(19)
(11)EP 3 564 240 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
06.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/45

(21)Application number: 19160618.5

(22)Date of filing:  29.08.2008
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07D 451/14  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR
Designated Extension States:
AL BA MK RS

(30)Priority: 31.08.2007 US 96699407 P
21.11.2007 US 98979107 P
18.04.2008 US 4636408 P
21.07.2008 US 8246408 P

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
16176601.9 / 3101018
11188205.6 / 2433937
08806986.9 / 2086958

(71)Applicant: Purdue Pharma L.P.
Stamford, CT 06901-3431 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • GOEHRING, R. Richard
    Henderson, TX 75652 (US)
  • MATSUMURA, Akira
    Osaka, Osaka (JP)
  • SHAO, Bin
    Richboro, PA 18954 (US)
  • TAODA, Yoshiyuki
    Osaka, Osaka (JP)
  • TSUNO, Naoki
    Osaka, Osaka 561-0825 (JP)
  • WHITEHEAD, John W. F.
    Newtown, PA 18940 (US)
  • YAO, Jiangchao
    Princeton, NJ 08540 (US)
  • FUCHINO, Kouki
    Osaka, Osaka (JP)

(74)Representative: Maiwald Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Elisenhof Elisenstraße 3
80335 München
80335 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 04-03-2019 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
 


(54)PIPERIDINE INTERMEDIATES


(57) The invention relates to intermediates A3 and A4 for making Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds.






Description

1. FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The invention relates to Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds, compositions comprising an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and methods to treat or prevent a condition, such as pain, comprising administering to an animal in need thereof an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound.

2. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Chronic pain is a major contributor to disability and is the cause of much suffering. The successful treatment of severe and chronic pain is a primary goal of the physician, with opioid analgesics being preferred drugs for doing so.

[0003] Until recently, there was evidence of three major classes of opioid receptors in the central nervous system (CNS), with each class having subtype receptors. These receptor classes are known as µ, κ and δ. As opiates have a high affinity for these receptors while not being endogenous to the body, research followed in order to identify and isolate the endogenous ligands to these receptors. These ligands were identified as endorphins, dynorphins and enkephalins,respectively.

[0004] Recent experimentation has led to the identification of a cDNA encoding an opioid receptor-like (ORL-1) receptor with a high degree of homology to the known receptor classes. The ORL-1 receptor was classified as an opioid receptor based only on structural grounds, as the receptor did not exhibit pharmacological homology. It was initially demonstrated that non-selective ligands having a high affinity for µ, κ and δ receptors had low affinity for the ORL-1 receptor. This characteristic, along with the fact that an endogenous ligand had not yet been discovered, led to the term "orphan receptor".

[0005] Subsequent research led to the isolation and structure of the endogenous ligand of the ORL-1 receptor (i.e., nociceptin; also known as orphanin FQ (OFQ)). This ligand is a seventeen amino acid peptide structurally similar to members of the opioid peptide family.

[0006] The discovery of the ORL-1 receptor presents an opportunity in drug discovery for novel compounds that can be administered for pain management or other syndromes modulated by this receptor.

[0007] International PCT Publication No. WO 99/46260 A1 describes quinoxalinone derivatives as inhibitors of protein kinase C.

[0008] International PCT Publication No. WO 99/50254 A1 describes quinoxalinone derivatives as serine protease inhibitors.

[0009] International PCT Publication No. WO 01/90102 A2 describes 6-heterocyclyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxalines for use as herbicides.

[0010] International PCT Publication No. WO 2005/028451 A1 describes tetrahydroquinoxaline derivatives for use as M2 acetylcholine receptor agonists.

[0011] International PCT Publication No. WO 2003/062234 A1 describes quinoxaline derivatives for use in remedying diseases in which poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) participates.

[0012] U.S. published patent application No. US 2005/0256000 by Schaper et al. describes quinoxaline-2-one derivatives for use as safeners for plants.

[0013] Citation of any reference in Section 2 of this application is not to be construed as an admission that such reference is prior art to the present application.

3. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0014] It is an object of the invention to provide new compounds that exhibit affinity for the ORL-1 receptor.

[0015] In certain embodiments of the invention, such new compounds exhibit agonist activity at the ORL-1 receptor.

[0016] In certain embodiments of the invention, such new compounds exhibit partial agonist activity at the ORL-1 receptor.

[0017] In certain other embodiments of the invention, such new compounds exhibit antagonist activity at the ORL-1 receptor.

[0018] In certain embodiments of the invention, such new compounds exhibit affinity for the ORL-1 receptor, and also for one or more of the µ, κ or δ receptors. In a particular embodiment, a new compound of the invention exhibits affinity for both the ORL-1 receptor and the µ receptor. In another embodiment, a new compound of the invention acts as an ORL-1 receptor agonist and as a µ receptor agonist. In another embodiment, a new compound of the invention acts as an ORL-1 receptor partial agonist and as a µ receptor agonist. In another embodiment, a new compound of the invention acts as an ORL-1 receptor partial agonist and as a µ receptor antagonist. In another embodiment, a new compound of the invention acts as an ORL-1 receptor antagonist and as a µ receptor agonist.

[0019] Certain new compounds of the invention can be used to treat an animal suffering from chronic or acute pain.

[0020] It is a further object of the invention to provide methods of treating chronic or acute pain in an animal by administering one or more Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention to an animal in need of such treatment. In certain embodiments, such new Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds effectively treat chronic or acute pain in the animal, while producing fewer or reduced side effects compared to previously available compounds.

[0021] The invention encompasses compounds of Formula (I) and Formula (II):

and pharmaceutically acceptable derivatives thereof wherein:

Y1 is O or S;

Q is selected from fused benzo or (5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl;

each R2 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -halo, -CN, -NO2, -OT3, -C(=O)T3, -C(=O)OT3, -C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -S(=O)3H, -S(=O)T3, -S(=O)2T3, -S(=O)2N(T1)(T2), -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(=O)T3, -N(T3)C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(=O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(=O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  2. (b) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  3. (c) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

a is an integer selected from 0, 1 or 2;

the dashed line in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group denotes the presence or absence of a bond, and when that dashed line denotes the presence of a bond then R3 and one R4 are absent;

R3 is selected from:

  1. (a) -H; or
  2. (b) -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 groups independently selected from -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2; or
  3. (c) -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 groups independently selected from -OH, -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2;

each R4 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H; or
  2. (b) -halo, -CN, or -NO2; or
  3. (c) -X, -CH2X, -CH2CH2X, -(C1-C6)alkyl-X, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle-X, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle-(C1-C6)alkyl-X, or -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle-(C1-C6)alkyl-R8; or
  4. (d) -C(=Y)CN, -C(=Y)X, -C(=Y)T3, -C(=Y)YX, -C(=Y)YT3, -C(=Y)N(T1)(T2), -C(=Y)N(R9)CN, -C(=Y)N(R9)X, -C(=Y)N(R9)CH2CH2N(T1)(T2), -C(=Y)N(R9)YH, -C(=Y)N(R9)YX, -C(=Y)N(R9)YCH2X, -C(=Y)N(R9)YCH2CH2X, or -C(=Y)N(R9)S(=O)2T3; or
  5. (e) -N(R9)X, -N(R9)-CH2X, -N(R9)-CH2CH2X, -N(R9)-CH2CH2N(R9)X,-N(R9)CH2CH2N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)CH2C(=Y)X, -N((C1-C6)alkyl-C(=O)OR9)2, -N(R9)CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(R9)-CH2CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(T1)(T2),-N(T3)C(=Y)T3, -N(T3)C(=Y)YT3, -N(T3)C(=Y)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(=O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(=O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  6. (f) -YH, -CH2YH, -CH2CH2YH, -YX, or -YT3; or
  7. (g) -S(=O)T3, -S(=O)2T3, -S(=O)N(T1)(T2), -S(=O)2N(T1)(T2), -S(=O)X, or -S(=O)2X;

X is:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -benzyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, -(C1-C6)alkyl-(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

each Y is independently selected from O or S;

A and B are independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -CN, -C(=O)OT3, or -C(=O)N(T)1(T2); or
  2. (b) -(C3-C12)cycloalkyl, -(C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl,-(C2-C6)alkynyl, or -(C1-C6)alkoxy, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -OH, -S(=O)2NH2, -N(R6)2, =NR6, -C(=O)OT3, -CON(R6)2, -N(R6)C(=O)R9, and -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or 1, 2 or 3 independently selected -halo; or
  3. (c) A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge, which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 substituents independently selected from -OH, -(C1-C4)alkyl, -halo, and -C(halo)3, and which bridge optionally contains -HC=CH- or -O- within the (C2-C6)bridge; wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group can be in the endo- or exo- configuration with respect to the A-B bridge; or
  4. (d) A-B can together form a -CH2-N(Ra)-CH2- bridge, a

    bridge, or a

    bridge; wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group can be in the endo- or exo- configuration with respect to the A-B bridge;

Ra is selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -CH2-C(=O)-Rc, -(CH2)-C(=O)-ORc, -(CH2)-C(=O)-N(Rc)2, -(CH2)2-O-Rc, -(CH2)2-S(=O)2-N(Rc)2, Rc, or -(CH2)2-N(Rc)S(=O)2-Rc;

Rb is selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -N(Rc)2, -N(Rc)-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or -N(Rc)-(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, or-(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups; or
  3. (c) -N(Rc)-phenyl, -N(Rc)-naphthalenyl, -N(Rc)-(C14)aryl, or -N(Rc)-(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

each Rc is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

Z is -[(C1-C10)alkyl optionally substituted by R1]h-, wherein h is 0 or 1; [(C2-C10)alkenyl optionally substituted by R1]; or -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-;

each R1 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -halo, -CN, -OH, -CH2OH, -CH2CH2OH, -NO2, -N(R6)2, -S(=O)NH2,-S(=O)2NH2, -C(=O)OV1, or -C(=O)CN; or
  2. (b) -(C1-C10)alkyl, -(C2-C10)alkenyl, -(C2-C10)alkynyl, -O(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C4)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  3. (c)

    or
  4. (d) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with an R7 group; or

-Z-R1 is 3,3-diphenylpropyl- optionally substituted at the 3 carbon of the propyl with-CN, -C(=O)N(R6)2, -C(=O)OV1, or -tetrazolyl; or

-Z-R1 is -(C1-C4)alkyl substituted with tetrazolyl;

each R6 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or two R6 groups attached to the same nitrogen atom can together form a 5- to 8-membered ring, wherein the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom, and in which one of the 5-to 8-membered ring carbon atoms is optionally replaced by O, S, or N(T3);

each R7 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, -halo, -N3, -NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)2,-N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(=O)R12, -N(R9)S(=O)2R12, -N(R9)C(=O)R12, -N(R9)C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(=O)OR12, -C(=O)R9, -C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -C(=O)OR9, -OC(=O)R9, -OC(=O)N(T1)(T2), -OC(=O)OR9, -S(=O)R9, or -S(=O)2R9;

each R8 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, -phenyl, -(C1-C6)alkylCOOR9, -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, =O, =S, -halo, -N3, -NO2, -CH=N(R9), -NR9(C1-C6)alkylCOOR9, -N(R9)2, -N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(=O)R12, -N(R9)S(=O)2R12, -N(R9)C(=O)R12, -N(R9)C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(=O)OR12,, -C(=O)R9, -C(=O)-C(=O)OR9, -C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -C(=O)OR9, -OC(=O)R9, -OC(=O)N(T1)(T2), -OC(=O)OR9, -S(=O)R9, or -S(=O)2R9;

each R9 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C3-C8)cycloalkyl, -(C5-C8)cycloalkenyl, -phenyl, -benzyl, -(3- to 6-membered)heterocycle, -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, or-CH2(halo);

if h is 0, then R11 can be selected from -H, -CN, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2;

if h is 1, then R11 can be selected from -H, -CN, -OH, -halo, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2;

otherwise, where Z is -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-, then R11 can be selected from -H,-CN, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2;

each R12 is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

m is an integer selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, or 11;

e and f are each an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 provided that 2 ≤ (e + f) ≤ 5;

j and k are each an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4 provided that 1 ≤ (j + k) ≤ 4;

each p is an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4;

each T1, T2, and T3 is independently -H or -(C1-C10)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups and, optionally, in which any -(C1-C10)alkyl carbon atom except the carbon atom bonded directly to the atom to which T1, T2, or T3 is attached is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6), or T1 and T2 can together form a 5-to 8-membered ring where the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom to which T1 and T2 are bonded, said 5- to 8-membered ring is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups and, optionally, any carbon atom in said 5- to 8-membered ring is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6);

each V1 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -phenyl, or -benzyl; and

each halo is independently selected from -F, -Cl, -Br, or -I.



[0022] A compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II) or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof (a "Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound") is useful, e.g., as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anesthetic agent, neuroprotective agent, antihypertensive, an anxiolytic agent, an agent for appetite control, hearing regulator, anti-tussive, anti-asthmatic, modulator of locomotor activity, modulator of learning and memory, regulator of neurotransmitter release, regulator of hormone release, kidney function modulator, antidepressant, agent to treat memory loss due to Alzheimer's disease and/or other dementias, anti-epileptic, anti-convulsant, agent to treat withdrawal from alcohol, agent to treat withdrawal from drug(s) of addiction, agent to control water balance, agent to control sodium excretion, and/or agent to control arterial blood pressure disorder(s).

[0023] A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is useful for treating and/or preventing pain, anxiety, cough, diarrhea, high blood pressure, epilepsy, anorexia/cachexia, urinary incontinence, drug abuse, a memory disorder, obesity, constipation, depression, dementia, or Parkinsonism (each being a "Condition") in an animal.

[0024] The invention also relates to compositions comprising an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. The compositions are useful for treating or preventing a Condition in an animal.

[0025] The invention further relates to methods for treating a Condition, comprising administering to an animal in need thereof an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound.

[0026] The invention further relates to methods for preventing a Condition, comprising administering to an animal in need thereof an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound.

[0027] The invention further relates to the use of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, e.g., of Formulas (I) and/or (II), for the manufacture of a medicament useful for treating a Condition.

[0028] The invention further relates to the use of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, e.g., of Formulas (I) and/or (II), for the manufacture of a medicament useful for preventing a Condition.

[0029] The invention still further relates to methods for inhibiting ORL-1 receptor function in a cell, comprising contacting a cell capable of expressing the ORL-1 receptor with an ORL-1 receptor function inhibiting amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound.

[0030] The invention still further relates to methods for activating ORL-1 receptor function in a cell, comprising contacting a cell capable of expressing the ORL-1 receptor with an ORL-1 receptor function activating amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound.

[0031] The invention still further relates to methods for preparing a composition, comprising the step of admixing a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient.

[0032] The invention still further relates to a kit comprising a container containing an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound.

[0033] The invention also provides novel intermediates for use in making the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds.

[0034] The invention can be understood more fully by reference to the following detailed description and illustrative examples, which are intended to exemplify non-limiting embodiments of the invention. Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description thereof.

4. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0035] The invention encompasses compounds of Formula (I.1) and Formula (II.1):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof wherein:

Y1 is O or S;

Q is selected from fused benzo or (5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl;

each R2 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -halo, -CN, -NO2, -OT3, -C(O)T3, -C(O)OT3, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -S(O)3H, -S(O)T3, -S(O)2T3, -S(O)2N(T1)(T2), -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(O)T3, -N(T3)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  2. (b) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 R8 groups; or
  3. (c) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 R7 groups;

a is an integer from 0 to 2;

the dashed line in the fused piperazine ring denotes the presence or absence of a bond, and when that dashed line denotes the presence of a bond then R3 and one R4 are absent;

R3 is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1,2, or 3 of -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

each R4 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H; or
  2. (b) -halo, -CN, or -NO2; or
  3. (c) -X, -CH2X, or -CH2CH2X; or
  4. (d) -C(Y)CN, -C(Y)X, -C(Y)T3, -C(Y)YX, -C(Y)YT3, -C(Y)N(T1)(T2), -C(Y)N(R9)CN, -C(Y)N(R9)X, -C(Y)N(R9)YH, -C(Y)N(R9)YX, -C(Y)N(R9)YCH2X, -C(Y)N(R9)YCH2CH2X, or -C(Y)N(R9)S(O)2T3; or
  5. (e) -N(R9)X, -N(R9)-CH2X, -N(R9)-CH2CH2X, -N(R9)CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(R9)-CH2CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(Y)T3, -N(T3)C(Y)YT3, -N(T3)C(Y)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  6. (f) -YH, -CH2YH, -CH2CH2YH, -YX, or -YT3; or
  7. (g) -S(O)T3, -S(O)2T3, -S(O)N(T1)(T2), -S(O)2N(T1)(T2), -S(O)X, or -S(O)2X;

X is:

  1. (a) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C2-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 R8 groups; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 R7 groups;

each Y is independently selected from O or S;

A and B are independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -CN, -C(O)OT3, -C(O)N(T)1(T2), -(C3-C12)cycloalkyl, -(C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, or -(C2-C6)alkynyl, each of which -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl or -(C2-C6)alkynyl is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 substituents selected from -OH, -S(O)2NH2, -N(R6)2, =NR6, -C(O)OT3, -CON(R6)2, -N(R6)C(O)R9 and -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle or from 1 to 3 independently selected -halo; or
  2. (b) A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge, which is unsubstituted or optionally substituted with from 1 to 3 -OH or optionally contains -HC=CH- within the (C2-C6)bridge; or
  3. (c) A-B can together form a -CH2-N(Ra)-CH2- bridge, a

    bridge, or a

    bridge;

Ra is selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -CH2-C(O)-Rc, -(CH2)-C(O)-ORc, -(CH2)-C(O)-N(Rc)2, -(CH2)2-O-Rc, -(CH2)2-S(O)2-N(Rc)2, Rc, or -(CH2)2-N(Rc)S(O)2-Rc;

Rb is selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -N(Rc)2, -N(Rc)-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or -N(Rc)-(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, or-(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 R7 groups; or
  3. (c) -N(Rc)-phenyl, -N(Rc)-naphthalenyl, -N(Rc)-(C14)aryl, or -N(Rc)-(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 R7 groups;

each Rc is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

Z is -[(C1-C10)alkyl]h-, wherein h is 0 or 1; or -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-;

R1 is selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -halo, -CN, -OH, -CH2OH, -CH2CH2OH, -NO2, -N(R6)2, -S(O)NH2, -S(O)2NH2, -C(O)OV1, or -C(O)CN; or
  2. (b) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -O(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with an R8 group, or

    ; or
  3. (c) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with an R7 group; or

-Z-R1 is 3,3-diphenylpropyl- optionally substituted at the 3 carbon of the propyl with - CN, -C(O)N(R6)2, -C(O)OV1, or -tetrazolyl; or

-Z-R1 is -(C1-C4)alkyl substituted with tetrazolyl;

each R6 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or two R6 groups attached to the same nitrogen atom can form a 5- to 8-membered ring, the number of atoms in the ring including the nitrogen atom, in which one of the ring carbon atoms is optionally replaced by O, S, or N(T3);

each R7 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, -halo, -N3, -NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)2, -N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(O)R12, -N(R9)S(O)2R12, -N(R9)C(O)R12, -N(R9)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(O)OR12, -C(O)R9, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -C(O)OR9, -OC(O)R9, -OC(O)N(T1)(T2),-OC(O)OR9, -S(O)R9, or -S(O)2R9;

each R8 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, =O, =S, -halo, -N3, -NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)2, -N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(O)R12, -N(R9)S(O)2R12, -N(R9)C(O)R12, -N(R9)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(O)OR12, -C(O)R9, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -C(O)OR9, -OC(O)R9, -OC(O)N(T1)(T2),-OC(O)OR9, -S(O)R9, or -S(O)2R9;

each R9 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C3-C8)cycloalkyl, -(C5-C8)cycloalkenyl, -phenyl, -benzyl, -(3- to 6-membered)heterocycle, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, or -CH2(halo);

if h is 0, R11 is selected from -H, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2 or -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

if h is 1, R11 is selected from -H, -OH, -halo, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2 or -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

each R12 is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

m is an integer from 1 to 7;

e and f are independently an integer from 0 to 5 provided that 2 ≤ (e + f) ≤ 5;

j and k are independently an integer from 0 to 4 provided that 1 ≤ (j + k) ≤ 4;

each p is independently 0 or 1;

each T1, T2, and T3 is independently -H or -(C1-C10)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 R8 groups and, optionally, in which any -(C1-C10)alkyl carbon atom except the carbon atom bonded directly to the atom to which T1, T2, or T3 is attached is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6), or T1 and T2 together can form a 5- to 8-membered ring where the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom to which T1 and T2 are bonded, said 5- to 8-membered ring is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 R8 groups and, optionally, any carbon atom in said 5- to 8-membered ring is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6);

each V1 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -phenyl, or -benzyl; and

each halo is independently selected from -F, -Cl, -Br, or -I.



[0036] The invention encompasses compounds of Formula (1.2) and Formula (II.2):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof wherein:

Y, is O or S;

Q is selected from fused benzo or (5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl;

each R2 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -halo, -CN, -NO2, -OT3, -C(O)T3, -C(O)OT3, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -S(O)3H, -S(O)T3, -S(O)2T3, -S(O)2N(T1)(T2), -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(O)T3, -N(T3)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  2. (b) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicyctoalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  3. (c) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

a is an integer selected from 0, 1 or 2;

the dashed line in the fused piperazine ring denotes the presence or absence of a bond, and when that dashed line denotes the presence of a bond then R3 and one R4 are absent;

R3 is selected from -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1,2, or 3 of independently selected -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1,2, or 3 of independently selected-OH, -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

each R4 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H; or
  2. (b) -halo, -CN, or -NO2; or
  3. (c) -X, -CH2X, or -CH2CH2X; or
  4. (d) -C(Y)CN, -C(Y)X, -C(Y)T3, -C(Y)YX, -C(Y)YT3, -C(Y)N(T1)(T2), -C(Y)N(R9)CN, -C(Y)N(R9)X, -C(Y)N(R9)YH, -C(Y)N(R9)YX, -C(Y)N(R9)YCH2X, -C(Y)N(R9)YCH2CH2X, or -C(Y)N(R9)S(O)2T3; or
  5. (e) -N(R9)X, -N(R9)-CH2X, -N(R9)-CH2CH2X, -N(R9)CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(R9)-CH2CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(Y)T3, -N(T3)C(Y)YT3, -N(T3)C(Y)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  6. (f) -YH, -CH2YH, -CH2CH2YH, -YX, or -YT3; or
  7. (g) -S(O)T3, -S(O)2T3, -S(O)N(T1)(T2), -S(O)2N(T1)(T2), -S(O)X, or -S(O)2X;

X is:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

each Y is independently selected from O or S;

A and B are independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -CN, -C(O)OT3, -C(O)N(T)1(T2), -(C3-C12)cycloalkyl, -(C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl or -(C1-C6)alkoxy, each of which -(C3-C12)cycloalkyl, -(C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl or -(C2-C6)alkynyl is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -OH, -S(O)2NH2, -N(R6)2, =NR6, -C(O)OT3, -CON(R6)2, -N(R6)C(O)R9 and -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle or 1, 2 or 3 independently selected -halo; or
  2. (b) A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge, which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 -OH groups, and which bridge optionally contains -HC=CH- within the (C2-C6)bridge; wherein the piperazine ring that is fused to the Q group can be in the endo- or exo- configuration with respect to the A-B bridge;
    or
  3. (c) A-B can together form a -CH2-N(Ra)-CH2- bridge, a

    bridge, or a

    bridge;

wherein the piperazine ring that is fused to the Q group can be in the endo- or exo-configuration with respect to the A-B bridge;

Ra is selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -CH2-C(O)-Rc, -(CH2)-C(O)-ORc, -(CH2)-C(O)-N(Rc)2, -(CH2)2-O-Rc, -(CH2)2-S(O)2-N(Rc)2, Rc, or -(CH2)2-N(Rc)S(O)2-Rc;

Rb is selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -N(Rc)2, -N(Rc)-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or -N(Rc)-(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, or-(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups; or
  3. (c) -N(Rc)-phenyl, -N(Rc)-naphthalenyl, -N(Rc)-(C14)aryl, or -N(Rc)-(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

each Rc is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

Z is -[(C1-C10)alkyl optionally substituted by R1]h-, wherein h is 0 or 1; or -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-;
each R1 is independently selected from:

(a) -H, -halo, -CN, -OH, -CH2OH, -CH2CH2OH, -NO2, -N(R6)2, -S(O)NH2, -S(O)2NH2, -C(O)OV1, or -C(O)CN; or

(b) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -O(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or

or

(d) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with an R7 group; or

-Z-R1 is 3,3-diphenylpropyl- optionally substituted at the 3 carbon of the propyl with - CN, -C(O)N(R6)2 -C(O)OV1, or -tetrazolyl; or

-Z-R1 is -(C1-C4)alkyl substituted with tetrazolyl;

each R6 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or two R6 groups attached to the same nitrogen atom can together form a 5- to 8-membered ring, wherein the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom, and in which one of the 5-to 8-membered ring carbon atoms is optionally replaced by O, S, or N(T3);

each R7 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, -halo, -N3, -NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)2, -N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(O)R12, -N(R9)S(O)2R12, -N(R9)C(O)R12, -N(R9)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(O)OR12, -C(O)R9, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -C(O)OR9, -OC(O)R9, -OC(O)N(T1)(T2),-OC(O)OR9, -S(O)R9, or -S(O)2R9;

each R8 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, (C1-C6)alkylCOOR9, -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, =O, =S, -halo, -N3,-NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)(C1-C6)alkylCOOR9, -N(R9)2, -N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(O)R12,-N(R9)S(O)2R12, -N(R9)C(O)R12, -N(R9)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(O)OR12, -C(O)R9, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -C(O)OR9, -OC(O)R9, -OC(O)N(T1)(T2), -OC(O)OR9, -S(O)R9, or -S(O)2R9;

each R9 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C3-C8)cycloalkyl, -(C5-C8)cycloalkenyl, -phenyl, -benzyl, -(3- to 6-membered)heterocycle, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, or -CH2(halo);

if h is 0, then R11 can be selected from -H, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

if h is 1, then R11 can be selected from -H, -OH, -halo, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy,-N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

otherwise, where Z is -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-, then R11 can be selected from -H, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

each R12 is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

m is an integer selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7;

e and f are each an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 provided that 2 ≤ (e + f) ≤ 5;

j and k are each an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 provided that 1 ≤ (j + k) ≤ 4;

each p is an integer independently selected from 0 or 1;

each T1, T2, and T3 is independently -H or -(C1-C10)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups and, optionally, in which any -(C1-C10)alkyl carbon atom except the carbon atom bonded directly to the atom to which T1, T2, or T3 is attached is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6), or T1 and T2 can together form a 5-to 8-membered ring where the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom to which T1 and T2 are bonded, said 5- to 8-membered ring is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups and, optionally, any carbon atom in said 5- to 8-membered ring is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6);

each V1 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -phenyl, or -benzyl; and

each halo is independently selected from -F, -Cl, -Br, or -I.



[0037] The invention encompasses compounds of Formula (1.3) and Formula (II.3):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof wherein:

Y, is O or S;

Q is selected from fused benzo or (5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl;

each R2 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -halo, -CN, -NO2, -OT3, -C(O)T3, -C(O)OT3, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -S(O)3H, -S(O)T3, -S(O)2T3, -S(O)2N(T1)(T2), -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(O)T3, -N(T3)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  2. (b) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  3. (c) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

a is an integer selected from 0, 1 or 2;

the dashed line in the fused piperazine ring denotes the presence or absence of a bond, and when that dashed line denotes the presence of a bond then R3 and one R4 are absent;

R3 is selected from -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1,2, or 3 of independently selected -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1,2, or 3 of independently selected-OH, -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

each R4 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H; or
  2. (b) -halo, -CN, or -NO2; or
  3. (c) -X, -CH2X, or -CH2CH2X; or
  4. (d) -C(Y)CN, -C(Y)X, -C(Y)T3, -C(Y)YX, -C(Y)YT3, -C(Y)N(T1)(T2), -C(Y)N(R9)CN, -C(Y)N(R9)X, -C(Y)N(R9)YH, -C(Y)N(R9)YX, -C(Y)N(R9)YCH2X, -C(Y)N(R9)YCH2CH2X, or -C(Y)N(R9)S(O)2T3; or
  5. (e) -N(R9)X, -N(R9)-CH2X, -N(R9)-CH2CH2X, -N(R9)CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(R9)-CH2CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(Y)T3, -N(T3)C(Y)YT3, -N(T3)C(Y)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  6. (f) -YH, -CH2YH, -CH2CH2YH, -YX, or -YT3; or
  7. (g) -S(O)T3, -S(O)2T3, -S(O)N(T1)(T2), -S(O)2N(T1)(T2), -S(O)X, or -S(O)2X;

X is:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

each Y is independently selected from O or S;

A and B are independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -CN, -C(O)OT3, -C(O)N(T)1(T2), -(C3-C12)cycloalkyl, -(C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl or -(C1-C6)alkoxy, each of which -(C3-C12)cycloalkyl, -(C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl or -(C2-C6)alkynyl is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -OH, -S(O)2NH2, -N(R6)2, =NR6, -C(O)OT3, -CON(R6)2, -N(R6)C(O)R9 and -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle or 1, 2 or 3 independently selected -halo; or
  2. (b) A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge, which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 -OH groups, and which bridge optionally contains -HC=CH- or -O-within the (C2-C6)bridge; wherein the piperazine ring that is fused to the Q group can be in the endo- or exo- configuration with respect to the A-B bridge;
    or
  3. (c) A-B can together form a -CH2-N(Ra)-CH2- bridge, a

    bridge, or a

    bridge;

wherein the piperazine ring that is fused to the Q group can be in the endo- or exo-configuration with respect to the A-B bridge;

Ra is selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -CH2-C(O)-Rc, -(CH2)-C(O)-ORc, -(CH2)-C(O)-N(Rc)2, -(CH2)2-O-Rc, -(CH2)2-S(O)2-N(Rc)2, Rc, or -(CH2)2-N(Rc)S(O)2-Rc;

Rb is selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -N(Rc)2, -N(Rc)-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or -N(Rc)-(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, or-(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups; or
  3. (c) -N(Rc)-phenyl, -N(Rc)-naphthalenyl, -N(Rc)-(C14)aryl, or -N(Rc)-(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

each Rc is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

Z is -[(C1-C10)alkyl optionally substituted by R1]h-, wherein h is 0 or 1; or -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-;

each R1 is independently selected from:

(a) -H, -halo, -CN, -OH, -CH2OH, -CH2CH2OH, -NO2, -N(R6)2, -S(O)NH2, -S(O)2NH2, -C(O)OV1, or -C(O)CN; or

(b) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -O(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or

or

(d) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with an R7 group; or

-Z-R1 is 3,3-diphenylpropyl- optionally substituted at the 3 carbon of the propyl with - CN, -C(O)N(R6)2, -C(O)OV1, or -tetrazolyl; or

-Z-R1 is -(C1-C4)alkyl substituted with tetrazolyl;

each R6 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or two R6 groups attached to the same nitrogen atom can together form a 5- to 8-membered ring, wherein the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom, and in which one of the 5-to 8-membered ring carbon atoms is optionally replaced by O, S, or N(T3);

each R7 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, -halo, -N3, -NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)2, -N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(O)R12, -N(R9)S(O)2R12, -N(R9)C(O)R12, -N(R9)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(O)OR12, -C(O)R9, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -C(O)OR9, -OC(O)R9, -OC(O)N(T1)(T2),-OC(O)OR9, -S(O)R9, or -S(O)2R9;

each R8 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, (C1-C6)alkylCOOR9 -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, =O, =S, -halo, -N3,-NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)(C1-C6)alkylCOOR9,-N(R9)2, -N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(O)R12,-N(R9)S(O)2R12, -N(R9)C(O)R12, -N(R9)C(O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(O)OR12, -C(O)R9, -C(O)N(T1)(T2), -C(O)OR9, -OC(O)R9, -OC(O)N(T1)(T2), -OC(O)OR9, -S(O)R9, or -S(O)2R9;

each R9 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C3-C8)cycloalkyl, -(C5-C8)cycloalkenyl, -phenyl, -benzyl, -(3- to 6-membered)heterocycle, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, or -CH2(halo);

if h is 0, then R11 can be selected from -H, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

if h is 1, then R11 can be selected from -H, -OH, -halo, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy,-N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

otherwise, where Z is -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-, then R11 can be selected from -H, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(O)OR9, or -C(O)N(R6)2;

each R12 is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

m is an integer selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7;

e and f are each an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 provided that 2 ≤ (e + f) ≤ 5;

j and k are each an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 provided that 1 ≤ (j + k) ≤ 4;

each p is an integer independently selected from 0 or 1;

each T1, T2, and T3 is independently -H or -(C1-C10)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups and, optionally, in which any -(C1-C10)alkyl carbon atom except the carbon atom bonded directly to the atom to which T1, T2, or T3 is attached is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6), or T, and T2 can together form a 5-to 8-membered ring where the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom to which T1 and T2 are bonded, said 5- to 8-membered ring is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups and, optionally, any carbon atom in said 5- to 8-membered ring is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6);

each V1 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -phenyl, or -benzyl; and

each halo is independently selected from -F, -Cl, -Br, or -I.



[0038] The invention encompasses compounds of Formula (I.4) and Formula (II.4):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof wherein:

Y1 is O or S;

Q is selected from fused benzo or (5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl;

each R2 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -halo, -CN, -NO2, -OT3, -C(=O)T3, -C(=O)OT3, -C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -S(=O)3H, -S(=O)T3, -S(=O)2T3, -S(=O)2N(T1)(T2), -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(=O)T3, -N(T3)C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(=O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(=O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  2. (b) -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  3. (c) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

a is an integer selected from 0, 1 or 2;

the dashed line in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group denotes the presence or absence of a bond, and when that dashed line denotes the presence of a bond then R3 and one R4 are absent;

R3 is selected from:

  1. (a) -H; or
  2. (b) -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 groups independently selected from -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2; or
  3. (c) -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 groups independently selected from -OH, -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2;

each R4 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H; or
  2. (b) -halo, -CN, or -NO2; or
  3. (c) -X, -(C1-C6)alkyl-X -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle-X, or -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle-(C1-C6)alkyl-X; or
  4. (d) -C(=Y)CN, -C(=Y)X, -C(=Y)T3, -C(=Y)YX, -C(=Y)YT3, -C(=Y)N(T1)(T2), -C(=Y)N(R9)CN, -C(=Y)N(R9)X, -C(=Y)N(R9)YH, -C(=Y)N(R9)YX, -C(=Y)N(R9)YCH2X, -C(=Y)N(R9)YCH2CH2X, or -C(=Y)N(R9)S(=O)2T3; or
  5. (e) -N(R9)X, -N(R9)-CH2X, -N(R9)-CH2CH2X, -N(R9)CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(R9)-CH2CH2N(R9)C(=N(R12))N(R12)2, -N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)C(=Y)T3, -N(T3)C(=Y)YT3, -N(T3)C(=Y)N(T1)(T2), -N(T3)S(=O)2T3, or -N(T3)S(=O)2N(T1)(T2); or
  6. (f) -YH, -CH2YH, -CH2CH2YH, -YX, or -YT3; or
  7. (g) -S(=O)T3, -S(=O)2T3, -S(=O)N(T1)(T2), -S(=O)2N(T1)(T2), -S(=O)X, or -S(=O)2X;

X is:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C1-C6)alkoxy, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

each Y is independently selected from O or S;

A and B are independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -CN, -C(=O)OT3, or -C(=O)N(T)1(T2); or
  2. (b) -(C3-C12)cycloalkyl, -(C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl,-(C2-C6)alkynyl, or -(C1-C6)alkoxy, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from -OH, -S(=O)2NH2, -N(R6)2, =NR6, -C(=O)OT3, -CON(R6)2, -N(R6)C(=O)R9, and -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, or 1, 2 or 3 independently selected -halo; or
  3. (c) A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge, which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 substituents independently selected from -OH, -(C1-C4)alkyl, -halo, and -C(halo)3, and which bridge optionally contains -HC=CH- or -O- within the (C2-C6)bridge; wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group can be in the endo- or exo- configuration with respect to the A-B bridge; or
  4. (d) A-B can together form a -CH2-N(Ra)-CH2- bridge, a

    bridge, or a

    bridge;

wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group can be in the endo- or exo- configuration with respect to the A-B bridge;

Ra is selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -CH2-C(=O)-Rc, -(CH2)-C(=O)-ORc, -(CH2)-C(=O)-N(Rc)2, -(CH2)2-O-Rc, -(CH2)2-S(-O)2-N(Rc)2, Rc, or -(CH2)2-N(Rc)S(=O)2-Rc;

Rb is selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -N(Rc)2, -N(Rc)-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or -N(Rc)-(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle; or
  2. (b) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, or-(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups; or
  3. (c) -N(Rc)-phenyl, -N(Rc)-naphthalenyl, -N(Rc)-(C14)aryl, or -N(Rc)-(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R7 groups;

each Rc is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

Z is -[(C1-C10)alkyl optionally substituted by R1]h-, wherein h is 0 or 1; or -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-;

each R1 is independently selected from:

  1. (a) -H, -halo, -CN, -OH, -CH2OH, -CH2CH2OH, -NO2, -N(R6)2, -S(=O)NH2, -S(=O)2NH2, -C(=O)OV1, or -C(=O)CN; or
  2. (b) -(C1-C10)alkyl, -(C2-C10)alkenyl, -(C2-C10)alkynyl, -O(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups; or
  3. (c)

    or
  4. (d) -phenyl, -naphthalenyl, -(C14)aryl, or -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with an R7 group; or

-Z-R1 is 3,3-diphenylpropyl- optionally substituted at the 3 carbon of the propyl with - CN, -C(=O)N(R6)2. -C(=O)OV1, or -tetrazolyl; or

-Z-R1 is -(C1-C4)alkyl substituted with tetrazolyl;

each R6 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, or two R6 groups attached to the same nitrogen atom can together form a 5- to 8-membered ring, wherein the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom, and in which one of the 5-to 8-membered ring carbon atoms is optionally replaced by O, S, or N(T3);

each R7 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, -halo, -N3, -NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)2, -N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(=O)R12, -N(R9)S(=O)2R12, -N(R9)C(=O)R12, -N(R9)C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(=O)OR12, -C(=O)R9, -C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -C(=O)OR9, -OC(=O)R9, -OC(=O)N(T1)(T2), -OC(=O)OR9, -S(=O)R9, or -S(=O)2R9;

each R8 is independently selected from -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl, -(C1-C6)alkylCOOR9. -OR9, -SR9, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, -CH2(halo), -CN, =O, =S, -halo, -N3, -NO2, -CH=N(R9), -N(R9)(C1-C6)alkylCOOR9, -N(R9)2,-N(R9)OH, -N(R9)S(=O)R12, -N(R9)S(=O)2R12, -N(R9)C(=O)R12, -N(R9)C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -N(R9)C(=O)OR12, -C(=O)R9, -C(=O)N(T1)(T2), -C(=O)OR9, -OC(=O)R9, -OC(=O)N(T1)(T2), -OC(=O)OR9, -S(=O)R9, or -S(=O)2R9;

each R9 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -(C3-C8)cycloalkyl, -(C5-C8)cycloalkenyl, -phenyl, -benzyl, -(3- to 6-membered)heterocycle, -C(halo)3, -CH(halo)2, or -CH2(halo);

if h is 0, then R11 can be selected from -H, -CN, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2;

if h is 1, then R11 can be selected from -H, -CN, -OH, -halo, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2;

otherwise, where Z is -(C1-C10)alkyl-NR6C(=Y)-, then R11 can be selected from -H,-CN, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 or R11 can be -(C1-C4)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2;

each R12 is independently selected from -H or -(C1-C4)alkyl;

m is an integer selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, or 11;

e and f are each an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 provided that 2 ≤ (e + f) ≤ 5;

j and k are each an integer independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4 provided that 1 ≤ (j + k) ≤ 4;

each p is an integer independently selected from 0 or 1;

each T1, T2, and T3 is independently -H or -(C1-C10)alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups and, optionally, in which any -(C1-C10)alkyl carbon atom except the carbon atom bonded directly to the atom to which T1, T2, or T3 is attached is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6), or T1 and T2 can together form a 5-to 8-membered ring where the number of atoms in the ring includes the nitrogen atom to which T1 and T2 are bonded, said 5- to 8-membered ring is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups and, optionally, any carbon atom in said 5- to 8-membered ring is independently replaced by O, S, or N(R6);

each V1 is independently selected from -H, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -phenyl, or -benzyl; and

each halo is independently selected from -F, -Cl, -Br, or -I.


4.1 Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I)



[0039] As stated above, the invention encompasses Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof where R1, R2, R3, R4, Q, Y1, Z, A, B, and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds.

[0040] In one embodiment, Y1 is O.

[0041] In another embodiment, Y1 is S.

[0042] In another embodiment, A is H.

[0043] In another embodiment, B is H.

[0044] In another embodiment, a is 0 or 1.

[0045] In another embodiment, a is 0.

[0046] In another embodiment, a is 1.

[0047] In another embodiment, a is 2.

[0048] In another embodiment, h is 0.

[0049] In another embodiment, h is 1.

[0050] In another embodiment, h is 1 and Z is a (C1-C3)alkyl.

[0051] In another embodiment, h is 1, Z is a (C1-C3)alkyl, R1 is phenyl, the (C1-C3)alkyl is substituted by another R1, and the other R1 is phenyl.

[0052] In another embodiment, R1 is -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -O(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups.

[0053] In another embodiment, R1 is optionally substituted cyclooctyl.

[0054] In another embodiment, R1 is optionally substituted cyclooctenyl.

[0055] In another embodiment, R1 is optionally substituted anthryl.

[0056] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted cyclooctyl.

[0057] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted cyclooctenyl.

[0058] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted anthryl.

[0059] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, and a is 0 or 1.

[0060] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, and a is 0 or 1.

[0061] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, and a is 0.

[0062] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, and a is 0.

[0063] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, and a is 1.

[0064] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, and a is 1.

[0065] In another embodiment, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl.

[0066] In another embodiment, R3 is -H.

[0067] In another embodiment, R3 is -(C1-C4)alkyl.

[0068] In another embodiment, R3 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl or iso-propyl, each optionally substituted with one -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 group.

[0069] In another embodiment, R3 is -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl.

[0070] In another embodiment, R3 is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, or cycloheptyl, each optionally substituted with 1 or 2 -CH3 groups.

[0071] In another embodiment, R3 is cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, or cycloheptyl, each optionally substituted with one -OH, -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 group.

[0072] In another embodiment, R11 is not -COOH.

[0073] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 0 or 1.

[0074] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 0 or 1.

[0075] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 0.

[0076] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 0.

[0077] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 1.

[0078] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 1.

[0079] In another embodiment, each R2 is independently selected from -halo, -OH, -NH2, -CN, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, -phenyl, -naphthalenyl or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl.

[0080] In another embodiment, a is 2 and each R2 is independently selected from -halo, -OH, - NH2, -CN, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, -phenyl, - naphthalenyl or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl.

[0081] In another embodiment, a is 1 and R2 is selected from -halo, -OH, -NH2, -CN, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, -phenyl, -naphthalenyl or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl.

[0082] In another embodiment, a is 2 and each R2 is independently selected from -halo, -OH, - NH2, -CN, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, iso-propyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, or phenyl.

[0083] In another embodiment, a is 1 and R2 is selected from -halo, -OH, -NH2, -CN, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, iso-propyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, or phenyl.

[0084] In another embodiment, Q is selected from benzo, pyridino, pyrimidino, pyrazino, pyridazino, pyrrolino, imidazolino, pyrazolino, triazolino, furano, oxazolino, isoxazolino, oxadiazolino, thiopheno, thiazolino, isothiazolino, or thiadiazolino.

[0085] In another embodiment, Q is selected from benzo or pyridino.

[0086] In another embodiment, Q is benzo.

[0087] In another embodiment, Q is pyridino.

[0088] In another embodiment, Q is pyridino and the 2- and 3-positions of the pyridino are fused to the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring.

[0089] In another embodiment, each Y is O.

[0090] In another embodiment, each Y is S.

[0091] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IA):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0092] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IB):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0093] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IC):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0094] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (ID):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0095] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (ID1) :

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (ID) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0096] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (ID2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (ID) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0097] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IE):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0098] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IE1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IE) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0099] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IE2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IE) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0100] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IF):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0101] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IF1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IF) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0102] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IF2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IF) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0103] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IG):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0104] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IG1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IG) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0105] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IG2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IG) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0106] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IH):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0107] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IH1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IH) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0108] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IH2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IH) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0109] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IJ):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (I).

[0110] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IJ1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IJ) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0111] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IJ2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IJ) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

4.2 Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II)



[0112] As stated above, the invention encompasses Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof where R1, R2, R3, R4, Q, Y1, Z, A, B, a, and the dashed line are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds.

[0113] In one embodiment, the dashed line (representing a bond) in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is absent and R3 is present.

[0114] In another embodiment, the dashed line (representing one bond of a double bond) in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is present, and R3 and one R4 are absent.

[0115] In another embodiment, Y1 is O.

[0116] In another embodiment, Y1 is S.

[0117] In another embodiment, A is H.

[0118] In another embodiment, B is H.

[0119] In another embodiment, a is 0 or 1.

[0120] In another embodiment, a is 0.

[0121] In another embodiment, a is 1.

[0122] In another embodiment, a is 2.

[0123] In another embodiment, h is 0.

[0124] In another embodiment, h is 1.

[0125] In another embodiment, h is 1 and Z is a (C1-C3)alkyl.

[0126] In another embodiment, h is 1, Z is a (C1-C3)alkyl, R1 is phenyl, the (C1-C3)alkyl is substituted by another R1, and the other R1 is phenyl.

[0127] In another embodiment, R1 is -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C2-C6)alkenyl, -(C2-C6)alkynyl, -O(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy, -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl, -(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl, -(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl, -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl, -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle, -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle, each of which is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 independently selected R8 groups.

[0128] In another embodiment, h is 1 and Z is a (C2-C10)alkenyl.

[0129] In another embodiment, h is 1 and Z is a (C2-C6)alkenyl.

[0130] In another embodiment, h is 1 and Z is a propenyl.

[0131] In another embodiment h is 1, Z is propenyl and R1 is an optionally substituted -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl or -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl.

[0132] In another embodiment h is 1, and Z-R1 is



[0133] In another embodiment, R1 is optionally substituted cyclooctyl.

[0134] In another embodiment, R1 is optionally substituted cyclooctenyl.

[0135] In another embodiment, R1 is optionally substituted anthryl.

[0136] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted cyclooctyl.

[0137] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted cycloundecyl.

[0138] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted cyclooctenyl.

[0139] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted anthryl.

[0140] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl.

[0141] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted bicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl.

[0142] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted bicyclo[2.2.1.]hepyl.

[0143] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl.

[0144] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted adamantyl.

[0145] In another embodiment, h is 0 and R1 is optionally substituted noradamantyl.

[0146] In another embodiment, if Z is -[(C1-C10)alkyl optionally substituted by R1]h and h is 0 then R4 is not COOH.

[0147] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, and a is 0 or 1.

[0148] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, and a is 0 or 1.

[0149] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, and a is 0.

[0150] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, and a is 0.

[0151] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, and a is 1.

[0152] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, and a is 1.

[0153] In another embodiment, the double bond in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is present and R3 is absent.

[0154] In another embodiment, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl.

[0155] In another embodiment, R3 is -H.

[0156] In another embodiment, R3 is -(C1-C4)alkyl.

[0157] In another embodiment, R3 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl or iso-propyl, each optionally substituted with one -OH, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 group.

[0158] In another embodiment, R3 is -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl.

[0159] In another embodiment, R3 is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, or cycloheptyl, each optionally substituted with 1 or 2 -CH3 groups.

[0160] In another embodiment, R3 is cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, or cycloheptyl, each optionally substituted with one -OH, -(C1-C4)alkyl, -(C1-C4)alkoxy, -N(R6)2, -C(=O)OR9, or -C(=O)N(R6)2 group.

[0161] In another embodiment, R11 is not -COOH.

[0162] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, the double bond in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is present, R3 is absent, and a is 0 or 1.

[0163] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, the double bond in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is present, R3 is absent, and a is 0 or 1.

[0164] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, the double bond in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is present, R3 is absent, and a is 0.

[0165] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, the double bond in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is present, R3 is absent, and a is 0.

[0166] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, the double bond in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is present, R3 is absent, and a is 1.

[0167] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, the double bond in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is present, R3 is absent, and a is 1.

[0168] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 0 or 1.

[0169] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 0 or 1.

[0170] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 0.

[0171] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 0.

[0172] In another embodiment, Y1 is O, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 1.

[0173] In another embodiment, Y1 is S, A and B are each H, R3 is -H, -(C1-C4)alkyl, or -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, and a is 1.

[0174] In another embodiment, each R2 is independently selected from -halo, -OH, -NH2, -CN, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, -phenyl, -naphthalenyl or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl.

[0175] In another embodiment, a is 2 and each R2 is independently selected from -halo, -OH, - NH2, -CN, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, -phenyl, - naphthalenyl or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl.

[0176] In another embodiment, a is 1 and R2 is selected from -halo, -OH, -NH2, -CN, -(C1-C6)alkyl, -(C3-C7)cycloalkyl, -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle, -phenyl, -naphthalenyl or -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl.

[0177] In another embodiment, a is 2 and each R2 is independently selected from -halo, -OH, - NH2, -CN, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, iso-propyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, or phenyl.

[0178] In another embodiment, a is 1 and R2 is selected from -halo, -OH, -NH2, -CN, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, iso-propyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, or phenyl.

[0179] In another embodiment, a is 1 and R2 is selected from -halo, optionally -F.

[0180] In another embodiment, Q is selected from benzo, pyridino, pyrimidino, pyrazino, pyridazino, pyrrolino, imidazolino, pyrazolino, triazolino, furano, oxazolino, isoxazolino, oxadiazolino, thiopheno, thiazolino, isothiazolino, or thiadiazolino.

[0181] In another embodiment, Q is selected from benzo or pyridino.

[0182] In another embodiment, a is 1, Q is benzo or pyridino, and R2 is attached at the 6-position of the benzo or pyridino, e.g., as illustrated for the -F substituted benzo of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 133.

[0183] In another embodiment, a is 1, Q is benzo or pyridino, R2 is selected from -halo, optionally -F, and R2 is attached at the 6-position of the benzo or pyridino, e.g., as illustrated for the -F substituted benzo of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 133.

[0184] In another embodiment, Q is benzo.

[0185] In another embodiment, Q is pyridino.

[0186] In another embodiment, Q is pyridino and the 2- and 3-positions of the pyridino are fused to the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring, e.g. as illustrated for compounds according to Formula (IIB).

[0187] In another embodiment, each Y is O.

[0188] In another embodiment, each Y is S.

[0189] In another embodiment, the pharmaceutically acceptable derivative of compounds of Formula (II) is a pharmaceutically acceptable salt.

[0190] In another embodiment, the pharmaceutically acceptable salt is a hydrochloride salt.

