(19)
(11)EP 3 572 751 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 18722716.0

(22)Date of filing:  23.01.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F28D 7/16  (2006.01)
F28F 9/00  (2006.01)
F28D 21/00  (2006.01)
F28F 9/22  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2018/000284
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/134687 (26.07.2018 Gazette  2018/30)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 23.01.2017 ES 201730078

(71)Applicant: Valeo Termico S.A.
50011 Saragosse (ES)

(72)Inventors:
  • TOLOSA ECHARRI, Inigo
    50011 Zaragoza (ES)
  • PENA SANCHEZ, Dario
    50011 Zaragoza (ES)
  • IGUAZ PIEDRAFITA, Javier
    50011 Zaragoza (ES)
  • PUERTOLAS SANCHEZ, Fernando
    50011 Zaragoza (ES)

(74)Representative: Tran, Chi-Hai 
Valeo Systèmes Thermiques 8, rue Louis Lormand CS 80517 La Verrière
78322 Le Mesnil Saint Denis Cedex
78322 Le Mesnil Saint Denis Cedex (FR)

  


(54)HEAT EXCHANGER FOR GASES


(57) The exchanger comprises:
- a tube bundle (B) for the circulation of exhaust gases;
- a longitudinal deflector (6) located within the housing (2); and
- a housing (2) which houses within it the tube bundle (B) extending longitudinally within it and located excentrically with respect to the longitudinal central geometric axis of the housing (2), with a first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle (B) located adjacent to and geometrically matching the inner perimeter of the housing (2) in order to prevent the formation of channels for the passage of cooling fluid between the tubes (t) of the tube bundle (B) and the housing (2) .




Description


[0001] The present invention relates in general to a heat exchanger for gases, in particular for engine exhaust gases, comprising a tube bundle located within a housing, and more particularly a heat exchanger in which the tube bundle is located excentrically with respect to the longitudinal central geometrical axis of the housing, and the external perimeter of which is positioned so as to prevent the formation of channels for the passage of cooling fluid between the tubes and the housing.

Background to the invention



[0002] Heat exchangers for gases comprising the elements described in the precharacterizing clause of claim 1 of the present invention are known.

[0003] In these exchangers a sufficient flow of cooling fluid within them is essential in order to avoid boiling phenomena which might compromise the strength and performance of the exchanger.

[0004] The main factors affecting the flow of cooling fluid are: a) the locations of the inlet and outlet for the cooling fluid, and b) the arrangement of the tubes within the housing of the exchanger, which in particular do not completely fill the interior of the housing, as a result of which undesired channels are created for the passage of cooling fluid, with the result that only a portion of the cooling fluid actually passes between the tubes, and as a consequence the cooling capacity is reduced.

[0005] Sometimes external design limitations make it necessary to adopt incorrect configurations for factors a) and b) mentioned, such as for example:
  • The configuration illustrated in Figure 1, that is to say with the inlet 4 and outlet 5 for cooling fluid being far from the ends 2a for the entry and 2b for the exit of gases, which as illustrated in Figure 1 causes the cooling fluid to travel directly from inlet 4 to outlet 5 for cooling fluid via the interior of housing 2 without adequately cooling the regions close to ends 2a for the entry and 2b for the exit of gases, as a result of which these regions, indicated as RB in Figure 1, are regions where conditions for the circulation of cooling fluid are poor, as a result of which they are poorly cooled.
  • The configuration illustrated in Figure 2, where the tubes of the tube bundle (diagrammatically illustrated by means of hatched lines bounded by a dashed line and indicated by reference B) are located within housing 2 in such a way that they are at a distance from the inner wall of housing 2, giving rise to undesired channels Ci for flow of the cooling fluid. Thus only some of the cooling fluid flows between the tubes of the tube bundle and as a consequence cooling capacity is reduced.


[0006] Heat exchangers for gases which are intended to solve the problems associated with the configuration associated with at least previously mentioned factor a) are known. This is the case for the exchanger described in patent document ES2394406A1 which describes a heat exchanger for gases comprising a housing with diversion means located within it, which includes a series of transverse deflectors and one longitudinal deflector in order to direct the flow of cooling fluid in a more advantageous manner, including counter-currently with respect to the circulation of the flow of gases, thus also cooling the regions close to the ends for the entry/exit of gases.

