(19)
(11)EP 3 560 986 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
30.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/44

(21)Application number: 17889101.6

(22)Date of filing:  19.09.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C08J 5/04(2006.01)
C08J 3/20(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2017/033639
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/123158 (05.07.2018 Gazette  2018/27)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 26.12.2016 JP 2016251154

(71)Applicant: DIC Corporation
Tokyo 174-8520 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KAJIKAWA Masahiro
    Takaishi-shi Osaka 592-0001 (JP)
  • TAKEUCHI Yoko
    Ichihara-shi Chiba 290-8585 (JP)

(74)Representative: Beckmann, Claus 
Kraus & Weisert Patentanwälte PartGmbB Thomas-Wimmer-Ring 15
80539 München
80539 München (DE)

  


(54)RESIN COMPOSITION FOR PULP FIBRILLATION, FIBER-REINFORCED MATERIAL, AND MOLDING MATERIAL


(57) [Problem] A conventional composite of a thermoplastic resin, in particular, a polyolefin resin such as polyethylene, with cellulose has had a problem in that the fibrillation of cellulose is insufficient and the cellulose addition effect on mechanical strength of an obtained molded article is small. An object of the present invention is thus to provide a resin composition that is excellent in pulp fibrillation and thus can sufficiently exhibit a cellulose addition effect to impart high mechanical strength to a molded article.
[Means for Resolution] The present invention provides a resin composition for pulp fibrillation, including an acrylic resin (A) that has a weight average molecular weight of 5,000 to 100,000 and is made from staring materials including, as essential starting materials, an alkyl (meth)acrylate ester (a1) having an alkyl group with 6 to 18 carbon atoms and an acrylic monomer (a2) having an amide group.


Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a resin composition useful for fibrillation of pulp, a fiber-reinforced material, and a molding material.

Background Art



[0002] Cellulose nanofibers, which have recently been developed, are naturally occurring nano-fillers originated from plants and attract attention as components for composite materials for resins that have low specific gravity and high strength. In addition, a master batch that contains cellulose nanofibers at a high concentration is known, the master batch being obtained by cutting cellulose into fine fibers in a polyester resin (see, for example, PTL 1).

[0003] However, the fibrillation of cellulose in a composite of the master batch and a thermoplastic resin, in particular, a polyolefin resin such as polyethylene is unfortunately insufficient, leading to a small effect of cellulose addition on the mechanical strength of a resulting molded article.

[0004] Thus, there has been required a material that can sufficiently exhibit a cellulose addition effect also in reinforcement of a polyolefin resin or the like.

Citation List


Patent Literature



[0005] PTL 1: Japanese Patent No. 5273313

Summary of Invention


Technical Problem



[0006] An object of the present invention is to provide a resin composition that is excellent in pulp fibrillation and thus can sufficiently exhibit a cellulose addition effect to impart high mechanical strength to a molded article.

Solution to Problem



[0007] As a result of intensive studies to solve the problem, the present inventors have found that a resin composition for pulp fibrillation that includes an acrylic resin (A) that has a weight average molecular weight of 5,000 to 100,000 and is made from starting materials including, as essential starting materials, an alkyl (meth)acrylate ester (a1) having an alkyl group with 6 to 18 carbon atoms and an acrylic monomer (a2) having an amide group is excellent in pulp fibrillation and can impart high mechanical strength to a molded article, thus completing the present invention.

[0008] That is, the present invention relates to a resin composition for pulp fibrillation, including an acrylic resin (A) that has a weight average molecular weight of 5,000 to 100,000 and is made from starting materials including, as essential starting materials, an alkyl (meth)acrylate ester (a1) having an alkyl group with 6 to 18 carbon atoms and an acrylic monomer (a2) having an amide group.

Advantageous Effects of Invention



[0009] The resin composition for pulp fibrillation of the present invention, which is excellent in pulp fibrillation, can effectively reinforce the mechanical strength of a molded body that contains a matrix resin, such as polyethylene, and cellulose fibers.

