(19)
(11)EP 3 578 764 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/30

(21)Application number: 19178531.0

(22)Date of filing:  05.06.2019
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 25/16(2006.01)
F01D 5/06(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
F01D 25/16; F05D 2240/50; F05D 2250/36; F01D 5/066

(54)

TURBINE BEARING STACK LOAD BYPASS NUT

TURBINENLAGERSTAPELLASTÜBERBRÜCKUNGSMUTTER

ÉCROU DE DÉRIVATION DE CHARGE D'EMPILEMENT DE PALIER DE TURBINE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 05.06.2018 US 201816000223

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(73)Proprietor: Raytheon Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • MULDOON, Marc J.
    Marlborough, CT Connecticut 06447 (US)
  • REINHARDT, Gregory E.
    South Glastonbury, CT Connecticut 06073 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 821 657
EP-A2- 2 365 185
US-A1- 2010 158 699
EP-A2- 0 472 170
US-A- 5 537 814
US-A1- 2014 017 087
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] Gas turbine engines generally include rotating elements (rotors), such as fans, turbines, and compressors arranged on respective spools or shafts. Bearings facilitate rotation of the shafts. During engine operation, the rotors create various loads with respect to the shafts and bearings. In some configurations, adjacent rotors and bearings have load paths that are aligned with one another, and the bearings must withstand the loads.

    [0002] A gas turbine engine is known from EP 2 365 185 A2.

    SUMMARY



    [0003] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a gas turbine engine as rectited in claim 1.

    [0004] Further, optional, features are recited in each of claims 2 to 8 and 14.

    [0005] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the turbine is a high pressure turbine and the shaft is a high speed spool.

    [0006] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the bearing nut and the shaft each include threads. The threads are configured to locate the bearing nut with respect to the shaft.

    [0007] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the threads have a square profile.

    [0008] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, at least one of an oil scoop and a seal are adjacent the bearing.

    [0009] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, an anti-rotation feature is configured to prevent rotation of the bearing nut with respect to at least one of the turbine and the bearing.

    [0010] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the anti-rotation feature is a spline.

    [0011] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the gas turbine engine includes a compressor coupled with the shaft for rotation with the shaft, and a forward bearing coupled with the shaft to facilitate rotation of the shaft, wherein the bearing is an aft bearing.

    [0012] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the aft bearing is arranged between the turbine and the compressor.

    [0013] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the compressor is a high pressure compressor, the turbine is a high pressure turbine, and the shaft is a high speed spool.

    [0014] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the bearing nut and the shaft each include threads, the threads are configured to locate the bearing nut with respect to the shaft.

    [0015] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of assembling a gas turbine engine as recited in claim 9.

    [0016] Further, optional, features are recited in each of claims 10 to 14.

    [0017] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the bearing nut is installed on the shaft after the bearing is installed on the shaft, and the bearing nut compresses the bearing in a forward direction.

    [0018] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the bearing nut and shaft each include threads configured to locate the bearing nut with respect to the shaft. After the bearing nut is installed on the shaft, a gap is formed between an aft side of the threads of the bearing nut and a forward side of the threads of the shaft.

    [0019] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the turbine is installed on the shaft after the bearing and bearing nut are installed on the shaft.

    [0020] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, after the turbine is installed on the shaft, a gap is formed between a forward side of the threads of the bearing nut and an aft side of the threads of the shaft.

    [0021] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the turbine is installed on the shaft prior to the bearing stack being installed on the shaft.

    [0022] In a further embodiment according to any of the foregoing embodiments, the turbine is a high pressure turbine and the shaft is a high speed spool.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0023] 

    Figure 1 schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine.

    Figure 2A schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine with a straddle-mounted core configuration not forming part of the present invention.

    Figure 2B schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine with an overhung turbine configuration not forming part of the present invention..

    Figure 2C schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine with an offset shaft.

    Figure 3 schematically illustrates a detail view of a bearing stack and turbine of the example engine of Figure 2B.