[0007] Although cited document ES2394406A1 does not illustrate the tube bundle, it can be inferred from the non-excentric distribution of the openings passing through the supporting plates illustrated in Figure 1, which are intended to receive the corresponding ends of the tubes of the tube bundle, that the tube bundle is also distributed in a non-excentric manner with respect to the central geometric axis of the housing, the tubes being located on both sides of the longitudinal deflector of the diversion means, including immediately opposite the inlet for cooling fluid.

[0008] This arrangement of tubes opposite the inlet for cooling fluid has a prejudicial effect on the good circulation of cooling fluid throughout the remainder of the tubes, across the longitudinal deflector, as it partly blocks that circulation.

[0009] The heat exchangers known in the state of the art all suffer from some or all of the inconveniences associated with factor b) mentioned above, as to a greater or lesser extent they have undesired channels for the passage of cooling fluid.
There therefore appears to be a need for an alternative to the state of the art which overcomes the shortcomings found therein, providing a heat exchanger for gases which offers the possibility of circulation of cooling fluid over the tubes thereof which is better and more uniform than that made possible by the exchangers in the state of the art.

Description of the invention



[0010] The disadvantages mentioned are overcome with the heat exchanger for gases according to the present invention, which also has other advantages that are described below.

[0011] In accordance with the object mentioned, the present invention relates to a heat exchanger for gases, in particular for exhaust gases from an engine, which comprises, in a manner which is in itself known:
  • a tube bundle intended for the circulation of exhaust gases;
  • a housing which houses within it said tube bundle, extending longitudinally, and which comprises:
    • an end for the entry of gases and an end for the exit of gases to which are attached corresponding supporting plates, to which the ends of the tubes in said tube bundle are attached in such a way that the tubes communicate with the exterior of the housing; and
    • an inlet for cooling fluid and an outlet for cooling fluid to cause a cooling fluid to circulate through the interior of the housing in contact with the tube bundle in order to exchange heat with the exhaust gases circulating within the tubes;
  • a longitudinal deflector located within the housing between the tube bundle and the inlet for cooling fluid which is arranged in such a way as to direct the flow of cooling fluid entering through said cooling fluid inlet to said end for the entry of gases;
in which said tube bundle is located within the housing excentrically with respect to the longitudinal central geometrical axis of the housing, thus making it possible for a free space or volume to exist between part of the tube bundle and part of the inner wall of the housing, generally opposite the inlet for cooling fluid, so as not to block the inlet and/or circulation of the latter within the housing.

[0012] Unlike the heat exchangers for gases known in the state of the art, in the one proposed by the present invention characteristically a first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle, which substantially includes all of the outer perimeter less a second portion thereof which is opposite the longitudinal deflector, is located adjacent to and geometrically matches the inner perimeter of the housing in order to prevent the formation of channels for the passage of cooling fluid between the tubes defining said first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle and the housing (that is to say, undesired channels).

[0013] In one embodiment the intermediate space between the inner perimeter of the housing and the first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle is substantially constant for all the first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle.

[0014] In general the intermediate space is of a size smaller than or equal to 3 mm, preferably smaller than or equal to 2 mm in a dimension transverse to any transverse cross-section of the housing.

[0015] According to one embodiment, each of the supporting plates comprises corresponding through openings for insertion of corresponding ends of the tubes of the tube bundle in the openings mentioned, where the through openings in each of the supporting plates are distributed over the corresponding supporting plate excentrically with respect to its geometrical center.

[0016] According to a variant embodiment of the previous embodiment, the openings of the plurality of through openings in one of the supporting plates are aligned with those in the other supporting plate in such a way that each tube in the tube bundle is inserted into and fixed by means of their two ends to two corresponding through openings which are aligned with each other on the two supporting plates.

[0017] According to one embodiment, a first end of the longitudinal deflector is at least in contact with the supporting plate attached to the end for the exit of gases and the longitudinal deflector extends longitudinally within the housing without reaching the supporting plate attached to the end for the entry of gases. In this way a window for coolant is defined between a second end of the longitudinal deflector opposite to the first end and the supporting plate attached to the end for the entry of gases, for cooling fluid directed from the inlet for cooling fluid to pass therethrough.

[0018] According to one embodiment the longitudinal deflector comprises a through purge opening to prevent air and/or steam from being retained within the space present between the longitudinal deflector and the housing.

