(19)
(11)EP 3 578 570 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 17888600.8

(22)Date of filing:  27.12.2017
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07K 16/30(2006.01)
C07K 16/18(2006.01)
C07K 19/00(2006.01)
A61P 35/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2017/118984
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/121605 (05.07.2018 Gazette  2018/27)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 29.12.2016 CN 201611246592

(71)Applicant: Timmune Biotech Inc.
Tianjin 300000 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHANG, Fengyu
    Tianjin 300000 (CN)
  • GAO, Bin
    Tianjin 300000 (CN)
  • WANG, Lei
    Tianjin 300000 (CN)
  • WU, Yasong
    Tianjin 300000 (CN)
  • WEI, Qing
    Tianjin 300000 (CN)

(74)Representative: ABG Intellectual Property Law, S.L. 
Avenida de Burgos, 16D Edificio Euromor
28036 Madrid
28036 Madrid (ES)

  


(54)MULTIFUNCTIONAL PROTEIN


(57) A multifunctional polypeptide chain or a protein. A polypeptide chain X, comprising an antigen 1 binding domain R1, an auxiliary peptide chain linking domain R2 and an antigen 2 binding domain R3. The auxiliary peptide chain linking domain R2 is a cytokine or a cytokine binding domain in a cytokine receptor. A protein, which is a heterodimer composed of the polypeptide chain X as a main peptide chain and an auxiliary peptide chain Y. The auxiliary peptide chain Y comprises an antigen 3 binding domain R4 and a main peptide chain X linking domain R5, or the auxiliary peptide chain Y is the main peptide chain linking domain R5. The multifunctional protein mediates specific cell killing by binding to different tumor antigens with the two antigen binding domains of tumor-associated antigens therein. The multifunctional protein can function as a cytokine by introducing a cytokine or a cytokine receptor complex.




Description

Field of the invention



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of biology, and in particular to a multifunctional protein.

Background of the invention



[0002] Bispecific antibodies, also known as bifunctional antibodies or bivalent antibodies, can specifically bind to two different antigens simultaneously, with specificity and bi-functionality, have broadly application in the future in the fields of tumour immunotherapy and autoimmune diseases etc.

[0003] Bispecific antibodies are not found in nature and can only be prepared by artificial methods. At present, methods for preparing bispecific antibodies mainly include chemical conjugation, hybridoma technology, and recombinant DNA technology etc.

[0004] Medarex had developed bispecific antibodies as early as 30 years ago and conducted a phase III clinical trial in 2001. However, the research in this field has been silent due to clinical trial failures and manufacture problems (Garber K, 2014). In 2009, the bispecific antibody Catumaxomab developed by Trion was approved by the European Union for the treatment of malignant ascites caused by EpCAM-positive tumours, but its high immunogenicity greatly limits its clinical application (Spasevska I, 2014). In recent years, the rapid progress of antibody engineering technology has brought new opportunities for the development of bispecific antibodies.

1. Synthetic bispecific antibodies by chemical coupling.



[0005] Her2/CD3 bispecific antibodies were obtained by chemical coupling of the commercialized Herceptin with OKT3 in Lum Laboratory to recruit T cells to kill Her2-positive tumour cells (Msen et al., 2001). This antibody conjugate based on clinically widely used antibodies showed very good records of clinical safety and efficacy. Five of the 22 patients with metastatic breast cancer who participated in the clinical trial remained stable disease condition within 14.5 weeks after use (Lum et al., 2015).

[0006] OKT3 antibody has also been used to chemically conjugate with other clinically used antibodies to kill tumours with corresponding targets: including EGFR-positive tumours (Reush U et al., 2006; MAD et al., 2015), CD20 positive tumour line (Lum et al., 2013), B7-H3 positive tumours (MA et al., 2016) and the like.

2. Bispecific antibodies produced by hybridoma technology



[0007] Lindnorer et al. fused a rat hybridomas secreting anti-CD3 antibody with a mouse hybridomas secreting anti-EpCAM to obtain a hybridoma that could secrete up to 11 antibodies consisting of different heavy and light chains (lindnoer et al., 1995). The bispecific antibodies prepared from heterologous rat and mouse hybridomas inevitably produce a human anti-mouse (HAMA) cross-reactivity. Surprisingly, this anti-drug response is in direct proportion to the efficacy of patient's response to the antibody (OTT MG et al., 2012) and its mechanism needs to be further explored. It has been approved for clinical use in 2009 (Carberk., 2014). The Her/CD3 antibody (Kiewe et al., 2006) was developed on the same platform. Anti-CD20/CD3 antibody for the treatment of relapsed B cell lymphoma has been approved for clinical trials and shows a good safety record and efficacy (Buhmann et Al., 2009). A bispecific antibody of anti-CD2/CD3 has been used in experimental studies of melanoma (Ruf et al., 2004).

3. Expression of bispecific molecules by recombinant technology



[0008] Genentech scientist Shalaby et al. linked the Fab fragment of the humanized anti-CD3 antibody UCHT1 to the anti-HER2 antibody 4D5 via a linker peptide and successfully expressed it in an E. coli expression system. This bispecific antibody specifically recognizes HER2-highly expressed breast cancer cell line SK-BR-3 and mediates the killing of this tumour cell line by human peripheral blood T cells (Shalaby et al., 1992). With the development of synthetic biomolecules and protein recombinant technology, protein molecules prepared by genetic engineering to recruit T cells to target tumours have come to the fore, and have become the mainstream of such drugs.

[0009] BiTE: In December 2014, FDA approved a new engineered CD3 targeting bispecific antibody molecule-BiTE (Bispecific T-cell engager) for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. This novel small protein molecule is directly linked by the scFv of OKT3 and the anti-CD19 scFv via a linker peptide (Nagorsen D et al., 2012) (Patent No.: 201180063222.2; 201580009124.9), requiring only very low concentrations to inhibit the growth of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (Bargou R et al., 2008). Due to the ability of this molecule to efficiently recruit T cells to kill target cells, more products targeting different tumours based on BiTE platform have entered clinical trials including several BiTE molecules that recognise EpCAM, CEA, and DSMA (Thakur A et al., 2016) etc.

[0010] Tand Ab connects a pair of BiTE-like bispecific molecules with a linker peptide to form a tetrameric molecule called Tand Ab with a molecular weight of 160kD doubling that of BiTE, making it to bind to CD3 and CD19 with higher affinity (Reusch U et al, 2015). At the same time, the pharmacokinetics of Tand Ab is also significantly improved compared to BiTE, the half-life in the blood reaches about 20h. It can mediate the killing of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

[0011] DART is a combination of anti-CD 19 and anti-CD3 scFv through a disulfide-containing linker peptide. It can recruit T cells to kill tumours and has the advantages of stable and easy scale preparation (Johnson S et al, 2010; kuo SR et al., 2012).

[0012] FcabFv fuses the antigen recognition fragmentof OKT3 with a mutated Fc (Wozniak G et al., 2010) which has a function of recognizing Her2 produced by CH3 mutation, and expresses a novel bispecific antibody highly similar to an conventional antibody. It can effectively target Her2-positive tumours and inhibit tumour growth in vivo (Wang L et al., 2013).

[0013] TriKE inserts IL-15 between the scFv of CD33 antibody and the scFv of CD16 antibody, and is linked by two linked peptides. It can effectively promote the activation and survival ofNK cells in vivo while effectively targeting tumours. Adding IL-15 that is beneficial for NK cells to treat myeloid malignancies or to target solid tumours (Szun Szun Tay et al., 2016; Vallera DA. et al., 2016).

[0014] Currently, bispecific antibodies has become a new hot-pot in the field of pharmaceutical research, there are at least 30 kinds of bispecific antibodies in clinical development phase (Garber K et al, 2014;. Kontermann R E et al.2015).

[0015] A certain amount of IL-2 must be added to the culture medium of both T cells and NK cells (Bodnar et al., 2008; Grund et al., 2005). IL-15 is functionally similar to IL-2 and shares the same βγ receptor. Studies indicate that IL-2 or IL-15 is required for survival and proliferation of NK cells and CD8+ T cells (Boyman et al., 2007). Although IL-15 and IL-2 share the same βγ receptor, they each have a specific α receptor. It was found that IL-15Rα-sushi (the sushi domain of IL-15 receptor α) is superagonist of IL-15. An agonist can greatly enhance the function of IL-15 (Han et al., 2011; Mortier et al., 2006) (Patent Application No.: 201280037114.2, 201510358540.1) and the complex of IL-15 and IL-15Rα-sushi can completely replace the role of IL-2 in T/NK cells (Peter S. Kim1, 2016; Rosario et al., 2016)to activate NK/CD8+ T cells and increase their cytotoxicity against tumours. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Cancer Institute rankedIL-15 as number one agent among 12 immunotherapeutics for cancer treatment. By supporting the viability of CD8+ T cells, IL-15 has demonstrated great potential for the maintaining of long-term immune response in T cells. Compared with IL-2, IL-15 is a more promising, more effective, less toxic product in tumour treatment, and can stimulate anti-tumour activities of both T cells and NK cells. Fusion of IL-15 and IL-15Rα-sushi complex or other functional cytokine and receptor complexes in bispecific molecules is a major trend to improve the efficacy of cellular immunotherapy.

