TECHNICAL FIELD
[0001] The present technology relates to a transmission method and a reception device, and more particularly to, for example, a transmission method and a reception device for securing favorable communication quality in data transmission using an LDPC code.
BACKGROUND ART
[0002] Low density parity check (LDPC) codes have high error correction capability and are in recent years widely adopted in transmission systems for digital broadcasting or the like, such as the digital video broadcasting (DVB)-S.2 in Europe and the like, DVB-T.2, DVB-C.2, and the advanced television systems committee (ATSC) 3.0 in the United States, and the like, for example (see, for example, Non-Patent Document 1).
[0003] With recent researches, it has been found that the LDPC codes are able to obtain performance close to the Shannon limit as the code length is increased, similarly to turbo codes and the like. Furthermore, the LDPC codes have a property that the minimum distance is proportional to the code length and thus have a good block error probability characteristic, as characteristics. Moreover, a so-called error floor phenomenon observed in decoding characteristics of turbo codes and the like hardly occur, which is also an advantage.
CITATION LIST
NON-PATENT DOCUMENT
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION
[0005] In data transmission using an LDPC code, for example, the LDPC code is a symbol (symbolized) of quadrature modulation (digital modulation) such as quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK), and the symbol is mapped in a signal point of the quadrature modulation and is sent.
[0006] The data transmission using an LDPC code is spreading worldwide and is required to secure favorable communication (transmission) quality.
[0007] The present technology has been made in view of such a situation, and aims to secure favorable communication quality in data transmission using an LDPC code.
SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS
[0008] A first transmission method of the present technology is a transmission method including a coding step of performing LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 3/16, a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
154, 106, 99, 177, 191, 55, 189, 181, 22, 62, 80, 114, 110, 141, 83, 103, 169, 156, 130, 186, 92, 45, 68, 126, 112, 185, 160, 158, 17, 145, 162, 127, 152, 174, 134, 18, 157, 120, 3, 29, 13, 135, 173, 86, 73, 150, 46, 153, 33, 61, 142, 102, 171, 168, 78, 77, 139, 85, 176, 163, 128, 101, 42, 2, 14, 38, 10, 125, 90, 30, 63, 172, 47, 108, 89, 0, 32, 94, 23, 34, 59, 35, 129, 12, 146, 8, 60, 27, 147, 180, 100, 87, 184, 167, 36, 79, 138, 4, 95, 148, 72, 54, 91, 182, 28, 133, 164, 175, 123, 107, 137, 88, 44, 116, 69, 7, 31, 124, 144, 105, 170, 6, 165, 15, 161, 24, 58, 70, 11, 56, 143, 111, 104, 74, 67, 109, 82, 21, 52, 9, 71, 48, 26, 117, 50, 149, 140, 20, 57, 136, 113, 64, 151, 190, 131, 19, 51, 96, 76, 1, 97, 40, 53, 84, 166, 75, 159, 98, 81, 49, 66, 188, 118, 39, 132, 187, 25, 119, 41, 122, 16, 5, 93, 115, 178, 65, 121, 37, 155, 183, 43, 179,
the parity check matrix includes an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix, a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix, a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix, a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix, the predetermined value M1 is 1800, the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
126 1125 1373 4698 5254 17832 23701 31126 33867 46596 46794 48392 49352 51151 52100 55162
794 1435 1552 4483 14668 16919 21871 36755 42132 43323 46650 47676 50412 53484 54886 55333
698 1356 1519 5555 6877 8407 8414 14248 17811 22998 28378 40695 46542 52817 53284 55968
457 493 1080 2261 4637 5314 9670 11171 12679 29201 35980 43792 44337 47131 49880 55301
467 721 1484 5326 8676 11727 15221 17477 21390 22224 27074 28845 37670 38917 40996 43851
305 389 526 9156 11091 12367 13337 14299 22072 25367 29827 30710 37688 44321 48351 54663
23 342 1426 5889 7362 8213 8512 10655 14549 15486 26010 30403 32196 36341 37705 45137
123 429 485 4093 6933 11291 11639 12558 20096 22292 24696 32438 34615 38061 40659 51577
920 1086 1257 8839 10010 13126 14367 18612 23252 23777 32883 32982 35684 40534 53318 55947
579 937 1593 2549 12702 17659 19393 20047 25145 27792 30322 33311 39737 42052 50294 53363
116 883 1067 9847 10660 12052 18157 20519 21191 24139 27132 27643 30745 33852 37692 37724
915 1154 1698 5197 5249 13741 25043 29802 31354 32707 33804 36856 39887 41245 42065 50240
317 1304 1770 12854 14018 14061 16657 24029 24408 34493 35322 35755 38593 47428 53811 55008
163 216 719 5541 13996 18754 19287 24293 38575 39520 43058 43395 45390 46665 50706 55269
42 415 1326 2553 7963 14878 17850 21757 22166 32986 39076 39267 46154 46790 52877 53780
593 1511 1515 13942 14258 14432 24537 38229 38251 40975 41350 43490 44880 45278 46574 51442
219 262 955 1978 10654 13021 16873 23340 27412 32762 40024 42723 45976 46603 47761 54095
632 944 1598 12924 17942 18478 26487 28036 42462 43513 44487 44584 48245 53274 54343 55453
501 912 1656 2009 6339 15581 20597 26886 32241 34471 37497 43009 45977 46587 46821 51187
610 713 1619 5176 6122 6445 8044 12220 14126 32911 38647 40715 45111 47872 50111 55027
258 445 1137 4517 5846 7644 15604 16606 16969 17622 20691 34589 35808 43692 45126 49527
612 854 1521 13045 14525 15821 21096 23774 24274 25855 26266 27296 30033 40847 44681 46072
714 876 1365 5836 10004 15778 17044 22417 26397 31508 32354 37917 42049 50828 50947 54052
1338 1595 1718 4722 4981 12275 13632 15276 15547 17668 21645 26616 29044 39417 39669 53539
687 721 1054 5918 10421 13356 15941 17657 20704 21564 23649 35798 36475 46109 46414 49845
734 1635 1666 9737 23679 24394 24784 26917 27334 28772 29454 35246 35512 37169 39638 44309
469 918 1212 3912 10712 13084 13906 14000 16602 18040 18697 25940 30677 44811 50590 52018
70 332 496 6421 19082 19665 25460 27377 27378 31086 36629 37104 37236 37771 38622 40678
48 142 1668 2102 3421 10462 13086 13671 24889 36914 37586 40166 42935 49052 49205 52170
294 616 840 2360 5386 7278 10202 15133 24149 24629 27338 28672 31892 39559 50438 50453
517 946 1043 2563 3416 6620 8572 10920 31906 32685 36852 40521 46898 48369 48700 49210
1325 1424 1741 11692 11761 19152 19732 28863 30563 34985 42394 44802 49339 54524 55731
664 1340 1437 9442 10378 12176 18760 19872 21648 34682 37784 40545 44808 47558 53061
378 705 1356 16007 16336 19543 21682 28716 30262 34500 40335 44238 48274 50341 52887
999 1202 1328 10688 11514 11724 15674 21039 35182 36272 41441 42542 52517 54945 56157
247 384 1270 6610 10335 24421 25984 27761 38728 41010 46216 46892 47392 48394 51471
10091 10124 12187 13741 18018 20438 21412 24163 35862 36925 37532 46234
7860 8123 8712 17553 20624 29410 29697 29853 43483 43603 53476 53737
11547 11741 19045 20400 23052 28251 32038 44283 50596 53622 55875 55888
3825 11292 11723 13819 26483 28571 33319 33721 34911 37766 47843 48667
10114 10336 14710 15586 19531 22471 27945 28397 45637 46131 47760 52375.
[0009] A first reception device of the present technology is a reception device including a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from a transmission device including a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 3/16, a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
154, 106, 99, 177, 191, 55, 189, 181, 22, 62, 80, 114, 110, 141, 83, 103, 169, 156, 130, 186, 92, 45, 68, 126, 112, 185, 160, 158, 17, 145, 162, 127, 152, 174, 134, 18, 157, 120, 3, 29, 13, 135, 173, 86, 73, 150, 46, 153, 33, 61, 142, 102, 171, 168, 78, 77, 139, 85, 176, 163, 128, 101, 42, 2, 14, 38, 10, 125, 90, 30, 63, 172, 47, 108, 89, 0, 32, 94, 23, 34, 59, 35, 129, 12, 146, 8, 60, 27, 147, 180, 100, 87, 184, 167, 36, 79, 138, 4, 95, 148, 72, 54, 91, 182, 28, 133, 164, 175, 123, 107, 137, 88, 44, 116, 69, 7, 31, 124, 144, 105, 170, 6, 165, 15, 161, 24, 58, 70, 11, 56, 143, 111, 104, 74, 67, 109, 82, 21, 52, 9, 71, 48, 26, 117, 50, 149, 140, 20, 57, 136, 113, 64, 151, 190, 131, 19, 51, 96, 76, 1, 97, 40, 53, 84, 166, 75, 159, 98, 81, 49, 66, 188, 118, 39, 132, 187, 25, 119, 41, 122, 16, 5, 93, 115, 178, 65, 121, 37, 155, 183, 43, 179,
the parity check matrix includes an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix, a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix, a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix, a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix, the predetermined value M1 is 1800, the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
126 1125 1373 4698 5254 17832 23701 31126 33867 46596 46794 48392 49352 51151 52100 55162
794 1435 1552 4483 14668 16919 21871 36755 42132 43323 46650 47676 50412 53484 54886 55333
698 1356 1519 5555 6877 8407 8414 14248 17811 22998 28378 40695 46542 52817 53284 55968
457 493 1080 2261 4637 5314 9670 11171 12679 29201 35980 43792 44337 47131 49880 55301
467 721 1484 5326 8676 11727 15221 17477 21390 22224 27074 28845 37670 38917 40996 43851
305 389 526 9156 11091 12367 13337 14299 22072 25367 29827 30710 37688 44321 48351 54663
23 342 1426 5889 7362 8213 8512 10655 14549 15486 26010 30403 32196 36341 37705 45137
123 429 485 4093 6933 11291 11639 12558 20096 22292 24696 32438 34615 38061 40659 51577
920 1086 1257 8839 10010 13126 14367 18612 23252 23777 32883 32982 35684 40534 53318 55947
579 937 1593 2549 12702 17659 19393 20047 25145 27792 30322 33311 39737 42052 50294 53363
116 883 1067 9847 10660 12052 18157 20519 21191 24139 27132 27643 30745 33852 37692 37724
915 1154 1698 5197 5249 13741 25043 29802 31354 32707 33804 36856 39887 41245 42065 50240
317 1304 1770 12854 14018 14061 16657 24029 24408 34493 35322 35755 38593 47428 53811 55008
163 216 719 5541 13996 18754 19287 24293 38575 39520 43058 43395 45390 46665 50706 55269
42 415 1326 2553 7963 14878 17850 21757 22166 32986 39076 39267 46154 46790 52877 53780
593 1511 1515 13942 14258 14432 24537 38229 38251 40975 41350 43490 44880 45278 46574 51442
219 262 955 1978 10654 13021 16873 23340 27412 32762 40024 42723 45976 46603 47761 54095
632 944 1598 12924 17942 18478 26487 28036 42462 43513 44487 44584 48245 53274 54343 55453
501 912 1656 2009 6339 15581 20597 26886 32241 34471 37497 43009 45977 46587 46821 51187
610 713 1619 5176 6122 6445 8044 12220 14126 32911 38647 40715 45111 47872 50111 55027
258 445 1137 4517 5846 7644 15604 16606 16969 17622 20691 34589 35808 43692 45126 49527
612 854 1521 13045 14525 15821 21096 23774 24274 25855 26266 27296 30033 40847 44681 46072
714 876 1365 5836 10004 15778 17044 22417 26397 31508 32354 37917 42049 50828 50947 54052
1338 1595 1718 4722 4981 12275 13632 15276 15547 17668 21645 26616 29044 39417 39669 53539
687 721 1054 5918 10421 13356 15941 17657 20704 21564 23649 35798 36475 46109 46414 49845
734 1635 1666 9737 23679 24394 24784 26917 27334 28772 29454 35246 35512 37169 39638 44309
469 918 1212 3912 10712 13084 13906 14000 16602 18040 18697 25940 30677 44811 50590 52018
70 332 496 6421 19082 19665 25460 27377 27378 31086 36629 37104 37236 37771 38622 40678
48 142 1668 2102 3421 10462 13086 13671 24889 36914 37586 40166 42935 49052 49205 52170
294 616 840 2360 5386 7278 10202 15133 24149 24629 27338 28672 31892 39559 50438 50453
517 946 1043 2563 3416 6620 8572 10920 31906 32685 36852 40521 46898 48369 48700 49210
1325 1424 1741 11692 11761 19152 19732 28863 30563 34985 42394 44802 49339 54524 55731
664 1340 1437 9442 10378 12176 18760 19872 21648 34682 37784 40545 44808 47558 53061
378 705 1356 16007 16336 19543 21682 28716 30262 34500 40335 44238 48274 50341 52887
999 1202 1328 10688 11514 11724 15674 21039 35182 36272 41441 42542 52517 54945 56157
247 384 1270 6610 10335 24421 25984 27761 38728 41010 46216 46892 47392 48394 51471
10091 10124 12187 13741 18018 20438 21412 24163 35862 36925 37532 46234
7860 8123 8712 17553 20624 29410 29697 29853 43483 43603 53476 53737
11547 11741 19045 20400 23052 28251 32038 44283 50596 53622 55875 55888
3825 11292 11723 13819 26483 28571 33319 33721 34911 37766 47843 48667
10114 10336 14710 15586 19531 22471 27945 28397 45637 46131 47760 52375.