[0019] According to one variant of the previous embodiment the through purge opening is located adjacent to the end for the exit of gases and also adjacent to an area of the housing which is intended to be an upper area when the heat exchanger is fitted to a vehicle.

[0020] According to one embodiment the tubes of the tube bundle are distributed symmetrically with respect to at least one plane of symmetry which crosses the tube bundle longitudinally. As a variant of said embodiment the tubes of the tube bundle are also distributed symmetrically with respect to another plane of symmetry at right angles to said at least one plane of symmetry.

[0021] In one embodiment the tubes of the tube bundle are distributed asymmetrically with respect to at least one plane which crosses the tube bundle longitudinally.

[0022] According to one embodiment the housing of the heat exchanger is in the shape of a hollow cylinder. As variants of the above embodiment the housing of the heat exchanger is in the shape of a hollow rectangular prism or in the shape of a hollow square prism, or any other form of hollow prism.

[0023] According to one embodiment, the tubes of the tube bundle are distributed so as to form two or more rows.

[0024] As a variant of said embodiment which can be applied to the case where the housing of the exchanger is in the shape of a hollow cylinder, the two or more rows of tubes follow respective curved trajectories between first and second ends thereof, and the tube bundle further comprises at least two additional tubes, each of which is located adjacent to the first or second ends of the at least two rows of tubes.

[0025] According to one implementation of said variant, at least one portion of the longitudinal deflector is adjacent to one of the two or more rows of tubes and also follows a curved trajectory.

[0026] According to one version of said implementation some or all of said curved trajectories constitute respective sections of concentric circumferences.

Brief description of the figures



[0027] For a better understanding of what has been described, there are attached a number of drawings in which practical cases of different embodiments are illustrated diagrammatically and only by way of a non-limiting example.

Figure 1 is a diagrammatical view of a heat exchanger according to the state of the art in order to illustrate the configuration described in the section on the state of the art brought about due to factor a), in which it will be seen how the circulation of cooling fluid within the interior of the body of the exchanger away from the inlet and outlet for cooling fluid causes the previously mentioned poorly cooled regions RB to be produced.

Figure 2 is a diagrammatical view in cross-section of the housing of a heat exchanger according to the state of the art in order to illustrate the configuration described in the section on the state of the art brought about due to factor b), in which the undesired channels Ci for the flow of cooling fluid produced between the outer perimeter of the tube bundle and the inner wall of the housing will be seen.

Figure 3 is a diagrammatical view in cross-section of the heat exchanger according to the present invention in an embodiment in which it comprises a housing in the shape of a hollow cylinder, in which the excentric distribution of the tube bundle (represented diagrammatically) will be seen, as well as the fact that a first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle is shaped to the inner perimeter of the housing to prevent giving rise to undesired channels for the flow of cooling fluid.

Figure 4 is a diagrammatical view in cross-section of the heat exchanger according to the present invention in an embodiment in which it comprises a housing in the shape of a hollow rectangular prism, in which the excentric distribution of the tube bundle and the fact that a first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle is shaped to the inner perimeter of the housing will also be seen.

Figure 5 is two diagrammatical views in cross-section, a transverse cross-section and a longitudinal cross-section, of the heat exchanger according to the present invention, in an embodiment in which it comprises a housing in the shape of a hollow cylinder.

Figure 6 is two diagrammatical views in cross-section, a transverse cross-section and a longitudinal cross-section, of the heat exchanger according to the present invention in an embodiment in which it comprises a housing having the shape of a hollow rectangular prism.

Figure 7 is a perspective view of the heat exchanger for gases proposed according to the present invention in an embodiment in which this includes a tubular housing.

Figure 8a is a perspective view of the heat exchanger for gases proposed according to the present invention which differs from that in Figure 7 mainly in that the housing is in the shape of a hollow rectangular prism.

Figure 8b is a perspective view of the same heat exchanger illustrated in Figure 8a, but without one of the supporting plates, so that the elements located within the housing, especially the longitudinal deflector, can be seen.


Description of a number of embodiments



[0028] A number of embodiments of the present invention are described below with reference to Figures 3 to 8b.

[0029] In Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6 tube bundle B is illustrated diagrammatically by means of hatched lines bounded by a dashed line, which does not represent any particular form of the tubes of the tube bundle, merely representing an area within which the tube bundle is located.

