(19)
(11)EP 3 569 530 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 18382338.4

(22)Date of filing:  17.05.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65H 5/22(2006.01)
B65G 21/20(2006.01)
B65H 29/32(2006.01)
B65H 29/24(2006.01)

(54)

CONVEYING DEVICE FOR CONVEYING GOODS

FÖRDERVORRICHTUNG ZUM FÖRDERN VON GÜTERN

DISPOSITIF DE TRANSPORT POUR TRANSPORTER DES MARCHANDISES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/47

(73)Proprietor: FAGOR ARRASATE, S.COOP.
20500 ARRASATE - MONDRAGON (ES)

(72)Inventors:
  • PIQUER PÉREZ, Jose Manuel
    20305 IRUN (ES)
  • LOPEZ SANCHEZ, Adolfo
    20100 ERRENTERIA (ES)

(74)Representative: Igartua, Ismael et al
Galbaian S. Coop. Garaia Parke Teknologikoa Goiru Kalea 1
20500 Arrasate-Mondragón
20500 Arrasate-Mondragón (ES)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 777 176
DE-A1-102015 219 329
EP-A1- 2 241 523
DE-U1- 29 718 611
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to conveying devices for conveying goods, particularly for conveying goods in the form of a sheet.

    PRIOR ART



    [0002] Conveying device for conveying goods, particularly for conveying goods in the form of a sheet, are known. Devices comprising one or more rotating conveyor belts which rotate around driven wheels are known, where the goods in the form of a sheet are conveyed hanging from the lower branch of the belts. The goods are held against or released from the conveyor belt by magnetic holding means for conveying ferromagnetic parts, and/or by negative pressure holding means for conveying ferromagnetic and/or non-ferromagnetic goods.

    [0003] EP1777176A1 describes a conveying device for conveying goods, particularly for conveying goods in the form of a sheet, comprising a conveyor belt on each side of a main negative pressure holding area communicated with negative pressure holding means. Each conveyor belt comprises an outer contact face against which the goods are placed. The conveyor belts comprise a plurality of transverse suction chambers on the contact face forming additional negative pressure holding areas. These additional areas are communicated with the main negative pressure holding area, said additional areas being communicated with the negative pressure holding means through the main area.

    [0004] EP2241523A1 discloses a conveying device for conveying goods, particularly for conveying goods in the form of a sheet, according to the preamble of claim 1.

    DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] The object of the invention is to provide a conveying device for conveying goods as defined in the claims.

    [0006] The conveying device for conveying goods, particularly for conveying goods in the form of a sheet, of the invention comprises at least one conveyor belt with an outer contact face against which the goods to be conveyed are placed during conveyance, and a main negative pressure holding area adjacent to the conveyor belt, the main negative pressure holding area being configured for holding or releasing the goods against or from said conveyor belt by negative pressure.

    [0007] The conveyor belt comprises at least one suction chamber on the contact face forming an additional negative pressure holding area. The suction chamber is in fluid communication with negative pressure holding means through at least one opening transversely going through the conveyor belt.

    [0008] The conveying device for conveying goods of the invention allows increasing the negative pressure holding area in an efficient manner, because at least one additional negative pressure holding area on which negative pressure holding means directly act through the opening of the conveyor belt is generated.

    [0009] Therefore, a conveyor device that allows safely conveying goods by generating a negative pressure holding area that can be substantially greater than in conveying devices of the prior art, with an easy-to-build conveyor belt design, is obtained.

    [0010] In addition, the suction chamber of the conveyor belt is a longitudinal channel that is open at its ends, the manufacturing process and the process of cleaning of the conveyor belt being thereby made much easier.

    [0011] These and other advantages and features of the invention will become evident in view of the drawings and the detailed description of the invention.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0012] 

    Figure 1 shows a schematic view of an embodiment of the conveying device for conveying goods of the invention.

    Figure 2 shows a cross-section view of the device of Figure 1, the movable element of the negative pressure holding means being in an open position, and a good being held against the conveyor belts by the negative pressure holding means.