Description of Embodiments



[0010] The resin composition of the present invention includes an acrylic resin (A) that has a weight average molecular weight of 5,000 to 100,000 and is made from starting materials including, as essential starting materials, an alkyl (meth) acrylate ester (a1) having an alkyl group with 6 to 18 carbon atoms and an acrylic monomer (a2) having an amide group.

[0011] Note that in the present invention, the term " (meth) acrylic acid" refers to either one or both of "acrylic acid" and "methacrylic acid", the term" (meth) acrylate" refers to either one or both of "acrylate" and "methacrylate", and the term "(meth)acrylamide" refers to either one of both of "acrylamide" and "methacrylamide". In addition, an acrylic group in the present invention includes a cycloalkyl group.

[0012] Examples of the alkyl (meth) acrylate esters (a1) having an alkyl group with 6 to 18 carbon atoms include cyclohexyl (meth)acrylate, hexyl (meth)acrylate, 2-ethylhexyl (meth)acrylate, lauryl (meth)acrylate, and stearyl (meth)acrylate, and among them, lauryl (meth)acrylate is preferred in that it is excellent in pulp fibrillation and imparts higher mechanical strength to a molded article. Note that the alkyl (meth)acrylate esters (a1) can be used alone or in combination of two or more thereof.

[0013] Examples of the acrylic monomers (a2) having an amide group include (meth)acrylamide, N-methyl(meth)acrylamide, N-ethyl(meth)acrylamide, N-propyl(meth)acrylamide, N,N-dimethyl(meth)acrylamide, N,N-diethyl(meth)acrylamide, N,N-dipropyl(meth)acrylamide, N-isopropyl(meth)acrylamide, N-dodecylacrylamide, N-propoxymethylacrylamide, 6-(meth)acrylamidohexanoic acid, (meth)acryloylmorpholine, N-methylol(meth)acrylamide, N-(2-hydroxyethyl) (meth)acrylamide, N,N-dimethylaminopropyl(meth)acrylamide, and N-[2,2-dimethyl-3-(dimethylamino)propyl]acrylamide. Note that the acrylic monomers (a2) can be used alone or in combination of two or more thereof.

[0014] In addition, as a starting material for the acrylic resin (A), in addition to the alkyl (meth)acrylate ester (a1) and the acrylic monomer (a2), another monomer (a3) may be used as needed.

[0015] Examples of the monomers (a3) other than (a1) and (a2) include: monomers having a carboxyl group, such as (meth)acrylic acid, maleic acid (anhydride), fumaric acid, itaconic acid (anhydride); (meth)acrylates having a functional group, such as 2-methylaminoethyl (meth)acrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl (meth)acrylate, 2-hydroxypropyl (meth)acrylate, 2-hydroxybutyl (meth)acrylate, 4-hydroxybutyl (meth)acrylate, tetrahydrofurfuryl (meth)acrylate, γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, vinyltriethoxysilane, and glycidyl (meth)acrylate; methyl (meth)acrylate, ethyl (meth)acrylate, propyl (meth)acrylate, butyl (meth)acrylate, isobornyl (meth)acrylate, benzyl (meth)acrylate, diethyleneglycol di(meth)acrylate, 1,4-butanediol di(meth)acrylate, 1,6-hexanediol di(meth)acrylate, trimethylol propane tri(meth)acrylate, glycerol di(meth)acrylate, styrene, α-methylstyrene, p-methylstyrene, and chloromethylstyrene. Among them, the monomer (a3) other than (a1) and (a2) is preferably methyl (meth) acrylate, and more preferably methyl acrylate. In other words, the starting materials for the acrylic resin (A) preferably further include methyl (meth)acrylate, and more preferably methyl acrylate. Note that the monomers (a3) other then (a1) and (a2) can be used alone or in combination of two or more thereof.

[0016] The content of the alkyl (meth)acrylate ester (a1) in the monomers used as starting materials for the acrylic resin (A) is preferably in the range of 30 to 90% by mass, more preferably in the range of 30 to 80% by mass, and further preferably in the range of 30 to 47.5% by mass, particularly preferably in the range of 30 to 45% by mass, and particularly preferably in the range of 35 to 45% by mass, so that the fibrillation and the mechanical strength of the resulting molded article can be more improved.

