(19)
(11)EP 3 566 759 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.02.2021 Bulletin 2021/07

(21)Application number: 18199197.7

(22)Date of filing:  08.10.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A63H 33/04(2006.01)
B65D 81/36(2006.01)

(54)

A STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

STRUKTURELEMENT

ÉLÉMENT STRUCTURAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 09.05.2018 PL 42546218

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/46

(73)Proprietor: Nawracala, Piotr
65-021 Zielona Gora (PL)

(72)Inventor:
  • Nawracala, Piotr
    65-021 Zielona Gora (PL)

(74)Representative: Kancelaria Eupatent.pl Sp. z.o.o 
Ul. Kilinskiego 185
90-348 Lodz
90-348 Lodz (PL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 761 272
US-A- 5 143 431
US-A- 4 932 930
US-A- 5 662 508
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a toy building block.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Building blocks are popular toys for children that allow to form various types of structures, which may resemble realistic structures such as houses, blocks or walls.

    [0003] In particular, there are known brick-shaped building blocks. Such toys are typically made of cardboard, from a blank having pre-formed bending lines to be folded to form a solid which resembles the brick. Such blanks may have various protrusions and/or openings to facilitate the forming process. They may also be joined by means of additional coupling elements, adapted to protrude through appropriate openings in the structural elements.

    [0004] A US patent US5662508 discloses a toy building block that is constructed by folding an integral paperboard blank. The toy building block includes locking tabs and complementary-shaped openings, with the tabs of one toy building block received in the openings of another toy building block.

    [0005] A European patent application EP0761272 discloses foldable building blocks in a form of bricks that have pairs of insertion flaps and slots, which interlock with each other and fix the shape of the brick. Flaps and slots are located so that the bricks may be lain in rows and corners. The flaps and slots are not positioned mirror-symmetrical, but are evenly displaced rotatory in clockwise or anti-clockwise direction. Bricks placed on the ground are fixed in shape via bent insertion flaps, which lock into one or more connecting webs.

    [0006] A US patent US2006462 discloses a miniature building construction consisting of elements connected to each other by means of cylindrical rods. Basic elements have a form of prisms. Each element has at least one through opening, through which the rod coupling element passes and couples it with a subsequent element.

    [0007] A US patent US4932930 discloses a method and machine for forming a case with polygonal section from a blank of sheet material. There is an assembly of panels. The assembly of panels is wound about a mandrel with polygonal section. The tongue is fixed to the free edge of the endmost panel. The flaps situated on the same side of the panels are folded. The flaps thus folded are fixed together.

    [0008] A US patent US5143431 discloses a cabinet formed from corrugated cardboard blanks in which a first blank forms a cabinet assembly having a back, top, bottom and sides and a movable cover. Second and third blanks form first and second shelving units in the cabinet assembly. Portions of the first blank and a fourth blank engage the second and third blanks to retain the blanks in the cabinet assembly in fixed positions.

    [0009] A US patent US5662508 discloses a toy building block is constructed by folding an integral paperboard blank. The toy building block includes locking tabs and complementary-shaped openings, with the tabs of one toy building block received in the openings of another toy building block.

    [0010] One drawback of the present solutions is that the cardboard blanks used for forming structural elements have complicated shapes and there is a limited range of element shapes which may be formed therefrom. Moreover, not all are suitable for use to form toys, the assembly of which should be relatively easy for the user.

    [0011] Therefore, there is a need to provide an alternative form of a structural element for forming building blocks, to allow forming various blocks having different shapes, which will be simple to assembly and use and which will allow constructing structures having a reasonably high strength.

    SUMMARY



    [0012] There is disclosed herein a toy building block according to the appended claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0013] Throughout this description the structural element is to be interpreted as a toy building block.