[0030] As illustrated in Figures 3 to 8b, the present invention provides a heat exchanger for gases, such as for example exhaust gases from an engine. The heat exchanger for gases which is the subject matter of the invention comprises a tube bundle B intended for the circulation of exhaust gases and a housing 2 which houses within it a tube bundle B, extending longitudinally within it.

[0031] As will be seen in Figures 5 to 8b, housing 2 of the heat exchanger for gases according to the present invention comprises an end 2a for the entry of gases and an end 2b for the exit of gases, the exhaust gases circulating between ends 2a and 2b in the direction illustrated by horizontal arrow lines in the right-hand views in Figures 5 and 6 and in Figure 7.

[0032] At end 2a for the entry and 2b for the exit of gases there are attached respective supporting plates 3a, 3b, to which the ends of tubes t (illustrated in Figures 7 to 8b) of tube bundle B are attached in such a way that tubes t communicate with the exterior of housing 2. Said housing 2 also comprises an inlet 4 for cooling fluid and an outlet 5 for cooling fluid so as to cause a cooling fluid to circulate across the interior of housing 2 in contact with tube bundle B (in the direction illustrated by arrows between inlet 4 and outlet 5 in Figures 3, 4 and 7 and in the right-hand views in Figures 5 and 6) in order to exchange heat with the exhaust gases circulating within tubes t.

[0033] As will be seen in Figures 3 to 8b, previously mentioned tube bundle B is placed within said housing 2 excentrically with respect to the longitudinal central geometric axis of housing 2 in such a way as to define a free volume VL (see Figures 3 and 4) between part of the tube bundle and part of the inner wall of the housing opposite inlet 4 for cooling fluid, so as not to block the inlet and circulation of the latter within housing 2.

[0034] Again as illustrated in Figures 7 and 8a, it will be seen that each of supporting plates 3a, 3b comprises respective through openings for respective ends of tubes t of tube bundle B to be inserted therein (nested within these, advantageously in a leaktight manner), where the through openings in each of supporting plates 3a, 3b are distributed in corresponding supporting plates 3a, 3b in an excentric manner with respect to their geometrical centers.

[0035] Figure 8a shows how the openings for the plurality of through openings in one of supporting plates 3a are aligned with those of the other supporting plate 3b in such a way that each tube t in tube bundle B is inserted and fixed at its two ends into two corresponding through openings which are in alignment and belong to the two supporting plates 3a, 3b.

[0036] In a preferred embodiment and as illustrated in Figures 5, 6, 7 and 8b the heat exchanger for gases further comprises a longitudinal deflector 6 located within housing 2 between tube bundle B and the inlet 4 for cooling fluid which is designed to direct the entering flow of cooling fluid through inlet 4 for cooling fluid to end 2a for the entry of gases.

[0037] Again as illustrated in Figures 5 and 6, it will be seen that a first end of longitudinal deflector 6 is at least in contact with (and optionally welded to) supporting plate 3b attached to end 2b for the exit of gases and extends longitudinally within housing 2 without reaching supporting plate 3a attached to end 2a for the entry of gases, in such a way as to define a window for coolant W between a second end of longitudinal deflector 6 opposite the first end and supporting plate 3a attached to end 2a for the entry of gases, so that cooling fluid directed from cooling fluid inlet 4 may pass along longitudinal deflector 6, thus ensuring an adequate circulation of cooling fluid at the end where the gas is hottest, that is to say at end 2a for the entry of gases.

[0038] With regard to the dimensions of said window for coolant W, in general these depend on the flow of cooling fluid, in order to optimize the circulation of the latter and lower pressure in the exchanger.

[0039] In one embodiment, if the flow of cooling fluid is:
  • equal to or less than 800 1/h, the dimensions of window W will be as follows: 5 mm ≤ Dw < 10 mm;
  • above 800 1/h, the dimensions of window W will be as follows: 10 mm ≤ Dw < 15 mm.


[0040] Where Dw represents the width of window W, that is to say the distance between the second end of longitudinal deflector 6 and supporting plate 3a. As regards the height of window W, this is determined by the dimensions of longitudinal deflector 6.

[0041] As illustrated in Figures 5, 6, 7 and 8b, longitudinal deflector 6 optionally comprises a through purge opening h) to prevent air/steam from being retained within the space present between longitudinal deflector 6 and housing 2. Preferably, as illustrated in the figures mentioned, through purge opening h is located adjacent to end 2b for the exit of gases and also adjacent to an area of housing 2 which is intended to be an upper area when the heat exchanger is fitted to a vehicle.