[0017] The content of the acrylic monomer (a2) having an amide group in the monomers used as starting materials for the acrylic resin (A) is preferably in the range of 10 to 70% by mass, more preferably in the range of 20 to 70% by mass, further preferably in the range of 52.5 to 70% by mass, particularly preferably in the range of 55 to 70% by mass, and most preferably in the range of 55 to 65% by mass, so that the fibrillation and the mechanical strength of the resulting molded article can be more improved.

[0018] In addition, the weight average molecular weight of the acrylic resin (A) is in the range of 5,000 to 100,000 and more preferably in the range of 10,000 to 50,000 since the fibrillation and the mechanical strength of the resulting molded article are superior. Here, the weight average molecular weight is a value converted in terms of polystyrene based on a measurement by gel permeation chromatography (hereinafter abbreviated as "GPC").

[0019] The concentration of amide groups in the acrylic resin (A) is preferably in the range of 1.4 to 9.9 mmol/g and more preferably in the range of 2.8 to 9.2 mmol/g since the fibrillation and the mechanical strength of the resulting molded article are more improved. Note that the concentration of amide groups is calculated from the amount of the monomers added as starting materials for the acrylic resin (A).

[0020] The acrylic resin (A) can be produced by, for example, subjecting the alkyl (meth) acrylate ester (a1) and the acrylic monomer (a2) having an amide group, and as needed, the monomer (a3) other than (a1) and (a2) to radical polymerization in an organic solvent in the presence of a polymerization initiator at a temperature of 60 to 140°C. Note that the organic solvent can be removed in a solvent removal step after the radical polymerization.

[0021] Examples of the organic solvents that can be used include: aromatic solvents, such as toluene and xylene; an alicyclic solvent, such as cyclohexane; ester solvents, such as butyl acetate and ethyl acetate; isobutanol, n-butanol, isopropyl alcohol, sorbitol, and a cellosolve solvent such as propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate; and ketone solvents, such as methyl ethyl ketone and methyl isobutyl ketone. The solvents can be used alone or in combination of two or more thereof.

[0022] Examples of the polymerization initiator include: azo compounds, such as 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile), 2,2'-azobis(2-methylbutyronitrile), and azobis(cyanovaleric acid); organic peroxides, such as tert-butyl peroxypivalate, tert-butyl peroxybenzoate, tert-butyl peroxy-2-ethylhexanoate, di-tert-butyl peroxide, di-tert-butyl hydroperoxide, cumene hydroperoxide, benzoyl peroxide, and tert-butyl hydroperoxide; and inorganic peroxides, such as hydrogen peroxide, ammonium persulfate, potassium persulfate, and sodium persulfate. The polymerization initiators can be used alone or in combination of two or more thereof. In addition, the polymerization initiator is preferably used in an amount in the range of 0.1 to 10% by mass based on the total amount of the monomers as starting materials for the acrylic resin (A).

[0023] The resin composition for pulp fibrillation of the present invention contains the acrylic resin (A), and as needed, the following substance can also be used together: a thermoplastic resin, for example, an olefin resin, such as a polyethylene resin (PE), such as a high-density polyethylene (HDPE), a low-density polyethylene (LDPE), or a biopolyethylene, a polypropylene resin (PP), a vinyl chloride resin, a styrene resin, a (meth) acrylic resin, or a vinyl ether resin, a nylon resin, a polyamide resin, such as polyamide 6 (PA6, product of ring opening polymerization of ε-caprolactam), polyamide 66 (PA66, polyhexamethylene adipamide), polyamide 11 (PA11, polyamide produced by ring opening polycondensation of undecanelactam), or polyamide 12 (PA12, polyamide obtained by ring opening polycondensation of lauryl lactame), a polycarbonate resin, a polysulfone resin, a polyester resin, or a cellulose resin, such as triacetyl cellulose or diacetyl cellulose, as well as an additive, for example, a compatibilizer, a surfactant, a polysaccharide, such as a starch or alginic acid, a natural protein, such as gelatin, glue, or casein, tannin, an inorganic compound, such as zeolite, ceramic, or a metal powder, a colorant, a plasticizer, a fragrance, a pigment, a fluidity modifier, a leveling agent, a conductor, an antistatic agent, a UV absorber, a UV dispersant, a deodorant.