    [0014] The object of the present disclosure is presented by means of example embodiments on a drawing, wherein:

    Figs. 1A-1B present a structural element according to a first embodiment in an isometric front and back view;

    Figs. 1C, 1D present component blanks for forming the structural element according to the first embodiment;

    Fig. 2A presents a coupling element and Fig. 2B presents a blank for forming the coupling element;

    Fig. 3 presents structural elements connected together by the coupling elements;

    Figs. 4-14 present various embodiments of the structural elements and/or blanks for forming thereof;

    Fig. 15 presents an example of a structure (a house) made of different types of structural elements;

    Figs. 16A-16D present different embodiments of the structural elements, presented in details in Figs. 17A-17D, along with blanks for forming thereof, for creating a structure in a form of a dome as presented in Figs. 18A-18B;

    Figs. 19A presents another embodiment of the structural element, formed form a single blank, and Fig. 19B presents a blank for forming thereof;

    Figs. 20A presents another embodiment of the structural element and Fig. 20B presents its component blanks;

    Fig. 21 presents another example of a structure (a house) made of different types of the structural elements.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0015] Figs. 1A-1D present a structural element 100 and its component blanks according to a first embodiment.

    [0016] The structural element 100 has side walls 110 and an inner partition 120 abutting the side walls. Preferably, the inner partition abuts the inner surface of all the side walls, preferably at a right angle.

    [0017] The side walls are formed by bending at least one side wall blank 111, such that the at least one side wall blank forms, along its side edge, a contour of the side wall 110. At the sides of the side wall blank there are located flaps 112, 113, which have a height h lower than a height H of the blank in a main part of the side wall. After assembling the side wall blank 111, the flaps 112, 113 abut the flaps of this blank or flaps of another blank, together with which they form the side wall.

    [0018] The flaps 112, 114 are bent along lines 115 that are perpendicular to the side edge of the blank, such that two blanks 111 assembled with each other have side edges parallel with respect to each other.

    [0019] In case of the element 100 presented in Fig. 1A-1D, the side wall is formed by assembling two side wall blanks 111 as presented in Fig. 1C.

    [0020] The inner partition 120 is formed by bending a partition blank 121, which comprises a main area 122 and flaps 123, 124. The main area 122 has an envelope of a shape corresponding to the inner contour of a cross-section of the structural element, such that in the assembled element 100, the edges of the main area 122 abut the inner surfaces of the side wall 110. On the flaps 123, 124 there are located notches 125, 126, which in the assembled element 100 embrace the abutting flaps 112, 113 to hold them in such assembled position in order to maintain the integrity of the structural element. The flaps 123, 124 have a height h2 not greater than a height h1 of the flaps 112, 113, such as not to protrude beyond the contour of the structural element.

    [0021] In the inner partition 120 there may be at least one opening 127, for decreasing a weight of the partition.

    [0022] Preferably, the inner partition is positioned in the middle of the height H1 of the structural element 100.

    [0023] The element of such type is reasonably simple to be assembled, does not require using glue nor staples and holds rigidity in all directions.

    [0024] Moreover, in the side wall blank 111, on each of the sides, which is to abut the side of a neighboring element in order to be coupled to it, there are located notches 114, which allow the structural elements to be coupled to each other by means of the coupling elements 10 presented in Fig. 2A, 2B.

    [0025] The coupling element 10 is formed from a blank 11, which has on its surface 112 a central linear notch 14, divided by a bending line 13 which is perpendicular to it. After assembling the blank along the bending line 13, the notch 14 extends from the edge towards the inside of the coupling element.

    [0026] The structural elements may be assembled with each other, as presented in Fig. 3, by bringing the structural elements close to each other such that their side walls abut and the notches 114 coincide with each other, allowing the coupling element 10 to be inserted inside, which results in holding the neighboring structural elements together. Then, the coupling element is positioned perpendicularly to the side walls of the structural elements, such that its surface 12 is embraced by the notches 114 in the side walls, and simultaneously the notches 14 of the coupling element 10 embrace the side walls.

