(19)
(11)EP 3 578 616 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 18866950.1

(22)Date of filing:  10.10.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C09D 175/16(2006.01)
C09D 4/00(2006.01)
C08J 7/04(2006.01)
C09D 5/14(2006.01)
C09D 7/63(2018.01)
C08J 5/18(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2018/011895
(87)International publication number:
WO 2019/074270 (18.04.2019 Gazette  2019/16)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 11.10.2017 KR 20170131520

(71)Applicants:
  • LG Chem, Ltd.
    Seoul 07336 (KR)
  • Yonsei University, University-Industry Foundation(UIF).
    Seoul 03722 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • JEONG, Hyeok
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • KIM, Yong Rok
    Seoul 04984 (KR)
  • WANG, Kang-Kyun
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Jinkyu
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • KIM, Mingoo
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)

  


(54)ANTIMICROBIAL POLYMER COATING COMPOSITION AND ANTIMICROBIAL POLYMER FILM


(57) The present invention relates to an antimicrobial polymer coating composition comprising: a urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10; a photosensitizer; and a photoinitiator; an antimicrobial polymer film comprising a cured product of the antimicrobial polymer coating composition; and an antimicrobial polymer film comprising a predetermined urethane acrylate-based polymer resin; and a photosensitizer dispersed in the polymer resin, wherein the polymer film has oxygen permeability of 5 to 100 cc/m2day.




Description

[Technical Field]


CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION(S)



[0001] This application claims the benefit of the filing date of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2017-0131520 filed with the Korean Intellectual Property Office on October 11, 2017, the entire content of which is incorporated herein by reference.

[0002] The present invention relates to an antimicrobial polymer coating composition and an antimicrobial polymer film.

[Background Art]



[0003] A photosensitizer absorbs light to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS), and a photodynamic therapy (PDT) is widely used in which the photosensitizer is excited upon irradiation with light of a specific wavelength from the outside to generate active oxygen species or free radicals, thereby inducing apoptosis of various lesions or cancer cells and destroying them.

[0004] Various attempts have been made to develop polymeric materials having antimicrobial activity using such photodynamic reaction. For example, a method of melting a silicone resin or the like and then mixing the melted resin with a photosensitizer, or a method of using a coating solution formed by dissolving a silicone resin and a photosensitizer in a solvent is known.

[0005] However, according to the method of melting a silicone resin or the like and mixing it with a photosensitizer, since the dispersibility between the photosensitizer and the silicone resin is low, the photosensitizer in the silicone resin can be aggregated without being homogeneously distributed.

[0006] In addition, when melted with the silicone resin, since it is impossible to adjust the thickness of the silicon after melting, there is a limitation in that it is not easy to produce products in accordance with the application fields and uses or it is not suitable for mass production.

[0007] Moreover, when a coating solution formed by dissolving a silicone resin and a photosensitizer in a solvent is used, it is known that a certain level of antimicrobial activity can be achieved without being severely limited in the field of application. However, it is not easy to produce active oxygen to such an extent that sufficient antimicrobial activity can be exhibited when light in the visible light region is used, and the produced active oxygen is present only for a very short period of time. Thus, there is a limitation in that an excessive amount of light energy must be irradiated for a relatively long period of time.

[DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION]


[Technical Problem]



[0008] The present invention provids a photocurable antimicrobial coating composition which can maintain high antimicrobial activity for a long period of time even when using light in a visible light region, and can provide an antimicrobial material suitable for a mass production process.

[0009] The present invention provides an antimicrobial coating film which can maintain high antimicrobial activity for a long period of time even when using light in a visible light region.

[Technical Solution]



[0010] The present invention provides an antimicrobial polymer coating composition comprising: a urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10; a photosensitizer; and a photoinitiator.

[0011] The present invention also provides an antimicrobial polymer film comprising a cured product of the antimicrobial polymer coating composition.