[0191] In another embodiment, the pharmaceutically acceptable salt is a sodium salt.

[0192] In another embodiment, the pharmaceutically acceptable salt is a potassium salt.

[0193] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIA):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0194] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIB):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0195] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIC):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0196] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IID):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0197] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IID1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IID) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0198] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IID2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IID) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0199] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIE) :

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0200] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIE1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIE) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0201] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIE2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIE) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0202] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIF):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0203] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIF1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIF) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0204] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIF2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIF) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0205] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIG):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0206] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIG1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIG) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0207] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIG2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIG) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0208] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIH):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0209] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIH1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIH) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0210] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIH2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIH) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0211] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIJ):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0212] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIJ1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIJ) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0213] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIJ2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIJ) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0214] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIK):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0215] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIL):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0216] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIM):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0217] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIN):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0218] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIN1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIN) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0219] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIN2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIN) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0220] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIO):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0221] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIO1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIO) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0222] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIO2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIO) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the benzo is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0223] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIP):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0224] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIP1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIP) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0225] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIP2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIP) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0226] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIQ):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0227] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIQ1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIQ) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0228] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIQ2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIQ) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0229] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIR):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0230] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIR1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIR) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0231] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIR2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIR) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0232] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIS):

wherein R1, R2, R4, Z and a are as defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formula (II).

[0233] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIS1):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIS) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the endo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0234] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIS2):

i.e., a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (IIS) wherein the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the pyridino is in the exo- configuration with respect to the (-CH2-CH2-CH2-) bridge.

[0235] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (II) is






4.3 Definitions



[0236] As used in connection with the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds herein, the terms used herein having following meaning:

"-(C1-C10)alkyl" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms. Representative straight chain -(C1-C10)alkyls include -methyl, -ethyl, -n-propyl, -n-butyl, -n-pentyl, -n-hexyl, -n-heptyl, -n-octyl, -n-nonyl, and -n-decyl. A branched alkyl means that one or more straight chain -(C1-C8)alkyl groups, such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, replace one or both hydrogens in a -CH2- group of a straight chain alkyl. A branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon means that one or more straight chain -(C1-C10)alkyl groups, such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, replace one or both hydrogens in a -CH2- group of a straight chain non-cyclic hydrocarbon. Representative branched -(C1-C10)alkyls include -iso-propyl, -sec-butyl, -iso-butyl, -tert-butyl, -iso-pentyl, -neopentyl, 1-methylbutyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl, 1,1-dimethylpropyl, 1,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyl, 4-methylpentyl, 1-ethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 3-ethylbutyl, 1,1-dimethylbutyl, 1,2-dimethylbutyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 2,3-dimethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 1-methylhexyl, 2-methylhexyl, 3-methylhexyl, 4-methylhexyl, 5-methylhexyl, 1,2-dimethylpentyl, 1,3-dimethylpentyl, 1,2-dimethylhexyl, 1,3-dimethylhexyl, 3,3-dimethylhexyl, 1,2-dimethylheptyl, 1,3-dimethylheptyl, and 3,3-dimethylheptyl.

"-(C1-C6)alkyl" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Representative straight chain -(C1-C6)alkyls include -methyl, -ethyl, -n-propyl, -n-butyl, -n-pentyl, and -n-hexyl. Representative branched -(C1-C6)alkyls include -iso-propyl, -sec-butyl, -iso-butyl, -tert-butyl, -iso-pentyl, -neopentyl, 1-methylbutyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl, 1,1-dimethylpropyl, 1,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyl, 4-methylpentyl, 1-ethylbutyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 3-ethylbutyl, 1,1-dimethtylbutyl, 1,2-dimethylbutyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 2,3-dimethylbutyl, and 3,3-dimethylbutyl.

"-(C1-C4)alkyl" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Representative straight chain -(C1-C4)alkyls include -methyl, -ethyl, -n-propyl, and -n-butyl. Representative branched -(C1-C4)alkyls include -iso-propyl, -sec-butyl, -iso-butyl, and -tert-butyl.

"-(C1-C3)alkyl" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having from 1 to 3 carbon atoms. Representative straight chain -(C1-C3)alkyls include -methyl, -ethyl, and -n-propyl. Representative branched -(C1-C3)alkyls include -iso-propyl.

"-(C1-C2)alkyl" means a straight chain non-cyclic hydrocarbon having 1 or 2 carbon atoms. Representative straight chain -(C1-C2)alkyls include -methyl and -ethyl.

"-(C2-C10)alkenyl" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having from 2 to 10 carbon atoms and including at least one carbon-carbon double bond. A branched alkenyl means that one or more straight chain -(C1-C8)alkyl groups, such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, replace one or both hydrogens in a -CH2- or -CH= group of a straight chain alkenyl. Representative straight chain and branched (C2-C10)alkenyls include -vinyl, -allyl, -1-butenyl, - 2-butenyl, -iso-butylenyl, -1-pentenyl, -2-pentenyl, -3-methyl-1-butenyl, -2-methyl-2-butenyl, - 2,3-dimethyl-2-butenyl, -1-hexenyl, -2-hexenyl, -3-hexenyl, -1-heptenyl, -2-heptenyl, -3-heptenyl, -1-octenyl, -2-octenyl, -3-octenyl, -1-nonenyl, -2-nonenyl, -3-nonenyl, -1-decenyl, - 2-decenyl, -3-decenyl, and the like.

"-(C2-C6)alkenyl" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having from 2 to 6 carbon atoms and including at least one carbon-carbon double bond. Representative straight chain and branched (C2-C6)alkenyls include -vinyl, -allyl, -1-butenyl, - 2-butenyl, -iso-butylenyl, -1-pentenyl, -2-pentenyl, -3-methyl-1-butenyl, -2-methyl-2-butenyl, - 2,3-dimethyl-2-butenyl, -1-hexenyl, 2-hexenyl, 3-hexenyl, and the like.

"-(C2-C10)alkynyl" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having from 2 to 10 carbon atoms and including at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. A branched alkynyl means that one or more straight chain -(C1-C8)alkyl groups, such as methyl, ethyl or propyl, replace one or both hydrogens in a -CH2- group of a straight chain alkynyl. Representative straight chain and branched -(C2-C10)alkynyls include -acetylenyl, -propynyl, - 1-butynyl, -2-butynyl, -1-pentynyl, -2-pentynyl, -3-methyl-1-butynyl, -4-pentynyl, -1-hexynyl, -2-hexynyl, -5-hexynyl, -1-heptynyl, -2-heptynyl, -6-heptynyl, -1-octynyl, -2-octynyl, -7-octynyl, -1-nonynyl, -2-nonynyl, -8-nonynyl, -1-decynyl, -2-decynyl, -9-decynyl, and the like.

"-(C2-C6)alkynyl" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having from 2 to 6 carbon atoms and including at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. Representative straight chain and branched (C2-C6)alkynyls include -acetylenyl, -propynyl, -1-butynyl, - 2-butynyl, -1-pentynyl, -2-pentynyl, -3-methyl-1-butynyl, -4-pentynyl, -1-hexynyl, -2-hexynyl, -5-hexynyl, and the like.

"-(C1-C6)alkoxy" means a straight chain or branched non-cyclic hydrocarbon having one or more ether groups and from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Representative straight chain and branched (C1-C6)alkoxys include -methoxy, -ethoxy, methoxymethyl, 2-methoxyethyl, -5-methoxypentyl, 3-ethoxybutyl and the like.

"-(C3-C14)cycloalkyl" means a saturated monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 3 to 14 carbon atoms. Representative (C3-C14)cycloalkyls are -cyclopropyl, -cyclobutyl, -cyclopentyl, -cyclohexyl, -cycloheptyl, -cyclooctyl, -cyclononyl, -cyclodecyl, cycloundecyl, and -cyclododecyl, and -cyclotetradecyl.

"-(C3-C12)cycloalkyl" means a saturated monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 3 to 12 carbon atoms. Representative (C3-C12)cycloalkyls are -cyclopropyl, -cyclobutyl, -cyclopentyl, -cyclohexyl, -cycloheptyl, -cyclooctyl, -cyclononyl, -cyclodecyl, cycloundecyl,and -cyclododecyl.

"-(C6-C12)cycloalkyl" means a saturated monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 6 to 12 carbon atoms. Representative (C6-C12)cycloalkyls are -cyclohexyl, -cycloheptyl, -cyclooctyl, - cyclononyl, -cyclodecyl, cycloundecyl,and -cyclododecyl.

"-(C4-C8)cycloalkyl" or "4- to 8-member cycloalkyl ring" means a saturated monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 4 to 8 carbon atoms. Representative -(C4-C8)cycloalkyls are -cyclobutyl, -cyclopentyl, -cyclohexyl, -cycloheptyl, and -cyclooctyl.

"-(C3-C8)cycloalkyl" means a saturated monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 3 to 8 carbon atoms. Representative (C3-C8)cycloalkyls include -cyclopropyl, -cyclobutyl, -cyclopentyl, -cyclohexyl, -cycloheptyl, and -cyclooctyl.

"-(C3-C7)cycloalkyl" means a saturated monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 3 to 7 carbon atoms. Representative (C3-C7)cycloalkyls include cyclopropyl, -cyclobutyl, -cyclopentyl, -cyclohexyl, -and cycloheptyl.

"-(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl" means a bi-cyclic hydrocarbon ring system having from 6 to 14 carbon atoms and at least one saturated cyclic alkyl ring. Representative -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyls include -indanyl, -norbornyl, -1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalenyl, -5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalenyl, -perhydronaphthalenyl, bicyclo[2.2.1]hexyl, bicyclo[2.2.1.]heptyl, bicyclo[2.2.2]octyl, bicyclo[3.3.1]heptyl, bicyclo[3.2.1]octyl, bicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl, bicyclo[3.3.2]decyl, bicyclo[3.3.3]undecyl, bicyclo[4.2.2]decyl, bicyclo[4.3.2]undecyl, bicyclo[4.3.1]decyl, and the like.

"-(C8-C20)tricycloalkyl" means a tri-cyclic hydrocarbon ring system having from 8 to 20 carbon atoms and at least one saturated cyclic alkyl ring. Representative -(C8-C20)tricycloalkyls include -pyrenyl, -adamantyl, noradamantyl, -1,2,3,4-tetrahydroanthracenyl, -perhydroanthracenyl -aceanthrenyl, -1,2,3,4-tetrahydropenanthrenyl, -5,6,7,8-tetrahydrophenanthrenyl, -perhydrophenanthrenyl, tetradecahydro-1H-cyclohepta[a]naphthalenyl, tetradecahydro-1H-cycloocta[e]indenyl, tetradecahydro-1H-cyclohepta[e]azulenyl, hexadecahydrocycloocta[b]naphthalenyl, hexadecahydrocyclohepta[a]heptalenyl, tricyclo-pentadecanyl, tricyclo-octadecanyl, tricyclononadecanyl, tricyclo-icosanyl, and the like.

"-(C3-C14)cycloalkenyl" means a cyclic non-aromatic hydrocarbon having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the cyclic system and from 3 to 14 carbon atoms. Representative (C3-C14)cycloalkenyls include -cyclopropenyl, -cyclobutenyl, -cyclopentenyl, - cyclopentadienyl, -cyclohexenyl, -cyclohexadienyl,-cycloheptenyl, -cycloheptadienyl, - cycloheptatrienyl, -cyclooctenyl, -cyclooctadienyl, -cyclooctatrienyl, -cyclooctatetraenyl, - cyclononenyl, -cyclononadienyl, -cyclodecenyl, -cyclodecadienyl, -cyclotetradecenyl, -cyclododecadienyl, and the like.

"-(C5-C14)cycloalkenyl" means a cyclic non-aromatic hydrocarbon having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the cyclic system and from 5 to 14 carbon atoms. Representative (C5-C14)cycloalkenyls include -cyclopentenyl, -cyclopentadienyl, -cyclohexenyl, -cyclohexadienyl,-cycloheptenyl, -cycloheptadienyl, -cycloheptatrienyl, -cyclooctenyl, -cyclooctadienyl, -cyclooctatrienyl, -cyclooctatetraenyl, -cyclononenyl, -cyclononadienyl, -cyclodecenyl, -cyclodecadienyl, -cyclotetradecenyl, -cyclododecadienyl, and the like.

"-(C6-C12)cycloalkenyl" means a cyclic non-aromatic hydrocarbon having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the cyclic system and from 6 to 12 carbon atoms. Representative (C6-C12)cycloalkenyls include -cyclohexenyl, -cyclohexadienyl,-cycloheptenyl, -cycloheptadienyl, -cycloheptatrienyl, -cyclooctenyl, -cyclooctadienyl, -cyclooctatrienyl, - cyclooctatetraenyl, -cyclononenyl, -cyclononadienyl, -cyclodecenyl, -cyclodecadienyl, - cyclododecadienyl, and the like.

"-(C5-C10)cycloalkenyl" means a cyclic non-aromatic hydrocarbon having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the cyclic system and from 5 to 10 carbon atoms. Representative (C5-C10)cycloalkenyls include -cyclopentenyl, -cyclopentadienyl, -cyclohexenyl, -cyclohexadienyl,-cycloheptenyl, -cycloheptadienyl, -cycloheptatrienyl, -cyclooctenyl, -cyclooctadienyl, -cyclooctatrienyl, -cyclooctatetraenyl, -cyclononenyl, -cyclononadienyl, -cyclodecenyl, -cyclodecadienyl, and the like.

"-(C5-C8)cycloalkenyl" means a cyclic non-aromatic hydrocarbon having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in the cyclic system and from 5 to 8 carbon atoms. Representative (C5-C8)cycloalkenyls include -cyclopentenyl, -cyclopentadienyl, -cyclohexenyl, - cyclohexadienyl, -cycloheptenyl, -cycloheptadienyl, -cycloheptatrienyl, -cyclooctenyl, - cyclooctadienyl, -cyclooctatrienyl, -cyclooctatetraenyl, and the like.

"-(C7-C14)bicycloalkenyl" means a bi-cyclic hydrocarbon ring system having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in each ring and from 7 to 14 carbon atoms. Representative - (C7-C14)bicycloalkenyls include -bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-enyl, -indenyl, -pentalenyl, -naphthalenyl, -azulenyl, -heptalenyl, -1,2,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalenyl, norbornenyl, and the like.

"-(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyl" means a tri-cyclic hydrocarbon ring system having at least one carbon-carbon double bond in each ring and from 8 to 20 carbon atoms. Representative -(C8-C20)tricycloalkenyls include -anthracenyl, -phenanthrenyl, -phenalenyl, -acenaphthalenyl, as-indacenyl, s-indacenyl, 2,3,6,7,8,9,10,11-octahydro-1H-cycloocta[e]indenyl, 2,3,4,7,8,9,10,11-octahydro-1H-cyclohepta[a]naphthalenyl, 8,9,10,11-tetrahydro-7H-cyclohepta[a]naphthalenyl, 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13-dodecahydro-1H-cyclohepta[a]heptalenyl, 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14-tetradecahydrodicyclohepta[a,c]cyclooctenyl, 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13-dodecahydro-1H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclononenyl, and the like.

"-(3- to 7-membered)heterocycle" or "-(3- to 7-membered)heterocyclo" means a 3- to 7-membered monocyclic heterocyclic ring which is either saturated, unsaturated non-aromatic, or aromatic. A 3-membered heterocycle can contain up to 1 heteroatom, a 4-membered heterocycle can contain up to 2 heteroatoms, a 5-membered heterocycle can contain up to 4 heteroatoms, a 6-membered heterocycle can contain up to 4 heteroatoms, and a 7-membered heterocycle can contain up to 5 heteroatoms. Each heteroatom is independently selected from nitrogen, which can be quaternized; oxygen; and sulfur, including sulfoxide and sulfone. The - (3- to 7-membered)heterocycle can be attached via a nitrogen or carbon atom. Representative -(3- to 7-membered)heterocycles include pyridyl, furyl, thiophenyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolidinyl, thiadiazolyl, thiazolyl, isoxazolyl, pyrazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, triazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrrolidinonyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, 2,3-dihydrofuranyl, dihydropyranyl, hydantoinyl, valerolactamyl, oxiranyl, oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydropyranyl, dihydropyridinyl, tetrahydropyridinyl, tetrahydropyrimidinyl, tetrahydrothiophenyl, tetrahydrothiopyranyl, and the like.

"-(5- or 6-membered)heterocycle" or "-(5- or 6-membered)heterocyclo" means a 5- or 6-membered monocyclic heterocyclic ring which is either saturated, unsaturated non-aromatic, or aromatic. A 5-membered heterocycle can contain up to 4 heteroatoms and a 6-membered heterocycle can contain up to 4 heteroatoms. Each heteroatom is independently selected from nitrogen, which can be quaternized; oxygen; and sulfur, including sulfoxide and sulfone. The - (5- or 6-membered)heterocycle can be attached via a nitrogen or carbon atom. Representative -(5- or 6-membered)heterocycles include pyridyl, furyl, thiophenyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolidinyl, thiadiazolyl, thiazolyl, isoxazolyl, pyrazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, triazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrrolidinonyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, piperazinyl, 2,3-dihydrofuranyl, dihydropyranyl, hydantoinyl, valerolactamyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydropyranyl, dihydropyridinyl, tetrahydropyridinyl, tetrahydropyrimidinyl, tetrahydrothiophenyl, tetrahydrothiopyranyl, tetrazolyl, and the like.

"-(3- to 5-membered)heterocycle" or "-(3- to 5-membered)heterocyclo" means a 3- to 5-membered monocyclic heterocyclic ring which is either saturated, unsaturated non-aromatic, or aromatic. A 3-membered heterocycle can contain up to 1 heteroatom, a 4-membered heterocycle can contain up to 2 heteroatoms, and a 5-membered heterocycle can contain up to 4 heteroatoms. Each heteroatom is independently selected from nitrogen, which can be quaternized; oxygen; and sulfur, including sulfoxide and sulfone. The -(3- to 5-membered)heterocycle can be attached via a nitrogen or carbon atom. Representative -(3- to 5-membered)heterocycles include furyl, thiophenyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolidinyl, thiadiazolyl, thiazolyl, isoxazolyl, pyrazolyl, isothiazolyl, triazinyl, pyrrolidinonyl, pyrrolidinyl, 2,3-dihydrofuranyl, hydantoinyl, oxiranyl, oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydrothiophenyl, pyrazolidinyl and the like.

"-(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle" or "-(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocyclo" means a 7- to 10-membered bicyclic, heterocyclic ring which is either saturated, unsaturated non-aromatic, or aromatic. A -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle contains from 1 to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, which can be quaternized; oxygen; and sulfur, including sulfoxide and sulfone. The - (7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycle can be attached via a nitrogen or carbon atom. Representative -(7- to 10-membered)bicycloheterocycles include -quinolinyl, -isoquinolinyl, - chromonyl, -coumarinyl, -indolyl, -indolizinyl, -benzo[b]furanyl, -benzo[b]thiophenyl, - indazolyl, -purinyl, -4H-quinolizinyl, -isoquinolyl, -quinolyl, -phthalazinyl, -naphthyridinyl, -carbazolyl, -β-carbolinyl, -indolinyl, -isoindolinyl, -1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl, -1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, pyrrolopyrrolyl and the like.

"-(C3-C12)cycloalkoxy" means a saturated monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 3 to 12 carbon atoms where at least one of the carbon atoms is replaced by an oxygen atom. Representative (C3-C12)cycloalkoxy are -oxiranyl, -oxetanyl, -tetrahydrofuranyl, -tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, -1,4-dioxanyl, -oxepanyl, -1,4-dioxepanyl, -oxocanyl, -1,5-dioxocanyl, -1,3,5-trioxocanyl, -oxonanyl, -1,5-dioxonanyl, -1,4,7-trioxonanyl, -oxacyclododecanyl, -1,7-dioxacyclododecanyl, and -1,5,9-trioxacyclododecanyl.

"-(C3-C7)cycloalkoxy " means a saturated monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 3 to 7 carbon atoms where at least one of the carbon atoms is replaced by an oxygen atom. Representative (C3-C7)cycloalkoxy are -oxiranyl, -oxetanyl, -tetrahydrofuranyl, -tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, -1,4-dioxanyl, -oxepanyl, and -1,4-dioxepanyl.

"-(C14)aryl" means a 14-membered aromatic carbocyclic moiety such as -anthryl or -phenanthryl.

"-(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl" means an aromatic heterocycle ring of 5 to 10 members, including both mono- and bicyclic ring systems, where at least one carbon atom of one or both of the rings is replaced with a heteroatom independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur, or at least two carbon atoms of one or both of the rings are replaced with a heteroatom independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. In one embodiment, one of the -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl's rings contain at least one carbon atom. In another embodiment, both of the -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryl's rings contain at least one carbon atom. Representative -(5- to 10-membered)heteroaryls include pyridyl, furyl, benzofuranyl, thiophenyl, benzothiophenyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, pyrrolyl, indolyl, oxazolyl, benzoxazolyl, imidazolyl, benzimidazolyl, thiazolyl, benzothiazolyl, isoxazolyl, oxadiazolinyl, pyrazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, thiadiazolyl, triazinyl, thienyl, cinnolinyl, phthalazinyl, and quinazolinyl.

"-(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl" means a monocyclic aromatic heterocycle ring of 5 or 6 members where at least one carbon atom is replaced with a heteroatom independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. In one embodiment, one of the -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryl's ring contains at least one carbon atom. Representative -(5- or 6-membered)heteroaryls include pyridyl, furyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolyl, isoxazolyl, 1,2,3-oxadiazolyl, 1,3,4-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,5-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,3-triazolyl, pyrazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidyl, pyrazinyl, 1,2,3-thiadiazolyl, 1,3,4-thiadiazolyl, 1,2,5-thiadiazolyl, 1,3,5-triazinyl, and thiophenyl.

"-CH2(halo)" means a methyl group where one of the hydrogens of the methyl group has been replaced with a halogen. Representative -CH2(halo) groups include -CH2F, -CH2Cl, - CH2Br, and -CH2I.

"-CH(halo)2" means a methyl group where two of the hydrogens of the methyl group have been replaced with a halogen. Representative -CH(halo)2 groups include -CHF2, -CHCl2, -CHBr2, -CHBrCl, -CHC1I, and -CHI2.

"-C(halo)3" means a methyl group where each of the hydrogens of the methyl group has been replaced with a halogen. Representative -C(halo)3 groups include -CF3, -CCl3, -CBr3, and -CI3.

"-Halogen" or "-halo" means -F, -Cl, -Br, or -I.

"Oxo", "=O", and the like as used herein mean an oxygen atom doubly bonded to carbon or another element.

"Thiooxo", "thioxo", "=S", and the like as used herein mean a sulfur atom doubly bonded to carbon or another element.



[0237] As used herein in connection with Formula (II), when the dashed line in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group is absent, then Formula (II) is understood to appear as follows

i.e., the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group contains no double bond between the ring-carbon to which the R4 groups are attached and the adjacent ring-nitrogen.

[0238] As used herein in connection with Formula (II), when the dashed line in the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group indicates the presence of a bond, then Formula (II) is understood to appear as follows

i.e., the 6-membered, nitrogen-containing ring that is fused to the Q group contains a double bond between the ring-carbon to which the R4 group is attached and the adjacent ring-nitrogen.

[0239] As used herein in connection with the R1 group

when the dashed line in the ring indicates the presence of a bond, then that group is understood to appear as follows

and when the dashed line in the ring indicates the absence of a bond, then that group is understood to appear as follows



[0240] "-[(C1-C10)alkyl optionally substituted by R1]h-" as used herein in connection with Z means that, when h is 0, Z is a bond. When h is 1, Z-R1, as attached to the piperidine ring bearing A and B substituents, is

where; when i is 0, the (C1-C10)alkyl is unsubstituted by an R1 group at any position other than at the carbon atom furthest removed from the piperidine ring bearing A and B substituents; and, when i is 1, (i.e., the (C1-C10)alkyl is optionally substituted by R1) the optionally substituted by R1 (C1-C10)alkyl is substituted by an R1 group at the carbon atom furthest removed from the piperidine ring bearing A and B substituents and substituted by another independently selected R1 group at any carbon atom of the (C1-C10)alkyl including at the carbon atom furthest removed from the piperidine ring bearing A and B substituents.

[0241] "-[(C2-C10)alkenyl optionally substituted by R1]-" as used herein in connection with Z means that the piperidine ring bearing A and B substituents, is

where; when i is 0, the (C2-C10)alkenyl is unsubstituted by an R1 group at any position other than at the carbon atom furthest removed from the piperidine ring bearing A and B substituents; and, when i is 1, (i.e., the (C2-C10)alkenyl is optionally substituted by R1) the optionally substituted by R1 (C2-C10)alkenyl is substituted by an R1 group at the carbon atom furthest removed from the piperidine ring bearing A and B substituents and substituted by another independently selected R1 group at any carbon atom of the (C2-C10)alkenyl including at the carbon atom furthest removed from the piperidine ring bearing A and B substituents.

[0242] "(C2-C6)bridge" as used herein means a hydrocarbon chain containing 2 to 6 carbon atoms joining two atoms of the piperidine ring of Formula (I) or Formula (II) to form a fused bicyclic ring system. For example, compounds of the invention can comprise a (C2-C6)bridge joining positions 2 and 6 of the piperidine ring (A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge). Exemplary compounds of the invention include those with an unsubstituted (C2)bridge, -CH2-CH2-, joining positions 2 and 6 of the piperidine ring (A-B can together form a (C2)bridge); an unsubstituted (C3)bridge, -CH2-CH2-CH2-, joining positions 2 and 6 of the piperidine ring (A-B can together form a (C3)bridge); an unsubstituted (C4)bridge, -CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-, joining positions 2 and 6 of the piperidine ring (A-B can together form a (C4)bridge); an unsubstituted (C5)bridge, -CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-, joining positions 2 and 6 of the piperidine ring (A-B can together form a (C5)bridge); or an unsubstituted (C6)bridge, - CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-, joining positions 2 and 6 of the piperidine ring (A-B can together form a (C6)bridge). Examples of compounds where A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge include compounds comprising the following ring systems: 8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane; 9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane; 10-aza-bicyclo[4.3.1]decane; 11-aza-bicyclo[5.3.1]undecane; and 12-aza-bicyclo[6.3.1]dodecane. Examples of a (C2-C6)bridge which optionally contains -HC=CH- within the (C2-C6)bridge include -HC=CH-, - CH2-HC=CH-, -HC=CH-CH2-, -CH2-HC=CH-CH2-, and the like. Examples of a (C2-C6)bridge which optionally contains -O- within the (C2-C6)bridge include -CH2-O-CH2-(containing 2 carbon atoms), -CH2-O-CH2-CH2- and -CH2-CH2-O-CH2- (each containing 3 carbon atoms), -CH2-CH2-O-CH2-CH2-, -CH2-O-CH2-CH2-CH2- and -CH2-CH2-CH2-O-CH2-(each containing 4 carbon atoms), and the like.

[0243] In compounds of the invention comprising a bridge joining positions 2 and 6 of the piperidine ring (e.g., A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge), for, e.g., a compound of Formula (II), the exemplary endo bridge



[0244] In compounds of the invention comprising a bridge joining positions 2 and 6 of the piperidine ring (e.g., A-B can together form a (C2-C6)bridge), for, e.g., a compound of Formula (II), the exemplary exo bridge



[0245] In compounds of the invention where the -Z-R1 group comprises a bicyclic group, that bicyclic group can have two orientations. For example, for a -Z-R1 group that is a -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl, e.g., bicyclo[3.3.1]nonanyl, attached directly to the piperidine ring nitrogen, the following orientations are possible: endo:

or

or exo:

or



[0246] When a first group is "substituted with one or more" second groups, one or more hydrogen atoms of the first group is replaced with a corresponding number of second groups. When the number of second groups is two or greater, each second group can be the same or different.

[0247] In one embodiment, a first group is substituted with up to three second groups.

[0248] In another embodiment, a first group is substituted with one or two second groups.

[0249] In another embodiment, a first group is substituted with only one second group.

[0250] The phrase "benzo", "benzo group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II).

[0251] The phrase "pyridino", "pyridino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means



where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyridino Q group is



[0252] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyridino Q group is



[0253] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyridino Q group is



[0254] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyridino Q group is



[0255] The phrase "pyrimidino", "pyrimidino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrimidino Q group is



[0256] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrimidino Q group is



[0257] The phrase "pyrazino", "pyrazino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II).

[0258] The phrase "pyridazino", "pyridazino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyridazino Q group is



[0259] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyridazino Q group is



[0260] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyridazino Q group is



[0261] In one embodiment, the phrase "optionally substituted bicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl", when used in connection with the optionally-substituted R1 group, means



where Rz is defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II).

[0262] In one embodiment the optionally substituted bicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl is



[0263] In another embodiment the optionally substituted bicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl is



[0264] In another embodiment the optionally substituted bicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl is



[0265] In another embodiment the optionally substituted bicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl is



[0266] In another embodiment the optionally substituted bicyclo[3.3.1]nonyl is



[0267] In one embodiment the phrase "optionally substituted -(C6-C14)bicycloalkyl" means

wherein the dashed line denotes the presence or absence of a bond.

[0268] The phrase "pyrrolino", "pyrrolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrrolino Q group is



[0269] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrrolino Q group is



[0270] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrrolino Q group is



[0271] The phrase "imidazolino", "imidazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted imidazolino Q group is



[0272] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted imidazolino Q group is



[0273] The phrase "pyrazolino", "pyrazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means



where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrazolino Q group is



[0274] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrazolino Q group is



[0275] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrazolino Q group is



[0276] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted pyrazolino Q group is



[0277] The phrase "triazolino", "triazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted triazolino Q group is



[0278] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted triazolino Q group is



[0279] The phrase "furano", "furano group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted furano Q group is



[0280] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted furano Q group is



[0281] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted furano Q group is



[0282] The phrase "oxazolino", "oxazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted oxazolino Q group is



[0283] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted oxazolino Q group is



[0284] The phrase "isoxazolino", "isoxazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means



where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted isoxazolino Q group is



[0285] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted isoxazolino Q group is



[0286] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted isoxazolino Q group is



[0287] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted isoxazolino Q group is



[0288] The phrase "oxadiazolino", "oxadiazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted oxadiazolino Q group is



[0289] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted oxadiazolino Q group is



[0290] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted oxadiazolino Q group is



[0291] The phrase "thiopheno", "thiopheno group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted thiopheno Q group is



[0292] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted thiopheno Q group is



[0293] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted thiopheno Q group is



[0294] The phrase "thiazolino", "thiazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted thiazolino Q group is



[0295] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted thiazolino Q group is



[0296] The phrase "isothiazolino", "isothiazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means



where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted isothiazolino Q group is



[0297] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted isothiazolino Q group is



[0298] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted isothiazolino Q group is



[0299] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted isothiazolino Q group is



[0300] The phrase "thiadiazolino", "thiadiazolino group" and the like, when used in connection with the optionally-substituted Q group, means

where R2 and a are defined above for the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of Formulas (I) and (II). In one embodiment, the optionally-substituted thiadiazolino Q group is



[0301] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted thiadiazolino Q group is



[0302] In another embodiment, the optionally-substituted thiadiazolino Q group is



[0303] The phrase "3,3-diphenylpropyl-" and the like, when used in connection with the -Z-R1 group, means

where the 3 carbon of the propyl is indicated by the number 3 in the structure above.

[0304] The phrase "tetrazolyl group" means



[0305] In one embodiment, the tetrazolyl group is



[0306] In another embodiment, the tetrazolyl group is



[0307] The term "animal" includes, but is not limited to, a human or a non-human animal, such as a companion animal or livestock, e.g., a cow, monkey, baboon, chimpanzee, horse, sheep, pig, chicken, turkey, quail, cat, dog, mouse, rat, rabbit or guinea pig.

[0308] The phrase "pharmaceutically acceptable derivative", as used herein, includes any pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, prodrug, radiolabeled, stereoisomer, enantiomer, diastereomer, other stereoisomeric form, racemic mixture, geometric isomer, and/or tautomer, e.g., of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention. In one embodiment, the pharmaceutically acceptable derivative is a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, solvate, radiolabeled, stereoisomer, enantiomer, diastereomer, other stereoisomeric form, racemic mixture, geometric isomer, and/or tautomer, e.g., of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention. In another embodiment, the pharmaceutically acceptable derivative is a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, e.g., of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention.

[0309] The phrase "pharmaceutically acceptable salt", as used herein, is any pharmaceutically acceptable salt that can be prepared from a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound including a salt formed from an acid and a basic functional group, such as a nitrogen group, of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound. Illustrative salts include, but are not limited, to sulfate, citrate, acetate, trifluoroacetate, oxalate, chloride, bromide, iodide, nitrate, bisulfate, phosphate, acid phosphate, isonicotinate, lactate, salicylate, acid citrate, tartrate, oleate, tannate, pantothenate, bitartrate, ascorbate, succinate, maleate, gentisinate, fumarate, gluconate, glucoronate, saccharate, formate, benzoate, glutamate, methanesulfonate, ethanesulfonate, benzenesulfonate, p-toluenesulfonate, and pamoate (i.e., 1,1'-methylene-bis-(2-hydroxy-3-naphthoate)) salts. The term "pharmaceutically acceptable salt" also includes a salt prepared from a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound having an acidic functional group, such as a carboxylic acid functional group, and a pharmaceutically acceptable inorganic or organic base. Suitable bases include, but are not limited to, hydroxides of alkali metals such as sodium, potassium, cesium, and lithium; hydroxides of alkaline earth metal such as calcium and magnesium; hydroxides of other metals, such as aluminum and zinc; ammonia and organic amines, such as unsubstituted or hydroxy-substituted mono-, di-, or trialkylamines; dicyclohexylamine; tributyl amine; pyridine; picoline; N-methyl,N-ethylamine; diethylamine; triethylamine; mono-, bis-, or tris-(2-hydroxy-(C1-C3)alkyl amines), such as mono-, bis-, or tris-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine, 2-hydroxy-tert-butylamine, or tris-(hydroxymethyl)methylamine, N,N-di-[(C1-C3)alky] -N-(hydroxy-(C1-C3)alkyl)-amines, such as N,N-dimethyl-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine, or tri-(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; N-methyl-D-glucamine; and amino acids such as arginine, lysine, and the like. One skilled in the art will recognize that, e.g., acid addition salts of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be prepared by reaction of the compounds with the appropriate acid via a variety of known methods.

[0310] The invention disclosed herein is also meant to encompass all solvates of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds. "Solvates" are known in the art and are considered to be a combination, physical association and/or solvation of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound with a solvent molecule, e.g., a disolvate, monosolvate or hemisolvate when the solvent molecule: Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound molecule ratio is 2:1, 1:1 or 1:2, respectively. This physical association involves varying degrees of ionic and covalent bonding, including hydrogen bonding. In certain instances, the solvate can be isolated, for example when one or more solvent molecules are incorporated into the crystal lattice of a crystalline solid. Thus, "solvate", as used herein, encompasses both solution-phase and isolatable solvates. A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention can be present as a solvated form with a pharmaceutically acceptable solvent, such as water, methanol, ethanol, and the like, and it is intended that the invention include both solvated and unsolvated Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound forms. As "hydrate" relates to a particular subgroup of solvates, i.e., where the solvent molecule is water, hydrates are included within the solvates of the invention. Preparation of solvates is known in the art. For example, M. Caira et al., J. Pharmaceut. Sci., 93(3):601-611 (2004), describes the preparation of solvates of fluconazole with ethyl acetate and with water. Similar preparations of solvates, hemisolvate, hydrates, and the like are described by E.C. van Tonder et al., AAPS Pharm. Sci. Tech., 5(1):Article 12 (2004), and A.L. Bingham et al., Chem. Commun., 603-604 (2001). A typical, non-limiting, process involves dissolving the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound in a desired amount of the desired solvent (organic, water or mixtures thereof) at temperatures above about 20°C to about 25°C, cooling the solution at a rate sufficient to form crystals, and isolating the crystals by known methods, e.g., filtration. Analytical techniques, for example, infrared spectroscopy, can be used to show the presence of the solvent in a crystal of the solvate.

[0311] The invention disclosed herein is also meant to encompass all prodrugs of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds. "Prodrugs" are known in the art and, while not necessarily possessing any pharmaceutical activity as such, are considered to be any covalently bonded carrier(s) that releases the active parent drug in vivo. In general, such prodrugs will be a functional derivative of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II) which is readily convertible in vivo, e.g., by being metabolized, into the required Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II). Conventional procedures for the selection and preparation of suitable prodrug derivatives are described in, for example, Design of Prodrugs, H. Bundgaard ed., Elsevier (1985); "Drug and Enzyme Targeting, Part A," K. Widder et al. eds., Vol. 112 in Methods in Enzymology, Academic Press (1985); Bundgaard, "Design and Application of Prodrugs," Chapter 5 (pp. 113-191) in A Textbook of Drug Design and Development, P. Krogsgaard-Larsen and H. Bundgaard eds., Harwood Academic Publishers (1991); Bundgaard et al., Adv. Drug Delivery Revs. 8:1-38 (1992); Bundgaard et al., J. Pharmaceut. Sci. 77:285 (1988); and Kakeya et al., Chem. Pharm. Bull. 32:692 (1984).

[0312] In addition, one or more hydrogen, carbon or other atoms of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be replaced by an isotope of the hydrogen, carbon or other atoms. Such a "radiolabeled", "radiolabeled form", and the like of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, each of which is encompassed by the invention, is useful as a research and/or diagnostic tool in metabolism pharmacokinetic studies and in binding assays. Examples of isotopes that can be incorporated into a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorous, sulfur, fluorine and chlorine, such as 2H, 3H, 13C, 14C, 15N, 18O, 17O, 31P, 32P, 35S, 18F, and 36Cl, respectively. Radiolabeled compounds of the invention can be prepared by methods known in the art. For example, tritiated compounds of Formula I can be prepared by introducing tritium into the particular compound of Formula I, for example, by catalytic dehalogenation with tritium. This method can include reacting a suitably halogen-substituted precursor of a compound of Formula (I) or Formula (II) with tritium gas in the presence of a suitable catalyst, for example, Pd/C, in the presence or absence of a base. Other suitable methods for preparing tritiated compounds can be found in Filer, Isotopes in the Physical and Biomedical Sciences, Vol. 1, Labeled Compounds (Part A), Chapter 6 (1987). 14C-labeled compounds can be prepared by employing starting materials having a 14C carbon.

[0313] A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can contain one or more asymmetric centers and can thus give rise to enantiomers, diastereomers, and other stereoisomeric forms. The invention is also meant to encompass all such possible forms as well as their racemic and resolved forms or any mixture thereof. When a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound contains an olefinic double bond or other center of geometric asymmetry, and unless specified otherwise, it is intended to include all "geometric isomers", e.g., both E and Z geometric isomers. All "tautomers", e.g., ketone-enol, amide-imidic acid, lactam-lactim, enamine-imine, amine-imine, and enamine-enimine tautomers, are intended to be encompassed by the invention as well.

[0314] As used herein, the terms "stereoisomer", "stereoisomeric form", and the like are general terms for all isomers of individual molecules that differ only in the orientation of their atoms in space. It includes enantiomers and isomers of compounds with more than one chiral center that are not mirror images of one another ("diastereomers").

[0315] The term "chiral center" refers to a carbon atom to which four different groups are attached.

[0316] The term "enantiomer" or "enantiomeric" refers to a molecule that is nonsuperimposeable on its mirror image and hence optically active where the enantiomer rotates the plane of polarized light in one direction and its mirror image rotates the plane of polarized light in the opposite direction.

[0317] The term "racemic" refers to a mixture of equal parts of enantiomers which is optically inactive.

[0318] The term "resolution" refers to the separation or concentration or depletion of one of the two enantiomeric forms of a molecule.

[0319] Optical isomers of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be obtained by known techniques such as chiral chromatography or formation of diastereomeric salts from an optically active acid or base.

[0320] The phrase "effective amount", when used in connection with a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, means an amount effective for: (a) treating or preventing a Condition; (b) detectably inhibiting ORL-1 receptor function in a cell; or (c) detectably activating ORL-1 receptor function in a cell.

[0321] The phrase "effective amount", when used in connection with a second therapeutic agent means an amount for providing the therapeutic effect of the therapeutic agent.

[0322] The terms "modulate", "modulating", and the like as used herein with respect to the ORL-1 receptor mean the mediation of a pharmacodynamic response (e.g., analgesia) in an animal from (i) inhibiting or activating the receptor, or (ii) directly or indirectly affecting the normal regulation of the receptor activity. Compounds that modulate the receptor activity include agonists, partial agonists, antagonists, mixed agonists/antagonists, mixed partial agonists/antagonists and compounds which directly or indirectly affect regulation of the receptor activity.

[0323] As used herein, a compound that binds to a receptor and mimics the regulatory effect(s) of an endogenous ligand is defined as an "agonist". As used herein, a compound that binds to a receptor and is only partly effective as an agonist is defined as a "partial agonist". As used herein, a compound that binds to a receptor but produces no regulatory effect, but rather blocks binding of another agent to the receptor is defined as an "antagonist". (See Ross and Kenakin, Pharmacodynamics: Mechanisms of Drug Action and the Relationship Between Drug Concentration and Effect, Chapter 2 in Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics 31-32 (J.G. Hardman, L.E. Limbird and A.Goodman-Gilman eds., 10th ed 2001).

[0324] The term "MeOH" means methanol, i.e., methyl alcohol.

[0325] The term "EtOH" means ethanol, i.e., ethyl alcohol.

[0326] The term "Et2O" means diethyl ether, i.e., ethoxyethane.

[0327] The term "THF" means tetrahydrofuran.

[0328] The term "DMF" means N,N-dimethylformamide.

[0329] The term "DCM" means methylene chloride, i.e., dichloromethane or CH2Cl2.

[0330] The term "DCE" means dichloroethane.

[0331] The term "EtOAc" means ethyl acetate.

[0332] The term "MeCN" means acetonitrile.

[0333] The term "DMSO" means dimethylsulfoxide, i.e., methylsulfinylmethane.

[0334] The term "AcOH" means acetic acid.

[0335] The term "NH4Cl" means ammonium chloride.

[0336] The term "NH4OH" means ammonium hydroxide.

[0337] The term "TEA" means triethylamine.

[0338] The term "TMA" means trimethylamine.

[0339] The term "DIEA" means N,N-di-iso-propylethylamine or N-ethyl-N-iso-propylpropan-2-amine.

[0340] The term "NaH" means sodium hydride.

[0341] The term "DMAP" means 4-dimethylaminopyridine.

[0342] The term "HOBT" means 1-hydroxybenzotriazole.

[0343] The term "WSCI" means a water soluble carbodiimide, for example, N-ethyl-N'-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide.

[0344] The term "DIC" means 1,3-diisopropylcarbodiimide, i.e., N,N'-methanediylidenedipropan- 2-amine.

[0345] The term "TMSCl" means trimethylsilylchloride or (CH3)3SiCl-

[0346] The term "TFFA" means trifluoroacetic anhydride or 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic anhydride.

[0347] The term "Bn" means benzyl or



[0348] The term "BOC" means tert-butyloxycarbonyl or



[0349] The term "CBZ" means benzyloxycarbonyl or



[0350] The term "IBD" means inflammatory-bowel disease.

[0351] The term "IBS" means irritable-bowel syndrome.

[0352] The term "ALS" means amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

[0353] The phrases "treatment of", "treating", and the like include the amelioration or cessation of a Condition or a symptom thereof. In one embodiment, treating includes inhibiting, for example, decreasing the overall frequency of episodes of a Condition or a symptom thereof.

[0354] The phrases "prevention of", "preventing", and the like include the avoidance of the onset of a Condition or a symptom thereof.

[0355] A "disorder" includes, but is not limited to, the Conditions defined above.

4.4 Methods for Making the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds



[0356] The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds can be made using conventional organic synthesis, in view of the present disclosure, and including the following illustrative methods shown in the schemes below where R1, R2, R3, R4, T1, T2, T3, Q, Y1, Y, Z, A, B, a, and the dashed line are defined above, L is a halogen leaving group such as Br or I, L' is F or Cl, R is -(C1-C4)alkyl or -CF3, R' is -(C1-C4)alkyl, and u is the integer 1 or 2.

In Scheme A and the other schemes, "Lit 1" refers to the procedures described in the publications D.A. Tortolini and M. A. Poss, Org. Lett. 1:1261 (1999) and/or International PCT Publication No. WO 2005/075459 A1 of Euro-Celtique S.A., "Lit 2" refers to the procedures described in U.S. Patent No. 6,635,653 by Goehring et al., and "Lit 3" refers to the procedures described in the publication J. Dudash et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem. Let., 15(21):4793-4796 (2005).

[0357] Compounds of formula A1 and A2 are commercially available or can be prepared by methods known to the art.

[0358] A piperidinium salt of structure A1 can be reacted with a primary amine in a suitable solvent such as ethanol under reflux conditions in the presence of a base such as potassium carbonate as described in reference "Lit 1" to provide the 1-(substituted)piperidine-4-one compound A3. As described in reference "Lit 2," compound A3 can also be prepared by alkylation of a piperidine-4-one of structure A2 with an alkyl bromide or alkyl iodide in a suitable solvent such as dimethyl formamide, acetonitrile or dimethyl sulfoxide in the presence of an inorganic base such as potassium carbonate or an organic base such as diisopropylethylamine. As described in reference "Lit 2," compound A3 can also be prepared by reductive amination of compound A2 with an aldehyde or ketone using either sodium triacetoxyborohydride or sodium cyanoborohydride in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane or methanol, respectively. Compound A3 can then be reductively aminated with a substituted or unsubstituted 1,2-phenylenediamine using sodium triacetoxyborohydride or sodium cyanoborohydride in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane or methanol, respectively, to provide compound A4, as described in reference "Lit 2." Compound A4 can be dissolved in a suitable solvent such as toluene and reacted with ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate in the presence of a base such as triethylamine followed by treatment with an alkali metal alkoxide such as sodium ethoxide in a suitable solvent such as methanol or ethanol to provide compound A5. Compound A5 can be dissolved in a suitable solvent such as toluene and, as described in reference "Lit 3," reacted with a group V or VI halogenating agent, such as thionyl chloride, phosphorus oxychloride or phosphorus pentachloride, and a base such as diisopropylethylamine in which an intermediate, believed to comprise a 3-chloroquinoxalin-2-one, is formed then reacted with the desired amine, e.g., HNT1T2, to give compound A6, as shown in Scheme A.

In Scheme B and the other schemes, "Lit 1b" refers to the procedures described in International PCT Publication No. WO 2005/075459 A1 of Euro-Celtique S.A.

[0359] As described in reference "Lit 1b," compound A3 can be reacted with 50% aqueous hydroxylamine in a suitable solvent such as hexanes to provide an intermediate hydroxylamine which can be converted to an oxime by dehydration in a suitable solvent such as toluene under reflux conditions using a Dean-Stark apparatus. The oxime intermediate can be reduced to the primary amine compound B1 by catalytic hydrogenation using a catalyst such as rhodium on alumina in a suitable solvent such as ethanol under a hydrogen atmosphere at a pressure of 1 atm or greater in a suitable apparatus such as a Parr Hydrogenator according to reference "Lit 1b." Compound B1 can be reacted with ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate in the presence of a base such as triethylamine to provide compound B2. Compound B2 can be reacted with a substituted or unsubstituted 2-halo-1-nitrobenzene (where the halo is fluoride or chloride) in the presence of a base such as potassium carbonate in a suitable solvent such as acetonitrile under reflux conditions to provide compound B3. Compound B3 can be treated with a hydrogenation catalyst such as Raney nickel in a suitable solvent such as ethanol under a hydrogen atmosphere, and the product immediately treated with an alkali metal alkoxide such as sodium ethoxide in a suitable solvent such as methanol or ethanol to provide compound A5, which can be converted to compound A6 as described in Scheme A.



In Scheme C and the other schemes, "Lit 4" refers to the reference P.N. Rylander, Hydrogenation Methods, Academic Press, 104-116 (1994), which provides a review of the methods available for the reduction of nitro groups, and "Lit 5" refers to the Zinin reduction procedures described in the reference Porter, Organic Reactions, 20:455-481 (1973).

[0360] The compound of formula C1 is commercially available or can be prepared by methods known to the art. Compound C1 can be reacted with an acid chloride RCOCl, such as 2,2,2-trifluoroacetyl chloride, or anhydride (RCO)2O, such as 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic anhydride, and a base such as triethylamine in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane or tetrahydrofuran to provide compound C2. Compound C2 can be converted to compound C3 in a two step procedure by hydrolysis of the ester to the carboxylic acid using an appropriate base such as aqueous NaOH, followed by treatment with diphenyl phosphorazidate ("(PhO)2P(=O)N3") and phenylmethanol ("BnOH") under Curtius rearrangement conditions. The benzyloxycarbonyl group of compound C3 can then be removed under hydrogenolysis conditions using a noble metal catalyst, e.g., palladium on carbon, under a hydrogen atmosphere, to provide compound C4. Compound C4 can be reacted with a substituted or unsubstituted 2-halo-1-nitrobenzene (where the halo is fluoride or chloride) (similar to steps described in Scheme B) to provide compound C5. In the next step, compound C5 can be converted to compound C6 using a catalyst such as Raney nickel in a suitable solvent such as ethanol under a hydrogen atmosphere as described in reference "Lit 4." Compound C5 can also be converted to compound C6 by chemical means, such as with Zn, Sn(II) chloride or Fe, or using sulfides or polysulfides by the Zinin Reduction as described in reference "Lit 5." Compound C6 can then be treated with ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate and a base such as triethylamine in a suitable solvent such as toluene, followed by treatment with an alkali metal alkoxide such as sodium ethoxide in a suitable solvent such as ethanol to provide compound C7. Compound A5 can be prepared by alkylation of compound C7 with an alkyl bromide or alkyl iodide or by reductive amination of compound C7 with an aldehyde or ketone, each as described in Scheme A. Thereafter, compound A5 can be converted to compound A6 as described in Scheme A.



[0361] The compound of formula D1 is commercially available or can be prepared from compound C1 by methods known to the art. Compound D2 can be prepared from compound D1 in a similar manner to the preparation of compound C4 from compound C1 in Scheme C. Compound D2 can be reacted with a substituted or unsubstituted 2-halo-1-nitrobenzene (where the halo is fluoride or chloride) (similar to steps described in Scheme B) to provide compound D3. In the next step (similar to steps described in Scheme B), compound D3 can be converted to compound D4 by treatment with a hydrogenation catalyst such as Raney nickel in a suitable solvent such as ethanol under a hydrogen atmosphere, or by chemical means using a reducing agent such as Zn, Sn(II) chloride or Fe, or using sulfide or polysulfides by the Zinin Reduction as described in Scheme C. Thereafter (similar to steps described in Scheme A), compound D4 can be treated with ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate in the presence of a base such as triethylamine followed by treatment with an alkali metal alkoxide such as sodium ethoxide in a suitable solvent such as ethanol to provide compound D5. Compound D5 can be hydrogenolyzed using a noble metal catalyst, e.g., palladium on carbon, in a suitable solvent such as methanol or ethanol under a hydrogen atmosphere to provide compound C7. Compound A5 can be prepared by alkylation of compound C7 with an alkyl bromide or alkyl iodide or by reductive amination of compound C7 with an aldehyde or ketone (similar to steps described in Scheme A). Thereafter, compound A5 can be converted to compound A6 as described in Scheme A.