    Figure 4 schematically illustrates a detail view of a bearing stack and turbine of an example engine with a bearing nut.

    Figure 5A schematically illustrates a detail view of the bearing nut of Figure 4 in an initial position.

    Figure 5B schematically illustrates a detail view of the bearing nut of Figure 4 in an operating position.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0024] Figure 1 schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine 20. The gas turbine engine 20 is disclosed herein as a two-spool turbofan that generally incorporates a fan section 22, a compressor section 24, a combustor section 26 and a turbine section 28. The fan section 22 drives air along a bypass flow path B in a bypass duct defined within a nacelle 15, and also drives air along a core flow path C for compression and communication into the combustor section 26 then expansion through the turbine section 28. Although depicted as a two-spool turbofan gas turbine engine in the disclosed example, it should be understood that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with two-spool turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines including three-spool architectures.

    [0025] The exemplary engine 20 generally includes a low speed spool 30 and a high speed spool 32 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A relative to an engine static structure 36 via several bearing systems 38. It should be understood that various bearing systems 38 at various locations may alternatively or additionally be provided, and the location of bearing systems 38 may be varied as appropriate to the application.

    [0026] The low speed spool 30 generally includes an inner shaft 40 that interconnects, a first (or low) pressure compressor 44 and a first (or low) pressure turbine 46. The inner shaft 40 is connected to the fan 42 through a speed change mechanism, which in exemplary gas turbine engine 20 is illustrated as a geared architecture 48 to drive a fan 42 at a lower speed than the low speed spool 30. The high speed spool 32 includes an outer shaft 50 that interconnects a second (or high) pressure compressor 52 and a second (or high) pressure turbine 54. A combustor 56 is arranged in exemplary gas turbine 20 between the high pressure compressor 52 and the high pressure turbine 54. A mid-turbine frame 57 of the engine static structure 36 may be arranged generally between the high pressure turbine 54 and the low pressure turbine 46. The mid-turbine frame 57 further supports bearing systems 38 in the turbine section 28. The inner shaft 40 and the outer shaft 50 are concentric and rotate via bearing systems 38 about the engine central longitudinal axis A which is collinear with their longitudinal axes.

    [0027] The core airflow is compressed by the low pressure compressor 44 then the high pressure compressor 52, mixed and burned with fuel in the combustor 56, then expanded over the high pressure turbine 54 and low pressure turbine 46. The mid-turbine frame 57 includes airfoils 59 which are in the core airflow path C. The turbines 46, 54 rotationally drive the respective low speed spool 30 and high speed spool 32 in response to the expansion. It will be appreciated that each of the positions of the fan section 22, compressor section 24, combustor section 26, turbine section 28, and fan drive gear system 48 may be varied. For example, gear system 48 may be located aft of the low pressure compressor, or aft of the combustor section 26 or even aft of turbine section 28, and fan 42 may be positioned forward or aft of the location of gear system 48.

    [0028] The engine 20 in one example is a high-bypass geared aircraft engine. In a further example, the engine 20 bypass ratio is greater than about six (6), with an example configuration being greater than about ten (10), the geared architecture 48 is an epicyclic gear train, such as a planetary gear system or other gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3 and the low pressure turbine 46 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five. In one disclosed configuration, the engine 20 bypass ratio is greater than about ten (10:1), the fan diameter is significantly larger than that of the low pressure compressor 44, and the low pressure turbine 46 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five 5:1. Low pressure turbine 46 pressure ratio is pressure measured prior to inlet of low pressure turbine 46 as related to the pressure at the outlet of the low pressure turbine 46 prior to an exhaust nozzle. The geared architecture 48 may be an epicycle gear train, such as a planetary gear system or other gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3:1 and less than about 5:1. It should be understood, however, that the above parameters are only exemplary of one configuration of a geared architecture engine and that the present invention is applicable to other gas turbine engines including direct drive turbofans.