[0012] In addition, the present invention provides an antimicrobial polymer film comprising: a substrate layer containing a urethane acrylate-based polymer resin having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10; and a photosensitizer dispersed in the substrate layer, wherein the polymer film has oxygen permeability of 5 to 100 cc/m2day.

[0013] Hereinafter, the antimicrobial polymer coating composition and the antimicrobial polymer film according to a specific embodiment of the present invention will be described in more detail.

[0014] In the present invention, the term "(meth)acrylate" is used with the meaning of including acrylate or methacrylate.

[0015] According to one embodiment of the invention, an antimicrobial polymer coating composition can be provided, comprising: a urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10; a photosensitizer; and a photoinitiator.

[0016] The present inventors conducted research on materials having a functional property such as antimicrobial activity using a photosensitizer, and found through experiments that a photocurable coating composition produced by mixing a urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10 with a photosensitizer not only is easily applicable to various fields and is suitable for mass production, but can also realize high antimicrobial activity even when applying light in a visible light region during production of an actual coating film or a coated molded article, and particularly, the generated active oxygen remains for a long time compared to previously known antimicrobial materials and thus can achieve high antimicrobial efficiency. The present invention has been completed on the basis of such findings.

[0017] More specifically, as the molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group in the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer is limited to 1 to 10, or 4 to 8, a predetermined polymer structure may be formed inside a polymer film or a polymer molded article produced using the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer. Accordingly, the polymer film or the polymer molded article may have specific air permeability, for example, oxygen permeability, of 5 to 100 cc/m2day, 20 to 90 cc/cc/m2day, or 25 to 80 cc/m2day.

[0018] When light in a visible light region is irradiated to such a polymer film or a polymer molded article, active oxygen species or free radicals are generated from the photosensitizer contained in the polymer film or the polymer molded article. As described above, as the polymer film or the polymer molded article has oxygen permeability in the above-described range, the active oxygen can be generated more efficiently, and also the time during which the active oxygen remains can be greatly increased.

[0019] When the molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group in the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer is too small, the oxygen permeability of the polymer film or the polymer molded article produced from the polymer coating composition is significantly lowered, and active oxygen is not sufficiently generated during visible light irradiation, and antimicrobial activity is not realized, so that it may be difficult to apply to a plurality of application products.

[0020] When the molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group in the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer is too large, active oxygen may be generated at a certain level during visible light irradiation, but the film strength of the polymer film is lowered so that a slight amount of the supported photosensitizer may leak out of the film, and a secondary side reaction with the leaked photosensitizer (for example, harmful effects on the human body due to the photosensitizer, environmental pollution, etc.) may occur. In addition, since the polymer film has low hardness, it may be difficult to apply it to a plurality of application products.

[0021] The urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer may have a predetermined molecular weight in consideration of the specific use and physical properties of the antimicrobial coating composition. For example, the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer may have a weight average molecular weight of 200 g/mol to 50,000 g/mol.

[0022] As used herein, the weight average molecular weight means a weight average molecular weight in terms of polystyrene measured by the GPC method.

[0023] As described above, when the antimicrobial polymer coating composition is irradiated with light in a visible ray region after photocuring, the photosensitizer may be excited to generate active oxygen or the like. For this purpose, the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may contain a photosensitizer in a predetermined amount.

[0024] Specifically, the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may include 0.01 to 5 parts by weight of the photosensitizer relative to 100 parts by weight of the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10.

[0025] Meanwhile, as the photosensitizer, a commonly known compound may be used. For example, porphine compounds, porphyrin compounds, chlorin compounds, bacteriochlorin compounds, phthalocyanine compounds, naphthalocyanine compounds, 5-aminoevuline esters, or combinations of two or more thereof may be used.