[0010] A second transmission method of the present technology is a transmission method including a coding step of performing LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 5/16, a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
1, 182, 125, 0, 121, 47, 63, 154, 76, 99, 82, 163, 102, 166, 28, 189, 56, 67, 54, 39, 40, 185, 184, 65, 179, 4, 91, 87, 137, 170, 98, 71, 169, 49, 73, 37, 11, 143, 150, 123, 93, 62, 3, 50, 26, 140, 178, 95, 183, 33, 21, 53, 112, 128, 118, 120, 106, 139, 32, 130, 173, 132, 156, 119, 83, 176, 159, 13, 145, 36, 30, 113, 2, 41, 147, 174, 94, 88, 92, 60, 165, 59, 25, 161, 100, 85, 81, 61, 138, 48, 177, 77, 6, 22, 16, 43, 115, 23, 12, 66, 70, 9, 164, 122, 58, 105, 69, 42, 38, 19, 24, 180, 175, 74, 160, 34, 101, 72, 114, 142, 20, 8, 15, 190, 144, 104, 79, 172, 148, 31, 168, 10, 107, 14, 35, 52, 134, 126, 167, 149, 116, 186, 17, 162, 151, 5, 136, 55, 44, 110, 158, 46, 191, 29, 153, 155, 117, 188, 131, 97, 146, 103, 78, 109, 129, 57, 111, 45, 68, 157, 84, 141, 89, 64, 7, 108, 152, 75, 18, 96, 133, 171, 86, 181, 127, 27, 124, 187, 135, 80, 51, 90,
the parity check matrix includes an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix, a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix, a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix, a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix, the predetermined value M1 is 1800, the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
152 1634 7484 23081 24142 26799 33620 40989 41902 44319 44378 45067
140 701 5137 7313 12672 16929 20359 27052 30236 33846 36254 46973
748 769 2891 7812 9964 15629 19104 20551 25796 28144 31518 34124
542 976 2279 18904 20877 24190 25903 28129 36804 41152 41957 46888
173 960 2926 11682 12304 13284 18037 22702 30255 33718 34073 37152
78 1487 4898 7472 8033 10631 11732 19334 24577 34586 38651 43639
594 1095 1857 2368 8909 17295 17546 21865 23257 31273 37013 41454
72 419 1596 7849 16093 23167 26923 31883 36092 40348 44500
866 1120 1568 1986 3532 20094 21663 26664 26970 33542 42578
868 917 1216 12018 15402 20691 24736 33133 36692 40276 46616
955 1070 1749 7988 10235 19174 22733 24283 27985 38200 44029
613 1729 1787 19542 21227 21376 31057 36104 36874 38078 42445
86 1555 1644 4633 14402 14997 25724 31382 31911 32224 43900
353 1132 1246 5544 7248 17887 25769 27008 28773 33188 44663
600 958 1376 6417 6814 17587 20680 25376 29522 31396 40526
179 528 1472 2481 5589 15696 20148 28040 29690 32370 42163
122 144 681 6613 11230 20862 26396 27737 35928 39396 42713
934 1256 1420 3881 4487 5830 7897 9587 17940 40333 41925
622 1458 1490 16541 18443 19401 24860 26981 28157 32875 38755
1017 1143 1511 2169 17322 24662 25971 29149 31450 31670 34779
935 1084 1534 2918 10596 11534 17476 27269 30344 31104 37975
173 532 1766 8001 10483 17002 19002 26759 31006 43466 47443
221 610 1795 9197 11770 12793 14875 30177 30610 42274 43888
188 439 1332 7030 9246 15150 26060 26541 27190 28259 36763
812 1643 1750 7446 7888 7995 18804 21646 28995 30727 39065
44 481 555 5618 9621 9873 19182 22059 42510 45343 46058
156 532 1799 6258 18733 19988 23237 27657 30835 34738 39503
1128 1553 1790 8372 11543 13764 17062 28627 38502 40796 42461
564 777 1286 3446 5566 12105 16038 18918 21802 25954 28137
1167 1178 1770 4151 11422 11833 16823 17799 19188 22517 29979
576 638 1364 12257 22028 24243 24297 31788 36398 38409 47211
334 592 940 2865 12075 12708 21452 31961 32150 35723 46278
1205 1267 1721 9293 18685 18917 23490 27678 37645 40114 45733
189 628 821 17066 19218 21462 25452 26858 38408 38941 42354
190 951 1019 5572 7135 15647 32613 33863 33981 35670 43727
84 1003 1597 12597 15567 21221 21891 23151 23964 24816 46178
756 1262 1345 6694 6893 9300 9497 17950 19082 35668 38447
848 948 1560 6591 12529 12535 20567 23882 34481 46531 46541
504 631 777 10585 12330 13822 15388 23332 27688 35955 38051
676 1484 1575 2215 5830 6049 13558 25034 33602 35663 41025
1298 1427 1732 13930 15611 19462 20975 23200 30460 30682 34883
1491 1593 1615 4289 7010 10264 21047 26704 27024 29658 46766
969 1730 1748 2217 7181 7623 15860 21332 28133 28998 36077
302 1216 1374 5177 6849 7239 10255 34952 37908 39911 41738
220 362 1491 5235 5439 22708 29228 29481 33272 36831 46487
4 728 1279 4579 8325 8505 27604 31437 33574 41716 45082
472 735 1558 4454 6957 14867 18307 22437 38304 42054 45307
85 466 851 3669 7119 32748 32845 41914 42595 42600 45101
52 553 824 2994 4569 12505 24738 33258 37121 43381 44753
37 495 1553 7684 8908 12412 15563 16461 17872 29292 30619
254 1057 1481 9971 18408 19815 28569 29164 39281 42723 45604
16 1213 1614 4352 8091 8847 10022 24394 35661 43800 44362
395 750 888 2582 3772 4151 26025 36367 42326 42673 47393
862 1379 1441 6413 25621 28378 34869 35491 41774 44165 45411
46 213 1597 2771 4694 4923 17101 17212 19347 22002 43226
1339 1544 1610 13522 14840 15355 29399 30125 33685 36350 37672
251 1162 1260 9766 13137 34769 36646 43313 43736 43828 45151
214 1002 1688 5357 19091 19213 24460 28843 32869 35013 39791
646 733 1735 11175 11336 12043 22962 33892 35646 37116 38655
293 927 1064 4818 5842 10983 12871 17804 33127 41604 46588
10927 15514 22748 34850 37645 40669 41583 44090
3329 7548 8092 11659 16832 35304 46738 46888
3510 5915 9603 30333 37198 42866 44361 46416
2575 5311 9421 13410 15375 34017 37136 43990
12468 14492 24417 26394 38565 38936 41899 45593.
[0011] A second reception device of the present technology is a reception device including a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from a transmission device including a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 5/16, a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
1, 182, 125, 0, 121, 47, 63, 154, 76, 99, 82, 163, 102, 166, 28, 189, 56, 67, 54, 39, 40, 185, 184, 65, 179, 4, 91, 87, 137, 170, 98, 71, 169, 49, 73, 37, 11, 143, 150, 123, 93, 62, 3, 50, 26, 140, 178, 95, 183, 33, 21, 53, 112, 128, 118, 120, 106, 139, 32, 130, 173, 132, 156, 119, 83, 176, 159, 13, 145, 36, 30, 113, 2, 41, 147, 174, 94, 88, 92, 60, 165, 59, 25, 161, 100, 85, 81, 61, 138, 48, 177, 77, 6, 22, 16, 43, 115, 23, 12, 66, 70, 9, 164, 122, 58, 105, 69, 42, 38, 19, 24, 180, 175, 74, 160, 34, 101, 72, 114, 142, 20, 8, 15, 190, 144, 104, 79, 172, 148, 31, 168, 10, 107, 14, 35, 52, 134, 126, 167, 149, 116, 186, 17, 162, 151, 5, 136, 55, 44, 110, 158, 46, 191, 29, 153, 155, 117, 188, 131, 97, 146, 103, 78, 109, 129, 57, 111, 45, 68, 157, 84, 141, 89, 64, 7, 108, 152, 75, 18, 96, 133, 171, 86, 181, 127, 27, 124, 187, 135, 80, 51, 90,
the parity check matrix includes an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix, a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix, a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix, a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix, the predetermined value M1 is 1800, the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
152 1634 7484 23081 24142 26799 33620 40989 41902 44319 44378 45067
140 701 5137 7313 12672 16929 20359 27052 30236 33846 36254 46973
748 769 2891 7812 9964 15629 19104 20551 25796 28144 31518 34124
542 976 2279 18904 20877 24190 25903 28129 36804 41152 41957 46888
173 960 2926 11682 12304 13284 18037 22702 30255 33718 34073 37152
78 1487 4898 7472 8033 10631 11732 19334 24577 34586 38651 43639
594 1095 1857 2368 8909 17295 17546 21865 23257 31273 37013 41454
72 419 1596 7849 16093 23167 26923 31883 36092 40348 44500
866 1120 1568 1986 3532 20094 21663 26664 26970 33542 42578
868 917 1216 12018 15402 20691 24736 33133 36692 40276 46616
955 1070 1749 7988 10235 19174 22733 24283 27985 38200 44029
613 1729 1787 19542 21227 21376 31057 36104 36874 38078 42445
86 1555 1644 4633 14402 14997 25724 31382 31911 32224 43900
353 1132 1246 5544 7248 17887 25769 27008 28773 33188 44663
600 958 1376 6417 6814 17587 20680 25376 29522 31396 40526
179 528 1472 2481 5589 15696 20148 28040 29690 32370 42163
122 144 681 6613 11230 20862 26396 27737 35928 39396 42713
934 1256 1420 3881 4487 5830 7897 9587 17940 40333 41925
622 1458 1490 16541 18443 19401 24860 26981 28157 32875 38755
1017 1143 1511 2169 17322 24662 25971 29149 31450 31670 34779
935 1084 1534 2918 10596 11534 17476 27269 30344 31104 37975
173 532 1766 8001 10483 17002 19002 26759 31006 43466 47443
221 610 1795 9197 11770 12793 14875 30177 30610 42274 43888
188 439 1332 7030 9246 15150 26060 26541 27190 28259 36763
812 1643 1750 7446 7888 7995 18804 21646 28995 30727 39065
44 481 555 5618 9621 9873 19182 22059 42510 45343 46058
156 532 1799 6258 18733 19988 23237 27657 30835 34738 39503
1128 1553 1790 8372 11543 13764 17062 28627 38502 40796 42461
564 777 1286 3446 5566 12105 16038 18918 21802 25954 28137
1167 1178 1770 4151 11422 11833 16823 17799 19188 22517 29979
576 638 1364 12257 22028 24243 24297 31788 36398 38409 47211
334 592 940 2865 12075 12708 21452 31961 32150 35723 46278
1205 1267 1721 9293 18685 18917 23490 27678 37645 40114 45733
189 628 821 17066 19218 21462 25452 26858 38408 38941 42354
190 951 1019 5572 7135 15647 32613 33863 33981 35670 43727
84 1003 1597 12597 15567 21221 21891 23151 23964 24816 46178
756 1262 1345 6694 6893 9300 9497 17950 19082 35668 38447
848 948 1560 6591 12529 12535 20567 23882 34481 46531 46541
504 631 777 10585 12330 13822 15388 23332 27688 35955 38051
676 1484 1575 2215 5830 6049 13558 25034 33602 35663 41025
1298 1427 1732 13930 15611 19462 20975 23200 30460 30682 34883
1491 1593 1615 4289 7010 10264 21047 26704 27024 29658 46766
969 1730 1748 2217 7181 7623 15860 21332 28133 28998 36077
302 1216 1374 5177 6849 7239 10255 34952 37908 39911 41738
220 362 1491 5235 5439 22708 29228 29481 33272 36831 46487
4 728 1279 4579 8325 8505 27604 31437 33574 41716 45082
472 735 1558 4454 6957 14867 18307 22437 38304 42054 45307
85 466 851 3669 7119 32748 32845 41914 42595 42600 45101
52 553 824 2994 4569 12505 24738 33258 37121 43381 44753
37 495 1553 7684 8908 12412 15563 16461 17872 29292 30619
254 1057 1481 9971 18408 19815 28569 29164 39281 42723 45604
16 1213 1614 4352 8091 8847 10022 24394 35661 43800 44362
395 750 888 2582 3772 4151 26025 36367 42326 42673 47393
862 1379 1441 6413 25621 28378 34869 35491 41774 44165 45411
46 213 1597 2771 4694 4923 17101 17212 19347 22002 43226
1339 1544 1610 13522 14840 15355 29399 30125 33685 36350 37672
251 1162 1260 9766 13137 34769 36646 43313 43736 43828 45151
214 1002 1688 5357 19091 19213 24460 28843 32869 35013 39791
646 733 1735 11175 11336 12043 22962 33892 35646 37116 38655
293 927 1064 4818 5842 10983 12871 17804 33127 41604 46588
10927 15514 22748 34850 37645 40669 41583 44090
3329 7548 8092 11659 16832 35304 46738 46888
3510 5915 9603 30333 37198 42866 44361 46416
2575 5311 9421 13410 15375 34017 37136 43990
12468 14492 24417 26394 38565 38936 41899 45593.
