(19)
(11)EP 3 573 172 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 19150225.1

(22)Date of filing:  03.01.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01M 10/615(2014.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 22.05.2018 CN 201810495990

(71)Applicant: Contemporary Amperex Technology Co., Limited
Jiaocheng District Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • DAN, Zhimin
    Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • LU, Wenbin
    Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Wei
    Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • HOU, Yizhen
    Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • YU, Teng
    Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • ZUO, Xiyang
    Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • WU, Xingyuan
    Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)
  • ZHU, Taosheng
    Ningde City, Fujian 352100 (CN)

(74)Representative: Grey, Ian Michael et al
Venner Shipley LLP 200 Aldersgate
London EC1A 4HD
London EC1A 4HD (GB)

  


(54)HEATING CONTROL METHOD AND HEATING CONTROL DEVICE


(57) The present disclosure provides a heating control method and a heating control device. The heating control method includes: acquiring (101) an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack; calculating (102) a current output value required for nth cycle according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle, a preset current value, n is equal to or greater than 3; outputting (103) a PWM signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The invention relates to the technical field of battery, and in particular, to a heating control method and a heating control device

BACKGROUND



[0002] When a power battery pack has a temperature lower than a lower limit of an allowable operating temperature range, the power battery pack cannot work and needs to be heated to a temperature within the allowable operating temperature range before it resumes its operations.

[0003] At present, a method for heating a power battery pack includes: controlling a switch device to instantaneously short a power battery to form a heating circuit, such that an internal resistance of the power battery generates heat when a large current generated by instantaneous shorting flows through the internal resistance, thereby heating the power battery. This solution has advantages of high heating speed and even heating. Commonly used switch devices include Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs).

[0004] However, inventors of the application have found that IGBT's operations are controlled mainly by way of internal resistances of the power battery pack in related art, but such method can only indirectly adjust heating current in the heating circuit and has lower control accuracy.

SUMMARY



[0005] Embodiments of the invention provide a heating control method and a heating control device that can improve accuracy of controlling current in a heating circuit of a battery pack.

[0006] According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a heating control method. The method includes: acquiring an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack; calculating a current output value required for nth cycle according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value, n is equal to or greater than 3; and outputting a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold.

[0007] In a possible implementation of the first aspect, the calculating a current output value required for nth cycle according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value may include: setting a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the nth cycle as nth cycle difference value, setting a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the (n-1)th cycle as (n-1)th cycle difference value, and setting a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the (n-2)th cycle as (n-2)th cycle difference value; acquiring a state of charge section of the power battery pack; determining a current increment required for the nth cycle according to a pre-calibrated feedback adjustment coefficient corresponding to the state of charge section, the nth cycle difference value, the (n-1)th cycle difference value and the (n-2)th cycle difference value; determining the current output value required for the nth cycle based on the current increment and the average current value of the (n-1)th cycle.

[0008] In a possible implementation of the first aspect, before the determining a current increment required for the nth cycle according to a pre-calibrated feedback adjustment coefficient corresponding to the state of charge section, the nth cycle difference value, the (n-1)th cycle difference value and the (n-2)th cycle difference value, the method may further include: determining relationship between state of charge sections of the power battery pack and feedback adjustment coefficients.

[0009] In a possible implementation of the first aspect, the feedback adjustment coefficient may include a proportional adjustment coefficient, an integral adjustment coefficient and a differential adjustment coefficient. The determining relationship between state of charge sections of the power battery pack and feedback adjustment coefficients may include: for each state of charge section, gradually increasing the proportional adjustment coefficient from 0 until change rate of the average current value is greater than a first threshold determined based on a proportional adjustment coefficient, and determining relationship between the state of charge section and the proportional adjustment coefficient; for each state of charge section, gradually increasing the integral adjustment coefficient from 0 until fluctuation magnitude of the average current value is greater than a second threshold determined based on an integral adjustment coefficient, and determining relationship between the state of charge section and the integral adjustment coefficient; for each state of charge section, gradually increasing the differential adjustment coefficient from 0 until fluctuation magnitude of the average current value is greater than a third threshold determined based on a differential adjustment coefficient, and determining relationship between the state of charge section and the differential adjustment coefficient.