[0026] However, in order to achieve higher antimicrobial activity and antimicrobial activity-maintaining performance in the final product prepared from the antimicrobial polymer coating composition, it is preferable to use a porphine compound or a porphyrin compound. More preferably, as the photosensitizer, a porphine compound or a porphyrin compound in which 1 to 8 phenyl groups introduced with an alkoxy having 1 to 10 carbon atoms are introduced such as 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)-porphine can be used.

[0027] The antimicrobial polymer coating composition may contain a photoinitiator in a predetermined amount.

[0028] Specifically, the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may include 0.001 to 10 parts by weight of the photoinitiator relative to 100 parts by weight of the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10.

[0029] Specific examples of the photoinitiator are not limited, and commonly known photoinitiators can be used without particular limitation.

[0030] Specific examples of the photoinitiator include benzophenone-based compounds, acetophenone-based compounds, non-imidazole-based compounds, triazine-based compounds, oxime-based compounds, or mixtures of two or more thereof.

[0031] The antimicrobial polymer coating composition may further include an organic solvent or a surfactant.

[0032] The organic solvent may be added at the time of mixing the respective components contained in the antimicrobial polymer coating composition, or may be contained in the antimicrobial polymer coating composition while the respective components being added in a state of being dispersed in or mixed with the organic solvent.

[0033] For example, the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may include an organic solvent such that the total solid content concentration of the components contained therein is 1 wt% to 80 wt%, or 2 to 50 wt%.

[0034] Non-limiting examples of the organic solvent include ketones, alcohols, acetates, and ethers, or mixtures of two or more thereof.

[0035] Specific examples of the organic solvent include ketones such as methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, acetylacetone, and isobutyl ketone; alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, i-propanol, n-butanol, i-butanol, and t-butanol; acetates such as ethyl acetate, i-propyl acetate, and polyethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate; ethers such as tetrahydrofuran and propylene glycol monomethyl ether; or mixtures of two or more thereof.

[0036] The type of the surfactant is also not particularly limited, and an anionic surfactant, a cationic surfactant, an amphoteric surfactant, a nonionic surfactant, and the like can be used.

[0037] The antimicrobial polymer coating composition may contain 0.001 to 20 parts by weight of the surfactant relative to 100 parts by weight of the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10.

[0038] Meanwhile, the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may, optionally, further include a monomer or oligomer having a monofunctional or polyfunctional functional group, in addition to the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10.

[0039] Specifically, the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may include a monomer or an oligomer containing a (meth)acrylate or a vinyl group.

[0040] Specifically, the photopolymerizable compound may include a monomer or an oligomer containing one or more, two or more, or three or more of (meth)acrylates or vinyl groups.

[0041] Specific examples of the monomer or oligomer containing the (meth)acrylate include pentaerythritol tri(meth)acrylate, pentaerythritol tetra(meth)acrylate, dipentaerythritol penta(meth)acrylate, dipentaerythritol hexa(meth)acrylate, tripentaerythritol hepta(meth)acrylate, trilene diisocyanate, xylene diisocyanate, hexamethylene diisocyanate, trimethylolpropane tri(meth)acrylate, trimethylolpropane polyethoxy tri(meth)acrylate, trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, butanediol dimethacrylate, hexaethyl methacrylate, butyl methacrylate, or a mixture of two or more thereof, or alternatively an epoxide acrylate oligomer, an ether acrylate oligomer, a dendritic acrylate oligomer, or a mixture of two or more thereof.

[0042] In this case, the molecular weight of the oligomer is preferably 1000 to 10,000.

[0043] Specific examples of the vinyl group-containing monomer or oligomer include divinylbenzene, styrene, and para-methylstyrene.

[0044] Meanwhile, according to another embodiment of the present invention, an antimicrobial polymer film comprising a cured product of the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may be provided.

[0045] As described above, the antimicrobial polymer film prepared by curing the antimicrobial polymer coating composition is easily applicable to various fields and is suitable for mass production, but can also realize high antimicrobial activity even when applying light in a visible light region, particularly, the generated active oxygen remains for a long time compared to previously known antimicrobial materials, and thus can achieve high antimicrobial efficiency.