[0012] A third transmission method of the present technology is a transmission method including a coding step of performing LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 7/16, a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
35, 75, 166, 145, 143, 184, 62, 96, 54, 63, 157, 103, 32, 43, 126, 187, 144, 91, 78, 44, 39, 109, 185, 102, 10, 68, 29, 42, 149, 83, 133, 94, 130, 27, 171, 19, 51, 165, 148, 28, 36, 33, 173, 136, 87, 82, 100, 49, 120, 152, 161, 162, 147, 71, 137, 57, 8, 53, 132, 151, 163, 123, 47, 92, 90, 60, 99, 79, 59, 108, 115, 72, 0, 12, 140, 160, 61, 180, 74, 37, 86, 117, 191, 101, 52, 15, 80, 156, 127, 81, 131, 141, 142, 31, 95, 4, 73, 64, 16, 18, 146, 70, 181, 7, 89, 124, 77, 67, 116, 21, 34, 41, 105, 113, 97, 2, 6, 55, 17, 65, 38, 48, 158, 159, 179, 5, 30, 183, 170, 135, 125, 20, 106, 186, 182, 188, 114, 1, 14, 3, 134, 178, 189, 167, 40, 119, 22, 190, 58, 23, 155, 138, 98, 84, 11, 110, 88, 46, 177, 175, 25, 150, 118, 121, 129, 168, 13, 128, 104, 69, 112, 169, 9, 45, 174, 93, 26, 56, 76, 50, 154, 139, 66, 85, 153, 107, 111, 172, 176, 164, 24, 122,
the parity check matrix includes an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix, a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix, a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix, a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix, the predetermined value M1 is 4680, the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
1012 3997 5398 5796 21940 23609 25002 28007 32214 33822 38194
1110 4016 5752 10837 15440 15952 17802 27468 32933 33191 35420
95 1953 6554 11381 12839 12880 22901 26742 26910 27621 37825
1146 2232 5658 13131 13785 16771 17466 20561 29400 32962 36879
2023 3420 5107 10789 12303 13316 14428 24912 35363 36348 38787
3283 3637 12474 14376 20459 22584 23093 28876 31485 31742 34849
1807 3890 4865 7562 9091 13778 18361 21934 24548 34267 38260
1613 3620 10165 11464 14071 20675 20803 26814 27593 29483 36485
849 3946 8585 9208 9939 14676 14990 19276 23459 30577 36838
1890 2583 5951 6003 11943 13641 16319 18379 22957 24644 33430
1936 3939 5267 6314 12665 19626 20457 22010 27958 30238 32976
2153 4318 6782 13048 17730 17923 24137 24741 25594 32852 33209
1869 4262 6616 13522 19266 19384 22769 28883 30389 35102 36019
3037 3116 7478 7841 10627 10908 14060 14163 23772 27946 37835
1668 3125 7485 8525 14659 22834 24080 24838 30890 33391 36788
1623 2836 6776 8549 11448 23281 32033 32729 33650 34069 34607
101 1420 5172 7475 11673 18807 21367 23095 26368 30888 37882
3874 3940 4823 16485 21601 21655 21885 25541 30177 31656 35067
592 643 4847 6870 7671 10412 25081 33412 33478 33495 35976
2578 2677 12592 17140 17185 21962 23206 23838 27624 32594 34828
3058 3443 4959 21179 22411 24033 26004 26489 26775 33816 36694
91 2998 10137 11957 12444 22330 24300 26008 26441 26521 38191
889 1840 8881 10228 12495 18162 22259 23385 25687 35853 38848
1332 3031 13482 14262 15897 23112 25954 28035 34898 36286 36991
2505 2599 10980 15245 20084 20114 24496 26309 31139 34090 37258
599 1778 8935 16154 19546 23537 24938 32059 32406 35564 37175
392 1777 4793 8050 10543 10668 14823 25252 32922 36658 37832
1680 2630 7190 7880 10894 20675 27523 33460 33733 34000 35829
532 3750 5075 10603 12466 19838 24231 24998 27647 35111 38617
1786 3066 11367 12452 13896 15346 24646 25509 26109 30358 37392
1027 1659 6483 16919 17636 18905 19741 30579 35934 36515 37617
2064 2354 14085 16460 21378 21719 22981 23329 31701 32057 32640
2009 4421 7595 8790 12803 17649 18527 24246 27584 28757 31794
364 646 9398 13898 17486 17709 20911 31493 31810 32019 33341
2246 3760 4911 19338 25792 27511 28689 30634 31928 34984 36605
3178 3544 8858 9336 9602 12290 16521 27872 28391 28422 36105
1981 2209 12718 20656 21253 22574 28653 29967 33692 36759 37871
787 1545 7652 8376 9628 9995 10289 16260 17606 22673 34564
795 4580 12749 16670 18727 19131 19449 26152 29165 30820 31678
1577 2980 8659 12301 13813 14838 20782 23068 30185 34308 34676
84 434 13572 21777 24581 28397 28490 32547 33282 34655 37579
2927 4440 8979 14992 19009 20435 23558 26280 31320 35106 37704
1974 2712 6552 8585 10051 14848 15186 22968 24285 25878 36054
585 1990 3457 5010 8808
9 2792 4678 22666 32922
342 507 861 18844 32947
554 3395 4094 8147 34616
356 2061 2801 20330 38214
425 2432 4573 7323 28157
73 1192 2618 7812 17947
842 1053 4088 10818 24053
1234 1249 4171 6645 37350
1498 2113 4175 6432 17014
524 2135 2205 6311 7502
191 954 3166 28938 31869
548 586 4101 12129 25819
127 2352 3215 6791 13523
286 4262 4423 14087 38061
1645 3551 4209 14083 15827
719 1087 2813 32857 34499
651 2752 4548 25139 25514
1702 4186 4478 10785 33263
34 3157 4196 5811 36555
643 649 1524 6587 27246
291 836 1036 18936 19201
78 1099 4174 18305 36119
3083 3173 4667 27349 32057
3449 4090 4339 18334 24596
503 3816 4465 29204 35316
102 1693 1799 17180 35877
288 324 1237 16167 33970
224 2831 3571 17861 28530
1202 2803 2834 4943 31485
1112 2196 3027 29308 37101
4242 4291 4503 16344 28769
1020 1927 3349 9686 33845
3179 3304 3891 8448 37247
1076 2319 4512 17010 18781
987 1391 3781 12318 35710
2268 3467 3619 15764 25608
764 1135 2224 8647 17486
2091 4081 4648 8101 33818
471 3668 4069 14925 36242
932 2140 3428 12523 33270
5840 8959 12039 15972 38496
5960 7759 10493 31160 38054
10380 14835 26024 35399 36517
5260 7306 13419 28804 31112
12747 23075 32458 36239 37437
14096 16976 21598 32228 34672
5024 5769 21798 22675 25316
8617 14189 17874 22776 29780
7628 13623 16676 30019 33213
14090 14254 18987 21720 38550
17306 17709 19135 22995 28597
13137 18028 23943 27468 37156
7704 8171 10815 28138 29526.
[0013] A third reception device of the present technology is a reception device including a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from a transmission device including a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 7/16, a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
35, 75, 166, 145, 143, 184, 62, 96, 54, 63, 157, 103, 32, 43, 126, 187, 144, 91, 78, 44, 39, 109, 185, 102, 10, 68, 29, 42, 149, 83, 133, 94, 130, 27, 171, 19, 51, 165, 148, 28, 36, 33, 173, 136, 87, 82, 100, 49, 120, 152, 161, 162, 147, 71, 137, 57, 8, 53, 132, 151, 163, 123, 47, 92, 90, 60, 99, 79, 59, 108, 115, 72, 0, 12, 140, 160, 61, 180, 74, 37, 86, 117, 191, 101, 52, 15, 80, 156, 127, 81, 131, 141, 142, 31, 95, 4, 73, 64, 16, 18, 146, 70, 181, 7, 89, 124, 77, 67, 116, 21, 34, 41, 105, 113, 97, 2, 6, 55, 17, 65, 38, 48, 158, 159, 179, 5, 30, 183, 170, 135, 125, 20, 106, 186, 182, 188, 114, 1, 14, 3, 134, 178, 189, 167, 40, 119, 22, 190, 58, 23, 155, 138, 98, 84, 11, 110, 88, 46, 177, 175, 25, 150, 118, 121, 129, 168, 13, 128, 104, 69, 112, 169, 9, 45, 174, 93, 26, 56, 76, 50, 154, 139, 66, 85, 153, 107, 111, 172, 176, 164, 24, 122,
the parity check matrix includes an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix, a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix, a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix, a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix, the predetermined value M1 is 4680, the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
1012 3997 5398 5796 21940 23609 25002 28007 32214 33822 38194
1110 4016 5752 10837 15440 15952 17802 27468 32933 33191 35420
95 1953 6554 11381 12839 12880 22901 26742 26910 27621 37825
1146 2232 5658 13131 13785 16771 17466 20561 29400 32962 36879
2023 3420 5107 10789 12303 13316 14428 24912 35363 36348 38787
3283 3637 12474 14376 20459 22584 23093 28876 31485 31742 34849
1807 3890 4865 7562 9091 13778 18361 21934 24548 34267 38260
1613 3620 10165 11464 14071 20675 20803 26814 27593 29483 36485
849 3946 8585 9208 9939 14676 14990 19276 23459 30577 36838
1890 2583 5951 6003 11943 13641 16319 18379 22957 24644 33430
1936 3939 5267 6314 12665 19626 20457 22010 27958 30238 32976
2153 4318 6782 13048 17730 17923 24137 24741 25594 32852 33209
1869 4262 6616 13522 19266 19384 22769 28883 30389 35102 36019
3037 3116 7478 7841 10627 10908 14060 14163 23772 27946 37835
1668 3125 7485 8525 14659 22834 24080 24838 30890 33391 36788
1623 2836 6776 8549 11448 23281 32033 32729 33650 34069 34607
101 1420 5172 7475 11673 18807 21367 23095 26368 30888 37882
3874 3940 4823 16485 21601 21655 21885 25541 30177 31656 35067
592 643 4847 6870 7671 10412 25081 33412 33478 33495 35976
2578 2677 12592 17140 17185 21962 23206 23838 27624 32594 34828
3058 3443 4959 21179 22411 24033 26004 26489 26775 33816 36694
91 2998 10137 11957 12444 22330 24300 26008 26441 26521 38191
889 1840 8881 10228 12495 18162 22259 23385 25687 35853 38848
1332 3031 13482 14262 15897 23112 25954 28035 34898 36286 36991
2505 2599 10980 15245 20084 20114 24496 26309 31139 34090 37258
599 1778 8935 16154 19546 23537 24938 32059 32406 35564 37175
392 1777 4793 8050 10543 10668 14823 25252 32922 36658 37832
1680 2630 7190 7880 10894 20675 27523 33460 33733 34000 35829
532 3750 5075 10603 12466 19838 24231 24998 27647 35111 38617
1786 3066 11367 12452 13896 15346 24646 25509 26109 30358 37392
1027 1659 6483 16919 17636 18905 19741 30579 35934 36515 37617
2064 2354 14085 16460 21378 21719 22981 23329 31701 32057 32640
2009 4421 7595 8790 12803 17649 18527 24246 27584 28757 31794
364 646 9398 13898 17486 17709 20911 31493 31810 32019 33341
2246 3760 4911 19338 25792 27511 28689 30634 31928 34984 36605
3178 3544 8858 9336 9602 12290 16521 27872 28391 28422 36105
1981 2209 12718 20656 21253 22574 28653 29967 33692 36759 37871
787 1545 7652 8376 9628 9995 10289 16260 17606 22673 34564
795 4580 12749 16670 18727 19131 19449 26152 29165 30820 31678
1577 2980 8659 12301 13813 14838 20782 23068 30185 34308 34676
84 434 13572 21777 24581 28397 28490 32547 33282 34655 37579
2927 4440 8979 14992 19009 20435 23558 26280 31320 35106 37704
1974 2712 6552 8585 10051 14848 15186 22968 24285 25878 36054
585 1990 3457 5010 8808
9 2792 4678 22666 32922
342 507 861 18844 32947
554 3395 4094 8147 34616
356 2061 2801 20330 38214
425 2432 4573 7323 28157
73 1192 2618 7812 17947
842 1053 4088 10818 24053
1234 1249 4171 6645 37350
1498 2113 4175 6432 17014
524 2135 2205 6311 7502
191 954 3166 28938 31869
548 586 4101 12129 25819
127 2352 3215 6791 13523
286 4262 4423 14087 38061
1645 3551 4209 14083 15827
719 1087 2813 32857 34499
651 2752 4548 25139 25514
1702 4186 4478 10785 33263
34 3157 4196 5811 36555
643 649 1524 6587 27246
291 836 1036 18936 19201
78 1099 4174 18305 36119
3083 3173 4667 27349 32057
3449 4090 4339 18334 24596
503 3816 4465 29204 35316
102 1693 1799 17180 35877
288 324 1237 16167 33970
224 2831 3571 17861 28530
1202 2803 2834 4943 31485
1112 2196 3027 29308 37101
4242 4291 4503 16344 28769
1020 1927 3349 9686 33845
3179 3304 3891 8448 37247
1076 2319 4512 17010 18781
987 1391 3781 12318 35710
2268 3467 3619 15764 25608
764 1135 2224 8647 17486
2091 4081 4648 8101 33818
471 3668 4069 14925 36242
932 2140 3428 12523 33270
5840 8959 12039 15972 38496
5960 7759 10493 31160 38054
10380 14835 26024 35399 36517
5260 7306 13419 28804 31112
12747 23075 32458 36239 37437
14096 16976 21598 32228 34672
5024 5769 21798 22675 25316
8617 14189 17874 22776 29780
7628 13623 16676 30019 33213
14090 14254 18987 21720 38550
17306 17709 19135 22995 28597
13137 18028 23943 27468 37156
7704 8171 10815 28138 29526.