[0010] In a possible implementation of the first aspect, before the outputting a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value, the method may further include: for each state of charge section, continuously adjusting value of the PWM control parameter; and determining a value of the PWM control parameter when the average current value of the heating circuit reaches to be constant as a PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value.

[0011] In a possible implementation of the first aspect, before the acquiring an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack, the method may further include: acquiring, in the case that the power battery pack has a demand of being heated, power requirement for the power battery pack being heated from a temperature at the nth cycle to a target temperature; determining whether the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement; obtaining the average current value in the heating circuit of the power battery pack if the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement.

[0012] In a possible implementation of the first aspect, after the determining whether the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement, the method may further include: sending a charging prompt signal to a battery management system (BMS) of the power battery pack if the state of charge of the power battery pack does not meet the power requirement in order to charge the power battery pack until the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement.

[0013] In a possible implementation of the first aspect, after the outputting a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value, the method may further include: stopping outputting the PWM signal if the heating circuit satisfies any one of predetermined stopping conditions, the predetermined stopping conditions including: the average current value in the heating circuit is greater than an allowable current threshold, any cell in the power battery pack has a temperature and voltage greater than an allowable operating range, and temperature of the power battery pack reaches the target temperature.

[0014] According to a second aspect of embodiments of the invention, there is provided a heating control device. The heating control device includes: an acquisition module configured to acquiring an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack; a calculation module configured to calculate a current output value required for nth cycle according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value, n is equal to or greater than 3; a control module configured to output a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold.

[0015] In a possible implementation of the second aspect, the heating control device may further include: a determination module configured to: for each state of charge section, continuously adjust value of the PWM control parameter, and determine a value of the PWM control parameter when the average current value of the heating circuit reaches to be constant as a PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value.

[0016] According to a third aspect of embodiments of the invention, there is provided a heating control device. The heating control device includes: a memory and a processor. The memory is configured to store executable program codes. The processor is configured to read the executable program codes stored in the memory to perform a heating control method according to embodiments of the present invention.

[0017] As described above, when current in the heating circuit needs to be controlled in the current cycle (for example, the nth cycle), an average current value in the nth cycle, an average current value in the (n-1)th cycle, an average current value in the (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value can be used to acquiring a current output value for the nth cycle. After that, a PWM signal is outputted to a switching device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold. The preset threshold herein is an extremely small value such that actual current value of the heating circuit is infinitely close to the preset current value.

[0018] Since it is possible for embodiments of the present invention to directly control current in the heating circuit based on feedback current values in the heating circuit (for example, the average current value of the nth cycle, the average current value of the (n-1)th cycle, the average current value of the (n-2)th cycle) and a preset current value, the heating control method of embodiments of the present invention has a higher control accuracy as compared with that in related art where current in the heating circuit is indirectly controlled by controlling IGBT's operation by way of an internal resistance of the power battery pack, and can thus achieve rapid heating of the battery under safety and reliability.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0019] The invention may be better understood from the following descriptions of specific embodiments of the present invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which the same or similar reference numerals represent the same or similar features.

Fig. 1 is a schematic flowchart of a heating control method according to some embodiments of the present invention;

Fig.2 is a schematic flowchart of a heating control method according to some embodiments of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is a schematic flowchart of a heating control method according to some embodiments of the present invention

Fig.4 is a schematic flowchart of a heating control method according to some embodiments of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a heating control device according to some embodiments of the present invention.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0020] Features and exemplary embodiments of various aspects of the invention are described in detail below. In the following detailed descriptions, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention.

[0021] The embodiments of the present invention provide a heating control method and a heating control device for controlling current in a heating circuit of a power battery pack, which has a higher control accuracy and can achieve rapid heating of the battery under safety and reliability.

[0022] From a scale, a power battery pack consists of at least two battery cells in series and/or in parallel. The battery cell in embodiments of the present invention may be a lithium ion battery, a lithium metal battery, a lead-acid battery, a nickel-interval battery, a nickel-hydrogen battery, a lithium-sulfur battery, a lithium air battery, or a sodium ion battery, which is not limited herein.

