(19)
(11)EP 3 578 834 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 18748396.1

(22)Date of filing:  31.01.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16B 19/05(2006.01)
F16B 5/04(2006.01)
F16B 5/02(2006.01)
F16B 19/08(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/003186
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/143265 (09.08.2018 Gazette  2018/32)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 02.02.2017 JP 2017018006

(71)Applicant: NIPPON STEEL NISSHIN CO., LTD.
Chiyoda-ku Tokyo 100-8366 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • HIKOSAKA Akiyoshi
    Tokyo 100-8366 (JP)
  • TOMIMURA Kouki
    Tokyo 100-8366 (JP)

(74)Representative: Betten & Resch 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartGmbB Maximiliansplatz 14
80333 München
80333 München (DE)

  


(54)FASTENING STRUCTURE AND FASTENING METHOD


(57) The present invention provides a fastening structure and a fastening method for fastening first and second components, ensuring a high degree of freedom in terms of bonding positions and objects, and reducing the number of holes in the components. Specifically, the present invention provides a fastening structure for fastening the first and second components, wherein said fastening structure comprises a pin that has non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned along a longitudinal direction, and a collar that is fitted around said pin, and said pin is united with said first component by bonding one end of said pin in the longitudinal direction to said first component without forming a hole in said first component, and said second component has a hole for inserting said pin so that said collar is fitted around and swaged to said pin protruding through the hole.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a structure and a method for fastening first and second components.

Background Art



[0002] Some devices, such as drum type washing machines, solar power generators, and natural refrigerant heat pump water heaters (EcoCute™), are gaining popularity in households. However, these devices have a problem: the vibration during their operation may loosen the bolt-and-nut jointing inside and outside the devices, resulting in the falling of bolts and nuts or the devices themselves.

[0003] Patent document 1 and non-patent document 1 describe fasteners, in which the collar is swaged to the groove part of the pin by applying a relative force in the axial direction between the pin and the collar using a tool, realizing high strength and high resistance against vibration.

Citation List


Patent Literature



[0004] Patent document 1 Japanese Patent No. 4686130

[0005] Non-patent document 1 Alcoa Fastening Systems, Operations Department, Unshakable world of Huck fastening systems, http://www.asia.afshuck.net/jp/Fasteners.html (viewed on 2017.01.04).

Summary of Invention


Technical Problem



[0006] The pins in patent document 1 and non-patent document 1 involve a forming of holes for inserting the pins (see the holes (614a, 614b) in Figure 11A) in the bonding objects, which requires sufficient space and places restrictions on fastening positions and objects. This problem is explained below with reference to Figures 12 to 14.

[0007] Figure 12 illustrates a method for fastening two components (416a, 416b) using the pin and the collar described in patent document 1 or non-patent document 1. This method forms a hole (616a) in one component (416a) and another hole (616b) in the other component (416b). The two holes (616a, 616b) are stacked on top of each other before inserting the conventional pin (2) from the upper side of the hole (616a) to the lower side of the hole (616b). Then the collar (304) is fitted around the shaft of the pin (2) protruding through the holes (616a, 616b). Finally the collar (304) is bonded to the shaft of the conventional pin (2) by swaging using a tool (not illustrated). If the conventional pin (2) is inserted from the lower side of the hole (616b), the component (416b) may fall before bonding the collar (304).

[0008] Figure 13 shows a fastening of an H-shaped steel component (400a) and a U-shaped steel component or other U-shaped component (400b) so that their centerlines correspond. The U-shaped component (400b) allows forming a hole (600) on the centerline, but the H-shaped component (400a) does not allow forming a hole on the centerline because the web is positioned on the centerline. Therefore, this fastening structure is impossible.

[0009] Figure 14 shows the fastening of a metal pipe (400a) and a U-shaped steel component or other U-shaped component (400b) so that their centerlines correspond. The U-shaped component (400b) allows forming a hole (600b), and the metal pipe (400a) also allows forming a hole (600a). However, after stacking the two holes (600a, 600b) on top of each other, it may be difficult to insert the conventional pin (2) from the lower side of the hole (600a) to the upper side of the hole (600b) if the metal pipe (400a) is long and therefore the insertion point is far from the ends of the metal pipe (400a).

[0010] The pins in non-patent document 1 have another problem: the pins facing each other may be an obstacle (see Figure 15), for example, when installing a natural refrigerant heat pump water heater or an air conditioner outdoor unit.

[0011]  Furthermore, the forming of holes in the fastening objects may cause water leakage, sound leakage, strength decrease, as well as labor and cost increase (for long components that require a large number of hole pairs (see Figures 16 and 17)).