In Scheme E and the other schemes, "Lit 6" refers to the reference S.O. Lawesson et al., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 86:679 (1977).

[0362] Compound E1, comprising a quinoxaline-2,3(1H,4H)-dithione, can be made by, e.g., reacting Compound A5 (i.e., comprising a quinoxaline-2,3(1H,4H)-dione) with Lawesson's reagent (i.e., 2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dithia-2,4-diphosphetane-2,4-disulfide) according to the procedure described in reference "Lit 6." In one embodiment, Compound E1 can be made by reacting Compound A5 with Lawesson's reagent in a nonpolar solvent such as THF or toluene at a temperature of about 100°C for about 2-3 hours, as shown above. Thereafter, compound E2 can be obtained from compound E1 in an analogous manner as described in Scheme A for obtaining compound A6 from compound A5 except that methyl iodide is used in place of thionyl chloride.

In Scheme F and the other schemes, "Lit 7" refers to the references Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 63:99 (1975) and/or Science 211:586 (1981).

[0363] Compound A4 and diethyl 2-oxomalonate can be dissolved in a solvent with a high boiling point, such as toluene or xylene, and heated under reflux conditions with azeotropic removal of water to provide compound F1. Compound F1 can be hydrolyzed to the carboxylic acid F2 by treatment with a base, such as aqueous NaOH, in a solvent under appropriate conditions, such as methanol or ethanol at a temperature from about 0°C to about 25°C. Upon completion of hydrolysis, the reaction mixture is neutralized, e.g., with dilute HCl, to provide compound F2. Compound F2 can be converted to amide derivative F3 by treatment with a coupling agent, such as N-(3,3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide and triethylamine, and the desired amine, e.g., HNT1T2 shown in the scheme, in a solvent, such as DMF, to provide compound F3, e.g., according to the procedure described in reference "Lit 7."

Compound G1 can be obtained by chlorinating compound A5, e.g., by adding a chlorinating agent, such as thionyl chloride, phosphorus oxychloride or phosphorus pentachoride, to a mixture of compound A5, DMF, and a base such as triethylamine in a solvent with a high boiling point, such as toluene or xylene, under reflux conditions such as is described in reference "Lit 3." Compound G1 can be converted to compound G2 by reacting the former with the desired alkoxide, e.g., a sodium alkoxide, in a solvent, such as tetrahydrofuran, DMF or an alcohol of the alkoxide, to provide compound G2. In a similar manner but with the desired thioalkoxide, e.g., a sodium thioalkoxide, compound G1 can be converted to compound G3, comprising a thioalkoxide, in a suitable solvent to provide compound G3. Compound G3 can be oxidized to the sulfoxide (u=1) or sulfone (u=2) of compound G4 by reacting compound G3 with an oxidizing agent, such as oxone, in a suitable solvent, e.g., as described in K.S. Webb, "A Mild, Inexpensive, and Practical Oxidation of Sulfides," Tetrahedron Let., 35(21):3457-3460 (1994).

In Scheme H and the other schemes, "Lit 8" refers to "A Modified Palladium Catalyzed Reductive Amination Procedure," M. Allegretti et al., Tetrahedron Let., 58:5669-5674 (2002) and "Lit 9 refers to "Molecular Features Associated with Polyamine Modulation of NMDA Receptors," A.H. Lewin et al., J. Med. Chem. 41:988-995 (1998).

[0364] The compound of formula H1, wherein substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, is commercially available or can be prepared by methods known to the art.

[0365] When substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, compound H1 can be converted to compound H2, the "endo" isomer, under reductive amination conditions using, e.g., ammonium formate and a noble metal catalyst, e.g., palladium on carbon, in a solvent such as ethanol or methanol as described in reference "Lit 8." Similarly, where substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, compound H1 can be reacted with aqueous hydroxylamine in a solvent such as hexanes to form an intermediate hydroxylamine, which can be converted to its oxime by dehydration in a solvent with a high boiling point such as toluene, under Dean-stark conditions. The oxime intermediate can be converted to compound H3, the "exo" isomer, by reduction using, e.g., sodium in propanol as described in reference "Lit 9."

In Scheme I and the other schemes, "Lit 10" refers to the procedures described by R.A. Olofson et al. in J. Org. Chem., 49:2081-2082 (1984) and to R.A. Olofson et al. in Tetrahedron Let., 18:1571 (1977).

[0366] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds such as 16 and 17 where substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, can be prepared as described in Scheme I. Compound H2 (the "endo" isomer) or H3 (the "exo" isomer) (where substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge) can be converted to compound I1 by reaction with a substituted or unsubstituted 2-halo-1-nitrobenzene (where the halo is fluoride or chloride) and a base such as potassium carbonate, in a suitable solvent such as DMF or acetonitrile at a temperature from about 20°C to about 100°C. Compound I1 can be demethylated to give compound I2 using, e.g., 1-chloromethylchloroformate in a solvent such as 1,2-dichloroethane, followed by treatment with methanol as described in "Lit 10." Compound 12 can be converted to compound 13 (similar to steps described in reference "Lit 2" in Scheme A). Compound 13 can be converted to compound 14 by hydrogenation using a catalyst under a hydrogen atmosphere or by chemical means using a reducing agent (similar to steps described in references "Lit 4" and "Lit 5" in Scheme C). Compound 14 can be converted to compound I5 by reaction with diethyl 2-oxomalonate in a solvent with a high boiling point such as toluene or xylene under reflux conditions. Compound I5 can be converted to the carboxylic acid derivative 16 by hydrolysis using a base such as aqueous NaOH in a suitable solvent such as methanol or ethanol, followed by neutralization using an acid such as dilute HCl. Compound 16 can be converted to compound 17 by reaction with a coupling agent (similar to steps described in reference "Lit 7" in Scheme F).

Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds such as J3 where substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, can be prepared as described in Scheme J. Compound 14 (where substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, and Compound I4 may exist as either an "endo" isomer an "exo" isomer or a mixture of "endolexo" isomers) can be converted to compound J1, as shown in Scheme J, by reaction with ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate and a base such as triethylamine in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane, followed by reaction with an alkali metal alkoxide, using the procedures described in Scheme A. These "endo" and "exo" isomers can be conveniently separated by flash column chromatography. Compound J1 can be converted to compound J3, through compound J2 (similar to steps described previously in Scheme A).

Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds such as K2, K3 and K4 where substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, can be prepared as described in Scheme K. Compound 16 (where substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, and Compound 16 may exist as either an "endo" isomer an "exo" isomer or a mixture of "endo/exo" isomers) can be converted to compound K1, as shown in Scheme K, using diphenylphosporyl azide and t-butanol under Curtius Rearrangement Conditions (similar to steps described in Scheme C). The tert-butoxycarbonyl group in compound K1 can be removed using acid conditions such as HCl in a solvent such as dioxane or ether to give compound K2 as the hydrochloride salt. Compound K2 can be converted to compound K3 using an acid chloride R7COCl and a base such as triethylamine in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane or DMF, or using a carboxylic acid R7COOH, a coupling reagent such as N-(3,3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N'-ethylcarbodiimide, a base such as triethylamine in a suitable solvent such as DMF as described in the literature references in Scheme F. Compound K2 can be converted to compound K4 using an alkyl or aryl sulfonyl chloride such as methanesulfonyl chloride or sulfonic acid anhydride such as trifluoromethylsulfonic anhydride, a base such as triethylamine, in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane.



[0367] Compound I4 can be prepared, as shown in Scheme L, from compound A1 (similar to steps described in Scheme A). Where substituent groups A and B of compound I4 form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, the two isomers, "exo" and "endo," can be separated by chromatography and can be separately converted to compounds such as A5, A6, F2, F3, and the like as described earlier in Schemes A, B, and F.



[0368] As shown in Scheme M, compound A3 can be converted to compound M1 under reductive amination conditions using a BOC protected, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2-phenylenediamine and a reducing agent such as sodium triacetoxyborohydride or sodium cyanoborohydride in a suitable solvent such as dichloromethane or methanol respectively as described in reference "Lit 2." The BOC protecting group can be removed using acidic conditions, such as using HCl or 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid, to give an intermediate which can be converted to compound J1 in a two step procedure using ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate and a base such as triethylamine, followed by reaction with an alkali metal alkoxide such as sodium ethoxide in a suitable solvent such as ethanol. Where substituent groups A and B together form a bridge, e.g., a two carbon bridge, the "exo" and "endo" isomers which result can be conveniently separated using flash column chromatography.

Scheme N shows the conversion of the literature compound N1 to intermediates N8 and N9.

[0369] 3-Oxo-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-ene-8-carboxylic acid methyl ester N1 can be prepared according to the literature procedure discribed in N.Cramer; S.Laschat; A.Baro; W.Frey; Syn. Lett., (2003), 14, 2175-2177.

[0370] This intermediate N1 can be reacted with 1,2-phenylene-diamine under reductive amination conditions using sodium triacetoxyborohydride in dichloromethane to give the coupled products 3-(2-amino-phenylamino)-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-ene-8-carboxylic acid methyl esters N2 and N3 as a mixture of endo and exo isomers which can be taken to the next step without purification. Compounds N2 and N3 can be dissolved in toluene and acetic acid to which diethyl ketomalonate can be added and the mixture can be heated under reflux. Purification of the reaction mixture by column chromatography gives 4-(8-methoxycarbonyl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-en-3-yl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl esters N4 and N5 as a mixture of endo and exo esters which can be purified by chromatography. The methyl carbamate group can be removed from N4 and N5 using iodo trimethylsilane in dichloromethane to give 4-(8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-en-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl esters N6 and N7 as a mixture of exo and endo isomers. Intermediates. N6 and N7 can be alkylated with various alkyl bromides and iodides such as 3-bromo-cyclooctene and a catalytic amount of potassium iodide and triethylamine in a solvent such as acetonitrile to give isomers N8 and N9 which can be separated by column chromatography. Finally hydrolysis of the ester group can be achieved using sodium hydroxide in aqueous ethanol to give the carboxylic acids N10 and N11 as shown in Scheme O.




4.5 Therapeutic Uses of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds



[0371] In accordance with the invention, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds are administered to an animal in need of treatment or prevention of a Condition.

[0372] In one embodiment, an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be used to treat or prevent any condition treatable or preventable by inhibiting the activity of the ORL-1 receptor. Examples of Conditions that are treatable or preventable by inhibiting the activity of the ORL-1 receptor include, but are not limited to, pain (CNS effect), memory disorders, obesity, constipation, depression, dementia, and Parkinsonism.

[0373] In another embodiment, an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be used to treat or prevent any condition treatable or preventable by activating the ORL-1 receptor. Examples of Conditions that are treatable or preventable by activating the ORL-1 receptor include, but are not limited to, pain (PNS effect), anxiety, cough, diarrhea, blood pressure disorder (via vasodilation and via diuresis), epilepsy, anorexia/cachexia, urinary incontinence, and drug abuse.

[0374] The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds can be used to treat or prevent acute or chronic pain. Examples of pain that can be treated or prevented using a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound include, but are not limited to, cancer pain, neuropathic pain, labor pain, myocardial infarction pain, pancreatic pain, colic pain, post-operative pain, headache pain, muscle pain, arthritic pain, and pain associated with a periodontal disease, including gingivitis and periodontitis.

[0375] The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds can also be used to treat or prevent pain associated with inflammation or with an inflammatory disease in an animal. Such pain can arise where there is an inflammation of the body tissue which can be a local inflammatory response or a systemic inflammation. For example, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be used to treat or prevent pain associated with inflammatory diseases including, but not limited to, organ transplant rejection; reoxygenation injury resulting from organ transplantation (see Grupp et a/., J. Mol, Cell Cardiol. 31:297-303 (1999)) including, but not limited to, transplantation of the heart, lung, liver, or kidney; chronic inflammatory diseases of the joints, including arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and bone diseases associated with increased bone resorption; inflammatory bowel diseases, such as ileitis, ulcerative colitis, Barrett's syndrome, and Crohn's disease; inflammatory lung diseases, such as asthma, adult respiratory distress syndrome, and chronic obstructive airway disease; inflammatory diseases of the eye, including corneal dystrophy, trachoma, onchocerciasis, uveitis, sympathetic ophthalmitis and endophthalmitis; chronic inflammatory disease of the gum, including gingivitis and periodontitis; tuberculosis; leprosy; inflammatory diseases of the kidney, including uremic complications, glomerulonephritis and nephrosis; inflammatory disease of the skin, including sclerodermatitis, psoriasis and eczema; inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system, including chronic demyelinating diseases of the nervous system, multiple sclerosis, AIDS-related neurodegeneration and Alzheimer's disease, infectious meningitis, encephalomyelitis, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and viral or autoimmune encephalitis; autoimmune diseases, including Type I and Type II diabetes mellitus; diabetic complications, including, but not limited to, diabetic cataract, glaucoma, retinopathy, nephropathy (such as microaluminuria and progressive diabetic nephropathy), gangrene of the feet, atherosclerotic coronary arterial disease, peripheral arterial disease, nonketotic hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar coma, foot ulcers, joint problems, and a skin or mucous membrane complication (such as an infection, a shin spot, a candidal infection or necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum), immune-complex vasculitis, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); inflammatory disease of the heart, such as cardiomyopathy, ischemic heart disease hypercholesterolemia, and artherosclerosis; as well as various other diseases that can have significant inflammatory components, including preeclampsia, chronic liver failure, brain and spinal cord trauma, and cancer. A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can also be used to treat or prevent pain associated with inflammatory disease that can, for example, be a systemic inflammation of the body, exemplified by gram-positive or gram negative shock, hemorrhagic or anaphylactic shock, or shock induced by cancer chemotherapy in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines, e.g., shock associated with pro-inflammatory cytokines. Such shock can be induced, e.g., by a chemotherapeutic agent that is administered as a treatment for cancer.

[0376] The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds can also be used to treat or prevent pain associated with nerve injury (i.e., neuropathic pain). Chronic neuropathic pain is a heterogenous disease state with an unclear etiology. In chronic neuropathic pain, the pain can be mediated by multiple mechanisms. This type of pain generally arises from injury to the peripheral or central nervous tissue. The syndromes include pain associated with spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, post-herpetic neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, phantom pain, causalgia, and reflex sympathetic dystrophy and lower back pain. The chronic pain is different from acute pain in that chronic neuropathic pain patients suffer the abnormal pain sensations that can be described as spontaneous pain, continuous superficial burning and/or deep aching pain. The pain can be evoked by heat-, cold-, and mechano-hyperalgesia, or by heat-, cold-, or mechano-allodynia.

[0377] Chronic neuropathic pain can be caused by injury or infection of peripheral sensory nerves. It includes, but is not limited to, pain from peripheral nerve trauma, herpes virus infection, diabetes mellitus, causalgia, plexus avulsion, neuroma, limb amputation, and vasculitis. Neuropathic pain can also be caused by nerve damage from chronic alcoholism, human immunodeficiency virus infection, hypothyroidism, uremia, or vitamin deficiencies. Stroke (spinal or brain) and spinal cord injury can also induce neuropathic pain. Cancer-related neuropathic pain results from tumor growth compression of adjacent nerves, brain, or spinal cord. In addition, cancer treatments, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can cause nerve injury. Neuropathic pain includes but is not limited to pain caused by nerve injury such as, for example, the pain from which diabetics suffer.

[0378] The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds can be used to treat or prevent a migraine including, but not limited to, migraine without aura ("common migraine"), migraine with aura ("classic migraine"), migraine without headache, basilar migraine, familial hemiplegic migraine, migrainous infarction, and migraine with prolonged aura.

[0379] According to the invention, some of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds are agonists at the ORL-1 receptor, some of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds are partial agonists at the ORL-1 receptor, and some of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds are antagonists at the ORL-1 receptor. In another embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is an agonist at the ORL-1 receptor and an agonist at a µ, κ and/or δ opioid receptor, particularly at a µ opioid receptor. In another embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is a partial agonist at the ORL-1 receptor and an agonist at a µ, κ and/or δ opioid receptor, particularly at a µ opioid receptor. In another embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is an antagonist at the ORL-1 receptor and an agonist at a µ, κ and/or δ opioid receptor, particularly at a µ opioid receptor. In another embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is an agonist at the ORL-1 receptor and an antagonist at a µ, κ and/or δ opioid receptor, particularly at a µ opioid receptor. In another embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is a partial agonist at the ORL-1 receptor and an antagonist at a µ, κ and/or δ opioid receptor, particularly at a µ opioid receptor. In another embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is an antagonist at the ORL-1 receptor and an antagonist at a µ, κ and/or δ opioid receptor, particularly at a µ opioid receptor.

[0380] The invention also provides methods for inhibiting ORL-1 receptor function in a cell, comprising contacting a cell capable of expressing the ORL-1 receptor with an amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound effective to inhibit ORL-1 receptor function in the cell. This method can be adapted for use in vitro as part of an assay to select compounds that can be useful for treating or preventing a Condition in an animal. Alternatively, this method can be adapted for use in vivo, (i.e., in an animal such as a human) by contacting a cell in the animal with an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound. In one embodiment, the method is useful for treating or preventing pain in an animal in need of such treatment or prevention. In another embodiment, the method is useful for treating or preventing a memory disorder, obesity, constipation, depression, dementia, or Parkinsonism in an animal in need of such treatment or prevention.

[0381] The invention also relates to methods for activating ORL-1 receptor function in a cell, comprising contacting a cell capable of expressing the ORL-1 receptor with an amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound effective to activate ORL-1 receptor function in the cell. This method can be adapted for use in vitro as part of an assay to select compounds useful for treating or preventing, pain, anxiety, cough, diarrhea, high blood pressure, epilepsy, anorexia/cachexia, urinary incontinence, or drug abuse. Alternatively, the method can be adapted for use in vivo (i.e., in an animal such as a human), by contacting a cell in the animal with an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound. In one embodiment the method is useful for treating or preventing pain in an animal in need of such treatment or prevention. In another embodiment, the method is useful for treating or preventing anxiety, cough, diarrhea, high blood pressure, epilepsy, anorexia/chachexia, urinary incontinence, or drug abuse in an animal in need of such treatment or prevention.

[0382] Examples of tissue comprising cells capable of expressing the ORL-1 receptor include but are not limited to brain, spinal cord, vas deferens, and gastrointestinal tract tissue. Methods for assaying cells that express the ORL-1 receptor are known in the art; for example, see Y. Shimohigashi et al., "Sensitivity of opioid receptor-like receptor ORL1 for chemical modification on nociceptin, a naturally occurring nociceptive peptide," J. Biol. Chem. 271(39):23642-23645 (1996); M. Narita et al., "Identification of the G-protein coupled ORL1 receptor in the mouse spinal cord by [35S]-GTPγS binding and immunohistochemistry," Brit. J. Pharmacol. 128:1300-1306 (1999); G. Milligan, "Principles: Extending then utility of [35S]GTPγS binding assays," TIPS 14:110-112 (2003): and S. Lazareno, "Measurement of agonist-stimulated [35S]GTPγS binding to cell membranes," Methods in Molecular Biology Vol. 106:231245 (1999).

4.6 Therapeutic/Prophylactic Administration and Compositions of the Invention



[0383] Due to their activity, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds are advantageously useful in human and veterinary medicine. As described above, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds are useful for treating or preventing a Condition in an animal in need thereof. The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention can be administered to any animal requiring modulation of the opioid and/or ORL-1 receptors.

[0384] When administered to an animal, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be administered as a component of a composition that comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. The invention compositions, which comprise a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, can be administered orally. A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can also be administered by any other convenient route, for example, by infusion or bolus injection, by absorption through epithelial or mucocutaneous linings (e.g., oral, rectal, and intestinal mucosa, etc.) and can be administered together with a second therapeutically active agent. Administration can be systemic or local. Various delivery systems are known, e.g., encapsulation in liposomes, microparticles, microcapsules, multiparticulates, capsules, etc., and can be used to administer a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound.

[0385] Methods of administration include, but are not limited to, intradermal, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, parenteral, intravenous, subcutaneous, intranasal, epidural, oral, sublingual, intracerebral, intravaginal, transdermal, rectal, by inhalation, or topical, particularly to the ears, nose, eyes, or skin. The method of administration is left to the discretion of the practitioner. In most instances, administration will result in the release of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound into the bloodstream.

[0386] In specific embodiments, it can be desirable to administer a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound locally. This can be achieved, for example and not by way of limitation, by local infusion during surgery, topical application, e.g., in conjunction with a wound dressing after surgery, by injection, by means of a catheter, by means of a suppository or enema, or by means of an implant, said implant being of a porous, non-porous, or gelatinous material, including membranes, such as sialastic membranes, or fibers.

[0387] In certain embodiments, it can be desirable to introduce a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound into the central nervous system or gastrointestinal tract by any suitable route, including intraventricular, intrathecal, and epidural injection, and enema. Intraventricular injection can be facilitated by an intraventricular catheter, for example, attached to a reservoir, such as an Ommaya reservoir.

[0388] Pulmonary administration can also be employed, e.g., by use of an inhaler or nebulizer, and formulation with an aerosolizing agent, or via perfusion in a fluorocarbon or synthetic pulmonary surfactant. In certain embodiments, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be formulated as a suppository, with traditional binders and excipients such as triglycerides.

[0389] When a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention is incorporated for parenteral administration by injection (e.g., continuous infusion or bolus injection), the formulation for parenteral administration can be in the form of a suspension, solution, emulsion in an oily or aqueous vehicle, and such formulations can further comprise pharmaceutically necessary additives such as one or more stabilizing agents, suspending agents, dispersing agents, and the like. A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention can also be in the form of a powder for reconstitution as an injectable formulation.

[0390] In another embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be delivered in a vesicle, in particular a liposome (see Langer, Science 249:1527-1533 (1990); and Treat et al., Liposomes in the Therapy of Infectious Disease and Cancer 317-327 and 353-365 (1989)).

[0391] In yet another embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be delivered in a controlled-release system or sustained-release system (see, e.g., Goodson, "Dental Applications" (pp. 115-138) in Medical Applications of Controlled Release, Vol. 2, Applications and Evaluation, R.S. Langer and D.L. Wise eds., CRC Press (1984)). Other controlled- or sustained-release systems discussed in the review by Langer, Science 249:1527-1533 (1990) can be used. In one embodiment, a pump can be used (Langer, Science 249:1527-1533 (1990); Sefton, CRC Crit. Ref. Biomed. Eng. 14:201 (1987); Buchwald et al., Surgery 88:507 (1980); and Saudek et al., N. Engl. J. Med. 321:574 (1989)). In another embodiment, polymeric materials can be used (see Medical Applications of Controlled Release (Langer and Wise eds., 1974); Controlled Drug Bioavailability, Drug Product Design and Performance (Smolen and Ball eds., 1984); Ranger and Peppas, J. Macromol. Sci. Rev. Macromol. Chem. 23:61 (1983); Levy et al., Science 228:190 (1985); During et al., Ann. Neurol. 25:351 (1989); and Howard et al., J. Neurosurg. 71:105 (1989)). In yet another embodiment, a controlled- or sustained-release system can be placed in proximity of a target of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, e.g., the spinal column, brain, or gastrointestinal tract, thus requiring only a fraction of the systemic dose.

[0392] The invention compositions can optionally comprise a suitable amount of a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient so as to provide the form for proper administration to the animal. Such a pharmaceutical excipient can be a diluent, suspending agent, solubilizer, binder, disintegrant, preservative, coloring agent, lubricant, and the like. The pharmaceutical excipient can be a liquid, such as water or an oil, including those of petroleum, animal, vegetable, or synthetic origin, such as peanut oil, soybean oil, mineral oil, sesame oil, and the like. The pharmaceutical excipient can be saline, gum acacia, gelatin, starch paste, talc, keratin, colloidal silica, urea, and the like. In addition, auxiliary, stabilizing, thickening, lubricating, and coloring agents can be used. In one embodiment, the pharmaceutically acceptable excipient is sterile when administered to an animal. Water is a particularly useful excipient when a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is administered intravenously. Saline solutions and aqueous dextrose and glycerol solutions can also be employed as liquid excipients, particularly for injectable solutions. Suitable pharmaceutical excipients also include starch, glucose, lactose, sucrose, gelatin, malt, rice, flour, chalk, silica gel, sodium stearate, glycerol monostearate, talc, sodium chloride, dried skim milk, glycerol, propylene glycol, water, ethanol, and the like. The invention compositions, if desired, can also contain minor amounts of wetting or emulsifying agents, or pH buffering agents. Specific examples of pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and excipients that can be used to formulate oral dosage forms are described in the Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients, American Pharmaceutical Association (1986).

[0393] The invention compositions can take the form of solutions, suspensions, emulsions, tablets, pills, pellets, capsules, capsules containing liquids, powders, sustained-release formulations, suppositories, emulsions, aerosols, sprays, suspensions, or any other form suitable for use. In one embodiment, the composition is in the form of a capsule (see, e.g., U.S. Patent No. 5,698,155). Other examples of suitable pharmaceutical excipients are described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences 1447-1676 (Alfonso R. Gennaro ed., 19th ed. 1995), incorporated herein by reference.

[0394] In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds are formulated in accordance with routine procedures as a composition adapted for oral administration to human beings. A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound to be orally delivered can be in the form of tablets, capsules, gelcaps, caplets, lozenges, aqueous or oily solutions, suspensions, granules, powders, emulsions, syrups, or elixirs, for example. When a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is incorporated into oral tablets, such tablets can be compressed, tablet triturates, enteric-coated, sugar-coated, film-coated, multiply compressed or multiply layered. Techniques and compositions for making solid oral dosage forms are described in Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms: Tablets (Lieberman, Lachman and Schwartz, eds., 2nd ed.) published by Marcel Dekker, Inc. Techniques and compositions for making tablets (compressed and molded), capsules (hard and soft gelatin) and pills are also described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences 1553-1593 (Arthur Osol, ed., 16th ed., Mack Publishing, Easton, PA 1980).

[0395] Liquid oral dosage forms include aqueous and nonaqueous solutions, emulsions, suspensions, and solutions and/or suspensions reconstituted from non-effervescent granules, optionally containing one or more suitable solvents, preservatives, emulsifying agents, suspending agents, diluents, sweeteners, coloring agents, flavoring agents, and the like. Techniques and composition for making liquid oral dosage forms are described in Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms: Disperse Systems, (Lieberman, Rieger and Banker, eds.) published by Marcel Dekker, Inc.

[0396] When a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is to be injected parenterally, it can be, e.g., in the form of an isotonic sterile solution. Alternatively, when a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is to be inhaled, it can be formulated into a dry aerosol or can be formulated into an aqueous or partially aqueous solution.

[0397] An orally administered Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can contain one or more agents, for example, sweetening agents such as fructose, aspartame or saccharin; flavoring agents such as peppermint, oil of wintergreen, or cherry; coloring agents; and preserving agents, to provide a pharmaceutically palatable preparation. Moreover, where in tablet or pill form, the compositions can be coated to delay disintegration and absorption in the gastrointestinal tract thereby providing a sustained action over an extended period of time. Selectively permeable membranes surrounding an osmotically active driving compound are also suitable for orally administered compositions. In these latter platforms, fluid from the environment surrounding the capsule is imbibed by the driving compound, which swells to displace the agent or agent composition through an aperture. These delivery platforms can provide an essentially zero order delivery profile as opposed to the spiked profiles of immediate release formulations. A time-delay material such as glycerol monostearate or glycerol stearate can also be used. Oral compositions can include standard excipients such as mannitol, lactose, starch, magnesium stearate, sodium saccharin, cellulose, and magnesium carbonate. In one embodiment, the excipients are of pharmaceutical grade.

[0398] In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds can be formulated for intravenous administration. Typically, compositions for intravenous administration comprise sterile isotonic aqueous buffer. Where necessary, the compositions can also include a solubilizing agent. A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound for intravenous administration can optionally include a local anesthetic such as benzocaine or prilocaine to lessen pain at the site of the injection. Generally, the ingredients are supplied either separately or mixed together in unit dosage form, for example, as a dry lyophilized powder or water free concentrate in a hermetically sealed container such as an ampule or sachette indicating the quantity of active agent. Where a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is to be administered by infusion, it can be dispensed, for example, with an infusion bottle containing sterile pharmaceutical grade water or saline. Where a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is administered by injection, an ampule of sterile water for injection or saline can be provided so that the ingredients can be mixed prior to administration.

[0399] A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be administered by controlled-release or sustained-release means or by delivery devices that are known to those in the art. Examples include, but are not limited to, those described in U.S. Patent Nos.: 3,845,770; 3,916,899; 3,536,809; 3,598,123; 4,008,719; 5,674,533; 5,059,595; 5,591,767; 5,120,548; 5,073,543; 5,639,476; 5,354,556; and 5,733,566, each of which is incorporated herein by reference. Such dosage forms can be used to provide controlled- or sustained-release of one or more active ingredients using, for example, hydropropylmethyl cellulose, other polymer matrices, gels, permeable membranes, osmotic systems, multilayer coatings, microparticles, multiparticulates, liposomes, microspheres, or a combination thereof to provide the desired release profile in varying proportions. Suitable controlled- or sustained-release formulations known to those in the art, including those described herein, can be readily selected for use with the active ingredients of the invention. The invention thus encompasses single unit dosage forms suitable for oral administration such as, but not limited to, tablets, capsules, gelcaps, and caplets that are adapted for controlled- or sustained-release.

[0400] Controlled- or sustained-release pharmaceutical compositions can have a common goal of improving drug therapy over that achieved by their non-controlled or non-sustained-release counterparts. In one embodiment, a controlled- or sustained-release composition comprises a minimal amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound to treat or prevent the Condition or a symptom thereof in a minimum amount of time. Advantages of controlled- or sustained-release compositions include extended activity of the drug, reduced dosage frequency, and increased compliance. In addition, controlled- or sustained-release compositions can favorably affect the time of onset of action or other characteristics, such as blood levels of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, and can thus reduce the occurrence of adverse side effects.

[0401] Controlled- or sustained-release compositions can initially release an amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound that promptly produces the desired therapeutic or prophylactic effect, and gradually and continually release other amounts of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound to maintain this level of therapeutic or prophylactic effect over an extended period of time. To maintain a constant level of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound in the body, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound can be released from the dosage form at a rate that will replace the amount of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound being metabolized and excreted from the body. Controlled- or sustained-release of an active ingredient can be stimulated by various conditions, including but not limited to, changes in pH, changes in temperature, concentration or availability of enzymes, concentration or availability of water, or other physiological conditions or compounds.

[0402] The amount of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound that is effective for the treatment or prevention of a Condition can be determined by standard clinical techniques. In addition, in vitro and/or in vivo assays can optionally be employed to help identify optimal dosage ranges. The precise dose to be employed will also depend on, e.g., the route of administration and the seriousness of the Condition, and can be decided according to the judgment of a practitioner and/or each animal's circumstances. In other examples thereof, variations will necessarily occur depending upon the weight and physical condition (e.g., hepatic and renal function) of the animal being treated, the affliction to be treated, the severity of the symptoms, the frequency of the dosage interval, the presence of any deleterious side-effects, and the particular compound utilized, among other things.

[0403] Suitable effective dosage amounts, however, range from about 0.01mg/kg of body weight to about 3000mg/kg of body weight of the animal per day, although they are typically from about 0.01mg/kg of body weight to about 2500mg/kg of body weight of the animal per day or from about 0.01mg/kg of body weight to about 1000mg/kg of body weight of the animal per day. In one embodiment, the effective dosage amount is about 100mg/kg of body weight of the animal per day or less. In another embodiment, the effective dosage amount ranges from about 0.01mg/kg of body weight to about 100mg/kg of body weight of the animal per day of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, in another embodiment, about 0.02mg/kg of body weight to about 50mg/kg of body weight of the animal per day, and in another embodiment, about 0.025mg/kg of body weight to about 20mg/kg of body weight of the animal per day.

[0404] Administration can be as a single dose or as a divided dose. In one embodiment, an effective dosage amount is administered about every 24hr until the Condition is abated. In another embodiment, an effective dosage amount is administered about every 12hr until the Condition is abated. In another embodiment, an effective dosage amount is administered about every 8hr until the Condition is abated. In another embodiment, an effective dosage amount is administered about every 6hr until the Condition is abated. In another embodiment, an effective dosage amount is administered about every 4hr until the Condition is abated. The effective dosage amounts described herein refer to total amounts administered; that is, if more than one Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is administered, the effective dosage amounts correspond to the total amount administered.

[0405] Where a cell capable of expressing the ORL-1 receptor, the µ-opioid receptor, the κ-opioid receptor and/or the δ-opioid receptor is contacted with a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound in vitro, the amount effective for inhibiting or activating that receptor function in a cell will typically range from about 10-12 mol/L to about 10-4 mol/L, in one embodiment, from about 10-12 mol/L to about 10-5 mol/L, in another embodiment, from about 10-12 mol/L to about 10-6 mol/L, and in another embodiment, from about 10-12 mol/L to about 10-9 mol/L of a solution or suspension of a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. In one embodiment, the volume of solution or suspension comprising the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound will be from about 0.01µL to about 1mL. In another embodiment, the volume of solution or suspension will be about 200µL.

[0406] The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a binding affinity (Ki) for the human ORL-1 receptor of about 1000nM or less in one embodiment, or about 500nM or less in another embodiment, about 100nM or less in another embodiment, about 50nM or less in another embodiment, or about 20nM or less in another embodiment, or about 5nM or less in another embodiment. The binding affinity Ki can be measured in ways known to the art, e.g., by an assay utilizing membranes from recombinant HEK-293 cells expressing the ORL-1 receptor.

[0407] Typically, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 300 or less for binding to ORL-1 receptors. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 35 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 20 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 15 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 10 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 4 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 1 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 0.4 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 0.1 or less.

[0408] ORL-1 GTP EC50 is the concentration of a compound providing 50% of the maximal response for the compound at an ORL-1 receptor. Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds typically will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 5000 or less to stimulate ORL-1 receptor function. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 1000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 80 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 50 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 35 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 15 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 10 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 4 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 1 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 0.4 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP EC50 (nM) of about 0.1 or less.

[0409] ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) is the maximal effect elicited by a compound relative to the effect elicited by nociceptin, a standard ORL-1 agonist. Typically, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention acting as an agonist will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of about 50% or greater. In one embodiment, agonist Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of about 75% or greater. In another embodiment, agonist Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of about 85% or greater. In another embodiment, agonist Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of about 95% or greater. In another embodiment, agonist Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of about 100% or greater. Typically, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of the invention acting as a partial agonist will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of less than about 10%. In one embodiment, partial agonist Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of less than about 20%. In another embodiment, partial agonist Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of less than about 30%. In another embodiment, partial agonist Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of less than about 40%. In another embodiment, partial agonist Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have an ORL-1 GTP Emax (%) of less than about 50%.

[0410] The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a binding affinity (Ki) for the human µ-opioid receptors of about 1000nM or less in one embodiment, or about 500nM or less in another embodiment, about 100nM or less in another embodiment, about 50nM or less in another embodiment, or about 20nM or less in another embodiment, or about 5nM or less in another embodiment.

[0411] Typically, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 3000 or less for binding to µ-opioid receptors. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 1000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 650 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 525 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 250 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 10 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a Ki (nM) of about 1 or less.

[0412] µ GTP EC50 is the concentration of a compound providing 50% of the maximal response for the compound at a µ-opioid receptor. Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds typically will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 5000 or less to stimulate µ-opioid receptor function. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 4100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 3100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 2000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 1000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 10 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 1 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a µ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 0.4 or less.

[0413] µ GTP Emax (%) is the maximal effect elicited by a compound relative to the effect elicited by DAMGO, a standard µ agonist. Typically, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a µ GTP Emax (%) of about 10% or greater. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a µ GTP Emax (%) of about 20% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a µ GTP Emax (%) of about 50% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a µ GTP Emax (%) of about 65% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a µ GTP Emax (%) of about 75% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a µ GTP Emax (%) of about 88% or greater.

[0414] Typically, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 20,000 or less for κ receptors. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have substantially no activity. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 10,000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 5000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 1000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 500 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 300 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 50 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 20 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 15 or less.

[0415] κ GTP EC50 is the concentration of a compound providing 50% of the maximal response for the compound at a κ receptor. Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds typically will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 20,000 or less to stimulate κ opioid receptor function. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 10,000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 5000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 2000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 1500 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 800 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 500 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 300 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 50 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 25 or less.

[0416] κ GTP Emax (%) is the maximal effect elicited by a compound relative to the effect elicited by U69,593. Typically, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a κ GTP Emax (%) of about 10% or greater. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP Emax (%) of about 15% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP Emax (%) of about 30% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP Emax (%) of about 40% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP Emax (%) of about 45% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP Emax (%) of about 75% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a κ GTP Emax (%) of about 90% or greater.

[0417] Typically, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 20,000 or less for δ receptors. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have substantially no activity. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 10,000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 9000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 7500 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 6500 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 5000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 3000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 2500 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 1000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 500 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 350 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 250 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a Ki (nM) of about 100 or less.

[0418] δ GTP EC50 is the concentration of a compound providing 50% of the maximal response for the compound at a δ receptor. Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds typically will have a δ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 20,000 or less to stimulate δ opioid receptor function. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 10,000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 1000 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 100 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 90 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 50 or less. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP EC50 (nM) of about 25 or less or less.

[0419] δ GTP Emax (%) is the maximal effect elicited by a compound relative to the effect elicited by met-enkephalin. Typically, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds of the invention will have a δ GTP Emax (%) of about 10% or greater. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP Emax (%) of about 30% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP Emax (%) of about 50% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP Emax (%) of about 75% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP Emax (%) of about 90% or greater. In another embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds will have a δ GTP Emax (%) of about 100% or greater.

[0420] The Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds can be assayed in vitro or in vivo for the desired therapeutic or prophylactic activity prior to use in humans. Animal model systems can be used to demonstrate safety and efficacy.

[0421] The methods for treating or preventing a Condition in an animal in need thereof can further comprise co-administering to the animal being administered a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound (i.e., a first therapeutic agent) a second therapeutic agent. In one embodiment, the second therapeutic agent is administered in an effective amount.

[0422] An effective amount of the second therapeutic agent will be known to those skilled the art depending on the agent. However, it is well within the skilled artisan's purview to determine the second therapeutic agent's optimal effective-amount range. A Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and the second therapeutic agent combined can act either additively or synergistically to treat the same Condition, or they may act independently of each other such that the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound treats or prevents a first Condition and the second therapeutic agent treats or prevents a second disorder, which can be the same as the first Condition or another disorder. In one embodiment of the invention, where a second therapeutic agent is administered to an animal for treatment of a Condition (e.g., pain), the minimal effective amount of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound will be less than its minimal effective amount would be where the second therapeutic agent is not administered. In this embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and the second therapeutic agent can act synergistically to treat or prevent a Condition. In one embodiment, a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is administered concurrently with a second therapeutic agent as a single composition comprising an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and an effective amount of the second therapeutic agent. Alternatively, a composition comprising an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and a second composition comprising an effective amount of the second therapeutic agent are concurrently administered. In another embodiment, an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is administered prior or subsequent to administration of an effective amount of the second therapeutic agent. In this embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is administered while the second therapeutic agent exerts its therapeutic effect, or the second therapeutic agent is administered while the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound exerts its therapeutic effect for treating or preventing a Condition.

[0423] The second therapeutic agent can be, but is not limited to, an opioid agonist, a non-opioid analgesic, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, an antimigraine agent, a Cox-II inhibitor, a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, an anti-emetic, a β-adrenergic blocker, an anticonvulsant, an antidepressant, a Ca2+-channel blocker, an anti-cancer agent, an agent for treating or preventing UI, an agent for treating or preventing anxiety, an agent for treating or preventing a memory disorder, an agent for treating or preventing obesity, an agent for treating or preventing constipation, an agent for treating or preventing cough, an agent for treating or preventing diarrhea, an agent for treating or preventing high blood pressure, an agent for treating or preventing epilepsy, an agent for treating or preventing anorexia/cachexia, an agent for treating or preventing drug abuse, an agent for treating or preventing an ulcer, an agent for treating or preventing IBD, an agent for treating or preventing IBS, an agent for treating or preventing addictive disorder, an agent for treating or preventing Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism, an agent for treating or preventing a stroke, an agent for treating or preventing a seizure, an agent for treating or preventing a pruritic condition, an agent for treating or preventing psychosis, an agent for treating or preventing Huntington's chorea, an agent for treating or preventing ALS, an agent for treating or preventing a cognitive disorder, an agent for treating or preventing a migraine, an agent for inhibiting vomiting, an agent for treating or preventing dyskinesia, an agent for treating or preventing depression, or any mixture thereof.

[0424] Examples of useful opioid agonists include, but are not limited to, alfentanil, allylprodine, alphaprodine, anileridine, benzylmorphine, bezitramide, buprenorphine, butorphanol, clonitazene, codeine, desomorphine, dextromoramide, dezocine, diampromide, diamorphone, dihydrocodeine, dihydromorphine, dimenoxadol, dimepheptanol, dimethylthiambutene, dioxaphetyl butyrate, dipipanone, eptazocine, ethoheptazine, ethylmethylthiambutene, ethylmorphine, etonitazene, fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, hydroxypethidine, isomethadone, ketobemidone, levorphanol, levophenacylmorphan, lofentanil, meperidine, meptazinol, metazocine, methadone, metopon, morphine, myrophine, nalbuphine, narceine, nicomorphine, norlevorphanol, normethadone, nalorphine, normorphine, norpipanone, opium, oxycodone, oxymorphone, papaveretum, pentazocine, phenadoxone, phenomorphan, phenazocine, phenoperidine, piminodine, piritramide, proheptazine, promedol, properidine, propiram, propoxyphene, sufentanil, tilidine, tramadol, pharmaceutically acceptable derivatives thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0425] In certain embodiments, the opioid agonist is selected from codeine, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, oxycodone, dihydrocodeine, dihydromorphine, morphine, tramadol, oxymorphone, pharmaceutically acceptable derivatives thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0426] Examples of useful non-opioid analgesics include, but are not limited to, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen, benoxaprofen, flurbiprofen, fenoprofen, flubufen, ketoprofen, indoprofen, piroprofen, carprofen, oxaprozin, pramoprofen, muroprofen, trioxaprofen, suprofen, aminoprofen, tiaprofenic acid, fluprofen, bucloxic acid, indomethacin, sulindac, tolmetin, zomepirac, tiopinac, zidometacin, acemetacin, fentiazac, clidanac, oxpinac, mefenamic acid, meclofenamic acid, flufenamic acid, niflumic acid, tolfenamic acid, diflurisal, flufenisal, piroxicam, sudoxicam, isoxicam, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof. Other suitable non-opioid analgesics include the following, non-limiting, chemical classes of analgesic, antipyretic, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: salicylic acid derivatives, including aspirin, sodium salicylate, choline magnesium trisalicylate, salsalate, diflunisal, salicylsalicylic acid, sulfasalazine, and olsalazin; para-aminophenol derivatives including acetaminophen and phenacetin; indole and indene acetic acids, including indomethacin, sulindac, and etodolac; heteroaryl acetic acids, including tolmetin, diclofenac, and ketorolac; anthranilic acids (fenamates), including mefenamic acid and meclofenamic acid; enolic acids, including oxicams (piroxicam, tenoxicam), and pyrazolidinediones (phenylbutazone, oxyphenthartazone); alkanones, including nabumetone; a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof; or any mixture thereof. For a more detailed description of the NSAIDs, see Paul A. Insel, Analgesic-Antipyretic and Anti-inflammatory Agents and Drugs Employed in the Treatment of Gout, in Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics 617-57 (P.B. Molinhoff and R.W. Ruddon eds., 9th ed 1996), and G.R. Hanson, Analgesic, Antipyretic and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy Vol II 1196-1221 (A.R. Gennaro ed. 19th ed. 1995), which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties.

[0427] Examples of useful Cox-II inhibitors and 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors, as well as combinations thereof, are described in U.S. Patent No. 6,136,839, which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety. Examples of useful Cox-II inhibitors include, but are not limited to, celecoxib, DUP-697, flosulide, meloxicam, 6-MNA, L-745337, rofecoxib, nabumetone, nimesulide, NS-398, SC-5766, T-614, L-768277, GR-253035, JTE-522, RS-57067-000, SC-58125, SC-078, PD-138387, NS-398, flosulide, D-1367, SC-5766, PD-164387, etoricoxib, valdecoxib, parecoxib, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0428] Examples of useful antimigraine agents include, but are not limited to, alpiropride, bromocriptine, dihydroergotamine, dolasetron, ergocornine, ergocorninine, ergocryptine, ergonovine, ergot, ergotamine, flumedroxone acetate, fonazine, ketanserin, lisuride, lomerizine, methylergonovine, methysergide, metoprolol, naratriptan, oxetorone, pizotyline, propranolol, risperidone, rizatriptan, sumatriptan, timolol, trazodone, zolmitriptan, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0429] Examples of useful anticonvulsants include, but are not limited to, acetylpheneturide, albutoin, aloxidone, aminoglutethimide, 4-amino-3-hydroxybutyric acid, atrolactamide, beclamide, buramate, calcium bromide, carbamazepine, cinromide, clomethiazole, clonazepam, decimemide, diethadione, dimethadione, doxenitroin, eterobarb, ethadione, ethosuximide, ethotoin, felbamate, fluoresone, gabapentin, 5-hydroxytryptophan, lamotrigine, magnesium bromide, magnesium sulfate, mephenytoin, mephobarbital, metharbital, methetoin, methsuximide, 5-methyl-5-(3-phenanthryl)-hydantoin, 3-methyl-5-phenylhydantoin, narcobarbital, nimetazepam, nitrazepam, oxcarbazepine, paramethadione, phenacemide, phenetharbital, pheneturide, phenobarbital, phensuximide, phenylmethylbarbituric acid, phenytoin, phethenylate sodium, potassium bromide, pregabaline, primidone, progabide, sodium bromide, solanum, strontium bromide, suclofenide, sulthiame, tetrantoin, tiagabine, topiramate, trimethadione, valproic acid, valpromide, vigabatrin, zonisamide, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0430] Examples of useful Ca2+-channel blockers include, but are not limited to, bepridil, clentiazem, diltiazem, fendiline, gallopamil, mibefradil, prenylamine, semotiadil, terodiline, verapamil, amlodipine, aranidipine, barnidipine, benidipine, cilnidipine, efonidipine, elgodipine, felodipine, isradipine, lacidipine, lercanidipine, manidipine, nicardipine, nifedipine, nilvadipine, nimodipine, nisoldipine, nitrendipine, cinnarizine, flunarizine, lidoflazine, lomerizine, bencyclane, etafenone, fantofarone, perhexiline, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0431] Examples of useful therapeutic agents for treating or preventing UI include, but are not limited to, propantheline, imipramine, hyoscyamine, oxybutynin, dicyclomine, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0432] Examples of useful therapeutic agents for treating or preventing anxiety include, but are not limited to, benzodiazepines, such as alprazolam, brotizolam, chlordiazepoxide, clobazam, clonazepam, clorazepate, demoxepam, diazepam, estazolam, flumazenil, flurazepam, halazepam, lorazepam, midazolam, nitrazepam, nordazepam, oxazepam, prazepam, quazepam, temazepam, and triazolam; non-benzodiazepine agents, such as buspirone, gepirone, ipsapirone, tiospirone, zolpicone, zolpidem, and zaleplon; tranquilizers, such as barbituates, e.g., amobarbital, aprobarbital, butabarbital, butalbital, mephobarbital, methohexital, pentobarbital, phenobarbital, secobarbital, and thiopental; propanediol carbamates, such as meprobamate and tybamate; a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof; or any mixture thereof.

[0433] Examples of useful therapeutic agents for treating or preventing diarrhea include, but are not limited to, diphenoxylate, loperamide, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0434] Examples of useful therapeutic agents for treating or preventing epilepsy include, but are not limited to, carbamazepine, ethosuximide, gabapentin, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, valproic acid, trimethadione, benzodiazepines, γ vinyl GABA, acetazolamide, felbamate, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0435] Examples of useful therapeutic agents for treating or preventing drug abuse include, but are not limited to, methadone, desipramine, amantadine, fluoxetine, buprenorphine, an opiate agonist, 3-phenoxypyridine, levomethadyl acetate hydrochloride, serotonin antagonists, a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof, or any mixture thereof.

[0436] Examples of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors, anti-emetics, β-adrenergic blockers, antidepressants, and anti-cancer agents are known in the art and can be selected by those skilled in the art. Examples of useful therapeutic agents for treating or preventing memory disorder, obesity, constipation, cough, high blood pressure, anorexia/cachexia, an ulcer, IBD, IBS, addictive disorder, Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism, a stroke, a seizure, a pruritic condition, psychosis, Huntington's chorea, ALS, a cognitive disorder, a migraine, dyskinesia, depression, and/or treating, preventing or inhibiting vomiting include those that are known in the art and can be selected by those skilled in the art.

[0437] A composition of the invention is prepared by a method comprising admixing a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. Admixing can be accomplished using methods known for admixing a compound (or derivative) and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. In one embodiment, the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound is present in the composition in an effective amount.

4.7 Kits



[0438] The invention further provides kits that can simplify the handling and administration of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound to an animal.

[0439] A typical kit of the invention comprises a unit dosage form of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound. In one embodiment, the unit dosage form comprises a first container, which can be sterile, containing an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. The kit can further comprise a label or printed instructions instructing the use of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound to treat or prevent a Condition. The kit can further comprise a unit dosage form of a second therapeutic agent, for example, a second container containing an effective amount of the second therapeutic agent and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. In another embodiment, the kit comprises a container containing an effective amount of a Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound, an effective amount of a second therapeutic agent and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient. Examples of second therapeutic agents include, but are not limited to, those listed above.

[0440] Kits of the invention can further comprise a device that is useful for administering the unit dosage forms. Examples of such a device include, but are not limited to, a syringe, a drip bag, a patch, an inhaler, and an enema bag.

[0441] The following examples are set forth to assist in understanding the invention and should not be construed as specifically limiting the invention described and claimed herein. Such variations of the invention, including the substitution of all equivalents now known or later developed, that would be within the purview of those skilled in the art, and changes in formulation or changes in experimental design, are to be considered to fall within the scope of the invention incorporated herein.

5. EXAMPLES



[0442] The following examples illustrate various aspects of the invention, and are not to be construed to limit the claims in any manner whatsoever.

5.1 Example 1



[0443] 



[0444] 1-Cyclooctylpiperidin-4-one (compound of formula AA) was purchased from Vasudha Pharma Chem LTD (Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India).

