclone chamber 12 is allowed to enter negative pressure state after the air extracting device 200 is started, so as to suck the gas to be filtered 300 into the cyclone chamber 12 via the intake port 121. On the basis of the design of the intake port 121, however, the gas to be filtered 300 is allowed to flow spirally along with the annular side wall 122 after entering the cyclone chamber 12, so as to form a first cyclone 301. The first cyclone 301 is allowed to travel downward along the annular side wall 122, and finally enter the dust collecting chamber 11 via the engaging port 123; that is to say, the first cyclone 301 is allowed to advance along the first cyclone path 601. Additionally, the first cyclone 301 is incapable of entering the return flow tube 131 from the dust filtration channel 133 in the process of downward travel due to the restriction provided by the airflow guiding bonnet 132. Furthermore, the size of the dust collecting chamber 11 is larger than that of the cyclone chamber 12, such that the rotational speed of the first cyclone 301 is reduced, and meanwhile the dust (for instance, 501 depicted in Fig. 5) mingled with the gas to be filtered 300 is separated from the gas to be filtered 300 so as to fall into the dust collecting chamber 11 owing to the effect of the reduction of rotational speed of the first cyclone 301 and the force of gravity of the dust itself. In this way, the primary dust filtration is completed. Furthermore, the air extracting device 200 is not stopped working, in such a way that the gas to be filtered 300 entering the dust collecting chamber 11 is sucked into the return flow tube 131. As entering the return flow tube 131, the gas to be filtered 300 is also allowed to flow spirally along the return flow tube 131 immediately and then form a second cyclone 302. At this moment, the dust collected within the dust collecting chamber 11 is not mixed into the second cyclone 302 due to its own weight. Furthermore, the speed of the second cyclone 302 is higher than that of the first cyclone 301 significantly due to a tube diameter of the return flow tube 131 being smaller than that of the dust collecting chamber 11, such that a higher centrifugal force may be generated by the second cyclone 302. Subsequently, when the second cyclone 302 is allowed to travel upward along the return flow tube 131; that is to say, when the second cyclone 302 is allowed to advance in the second cyclone path 602, dust (502 depicted in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6) entrained in the second cyclone 302 is thrown into the dust filtration channel 133 due to centrifugal force of the second cyclone 302, as the second cyclone 302 passing by the dust filtration channel 133, for the secondary dust filtration. The dust thrown into the dust filtration channel 133, however, is restricted by the airflow guiding bonnet 132, so as to be mixed into the first cyclone 301 again. Afterward, the second cyclone 302 is allowed to advance toward the exhaust port 124 continuously, and then leave the dust collecting device 100 via the exhaust port 124. Additionally, the dusts contained in the gas to be filtered 300 are different in size, such that the larger dust grains may be separated from the gas to be filtered 300 in the primary dust filtration, while the smaller dust grains may be separated from the gas to be filtered 300 in the secondary dust filtration of the dust collecting device 100. In this way, not only purer gas may be obtained, but also the filter screen provided for the exhaust port 124 may be eliminated. It is unnecessary for a user to dismantle the dust collecting device 100 several times to replace the filter screen if the filter screen is eliminated, so as to facilitate the use in a working environment where the gas to be filtered 300 includes hazardous gas.