    [0027] One or more notches 114 may be located along each side wall, depending on the desired structural strength of the coupling of the neighboring elements.

    [0028] An element presented in Figs. 4A, 4B has in a substantially square-shaped inner partition.

    [0029] An element presented in Fig. 5A, 5B is higher than the element presented in Fig. 1A, 1B. It is also possible, in this type of element, to use two partitions, located in a lower and upper part of the element. The partitions may have two openings each, in order to reduce their weight.

    [0030] Figs. 6, 7 present further embodiments of the structural elements. These embodiments additionally comprise openings 117 located in a side wall, for inserting the coupling elements, that are used for additional coupling of the side walls with each other in a perpendicular direction with respect to the side walls, in order to further strengthen the structure. The opening 117 may have a circular cross-section for inserting cylindrical pipe coupling elements or may have an irregular cross-section for inserting pipe coupling elements having such irregular cross-section.

    [0031] Figs. 8A-8D present a structural element of a corner type, for use at side walls of the structure which are at right angle to each other. References 2xx relate to the elements having an equivalent function to the elements referenced as 1xx in Figs. 1A-1D.

    [0032] Flaps 212, 213 are bent along bending lines 215, which are not perpendicular with respect to a side edge of a blank 211, such that the blanks 211, when brought together with flaps 212, 213, have their side edges slanted with respect to each other, according to the desired radius of the bending of the corner.

    [0033] In this embodiment, a main area 222 of the partition has bending lines 228 along which it is bent, such as to fill an inner space between the side walls.

    [0034] Fig. 9 presents a variant of the corner element variant for finishing structure side walls assembled at a right angle, but with an outer corner of a higher radius.

    [0035] Fig. 10 presents a variant of the corner element with an increased height.

    [0036] Figs. 11A-11D present a structural element with a triangular cross-section, for forming walls that are inclined with respect to the horizontal plane. The references 3xx relate to elements having an equivalent function to the elements referenced as 1xx in Figs. 1A-1D. A side wall 310 of this element is formed of a single blank 311, in which flaps 312, 313, after assembling, abut each other.

    [0037] Figs. 12A-12B present a roof structural element, for finishing the top of the structure.

    [0038] Figs. 13A-13B and Figs. 14A-14B present arc elements for forming walls that run along curves. These elements have at least part of at least one edge, in particular an edge 416 abutting the flaps, which is bent into an arc.

    [0039] The structural elements are preferably made of cardboard. It is an environmental friendly material, which may be recycled and is easily available. It is easily formable and not expensive. For example, the structural elements can be made of a three-layer or a five-layer corrugated cardboard, depending on the strength requirements of a particular element. The partition and the side walls may be made of the same material. Alternatively, the partition may be made of a different material than the side walls.

    [0040] The elements may be provided for sale in various sets comprising the blanks in a disassembled form, for self-assembly by the users. For example, a basic set may comprise a few or a dozen, or a few dozens of elements of most popular shapes and a corresponding amount of coupling elements to couple these structural elements. In addition, there may be complementary sets that comprise elements of special, less popular types. Moreover, thematic sets may be provided that comprise structural elements for creating a particular structure according to an attached manual, such as for example shown in Fig. 15.

    [0041] Figs. 16A-16D present various embodiments of structural elements and their blanks shown in Figs. 17A-17D, for forming a structure in a form of a dome as shown in Figs. 18A-18B. The references 4xx relate to the elements having an equivalent function to the elements referenced as 1xx in Figs. 1A-1D. Blanks 411 are cut from a ring, having an outer diameter 416 constituting a side wall of the structural element and equal to the diameter of a large circle of the dome.

    [0042] Fig. 19A presents another embodiment of a structural element, which is formed of a single blank presented in Fig. 19B. In this element, the blank 511 forms both a side wall 510 of the element and its partitions. The structure of that element may be considered in two alternative aspects.