[0445] The compound of formula AA (10.00g, 48.0mmol) and 1,2-phenylenediamine (10.38g, 96.0mmol, Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) were suspended in 200mL of CH2Cl2. To this mixture, sodium triacetoxyborohydride (NaBH(OAc)3, 30.42g, 144.0mmol, Acros Organics, Geel, Belgium) and acetic acid (10mL) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 24hrs after which the reaction mixture was extracted 10 times with about 200mL of water each time. The organic portion was dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide 9.48g of a compound of formula AB as a light orange oil (yield 65.6%).

[0446] The identity of the compound of formula AB, N1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS).

[0447] Compound AB: LC/MS (95%, tr=1.832min): m/z=301.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 302.2).

[0448] To a suspension of 199mg (0.66mmol) of the compound of formula AB and excess NaHCO3 in 10mL of DCM at 0°C was added di-tert-butyl dicarbonate ((BOC)2O, 144mg, 0.66mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). After the addition, the reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of about 25°C and stirred for 2hrs. The reaction mixture was then poured onto a silica gel column and eluted with 5%:95% MeOH:DCM to provide 247mg of the compound of formula AC as light yellow solid (yield 93%).

[0449] The identity of the compound of formula AC, tert-butyl 2-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-ylamino)phenylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0450] Compound AC: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.24 (bs, 1H), 6.98 (dt, 1H, J=1.5, 8Hz), 6.67 (m, 2H), 6.12 (bs, 1H), 3.53 (bs, 1H), 3.13 (m, 1H), 2.71 (m, 2H), 2.56 (m, 1H), 2.27 (t, 2H, J=10Hz), 1.95 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.35 (m, 15H), 1.43 (s, 9H).

[0451] To a suspension of 230mg of the compound of formula AC and excess of NaHCO3 in DCM at 0°C was added dropwise via a syringe 2-chloroacetyl chloride (0.047mL, 0.57mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). After addition, the reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of about 25°C and stirred for 30min more. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide 273mg of the compound of formula AD (yield >98%).

[0452] The identity of the compound of formula AD, tert-butyl 2-(2-chloro-N-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)acetamido)phenylcarbamate, was confirmed using mass spectrometry (MS).

[0453] Compound AD: MS: m/z=478 (M+1) (Calc: 477).

[0454] 50mg of the compound of formula AD was added to 3mL of DMF at 0°C. To this mixture was added excess of NaH (3 equivalents, Sigma-Adrich). Thereafter, the reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of about 25°C and stirred for 10min. After cooling to 0°C, the reaction mixture was quenched by the addition of ice water. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc then washed twice with brine. The brine was extracted with EtOAc. The organic portions were combined, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with EtOAc to provide the compound of formula AE (yield >98%).

[0455] The identity of the compound of formula AE, tert-butyl 4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-1(2H)-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0456] Compound AE: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.63 (bs, 1H), 7.34 (dd, 1H, J=1.5, 8Hz), 7.13 (dt, 1H, J=1.5, 8Hz), 7.08 (dt, 1H, J=1.5, 8Hz), 4.29 (s, 2H), 4.29 (m, 1H), 2.92 (bd, 2H, J=10Hz), 2.66 (m, 1H), 2.54 (m, 2H), 2.36 (t, 2H, J=10Hz), 1.80-1.43 (m, 16H), 1.54 (s, 9H).

[0457] The compound of formula AE was added to 4N HCl in 1,4-dioxane at a temperature of about 25°C for 30min then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was diluted with EtOAc and washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution. The organic portion was dried (Na2SO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was then chromatographed by preparative TLC (eluted with 15%:85% MeOH:DCM) to provide 31mg of the Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound of formula 85 (yield 98%).

[0458] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 85, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0459] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 85: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 12.21 (bs, 0.5H), 7.78 (m, 1H), 6.99 (m, 1H), 6.87 (t, 1H, J=8Hz), 6.66 (d, 1H, J=8Hz), 5.03 (bs, 1H), 3.79 (s, 2H), 3.71 (s, 1H), 3.34 (m, 4H), 2.95 (m, 1H), 2.19 (m, 1H), 1.8-1.3 (m, 18H); MS: m/z=342 (M+1) (Calc: 341).

5.2 Example 2



[0460] 



[0461] 190mg (0.63mmol) of the compound of formula AB was mixed with 7mL of DCM. NaHCO3 (158mg, 1.89mmol) was added and the resulting suspension was stirred at 0°C. To the suspension was then added dropwise via a syringe 2-chloroacetyl chloride (0.051 mL, 0.63mmol). After addition, the reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of about 25°C and stirred for 10min. The reaction mixture was then evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure, acetonitrile was added, and the resulting suspension was heated at 80°C for 48hr. The suspension was poured onto a silica gel column and eluted with 5%:95% MeOH:DCM to provide 168mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 86 as light yellow solid (yield 78%).

[0462] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 86, 4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0463] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 86: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.53 (bs, 1H), 6.93 (dt, 1H, J=1.5, 8Hz), 6.69 (m, 2H), 3.71 (s, 2H), 3.43 (m, 1H), 2.88 (m, 2H), 2.61 (m, 1H), 2.31 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.38 (m, 18H); MS: m/z=342 (M+1) (Calc: 341).

5.3 Example 3



[0464] 



[0465] The compound of formula AB (14.40g, 47.84mmol) was added to 100mL of dry DCE. This mixture was added dropwise to a solution of oxalyl dichloride (8.37g, 66.44mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in 200mL of dry DCE. Under an argon atmosphere, the resulting mixture was magnetically stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 1hr. The mixture was then warmed to 60°C for 10hrs. The mixture was then cooled to a temperature of about 25°C and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The remaining material was added to 300mL of MeOH and adsorbed onto silica gel to provide residues that were chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 100%:0% EtOAc:MeOH to 0%:100% EtOAc:MeOH. The product fractions were combined and concentrated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide 10.0g of the compound of formula BA as a light orange solid (yield 58%).

[0466] The identity of the compound of formula BA, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)quinoxaline-2,3(1H,4H)-dione, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0467] Compound BA: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.81 (1H, m), 7.31 (3H, m), 3.57 (3H, m), 3.43 (2H, m), 3.22 (2H, m), 2.17 (4H, m), 1.99 (4H, m), 1.78-1.46 (14H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=5.011min): m/z=356.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 355.5).

[0468] TEA (2mmol) and POCl3 (5mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were added to a suspension of the compound of formula BA (784mg, 2mmol) in toluene (15mL) and DMF (2mL) at 25°C. The reaction mixture was warmed to 100°C with stirring. A pale yellow solid formed after 30min. Thereafter, the mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C, filtered, washed twice with 1:5 EtOAc:Et2O (10mL for each wash), and dried under reduced pressure at 60°C for 12hr to provide 712mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 404 as a colorless solid (yield 87%).

[0469] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 404, 3-chloro-1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0470] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 404: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 8.11 (1H, br), 7.79 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.67 (1H, m), 7.44 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 5.11 (1H, br), 3.45-3.30 (4H, m), 3.11 (2H, m), 1.96 (2H, m), 1.73 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 1.76-1.42 (13H, m).

[0471] TEA (0.38mmol) and 2-aminoethanol (0.57mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were added to a suspension of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 404 (80mg, 0.19mmol) in acetonitrile (3mL) at 25°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 90min. After cooling to about 25°C and quenching with water (3mL), a white precipitate formed. The precipitate was filtered, washed with water, and dried under reduced pressure at 60°C for 12hr to provide 55mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 3 as light yellow solid (yield 73%).

[0472] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 3, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(2-hydroxyethylamino)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0473] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 3: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 7.66 (1H, m), 7.44-7.32 (2H, m), 7.18 (2H, m), 4.82 (1H, t, J=5.4Hz), 4.67 (1H, br), 3.58 (2H, q, J=5.7Hz), 3.47 (2H, q, J=5.7Hz), 2.86-2.68 (5H, m), 2.43-2.36 (2H, m), 1.72-1.41 (16H, m); MS: m/z=436.9 [M+H]+ (Calc: 435.4).

5.4 Example 4



[0474] In a manner similar to Example 3, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 404.



[0475] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 1 was prepared by using morpholine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield 96%).

[0476] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 1, 1-1-yclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-morpholinoquinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0477] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 1: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.67 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.45 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.28 (2H, t, J=8Hz), 7.21 (2H, t, J=8Hz), 4.64 (1H, br), 3.77 (4H, m), 3.71 (4H, m), 2.84 (2H, m), 2.69-2.61 (3H, m), 2.39 (2H, m), 1.72-1.41 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=425.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 424.6).



[0478] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 2 was prepared by using dimethylamine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield 92%).

[0479] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 2, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(dimethylamino)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0480] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 2: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.60 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.40 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.20 (2H, m), 4.60 (1H, br), 3.22 (6H, s), 2.84 (2H, m), 2.69-2.62 (3H, m), 2.40 (2H, m), 1.72-1.41 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=383.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 382.5).



[0481] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 4 was prepared by using tert-butyl hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate (Chembasics Pty. Ltd., Perth, Australia) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield >98%).

[0482] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 4, tert-butyl 5-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0483] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 4: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.61 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 7.34 (1H, m), 7.22-7.18 (2H, m), 4.65 (1H, br), 4.01 (2H, m), 3.71 (1H, m), 3.44 (2H, m), 3.15 (3H, m), 2.92 (5H, m), 2.72 (3H, m), 1.78-1.40 (17H, m), 1.39 (9H, s); LC/MS: m/z=550.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 549.8).



[0484] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 6 was prepared by using phenylmethanamine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield >98%).

[0485] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 6, 3-(benzylamino)-1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0486] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 6: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 8.08 (1H, m), 7.40-7.19 (9H, m), 4.60 (2H, d, J=6Hz), 3.41 (5H, m), 3.15 (2H, m), 2.10-1.47 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=445.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 444.6).



[0487] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 7 was prepared by using tert-butyl 2-aminoethylcarbamate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield 90%).

[0488] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 7, tert-butyl 2-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0489] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 7: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 8.00-7.5 (2H, br), 7.43 (1H, m), 7.22 (2H, m), 6.98 (1H, m), 4.98 (1H, br), 3.45 (7H, m), 3.21-3.09 (5H, m), 2.04-1.45 (15H, m), 1.37 (9H, s); LC/MS: m/z=498.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 497.7).



[0490] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 8 was prepared by using tert-butyl piperazine-1-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield 86%).

[0491] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 8, tert-butyl 4-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperazine-1-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0492] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 8: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.67 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.45 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.29 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.21 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 4.63 (1H, br), 3.75 (4H, s), 3.45 (4H, s), 2.84 (2H, m), 2.69-2.61 (3H, m), 2.39 (2H, t, J=8Hz), 1.71-1.42 (17H, m), 1.42 (9H, s); LC/MS: m/z=524.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 523.7).



[0493] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 18 was prepared by using piperazin-2-one (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol to provide a colorless solid (yield 86%).

[0494] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 18, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(3-oxopiperazin-1-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0495] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 18: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 8.01 (1H, s), 7.83 (1H, m), 7.49 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.28 (2H, m), 4.94 (1H, br), 4.31 (2H, s), 4.02 (2H, t, J=5.2Hz), 3.41-3.58 (8H, m), 2.01-1.47 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=438 [M+H]+ (Calc: 437.6).



[0496] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 19 was prepared by using isoindoline (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol to provide a colorless solid (yield 75%).

[0497] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 19, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(isoindolin-2-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0498] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 19: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 7.62 (1H, s), 7.41 (3H, s), 7.31 (2H, s), 7.19 (2H, m), 5.23 (4H, br), 4.69 (1H, br), 2.87-2.28 (7H, m), 1.78-1.44 (16H, m); LC/MS: m/z=457 [M+H]+ (Calc: 456.6).



[0499] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 24 was prepared by using prop-2-en-1-amine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol to provide a colorless solid (yield 90%).

[0500] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 24, 3-(allylamino)-1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0501] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 24: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 7.65 (2H, m), 7.37 (1H, m), 7.18 (2H, m), 5.94 (1H, m), 5.14 (2H, m), 4.62 (1H, br), 4.01 (2H, t, J=5.4Hz), 2.85-2.31 (7H, m), 1.73-1.42 (16H, m); LC/MS: m/z=395 [M+H]+ (Calc: 394.6).



[0502] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 25 was prepared by using 3-aminopropane-1,2-diol (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol to provide a colorless solid (yield 77%).

[0503] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 25, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(2,3-dihydroxypropylamino)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0504] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 25: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 7.70 (1H, m), 7.38 (1H, m), 7.31 (1H, m), 7.20 (2H, m), 5.02 (1H, d, J=5.1Hz), 4.73 (1H, t, J=5.7Hz), 4.72 (1H, br), 3.71 (1H, m), 3.57 (1H, m), 3.44-3.33 (3H, m), 3.00-2.36 (6H, m), 1.78-1.44 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=429 [M+H]+ (Calc: 428.6).



[0505] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 119 was prepared by using pyrazolidin-3-one hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol to provide a white amorphous solid (yield 59%).

[0506] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 119, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(3-oxopyrazolidin-1-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0507] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 119: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CDCl3): 7.64 (1H, br), 7.51 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 7.25 (2H, m), 4.90 (1H, m), 4.44 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 2.98 (2H, m), 2.80 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 2.80 (1H, m), 2.70 (2H, m), 2.43 (2H, m), 1.75-1.40 (16H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.19min): m/z=424.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 423.3).

5.5 Example 5



[0508] In a manner similar to Example 3, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 404.



[0509] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 138 was prepared by using methyl 2-(pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetate in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield 98%).

[0510] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 138, methyl 2-(1-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-y1)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0511] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 138: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.53 (1H, br), 7.45 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.13 (2H, m), 4.90 (1H, br), 4.12 (1H, br), 4.10 (1H, br), 3.85 (1H, br), 3.71 (3H, s), 3.55 (1H, br), 2.95 (2H, d, J=12Hz), 2.79 (2H, m), 2.65 (2H, m), 2.55-2.36 (3H, m), 2.18 (1H, m), 1.90-1.40 (18H, m); LC/MS (99%, tr=1.42min): m/z=481.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 480.3).

[0512] To convert the ester to the acid, to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 138 (115mg, 0.239mmol) and MeOH (4mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2N aqueous NaOH (0.14mL, 0.958mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 50°C and stirred for 2h. After concentration under reduced pressure, the reaction mixture was diluted with water (5mL) and extracted with EtOAc (5mL). The aqueous portion was neutralized by adding 2N aqueous HCl at a temperature of 0°C. Thereafter, the mixture was extracted twice with EtOAc (10mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 107mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 as a white solid (yield 96%).

[0513] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111, 2-(1-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0514] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.61 (1H, m), 7.34 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.14 (2H, m), 4.70 (1H, br), 4.40-3.40 (4H, m), 3.00 (2H, m), 2.80 (4H, m), 2.65 (2H, m), 2.40 (2H, m), 2.10 (1H, m), 1.85-1.40 (18H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.32min): m/z=467.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 466.3).

[0515] Methyl 2-(pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetate was prepared as follows:



[0516] To a suspension of 2-(1-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetic acid (500mg, 2.18mmol, Astatec Pharmaceutical Technology Co.) in DMF (10mL) was added methyl iodide (163µL, 2.62mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and K2CO3 (904mg, 6.53mmol). These ingredients were stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 1h after which the reaction mixture was quenched with water (20mL), extracted three times with EtOAc (20mL for each extraction), washed twice with water (20mL for each wash), washed with saturated aqueous NaCl (10mL), dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide tert-butyl 3-(2-methoxy-2-oxoethyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as an oil. To a mixture of tert-butyl 3-(2-methoxy-2-oxoethyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (2.18mmol) in dioxane (10mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 4N HCl in dioxane (10.8mmol). Then the reaction mixture was stirred at 50°C for 2h. Thereafter, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 380mg of the hydrochloride of methyl 2-(pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetate as a colorless oil (yield 96% for two steps), the identity of which was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0517] Methyl 2-(pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetate: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 9.70 (2H, br), 3.70 (3H, s), 3.62 (1H, m), 3.47 (1H, m), 3.30 (1H, m), 3.00 (1H, m), 2.74 (1H, m), 2.54 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 2.26 (1H, m), 1.73 (1H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=0.34min): m/z=144.0 [M+H]+ (Calc: 143.1).

[0518] In a manner similar to Example 3, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 404 then converted from the ester to the acid in a manner similar to that described above.



[0519] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 139 was prepared by using ethyl 3-aminopropanoate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield >98%).

[0520] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 139, ethyl 3-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)propanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0521] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 139: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.60 (1H, br), 7.52 (1H, m), 7.19 (2H, m), 6.69 (1H, m), 5.00 (1H, br), 4.17 (2H, q, J=8Hz), 3.82 (2H, q, J=8Hz), 2.96 (2H, m), 2.80 (2H, m), 2.71 (2H, t, J=8Hz), 2.50-2.35 (3H, m), 2.01 (2H, m), 1.80-1.40 (14H, m); LC/MS (95%, tr=1.47min): m/z=455.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 454.3).

[0522] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 113, 3-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)propanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0523] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 113: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.68 (1H, m), 7.47 (1H, m), 7.41 (1H, m), 7.19 (1H, m), 5.00-4.30 (2H, m), 3.59 (2H, q, J=8Hz), 3.50-3.10 (2H, m), 2.91 (2H, m), 2.71 (2H, m), 2.60 (2H, t, J=8Hz), 2.50 (2H, m), 1.80-1.40 (16H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.34min): m/z=427.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 426.3).



[0524] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 140 was prepared by using ethyl 3-aminobutanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield 89%).

[0525] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 140, ethyl 3-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)butanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0526] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 140: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.60 (1H, br), 7.52 (1H, m), 7.19 (2H, m), 6.57 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 5.00 (1H, br), 4.60 (1H, m), 4.14 (2H, q, J=8Hz), 3.20-2.30 (9H, m), 2.00-1.40 (16H, m), 1.37 (3H, d, J=8Hz), 1.26 (3H, t, J=8Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.52min): m/z=469.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 468.3).

[0527] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 116, 3-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)butanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0528] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 116: 1H NMR: δH, (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.60 (1H, m), 7.40 (1H, m), 7.06 (2H, m), 5.70-5.00 (2H, m), 4.55 (1H, m), 3.40-3.20 (3H, m), 3.02 (2H, m), 2.80-2.60 (4H, m), 1.96 (2H, m), 1.80-1.38 (14H, m), 1.41 (3H, d, J=8Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.47min): mlz=441.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 440.3).



[0529] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 141 was prepared by using ethyl 2-aminopropanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield 92%).

[0530] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 141, ethyl 2-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)propanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0531] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 141: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.60 (1H, br), 7.50 (1H, m), 7.19 (2H, m), 6.73 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 4.75 (1H, m), 4.23 (2H, q, J=8Hz), 2.97 (2H, m), 2.80 (2H, m), 2.67 (1H, m), 2.43 (2H, m), 1.85-1.40 (16H, m), 1.56 (3H, d, J=4Hz), 1.29 (3H, t, J=8Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.55min): m/z=455.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 454.3).

[0532] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 118, 2-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)propanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0533] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 118: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.77 (1H, m), 7.50 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.39 (1H, m), 7.19 (2H, m), 4.80 (1H, br), 4.39 (1H, m), 3.20-2.85 (7H, m), 2.00-1.40 (16H, m), 1.44 (3H, d, J=8Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.54min): m/z=427.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 426.3).



[0534] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 142 was prepared by using methyl pyrrolidine-3-carboxylate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol (yield 71%).

[0535] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 142, methyl 1-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0536] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 142: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.55 (1H, br), 7.50 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.14 (2H, m), 4.90 (1H, br), 4.30-3.90 (4H, m), 3.72 (3H, s), 3.13 (1H, m), 2.95 (2H, m), 2.79 (2H, m), 2.67 (1H, m), 2.42 (2H, m), 2.23 (2H, m), 1.90-1.40 (18H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.46min): m/z=467.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 466.3).

[0537] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 109, 1-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0538] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 109: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.76 (1H, br), 7.36 (1H, m), 7.16 (2H, m), 4.90 (1H, br), 4.20-3.70 (4H, m), 3.60-2.90 (8H, m), 2.20-1.90 (4H, m), 1.80-1.40 (14H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.38min): m/z=453.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 452.3).

5.6 Example 6



[0539] 



[0540] A mixture of the compound of formula CA (3-nitropyridin-2-amine, 1.39g, 10mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), (BOC)2O (20mmol), and DMAP (catalytic amount, Sigma-Aldrich) in THF (28mL) was stirred at 90°C for 1hr. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C and quenching with water (10mL), the mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure. At a temperature of about 25°C, the resulting yellow oil was mixed with MeOH (33mL) then added to K2CO3 (30mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 60°C for 1hr. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C, 2N aqueous HCl (10mL) was added and the pH was adjusted to be within the range of from about 7 to about 8. Thereafter, the mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 10%:90% EtOAc:n-hexane to 50%:50% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide the compound of formula CB as a yellow solid (yield 91%).

[0541] The identity of the compound of formula CB, tert-butyl 3-nitropyridin-2-ylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0542] Compound CB: 1H NMR: δH, (300MHz, CDCl3): 9.59 (1H, s), 8.72 (1H, dd, J=4.5, 1.5Hz), 8.5 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 1.5Hz), 7.14 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 4.8Hz), 1.56 (9H, s).

[0543] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula CB (2.11g, 9.07mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (210mg, Sigma-Aldrich), and MeOH (35mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 16hr. After the Pd/C was filtered off, the mixture was washed with EtOAc and MeOH, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid was suspended with 3:2 n-hexane:diethyl ether which was filtered and washed with n-hexane to provide the compound of formula CC as a pale yellow solid (yield 87%).

[0544] The identity of the compound of formula CC, tert-butyl 3-aminopyridin-2-ylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0545] Compound CC: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.76 (1H, d, J=1.5Hz), 7.10 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 1.5Hz), 6.99 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 4.8Hz), 1.52 (9H, s).

[0546] A mixture of the compound of formula CC (710mg, 3.4mmol), the compound of formula AA (5.1mmol), NaBH(OAc)3 (10.2mmol) and AcOH (5.1mmol) in CHCl3 (18mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 16hr. After quenching with saturated NaHCO3 solution, the mixture was extracted with CHCl3, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column (Yamazen Corp. W091-01) eluted with a gradient of from 5%:95% EtOAc:n-hexane to 20%:80% EtOAc:n-hexane to 50%:50% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide the compound of formula CD as a colorless solid (yield 63%).

[0547] The identity of the compound of formula CD, tert-butyl 3-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-ylamino)pyridin-2-ylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0548] Compound CD: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.59 (1H, s), 7.60 (1H, t, J=4Hz), 7.01 (2H, d), 4.67 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 3.25 (1H, m), 2.67 (2H, m), 2.35-2.30 (2H, m), 1.88-1.85 (2H, m), 1.69-1.60 (2H, m), 1.56-1.32 (25H, m).

[0549] To a suspension of the compound of formula CD (317mg, 0.79mmol) in EtOAc (5mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 4N HCl in EtOAc (7.9mmol) which was stirred at about 25°C for 1hr and then for 3hr more at 50°C. After neutralization with 28% aqueous ammonia, the pH was adjusted to be within the range of from about 13 to about 14. Thereafter, the mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc, the organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 237mg of the compound of formula CE as a brown solid (yield >98%).

[0550] The identity of the compound of formula CE, N3-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)pyridine-2,3-diamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0551] Compound CE: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.80 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 7.66 (1H, s), 6.39 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 4.12 (1H, m), 2.79 (1H, m), 2.68-2.61 (6H, m), 2.43 (2H, m), 1.92-1.48 (24H, m).

[0552] To a mixture of the compound of formula CE (168mg, 0.79mmol) in CH2Cl2 (10mL) at 0°C was added dropwise over 10min methyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate (0.79mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in CH2Cl2 (3mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 30min. After quenching with saturated NaHCO3 solution, the mixture was extracted three times with CHCl3. Thereafter, the organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure. At a temperature of about 25°C, the resulting oil was mixed with ethanol (4mL) and the mixture was then added to sodium methoxide (1.09mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). The reaction mixture was stirred at 70°C for 1hr. After concentration under reduced pressure, to the resulting oil was added water (0.5mL) and 2N HCl (1mL). The resulting precipitate was filtered, washed with 9O%:10% water:MeOH, and dried under reduced pressure at 60°C for 12hr to provide the dihydrochloride of the compound of formula CF as a colorless solid.

[0553] The identity of the compound of formula CF, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)pyrido[3,2-b]pyrazine-2,3(1H,4H)-dione, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0554] Compound CF: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO-d6): 12.39 (1H, s), 9.8 (1H, br), 8.27 (1H, m), 8.14 (1H, d, J=4.5Hz), 7.21 (1H, dd, J=4.5, 8.1Hz), 4.91 (1H, m), 3.45-3.3 (6H, m), 2.99 (2H, m), 2.02 (2H, m), 1.99 (2H, m), 1.58-1.46 (11H, m); LC/MS: m/z=357 [M+H]+ (Calc: 356.5).

[0555] Phosphoryl chloride (1.85mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added to a suspension of the compound of formula CF (220mg, 0.62mmol) and DIEA (1.85mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in toluene (6mL) and DMF (1mL) at 25°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 100°C for 45min. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C and quenching with water, the mixture was extracted three times with CHCl3/water, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 187mg of the compound of formula CG as a brown solid (yield 81%).

[0556] The identity of the compound of formula CG, 3-chloro-1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)pyrido[3,2-b]pyrazin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0557] Compound CG: LC/MS: m/z=375 [M+H]+ (Calc: 374.2).

[0558] TEA (0.21mmol) and tert-butyl hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate (0.21mmol) were added to a suspension of the compound of formula CG (80mg, 0.21mmol) in acetonitrile (3mL) at 25°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 2hr. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C and quenching with water (3mL), the mixture was extracted three times with CHCl3/water, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 97%:3% CHCl3:MeOH to 90%:10% CHCl3:MeOH to provide 68mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 97 as a yellow amorphous solid (yield 62%).

[0559] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 97, tert-butyl 5-(1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrido[3,2-b]pyrazin-3-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0560] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 97: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 8.33 (1H, d, J=4.8Hz), 7.87 (1H, m), 7.04 (1H, m), 4.46 (1H, m), 4.20 (1H, m), 4.00 (1H, m), 3.82 (1H, m), 3.62 (2H, m), 3.30 (2H, m), 2.96 (4H, m), 2.66 (2H, m), 2.41 (2H, m), 1.75-1.44 (26H, m).

5.7 Example 7



[0561] 



[0562] To a suspension of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 4 (120mg, 0.22mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (4mL) and MeOH (1mL) was added 4N HCl in 1,4-dioxane (2mL) at a temperature of about 25°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 25°C for 1hr. The resulting precipitate was filtered, washed with diethyl ether (3mL), and dried under reduced pressure at 70°C to provide 123mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 as a colorless solid (yield >98%).

[0563] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0564] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 9.67-9.54 (3H, br), 7.91 (1H, br), 7.53 (1H, s), 7.22 (2H, m), 5.03 (1H, br), 4.50-3.90 (12H, m), 3.41-3.00 (6H, m), 2.07 (2H, m), 1.89-1.43 (13H, m); LC/MS: m/z=450.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 449.6).



[0565] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 (180mg, 0.328mmol) and CH2Cl2 (4mL) at 0°C was added pyridine (93µL, 1.148mmol) and ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate (92µL, 0.820mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). After heating to a temperature of about 25°C the reaction mixture was stirred for 2h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (5mL) then extracted three times with CHCl3 (10mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with saturated aqueous NaCl (10mL), dried (MgSO4), filtrated, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column (Yamazen Corp. W091-01) eluted with a gradient of from 10%:90% EtOAc:n-hexane to 50%:50% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 89mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 173 as a white amorphous solid (yield 47%).

[0566] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 173, ethyl 2-(5-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-2-oxoacetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0567] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 173: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.46 (1H, m), 7.32 (1H, m), 7.18 (2H, m), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.31 (2H, q, J=8.0Hz), 4.20 (2H, m), 3.95-3.85 (4H, m), 3.70-3.50 (4H, m), 3.00 (2H, m), 2.40-1.90 (5H, m), 1.90-1.45 (18H, m), 1.39 (3H, t, J=8.0Hz); MS: m/z=576 [M+H]+ (Calc: 575.3).

[0568] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 173 (85mg, 0.148mmol) in MeOH (4mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2N aqueous NaOH (0.15mL, 0.295mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2h at a temperature of about 25°C. After concentration under reduced pressure, the mixture was diluted with water (5mL) then extracted with EtOAc (5mL). The aqueous portion was neutralized by adding a first treatment of 2N aqueous HCl at a temperature of 0°C. Thereafter, the mixture was extracted twice with CHCl3 (10mL for each extraction). The organic portions portions were combined, dried (MgSO4),filtrated, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a white solid. To the solid was added water (2mL) then a second treatment of 2N aqueous HCl (1mL). Thereafter, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 77mg of the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 (yield 89%).

[0569] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174, 2-(5-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-2-oxoacetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0570] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 10.62 (0.9H, m), 9.84 (0.1H, m), 7.83 (0.9H, m), 7.72 (0.1H, m), 7.60 (1H, m), 7.28 (2H, m), 5.86 (1H, m), 4.40-4.00 (6H, m), 3.90-3.35 (4H, m), 3.10 (2H, m), 2.97 (1H, m), 2.60 (2H, m), 2.40-1.30 (20H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.45min): m/z=548 [M+H]+ (Calc: 547.3).

5.8 Example 8



[0571] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared.



[0572] The trihydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 9 was prepared by using Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 7 in place of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 4 (yield 90%).

[0573] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 9, 3-(2-aminoethylamino)-1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0574] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 9: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 8.10-7.80 (4H, br), 7.50 (1H, s), 7.25 (2H, m), 5.00 (1H, br), 3.68 (2H, d, J=4Hz), 3.43-3.39 (5H, m), 3.19-3.08 (4H, m), 2.06 (2H, s), 1.99-1.19 (15H, m); LC/MS: m/z=398.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 397.6).



[0575] The trihydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 10 was prepared by using Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 8 in place of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 4 (yield 98%).

[0576] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 10, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(piperazin-1-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0577] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 10: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 9.53 (1H, s), 7.53 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 7.33-7.26 (2H, m), 5.39 (1H, br), 4.04 (4H, s), 3.42-3.35 (5H, m), 3.20 (4H, s), 1.99 (2H, s), 1.73-1.43 (15H, m); LC/MS: mlz=424.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 423.6).



[0578] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 87 was prepared by using Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 97 in place of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 4 (yield 82%).

[0579] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 87, 1-(1-cyclooetylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)pyrido[3,2-b]pyrazin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0580] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 87: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 10.0 (1H, m), 9.58 (1H, m), 8.89 (1H, br), 8.26 (1H, d, J=5.2Hz), 7.44 (1H, m), 5.15 (1H, br), 4.42-4.36 (3H, m), 3.95-3.88 (3H, m), 3.56-3.02 (11H, m), 2.08-1.44 (16H, m); LC/MS: m/z=451 [M+H]+ (Calc: 450.6).



[0581] In a manner similar to Example 3, the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 161, (S)-tert-butyl 1-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-ylcarbamate, was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 404 by using (S)-tert-butyl pyrrolidin-3-ylcarbamate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 2-aminoethanol. Thereafter, in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 162 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 161 (yield 98% for two steps).

[0582] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 162, (S)-3-(3-aminopyrrolidin-1-yl)-1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0583] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 162: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.64 (1H, br), 7.41 (1H, br), 7.14 (2H, m), 4.08 (2H, m), 3.93 (1H, m), 3.72 (1H, m), 3.57 (1H, m), 3.02 (2H, d, J=12Hz), 2.91 (2H, m), 2.77 (1H, m), 2.54 (2H, m), 2.14 (1H, m), 1.90-1.45 (18H, m); LC/MS (99%, tr=0.58min): m/z=424.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 423.3).

5.9 Example 9



[0584] 



[0585] TEA (0.316mmol) and methansulfonyl chloride (0.087mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were added to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 9 (40mg, 0.079mmol) in CH2Cl2 at 0°C and the resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 3hr. Thereafter, an additional portion of methansulfonyl chloride (0.174mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 50°C for 7hr. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C, the mixture was extracted three times with CHCl3/water, dried (MgSO4),and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a colorless oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 95%:5% CHCl3:MeOH to 90%:10% CHCl3:MeOH to provide 27mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 11 as a colorless solid (yield 73%).

[0586] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 11, N-(2-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethyl)methanesulfonamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0587] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 11: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.68 (1H, m), 7.57 (1H, m), 7.25-7.15 (2H, m), 3.53 (2H, t), 3.23 (2H, m), 2.93 (3H, s), 2.85-2.55 (4H, m), 2.45-2.30 (5H, m), 1.80-1.40 (14H, m); LC/MS (100%): m/z=476.7 [M+H]+ (Calc: 476.1).

5.10 Example 10



[0588] 



[0589] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 (100mg, 0.18mmmol), 39% formaldehyde (0.27mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), NaBH(OAc)3 (0.54mmol), and sodium acetate (0.54mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were added to CHCl3 (5mL) and the resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 25°C for 16hr. After quenching with saturated NaHCO3 solution, the mixture was extracted with CHCl3/water. Thereafter, the organic portion was dried (MgSO4) and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column (Yamazen Corp. W091-01) eluted with a gradient of from 30%:70% EtOAc:n-hexane to 70%:30% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 12 as a colorless solid (yield 75%).

[0590] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 12, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(5-methylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0591] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 12: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.61 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.36 (1H, t, J=4Hz), 7.19-7.13 (2H, m), 4.66 (1H, br), 3.96 (3H, s), 3.78 (3H, m), 2.95-2.54 (10H, m), 2.22 (3H, s), 1.74-1.43 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=464.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 463.7).

5.11 Example 11



[0592] 



[0593] TEA (0.9mmol) and acetyl chloride (0.27mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were added to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 (100mg, 0.18mmol) in CH2Cl2 at 0°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1hr. After heating to a temperature of about 25°C, the mixture was extracted three times with CHCl3/water, dried (MgSO4),and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a colorless oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 97%:3% CHCl3:MeOH to 90%:10% CHCl3:MeOH to 85%:15% CHCl3:MeOH to provide 64mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 13 as a colorless solid (yield 73%).

[0594] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 13, 3-(5-acetylhexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0595] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 13: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.58 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.35 (1H, t, J=4Hz), 7.18-7.13 (2H, m), 4.61 (1H, br), 4.03 (1H, br), 3.68 (2H, dd, J=4Hz), 3.54 (1H, dd, J=4Hz), 3.40 (1H, m), 3.24 (1H, m), 2.99-2.40 (7H, m), 2.38 (2H, t, J=12Hz), 1.93-1.43 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=492.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 491.7).

5.12 Example 12



[0596] 



[0597] Diethyl 2-oxomalonate (5mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added dropwise to a suspension of the compound of formula AB (1507mg, 5mmol) in toluene (15mL) at 25°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 130°C for 4hr. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C and concentrating under reduced pressure, a red oil was obtained. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 99%:1% CHCl3:MeOH to 95%:5% CHCl3:MeOH to provide a red amorphous solid. The solid was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 95%:5% EtOAc:MeOH to 90%:10% EtOAc:MeOH to provide 1100mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 70 as a colorless solid (yield 53%).

[0598] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 70, ethyl 4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0599] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 70: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 7.95 (1H, d, J=8.7Hz), 7.87 (1H, dd, J=7.8, 1.8Hz), 7.31 (1H, t, J=7.2Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=6.9Hz), 4.78 (1H, br), 4.37 (2H, d, J=7.2Hz), 2.85 (2H, m), 2.60-2.34 (5H, m), 1.70-1.42 (16H, m), 1.32 (3H, t, J=7.2Hz); LC/MS: m/z=412 [M+H]+ (Calc: 411.5).

[0600] 2N NaOH (0.25mmol) was added to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 70 (104mg, 0.25mmol) in ethanol at 25°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 50°C for 90min. After concentration under reduced pressure, the resulting yellow solid was dried under reduced pressure at 80°C for 12hr to provide 100mg of the sodium salt of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 71 as a yellow solid (yield >98%).

[0601] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 71, 4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0602] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 71: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 7.76 (1H, d, J=8.4Hz), 7.64 (1H, dd, J=7.8, 1.5Hz), 7.48 (1H, t, J=8.4Hz), 7.28 (1H, t, J=7.5Hz), 4.67 (1H, br), 2.87-2.34 (7H, m), 1.71-1.42 (16H, m); LC/MS: m/z=384 [M+H]+ (Calc: 383.5).

[0603] Diphenylphosphoryl azide ("DPPA", 1.2mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added to a mixture of the sodium salt of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 71 (120mg, 0.3mmol) in tert-BuOH (i.e., 2-methylpropan-2-ol) at 25°C. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 100°C and stirred for 3.5h. After cooling to about 25°C and quenching with saturated NaHCO3 solution, the mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc/water, dried (MgSO4),and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an orange oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 99%:1% CHCl3:MeOH to 95%:5% CHCl3:MeOH to provide 124mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 14 as a pale yellow amorphous solid (yield 91%).

[0604] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 14, tert-butyl 4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0605] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 14: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 8.84 (1H, s), 7.83 (1H, d, J=8.7Hz), 7.60 (1H, d, J=7.8Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.9Hz), 7.34 (1H, t, J=7.2Hz), 4.69 (1H, br), 2.83-2.42 (8H, m), 1.71-1.43 (24H, m); LC/MS: m/z=455.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 454.6).

[0606] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 15 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 14 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7 (yield 84%).

[0607] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 15, 3-amino-1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0608] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 15: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.65 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.33 (1H, m), 7.19 (2H, m), 7.01 (2H, br), 4.72 (1H, br), 4.04 (4H, s), 2.85 (2H, d, J=12Hz), 2.69-2.50 (3H, m), 2.40 (2H, m), 1.71-1.43 (16H, m); LC/MS: m/z=355.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 354.5).

[0609] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 17 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 15 in a manner similar to Example 11 (yield 78%).

[0610] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 17, N-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)acetamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0611] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 17: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO): 9.65 (1H, s), 7.90 (1H, br), 7.63 (1H, d, J=6.3Hz), 7.49 (1H, t, J=8.4Hz), 7.35 (1H, t, J=7.5Hz), 4.78 (1H, br), 3.25-2.52 (6H, m), 2.37 (3H, s), 1.90-1.42 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=397 [M+H]+ (Calc: 396.5).

[0612] At a temperature of 0°C, trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride (41.4µL, 0.246mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and TEA (86.2µL, 0.615mmol) were added to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 15 (80mg, 0.205mmol) in CH2Cl2 (3mL). After warming it to a temperature of about 25°C, the reaction mixture was stirred for 5.5h. After cooling to 0°C, the mixture was quenched with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 (5mL) and extracted three times with CHCl3 (5mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4),filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was triturated with MeOH, filtered, rinsed with MeOH, and collected to provide 36mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 117 as a white solid (yield 36%).

[0613] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 117, N-(4-(1-cyclooctypiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-1,1,1-trifluoromethanesulfonamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0614] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 117: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 9.10 (1H, br), 7.68 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.35 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.24 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 7.17 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 4.90 (1H, m), 3.50-3.30 (3H, m), 3.10 (2H, m), 2.00-1.40 (18H, m); LC/MS: (100%, tr=1.91min): m/z=487.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 486.2).

5.13 Example 13



[0615] 



[0616] A mixture of the compound of formula DA (tropinone, 200g, 1.438mol, Sigma-Aldrich) and acetone (1L) was cooled to 0°C. Dimethyl sulfate (143mL, 1.5098 mol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added dropwise over 30min and the resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 3h, then filtered. The filter cake was dried under reduced pressure for 18h to provide 380g of a compound of formula DB as a white solid (yield >98%).

[0617] The identity of the compound of formula DB, tropinone dimethylsulfate salt, was ) confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0618] Compound DB: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 4.14 (2H, m), 3.40 (3H, s), 3.38 (3H, s), 3.32 (1H, m), 3.12 (1H, m), 2.55-2.40 (4H, m), 1.96 (2H, m).

[0619] A mixture of the compound of formula DB (40g, 150.8mmol) and water (70mL) was added dropwise to a boiling mixture of 1-adamantylamine (22.8g, 150.8mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in ethanol (250mL) containing K2CO3 (2.1g, 15mmol). The reaction mixture was refluxed an additional 3h then evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was partitioned between EtOAc (500mL) and 1M K2CO3 solution (500mL). The organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc (500mL). The organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4),and evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide a brown oil. Flash chromatography of the oil with a silica gel column eluting with 3:10 hexanes:EtOAc provided 5.0g of a compound of formula DC as a pale yellow solid (yield 13%).

[0620] The identity of the compound of formula DC, 8-adamantan-1-yl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0621] Compound DC: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 3.96 (2H, m), 2.50 (2H, dd, J=16.0, 4.5Hz), 2.27 (2H, dd, J=16, 1.7Hz), 2.07 (2H, m), 1.78 (2H, m), 1.71-1.56 (15H, m).

[0622] Sodium tetrahydroborate (9.46g, 250mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was suspended in dry CH2Cl2 (500mL). 2-Ethylhexanoic acid (126.2g, 875mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added and the mixture stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 16h. The resulting borohydrate reagent, believed to comprise sodium tris(2-ethylhexanoyloxy)hydroborate and assumed to have a molarity of 0.5M, was held for later use.

[0623] To a mixture of the compound of formula DC (5.2g, 20.05mmol), 1,2-phenylenediamine (4.34g, 40.1mmol), and CH2Cl2 (50mL) was added 2-ethylhexanoic acid (5.2mL, 20.05mmol). Under a nitrogen atmosphere, the resulting mixture was cooled to 0°C with stirring. The borohydride reagent (0.5M, 120.3mL, 60.15mmol), previously prepared as described above, was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 18h. The mixture was partitioned between EtOAc (400mL) and 2M sodium carbonate (400mL). The organic phase was separated, dried (MgSO4),and evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide a residue. Flash chromatography of the residue with a silica gel column eluting with 1:1 EtOAc:hexanes followed by eluting with 100:100:10:1 EtOAc:hexanes:MeOH:ammonia provided 5g of the compounds of formula DD and DE as an approximately 2:1 mixture of endo:exo (DD:DE) isomers (yield 71%).

[0624] The identity of the compound of formula DD:DE isomeric mixture, N-(8-adamantan-1-yl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0625] Compounds DD:DE: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 6.82-6.50 (4H[isomer 1+2], m), 3.90-3.60 (3H[isomer 1+2], m), 2.55-1.96 (11H[isomer 1+2], m), 1.87-1.52 (15H[isomer 1+2], m).

[0626] The above DD:DE mixture (5.0g, 14.22mmol) and diethyl 2-oxomalonate (3.25mL, 21.3mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were dissolved in dry toluene (100mL). Powdered 4Å molecular sieves (5g) were added and the reaction mixture was refluxed for 7h. The mixture was cooled then evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide a residue. Flash chromatography of the residue with a silica gel column eluting with 3:1 hexanes:EtOAc provided two fractions - less polar fraction 1 and more polar fraction 2. Less polar fraction 1 was triturated with diethyl ether (25mL) to provide 930mg of a yellow solid. LC/MS showed this material to be a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 148, the endo isomer, and Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 149, the exo isomer. More polar fraction 2 was also triturated with diethyl ether (50mL) to provide 1.4g of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 149 as a white solid.

[0627] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 149, exo-4-(8-adamantan-1-yl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, was confirmed by nuclear Overhauser enhancement spectroscopy ("NOESY") NMR experiments and MS.

[0628] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 149: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 8.37 (1H, bm), 7.91 (1H, dd, J=8.10, 1.56Hz), 7.59 (1H, dt, 7.24, 1.59Hz), 7.34 (1H, dt, J=8.04, 0.84Hz), 5.91 (1H, m), 4.51 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.94 (2H, m), 2.61(2H, dt, J=11.49, 8.30Hz), 2.09 (3H, m), 1.85-1.55 (19H, m), 1.44 (3H, t, J=7.13Hz); MS: m/z=462.3 [M+1]+ (Calc.: 462.3).

[0629] Re-chromatography of Fraction 1 with a silica gel column eluting with 300:30:1:0.1 hexanes:EtOAc:MeOH:ammonia provided 440mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 148 as a pale yellow solid.

[0630] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 148, endo-4-(8-adamantan-1-yl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, was confirmed by NOESY NMR and MS.

[0631] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 148: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.92 (1H, dd, J=8.02, 1.49Hz), 7.61 (1H, t, J=8.15Hz), 7.52 (1H, d, J=8.15Hz), 7.34 91H, dt, J=8.15, 1.49Hz), 4.51 (2H, q, J=4.0Hz), 3.87 (1H, m), 2.22 (2H, m), 2.05 (4H, m), 1.83 (4H, m), 1.72-1.53 (15H, m), 1.44 (3H, t, J=4.0Hz); MS: m/z=462.3 [M+1]+ (Calc.: 462.3).

[0632] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 148 (440mg, 0.95mmol) and tetrahydrofuran (10mL) was added potassium hydroxide (220mg, 3.8mmol) in water (1mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 3h. TLC showed that the reaction was incomplete after this time so additional MeOH (5mL) was added to form a homogeneous solution and the reaction mixture was stirred at about 25°C for an additional 2h. The reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was suspended in water (50mL) and, using a pH meter, slowly acidified to pH 5.5 with 1M HCl. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was washed with acetone (50mL) and dried under reduced pressure at 70°C for 18h to provide 315mg of a white solid (yield 78%). This solid (200mg) was suspended in diethyl ether (5mL) and 1M HCl (1mL) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 1h then filtered. The filter cake was dried under reduced pressure at 70°C for 18h to provide 208mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 130 as a pale yellow solid.

[0633] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 130, endo-4-(8-adamantan-1-yl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid hydrochloride was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0634] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 130: 1H NMR: δH (500MHz, CD3OD+DCl): 8.16 (1H, d, J=8.61Hz), 7.99 (1H, dd, J=6.87, 1.16Hz), 7.82 (1H, dt, J=8.61, 1.16Hz), 7.53 (1H, t, J=7.76Hz), 6.15 (1H, m), 4.54 (2H, m), 2.96 (2H, m), 2.55 (2H, m), 2.37-2.25 (13H, m), 1.81-1.74 (6H, m); MS: m/z=434.5 [M+1]+ (Calc.: 434.2).

[0635] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 149 (400mg, 0.867mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (10mL) with minimal heating then the solution was quickly cooled to a temperature of about 25°C. Potassium hydroxide (300mg, 5.35mmol) in water (2mL) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 18h. The reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was suspended in water (30mL) and, using a pH meter, slowly acidified to pH 5.5 with 1M HCl. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was dried under reduced pressure at 50°C for 18h to provide 165mg of a white solid. The solid was suspended in dry diethyl ether (5mL) and 2M HCl in diethyl ether (1mL) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 1h then filtered. The filter cake was dried under reduced pressure at 50°C for 18h to provide 160mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 131 as a pale yellow solid.

[0636] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 131, exo-4-(8-adamantan-1-yl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0637] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 131: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, (CD3)2SO): 14.07 (1H, bs), 8.17 (1H, m), 7.85 (1H, dd, J=7.6, 1.28Hz), 7.69 (1H, t, J=8.28Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.29 (1H, bs), 4.54 (2H, s), 3.11 (2H, t, J=12.93Hz), 2.28-2.04 (13H, m), 1.94 (2H, d, J=11.67Hz), 1.62 (6H, s); MS: m/z=434.5 [M+1]+ (Calc.: 434.5).

5.14 Example 14



[0638] 



[0639] The compound of formula EB, (bromomethyl)benzene (6.5g, 38mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), was added to a mixture of the compound of formula EA, 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-one (5g, 36mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), in acetone (100mL) over 30 min at a temperature of about 25°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 1h then at 38°C for 2h. Thereafter, the mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C, filtered, and washed twice with hexanes (10mL for each wash) to provide 10g of the compound of formula EC as white solid (yield 85%).

[0640] The compound of formula EC, 8-benzyl-8-methyl-3-oxo-8-azoniabicyclo[3.2.1]octane bromide (5g, 16.1mmol), was mixed with 40mL of ethanol and 20mL of water. Over 30min, this mixture was added to a mixture of the compound of formula ED (cyclooctanamine, 2.0g, 16mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and K2CO3 (0.2g, 1.4mmol) in ethanol (150mL) at 70°C. After 3h at 70°C, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was treated with water (50mL) and extracted three times with CHCl3 (100mL for each extraction). The combined organic portions were washed with brine (50mL) and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 3.5g of the compound of formula EE (yield 92%).

[0641] Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (50mmol) was added to a mixture of the compound of formula EE, 8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-one (3g, 12.8mmol), and 1,2-phenylenediamine (3g, 27.8mmol) in 100mL of CH2Cl2 at a temperature of about 25°C. Thereafter, 3mL of acetic acid was added. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for about 16h. Thereafter, MeOH (2mL) and water (25mL) were added and the mixture was neutralized with 28% aqueous ammonia to adjust the pH to about 8. The organic portion was separated, washed with brine (10mL), concentrated under reduced pressure, and chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 10:1:1 EtOAc:MeOH:TEA to provide 2.8g of a mixture of EF and EG as brown oil (yield 68%).

[0642] The identity of the compound of formula EF, N1-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using TLC.

[0643] Compound EF: TLC (SiO2) 100:7:1 EtOAc:MeOH:NH4OH: Rf=0.6 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent.

[0644] The identity of the compound of formula EG, N1-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using TLC.

[0645] Compound EG: TLC (SiO2) 100:7:1 EtOAc:MeOH:NH4OH: Rf=0.4 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent.

[0646] A mixture of the above brown oil (0.3g, of the compounds of formula EF and EG) in 20mL of diethyl oxalate (Sigma-Aldrich) was heated at 140°C for 16h. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C, the reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc, washed with 2N aqueous NaOH (30mL), washed with brine (20mL), concentrated under reduced pressure, and chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 5:5:0.5:0.5 EtOAc:hexane:MeOH:TEA to provide 60mg and 20mg of the two compounds of formula EH and EI, respectively, each as a white solid (yield 18% and 6%, respectively).

[0647] The identity of the compound of formula EH, 1-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)quinoxaline-2,3(1H,4H)-dione (i.e., the endo isomer), was confirmed using 1H NMR, LC/MS and TLC.

[0648] Compound EH: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, (CD3OD+CDCl3)): 7.51 (1H, d, J=7.9Hz), 7.11-7.21 (m, 3H), 5.16-5.24 (m, 1H), 4.08 (br, 2H), 2.9 (br, 1H), 2.56-2.64 (m, 2H), 2.06-2.26 (m, 6H), 1.72-1.96 (m, 6H), 1.32-1.62 (m, 8H); LC/MS (100%, tr=4.988min): m/z=382.4 [M+H]+ (Calc: 381.5); TLC (SiO2) 100:7:1 EtOAc:MeOH:NH4OH: Rf=0.5 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent.

[0649] The identity of the compound of formula EI, 1-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)quinoxaline-2,3(1H,4H)-dione (i.e., the exo isomer), was confirmed using 1H NMR, LC/MS and TLC.