[0016] PD-1 (programmed death 1) and its receptors PD-L1, PD-L2 are important regulators of T cell activity (Okazaki and Honjo, 2007). The binding of PD-1 on the surface of T cells to PD-L1/2 on the surface of other cells causes inhibition of T cells, which plays an important role in the process of avoiding autoimmune diseases and producing immune tolerance in humans. By contrast, tumour cells utilize the self-regulating mechanism of PD1/PD-L1 checkpoint to achieve the purpose of suppressing immune response, tumour escape by expressing PD-L1/L2 in the tumour cell itself or in the tumour microenvironment to bind to PD1 on the surface of T cells, transmitting a negative signal, leading to a decline in T cell function and exhaust of T cells (Freeman et al., 2000; Keir et al., 2008; Parry et al., 2005). Therefore, the researchers explored the use of PD-1 or PD-L1 antibodies to bind respective antigens, and blocked the PD1 checkpoint pathway of T cells while targeting tumours. The results showed that this method can significantly increase T cell activity and enhance the body's resistance to pathogenic microorganisms cancer (Topalian et al., 2012; Yanan Guo et al., 2016). A number of clinical trials have demonstrated good therapeutic effects by PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies against melanoma (Cho et al., 2016; Hamid et al., 2013), multiple myeloma (Badros et al., 2015), leukaemia (Pork et al., 2014) (Patent Application No.: 200380109929.8, 201310258289.2, 201180019629.5).

Disclosure of the invention



[0017] One of objects of the invention is to provide a polypeptide chain X.

[0018] The polypeptide chain X provided by the invention includes an antigen 1 binding domain R1, a co-peptide chain linkage domain R2 and an antigen 2 binding domain R3;

[0019] The co-peptide linkage domain R2 is a cytokine, or cytokine binding domain in a cytokine receptor.

[0020] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The antigen 2 binding domain R3 is an antibody or molecule that recognizes CD3 of a T cell.

[0021] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The antigen 2 binding domain R3 is a receptor or antibody or other molecules that recognizes CD16 on an NK cell.

[0022] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The antigen to which the antigen 1 binding domain R1 binds is selected from any of the following cancer-related antigens: brain cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, lymphoma, leukaemia. , lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, kidney cancer, skin cancer, thymoma, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma and uterine cancer.

[0023] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The cancer-associated antigen is preferably from any one of the following antigens: CD123, CD19, CD20, CD22, CD37, ROR1, mesothelin, CD33/IL3Ra, c-Met, BCMA, PSMA, EGFRvIII, GD-2, NY-ESO-1, MAGEA3, β-human chorionic gonadotropin, AFP, RAGE-1, MN-CAIX, human telomerase reverse transcriptase, RU1, RU2 (AS), hsp70-2, M-CSF, PSA, PAP, LAGE-la, p53, Prostein, PSMA, Her2/neu, telomerase, PCTA-1, MAGE, ELF2M, IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF-I receptor, BCR-ABL, E2A-PRL, H4-RET, IGH-IGK, MYL-RAR, GP100, Mart1, TSP-180, MAGE-4, MAGE-5, MAGE-6, RAGE, p185erbB2, p180erbB-3, c-met, nm-23H1, TAG-72, CA 19-9, CA 72-4, CAM 17.1, NuMa, K-ras, β-catenin, CDK4, Mum-1, p15, p16, 43-9F, 5T4, 791Tgp72, β-HCG, BCA225, BTAA, CA 125, CA 15-3\CA27.29\BCAA, CA 195, CA 242, CA-50, WT1, CD68, FGF-5, G250, EpCAM, MA-50, MG7-Ag, MOV 18, NB/70K, RCAS1, SDCCAG16, TA-90, TAAL6, TAG72, TLP, p53, Ras, TPS, Epstein Barr virus antigen EBVA, human papillomavirus (HPV) antigen E6, human papilloma Toxicity (HPV) E7 antigens or the complex of MHC with a short peptide derived from any of antigens above-described.

[0024] The antigen in the complex of MHC with the short peptide of which is any one of the above cancer-related antigens.

[0025] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The cancer-associated antigen is preferably selected from any one of the following antigens: CD19, CD20, CD22, CD123, CD33/IL3Ra, Her2, PDL1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, WT-1 and NY-ESO-1 or A complex of MHC with a short peptide of one of the above antigens.

[0026] The antigen in the complex of the MHC and the short peptide of the antigen is preferably any one of the following antigens selected from the cancer-associated antigens.

[0027] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The cancer-associated antigen is preferably selected from any one of the following antigens: CD19, CD20, CD22, Her2, PDL1, WT1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, and NY-ESO-1 or a complex of MHC with a short peptide derived from the above-described antigen.

[0028] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The antigen 1 binding domain R1 is an antigen-binding antibody, an antigen-binding ligand, an antigen-binding receptor or a polypeptide having antigen-binding function.

[0029] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The antigen-binding antibody is an intact immunoglobulin, an antibody Fc, an antibody Fab, an antibody VH, an antibody VL or a full-length peptide chain or a partial peptide chain of a scFv.

[0030] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The antigen-binding ligand or the antigen-binding receptor is a full-length peptide chain or a partial peptide chain.

[0031] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The antigen 1 binding domain R1 is a TCR with an antigen recognition function.

[0032] In the above polypeptide chain X,
The antigen 1 binding domain R1 is a TCR-like antibody or other molecule having an antigen recognition function.

[0033] Another object of the present invention is to provide a protein.

[0034] The protein provided by the present invention, which is a heterodimer comprising a peptide chain X of claim 1 as a main peptide chain and a co-peptide chain Y;
The co-peptide chain Y comprises R4 as an antigen 3 binding domain and R5 as the main peptide chain X linking domain.

[0035] Or the co-peptide chain Y is the main peptide chain linking domain R5;
The main peptide chain linking domain R5 and the co-peptide chain linking domain R2 in the peptide chain X bind to each other.

[0036] The functional domains of the above main peptide chain and co-peptide chain are linked by a polypeptide linker. These polypeptide linkers are glycine- and/or serine-rich sequences or multiple copies of glycine and/or serine-rich sequences, and polypeptide linkers typically include from 1 to 20 amino acid residues.

[0037] The main peptide chain linking domain R5 and the cytokine or the cytokine binding domain R2 of a cytokine receptor are a pair of peptides having a mutual binding function.

[0038] The above-mentioned co-peptide chain linking domain (R2) and main peptide chain linking domain (R5) are cytokines and receptor subunits or vice versa. A heterodimer is formed between the main peptide chain (X) and the co-peptide chain (Y) by binding of the co-peptide chain linking domain (R2) to the main peptide chain linking domain (R5).

[0039] Among the above proteins,
The antigen 3 to which the antigen 3 binding domain R4 binds is selected from any of the following cancer-related antigens: brain cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, lymphoma, Leukaemia, lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, kidney cancer, skin cancer, thymoma, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma and uterine cancer.

[0040] Among the above proteins,
The cancer-associated antigen 3 is preferably one of the following antigens: CD123, CD19, CD20, CD22, CD37, ROR1, mesothelin, CD33/IL3Ra, c-Met, BCMA, PSMA, EGFRvIII, GD-2, NY-ESO-1, MAGEA3, β-human chorionic gonadotropin, AFP, RAGE-1, MN-CAIX, human telomerase reverse transcriptase, RU1, RU2 (AS), hsp70-2, M-CSF , PSA, PAP, LAGE-la, p53, Prostein, PSMA, Her2/neu, PDL1, telomerase, PCTA-1, MAGE, ELF2M, IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF-I receptor, BCR-ABL , E2A-PRL, H4-RET, 1GH-IGK, MYL-RAR, GP100, Mart1, TSP-180, MAGE-4, MAGE-5, MAGE-6, RAGE, p185erbB2, p180erbB-3, c-met, nm -23H1, TAG-72, CA 19-9, CA 72-4, CAM 17.1, NuMa, K-ras, β-catenin, CDK4, Mum-1, p15, p16, 43-9F, 5T4, 791Tgp72, β -HCG, BCA225, BTAA, CA 125, CA 15-3\CA27.29\BCAA, CA 195, CA 242, CA-50, WT1, CD68, FGF-5, G250, EpCAM, M344, MA-50, MG7-Ag, MOV18, NB/70K, RCAS1, SDCCAG16, TA-90, TAAL6, TAG72, TLP, p53, Ras, TPS, Epstein Barr virus antigen EBVA, human papillomavirus (HPV) antigen E6 Human papillomavirus (HPV) E7 antigen complexes or the complexes of MHC associated with a peptide derived from one of above-described antigens.

[0041] The antigen in the complex of the MHC and the short peptide derived from is the cancer-associated antigen 3, preferably from any of the above antigens.

[0042] Among the above proteins,
The cancer-associated antigen is preferably selected from any one of the following antigens: CD19, CD20, CD22, CD123, CD33/IL3Ra, Her2, PDL1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, WT-1, NY_ESO-1 or the complex of MHC with a short peptide derived from the above antigens .

[0043] The antigen in the complex of MHC and a short peptide derived from is any one of CD19, CD20, CD22, CD123, CD33/IL3Ra, Her2, PDL1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, WT-1 and NY_ESO-1.

[0044] Among the above proteins,
The cancer-associated antigen is preferably selected from any one of the following antigens: CD19, CD20, CD22, Her2, PDL1, WT1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, NY_ESO-1 or a complex of MHC with a short peptide derived from the above-mentioned antigens; The antigen in the complex of MHC and the short peptide of the antigen is any one of CD19, CD20, CD22, Her2, PDL1, WT1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, NY_ESO-1.

[0045] In the above,
The positions of the antigen 1 binding domain R1 and the antigen 2 binding domain R3 are interchangeable.

[0046] In the above,
The positions of the antigen 1 binding domain R1 and the antigen 3 binding domain R4 are interchangeable.

[0047] In the above,
The positions of the antigen 2 binding domain R3 and the antigen 3 binding domain R4 are interchangeable.

[0048] In the above,
The co-peptide chain linkage domain R2 and the main peptide chain linkage domain R5 are a pair of peptides having a function of binding to each other. Preferably, a pair of γc cytokines and their receptor subunits can be bound to each other. The optimal choices are IL15 and IL15Rα, and IL4 and IL4Rα. IL15 plays an indispensable role in maintaining the homeostasis and the growth of T cells, NK cells and NKT cells, while providing additional physiology function to B cells, dendritic cells (DCs), macrophages, and mast cells. IL-15 can support the survival of CD8+ T cells more promising and more effective than IL-2. It is less toxic in tumour treatment and can stimulate the anti-tumour activity of T cells and NK cells.

