(19)
(11)EP 3 571 747 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/46

(21)Application number: 18700586.3

(22)Date of filing:  16.01.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H02G 5/06  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2018/051004
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/134199 (26.07.2018 Gazette  2018/30)

(54)

GAS INSULATED HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL DEVICE EQUIPPED WITH AN ENHANCED PARTICLE TRAP

GASISOLIERTE ELEKTRISCHE HOCHSPANNUNGSVORRICHTUNG MIT VERBESSERTER PARTIKELFALLE

DISPOSITIF ÉLECTRIQUE HAUTE TENSION ISOLÉ AU GAZ ÉQUIPÉ D'UN PIÈGE À PARTICULES AMÉLIORÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 20.01.2017 US 201715411462

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(73)Proprietor: General Electric Technology GmbH
5400 Baden (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • HERMOSILLO, Victor F.
    Charleroi, Pennsylvania 15022 (US)
  • REBOVICH, Justin M.
    Charleroi, Pennsylvania 15022 (US)

(74)Representative: Brevalex 
95, rue d'Amsterdam
75378 Paris Cedex 8
75378 Paris Cedex 8 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 3 898 408
US-B2- 7 858 877
US-A1- 2010 206 615
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to gas-insulated high-voltage circuit breakers and more particularly to circuit breakers having particle traps.

    STATE OF THE PRIOR ART



    [0002] In circuit breakers (eg. dead-tank circuit breaker, Gas Insulated Switchgear (GIS), etc.), the presence or generation of particles of dielectric or metallic material (for example, by parts which rub mechanically against one another or by the damage and surface wear of the arcing contacts caused by the formation of electric arcs) inside the tank (breaking chamber enclosure) can trigger a voltage breakdown between live and grounded parts of a high-voltage power circuit breaker. Indeed, conductive particles move towards the highest dielectrically stressed live parts. These particles can lift-off, float or stand-up under the influence of the voltage, reducing the required dielectric clearance and increasing the voltage gradients. This can lead to a dielectric breakdown of the gap between the interrupter and the tank.

    [0003] In order to assure effective circuit breaker operation, nowadays tanks are equipped with means for trapping the particles.

    [0004] Particle traps are stationary elements. Their shape is designed to promote the movement of particles so that these are transported under a shielded area in which the electric field intensity is negligible. In this protected region, particle motion due to the electric field is no longer possible.

    [0005] These particle traps are disposed along the surface of the tank and are generally depressions or cavities formed into the wall of the tank, in which zero or near zero electric fields are created. In operation, particles are guided to the particle trap by an electric field which exists between the live and grounded parts of the circuit breaker and are trapped by the low electric field in the trap.

    [0006] An example of a particle trap of the prior art (patent US 6,307,172) is illustrated in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2. It represents a tank 30 with a particle trap 29 in the form of an elongated, recessed channel located on the bottom of the tank, the channel being axially directed relative to a longitudinal axis of the tank and extending substantially between both ends of the tank (FIG. 1 and FIG. 2).

    [0007] Another example of a particle trap of the prior art (patent US 7,858,877) is illustrated in FIG. 3. There is a circuit breaker tank 30 with a circular well-shaped particle trap 19. In the illustrated embodiment of the prior art, the bottom wall of the tank is inclined in the direction of the particle traps 19 and the particle traps 19 are covered by covering shrouds 13 having a shielding surface for dielectric shielding of shielding area.

    [0008] Another example of a particle trap of the prior art is disclosed in patent US 3,898,408. These prior art solutions have the disadvantage that, if a particle stops moving or gets stuck, lodged or obstructed by features on or around the trap where it still can cause a breakdown of the insulation, there is no means to dislodge the particle.

    BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0009] The invention aims at overcoming the disadvantages of the prior art solutions. To this purpose, the invention proposes a gas insulated high voltage electrical device comprising: at least one conductor for conducting a high voltage current;
    a longitudinal enclosure (also herein after called "tank") for enclosing the at least one conductor, the longitudinal enclosure comprising an interior wall extending along a longitudinal axis;
    a particle trap formed on the interior wall and extending along the longitudinal axis, the particle trap comprising a part of the interior wall and a longitudinal shielding cover extending along the longitudinal axis to delimit a dielectrically shielding area in the enclosure for trapping particles;
    the shielding cover being made of an electrically conducting material and comprising at least two electrical connections to the interior wall spaced from each other along the longitudinal axis, the shielding cover comprising a mechanical resonating frequency that makes the shielding cover longitudinally oscillate when the high voltage current passes through the conductor.

    [0010] The shielding cover is shaped to promote oscillations, thus provoking the movement of particles located on the surface of the shielding cover. The shielding cover oscillations lead the particles to fall in the shielding area of the particle trap, by causing motion of the particles in order to transport them inside the particle trap.

    [0011] Certain preferred but not limiting features of this circuit breaker device are as follows:

    the electrically conducting material of the shielding cover is preferably a non-ferromagnetic material. The use of a non-ferromagnetic material helps to reduce possible eddy currents and associated heating. Preferably, the non-ferromagnetic material is aluminum;

    the mechanical resonating frequency is tuned to an operating frequency of the conductor; the mechanical resonating frequency can be 50 or 60 Hz, or a multiple of these frequencies (harmonics);

    the shielding cover comprises a plurality of through holes; they can form openings in the surface of the shielding cover for the passage of the particles into the shielding area;

    the two electrical connections are mechanical fixing means made of an electrically conducting material; they are provided in order to maintain electrical contact between the interior wall and the shielding cover; they can be metallic screws or bolts;

    the device further comprises at least two elements made of a flexible material and positioned at the mechanical fixing means between the interior wall and the shielding cover; their function is to damp any noise produced by the oscillations of the shielding cover on the interior wall;

    the part of the interior wall belonging to the particle trap has a longitudinal depression extending along the longitudinal axis and the shielding surface spans the depression. For example, the depression can be a groove. Alternatively, the tank section can be round in the top section 14 and oval in the lower section 15 as illustrated in FIG. 9, the oval shape of the lower section of the tank allowing space for the particle trap.



    [0012] An advantage of the present invention is that it allows an increased effectiveness in transporting particles into the protected region of the particle trap.

    [0013] Another advantage is that the shielding cover is configured so that vibrations are caused naturally through the interactions between the current passing through the interrupter and the small current circulating in the tank.

    [0014] Additional features and advantages of the present invention are described in, and will be apparent from, the detailed description of the preferred embodiments, the figures and the claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0015] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional side view of a tank of the prior art with a channel-shaped particle trap extending substantially between both ends of the tank.

    FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional side view of the tank as taken generally along line A-A of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 is a schematic sectional side view of a tank of the prior art with two well-shaped particle traps.

    FIG. 4 is a schematic sectional side view of a tank equipped with a particle trap according to an embodiment of the invention, the particle trap extending substantially between both ends of the tank.

    FIG. 5a is a schematic sectional side view of the tank as taken generally along line B-B of FIG. 4.

    FIG. 5b is a schematic sectional side view of the tank as taken generally along line C-C of FIG. 4.

    FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the shielding cover of the particle traps according to an embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 7 is a schematic sectional side view of a tank equipped with two particle traps according to another embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 8 is a schematic sectional side view of the tank as taken generally along line D-D of FIG. 7.

    FIG. 9 is a schematic sectional side view of the tank according to an embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 10a and 10b are respectively a schematic top view (FIG. 10a) and a schematic sectional side view (FIG. 10b) (as taken along line E-E of FIG. 10a) of the particle trap according to an embodiment of the invention.



    [0016] Please note that the conductor for conducting a high voltage current in the gas insulated high voltage electrical device is not represented in the figures.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0017] In high voltage power circuit breakers rated 36 kV up to 1200 kV, a small current circulates on the tank and is induced by the magnetic coupling to the electrical field generated by the main conductor. This small current causes interaction between the main current circulating in the circuit breaker and it generates a force normal to the surface of the shielding cover (force alternatively going up and down with an alternating current).