[0650] Compound EI: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, (CD3OD+CDCl3)): 7.62 (br, 1H), 7.21-7.24 (m, 3H), 4.95 (br, 1H), 3.75 (br, 2H), 3.36 (br, 1H), 2.91-2.98 (m, 2H), 2.06-2.16 (m, 2H), 1.42-1.96 (m, 18H); LC/MS (100%, tr=4.718min): m/z=382.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 381.5); TLC (SiO2) 100:7:1 EtOAc:MeOH:NH4OH: Rf=0.45 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent.

[0651] The compound of formula EH (191mg, 0.500mmol) was suspended in thionyl chloride (0.8mL, Sigma-Aldrich). A catalytic amount of DMF was added and the reaction mixture was refluxed for 30min. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C and diethyl ether (5mL) was added. A precipitate formed. The precipitate was filtered and washed with diethyl ether to provide 196mg of the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347 as a pale yellow solid (yield 90%). Thereafter, this hydrochloride was suspended in saturated aqueous NaHCO3 and extracted with CHCl3 to provide the free Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347, i.e., the endo isomer.

[0652] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347, 3-chloro-1-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0653] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.80 (1H, d, J=8.1Hz), 7.60-7.54 (2H, m), 7.37-7.33 (1H, m), 5.17 (1H, br s), 3.67 (2H, br s), 2.34-2.22 (5H, m), 2.04-1.98 (2H, m), 1.89-1.36 (16H, m).

5.15 Example 15



[0654] 



[0655] TEA (12mmol) and serine amide hydrochloride (i.e., (S)-2-amino-3-hydroxypropanamide hydrochloride, 0.45mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were added to a mixture of the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347 (130mg, 0.3mmol) in N-methyl pyrrolidine (3mL) at 25°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 3hr. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C and quenching with water (3mL), the mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc/water (50mL for each extraction), washed three times with water (50mL for each wash), dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 95:5:0.5 CHCl3:MeOH:aqueous ammonia to 9:1:0.1 CHCl3:MeOH:aqueous ammonia to provide 42mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 98 as a pale yellow amorphous solid (yield 30%).

[0656] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 98, (2S)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxypropanamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0657] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 98: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.46-7.41 (3H, m), 7.28-7.15 (4H, m), 5.05 (1H, t, J=5.83Hz), 4.45-4.41 (1H,m), 3.85-3.64 (4H, m), 2.38-1.41 (23H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.24min): m/z=468.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 467.6).

5.16 Example 16



[0658] In a manner similar to Example 15, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347.



[0659] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 143 was prepared by using methyl piperidine-4-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 73%).

[0660] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 143, methyl 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0661] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 143: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.45-7.18 (4H, m), 5.19 (1H, s), 4.57 (2H, d, J=13.18Hz), 3.62 (5H, s), 3.04 (2H, t, J=11.15Hz), 2.64 (1H, d, J=11.15Hz), 2.36 (1H, s), 2.19 (2H, s), 2.02-1.40 (24H, m).

[0662] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 99 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 143 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 70%).

[0663] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 99, 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0664] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 99: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.50 (1H, s), 7.84 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.50 (1H, dd, J=7.60, 1.52Hz), 7.26 (2H, ddd, J=20.78, 12.67, 5.32Hz), 5.83 (1H, t, J=9.38Hz), 4.61 (2H, d, J=13.18Hz), 4.21 (3H, s), 3.10 (2H, t, J=11.41Hz), 2.93 (1H, s), 2.67-2.54 (3H, m), 1.88 (22H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.79min): m/z=493.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 492.7).



[0665] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 144 was prepared by using glycine ethyl ester (i.e., ethyl 2-aminoacetate, Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 67%).

[0666] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 144, ethyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)acetate, was confirmed using MS.

[0667] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 144: MS: m/z=467.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 466.6).

[0668] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 106 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 144 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 88%).

[0669] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 106, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0670] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 106: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.25 (0.9H, s), 9.43 (0.1H, s), 7.85-7.77 (2H, m), 7.41 (1H, dd, J=7.10, 2.03Hz), 7.25 (2H, ddd, J=16.86, 9.25, 2.91Hz), 5.81 (0.9H, t, J=9.38Hz), 5.15 (0.1H, s), 4.21 (2H, s), 4.06 (2H, d, J=6.08Hz), 2.93 (1H, s), 2.65 (2H, dt, J=17.07, 6.72Hz), 2.40-1.39 (22H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.46min): m/z=439.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 438.6).



[0671] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 175 was prepared by using methyl 2-(piperidin-4-yl)acetate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 89%).

[0672] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 175, methyl 2-(1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0673] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 175: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.52 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.37 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.20 (2H, m), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.71 (2H, d, J=12.0Hz), 3.69 (3H, s), 3.65 (2H, m), 2.90 (2H, t, J=12.0Hz), 2.40-1.90 (7H, m), 1.90-1.35 (22H, m); LC/MS: m/z=521 [M+H]+ (Calc: 520.3).

[0674] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 176 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 175 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 76%).

[0675] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 176, 2-(1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0676] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 176: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 12.1 (1H, m), 10.4 (0.9H, m), 9.52 (0.1H, m), 7.80 (1H, m), 7.43 (1H, m), 7.21 (2H, m), 5.80 (1H, m), 4.70 (2H, d, J=12.0Hz), 4.20 (2H, m), 2.92 (2H, t, J=12.0Hz), 2.60 (2H, m), 2.40-1.23 (27H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.84min): m/z=507 [M+H]+ (Calc: 506.3).



[0677] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 145 was prepared by using the hydrochloride of methyl 2-(pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetate in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 90%).

[0678] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 145, methyl 2-(1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0679] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 145: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.31 (2H, dt, J=16.90, 6.84Hz), 7.19-7.11 (2H, m), 5.12 (1H, br), 3.80 (6H, m), 3.62 (3H, s), 2.35 (1H, s), 2.22-1.38 (23H, m).

[0680] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 114 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 145 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 71%).

[0681] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 114, 2-(1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0682] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 114: 1H NMR: δH, (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.32 (2H, td, J=10.01, 3.72Hz), 7.19-7.10 (2H, m), 5.17 (1H, br), 4.22-3.03 (6H, br), 2.41 (4H, m), 2.25-1.37 (24 H, m); LC/MS (99%, tr=1.39min): m/z=493.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 492.7).



[0683] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 177 was prepared by using methyl 3-aminopyrrolidine-3-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 88%).

[0684] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 177, methyl 3-amino-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0685] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 177: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.45 (1H, m), 7.30 (1H, m), 7.13 (2H, m), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.30-4.00 (4H, m), 3.77 (3H, s), 3.65 (2H, m), 2.50-2.00 (9H, m), 1.90-1.36 (16H, m); LC/MS: m/z=508 [M+H]+ (Calc: 507.3).

[0686] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 178 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 177 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 72%).

[0687] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 178, 3-amino-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0688] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 178: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.90 (2H, br), 7.36 (2H, m), 7.17 (2H, m), 5.20 (1H, m), 4.40-3.50 (6H, m), 2.50-1.30 (25H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.12min): m/z=494 [M+H]+ (Calc: 493.3).



[0689] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 179 was prepared by using methyl 4-(aminomethyl)benzoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 36%).

[0690] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 179, methyl 4-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)methyl)benzoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0691] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 179: LC/MS: m/z=529 [M+H]+ (Calc: 528).

[0692] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 180 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 179 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 28%).

[0693] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 180, 4-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)methyl)benzoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0694] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 180 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.24 (br, 1H), 8.67 (br, 1H), 7.88 (d, 2H, J=8.1Hz), 7.78-7.79 (m, 1H), 7.49 (d, 2H, J=8.1Hz), 7.39-7.45 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.76-5.80 (m, 1H), 4.71 (m, 2H), 4.18-4.26 (m, 2H), 2.95 (m, 1H), 2.60-2.67 (m, 2H), 1.39-2.38 (m, 20H); LC/MS: m/z=515 [M+H]+ (Calc: 514).



[0695] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 181 was prepared by using methyl 4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoate (FB) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 28%).

[0696] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 181, methyl 4-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxybutanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0697] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 181: LC/MS: m/z=497 [M+H]+ (Calc: 496).

[0698] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 182 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 181 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 46%).

[0699] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 182, 4-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxybutanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0700] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 182: 1H NMR: δH, (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.31-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.16-7.24 (m, 2H), 4.01 (m, 1H), 3.63 (m, 2H), 3.29-3.41 (m, 2H), 1.39-2.37 (m, 25H); LC/MS: m/z=483 [M+H]+ (Calc: 482).

[0701] The compound of formula FB was prepared as follows:



[0702] A mixture of 4-amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid (FA, 1.00g, 8.40mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and concentrated HCl (1mL) in MeOH (20mL) was refluxed for 19hr. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 1.43g of the compound of formula FB as a colorless oil (yield >98%).



[0703] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 183 was prepared by using ethyl 5-(aminomethyl)furan-2-carboxylate (FE) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 27%).

[0704] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 183, ethyl 5-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)methyl)furan-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0705] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 183: LC/MS: m/z=533 [M+H]+ (Calc: 532).

[0706] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 184 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 183 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 37%).

[0707] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 184, 5-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)methyl)furan-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0708] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 184: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.65 (br, 1H), 8.55 (br, 1H), 7.89-7.90 (m, 1H), 7.52-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.24-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.24 (m, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 5.93-5.97 (m, 2H), 4.69 (m, 2H), 4.15-4.23 (m, 2H), 2.92 (m, 1H), 2.62-2.67 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.34 (m, 6H), 1.27-1.96 (m, 14H); LC/MS: m/z=505 [M+H]+ (Calc: 504).

[0709] The compound of formula FE was prepared as follows:



[0710] A mixture of ethyl 5-(chloromethyl)furan-2-carboxylate (FC, 1.00g, 5.30mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), sodium azide (379.1mg, 5.83mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), and sodium iodate (catalytic amount, Sigma-Aldrich) in DMF at a temperature of about 25°C was stirred for 24h. The reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc/water. The organic portion was separated, washed with brine, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 1:10 EtOAc:hexane to provide 950mg of the compound of formula FD as a pale yellow solid (yield 92%).

[0711] The identity of the compound of formula FD, ethyl 5-(azidomethyl)furan-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0712] Compound FD: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.14 (d, 1H, J=3.4Hz), 6.47 (d, 1H, J=3.4Hz), 4.39 (s, 2H), 4.37 (q, 2H, J=7.1Hz), 1.38 (t, 3H, J=7.1Hz).

[0713] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula FD (952mg, 4.88mmol), 20% palladium on carbon (100mg, Sigma-Aldrich), and MeOH (10mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 3.5hr. The Pd/C was filtered off, the mixture was washed with MeOH, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 843mg of the compound of formula FE as a brown oil (yield >98%).



[0714] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 185 was prepared by using methyl 1,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane-6-carboxylate (FI) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 67%).

[0715] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 185, methyl 8-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-1,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane-6-carboxylate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0716] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 185: LC/MS: m/z=565 [M+H]+ (Calc: 564).

[0717] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 186 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 185 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 27%).

[0718] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 186, 8-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-1,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane-6-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0719] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 186: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 12.25 (br, 1H), 7.37-7.43 (m, 2H), 7.28-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.21 (m, 1H), 5.05 (m, 1H), 4.30 (m, 1H), 4.09 (m, 1H), 3.92 (m, 4H), 3.61 (m, 2H), 2.68-2.73 (m, 1H), 1.40-2.45 (m, 25H); LC/MS: m/z=551 [M+H]+ (Calc: 550).

[0720] The compound of formula FI was prepared as follows:



[0721] After cooling a mixture of the compound of formula FF (methyl 4-oxopiperidine-3-carboxylate hydrochloride, 5.00g, 25.8mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and TMA (9.00mL, 64.6mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in DCM (50mL) to a temperature of 0°C, benzyl carbonochloridate (4.85g, 28.4mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added over a period of 10min. After addition, the reaction mixture was stirred for 1hr at a temperature of 0°C, warmed to a temperature of about 25°C, and stirred for 1hr more. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was extracted with DCM/water. The organic portion was separated, washed with 2N aqueous HCl, washed with saturated NaHCO3, washed with brine, dried (MgSO4),filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 6.38g of the compound of formula FG as a colorless oil (yield 85%).

[0722] The identity of the compound of formula FG, 1-benzyl 3-methyl 4-oxopiperidine-1,3-dicarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0723] Compound FG: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 3.94-4.03 (m, 4H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.16-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.02-3.09 (m, 2H), 2.85-2.92 (m, 1H), 2.66-2.68 (m, 1H), 1.99-2.06 (m, 1H), 1.54-1.60 (m, 1H).

[0724] A reaction mixture of the compound of formula FG (6.38g, 21.9mmol), ethane-1,2-diol (3.66mL, 65.7mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), and 4-methylbenzenesulfonic acid monohydrate (200mg, Sigma-Aldrich) in toluene (150mL) was refluxed for 21hr. The reaction mixture was extracted with diethyl ether:water. The organic portion was separated, washed with saturated NaHCO3, washed with brine, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 0%:100% EtOAc:n-hexane to 50%:50% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 2.48g of the compound of formula FH as a colorless oil (yield 34%).

[0725] The identity of the compound of formula FH, 8-benzyl 6-methyl 1,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]decane-6,8-dicarboxylate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0726] Compound FH: LC/MS: m/z=336 [M+H]+ (Calc: 335), 358 [M+Na]+ (Calc: 357).

[0727] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula FH (2.48g, 7.40mmol), 20% palladium on carbon (200mg), and MeOH (50mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 3hr. The Pd/C was filtered off, the mixture was washed with MeOH, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 1.50g of the compound of formula FI as a pale yellow oil (yield >98%).

[0728] The identity of the compound of formula FI was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0729] Compound FI: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 11.99 (s, 1H), 7.32-7.40 (m, 5H), 5.16 (s, 2H), 4.14 (m, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 3.63-3.66 (m, 2H), 2.40 (m, 2H).



[0730] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 187 was prepared by using methyl 4-hydroxypiperidine-4-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 97%).

[0731] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 187, methyl 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-4-hydroxypiperidine-4-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0732] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 187: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.43 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.36 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.29 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.20 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.56 (1H, s), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.42 (2H, d, J=13.18Hz), 3.65 (3H, s), 3.65-3.60 (2H, m), 3.36 (2H, m), 2.36 (1H, m), 2.18 (2H, m), 2.02-1.30 (20H, m); LC/MS: m/z=523 [M+H]+ (Calc: 522).

[0733] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 188 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 187 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 84%).

[0734] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 188, 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-4-hydroxypiperidine-4-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0735] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 188: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.00-10.00 (1H, br) 7.74 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.45 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.26-7.22 (2H, m), 5.67 (1H, br), 5.90-5.10 (1H, br), 4.47 (2H, d, J=12.6Hz), 4.18 (2H, s), 3.34 (2H, m), 2.92 (1H, m), 2.54 (2H, m), 2.25 (6H, m), 2.01-1.40 (18H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.53min): m/z=509 [M+H]+ (Calc: 508).



[0736] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 189 was prepared by using 1,3,8-triazaspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 92%).

[0737] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 189, 8-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-1,3,8-triazaspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0738] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 189: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.71 (1H, s), 8.63 (1H, s), 7.45 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.37 (1H, m), 7.31 (1H, m), 7.21 (1H, m), 5.40-5.10 (1H, br), 4.49 (2H, s), 3.62 (2H, s), 3.38 (2H, m), 2.70 (1H, s), 2.36 (1H, m), 2.19 (2H, m), 2.10-1.30 (22H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.53min): m/z=533 [M+H]+ (Calc: 532).



[0739] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 190 was prepared by using methyl 2-(2-aminoacetamido)acetate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 66%).

[0740] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 190, methyl 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)acetamido)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0741] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 190: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.35 (1H, m), 7.70 (1H, m), 7.39 (2H, m), 7.27 (1H, m), 7.21 (1H, m), 5.00 (1H, br), 4.02 (2H, d, J=8.0Hz), 3.65 (2H, m), 3.63 (3H, s), 2.45-1.30 (19H, m); MS: m/z=510 [M+H]+ (Calc: 509).

[0742] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 191 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 190 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 51%).

[0743] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 191, 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)acetamido)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0744] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 191: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.21 (1H, m), 7.69 (1H, m), 7.58 (1H, m), 7.40 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.26 (1H, m), 7.20 (1H, m), 5.40 (1H, br), 4.03 (2H, d, J=4.0Hz), 3.96 (2H, m), 3.75 (2H, d, J=4.0Hz), 2.70-2.40 (3H, m), 2.30-1.30 (20H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.31min): m/z=496 [M+H]+ (Calc: 495).



[0745] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 192 was prepared by using ethyl 4-aminopiperidine-4-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 92%).

[0746] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 192, ethyl 4-amino-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0747] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 192: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.43 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.35 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.28 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.21 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.10 (4H, m), 3.62 (4H, m), 2.35 (1H, m), 2.20 (2H, m), 2.10-1.40 (24H, m), 1.20 (3H, t, J=8.0Hz); MS: m/z=536 [M+H]+ (Calc: 535).

[0748] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 193 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 192 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 89%).

[0749] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 193, 4-amino-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0750] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 193: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.75 (0.9H, m), 10.11 (0.1H, m), 8.82 (3H, s), 7.92 (0.9H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.79 (0.1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.53 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.30 (2H, m), 5.99-5.89 (0.9H, m), 5.10 (0.1H, m), 4.21-3.87 (8H, m), 2.92 (1H, s), 2.66-2.55 (2H, m), 2.36-1.23 (24H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.09min): m/z=508 [M+H]+ (Calc: 507).

[0751] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 193 (130mg, 0.211mmol) and CH2Cl2 (4mL) at 0°C was added acetic anhydride (23.7mg, 0.232mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and TEA (131µL, 0.948mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2h. After concentration under reduced pressure, the reaction mixture was diluted with water (2mL) to precipitate a white solid. The precipitate was filtered and rinsed with water to provide 38mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 194 as a white solid (yield 33%).

[0752] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 194, 4-acetamido-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0753] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 194: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.15 (1H, s), 7.45 (2H, m), 7.31 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.22 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.25 (1H, br), 4.36 (1H, d, J=12.0Hz), 3.90-3.20 (4H, m), 2.50 (1H, m), 2.30 (2H, m), 2.20-1.40 (24H, m), 1.87 (3H, s); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.54min): m/z=550 [M+H]+ (Calc: 549).



[0754] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 195 was prepared by using methyl 3-hydroxypyrrolidine-3-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 55%).

[0755] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 195, methyl 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-3-hydroxypyrrolidine-3-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0756] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 195: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.36 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.31 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.20 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.15 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.88 (1H, s), 5.10 (1H, br), 4.20 (2H, br), 3.72 (3H, s), 3.62 (2H, m), 3.35 (2H, m), 2.36 (1H, m), 2.30-1.40 (24H, m); MS: m/z=509 [M+H]+ (Calc: 508).

[0757] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 196 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 195 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 90%).

[0758] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 196, 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-3-hydroxypyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0759] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 196: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.58 (0.9H, s), 9.80 (0.1H, s), 7.83 (0.9H, m), 7.74 (0.1H, m), 7.65 (1H, s), 7.25 (2H, m), 5.85 (0.9H, m), 5.05 (0.1H, m), 4.60-3.80 (6H, m), 2.98 (1H, m), 2.62 (2H, m), 2.40-1.30 (22H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.34min): m/z=495 [M+H]+ (Calc: 494.5).



[0760] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 197 was prepared by using methyl 2-amino-2-methylpropanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 30%).

[0761] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 197, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-2-methylpropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0762] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 197: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.58 (1H, br), 7.52 (1H, s), 7.35 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.22 (2H, m), 5.40 (1H, br), 3.99 (2H, br), 2.65 (1H, m), 2.50 (2H, m), 2.40-1.40 (20H, m), 1.61 (6H, s); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.81min): mlz=467 [M+H]+ (Calc: 466.5).



[0763] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 198 was prepared by using methyl 1-aminocyclohexanecarboxylate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 35%).

[0764] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 198, methyl 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)cyclohexanecarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0765] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 198: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.40 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.26 (2H, m), 7.20 (1H, m), 7.05 (1H, s), 5.00 (1H, br), 3.65 (2H, m), 3.56 (3H, s), 2.40-1.20 (33H, m); MS: m/z=521 [M+H]+ (Calc: 520).

[0766] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 199 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 198 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 81%).

[0767] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 199, 1-(4-((enclo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0768] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 199: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.70 (1H, br), 7.30 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.25 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.21 (1H, t, J=8,0Hz), 6.88 (1H, s), 5.60 (1H, br), 4.02 (2H, br), 2.80-1.30 (31H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=2.04min): m/z=507 [M+H]+ (Calc: 506.5).



[0769] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 200 was prepared by using ethyl 2-(2-oxopiperazin-1-yl)acetate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 89%).

[0770] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 200, ethyl 2-(4-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-2-oxopiperazin-1-yl)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0771] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 200: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.55 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.41 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.27 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.21 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.59 (2H, s), 4.28 (2H, m), 4.20 (2H, m), 3.67 (2H, m), 3.60 (2H, m), 2.40-2.00 (7H, m), 1.90-1.40 (16H, m), 1.27 (3H, t, J=8.0Hz); MS: m/z=550 [M+H]+ (Calc: 549).

[0772] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 201 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 200 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 94%).

[0773] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 201, 2-(4-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)-2-oxopiperazin-1-yl)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0774] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 201: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.54 (1H, m), 7.48 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.34 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.24 (1H, t, J=8,0Hz), 5.40 (1H, m), 4.44 (2H, s), 4.13 (2H, m), 4.04 (2H, s), 3.85 (2H, m), 3.53 (2H, m), 2.67 (1H, m), 2.37 (2H, m), 2.20-1.35 (20H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.52min): m/z=522 [M+H]+ (Calc: 521.5).



[0775] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 202 was prepared by using (S)-methyl 1-(2-aminoacetyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 56%).

[0776] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 202, (S)-methyl 1-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)acetyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and MS.

[0777] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 202: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.51 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.41 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.20-7.05 (3H, m), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.57 (1H, m), 4.29 (2H, d, J=8.0Hz), 3.73 (2H, s), 3.65 (2H, m), 2.84 (3H, s), 2.40-1.40 (27H, m); MS: m/z=550 [M+H]+ (Calc: 549).

[0778] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 203 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 202 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 77%).

[0779] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 203, 1-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)acetyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0780] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 203: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.69 (1H, br), 7.45 (2H, m), 7.23 (2H, m), 5.60 (1H, br), 4.68 (0.2H, m), 4.30-3.80 (4.8H, m), 3.65 (2H, m), 2.90-1.30 (27H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.56min): m/z=536 [M+H]+ (Calc: 535.5).



[0781] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 204 was prepared by using (R)-4-tert-butyl 1-methyl 2-aminosuccinate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 28%).

[0782] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 204, (R)-4-tert-butyl 1-methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)succinate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0783] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 204: LC/MS: m/z=567 [M+H]+ (Calc: 567).

[0784] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 205 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 204 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 66%).

[0785] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 205, (R)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)succinic acid was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0786] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 205: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.35-2.37 (24H, m), 2.73 (1H, d, J=15.72Hz), 3.62 (2H, s), 4.29 (1H, dd, J=10.65, 4.56Hz), 5.11-5.42 (1H, m), 7.15-7.29 (2H, m), 7.36-7.44 (3H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.50min): m/z=497 [M+H]+ (Calc: 497).



[0787] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 206 was prepared by using (S)-methyl 2-amino-2-phenylacetate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 54%).

[0788] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 206, (S)-methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-2-phenylacetate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0789] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 206: LC/MS: m/z=529 [M+H]+ (Calc: 529).

[0790] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 207 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 206 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 15%).

[0791] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 207, (S)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-2-phenylacetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0792] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 207: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.32-2.73 (22H, m), 2.94 (1H, s), 4.24 (2H, s), 5.14 (0.1H, s), 5.61 (1H, d, J=6.59Hz), 5.69 (0.9H, s), 7.21-7.54 (9H, m), 7.73 (1H, dd, J=6.59, 2.03Hz), 9.18 (0.1H, s), 9.94 (0.9H, s), 13.27 (1H, s); LC/MS (98%, tr=2.05min): m/z=515 [M+H]+ (Calc: 515).



[0793] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 208 was prepared by using (S)-methyl 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 86%).

[0794] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 208, (S)-methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-phenylpropanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0795] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 208: LC/MS: m/z=542 [M+H]+ (Calc: 543).

[0796] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 209 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 208 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 33%).

[0797] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 209, (S)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0798] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 209: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.32-2.40 (23H, m), 3.19-3.29 (2H, m), 3.75 (2H, s), 4.64 (1H, dd, J=12.17, 7.1Hz), 5.23 (1H, br s), 7.26-7.12 (7H, m), 7.49-7.31 (3H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=2.04min): m/z=529 [M+H]+ (Calc: 529).



[0799] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 210 was prepared by using ethyl 1-(2-aminoethyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 77%).

[0800] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 210, ethyl 1-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0801] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 210: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.26 (3H, t, J=7.1Hz), 1.35-2.43 (30H, m), 2.61 (2H, t, J=6.08Hz), 2.92 (2H, d, J=11.15Hz), 3.59 (2H, q, J=5.75Hz), 3.67 (2H, br s), 4.14 (2H, q, J=6.93Hz), 5.18 (1H, br s), 6.71 (1H, br s), 7.15-7.22 (2H, m), 7.38-7.45 (1H, m), 7.49-7.55 (1H, m); LC/MS: m/z=564 [M+H]+ (Calc: 564).

[0802] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 211 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 210 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 79%).

[0803] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 211, 1-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethyl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0804] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 211: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.32-2.56 (32H, m), 2.86 (2H, d, J=11.15Hz), 3.46 (2H, d, J=5.58Hz), 3.62 (2H, s), 5.03 (1H, br s), 7.15-7.25 (2H, m), 7.31-7.42 (3H, m), 12.16 (1H, br s); LC/MS (tr=0.84min): m/z=536 [M+H]+ (Calc: 536).



[0805] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 278 was prepared by using (S)-ethyl 2-(pyrrolidin-3-ylamino)acetate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 80%).

[0806] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 278, ethyl 2-((S)-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-ylamino)acetate, was confirmed by 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0807] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 278: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.44 (1H, m), 7.31 (1H, m), 7.13-7.12 (2H, m), 4.17 (2H, q, J=8.0Hz), 4.15-3.60 (4H, m), 3.65 (2H, m), 3.43 (2H, s), 3.40 (1H, m), 2.38-2.00 (7H, m), 1.86-1.40 (18H, m), 1.26 (3H, t, J=8.0Hz); LC/MS: m/z=536 [M+H]+ (Calc: 535.7).

[0808] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 279 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 278 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 47%).

[0809] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 279, 2-((S)-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-ylamino)acetic acid, was confirmed by 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0810] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 279: 1H NMR: δH (DMSO-d6): 10.78 (0.9H, d, J=7.6Hz), 10.2 (0.1H, m), 9.71 (2H, s), 7.88 (0.9H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.75 (0.1H, m), 7.53 (1H, s), 7.23 (2H, m), 5.92 (1H, m), 4.22-3.91 (9H, m), 2.92 (1H, m), 2.65-2.60 (2H, m), 2.40-1.20 (22H, m); LC/MS (97%, tr=1.16min): m/z=508 [M+H]+ (Calc: 507.6).



[0811] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 283 was prepared by using (S)-ethyl 2-(methyl(pyrrolidin-3-yl)amino)acetate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 97%).

[0812] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 283, ethyl 2-(((S)-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)(methyl)amino)acetate, was confirmed by 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0813] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 283: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.44 (1H, m), 7.33 (1H, m), 7.13 (2H, m), 5.30 (1H, br), 4.20 (2H, q, J=8.0Hz), 3.65 (2H, s), 3.39 (4H, m), 2.49 (3H, s), 2.40-1.40 (27H, m) 1.38 (3H, t, J =8.0Hz); LC/MS: m/z=550 [M+H]+ (Calc: 549.7).

[0814] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 284 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 283 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 98%).

[0815] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 284, 2-(((S)-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)(methyl)amino)acetic acid, was confirmed by 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0816] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 284: 1H NMR: δH (DMSO-d6): 11.00 (1H, br), 10.79 (0.9H, m), 10.2 (0.1H, m), 7.88 (0.9H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.70 (0.1H, m), 7.50 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.22 (2H, m), 5.93 (1H, s), 4.40-3.60 (7H, m), 2.93 (3H, s), 2.70-1.40 (27H, m); LC/MS (99%, tr=1.13min); LC/MS: m/z=522 [M+H]+ (Calc: 521.6).



[0817] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 373 was prepared by using ethyl 2-(piperazin-1-yl)acetate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 81%).

[0818] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 373, ethyl 2-(4-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0819] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 373: 1H NMR: δH (DMSO-d6): 1.19 (3H, t, J=7.6Hz), 1.32-2.40 (23H, m), 2.64 (4H, t, J=4.56Hz), 3.27 (2H, s), 3.62 (2H, br s), 3.79 (4H, br s), 4.09 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 7.20 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 7.31 (1H, t, J=7.1Hz), 7.37 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.45 (1H, d, J=4.56Hz); LC/MS: mlz=536 [M+H]+ (Calc: 536).

[0820] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 337 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 373 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 70%).

[0821] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 337, 2-(4-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0822] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 337: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.31-2.35 (22H, m), 2.61 (2H, dd,J=20.78, 11.66Hz), 2.93 (1H, s), 3.01 (4H, s), 3.59 (2H, s), 3.95 (4H, s), 4.21 (2H, s), 5.10 (0.1H, s), 5.83-5.96 (0.9H, m), 7.22-7.36 (2H, m), 7.48 (1H, dd, J=7.60, 1.52Hz), 7.78 (0.1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.90 (0.9H, d, J=8.1 1Hz), 9.84 (0.1H, s), 10.64 (0.9H, s), 12.18 (1H, br s); LC/MS (tr=1.10min): m/z=508 [M+H]+ (Calc: 508).



[0823] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 212 was prepared by using piperazin-2-one in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 99%).

[0824] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 212, 1-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-(3-oxopiperazin-1-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0825] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 212: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.35-2.42 (23H, m), 3.57 (2H, s), 3.66 (2H, s), 4.17 (2H, s), 4.52 (2H, s), 5.19 (1H, br s), 6.53 (1H, br s), 7.18-7.32 (2H, m), 7.41 (1H, d, J=8.1 1Hz), 7.56 (1H, d, J=8.1 1Hz); LC/MS (tr=1.66min): m/z=464 [M+H]+ (Calc: 464).



[0826] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 213 was prepared by using tert-butyl hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 98%).

[0827] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 213, tert-butyl 5-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0828] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 213: 1H NMR: δH, (400MHz, DMSO) 7.34 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.28 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.18 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.15 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 5.10 (1H, br), 4.08 (2H, br), 3.80-3.50 (4H, m), 3.18 (2H, m), 2.80 (2H, m), 2.34 (1H, m), 2.16 (2H, m), 2.10-1.45 (22H, m), 1.39 (9H, s); LC/MS: m/z=516 [M+H]+ (Calc: 575.3).

[0829] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 214 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 213 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7 (yield 99%).

[0830] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 214, 1-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0831] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 214: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 10.73 (1H, m), 9.69 (1H, m), 9.62 (1H, m), 7.88 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.65 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.28 (2H, m), 5.88 (1H, m), 4.22 (2H, m), 4.20-3.90 (4H, m), 3.45 (2H, m), 3.15 (4H, m), 2.90 (1H, m), 2.60 (2H, m), 2.40-1.30 (20H, m); LC/MS: m/z=476 [M+H]+ (Calc: 475.3).

[0832] At a temperature of about 25°C, ethyl 2-bromoacetate (55mg, 0.328mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and K2CO3 (151mg, 1.094mmol) were added to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 214 (150mg, 0.273mmol) in DMF (4mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at about 25°C for 3h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (5mL) and extracted three times with EtOAc (10mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with saturated aqueous NaCl (10mL), dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 100%:0% CHCl3:MeOH to 90%:10% CHCl3:MeOH to provide 135mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 215 as a white amorphous solid (yield 88%).

[0833] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 215, ethyl 2-(5-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0834] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 215: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 10.40 (1H, m), 7.73 (1H, m), 7.39 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.20 (2H, m), 5.70 (1H, m), 4.30-3.80 (8H, m), 3.20-2.80 (6H, m), 2.80-1.30 (23H, m); LC/MS: m/z=562 [M+H]+ (Calc: 561.3).

[0835] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 216 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 215 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 70%).

[0836] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 216, 2-(5-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0837] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 216: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 10.40 (1H, m), 7.73 (1H, m), 7.39 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.20 (2H, m), 5.70 (1H, m), 4.30-3.80 (8H, m), 3.20-2.80 (6H, m), 2.80-1.30 (23H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.20min): m/z=534 [M+H]+ (Calc: 533.5).



[0838] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 216, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 226 was prepared by using tert-butyl 2-aminoethylcarbamate in place of tert-butyl-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate (yield 17% for four steps).

[0839] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 223, tert-butyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0840] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 223: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.36-2.38 (32H, m), 3.18 (2H, q, J=5.91Hz), 3.42 (2H, q, J=5.91Hz), 3.63 (2H, br s), 5.06 (1H, br s), 6.91-6.94 (1H, m), 7.16-7.24 (2H, m), 7.38 (2H, t, J=6.08Hz), 7.56 (1H, s); LC/MS: m/z=524 [M+H]+ (Calc: 524).

[0841] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 224, 3-(2-aminoethylamino)-1-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0842] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 224: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.41-2.37 (24H, m), 2.75 (2H, t, J=6.34Hz), 3.36 (2H, t, J=6.08Hz), 3.57 (2H, s), 3.62 (2H, br s), 5.08 (1H, br s), 7.17-7.21 (2H, m), 7.36-7.39 (2H, m), 7.50-7.52 (1H, m); LC/MS: m/z=424 [M+H]+ (Calc: 424).

[0843] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 225, ethyl 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylamino)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0844] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 225: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.19 (3H, t, J=6.84Hz), 1.98 (22H, dt, J=188.24, 72.62Hz), 2.74 (2H, d, J=6.59Hz), 2.77-2.78 (1H, m), 2.90 (2H, d, J=6.59Hz), 3.37 (2H, d, J=6.59Hz), 3.63 (2H, s), 4.04-4.11 (2H, m), 5.08 (1H, s), 7.16-7.25 (2H, m), 7.38 (2H, dd, J=12.67, 8.62Hz), 7.49 (1H, d, J=5.07Hz), 7.96 (1H, d, J=5.58Hz); LC/MS: m/z=255.5 [M+2H]2+ (Calc: 255.5).

[0845] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 226, 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylamino)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0846] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 226: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.98 (23H, dtt, J=301.97, 81.62, 34.22Hz), 3.14 (2H, d, J=5.07Hz), 3.43 (2H, s), 3.62 (2H, d, J=5.07Hz), 4.17 (2H, s), 5.61 (1H, br s), 7.12 (1H, s), 7.20 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.43 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.57 (1H, s), 7.94 (1H, s), 10.72 (1H, brs); LC/MS (tr=1.01min): m/z=482 [M+H]+ (Calc: 481.6).



[0847] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 224 (38mg, 0.090mmol) and DMF (1mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added a solution of ethyl 2-bromoacetate (0.187mL, 0.188mmol) in MeCN (1mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at about 25°C for 2h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted twice with EtOAc (20mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), filtrated, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column (Yamazen, S (amino)) eluted with a gradient of from 95%:5% hexanes:EtOAc to 75%:25% hexanes:EtOAc to provide 28.8mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 227 as a yellow solid (yield 54%).

[0848] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 227, diethyl 2,2'-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylazanediyl)diacetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0849] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 227: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.17 (3H, t, J=7.1Hz), 1.18 (3H, t, J=7.1Hz), 1.31-2.42 (23H, m), 2.91 (2H, s), 3.42 (2H, s), 3.58 (4H, d, J=3.55Hz), 3.64 (2H, s), 4.02-4.11 (4H, m), 5.05 (1H, br s), 7.15-7.26 (2H, m), 7.34-7.40 (2H, m), 7.42-7.48 (1H, m); LC/MS: m/z=298.5 [M+2H]2+ (Calc: 298.5).

[0850] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 228 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 227 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 56%).

[0851] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 228, 2,2'-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylazanediyl)diacetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0852] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 228: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 1.31-2.81 (22H, m), 2.88-2.98 (2H, m), 3.40-3.47 (2H, m), 3.51 (4H, s), 4.24 (2H, s), 5.11 (0.1H, s), 5.65 (0.9H, s), 7.19-7.26 (2H, m), 7.38-7.43 (1H, m), 7.58-7.64 (2H, m), 7.67-7.75 (2H, br m), 9.22 (0.1H, s), 9.95 (0.9H, s), 12.33 (1H, br s); LC/MS (tr=1.36min): m/z=540 [M+H]+ (Calc: 540).



[0853] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 217 was prepared by using (S)-tert-butyl 2-(2-aminoethylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoate (FM) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 99%).

[0854] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 217, (S)-tert-butyl 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0855] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 217: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 1.36-2.42 (32H, m), 2.77-2.85 (1H, m), 2.93 (1H, br s), 3.02-3.10 (1H, m), 3.33 (1H, dd, J=6.59, 4.56Hz), 3.52-3.58 (2H, m), 3.62-3.81 (4H, m), 5.15 (1H, br s), 6.64 (1H, br s), 7.17-7.23 (2H, m), 7.39-7.45 (1H, m), 7.50-7.56 (1H, m); LC/MS: m/z=568 [M+H]+ (Calc: 568).

[0856] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 217 (260mg, 0.458mmol) and dioxane (6mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 4N HCl in dioxane (2mL, 8.00mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to 50°C and stirred for 4h. The mixture was filtrated with a Hirsch funnel, washed with dioxane, dried under reduced pressure for 8h at 85°C, then chromatographed by a reverse phase chromatography apparatus (Gilson Inc, Middletown WI). The collected fraction was dried under reduced pressure to provide 112mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 218 (yield 48%).

[0857] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 218, 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0858] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 218: 1H NMR: δH (DMSO-d6): 1.29-2.40 (21H, m), 2.53-2.73 (2H, m), 2.90 (1H, br s), 3.22 (3H, t, J=5.32Hz), 3.62-3.75 (3H, m), 3.84 (2H, ddd, J=25.73, 11.79, 3.93Hz), 4.16 (2H, d, J=24.33Hz), 5.12 (0.1H, br s), 5.78 (0.9H, br s), 7.12-7.23 (2H, m), 7.44 (1H, d, J=7.1Hz), 7.68-7.78 (1H, m), 8.00 (1H, t, J=5.58Hz), 9.84 (0.1H, br s), 10.76 (0.9H, br s); LC/MS (tr=1.09min): m/z=512 [M+H]+ (Calc: 512).

[0859] The compound of formula FM was prepared as follows:



[0860] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a mixture of benzyl 2-hydroxyethylcarbamate (FJ, 1000mg, 5.12mmol) and CH2Cl2 (13mL) at a temperature of from -20°C to -17°C were added DIEA (2340µL, 13.40mmol) and trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride (909µL, 5.38mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 1h at a temperature of -20°C. Thereafter, (R)-tert-butyl 3-amino-4-hydroxybutanoate (FK, 1239mg, 7.68mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in CH2Cl2 (5mL) was slowly added. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 4h as its temperature warmed from -20°C to -5°C. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was diluted with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 then extracted 3 times with CHCl3 (30mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column (Yamazen Corp. W091-01) eluted with a gradient of from 20%:80% EtOAc:n-hexane to 80%:20% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 921mg of the compound of formula FL as a yellow oil (yield 53%).

[0861] The identity of the compound of formula FL, (S)-tert-butyl 2-(2-(benzyloxycarbonylamino)ethylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0862] Compound FL: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.46 (9H, s), 2.61-2.70 (1H, m), 2.82-2.91 (1H, m), 3.16-3.27 (2H, m), 3.30-3.42 (1H, m), 3.54 (1H, dd, J=10.90, 6.84Hz), 3.74 (1H, dd, J=10.65, 4.56Hz), 5.10 (2H, s), 5.21 (1H, br s), 7.31-7.37 (5H, m); LC/MS: m/z=339 [M+H]+ (Calc: 339).

[0863] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula FL (906mg, 2.68mmol), 10% palladium on carbon, 50% wet (285mg, 0.134mmol), and MeOH (10mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 3h. The Pd/C was filtered off, the mixture was washed with MeOH, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 651mg of the compound of formula FM as a pale yellow solid (yield >98%).

[0864] The identity of the compound of formula FM, (S)-tert-butyl 2-(2-aminoethylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0865] Compound FM: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.47 (9H, s), 2.55-2.64 (1H, m), 2.78-2.86 (3H, m), 3.27 (1H, dd, J=6.84, 4.31Hz), 3.55 (1H, dd, J=10.65, 6.59Hz), 3.77 (1H, dd, J=10.90, 4.31Hz); LC/MS: m/z=205 [M+H]+ (Calc: 205).



[0866] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 219 was prepared by using tert-butyl 2-(2-aminoethylamino)acetate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 86%).

[0867] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 219, tert-butyl 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethylamino)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0868] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 219: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 1.35-1.89 (2H, m), 1.98-2.03 (1H, m), 2.13-2.42 (4H, m), 2.91 (2H, t, J=5.83Hz), 3.34 (2H, s), 3.61 (2H, q, J=5.91Hz), 3.66 (2H, br s), 5.13 (1H, br s), 6.69 (1H, s), 7.16-7.22 (2H, m), 7.38-7.44 (1H, m), 7.49-7.55 (1H, m); LC/MS: m/z=538 [M+H]+ (Calc: 538).

[0869] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 219 (305mg, 0.567mmol) and MeCN (5mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2-bromoacetamide (86mg, 0.624mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and K2CO3 (86mg, 0.624mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to 60°C and stirred for 3h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted twice with CHCl3 (20mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), filtrated, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column (Yamazen, M (amino)) eluted with a gradient of from 60%:40% hexanes:EtOAc to 0%:100% hexanes:EtOAc to provide a fractions. The fractions were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a colorless amorphous solid which was chromatographed with a silica gel column (Yamazen, M (amino)) eluted with a gradient of from 99%:1% CHCl3:(MeOH:NH3=10:1) to 90%:10% CHCl3:(MeOH:NH3=10:1) to provide 252mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 220 (yield 75%).

[0870] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 220, tert-butyl 2-((2-amino-2-oxoethyl)(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethyl)amino)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0871] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 220: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 1.35-2.41 (32H, m), 2.96 (2H, t, J=4.82Hz), 3.33 (2H, s), 3.38 (2H, s), 3.57-3.63 (2H, m), 3.66 (2H, br s), 5.18 (1H, br s), 5.40 (1H, br s), 6.65 (1H, br s), 7.17-7.23 (2H, m), 7.38-7.44 (1H, m), 7.47-7.53 (1H, m), 7.55 (1H, br s); LC/MS: m/z=595 [M+H]+ (Calc: 595).

[0872] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 221 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 220 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 218 (yield 96%).

[0873] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 221, 2-((2-amino-2-oxoethyl)(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethyl)amino)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0874] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 221: 1H NMR: δH (CD3OD): 1.35-2.43 (20H, m), 2.61-2.74 (2H, m), 2.95-3.12 (3H, m), 3.34-3.71 (6H, m), 4.17 (2H, br s), 5.45 (1H, br s), 7.25-7.15 (2H, m), 7.46 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=8.1 1Hz); LC/MS (tr=1,06min): m/z=539 [M+H]+ (Calc: 539).



[0875] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 374, methyl 5-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)methyl)-2-hydroxybenzoate, was prepared by using methyl 5-(aminomethyl)-2-hydroxybenzoate (FT) in place of serine amide hydrochloride. Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 211 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 374 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 9% for two steps).

[0876] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 330, 5-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)methyl)-2-hydroxybenzoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0877] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 330: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 13.97 (br, 1H), 11.16 (s, 1H), 10.49 (s, 1H), 8.51 (br, 1H), 7.78-7.91 (m, 2H), 7.59-7.62 (m, 1H), 7.49 (m, 1H), 7.23-7.25 (m, 2H), 6.90-6.92 (m, 1H), 5.85-5.90 (m, 1H), 4.45-4.57 (m, 2H), 4.19-4.36 (m, 2H), 2.92 (m, 1H), 2.59-2.64 (m, 2H), 1.16-2.34 (m, 20H); LC/MS: m/z=568 [M+H]+ (Calc: 567).

[0878] Methyl 5-(aminomethyl)-2-hydroxybenzoate (FT) was prepared as follows:



[0879] A reaction mixture of 5-formyl-2-hydroxybenzoic acid (FN, 5.00g, 30.1mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), concentrated H2SO4 (2.00mL), and MeOH (50mL) was stirred at reflux for 24h. Thereafter, the mixture was concetrated under reduced pressure to provide 5.36g of the compound of formula FO, methyl 5-formyl-2-hydroxybenzoate, as colorless oil (yield 99%). A reaction mixture of the compound of formula FO (5.36g, 29.7mmol), the compound of formula EB (3.89mL, 32.8mmol), K2CO3 (4.93g, 35.7mmol), and acetone (150mL) was stirred at reflux for 22h. Thereafter, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 4.92g of the compound of formula FP, methyl 2-(benzyloxy)-5-formylbenzoate, as a white solid (yield 61%). A reaction mixture of the compound of formula FP (4.40g, 16.3mmol), sodium tetrahydroborate (738mg, 19.5mmol), and THF (50mL) was stirred for 1h at a temperature of 0°C, warmed to a temperature of about 25°C, and stirred for 1h more. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and water. The organic portion was separated, washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, washed with brine, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure, and chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 100%:0% hexane:EtOAc to 50%:50% hexane:EtOAc to provide 3.98g of the compound of formula FQ, methyl 2-(benzyloxy)-5-(hydroxymethyl)benzoate, as a colorless oil (yield 90%).

[0880] A reaction mixture of the compound of formula FQ (3.98g, 14.6mmol), phosphorus tribromide (687mL, 7.31mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), and diethyl ether (100mL) was stirred for 1h at a temperature of 0°C. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was partitioned between diethyl ether and water. The organic portion was separated, washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, washed with brine, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 4.90g of the compound of formula FR, methyl 2-(benzyloxy)-5-(bromomethyl)benzoate, as a white solid (yield >99%). A reaction mixture of the compound of formula FR (4.90g, 14.6mmol), sodium azide (1.05g, 16.1mmol), potassium iodide (catalytic amount, Sigma-Aldrich), and DMF (100mL) was stirred for 20h at a temperature of about 25°C. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and water. The organic portion was separated, washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, washed with brine, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure, and chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 100%:0% hexane:EtOAc to 50%:50% hexane:EtOAc to provide 2.82g of the compound of formula FS, methyl 5-(azidomethyl)-2-(benzyloxy)benzoate, as a colorless oil (yield 65%). Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula FS (1.28g, 4.30mmol), 20% palladium on carbon by weight (120mg), MeOH (5mL), and EtOAc (10mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 5h. The Pd/C was filtered off with a CELITE pad, the mixture was washed with EtOAc, then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a first residue. The first residue was suspended in MeOH, the insoluble solid filtered off, and the filtrate concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a second residue. The second residue was washed with EtOAc to provide 438mg of the compound of formula FT as a brown solid (yield 56%).



[0881] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 326 was prepared by using (3S,4S)-diethyl 1-(2-aminoethyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate (FX) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 75%).

[0882] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 326, (3S,4S)-diethyl 1-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0883] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 326: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.51 (m, 2H), 7.25 (m, 2H), 5.10 (s, br, 1H), 4.12 (dd, 4H), 3.7 (s, br, 2H), 3.60(m, 1H), 3.42 (m, 2H), 2.89 (m, 2H), 2.75 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, br, 1H), 2.38-1.35 (m, 22H), 1.25 (t, 6H); LC/MS: m/z=566 [M+H]+ (Calc: 565).

[0884] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 327 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 326 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 60%).

[0885] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 327, (3S,4S)-1-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0886] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 327: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD):. 7.36-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.12-7.06 (m, 2H), 5.27-5.09 (s, br. 1H), 3.60 (s, br, 2H), 3.57-3.45 (m, 2H), 2.89 (t, J=8.8Hz, 2H), 2.82-2.78 (m, 2H), 2.72-2.53 (m, 3H), 2.46-2.36 (s, br, 1H), 2.27-1.36 (m, 22H); LC/MS: m/z=566 [M+H]+ (Calc: 565).

[0887] The sodium salt of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 327 was prepared as follows. To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 326 (65mg, 0.1mmol) and 95% ethanol (3mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2N aqueous NaOH (0.1mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at about 25°C for 2h after which a white precipitate formed. The precipitate was collected and dried under reduced pressure to provide 42.1mg of the sodium salt of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 327 (yield 71%).

[0888] The compound of formula FX was prepared as follows:



[0889] To a mixture of diethyl fumarate (8.68g, 50.4mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and toluene (800mL) at 105°C was added dropwise over 1h a mixture of formaldehyde, in the form of paraformaldehyde, (10.2g, 339mmol (based on formaldehyde monomer molecular weight), Sigma-Aldrich) and 2-(benzylamino)acetic acid (12.2g, 60.5mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). The resulting reaction mixture was refluxed for 16h in an apparatus comprising a Dean-Stark trap. After concentration under reduced pressure, the residue was dissolved in hexanes, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a brown oil. Flash chromatography of the oil with a silica gel column eluting with 1:5 EtOAc:hexanes provided 13.8g of the compound of formula FU as a colorless oil (yield 74%).

[0890] The identity of the compound of formula FU, (3S,4S)-diethyl 1-benzylpyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate, was confirmed using TLC and LC/MS.

[0891] Compound FU: TLC (SiO2) 1:1 EtOAc:hexanes: Rf=0.8 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent; LC/MS: m/z=306 [M+H]+ (Calc: 305).

[0892] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula FU (4.08g, 13.4mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (4.7g), and MeOH was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 2h. The Pd/C was filtered off with a CELITE pad and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 2.89g of the compound of formula FV as a pale yellow oil (yield >98%).

[0893] The identity of the compound of formula FV, (3S,4S)-diethyl pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate, was confirmed using TLC and LC/MS.

[0894] Compound FV: TLC (SiO2) 1:3 EtOAc:hexanes: Rf=0.1 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent; LC/MS: m/z=216 [M+H]+ (Calc: 215).

[0895] To a mixture of the compound of formula FV (2.4g, 11.2mmol) and dry DMF (150mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added tert-butyl 2-bromoethylcarbamate (2.7g, 12.3mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and TEA (22.4mmol, 3.1mL). The resulting reaction mixture was heated to 60°C and stirred for 18h at that temperature. Thereafter the solids were filtered off, the filtrate was washed with brine, and the aqueous phase was extracted three times with with EtOAc (100mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an oil. Flash chromatography of the oil with a silica gel column eluting with 9:1 CH2Cl2:MeOH provided 2.59g of the compound of formula FW as a pale yellow oil (yield 65%).

[0896] The identity of the compound of formula FW, (3S,4S)-diethyl 1-(2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)ethyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate, was confirmed using TLC and LC/MS.

[0897] Compound FW: TLC (SiO2) 5:1 EtOAc:hexanes: Rf=0.6 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent; LC/MS: m/z=359 [M+H]+ (Calc: 358).