[0049] In the above,
The co-peptide chain linkage domain R2 and the main peptide chain linkage domain R5 are a pair of a cytokine and a receptor subunit and bind to each other thereof.

[0050] In the above,
The cytokine mentioned is a γc family cytokine,
The γc family cytokine is IL2, IL4, IL7, IL9, IL15 or IL21.

[0051] In the above,
The cytokine and receptor subunits are optimally selected from the group consisting of IL15 and IL15Rα and the group of IL4 and IL4Rα.

[0052] In the above,
Each component of the main peptide chain of the polypeptide or protein or a component of the co-peptide chain is linked by a polypeptide linker consisting of 1-20 amino acid residues.

[0053] In the above,
The polypeptide linker is rich in glycine and/or serine.

[0054] In the above,
The antigen 1 binding domain R1 is an antiCD19-ScFv or AntiMHC/GP100-VHH or AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH or antiMHC/WT1, or an extracellular region of PD1, or AntiCD22-ScFv, or antiCD3-ScFv or antiCD16-ScFv;
Or the co-peptide linkage domain R2 is IL15Rαsushi or IL4Rα-N-FN3 or IL15 or IL4;
Or, the antigen 2 binding domain R3 is an antiCD3-ScFv or antiCD16-ScFv or antiCD19-ScFv, or AntiMHC/GP1 00-VHH or AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH or antiWT1, or an extracellular region of PD1 or AntiCD22-ScFv;
Or, the antigen 3 binding domain R4 is the extracellular domain of PD1 or AntiMHC/GP1 00-VHH or AntiCD22-ScFv or antiCD19-ScFv; or
AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH or anti MHC/WT1 or antiCD3-ScFv or antiCD16-ScFv;

[0055] Alternatively, the main peptide chain linkage domain R5 is IL15 or IL4 or IL15Rαsushi or IL4Rα-N-FN3.

[0056] In the above,
The amino acid sequence of antiCD19-ScFv is sequence 1;
The amino acid sequence of IL15Rαsushi is sequence 2;
The amino acid sequence of antiCD3-ScFv is sequence 3;
The amino acid sequence of the extracellular region of PD1 is sequence 4;
The amino acid sequence of IL15 is sequence 5;
The amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/GP100-VHH is sequence 10;
The amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH is sequence 11;
The amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/WT1-VH is sequence 12;
The amino acid sequence of IL4Rα is the sequence 13;
The amino acid sequence of AntiCD16-ScFv is sequence 14;
The amino acid sequence of AntiCD22-ScFv is sequence 15;
The amino acid sequence of IL4 is sequence 16.

[0057] In the above,
The amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 8;
Or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 17;
Or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 19;
Or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 21;
Or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 22;
Or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 23;
Or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 27;
Or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 29;
Or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 30;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 8, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 17, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 17, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 18;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 19, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 8, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 20;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 21, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 22, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 23, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 24;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 25, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 26;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 27, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 28;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 29, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9.

[0058] Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 30, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 31;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 21, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 5;
Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 8, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 5.

[0059] A third object of the present invention is to provide a nucleic acid molecule encoding the above polypeptide or protein.

[0060] The present invention provides an encoding nucleic acid molecule of the above polypeptide or protein, comprising a nucleic acid molecule encoding the main peptide chain or a nucleic acid molecule encoding the main peptide chain and a nucleic acid molecule encoding the co-peptide chain.

[0061] A nucleic acid sequence encoding a desired molecule can be obtained using recombinant methods known in the art, such as, for example, by screening a library from a cell expressing the gene, by obtaining the gene from a vector known to include the gene, or by isolating the gene directly from cells and tissues containing the gene, or to synthesize polynucleotides by artificial synthesis with standard methods.

[0062] Recombinant vectors, expression cassettes, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant viruses or cells containing the above nucleic acid molecules are also within the scope of the present invention.

[0063] In the above recombinant vector, the recombinant vector is obtained by inserting a nucleic acid molecule encoding the main peptide chain in the above nucleic acid molecule or a nucleic acid molecule encoding the main peptide chain and a nucleic acid molecule encoding the co-peptide chain into an expression vector and the vector expressing the above protein is obtained.

[0064] The above recombinant vector comprises the above polynucleotide sequence or combination. In one embodiment, a nucleic acid encoding a primary peptide chain (X) or a co-peptide chain (Y) can be ligated to a promoter, and the construct is incorporated into an expression vector to achieve the expression of a primary peptide chain (X) or a co-peptide chain (Y). A typical cloning vector comprises a transcriptional and translational terminator, an initial sequence and a promoter that can be used to modulate the expression of a desired nucleic acid sequence. For example, lentiviral vector is a suitable tool for achieving long-term stable inheritance of genes because they allow long-term, stable integration of genes and their proliferation in daughter cells. Lentiviral vectors have the extra advantage of exceeding vectors derived from oncogenic retroviruses such as murine leukaemia viruses because they can transduce non-dividing cells, such as hepatocytes. They also have the added advantage of low immunogenicity. The multifunctional protein provided by the present invention comprises two peptide chains which can be co-expressed in the same cell by a known art, including but not limited to co-transfection of two genes encoding the main peptide chain (X) and the co-peptide chain (Y), respectively. An expression vector, or a nucleic acid sequence encoding a main peptide chain (X) and a co-peptide chain (Y), or an expression vector containing two sets of expression frameworks for encoding a main peptide chain (X) and a co-peptide chain (Y) is ligated in tandem into an expression frame, co-expressed by inserting a ribosome binding site between the nucleic acid sequences of the main peptide chain (X) and the co-peptide chain (Y). Or 2A peptide is used for co-expression of two polypeptides.

[0065] In the above cells, the cell of interest is a prokaryotic cell, a yeast cell or a mammalian cell; wherein the mammalian cell is preferably a human cell.

[0066] The present invention also provides a kit comprising the above polypeptide chain X or the above protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell.

[0067] The use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit in immunotherapy is also within the scope of protection of the present invention;

[0068] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for the preparation of an immunotherapeutic product is also within the scope of the present invention.

[0069] The use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit in immune cell culture and/or promotion of immune cell expansion and/or immunoassay. The scope of protection of the present invention;

[0070] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit in the preparation of immune cell culture and/or promotion of immune cell expansion and/or immunodetection products is also within the scope of the invention.

[0071] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for stimulating T or NK cell proliferation is also within the scope of protection of the present invention;
Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for the preparation of a product for stimulating T or NK cell proliferation is also within the scope of protection of the present invention.

[0072] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for mediating immune cell inhibition or killing of target cells expressing the antigen in the protein is also the scope of protection of the present invention.

[0073] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for preparing a target cell product which mediates immune cell inhibition or killing of an antigen expressing the protein is also within the scope of the invention.

[0074] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for inhibiting or killing tumour cells is also within the scope of the present invention.

[0075] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for the preparation of a product for inhibiting or killing tumour cells is also within the scope of protection of the present invention.

[0076] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for treating or detecting a tumour is also within the scope of protection of the present invention.

[0077] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for the preparation of a therapeutic or detecting tumour product is also within the scope of protection of the present invention.

[0078] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for inhibiting or killing target cells expressing the antigen derived from mentioned proteins is also within the scope of protection by the present invention.

[0079] Or the use of the above polypeptide or protein, the above nucleic acid molecule or the above recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus or kit for preparing a target cell product for inhibiting or killing target cells expressing an antigen derived from mentioned proteins is also within the scope of protection by the present invention.

[0080] In the above, the immunotherapy is to inhibit or kill tumour cells by immune cells;
Or the immune cell is a T cell or an NK cell or the like;
Or the antigen is a cancer associated antigen;
Or the antigen is brain cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, lymphoma, leukaemia, lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma, Ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, renal cancer, skin cancer, thymoma, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, uterine cancer etc. associated antigen, or any combination thereof;
Alternatively, the tumour is brain cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, lymphoma, leukaemia, lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma. Any one or any combination of ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, renal cancer, skin cancer, thymoma, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, uterine cancer; or any combination thereof;
Or the target cell is a prokaryotic cell, a yeast cell or a mammalian cell;
Or the mammalian cell is specifically a human cell;
Or the human cell is specifically an immune cell,
Alternatively, the immune cell is specifically a T cell or an NK cell.

[0081] In the above polypeptide or protein, the antigen-binding domain (R1/R3) of the main peptide chain and the co-peptide chain antigen binding domain (R4) have an ability to bind to an antigen. One of its antigen-binding domains is an antibody or molecule that recognizes CD3 of human T cells or a receptor or antibody or other molecule that recognizes NK cell CD16, and the other two are antibodies or molecules that recognize tumour-associated antigens selected from the group consisting of the following antigens. A tumour antigen to which an antigen binding domain binds is a protein produced by a tumour cell that elicits an immune response, particularly a T-cell mediated immune response. The choice of the antigen binding domain of the invention will depend on the particular type of cancer being treated. Tumour antigens are well known in the art:

[0082] In one embodiment, the tumour-associated antigen referred to in the present invention may also be a tumour-associated antigen selected from the group consisting of brain cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, and lymphoma. , leukaemia, lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, kidney cancer, skin cancer, thymoma, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, uterine cancer, and any combination thereof.

[0083] In particular:
In one embodiment, the tumor antigens referred to in the present invention include, for example, glioma-associated antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), β-human chorionic gonadotropin, α-fetoprotein (AFP), lectin- reactive AFP, thyroglobulin, RAGE-1, MN-CAIX, human telomerase reverse transcriptase, RU1, RU2 (AS), intestinal carboxylesterase, mut hsp70-2, M-CSF, prostatic enzyme, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PAP, NY-ESO-1, LAGE-la, p53, prostein, PSMA, Her2/neu, survivin and telomerase, prostate-cancer tumour antigen-1 (PCTA-1)), MAGE, ELF2M, neutrophil elastase, ephrin B2, CD22, insulin growth factor (IGF)-I, IGF-II, IGF-I receptor and mesothelin.