[0014] A fourth transmission method of the present technology is a transmission method including a coding step of performing LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 9/16, a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
155, 188, 123, 132, 15, 79, 59, 119, 66, 68, 41, 175, 184, 78, 142, 32, 54, 111, 139, 134, 95, 34, 161, 150, 58, 141, 74, 112, 121, 99, 178, 179, 57, 90, 80, 21, 11, 29, 67, 104, 52, 87, 38, 81, 181, 160, 176, 16, 71, 13, 186, 171, 9, 170, 2, 177, 0, 88, 149, 190, 69, 33, 183, 146, 61, 117, 113, 6, 96, 120, 162, 23, 53, 140, 91, 128, 46, 93, 174, 126, 159, 133, 8, 152, 103, 102, 151, 143, 100, 4, 180, 166, 55, 164, 18, 49, 62, 20, 83, 7, 187, 153, 64, 37, 144, 185, 19, 114, 25, 116, 12, 173, 122, 127, 89, 115, 75, 101, 189, 124, 157, 108, 28, 165, 163, 65, 168, 77, 82, 27, 137, 86, 22, 110, 63, 148, 158, 97, 31, 105, 135, 98, 44, 70, 182, 191, 17, 156, 129, 39, 136, 169, 3, 145, 154, 109, 76, 5, 10, 106, 35, 94, 172, 45, 51, 60, 42, 50, 72, 85, 40, 118, 36, 14, 130, 131, 138, 43, 48, 125, 84, 24, 26, 1, 56, 107, 92, 147, 47, 30, 73, 167,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits, the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits, the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
110 3064 6740 7801 10228 13445 17599 17891 17979 18044 19923 21848 23262 25585 25968 30124
1578 8914 9141 9731 10605 11690 12824 18127 18458 24648 24950 25150 26323 26514 27385 27460
3054 3640 3923 7332 10770 12215 14455 14849 15619 20870 22033 26427 28067 28560 29777 29780
1348 4248 5479 8902 9101 9356 10581 11614 12813 21554 22985 23701 24099 24575 24786 27370
3266 8358 16544 16689 16693 16823 17565 18543 19229 21121 23799 24981 25423 28997 29808 30202
320 1198 1549 5407 6080 8542 9352 12418 13391 14736 15012 18328 19398 23391 28117 28793
2114 3294 3770 5225 5556 5991 7075 7889 11145 11386 16561 18956 19034 23605 26085 27132
3623 4011 4225 5249 5489 5711 7240 9831 10458 14697 15420 16015 17782 23244 24215 24386
2624 2750 3871 8247 11135 13702 19290 22209 22975 23811 23931 24872 25154 25165 28375 30200
1060 1240 2040 2382 7723 9165 9656 10398 14517 16653 21241 22348 23476 27203 28443 28445
1070 1233 3416 6633 11736 12808 15454 16505 18720 20162 21425 21874 26069 26855 27292 27978
420 5524 10279 11218 12500 12913 15389 15824 19414 19588 21138 23846 26621 27907 28594 28781
151 1356 2323 3289 4501 10573 13667 14642 16127 17040 17475 18055 24061 26204 26567 29277
1410 3656 4080 6963 8834 10527 17490 17584 18065 19234 22211 22338 23746 24662 29863 30227
1924 2694 3285 8761 9693 11005 17592 21259 21322 21546 21555 24044 24173 26988 27640 28506
1069 6483 6554 9027 11655 12453 16595 17877 18350 18995 21304 21442 23836 25468 28820 29453
149 1621 2199 3141 8403 11974 14969 16197 18844 21027 21921 22266 22399 22691 25727 27721
3689 4839 7971 8419 10500 12308 13435 14487 16502 16622 17229 17468 22710 23904 25074 28508
1270 7007 9830 12698 14204 16075 17613 19391 21362 21726 21816 23014 23651 26419 26748 27195
96 1953 2456 2712 2809 3196 5939 10634 21828 24606 26169 26801 27391 28578 29725 30142
832 3394 4145 5375 6199 7122 7405 7706 10136 10792 15058 15860 21881 23908 25174 25837
730 1735 2917 4106 5004 5849 8194 8943 9136 17599 18456 20191 22798 27935 29559
6238 6776 6799 9142 11199 11867 15979 16830 18110 18396 21897 22590 24020 29578 29644
407 2138 4493 7979 8225 9467 11956 12940 15566 15809 16058 18211 22073 28314 28713
957 1552 1869 4388 7642 7904 13408 13453 16431 19327 21444 22188 25719 28511 29192
3617 8663 22378 28704
8598 12647 19278 22416
15176 16377 16644 22732
12463 12711 18341
11079 13446 29071
2446 4068 8542
10838 11660 27428
16403 21750 23199
9181 16572 18381
7227 18770 21858
7379 9316 16247
8923 14861 29618
6531 24652 26817
5564 8875 18025
8019 14642 21169
16683 17257 29298
4078 6023 8853
13942 15217 15501
7484 8302 27199
671 14966 20886
1240 11897 14925
12800 25474 28603
3576 5308 11168
13430 15265 18232
3439 5544 21849
3257 16996 23750
1865 14153 22669
7640 15098 17364
6137 19401 24836
5986 9035 11444
4799 20865 29150
8360 23554 29246
2002 18215 22258
9679 11951 26583
2844 12330 18156
3744 6949 14754
8262 10288 27142
1087 16563 22815
1328 13273 21749
2092 9191 28045
3250 10549 18252
13975 15172 17135
2520 26310 28787
4395 8961 26753
6413 15437 19520
5809 10936 17089
1670 13574 25125
5865 6175 21175
8391 11680 22660
5485 11743 15165
21021 21798 30209
12519 13402 26300
3472 25935 26412
3377 7398 28867
2430 24650 29426
3364 13409 22914
6838 13491 16229
18393 20764 28078
289 20279 24906
4732 6162 13569
8993 17053 29387
2210 5024 24030
21 22976 24053
12359 15499 28251
4640 11480 24391
1083 7965 16573
13116 23916 24421
10129 16284 23855
1758 3843 21163
5626 13543 26708
14918 17713 21718
13556 20450 24679
3911 16778 29952
11735 13710 22611
5347 21681 22906
6912 12045 15866
713 15429 23281
7133 17440 28982
12355 17564 28059
7658 11158 29885
17610 18755 28852
7680 16212 30111
8812 10144 15718.
[0015] A fourth reception device of the present technology is a reception device including a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from a transmission device including a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 9/16, a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
155, 188, 123, 132, 15, 79, 59, 119, 66, 68, 41, 175, 184, 78, 142, 32, 54, 111, 139, 134, 95, 34, 161, 150, 58, 141, 74, 112, 121, 99, 178, 179, 57, 90, 80, 21, 11, 29, 67, 104, 52, 87, 38, 81, 181, 160, 176, 16, 71, 13, 186, 171, 9, 170, 2, 177, 0, 88, 149, 190, 69, 33, 183, 146, 61, 117, 113, 6, 96, 120, 162, 23, 53, 140, 91, 128, 46, 93, 174, 126, 159, 133, 8, 152, 103, 102, 151, 143, 100, 4, 180, 166, 55, 164, 18, 49, 62, 20, 83, 7, 187, 153, 64, 37, 144, 185, 19, 114, 25, 116, 12, 173, 122, 127, 89, 115, 75, 101, 189, 124, 157, 108, 28, 165, 163, 65, 168, 77, 82, 27, 137, 86, 22, 110, 63, 148, 158, 97, 31, 105, 135, 98, 44, 70, 182, 191, 17, 156, 129, 39, 136, 169, 3, 145, 154, 109, 76, 5, 10, 106, 35, 94, 172, 45, 51, 60, 42, 50, 72, 85, 40, 118, 36, 14, 130, 131, 138, 43, 48, 125, 84, 24, 26, 1, 56, 107, 92, 147, 47, 30, 73, 167,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits, the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits, the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
110 3064 6740 7801 10228 13445 17599 17891 17979 18044 19923 21848 23262 25585 25968 30124
1578 8914 9141 9731 10605 11690 12824 18127 18458 24648 24950 25150 26323 26514 27385 27460
3054 3640 3923 7332 10770 12215 14455 14849 15619 20870 22033 26427 28067 28560 29777 29780
1348 4248 5479 8902 9101 9356 10581 11614 12813 21554 22985 23701 24099 24575 24786 27370
3266 8358 16544 16689 16693 16823 17565 18543 19229 21121 23799 24981 25423 28997 29808 30202
320 1198 1549 5407 6080 8542 9352 12418 13391 14736 15012 18328 19398 23391 28117 28793
2114 3294 3770 5225 5556 5991 7075 7889 11145 11386 16561 18956 19034 23605 26085 27132
3623 4011 4225 5249 5489 5711 7240 9831 10458 14697 15420 16015 17782 23244 24215 24386
2624 2750 3871 8247 11135 13702 19290 22209 22975 23811 23931 24872 25154 25165 28375 30200
1060 1240 2040 2382 7723 9165 9656 10398 14517 16653 21241 22348 23476 27203 28443 28445
1070 1233 3416 6633 11736 12808 15454 16505 18720 20162 21425 21874 26069 26855 27292 27978
420 5524 10279 11218 12500 12913 15389 15824 19414 19588 21138 23846 26621 27907 28594 28781
151 1356 2323 3289 4501 10573 13667 14642 16127 17040 17475 18055 24061 26204 26567 29277
1410 3656 4080 6963 8834 10527 17490 17584 18065 19234 22211 22338 23746 24662 29863 30227
1924 2694 3285 8761 9693 11005 17592 21259 21322 21546 21555 24044 24173 26988 27640 28506
1069 6483 6554 9027 11655 12453 16595 17877 18350 18995 21304 21442 23836 25468 28820 29453
149 1621 2199 3141 8403 11974 14969 16197 18844 21027 21921 22266 22399 22691 25727 27721
3689 4839 7971 8419 10500 12308 13435 14487 16502 16622 17229 17468 22710 23904 25074 28508
1270 7007 9830 12698 14204 16075 17613 19391 21362 21726 21816 23014 23651 26419 26748 27195
96 1953 2456 2712 2809 3196 5939 10634 21828 24606 26169 26801 27391 28578 29725 30142
832 3394 4145 5375 6199 7122 7405 7706 10136 10792 15058 15860 21881 23908 25174 25837
730 1735 2917 4106 5004 5849 8194 8943 9136 17599 18456 20191 22798 27935 29559
6238 6776 6799 9142 11199 11867 15979 16830 18110 18396 21897 22590 24020 29578 29644
407 2138 4493 7979 8225 9467 11956 12940 15566 15809 16058 18211 22073 28314 28713
957 1552 1869 4388 7642 7904 13408 13453 16431 19327 21444 22188 25719 28511 29192
3617 8663 22378 28704
8598 12647 19278 22416
15176 16377 16644 22732
12463 12711 18341
11079 13446 29071
2446 4068 8542
10838 11660 27428
16403 21750 23199
9181 16572 18381
7227 18770 21858
7379 9316 16247
8923 14861 29618
6531 24652 26817
5564 8875 18025
8019 14642 21169
16683 17257 29298
4078 6023 8853
13942 15217 15501
7484 8302 27199
671 14966 20886
1240 11897 14925
12800 25474 28603
3576 5308 11168
13430 15265 18232
3439 5544 21849
3257 16996 23750
1865 14153 22669
7640 15098 17364
6137 19401 24836
5986 9035 11444
4799 20865 29150
8360 23554 29246
2002 18215 22258
9679 11951 26583
2844 12330 18156
3744 6949 14754
8262 10288 27142
1087 16563 22815
1328 13273 21749
2092 9191 28045
3250 10549 18252
13975 15172 17135
2520 26310 28787
4395 8961 26753
6413 15437 19520
5809 10936 17089
1670 13574 25125
5865 6175 21175
8391 11680 22660
5485 11743 15165
21021 21798 30209
12519 13402 26300
3472 25935 26412
3377 7398 28867
2430 24650 29426
3364 13409 22914
6838 13491 16229
18393 20764 28078
289 20279 24906
4732 6162 13569
8993 17053 29387
2210 5024 24030
21 22976 24053
12359 15499 28251
4640 11480 24391
1083 7965 16573
13116 23916 24421
10129 16284 23855
1758 3843 21163
5626 13543 26708
14918 17713 21718
13556 20450 24679
3911 16778 29952
11735 13710 22611
5347 21681 22906
6912 12045 15866
713 15429 23281
7133 17440 28982
12355 17564 28059
7658 11158 29885
17610 18755 28852
7680 16212 30111
8812 10144 15718.