[0046] The antimicrobial polymer film can be obtained by coating the antimicrobial polymer coating composition onto a predetermined substrate and photo-curing the coated product.

[0047] The specific type and thickness of the substrate are not particularly limited, and substrates that are known to be used for the production of a conventional polymer film can be used without particular limitation.

[0048] A method and device commonly used for coating the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may be used without particular limitation, and for example, a bar coating method such as Meyer bar method, a gravure coating method, a 2-roll reverse coating method, a vacuum slot die coating method, a 2 roll coating method, etc., may be used.

[0049] The coating thickness of the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may be determined according to the use of the antimicrobial polymer film to be finally produced. For example, the antimicrobial polymer coating composition may be coated (applied) in a thickness of 1 µm to 1000 µm.

[0050] In the step of photocuring the antimicrobial polymer coating composition, ultraviolet rays or visible rays having a wavelength of 200 to 400 nm can be irradiated, and an exposure amount during irradiation is preferably 50 to 2000 mJ/cm2.

[0051] The exposure time is also not particularly limited, and can be appropriately changed depending on the exposure device used, the wavelength of the irradiation light, or the exposure amount.

[0052] Further, in the step of photocuring the antimicrobial polymer coating composition, nitrogen purging can be carried out to apply nitrogen atmosphere conditions.

[0053] Meanwhile, according to another embodiment of the present invention, an antimicrobial polymer film can be provided, comprising: a substrate layer containing a urethane acrylate-based polymer resin having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10; and a photosensitizer dispersed in the substrate layer, wherein the polymer film has oxygen permeability of 5 to 100 cc/m2day.

[0054] As the substrate layer contains a urethane acrylate-based polymer resin having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10, a predetermined polymer structure may be formed therein, and thereby, the antimicrobial polymer film may have specific air permeability, for example, oxygen permeability, of 5 to 100 cc/m2day, 20 to 90 cc/m2day, or 25 to 80 cc/m2day.

[0055] When light in a visible light region is irradiated to such an antimicrobial polymer film, active oxygen species or free radicals are generated from the photosensitizer contained in the substrate layer. As described above, as the antimicrobial polymer film has oxygen permeability in the above-described range, the active oxygen can be generated more efficiently, and also the time during which the active oxygen remains can be greatly increased.

[0056] More specifically, the antimicrobial polymer film may have a singlet oxygen lifetime of 0.4 ms or more, 0.8 ms, or 0.10 ms to 0.80 ms, as measured through a time-resolved phosphorescence laser spectroscopy system (see FIG. 2).

[0057] Further, the antimicrobial polymer film may have antimicrobial activity of 90 % or more, or 90 % to 99.9999 %, as measured by JIS R1702 (KS L ISO 27447; 2011, fine ceramics - test method for antimicrobial activity of semiconducting photocatalystic materials).

[0058] The antimicrobial polymer film may have a thickness of 10 µm to 10,000 µm.

[0059] Meanwhile, when the molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group in the urethane acrylate-based polymer resin contained in the substrate layer is too small, the oxygen permeability of the antimicrobial polymer film is significantly lowered, and active oxygen is not sufficiently generated during visible light irradiation, and antimicrobial activity is not realized, so that it may be difficult to apply to a plurality of application products.

[0060] In addition, when the molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group in the urethane acrylate-based polymer resin contained in the substrate layer is too large, active oxygen may be generated at a certain level during visible light irradiation, but the film strength of the polymer film is lowered so that a slight amount of the supported photosensitizer may leak out of the film, and a secondary side reaction with the leaked photosensitizer (for example, harmful effects on the human body due to the photosensitizer and environmental pollution, etc.) may occur. In addition, since the polymer film has low hardness, it may be difficult to apply it to a plurality of application products.