[0023] Fig. 1 is a schematic flowchart of a heating control method according to some embodiments of the present invention. As shown in Fig. 1, the heating control method includes steps 101 to 103.

[0024] In step 101, an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack is acquired.

[0025] The average current value refers to an average value of current sampling values over a period of time. By using calculation of an average current value, it is possible to avoid influence of instantaneous fluctuation of current on control accuracy.

[0026] In step 102, a current output value required for nth cycle is calculated according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value, wherein n is equal to or greater than 3.

[0027] In step 103, a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal is outputted to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold.

[0028] In general, switching frequency of an IGBT in a heating circuit for a power battery pack is generally in a range of 100 Hz to 1000 Hz. If frequency for the PWM signal is 1000 Hz and its duty cycle is 50%, it means that discharge process in the heating circuit takes 500 µs, and charging process take also 500 µs.

[0029] In some embodiments, current in the heating circuit may be sampled in real time by an Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) based on a 10µs interrupt scheme, and data sampled in real-time may be uploaded to a control system through a Controller Area Network (CAN) message. An average value of 50 sampled data is taken as an average current value within 500µs for subsequent calculation to filter out influence of instantaneous fluctuation of the current on its control accuracy.

[0030] As described above, when current in the heating circuit needs to be controlled in the current cycle (for example, the nth cycle), an average current value in the nth cycle, an average current value in the (n-1)th cycle, an average current value in the (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value can be used to obtain a current output value for the nth cycle. After that, a PWM signal is outputted to a switching device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold. The preset threshold herein is an extremely small value such that actual current value of the heating circuit is infinitely close to the preset current value.

[0031] Since it is possible for embodiments of the present invention to directly control current in the heating circuit based on feedback current values in the heating circuit (for example, the average current value of the nth cycle, the average current value of the (n-1)th cycle, the average current value of the (n-2)th cycle) and a preset current value, the heating control method of embodiments of the present invention has a higher control accuracy as compared with that in related art where current in the heating circuit is indirectly controlled by controlling IGBT's operation by way of an internal resistance of the power battery pack, and can achieve rapid heating of the battery under safety and reliability.

[0032] Fig. 2 is a schematic flowchart of a heating control method according to some embodiments of the present invention. Fig. 2 differs from Fig. 1 in that step 102 in Fig. 1 can be subdivided into step 1021 to step 1024 in Fig 2.

[0033] In step 1021, a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the nth cycle is set as nth cycle difference value, a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the (n-1)th cycle is set as (n-1)th cycle difference value, and a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the (n-2)th cycle is set as (n-2)th cycle difference value.

[0034] In step 1022, a state of charge section of the power battery pack is acquired.

[0035] In step 1023, a current increment required for the nth cycle is determined according to a pre-calibrated feedback adjustment coefficient corresponding to the state of charge section, the nth cycle difference value, (n-1)th cycle difference value and the (n-2)th cycle difference value.

[0036] In step 1024, the current output value required for the nth cycle is determined based on the current increment and the average current value of the (n-1)th cycle.

[0037] The feedback adjustment coefficient refers to a parameter for correcting an output current based on a feedback current value (such as an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of the (n-1)th cycle, and an average current value of the (n-2)th cycle) in a certain operation situation.

[0038] In some embodiments, the feedback adjustment coefficient may include a proportional adjustment coefficient Kp, an integral adjustment coefficient Ki, and a differential adjustment coefficient Kd. A feedback adjustment mode based on Kp, Ki, and Kd is also referred to as a PID adjustment mode.

[0039] In embodiments of the present invention, it may be also required to determine relationship between state of charge sections of the power battery pack and feedback adjustment coefficients before step 1023.

[0040] Specifically, state of charge of the power battery pack may be divided into a plurality of sections from high to low. Each state of charge section may be equal or unequal. Then, a value of the feedback adjustment coefficient matched with each state of charge section is determined. By doing so, it is possible to avoid influence of the state of charge of the power battery pack on current control accuracy in the heating process, and thus to improve the current control accuracy.

[0041] In some embodiments, for calibration of Kp, value of Kp is gradually increased from 0 until change rate of the average current value is greater than a first threshold determined based on a proportional adjustment coefficient, so as to determine relationship between the state of charge section and the proportional adjustment coefficient.