    [0029] A significant amount of thrust is provided by the bypass flow B due to the high bypass ratio. The fan section 22 of the engine 20 is designed for a particular flight condition -- typically cruise at about 0.8 Mach and about 35,000 feet (10,668 meters). The flight condition of 0.8 Mach and 35,000 ft (10,668 meters), with the engine at its best fuel consumption - also known as "bucket cruise Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption ('TSFC')" - is the industry standard parameter of lbm of fuel being burned divided by lbf of thrust the engine produces at that minimum point. "Low fan pressure ratio" is the pressure ratio across the fan blade alone, without a Fan Exit Guide Vane ("FEGV") system. The low fan pressure ratio as disclosed herein according to one example is less than about 1.45. "Low corrected fan tip speed" is the actual fan tip speed in ft/sec divided by an industry standard temperature correction of [(Tram °R) / (518.7 °R)]0.5. The "Low corrected fan tip speed" as disclosed herein according to one example is less than about 1150 ft / second (350.5 meters/second).

    [0030] Figures 2A and 2B show simplified example engines with different bearing system arrangements. Figure 2A-B provide context not forming part of the present invention for explaining the engine arrangement with a bearing nut, discussed below and shown in Figures 4-5B. In these examples, the pictured shaft corresponds to the high speed spool 32 of engine 20, the pictured turbine corresponds to the the high speed turbine 54 of engine 20, and the pictured compressor corresponds to the high pressure compressor 52 of engine 20. However, it should be understood that in other examples for other engine architectures, the shaft, turbine, and compressor can be other shafts, turbines, and compressors within the engine 20.

    [0031] Figure 2A shows an example engine 120 with a "straddle-mounted core." In this example, a forward bearing 138a is arranged at a forward end of the shaft 132 and an aft bearing 138b is arranged at an aft end of the shaft 132, with which a high pressure compressor 152 and high pressure turbine 154 rotate. Figure 2B shows an example engine 220 with an "overhung turbine." In this example, a forward bearing 238a is arranged at a forward end of the shaft 232, and an aft bearing 238b is arranged between the high pressure turbine 254 and the high pressure compressor 252.

    [0032] Figure 3 shows a detail view of the overhung turbine configuration of Figure 2B and so provides context not forming part of the present invention. As shown, the turbine 254 includes a turbine hub 255 and turbine blades 256 that rotate with the shaft 232. Forward of the turbine 254 is the aft bearing 238b. Adjacent the aft bearing 238b is an oil scoop 239 which provides lubrication to the bearing 238b. Seal plates 240 are arranged on either side of the aft bearing 238b and the oil scoop 239. Collectively, the seal plates 240, aft bearing 238b, and oil scoop 239 form a "bearing stack" 251. Aft of the turbine 254 is a turbine load nut 258.

    [0033] During engine operation, forces due to rotation, thermal expansion/contraction, and relative movement of various engine components act on the turbine 254, the bearing stack 251, and the shaft 232 and affect the total compressive load in the turbine 254, bearing stack 251, or other component load path. For example, as the engine 220 changes temperature during start-up, operation, and cool-down, the turbine 254 undergoes thermal expansion/contraction with respect to or the shaft 232. Dimensional changes experienced by the turbine 254 can both increase and decrease the "stack" or compressive load applied to the turbine 254 and/or bearing stack 251 such that design criteria such as minimum turbine 254 load or maximum bearing stack 251 load may be challenged. These forces collectively are characterized as forces along a load path. These forces collectively are also characterized as forces along a load path.

    [0034] In Figure 3, the turbine 254 and aft bearing 238b have a common load path F. That is, the load paths of the forces discussed above for the turbine 254 and the aft bearing 238b lie on a common axis with respect to a central axis A of the engine 220. The load required to keep the high pressure turbine 254 hub seated on the shaft 232 can exceed the load capacity of the aft bearing 238b and its associated seals 240 and/or oil scoops 239. In this configuration, the aft bearings 238b experience a load that exceeds the load capacity of the aft bearings 238b. This can lead to aft bearing 238b rollers becoming pinched, seals 240 becoming distorted, or the oil scoop 239 reaching its stress limits. One approach to prevent overloading of the aft bearings 238b is to mount the turbine 254 on a shaft 233 that is offset from the shaft 232 that the bearings 238b is mounted on, as shown in Figure 2C for the overhung turbine configuration. However, this configuration requires more space and has an increased weight as compared to the arrangement of Figures 2A-B.