[0042] As regards the dimensions of purge opening h, preferably the diameter thereof is selected in such a way that the total area of purge opening h is less than 10% of the dimensions of window W.

[0043] As will be seen in Figures 3 and 4, a first portion of the outer perimeter of tube bundle B is located adjacent to and geometrically matches the inner perimeter of housing 2 to prevent the formation of channels for the undesired passage of cooling fluid between tubes t defining the first portion of the outer perimeter of tube bundle B and housing 2.

[0044] The heat exchanger according to the present invention comprises a longitudinal deflector 6, as a result of which the first portion of the outer perimeter of tube bundle B includes all the outer perimeter less a second portion thereof which is opposite said longitudinal deflector 6 as illustrated in Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6 in such a way that the previously mentioned free volume VL (see Figures 3 and 4) is defined between longitudinal deflector 6 and the part of housing 2 which includes inlet 4 for cooling fluid.

[0045] In the embodiments illustrated in Figures 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8a and 8b, tubes t of tube bundle B are distributed symmetrically with respect to at least one plane of symmetry which crosses tube bundle B longitudinally.

[0046] Likewise, in the embodiments in Figures 4, 6, 8a and 8b, tubes t of tube bundle B are also distributed symmetrically with respect to another plane of symmetry at right angles to the plane of symmetry mentioned.

[0047] Conversely, in the embodiment illustrated in Figures 3, 5 and 7, tubes t of tube bundle B are distributed symmetrically only with respect to the mentioned plane of symmetry which crosses tube bundle B longitudinally (horizontal plane in the position illustrated in Figure 7) and asymmetrically with respect to a plane which crosses tube bundle B longitudinally (vertical plane in the position illustrated in Figure 7).

[0048] In the embodiment in Figures 3, 5 and 7 housing 2 of the heat exchanger is in the shape of a hollow cylinder. Alternatively, in the embodiment illustrated in Figures 4, 6, 8a and 8b housing 2 is in the shape of a hollow rectangular prism.

[0049] It will be seen that in the embodiments illustrated in Figures 7, 8a and 8b tubes t of tube bundle B are distributed forming two rows.

[0050] In particular, in the embodiment in Figure 7 the two rows of tubes follow respective curved trajectories between first and second ends thereof, and tube bundle B further comprises two additional tubes ta, each one of which is located adjacent to the first or second ends of the two rows of tubes t in such a way as to further fill the space between the tubes and the inner perimeter of housing 2.

[0051] Although in the embodiments illustrated in Figures 7, 8a and 8b all tubes t (including additional tubes ta) have a rectangular transverse cross-section of the same dimensions, in other embodiments, not illustrated, the transverse cross-sections have a shape other than that illustrated (such as circular or oval), which is not necessarily the same or of the same dimensions for all the tubes.

[0052] For example, additional tubes ta may have a transverse dimension which is larger than those of the remainder of tubes t and/or a different shape (e.g. oval), all with the object of adjusting even more to the inner perimeter of housing 2 to thus further reduce the intermediate space between the two.

[0053] It will also be seen in Figure 7, in the embodiment illustrated therein, how a portion (almost all) of longitudinal deflector 6 is adjacent to one of the two rows of tubes t and also follows a curved trajectory.

[0054] With reference to Figures 3 and 4, those associated with the dashed double arrow lines illustrated therein and indicated as A1 and A2 indicate possible transverse locations where it is possible to locate outlet 5 for cooling fluid, which depends on the shape of housing 2.

[0055] In particular, when housing 2 is cylindrical (Figure 3), inlet 4 and outlet 5 for cooling fluid may take up any relative position between them, provided that inlet 4 is opposite free volume VL and outlet 5 is opposite a volume occupied by tubes of tube bundle B.

[0056] Conversely, when housing 2 is a housing in the shape of a square or rectangular prism (Figure 4), inlet 4 and outlet 5 for cooling fluid may be located in adjacent or opposite walls of housing 2, but not in the same wall, also provided that inlet 4 is opposite free volume VL and outlet 5 is opposite a volume occupied by tubes of tube bundle B.

[0057] Although reference has been made to a specific embodiment of the invention, it is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the heat exchanger for gases described is susceptible of many variations and modifications, and that all the details mentioned may be substituted by others which are technically equivalent without going beyond the scope of protection defined by the appended claims.