[0042] In some embodiments, for calibration of Ki, value of Ki is gradually increased from 0 until fluctuation magnitude of the average current value is greater than a second threshold determined based on an integral adjustment coefficient, so as to determine relationship between the state of charge section and the integral adjustment coefficient.

[0043] In some embodiments, for calibration of Kd, value of Kd is gradually increased from 0 until fluctuation magnitude of the average current value is greater than a third threshold determined based on a differential adjustment coefficient, so as to determine the relationship between the state of charge section and the differential adjustment coefficient.

[0044] It should be noted that the above calibration processes for Kp, Ki and Kd may be independent of each other, or may be combined with each other. For example, calibration of Ki or Kd may be on a basis of calibrated Kp, or calibration of Kd may be on a basis of calibrated Kp and Ki. Here, the second threshold and the third threshold may be equal or not equal, which depends on actual condition of the current in the heating circuit.

[0045] The following example illustrates calibration process for Kp, Ki, and Kd.

[0046] S1. Material and total capacity of the power battery pack is determined, and State of Charge (SOC) of the power battery pack is initialized to 100%.

[0047] S2. Ki and Kd are set to be 0. That is, for calibration of the proportional adjustment coefficient, the value of Kp value is gradually increased from 0 in the absence of integral control and differential control. It is determined whether a change rate of the average current value meets a requirement (the change rate is greater than the above-mentioned first threshold). When the change rate satisfies the requirement, increasing of the value of Kp value is stopped. The value of Kp at this point is decreased by 10% in order to increase capability of fault tolerance of Kp.

[0048] S3. Value of Ki is gradually increased from 0 until fluctuation of the average current value satisfies a requirement. (the fluctuation amplitude is larger than the above-mentioned second threshold). The value of Ki at this point is decreased by 10% in order to increase capability of fault tolerance of Ki.

[0049] S4. Value of Kd is gradually increased from 0 until fluctuation of the average current value satisfies a requirement (the fluctuation amplitude is greater than the above-mentioned third threshold), increasing of the value of Kd is stopped. The value of Kd at this point is decreased by 10% in order to increase capability of fault tolerance of Kd.

[0050] S5. S2 to S4 are repeated each when the power battery pack is discharged by m% for further calibration until the power battery pack is discharged to 10%.

[0051] After the above five steps, a two-dimensional array of ((100-10)/m)*3 is obtained for storing Kp, Ki, and Kd values corresponding to different SOCs, wherein m represents a preset width of a divided state of charge section.

[0052] In embodiments of the present invention, since Kp, Ki, and Kd suitable for each state of charge section are calibrated, it is possible to avoid influence of the state of charge of the power battery pack on current control accuracy in the heating process, and thus to improve the current control accuracy.

[0053] According to the closed-loop strategy in embodiments of the present invention, the inventor of the present application finds that under the premise that the state of charge of the power battery pack remains unchanged during the heating process of the power battery pack, it requires only a PWM signal is outputted at a constant period and a duty cycle to keep the output current value constant. For example, when the SOC is in a range of 80%-100% and if the PWM period is a constant value in a range of 10ms to 20ms and the duty cycle is a constant value in a range of 40% to 50%, the average output current is about a constant value within 150A-170A.

[0054] In some embodiments, it is possible to calibrate relationship between output current values and PWM control parameters in advance. PWM control parameter may include PWM period and duty cycle.

[0055] A method for calibrating the PWM control parameter may include: for each state of charge section, continuously adjusting value of the PWM control parameter, and determining a value of the PWM control parameter when the average current value of the heating circuit reaches to be constant as a PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value.

[0056] The following example illustrates calibration process of PWM control parameters in detail.

[0057] S1. Material and total capacity of the power battery pack is determined, and State of Charge (SOC) of the power battery pack is initialized to 100%.

[0058] S2. PWM period and duty cycle are adjusted until the average current value in the heating circuit reaches a current value that is 0.8 times a maximum current limit value.

[0059] The maximum current limit value may be varied according to the SOC value.

[0060] S3. Respective PWM period and duty cycle are recorded.