    [0018] If a longitudinal shielding cover, which is electrically connected to the tank, is placed longitudinally in the tank, the induced current will flow parallel to the current in the primary circuit.

    [0019] The flow of this induced current in parallel with the interrupter, disconnect switch or bus allows for interaction between the magnetic field B(t) generated by the load current flowing through the main circuit and the current flowing through the particle trap and this interaction results in a cyclical force directed up and down. If the shielding cover is shaped properly through a combination of length, thickness and width, the cyclical force will cause the shielding cover of the particle trap to flex and oscillate. In other words, if the shielding cover is shaped properly, it can mechanically vibrate at an operating frequency of the circuit (generally at 50 or 60 Hz) by means of the interaction between the current circulating in the primary circuit of the circuit (a circuit breaker interrupter, disconnect switch or bus) in a circuit breaker (for example a dead-tank circuit breaker, GIS section or GIL) and the current flowing through the tank and the shielding cover of the particle trap.

    [0020] By means of the resulting vibrations, particles stucked on the surface of the shielding cover can be dislodged, shaken-off to fall into the protected region of the trap.

    [0021] The shielding cover of the particle trap according to the invention is made of an electrically conductive material. Preferably, it is a non-ferromagnetic material, such as aluminum.

    [0022] The shielding cover is placed longitudinal to the longitudinal axis of the tank.

    [0023] The shielding cover must be electrically connected to the interior wall of the tank. The shielding cover can be fixed on both ends on embossed features realized on the tankbottom. The shielding cover of the particle trap can be affixed to the tank by means of a metallic screw or bolt in order to maintain electrical contact necessary for the flow of current through the shielding cover.

    [0024] The noise level generated by the mechanical vibration of the shielding cover can be damped by placing rubber spacers at the fixation points between the shielding cover and the tank emboss used for fixation. The shielding cover ends are fixed to the tank by means of a conductive element such as a metallic screw or bolt.

    [0025] One or multiple particle traps according to the invention can be placed along the tank bottom, depending on the length necessary to tune. For example, one particle trap according to the invention can span the entire length of a tank.

    [0026] FIG. 4 illustrates a tank 30 for a high-voltage circuit breaker, equipped with a particle trap 9 according to the invention. In this embodiment, the particle trap 9 (and its shielding cover 4) extends substantially between both ends 34, 35 of the tank 30.

    [0027] FIG. 5a is a sectional view showing the tank 30, the trap 9, the protected region 2 and the exposed region 3, the protected region 2 being delimited by the shielding cover 4 and a part of the interior wall 1 of the tank.

    [0028] FIG. 5b is a sectional view showing the fixation of the shielding cover 4 on the interior wall 1 of the tank with a mechanical fixing means 7 (for example, a screw) made of an electrically conducting material. In this embodiment, the interior wall 1 has an embossed feature 5 that facilitates the fixation of the mechanical fixing means 7. There is also a rubber pad 6 placed between the shielding cover 4 and the interior wall 1.

    [0029] FIG. 6 illustrates a perspective view of a shielding cover 4 according to the invention, the shielding cover here comprising openings 8 (through holes) in its surface.

    [0030] FIG. 7 illustrates a tank 30 for a high-voltage circuit breaker, equipped with two particle traps 9 according to the invention. In this embodiment, the tank 30 is a two-piece tank, comprising two identical pieces (half tank piece 11, 12) assembled together. The tank further comprises a depression 10 (groove) in the bottom of the tank (FIG. 8). The depression can also be formed by the oval shape of the bottom section of the tank (FIG. 9).

    [0031] The present invention is applicable to all high-voltage circuit breakers, for dead-tank circuit breaker (for example, a dead tank circuit breaker for 550 kV (DT2-550 of Alstom Grid) or for 245 kV (HGF 1014 of Alstom Grid)), even three-phase high-voltage dead-tank circuit breakers, for elements in GIS (Gas Insulated Switchgear) such as circuit breakers, disconnect switches and bus sections, as well as for GIL (Gas Insulated Lines).