[0016] A fifth transmission method of the present technology is a transmission method including a coding step of performing LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 11/16, a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
152, 87, 170, 33, 48, 95, 2, 184, 145, 51, 94, 164, 38, 90, 158, 70, 124, 128, 66, 111, 79, 42, 45, 141, 83, 73, 57, 119, 20, 67, 31, 179, 123, 183, 26, 188, 15, 163, 1, 133, 105, 72, 81, 153, 69, 182, 101, 180, 185, 190, 77, 6, 127, 138, 75, 59, 24, 175, 30, 186, 139, 56, 100, 176, 147, 189, 116, 131, 25, 5, 16, 117, 74, 50, 171, 114, 76, 44, 107, 135, 71, 181, 13, 43, 122, 78, 4, 58, 35, 63, 187, 98, 37, 169, 148, 7, 10, 49, 80, 161, 167, 28, 142, 46, 97, 92, 121, 112, 88, 102, 106, 173, 19, 27, 41, 172, 91, 191, 34, 118, 108, 136, 166, 155, 96, 3, 165, 103, 84, 109, 104, 53, 23, 0, 178, 17, 86, 9, 168, 134, 110, 18, 32, 146, 129, 159, 55, 154, 126, 40, 151, 174, 60, 52, 22, 149, 156, 113, 143, 11, 93, 62, 177, 64, 61, 160, 150, 65, 130, 82, 29, 115, 137, 36, 8, 157, 54, 89, 99, 120, 68, 21, 140, 14, 39, 132, 125, 12, 85, 162, 47, 144,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits, the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits, the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
983 2226 4091 5418 5824 6483 6914 8239 8364 10220 10322 15658 16928 17307 18061
1584 5655 6787 7213 7270 8585 8995 9294 9832 9982 11185 12221 12889 17573 19096
319 1077 1796 2421 6574 11763 13465 14527 15147 15218 16000 18284 20199 21095 21194
767 1018 3780 3826 4288 4855 7169 7431 9151 10097 10919 12050 13261 19816 20932
173 692 3552 5046 6523 6784 9542 10482 14658 14663 15168 16153 16410 17546 20989
2214 2286 2445 2856 3562 3615 3970 6065 7117 7989 8180 15971 20253 21312 21428 532 1361 1905 3577 5147 10409 11348 11660 15230 17283 18724 20190 20542 21159 21282
3242 5061 7587 7677 8614 8834 9130 9135 9331 13480 13544 14263 15438 20548 21174
1507 4159 4946 5215 5653 6385 7131 8049 10198 10499 12215 14105 16118 17016 21371
212 1856 1981 2056 6766 8123 10128 10957 11159 11237 12893 14064 17760 18933 19009
329 5552 5948 6484 10108 10127 10816 13210 14985 15110 15565 15969 17136 18504 20818
4753 5744 6511 7062 7355 8379 8817 13503 13650 14014 15393 15640 18127 18595 20426
1152 1707 4013 5932 8540 9077 11521 11923 11954 12529 13519 15641 16262 17874 19386
858 2355 2511 3125 5531 6472 8146 11423 11558 11760 13556 15194 20782 20988 21261
216 1722 2750 3809 6210 8233 9183 10734 11339 12321 12898 15902 17437 19085 21588
1560 1718 1757 2292 2349 3992 6943 7369 7806 10282 11373 13624 14608 17087 18011
1375 1640 2015 2539 2691 2967 4344 7125 9176 9435 12378 12520 12901 15704 18897
1703 2861 2986 3574 7208 8486 9412 9879 13027 13945 14873 15546 16516 18931 21070
309 1587 3118 5472 10035 13988 15019 15322 16373 17580 17728 18125 18872 19876 20457
984 991 1203 3159 4303 5734 8850 9626 12217 17227 17269 18695 18854 19580 19684
2429 6165 6828 7761 9761 9899 9942 10151 11198 11271 13184 14026 14560 18962 20570
876 1074 5177 5185 6415 6451 10856 11603 14590 14658 16293 17221 19273 19319 20447
557 607 2473 5002 6601 9876 10284 10809 13563 14849 15710 16798 17509 18927 21306
939 1271 3085 5054 5723 5959 7530 10912 13375 16696 18753 19673 20328 21068 21258
2802 3312 5015 6041 6943 7606 9375 12116 12868 12964 13374 13594 14978 16125 18621
3002 6512 6965 6967 8504 10777 11217 11931 12647 12686 12740 12900 12958 13870 17860
151 3874 4228 7837 10244 10589 14530 15323 16462 17711 18995 19363 19376 19540 20641
1249 2946 2959 3330 4264 7797 10652 11845 12987 15974 16536 17520 19851 20150 20172
4769 11033 14937
1431 2870 15158
9416 14905 20800
1708 9944 16952
1116 1179 20743
3665 8987 16223
655 11424 17411
42 2717 11613
2787 9015 15081
3718 7305 11822
18306 18499 18843
1208 4586 10578
9494 12676 13710
10580 15127 20614
4439 15646 19861
5255 12337 14649
2532 7552 10813
1591 7781 13020
7264 8634 17208
7462 10069 17710
1320 3382 6439
4057 9762 11401
1618 7604 19881
3858 16826 17768
6158 11759 19274
3767 11872 15137
2111 5563 16776
1888 15452 17925
2840 15375 16376
3695 11232 16970
10181 16329 17920
9743 13974 17724
29 16450 20509
2393 17877 19591
1827 15175 15366
3771 14716 18363
5585 14762 19813
7186 8104 12067
2554 12025 15873
2208 5739 6150
2816 12745 17143
9363 11582 17976
5834 8178 12517
3546 15667 19511
5211 10685 20833
3399 7774 16435
3767 4542 8775
4404 6349 19426
4812 11088 16761
5761 11289 17985
9989 11488 15986
10200 16710 20899
6970 12774 20558
1304 2495 3507
5236 7678 10437
4493 10472 19880
1883 14768 21100
352 18797 20570
1411 3221 4379
3304 11013 18382
14864 16951 18782
2887 15658 17633
7109 7383 19956
4293 12990 13934
9890 15206 15786
2987 5455 8787
5782 7137 15981
736 1961 10441
2728 11808 21305
4663 4693 13680
1965 3668 9025
818 10532 16332
7006 16717 21102
2955 15500 20140
8274 13451 19436
3604 13158 21154
5519 6531 9995
1629 17919 18532
15199 16690 16884
5177 5869 14843
5 5088 19940
16910 20686 21206
10662 11610 17578
3378 4579 12849
5947 19300 19762
2545 10686 12579
4568 10814 19032
677 18652 18992
190 11377 12987
4183 6801 20025
6944 8321 15868
3311 6049 14757
7155 11435 16353
4778 5674 15973
1889 3361 7563
467 5999 10103
7613 11096 19536
2244 4442 6000
9055 13516 15414
4831 6111 10744
3792 8258 15106
6990 9168 17589
7920 11548 20786
10533 14361 19577.