    [0043] In the first aspect, the partition is considered to be formed by elements 520A and 520B located at ends of the blank, while the flaps are formed by elements 512, 513, 514, 515 located on the sides of the blank. After assembling the structural element, the flaps 512-513 in the first pair of flaps and the flaps 514-515 in the second pair of flaps abut each other. Each partition 520A, 520B comprises respectively two notches 525A, 526A and 525B, 526B located opposite to each other. After assembling of the element, the partitions abut each other, wherein the notches 525A, 525B embrace the abutting flaps 512, 513, and notches 526A, 526B embrace the abutting flaps 154, 515 maintaining them in such assembled position in order to keep the integrity of the structural element.

    [0044] In another aspect, the abutting elements 512-513 can be considered to constitute the first partition and the abutting elements 514, 515 can be considered to constitute the second partition of the structural element, wherein the elements 520A and 520B constitute its flaps. Each of the flaps 520A, 520B comprise respectively two notches 525A, 526A and 525B, 526B. After assembling of the structural element, the flaps 520A and 520B abut each other. The elements 512, 513 of the first partition, which is located in the notches 525A, 525B, embrace the flaps in such a way as to maintain them adjacent to each other. Similarly, the elements 514, 515 of the second partition, which is located in the notches 526A, 526B, embrace the flaps in such a way as to maintain them adjacent to each other. The elements 512-515 comprise respectively notches 516-519, each comprising a flat section (545-548) which abuts one of the flaps 520A, 520B. Additionally, adjacent to the flat section of each notch 516-519, there is located respectively a protrusion 531-534, which in the assembled element passes through one of openings 534A, 535B located in the flap 520B, additionally stiffening the structure of the structural element. Preferably, the protrusions 531, 532 pass through the openings 534A and 534B, wherein the protrusions 533, 534 pass through the openings 535A, 535B, wherein the protrusions 532, 534 enter into the openings from the side of the flap 520A, and the protrusions 531, 533 enter the openings from the side of the flap 520B.

    [0045] In the blank presented in Fig. 19B, between the elements 512-515 and a side of the blank, there are respectively located elements 541-544, which in the assembled structural element in pairs (541, 542 and 543, 544) constitute two of its side walls.

    [0046] Figs. 20A, 20B present another embodiment of a structural element and blanks it is made of. The side walls of the structural element 600 are formed by bending a side wall blank 611, such that it forms along its side edge a contour of the side wall 610. At the sides of the blank there are located flaps 612, 613, which after assembling the side wall blank are adjacent to each other. The flap 612 comprises notches 616A, 617A, wherein the flap 613 comprises notches 616B, 617B. In the assembled structural element, the notches 616A and 616B are adjacent to each other, wherein a first partition 620A is located inside these notches, such that a notch 625 located in the partition blank 621A embraces the flaps 612, 613. A second partition is located in the abutting notches 617A and 617B, such that a notch 626 located in the partition blank 621B embraces the flaps 612, 613 at the opposite side with respect to the first partition 620A.

    [0047] Fig. 21 presents another example of a structure (a house) made of various kinds of structural elements. Similarly as in the case of the structures presented in Figs. 15, 18A, 18B, individual structural elements are coupled with each other by means of the coupling elements 10, which are located in the notches 114-614, formed in the side walls along each side of the structural elements.

    [0048] All of the presented embodiments share the following common essential features. These embodiments relate to a structural element, formed from at least one blank, wherein the structural element comprises side walls and at least one partition located inside the element. The partition extends between at least two side walls, such that it increases the strength of the structural element from the inside. Moreover, the element comprises at least one pair of flaps, wherein each flap in the pair of flaps is formed by an edge part of the at least one blank, which is bent inwards the structural element. The flaps in the pair are adjacent to each other and the partition is coupled with the flaps such as to maintain the flaps adjacent to each other and thus to provide integrity of the outer envelope of the structural element. Therefore, the coupling of an outer plane of the envelope with the internal partition, which is formed in this structural element, provides high strength of the element against compression from different sides and allows to create various kinds of structures therefrom. The structural elements presented herein in different embodiments may be arranged into sets dedicated for forming specified structures or may be arranged into general sets for forming structures according to user's designs. All elements in such set have notches formed in the side walls along sides of the structural element, such that they may be coupled with each other by means of universal coupling elements, that fit for coupling any two elements with each other.