    [0025] In one embodiment, referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Fig. 10, Fig. 11, Fig. 12 and Fig. 13 together, the airflow guiding component 13 is provided with an auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137, which is provided for the return flow tube 131 and allowed for forming, together with the airflow guiding bonnet 132, the dust filtration channel 133. The auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137 may be extended from an edge, facing toward the airflow guiding bonnet 132, of the return flow tube 131, while the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137 and the airflow guiding bonnet 132 are provided as the same umbrella-shaped structure with an identical pattern. Further, each of the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137 and the airflow guiding bonnet 132 is located at one side of the dust filtration channel 133, respectively. The dust, when thrown by the second cyclone 302, is allowed to advance toward the cyclone chamber 12 along a space between the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137 and the airflow guiding bonnet 132, as depicted in Fig. 12. In another embodiment, referring to Fig. 9 again, the airflow guiding component 13 may be provided with a plurality of connecting ribs 144 connecting the airflow guiding bonnet 132 to the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137. The plurality of connecting ribs 144 are provided in a spaced manner; that is to say, a space for gas to flow is presented between any two adjacent connecting ribs 144. The plurality of connecting ribs 144 are allowed to support the airflow guiding bonnet 132, so as to enable not only separation of the airflow guiding bonnet 132 and the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137, but also non-necessity for the airflow guiding bonnet 132 to obtain support from other members. On the other hand, the airflow guiding component 13 is provided with a drainage bonnet 138 provided at one side, facing toward the engaging port 123, of the return flow tube 131 for guiding the gas to be filtered 300 into the return flow tube 131, so as to enable the gas to be filtered 300 to enter the return flow tube 131 more positively. Further, referring to Fig. 10, it is possible to provide the drainage bonnet 138 at an edge, facing toward the engaging port 123, of the return flow tube 131. Moreover, the pattern of the drainage bonnet 138 is identical to that of the airflow guiding bonnet 132. A port, connected to one end of the return flow tube 131, of the drainage bonnet 138 is smaller than the other port, far away from the return flow tube 131, of the drainage bonnet 138 in diameter. Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 8 and Fig 9 again, the drainage bonnet 138 is not necessary to be provided at the edge, facing toward the engaging port 123, of the return flow tube 131, but is only necessary to be provided at one side, close to the engaging port 123, of the return flow tube 131. Moreover, the return flow tube 131 is provided, at one side close to the engaging port 123 thereof, with at least one drainage through-hole 139 provided correspondingly to the drainage bonnet 138, in the case that the drainage bonnet 138 is mounted to the side wall of the return flow tube 131, such that the drainage through-holes 139 may enable part of the gas to be filtered 300, which is not allowed to enter the return flow tube 131 from the end thereof and then restricted by the drainage bonnet 138, to enter the return flow tube 131 via the drainage through-holes 139, just as depicted in Fig. 11.

    [0026] Referring to Fig. 13 together, in one embodiment, the return flow tube 131 is provided with a connecting wall 140 connecting the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137 to the drainage bonnet 138. The connecting wall 140 may be provided in parallel with the tube wall of the return flow tube 131. The connecting wall 140 and the auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet 137 are cooperated to restrict the moving path of the first cyclone 301, so as to reduce the possibility of abnormity of the first cyclone 301. Additionally, the return flow tube 131 of this embodiment may be integrally formed.

    [0027] Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Fig. 10, Fig. 11, Fig. 12 and Fig. 13 again, the airflow guiding component 13 of the present invention includes a plurality of supporting ribs 141 connecting the return flow tube 131 to the annular side wall 122. The plurality of supporting ribs 141 are provided in a spaced manner, such that a zone allowing gas to flow is presented between any two adjacent supporting ribs 141. The return flow tube 131 may be provided at the center of the cyclone chamber 12 due to the plurality of supporting ribs 141. Moreover, referring to Fig. 7, each of the plurality of supporting ribs 141 is provided with a windward end 142 and a discharge end 143 along the flow direction of the first cyclone 301 in one embodiment. Each supporting rib 141 is provided in an inclined manner, in which the windward end 142 is higher than the discharge end 143 in position. More specifically, in this embodiment, the function of guiding the first cyclone 301, besides supporting the return flow tube 131, is further provided for each supporting rib 141. Each supporting rib 141 is inclined in the flow direction of the first cyclone 301. Once contacting the windward end 142, the first cyclone 301 is guided by the supporting rib 141 so as to flow toward the dust collecting chamber 11 and finally leave the supporting rib 141 from the discharge end 143. Accordingly, the resistance to the first cyclone 301 may be reduced due to each supporting rib 141 when the present invention is embodied.