[0061] S4. S2 to S4 are repeated each when the power battery pack is discharged by m% for further calibration until the power battery pack is discharged to 10%.

[0062] After the above four steps, respective period and duty cycle when the power battery pack is in different state of charge sections can be obtained.

[0063] A current control strategy for PID dynamic adjustment based on Kp, Ki, and Kd in a heating circuit is described in detail with the expressions (1)-(4) below.

[0064] The proportional-integral-derivative control expression is as follows:

where I(t) denotes average current value of tth cycle, e(t) denotes average current deviation of tth cycle, Kp denotes proportional control part, Ti denotes integral time, Td denotes differential time,

denotes integral control part, and

denotes differential control part.

[0065] Assuming that a sampling interval for the average current value in the heating circuit is T, and a difference between an average current value for kth cycle and a preset current value is taken as an average current deviation e(k) of the cycle, then:

the integral deviation at time point K is: e(k) + e(k-1)+ e(k-2) +... + e(0);

the derivative deviation at time point K is: (e(k)-e(k-1))/T;



[0066] Discretization of expression (1) yields:

where Kp denotes a proportional adjustment coefficient,

denotes an integral adjustment coefficient Ki, and

denotes a differential adjustment coefficient Kd.

[0067] According to the expression (2), a proportional-integral-derivative control expression of the discretized sampling current of each of the kth cycle and the (k-1)th cycle can be obtained.

[0068] Further, the proportional-integral-derivative control expressions of discretized sampling current of the kth cycle and the (k-1)th cycle are subtracted to obtain a current increment between the kth cycle and the (k-1)th cycle, Δi(k):



[0069] With expression (3), the average current value I(k) that needs to be outputted during the kth cycle can be obtained as:



[0070] The following is a detailed description of the current control process for PID dynamic adjustment based on Kp, Ki, and Kd in a heating circuit in conjunction with expressions (1)-(4).

[0071] S1: current value in the heating circuit is sampled by a heating control module (e.g. a heating control chip, HCM) in real time, and average current value I(k-1), average current error values (e(k), e(k-1) and e(k-2)) corresponding to respective kth, (k-1)th, (k-2)th cycles are calculated.

[0072] S2: according to a state of charge section of the power battery pack sent by the BMS, respective Kp, Ki and Kd values are acquired from the two-dimensional array obtained by calibration of the feedback adjustment coefficient.

[0073] S3: e(k), e(k-1), e(k-2), I(k-1) and Kp, Ki and Kd are substituted into expression (4) to obtain the average current value to be output in the kth cycle.

[0074] S4: according to a state of charge section of the power battery pack sent by the BMS, respective PWM period and the duty cycle are acquired from the two-dimensional array obtained by calibration of the PWM control parameter, and then a PWM signal is outputted.

[0075] Through the above steps S1-S4, it is possible to control heating such that average current can be maintained in a constant current state, and thereby quickly heating of the battery can be achieved under safety and reliability.

[0076] Fig. 3 is a schematic flowchart of a heating control method according to some embodiments of the present invention. Fig. 3 differs from Fig. 1 in that, prior to step 101 in Fig. 1, the heating control method in Fig. 3 further includes steps 104 to 106 for describing a startup strategy of the heating control method.

[0077] In step 104, in the case that the power battery pack has a demand of being heated, power requirement for the power battery pack being heated from a temperature at the nth cycle to a target temperature is acquired.

[0078] In step 105, it is determined whether the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement. If the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement, step 101 is performed; otherwise, step 106 is performed.

[0079] In step 106, a charging prompt signal is sent to a battery management system (BMS) of the power battery pack in order to charge the power battery pack until the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement.

[0080] Fig. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a heating control method according to some embodiments of the present invention. Fig. 4 differs from Fig. 1 in that, after step 103 in Fig. 1, the heating control method in Fig. 4 further includes step 107 and step 108 for describing a stopping strategy of the heating control method.

[0081] In step 107, it is determined whether the heating circuit satisfies any one of predetermined stopping conditions. If the heating circuit satisfies any one of the predetermined stopping conditions, step 108 is performed; otherwise, step 101 is returned.

[0082] In step 108, output of the PWM signal is stopped.