    Figure 3 shows a cross-section view of the device of Figure 1, the movable element being in a closed position blocking the set of outlet ports of the negative pressure chamber, and the good being released from the conveyor belts.

    Figure 4 shows a first perspective view of an embodiment of the conveyor belt of the device of Figure 1, showing the suction chamber.

    Figure 5 shows a second perspective view of the conveyor belt of Figure 4, showing the gear teeth.

    Figure 6 shows a cross-section view of the conveyor belt of Figure 4.

    Figure 7 shows a cross-section view of a second embodiment of the conveyor belt without gear teeth.


    DETAILED DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION



    [0013] Figure 1 shows a schematic view of an embodiment of the conveying device for conveying goods 100 of the invention. The conveying device for conveying goods 100, particularly for conveying goods 50 in the form of a plate, conveys ferromagnetic or non-ferromagnetic goods 50, such as aluminum or plastic sheets, for example, from a previous manufacturing process or from a stacking area depicted by means of an output conveyor 70, to a stacking area 90 for stacking the goods 50, the conveyance direction being depicted by means of the arrow 80.

    [0014] In this embodiment, the conveyor device 100 comprises two conveyor belts 10 for conveying the goods 50 between both belts 10. In this embodiment, each conveyor belt 10 comprises an upper side and a lower side which rotate around two mechanically and/or electrically driven wheels 25, 26. The lower side of the conveyor belt 11 faces the output conveyor 70 at one end and the stacking area 90 for stacking the goods 50 at the other end. The goods 50 are held, hanging from the lower side, and are released when said goods 50 reach the stacking area 90.

    [0015] The conveyor device 100 of the invention comprises a main negative pressure holding area A for holding or releasing the goods 50 and at least one conveyor belt 10 adjacent to the main negative pressure holding area A. In the embodiment shown in the drawings, as indicated the conveyor device 100 comprises two conveyor belts 10, the conveyor belts 10 being arranged on both sides of the main negative pressure holding area A. The conveyor belts 10 comprise an outer contact face 11 against which the goods 50 to be conveyed are placed during conveyance.

    [0016] The conveyor belt 10 of the device 100 of the invention comprises at least one suction chamber 13 on the contact face 11 forming an additional negative pressure holding area B, the suction chamber 13 of the conveyor belt 10 being in fluid communication with negative pressure holding means 30 through at least one opening 18 transversely going through the conveyor belt 10. The negative pressure holding area is thereby increased in an efficient manner because at least one additional negative pressure holding area B on which negative pressure holding means 30 directly act through the opening of the conveyor belt 10 is generated.

    [0017] In a preferred embodiment, the suction chamber 13 of the conveyor belt 10 is laterally closed, the suction chamber 13 therefore being separated from the main negative pressure holding area A. This allows assuring proper contact with the goods 50 along the entire width of the conveyor belt 10, and also allows using in a more efficient manner the air suctioned by the negative pressure holding means 30.

    [0018] As shown in Figure 4, the suction chamber 13 of the conveyor belt 10 is a longitudinal channel that is open at its ends. The manufacturing process and the process of cleaning of the conveyor belt 10 are thereby made much easier. For example, external cleaning means can be arranged in friction contact on at least at one of the ends 22 of the conveyor device 100, where rotation on the wheels 25 and 26 takes place when said conveyor belts 10 are in motion, and the conveyor belt 10 can be cleaned with the conveyor belt 10 in motion. Said cleaning means can comprise, for example, felts pushed towards the suction chamber 13 by means of springs or other pushing means and can be automated, where disassembly or the action of an operator is not required. The time required for cleaning the conveyor belts 10 is thereby reduced, and the risks inherent to said cleaning in the case of said conveyor belts 10 being in motion are also reduced.

    [0019] In a preferred embodiment, as occurs in the embodiment shown in the drawings, the suction chamber 13 of the conveyor belt 10 is demarcated by two planar and straight longitudinal side surfaces 14a and 15a, which makes the process of cleaning the conveyor belt 10 even easier.