    Claims

    1. A dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration, comprising:

    a dust collecting chamber (11);

    a cyclone chamber (12), communicated with said dust collecting chamber (11), said cyclone chamber (12) being provided with an intake port (121) provided for a gas to be filtered (300) to enter, an annular side wall (122) being connected to said intake port (121) and guiding said gas to be filtered (300) to flow spirally so as to form a first cyclone (301), an engaging port (123) being communicated with said dust collecting chamber (11) and allowing said first cyclone (301) to enter said dust collecting chamber (11), and an exhaust port (124); and

    an airflow guiding component (13), provided within said cyclone chamber (12), characterized in that said airflow guiding component (13) is provided with a return flow tube (131) receiving said gas to be filtered (300) returned from said cyclone chamber (12) and guiding said gas to be filtered (300) to flow spirally so as to form a second cyclone (302), an airflow guiding bonnet (132) coaxially and separately located with respect to said return flow tube (131), and a dust filtration channel (133) formed between said airflow guiding bonnet (132) and said return flow tube (131), said first cyclone (301) being incapable of entering said return flow tube (131) from said dust filtration channel (133) due to the restriction provided by said airflow guiding bonnet (132), said second cyclone (302) flowing toward said exhaust port (124), said second cyclone (302) throwing dust (502) contained therein into said dust filtration channel (133) as passing by said dust filtration channel (133), dust (502) being restricted by said airflow guiding bonnet (132) so as to enter said dust collecting chamber (11).


     
    2. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 1, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) is provided with a drainage tube (135) connecting said airflow guiding bonnet (132) to said exhaust port (124).
     
    3. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 1, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) is provided with an auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet (137), which is provided for said return flow tube (131) and allowed for forming, together with said airflow guiding bonnet (132), said dust filtration channel (133).
     
    4. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 3, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) is provided with a drainage bonnet (138) provided at one side, facing toward said engaging port (123), of said return flow tube (131) for guiding said gas to be filtered (300) into said return flow tube (131).
     
    5. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 4, wherein said return flow tube (131) is provided with at least one drainage through-hole (139) provided correspondingly to said drainage bonnet (138) so as to enable part of said gas to be filtered (300) restricted by said drainage bonnet (138) to enter said return flow tube (131).
     
    6. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 3, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) is provided with a plurality of connecting ribs (144) connecting said airflow guiding bonnet (132) to said auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet (137).
     
    7. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 3, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) includes a plurality of supporting ribs (141) connecting said return flow tube (131) to said annular side wall (122).
     
    8. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 7, wherein each of said plurality of supporting ribs (141) is provided with a windward end (142) and a discharge end (143) along the flow direction of said first cyclone (301), each of said plurality of supporting ribs (141) being provided in an inclined manner, said windward end (142) being higher than said discharge end (143) in position.
     
    9. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 1, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) is provided with a plurality of supporting poles (134) connecting said airflow guiding bonnet (132) to said return flow tube (131).
     
    10. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 1, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) is provided with a drainage bonnet (138) provided at one side, facing toward said engaging port (123), of said return flow tube (131) for guiding said gas to be filtered (300) into said return flow tube (131).
     
    11. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 10, wherein said return flow tube (131) is provided with a plurality of drainage through-holes (139) provided correspondingly to said drainage bonnet (138) so as to enable part of said gas to be filtered (300) restricted by said drainage bonnet (138) to enter said return flow tube (131).
     
    12. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 10, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) is provided with an auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet (137), which is provided for said return flow tube (131) and allowed for forming, together with said airflow guiding bonnet (132), said dust filtration channel (133), said return flow tube (131) is provided with a connecting wall (140) connecting said auxiliary airflow guiding bonnet (137) to said drainage bonnet (138).
     
    13. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 1, wherein said airflow guiding component (13) includes a plurality of supporting ribs (141) connecting said return flow tube (131) to said annular side wall (122).
     
    14. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 13, wherein each of said plurality of supporting ribs (141) is provided with a windward end (142) and a discharge end (143) along the flow direction of said first cyclone (301), each of said plurality of supporting ribs (141) being provided in an inclined manner, said windward end (142) being higher than said discharge end (143) in position.
     
    15. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 1, wherein an outer diameter (401) of said return flow tube (131) is smaller than an inner diameter (402) of said annular side wall (122).
     
    16. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 1, wherein said cyclone chamber (12) is provided with a first spatial width (120), while said dust collecting chamber (11) is provided with a second spatial width (110) greater than said first spatial width (120).
     