[0084] In one embodiment, the tumour antigen comprises one or more antigenic cancer epitopes associated with the malignancy. Malignant tumours express many proteins that can be used as target antigens for immune attack. These molecules include, but are not limited to, tissue-specific antigens such as MART-1, tyrosinase and GP 100 in melanoma, and prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in prostate cancer. Other target molecules belong to the group of transformation-related molecules such as the oncogene HER-2/Neu/ErbB-2. The other group of target antigens is a fetal cancer antigen such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). In B-cell lymphoma, the tumour-specific individual genotype immunoglobulin constitutes the only true tumour-specific immunoglobulin antigen that is unique to an individual's tumor. B-cell differentiation antigens such as CD19, CD20 and CD37 are other candidates for target antigens in B-cell lymphoma. Some of these antigens (CEA, HER-2, CD19, CD20, individual genotypes) have been used with limited success as targets for passive immunotherapy using monoclonal antibodies.

[0085] In one embodiment, the tumour antigen referred to in the present invention may also be a tumour-specific antigen (TSA) or a tumour associated antigen (TAA). TSA is unique to tumour cells and does not occur on other cells of the body. The TAA-associated antigen is not unique to tumour cells, and conversely, it is also expressed on normal cells under conditions in which the immune tolerance state to the antigen cannot be induced. Antigen expression on the tumour can occur under conditions that enable the immune system to respond to the antigen. TAA may be an antigen expressed on normal cells during embryonic development when the immune system is immature and unable to respond, or they may be antigens that normally exist at very low levels on normal cells, but express on tumour cells at a higher level.

[0086] Including, but not limited to, examples of TSA or TAA antigens include the following: differentiation antigens such as MART-l/MelanA (MART-1), gp100 (Pmel 17), tyrosinase, TRP-1, TRP-2; and tumour-specificity lineage antigens such as MAGE-1, MAGE-3, BAGE, GAGE-1, GAGE-2, p15; overexpressed embryonic antigens such as CEA; overexpressed oncogenes and mutated tumour-inhibiting genes such as p53, Ras, HER-2/neu; unique tumour antigens produced by chromosomal translocations such as BCR-ABL, E2A-PRL, H4-RET, 1GH-IGK, MYL-RAR; and viral antigens such as Epstein Barr virus antigen EBVA and human papillomavirus (HPV) antigens E6 and E7. Other large group of, protein-based antigens include TSP-180, MAGE-4, MAGE-5, MAGE-6, RAGE, NY-ESO, p185erbB2, p180erbB-3, c-met, nm-23H1, PSA, TAG-72, CA 19-9, CA 72-4, CAM 17.1, NuMa, K-ras, β-catenin, CDK4, Mum-1, p 15, p 16, 43-9F, 5T4, 791Tgp72, α-fetoprotein, β-HCG, BCA225, BTAA, CA 125, CA 15-3\CA 27.29\BCAA, CA 195, CA242, CA-50, CAM43, CD68\P1, CO-029, FGF-5, G250, Ga733\EpCAM, HTgp-175, M344, MA-50, MG7-Ag, MOV 18, NB/70K, NY-CO-1, RCAS1, SDCCAG16, TA-90\Mac-2 binding protein\Cyclophilin C-related protein, TAAL6 , TAG72, TLP and TPS.

[0087] In one embodiment, the tumour antigen referred to in the present invention may be a complex of MHC with the above-described antigenic peptide. These include, but are not limited to, HLA-GP100 complex, HLA-Mart1 complex, HLA-WT1 complex.

[0088] In one embodiment, the antigen-binding domain (R1, R3) in the main peptide chain or the antigen-binding domain (R4) in the co-peptide chain is an antibody, a ligand, a receptor, and a polypeptide that can bind to an antigen, or any combination thereof.

[0089] The antibody may be an intact peptide chain or a partial peptide of Ig, Fab, scFv or any combination thereof. The ligand or receptor can be its entire peptide chain, a partial peptide segment, or any combination thereof.

[0090] Wherein the co-peptide chain linkage domain (R2) and the main peptide chain linkage domain (R5) are a pair of polypeptides having a mutual binding function.

[0091] The polypeptides having a mutual binding function may be a pair of receptors and ligands which can bind to each other or a pair of antibodies and antigens which can bind to each other. Preferably, a pair of γc cytokines and their receptor subunits can be bound to each other, and IL15 and IL15Rα, IL4 and IL4R are preferably selected.

[0092] The individual functional domains of the main peptide chain and the co-peptide chain are linked by a polypeptide linker which is a glycine- and/or serine-rich sequence or a plurality of copy sequences rich in glycine and/or serine, and the polypeptide linker generally comprises 5-20 amino acid residues.

Figures



[0093] 

Figure 1. A schematic diagram showing the molecular structure of a multifunctional protein. A: The multifunctional protein molecule is composed of a main peptide chain X and an auxiliary peptide chain Y, wherein the main peptide chain X includes an antigen binding domain R1, a co-peptide chain linkage domain R2, an antigen binding domain R3, and a co-peptide chain Y includes an antigen binding domain R4, the main peptide chain linkage domain R5; B: The multifunctional protein molecule is composed of a main peptide chain X and a co-peptide chain Y, wherein the main peptide chain X includes an antigen-binding domain R1, a co-peptide chain linkage domain R2, and an antigen-binding domain R3. The peptide chain Y comprises a main peptide chain linkage domain R5; C: The multifunctional protein molecule consists only of the main peptide chain X, wherein the main peptide chain X comprises an antigen binding domain R1, a co-peptide chain linkage domain R2, and an antigen binding domain R3.

Figure 2. The gene expression framework of the multifunctional protein molecule.

Figure 3. The expressed and purified multifunctional protein molecules on SDS-PAGE. Lane 1: TiTE-1, main peptide chain about 65KD, co-peptide chain about 30KD; Lane 2: TiTE-6, main peptide chain about 65KD, co-peptide chain about 30KD; Lane 3: Protein marker, the molecular weight from top to bottom respectively as 160KD, 120KD, 100KD, 70KD, 50KD, 40KD, 30KD, 25KD.

Figure 4. The killing results of the multifunctional protein moleculeTiTE-1, 15, 16, and 5 : A, The negative control of TiTE-6 protein for killing malme-3M-CD19-luc; B, TiTE-1 protein for killing malme-3M-CD19-luc ; C, TiTE-15 protein for killing malme-3M-CD19-luc; D, TiTE-16 protein for killing malme-3M-CD19-luc; E, TiTE-5 protein for killing malme-3M-CD19-luc; F, TiTE- 5 protein for killing malme-3M-CD22-luc. It is demonstrated that the multi-functional proteins TiTE-1, 15, 16, and 5 provided by the present invention can kill tumour cells in vitro at a very low concentration, and it shows the best result when the concentration is used as 0.5-5 ng/10^6 cells.

Figure 5. The killing results of the multifunctional protein molecule TiTE-6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 respectively: A, The negative control of TiTE-2 protein for killing BV173-luc; B, TiTE-6 protein for killingBV173-luc C, TiTE-8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 proteins for killing BV173-luc. It was demonstrated that the multifunctional proteins TiTE-6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 provided by the present invention show a killing ability for WT1-positive tumour cells.

Figure 6. The killing results of multifunctional protein molecules TiTE-2, 3, 4: A,The negative control TiTE-6 protein for killing malme-3M-luc; B, TiTE-2 protein for killing malme-3M-luc; C, TiTE-3 protein for killing malme-3M-luc; D, TiTE-4 protein forkillingmalme-3M-luc. It is demonstrated that the multifunctional proteins TiTE-2, 3, and 4 provided by the present invention can kill tumour cells expressing the intracellular antigen in vitro.

Figure 7. The results of the stimulation of NK cells by multifunctional protein molecules. Almost all cells died after 5 days when the NK cell expansion was stimulated without any interleukin; NK cell expansion were obtained by the stimulation of the multi-functional proteins provided by the present invention, and cells were amplified about 140 times in 18 days.

Figure 8. FACS analysis with multifunctional protein moleculesTiTE-1, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12: A, The negative control with T cell alone; B, The experimental group of T cells with TiTE-1; C, The negative control with BV173 alone; The experimental group of TiTE-1on BV173; E, The negative control with BV173; F, The experimental group of TiTE-6 on BV173; G, The experimental group of TiTE-8 on BV173; H, The experimental group of TiTE-9 on BV173; I, The experimental group of TiTE-10 on BV173; J, The experimental group of TiTE-11 on BV173; K, The experimental group of TiTE-12 on BV173; L, T cell negative control; M, The experimental group of TiTE-6 on T cell; N, The experimental group of TiTE-8 on T cell; O, The experimental group of TiTE-9 on T cell; P, The experimental group of TiTE-10 on T Cell; Q, The experimental group of TiTE-11 on T cell; R, The experimental group of TiTE-12 on T cell. The experiments demonstrated that the multifunctional protein molecule TiTE-1 binds well to CD3 antigen and CD19 antigen respectively; the antiMHC/WT1 and antiCD3 of TiTE-6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 have ability to bind to both intracellular antigenWT1 and CD3 antigen, respectively.

Figure 9. FACS results of multifunctional protein molecules TiTE-2, 3, and 4: A, malme-3M negative control; B, The experimental group of TiTE-2 on malme-3M; C, The experimental group of TiTE-2 on malme-3M; D, The experimental group of TiTE-4 one malme-3M; E, T cell negative control; F, The experimental group of TiTE-2 on T cell; G, The experimental group of TiTE-3 on T cell; H, The experimental group of TiTE-4 on T cell. It can be seen from the figure that the multifunctional protein molecules TiTE-2, 3 bind well to the MHC/GP100 antigen and CD3 antigen, respectively, and TiTE-4 binds well to the MHC/Mart1 antigen and CD3 antigen.