[0012] The present invention provides a fastening structure and a fastening method for fastening first and second components, ensuring a high degree of freedom in terms of bonding positions and objects, and reducing the number of holes in the components.

Solution to Problem



[0013] 
  1. (1) The present invention provides a fastening structure for fastening the first and second components, wherein said fastening structure comprises a pin that has non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned along a longitudinal direction, and a collar that is fitted around said pin, and said pin is united with said first component by bonding one end of said pin in the longitudinal direction to said first component without forming a hole in said first component, and said second component has a hole for inserting said pin so that said collar is fitted around and swaged to said pin protruding through the hole.
    The fastening structure according to the present invention comprises a pin and a collar that covers the pin to fasten the first and second components. The shaft of the pin has grooves running in a circumferential direction, but these grooves do not have a helical structure. That is, the adjacent grooves are not connected. Thus, the shaft of the pin is different from those of conventional screws and bolts with a helical groove continuous in a longitudinal direction. If the pin had a helical structure, a single groove would continue from the non-head end to the head of the pin, but according to the present invention, the grooves of the pin are independent lanes. That is, the adjacent grooves are not connected. This groove structure can prevent the loosening of the pin and the collar (described later) in engagement even in strongly vibrating environments, free from such a risk that ordinary screws may rotate in the direction opposite to the screwing direction.
    One end in the longitudinal direction of the pin according to the present invention has a bonding part (chip) instead of a head that ordinary bolts or the like have. The bonding can be performed, for example, by welding and other processes. The first and second components are fastened together as follows: The bonding part of the pin is bonded to a part of the first component (a part for fastening the first and second components) by welding and other processes. The other end of the pin (opposite to the end welded to the first component) is inserted into an insertion hole preformed in the second component. The collar is fitted around the groove part of the pin protruding through the second component. Then the diameter of the collar is reduced to engage the inner wall of the collar with the grooves of the pin. Thus, the first and second components are fastened together using the pin. In this specification, welding may mean bonding.
    The non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned in a longitudinal direction are substantially concentric with the central axis of the pin. Thus, the components and the fastening member after fastening never loosen due to vibration or the like.
    The present invention bonds the pin to the first component, without needing to form a hole, at least in the first component. The use of the pin according to the present invention allows fastening the components (the first and second components) together even in parts where forming a hole is difficult.
    Unlike conventional bolts, the pin according to the present invention does not have a head, but the pin is united with the first component by bonding it to the first component. Therefore, the fastening of the components (the first and second components) according to the present invention is possible if the second component has an insertion hole for the pin. That is, the first component does not need to have an insertion hole, provided that the first component can be bonded with the pin.
  2. (2) The present invention provides a fastening method for fastening the first and second components, wherein said fastening method comprises a pin that has non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned along a longitudinal direction, and a collar that is fitted around said pin, and said pin is united with said first component by bonding one end of said pin in the longitudinal direction to said first component without forming a hole in said first component, said second component has a hole and is fitted around said pin, which has been united with said first component, from the other end of said pin in the longitudinal direction, and said collar is fitted around said pin, which has penetrated said second component, from the other end of said pin in the longitudinal direction and swaged to said pin.


[0014] When fastening the first and second components together, the method according to the present invention unites the pin with one of the first and second components by bonding one end in the longitudinal direction of the pin to that component, and fits the collar around the other end in the longitudinal direction of the pin that has penetrated the other component, followed by the swaging of the collar to the pin, thus allowing maintaining high strength and resistance against vibration.

[0015] The component (the first or second component) to which the pin should be bonded can be chosen, for example, as follows: the pin is preferably bonded to the component that poses more difficulty - due to a ring-like form of the component or other reasons - with forming an insertion hole, inserting the pin into the insertion hole, and swaging the protruding side with the collar.

[0016] As in (1), the non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned in a longitudinal direction are substantially concentric with the central axis of the pin.

Advantageous Effects of Invention



[0017] The present invention provides a fastening structure and a fastening method for fastening first and second components, ensuring a high degree of freedom in terms of bonding positions and objects, and reducing the number of holes in the components.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0018] 

Figure 1 shows the fastening member (a pin and a collar) in an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the fastening member (a pin and a collar) in the embodiment.

Figure 3 shows the fastening procedure for fastening components using the fastening member in the embodiment.

Figure 4 shows the fastening procedure for fastening components using the fastening member in the embodiment (continued from Figure 3).

Figure 5 shows the fastening structure in the embodiment.

Figure 6 shows the fastening structure in the embodiment.

Figure 7 shows the pins bonded to a first component by welding and other processes.

Figure 8 shows the pins bonded to a first component by welding and other processes.