    [0020] In the embodiment shown in the drawings, the conveyor belts 10 comprise on the contact face 11 a first longitudinal wall 14 comprising one of the two side surfaces 14a, and a second longitudinal wall 15 comprising the other side surface 15a. The first wall 14 comprises a first planar contact surface 14b, and the second wall 15 comprises a second planar contact surface 15b, the goods 50 being supported on said contact surfaces 14b and 15b. In the conveyor device 100, an optimal compromise can be reached between the additional negative pressure holding area B and the contact surfaces 14b and 15b, obtaining proper suction of the goods 50, in turn assuring proper contact of the conveyor belt 10 with the goods 50.

    [0021] As shown in Figure 4, in this embodiment the suction chamber 13 is fluidically communicated with a plurality of longitudinally aligned openings 18, said openings 18 being narrow and elongated longitudinal slots.

    [0022] In the embodiment shown in the drawings, as observed in Figures 6 and 7, the conveyor belt comprises a contact plate 17 comprising the walls 14 and 15 and the suction chamber 13, the side walls 14 and 15 being arranged in an opposing manner, protruding from the base of the lower portion of the contact plate 17, and a base plate 16 attached to the contact plate 17 by different possible attachment means such as welding, glue, etc. Said side walls 14 and 15 define on their lower face, with the contact surfaces 14b and 15b, a plane which is the outer contact face 11 of the conveyor belt 10, the first side wall 14 in this embodiment being narrower than the second side wall 15.

    [0023] The base plate 16 comprises a plurality of transversely arranged teeth 21, shown in Figure 5, which are configured for driving and guiding the conveyor belt 10. The conveyor belts 10 comprise on a rear face 12, opposite the contact face 11, a plurality of teeth 21 arranged along the entire length thereof. To drive the conveyor belts 10 by means of the teeth 21, the wheels 25 and 26 of the device 100 comprise gears with which said teeth 21 mesh. In other embodiments of the device 100, the conveyor belts 10 do not comprise teeth 21, and the rear face 12 is smooth. To drive the conveyor belts 10 in said embodiments, said conveyor belts 10 are tightly tensed around the wheels 25 and 26 of the device 100.

    [0024] As shown in Figures 6 and 7, the conveyor belts 10 comprise a plurality of longitudinally arranged embedded filaments 19. In this embodiment of the conveying device for conveying goods 100, the base plate 16 comprises the plurality of filaments 19. Said filaments 19 can be metallic or made from a non-ferric or nonmagnetic material, such as Kevlar, for example, the filaments 19 preferably being arranged in the longitudinal direction 20 of the conveyor belt 10 and aligned in the transverse direction. The conveyor belts are thereby provided with considerable strength and resistance to bending stresses and forces. One way to generate the shape of the conveyor belts 10 is by means of machining the surfaces thereof, where this machining, with the features defined for the conveyor belts 10, is more cost-effective avoiding or reducing machining operations, and thereby considerably reducing their cost with respect to other conveyor belts of the prior art. To make it easier to generate the openings 18 by means of machining, filaments 19 are not arranged precisely in the space of said conveyor belts 10 where the openings 18 are arranged.

    [0025] While it is possible for there to be different negative pressure holding means, in a preferred embodiment the same negative pressure holding means 30 are used for both the main negative pressure holding area A and the additional negative pressure holding areas B. As shown in Figure 1, the negative pressure holding means 30 preferably comprise a negative pressure chamber 32 that runs along the conveyor device 100, at least one negative pressure source 37 connected with the negative pressure chamber 32, and in this embodiment, a plurality of negative pressure holding assemblies 39. The negative pressure source 37, for example, is formed by two suction or vacuum pump assemblies which generate a negative pressure in the negative pressure chamber 32 through negative pressure ducts 38, said negative pressure ducts 38 being fluidically communicated with the negative pressure chamber 32 through side windows (not depicted) arranged in said negative pressure chamber 32.

    [0026] As shown in Figures 2 and 3, each negative pressure holding assembly 39 comprises at least a first negative pressure conduit 31 fluidically communicating the main negative pressure holding area A with the negative pressure chamber 32, at least a second negative pressure conduit 34 fluidically communicating each conveyor belt 10 with the negative pressure chamber 32, and a movable blocking device 36 housed in the negative pressure chamber 32. As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the conveyor belts 10 are laterally closed with respect to the first negative pressure conduit 31.