    [0035] Though the foregoing description of turbine/aft bearing common load path F was made with respect to the overhung turbine configuration of Figure 2B, an engine with the straddle-mounted configuration of Figure 2A can experience the same turbine/aft bearing common load path. Furthermore, the following description will be made with respect to an example engine 320 as shown in Figures 4-5B, which has the overhung turbine engine configuration. However, it should be understood that the same description applies to the straddle-mounted core engine configuration or other engine configurations. That is, the particular location of the below-described bearing stack, bearing nut, turbine stack, and turbine nut along the shaft are not limited to the embodiments shown in the Figures.

    [0036] Referring to Figure 4, the example engine 320 includes an aft bearing 338b, an oil scoop 339 adjacent the aft bearing 338b, and seal plates 340 on either side of the aft bearing 338b and oil scoop 339. Collectively, the seal plates 340, aft bearing 338b, and oil scoop 339 form a "bearing stack" 351. The example engine also includes a turbine 354 rotatable about the shaft 332 with a turbine hub 355 and turbine blades 356, and a turbine nut 358 aft of the turbine 354.

    [0037] The example engine 320 also includes a bearing nut 360 between the bearing stack 351 and turbine 354. The bearing nut 360 separates the load from the turbine 354 from other loads borne by the bearing stack 351 by exerting a force on the bearing stack 351. That is, the bearing nut 360 prevents overloading of the bearing stack 351 with the turbine 354 load path.

    [0038] In this example, the bearing nut 360 is between the turbine 354 and bearing stack 351. However, in other example engine configurations, the bearing nut 360, the turbine 354, and the bearing stack 351 can have different configurations in relation to one another along the shaft 332. Still, the bearing nut 360 prevents overloading of the bearing stack 351 with the turbine 354 load path.

    [0039] Figures 5A-B shows a schematic detail view of the bearing nut 360. The bearing nut 360 has threads 362 that interact with threads 364 on the shaft 332 to locate the bearing nut 360 with respect to the shaft 332. In the example shown, the threads 362, 364 are square threads, but in other examples the threads can have other profiles.

    [0040] Figure 5A shows the bearing nut 360 and bearing stack 351 installed on the shaft 332 for initial compression of the bearing stack in the forward direction (e.g., an "initial position"). During installation, the bearing nut 360 and bearing stack 351 are positioned in such a way that the threads 362 of the bearing nut 360 are forced in an aft direction against the threads 364 of the shaft 332, leaving a gap 368 between an aft side of threads 362 of the bearing nut 360 and a forward side of the threads 364 of the shaft 332. As shown, the bearing stack 351 load path B is aftward against the bearing nut 360 and aligned with the bearing nut 360, but the initial compression forces the bearing nut 360 forwards as discussed above, and in this position the bearing stack 351 load path B is reversed in a forwards direction along the shaft 332.

    [0041] Figure 5B shows the bearing nut 360 installed on the shaft 332 after the turbine 354 is installed. The turbine 354 is installed in such a way that the threads 362 of the bearing nut 360 are forced in a forward direction against the threads 364 of the shaft 332, leaving a gap 368 between a forward side of threads 362 of the bearing nut 360 and an aft side of the threads 364 of the shaft 332. When the engine 320 operates, the bearing nut 360 is in the position shown in Figure 5B. As shown, the bearing load B and turbine 354 load path T are not co-axial with each other, as in the above-described examples.