Figure 9 shows the fastening structure in the embodiment.

Figure 10 shows modified examples of the bonding part of the pin in the embodiment.

Figure 11 shows a fastening procedure for fastening components using a conventional pin.

Figure 12 shows a fastening of components using a conventional pin.

Figure 13 shows a problem in fastening components using a conventional pin.

Figure 14 shows a problem in fastening components using a conventional pin.

Figure 15 shows a problem in fastening components using conventional pins.

Figure 16 shows the forming of holes in a component for using conventional pins.

Figure 17 shows the forming of holes in a component for using conventional pins.


Description of Embodiments



[0019] Below is a description of the fastening member (1) in an embodiment of the present invention with reference to Figures 1 and 2. As shown in Figure 1, the fastening member (1) comprises a pin (10) and a collar (30). The pin (10) has a bonding part (12) and a shaft (14). The bonding part (12) has a cone form, and the top is provided with a protrusion. The bonding part (12) is a tip in welding, and there are no special restrictions on the form of the bonding part (12) (the details will be described later). The shaft (14) has, at a minimum, a groove part (18) and a non-welding end ridge part (20). The non-welding end ridge part (20) corresponds to three or so ridges at the non-welding end. How the pin (10) and the collar (30) fasten the components (4) will be described later.

[0020] Figure 2 is a perspective view of the fastening member (1) in this embodiment. Figure 2A is a perspective view of the pin (10), and Figure 2B is a perspective view of the collar (30). Unlike the groove part (18), the pillar part (16) does not need grooves because the pillar part (16) does not engage with the collar (30). However, the pillar part (16) may have grooves from the base (not illustrated).

[0021] Unlike ordinary screws, the grooves of the groove part (18) in this embodiment do not have a helical structure. That is, the grooves are independent lanes and each has a ring form. Thus, the adjacent grooves are not connected. The grooves are formed according to the length of the shaft (14), nearly reaching the non-welding end of the shaft (14).

[0022]  The independent grooves of the groove part (18), or the unconnected adjacent grooves, prevent the screwed pin (10) from rotating in the direction opposite to the screwing direction and thus loosening due to vibration and the like after two or more components (the components (4) in this embodiment, which will be described later) are fastened together using the fastening member (1) (the pin (10) and the collar (30)).

[0023] The following is a description of the procedure for fastening components (4) using the fastening member (1) according to the present invention, more specifically the procedure for fastening the first and second components (4a, 4b) using the pin (10) and the collar (30), with reference to Figures 3 and 4. These figures show the cross-section of the components (4) to be fastened (the cross-section is simply shown without hatching or the like). In this embodiment, the components (4) to be fastened are the first and second components (4a, 4b).

[0024] The first component (4a) is a planar component to which the bonding part (12) of the pin (10) can be welded. The second component (4b) is a planar component with an insertion hole (6) for inserting the pin (10). The form of the insertion hole (6) corresponds to the cross-section of the pin (10) (specifically the pillar part (16)). This means that when the pin (10) is inserted into the insertion hole (6), the outer circumferential surface of the pin (10) (specifically the pillar part (16)) comes into substantial contact with the inner circumferential surface of the insertion hole (6).

[0025] In this embodiment, the first and second components (4a, 4b) are planar components. However, planar components are not an absolute requirement. It is also possible that those components have a planar part that allows the welding or insertion of the pin (10), or that the components do not have a planar part but have a form that allows the welding or insertion of the pin (10).

[0026] As shown in Figure 3A, the pin (10) is welded to the fixation position (5) of the first component (4a). In this embodiment, the bonding part (12) of the pin (10) is directed and welded to the fixation part (5) of the first component (4a) so that the shaft (14) of the pin (10) stands substantially vertically on the surface of the component (4a). The fixation position (5) is determined depending on which part the first and second components (4a, 4b) are fastened. The welding is performed by momentarily conducting electricity using an instant welding machine (not illustrated), for example, a stud welding machine.

[0027] As shown in Figure 3B, the pin (10) is welded to the first component (4a) so that the shaft (14) of the pin (10) stands substantially vertically on the surface of the first component (4a), and the shaft (14) of the pin (10) thus united with the first component (4a) is inserted into the insertion hole (6) in the second component (4b).

[0028] When the pin (10) has been inserted into the insertion hole (6) in the second component (4b), the collar (30) is fitted around the groove part (18) protruding through the second component (4b), as shown in Figures 3C and 4D. The inner wall of the collar (30) at this time does not have anything like concavities and convexities that engage with the groove part (18). This means that the collar (30) merely fitted around the groove part (18) can come off of the pin (10).