    [0027] The movable blocking device 36 is configured for being arranged in an open position, shown in Figure 2, in which it allows the passage of air through the first negative pressure conduit 31 and through the second negative pressure conduits 34, and in a closed position, shown in Figure 3, in which it blocks the passage of air through said negative pressure conduits 31 and 34. The movable blocking device 36 moves linearly in a direction perpendicular to the conveyor belts 10, said movable blocking device 36 being supported in the closed position on a planar seating surface 40 parallel to the conveyor belts 10, into which the negative pressure conduits 31 and 32 lead. The device 100 comprises as many movable blocking devices 36 as first negative pressure conduits 31, each movable blocking device 36 being associated with a first negative pressure conduit 33.

    [0028] The negative pressure chamber 32 is an elongated chamber that projects in the longitudinal direction of the device 100, where said device 100 may comprise more than one negative pressure chamber 32. The conveyor belts 10 are arranged adjacent to the lower portion of the negative pressure chamber 32 at the outer portion thereof, for which purpose the device 100 comprises in its structure elements which allow said attachment, which elements allow the movement of said conveyor belts 10 when they are in motion. The negative pressure chamber 32 comprises a structure formed by a profile comprising a wall 33. Said wall 33 comprises negative pressure conduits 31 and 34 in the lower portion thereof which allow fluidically communicating the inside of the negative pressure chamber 32 with the outside of said chamber 32. In said portion of the wall 33 there are formed two second negative pressure conduits 34, and between them there is formed a first negative pressure conduit 31. The first negative pressure conduit 31 extends downwards more than the two second negative pressure conduits 34 do. Therefore in this embodiment of the device 100, the first negative pressure conduit 31 is arranged in the negative pressure chamber 32.

    [0029] These movable blocking devices 36 are operated by means of actuators 60, these actuators 60 preferably being pneumatic or hydraulic cylinder and piston units, but they could also be rack and pinion units, cams, or actuators of another type. The device 100 comprises position detectors for detecting the position of the goods 50 to be conveyed, such that the actuators 60 of the movable blocking devices 36 are activated when they detect the presence of goods 50, said movable blocking devices 36 moving away from the negative pressure conduits 31 and 34, and applying a suction to said goods 50.

    [0030] The first negative pressure conduit 31 comprises in its lower portion two side protrusions which form first slots 43 with the wall 33. On the outer sides in the lower portion of the negative pressure chamber 32 there are arranged profiles 41 projecting as flaps into the negative pressure chamber 32, said flaps forming with the lower portion of the wall 33 second slots 44. The base plate 16 of the conveyor belts 10 laterally protrudes from the contact plate 17 as support elements 23, such that said support elements 23 are inserted in the slots 43, 44, the contact plate 17 being inserted between the side protrusions of the first negative pressure conduit 31 and the flaps of the profiles 41 of the device 100.

    [0031] Since the first negative pressure conduits 31 are arranged in the negative pressure chamber 32 in the lower portion thereof, adjacent to the conveyor belts 10, each first negative pressure conduit 31 allows the fluid connection between the inside of the negative pressure chamber 32 and the gap generated between said conveyor belts 10, which is the main negative pressure holding area A. The first negative pressure conduits 31 end a short distance from the plane formed by the outer contact faces 11 of the conveyor belts 10, forming a holding channel 42 in the main negative pressure holding area A, between said end of the negative pressure conduits 31 and the goods 50 to be conveyed, when suction is applied to them by the negative pressure holding means 30.

    [0032] The openings 18 are arranged closer to the inner side of the conveyor belts 10 than the center thereof. Said openings 18 are thereby located close to the first negative pressure conduits 31 when the conveyor belts 10 are mounted in the device 100. In that sense, the second negative pressure conduits 34 of the wall 33 of the negative pressure chamber 32 are arranged close to the first negative pressure conduit 31, at the same distance as the distance from the openings 18 of the first negative pressure conduit 31, the position of the second negative pressure conduits 34 and of the openings 18 coinciding in the transverse direction of the device 100.