    [0042] As shown in Figure 5B, in the operating position where the bearing nut 360 is forced forwards, the bearing nut 360 exerts a force on the bearing stack 351 such that the overall bearing load path B is offset from the shaft 332 and instead is in line with the bearing nut 360. The turbine load path T is coaxial with the bearing load path B near the bearing nut 360, but ultimately becomes aligned with the shaft 332, as in previous examples (Figure 2A-2B). Effectively, the bearing nut 360 separates the loads B, T by exerting a force on the bearing stack 351 which is separate from forces exerted by the turbine 354. The separation of the loads B, T by the bearing nut 360 in this manner prevents over-loading of the bearing stack 351, as discussed above. Furthermore, this configuration does not require more space, nor does it add significant weight to the engine 320.

    [0043] Though in the example of Figures 5A-B, the bearing stack 351 is initially installed on the shaft 332 prior to the turbine 354, in another example, the turbine 354 can be installed prior to the bearing stack 351. In this example, the location of the threads 362, 264 and gaps 368 is reversed in the initial and operating positions.

    [0044] In some examples, the bearing nut 360 has an anti-rotation feature 366, such as a spline, with respect to the turbine hub 355 and/or the bearing stack 351. The anti-rotation feature 366 keeps the bearing nut 360 positioned relative to the turbine hub 355 and/or bearing stack 351 such that the separation of load paths B, T as discussed above is maintained. In particular, the anti-rotation feature 366 prevents the bearing nut 360 from rotating with respect to the turbine hub 355 and/or bearing stack 351.

    [0045] The bearing nut 360 can comprise any high strength, hard material, such as a nickel-based alloy. The bearing nut 360 can also include a corrosion-resistant coating, such as a chromium-based coating or any other know corrosion-resistant coating.

    [0046] The preceding description is exemplary rather than limiting in nature.

    [0047] The scope of legal protection given to this disclosure can be determined by studying the following claims.


    Claims

    1. A gas turbine engine (320), comprising:

    a shaft (332);

    a turbine (354) coupled with the shaft for rotation with the shaft;

    a bearing stack (351) comprising a bearing (338b) coupled with the shaft to facilitate rotation of the shaft; and characterised by

    a bearing nut (360) forward of the turbine (354) between the bearing stack (351) and the turbine (354), wherein the turbine has a turbine load path (T) and the bearing has a bearing load path (B), wherein in the operating position the bearing nut (360) exerts a force on the bearing stack (351) such that the bearing load path (B) is offset from the shaft (332) and in line with the bearing nut (360), and wherein the turbine load path (T) is not aligned with the bearing load path (B) relative to a central axis of the gas turbine engine, thereby separating the turbine load path (T) and the bearing load path (B).


     
    2. The gas turbine engine of claim 1, wherein the bearing nut (360) and the shaft (332) each include threads (362, 364), the threads configured to locate the bearing nut with respect to the shaft.
     
    3. The gas turbine of claim 2, wherein the threads have a square profile.
     
    4. The gas turbine engine (320) of any preceding claim, further comprising at least one of an oil scoop (339) and a seal (340) adjacent the bearing (338b).
     
    5. The gas turbine engine (320) of any preceding claim, further comprises an anti-rotation feature (366) configured to prevent rotation of the bearing nut (360) with respect to at least one of the turbine (354) and the bearing (338b), wherein, optionally, the anti-rotation feature is a spline.
     
    6. The gas turbine engine (320) of any preceding claim, further comprising:

    a compressor (24) coupled with the shaft (332) for rotation with the shaft; and

    a forward bearing coupled with the shaft to facilitate rotation of the shaft, wherein the bearing (338b) is an aft bearing.


     
    7. The gas turbine engine (320) of claim 6, wherein the aft bearing (338b) is arranged between the turbine (354) and the compressor (24).
     
    8. The gas turbine engine (320) of claim 6 or 7, wherein the compressor (24) is a high pressure compressor, the turbine (354) is a high pressure turbine, and the shaft (332) is a high speed spool.
     