    [0032] Simulations have been performed with the software Ansys™ with a three dimensional model of the particle trap.

    [0033] The shielding cover of the particle trap was modeled as a solid body with perforations as illustrated in FIG. 10a and FIG. 10b. For example, the perforations are 25 mm (0.98 inch) in length, 5 mm (0.2 inch) in width and spaced 10 mm (0.39 inch) apart. The dimensions of this shielding cover as illustrated in FIG. 10a and FIG. 10b are suitable for an installation in a longitudinal enclosure having an internal diameter of 810 mm (31.9 inches) and a longitudinal dimension of 1620 mm (63.8 inches). Please note that the dimensions of the shielding cover as illustrated in FIG. 10a and FIG. 10b are only given by way of example and not limiting.

    [0034] We have obtained relevant vibration modes at a frequency of 50.9 Hz (that is to say a frequency near 50 Hz), a frequency of 59.2 Hz (that is to say a frequency near 60 Hz) and a frequency of 188.4 Hz (that is to say an harmonic of 60 Hz).

    [0035] A field test was also conducted on a DT2-550 circuit breaker (which is a dead tank circuit breaker for 550 kV of Alstom Grid) equipped with a particle trap according to the invention. The vibrations of the shielding cover were indirectly observed by acoustic means.


    Claims

    1. A gas insulated high voltage electrical device comprising:

    - at least one conductor for conducting a high voltage current;

    - a longitudinal enclosure (30) for enclosing the at least one conductor, the longitudinal enclosure comprising an interior wall (1) extending along a longitudinal axis;

    - a particle trap (9) formed on the interior wall (1) and extending along the longitudinal axis, the particle trap (9) comprising a part of the interior wall (1) and a longitudinal shielding cover (4) extending along the longitudinal axis to delimit a dielectrically shielding area (2) in the enclosure (30) for trapping particles;

    the gas insulated high voltage electrical device being characterized in that the shielding cover (4) is made of an electrically conducting material and comprises at least two electrical connections to the interior wall (1) spaced from each other along the longitudinal axis, the shielding cover (4) comprising a mechanical resonating frequency that makes the shielding cover (4) longitudinally oscillate when the high voltage current passes through the conductor.
     
    2. The device of claim 1, wherein the electrically conducting material of the shielding cover (4) is a non-ferromagnetic material.
     
    3. The device of claim 2, wherein the non-ferromagnetic conducting material of the shielding cover (4) is aluminum.
     
    4. The device of any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the mechanical resonating frequency is tuned to an operating frequency of the conductor.
     
    5. The device of any preceding claim, wherein the shielding cover (4) comprises a plurality of through holes (8).
     
    6. The device of any preceding claim, wherein the two electrical connections (7) are mechanical fixing means (7) made of an electrically conducting material.
     
    7. The device of claim 6, further comprising at least two elements (5,6) made of a flexible material and positioned at the mechanical fixing means (7) between the interior wall (1) and the shielding cover (4).
     
    8. The device of any preceding claim, wherein the part of the interior wall (1) belonging to the particle trap (9) has a longitudinal depression (10) extending along the longitudinal axis and the shielding cover (4) spans the depression (10).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gasisolierte elektrische Hochspannungsvorrichtung, umfassend:

    - mindestens einen Leiter zum Leiten eines Hochspannungsstroms;

    - ein längliches Gehäuse (30) zum Einschließen des mindestens einen Leiters, wobei das längliche Gehäuse eine Innenwand (1) umfasst, die sich entlang einer Längsachse erstreckt;