[0061] Meanwhile, according to another embodiment of the present invention, an electronic product including the above-mentioned antimicrobial polymer film can be provided.

[0062] Examples of the electronic product are not particularly limited, and for example, it can be applied to products where harmful bacteria, fungi etc. grow easily, such as a humidifier, a water tank, a refrigerator, an air washer, an aquarium, and an air cleaner.

[0063] In order to produce active oxygen or radicals in the antimicrobial polymer film, the electronic product may include a light irradiation device.

[0064] In addition, the electronic product may further include a device for distributing the produced active oxygen or radicals, for example, an air circulation device.

[ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS]



[0065] According to the present invention, a photocurable antimicrobial coating composition which can maintain high antimicrobial activity for a long period of time even by using light in a visible light region, and that can provide an antimicrobial material suitable for a mass production process, and an antimicrobial coating film which can maintain high antimicrobial activity for a long period of time even by using light in a visible light region, can be provided.

[BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS]



[0066] 

FIG. 1 shows an IR spectrum of the urethane acrylate-based oligomer prepared in Preparation Example 1.

FIG. 2 schematically shows the method for measuring the production amount and lifetime of singlet oxygen in Experimental Example 2.

FIG. 3 schematically shows a method for measuring the antimicrobial activity of the polymer films of examples and comparative examples according to JIS R 1702 in Experimental Example 3.


[DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS]



[0067] Embodiments of the present invention are described in more detail by way of the examples provided below.

[0068] However, the following examples are given for illustrative purposes only, and the scope of the present invention is not intended to be limited to or by these examples.

(Preparation Example: Preparation of urethane acrylate-based oligomer (polymer))


[Preparation Example 1]



[0069] 5 g of AOI-VM (M.W. 141.25) from Karenz and 40 g of Desmophen® C1200 (equivalent weight: 1000) from Bayer which is a polyester-carbonate diol were dispersed in 20 g of acetonitrile solution, to which a small amount of DBTDL as a catalyst was added and then reacted at room temperature for 5 hours to prepare a urethane acrylate-based oligomer (polymer).

[0070] Then, as shown in FIG. 1, it was confirmed through infrared spectroscopy whether urethane acrylate was produced (the peak increased near 1630 cm-1).

[Preparation Example 2]



[0071] 5 g of AOI-VM (M.W. 141.25) from Karenz and 40 g of Desmophen® C850 (equivalent weight: 1000) from Bayer which is a polyurethane-carbonate diol were dispersed in 20 g of acetonitrile solution, to which a small amount of DBTDL as a catalyst was added and then reacted at room temperature for 5 hours to prepare a urethane acrylate-based oligomer (polymer).

[Preparation Example 3]



[0072] 5 g of AOI-VM (M.W. 141.25) from Karenz and 40 g of Desmophore VPLS2249/1 (Equivalent weight 100) from Bayer which is a polyester-carbonate diol were dispersed in 20 g of an acetonitrile solution, to which a small amount of DBTDL as a catalyst was added and then reacted at room temperature for 5 hours to prepare a urethane acrylate-based oligomer (polymer).

[Example: Preparation of antimicrobial polymer coating composition and antimicrobial polymer film]


Example 1



[0073] Based on 100 parts by weight of the urethane acrylate-based oligomer of Preparation Example 1 (molar ratio of urethane functional group to acrylate-based functional group of about 1), 1 part by weight of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)-porphine (CAS No. 22112-78-3) as a photosensitizer, 2 parts by weight of a photoinitiator (trade name: Darocure TPO), 0.1 parts by weight of a surfactant (trade name: RS90 DIC), 50 parts by weight of toluene, and 50 parts by weight of ethanol were mixed to prepare an antimicrobial polymer coating solution (solid content concentration of 50 %).

[0074] Then, the antimicrobial polymer coating solution was coated using a #10 bar, and then cured at a rate of 2 m/min using a UV lamp at 0.2 J/cm2 to prepare an antimicrobial polymer film having a thickness of 10 µm.