    9. A method of assembling a gas turbine engine (320), comprising:

    installing a bearing (338b) of a bearing stack (351) on a shaft (332);

    installing a turbine (354) on the shaft; and characterised by

    installing a bearing nut (360) on the shaft forward of the turbine (354) between the bearing stack (351) and the turbine (354), such that the turbine has a turbine load path (T) and the bearing has a bearing load path (B), and wherein in the operating position the bearing nut exerts a force on the bearing stack (351) such that the bearing load path (B) is offset from the shaft (332) and in line with the bearing nut (360), and wherein the turbine load path (T) is not aligned with the bearing load path (B) relative to a central axis of the gas turbine engine, thereby separating the turbine load path (T) and the bearing load path (B).


     
    10. The method of claim 9, wherein the bearing nut (360) is installed on the shaft (332) after the bearing (338b) is installed on the shaft, and the bearing nut compresses the bearing in a forward direction.
     
    11. The method of claim 9 or 10, wherein the bearing nut (360) and shaft (332) each include threads (362, 364) configured to locate the bearing nut with respect to the shaft, and wherein after the bearing nut is installed on the shaft, a gap is formed between an aft side of the threads of the bearing nut and a forward side of the threads of the shaft.
     
    12. The method of claim 11, wherein the turbine (354) is installed on the shaft (332) after the bearing (338b) and bearing nut (360) are installed on the shaft, wherein, optionally, after the turbine (354) is installed on the shaft, a gap is formed between a forward side of the threads (362) of the bearing nut and an aft side of the threads (364) of the shaft.
     
    13. The method of any of claims 10 to 12 wherein the turbine (354) is installed on the shaft (332) prior to the bearing (338b) being installed on the shaft.
     
    14. The gas turbine engine (320) of any one of claims 1 to 8 or the method of any one of claims 9 to 13, wherein the turbine (354) is a high pressure turbine and the shaft (332) is a high speed spool.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gasturbinentriebwerk (320), das Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Welle (332);

    eine Turbine (354), die mit der Welle zur Drehung mit der Welle gekoppelt ist;

    einen Lagerstapel (351), der ein Lager (338b) umfasst, das mit der Welle gekoppelt ist, um die Drehung der Welle zu ermöglichen; und gekennzeichnet durch

    eine Lagermutter (360) vor der Turbine (354) zwischen dem Lagerstapel (351) und der Turbine (354), wobei die Turbine einen Turbinenlastweg (T) und das Lager einen Lagerlastweg (B) aufweist, wobei die Lagermutter (360) in der Betriebsposition eine Kraft auf den Lagerstapel (351) ausübt, sodass der Lagerlastweg (B) von der Welle (332) versetzt und mit der Lagermutter (360) ausgerichtet ist, und wobei der Turbinenlastweg (T) in Bezug zu einer Mittelachse des Gasturbinentriebwerks nicht mit dem Lagerlastweg (B) ausgerichtet ist, wodurch der Turbinenlastweg (T) und der Lagerlastweg (B) getrennt werden.


     
    2. Gasturbinentriebwerk nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Lagermutter (360) und die Welle (332) jeweils Gewinde (362, 364) aufweisen, wobei die Gewinde dazu ausgelegt sind, die Lagermutter in Bezug zur Welle zu positionieren.
     
    3. Gasturbine nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Gewinde ein quadratisches Profil aufweisen.
     
    4. Gasturbinentriebwerk (320) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das ferner eine Ölnase (339) und/oder eine Dichtung (340) an das Lager (338b) angrenzend umfasst.
     
    5. Gasturbinentriebwerk (320) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das ferner ein Verdrehsicherungsmerkmal (366) umfasst, das dazu ausgelegt ist, eine Drehung der Lagermutter (360) in Bezug auf mindestens eine von Turbine (354) und Lager (338b) zu verhindern, wobei das Verdrehsicherungsmerkmal optional ein Keil ist.
     