[0029] Figures 4E to 4G illustrate the swaging of the collar (30). Figures 4E to 4G partially show the cross-section of the insertion hole (6) and the collar (30) for the purpose of convenience (the cross-section is simply shown without hatching or the like). The swaging tool is not illustrated in detail.

[0030] An example of an installation tool (40) for swaging is BobTail™ (Alcoa Fastening Systems, USA). The installation tool (40) has a grabber (not illustrated), which grabs the non-welding end ridge part (20) of the pin (10) and drags this part to the side of the installation tool (40), as shown in Figure 4E. Thus, the pin (10) is elongated.

[0031] As shown in Figure 4F, a swaging anvil (not illustrated) wraps around the collar (30) and swages this in the direction of the groove part (18) of the pin (10) (inward). Thus, the gap between the collar (30) and the pin (10) is closed, and the groove part (18) of the pin (10) bites into the inner wall of the collar (30) (swaging). The swaging reduces the diameter of the collar (30). The collar (30) becomes thinner and longer, and the pin (10) is elongated as described above, generating an axial force in the fastening member (1).

[0032] After the swaging of the collar (30) to the pin (10) using the installation tool (40) (see the enlarged illustration in Figure 4G), the installation tool (40) is taken off of the pin (10), as shown in Figure 4G. Through the process described above, the fastening of the first and second components (4a, 4b) using the pin (10) and the collar (30) is completed.

[0033] As explained above, this embodiment unites the pin (10) with the first component (4a) by welding the pin (10) to the first component (4a). An advantage is that if one of the components (4) (the second component (4b) in this embodiment) has a hole (an insertion hole (6)) formed, this will be sufficient. In addition, the pin (10) inserted into the insertion hole (6) (consequently the first component (4a)) is prevented from loosening from the second component (4b). Furthermore, the non-helical structure of the groove part (18) of the pin (10) prevents the pin (10) from loosening like an ordinary screw while the pin (10) is in engagement with the collar (30). The swaging of the collar (30) to the pin (10) allows maintaining the firm fixation even in strongly vibrating environments.

[0034] Thus, the present invention provides a fastening structure for fastening the first and second component (4a, 4b), wherein said fastening structure comprises a pin (10) that has non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned along a longitudinal direction, and a collar (30) that is fitted around said pin (10), and said pin (10) is united with said first component (4a) by bonding one end of said pin (10) in the longitudinal direction to said first component (4a) without forming a hole in said first component (4a), and said second component (4b) has a hole (6) for inserting said pin (10) so that said collar (30) is fitted around and swaged to said pin (10) protruding through the hole (6).

[0035] The fastening structure described above can be used to fasten three or more components instead of two components (the first and second components (4a, 4b) in this embodiment).

[0036] The present invention provides a fastening method for fastening the first and second components (4a, 4b), wherein said fastening method comprises a pin (10) that has non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned along a longitudinal direction, and a collar (30) that is fitted around said pin (10), and said pin (10) is united with said first component (4a) by bonding one end of said pin (10) in the longitudinal direction to said first component (4a) without forming a hole in said first component (4a), said second component (4b) has a hole and is fitted around said pin (10), which has been united with said first component (4a), from the other end of said pin (10) in the longitudinal direction, and said collar (30) is fitted around said pin (10), which has penetrated said second component (4b), from the other end of said pin (10) in the longitudinal direction and swaged to said pin (10).

[0037]  Such a fastening method has the advantage that an insertion hole (6) in the second component (4b) alone will be sufficient because the first component (4a) and the pin (10) are united together. This reduces the labor for forming holes and prevents the cost increase and strength deterioration due to the forming of holes.

[0038] Figures 5 to 8 show examples of the fastening method for fastening the first and second components using the pin (10) and the collar (30) in this embodiment. In Figure 5, the first component (400a) is an H-shaped steel component, and the second component (400b) is a U-shaped steel component or other U-shaped component. As shown in Figure 5, the first and second components (400a, 400b) can be fastened together using the pin (10) and the collar (30) according to the present invention without forming a hole (an insertion hole) in the center of the first component (400a) (the H-shaped steel component).

[0039] In Figure 6, the first component (402a) is a metal pipe, and the second component (402b) is a U-shaped steel component. As shown in Figure 6, the first component (402a) (a metal pipe with a closed cross-section) and the second component (402b) (a U-shaped steel component) can be fastened together using the pin (10) and the collar (30) according to the present invention.

[0040] In Figures 7 and 8, some pins (10) are bonded to the first component (406a, 408a) by welding and other processes. The fastening method using pins (10) and collars (30) in this embodiment makes it possible to determine the precise positioning of the pins (10) beforehand in a factory, not at the very moment and place of fastening.