    Claims

    1. A toy building block (x00), formed of at least one blank (x11, x21), the toy building block (x00) comprising side walls (x10), at least one pair of flaps (x12, x13) and at least one partition (x20) located inside the toy building block (x00), wherein the partition (x20) extends between at least two side walls (x10),
    wherein each of the flaps in the pair of flaps (x12, x13) is formed by an edge part of the at least one blank (x11) bent inwards the toy building block (x00), wherein the flaps (x12, x13) in the pair are adjacent to each other and the partition (x20) is coupled with the flaps (x12, x13) by means of notches (x25, x26) to maintain the flaps adjacent to each other, characterized in that the partition (x20) is located in a plane which is not parallel to the planes of the side walls (x10).
     
    2. The toy building block according to claim 1,
    the at least one partition (x20) abutting the side walls, wherein the side walls (x10) are formed by at least one flat blank (x11) bent such that the flat blank forms a contour of the side walls (x10) along its side edge, wherein at the sides of the flat blank there are located flaps (x12, x13), and the partition (x20) is formed of a flat blank (x21) with at least one side flap (x23), in which a notch (x25, x26) is located, wherein in the assembled toy building block (x00) the notch (x25, x26) embraces the abutting flaps (x12, x13) of the at least one flat blank (x11) of the side walls (x10).
     
    3. The toy building block according to claim 2, wherein the side walls (110, 210,
    410) are formed by two symmetrical blanks (111, 211, 411).
     
    4. The toy building block according to any of claims 1 - 2, wherein the side walls (310, 510, 610) are formed of a single blank (311, 511, 611).
     
    5. The toy building block according to any of claims 1, 2 or 4, wherein the side
    walls (510) and the partitions (520A, 520B) are formed of a single blank (511).
     
    6. The toy building block according to any of previous claims, wherein at least one opening (x27) is located in the partition (x20).
     
    7. The toy building block according to any of previous claims, comprising two partitions (x20) located at the opposite side edges of the toy building block.
     
    8. The toy building block according to any of previous claims, further comprising at least one coupling element, wherein the side walls (x10) have
    notches (x14) on at
    least one side, configured to receive said at least one coupling element (10).
     
    9. The toy building block according to any of previous claims, formed from paper, in particular from cardboard, in particular from corrugated cardboard.
     
    10. The toy building block according to any of claims 1-8, having a rectangular cross-section.
     
    11. The toy building block according to any of claims 1-8, having a triangular cross-section.
     
    12. The toy building block according to any of previous claims, wherein the flaps (212, 213) of the side walls
    (211) are bent along bending lines (215) at an angle which
    is not perpendicular with respect to the side edge of the blank (211).
     
    13. The toy building block according to any of previous claims, wherein the flaps (112, 113, 312, 313) of the side walls
    (211, 311) are bent along a bending line (115,
    315) at an angle perpendicular with respect to the side edge of the blank (111, 311).
     
    14. The toy building block according to any of previous claims, wherein the side walls are formed by a blank and the blank of the side walls
    has at least a part of at least one edge (416) bent in a shape of an arc.
     