Figure 10. FACS results of multifunctional protein molecules TiTE-15, 16: A, BV173 negative control; B, The experimental group of TiTE-15 on BV173; C, the experimental group of TiTE-16 on BV173; D, T cell negative control; E, The experimental group of TiTE- 15 on T cell; F, The experimental group of TiTE-16 on T cell. It can be seen from the figure that the multifunctional protein molecules TiTE-15, 16 bind well to the CD19 antigen and the CD3 antigen, respectively.

Figure 11. FACS results of multifunctional protein moleculeTiTE-5: A; malme-3M-CD19-Luc negative control; B, The experimental group of TiTE-5 on malme-3M-CD19-Luc; C, Negative control with malme-3M-CD22-Luc; D, The experimental group of TiTE-5 on malme-3M-CD22-Luc; E, T cell negative control; F, The experimental group of TiTE-5 on T cell; It can be seen from the figure that the multifunctional protein molecule TiTE-5 binds well to the CD19 antigen, CD20 antigen and CD3 antigen, respectively.


Examples



[0094] The experimental methods used in the following examples are conventional methods unless otherwise specified.

[0095] The materials, reagents and the like used in the following examples are commercially available unless otherwise specified.

Example 1. Construction of the vector expressing a multifunctional protein molecule



[0096] 

1. Construction of the novel multifunctional protein TiTE-1 targeting to CD19-positive tumour cells
A novel multifunctional protein TiTE-1 targeting to CD19-positive tumour cells, which was fused by the main peptide chain X1 with the co-peptide chain Y1 to obtain a protein (Fig. 1);
The main peptide chain X1 included an antigen 1 binding domain R1, a cytokine or the cytokine binding domain of a cytokine receptor R2 and an antigen 2 binding domain R3;
The co-peptide chain Y1 included an antigen 3 binding domain R4 and a main peptide chain X linkage domain R5.
The antigen-binding domain (R1) of the main peptide chain (X1) was selected from antiCD19-ScFv (sequence 1), the co-peptide chain linkage domain (R2) was selected from IL15Rαsushi (sequence 2), and the antigen-binding domain (R3) is selected from antiCD3-ScFv (sequence 3);
The extracellular domain of the receptor PD1 of PDL1 and PDL2 (sequence 4) was selected as the antigen binding domain (R4) of the co-peptide chain (Y1), and IL15 (sequence 5) was selected as the primary peptide chain domain (R5).

2. The signal peptide (amino acid sequence: MALPVTALLLPLALLLHAARP), HindIII restriction site was added to the 5' end of the main peptide chain, and the linker peptide between the co-peptide chain domain of the main peptide chain (R2: L15Rαsushi) and the antigen binding domain (R3: antiCD3-ScFv) contained a BamHI restriction site; a P2A peptide was added between the 3' end of the main peptide chain and the 5' end of the co-peptide chain (amino acid sequence: GSGATNFSLLKQAGDVEENPGP); Xba I of restriction site was added to the 3' end of the co-peptide chain.

3, The antiCD19-IL15Rαsushi fragment, antiCD3 fragment and P2A-PD1-IL15 fragment were PCR amplified and run on nucleic acid gel electrophoresis; overlapping PCR amplified antiCD3-P2A-PD1-IL15 fragment on nucleic acid gel electrophoresis. The antiCD19-IL15Rαsushi fragment was cleaved using HindIII and BamHI. AntiCD3-P2A-PD1-IL15 was cut using BamHI and Xba I; the vector PCDNA3.1 (Invitrogen) was cleaved using HindIII and Xba I.

4. The target fragments were recovered by gel electrophoresis, and three fragments recovered were ligated and transformed, and the clones were selected and sequenced, and finally the target plasmid PCDNA3.1-TiTE-1 was obtained.
The recombinant vector PCDNA3.1-TiTE-1 is an expression cassette for the expression of the multifunctional protein TiTE-1 targeting CD19-positive tumour cells (the nucleotide sequence of the expression cassette is composed of the nucleotide sequence encoding the main peptide chain X1 (sequence 6)and the nucleotide sequence (sequence 7) encoding the co-peptide chain Y1, and the last nucleotide of the sequence 6 is immediately adjacent to the first nucleotide of the sequence 7) replaces the fragment between HindIII and XbaI of PCDNA3.1 vector (Invitrogen, USA),the resulting recombinant vector was obtained to express a functional multifunctional protein TiTE-1 consisting of a main peptide chain X1 (sequence 8) and a co-peptide chain Y1 (sequence 9).

5. According to the above steps, the expression vectors were constructed for the multifunctional proteins TiTE-2, TiTE-3, TiTE-4, TiTE-5, TiTE-6, TiTE-7, TiTE-8, TiTE-9, TiTE-10, TiTE-11, TiTE-12; The expression vectors of TiTE-13, TiTE-14, TiTE-15, and TiTE-16 were constructed in a similar manner, and the structures thereof are shown in Table 1 below, and the expression framework is shown in Fig. 2.

Table 1 the structure of multifunctional proteins
 Antigen binding domain R1Co-peptide linkage domain R2Antigen binding domain R3Antigen binding domain R4Main peptide chain linkage domain R5
TiTE-1 AntiCD19-ScFv IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv Extracellular region of PD1 IL15
TiTE-2 AntiMHC/GP100-VHH IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv Extracellular region of PD1 IL15
TiTE-3 AntiMHC/GP100-VHH IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv AntiMHC/GP100-VH H IL15
TiTE-4 AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv Extracellular region of PD1 IL15
TiTE-5 AntiCD19-ScFv IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv AntiCD22-ScFv IL15
TiTE-6 AntiMHC/WT1-VH IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv Extracellular region of PD1 IL15
TiTE-7 AntiMHC/WT1-VH IL15Rαsushi AntiCD16-ScFv Extracellular region of PD1 IL15
TiTE-8 AntiMHC/WT1-VH IL4Rα-N-FN3 AntiCD3-ScFv Extracellular region of PD1 IL4
TiTE-9 AntiMHC/WT1-VH IL15Rαsushi Extracellular region of of PD1 AntiCD3-ScFv IL15
TiTE-10 Extracellular region of PD1 IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv AntiMHC/WT1-VH IL15
TiTE-11 AntiCD3-ScFv IL15Rαsushi AntiMHC/WT1-V H Extracellular region of PD1 IL15
TiTE-12 AntiMHC/WT1-VH IL15 AntiCD3-ScFv Extracellular region of PD1 IL15 Rαsushi
TiTE-13 AntiMHC/WT1-VH IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv - -
TiTE-14 AntiMHC/WT1-VH IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv - IL15
TiTE-15 AntiCD19-ScFv IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv - -
TiTE-16 AntiCD19-ScFv IL15Rαsushi AntiCD3-ScFv - IL15


[0097] Wherein, the amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/GP100-VHH is sequence 10;
The amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH is sequence 11;
The amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/WT1-VH is sequence 12;
The amino acid sequence of IL4Rα-N-FN3 is sequence 13;
The amino acid sequence of AntiCD16-ScFv is sequence 14;
The amino acid sequence of AntiCD22-ScFv is sequence 15;
The amino acid sequence of IL4 is sequence 16;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-2 is sequence 17, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 9;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-3 is sequence 17, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 18;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-4 is sequence 19, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 9;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-5 is sequence 8, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 20;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-6 is sequence 21, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 9;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-7 is sequence 22, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 9;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-8 is sequence 23, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 24;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-9 is sequence 25, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 26;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-10 is sequence 27, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 28;
The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-11 is sequence 29, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 9.

[0098] The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-12 is sequence 30, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 31.

[0099] TiTE-13 is the main peptide chain, and the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain is sequence 21.

[0100] The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-14 is sequence 21, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 5.

[0101] TiTE-15 is a main peptide chain, and its amino acid sequence is sequence 8.

[0102] The main peptide chain amino acid sequence of TiTE-16 is sequence 8, and the co-peptide chain amino acid sequence is sequence 5.

[0103] The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-2 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 35, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 7;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-3 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 35, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 36;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-4 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last peptide of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 37, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 7;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-5 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 6, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 38;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-6 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 39, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 7;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-7 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last peptide of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 40, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 7;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-8 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 41, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 42;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-9 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 43, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 44;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-10 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 45, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 46;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-11 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last peptide of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 47, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 7;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-12 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 48, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 49;
The coding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-13 is sequence 39;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-14 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last base of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 39, and the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 50;
The nucleic acid sequence encoding TiTE-15 is sequence 6;
The encoding nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-16 is composed of a main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence and a co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence, and the last peptide of the 3' end of the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is next to the 1st base of the 5' end of the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence; wherein the main peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 6, the co-peptide chain encoding nucleic acid sequence is sequence 50;
To make recombinant vectors from PCDNA3.1-TiTE-2 to PCDNA3.1-TiTE-16 PCDNA3.1 vector is cut by HindIII and XbaI and the corresponding nucleic acid sequence from the nucleic acid sequence expressing TiTE-2 to TiTE-16 is inserted into PCDNA3.1 respectively.

Example 2: The expression and purification of multi-targeting functional proteins



[0104] 
  1. 1. 293F (invitrogen) was cultured at 37 °C, 8% CO2, 120 rpm until the cell density reached to 1x10^6 cell/ml.
  2. 2. The vector PCDNA3.1-TiTE-1 constructed in Example 1 was transfected into the cells of the above 1 using PEI and the concentration of plasmid used was 1 mg/L, and PEI concentration was 3 mg/L. The cells were incubated for 5-6 days at 37 °C, 8% CO2, 120 rpm.
  3. 3. The culture media of the above 2 was centrifuged at 4000 rpm, and the supernatant was collected and the protein was bound to Protein/cap to L beads and eluted with 500 uL of 0.1Mof Gly-HCl, pH 2.6-3.0, and finally the eluate was collected.
  4. 4. The proteins were detected on SDS-PAGE (Fig. 3). It can be seen that the target proteins of about 65KD and 30KD were obtained, representing the main peptide chain X and the co-peptide chain Y of the multifunctional protein molecule TiTE-1.
  5. 5. The same method was used to express and purify TiTE-2, TiTE-3, TiTE-4, TiTE-5, TiTE-7, TiTE-8, TiTE-9, TiTE-10, TiTE-11, TiTE-12, etc. multi-functional proteins.