    [0033] In the shown embodiment of the device 100, the negative pressure conduits 31 and 34 have a substantially cylindrical shape on the inner face of the wall 33, and a bell shape that longitudinally expands in the longitudinal direction of the conveyor belts 10 on the outer face of the wall 33 of the negative pressure chamber 32. Therefore, this embodiment of the device 100 comprises the same number of openings 18 in the conveyor belts 10 as the number of second negative pressure conduits 34 and half the number of the first negative pressure conduits 31 in the negative pressure chamber 32. The openings 18 have a length such that when the conveyor belts 10 move, said openings 18 and the second negative pressure conduits 34 overlap one another, such that there is always fluid communication between the negative pressure chamber 32 and the suction chamber 13 on the outside or on the contact face 11 of said conveyor belts 10. Therefore, the conveyor belts 10 allow the passage of air between the negative pressure chamber 32 and the goods 50 arranged adjacent to the conveyor belts 10 on the outer contact face 11 thereof.

    [0034] Since the conveyor belts 10 are adjacent to the lower face of the wall 33 of the negative pressure chamber 32, substantial friction takes place with the shifting movement of said conveyor belts 10. To make said movement easier and to reduce the wear caused, the rear friction face 12 of the conveyor belt 10 is coated with a low-friction coating, which may be of different materials and hardnesses.

    [0035] Although the conveyor belts 10 are open at their ends at the ends 22 of the conveying device for conveying goods 100, their very small opening, depending on the suction capacity that is generated with the negative pressure holding means 30, makes the loss of suction negligible, assuring proper support of the goods 50 to be conveyed. In the embodiment shown in the drawings, as observed in Figures 2 and 3, the conveyor device 100 is symmetrical with respect to a longitudinal plane perpendicular to the conveyor belts 10.


    Claims

    1. Conveying device for conveying goods, particularly for conveying goods (50) in the form of a sheet, comprising at least one conveyor belt (10) with an outer contact face (11) against which the goods (50) to be conveyed are placed during conveyance, and a main negative pressure holding area (A) adjacent to the conveyor belt (10), the main negative pressure holding area (A) being configured for holding or releasing the goods (50) against or from said conveyor belt (10) by negative pressure, the conveyor belt (10) comprising at least one suction chamber (13) on the contact face (11) forming an additional negative pressure holding area (B), the suction chamber (13) of the conveyor belt (10) being in fluid communication with negative pressure holding means (30) through at least one opening (18) transversely going through the conveyor belt (10), characterised in that the suction chamber (13) of the conveyor belt (10) is a longitudinal channel that is open at its ends.
     
    2. Conveying device for conveying goods according to claim 1, wherein the suction chamber (13) of the conveyor belt (10) is laterally closed, the suction chamber (13) therefore being separated from the main negative pressure holding area (A).
     
    3. Conveying device for conveying goods according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the suction chamber (13) of the conveyor belt (10) is demarcated by two planar and straight longitudinal side surfaces (14a, 15a).
     
    4. Conveying device for conveying goods according to claim 3, wherein the conveyor belt (10) comprises on the contact face (11) a first longitudinal wall (14) comprising one of the two side surfaces (14a), and a second longitudinal wall (15) comprising the other side surface (15a), the first wall (14) comprising a first planar contact surface (14b), and the second wall (15) comprising a second planar contact surface (15b), the goods (50) being supported on said contact surfaces (14b, 15b).
     
    5. Conveying device for conveying goods according to claim 4, wherein the conveyor belt (10) comprises a contact plate (17) comprising the walls (14, 15) and the suction chamber (13), and a base plate (16) attached to the contact plate (17), the base plate (16) comprising a plurality of transversely arranged teeth (21) configured for driving and guiding the conveyor belt (10).
     
    6. Conveying device for conveying goods according to claim 5, wherein the base plate (16) comprises a plurality of longitudinally arranged embedded filaments (19).
     