[0898] To a mixture of the compound of formula FW (1.5g, 4.2mmol) and EtOAc at 0°C was added slowly 4N HCl in EtOAc (4.5mL). After heating to a temperature of about 25°C and stirring for 2h, the reaction mixture became cloudy, indicating the formation of an HCl salt. After concentration under reduced pressure, the residue was washed with diethyl ether and the solids were filtered off and the dried under reduced pressure for 16h to provide 1.08g of the compound of formula FX as a white solid (yield 90%).

[0899] The identity of the compound of formula FX was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0900] Compound FX: LC/MS: m/z=259 [M+H]+ (Calc: 258).



[0901] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 329 was prepared by using (3R,4S)-diethyl 1-(2-aminoethyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate (FY) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 86%).

[0902] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 329, (3R,4S)-diethyl 1-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)ethyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-dicarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0903] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 329: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.49-5.56 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.49 (s, br, 1H), 7.25-7.22 (m, 2H), 6.77-6.67 (s, br, 1H), 5.64-4.86 (s, br., 1H), 4.17-4.12(dd, J=9.1, 8.2Hz, 4H), 3.72 (s, br, 2H), 3.62-3.58 (dd, J=5.8, 11.5Hz, 2H), 3.32-3.24 (m, 4H), 2.82-2.74 (m, 4H), 2.5-1.25(m, 23H), 1.15(t, J=7.1Hz, 6H); LC/MS: m/z=566 [M+H]+ (Calc: 565).

[0904] In a manner similar to the above preparation of the compound of formula FX, the compound of formula FY was prepared except that diethyl maleate (Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of diethyl fumarate (yield 30% for four steps).

[0905] The identity of the compound of formula FY was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0906] Compound FY: LC/MS: m/z=259 [M+H]+ (Calc: 258).

5.17 Example 17



[0907] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347 from the compound of formula EH in Example 14, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 403, i.e., 3-chloro-1-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one or the exo isomer, was prepared from the compound of formula EI.

[0908] In a manner similar to Example 15, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 403 (yield 61%).



[0909] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 104, (2S)-2-(4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxypropanamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0910] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 104: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.70 (1H, s), 7.49 (1H, s), 7.38 (1H, t, J=4.82Hz), 7.19 (4H, m), 5.02 (2H, m), 4.47-4.43 (1H, m), 3.68 (4H, m), 2.81 (2H, m), 1.58 (21H, m); LC/MS (96%, tr=1.14min): m/z=468.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 467.6).

[0911] In a manner similar to the above preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 104, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 403 except that (R)-3-amino-1,2-propanediol (Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 70%).



[0912] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 105, 1-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-((R)-2,3-dihydroxypropylamino)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0913] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 105: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.38 (0.1H, s), 7.69 (0.9H, s), 7.31 (4H, m), 5.00 (1.5H, d, J=5.07Hz), 4.71 (1H, t, J=5.58Hz), 4.28 (0.5H, s), 3.71 (1H, t, J=5.83Hz), 3.55 (2H, t, J=6.59Hz), 3.39 (3H, m), 2.80 (2H, br), 1.64 (23H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.14min): m/z=455.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 454.6).

[0914] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 144 and 106 in Example 16, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 403.



[0915] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 146, ethyl 2-(4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0916] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 146: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.92 (1H, s), 7.68 (1H, s), 7.36 (1H, dd, J=7.60, 2.03Hz), 7.21 (2H, q, J=7.94Hz), 4.98 (1H, br), 4.15-4.08 (2H, m), 3.55 (2H, s), 2.80 (2H, s), 1.57 (23H, m).

[0917] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 110, 2-(4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0918] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 110: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.68 (1H, s), 7.53 (1H, t, J=5.32Hz), 7.40-7.38 (1H, m), 7.23-7.17 (2H, m), 5.02 (1H, br), 3.85 (2H, d, J=5.07Hz), 3.66 (2H, s), 2.82 (2H, s), 1.97-1.41 (21H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.38min): m/z=439.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 438.6).

5.18 Example 18



[0919] In a manner similar to Example 15, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347.



[0920] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 147 was prepared by using L-serine benzyl ester (i.e., (S)-benzyl 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoate hydrochloride, Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 93%).

[0921] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 147, (2S)-benzyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0922] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 147: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.39-7.28 (9H, m), 4.68-4.64 (1H, m), 4.49 (2H, d, J=6.08Hz), 4.04-3.87 (2H, m), 3.62 (2H, t, J=5.58Hz), 2.37 (1H, s), 2.28-2.18 (2H, m), 2.03 (4H, d, J=34.47Hz), 1.79-1.39 (17H, m).

[0923] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 147 (176mg, 0.32mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (20mg), and MeOH (5mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 3hr. After the Pd/C was filtered off, the mixture was washed with EtOAc and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 95:5:0.5 CHCl3:MeOH:aqueous ammonia to 4:1:0.1 CHCl3:MeOH:aqueous ammonia to provide Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 100 as a colorless solid. Acidifying the solid with 2N aqueous HCl (2mL) provided a white precipitate which was collected by filtration and washed twice with water (3mL for each wash) to provide 67mg of the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 100 as a colorless solid (yield 45%).

[0924] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 100, (2S)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0925] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 100: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.48 (1H, s), 7.88 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.41 (2H, m), 7.26 (2H, m), 5.91 (1H, t, J=9.38Hz), 4.61-4.57 (1H, m), 4.21 (2H, s), 3.90 (2H, m), 2.94 (1H, s), 2.69 (2H, m), 2.40-1.38 (22H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.42min): m/z=469.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 468.6).



[0926] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 150 was prepared by using D-serine benzyl ester (i.e., (R)-benzyl 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoate hydrochloride, Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 62%).

[0927] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 150, (2R)-benzyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoate, was confirmed using MS.

[0928] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 150: MS: m/z=559.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 558.3).

[0929] In a manner similar to the above preparation of the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 100 from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 147, the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 115 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 150 (yield 93%).

[0930] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 115, (2R)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0931] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 115: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.60 (0.9H, d, J=5.07Hz), 9.79 (0.1H, s), 7.92 (0.9H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.81 (0.1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.49-7.45 (2H, m), 7.28-7.23 (2H, m), 6.00-5.91 (0.9H, m), 5.16 (0.1H, s), 4.65-4.62 (1H, m), 4.20 (2H, s), 3.94-3.90 (2H, m), 2.94 (1H, s), 2.78-2.61 (2H, m), 2.28 (6H, m), 2.02-1.37 (14H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.39min): m/z=469.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 468.6)



[0932] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 229 was prepared by using ethyl 2-(2-(benzyloxy)ethylamino)acetate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 76%).

[0933] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 229, ethyl 2-((2-(benzyloxy)ethyl)(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)amino)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0934] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 229: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.43 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.35-7.20 (6H, m), 7.18 (2H, m), 5.20 (1H, m), 4.60 (2H, m), 4.51 (2H, s), 4.14 (1H, q, H=8.0Hz), 4.06 (2H, m), 3.86 (2H, m), 3.63 (2H, m), 2.36 (1H, m), 2.25 (2H, m), 2.10-1.90 (4H, m), 1.90-1.40 (16H, m), 1.25 (3H, t, J=8.0Hz); LC/MS: m/z=601 [M+H]+ (Calc: 600.3).

[0935] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 230 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 229 in a manner similar to that described above except that the acid treatment was omitted (yield 48%).

[0936] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 230, ethyl 2-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)(2-hydroxyethyl)amino)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0937] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 230: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.45 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.35 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.20 (1H, m), 7.15 (1H, m), 5.15 (1H, br), 4.39 (2H, m), 4.25 (2H, q, J=8.0Hz), 4.02 (2H, m), 3.89 (2H, m), 3.64 (2H, m), 2.40-1.30 (23H, m), 1.31 (3H, t, J=8.0Hz); LC/MS: m/z=511 [M+H]+ (Calc: 510.3).

[0938] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 231 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 230 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 62%).

[0939] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 231, 2-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)(2-hydroxyethyl)amino)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0940] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 231: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.35 (2H, m), 7.24 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.16 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.48 (2H, m), 3.82 (2H, m), 3.72 (2H, m), 3.66 (2H, m), 2.60-1.30 (23H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.47min): m/z=483 [M+H]+ (Calc: 482.3).

5.19 Example 19



[0941] In a manner similar to Example 17 except that L-serine benzyl ester hydrochloride was used, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 403 (yield 50%).



[0942] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 151, (2S)-benzyl 2-(4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoate, was confirmed using MS.

[0943] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 151: MS: m/z=559.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 558.7).

[0944] In a manner similar to Example 18 except that the acidification was omitted, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 107 was prepared from the compound of formula 151 (yield 63%).

[0945] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 107, (2S)-2-(4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0946] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 107: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.75 (1H, s), 7.40 (1H, dd, J=7.10, 2.03Hz), 7.26 (3H, m), 4.99 (1H, s), 4.45 (1H, t, J=3.8Hz), 3.86 (4H, m), 2.91 (2H, s), 1.79 (21H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.33min): m/z=469.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 468.6).

5.20 Example 20



[0947] In a manner similar to Example 15, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 152 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347.



[0948] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 152, i.e., tert-butyl (3R)-1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-ylcarbamate, was prepared by using (R)-tert-butyl pyrrolidin-3-ylcarbamate

[0949] (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride. In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7, the free Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 101 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 152. Thereafter, the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 101 was prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (overall yield 84%).

[0950] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 101, 3-((R)-3-aminopyrrolidin-1-yl)-1-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0951] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 101: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.67 (1H, s), 8.40 (3H, s), 7.85 (1H, d, J=9.12Hz), 7.49 (1H, d, J=6.08Hz), 7.22 (2H, td, J=8.49, 5.24Hz), 5.89 (1H, t, J=9.38Hz), 4.22-3.86 (9H, m), 2.92 (1H, s), 2.61 (2H,m), 2.27-1.37 (22H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=0.78min): m/z=450.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 449.6).

5.21 Example 21



[0952] 



[0953] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 70 from the compound of formula AB in Example 12, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 153 was prepared from diethyl 2-oxomalonate and the compound of formula EF (yield 40%).

[0954] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 153, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0955] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 153: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CDCl3): 7.91 (1H, d, J=8.1Hz), 7.63-7.55 (2H, m), 7.34 (1H, t, J=7.4Hz), 5.21 (1H, br s), 4.50 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.66 (2H, br s), 2.43-2.15 (5H, m), 2.07-1.93 (2H, m), 1.88-1.35 (20H, m).

[0956] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 153 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 63%).

[0957] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74, 4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0958] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.38 (1H, br s), 8.06 (1H, d, J=8.6Hz), 7.89 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.76 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 6.00-5.91 (1H, m), 4.24 (2H, br s), 2.99-2.89 (1H, m), 2.67-2.59 (2H, m), 2.38-1.38 (20H, m); LC/MS (99%, tr=1.02min): m/z=410.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 409).

[0959] At a temperature of about 25°C, a reaction mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74 (150mg, 0.37mmol), 6-methoxypyridin-3-amine (0.55mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), WSCI (0.74mmol), and HOBT · H2O (0.74mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in DMF (4mL) was stirred for 4hr. The mixture was quenched with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, extracted three times with EtOAc/water (40mL for each extraction), washed twice with water (20mL for each wash), dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow solid. The solid was triturated with 4:1:0.5 Et2O:n-hexane:EtOAc (20mL), sonicated, and filtrated to provide a yellow solid. The solid was dried under reduced pressure at 70°C for 12hr to provide 133mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 120 (yield 70%).

[0960] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 120, 4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-N-(6-methoxypyridin-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0961] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 120: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.82 (1H, s), 8.47 (1H, d, J=2.53Hz), 8.02 (1H, dd, J=8.87, 2.79Hz), 7.92 (1H, d, J=8.1 1Hz), 7.77 (1H, d, J=7.1Hz), 7.65 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.46 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 6.88 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 5.29 (1H, s), 3.85 (3H, s), 3.65 (2H, s), 2.30-1.37 (23H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.73min): m/z=516.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 515.7).

5.22 Example 22



[0962] In a manner similar to Example 21, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds ("endo" isomers) were prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74.



[0963] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 121 was prepared by using O-methylhydroxylamine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline (yield 54%).

[0964] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 121, 4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-N-hydroxy-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0965] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 121: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.71 (1H, s), 7.89 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.77 (1H, s), 7.44 (1H, s), 5.26 (0.8H, s), 4.23 (0.2H, s), 3.74 (3H, s), 3.58 (2H, m), 2.39-1.39 (23H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.20min): m/z=439.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 438.6).



[0966] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 125 was prepared by using 3-amino-1,2-propanediol (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline (yield 16%).

[0967] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 125, 4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-N-(2,3-dihydroxypropyl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0968] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 125: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.09 (1H, s), 8.17 (1H, d, J=8.1 1Hz), 7.67 (2H, m), 7.43 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.30 (1H, br), 3.93 (1H, t, J=4.82Hz), 3.69 (6H, m), 2.37-1.22 (25H, m); LC/MS (96%, tr=1.00min): m/z=483.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 482.6).



[0969] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 317 was prepared by using (2H-tetrazol-5-yl)methanamine hydrochloride (FFC) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 29%).

[0970] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 317, N-((2H-tetrazol-5-yl)methyl)-4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0971] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 317: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 8.06 (d, 1H, J=7.9Hz), 7.83-7.84 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.56 (m, 1H)5.57-5.59 (m, 1H), 5.01 (s, 2H), 4.38 (m, 2H), 3.15 (m, 1H)2.77-2.80 (m, 2H), 1.47-2.54 (m, 20H); LC/MS: m/z=491 [M+H]+ (Calc: 490).

[0972] (2H-tetrazol-5-yl)methanamine hydrochloride (FFC) was prepared as follows:



[0973] A mixture of benzyl cyanomethylcarbamate (FFA, 2.00g, 10.5mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), sodium azide (1.37g, 21.0mmol), zinc bromide (1.18g, 5.26mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), 2-propanol (15mL), and water (30mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was stirred for 15h. To the reaction mixture was added 2N aqueous HCl (7mL). The mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and water, the organic portion was separated, washed with brine, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 1.51 g of the compound of formula FFB as a white solid (yield 61%).

[0974] The identity of the compound of formula FFB, benzyl (2H-tetrazol-5-yl)methylcarbamate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0975] Compound FFB: LC/MS: m/z=234 [M+H]+ (Calc: 233).

[0976] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula FFC (754mg, 3.23mmol), 20% palladium on carbon (50mg), and MeOH (8mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 1h. The Pd/C was filtered off with a CELITE pad, the mixture was washed with MeOH, then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 438mg of the compound of formula FFC as a yellow oil (yield >98%).



[0977] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 154 was prepared by using glycine ethyl ester in place of 4-methoxyaniline (yield 96%).

[0978] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 154, ethyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0979] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 154: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.25 (1H, m), 7.90 (1H, t, J=4.06Hz), 7.76 (1H, t, J=7.1Hz), 7.62 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.23 (1H, br), 4.13 (4.2H, m), 3.65 (2H, s), 2.37-1.45 (23H, m), 1.23 (3H, t, J=7.1Hz).

[0980] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 128 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 154 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 30%).

[0981] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 128, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0982] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 128: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 12.78-12.74 (1H, m), 10.33 (0.9H, br), 9.38 (0.1H, s), 9.10 (1H, t, J=5.58Hz), 8.04 (1H, d, J=8.1 1Hz), 7.92 (1H, dd, J=7.86, 1.27Hz), 7.76 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.93 (0.9H, t, J=9.12Hz), 5.20 (0.1H, s), 4.25 (2H, s), 4.03 (2H, d, J=5.58Hz), 2.94 (1H, s), 2.61 (2H, m), 2.35-1.37 (20H, m); LC/MS (96%, tr=1.18min): m/z=467.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 466.6).



[0983] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 375 was prepared by using (S)-(+)-methyl 2-amino-2-phenylacetate hydrochloride in place of 4-methoxyaniline (yield 49%).

[0984] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 375, (S)-methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-2-phenylacetate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0985] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 375: LC/MS: m/z=557 [M+H]+ (Calc: 556).

[0986] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 311 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 375 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 30%).

[0987] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 311, (S)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-2-phenylacetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0988] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 311: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.69-7.96 (m, 3H), 7.24-7.45 (m, 6H), 5.61 (s, 1H), 5.21-5.55 (m, 1H), 4.19-4.27 (m, 2H), 3.03-3.04 (m, 1H), 1.33-2.76 (m, 22H); LC/MS: m/z=543 [M+H]+ (Calc: 542).



[0989] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 155 was prepared by using L-serine methyl ester hydrochloride (i.e., (S)-methyl 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoate hydrochloride, Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline (yield >98%).

[0990] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 155, (2S)-methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-3-hydroxypropanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[0991] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 155: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.44 (1H, m), 7.92 (1H, d, J=8.1 1Hz), 7.77 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 7.62 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.45 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.22 (1H, br), 5.21 (1H, t, J=5.58Hz), 4.61-4.56 (1H, m), 3.86-3.81 (1H, m), 3.70 (6H, m), 1.89 (23H, m).

[0992] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 129 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 155 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 78%).

[0993] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 129, (2S)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[0994] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 129: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.30 (1H, s), 7.92 (1H, dd, J=7.86, 1.27Hz), 7.72 (2H, m), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.86Hz), 5.36 (1H, br), 4.44-4.40 (1.1H, m), 3.77 (4H, m), 2.34 (2H, m), 2.08 (4H, m), 1.91-1.40 (17H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.15min): m/z=497.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 496.6).



[0995] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 376 was prepared by using methyl pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate hydrochloride (Bachem Americas, Inc., Torrance, CA) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 29%).

[0996] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 376, methyl 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[0997] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 376: LC/MS: m/z=521 [M+H]+ (Calc: 520).

[0998] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 306 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 376 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 40%).

[0999] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 306, 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1000] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 306: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.39-7.90 (m, 4H), 5.28-5.50 (m, 1H), 4.35-4.42 (m, 1H), 3.54-3.79 (m, 5H), 1.45-2.35 (m, 24H); LC/MS: m/z=507 [M+H]+ (Calc: 506).



[1001] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 377 was prepared by using ethyl piperidine-4-carboxylate (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 29%).

[1002] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 377, ethyl 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carbonyl)piperidine-4-carboxylate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1003] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 377: LC/MS: m/z=549 [M+H]+ (Calc: 548).

[1004] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 316 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 377 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 23%).

[1005] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 316, 1-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carbonyl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1006] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 316: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.91 (dd, 1H, J=1.2Hz, 7.9Hz), 7.79-7.87 (m, 1H), 7.75-7.77 (m, 1H), 7.48-7.51 (m, 1H), 5.59-5.63 (m, 08H), 5.30 (m, 0.2H), 4.52 (m, 1H), 4.49 (m, 2H), 3.67-3.70 (m, 1H), 3.14-3.32 (m, 3H), 1.46-2.84 (m, 27H); LC/MS: m/z=521 [M+H]+ (Calc: 520).



[1007] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 378 was prepared by using methyl 6-(aminomethyl)nicotinate hydrochloride (FFF) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 39%).

[1008] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 378, methyl 6-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)methyl)nicotinate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1009] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 378: LC/MS: m/z=558 [M+H]+ (Calc: 557).

[1010] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 318 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 378 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 32%).

[1011] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 318, 6-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)methyl)nicotinic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1012] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 318: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.43-9.46 (m, 1H), 9.03 (d, 1H, J=1.1Hz), 8.27 (dd, 1H, J=1.9Hz, 8.1Hz), 7.89 (d, 1H, J=7.7Hz), 7.67-7.75 (m, 2H), 7.59 (d, 1H, J=8.1Hz), 7.42-7.46 (m, 1H), 5.21-5.42 (m, 1H), 4.65 (d, 2H, J=5.7Hz), 3.65-3.76 (m, 2H), 1.42-2.35 (m, 23H); LC/MS: m/z=544 [M+H]+ (Calc: 543).

[1013] Methyl 6-(aminomethyl)nicotinate hydrochloride (FFF) was prepared as follows:



[1014] To a mixture of 6-cyanonicotinic acid (FFD, 1.00g, 6.75mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and DMF (4 drops) in CHCl3 (20mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added thionyl chloride (1.08mL, 14.85mmol). The reaction mixture was refluxed for 2h, then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was dissolved in MeOH (20mL), stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 2h, then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 1.34g of the compound of formula FFE, methyl 6-cyanonicotinate hydrochloride, as a pale yellow solid (yield >98%). Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula FFE (1.34g, 6.75mmol), 20% palladium on carbon (650mg), and MeOH (20mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 16h. The Pd/C was filtered off with a CELITE pad, the mixture was washed with MeOH, then recrystalized from EtOAc/MeOH/hexane to provide 488.2mg of the compound of formula FFF as a purple solid (yield 36%).



[1015] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 379 was prepared by using ethyl 3-aminopropanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 73%).

[1016] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 379, ethyl 3-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)propanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1017] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 379: LC/MS: m/z=509 [M+H]+ (Calc: 508).

[1018] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 350 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 379 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 34%).

[1019] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 350, 3-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)propanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1020] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 350: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.92-7.94 (m, 1H), 7.67-7.74 (m, 2H), 7.38-7.42 (m, 1H), 5.50 (m, 1H), 4.25 (m, 2H), 3.63 (t, 2H, J=6.5Hz), 3.02-3.04 (m, 1H), 2.63-2.68 (m, 2H), 2.59 (t, 2H, J=6.5Hz), 2.28-2.57 (m, 6H), 1.35-1.86 (14H, m); LC/MS: m/z=481 [M+H]+ (Calc: 480).



[1021] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 380 was prepared by using methyl 2-amino-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 29%).

[1022] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 380, methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1023] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 380: LC/MS: m/z=561 [M+H]+ (Calc: 560).

[1024] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 351 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 380 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 34%).

[1025] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 351, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1026] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 351: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 8.87 (s, 1H), 8.02 (m, 2H), 7.80-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.52 (m, 1H), 7.47 (s, 1H), 5.80 (m, 1H), 5.09 (m, 1H), 4.36 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.55 (m, 1H), 3.13 (m, 1H), 1.45-2.80 (m, 21H); LC/MS: m/z=547 [M+H]+ (Calc: 546).



[1027] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 381 was prepared by using methyl 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 53%).

[1028] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 381, methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-3-phenylpropanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1029] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 381: LC/MS: m/z=571 [M+H]+ (Calc: 570).

[1030] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 352 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 381 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 15%).

[1031] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 352, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-3-phenylpropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1032] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 352: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.95-7.97 (m, 2H), 7.67-7.73 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.14-7.24 (m, 5H), 5.45 (m, 1H), 4.85-4.91 (m, 1H), 4.08-4.27 (m, 2H), 3.02-3.04 (m, 1H), 1.35-2.70 (22H, m); LC/MS: m/z=556 [M+H]+ (Calc: 557).



[1033] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 382 was prepared by using ethyl 2-(methylamino)acetate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 74%).

[1034] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 382, ethyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-N-methyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)acetate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1035] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 382: LC/MS: m/z=509 [M+H]+ (Calc: 508).

[1036] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 307 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 382 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 23%).

[1037] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 307, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-N-methyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1038] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 307: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.78-7.96 (m, 3H), 7.46-7.52 (m, 1H), 5.29-5.64 (m, 1H), 4.18-7.90 (m, 4H), 3.11 (s, 3H), 1.46-2.88 (m, 21H); LC/MS: m/z=481 [M+H]+ (Calc: 480).



[1039] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 383 was prepared by using methyl 2-amino-2-methylpropanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 49%).

[1040] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 383, methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-2-methylpropanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1041] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 383: LC/MS: m/z=509 [M+H]+ (Calc: 508).

[1042] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 308 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 383 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 16%).

[1043] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 308, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-2-methylpropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1044] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 308: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 8.06-8.13(m, 1H), 7.81-7.95 (m, 2H), 7.51-7.55 (m, 1H), 5.33-5.66 (m, 1H), 4.38 (m, 2H), 3.14-3.16 (m, 1H), 1.55-2.83 (m, 22H); LC/MS: m/z=495 [M+H]+ (Calc: 494).



[1045] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 384 was prepared by using methyl 2-amino-4-(methylthio)butanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 44%).

[1046] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 384, methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-4-(methylthio)butanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1047] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 384: LC/MS: m/z=555 [M+H]+ (Calc: 554).

[1048] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 309 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 384 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 9%).

[1049] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 309, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-4-(methylthio)butanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1050] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 309: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.71-7.96 (m, 3H), 7.43 (m, 1H), 5.21-5.50 (m, 1H), 4.20-4.27 (m, 2H), 3.03-3.04 (m, 1H), 1.53-2.66 (m, 27H); LC/MS: m/z=541 [M+H]+ (Calc: 540).



[1051] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 385 was prepared by using di-tert-butyl 2-aminosuccinate hydrochloride (Bachem Americas, Inc.) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 47%).

[1052] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 385, di-tert-butyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)succinate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1053] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 385: LC/MS: m/z=637 [M+H]+ (Calc: 636).

[1054] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 310 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 385 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 14%).

[1055] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 310, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)succinic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1056] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 310: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 8.08 (d, 1H, J=7.9Hz), 7.82-7.98 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.55 (m, 1H), 5.51-5.64 (m, 0.8H), 5.32 (m, 0.2H), 5.05 (t, 1H, J=4.8Hz), 4.30-4.38 (m, 2H), 2.98-3.16 (m, 3H), 1.46-2.83 (m, 22H); LC/MS: m/z=525 [M+H]+ (Calc: 524).



[1057] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 386 was prepared by using methyl 2-aminopropanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 38%).

[1058] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 386, methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)propanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1059] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 386: LC/MS: m/z=495 [M+H]+ (Calc: 494).

[1060] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 312 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 386 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 14%).

[1061] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 312, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)propanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1062] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 312: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 8.08-8.10 (m, 1H), 7.78-7.98 (m,2H), 7.53-7.56 (m, 1H), 5.31-5.53 (m, 1H), 4.71-4.74 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.39 (m, 2H), 3.14-3.23 (m, 1H), 1.31-2.81 (m, 25H); LC/MS: m/z=481 [M+H]+ (Calc: 480).



[1063] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 387 was prepared by using methyl 2-amino-4-methylpentanoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 90%).

[1064] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 387, methyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-4-methylpentanoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1065] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 387: LC/MS: m/z=537 [M+H]+ (Calc: 536).

[1066] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 313 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 387 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 9%).

[1067] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 313, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-4-methylpentanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1068] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 313: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.69-8.08 (m, 3H), 7.40-7.43 (m, 1H), 5.21-5.53 (m, 1H), 4.64-4.67 (m, 1H), 4.20-4.27 (m, 2H), 3.03-3.04 (m, 1H), 1.34-2.71 (m, 25H), 0.92 (d, 6H, J=5.8Hz); LC/MS: m/z=523 [M+H]+ (Calc: 522).



[1069] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 388 was prepared by using methyl 4-(aminomethyl)benzoate hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 47%).

[1070] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 388, methyl 4-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)methyl)benzoate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1071] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 388: LC/MS: m/z=557 [M+H]+ (Calc: 556).

[1072] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 314 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 388 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 73%).

[1073] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 314, 4-((4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)methyl)benzoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1074] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 314: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 8.02-8.06 (m, 3H), 7.79-7.89 (m, 2H), 7.50-7.58 (m, 3H), 5.63-5.67 (m, 0.8H), 5.32 (m, 0.2H), 4.77 (s, 2H), 4.36 (m, 2H), 3.14-3.16 (m, 1H), 1.30-2.82 (m, 22H); LC/MS: m/z=543 [M+H]+ (Calc: 542).



[1075] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 156 was prepared by using L-serine benzyl ester in place of 4-methoxyaniline and DIC in place of WSCI (yield 95%).

[1076] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 156, (2S)-benzyl 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-3-hydroxypropanoate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1077] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 156: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.47 (1H, m), 7.90 (1H, m), 7.66 (1H, m), 7.61 (1H,m), 7.47-7.33 (8H, m), 5.26 (2H, t, J=4.2Hz), 5.20 (2H, s), 3.89-3.64 (5H, s), 2.44-1.43 (22H, m).

[1078] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 126 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 156 in a manner similar to the final step of Example 18 except that the acidification was omitted (yield 84%).

[1079] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 126, (2S)-2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-3-hydroxypropanoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1080] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 126: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.94 (1H, t, J=8.36Hz), 7.02 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 6.84 (2H, t, J=6.34Hz), 6.72 (1H, td, J=8.36, 3.72Hz), 6.50 (1H, d, J=15.21Hz), 4.83 (1H, s), 4.44 (1H, dd, J=6.84, 1.77Hz), 4.08 (1H, dq, J=16.22, 4.06Hz), 3.92 (2H, s), 3.69-3.61 (1H, m), 3.47 (1H, m), 2.71 (1H, s), 2.42 (1H, m), 2.18-1.39 (22H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.27min): m/z=499.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 498.6).

5.23 Example 23



[1081] 



[1082] Thionyl chloride (214µL, 0.293mmol) was added to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74 (120mg, 293mmol), a catalytic amount of DMF (5 drops), and CHCl3 (2mL) at a temperature of about 25°C. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 2h then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. Ethyl 2-(2-aminothiazol-4-yl)acetate (71.0mg, 0.381mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added to a mixture of the residue and CHCl3 (2mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 21h, 100µL of TEA was added, and the reaction mixture was stirred at at a temperature of about 25°C for 24h more. The mixture was partitioned between DCM and water. The organic portion was separated, washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was then chromatographed by preparative TLC (eluted with 10%:90% MeOH:DCM) to provide 84.5mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 232 as a pale yellow solid (yield 49.9%).

[1083] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 232, ethyl 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)thiazol-4-yl)acetate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1084] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 232: LC/MS: m/z=578 [M+H]+ (Calc: 577).

[1085] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 233 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 232 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 37%).

[1086] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 233, 2-(2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)thiazol-4-yl)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1087] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 233: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 12.64-12.87 (1H, br), 12.44 (1H, br), 10.43 (1H, br), 8.13 (1H, m), 7.97 (1H, dd, J=1.0, 7.9Hz), 7.80-7.84 (1H, m), 7.50-7.53 (1H, m), 7.13 (1H, s), 6.02 (1H, m), 4.26 (2H, m), 3.66 (2H, s), 2.94 (2H, m), 2.60-2.67 (2H, m), 1.39-2.41 (20H, m); LC/MS: m/z=550 [M+H]+ (Calc: 549).

5.24 Example 24



[1088] In a manner similar to Example 21, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds ("exo" isomers) were prepared from from the compound of formula EG.



[1089] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 123 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 158 (4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid) (yield 82%), which was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 157 (ethyl 4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate), which was prepared from the compound of formula EG.

[1090] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 123, 4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-N-(6-methoxypyridin-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1091] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 123: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.84 (1H, s), 8.45 (1H, d, J=2.53Hz), 7.98 (3H, dt, J=21.46, 8.24Hz), 7.76 (1H, s), 7.50 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 6.89 (1H, d, J=9.12Hz), 5.15 (1H, br), 4.29 (2H, br), 3.85 (3H, s), 2.85 (2H, br), 2.33-1.48 (21H, m); LC/MS (99%, tr=1.63min): m/z=516.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 515.7).

5.25 Example 25



[1092] 



[1093] To a mixture of sodium iodide (1.29mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in acetonitrile (7mL) was added TMSCl (1.29mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and the mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 30min. Thereafter, to the mixture was added Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 120 (133mg, 0.26mmol) in acetonitrile (3mL). The resulting reaction mixture was heated with stirring at 80°C for 2.5h. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C, the reaction mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc/water (30mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with saturated aqueous Na2SO3 solution (10mL), brine (10mL), dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow solid. The solid was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 97%:3% CHCl3:MeOH to 85%:15% CHCl3:MeOH to provide 38mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 122 as a yellow solid (yield 30%).

[1094] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 122, 4-((endo)-8-cyctooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-N-(6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1095] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 122: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.44 (0.9H, s), 10.59 (1H, s), 9.73 (0.1H, s), 8.02-7.46 (6H, m), 6.41 (1H, d, J=9.63Hz), 5.50 (1H, br), 4.27 (0.5H, s), 3.65 (1.5H, s), 2.36-1.45 (23H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.18min): m/z=502.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 501.6).



[1096] In a manner similar to the above preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 122, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 124 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 123 (yield 53%).

[1097] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 124, 4-((exo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-N-(6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1098] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 124: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.45 (1H, s), 10.61 (1H, s), 7.96 (3H, m), 7.75 (1H, s), 7.50 (2H, m), 6.42 (1H, d, J=9.63Hz), 5.13 (1H, br), 4.27 (0.5H, br), 3.59 (1.5H, br), 2.72 (2H, m), 2.00-1.47 (21H, m); LC/MS (96%, tr=1.02min): m/z=502.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 501.6).

5.26 Example 26



[1099] 



[1100] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74 (100mg, 0.23mmol) in ethanol (3mL) was added dropwise at a temperature of about 25°C a 50% aqueous solution of hydroxylamine (1mL, Sigma-Aldrich). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 4h. A yellow precipitate formed. Diethyl ether (20mL) was added to the precipitate which was then collected by filtration, washed twice with diethyl ether (5mL for each wash), and dried under reduced pressure a temperature of about 25°C for 12hr to provide 49mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 127 as a pale yellow solid (yield 51%).

[1101] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 127, 4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-N-hydroxy-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1102] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 127: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 8.02 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.78 (2H, t, J=6.59Hz), 7.51-7.47 (1H, m), 5.44 (1H, s), 4.13 (2H, s), 2.95 (1H, s), 2.66-2.58 (2H, m), 2.33 (6H, m), 2.02-1.47 (15H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.05min): m/z=425.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 424.5).

5.27 Example 27



[1103] 



[1104] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 120 from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74 in Example 21, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 72 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 71 (yield 70%).

[1105] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 72, tert-butyl 5-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1106] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 72: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.93 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.84 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.68 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 7.42 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 4.75 (1H, br), 3.69 (1H, s), 3.55-2.42 (16H, m), 1.71-1.40 (16H, m), 1.39 (9H, s); LC/MS: m/z=578.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 577.8).

[1107] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 73 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 72 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7 (yield 72%).

[1108] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 73, 1-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(octahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2-carbonyl)quinoxalin-2(1H)-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1109] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 73: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.93 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.83 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 7.68 (1H, t, J=4Hz), 7.42 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 4.72 (1H, br), 3.70 (1H, m), 3.48 (1H, m), 3.38 (1H, m), 3.09 (1H, m), 2.92-2.38 (13H, m), 1.73-1.43 (17H, m); LC/MS: m/z=478.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 477.6).

5.28 Example 28



[1110] 



[1111] To a mixture of cyclooctanone (GA, 17g, 135mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in ethanol (200mL) and water (200mL) were added KCN (17.5g, 269mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) followed by ammonium carbonate ([NH4]2CO3, 51.8g, 539mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 6h. The reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide a white solid precipitate which was filtered, collected, and dried for 16h to provide 15.9g of the compound of formula GB, 1,3-diazaspiro[4.7]dodecane-2,4-dione (yield 73%).

[1112] A mixture of the compound of formula GB (15.9g, 81mmol) in 2N NaOH was refluxed for 96hr. The reaction mixture was neutralized by the addition of 2N HCl to provide a white solid precipitate which was filtered and collected to provide the compound of formula GC, 1-aminocyclooctanecarboxylic acid. The compound of formula GC was dissolved with hot phenylmethanol (i.e., phenylmethanol) then concentrated HCl was added. The resulting reaction mixture was refluxed for 16hr. After neutralizing the reaction mixture with 2N NaOH, the resulting mixture was extracted three times with 4:1 CHCl3:MeOH. The organic portions were combined, washed with water, washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 920mg of the compound of formula GD, benzyl 1-aminocyclooctanecarboxylate (yield 6% for two steps).



[1113] The compound of formula GF was prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula DB in Example 13 except 1-benzylpiperidin-4-one (GE, Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of tropinone and methyl iodide was used in place of dimethyl sulfate.



[1114] At a temperature of 90°C, a mixture of the compound of formula GF (lOmmol), MeOH (6mL) and water (20mL) was added dropwise to a mixture of the compound of formula GD (10mmol), K2CO3 (1mmol), MeOH (10mL) and water (4mL) over 20min. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 90°C for 48hr. After concentration under reduced pressure, the mixture was extracted three times with a mixture of EtOAc and water. The organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow oil. The resulting oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 10%:90% EtOAc:n-hexane to 50%:50% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide the compound of formula GG, benzyl 1-(4-oxopiperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylate.

[1115] Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (50mmol) was added to a mixture of the compound of formula GG (12.8mmol), and 1,2-phenylenediamine (3g, 27.8mmol) in 100mL of CH2Cl2 at a temperature of about 25°C. Thereafter, 3mL of acetic acid was added. The resulting mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for about 16h. MeOH (2mL) and water (25mL) were added and the mixture was neutralized with 28% aqueous ammonia to adjust the pH to about 8. The organic portion was separated, washed with brine (10mL), concentrated under reduced pressure, and chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 10:1:1 EtOAc:MeOH:TEA to provide the compound of formula GH, benzyl 1-(4-(2-aminophenylamino)piperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylate.

[1116] A mixture of the compound of formula GH in 20mL of diethyl oxalate (Sigma-Aldrich) was heated at 140°C for 16h. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C, the reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc, washed with 2N aqueous NaOH (30mL), washed with brine (20mL), concentrated under reduced pressure, and chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 5:5:0.5:0.5 EtOAc:hexane:MeOH:TEA to provide the compound of formula GI.

[1117] The identity of the compound of formula GI, benzyl 1-(4-(2,3-dioxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-1(2H)-yl)piperidin-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1118] Compound GI: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.51 (1H, s), 7.47 (1H, d, J=8.1Hz), 7.41-7.33 (5H, m), 7.24-7.17 (3H, m), 5.17 (2H, s), 4.58 (1H, br), 3.24 (2H, d, J=11.1Hz), 2.76 (2H, d, J=9.3Hz), 2.33 (2H, t, J=10.8Hz), 2.01-1.47 (16H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.87min): m/z=490.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 489.3).

[1119] Alternatively, the compound of formula GD was prepared by the following route.



[1120] To a mixture of the hydrochloride of the compound of formula GC (414mg, 2.00mmol), aqueous 1N NaOH (4mL, 4.00mmol), and dioxane (4mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added (BOC)2O (0.51 mL, 2.2mmol). After the addition, the reaction mixture was stirred for 18h at a temperature of about 25°C. The mixture was quenched by pouring it into aqueous 1N HCl and extracted with CHCl3. The organic portion was dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a white solid. The solid was triturated with iso-propyl ether and collected to provide 221mg of the compound of formula GJ as a colorless solid (yield 41%).

[1121] The identity of the compound of formula GJ, 1-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)cyclooctanecarboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1122] Compound GJ: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 12.01 (1H, s), 6.90 (1H, s), 1.89-1.45 (14H, m), 1.35 (9H, s).

[1123] To a mixture of the compound of formula GJ (215mg, 0.792mmol) in DMF (1mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added the compound of formula EB (0.103mmol, 0.871mmol) and DIEA (0.166mL, 0.950mmol). After the addition, the reaction mixture was stirred for 20h at a temperature of about 25°C. The mixture was quenched by pouring it into water. A white precipitate formed. The precipitate was collected, washed with dilute aqueous NaHCO3, and washed with water to provide 240mg of the compound of formula GK as a white solid (yield 84%).

[1124] The identity of the compound of formula GK, benzyl 1-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)cyclooctanecarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1125] Compound GK: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.37-7.34 (5H, m), 5.16 (2H, s), 4.69 (1H, s), 2.08-2.04 (4H, m), 1.57 (10H, d, J=8.06Hz), 1.43 (9H, s).

[1126] The compound of formula GD was prepared from the compound of formula GK in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7 (yield >98%).

[1127] The identity of the compound of formula GD was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1128] Compound GD: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.40-7.34 (5H, m), 5.21 (2H, s), 2.06-1.71 (14H, m).

[1129] Alternatively, the compound of formula GI was prepared by the following route.



[1130] The compound of formula GG was prepared from the compounds of formula GD and GF in a manner similar to that described above (yield 38%).

[1131] The identity of the compound of formula GG was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1132] Compound GG: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.38-7.36 (5H, m), 5.14 (2H, s), 2.92 (4H, t, J=5.62Hz), 2.39 (4H, t, J=5.79Hz), 2.00-1.59 (14H, m).

[1133] The compound of formula GL was prepared from the compound of formula GG in a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula AB in Example 1 except tert-butyl 2-aminophenylcarbamate (Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of 1,2-phenylenediamine (yield 95%).

[1134] The identity of the compound of formula GL, benzyl 1-(4-(2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)phenylamino)piperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1135] Compound GL: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.46-7.37 (5H, m), 7.07 (2H, dd, J=12.51, 6.13Hz), 6.78-6.71 (2H, m), 6.10 (1H, s), 5.16 (3H, s), 3.58 (1H, dd, J=9.65, 4.95Hz), 3.19-2.90 (4H, m), 2.41-1.34 (18H, m), 2.41 (9H, s).

[1136] The compound of formula GM was prepared from the compound of formula GL and methyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate in a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula CF in Example 6 (yield >98%).

[1137] The identity of the compound of formula GM, benzyl 1-(4-(N-(2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)phenyl)-2-methoxy-2-oxoacetamido)piperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1138] Compound GM: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.98 (1H, d, J=5.1Hz), 7.42-7.32 (5H, m), 7.06-7.04 (2H, m), 6.68 (1H, s), 5.10 (2H, s), 4.35 (1H, m), 3.49 (3H, s), 3.02 (2H, t, J=10.8Hz), 2.90 (1H, t, J=6.0Hz), 2.35 (1H, t, J=6.0Hz), 2.24 (2H, t, J=12.0Hz), 1.87-1.78 (6H, m), 1.51-1.27 (19H, m).

[1139] To the compound of formula GM (553mg, 0.89mmol) was added 4N HCl in EtOAc (5.5mL) at 0°C. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was stirred for 30min at a temperature of about 25°C. A white precipitate formed. Saturated aqueous NaHCO3 (pH >8) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30min at a temperature of about 25°C. Thereafter, the mixture was extracted twice with CHCl3 (50mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with water, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a colorless amorphous solid. The solid was recrystallized from a mixture of diethyl ether and iso-propyl ether to provide 333mg of the compound of formula GI as a white powder (yield 76%).

5.29 Example 29



[1140] 



[1141] In a manner similar to Example 3, the compound of formula GN was prepared from the compound of formula GI (yield 92%) then Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 166 was prepared from tert-butyl hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate and the compound of formula GN (yield >98%).

[1142] The identity of the compound of formula GN, benzyl 1-(4-(3-chloro-2-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-1(2H)-yl)piperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1143] Compound GN: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CDCl3): 7.81 (1H, d, J=8.1Hz), 7.59-7.56 (2H, m), 7.39-7.35 (6H, m), 5.16 (2H, s), 4.83 (1H, br), 3.49 (3H, s), 3.25 (2H, d, J=11.7Hz), 2.91 (2H, m), 2.34 (2H, t, J=6.0Hz), 2.00-1.47 (16H, m).

[1144] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 166, tert-butyl 5-(4-(1-(1-(benzyloxycarbonyl)cyclooctyl)piperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-1(2H)-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1145] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 166: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.51-7.38 (7H, m), 7.18-7.15 (2H, m), 5.16 (2H, s), 4.45 (1H, br), 4.00 (2H, br), 3.71 (2H, br), 3.50 (2H, br), 3.24 (2H, d, J=11.1Hz), 2.76 (2H, d, J=9.3Hz), 2.33 (2H, t, J=10.8Hz), 2.01-1.47 (16H, m).

[1146] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 167, benzyl 1-(4-(3-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-2-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-1(2H)-yl)piperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylate, was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 166 (yield 90%) then, in a manner similar to the removal of the benzyl group in Example 18, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 168 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 167 (yield 27%).

[1147] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 168, 1-(4-(3-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-2-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-1(2H)-yl)piperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1148] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 168: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DCl/D2O): 7.53 (2H, d, J=8.1Hz), 7.34 (1H, t, J=8.1Hz), 7.23 (1H, t, J=8.1Hz), 4.38 (5H, br), 3.57 (4H, d, J=5.7Hz), 3.35-3.22 (6H, m), 3.07-2.99 (2H, m), 2.23-2.00 (6H, m), 1.54 (6H, br), 1.24 (4H, br); LC/MS (100%, tr=0.83min): m/z=494.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 493.3).

[1149] In a manner similar to the removal of the benzyl group in Example 18, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 169 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 166 (yield 81%).

[1150] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 169, 1-(4-(3-(5-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-2-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-1(2H)-yl)piperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1151] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 169: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CD3OD): 7.55-7.48 (2H, m), 7.23-7.19 (2H, m), 4.16 (2H, br), 3.90 (2H, br), 3.68-3.62 (4H, m), 3.30-3.22 (4H, m), 2.98 (2H, br), 2.24-2.00 (6H, m), 1.74-1.47 (21H, m).

[1152] At a temperature of about 25°C, a reaction mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 169 (150mg, 0.25mmol, 1eq), NH4Cl (16mg, 0.30mmol, 1.2eq), DIEA (51µL, 0.30mmol, 1.2eq), HOBT (38mg, 0.28mmol, 1.1eq, Acros Organics), WSCI (54mg, 0.28mmol, 1.1eq, Sigma-Aldrich), and DMAP (5.6mg, 0.05mmol, 0.2eq) in DMF (3mL) was stirred for 48 hr. Thereafter, the mixture was poured into water (20mL) and extracted twice with CHCl3 (30mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, washed with water, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a pale yellow amorphous solid. The solid was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 100%:0% CHCl3:MeOH to 97%:3% CHCl3:MeOH to provide 40mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 170 as a colorless amorphous solid (yield 27%).

[1153] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 170, tert-butyl 5-(4-(1-(1-carbamoylcyclooctyl)piperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-1(2H)-yl)hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1154] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 170: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.71 (1H, br), 7.35-7.32 (1H, m), 7.16-7.12 (2H, m), 6.96 (1H, m), 3.99 (2H, br), 3.73 (1H, br), 3.50 (2H, br), 3.18-3.15 (2H, m), 2.99-2.89 (2H, m), 2.68-2.65 (2H, m), 2.38-2.31 (2H, m), 1.96-1.39 (28H, m).

[1155] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 171 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 170 (yield 41%).

[1156] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 171, 1-(4-(3-(hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrol-2(1H)-yl)-2-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-1(2H)-yl)piperidin-1-yl)cyclooctanecarboxamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1157] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 171: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.70 (1H, br), 7.36-7.33 (1H, m), 7.16-7.13 (3H, m), 6.96 (1H, s), 4.65 (1H, br), 3.99 (2H, br), 3.50 (2H, br), 3.02-2.96 (4H, m), 2.80-2.66 (6H, m), 2.34 (2H, t, J=11.4Hz), 2.00-1.95 (2H, m), 1.83-1.78 (2H, m), 1.62-1.39 (12H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=0.78min): m/z=493.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 492.7).

5.30 Example 30



[1158] 



[1159] At a temperature of about 25°C, K2CO3 (228mg, 1.65mmol, 0.1eq) was added to a mixture of the compound of formula HA (1-adamantylamine, 5.02g, 33.2mmol), ethanol (12mL), and water (12mL). Then, a mixture of the compound of formula GF (5.47g, 16.5mmol), ethanol (13mL), and water (13mL) was added. The resulting reaction mixture was refluxed for 3h. Thereafter, the mixture was poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic portion was dried (Na2SO4) then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 97%:3% CHCl3:MeOH to provide 1.97g of the compound of formula HB as a colorless solid (yield 51%).

[1160] The identity of the compound of formula HB, 1-adamantan-1-yl-piperidin-4-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1161] Compound HB: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CDCl3): 2.96 (4H, s), 2.46 (4H, s), 2.14 (3H, s), 1.79-1.62 (14H, m).

[1162] The compound of formula HC was prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula AB in Example 1 except tert-butyl 2-aminophenylcarbamate was used in place of 1,2-phenylenediamine (yield 60%).

[1163] The identity of the compound of formula HC, [2-(1-adamantan-1-yl-piperidin-4-yl-amino)-phenyl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1164] Compound HC: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.32 (1H, s), 7.13 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 6.96-6.92 (1H, m), 6.62 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 6.54-6.50 (1H, m), 4.52 (1H, d, J=7.1Hz), 3.18 (1H, dd, J=7.35, 3.30Hz), 2.99 (2H, d, J=11.15Hz), 2.25 (2H, t, J=10.14Hz), 2.03 (3H, s), 1.91 (2H, d, J=11.66Hz), 1.65-1.54 (12H, m), 1.43 (9H, s), 1.30 (2H, q, J=9.97Hz); LC/MS: m/z=426 [M+H]+ (Calc: 425.3).

[1165] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7, the compound of formula HD was prepared from the compound of formula HC (yield >98%).

[1166] The identity of the compound of formula HP, N-(1-adamantan-1-yl-piperidin-4-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1167] Compound HP: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 6.54-6.35 (4H, m), 4.45 (2H, s), 4.05 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 3.10 (3H, m), 2.20 (2H, s), 2.04 (3H, s), 1.93 (2H, d, J=10.65Hz), 1.60 (12H, m), 1.31 (2H, br); LC/MS: m/z=325.8 [M+H]+ (Calc: 325.3).

[1168] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 120 from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74 in Example 21, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 164 was prepared from the compound of formula HD (yield 20%).

[1169] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 164, 4-(1-adamantan-1-yl)-piperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1170] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 164: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.90 (2H, m), 7.76-7.71 (1H, m), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 4.73 (1H, br), 4.37 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.25 (2H, m), 2.59 (2H, m), 2.28 (2H, t, J=10.9Hz), 2.06 (3H, s), 1.69-1.57 (14H, m), 1.32 (3H, t, J=7.1Hz); LC/MS: m/z=435.9 [M+H]+ (Calc: 435.3).

[1171] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 134 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 164 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 91%).

[1172] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 134, 4-(1-adamantan-1-yl-piperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxalin-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1173] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 134: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.11 (1H, br), 7.70 (1H, dd, J=8.11, 1.52Hz), 7.51 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 7.32 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.15 (1H, br), 3.67 (2H, s), 3.19-3.02 (6H, m), 2.17 (3H, s), 1.92 (7H, m), 1.65 (6H, s); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.33min): m/z=408.3 [M+H]+ (Calc: 407.5).

5.31 Example 31



[1174] 



[1175] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a mixture of the compound of formula GA (28g, 222mmol) and Et2O (500mL) at a temperature of -40°C was added methylmagnesium bromide (89mL, 266mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 4h as its temperature warmed from -40°C to 0°C then stirred an additional 1.5h as its temperature warmed from 0°C to about 25°C. Thereafter, saturated aqueous NH4Cl was added, the mixture was neutralized with 2N aqueous HCl to adjust the pH into the range between 5-6, and the mixture was extracted 3 times with Et2O (400mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried (Na2SO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the compound of formula IA, 1-methylcyclooctanol, as a colorless oil. Acetic acid (29.3mL, 512mmol) was added to a mixture of the compound of formula IA (26g, 183mmol) and 2-chloroacetonitrile (23.20mL, 365mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and the resulting reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature in the range of from 0°C to 3°C. H2SO4 (29.2mL, 548mmol) was added dropwise over 1h such that the temperature was kept below 10°C. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of about 25°C and stirred for 1.5hrs. After quencing with ice-water (400mL), the mixture was neutralized with a 30% NaOH aqueous solution to adjust the pH into the range between 7-8; a white precipitate formed. The precipitate was collected by filtration, washed twice with water (100mL for each wash), and dried under reduced pressure at 60°C for 6h to provide 27g of the compound of formula IB (yield 56%).