    6. Gasturbinentriebwerk (320) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Kompressor (24), der mit der Welle (332) zur Drehung mit der Welle gekoppelt ist; und

    ein vorderes Lager, das mit der Welle gekoppelt ist, um die Drehung der Welle zu ermöglichen, wobei das Lager (338b) ein hinteres Lager ist.


     
    7. Gasturbinentriebwerk (320) nach Anspruch 6, wobei das hintere Lager (338b) zwischen der Turbine (354) und dem Kompressor (24) angeordnet ist.
     
    8. Gasturbinentriebwerk (320) nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei der Kompressor (24) ein Hochdruckkompressor ist, die Turbine (354) eine Hochdruckturbine ist und die Welle (332) eine Hochgeschwindigkeitsspule ist.
     
    9. Verfahren zum Zusammenbauen eines Gasturbinentriebwerks (320), das Folgendes umfasst:

    Montieren eines Lagers (338b) eines Lagerstapels (351) auf einer Welle (332);

    Montieren einer Turbine (354) auf der Welle und gekennzeichnet durch

    Montieren einer Lagermutter (360) auf der Welle vor der Turbine (354), zwischen dem Lagerstapel (351) und der Turbine (354), sodass die Turbine einen Turbinenlastweg (T) und das Lager einen Lagerlastweg (B) aufweist, und wobei die Lagermutter in der Betriebsposition eine Kraft auf den Lagerstapel (351) ausübt, sodass der Lagerlastweg (B) von der Welle (332) versetzt und mit der Lagermutter (360) ausgerichtet ist, und wobei der Turbinenlastweg (T) in Bezug zu einer Mittelachse des Gasturbinentriebwerks nicht mit dem Lagerlastweg (B) ausgerichtet ist, wodurch der Turbinenlastweg (T) und der Lagerlastweg (B) getrennt werden.


     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Lagermutter (360) auf der Welle (332) montiert wird, nachdem das Lager (338b) auf der Welle montiert ist, und die Lagermutter das Lager in einer Vorwärtsrichtung zusammendrückt.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, wobei die Lagermutter (360) und die Welle (332) jeweils Gewinde (362, 364) umfassen, die dazu ausgelegt sind, die Lagermutter in Bezug zur Welle zu positionieren, und wobei, nachdem die Lagermutter auf der Welle montiert ist, zwischen einer Rückseite des Gewindes der Lagermutter und einer Vorderseite des Gewindes der Welle ein Spalt ausgebildet ist.
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11,
    wobei die Turbine (354) auf der Welle (332) montiert wird, nachdem das Lager (338b) und die Lagermutter (360) auf der Welle montiert sind, wobei optional, nachdem die Turbine (354) auf der Welle montiert ist, ein Spalt zwischen einer Vorderseite des Gewindes (362) der Lagermutter und einer Rückseite des Gewindes (364) der Welle ausgebildet ist.
     
    13. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 12, wobei die Turbine (354) auf der Welle (332) montiert wird, bevor das Lager (338b) auf der Welle montiert wird.
     
    14. Gasturbinentriebwerk (320) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8 oder Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 13, wobei die Turbine (354) eine Hochdruckturbine ist und die Welle (332) eine Hochgeschwindigkeitsspule ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Moteur à turbine à gaz (320) comprenant :

    un arbre (332) ;

    une turbine (354) couplée à l'arbre pour être en rotation avec l'arbre ;

    un empilement de paliers (351) comprenant un palier (338b) couplé à l'arbre pour faciliter la rotation de l'arbre ; et caractérisé par

    un écrou de palier (360) à l'avant de la turbine (354) entre l'empilement de paliers (351) et la turbine (354), dans lequel la turbine a un chemin de charge de turbine (T) et le palier a un chemin de charge de palier (B), dans lequel, dans la position de fonctionnement, l'écrou de palier (360) exerce une force sur l'empilement de paliers (351) de sorte que le chemin de charge de palier (B) est décalé de l'arbre (332) et aligné avec l'écrou de palier (360), et dans lequel le chemin de charge de turbine (T) n'est pas aligné avec le chemin de charge de palier (B) par rapport à un axe central du moteur à turbine à gaz, séparant ainsi le chemin de charge de turbine (T) et le chemin de charge de palier (B).