    15. A toy structure formed of at least two toy building blocks according to any of previous claims, wherein the toy building blocks are adjacent to each other with their side walls with notches (114) and which are coupled with each other by means of coupling elements (10) located in the notches (114) of the side walls of the adjacent toy building blocks
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Spielzeugbaustein (x00), der aus mindestens einem Rohling (x11, x21) gebildet ist, der Spielzeugbaustein (x00) umfassend Seitenwände (x10), mindestens ein Paar von Laschen (x12, x13) und mindestens eine Trennwand (x20), die sich innerhalb des Spielzeugbausteins (x00) befindet, wobei sich die Trennwand (x20) zwischen mindestens zwei Seitenwänden (x10) erstreckt, wobei jede der Laschen in dem Paar von Laschen (x12, x13) durch ein Kantenteil des mindestens einen Rohlings (x11) gebildet ist, der einwärts in den Spielzeugbaustein (x00) gebogen ist, wobei die Laschen (x12, x13) in dem Paar aneinander anliegen und die Trennwand (x20) mittels Kerben (x25, x26) mit den Laschen (x12, x13) gekoppelt ist, um die Laschen aneinander anliegend zu halten, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die Trennwand (x20) in einer Ebene befindet, die nicht parallel zu den Ebenen der Seitenwände (x10) ist.
     
    2. Spielzeugbaustein nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mindestens eine Trennwand (x20) an den Seitenwänden anstößt, wobei die Seitenwände (x10) von mindestens einem flachen Rohling (x11) gebildet werden, der gebogen ist, sodass der flache Rohling entlang seiner Seitenkante eine Kontur der Seitenwände (x10) bildet, wobei sich an den Seiten des flachen Rohlings Laschen (x12, x13) befinden, und die Trennwand (x20) von einem flachen Rohling (x21) mit mindestens einer seitlichen Lasche (x23) gebildet ist, in der sich eine Kerbe (x25, x26) befindet, wobei die Kerbe (x25, x26) in dem zusammengebauten Spielzeugbaustein (x00) die anstoßenden Laschen (x12, x13) des mindestens einen flachen Rohlings (x11) der Seitenwände (x10) umgreift.
     
    3. Spielzeugbaustein nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Seitenwände (110, 210, 410) durch zwei symmetrische Rohlinge (111, 211, 411) gebildet sind.
     
    4. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2, wobei die Seitenwände (310, 510, 610) aus einem einzigen Rohling (311, 511, 611) gebildet sind.
     
    5. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der Ansprüche 1, 2 oder 4, wobei die Seitenwände (510) und die Trennwände (520A, 520B) aus einem einzigen Rohling (511) gebildet sind.
     
    6. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei sich mindestens eine Öffnung (x27) in der Trennwand (x20) befindet.
     
    7. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, umfassend zwei Trennwände (x20), die sich an den gegenüberliegenden Seitenkanten des Spielzeugbausteins befinden.
     
    8. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, ferner umfassend mindestens ein Kupplungselement, wobei die Seitenwände (x10) auf mindestens einer Seite Kerben (x14) aufweisen, die konfiguriert sind, um das mindestens eine Kupplungselements (10) aufzunehmen.
     
    9. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, gebildet aus Papier, insbesondere aus Karton, insbesondere aus Wellpappe.
     
    10. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der Ansprüche 1-8, der einen rechteckigen Querschnitt aufweist.
     
    11. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der Ansprüche 1-8, der einen dreieckigen Querschnitt aufweist.
     
    12. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Laschen (212, 213) der Seitenwände (211) entlang von Biegelinien (215) in einem Winkel gebogen werden, der nicht senkrecht in Bezug auf die Seitenkante des Rohlings (211) ist.
     
    13. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Laschen (112, 113, 312, 313) der Seitenwände (211, 311) entlang einer Biegelinie (115, 315) in einem Winkel senkrecht zu der Seitenkante des Rohlings (111, 311) gebogen werden.
     
    14. Spielzeugbaustein nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Seitenwände durch einen Rohling gebildet sind und der Rohling der Seitenwände mindestens ein Teil von mindestens einer bogenförmig gebogenen Kante (416) aufweist.
     