[0024] The fiber-reinforced material of the present invention includes the resin composition for pulp fibrillation and cellulose fibers. In an example of a method of fibrillating pulp using the resin composition for pulp fibrillation, a mixture of the resin composition for pulp fibrillation and pulp is processed with a known kneader, such as a bead mill, a ultrasonic homogenizer, an extruder, such as a single screw extruder or a twin screw extruder, a Bunbury mixer, a grinder, a pressure kneader, and a twin roll mill.

[0025] The pulp may be wood pulp or non-wood pulp. Examples of wood pulps include mechanical pulps and chemical pulps, and among them, chemical pulps which have a small lignin content are preferred. Examples of chemical pulps include a sulfide pulp, a kraft pulp, and an alkali pulp. Examples of non-wood pulp include those produced from straw, bagasse, kenaf, bamboo, reed, paper mulberry, and flax.

[0026] The molding material of the present invention contains the fiber-reinforced material and a thermoplastic resin as a matrix resin. Examples of the thermoplastic resins include polyolefin resins, polycarbonate resins, polyamide resins, polyester resins, and epoxy resins, and among them, a polyolefin resin is preferred and polyethylene is more preferred.

[0027] The molding material of the present invention, which provides a molded article having high mechanical strength, can be used for production of various molded articles. Examples

[0028] The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to examples and comparative examples. Note that the weight average molecular weights of acrylic resins are measured under the following GPC measurement conditions

[GPC Measurement condition]



[0029] Measurement apparatus: high speed GPC apparatus ("HLC-8220GPC" from Tosoh Corporation)
Column: the following columns from Tosoh Corporation were connected in series and used.

[0030] "TSK gel G5000"(7.8 mm I.D. × 30 cm) × 1
"TSK gel G4000"(7.8 mm I.D. × 30 cm) × 1
"TSK gel G3000"(7.8 mm I.D. × 30 cm) × 1
"TSK gel G2000"(7.8 mm I.D. × 30 cm) × 1
Detector: RI (refractive index detector)
Column temperature: 40°C
Eluent: tetrahydrofuran (THF)
Flow rate: 1.0 mL/min
Injection: 100 µL (tetrahydrofuran solution of sample concentration of 4 mg/mL)
Standard samples: the following monodispersed polystyrenes were used to prepare a calibration curve.

(Monodispersed polystyrenes)



[0031] "TSK gel standard polystyrene A-500" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene A-1000" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene A-2500" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene A-5000" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-1" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-2" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-4" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-10" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-20" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-40" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-80" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-128" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-288" from Tosoh Corporation
"TSK gel standard polystyrene F-550" from Tosoh Corporation

(Example 1: production and evaluation of resin composition for pulp fibrillation (1))



[0032] Into a four neck flask equipped with a stirrer, a reflux condenser, a thermometer, and a nitrogen inlet tube, 123 parts by mass of isopropyl alcohol (hereinafter abbreviated as "IPA") was put and heated to 80°C, and a dissolved mixture of 135.3 parts by mass of acrylamide, 108.2 parts by mass of lauryl methacrylate, 2.5 parts by mass of methyl acrylate, 246 parts by mass of IPA, 4 parts by mass of a polymerization initiator ("V-59" from Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd., azo initiator), and 10 parts by mass of methyl ethyl ketone (hereinafter abbreviated as "MEK") was dropwise added over 2 hours, followed by a reaction at 73 to 77°C. Then, the inside of the reaction vessel was held within the same temperature range for 2 hours to complete the polymerization reaction. The solvent was removed from the obtained resin solution using a vacuum pump (0.08 to 0.095 MPa, 60°C), followed by drying with heat at 80°C for 30 minutes using a drier, thereby obtaining a resin composition for pulp fibrillation (1) as a solid substance. The resin composition for pulp fibrillation (1) had a weight average molecular weight of 15,000.