     
    2. Moteur à turbine à gaz selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'écrou de palier (360) et l'arbre (332) comportent chacun des filetages (362, 364), les filetages étant configurés pour positionner l'écrou de palier par rapport à l'arbre.
     
    3. Turbine à gaz selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle les filetages ont un profil carré.
     
    4. Moteur à turbine à gaz (320) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre au moins l'un parmi un récupérateur d'huile (339) et un joint d'étanchéité (340) adjacent au palier (338b).
     
    5. Moteur à turbine à gaz (320) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre une caractéristique anti-rotation (366) configurée pour empêcher la rotation de l'écrou de palier (360) par rapport à au moins l'un parmi la turbine (354) et le palier (338b), dans lequel, éventuellement, la caractéristique anti-rotation est une cannelure.
     
    6. Moteur de turbine à gaz (320) selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre :

    un compresseur (24) couplé à l'arbre (332) pour être en rotation avec l'arbre ; et

    un palier avant couplé à l'arbre pour faciliter la rotation de l'arbre, dans lequel le palier (338b) est un palier arrière.


     
    7. Moteur à turbine à gaz (320) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le palier arrière (338b) est agencé entre la turbine (354) et le compresseur (24).
     
    8. Moteur à turbine à gaz (320) selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel le compresseur (24) est un compresseur haute pression, la turbine (354) est une turbine haute pression et l'arbre (332) est une bobine à grande vitesse.
     
    9. Procédé d'assemblage d'un moteur à turbine à gaz (320), comprenant :

    l'installation d'un palier (338b) d'un empilement de paliers (351) sur un arbre (332) ;

    l'installation d'une turbine (354) sur l'arbre ; et caractérisé par

    l'installation d'un écrou de palier (360) sur l'arbre à l'avant de la turbine (354) entre l'empilement de paliers (351) et la turbine (354), de sorte que la turbine a un chemin de charge de turbine (T) et le palier a un chemin de charge de palier (B), et dans lequel, dans la position de fonctionnement, l'écrou de palier exerce une force sur l'empilement de paliers (351) de sorte que le chemin de charge de palier (B) est décalé de l'arbre (332) et aligné avec l'écrou de palier (360), et dans lequel le chemin de charge de turbine (T) n'est pas aligné avec le chemin de charge de palier (B) par rapport à un axe central du moteur à turbine à gaz, séparant ainsi le chemin de charge de turbine (T) et le chemin de charge de palier (B).


     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'écrou de palier (360) est installé sur l'arbre (332) après que le palier (338b) est installé sur l'arbre, et l'écrou de palier comprime le palier vers l'avant.
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 9 ou 10, dans lequel l'écrou de palier (360) et l'arbre (332) comportent chacun des filetages (362, 364) configurés pour positionner l'écrou de palier par rapport à l'arbre, et dans lequel après que l'écrou de palier est installé sur l'arbre, un espace est formé entre un côté arrière des filetages de l'écrou de palier et un côté avant des filetages de l'arbre.
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11,
    dans lequel la turbine (354) est installée sur l'arbre (332) après que le palier (338b) et l'écrou de palier (360) sont installés sur l'arbre, dans lequel, éventuellement, après que la turbine (354) est installée sur l'arbre, un espace est formé entre un côté avant des filetages (362) de l'écrou de palier et un côté arrière des filetages (364) de l'arbre.
     
    13. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 12, dans lequel la turbine (354) est installée sur l'arbre (332) avant que le palier (338b) ne soit installé sur l'arbre.
     
    14. Moteur à turbine à gaz (320) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8 ou procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 13, dans lequel la turbine (354) est une turbine haute pression et l'arbre (332) est une bobine à grande vitesse.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description