    7. Conveying device for conveying goods according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the suction chamber (13) is fluidically communicated with a plurality of longitudinally aligned openings (18).
     
    8. Conveying device for conveying goods according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the opening (18) is a narrow and elongated longitudinal slot.
     
    9. Conveying device for conveying goods according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the negative pressure holding means (30) which are in fluid communication with the suction chamber (13) of the conveyor belt (10) are also in fluid communication with the main negative pressure holding area (A).
     
    10. Conveying device for conveying goods according to the preceding claim, wherein the negative pressure holding means (30) comprise

    a negative pressure chamber (32) that runs along the conveyor device (100),

    at least one negative pressure source (37) connected with the negative pressure chamber (32), and

    at least one negative pressure holding assembly (39) comprising

    at least a first negative pressure conduit (31) fluidically communicating the main negative pressure holding area (A) with the negative pressure chamber (32),

    at least a second negative pressure conduit (34) fluidically communicating the conveyor belt (10) with the negative pressure chamber (32), and

    a movable blocking device (36) housed in the negative pressure chamber (32) configured for being arranged

    in an open position in which it allows passage through the first negative pressure conduit (31) and through the second negative pressure conduit (34), and

    in a closed position in which it blocks the passage through said negative pressure conduits (31, 34).


     
    11. Conveying device for conveying goods according to claim 10, wherein the movable blocking device (36) moves linearly in a direction perpendicular to the conveyor belts (10), said movable blocking device (36) being supported in the closed position on a planar seating surface (40) parallel to the conveyor belts (10) into which the negative pressure conduits (31, 34) lead.
     
    12. Conveying device for conveying goods according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the negative pressure holding means (30) comprise throughout the negative pressure chamber (32) a plurality of negative pressure holding assemblies (39).
     
    13. Conveying device for conveying goods according to any of the preceding claims, comprising a conveyor belt (10) on each side of the main negative pressure holding area (A), both conveyor belts (10) having the same configuration.
     
    14. Conveying device for conveying goods according to claim 13, which is symmetrical with respect to a longitudinal plane perpendicular to the conveyor belts (10).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern, insbesondere zum Fördern von Gütern (50) in Form einer Folie, umfassend mindestens ein Förderband (10) mit einer äußeren Kontaktfläche (11), gegen welche die zu fördernden Güter (50) während der Förderung platziert werden, und einen primären Unterdruck-Haltebereich (A), welcher dem Förderband (10) benachbart ist, wobei der primäre Unterdruck-Haltebereich (A) dazu ausgebildet ist, die Güter (50) gegen das genannte Förderband (10) mittels Unterdruck zu halten oder davon zu lösen, wobei das Förderband (10) mindestens eine Saugkammer (13) auf der Kontaktfläche (11) umfasst, welche einen zusätzlichen Unterdruck-Haltebereich (B) bildet, wobei die Saugkammer (13) des Förderbandes (10) mit Unterdruck-Haltemitteln (30) über mindestens eine Öffnung (18) in Fluidverbindung steht, welche quer durch das Förderband (10) durchgeht, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Saugkammer (13) des Förderbandes (10) ein länglicher Kanal ist, welcher an dessen Enden offen ist.
     
    2. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach Anspruch 1, in welcher die Saugkammer (13) des Förderbandes (10) seitlich geschlossen ist, wobei die Saugkammer (13) daher vom primären Unterdruck-Haltebereich (A) getrennt ist.
     
    3. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, in welcher die Saugkammer (13) des Förderbandes (10) von zwei planaren und geraden länglichen Seitenoberflächen (14a, 15a) abgegrenzt ist.
     
    4. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach Anspruch 3, in welcher das Förderband (10) auf der Kontaktfläche (11) eine erste Längswand (14), welche eine der zwei Seitenoberflächen (14a) umfasst, und eine zweite Längswand (15), welche die andere Seitenoberfläche (15a) umfasst, umfasst, wobei die erste Wand (14) eine erste planare Kontaktoberfläche (14b) umfasst, und die zweite wall (15) eine zweite planare Kontaktoberfläche (15b) umfasst, wobei die Güter (50) auf den genannten Kontaktoberflächen (14b, 15b) gestützt sind.
     