    17. The dust collecting device using multi-cyclone dust filtration according to claim 16, wherein each of said dust collecting chamber (11) and said cyclone chamber (12) is formed by a housing (16, 15), respectively.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfiltration, umfassend:

    eine Staubsammelkammer (11);

    eine Zyklonkammer (12), die mit der Staubsammelkammer (11) in Verbindung steht, wobei die Zyklonkammer (12) mit einer Einlassöffnung (121) versehen ist, in die ein zu filterndes Gas (300) eintreten kann, eine ringförmige Seitenwand (122), die mit der Einlassöffnung (121) verbunden ist und das zu filternde Gas (300) so führt, dass es spiralförmig strömt, so dass ein erster Zyklon (301) gebildet wird, eine Eingriffsöffnung (123), die mit der Staubsammelkammer (11) in Verbindung steht und es dem ersten Zyklon (301) ermöglicht, in die Staubsammelkammer (11) einzutreten, und eine Auslassöffnung (124); und

    eine Luftstromleitkomponente (13), die innerhalb der Zyklonkammer (12) vorgesehen ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Luftstromführungskomponente (13) mit einem Rückstromrohr (131) versehen ist, das das von der Zyklonkammer (12) zurückgeführte zu filternde Gas (300) aufnimmt und das zu filternde Gas (300) so führt, dass es spiralförmig strömt, um einen zweiten Zyklon (302) zu bilden, einer Luftstromführungshaube (132), die koaxial und getrennt in Bezug auf das Rückstromrohr (131) angeordnet ist, und einem Staubfilterkanal (133), der zwischen der Luftstromführungshaube (132) und dem Rückstromrohr (131) ausgebildet ist, der erste Zyklon (301) aufgrund der durch die Luftstromführungshaube (132) geschaffenen Drosselung nicht in der Lage ist, von dem Staubfiltrationskanal (133) in das Rückstromrohr (131) einzutreten, der zweite Zyklon (302) zu der Auslassöffnung (124) strömt, der zweite Zyklon (302) den darin enthaltenen Staub (502) in den Staubfiltrationskanal (133) wirft, wenn er den Staubfiltrationskanal (133) passiert, wobei der Staub (502) durch die Luftstromführungshaube (132) so begrenzt wird, dass er in die Staubsammelkammer (11) eintritt.


     
    2. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Luftstromführungsbauteil (13) mit einem Drainagerohr (135) versehen ist, das die Luftstromführungshaube (132) mit der Auslassöffnung (124) verbindet.
     
    3. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Luftstromführungsbauteil (13) mit einer Hilfsluftstromführungshaube (137) versehen ist, die für das Rücklaufrohr (131) vorgesehen ist und zusammen mit der Luftstromführungshaube (132) den Staubfilterkanal (133) bilden kann.
     
    4. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Luftstromleitkomponente (13) mit einer Drainagehaube (138) versehen ist, die an einer Seite des Rückstromrohrs (131), die der Eingriffsöffnung (123) zugewandt ist, vorgesehen ist, um das zu filternde Gas (300) in das Rückstromrohr (131) zu leiten.
     
    5. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Rücklaufrohr (131) mit mindestens einem Abfluss-Durchgangsloch (139) versehen ist, das entsprechend der Abflusshaube (138) vorgesehen ist, so dass ein Teil des zu filternden Gases (300), das durch die Abflusshaube (138) begrenzt wird, in das Rücklaufrohr (131) eintreten kann.
     
    6. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Luftstromführungsbauteil (13) mit einer Vielzahl von Verbindungsrippen (144) versehen ist, die die Luftstromführungshaube (132) mit der Hilfsluftstromführungshaube (137) verbinden.
     
    7. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Luftstromführungsbauteil (13) eine Vielzahl von Stützrippen (141) aufweist, die das Rücklaufrohr (131) mit der ringförmigen Seitenwand (122) verbinden.
     
    8. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 7, wobei jede der Vielzahl von Stützrippen (141) mit einem luvseitigen Ende (142) und einem Austragsende (143) entlang der Strömungsrichtung des ersten Zyklons (301) versehen ist, wobei jede der Vielzahl von Stützrippen (141) in einer geneigten Weise vorgesehen ist, wobei das luvseitige Ende (142) höher als das Austragsende (143) in Position ist.
     