[0017] A fifth reception device of the present technology is a reception device including a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from a transmission device including a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 11/16, a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
152, 87, 170, 33, 48, 95, 2, 184, 145, 51, 94, 164, 38, 90, 158, 70, 124, 128, 66, 111, 79, 42, 45, 141, 83, 73, 57, 119, 20, 67, 31, 179, 123, 183, 26, 188, 15, 163, 1, 133, 105, 72, 81, 153, 69, 182, 101, 180, 185, 190, 77, 6, 127, 138, 75, 59, 24, 175, 30, 186, 139, 56, 100, 176, 147, 189, 116, 131, 25, 5, 16, 117, 74, 50, 171, 114, 76, 44, 107, 135, 71, 181, 13, 43, 122, 78, 4, 58, 35, 63, 187, 98, 37, 169, 148, 7, 10, 49, 80, 161, 167, 28, 142, 46, 97, 92, 121, 112, 88, 102, 106, 173, 19, 27, 41, 172, 91, 191, 34, 118, 108, 136, 166, 155, 96, 3, 165, 103, 84, 109, 104, 53, 23, 0, 178, 17, 86, 9, 168, 134, 110, 18, 32, 146, 129, 159, 55, 154, 126, 40, 151, 174, 60, 52, 22, 149, 156, 113, 143, 11, 93, 62, 177, 64, 61, 160, 150, 65, 130, 82, 29, 115, 137, 36, 8, 157, 54, 89, 99, 120, 68, 21, 140, 14, 39, 132, 125, 12, 85, 162, 47, 144,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits, the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits, the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
983 2226 4091 5418 5824 6483 6914 8239 8364 10220 10322 15658 16928 17307 18061
1584 5655 6787 7213 7270 8585 8995 9294 9832 9982 11185 12221 12889 17573 19096
319 1077 1796 2421 6574 11763 13465 14527 15147 15218 16000 18284 20199 21095 21194
767 1018 3780 3826 4288 4855 7169 7431 9151 10097 10919 12050 13261 19816 20932
173 692 3552 5046 6523 6784 9542 10482 14658 14663 15168 16153 16410 17546 20989
2214 2286 2445 2856 3562 3615 3970 6065 7117 7989 8180 15971 20253 21312 21428 532 1361 1905 3577 5147 10409 11348 11660 15230 17283 18724 20190 20542 21159 21282
3242 5061 7587 7677 8614 8834 9130 9135 9331 13480 13544 14263 15438 20548 21174
1507 4159 4946 5215 5653 6385 7131 8049 10198 10499 12215 14105 16118 17016 21371
212 1856 1981 2056 6766 8123 10128 10957 11159 11237 12893 14064 17760 18933 19009
329 5552 5948 6484 10108 10127 10816 13210 14985 15110 15565 15969 17136 18504 20818
4753 5744 6511 7062 7355 8379 8817 13503 13650 14014 15393 15640 18127 18595 20426
1152 1707 4013 5932 8540 9077 11521 11923 11954 12529 13519 15641 16262 17874 19386
858 2355 2511 3125 5531 6472 8146 11423 11558 11760 13556 15194 20782 20988 21261
216 1722 2750 3809 6210 8233 9183 10734 11339 12321 12898 15902 17437 19085 21588
1560 1718 1757 2292 2349 3992 6943 7369 7806 10282 11373 13624 14608 17087 18011
1375 1640 2015 2539 2691 2967 4344 7125 9176 9435 12378 12520 12901 15704 18897
1703 2861 2986 3574 7208 8486 9412 9879 13027 13945 14873 15546 16516 18931 21070
309 1587 3118 5472 10035 13988 15019 15322 16373 17580 17728 18125 18872 19876 20457
984 991 1203 3159 4303 5734 8850 9626 12217 17227 17269 18695 18854 19580 19684
2429 6165 6828 7761 9761 9899 9942 10151 11198 11271 13184 14026 14560 18962 20570
876 1074 5177 5185 6415 6451 10856 11603 14590 14658 16293 17221 19273 19319 20447
557 607 2473 5002 6601 9876 10284 10809 13563 14849 15710 16798 17509 18927 21306
939 1271 3085 5054 5723 5959 7530 10912 13375 16696 18753 19673 20328 21068 21258
2802 3312 5015 6041 6943 7606 9375 12116 12868 12964 13374 13594 14978 16125 18621
3002 6512 6965 6967 8504 10777 11217 11931 12647 12686 12740 12900 12958 13870 17860
151 3874 4228 7837 10244 10589 14530 15323 16462 17711 18995 19363 19376 19540 20641
1249 2946 2959 3330 4264 7797 10652 11845 12987 15974 16536 17520 19851 20150 20172
4769 11033 14937
1431 2870 15158
9416 14905 20800
1708 9944 16952
1116 1179 20743
3665 8987 16223
655 11424 17411
42 2717 11613
2787 9015 15081
3718 7305 11822
18306 18499 18843
1208 4586 10578
9494 12676 13710
10580 15127 20614
4439 15646 19861
5255 12337 14649
2532 7552 10813
1591 7781 13020
7264 8634 17208
7462 10069 17710
1320 3382 6439
4057 9762 11401
1618 7604 19881
3858 16826 17768
6158 11759 19274
3767 11872 15137
2111 5563 16776
1888 15452 17925
2840 15375 16376
3695 11232 16970
10181 16329 17920
9743 13974 17724
29 16450 20509
2393 17877 19591
1827 15175 15366
3771 14716 18363
5585 14762 19813
7186 8104 12067
2554 12025 15873
2208 5739 6150
2816 12745 17143
9363 11582 17976
5834 8178 12517
3546 15667 19511
5211 10685 20833
3399 7774 16435
3767 4542 8775
4404 6349 19426
4812 11088 16761
5761 11289 17985
9989 11488 15986
10200 16710 20899
6970 12774 20558
1304 2495 3507
5236 7678 10437
4493 10472 19880
1883 14768 21100
352 18797 20570
1411 3221 4379
3304 11013 18382
14864 16951 18782
2887 15658 17633
7109 7383 19956
4293 12990 13934
9890 15206 15786
2987 5455 8787
5782 7137 15981
736 1961 10441
2728 11808 21305
4663 4693 13680
1965 3668 9025
818 10532 16332
7006 16717 21102
2955 15500 20140
8274 13451 19436
3604 13158 21154
5519 6531 9995
1629 17919 18532
15199 16690 16884
5177 5869 14843
5 5088 19940
16910 20686 21206
10662 11610 17578
3378 4579 12849
5947 19300 19762
2545 10686 12579
4568 10814 19032
677 18652 18992
190 11377 12987
4183 6801 20025
6944 8321 15868
3311 6049 14757
7155 11435 16353
4778 5674 15973
1889 3361 7563
467 5999 10103
7613 11096 19536
2244 4442 6000
9055 13516 15414
4831 6111 10744
3792 8258 15106
6990 9168 17589
7920 11548 20786
10533 14361 19577.
[0018] A sixth transmission method of the present technology is a transmission method including a coding step of performing LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 13/16, a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
140, 8, 176, 13, 41, 165, 27, 109, 121, 153, 58, 181, 143, 164, 103, 115, 91, 66, 60, 189, 101, 4, 14, 102, 45, 124, 104, 159, 130, 133, 135, 77, 25, 59, 180, 141, 144, 62, 114, 182, 134, 148, 11, 20, 125, 83, 162, 75, 126, 67, 9, 178, 171, 152, 166, 69, 174, 15, 80, 168, 131, 95, 56, 48, 63, 82, 147, 51, 108, 52, 30, 139, 22, 37, 173, 112, 191, 98, 116, 149, 167, 142, 29, 154, 92, 94, 71, 117, 79, 122, 129, 24, 81, 105, 97, 137, 128, 1, 113, 170, 119, 7, 158, 76, 19, 183, 68, 31, 50, 118, 33, 72, 55, 65, 146, 185, 111, 145, 28, 21, 177, 160, 32, 61, 70, 106, 156, 78, 132, 88, 184, 35, 5, 53, 138, 47, 100, 10, 42, 36, 175, 93, 120, 190, 16, 123, 87, 54, 186, 18, 57, 84, 99, 12, 163, 157, 188, 64, 38, 26, 2, 136, 40, 169, 90, 107, 46, 172, 49, 6, 39, 44, 150, 85, 0, 17, 127, 155, 110, 34, 96, 74, 86, 187, 89, 151, 43, 179, 161, 73, 23, 3,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits, the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits, the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
1031 4123 6253 6610 8007 8656 9181 9404 9596 11501 11654 11710 11994 12177
399 553 1442 2820 4402 4823 5011 5493 7070 8340 8500 9054 11201 11387
201 607 1428 2354 5358 5524 6617 6785 7708 10220 11970 12268 12339 12537
36 992 1930 4525 5837 6283 6887 7284 7489 7550 10329 11202 11399 12795
589 1564 1747 2960 3833 4502 7491 7746 8196 9567 9574 10187 10591 12947
804 1177 1414 3765 4745 7594 9126 9230 9251 10299 10336 11563 11844 12209
2774 2830 3918 4148 4963 5356 7125 7645 7868 8137 9119 9189 9206 12363
59 448 947 3622 5139 8115 9364 9548 9609 9750 10212 10937 11044 12668
715 1352 4538 5277 5729 6210 6418 6938 7090 7109 7386 9012 10737 11893
1583 2059 3398 3619 4277 6896 7484 7525 8284 9318 9817 10227 11636 12204
53 549 3010 5441 6090 9175 9336 9358 9839 10117 11307 11467 11507 12902
861 1054 1177 1201 1383 2538 4563 6451 6800 10540 11222 11757 12240 12732
330 1450 1798 2301 2652 3038 3187 3277 4324 4610 9395 10240 10796 11100
316 751 1226 1746 2124 2505 3497 3833 3891 7551 8696 9763 11978 12661
2677 2888 2904 3923 4804 5105 6855 7222 7893 7907 9674 10274 12683 12702
173 3397 3520 5131 5560 6666 6783 6893 7742 7842 9364 9442 12287
421 943 1893 1920 3273 4052 5758 5787 7043 11051 12141 12209 12500
679 792 2543 3243 3385 3576 4190 7501 8233 8302 9212 9522 12286
911 3651 4023 4462 4650 5336 5762 6506 8050 8381 9636 9724 12486
1373 1728 1911 4101 4913 5003 6859 7137 8035 9056 9378 9937 10184
515 2357 2779 2797 3163 3845 3976 6969 7704 9104 10102 11507 12700
270 1744 1804 3432 3782 4643 5946 6279 6549 7064 7393 11659 12002
261 1517 2269 3554 4762 5103 5460 6429 6464 8962 9651 10927 12268
782 1217 1395 2383 5754 6060 6540 7109 7286 7438 7846 9488 10119
2070 2247 2589 2644 3270 3875 4901 6475 8953 10090 10629 12496 12547
863 1190 1609 2971 3564 4148 5123 5262 6301 7797 7804 9517 11408
449 488 865 3549 3939 4410 4500 5700 7120 8778 9223 11660 12021
1107 1408 1883 2752 3818 4714 5979 6485 7314 7821 11290 11472 12325
713 2492 2507 2641 3576 4711 5021 5831 7334 8362 9094 9690 10778
1487 2344 5035 5336 5727 6495 9009 9345 11090 11261 11314 12383 12944
1038 1463 1472 2944 3202 5742 5793 6972 7853 8919 9808 10549 12619
134 957 2018 2140 2629 3884 5821 7319 8676 10305 10670 12031 12588
5294 9842
4396 6648
2863 5308
10467 11711
3412 6909
450 3919
5639 9801
298 4323
397 10223
4424 9051
2038 2376
5889 11321 12500
3590 4081 12684
3485 4016 9826
6 2869 8310
5983 9818 10877
2282 9346 11477
4931 6135 10473
300 2901 9937
3185 5215 7479
472 5845 5915
2476 7687 11934
3279 8782 11527
4350 7138 7144
7454 7818 8253
1391 8717 8844
1940 4736 10556
5471 7344 8089
9157 10640 11919
1343 5402 12724
2581 4118 8142
5165 9328 11386
7222 7262 12955
6711 11224 11737
401 3195 11940
6114 6969 8208
1402 7917 9738
965 7700 10139
3428 5767 12000
3501 7052 8803
1447 10504 10961
1870 1914 7762
613 2063 10520
3561 6480 10466
3389 3887 10110
995 1104 1640
1492 4122 7572
3243 9765 12415
7297 11200 11533
1959 10325 11306
1675 5313 11475
3621 4658 12790
4208 5650 8687
2467 7691 11886
3039 3190 5017
866 1375 2272
4374 6453 8228
2763 4668 4749
640 1346 6924
6588 6983 10075
3389 9260 12508
89 5799 9973
1290 2978 8038
317 742 8017
5378 5618 6586
3369 3827 4536
1000 10436 12288
3762 11384 11897
848 874 8968
1001 4751 12066
1788 6685 12397
5721 8247 9005
649 7547 9837
2263 9415 10862
3954 4111 7767
952 4393 5523
8132 8580 10906
4191 9677 12585
1071 10601 11106
3069 6943 11015
5555 8088 9537
85 2810 3100
1249 8418 8684
2743 12099 12686
2908 3691 9890
10172 10409 11615
8358 10584 12082
4902 6310 8368
4976 10047 11299
7325 8228 11092
4942 6974 8533
5782 9780 9869
15 4728 10395
369 1900 11517
3796 7434 9085
2473 9813 12636
1472 3557 6607
174 3715 4811
6263 6694 8114
4538 6635 9101
3199 8348 10057
6176 7498 7937
1837 3382 5688
8897 11342 11680
455 6465 7428
1900 3666 8968
3481 6308 10199
159 2654 12150
5602 6695 12897
3309 4899 6415
6 99 7615
1722 6386 11112
5090 8873 10718
4164 6731 12121
367 846 7678
222 6050 12711
3154 7149 7557
1556 4667 7990
2536 9712 9932
4104 7040 9983
6365 11604 12457
3393 10323 10743
724 2237 5455
108 1705 6151.