Example 2



[0075] An antimicrobial polymer coating solution (solid content concentration of 50 %) and an antimicrobial polymer film (10 µm thick) were prepared in the same manner as in Example 1, except that the urethane acrylate-based oligomer (the molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the acrylate-based functional group of about 4) of Preparation Example 2 was used.

[Comparative Example: Preparation of polymer film]


Comparative Example 1



[0076] Based on 100 parts by weight of methyl methacrylate (MMA), 5 parts by weight of trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), 1 part by weight of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)-porphine (CAS No. 22112-78-3) as a photosensitizer, 2 parts by weight of a photoinitiator (trade name: Darocure TPO), 0.1 parts by weight of a surfactant (trade name: RS90 DIC), 50 parts by weight of toluene, and 50 parts by weight of ethanol were mixed to prepare a polymer coating solution (solid content concentration of 50 %).

[0077] Then, the polymer coating solution was coated using a #10 bar, and then cured at a rate of 2 m/min using a UV lamp at 0.2 J/cm2 to prepare a polymer film having a thickness of 10 µm.

Comparative Example 2



[0078] Based on 100 parts by weight of methyl methacrylate (MMA), 5 parts by weight of trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA), 1 part by weight of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)-21H,23H-porphine cobalt (II) (CAS No. 28903-71-1) as a photosensitizer, 2 parts by weight of a photoinitiator (trade name: Darocure TPO), 0.1 parts by weight of a surfactant (trade name: RS90 DIC), 50 parts by weight of toluene, and 50 parts by weight of ethanol were mixed to prepare a polymer coating solution (solid content concentration of 50 %).

[0079] Then, the polymer coating solution was coated using a #10 bar, and then cured at a rate of 2 m/min using a UV lamp at 0.2 J/cm2 to prepare a polymer film having a thickness of 10 µm.

Comparative Example 3



[0080] A polymer coating solution (solid content concentration of 50 %) and a polymer film (10 µm thick) were prepared in the same manner as in Example 1, except that the urethane acrylate-based oligomer (the molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the acrylate-based functional group of about 11) of Preparation Example 3 was used.

[Experimental Example]


Experimental Example 1: Measurement of oxygen permeability of polymer films of examples and comparative examples



[0081] The oxygen permeability of the polymer films of the examples and comparative examples was measured at 25 °C under a 60 RH% atmosphere using an Oxygen Permeation Analyzer (Model 8000, Illinois Instruments product) according to ASTM D 3895.

Experimental Example 2: Measurement of the production amount and lifetime of singlet oxygen of the polymer films of examples and comparative examples



[0082] The production amount and lifetime of singlet oxygen of the polymer films of the examples and comparative examples were measured using a time-resolved phosphorescent laser spectroscopy system shown schematically in FIG. 2.

[0083] Specifically, 1O2 (singlet oxygen) exhibits photoluminescence at 1275 nm. Accordingly, the presence/absence of production of 1O2 and the relative amount were measured by using a near infrared photomultiplier tube (NIR-PMT) in a wavelength range of 900 nm to 1400 nm, and the movement of 1O2 was observed through a time-resolved spectrum.

[0084] In the case of NIR-PMT, a photoluminescence value in the wavelength region of 900 to 1400 nm could be obtained. Since singlet oxygen exhibited light emission at 1275 nm, in order to optionally detect light emission at 1275 nm, only the light emission (PL) value detected at 1275 nm was obtained by mounting an M/C (monochromator) in front of the PMT.