    5. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach Anspruch 4, in welcher das Förderband (10) eine Kontaktplatte (17), welche die Wände (14, 15) und die Saugkammer (13) umfasst, und eine Grundplatte (16), welche an der Kontaktplatte (17) befestigt ist, umfasst, wobei die Grundplatte (16) eine Vielzahl von quer angeordneten Zähnen (21) umfasst, welche dazu ausgebildet sind, das Förderband (10) anzutreiben und zu führen.
     
    6. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach Anspruch 5, in welcher die Grundplatte (16) eine Vielzahl von längs angeordneten eingebetteten Filamenten (19) umfasst.
     
    7. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, in welcher die Saugkammer (13) mit einer Vielzahl von längs ausgerichteten Öffnungen (18) in Fluidverbindung steht.
     
    8. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, in welcher die Öffnung (18) ein enger und langgestreckter Längsschlitz ist.
     
    9. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, in welcher die Unterdruck-Haltemittel (30), welche mit der Saugkammer (13) des Förderbandes (10) in Fluidverbindung stehen, auch mit dem primären Unterdruck-Haltebereich (A) in Fluidverbindung stehen.
     
    10. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, in welcher die Unterdruck-Haltemittel (30) Folgendes umfassen

    eine Unterdruckkammer (32), welche entlang der Fördervorrichtung (100) verläuft,

    mindestens eine Unterdruckquelle (37), welche an der Unterdruckkammer (32) angeschlossen ist, und

    mindestens eine Unterdruck-Haltebaugruppe (39), welche Folgendes umfasst,

    mindestens eine erste Unterdruckleitung (31), welche den primären Unterdruck-Haltebereich (A) mit der Unterdruckkammer (32) in Fluidverbindung setzt,

    mindestens eine zweite Unterdruckleitung (34), welche das Förderband (10) mit der Unterdruckkammer (32) in Fluidverbindung setzt, und

    eine bewegliche Blockiervorrichtung (36), welche in der Unterdruckkammer (32) aufgenommen ist und dazu ausgebildet ist,

    in einer offenen Stellung, in welcher sie den Durchgang durch die erste Unterdruckleitung (31) und durch die zweite Unterdruckleitung (34) erlaubt, und

    in einer geschlossenen Stellung, in welcher sie den Durchgang durch die genannten Unterdruckleitungen (31, 34) blockiert,

    angeordnet zu werden.


     
    11. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach Anspruch 10, in welcher sich die bewegliche Blockiervorrichtung (36) geradlinig in einer zu den Förderbändern (10) senkrechten Richtung bewegt, wobei die genannte bewegliche Blockiervorrichtung (36) in der geschlossenen Stellung auf einer planaren Sitzoberfläche (40) gestützt ist, welche parallel zu den Förderbändern (10) ist, zu welchen die Unterdruckleitungen (31, 34) führen.
     
    12. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, in welcher die Unterdruck-Haltemittel (30) durch die gesamte Unterdruckkammer (32) eine Vielzahl von Unterdruck-Haltebaugruppen (39) umfassen.
     
    13. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, umfassend ein Förderband (10) auf jeder Seite des primären Unterdruck-Haltebereichs (A), wobei beide Förderbänder (10) die gleiche Ausbildung aufweisen.
     
    14. Fördervorrichtung zum Fördern von Gütern nach Anspruch 13, welche in Bezug auf eine Längsebene, welche senkrecht zu den Förderbändern (10) ist, symmetrisch ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises, en particulier pour transporter des marchandises (50) en forme de feuille, comprenant au moins une bande transporteuse (10) avec une face de contact extérieure (11) contre laquelle les marchandises (50) à transporter sont mises en place pendant le transport, et une zone de retenue principale de pression négative (A) attenante à la bande transporteuse (10), la zone de retenue principale de pression négative (A) étant configurée pour retenir ou libérer les marchandises (50) contre ou de ladite bande transporteuse (10) par pression négative, la bande transporteuse (10) comprenant au moins une chambre d'aspiration (13) sur la face de contact (11) formant une zone de retenue supplémentaire de pression négative (B), la chambre d'aspiration (13) de la bande transporteuse (10) étant en communication fluidique avec des moyens de retenue de pression négative (30) à travers au moins une ouverture (18) traversant transversalement la bande transporteuse (10), caractérisé en ce que la chambre d'aspiration (13) de la bande transporteuse (10) est un canal longitudinal qui est ouvert à ses extrémités.
     