[Production of fiber-reinforced material]



[0033] A pulp board (from Howe Sound Pulp and Paper Corporation) was impregnated with water to give a solid content of 50 parts by mass, was pulverized, and was mixed with the same mass in terms of the solid content of a dried powder of the resin composition for pulp fibrillation (1) obtained in Example 1. The mixture was stirred with a pressure kneader for 90 minutes to obtain a fiber-reinforced material (1).

[Production of molding material]



[0034] 2 parts by mass of the fiber-reinforced material (1) obtained above, 8 parts by mass of polyethylene (HDPE 320J was mechanically pulverized), and 0.3 parts by mass of an antioxidant ("Irganox 1010" from BASF Japan) were mixed with a Henschel mixer for 2 minutes, and melt-kneaded with a twin screw extruder (from Technovel Corporation) heated at 140°C to obtain pellets of the molding material (1) having a pulp solid content of 10% by mass.

[Melt-mixing conditions]



[0035] Screw diameter: 25 mm
Screw rotation speed: 300 rpm
Discharge rate: 800 g/hr
Set temperature: 140°C

[Production of molded article]



[0036] Pellets of the molding material (1) obtained above were processed with an injection molding machine (iM18 from Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.) to produce a molded piece according to ASTM No.4 (1.6 mm thickness).
Temperature conditions: molding machine 140°C, mold temperature 40°C
Mold ASTM No.4 (1.6 mm thickness)

[Evaluation of mechanical strength of molded article]



[0037] The test piece having 1.6 mm thickness obtained above was subjected to a tensile test with a tensile tester ("AUTOGRAPH AGS-X" from Shimadzu Corporation).

[0038] Tensile rate: 10 mm/min
Distance between chucks: 64 mm

[Evaluation of fibrillation]



[0039] The pellets of the molding material (1) obtained above were placed between polyethylene terephthalate sheets, were pressed into 1 mm thickness at 160°C, and then a central portion of 1 cm2 was cut and was wrapped with a metal mesh. After extraction of the resin with heat xylene, the cellulose remaining in the metal mesh was dried, and while observing the resulting sample with an SEM at a magnification of 5000×, arbitrary three portions in the sample were imaged to evaluate the fibrillation according to the following criteria.

[0040] 
  1. A: There are no non-fibrillated fibers with a fibrous diameter of 5 µm or more in the observed field.
  2. B: There are one or more non-fibrillated fibers with a fibrous diameter of 5 µm or more and less than 10 µm in the observed field.
  3. C: There are one or more non-fibrillated fibers with a fibrous diameter of 10 µm or more in the observed field.

(Example 2: production and evaluation of resin composition for pulp fibrillation (2))



[0041] Into a four neck flask equipped with a stirrer, a reflux condenser, a thermometer, and a nitrogen inlet tube, 123 parts by mass of IPA was put and heated to 80°C, and a dissolved mixture of 110.7 parts by mass of acrylamide, 110.7 parts by mass of lauryl methacrylate, 12.3 parts by mass of methacrylic acid, 12.3 parts by mass of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, 246 parts by mass of IPA, 4 parts by mass of a polymerization initiator ("V-59" from Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd., azo initiator), and 10 parts by mass of methyl ethyl ketone (hereinafter abbreviated as "MEK") was dropwise added over 2 hours, followed by a reaction at 73 to 77°C. Then, the inside of the reaction vessel was held within the same temperature range for 2 hours to complete the polymerization reaction. The solvent was removed from the obtained resin solution using a vacuum pump (0.08 to 0.095 MPa, 60°C), followed by drying with heat at 80°C for 30 minutes using a drier, thereby obtaining a resin composition for pulp fibrillation (2) as a solid substance. The resin composition for pulp fibrillation (2) had a weight average molecular weight of 17,000.