Experimental Example 3: Measurement of antimicrobial activity of polymer films of examples and comparative examples



[0085] The antimicrobial activities of the polymer films of the examples and comparative examples were measured by the method shown schematically in FIG. 3 according to JIS R 1702.
[Table 1]
 Molar ratio of urethane functional group to (meth)acrylate-based functional groupOxygen permeability (cc/m2day)singlet oxygen (1O2)Antimicr obial activity
Production amount (relative value)Lifetime(us)
Example 1 1 30 3.5 400 91.2
Example 2 4 70 12.0 440 99.99
Comparative Example 1 0 2 1 (reference value) 20 81
Comparative Example 2 0 3 0.1 - -
Comparative Example 3 11 120 9.4 360 -


[0086] As can be seen in Table 1 above, it was confirmed that the polymer films of Examples 1 and 2 prepared using a urethane acrylate-based oligomer having a molar ratio of urethane functional groups to acrylate-based functional groups in the range of 4 to 10 showed a 3.5-times higher production amount of singlet oxygen as compared with the polymer film of Comparative Example 1, and particularly, the singlet oxygen lifetime was increased by about 20 times, and that the antimicrobial activity was shown as 99 % or more.

[0087] On the other hand, it was confirmed that in the case of the polymer films prepared in Comparative Examples 1 and 2, not only was the amount of singlet oxygen produced small, but also the singlet oxygen lifetime was extremely short.

[0088] In addition, it was confirmed that in the case of the polymer film prepared in Comparative Example 3, the singlet oxygen production amount was large and the singlet oxygen lifetime was long, whereas the polymer film strength was weak and a trace amount of the photosensitizer was melted out by the bacteria- inoculated strains. Therefore, the antimicrobial activity based on the above criteria has not been confirmed.


Claims

1. An antimicrobial polymer coating composition comprising: a urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10; a photosensitizer; and a photoinitiator.
 
2. The antimicrobial polymer coating composition of claim 1, wherein the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer has a weight average molecular weight of 200 g/mol to 50,000 g/mol.
 
3. The antimicrobial polymer coating composition of claim 1, wherein the molar ratio of the urethane functional group to the (meth)acrylate-based functional group is in the range of 4 to 8.
 
4. The antimicrobial polymer coating composition of claim 1, wherein the photosensitizer is contained in an amount of 0.01 to 5 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of the urethane acrylate-based oligomer or polymer.
 
5. The antimicrobial polymer coating composition of claim 1, wherein the photosensitizer includes at least one selected from the group of porphine compounds, porphyrin compounds, chlorin compounds, bacteriochlorin compounds, phthalocyanine compounds, naphthalocyanine compounds, and 5-aminoevuline esters.
 
6. The antimicrobial polymer coating composition of claim 1, wherein the photosensitizer includes a porphine compound or a porphyrin compound having 1 to 8 of phenyl groups having an C1-10 alkoxy group.
 
7. The antimicrobial polymer coating composition of claim 1, further comprising an organic solvent or a surfactant.
 
8.  An antimicrobial polymer film comprising a cured product of the antimicrobial polymer coating composition of claim 1.
 
9. An antimicrobial polymer film comprising: a substrate layer containing a urethane acrylate-based polymer resin having a molar ratio of a urethane functional group to a (meth)acrylate-based functional group of 1 to 10; and a photosensitizer dispersed in the substrate layer, wherein the polymer film has oxygen permeability of 5 to 100 cc/m2day.
 
10. The antimicrobial polymer film of claim 9, wherein the antimicrobial polymer film has a thickness of 10 µm to 10,000 µm.
 
11. The antimicrobial polymer film of claim 9, wherein the antimicrobial polymer film has a singlet oxygen lifetime of 0.4 ms or more, as measured through a time-resolved phosphorescence laser spectroscopy system.
 
12. The antimicrobial polymer film of claim 9, wherein the antimicrobial polymer film has antimicrobial activity of 90 % or more, as measured by JIS R1702 (KS L ISO 27447; 2011).
 
13. An electronic product comprising the antimicrobial polymer film of claim 8 or the antimicrobial polymer film of claim 9.
 
14. The electronic product of claim 13, wherein the electronic product is a humidifier, a refrigerator, an air washer, or an aquarium.
 




Drawing










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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description