[0019] A sixth reception device of the present technology is a reception device including a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from a transmission device including a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on the basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 13/16, a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits, and a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, in which, in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
140, 8, 176, 13, 41, 165, 27, 109, 121, 153, 58, 181, 143, 164, 103, 115, 91, 66, 60, 189, 101, 4, 14, 102, 45, 124, 104, 159, 130, 133, 135, 77, 25, 59, 180, 141, 144, 62, 114, 182, 134, 148, 11, 20, 125, 83, 162, 75, 126, 67, 9, 178, 171, 152, 166, 69, 174, 15, 80, 168, 131, 95, 56, 48, 63, 82, 147, 51, 108, 52, 30, 139, 22, 37, 173, 112, 191, 98, 116, 149, 167, 142, 29, 154, 92, 94, 71, 117, 79, 122, 129, 24, 81, 105, 97, 137, 128, 1, 113, 170, 119, 7, 158, 76, 19, 183, 68, 31, 50, 118, 33, 72, 55, 65, 146, 185, 111, 145, 28, 21, 177, 160, 32, 61, 70, 106, 156, 78, 132, 88, 184, 35, 5, 53, 138, 47, 100, 10, 42, 36, 175, 93, 120, 190, 16, 123, 87, 54, 186, 18, 57, 84, 99, 12, 163, 157, 188, 64, 38, 26, 2, 136, 40, 169, 90, 107, 46, 172, 49, 6, 39, 44, 150, 85, 0, 17, 127, 155, 110, 34, 96, 74, 86, 187, 89, 151, 43, 179, 161, 73, 23, 3,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits, the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits, the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
1031 4123 6253 6610 8007 8656 9181 9404 9596 11501 11654 11710 11994 12177
399 553 1442 2820 4402 4823 5011 5493 7070 8340 8500 9054 11201 11387
201 607 1428 2354 5358 5524 6617 6785 7708 10220 11970 12268 12339 12537
36 992 1930 4525 5837 6283 6887 7284 7489 7550 10329 11202 11399 12795
589 1564 1747 2960 3833 4502 7491 7746 8196 9567 9574 10187 10591 12947
804 1177 1414 3765 4745 7594 9126 9230 9251 10299 10336 11563 11844 12209
2774 2830 3918 4148 4963 5356 7125 7645 7868 8137 9119 9189 9206 12363
59 448 947 3622 5139 8115 9364 9548 9609 9750 10212 10937 11044 12668
715 1352 4538 5277 5729 6210 6418 6938 7090 7109 7386 9012 10737 11893
1583 2059 3398 3619 4277 6896 7484 7525 8284 9318 9817 10227 11636 12204
53 549 3010 5441 6090 9175 9336 9358 9839 10117 11307 11467 11507 12902
861 1054 1177 1201 1383 2538 4563 6451 6800 10540 11222 11757 12240 12732
330 1450 1798 2301 2652 3038 3187 3277 4324 4610 9395 10240 10796 11100
316 751 1226 1746 2124 2505 3497 3833 3891 7551 8696 9763 11978 12661
2677 2888 2904 3923 4804 5105 6855 7222 7893 7907 9674 10274 12683 12702
173 3397 3520 5131 5560 6666 6783 6893 7742 7842 9364 9442 12287
421 943 1893 1920 3273 4052 5758 5787 7043 11051 12141 12209 12500
679 792 2543 3243 3385 3576 4190 7501 8233 8302 9212 9522 12286
911 3651 4023 4462 4650 5336 5762 6506 8050 8381 9636 9724 12486
1373 1728 1911 4101 4913 5003 6859 7137 8035 9056 9378 9937 10184
515 2357 2779 2797 3163 3845 3976 6969 7704 9104 10102 11507 12700
270 1744 1804 3432 3782 4643 5946 6279 6549 7064 7393 11659 12002
261 1517 2269 3554 4762 5103 5460 6429 6464 8962 9651 10927 12268
782 1217 1395 2383 5754 6060 6540 7109 7286 7438 7846 9488 10119
2070 2247 2589 2644 3270 3875 4901 6475 8953 10090 10629 12496 12547
863 1190 1609 2971 3564 4148 5123 5262 6301 7797 7804 9517 11408
449 488 865 3549 3939 4410 4500 5700 7120 8778 9223 11660 12021
1107 1408 1883 2752 3818 4714 5979 6485 7314 7821 11290 11472 12325
713 2492 2507 2641 3576 4711 5021 5831 7334 8362 9094 9690 10778
1487 2344 5035 5336 5727 6495 9009 9345 11090 11261 11314 12383 12944
1038 1463 1472 2944 3202 5742 5793 6972 7853 8919 9808 10549 12619
134 957 2018 2140 2629 3884 5821 7319 8676 10305 10670 12031 12588
5294 9842
4396 6648
2863 5308
10467 11711
3412 6909
450 3919
5639 9801
298 4323
397 10223
4424 9051
2038 2376
5889 11321 12500
3590 4081 12684
3485 4016 9826
6 2869 8310
5983 9818 10877
2282 9346 11477
4931 6135 10473
300 2901 9937
3185 5215 7479
472 5845 5915
2476 7687 11934
3279 8782 11527
4350 7138 7144
7454 7818 8253
1391 8717 8844
1940 4736 10556
5471 7344 8089
9157 10640 11919
1343 5402 12724
2581 4118 8142
5165 9328 11386
7222 7262 12955
6711 11224 11737
401 3195 11940
6114 6969 8208
1402 7917 9738
965 7700 10139
3428 5767 12000
3501 7052 8803
1447 10504 10961
1870 1914 7762
613 2063 10520
3561 6480 10466
3389 3887 10110
995 1104 1640
1492 4122 7572
3243 9765 12415
7297 11200 11533
1959 10325 11306
1675 5313 11475
3621 4658 12790
4208 5650 8687
2467 7691 11886
3039 3190 5017
866 1375 2272
4374 6453 8228
2763 4668 4749
640 1346 6924
6588 6983 10075
3389 9260 12508
89 5799 9973
1290 2978 8038
317 742 8017
5378 5618 6586
3369 3827 4536
1000 10436 12288
3762 11384 11897
848 874 8968
1001 4751 12066
1788 6685 12397
5721 8247 9005
649 7547 9837
2263 9415 10862
3954 4111 7767
952 4393 5523
8132 8580 10906
4191 9677 12585
1071 10601 11106
3069 6943 11015
5555 8088 9537
85 2810 3100
1249 8418 8684
2743 12099 12686
2908 3691 9890
10172 10409 11615
8358 10584 12082
4902 6310 8368
4976 10047 11299
7325 8228 11092
4942 6974 8533
5782 9780 9869
15 4728 10395
369 1900 11517
3796 7434 9085
2473 9813 12636
1472 3557 6607
174 3715 4811
6263 6694 8114
4538 6635 9101
3199 8348 10057
6176 7498 7937
1837 3382 5688
8897 11342 11680
455 6465 7428
1900 3666 8968
3481 6308 10199
159 2654 12150
5602 6695 12897
3309 4899 6415
6 99 7615
1722 6386 11112
5090 8873 10718
4164 6731 12121
367 846 7678
222 6050 12711
3154 7149 7557
1556 4667 7990
2536 9712 9932
4104 7040 9983
6365 11604 12457
3393 10323 10743
724 2237 5455
108 1705 6151.
[0020] In the first transmission method of the present technology, LDPC coding is performed on the basis of the parity check matrix of the LDPC code having the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 3/16, and group-wise interleaving to interleave the LDPC code in units of bit groups of 360 bits is performed. Then, the LDPC code is mapped to any one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis. In the group-wise interleaving, the (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as the bit group i, and the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into the sequence of bit groups
154, 106, 99, 177, 191, 55, 189, 181, 22, 62, 80, 114, 110, 141, 83, 103, 169, 156, 130, 186, 92, 45, 68, 126, 112, 185, 160, 158, 17, 145, 162, 127, 152, 174, 134, 18, 157, 120, 3, 29, 13, 135, 173, 86, 73, 150, 46, 153, 33, 61, 142, 102, 171, 168, 78, 77, 139, 85, 176, 163, 128, 101, 42, 2, 14, 38, 10, 125, 90, 30, 63, 172, 47, 108, 89, 0, 32, 94, 23, 34, 59, 35, 129, 12, 146, 8, 60, 27, 147, 180, 100, 87, 184, 167, 36, 79, 138, 4, 95, 148, 72, 54, 91, 182, 28, 133, 164, 175, 123, 107, 137, 88, 44, 116, 69, 7, 31, 124, 144, 105, 170, 6, 165, 15, 161, 24, 58, 70, 11, 56, 143, 111, 104, 74, 67, 109, 82, 21, 52, 9, 71, 48, 26, 117, 50, 149, 140, 20, 57, 136, 113, 64, 151, 190, 131, 19, 51, 96, 76, 1, 97, 40, 53, 84, 166, 75, 159, 98, 81, 49, 66, 188, 118, 39, 132, 187, 25, 119, 41, 122, 16, 5, 93, 115, 178, 65, 121, 37, 155, 183, 43, 179. The parity check matrix initial value table defining the parity check matrix is as described above.
[0021] In the first reception device of the present technology, the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving obtained from the data transmitted from the transmission device that implements the first transmission method is returned to the original sequence.
[0022] In the second transmission method of the present technology, LDPC coding is performed on the basis of the parity check matrix of the LDPC code having the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 5/16, and group-wise interleaving to interleave the LDPC code in units of bit groups of 360 bits is performed. Then, the LDPC code is mapped to any one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis. In the group-wise interleaving, the (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as the bit group i, and the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into the sequence of bit groups
1, 182, 125, 0, 121, 47, 63, 154, 76, 99, 82, 163, 102, 166, 28, 189, 56, 67, 54, 39, 40, 185, 184, 65, 179, 4, 91, 87, 137, 170, 98, 71, 169, 49, 73, 37, 11, 143, 150, 123, 93, 62, 3, 50, 26, 140, 178, 95, 183, 33, 21, 53, 112, 128, 118, 120, 106, 139, 32, 130, 173, 132, 156, 119, 83, 176, 159, 13, 145, 36, 30, 113, 2, 41, 147, 174, 94, 88, 92, 60, 165, 59, 25, 161, 100, 85, 81, 61, 138, 48, 177, 77, 6, 22, 16, 43, 115, 23, 12, 66, 70, 9, 164, 122, 58, 105, 69, 42, 38, 19, 24, 180, 175, 74, 160, 34, 101, 72, 114, 142, 20, 8, 15, 190, 144, 104, 79, 172, 148, 31, 168, 10, 107, 14, 35, 52, 134, 126, 167, 149, 116, 186, 17, 162, 151, 5, 136, 55, 44, 110, 158, 46, 191, 29, 153, 155, 117, 188, 131, 97, 146, 103, 78, 109, 129, 57, 111, 45, 68, 157, 84, 141, 89, 64, 7, 108, 152, 75, 18, 96, 133, 171, 86, 181, 127, 27, 124, 187, 135, 80, 51, 90. The parity check matrix initial value table defining the parity check matrix is as described above.
[0023] In the second reception device of the present technology, the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving obtained from the data transmitted from the transmission device that implements the second transmission method is returned to the original sequence.
[0024] In the third transmission method of the present technology, LDPC coding is performed on the basis of the parity check matrix of the LDPC code having the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 7/16, and group-wise interleaving to interleave the LDPC code in units of bit groups of 360 bits is performed. Then, the LDPC code is mapped to any one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis. In the group-wise interleaving, the (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as the bit group i, and the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into the sequence of bit groups
35, 75, 166, 145, 143, 184, 62, 96, 54, 63, 157, 103, 32, 43, 126, 187, 144, 91, 78, 44, 39, 109, 185, 102, 10, 68, 29, 42, 149, 83, 133, 94, 130, 27, 171, 19, 51, 165, 148, 28, 36, 33, 173, 136, 87, 82, 100, 49, 120, 152, 161, 162, 147, 71, 137, 57, 8, 53, 132, 151, 163, 123, 47, 92, 90, 60, 99, 79, 59, 108, 115, 72, 0, 12, 140, 160, 61, 180, 74, 37, 86, 117, 191, 101, 52, 15, 80, 156, 127, 81, 131, 141, 142, 31, 95, 4, 73, 64, 16, 18, 146, 70, 181, 7, 89, 124, 77, 67, 116, 21, 34, 41, 105, 113, 97, 2, 6, 55, 17, 65, 38, 48, 158, 159, 179, 5, 30, 183, 170, 135, 125, 20, 106, 186, 182, 188, 114, 1, 14, 3, 134, 178, 189, 167, 40, 119, 22, 190, 58, 23, 155, 138, 98, 84, 11, 110, 88, 46, 177, 175, 25, 150, 118, 121, 129, 168, 13, 128, 104, 69, 112, 169, 9, 45, 174, 93, 26, 56, 76, 50, 154, 139, 66, 85, 153, 107, 111, 172, 176, 164, 24, 122. The parity check matrix initial value table defining the parity check matrix is as described above.
[0025] In the third reception device of the present technology, the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving obtained from the data transmitted from the transmission device that implements the third transmission method is returned to the original sequence.