[0042] Pellets of the molding material (2) were produced in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the resin composition for pulp fibrillation (1) used in Example 1 was changed to the resin composition for pulp fibrillation (2), and the mechanical strength and the fibrillation of the molded article were evaluated.

(Comparative Example 1: production and evaluation of resin composition for pulp fibrillation (R1))



[0043] Into a four neck flask equipped with a stirrer, a reflux condenser, a thermometer, and a nitrogen inlet tube, 123 parts by mass of IPA was put and heated to 80°C, and a dissolved mixture of 110.7 parts by mass of acrylamide, 110.7 parts by mass of methyl methacrylate, 12.3 parts by mass of methacrylic acid, 12.3 parts by mass of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, 246 parts by mass of IPA, 4 parts by mass of a polymerization initiator ("V-59" from Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd., azo initiator), and 10 parts by mass of methyl ethyl ketone (hereinafter abbreviated as "MEK") was dropwise added over 2 hours, followed by a reaction at 73 to 77°C. Then, the inside of the reaction vessel was held within the same temperature range for 2 hours to complete the polymerization reaction. The solvent was removed from the obtained resin solution using a vacuum pump (0.08 to 0.095 MPa, 60°C), followed by drying with heat at 80°C for 30 minutes using a drier, thereby obtaining a resin composition for pulp fibrillation (R1) as a solid substance. The resin composition for pulp fibrillation (R1) had a weight average molecular weight of 17,000.

[0044] Pellets of the molding material (R1) were produced in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the resin composition for pulp fibrillation (1) used in Example 1 was changed to the resin composition for pulp fibrillation (R1), and the mechanical strength and the fibrillation of the molded article were evaluated

[0045] Table 1 shows the compositions and evaluation results of the resin compositions for pulp fibrillation (1), (2), and (R1) obtained in Example 1, Example 2, and Comparative Example 1.
[Table 1]
Table 1Example 1Example 2Comparative Example 1
Resin composition for pulp fibrillation (1) (2) (R1)
Monomer ratio (by mass) Acrylamide 55 45 45
Lauryl methacrylate 44 45  
Methyl acrylate 1    
Methyl methacrylate     45
Methacrylic acid   5 5
2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate   5 5
Weight average molecular weight 15,000 17,000 17,000
Tensile strength at break (MPa) 37.2 34.4 27.7
Tensile modulus (GPa) 3.7 2.6 2.0
Tensile strain (%) 4.1 5.1 21
Fibrillation A B C


[0046] It was found that the resin compositions for pulp fibrillation of the present invention of Examples 1 and 2 are superior in pulp fibrillation and provide molded bodies having high tensile strength at break.

[0047] On the other hand, Comparative Example 1 is an example where no alkyl (meth) acrylate ester having an alkyl group with 6 to 18 carbon atoms was used as a starting material for the acrylic resin, and it was found that the resin compositions for pulp fibrillation of Comparative Example 1 is inferior in pulp fibrillation and provides a molded article having insufficient tensile strength at break and large tensile strain.


Claims

1. A resin composition for pulp fibrillation, comprising an acrylic resin (A) that has a weight average molecular weight of 5,000 to 100,000 and is made from starting materials including, as essential starting materials, an alkyl (meth) acrylate ester (a1) having an alkyl group with 6 to 18 carbon atoms and an acrylic monomer (a2) having an amide group.
 
2. The resin composition for pulp fibrillation according to claim 1, wherein the content of the acrylic monomer (a2) in monomers as the starting materials for the acrylic resin (A) is in the range of 52.5 to 70% by mass.
 
3. The resin composition for pulp fibrillation according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the content of the alkyl (meth) acrylate ester (a1) in monomers as the starting materials for the acrylic resin (A) is in the range of 30 to 47.5% by mass.
 
4. The resin composition for pulp fibrillation according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the starting materials for the acrylic resin (A) further include methyl (meth)acrylate.
 
5.  A fiber-reinforced material comprising the resin composition according to any one of claims 1 to 4 and cellulose fibers.
 
6. A molding material comprising the fiber-reinforced material according to claim 5 and a thermoplastic resin.
 





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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description