Example 3: Multi-functional proteins TiTE-1, 15, 16 mediated T cell killing CD19 + target cells in vitro



[0105] 

1. 1x10^4 of target cells, malme-3M-CD19-luc obtained bytransfectingCD19 antigen gene (the nucleic acid sequence is sequence 32) and Luc gene (the nucleic acid sequence is sequence 33) into the Malme-3M purchased from ATCC to express CD19 antigen and the Luc protein, in 50 uL were plated in a 96-well plate, and cultured at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 18-20 h.

2. After the cells attached to the wall, the medium was aspirated and discarded, and 50 uL of fresh medium was added and the cells were cultured at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 1-3 h.

3, The target protein TiTE-1 obtained in Example 2 was stepwise diluted to different concentrations of 50, 5, 0.5, 0.05, 0.005 ng/uL respectively;
On experimental group: 50uL of 1x10^5 of T cells, which were derived from mononuclear cell-rich white membrane layer of normal human peripheral blood by density gradient centrifugation, and stimulated by OKT3 (50ng/mL) and IL2(300IU/mL) for 14 days, were added to 50, 5 0.5, 0.05, and 0.005 ng of TiTe-1, the target protein obtained in Example 2 and were incubated further for 1-2 h at 37°C to obtain T cells incubated with the antibody.
On negative control group: 50, 5, 0.5, 0.05, 0.005 ng of a bispecific control antibody (TiTE-6) with no killing effect on the target cells were added to 50 uL of 1x10^5 T cells, respectively, and incubate at 37 °C for 1-2 h.

4. 50 uL of T cells incubated with the antibody were added to a 96-well plate with added target cells, and incubate at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 22-24 h.

5, 100uL of 1% Triton lysate was added onto each well, repeatedly blew cells, and stood for 3-5min, the cells were completely lysed; 50uL of lysate was added into a black 96-well plate, 50uL substrate (300ug/mL Luc and 2mg /mL ATP was mixed in a volume ratio of 3:1) was added and the fluorescence value on each well was quickly measured.

6. The killing efficiency was calculated as follows: the killing efficiency = {(negative control fluorescence value - experimental group fluorescence value) / negative control fluorescence value} x100%.
The result is shown in Figure 4B. It can be seen that the multi-function protein TiTE-1 by the present invention can kill CD19-positive tumour cells in vitro at a very low concentration compared with the control group in Fig. 4A. The optimal killing effect in vitro can be obtained at a concentration of 0.5-5 ng/10^6 cells.

7. In the same way, TiTE-15 and TiTE-16 killing experiments were carried out to verify that the tumour cells were killed by using a very low concentration of a multifunctional protein.
The results are shown in Figures 4C and 4D. It can be seen that multi-functional proteins TiTE-15 and 16 by the present invention could kill tumour cells in vitro at a very low concentration, and the optimal concentration was 0.5-5 ng/10^6 cells.

8. In the same manner, TiTE-5 killing experiment was carried out.malme-3M-CD19-luc and malme-3M-CD22-luc by transfecting a CD22 antigen gene (sequence 34) and a Luc gene (sequence 33) into the genome of ATCC-purchased Malme-3M were used as the target cells. The results are shown in Figures 4E and 4F. It can be seen that the multifunctional protein TiTE-5 provided by the present invention has killing ability on CD19 and CD22 positive cells. The tumour cells can be killed in vitro at a very low concentration, and the optimal killing effect was obtained when the concentration is 0.5-5 ng/10^6 cells.


Example 4: Multi-functional protein molecule TiTE-6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 mediate T cell killing of WT1 positive target cells in vitro



[0106] 

1. 1x10^4 of target cell BV173 (ATCC purchased BV173 transfected by Luc gene (sequence 33)) in 50 uL was plated in a 96-well plate, and cultured at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 1-2 h.

2, The target protein TiTE-6 obtained in Example 2 was stepwise diluted to different concentrations of 50, 5, 0.5, 0.05 ng / uL;
On experimental group: 50uL of 1x10^5 of T cells, which were derived from mononuclear cell-rich white membrane layer of normal human peripheral blood by density gradient centrifugation, and stimulated by OKT3 (50ng/mL) and IL2 (300IU/mL) for 14 days, were added to 50, 5 0.5, 0.05, and 0.005 ng of TiTe-6, the target protein obtained in Example 2 and were incubated further for 1-2 h at 37 °C to obtain T cells incubated with the antibody.
On negative control group: 50, 5, 0.5, 0.05, 0.005 ng of a bispecific control antibody (TiTE-2) with no killing effect on the target cells were added to 50 uL of 1x10^5 T cells, respectively, and incubate at 37 °C for 1-2 h.

3. 50 uL of T cells incubated with the antibody was added to a 96-well plate with target cells, and incubated at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 22-24 h.

4. 100uL of 1% Triton lysate was added onto each well, repeatedly blew cells, and stood for 3-5min, the cells were completely lysed; 50uL of lysate was added into a black 96-well plate, 50uL substrate (300ug/mL Luc and 2mg /mL ATP was mixed in a volume ratio of 3:1) was added and the fluorescence value on each well was quickly measured.

5. The killing efficiency was calculated as follows: the killing efficiency = {(negative control fluorescence value - experimental group fluorescence value) / negative control fluorescence value} x 100%.
The result is shown in Fig. 5B. It can be seen that the multifunctional protein TiTE-6 provided by the present invention can kill tumour cells at a very low concentration.

6. The killing experiments of TiTE-8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 were carried out in the same manner, and the effective target ratio was 10:1, and the antibody concentration was 5 ng of the corresponding antibody in each case. The experimental results are shown in Fig. 5C. It can be seen that WT1 positive tumour cells could be killed by multi-functional proteins provided by the present invention are killed.


Example 5: Multi-functional protein TiTE-2, 3, 4 mediate T cell killing for the target cells in vitro



[0107] 

1. 50 uL of 1x10^4 target cell malme-3M-luc (obtained by transfection of Luc gene into malme-3M purchased by ATCC) was plated in a 96-well plate and cultured at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 18-20 h.

2. After the cells attached to the wall, the medium was aspirated and discarded, and 50 uL of fresh medium was added and incubated at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 1-3 h.

3, TiTE-2, 3, 4 obtained in Example 2 were stepwise diluted to different concentrations of 50, 5, 0.5, 0.05, 0.005 ng/uL;
On experimental group: 50uL of 1x10^5 of T cells, which were derived from mononuclear cell-rich white membrane layer of normal human peripheral blood by density gradient centrifugation, and stimulated by OKT3 (50ng/mL) and IL2 (300IU/mL) for 14 days, were added to 50, 5 0.5, 0.05, and 0.005 ng of TiTe-2, 3, 4,the target proteins obtained in Example 2.The cells with the proteins were incubated further for 1-2 h at 37 °C to obtain T cells incubated with the antibody.
On negative control group: 50, 5, 0.5, 0.05, 0.005 ng of a bispecific control antibody (TiTE-6) with no killing effect on the target cells were added to 50 uL of 1x10^5 T cells, respectively, and incubate at 37 °C for 1-2 h.

4. 50 uL of T cells incubated with the antibody was added to a 96-well plate plated with target cells, and incubate at 37 °C, 5% CO2 for 22-24 h.

5, 100uL of 1% Triton lysate was added onto each well, repeatedly blew cells, and stood for 3-5min, the cells were completely lysed; 50uL of lysate was added into a black 96-well plate, 50uL substrate (300ug/mL Luc and 2mg /mL ATP was mixed in a volume ratio of 3:1) was added and the fluorescence value on each well was quickly measured.

6. The killing efficiency was calculated as follows: the killing efficiency = {(negative control fluorescence value - experimental group fluorescence value) / negative control fluorescence value} x 100%.



[0108] The result is shown in Figure 6. It can be seen that multi-functional proteins TiTE-2, 3, and 4 provided by the present invention could kill tumour cells in vitro at a very low concentration, and the optimal concentration for the best killing effect is 0.5-5 ng/10^6 cells.

Example 6. Multifunctional protein TiTE-1 stimulates the expansion of NK cell



[0109] 
  1. 1. 6x10^5 of NK92 cells (China Type Culture Collection) were culture in 2mL medium (Alpha basal medium, 12.5% horse serum, 12.5% FBS, 0.2 mM inositol, 0.1 mM mercaptoethanol, 0.02 mM folic acid) with 40 ng/mL of multifunctional protein TiTE-1 obtained in Example 2 at 37 °C, 5% CO2.
  2. 2. After 2-3 days of culture, the total number of cells was count and to be cultured continuously for 18 days, the cell density was adjusted to 3x10^5 cells/mL for each passage, and 40 ng/mL of multifunctional protein TiTE-1 was maintained.


[0110] The cell growth curve is shown in Fig. 7. It can be seen that the multifunctional protein TiTE-1 provided by the present invention can stimulate NK cell expansion and has the function of IL15/IL15Rαsushi.

[0111] The IL15/IL15Rasushi domains of TiTE2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 15 are identical to TiTE-1, and their functions are not significantly different.

Example 7. FACS verification of CD19 and CD3 antigen binding for multifunctional protein TiTE-1 and antiMHC/WT1 and antiCD3 of TiTE-6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 for binding to intracellular antigenWT1 and CD3, respectively.