    9. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Luftstromführungsbauteil (13) mit einer Vielzahl von Stützstangen (134) versehen ist, die die Luftstromführungshaube (132) mit dem Rücklaufrohr (131) verbinden.
     
    10. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung einer Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Luftstromleitkomponente (13) mit einer Drainagehaube (138) versehen ist, die an einer Seite des Rückstromrohrs (131), die der Eingriffsöffnung (123) zugewandt ist, vorgesehen ist, um das zu filternde Gas (300) in das Rückstromrohr (131) zu leiten.
     
    11. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 10, wobei das Rücklaufrohr (131) mit einer Vielzahl von Drainage-Durchgangslöchern (139) versehen ist, die entsprechend der Drainagehaube (138) vorgesehen sind, so dass ein Teil des zu filternden Gases (300), das durch die Drainagehaube (138) begrenzt wird, in das Rücklaufrohr (131) eintreten kann.
     
    12. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfiltration nach Anspruch 10, wobei das Luftstromführungsbauteil (13) mit einer Hilfsluftstromführungshaube (137) versehen ist, die für das Rücklaufrohr (131) vorgesehen ist und zusammen mit der Luftstromführungshaube (132) den Staubfiltrationskanal (133) bilden kann, wobei das Rücklaufrohr (131) mit einer Verbindungswand (140) versehen ist, die die Hilfsluftstromführungshaube (137) mit der Entwässerungshaube (138) verbindet.
     
    13. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Luftstromführungsbauteil (13) eine Vielzahl von Stützrippen (141) aufweist, die das Rücklaufrohr (131) mit der ringförmigen Seitenwand (122) verbinden.
     
    14. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 13, wobei jede der Vielzahl von Stützrippen (141) mit einem luvseitigen Ende (142) und einem Austragsende (143) entlang der Strömungsrichtung des ersten Zyklons (301) versehen ist, wobei jede der Vielzahl von Stützrippen (141) in einer geneigten Weise vorgesehen ist, wobei das luvseitige Ende (142) höher als das Austragsende (143) in Position ist.
     
    15. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfilterung nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Außendurchmesser (401) des Rücklaufrohrs (131) kleiner ist als ein Innendurchmesser (402) der ringförmigen Seitenwand (122).
     
    16. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfiltration nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Zyklonkammer (12) mit einer ersten räumlichen Breite (120) versehen ist, während die Staubsammelkammer (11) mit einer zweiten räumlichen Breite (110) versehen ist, die größer als die erste räumliche Breite (120) ist.
     
    17. Staubsammelvorrichtung unter Verwendung von Multizyklon-Staubfiltration nach Anspruch 16, wobei sowohl die Staubsammelkammer (11) als auch die Zyklonkammer (12) jeweils durch ein Gehäuse (16, 15) gebildet wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone, comprenant :

    une chambre de collecte de poussière (11) ;

    une chambre à cyclones (12), en communication avec ladite chambre de collecte de poussière (11), ladite chambre à cyclones (12) comportant un orifice d'admission (121) prévu pour l'entrée d'un gaz à filtrer (300), une paroi latérale annulaire (122) étant reliée audit orifice d'admission (121) et guidant ledit gaz à filtrer (300) pour qu'il s'écoule en spirale de façon à former un premier cyclone (301), un orifice d'engagement (123) en communication avec ladite chambre de collecte de poussière (11) et permettant audit premier cyclone (301) d'entrer dans ladite chambre de collecte de poussière (11), et un orifice d'évacuation (124) ; et

    un composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13), disposé à l'intérieur de ladite chambre à cyclones (12), caractérisé par le fait que ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comporte un tube d'écoulement de retour (131) recevant ledit gaz à filtrer (300) renvoyé à partir de ladite chambre à cyclones (12) et guidant ledit gaz à filtrer (300) pour qu'il s'écoule en spirale de façon à former un second cyclone (302), un capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132) placé coaxialement et séparément par rapport audit tube d'écoulement de retour (131), et un canal de filtration de poussière (133) formé entre ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132) et ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131), ledit premier cyclone (301) étant incapable d'entrer dans ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) à partir dudit canal de filtration de poussière (133) en raison de l'entrave assurée par ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132), ledit second cyclone (302) s'écoulant vers ledit orifice d'évacuation (124), ledit second cyclone (302) éjectant de la poussière (502) contenue dans celui-ci dans ledit canal de filtration de poussière (133) lorsqu'il passe par ledit canal de filtration de poussière (133), la poussière (502) étant entravée par ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132) de façon à entrer dans ladite chambre de collecte de poussière (11).