[0083] In some embodiments, considering that precondition for dynamically adjusting the PWM wave for heating is that the power battery pack has normal parameters, the predetermined stopping condition may include: the average current value in the heating circuit is greater than an allowable current threshold (e.g., 80% of a fuse blown value), any cell in the power battery pack has a temperature and voltage greater than an allowable operating range, and temperature of the power battery pack reaches the target temperature.

[0084] In some embodiments, considering that the precondition for dynamically adjusting the PWM wave for heating further includes IGBT has normal parameters, the predetermined stopping condition may further include: surface temperature of the IGBT is greater than a set threshold Tset.

[0085] In some embodiments, considering that the precondition for dynamically adjusting the PWM wave for heating further includes communication line is in normal, the predetermined stopping condition may further include: temperature and voltage of any one of the battery cells sent by the BMS is out of the required heating range or is an invalid value.

[0086] As described above, by detecting voltage, temperature of cells in the heating circuit, state of charge of the power battery pack and surface temperature of the IGBT, it is possible to protect the system so that a real-time, safe and reliable heating system can be guaranteed.

[0087] Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a heating control device according to some embodiments of the present invention. As shown in Fig. 5, the heating control device includes an acquisition module 501, a calculation module 502, and a control module 503.

[0088] The acquisition module 501 is configured to obtain an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack.

[0089] The calculation module 502 is configured to calculate a current output value required for nth cycle according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value, n is equal to or greater than 3.

[0090] The control module 503 is configured to output a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold.

[0091] In some embodiments, the heating control device further includes a calibration module configured to: for each state of charge section, continuously adjust value of the PWM control parameter, and determine a value of the PWM control parameter when the average current value of the heating circuit reaches to be constant as a PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value.

[0092] The embodiments of the present invention further provides a heating control device comprising a memory and a processor, wherein the memory is configured to store executable program codes, and the processor is configured to read the executable program codes stored in the memory to perform the above described heating control method.

[0093] It should be clear that the embodiments in this specification are described in a progressive manner, and the same or similar parts in each embodiment may be referred to each other, and each embodiment focuses on the difference from other embodiments. For device embodiments, relevant parts can be referred to the description of the method embodiments. The embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the specific steps and structures described above and shown in the drawings. Those skilled in the art can make various changes, modifications and additions or changing the order between steps after understanding the principals of the embodiments of the present invention. Also, for the sake of brevity, detailed descriptions of known methods and techniques are omitted here.

[0094] The functional blocks shown in the block diagrams described above may be implemented as hardware, software, firmware, or a combination thereof. When implemented in hardware, it may be, for example, an electronic circuit, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), suitable firmware, plug-ins, function cards, and the like. When implemented in software, the elements of an embodiment of the present invention are programs or code segments that are used to perform the required tasks. Programs or code segments may be stored on a machine-readable medium or transmitted over a transmission medium or communication link via a data signal carried in a carrier wave. The "machine-readable medium" may include any medium that is capable of storing or transmitting information. Examples of machine-readable media include electronic circuitry, semiconductor memory devices, ROMs, flash memory, erasable ROM (EROM), floppy disks, CD-ROMs, optical disks, hard disks, fiber optic media, radio frequency (RF) links, and the like. The code segments may be downloaded via a computer network such as the Internet, an intranet or the like.

[0095] The embodiments of the present invention may be implemented in other specific forms without departing from its scope and essential characteristics. For example, the algorithms described in the specific embodiments may be modified without system architecture departing from the basic scope of the embodiments of the present invention. As such, the embodiments are to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the embodiments of the invention is defined by the appended claims rather than the foregoing descriptions. All changes that are defined in the meaning and the equivalents of the claims come within the scope of the embodiments of the invention.


Claims

1. A heating control method, characterized by comprising:

acquiring (101) an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack;

calculating (102) a current output value required for nth cycle according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value, n is equal to or greater than 3; and

outputting (103) a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the calculating a current output value required for nth cycle according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value comprises:

setting (1021) a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the nth cycle as nth cycle difference value, setting a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the (n-1)th cycle as (n-1)th cycle difference value, and setting a difference between the preset current value and the average current value of the (n-2)th cycle as (n-2)th cycle difference value;

acquiring (1022) a state of charge section of the power battery pack;

determining (1023) a current increment required for the nth cycle according to a pre-calibrated feedback adjustment coefficient corresponding to the state of charge section, the nth cycle difference value, (n-1)th cycle difference value and the (n-2)th cycle difference value;

determining (1024) the current output value required for the nth cycle based on the current increment and the average current value of the (n-1)th cycle.