    - eine Partikelfalle (9), die an der Innenwand (1) gebildet ist und sich entlang der Längsachse erstreckt, wobei die Partikelfalle (9) einen Teil der Innenwand (1) und eine längliche Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) umfasst, die sich entlang der Längsachse erstreckt, um einen dielektrisch abschirmenden Bereich (2) in dem Gehäuse (30) zum Einfangen von Partikeln abzugrenzen;

    wobei die gasisolierte elektrische Hochspannungsvorrichtung dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass die Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) aus einem elektrisch leitenden Material hergestellt ist und mindestens zwei elektrische Verbindungen mit der Innenwand (1) umfasst, die voneinander entlang der Längsachse beabstandet sind, wobei die Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) eine mechanische Schwingfrequenz umfasst, die die Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) in Längsrichtung schwingen lässt, wenn der Hochspannungsstrom durch den Leiter geht.
     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das elektrisch leitende Material der Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) ein nicht ferromagnetisches Material ist.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei das nicht ferromagnetische leitende Material der Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) Aluminium ist.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die mechanische Schwingfrequenz auf eine Betriebsfrequenz des Leiters abgestimmt ist.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach einem vorstehenden Anspruch, wobei die Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) eine Vielzahl von Durchgangslöchern (8) umfasst.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach einem vorstehenden Anspruch, wobei die zwei elektrischen Verbindungen (7) mechanische Befestigungsmittel (7) sind, die aus einem elektrisch leitenden Material hergestellt sind.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, weiter umfassend mindestens zwei Elemente (5,6), die aus einem flexiblen Material hergestellt und an den mechanischen Befestigungsmitteln (7) zwischen der Innenwand (1) und der Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) positioniert sind.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach einem vorstehenden Anspruch, wobei der Teil der Innenwand (1), der zu der Partikelfalle (9) gehört, eine längliche Vertiefung (10) aufweist, die sich entlang der Längsachse erstreckt, und die Abschirmungsabdeckung (4) die Vertiefung (10), überspannt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif électrique haute tension isolé au gaz comprenant :

    - au moins un conducteur pour conduire un courant haute tension ;

    - une enceinte longitudinale (30) pour enfermer l'au moins un conducteur, l'enceinte longitudinale comprenant une paroi intérieure (1) s'étendant le long d'un axe longitudinal ;

    - un piège à particules (9) formé sur la paroi intérieure (1) et s'étendant le long de l'axe longitudinal, le piège à particules (9) comprenant une partie de la paroi intérieure (1) et un couvercle de protection longitudinal (4) s'étendant le long de l'axe longitudinal pour délimiter une zone de protection diélectrique (2) dans l'enceinte (30) pour piéger des particules ;

    le dispositif électrique haute tension isolé au gaz étant caractérisé en ce que le couvercle de protection (4) est fait d'un matériau électroconducteur et comprend au moins deux connexions électriques à la paroi intérieure (1) espacées l'une de l'autre le long de l'axe longitudinal, le couvercle de protection (4) comprenant une fréquence de résonance mécanique qui amène le couvercle de protection (4) à osciller longitudinalement lorsque le courant haute tension traverse le conducteur.
     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le matériau électroconducteur du couvercle de protection (4) est un matériau non ferromagnétique.
     
    3. Dispositif selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le matériau conducteur non ferromagnétique du couvercle de protection (4) est de l'aluminium.
     
    4. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la fréquence de résonance mécanique est réglée sur une fréquence de fonctionnement du conducteur.
     
    5. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le couvercle de protection (4) comprend une pluralité de trous traversants (8).
     
    6. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les deux connexions électriques (7) sont des moyens de fixation mécanique (7) faits d'un matériau électroconducteur.
     
    7. Dispositif selon la revendication 6, comprenant en outre au moins deux éléments (5, 6) faits d'un matériau flexible et positionnés au niveau des moyens de fixation mécanique (7) entre la paroi intérieure (1) et le couvercle de protection (4).
     
    8. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la partie de la paroi intérieure (1) appartenant au piège à particules (9) présente un creux longitudinal (10) s'étendant le long de l'axe longitudinal et le couvercle de protection (4) s'étend sur le creux (10).
     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description