[0112] 
  1. 1. T cell experimental group and BV173 experimental group: 5 ug each of multifunctional protein TiTE-1, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 were added to the mixture of BV173 cells and 3x10^5 T cells which were derived from mononuclear cell-rich white membrane layer of normal human peripheral blood by density gradient centrifugation, and stimulated by OKT3 (50ng/mL) and IL2 (300IU/mL) for 14 days, and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation and the cells were re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS. 2 uL APC labelled Mouse anti-Human CD279 (BD, Cat. No. 558694) was added and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation and the cells were re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS.
    T cell negative control group and BV173 cell negative control group: BV173 cells (ATCC) were mixed with3x10^5 of T cells derived from mononuclear cell-rich white membrane layer of normal human peripheral blood by density gradient centrifugation, and stimulated by OKT3 (50ng/mL) and IL2 (300IU/mL) for 14 days and 2 uL of APC labelled Mouse anti-Human CD279 (BD, Cat. No. 558694) was added and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation, and the cells were re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS as a negative control.
  2. 2. The results of flow cytometry shown in Fig. 8. It can be seen from the figure that the multifunctional protein TiTE-1 bound well to CD19 antigen and CD3 antigen, respectively; antiMHC/WT1 and anti-CD3 of TiTE-6, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 bound well to intracellular antigenantiCD3 function well with WT1 and CD3 antigen, respectively.

Example 8. FACS verification of the binding function of TiTE-2, 3for MHC/GP100 and CD3 antigens and TiTE-4for MHC/Mart1 and CD3 antigens respectively.



[0113] 
  1. 1. T cell and malme-3M-Luc (by transfecting luc gene into Malme-3M purchased by ATCC) experimental group: 5ug of multifunctional protein TiTE-2, 3, 4 each was added to 3x10^5 T cells and malme-3M-Luc cells, respectively. and the cells were incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation and the cells were resuspended in 200 uL of PBS. 2 uL of PE conjugated anti-hIL-15 (R&D, IC2471P) was added and kept on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation and the cells were resuspended in 200 uL of PBS.
    T cell group and malme-3M-Luc cell negative control group: 2uLAPC Mouse anti-Human CD279 (BD, No. 558694) was added to 3 x 10^5 T cells and malme-3M-Luc, respectively, and the cells with the antibody were incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation, and the cells were re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS as a negative control.
  2. 2. The results of flow cytometry analysis shown in Fig. 9. It can be seen from the figure that the multifunctional proteins TiTE-2 and 3 bind well to MHC/GP100 antigen and CD3 antigen, respectively, TiTE-4 binds to MHC/Mart1 antigen and CD3 antigen well.

Example 9. FACS verification of the binding function of antiCD19 and antiCD3 of the multifunctional protein TiTE-15, 16 to CD19 antigen and CD3 antigen, respectively



[0114] 
  1. 1. T cell and BV173 cell experimental group: 5 ug of multi-function proteins TiTE-15, 16 were added to BV173 cells and 3 x 10^5 T cells derived from mononuclear cell-rich white membrane layer of normal human peripheral blood by density gradient centrifugation, and stimulated by OKT3 (50ng/mL) and IL2 (300IU/mL) for 14 days, and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation and the cells were re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS. 2 uL of FITC-Labeled recombinant Protein L (ACRO Biosystem, RPL-PF141) was added and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation, washed twice in 500 uL PBS, and re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS.
    T cell and BV173 cell negative control group: 310E5 T cells respectively (PBMC stimulated with 50ng/mL OKT3, 300IU/mL IL2)were mixed with BV173 cells (ATCC) first, and 2 uL APC Mouse anti-Human CD279 (BD, Cat. No. 558694) was added to the cells and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation, and the cells were re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS as a negative control.
  2. 2. The results of flow cytometry analysis shown in Fig. 10. It can be seen from the figure that the multifunctional proteins TiTE-15 and 16 bind well to the CD19 antigen and the CD3 antigen, respectively.

Example 10: FACS verification of the binding function of antiCD19, antiCD20 and antiCD3 of multifunctional protein TiTE-5to respective antigens.



[0115] 
  1. 1. T cell and malme-3M-CD19-Luc/malme-3M-CD22-Luc experimental groups.cell experimental group: 5ug of multi-function protein TiTE-5 was added to 3x10^5 T cells and malme-3M-CD19-Luc cells (by transfecting CD 19 antigen gene and Luc gene into Malme-3M purchased by ATCC) andmalme-3M-CD22-Luc (by transfecting CD22 antigen gene and Luc gene into Malme-3M purchased by ATCC) respectively, and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS. 2 uL of PE conjugated anti-hIL-15 (R&D, IC2471P) was added and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was centrifuged and the cells were re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS.
    T cell and malme-3M-CD19-Luc, malme-3M-CD22-Luc cell negative control groups: 3x10^5 T cells were mixed withmalme-3M-CD19-Luc, malme-3M-CD22-Luc, respectively. 2uL PE conjugated anti-hIL-15 (R&D, article number IC2471P) was added to each groups and incubated on ice for 30 min. The supernatant was removed by centrifugation, and the cells were re-suspended in 200 uL of PBS as a negative control.
  2. 2. The results of flow cytometry analysis shown in Fig. 11. It can be seen from the figure that the multifunctional protein TiTE-5 binds well to the CD19 antigen, CD20 antigen and CD3 antigen, respectively.

Industrial application



[0116] The experiments of the present invention demonstrate that the multifunctional protein of the present invention can bind to different tumour antigens through two antigen binding domains that could bind to tumour-associated antigens, mediate specific cell killing, and improve the accuracy of targeting; It can block the immunosuppressive signal and improve the ability to kill tumour if one of the antigen binding domains is an immune check-point related antigen; the multifunctional protein of the present invention can play a role of a cytokine since it contains a cytokine and cytokine receptor complex












































































































Claims

1. A polypeptide chain X comprising an antigen 1 binding domain R1, a co-peptide linkage domain R2 and an antigen 2 binding domain R3; the co-peptide linkage domain R2 is a cytokine or a cytokine binding domain of a cytokine receptor.
 
2. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 1, wherein the antigen 2 binding domain R3 is a receptor or antibody or other molecule that recognizes CD3 of a T cell.
 
3. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the antigen 2 binding domain R3 is a receptor or antibody or other molecule that recognizes CD16 of a NK cell.
 
4. The polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the antigen to which the antigen 1 binding domain R1 binds is selected from any one of the following cancer-related antigens: brain cancer, bladder cancer , breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, lymphoma, leukaemia, lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, kidney Cancer, skin cancer, thymoma, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and uterine cancer.
 
5. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 4, wherein the cancer-associated antigen is preferably one of the following antigens: CD123, CD19, CD20, CD22, CD37, ROR1, mesothelin, CD33/IL3Ra, c-Met, BCMA, PSMA, EGFRvIII, GD-2, NY-ESO-1, MAGEA3, β-human chorionic gonadotropin, AFP, RAGE-1, MN-CAIX, human telomerase reverse transcriptase , RU1, RU2 (AS), hsp70-2, M-CSF, PSA, PAP, LAGE-la, p53, Prostein, PSMA, Her2/neu, telomerase, PCTA-1, MAGE, ELF2M, IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF-I receptor, BCR-ABL, E2A-PRL, H4-RET, 1GH-IGK, MYL-RAR, GP100, Mart1, TSP-180, MAGE-4, MAGE-5, MAGE-6, RAGE, p185erbB2, p180erbB-3, c-met, nm-23H1, TAG-72, CA 19-9, CA 72-4, CAM 17.1, NuMa, K-ras, β-catenin, CDK4, Mum-1, P15, p16, 43-9F, 5T4, 791Tgp72, β-HCG, BCA225, BTAA, CA 125, CA 15-3\CA27.29\BCAA, CA 195, CA 242, CA-50, WT1, CD68, FGF-5 , G250, EpCAM, MA-50, MG7-Ag, MOV 18, NB/70K, RCAS1, SDCCAG16, TA-90, TAAL6, TAG72, TLP, p53, Ras, TPS, Epstein Barr disease Antigen EBVA, human papillomavirus (HPV) antigens E6, human papillomavirus (HPV) E7;or a complex of MHC with a short peptide derived from above antigens.
 
6. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the cancer-associated antigen is preferably selected from any one of the following antigens: CD19, CD20, CD22, CD123, CD33/IL3Ra, Her2, PDL1. A complex of GP100, Mart1, BCMA, WT-1, NY-ESO-1 or a complex of MHC with a short peptide of the above antigens.
 
7. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 6, wherein the cancer-associated antigen is preferably selected from one of the following antigens: CD19, CD20, CD22, Her2, PDL1, WT1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, NY-ESO-1 or a complex of MHC with a short peptide of the above antigens.
 
8. The polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the antigen 1 binding domain R1 is an antigen-binding antibody, an antigen-binding ligand, an antigen-binding receptor or a peptide with antigen-binding function.
 
9. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 8, wherein the antigen-binding antibody is an intact immunoglobulin, an antibody Fc, an antibody Fab, an antibody VH or VHH, an antibody VL or a scFv; either full length of the peptide chain or partial peptide chain.
 
10. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the antigen-binding ligand or the antigen-binding receptor is a full-length peptide chain or a partial peptide of a receptor or a ligand.
 
11. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 10, wherein the antigen 1 binding domain R1 is a TCR having an antigen recognition function.
 
12. The polypeptide chain X according to claim 10, wherein the antigen-binding domain R1 is a TCR-like antibody or other molecule having an antigen recognition function.
 
13. A protein comprising a peptide chain X according to claim 1 as a main peptide chain and a co-peptide chain Y to constitute a heterodimer; the co-peptide chain Y comprises an antigen 3 binding domain R4 and a main peptide chain X linkage domain R5, or said co-peptide chain Y is the main peptide chain linkage domain R5; said main peptide chain linkage domain R5 binds each other to a co-peptide chain linkage domain R2 in said peptide chain X.
 