 
3. The method according to claim 2, wherein before the determining a current increment required for the nth cycle according to a pre-calibrated feedback adjustment coefficient corresponding to the state of charge section, the nth cycle difference value, the (n-1)th cycle difference value and the (n-2)th cycle difference value, the method further comprises:

determining relationship between state of charge sections of the power battery pack and feedback adjustment coefficients.


 
4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the feedback adjustment coefficient comprises a proportional adjustment coefficient, an integral adjustment coefficient and a differential adjustment coefficient, and the determining relationship between state of charge sections of the power battery pack and feedback adjustment coefficients comprises:

for each state of charge section, gradually increasing the proportional adjustment coefficient from 0 until change rate of the average current value is greater than a first threshold determined based on a proportional adjustment coefficient, and determining relationship between the state of charge section and the proportional adjustment coefficient;

for each state of charge section, gradually increasing the integral adjustment coefficient from 0 until fluctuation magnitude of the average current value is greater than a second threshold determined based on an integral adjustment coefficient, and determining relationship between the state of charge section and the integral adjustment coefficient;

for each state of charge section, gradually increasing the differential adjustment coefficient from 0 until fluctuation magnitude of the average current value is greater than a third threshold determined based on a differential adjustment coefficient, and determining relationship between the state of charge section and the differential adjustment coefficient.


 
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein before the outputting a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value, the method further comprises:

for each state of charge section,

continuously adjusting value of the PWM control parameter; and

determining a value of the PWM control parameter when the average current value of the heating circuit reaches to be constant as a PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value.


 
6. The method according to claim 1, wherein before the acquiring an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack, the method further comprises:

acquiring (104), in the case that the power battery pack has a demand of being heated, power requirement for the power battery pack being heated from a temperature at the nth cycle to a target temperature;

determining (105) whether the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement;

obtaining (101) the average current value in the heating circuit of the power battery pack if the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement.


 
7. The method according to claim 6, wherein after the determining whether the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement, the method further comprises:

sending (106) a charging prompt signal to a battery management system (BMS) of the power battery pack if the state of charge of the power battery pack does not meet the power requirement in order to charge the power battery pack until the state of charge of the power battery pack meets the power requirement.


 
8. The method according to claim 1, wherein after the outputting a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value, the method further comprises:

stopping (108) outputting the PWM signal if the heating circuit satisfies any one of predetermined stopping conditions including: the average current value in the heating circuit is greater than an allowable current threshold, any cell in the power battery pack has a temperature and voltage greater than an allowable operating range, and temperature of the power battery pack reaches the target temperature.


 
9. A heating control device, characterized by comprising:

an acquisition module configured to acquire an average current value in a heating circuit of a power battery pack;

a calculation module configured to calculate a current output value required for nth cycle according to an average current value of the nth cycle, an average current value of (n-1)th cycle, an average current value of (n-2)th cycle and a preset current value, n is equal to or greater than 3;

a control module configured to output a Pulse width Modulation (PWM) signal to a switch device of the heating circuit according to a pre-calibrated PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value so that a difference between an actual current value in the heating circuit and the preset current value is less than a preset threshold.


 
10. The heating control device according to claim 9, further comprising:

a calibration module configured to: for each state of charge section, continuously adjust value of the PWM control parameter, and determine a value of the PWM control parameter when the average current value of the heating circuit reaches to be constant as a PWM control parameter corresponding to the current output value.


 
11. The heating control device according to claim 9, further comprising a memory and a processor,
the memory is configured to store executable program codes; and
the processor is configured to read the executable program codes stored in the memory to function as the modules according to any one of claims 9 to 10.
 
12. A computer-readable storage medium having stored thereon computer instructions that, when executed by a processor, cause the processor to implement steps of the method according to any one of claims 1-8.
 




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