Claims

1. A heat exchanger for gases, in particular for exhaust gases from an engine, which comprises:

- a tube bundle (B) intended for the circulation of exhaust gases;

- a housing (2) which houses within it said tube bundle (B), extending longitudinally, and which comprises:

- an end (2a) for the entry of gases and an end (2b) for the exit of gases to which are attached corresponding supporting plates (3a, 3b), to which the ends of the tubes (t) in said tube bundle (B) are attached in such a way that the tubes (t) communicate with the exterior of the housing (2); and

- an inlet (4) for cooling fluid and an outlet (5) for cooling fluid to cause a cooling fluid to circulate through the interior of the housing (2) in contact with the tube bundle (B) in order to exchange heat with the exhaust gases circulating within the tubes (t);

- a longitudinal deflector (6) located within the housing (2) between the tube bundle (B) and the inlet (4) for cooling fluid which is arranged in such a way as to direct the flow of cooling fluid entering through said cooling fluid inlet (4) to said end (2a) for the entry of gases;

wherein said tube bundle (B) is located within said housing (2) excentrically with respect to the longitudinal central geometrical axis of the housing (2), the exchanger being characterized in that a first portion of the outer perimeter of said tube bundle (B), which substantially includes all of the outer perimeter less a second portion thereof which is opposite said longitudinal deflector (6), is located adjacent to and geometrically matches the inner perimeter of the housing (2) in order to prevent the formation of channels for the passage of cooling fluid between the tubes (t) defining said first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle (B) and the housing (2).
 
2. The exchanger as claimed in claim 1, wherein the intermediate space between the inner perimeter of the housing (2) and the first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle (B) is substantially constant for all the first portion of the outer perimeter of the tube bundle (B).
 
3. The exchanger as claimed in claim 2, wherein said intermediate space is of a size smaller than or equal to 3 mm in a dimension transverse to any transverse cross-section of the housing (2).
 
4. The exchanger as claimed in claim 3, wherein the intermediate space is of a size smaller than or equal to 2 mm in said dimension transverse to any transverse cross-section of the housing (2).
 
5. The heat exchanger as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein a first end of said longitudinal deflector (6) is at least in contact with the supporting plate (3b) attached to the end (2b) for the exit of gases and extends longitudinally within the housing (2) without reaching the supporting plate (3a) attached to the end (2a) for the entry of gases in such a way as to define a window for coolant (W) between a second end of the longitudinal deflector (6) opposite said first end and supporting plate (3a) attached to the end (2a) for the entry of gases, for cooling fluid directed from the inlet (4) for cooling fluid to pass therethrough.
 
6. The heat exchanger as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein said longitudinal deflector (6) comprises a through purge opening (h) to prevent air/steam from being retained within the space present between the longitudinal deflector (6) and the housing (2) .
 
7. The heat exchanger as claimed in claim 6, wherein said through purge opening (h) is located adjacent to the end (2b) for the exit of gases and is also adjacent to an area of the housing (2) which is intended to be an upper area when the heat exchanger is fitted to a vehicle.
 
8. The heat exchanger as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the tubes (t) of the tube bundle (B) are distributed symmetrically with respect to at least one plane of symmetry which crosses the tube bundle (B) longitudinally.
 
9. The heat exchanger as claimed in claim 8, wherein the tubes (t) of the tube bundle (B) are also distributed symmetrically with respect to another plane of symmetry at right angles to said at least one plane of symmetry.
 
10. The heat exchanger as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein said housing (2) is in the shape of a hollow cylinder.
 
11. The heat exchanger as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein said housing (2) is in the shape of a hollow rectangular or square prism.
 
12. The heat exchanger as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the tubes (t) of the tube bundle (B) are distributed to form at least two rows.
 
13. The heat exchanger as claimed in claim 12 when dependent on claim 10, wherein said two rows of tubes (t) follow respective curved trajectories between first and second ends thereof, and in that the tube bundle (B) further comprises at least two additional tubes (ta), each of which is located adjacent to the first or second ends of the at least two rows of tubes (t).
 
14. The exchanger as claimed in claim 13, wherein at least one portion of the longitudinal deflector (6) is adjacent to one of the at least two rows of tubes (t) and also follows a curved trajectory.
 
15. The exchanger as claimed in claim 14, wherein at least some of said curved trajectories constitute respective sections of concentric circumferences.
 




Drawing




























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description