[1176] The identity of the compound of formula IB, 2-chloro-N-(1-methylcyclooctyl)acetamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1177] Compound IB: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 6.28 (1H, s), 3.95 (2H, s), 2.05-2.00 (2H, m), 1.72 (2H, td, J=10.01, 4.06Hz), 1.57 (11.2H, m), 1.41 (3H, s).

[1178] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a mixture of the compound of formula IB (27g, 124mmol) and ethanol (240mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added thiourea (11.30g, 148mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and acetic acid (45mL) The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to 110°C and stirred for 7h. After cooling the mixture to a temperature of about 25°C and quencing with water (700mL), the white precipitate that formed was filtered off. The filtrate was neutralized with a 30% NaOH aqueous solution, its pH was adjusted to pH14, it was washed twice with n-hexane:H2O (400mL for each wash), dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide 17g of the compound of formula IC as a pale yellow oil (yield 97%).

[1179] The identity of the compound of formula IC, 1-methylcyclooctanamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1180] Compound IC: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CDCl3): 1.58-1.47 (14H, m), 1.26-1.21 (2H, m), 1.07 (3H, s).



[1181] The compound of formula IE was prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula DB in Example 13 except 1-methylpiperidin-4-one (ID, Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of tropinone and methyl iodide was used in place of dimethyl sulfate.



[1182] In a manner similar to Example 30, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 234 was prepared except that the compound of formula IE was used in place of the compound of formula GF and the compound of formula IC was used in place of the compound of formula HA.

[1183] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 234, ethyl 4-(1-(1-methylcyclooctyl)piperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1184] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 234: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.93 (1H, dd, J=8.11, 1.01Hz), 7.76 (1H, d, J=4.56Hz), 7.61 (1H, dd, J=11.66, 4.06Hz), 7.36 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 4.90 (1H, br), 4.50 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.15 (2H, d, J=11.66Hz), 2.78 (2H, dd, J=5.07, 3.55Hz), 2.23 (2H, t, J=11.41Hz), 1.86-1.24 (20H, m), 0.84 (3H, d, J=10.65Hz); LC/MS: m/z=426 [M+H]+ (Calc: 425).

[1185] At a temperature of about 25°C, to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 234 (188mg, 0.442mmol) and ethanol (8mL) was added 2N aqueous NaOH (0.663mL, 1.325mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 45min. Thereafter, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was diluted with water, neutralized with 2N aqueous HCl (0.663mL), and extracted with CHCl3:H2O to provide an emulsion that was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a second residue. The second residue was diluted with CHCl3, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a pale yellow solid. The solid was washed with 1:1 EtOAc:Et2O, filtrated, and dried under reduced pressure at 70°C for 12h to provide a third residue. The third residue was diluted with 2N aqueous HCl (2mL), heated, sonicated, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an oil. The oil was dried under reduced pressure at 70°C for 12h to provide the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 235 as a yellow amorphous solid.

[1186] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 235, 4-(1-(1-methylcyclooctyl)piperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1187] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 235: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.28 (1H, br), 7.84 (1H, s), 7.65 (1H, s), 7.44 (1H, s), 5.32 (1H, s), 3.63 (4H, d, J=2.53Hz), 2.14-1.36 (21H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.40min): m/z=398 [M+H]+ (Calc: 397).



[1188] In a manner similar to that described above, the compound of formula IK was prepared from the compound of formula GA except that ethylmagnesium bromide (Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of methylmagnesium bromide (yield 20%).

[1189] The identity of the compound of formula IK, 1-ethylcyclooctanamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1190] Compound IK: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.63-1.34 (16H, m), 1.10 (2H, s), 0.86 (3H, t, J=7.6Hz).



[1191] In a manner similar to that described above, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 236 was prepared from the compound of formula IE except that the compound of formula IK was used in place of the compound of formula IC.

[1192] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 236, ethyl 4-(1-(1-ethylcyclooctyl)piperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1193] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 236: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.93 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.76 (1H, d, J=1.01Hz), 7.61 (1H, dd, J=7.86, 6.84Hz), 7.35 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 4.94 (1H, br), 4.50 (2H, ddd, J=14.19, 7.10, 1.52Hz), 3.15 (2H, d, J=10.65Hz), 2.71 (2H, br), 2.34 (2H, t, J=11.41Hz), 1.83-1.39 (18H, m), 0.86 (3H, t, J=7.35Hz); LC/MS: m/z=440 [M+H]+ (Calc: 439).

[1194] 2N aqueous NaOH (0.114mL, 0.227mmol) was added to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 236 (100mg, 0.227mmol) and ethanol (2mL) at 25°C. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 2h. After concentration under reduced pressure, the resulting solid was triturated with Et2O, filtered, and dried under reduced pressure at 80°C to provide 98mg of the sodium salt of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 237 as a pale yellow solid (yield >98%).

[1195] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 237, 4-(1-(1-ethylcyclooctyl)piperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1196] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 237: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.82 (2H, dd, J=28.13, 7.86Hz), 7.58 (1H, dd, J=8.36, 7.35Hz), 7.34 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 3.19 (2H, d, J=10.65Hz), 2.80 (2H, d, J=10.65Hz), 2.40 (2H, t, J=11.41Hz), 1.89-1.46 (18H, m), 0.89 (3H, t, J=7.35Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.57min): m/z=411 [M+H]+ (Calc: 410).



[1197] In a manner similar to that described above, the compound of formula IN was prepared from the compound of formula GA except that propylmagnesium bromide (Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of methylmagnesium bromide (yield 26%).

[1198] The identity of the compound of formula IN, 1-propylcyclooctanamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1199] Compound IN: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.63-1.19 (20H, m), 0.92 (3H, t, J=5.83Hz).



[1200] In a manner similar to that described above, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 238 was prepared from the compound of formula IE except that the compound of formula IN was used in place of the compound of formula IC.

[1201] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 238, ethyl 3-oxo-4-(1-(1-propylcyclooctyl)piperidin-4-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1202] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 238: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.93 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.75 (1H, dd, J=3.80, 1.77Hz), 7.63-7.59 (1H, m), 7.35 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 4.93 (1H, br), 4.53-4.48 (2H, m), 3.54 (1H, br), 3.14 (2H, d, J=11.15Hz), 2.73 (2H, ddd, J=18.38, 11.03, 3.93Hz), 2.33 (2H, t, J=11.41Hz), 1.80-1.24 (20H, m), 0.91 (3H, d, J=12.67Hz); LC/MS: m/z=454 [M+H]+ (Calc: 453).

[1203] In a manner similar to that described above, the sodium salt of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 239 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 238 (yield 88%).

[1204] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 239, 3-oxo-4-(1-(1-propylcyclooctyl)piperidin-4-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1205] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 239: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CD3OD): 7.86-7.77 (2H, m), 7.60-7.56 (1H, m), 7.34 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 3.18 (2H, d, J=11.15Hz), 2.79 (2H, d, J=9.63Hz), 2.39 (2H, t, J=11.41Hz), 1.90-1.29 (20H, m), 0.91 (3H, t, J=5.83Hz); LC/MS (96%, tr=1.82min): m/z=425 [M+H]+ (Calc: 424).

5.32 Example 32



[1206] 



[1207] The compound of formula JA, (endo)-8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-amine, was prepared by a method known to those in the art, e.g., M. Allegretti et al., Tetrahedron Let., 58:5669-5674 (2002). K2CO3 (9.12g, 66mmol) was added to a mixture of the dihydrochloride of the compound of formula JA (4.69g, 22mmol) and 1-fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (3.10g, 22mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in THF (30mL) and water (10mL). The resulting reaction mixture was refluxed for 15h. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C and quenching with water (50mL), the mixture was extracted twice with CHCl3. The organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 30%:70% EtOAc:n-hexane to 100%:0% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 5.5g of the compound of formula JB as an orange solid (yield 93%).

[1208] The identity of the compound of formula JB, (endo)-8-methyl-N-(2-nitrophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-amine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1209] Compound JB: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CDCl3): 8.68 (1H, d, J=6.1Hz), 8.18 (1H, d, J=8.6Hz), 7.41 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 7.4Hz), 6.73 (1H, d, J=8.6Hz), 6.61 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 7.4Hz), 3.81 (1H, q, J=6.8Hz), 3.19 (2H, s), 2.30-2.27 (5H, m), 2.15-2.10 (2H, m), 1.96-1.94 (2H, m), 1.81 (2H, d, J=14.7Hz).

[1210] After cooling a mixture of the compound of formula JB (5.49g, 20.4mmol) and CHCl3 (55mL) to a temperature of 0°C, 1-chloroethyl chloroformate (3.3mL, 30.6mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added and the reaction mixture was refluxed for 2.5h. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was mixed with MeOH (55mL) to form a second reaction mixture which was refluxed for 5h. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C, the mixture was diluted with EtOAc (100mL) and cooled further to 0°C where a precipitate formed. The precipitate was filtered, washed with EtOAc, and dried at 45°C under reduced pressure to provide 4.66g of the hydrochloride of the compound of formula JC as a yellow solid (yield 81%).

[1211] The identity of the compound of formula JC, (endo)-N-(2-nitrophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-amine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1212] Compound JC: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.22 (2H, br s), 8.39 (1H, d, J=6.6Hz), 8.11 (1H, dd, J=8.6, 1.5Hz), 7.60-7.55 (1H, m), 7.02 (1H, d, J=8.6Hz), 6.75 (1H, t, J=7.9Hz), 4.08-3.98 (3H, m), 2.52-2.49 (4H, m), 2.47-2.40 (2H, m), 2.17-2.08 (4H, m), 2.01 (2H, d, J=15.7Hz).

[1213] A reaction mixture of the compound of formula JC (3.41g, 12.0mmol), (Z)-3-bromocyclooct-1-ene (3.40g, 18.0mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), K2CO3 (4.98g, 36.0mmol), and acetonitrile (120mL) was refluxed for 4.5h. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C and quenching with water (100mL), the mixture was extracted twice with CHCl3. The organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was recrystallized from EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 3.85g of the compound of formula JD as an orange solid (yield 97%).

[1214] The identity of the compound of formula JD, (endo)-8-((Z)-cyclooct-2-enyl)-N-(2-nitrophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-amine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1215] Compound JD: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CDCl3): 8.73 (1H, d, J=6.6Hz), 8.19 (1H, dd, J=8.6, 1.5Hz), 7.42-7.39 (1H, m), 6.73 (1H, d, J=8.6Hz), 6.61 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.77 (1H, dd, J=18.8, 8.1Hz), 5.38 (1H, t, J=9.4Hz), 3.87 (1H, q, J=6.6Hz), 3.57-3.41 (3H, m), 2.33-1.26 (18H, m).

[1216] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula JD (13.8g, 38.8mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (50mg, 0.047mmol), MeOH (10mL), and EtOAc (10mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 5h. After the Pd/C was filtered off through cellulose powder, the mixture was washed with MeOH (50mL) and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the compound of formula JE, N1-((endo)-8-((Z)-cyclooct-2-enyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, as a brown solid. In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 70 from the compound of formula AB in Example 12, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 159 was prepared from diethyl 2-oxomalonate and the compound of formula JE (yield 20% for two steps).

[1217] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 159, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-((Z)-cyclooct-2-enyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1218] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 159: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, CDCl3): 7.88 (1H, dd, J=8.11, 1.52Hz), 7.79-7.75 (1H, m), 7.66 (1H, d, J=9.12Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.86Hz), 5.72 (1H, dd, J=18.25, 8.11Hz), 5.38 (2H, t, J=9.63Hz), 4.41-4.34 (2H, m), 3.71 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 3.51 (1H, t, J=7.86Hz), 3.19 (1H, dd, J=15.97, 8.36Hz), 2.30-2.22 (2H, m), 2.13-1.55 (14H, m), 1.39-1.18 (8H, m); LC/MS: m/z=435.9 [M+H]+ (Calc: 435.3).

[1219] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 135 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 159 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 73%).

[1220] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 135, 4-((endo)-8-((Z)-cyclooct-2-enyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1221] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 135: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.05 (1H, s), 8.09 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.90 (1H, dd, J=7.86, 1.27Hz), 7.76 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 6.05 (2H, dt, J=23.66, 7.98Hz), 5.85 (1H, t, J=9.63Hz), 4.37 (1H, t, J=7.1Hz), 4.01 (H, s), 3.85 (1H, s), 2.63 (2H, dd, J=21.54, 9.38Hz), 2.36-1.91 (9H, m), 1.72 (3H, m), 1.31 (3H, m); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.31min): m/z=408.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 407.5).

[1222] Alternatively, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 159 was prepared by the following route.



[1223] To a mixture of the compound of formula JC (2012mg, 7.09mmol) and CH2Cl2 (20mL) at 0°C was added TEA (2.95mL, 21.3mmol) and di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (1.81µL, 7.80mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2h then concentrated under reduced pressure, diluted with water (20mL), and extracted three times with EtOAc (20mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3 (10mL), washed with saturated aqueous NaCl (10mL), dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 2:1 hexanes:EtOAc to provide 2421mg of the compound of formula JF as a yellow amorphous solid (yield 98%).

[1224] The identity of the compound of formula JF, (endo)-tert-butyl 3-(2-nitrophenylamino)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1225] Compound JF: 1HNMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 8.60 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 8.10 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.55(IH, t, J=8.0Hz), 6.96 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 6.71 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 4.12 (2H, m), 4.03 (1H, m), 2.20 (2H, m), 2.06-1.90 (4H, m), 1.80 (2H, m), 1.43 (9H, s); LC/MS (100%, tr=2.99min): m/z=348 [M+H]+ (Calc: 347.2).

[1226] In a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula CC in Example 6, the compound of formula JG was prepared except that the compound of formula JF was used in place of the compound of formula CB (yield 85%).

[1227] The identity of the compound of formula JG, (endo)-tert-butyl 3-(2-aminophenylamino)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1228] Compound JG: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 6.58 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 6.50 (2H, m), 6.34 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 4.49 (2H, s), 4.25 (1H, s), 4.03 (2H, m), 3.59 (1H, m), 2.13 (2H, d, J=8.0Hz), 2.04 (2H, m), 1.90-1.70 (4H, m), 1.42 (9H, s); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.91min): m/z=318 [M+H]+ (Calc: 317.2).

[1229] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 70 from the compound of formula AB in Example 12, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 267 was prepared from diethyl 2-oxomalonate and the compound of formula JG (yield 92%).

[1230] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 267, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1231] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 267: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.90 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.77 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.57 (1H, J=8.0Hz), 7.46 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 4.36 (2H, q, J=8.0Hz), 4.27 (2H, m), 2.37 (2H, m), 2.18 (2H, m), 2.02 (2H, m), 1.89 (2H, m), 1.48 (9H, s), 1.33 (3H, t, J=8.0Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=2.48min): m/z=428 [M+H]+ (Calc: 427.2).

[1232] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 267 was treated with 4N HCl in dioxane to remove the BOC group; after concentration under reduced pressure, the resulting solid was reacted with (Z)-3-bromocyclooct-1-ene in a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula JD described above to provide Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 159 (yield 68% for two steps).



[1233] Under a hydrogen atmosphere at a pressure of 4 Kgf/cm2, a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 159 (124mg, 0.285mmol), 20% Pd(OH)2 (24mg, Sigma-Aldrich), and MeOH (12mL) was stirred at 50°C for 8h. After the Pd(OH)2 was filtered off, the filtrate was washed with EtOAc and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 389, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate.

[1234] A mixture of the above Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 389 and xylene (4mL) was stirred at 130°C for 5 days. After concentration under reduced pressure, the residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 10:1 CHCl3:MeOH to provide 113mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 153 as a yellow solid (yield 91% for two steps).

[1235] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 153 was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1236] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 153: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 7.88 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.77 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.63 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.37 (2H, q, J=8.0Hz), 3.63 (2H, m), 2.36 (1H, m), 2.26 (2H, m), 2.06 (2H, m), 1.99 (2H, m), 1.85-1.20 (16H, m), 1.32 (3H, t, J=8.0Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.63min): m/z=438 [M+H]+ (Calc: 437.3).



[1237] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 5 in Example 7, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 268 was prepared by treating Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 267 with 4N HCl in dioxane to remove the BOC group (yield >98%).

[1238] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 268, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1239] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 268: LC/MS: m/z=328 [M+H]+ (Calc: 327).

[1240] In a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula JD described above, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 269 was prepared except that the compound of formula JH was used in place of (Z)-3-bromocyclooct-1-ene (yield 39%).

[1241] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 269, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-(1,2-dihydroacenaphthylen-1-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1242] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 269: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.90 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.68 (2H, dd, J=27.37, 8.11Hz), 7.58-7.47 (5H, m), 7.32 (2H, dd, J=11.91, 6.84Hz), 4.54-4.47 (3H, m), 4.08 (1H, br), 3.64-3.51 (2H, m), 3.27 (1H, d, J=16.73Hz), 2.33-1.98 (9H, m), 1.58 (3H, s), 1.44 (3H, t, J=7.1Hz); LC/MS: m/z=480 [M+H]+ (Calc: 479).

[1243] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 270 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 269 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 84%).

[1244] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 270, 4-((endo)-8-(1,2-dihydroacenaphthylen-1-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1245] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 270: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.83-7.52 (8H, m), 7.42-7.37 (2H, m), 5.18 (1H, s), 4.73 (1H, brz), 4.21 (1H, br), 3.84-3.82 (1H, m), 3.65 (2H, br), 2.33-1.99 (8H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.45min): m/z=452 [M+H]+ (Calc: 451).

[1246] The compound of formula JH was prepared as follows:



[1247] Under a nitrogen atmosphere and at a temperature of about 25°C, a 1M solution of tribromophosphine in CH2Cl2 (2.350mL, 2.350mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) was added to a suspension of 1,2-dihydroacenaphthylen-1-ol (1000mg, 5.88mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in diethyl ether (8mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 30min; a yellow precipitate formed. After quenching with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, the pH was adjusted to be within the range of from about 7 to about 8. Thereafter, the mixture was extracted twice with EtOAc:water (70mL for each extraction), dried (MgSO4), concentrated under reduced pressure, and dried to provide 1350mg of the compound of formula JH, 1-bromo-1,2-dihydroacenaphthylene, as a pale yellow solid (yield 99%).

5.33 Example 33



[1248] 



[1249] Under a nitrogen atmosphere at a temperature of about 25°C, K2CO3 (1218mg, 8.81mmol), sodium iodide (52.8mg, 0.352mmol), and (bromomethylene)dibenzene (523mg, 2.115mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were added to a mixture of the compound of formula JC (500mg, 1.762mmol) and acetonitrile (10mL). The resulting reaction mixture was heated with stirring at 90°C for 1h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (5mL), extracted twice with CHCl3 (50mL for each extraction), washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow oil. The oil was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 0%:100% EtOAc:n-hexane to 20%:80% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 464mg of the compound of formula KA as an orange solid (yield 64%).

[1250] The identity of the compound of formula KA, (endo)-8-benzhydryl-N-(2-nitrophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-amine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1251] Compound KA: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO-d6): 8.58 (1H, d, J=7.1Hz), 8.07 (1H, dd, J=8.62, 1.52Hz), 7.54 (5H, dd, J=9.89, 4.31Hz), 7.29 (4H, t, J=7.6Hz), 7.17 (2H, t, J=7.35Hz), 6.93 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 6.70-6.65 (1H, m), 4.62 (1H, s), 4.02 (1H, dd, J=6.84, 4.82Hz), 3.07 (2H, s), 2.25 (2H, m), 2.10 (2H, m), 1.83 (2H, dd, J=14.70, 6.59Hz), 1.65 (2H, d, J=13.69Hz); LC/MS: m/z=413.8 [M+H]+(Calc: 413.2).

[1252] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 135 from the compound of formula KD in Example 32, the compound of formula KB was prepared from the compound of formula KA (yield 90%), Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 160 was prepared from the compound of formula KB and diethyl 2-oxomalonate (yield 49%), and the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 136 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 160 (yield 70%).

[1253] The identity of the compound of formula KB, N1-((endo)-8-benzhydryl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1254] Compound KB: 1H NMR: δH (300MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.52 (2H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.30-7.14 (8H, m), 6.58-6.29 (4H, m), 4.44 (2H, s), 4.12 (1H, s), 3.58 (1H, m), 2.99 (1H, s), 2.14-1.91 (5H, m), 1.65 (3H, m); LC/MS: m/z=383.9 [M+H]+ (Calc: 383.2).

[1255] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 160, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-benzhydryl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1256] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 160: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.91-7.16 (14H, m), 4.47 (1H, s), 4.36 (2H, q, J=6.9Hz), 2.52 (1H, m), 2.33-1.99 (6H, m), 1.75 (2H, m), 1.33 (3H, t, J=6.9Hz); LC/MS: m/z=494.0 [M+H]+ (Calc: 493.2).

[1257] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 136, 4-((endo)-8-benzhydryl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1258] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 136: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 14.02 (0.7H, br), 10.95 (0.3H, br), 8.15-7.19 (14H, m), 6.19 (0.3H, br), 5.42 (0.7H, br), 4.47 (0.4H, s), 3.77 (0.6H, s), 2.69 (1H, m), 2.39-2.10 (6H, m), 1.77 (1H, s); LC/MS (96%, tr=2.25min): m/z=466.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 465.5).

5.34 Example 34



[1259] 



[1260] At a temperature of 0°C, ethyl 2-bromoacetate (20.2µL, 0.182mmo!) and K2CO3 (25.2mg, 0.182mmol) were added to a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 165 (70mg, 0.165mmol) in THF (3mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2h. After warming it to 50°C, the reaction mixture was stirred at 50°C for 2h. After cooling to about 25°C, the mixture was diluted with water (10mL) and extracted twice with EtOAc (10mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, washed with brine (10mL), dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 10:1 CHCl3:MeOH to provide 53mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 163 as a white solid (yield 63%).

[1261] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 163, (S)-ethyl 2-(1-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-ylamino)acetate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1262] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 163: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.55 (1H, m), 7.45 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.10 (2H, m), 4.95 (1H, br), 4.20 (2H, q, J=8Hz), 4.30-3.90 (3H, m), 3.82 (1H, m), 3.46 (2H, s), 3.43 (1H, m), 2.98 (2H, m), 2.79 (2H, m), 2.68 (1H, m), 2.44 (2H, m), 2.10 (1H, m), 2.00-1.40 (18H, m), 1.60 (3H, t, J=8Hz); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.08min): m/z=510.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 509.3).

[1263] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 112 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 163 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 96%).

[1264] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 112, (S)-2-(1-(4-(1-cyclooctylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-ylamino)acetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1265] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 112: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.97 (1H, br), 7.36 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.17 (2H, m), 5.00 (1H, br), 4.30-3.10 (9H, m), 2.20 (2H, m), 2.10 (3H, m), 1.92 (2H, d, J=4Hz), 1.90-1.40 (16H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.07min): m/z=482.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 481.3).

5.35 Example 35



[1266] 



[1267] A mixture of the compound of formula LA (10.00g, 65.4mmol, Trans World Chemicals, Inc., Rockville, MD) and the compound of formula EB (11.17g, 65.4mmol) was refluxed in acetone (150mL) for 3h, cooled, filtered, washed twice with diethyl ether (30mL for each wash), washed twice with hexanes (30mL for each wash), and dried under reduced pressure to provide 10g of the compound of formula LB, 9-methyl-9-benzyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one bromide, as white solid (yield 47%).

[1268] In a manner similar to Example 14, the endo:exo isomeric mixture of the compound of formula LD, N1-(9-cyclooctyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was prepared except that the compound of formula LB was used in place of the compound of formula EC. Thereafter, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 240 was prepared from diethyl 2-oxomalonate in a manner similar to Example 12 except that the compound of formula LD was used in place of the compound of formula AB (overall yield 7%).

[1269] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 240, ethyl 4-((endo)-9-cyclooctyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR, LC/MS and LC.

[1270] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 240: 1H NMR: δH, (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.92 (d, 1H, J=8.2Hz), 7.58-7.66 (m, 2H), 7.36 (dd, 1H, J=8.1, 8.2Hz), 5.16 (br, 1H), 4.52 (t, 2H, J=7.0Hz), 3.48-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.02-3.06 (m, 1H), 2.72-2.74 (m, 2H), 2.38-2.44 (m, 1H), 1.98-2.04 (m, 2H), 1.4-1.8 (m, 25H), 1.12-1.15 (m, 2H); LC/MS (98.7%, tr=7.534min): m/z=452.7 [M+H]+ (Calc: 451.6); LC (SiO2) 1:2 then 3:1 Et2O:hexanes: Rf=0.5 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent.

[1271] In a manner similar to Example 7, the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 241 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 240 (yield 40%).

[1272] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 241, 4-((endo)-9-cyclooctyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1273] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 241: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, 1:3 CDCl3:CD3OD): 8.45 (d, 1H, J=8.8Hz), 8.02 (dd, 1H, J=1.5, 8.1Hz), 7.82-7.86 (m, 1H), 7.5 (dd, 1H, 7.5, 7.9Hz), 5.96-6.04(m, 1H), 4.16-4.22 (m, 2H), 3.80-3.86 (m, 1H), 3.04-3.08 (m, 2H), 2.78-2.84 (m, 1H), 2.48-2.54 (m, 2H), 1.6-2.2 (m, 24H); LC/MS (98.7%, tr=5.612min): m/z=424.6 [M+H]+.



[1274] In a manner similar to Example 21, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 402 was prepared by using Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 241 in place of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 74 and (S)-(+)-methyl 2-amino-2-phenylacetate hydrochloride in place of 4-methoxyaniline (yield 60%).

[1275] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 402, (S)-methyl 2-(4-((endo)-9-cyclooctyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-2-phenylacetate, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1276] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 402: LC/MS: m/z=571 [M+H]+ (Calc: 570).

[1277] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 300 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 402 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 81%).

[1278] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 300, (S)-2-(4-((endo)-9-cyclooctyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxamido)-2-phenylacetic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1279] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 300: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.56 (d, 1H, J=7.0Hz), 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.89 (d, 1H, J=7.8Hz), 7.70-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.51 (m, 7H), 5.84 (s, 1H), 5.52 (d, 1H, J=7.0Hz)4.02 (s, 2H), 1.29-3.58 (m, 25H); LC/MS: m/z=551 [M+H]+ (Calc: 556).

5.36 Example 36



[1280] In a manner similar to Example 35, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared from the compound of formula LB.



[1281] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 262 (yield 19% for three steps) and the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 263 (yield 90%) were prepared by using 3-noradamantamine hydrochloride (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1282] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 262, endo-4-(9-(hexahydro-2,5-methano-pentalen-3a-yl)-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1283] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 262: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.93 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.63 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 7.55 (1H, bs), 7.36 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 4.52 (2H, q, J=8.5Hz), 3.55 (2H, m), 2.73-2.38 (3H, m), 2.32 (2H, s), 2.22 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 2.03-1.50 (18H, m), 1.46 (3H, t, J=8Hz).1.36 (2H, m); LC/MS: m/z=462.6 [M+H]+.

[1284] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 263, 4-(9-(hexahydro-2,5-methano-pentalen-3a-yl)-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1285] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 263: 1H NMR: δH (600MHz, (CD3)2SO): 14.05 (1H, bs), 7.91 (1H, bd), 7.80 (1H, bt), 7.69 (1H, bs), 7.48 (1H, bt), 4.85 (1H, bs), 3.55 (2H, m), 2.50-2.20 (6H, m), 2.12-1.52 (15H, m), 1.36 (2H, m); LC/MS (100%): m/z=434.2 [M+H]+.

[1286] In a manner similar to Example 35, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared from the compound of formula LB except that KOH replaced NaOH in the de-esterification step.



[1287] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 390 and the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 333 were prepared by using 1-adamantylamine in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1288] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 390, endo-4-(9-adamantan-1-yl)-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1289] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 390: LC/MS (96.1%, tr=2.374min): m/z=476.6 [M+H]+ (Calc: 475.6).

[1290] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 333, endo-4-(9-adamantan-1-yl)-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1291] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 333: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 14.19 (1H, s), 9.21 (1H, m), 8.98 (1H, s), 8.21 (1H, m), 7.99 (1H, m), 7.59 (1H, m), 7.01 (1H, m), 4.31 (2H, s), 3.06 (1H, m), 2.79 (4H, m), 2.57 (6H, s), 2.31 (5H, m), 1.81 (9H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=5.604min): m/z=448.5 [M+H]+ (Calc: 447.6).



[1292] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 391 (yield 9.1% for three steps) and the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 333 (yield 38%) were prepared by using the hydrochloride of memantine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1293] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 391, endo-4-[9-(3,5-dimethyl-adamantan-1-yl)-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl]-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1294] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 391: LC/MS (92.7%, tr=2.453min): m/z=504.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 503.7).

[1295] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 334, endo-4-[9-(3,5-dimethyl-adamantan-1-yl)-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl]-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1296] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 334: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 14.09 (1H, s), 9.20 (1H, m), 9.08 (1H, s), 8.21 (1H, m), 8.00 (1H, m), 7.59 (1H, m), 7.01 (1H, m), 4.28 (2H, s), 3.17 (1H, m), 2.78 (4H, m), 2.39 (3H, s), 2.28 (2H, m), 2.20 (4H, s), 1.80 (3H, m), 1.60 (1H, s), 1.51 (2H, m), 1.18-1.45 (5H, m), 0.98 (3H, s); LC/MS (100%, tr=7.12min): m/z=476.5 [M+H]+ (Calc: 475.6).

[1297] In a manner similar to Example 35, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared from the compound of formula LB except that the final HCl treatment was omitted.



[1298] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 285 (yield 0.42% for three steps) and 286 (yield 92%) were prepared by using 2,4,4-trimethylpentan-2-amine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1299] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 285, ethyl 3-oxo-4-((endo)-9-(2,4,4-trimethylpentan-2-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1300] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 285: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.92 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.60 (2H, m), 7.35 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 4.80 (1H, m), 4.51 (2H, q, J=7.2Hz), 3.71 (2H, m), 2.58 (3H, m), 1.94 (2H, m), 1.70 (3H, m), 1.57 (3H, s), 1.45 (3H, t, J=7.2Hz), 1.32 (2H, m), 1.31 (6H, s), 1.04 (9H, s); LC/MS: m/z=454 [M+H]+ (Calc: 453.6).

[1301] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 286, 3-oxo-4-((endo)-9-(2,4,4-trimethylpentan-2-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1302] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 286: 1H NMR: δH, (DMSO-d6): 7.87 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.74 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 7.62 (1H, br), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 4.80 (1H, br), 3.68 (2H, m), 2.40 (3H, m), 1.95 (2H, m), 1.65 (3H, m), 1.55 (2H, s), 1.27 (6H, s), 1.25 (2H, m), 1.05 (9H, s); LC/MS (98%, tr=2.09min): m/z=426 [M+H]+ (Calc: 425.6).



[1303] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 287 and 288 were prepared by using cyclodecanamine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1304] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 287, ethyl 4-((endo)-9-cyclodecyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1305] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 287: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.93 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.66-7.52 (2H, m), 7.36 (1H, m), 5.11 (1H, br), 4.51 (2H, q, J=7.2Hz), 3.51 (2H, d, J=11.15Hz), 3.05 (1H, m), 2.71 (2H, m), 2.39 (1H, m), 2.01 (2H, m), 1.82-1.40 (29H, m), 1.15 (2H, m); LC/MS: m/z=480 [M+H]+ (Calc: 479.6).

[1306] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 288, 4-((endo)-9-cyclodecyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1307] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 288: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3, DCl): 8.70 (0.2H, m), 8.17 (0.8H, m), 7.93 (1H, m), 7.69 (1H, m), 7.29 (1H, m), 6.10 (1H, br), 4.18 (2H, m), 3.60 (2H, br), 3.05 (2H, m), 2.89 (1H, m), 2.60 (2H, m), 2.20 (4H, m), 1.90-1.40 (18H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.87min): m/z=452 [M+H]+ (Calc: 454.6).



[1308] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 289 and 290 were prepared by using cyclononanamine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1309] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 289, ethyl 4-((endo)-9-cyclononyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1310] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 289: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.93 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.63 (2H, m), 7.36 (1H, t, J=8.11Hz), 5.18 (1H, br), 4.51 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.51 (2H, d, J=10.65Hz), 3.04 (1H, m), 2.73 (2H, m), 2.40 (1H, m), 2.00 (2H, m), 1.82-1.43 (22H, m), 1.14 (2H, m); LC/MS: m/z=466 [M+H]+ (Calc: 465.6).

[1311] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 290, 4-((endo)-9-cyclononyl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1312] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 290: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 8.11 (1H, m), 7.87 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.57 (1H, m), 7.25 (1H, m), 6.03 (1H, br), 4.16 (2H, s), 3.69 (1H, s), 3.08-2.89 (3H, m), 2.57 (2H, m), 2.23-1.38 (21H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.67min): m/z=438 [M+H]+ (Calc: 437.6).



[1313] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 291 and 292 were prepared by using (exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-amine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1314] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 291, ethyl 4-((endo)-9-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1315] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 291: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.93 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), m), 7.36 (1.1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 5.28 (1H, m), 4.51 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.55 (2H, m), 2.81 (3H, m), 2.36 (1H, m), 2.09-1.41 (22H, m), 1.07 (2H, d, J=12.67Hz); LC/MS: mlz=464 [M+H]+ (Calc: 463.6).

[1316] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 292, 4-((endo)-9-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1317] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 292: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 8.26 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.81 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 7.70 (1H, m), 7.55 (1H, m), 5.40 (1H, m), 3.61 (2H, d, J=10.14Hz), 2.85 (1H, s), 2.81 (2H, m), 2.35 (1H, m), 2.13-1.46 (19H, m), 1.12 (2H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.67min): m/z=436 [M+H]+ (Calc: 435.6).

5.37 Example 37



[1318] In a manner similar to Example 35, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared except that the compound of formula EC was used in place of the compound of formula LB.



[1319] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 242, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-cycloheptyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, and the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 243 were prepared by using cycloheptanamine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1320] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 243, 4-((endo)-8-cycloheptyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1321] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 243: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, 1:3 CDCl3:CD3OD): 8.01-8.04 (m, 1H), 7.94-7.96 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.86 (m, 1H), 7.51-7.55 (m, 1H), 5.7-5.8 (m, 1H), 4.26-4.38 (m, 2H), 3.02-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.72-2.85 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.64 (m, 8H), 1.60-1.92 (m, 10H); LC/MS (100%, tr=4.981min): m/z=396.6 [M+H]+.



[1322] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 244, endo-4-[8-(3-hydroxy-adamantan-1-yl)-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, and the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 245 were prepared by using 3-amino-adamantan-l-ol (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1323] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 245, endo-4-[8-(3-hydroxy-adamantan-1-yl)-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1324] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 245: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, 1:3 CDCl3:CD3OD): 8.1 (d, 1H, J=8.8Hz), 8.02 (dd, 1H, J=1.2, 7.8Hz), 7.83 (ddd, 1H, J=1.5, 7.2, 8.3Hz), 7.51-7.55 (m, 1H), 6.04-6.18 (m, 1H), 4.48-4.52 (m, 2H), 2.94-3.02 (m, 2H), 2.60-3.64 (m, 2H), 2.32-2.68 (m, 6H), 2.08-2.24 (m, 6H), 1.6-1.8 (m, 6H); LC/MS (100%, tr=4.338min): m/z=450.6 [M+H]+.



[1325] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 246, endo-4-(8-adamantan-2-yl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (yield 35%), and the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound and 247 (yield 58%) were prepared by using 2-amino-adamantane (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED.

[1326] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 247, endo-4-(8-adamantan-2-yl-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1327] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 247: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, 1:3 CDCl3:CD3OD): 8.1 (d, 1H, J=8.7Hz), 8.03 (d, 1H, J=8.1Hz), 7.82-7.86 (m, 1H), 7.51-7.55 (m, 1H), 6.14-6.21(m, 1H), 4.28-4.42 (m, 2H), 3.18-3.26 (m, 1H), 2.97-3.04 (m, 2H), 2.58-2.64 (m, 4H), 2.28-2.44 (m, 6H), 1.6-2.2 (m, 10H); LC/MS (97.9%, tr=5.362min): m/z=434.5 [M+H]+.



[1328] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 293 and 294 were prepared by using cyclodecanamine in place of the compound of formula ED and omitting the final HCl treatment.

[1329] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 293, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-cyclodecyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1330] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 293: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.91 (1H, m), 7.64-7.54 (2H, m), 7.34 (1H, m), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.49 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.68 (2H, s), 2.45-2.20 (5H, m), 2.02 (2H, m), 1.81 (2H, m), 1.72-1.42 (22H, m); LC/MS: m/z=466 [M+H]+ (Calc: 465.6).

[1331] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 294, 4-((endo)-8-cyclodecyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1332] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 294: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.88 (2H, m), 7.42 (1H, m), 7.24 (1H, m), 5.80 (1H, m), 4.13 (2H, m), 3.10 (1H, m), 2.85 (1H, m), 2.60-1.40 (24H, m); LC/MS (99%, tr=1.76min): m/z=438 [M+H]+ (Calc: 437.6).



[1333] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 295 and 296 were prepared by using (exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-amine in place of the compound of formula ED and omitting the final HCl treatment.

[1334] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 295, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1335] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 295: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.92 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.62 (1H, t, J=7.86Hz), 7.52 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.35 (1.1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.49 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.68 (2H, s), 2.45-2.20 (5H, m), 2.02 (2H, m), 1.81 (2H, m), 1.72-1.42 (24H, m); LC/MS: m/z=450 [M+H]+ (Calc: 449.6).

[1336] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 296, 4-((endo)-8-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1337] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 296: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 8.42 (1H, m), 8.21 (1H, m), 7.92 (1H, m), 7.58 (1H, m), 6.60 (1H, m), 4.27 (2H, m), 3.10 (3H, m), 2.60-1.30 (22H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.54min): m/z=424 [M+H]+ (Calc: 423.6).



[1338] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 297 and 298 were prepared by using cyclononanamine in place of the compound of formula ED and omitting the final HCl treatment.

[1339] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 297, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-cyclononyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1340] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 297: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 7.92 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.62 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.52 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.35 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.40 (1H, br), 4.50 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.68 (2H, s), 2.28-1.40 (26H, m); LC/MS: m/z=450 [M+H]+ (Calc: 449.6).

[1341] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 298, 4-((endo)-8-cyclononyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1342] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 298: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 8.23 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.74 (2H, m), 7.53 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.60 (1H, br), 3.75 (2H, s), 3.49 (1H, s), 2.40-1.47 (22H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.40min): m/z=422 [M+H]+ (Calc: 421.6).



[1343] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 392 and 365 were prepared by using pentan-3-amine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED and omitting the final HCl treatment.

[1344] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 392, ethyl 3-oxo-4-((endo)-8-(pentan-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1345] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 392: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 0.95 (t, J=7.39Hz, 6H), 1.40-1.60 (m, 7H), 1.85 (m, 2H), 2.05 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.38 (m, 5H), 3.67 (m, 2H), 4.54 (q, J=7.11Hz, 2H), 5.30 (br, 1H), 7.38 (t, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 7.57 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 7.68 (t, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 7.96 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H).

[1346] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 365, 3-oxo-4-((endo)-8-(pentan-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1347] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 365: 1H NMR: δH (DMSO-d6): 0.96 (t, J=7.4Hz, 6H), 1.86 (m, 4H), 2.16-2.27 (m, 6H), 2.66 (m, 2H), 2.84 (m, 1H), 4.20 (m, 2H), 6.14 (m, 1H), 7.44 (t, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 7.73 (t, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 7.87 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H), 8.11 (d, J=8.0Hz, 1H); LC/MS (99%, tr=0.81min): m/z=370 [M+H]+ (Calc: 369.6).



[1348] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 393 and 356 were prepared by using cyclododecanamine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED and omitting the final HCl treatment.

[1349] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 393, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-cyclododecyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1350] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 393: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 1.35 (m, 25H), 1.82 (m, 2H), 2.02 (m, 2H), 2.26 (m, 5H), 3.68 (m, 2H), 4.49 (q, J=7.1Hz, 2H), 5.20 (br, 1H), 7.34 (t, J=7.6Hz, 1H), 7.54 (d, J=7.6Hz, 1H), 7.62 (t, J=7.6Hz, 1H), 7.91 (d, J=7.6Hz, 1H); LC/MS: m/z=494 [M+H]+ (Calc: 493.6).

[1351] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 356, 4-((endo)-8-cyclododecyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1352] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 356: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 1.42 (m, 16H), 1.60-2.60 (m, 12H), 2.72 (s, 1H), 3.06 (m, 2H), 4.16 (s, 2H), 6.00 (br, 1H), 7.32 (t, J=7.35Hz, 1H), 7.60 (m, 1H), 7.93 (d, J=8.11Hz, 1H).8.10 (m, 1H); LC/MS (100%, tr=2.20min): m/z=466 [M+H]+ (Calc: 465.6).



[1353] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 394 and 358 were prepared by using cycloundecanamine (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of the compound of formula ED and omitting the final HCl treatment.

[1354] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 394, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-cycloundecyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1355] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 394: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 1.30-1.70 (m, 24H), 1.83 (m, 2H), 2.00 (m, 2H), 2.25 (m, 5H,), 3.66 (m, 2H), 4.50 (d, J=7.14Hz, 2H), 5.20 (br, 1H), 7.36 (t, J=7.6Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=7.6Hz, 1H), 7.60 (t, J=7.6Hz, 1H), 7.91 (d, J=7.6Hz, 1H); LC/MS: m/z=480 [M+H]+ (Calc: 479.6).

[1356] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 358, 4-((endo)-8-cycloundecyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1357] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 358: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 1.30-1.60 (m, 14H), 1.75 (m, 2H), 2.13 (m, 6H), 2.39 (m, 4H), 2.61 (m, 1H), 3.04 (m, 2H), 4.12 (m, 2H), 5.83 (m, 1H), 7.25 (m, 1H), 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.94 (m, 2H); LC/MS (99%, tr=2.06min): m/z=452 [M+H]+ (Calc: 451.6).

5.38 Example 38



[1358] 



[1359] The compound of formula MA, 2-(2,2-diethoxyethoxy)-1,1-diethoxyethane, was prepared according the procedure described in C.L. Zirkle et al., J. Org. Chem. 26:395 (1961). A mixture of the compound of formula MA (25g, 0.14mmol), AcOH (7mL), and water (25mL) was warmed to 100°C and stirred for 2h. After cooling to about 25°C, the resulting colorless solution was added to 350mL of a buffer solution containing 36g of Na2HPO4 • 7 H2O and 25g citric acid. Under an argon atmosphere, 400mL of water and the compounds of formula MB (3-oxopentanedioic acid, 40g, 0.27mol, Sigma-Aldrich) and MC (phenylmethanamine, 27g, 0.25mol) were added. After holding the reaction mixture at 26-28°C for 24h, it was saturated with NaCl, neutralized with about 50g of NaOH to a pH of about 11, and extracted four times with DCM (250mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a brown oil which was diluted with acetone (200mL), concentrated under reduced pressure, and dried to provide about 7g of the compound of formula MD, 9-benzyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-one, as white solid. In a manner similar to Example 18, the benzyl group of the compound of formula MD was removed to provide 3.8g of the hydrochloride of the compound of formula ME, 3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-one, as a white solid.

[1360] In a manner similar to Example 32, the compound of formula MG, 9-((Z)-cyclooct-2-enyl)-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-one, was prepared from the compound of formula MF except that the compound of formula ME was used in place of the compound of formula JC (yield 90%). Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula MG, 5% palladium on carbon (1.0g, Sigma-Aldrich), and EtOH (20mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 4h. After the Pd/C was filtered off, the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the compound of formula MH, 9-cyclooctyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-one.

[1361] In a manner similar to Example 1, a mixture of the endo and exo isomers of the compound of formula MI, N1-9-cyclooctyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was prepared except that the compound of formula MH was used in place of the compound of formula AA. Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 248 was prepared from diethyl 2-oxomalonate in a manner similar to Example 12 except that the compound of formula MI was used in place of the compound of formula AB (yield 15% from MH).

[1362] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 248, ethyl 4-((endo)-9-cyclooctyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1363] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 248: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 8.30 (br, 1H), 7.95 (dd, 1H, J=1.5, 8.1Hz), 7.64 (ddd, 1H, J=1.5, 7.2, 8.2Hz), 7.35 (ddd, 1H, J=1.1, 7.1, 8.3Hz), 6.05 (br, 1H), 4.52 (t, 2H, J=7.2Hz), 3.80-3.83 (m, 2H), 3.66-3.71 (m, 2H), 3.30-3.34 (m, 2H), 3.04-3.08 (m, 1H), 2.20-2.24 (m, 2H), 1.4-1.8 (m, 19H); LC/MS (100%, tr=6.056min): m/z=454.6 [M+H]+ (Calc: 453.6).

[1364] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 249 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 248 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 78%).

[1365] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 249, 4-((endo)-9-cyclooctyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1366] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 249: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, 1:3 CDCl3:CD3OD): 8.25-8.42 (m, 1H), 8.02-8.06 (m, 1H), 7.83-7.86 (m, 1H), 7.53 (dd, 1H, J=7.4, 7.9Hz), 6.24 (br, 1H), 3.80-4.32 (m, 7H), 3.20-3.26 (m, 1H), 2.60-3.78 (m, 3H), 1.60-2.24 (m, 14H); LC/MS (99.1%, tr=2.067min): m/z=426.5 [M+H]+.

5.39 Example 39



[1367] 



[1368] A reaction mixture of 2-bromo-1,1-diethoxyethane (NA, 25g, Sigma-Aldrich), 2,2-diethoxy-N-methylethanamine (NB, 1.0eq, Sigma-Aldrich), TEA (1.0eq), and K2CO3 (1.0eq) in CH3CN (200mL) was warmed to 60°C and stirred for 20h. After cooling to about 25°C, the reaction mixture was diluted with water, extracted with Et2O, concentrated under reduced pressure, and distilled (at 56-60°C and 0.5mmHg) to provide 30g of the compound of formula NC, 3,5-diethoxy-1-methylpiperidine, as a colorless oil (yield 87%). The compound of formula NC was treated with 1N HCl (150mL) at a temperature of 100°C for 2h to provide the compound of formula ND, 1-methylpiperidine-3,5-diol. Thereafter, the compound of formula NE, 9-benzyl-3-methyl-3,9-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-one, was prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula MD in Example 38 except that the compound of formula ND was used in place of the compound of formula MA.



[1369] In a manner similar to Example 38, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 250, ethyl 4-((endo)-9-cyclooctyl-3-methyl-3,9-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was prepared except that the compound of formula NE was used in place of the compound of formula MD.

[1370] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 251 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 250 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 36%).

[1371] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 251, 4-((endo)-9-cyclooctyl-3-methyl-3,9-diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1372] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 251: 1H NMR: δH, (400MHz, 1:3 CDCl3:CD3OD): 8.08-8.11 (m, 1H), 7.86-7.93 (m, 2H), 7.59-7.63 (m, 1H), 5.64 (br, 1H), 4.08 (br, 2H), 3.44-3.60 (m, 4H), 3.16 (s, 3H, Nme), 2.66-2.78 (m, 3H), 1.6-2.24 (m, 16H); LC/MS (99.1%, tr=4.586min): m/z=439.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 438.6).

5.40 Example 40



[1373] 



[1374] At a temperature of about 25°C, a 28% aqueous ammonia solution was added to a mixture of the compound of formula JC (1.0g, 3.52mmol) and CHCl3 (30mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 10min. The mixture was extracted three times with CHCl3:H2O (30mL for each extraction), dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow oil. Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a mixture of the resulting oil and MeOH (300mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 4-isopropylcyclohexanone (0.593g, 4.23mmol, Sigma-Aldrich), NaBH3CN (1.107g, 17.62mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) and zinc chloride (4.804g, 35.2mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 72h. Thereafter, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, neutralized with 28% aqueous ammonia to adjust the pH to about 14, and extracted twice with CHCl3: H2O (100mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried (MgSO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow oil. The oil was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column (Yamazen Corp. W091-01) eluted with a gradient of from 5%:95% EtOAc:n-hexane to 15%:85% EtOAc:n-hexane to 50%:50% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 320mg of the compound of formula OA (yield 24%) and 989mg of the compound of formula OB (yield 75%), each as a yellow solid.

[1375] The identity of the compound of formula OA, (endo)-8-((trans)-4-isopropylcyclohexyl)-N-(2-nitrophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-amine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1376] Compound OA: 1HNMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 8.73 (1H, d, J=6.08Hz), 8.18 (1H, t, J=4.31Hz), 7.40 (1H, dd, J=8.36, 7.35Hz), 6.71 (1H, d, J=9.12Hz), 6.61 (1H, dd, J=8.36, 7.35Hz), 3.86 (1H, q, J=6.59Hz), 3.56 (2H, s), 2.27 (3H, dd, J=8.36, 4.31Hz), 2.02-1.94 (6.3H, m), 1.70 (6H, m), 1.44-1.40 (1H, m), 1.07 (5H, m), 0.85 (6H, dd, J=11.66, 7.10Hz); LC/MS: m/z=372 [M+H]+ (Calc: 371).

[1377] The identity of the compound of formula OB, (endo)-8-((cis)-4-isopropylcyclohexyl)-N-(2-nitrophenyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-amine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1378] Compound OB: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 8.74 (1H, d, J=6.08Hz), 8.18 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.40 (1H, dd, J=8.11, 7.10Hz), 6.72 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 6.60 (1H, dd, J=8.36, 7.35Hz), 3.85 (1H, q, J=6.42Hz), 3.47 (2H, s), 2.52 (1H, s), 2.25 (2H, m), 1.95 (5H, m), 1.75-1.02 (17.6H, m), 0.87 (7H, dd, J=5.58, 4.56Hz); LC/MS: m/z=372 [M+H]+ (Calc: 371).

[1379] In a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula CC in Example 6, the compound of formula OC was prepared except that the compound of formula OB was used in place of the compound of formula CB (yield 98%).

[1380] The identity of the compound of formula OC, N1-((endo)-8-((cis)-4-isopropylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using LC/MS.

[1381] Compound OC: LC/MS: m/z=342 [M+H]+ (Calc: 341).

[1382] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 70 in Example 12, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 252 was prepared except that the compound of formula OC was used in place of the compound of formula AB (yield 19%).

[1383] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 252, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-((cis)-4-isopropylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1384] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 252: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.89 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.73 (1H, t, J=7.86Hz), 7.58 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.20 (1H, br), 4.37 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.61 (2H, br), 2.34-1.16 (30H, m), 0.92 (7H, d, J=6.59Hz); LC/MS: m/z=452 [M+H]+ (Calc: 451).