[0041] In Figure 9, the pins (10) in this embodiment are united with the first component (410a) by welding the pins (10) to the first component (410a) so that the pins (10) are positioned substantially perpendicular to the surface of the first component (410a). Then the pins (10) are inserted into insertion holes (602) in the second component (410b) whose form corresponds to the cross-section of the pins (10), followed by swaging with the collars (30). Figure 9 shows two thus fastened products (500) placed back to back. The adjacent placement of the two fastened products shown in Figure 9 is possible because the first component (410a) of each fastened product (500) maintains the flat surface while the opposite surface has the welded pin (10).

Other embodiments



[0042] The pin (10) in the embodiment described above has a shaft (14) including a pillar part (16), as shown in Figures 1 to 4. However, this is not an absolute requirement. For example, the groove part (18) may cover the whole shaft (14) (not illustrated). If the groove part (18) covers the whole shaft (14), the method according to the present invention can fasten even thin components (for example, with a thickness of 0.1 to 2.3 mm) together.

[0043] As shown in Figure 10, the bonding part (12) of the pin (10) may have a form different from the form shown in Figures 1 to 3. The bonding part (12) should have a form suitable for welding the pin (10) to the first component (4a) using an instant welding machine such as a stud welding machine (a form that allows easy electrical conduction). Figure 10 shows possible examples in 10A to 10F.

[0044] The original embodiment uses an instant welding machine such as a stud welding machine to bond the pin (10) to the first component (4a). However, this is not an absolute requirement. Any method will do if it can bond the pin (10) to the first component (4a).

[0045] The swaging method and device in the original embodiment are not the only possible choices. The requirement is to reduce the diameter of the collar (30). The swaging method and device can be changed depending on the form of the collar (30). For example, an angular collar can be made thin by first pressing two opposite faces and then pressing the remaining two faces. Here the diameter reduction of the collar is called swaging, but this expression covers other process names that have the same meaning.

[0046] In the original embodiment, the first and second components (4a, 4b) are planar components. However, this is not an absolute requirement. It is possible that the first component (4a) includes a planar part, and the second component includes a planar part or subcomponent. The minimum requirement is that one of the first and second components (4a, 4b) allows the bonding (welding) of the pin (10), and the other allows the forming of the insertion hole (6).

[0047] The fastening method according to the present invention, specifically the method for fastening the first and second components (4a, 4b) using the pin (10) and the collar (30), can adopt different orders of steps from the order of steps described above. For example, if the first and second components (4a, 4b) are to be gaplessly fastened, the swaging of the collar (30) must come last in the fastening. However, if the first and second components (4a, 4b) are to be fastened with some allowance for a gap, the swaging of the collar (30) can come before inserting the pin (10) into the insertion hole (6) in the second component (4b) and bonding (welding, etc.) the bonding part (12) of the pin (10) to the first component (4a).

Industrial Applicability



[0048] The present invention can be applied to fastening members in various industries, including electric machines, automobiles, homes, railways and furniture (racks).

Reference Signs List



[0049] 

1 Fastening member

2 Conventional pin

4a, 400a, 402a, 406a, 408a, 410a, 412a, 414a, 416a First component (to be fastened)

4b, 400b, 402b, 406b, 408b, 410b, 412b, 414b, 416b Second component (to be fastened)

5 Fixation position

6, 602 Insertion hole

10 Pin

12 Bonding part

14, 142, 144 Shaft

16, 164 Pillar part

18, 182, 184 Groove part

20, 202, 204 Non-welding end ridge part

30, 304 Collar

40 Installation tool

500 Fastened products

600, 600a, 600b, 614a, 614b, 616a, 616b Holes




Claims

1. A fastening structure for fastening the first and second components, wherein said fastening structure comprises a pin that has non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned along a longitudinal direction, and a collar that is fitted around said pin, and said pin is united with said first component by bonding one end of said pin in the longitudinal direction to said first component without forming a hole in said first component, and said second component has a hole for inserting said pin so that said collar is fitted around and swaged to said pin protruding through the hole.
 
2. A fastening method for fastening the first and second components, wherein said fastening method comprises a pin that has non-helical grooves running in a circumferential direction and aligned along a longitudinal direction, and a collar that is fitted around said pin, and said pin is united with said first component by bonding one end of said pin in the longitudinal direction to said first component without forming a hole in said first component, said second component has a hole and is fitted around said pin, which has been united with said first component, from the other end of said pin in the longitudinal direction, and said collar is fitted around said pin, which has penetrated said second component, from the other end of said pin in the longitudinal direction and swaged to said pin.
 




Drawing























































Search report







Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description