     
    2. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comporte un tube de drainage (135) reliant ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132) audit orifice d'évacuation (124).
     
    3. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comprend un capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air auxiliaire (137), qui est prévu pour ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) et autorisé à former, conjointement avec ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132), ledit canal de filtration de poussière (133).
     
    4. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 3, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comporte un capot de drainage (138) disposé à un côté, orienté vers ledit orifice d'engagement (123), dudit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) pour guider ledit gaz à filtrer (300) dans ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131).
     
    5. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) comporte au moins un trou traversant de drainage (139) disposé de manière correspondante audit capot de drainage (138) de façon à permettre à une partie dudit gaz à filtrer (300) entravée par ledit capot de drainage (138) d'entrer dans ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131).
     
    6. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 3, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comporte une pluralité de nervures de liaison (144) reliant ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132) audit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air auxiliaire (137).
     
    7. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 3, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comprend une pluralité de nervures de support (141) reliant ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) à ladite paroi latérale annulaire (122).
     
    8. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 7, dans lequel chacune de ladite pluralité de nervures de support (141) comporte une extrémité à l'amont (142) et une extrémité de décharge (143) le long de la direction d'écoulement dudit premier cyclone (301), chacune de ladite pluralité de nervures de support (141) étant disposée d'une manière inclinée, ladite extrémité à l'amont (142) étant plus haute que ladite extrémité de décharge (143) en position.
     
    9. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comporte une pluralité de tiges de support (134) reliant ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132) audit tube d'écoulement de retour (131).
     
    10. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comporte un capot de drainage (138) disposé à un côté, orienté vers ledit orifice d'engagement (123), dudit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) pour guider ledit gaz à filtrer (300) dans ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131).
     
    11. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 10, dans lequel ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) comporte une pluralité de trous traversants de drainage (139) disposés de manière correspondante audit capot de drainage (138) de façon à permettre à une partie dudit gaz à filtrer (300) entravée par ledit capot de drainage (138) d'entrer dans ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131).
     
    12. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 10, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comporte un capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air auxiliaire (137), qui est prévu pour ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) et autorisé à former, conjointement avec ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air (132), ledit canal de filtration de poussière (133), ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) comportant une paroi de liaison (140) reliant ledit capot de guidage d'écoulement d'air auxiliaire (137) audit capot de drainage (138).
     
    13. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit composant de guidage d'écoulement d'air (13) comprend une pluralité de nervures de support (141) reliant ledit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) à ladite paroi latérale annulaire (122).
     
    14. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 13, dans lequel chacune de ladite pluralité de nervures de support (141) comporte une extrémité à l'amont (142) et une extrémité de décharge (143) le long de la direction d'écoulement dudit premier cyclone (301), chacune de ladite pluralité de nervures de support (141) étant disposée d'une manière inclinée, ladite extrémité à l'amont (142) étant plus haute que ladite extrémité de décharge (143) en position.
     
    15. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un diamètre externe (401) dudit tube d'écoulement de retour (131) est plus petit qu'un diamètre interne (402) de ladite paroi latérale annulaire (122).
     
    16. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite chambre à cyclones (12) comporte une première largeur spatiale (120), tandis que ladite chambre de collecte de poussière (11) comporte une seconde largeur spatiale (110) plus grande que ladite première largeur spatiale (120).
     
    17. Dispositif de collecte de poussière utilisant une filtration de poussière multi-cyclone selon la revendication 16, dans lequel chacune de ladite chambre de collecte de poussière (11) et de ladite chambre à cyclones (12) est formée par un boîtier (16, 15), respectivement.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description