[1385] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 253 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 252 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield 64%).

[1386] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 253, 4-((endo)-8-((cis)-4-isopropylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1387] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 253: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.30 (0.8H, s), 9.73 (0.2H, s), 8.12 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.89 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.75 (1H, t, J=7.86Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 6.00 (0.8H, t, J=9.63Hz), 5.24 (0.2H, s), 4.22 (2H, m), 2.91 (1H, m), 2.65 (2H, m), 2.34-2.09 (6H, m), 1.90-1.60 (8H, m), 1.37-1.14 (3H, m), 0.90 (6H, d, J=6.08Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.66min): m/z=424 [M+H]+ (Calc: 423).

[1388] In a manner similar to the above preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 252 and 253, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared except that the compound of formula OA was used in place of from the compound of formula OB.



[1389] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 254, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-((trans)-4-isopropylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1390] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 254: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.88 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.77 (1H, t, J=7.1Hz), 7.65 (1H, d, J=6.59Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 5.17 (1H, br), 4.36 (2H, t, J=7.1Hz), 3.69 (2H, d, J=16.22Hz), 2.23 (2H, q, J=9.97Hz), 2.02-1.71 (14H, m), 1.41-1.30 (5H, m), 1.08-0.84 (15H, m); LC/MS: m/z=452 [M+H]+ (Calc: 451).

[1391] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 255, 4-((endo)-8-((trans)-4-isopropylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1392] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 255: 1HNMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.22 (0.8H, s), 9.72 (0.2H, s), 8.09 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.89 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.76 (1H, t, J=7.86Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.97 (0.8H, t, J=9.38Hz), 5.23 (0.2H, s), 4.31 (1.5H, s), 4.13 (0.5H, s), 2.83 (1H, s), 2.63-2.55 (2H, m), 2.24 (8H, tt, J=30.92, 8.28Hz), 1.95-1.22 (7H, m), 1.04 (3H, s), 0.86 (6H, d, J=6.59Hz); LC/MS (98%, tr=1.77min): m/z=424 [M+H]+ (Calc: 423).

[1393] In a manner similar to the above preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 252 and 253, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared except that 4-tert-butylcyclohexanone (Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of 4-iso-propylcyclohexanone and titanium(IV) iso-propoxide (Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of zinc chloride.



[1394] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 256, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-((cis)-4-tert-butylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1395] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 256: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.89 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.69 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 7.54 (1H, d, J=8.62Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 5.22 (1H, s), 4.37 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.62 (2H, s), 2.36 (1H, s), 2.19 (4H, m), 1.93 (4H, m), 1.62 (4H, m), 1.36 (8H, m), 1.09 (1H, m), 0.94 (9H, d, J=19.77Hz); LC/MS: m/z=466 [M+H]+ (Calc: 465).

[1396] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 257, 4-((endo)-8-((cis)-4-tert-butylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1397] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 257: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.06 (0.7H, br), 8.85 (0.3H, s), 8.13 (1H, d, J=9.12Hz), 7.89 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.75 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.1Hz), 6.17 (0.7H, br), 5.26 (0.3H, s), 4.22 (2H, s), 3.63 (0.3H, br), 3.04 (0.7H, br), 2.69 (2H, dd, J=20.53, 11.41Hz), 2.41-1.50 (15H, m), 1.17 (1H, m), 0.90-0.82 (9H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.87min): m/z=438 [M+H]+ (Calc: 437).

[1398] In a manner similar to the above preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 256 and 257, the following Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds were prepared except that the compound of formula OE was used in place of from the compound of formula OF.



[1399] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 258, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-((trans)-4-tert-butylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1400] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 258: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.88 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.76 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.66 (1H, s), 7.44 (1H, m), 4.37 (2H, q, J=6.93Hz), 3.69 (2H, m), 2.23 (2H, d, J=12.17Hz), 1.87 (15H, m), 1.32 (3H, m), 1.02 (6H, m), 0.84 (9H, s); LC/MS: mlz=466 [M+H]+ (Calc: 465).

[1401] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 259, 4-((endo)-8-((trans)-4-tert-butylcyclohexyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1402] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 259: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 10.22 (0.8H, s), 9.69 (0.2H, s), 8.09 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.89 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.76 (1H, t, J=7.1Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.35Hz), 5.96 (0.8H, dd, J=13.18, 5.58Hz), 5.24 (0.2H, s), 4.23 (2H, m), 2.85 (1H, br), 2.58 (2H, br), 2.25 (7H, m), 1.95-1.56 (4H, m), 1.27 (1H, m), 1.11-0.86 (12H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.92min): m/z=438 [M+H]+ (Calc: 437).

5.41 Example 41



[1403] 



[1404] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 260 was prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 252 in Example 40 except that 1H-inden-2(3H)-one (Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of 4-iso-propylcyclohexanone (yield 23%).

[1405] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 260, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-(2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1406] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 260: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.88 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.74 (2H, d, J=7.1Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 7.15 (4H, dt, J=25.52, 4.31Hz), 5.23 (1H, br), 4.38 (2H, q, J=7.1Hz), 3.59 (2H, s), 3.25-3.07 (3H, m), 2.78 (2H, m), 2.33 (2H, dd, J=21.54, 8.87Hz), 2.05 (4H, dd, J=28.39, 16.73Hz), 1.76 (2H, d, J=7.1Hz), 1.32 (3H, t, J=6.84Hz); LC/MS: m/z=444 [M+H]+ (Calc: 443).

[1407] The hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 261 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 260 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 174 in Example 7 (yield >98%).

[1408] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 261, 4-((endo)-8-(2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1409] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 261: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.42 (0.7H, s), 10.78 (0.2H, s), 8.09 (1H, d, J=8.11Hz), 7.90 (1H, d, J=7.6Hz), 7.76 (1H, t, J=7.1Hz), 7.47 (1H, t, J=7.6Hz), 7.25 (4H, d, J=13.18Hz), 6.04-6.00 (0.8H, m), 5.32 (0.2H, s), 4.11 (3H, m), 3.58 (2H, m), 2.76-2.68 (2H, m), 2.55-2.20 (11H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.2min): m/z=416 [M+H]+ (Calc: 415).

5.42 Example 42



[1410] 



[1411] To a solution of the compound of formula QA ((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-amine, , 10.44mmol) in EtOH (3.1mL) and water (0.7mL), K2CO3 (144mg, 1.04mmol), at a temperature of about 25°C was added a mixture of the compound of formula LB (4060mg, 12.53mmol) in EtOH (29mL), and water (18mL). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 90°C and stirred for 5h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 0°C to provide a white precipitate. The precipitate was filtrated, washed twice with water (8mL for each wash), and dried to provide 1580mg of the compound of formula QB as a white solid (yield 57.9%).

[1412] The identity of the compound of formula QB, 9-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1413] Compound QB: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.40-1.70 (m, 12H), 1.75-1.90 (m, 2H), 1.90-2.10 (m, 4H), 2.20 (d, J=.20Hz, 2H), 2.60 (m, 2H), 3.35 (m, 1H), 3.66 (m, 2H); LC/MS: m/z=262.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 261).

[1414] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula QB (1020mg, 3.90mmol) in CH2Cl2 (15mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 1,2-phenylenediamine (1266mg, 11.71mmol) and 2-ethylhexanoic acid (0.938mL, 5.85mmol). The mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 30min to provide reaction mixture 1.

[1415] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of sodium tetrahydroborate (590mg, 15.61mmol) in CH2Cl2 (10mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2-ethylhexanoic acid (8.75mL, 54.6mmol). The mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 30min to provide reaction mixture 2.

[1416] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to reaction mixture 1 at 0°C was added reaction mixture 2 dropwise over a 15min period. After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of about 25°C and stirred for 30min. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 60°C and stirred for 16h. After cooling the reaction mixture to a temperature of about 25°C, saturated aqueous NaHCO3 (20mL) was added, the mixture stirred for 10min, then extracted twice with 1M aqueous K2CO3/EtOAc (200mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a brown solid. The solid was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column (Yamazen Corp. W091-01) eluted with a gradient of from 0%:100% EtOAc:n-hexane to 30%:70% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 815mg of the compound of formula QC as a colorless solid (yield 59%).

[1417] The identity of the compound of formula QC, N1-((endo)-9-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1418] Compound QC: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.02-1.83 (m, 17H), 2.01 (m, 5H), 2.40-2.48 (m, 2H), 3.06-3.45 (m, 6H), 3.76 (br, 1H), 6.61-6.82 (m, 4H); LC/MS: m/z=354.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 353).

[1419] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula QC (815mg, 2.305mmol) in toluene (16mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added diethyl 2-oxomalonate (0.407mL, 2.54mmol) and AcOH (0.145mL, 2.54mmol). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 130°C and stirred for 1h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a sticky oil. The oil was diluted with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, extracted twice with CHCl3/water (100mL for each extraction), dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an orange solid. The solid was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column (Yamazen Corp. W091-01) eluted with a gradient of from 0%:100% EtOAc:n-hexane to 20%:80% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 560mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 395 as a colorless solid (yield 52%).

[1420] Alternatively, compound 395 can be prepared as follows:
Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula QC (11.04g, 31.2mmol) in toluene (202mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added diethyl 2-ketomalonate (6.02mL, 37.5mmol) and AcOH (2.143mL, 37.5mmol). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 130°C and stirred for 1h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a sticky oil. The oil was diluted with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, extracted twice with CHCl3 (600mL for each extraction), dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an orange solid. The resulting orange solid was sonicated by n-hexane/Et2O (4/1), collected by filtration and dried under reduced pressure at 65°C for 8hr to give 1-(exo-9-bicyclo[3.3.1]-endo-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydro-quinoxaline-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester 395 as a pale yellow solid. The remaining filtrate was purified by column chromatography (silica-gel; CHCl3/MeOH= 100/0∼95/5) to give further 395 as a pale yellow solid. (Combined Yield; 9.83g, 67%).

[1421] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 395, ethyl 4-((endo)-9-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1422] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 395: 1H NMR: δH, (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.04-1.11 (m, 2H), 1.35-1.86 (m, 17H), 1.92-2.02 (m, 6H), 2.37-2.47 (m, 1H), 2.67-2.79 (m, 1H), 3.46-3.56 (m, 3H), 4.51 (q, J=7.07Hz, 2H), 5.20 (m, 1H), 7.34-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.63 (t, J=6.57Hz, 2H), 7.92 (d, J=8.08Hz, 1H); LC/MS: m/z=464.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 463).

[1423] To a suspension of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 395 (561mg, 1.21mmol) in ethanol (15mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2N aqueous NaOH (1.812mL, 3.62mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 1h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was diluted with water (10mL) to form a colorless solution, neutralized with 2N aqueous HCl (2.3mL), and sonicated to provide a white precipitate. The precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with water, and dried for 5h under reduced pressure at 75°C to provide 396mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 362 as a colorless solid (yield 75%).

[1424] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 362, 4-((endo)-9-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1425] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 362: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 0.83 (dq, J=8.72, 2.78Hz, 1H), 1.22 (s, 1H), 1.38 (br, 1H), 1.54 (d, J=12.63Hz, 1H), 1.69 (s, 6H), 1.87 (m, 4H), 2.05 (t, J=13.89Hz, 2H), 2.22 (s, 2H), 2.51 (dd, J=19.71, 11.12Hz, 2H), 2.70 (m, 3H), 2.98 (t, J=12.38Hz, 2H), 4.11-4.22 (m, 3H), 6.65 (br, 1H), 7.51-7.62 (m, 4H), 7.93 (t, J=7.83Hz, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=8.08Hz, 1H), 8.96 (dd, J=7.83, 6.32Hz, 1H), 10.89 (s, 1H); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.55min): m/z=436.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 436).

[1426] Alternatively the compound QC and Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 362 can be synthesized via an different route, which is shown below:



[1427] Compound QB' was prepared as follows:
Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a suspension of the compound of formual QB (10.77g, 41.2mmol) in ethanol (215mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added hydroxylamine hydrochloride (4.29g, 61.8mmol) and sodium acetate (5.07g, 61.8mmol). After the addition, the mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1.5hr. After quenching with water (50mL), the mixture was separated by CHCl3/saturated NaHCO3 (200mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to under reduced pressure to give 9-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one oxime (QB') as a pale yellow solid which was used in the next reaction without further purification (Yield; 11.39g, 100%).

[1428] The identity of the compound of formula QB', 9-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one oxime, was confirmed by LC/MS.

[1429] Compound QB': LC/MS: m/z=277.45 [M+H]+ (Calc: 276.42)

[1430] Compound QB" was prepared as follows:
To a solution of QB' (11.39g, 41.2mmol) in AcOH (203mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added platinum(IV) oxide (1.871g, 8.24mmol). The mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C. for 24hr under a hydrogen atmosphere at 5atm pressure. After filtration and washing with AcOEt (100mL), the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give a sticky yellow oil. To this oil water was added, and the resulting mixture was neutralized by 28% aqueous ammonia solution to give a white gel like precipitate. The mixture was extracted twice using CHCl3/MeOH/H2O (700mL for each extraction). The combined organic phases were dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo to give the desired product, 9- exo- bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-9-endo-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-ylamine QB" only in the endo-form, as a colorless solid, which was used in the next reaction without purification. (Yield; 9.07g, 84%)

[1431] The identity of the compound of formula QB", 9- exo- bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-9-endo-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-ylamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1432] Compound OB": 1H-NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ: 0.92-0.99 (m, 4H), 1.23-1.65 (m, 16H), 1.98 (m, 7H), 3.12 (s, 1H), 3.28 (s, 2H); LC/MS: m/z=263.15 [M+H]+ (Calc: 262.43).

[1433] Compound QB'" was prepared as follows:
Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of QB" (9.07g, 34.6mmol) in DMF (136mL) at a temperture of about 25°C was added potassium carbonate (7.16g, 51.8mmol) and 1-fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (3.65mL, 34.6mmol). The mixture was stirred at 100°C for 2hr. The reaction mixture was cooled and quenched with ice-water (100mL) and saturated NaHCO3 (10mL) to give a yellow precipitate which was collected by filtration. The precipitate was subsequently washed twice with water (50mL each), dried under reduced pressure at 70°C for 8hr to give the desired product (9-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-(2-nitro-phenyl)-amine QB'" as a yellow solid (Yield; 11.98g, 90%).

[1434] The identity of the compound of formula QB"', (9-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-(2-nitro-phenyl)-amine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1435] Compound OB"': 1H-NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ: 0.85-2.02 (m, 26H), 2.45 (m, 2H), 3.49 (m, 3H), 4.03 (t, J=3.79Hz, 1H), 6.58 (t, J=7.58Hz, 1H), 6.93 (d, J=8.08Hz, 1H), 7.40 (t, J=7.33Hz, 1H), 8.09 (dd, J=48.50, 7.58Hz, 2H); LC/MS: m/z=384.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 383.53).

[1436] Compound QC was prepared as follows:
Under a hydrogen atmosphere, to a suspension of QB'" (11.98g, 31.2mmol) in MeOH (240mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 10%Pd-C (1.330g, 1.249mmol), and the mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1.5h. After the addition of CHCl3 (150mL), the mixture was filtrated, washed with CHCl3 and concentrated in vacuo to give N-(9-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-9-aza-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine (QC) as a pale green solid which was very pure by NMR and therefore used in the next step without purification (Yield; 11.04g, 100%).

[1437] The identity of the compound of formula QC, N-(9-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1438] Compound QC: 1H-NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ: 1.02-1.83 (m, 17H), 2.01 (m, 5H), 2.40-2.48 (m, 2H), 3.06-3.45 (m, 6H), 3.76 (br, 1H), 6.61-6.82 (m, 4H); LC/MS: m/z=354.14 [M+H]+ (Calc: 353)

[1439] The compound of formula QA was prepared as follows:



[1440] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula QD (adamantane-2-one, 60g, 399mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) in AcOH (251mL, 4394mmol) and methanesulfonic acid (182.00mL, 2803mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) at a temperature of 20°C was added sodium azide (29.9g, 459mmol) portionwise over 45min. After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 30min at a temperature of from 20°C to 25°C. Thereafter, ice water (1L) was poured into the reaction mixture to provide a white precipitate that was collected by filtration, washed with water (400mL), and dried for 4h under reduced pressure at 60°C to provide 40.78g of the compound of formula QE as a colorless solid (yield 69%).

[1441] The identity of the compound of formula QE, bicyclo[3.3.1]non-6-ene-3-carbonitrile, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1442] Compound QE: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.53 (d, J=12.67Hz, 1H), 1.72-2.05 (m, 5H), 2.23 (dt, J=17.91, 8.11Hz, 2H), 2.41-2.50 (m, 2H), 2.96 (dd, J=9.63, 4.06Hz, 1H), 5.85-5.95 (m, 2H).

[1443] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula QE (5260mg, 35.7mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (570mg, 0.536mmol), and MeOH (150mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 4h. After the Pd/C was filtered off, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a colorless oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 3%:97% EtOAc:n-hexane to 20%:80% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 3500mg of the compound of formula QF as a colorless solid (yield 66%).

[1444] The identity of the compound of formula QF, bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-3-carbonitrile, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1445] Compound QF: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.22 (m, 1H), 1.38-1.59 (m, 8H), 1.72-1.82 (m, 1H), 2.04-2.08 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.28 (m, 2H), 2.60-2.69 (m, 1H).

[1446] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula QF (2530mg, 16.95mmol) in 2-methoxyethanol (26.9mL, 339mmol) at a temperature of about 25°C was added KOH (4280mg, 76mmol). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 120°C and stirred for 16h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C, 2N aqueous HCl was added to adjust the pH within the range of from about 3 to about 4, and a pale brown precipitate formed. The precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with water, and dried for 3h under reduced pressure at 70°C to provide a pale brown solid, which 1H NMR showed to be a 1:9 mixture of endo:exo isomers.

[1447] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the above endo:exo isomer mixture in 2-methoxyethanol (73.5mL, 932mmol) at a temperature of about 25°C was added KOH (4756mg, 85mmol). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 120°C and stirred for 16h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C, 2N aqueous HCl was added to adjust the pH within the range of from about 3 to about 4, and a pale brown precipitate formed. The precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with water, and dried for 3h under reduced pressure at 70°C to provide 2187mg of the compound of formula QG as a pale brown solid, with a melting point of 126-128°C and present only as the exo isomer (yield 77%).

[1448] The identity of the compound of formula QG, (exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-3-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1449] Compound QG: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.52-1.85 (m, 10H), 1.96 (t, J=6.59Hz, 4H), 3.10-3.19 (m, 1H).

[1450] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula QG (2680mg, 15.93mmol) in toluene (25mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added TEA (2.65mL, 19.12mmol) and DPPA (4.51mL, 19.12mmol). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 70°C and stirred for 1h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a pale yellow oil, which was dried under reduced pressure at a temperature of about 25°C. To the oil was added phenylmethanol (4.77mL, 45.9mmol, Sigma-Aldrich). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 90°C and stirred for 1.5h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C and chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 2%:98% EtOAc:n-hexane to 10%:90% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 4270mg of the compound of formula QH as a colorless solid (yield 98%).

[1451] The identity of the compound of formula QH, benzyl (exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-ylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1452] Compound QH: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.32 (td, J=12.25, 3.71Hz, 2H), 1.44-1.80 (m, 8H), 1.97-2.09 (m, 4H), 4.28-4.46 (m, 2H), 5.08 (s, 2H), 7.26-7.35 (m, 5H); LC/MS: m/z=274.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 273).

[1453] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula QH (4456mg, 16.30mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (694mg, 0.652mmol), and EtOH (50mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 3h. After filtering off the Pd/C and washing with EtOH, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to a volume of 20mL. The ethanol solution contained 2270mg (16.30mmol) of the compound of formula QA.



[1454] In a manner similar to that described above, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 396 (yield 8% for three steps) and 369 (yield 91%) were prepared from the compound of formula LB by using (endo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-amine (QI) in place of the compound of formula QA.

[1455] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 396, ethyl 4-((endo)-9-((endo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1456] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 396: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 0.98-1.12 (m, 5H), 1.26 (s, 1H), 1.43 (m, 7H), 1.57 (m, 1H), 1.75-1.85 (m, 5H), 2.10 (m, 5H), 2.40-2.45 (m, 1H), 2.72 (br, 2H), 3.00-3.07 (m, 1H), 3.53 (d, J=10.11Hz, 2H), 4.51 (q, J=7.07Hz, 2H), 5.20 (br, 1H), 7.36 (t, J=3.54Hz, 1H), 7.65 (s, 2H), 7.93 (d, J=8.08Hz, 1H); LC/MS: m/z=464.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 463).

[1457] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 369, 4-((endo)-9-((endo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1458] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 369: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 0.84-0.89 (m, 1H), 1.27 (m, 4H), 1.40-1.52 (m, 2H), 1.66 (m, 5H), 1.85 (m, 1H), 2.11 (m, 2H), 2.28 (s, 4H), 2.50 (m, 2H), 2.76 (m, 1H), 3.00 (t, J=12.63Hz, 2H), 3.69-3.74 (m, 1H), 4.16 (d, J=10.11Hz, 2H), 6.78 (s, 1H), 7.56 (t, J=7.58Hz, 1H), 7.93 (t, J=7.83Hz, 1H), 8.19 (d, J=8.08Hz, 1H), 9.07 (t, J=7.58Hz, 1H), 11.08 (s, 1H); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.55min): m/z=436.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 436).

[1459] The compound of formula QI was prepared as follows:



[1460] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula QD (6.0g, 39.9mmol) in methanesulfonic acid (33.7mL, 519mmol) at a temperature of 20°C was added sodium azide (2.726g, 41.9mmol) portionwise over 2.5h. After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 3 days at 20°C. Thereafter, ice water (300mL) was poured into the reaction mixture to provide a white precipitate that was collected by filtration, washed with water, and dried for 6h under reduced pressure at 40°C to provide 5.63g of the compound of formula QJ as a colorless solid with a melting point of 69-72°C (yield 58%).

[1461] The identity of the compound of formula QJ, methanesulfonic acid 4-oxo-adamantan-2-yl ester, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1462] Compound QJ: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.75-2.12 (m, 9H), 2.31 (m, 1H), 2.41-2.50 (m, 2H), 2.58 (s, 1H), 2.88 (s, 1H), 3.05 (d, J=6.59Hz, 3H), 4.80 (t, J=3.55Hz, 1H).

[1463] To a solution of the compound of formula QJ (5.63g, 23.04mmol) in EtOH (100mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added a KOH (8.469g, 151mmol) in water (67mL) solution. After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 110°C and stirred for 12h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C, 10% aqueous HCl was added to adjust the pH within the range of from about 3 to about 4, and a colorless precipitate formed. The precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with water, concentrated under reduce pressure, and dried for 8h under reduced pressure at 50°C to provide 3.61g of the compound of formula QK as a colorless solid with a melting point of 189-192°C (yield 94%).

[1464] The identity of the compound of formula QK, (endo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-6-ene-3-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1465] Compound QK: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.64 (m, 4H), 2.07-2.42 (m, 6H), 2.58 (t, J=6.32Hz, 1H), 5.57-5.68 (m, 2H).

[1466] In a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula QF above, the compound of formula QL was prepared from the compound of formula QK (yield 99%).

[1467] The identity of the compound of formula QL, (endo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-3-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1468] Compound QL: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.17 (d, J=13.18Hz, 1H), 1.37-1.82 (m, 10H), 2.12 (m, 4H), 2.51-2.60 (m, 1H).

[1469] In a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula QH above, the compound of formula QM was prepared from the compound of formula QL (yield 90%).

[1470] The identity of the compound of formula QM, benzyl (endo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-ylcarbamate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1471] Compound QM: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.31 (m, 2H), 1.44-1.76 (m, 9H), 2.04 (s, 2H), 2.09 (s, 2H), 4.31-4.40 (m, 2H), 5.08 (s, 2H), 7.28-7.39 (m, 5H); LC/MS: m/z=274.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 273).

[1472] Under a hydrogen atmosphere, a mixture of the compound of formula QM (4.11g, 15.03mmol), 10% palladium on carbon (0.64g, 0.601mmol), and EtOH (45mL) was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 3h. After filtering off the Pd/C and washing with EtOH, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to a volume of 10mL. The ethanol solution contained 2.093g (15.03mmol) of the compound of formula QI.

[1473] Alternatively the compound of formula QA can be prepared by the two further synthetic routes shown below:



[1474] The compound of formula QR can be prepared according to a literature procedure described in "Improved synthetic methods for bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one". Mosose,Takefumi; Muraoka, Osamu, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 26(1):288-295 (1978) (Lit. 11) starting from cyclohexen-2-one, QP. The compound of formula QR can also be prepared starting from cis-cyclohexane-1,3-diacetic acid diethyl ester, as described in H. K. Hall, J. Org. Chem. 28:3213-3214 (1963) (Lit. 12).

[1475] The compound of formula QU can be prepared as follows (Lit. 12):
Concentrated sulfuric acid (2mL) was added at a temperature of about 25°C to a solution of phenyl-1,3-diacetic acid (QT, 50g, 0.26 mol, TCI US) in ethanol (500mL). The resulting mixture was heated under reflux for 24h. After cooling to a temperature of about 25°C, the mixture was concentrated to about 200mL under reduced pressure, and diluted with toluene (400mL). The toluene solution was washed with water (100mL), and brine (100mL) and concentrated to dryness in vacuo to give intermediate phenyl-1,3-diacetic acid diethyl ester as a colorless oil (63g, 98%).

[1476] The identity of the intermediate phenyl-1,3-diacetic acid diethyl ester was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1477] Intermediate phenyl-1,3-diacetic acid diethyl ester: 1HNR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 7.26-7.3 (m, 1H), 7.18-7.21 (m, 3H), 4.15 (q, J=7.1Hz, 4H), 3.6 (s, 4H), 1.25 (t, J=7.2Hz, 6H).

[1478] A mixture of phenyl-1,3-diacetic acid diethyl ester (63g, 0.25 mol) and platinum dioxide (2g, 0.09 mol) in acetic acid (250mL) was degassed and stirred under an hydrogen atmosphere at 30°C for 15h. The reaction mixture was flushed with argon, and diluted with water (40mL). Subsequently, the catalyst was removed by filtration and the solution was concentrated to about 200mL. The resulting mixture was then diluted with toluene (400mL). The mixture was washed with water twice (100mL each), NaHCO3 (100mL each) and brine (100mL). The solvent was removed under reduced pressure to give crude cis-cyclohexane-1,3-diacetic acid diethyl ester QU as a colorless oil (Lit. 12).

[1479] The identity of the compound of formula QU was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1480] Compound QU: 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400MHz): 4.15 (q, J=7.2Hz, 4H), 2.17 (d, J=7.0Hz, 4H), 1.4-1.9 (m, 7H), 1.25 (t, J=7.1Hz, 6H), 0.83-0.92 (m, 2H), 0.71 (dd, J=11.8, 11.9Hz).

[1481] The compound of formula QV can be prepared as follows:
Cis-cyclohexane-1,3-diacetic acid diethyl ester QU was dissolved in dry DME (300mL). To this solution, sodium hydride (15g) was added and the suspension stirred at 94°C for 16h. After cooling, the reaction mixture was slowly poured into ice-water (500mL) and extracted four times with EtOAc (200mL each). The combined organic layer was washed with brine, and concentrated to give 3-oxo-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-2-carboxylic acid ethyl ester QV which was used without purification in the next step.

[1482] Alternative preparation of bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one (QR):
Compound QV from the previous reaction was dissolved in ethanol (150mL). To this solution, sodium hydroxide (30g, 750mmol) in water (150mL) was added and the mixture heated to 70°C for 8h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, diluted with brine (150mL) and extracted three times with ether (150mL each). The combined organic extracts were concentrated to dryness in vacuo to give bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one QR as a white solid (Yield: 18g, 51% from 1,3-phenyl-diacetic acid).

[1483] The identity of the compound of formula QR was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1484] Compound QR: 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 2.52-1.31 (m, 6H), 1.82 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.56 (m, 5H), 1.54-1.32 (m, 2H).

Preparation of bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one oxime (QS)



[1485] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of QR (975mg, 7.05mmol) in ethanol (40mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added sodium acetate (1,157mg, 14.11mmol) and hydroxylamine hydrochloride (980mg, 14.11mmol). The mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 2 hr. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated NaHCO3, then extracted thrice with EtOAc (30mL each). The organic layers were combined and washed with saturated NaCl. The combined organic layers were dried over MgSO4 and evaporated in vacuo to give QS (800mg, 76%) as a yellow solid. The oxime was used for the next reaction without purification.

[1486] The identity of the compound of formula QS was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1487] Compound QS: 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 1.40 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.80 (m, 8H), 1.99-2.17 (m, 3H), 2.40 (d, J=8.0Hz, 2H), 3.20 (d, J=16.0Hz, 1H).

[1488] Alternative preparation of bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-ylamine (QA) (Ref.: J. Med. Chem. 49:1781-1791 (2006)):
Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a refluxing suspension of sodium (2.401g, 104mmol) in toluene (20mL) at a temperature of about 115°C was added dropwise over 30min bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-one oxime (QS, 1.60g, 10.44mmol) in 2-propanol (8mL). The mixture was stirred at reflux for 2 hr. After addition of the oxime solution is completed, 2-propanol (3mL) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux until all of the Na was consumed followed by cooling to a temperature of about 25°C. The reaction mixture was then quenched by the addition of H2O (20mL). The organic layer was separated, and washed twice with 1N HCl (30mL each). The acidic solution was made alkaline by the addition of 2N NaOH (50mL), and extracted thrice with Et2O (50mL each). The organic layers were combined and washed with saturated NaCl (50mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give of bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-ylamine QA. This compound was used in the next step without purification in 2-propanol solution.

[1489] The identity of the compound of formula QA was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1490] Compound QA: 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 1.20-1.70 (m, 10H), 1.90 (m, 4H), 3.38 (m, 1H).

5.43 Example 43



[1491] 



[1492] To a mixture of the compound of formula QA (2270mg, 16.30mmol), K2CO3 (225.3mg, 1.63mmol), EtOH (20mL), and water (5mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added dropwise a mixture of the compound of formula EC (5058mg, 16.30mmol), EtOH (20mL), and water (27mL). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 90°C and stirred for 4h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C, diluted with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, then extracted twice with EtOAc/water (100mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 20%:80% EtOAc:n-hexane to 80%:20% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide 2030mg of the compound of formula RA as a colorless solid (yield 50%).

[1493] The identity of the compound of formula RA, 8-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1494] Compound RA: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 1.79 (m, 12H), 2.26 (m, 8H), 2.87 (d, J=13.64Hz, 2H), 3.52 (td, J=11.12, 5.56Hz, 1H), 3.99 (s, 2H); LC/MS: m/z=248.5 [M+H]+ (Calc: 247).

[1495] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula RA (2029mg, 8.20mmol) in CH2Cl2 (25mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 1,2-phenylenediamine (2661mg, 24.61mmol) and 2-ethylhexanoic acid (1.971mL, 12.30mmol). The mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 30min to provide reaction mixture 1.

[1496] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of sodium tetrahydroborate (1241mg, 32.8mmol) in CH2Cl2 (17mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2-ethylhexanoic acid (18.40mL, 115mmol). The mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 30min to provide reaction mixture 2.

[1497] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to reaction mixture 1 at 0°C was added reaction mixture 2 dropwise over a 15min period. After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of about 25°C and stirred for 30min. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 60°C and stirred for 16h. After cooling the reaction mixture to a temperature of about 25°C, saturated aqueous NaHCO3 (20mL) was added, the mixture stirred for 10min, then extracted twice with 1M aqueous K2CO3/EtOAc (150mL for each extraction). The organic portions were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow oil. The oil was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 97%:3% CHCl3:(10% NH3 in MeOH) to 80%:20% CHCl3:(10% NH3 in MeOH) to provide 874mg of the compound of formula RB as a pale yellow amorphous solid (yield 31%).

[1498] The identity of the compound of formula RB, N1-((endo)-8-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1499] Compound RB: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 0.91 (m, 3H), 1.26-2.10 (m, 20H), 2.35 (m, 2H), 3.28-3.33 (m, 1H), 3.69 (m, 3H), 6.57 (d, J=7.58Hz, 1H), 6.75 (m, 3H); LC/MS: m/z=340.6 [M+H]+ (Calc: 339).

[1500] Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the compound of formula RB (870mg, 2.56mmol) in xylene (15mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added diethyl 2-oxomalonate (0.494mL, 3.07mmol) and AcOH (0.176mL, 3.07mmol). After the addition, the resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 130°C and stirred for 1h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature of about 25°C, diluted with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, extracted twice with EtOAc (100mL for each extraction), dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an orange oil. The oil was chromatographed with an amino-silica gel column (Yamazen Corp. W091-01) eluted with a gradient of from 5%:95% EtOAc:n-hexane to 30%:70% EtOAc:n-hexane to provide a pale yellow solid. The solid was triturated with 1:4 Et2O:n-hexane and dried under reduced pressure at 70°C to provide 343mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 397 as a colorless solid (yield 30%).

[1501] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 397, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1502] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 397: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 0.83-0.88 (m, 1H), 1.26 (dd, J=33.09, 17.94Hz, 3H), 1.51 (m, 11H), 1.91 (m, 8H), 2.20 (s, 3H), 2.79 (dt, J=11.62, 3.66Hz, 1H), 3.70 (s, 2H), 4.50 (q, J=7.07Hz, 2H), 5.20 (br, 1H), 7.34 (t, J=7.07Hz, 1H), 7.61 (q, J=7.92Hz, 2H), 7.91 (d, J=7.58Hz, 1H); LC/MS: m/z=450.1 [M+H]+ (Calc: 449).

[1503] To a solution of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 397 (343mg, 0.763mmol) in ethanol (10mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2N aqueous NaOH (1.144mL, 2.289mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 1h. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was diluted with water (2mL) to form a pale yellow solution, neutralized with 2N aqueous HCl (1.144mL), and sonicated to provide a white precipitate. The precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with water, and dried for 8h under reduced pressure at 75°C to provide 312mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 361 as a colorless solid (yield 97%).

[1504] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 361, 4-((endo)-8-((exo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1505] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 361: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 0.86 (m, 2H), 1.64 (m, 6H), 1.89 (m, 1H), 2.03 (dq, J=9.09, 2.44Hz, 2H), 2.42 (m, 9H), 3.01 (m, 2H), 3.49 (s, 1H), 4.26 (d, J=1.01Hz, 2H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 7.55 (t, J=7.33Hz, 1H), 7.92 (dd, J=9.85, 5.81Hz, 1H), 8.18 (d, J=7.58Hz, 1H), 8.40 (d, J=8.59Hz, 1H), 11.41 (s, 1H); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.38min): m/z=422.5 [M+H]+ (Calc: 421.5).



[1506] In a manner similar to that described above, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compounds 398 (yield 4% for three steps) and 360 (yield 87%) were prepared from the compound of formula EC by using the compound of formula QI in place of the compound of formula QA.

[1507] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 398, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-((endo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1508] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 398: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 0.86 (dq, J=10.11, 2.69Hz, 1H), 1.07 (m, 3H), 1.21-1.45 (m, 10H), 1.65-2.37 (m, 15H), 3.67 (t, J=2.53Hz, 2H), 4.50 (q, J=7.07Hz, 2H), 5.18 (br, 1H), 7.35 (t, J=7.33Hz, 1H), 7.60 (t, J=9.60Hz, 2H), 7.91 (d, J=8.08Hz, 1H); LC/MS: m/z=450.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 449).

[1509] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 360, 4-((endo)-8-((endo)-bicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1510] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 360: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 0.84-0.88 (m, 4H), 1.38-1.46 (m, 1H), 1.54-1.65 (m, 3H), 2.27 (m, 6H), 2.46 (dt, J=12.80, 4.93Hz, 3H), 2.95 (br, 3H), 4.25 (s, 2H), 6.61 (s, 1H), 7.51 (d, J=8.08Hz, 1H), 7.88 (dd, J=9.60, 5.05Hz, 1H), 8.14 (d, J=8.59Hz, 1H), 8.44 (d, J=4.04Hz, 1H), 11.55 (s, 1H); LC/MS (100%, tr=1.48min): m/z=422.2 [M+H]+ (Calc: 421.5).

[1511] Alternatively the compound RB and compound 361 can be synthesized via an alternative route, which is shown below:



[1512] In an alternative procedure, the intermediate (RA) can be converted to the oxime using hydroxylamine hydrochloride and sodium acetate in ethanol, and the oxime reduced to 8-exo bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-8-endo-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-ylamine (RA') by hydrogenation using platinum oxide in acetic acid under 5 atmospheres of hydrogen. Intermediate (RA') can be reacted with 2-fluoro nitrobenzene and potassium carbonate in DMF to give 8-exo-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-8-endo-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)-(2-nitro-phenyl)-amine (RA"). Finally reduction of the nitro group using 10% palladium on charcoal can give N-(exo-8-bicyclo[3.3.1]non-3-yl-8-endo-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl)benzene-1,2-diamine (RB).

5.44 Example 44



[1513] 



[1514] In a manner similar to the preparation of the compound of formula DC in Example 13, the compound of formula SA was prepared except that the compound of formula EC was used in place of the compound of formula DB and memantine hydrochloride (i.e., the hydrochloride of 1-amine-3,5-dimethyl-adamantane, Sigma-Aldrich) was used in place of 1-adamantylamine (yield 5%).

[1515] The identity of the compound of formula SA, 8-(3,5-dimethyl-adamantan-l-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-one, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1516] Compound SA: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 3.95 (2H, m), 2.52 (2H, dd, J=16.7, 6.7Hz), 2.28 (2H, dd, J=16.7, 3.3Hz), 2.12 (1H, m), 1.80 (2H, m), 1.67-1.51 (9H, m), 1.37-1.23 (8H, m), 1.10 (2H, m), 0.86 (6H, s).

[1517] In a manner similar to the preparation of the compounds of formula DD and DE in Example 13, the compounds of formula SB and SC were prepared except that the compound of formula SA was used in place of the compound of formula DC (yield 85% of 1:1 SB:SC).

[1518] The identity of the compound of formula SB:SC endo:exo isomeric mixture, N-[8-3,5-dimethyl-adamantan-1-yl)-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]-benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1519] Compounds SB:SC: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 6.84-6.55 (4H, m), 3.90 (1H, m, isomer 1 (SB)), 3.80 (1H, m, isomer 2 (SC)), 3.69 (1H, m), 3.0 (3H, bs), 2.41 (1H, m), 2.20-2.04 (3H, m), 1.95-1.76 (5H, m), 1.62 (2H, m), 1.50-1.05 (12H, m), 1.36 (3H, s, isomer 1 (SB)), 1.33 (3H, s, isomer 2 (SC)).

[1520] To the above SB:SC mixture (1.18g, 3.1mmol) and toluene (20mL) was added acetic acid (0.2mL, 3.41mmol) followed by diethyl 2-oxomalonate (0.72mL, 4.66mmol). The reaction mixture was refluxed for 4h, cooled, diluted with EtOAc (100mL), washed with 1M aqueous K2CO3 solution (100mL), dried (MgSO4), and evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to provide a yellow gum. Flash chromatography of the gum with a silica gel column eluting with 400:100:10:1 hexanes:EtOAc:MeOH:ammonia provided 420mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 264 (yield 28%).

[1521] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 264, endo-N-[8-(3,5-dimethyl-adamantan-1-yl)-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]-benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed by 1H NMR and TLC.

[1522] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 264: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 7.92 (1H, dd, J=8, 1Hz), 7.62 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 7.53 (1H, J=8Hz), 7.34 (1H, dt, J=8, 1Hz), 4.50 (2H, q, J=8.9Hz), 3.86 (1H, m), 2.23 (4H, m), 2.12 (1H, m), 1.83 (4H, m), 1.46 (2H, m), 1.43 (3H, t, J=8.9Hz), 1.26 (9H, m), 1.10 (2H, m), 0.86 (6H, s); TLC (SiO2) 400:100:10:1 hexanes:EtOAc:MeOH:ammonia: Rf=0.26 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent.

[1523] Further elution with 300:100:10:1 hexanes:EtOAc:MeOH:ammonia provided 300mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 265 (yield 20%).

[1524] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 265, exo-N-[8-(3,5-dimethyl-adamantan-1-yl)-8-aza-bicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]-benzene-1,2-diamine, was confirmed by 1H NMR and TLC.

[1525] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 265: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 8.34 (1H, bs), 7.91 (1H, dd, J=9.2, 1.2Hz), 7.60 (1H, dt, J=9.2, 1.2Hz), 7.33 (1H, dt, J=9.2, 1.2Hz), 4.50 (2H, q, J=8Hz), 3.91 (2H, m), 2.63 (2H, t, J=16Hz), 2.15 (1H, m), 1.88-1.72 96H, m), 1.56 (4H, m), 1.52 (2H, m), 1.43 (3H, t, J=8Hz), 1.37-1.24 (8H, m), 1.13 (2H, m); TLC (SiO2) 300:100:10:1 hexanes:EtOAc:MeOH:ammonia: Rf=0.19 with UV detection, Dragendorffs reagent.

[1526] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 266 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 264 in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 111 in Example 5 (yield 83%).

[1527] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 266, endo-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl]-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR.

[1528] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 266: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO-d6): 7.92 (1H, m), 7.80 (1H, m), 7.68 (1H, bs), 7.47 (1H, m), 4.85 (1H, bs), 3.56 (2H, m), 2.49-2.12 (6H, m), 2.12-1.52 (15H, m), 1.35 (2H, m).

5.45 Example 45



[1529] 



[1530] In a dry and argon-flushed 10mL vial, CuBr (0.05eq, Sigma-Aldrich) was suspended in dry toluene (2.5mL) and stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 30min. Thereafter, MS 4Å molecular sieves (200mg) were added, followed by 3-methylbut-1-yne (TB, 2.0eq, Sigma-Aldrich), isobutyraldehyde (TA, 1.5eq, Sigma-Aldrich), the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 268 (200mg, 1.0eq), and TEA (1.2eq). The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to 60°C and shaken for 2h. After the molecular sieves were filtered off, the mixture was washed with diethyl ether and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with 2:1 Et2O:hexanes to provide Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 271, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-(2,6-dimethylhept-4-yn-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate.

[1531] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 271 and EtOH (2mL) at 0°C was added 2N aqueous NaOH (0.3mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred for 1h as its temperature warmed from 0°C to about 25°C. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was diluted with CHCl3 (20mL) and neutralized with 1N aqueous HCl. The organic portion was separated, concentrated under reduced pressure, and dried to provide 50mg of the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 272 as a white solid (yield 20% for two steps).

[1532] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 272, 4-((endo)-8-(2,6-dimethylhept-4-yn-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1533] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 272: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 11.4 (br, 1H, HCl), 8.38 (d, 1H, J=8.9Hz), 8.14 (d, 1H, J=8.2Hz), 7.83 (dd, 1H, J=7.2Hz, 8.8Hz), 7.48 (dd, 1H, J=8.1Hz, 8.3Hz), 6.72-6.78 (m, 1H), 4.35-4.38 (m, 1H), 3.95-3.98 (m, 1H), 3.52-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.0-3.08 (m, 2H), 2.18-2.6 (m, 8H), 1.25 (d, 3H, J=6.8Hz), 1.13-1.16 (m, 6H), 1.06 (d, 3H, J=6.6Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=5.897): m/z=423.6 [M+H]+.



[1534] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 273, ethyl 4-((endo)-8-(6-methylhept-4-yn-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 268 by using propionaldehyde (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of isobutyraldehyde. Thereafter, in a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 272, the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 274 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 273 (yield 30% for two steps).

[1535] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 274, 4-((endo)-8-(6-methylhept-4-yn-3-yl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1536] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 274: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, CDCl3): 12.02 (br, 1H, HCl), 8.44 (d, 1H, J=8.3Hz), 8.24 (dd, 1H, J=1.5Hz, 8.2Hz), 7.93-7.97 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.61 (m, 1H), 6.66-6.71 (m, 1H), 4.55-4.58 (m, 1H), 4.09-4.13 (m, 1H), 3.54-3.59 (m, 1H), 3.02-3.14 (m, 2H), 2.36-2.72 (m, 8H), 1.21-1.26 (m, 6H), 1.16 (t, 3H, J=7.5Hz); LC/MS (100%, tr=5.506): m/z=408.6 [M+H]+.

5.46 Example 46



[1537] 



[1538] In a manner similar to Example 15, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 280 was prepared from Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 347 by using 3-aminoisonicotinonitrile (Sigma-Aldrich) in place of serine amide hydrochloride (yield 94%).

[1539] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 280, 3-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)isonicotinonitrile, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1540] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 280: 1H NMR: δH (CDCl3): 10.38 (1H, s), 9.00 (1H, s), 8.44 (1H, t, J=2.50Hz), 7.72 (1H, d, J=8.00Hz), 7.53 (1H, d, J=8.60Hz), 7.48 (1H, d, J=5.00Hz), 7.40 (1H, t, J=8.00Hz), 7.32 (1H, t, J=8.00Hz), 5.20 (1H, m), 3.69 (2H, s), 2.31 (5H, m), 2.05 (2H, m), 1.85-1.50 (16H, m); LC/MS: m/z=483 [M+H]+ (Calc: 482.6).

[1541] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 280 (327mg, 0.678mmol), EtOH (4mL), and water (2.0mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added the platinum catalyst complex UA (14.5mg, 0.034mmol), prepared according to T. Ghaffar and A.W. Parkins, Tetrahedron Let., 36(47):8657-8660 (1995). The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to 80°C and stirred for 8h then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. The residue was chromatographed with a silica gel column eluted with a gradient of from 97%:3% CHCl3:MeOH to 90%:10% CHCl3:MEOH to provide 298mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 281 as a white solid (yield 88%).

[1542] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 281, 3-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)isonicotinamide, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1543] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 281: 1H NMR: δH (DMSO-d6): 11.76 (1H, s), 10.36 (1H, s), 8.49 (1H, s), 8.38 (1H, t, J=2.40Hz), 7.97 (1H, s), 7.68 (2H, m), 7.44 (2H, m), 7.31 (1H, t, J=7.20Hz), 5.20 (1H, br), 3.65 (2H, s), 2.50-1.90 (7H, m), 1.90-1.30 (16H, m); LC/MS: m/z=501 [M+H]+ (Calc: 500.6).

[1544] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 281 (150mg, 0.300mmol) and water (1.0mL) at 0°C was added concentrated aqueous HCl (2mL, 65.8mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to 80°C and stirred for 3h. Thereafter, upon neutralizing the reaction mixture with cold (0°C) 2N aqueous NaOH a white precipitate formed. The precipitate was filtered, washed with water, washed with MeOH, and dried under reduced pressure to provide 80mg of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 282 as a white solid (yield 53%).

[1545] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 282, 3-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)isonicotinic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1546] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 282: 1H NMR: δH (DMSO-d6): 11.66 (1H, s), 10.54 (1H, s), 10.45 (0.9H, s) 9.60 (0.1H, m), 8.44 (1H, d, J=5.00Hz), 7.97 (2H, m), 7.70 (1H, d, J=8.00Hz), 7.44 (1H, t, J=8.00Hz), 7.36 (1H, t, J=8.00Hz), 5.96 (1H, m), 4.22 (2H, m), 2.95 (1H, m), 2.70 (2H, m), 2.50-1.40 (20H, m); LC/MS (97%, tr=1.35min): m/z=502 [M+H]+ (Calc: 501.6).

5.47 Example 47



[1547] 



[1548] In a manner similar to the preparation of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 281 in Example 46, Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 275, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)benzamide, was prepared except that 2-aminobenzonitrile was used in place of 3-aminoisonicotinonitrile.

[1549] To a mixture of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 275 (165mg, 0.330mmol) and water (4mL) at 0°C was added concentrated aqueous HCl (4mL, 47.4mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of about 25°C and stirred for 1h. Thereafter, upon neutralizing the reaction mixture with cold (0°C) 2N aqueous NaOH a white precipitate formed. The precipitate was filtered, washed with water, and dried under reduced pressure to provide 138mg of the compound of formula 276 as a white solid (yield 81%).

[1550] The identity of the compound of formula 276, 5-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-5H-quinoxalino[2,1-b]quinazoline-6,12-dione, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1551] Compound 276: 1H NMR: δH (400MHz, DMSO): 10.05 (0.8H, s), 9.34 (0.2H, s), 8.77 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 8.32 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.98 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.88 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.71 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.66 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.50 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 7.30 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.48 (0.8H, m), 4,93 (0.2H, m), 4.26 (2H, m), 2.96 (1H, m), 2.76 (2H, m), 2.50-1.40 (20H, m); LC/MS (97%, tr=1.73min): m/z=483 [M+H]+ (Calc: 482.3).

[1552] To a mixture of the compound of formula 276 (90mg, 0.186mmol) and MeOH (4mL) at a temperature of about 25°C was added 2N aqueous NaOH (1.86mL, 3.73mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was warmed to a temperature of 80°C, stirred for 66h, concentrated under reduced pressure, and diluted with water (5mL) to precipitate a white solid. The precipitate was filtered and rinsed with water to provide 86mg of the sodium salt of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 277 (yield 88%).

[1553] The identity of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 277, 2-(4-((endo)-8-cyclooctyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2-ylamino)benzoic acid, was confirmed using 1H NMR and LC/MS.

[1554] Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 277: 1H NMR: δH (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 14.48 (1H, s), 9.15 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 8.02 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.55 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.40 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 7.30 (2H, m), 7.23 (1H, d, J=8.0Hz), 6.93 (1H, t, J=8.0Hz), 5.10 (1H, br), 3.65 (2H, m), 3.00 (1H, m), 2.50-1.40 (22H, m); LC/MS (100%, tr=2.24min): m/z=501 [M+H]+ (Calc: 500.3).

5.48 Example 48



[1555] 



[1556] Under an argon atmosphere, a mixture of tert-butyl 3-oxo-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-8-carboxylate (VA, 9g, 3B Scientific Corp., Libertyville, IL), 1,2-phenylenediamine (9g), and sodium triacetoxyborohydride (20g) was stirred at about 25°C. To this mixture, acetic acid (4mL) was added and the resulting reaction mixture was stirred at a temperature of about 25°C for 5h. The reaction mixture was quenched with water (20mL) and MeOH (1mL) to provide the compound of formula VB, a mixture of the endo and exo isomers, which mixture was used as follows. The organic portion was separated, concentrated under reduced pressure, and redissolved in toluene (100mL) and AcOH (6mL). To this, diethyl 2-oxomalonate (16mL) at a temperature of 0°C was added, then the reaction mixture was warmed to 100°C and stirred for 3h. After cooling to about 25°C, the mixture was filtered over sea sand, washed with diethyl ether (50mL), and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a residue. Chromatography of the residue with a silica gel column eluting with 1:1 hexanes:Et2O provided 13.0g of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound 399, a mixture of the endo and exo isomers of ethyl 4-(8-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-carboxylate, as a brown oil. The oil was dissolved in 1,4-dioxane (150mL), treated with 4N HCl in 1,4-dioxane (15mL), and kept at 40°C for 24h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and titrated with diethyl ether to provide 7.0g of the hydrochloride of Substituted-Quinoxaline-Type Piperidine Compound