    2. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la chambre d'aspiration (13) de la bande transporteuse (10) est fermée latéralement, la chambre d'aspiration (13) étant par conséquent séparée de la zone de retenue principale de pression négative (A).
     
    3. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la chambre d'aspiration (13) de la bande transporteuse (10) est délimitée par deux surfaces latérales longitudinales planes et droites (14a, 15a).
     
    4. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la bande transporteuse (10) comprend sur la face de contact (11) une première paroi longitudinale (14) comprenant une des deux surfaces latérales (14a), et une seconde paroi latérale (15) comprenant l'autre surface latérale (15a), la première paroi (14) comprenant une première surface de contact plane (14b), et la seconde paroi (15) comprenant une seconde surface de contact plane (15b), les marchandises (50) étant supportées sur lesdites surfaces de contact (14b, 15b).
     
    5. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la bande transporteuse (10) comprend une plaque de contact (17) comprenant les parois (14, 15) et la chambre d'aspiration (13), et une plaque de base (16) fixée à la plaque de contact (17), la plaque de base (16) comprenant une pluralité de dents (21) disposées de manière transversale configurées pour actionner et guider la bande transporteuse (10).
     
    6. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la plaque de base (16) comprend une pluralité de filaments intégrés (19) disposés de façon longitudinale.
     
    7. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la chambre d'aspiration (13) est en communication fluidique avec une pluralité d'ouvertures (18) alignées de façon longitudinale.
     
    8. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'ouverture (18) est une rainure longitudinale étroite et allongée.
     
    9. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les moyens de retenue de pression négative (30) qui sont en communication fluidique avec la chambre d'aspiration (13) de la bande transporteuse (10) sont également en communication fluidique avec la zone de retenue principale de pression négative (A).
     
    10. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel les moyens de retenue de pression négative (30) comprennent

    une chambre de pression négative (32) qui longe le dispositif transporteur (100),

    au moins une source de pression négative (37) reliée à la chambre de pression négative (32), et

    au moins un ensemble de retenue de pression négative (39) comprenant

    au moins une première conduite de pression négative (31) mettant en communication fluidique la zone de retenue principale de pression négative (A) avec la chambre de pression négative (32),

    au moins une seconde conduite de pression négative (34) mettant en communication fluidique la bande transporteuse (10) avec la chambre de pression négative (32), et

    un dispositif de blocage mobile (36) logé dans la chambre de pression négative (32) configuré pour être aménagé

    dans une position ouverte dans laquelle il permet le passage à travers la première conduite de pression négative (31) et à travers la seconde conduite de pression négative (34), et

    dans une position fermée dans laquelle il bloque le passage à travers lesdites conduites de pression négative (31, 34).


     
    11. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le dispositif de blocage mobile (26) se déplace linéairement dans une direction perpendiculaire aux bandes transporteuses (10), ledit dispositif de blocage mobile (36) étant supporté dans la position fermée sur une surface d'assise plane (40) parallèle aux bandes transporteuses (10) dans laquelle conduisent les conduites de pression négative (31, 34).
     
    12. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication 10 ou 11, dans lequel les moyens de retenue de pression négative (30) comprennent dans toute la chambre de pression négative (32) une pluralité d'ensembles de retenue de pression négative (39).
     
    13. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant une bande transporteuse (10) de chaque côté de la zone de retenue principale de pression négative (A), les deux bandes transporteuses (10) ayant la même configuration.
     
    14. Dispositif de transport pour transporter des marchandises selon la revendication 13, qui est symétrique par rapport à un plan longitudinal perpendiculaire aux bandes transporteuses (10).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description