14. The protein according to claim 13, wherein the antigen 3 to which the antigen 3 binding domain R4 binds is selected from any of the following cancer-related antigens: brain cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer , colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, lymphoma, leukemia, lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, kidney cancer, skin cancer, thymus Tumor, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and uterine cancer.
 
15. The protein according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the cancer-associated antigen 3 is preferably one of the following antigens: CD123, CD19, CD20, CD22, CD37, ROR1, mesothelin, CD33/IL3Ra , c-Met, BCMA, PSMA, EGFRvIII, GD-2, NY-ESO-1, MAGEA3, β-human chorionic gonadotropin, AFP, RAGE-1, MN-CAIX, human telomerase reverse transcription enzyme, RU1, RU2 (AS), hsp70-2, M-CSF, PSA, PAP, LAGE-la, p53, Prostein, PSMA, Her2/neu, PDL1, telomerase, PCTA-1, MAGE, ELF2M, IGF -I, IGF-II, IGF-I receptor, BCR-ABL, E2A-PRL, H4-RET, 1GH-IGK, MYL-RAR, GP100, Mart1, TSP-180, MAGE-4, MAGE-5, MAGE -6, RAGE, p185erbB2, p180erbB-3, c-met, nm-23H1, TAG-72, CA 19-9, CA 72-4, CAM 17.1, NuMa, K-ras, β-catenin, CDK4, Mum -1, p15, p16, 43-9F, 5T4, 791Tgp72, β-HCG, BCA225, BTAA, CA 125, CA 15-3\CA27.29\BCAA, CA 195, CA242, CA-50, WT1, CD68, FGF-5, G250, EpCAM, M344, MA-50, MG7-Ag, MOV18, NB/70K, RCAS1, SDCCAG16, TA-90, TAAL6, TAG72, TLP, p53, Ras, TPS, Epstein Barr virus antigen EBVA, human papillomavirus (HPV) antigen E6, human papillomavirus (HPV) antigen E7 or a complex of MHC with a short peptide of the above antigen.
 
16. The protein according to any one of claims 13 to 15, wherein the cancer-associated antigen is preferably selected from any one of the following antigens: CD19, CD20, CD22, CD123, CD33/IL3Ra, Her2. A complex of PDL1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, WT-1, NY_ESO-1 or a complex of MHC with a short peptide of the above antigen.
 
17. The protein according to any one of claims 13 to 16, wherein the cancer-associated antigen is preferably selected from any one of the following antigens: CD19, CD20, CD22, Her2, PDL1, WT1, GP100, Mart1, BCMA, NY_ESO-1 or a complex of MHC with a short peptide of the above antigen.
 
18. A polypeptide according to any one of claims 1 to 12, or a protein according to any one of claims 13 to 17, wherein the positions of the antigen 1 binding domain R1 and the antigen 2 binding domain R3 are interchangeable.
 
19. The protein according to any one of claims 13-17, wherein the positions of the antigen 1 binding domain R1 and the antigen 3 binding domain R4 are interchangeable.
 
20. The protein according to any one of claims 13-17, wherein the positions of the antigen 2 binding domain R3 and the antigen 3 binding domain R4 are interchangeable.
 
21. The protein according to any one of claims 13 to 20, wherein the co-peptide chain linkage domain R2 and the main-peptide chain linkage domain R5 are a pair of peptides having a function of binding to each other.
 
22. The protein according to any one of claims 13 to 21, wherein: the co-peptide chain linkage domain R2 and the main-peptide chain linkage domain R5 are mutually a pair of cytokines and their receptor subunits.
 
23. The protein according to claim 21 or 22, wherein the cytokine is a yc family cytokine, and the yc family cytokine is IL2, IL4, IL7, IL9, IL15 or IL21.
 
24. The protein according to any one of claims 21 to 23, wherein the cytokine and its receptor subunit is selected from the group consisting of IL15 and IL15Rα or IL4 and IL4Rα.
 
25. A polypeptide according to any one of claims 1 to 12, or a protein according to any one of claims 13 to 24, wherein: each component of said polypeptide chain X or each component of a main peptide chain of said protein or each component of co-peptide chain is linked by a polypeptide linker consisting of 1-20 amino acid residues.
 
26. The protein according to claim 25, wherein: said polypeptide linker is rich in glycine and/or serine.
 
27. A polypeptide according to any one of claims 1 to 12, or a protein according to any one of claims 13 to 26, wherein: the antigen 1 binding domain R1 is antiCD19-ScFv or AntiMHC/GP100-VHH or AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH, or Anti MHC/WT1 or the extracellular region of or PD1 or AntiCD22-ScFv or antiCD3-ScFv or antiCD16-ScFv; or, the co-peptide linkage domain R2 is IL15Rαsushi or IL4Rα-N-FN3 or IL15 or IL-4; Or where in the antigen 2 binding domain R3 is an antiCD3-ScFv or antiCD16-ScFv or antiCD19-ScFv or AntiMHC/GP1 00-VHH or AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH or antiWT1 or an extracellular region of PD1 or AntiCD22-ScFv; or, wherein the antigen 3 binding domain R4 is the extracellular domain of PD1 or AntiMHC/GP1 00-VHH or AntiCD22-ScFv or antiCD19-ScFv or AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH or anti MHC/WT1 or antiCD3-ScFv or antiCD16-ScFv; or the main peptide chain linkage domain R5 is IL15 or IL4 or IL15Rαsushi or IL4Rα-N-FN3.
 
28. The polypeptide chain X or protein according to claim 27, wherein: the amino acid sequence of antiCD19-ScFv is sequence 1; the amino acid sequence of the IL15Rαsushi is sequence 2; and the amino acid sequence of the antiCD3-ScFv is sequence 3. The amino acid sequence of the extracellular region of PD1 is sequence 4; the amino acid sequence of IL15 is sequence 5; the amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/GP100-VHH is sequence 10; the amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/Mart1-VHH is sequence 11; the amino acid sequence of AntiMHC/WT1-VH is sequence 12; the amino acid sequence of IL4Rα-N-FN3 is sequence 13; the amino acid sequence of AntiCD16-ScFv is sequence 14; the amino acid sequence of AntiCD22-ScFv is sequence 15; the amino acid sequence of IL4 is sequence 16.
 
29. The polypeptide chain X or protein according to claim 27 or 28, wherein: the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 8; or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 17; or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 21; or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 22; or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 23; or the amino acid sequence of the chain X is sequence 27, or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence 29; or the amino acid sequence of the polypeptide chain X is sequence of 30;or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence of 8,the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 17, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 17 , the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 18; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 19, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 8, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 20; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 21, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 22, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 23, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 24; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 25, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 26; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 27, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 28; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 29, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 9; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 30, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 31; or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 21, the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 5. Or the amino acid sequence of the main peptide chain of the protein is sequence 8, and the amino acid sequence of the co-peptide chain is sequence 5.
 
30. The protein of any one of claims 13 to 29or the nucleic acid molecule encoding the polypeptide of any one of claims 1 to 12, comprising a nucleic acid molecule encoding the main peptide chain or a nucleic acid molecule encoding a main peptide chain and a co-peptide chain.
 
31. A recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell containing the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30.
 
32. The recombinant vector according to claim 31, wherein the nucleic acid molecule encoding the main peptide chain or the nucleic acid molecule encoding the main peptide chain and encoding the co-peptide chain in the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 are inserted into an expression vector to obtain a vector expressing the polypeptide chain X of any one of claims 1 to 12 or the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29.
 
33. The cell according to claim 31, wherein the cell of interest is a prokaryotic cell, a yeast cell or a mammalian cell;
 
34. A kit comprising the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12 or the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombination vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31.
 
35. The usage of the following materials in immunotherapy: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34; or the usage of the following materials for the preparation of an immunotherapeutic product: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12 or the protein according to any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, cell or recombinant virus of claim 31 or the kit of claim 34 etc.; or the usage of the following materials for culturing immune cells and/or for promoting immune cell expansion and/or immunoassay: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34; or the usage of the following materials for preparing immune cell culture and/or promoting immune cell expansion and/or an application in an immunoassay product: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34; or the usage of the following materials for inhibiting or killing a target cell expressing an antigen of said proteins: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34; or the usage of the following materials for the production of inhibiting or killing a target cell expressing an antigen of said proteins: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34; or the usage of the following materials which mediate immune cell inhibition or killing a target cell expressing an antigen of said protein: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34;or the usage of the following materials for the preparation of product that mediates immune cell inhibition or killing of a target cell expressing an antigen of said protein: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34;or the usage of the following materials for treating or killing tumour cells: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34;or the usage of the following materials for the preparation of a product treating or killing tumour cells: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34;or usage of the following materials for the treatment or detection of a tumour: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34;or usage of the following materials for the preparation of a therapeutic or detecting tumour product: the polypeptide chain X according to any one of claims 1 to 12, the protein of any one of claims 13 to 29, the nucleic acid molecule of claim 30 or the recombinant vector, expression cassette, recombinant microbe strain, recombinant virus or cell of claim 31, or the kit of claim 34;
 
36. The usage according to claim 35, wherein the immunotherapy is to inhibit or kill tumour cells by immune cells; or the immune cells are T cells or NK cells; or the antigen is a cancer-associated antigen. Or the antigen is one from brain cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, lymphoma, leukaemia, lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma , ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, renal cancer, skin cancer, thymoma, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, uterine cancer etc associated antigen, or any combination thereof; or, the tumour is a brain cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, kidney cancer, lymphoma, leukaemia, lung cancer, melanoma, metastatic melanoma, mesothelioma, neuroblastoma, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, renal cancer, skin cancer, thymoma, sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, uterine cancer, any one or any combination of; or, the target cell is prokaryotic cells, yeast cells or mammalian cells; or, particularly the mammalian cell is a human cell; or, specifically human cells are the immune cells or immune cells specifically are T cells or NK cells.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description