    15. Spielzeugstruktur, gebildet aus mindestens zwei Spielzeugbausteinen nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Spielzeugbausteine mit ihren Seitenwänden mit Kerben (114) aneinander anliegen und die mittels Kupplungselementen (10), die sich in den Kerben (114) der Seitenwände der anliegenden Spielzeugbausteine befinden, miteinander gekoppelt sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Bloc de construction jouet (x00), formé d'au moins une ébauche (x11, x21), le bloc de construction jouet (x00) comprenant des parois latérales (x10), au moins une paire de languettes (x12, x13) et au moins une cloison (x20) située à l'intérieur du bloc de construction jouet (x00), ladite cloison (x20) s'étendant entre au moins deux parois latérales (x10), chacune des languettes de la paire de languettes (x12, x13) étant formée par une partie bord de l'au moins une ébauche (x11) pliée vers l'intérieur du bloc de construction jouet (x00), lesdites languettes (x12, x13) de la paire étant adjacentes les unes aux autres et la cloison (x20) étant couplée aux languettes (x12, x13) au moyen d'encoches (x25, x26) pour maintenir les languettes adjacentes les unes aux autres, caractérisé en ce que la cloison (x20) est située dans un plan qui n'est pas parallèle aux plans des parois latérales (x10).
     
    2. Bloc de construction jouet selon la revendication 1, l'au moins une cloison (x20) venant en butée contre les parois latérales, lesdites parois latérales (x10) étant formées par au moins une ébauche plate (x11) pliée de sorte que l'ébauche plate forme un contour des parois latérales (x10) le long de son bord latéral, sur les côtés de l'ébauche plate se trouvent des languettes (x12, x13), et la cloison (x20) étant formée d'une ébauche plate (x21) avec au moins un volet latéral (x23), dans lequel se trouve une encoche (x25, x26), dans le bloc de construction jouet assemblé (x00), ladite encoche (x25, x26) accueillant les languettes (x12, x13) venant en butée de l'au moins une ébauche plate (x11) des parois latérales (x10).
     
    3. Bloc de construction jouet selon la revendication 2, lesdites parois latérales (110, 210, 410) étant formées par deux ébauches symétriques (111, 211, 411).
     
    4. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, lesdites parois latérales (310, 510, 610) étant formées d'une seule ébauche (311, 511, 611).
     
    5. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1, 2 ou 4, lesdites parois latérales (510) et lesdites cloisons (520A, 520B) étant formées d'une seule ébauche (511).
     
    6. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, au moins une ouverture (x27) étant située dans la cloison (x20).
     
    7. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant deux cloisons (x20) situées sur les bords latéraux opposés du bloc de construction jouet.
     
    8. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre au moins un élément de couplage, lesdites parois latérales (x10) possédant des encoches (x14) sur au moins un côté, conçues pour recevoir ledit au moins un élément de couplage (10).
     
    9. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, constitué de papier, en particulier de carton, en particulier de carton ondulé.
     
    10. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, possédant une section transversale rectangulaire.
     
    11. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, possédant une section transversale triangulaire.
     
    12. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, lesdites languettes (212, 213) des parois latérales (211) étant pliées le long des lignes de pliage (215) selon un angle qui n'est pas perpendiculaire par rapport au bord latéral de l'ébauche (211).
     
    13. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, lesdites languettes (112, 113, 312, 313) des parois latérales (211, 311) étant pliées le long d'une ligne de pliage (115, 315) à un angle perpendiculaire par rapport au bord latéral de l'ébauche (111, 311).
     
    14. Bloc de construction jouet selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, lesdites parois latérales étant formées par une ébauche et ladite ébauche des parois latérales possédant au moins une partie d'au moins un bord (416) plié dans la forme d'un arc.
     
    15. Structure de jouet formée d'au moins deux blocs de construction jouets selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, lesdits blocs de construction jouets étant adjacents les uns aux autres avec leurs parois latérales avec des encoches (114) et qui sont couplés les uns aux autres au moyen d'éléments de couplage (10) situés dans les encoches (114) des parois latérales des blocs de construction jouets adjacents.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description