[0026] In the fourth transmission method of the present technology, LDPC coding is performed on the basis of the parity check matrix of the LDPC code having the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 9/16, and group-wise interleaving to interleave the LDPC code in units of bit groups of 360 bits is performed. Then, the LDPC code is mapped to any one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis. In the group-wise interleaving, the (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as the bit group i, and the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into the sequence of bit groups
155, 188, 123, 132, 15, 79, 59, 119, 66, 68, 41, 175, 184, 78, 142, 32, 54, 111, 139, 134, 95, 34, 161, 150, 58, 141, 74, 112, 121, 99, 178, 179, 57, 90, 80, 21, 11, 29, 67, 104, 52, 87, 38, 81, 181, 160, 176, 16, 71, 13, 186, 171, 9, 170, 2, 177, 0, 88, 149, 190, 69, 33, 183, 146, 61, 117, 113, 6, 96, 120, 162, 23, 53, 140, 91, 128, 46, 93, 174, 126, 159, 133, 8, 152, 103, 102, 151, 143, 100, 4, 180, 166, 55, 164, 18, 49, 62, 20, 83, 7, 187, 153, 64, 37, 144, 185, 19, 114, 25, 116, 12, 173, 122, 127, 89, 115, 75, 101, 189, 124, 157, 108, 28, 165, 163, 65, 168, 77, 82, 27, 137, 86, 22, 110, 63, 148, 158, 97, 31, 105, 135, 98, 44, 70, 182, 191, 17, 156, 129, 39, 136, 169, 3, 145, 154, 109, 76, 5, 10, 106, 35, 94, 172, 45, 51, 60, 42, 50, 72, 85, 40, 118, 36, 14, 130, 131, 138, 43, 48, 125, 84, 24, 26, 1, 56, 107, 92, 147, 47, 30, 73, 167. The parity check matrix initial value table defining the parity check matrix is as described above.
[0027] In the fourth reception device of the present technology, the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving obtained from the data transmitted from the transmission device that implements the fourth transmission method is returned to the original sequence.
[0028] In the fifth transmission method of the present technology, LDPC coding is performed on the basis of the parity check matrix of the LDPC code having the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 11/16, and group-wise interleaving to interleave the LDPC code in units of bit groups of 360 bits is performed. Then, the LDPC code is mapped to any one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis. In the group-wise interleaving, the (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as the bit group i, and the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into the sequence of bit groups
152, 87, 170, 33, 48, 95, 2, 184, 145, 51, 94, 164, 38, 90, 158, 70, 124, 128, 66, 111, 79, 42, 45, 141, 83, 73, 57, 119, 20, 67, 31, 179, 123, 183, 26, 188, 15, 163, 1, 133, 105, 72, 81, 153, 69, 182, 101, 180, 185, 190, 77, 6, 127, 138, 75, 59, 24, 175, 30, 186, 139, 56, 100, 176, 147, 189, 116, 131, 25, 5, 16, 117, 74, 50, 171, 114, 76, 44, 107, 135, 71, 181, 13, 43, 122, 78, 4, 58, 35, 63, 187, 98, 37, 169, 148, 7, 10, 49, 80, 161, 167, 28, 142, 46, 97, 92, 121, 112, 88, 102, 106, 173, 19, 27, 41, 172, 91, 191, 34, 118, 108, 136, 166, 155, 96, 3, 165, 103, 84, 109, 104, 53, 23, 0, 178, 17, 86, 9, 168, 134, 110, 18, 32, 146, 129, 159, 55, 154, 126, 40, 151, 174, 60, 52, 22, 149, 156, 113, 143, 11, 93, 62, 177, 64, 61, 160, 150, 65, 130, 82, 29, 115, 137, 36, 8, 157, 54, 89, 99, 120, 68, 21, 140, 14, 39, 132, 125, 12, 85, 162, 47, 144. The parity check matrix initial value table defining the parity check matrix is as described above.
[0029] In the fifth reception device of the present technology, the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving obtained from the data transmitted from the transmission device that implements the fifth transmission method is returned to the original sequence.
[0030] In the sixth transmission method of the present technology, LDPC coding is performed on the basis of the parity check matrix of the LDPC code having the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 13/16, and group-wise interleaving to interleave the LDPC code in units of bit groups of 360 bits is performed. Then, the LDPC code is mapped to any one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis. In the group-wise interleaving, the (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as the bit group i, and the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into the sequence of bit groups
140, 8, 176, 13, 41, 165, 27, 109, 121, 153, 58, 181, 143, 164, 103, 115, 91, 66, 60, 189, 101, 4, 14, 102, 45, 124, 104, 159, 130, 133, 135, 77, 25, 59, 180, 141, 144, 62, 114, 182, 134, 148, 11, 20, 125, 83, 162, 75, 126, 67, 9, 178, 171, 152, 166, 69, 174, 15, 80, 168, 131, 95, 56, 48, 63, 82, 147, 51, 108, 52, 30, 139, 22, 37, 173, 112, 191, 98, 116, 149, 167, 142, 29, 154, 92, 94, 71, 117, 79, 122, 129, 24, 81, 105, 97, 137, 128, 1, 113, 170, 119, 7, 158, 76, 19, 183, 68, 31, 50, 118, 33, 72, 55, 65, 146, 185, 111, 145, 28, 21, 177, 160, 32, 61, 70, 106, 156, 78, 132, 88, 184, 35, 5, 53, 138, 47, 100, 10, 42, 36, 175, 93, 120, 190, 16, 123, 87, 54, 186, 18, 57, 84, 99, 12, 163, 157, 188, 64, 38, 26, 2, 136, 40, 169, 90, 107, 46, 172, 49, 6, 39, 44, 150, 85, 0, 17, 127, 155, 110, 34, 96, 74, 86, 187, 89, 151, 43, 179, 161, 73, 23, 3. The parity check matrix initial value table defining the parity check matrix is as described above.
[0031] In the sixth reception device of the present technology, the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving obtained from the data transmitted from the transmission device that implements the sixth transmission method is returned to the original sequence.
[0032] Note that the reception device may be an independent device or may be internal blocks configuring one device.
EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION
[0033] According to the present technology, favorable communication quality can be secured in data transmission using an LDPC code.
[0034] Note that the effects described here are not necessarily limited, and any of effects described in the present disclosure may be exerted.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
[0035]
Fig. 1 is a diagram for describing a parity check matrix H of an LDPC code.
Fig. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a decoding procedure of an LDPC code.
Fig. 3 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code.
Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating an example of a Tanner graph of a parity check matrix.
Fig. 5 is a diagram illustrating an example of a variable node.
Fig. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example of a check node.
Fig. 7 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of an embodiment of a transmission system to which the present technology is applied.
Fig. 8 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a transmission device 11.
Fig. 9 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a bit interleaver 116.
Fig. 10 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix.
Fig. 11 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity matrix.
Fig. 12 is a diagram for describing a parity check matrix of an LDPC code defined in DVB-T.2 standard.
Fig. 13 is a diagram for describing a parity check matrix of an LDPC code defined in the DVB-T.2 standard.
Fig. 14 is a diagram illustrating an example of a Tanner graph for decoding of an LDPC code.
Fig. 15 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity matrix H_{T} having a step structure and a Tanner graph corresponding to the parity matrix H_{T}.
Fig. 16 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity matrix H_{T} of a parity check matrix H corresponding to an LDPC code after parity interleaving.
Fig. 17 is a flowchart for describing an example of processing performed by the bit interleaver 116 and a mapper 117.
Fig. 18 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of an LDPC encoder 115.
Fig. 19 is a flowchart for describing an example of processing of the LDPC encoder 115.
Fig. 20 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table with a coding rate of 1/4 and a code length of 16200.
Fig. 21 is a diagram for describing a method of obtaining a parity check matrix H from a parity check matrix initial value table.
Fig. 22 is a diagram illustrating a structure of a parity check matrix.
Fig. 23 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table.
Fig. 24 is a diagram for describing an A matrix generated from a parity check matrix initial value table.
Fig. 25 is a diagram for describing parity interleaving of a B matrix.
Fig. 26 is a diagram for describing a C matrix generated from a parity check matrix initial value table.
Fig. 27 is a diagram for describing parity interleaving of a D matrix.
Fig. 28 is a diagram illustrating a parity check matrix in which column permutation is performed as parity deinterleaving to restore parity interleaving for a parity check matrix.
Fig. 29 is a diagram illustrating a transformed parity check matrix obtained by performing row permutation for a parity check matrix.
Fig. 30 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 2/16.
Fig. 31 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 3/16.
Fig. 32 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 3/16.
Fig. 33 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 4/16.
Fig. 34 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 5/16.
Fig. 35 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 5/16.
Fig. 36 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 6/16.
Fig. 37 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 6/16.
Fig. 38 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 7/16.
Fig. 39 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 7/16.
Fig. 40 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 8/16.
Fig. 41 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type A code having N = 69120 bits and r = 8/16.
Fig. 42 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 7/16.
Fig. 43 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 7/16.
Fig. 44 is a diagram illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 7/16.
Fig. 45 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 7/16.
Fig. 46 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 8/16.
Fig. 47 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 8/16.
Fig. 48 is a diagram illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 8/16.
Fig. 49 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 8/16.
Fig. 50 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 9/16.
Fig. 51 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 9/16.
Fig. 52 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 9/16.
Fig. 53 is a diagram illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 9/16.
Fig. 54 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 9/16.
Fig. 55 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 9/16.
Fig. 56 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 10/16.
Fig. 57 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 10/16.
Fig. 58 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 10/16.
Fig. 59 is a diagram illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 10/16.
Fig. 60 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 10/16.
Fig. 61 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 10/16.
Fig. 62 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 11/16.
Fig. 63 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 11/16.
Fig. 64 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 11/16.
Fig. 65 is a diagram illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 11/16.
Fig. 66 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 11/16.
Fig. 67 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 11/16.
Fig. 68 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 12/16.
Fig. 69 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 12/16.
Fig. 70 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 12/16.
Fig. 71 is a diagram illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 12/16.
Fig. 72 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 12/16.
Fig. 73 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 12/16.
Fig. 74 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 13/16.
Fig. 75 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 13/16.
Fig. 76 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 13/16.
Fig. 77 is a diagram illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 13/16.
Fig. 78 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 13/16.
Fig. 79 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 13/16.
Fig. 80 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 14/16.
Fig. 81 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 14/16.
Fig. 82 is a diagram illustrating the example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 14/16.
Fig. 83 is a diagram illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 14/16.
Fig. 84 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 14/16.
Fig. 85 is a diagram illustrating the another example of a parity check matrix initial value table of a type B code having N = 69120 bits and r = 14/16.
Fig. 86 is a diagram illustrating an example of a Tanner graph of a degree sequence ensemble with a column weight of 3 and a row weight of 6.
Fig. 87 is a diagram illustrating an example of a Tanner graph of a multi-edge type ensemble.
Fig. 88 is a diagram for describing a parity check matrix by a type A method.
Fig. 89 is a diagram for describing a parity check matrix by a type A method.
Fig. 90 is a diagram for describing a parity check matrix by a type B method.
Fig. 91 is a diagram for describing a parity check matrix by a type B method.
Fig. 92 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates of a signal point of UC in a case where a modulation method is QPSK.
Fig. 93 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates of a signal point of 2D NUC in a case where a modulation method is 16QAM.
Fig. 94 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates of a signal point of 1D NUC in a case where a modulation method is 1024QAM.
Fig. 95 is a diagram illustrating relationship between a symbol y of 1024QAM and each of real part Re (z_{s}) and imaginary part Im (z_{s}) of a complex number as coordinates of 1D NUC signal point z_{s} corresponding to the symbol y.
Fig. 96 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of QPSK-UC.
Fig. 97 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of QPSK-UC.
Fig. 98 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 16QAM-UC.
Fig. 99 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 16QAM-UC.
Fig. 100 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 64QAM-UC.
Fig. 101 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 64QAM-UC.
Fig. 102 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 256QAM-UC.
Fig. 103 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 256QAM-UC.
Fig. 104 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 1024QAM-UC.
Fig. 105 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 1024QAM-UC.
Fig. 106 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 4096QAM-UC.
Fig. 107 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates z_{q} of a signal point of 4096QAM-UC.
Fig. 108 is a diagram for describing block interleaving performed by a block interleaver 25.
Fig. 109 is a diagram for describing block interleaving performed by the block interleaver 25.
Fig. 110 is a diagram for describing group-wise interleaving performed by a group-wise interleaver 24.
Fig. 111 is a diagram illustrating a first example of a GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 112 is a diagram illustrating a second example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 113 is a diagram illustrating a third example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 114 is a diagram illustrating a fourth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 115 is a diagram illustrating a fifth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 116 is a diagram illustrating a sixth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 117 is a diagram illustrating a seventh example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 118 is a diagram illustrating an eighth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 119 is a diagram illustrating a ninth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 120 is a diagram illustrating a tenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 121 is a diagram illustrating an eleventh example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 122 is a diagram illustrating a twelfth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 123 is a diagram illustrating a thirteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 124 is a diagram illustrating a fourteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 125 is a diagram illustrating a fifteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 126 is a diagram illustrating a sixteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 127 is a diagram illustrating a seventeenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 128 is a diagram illustrating an eighteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 129 is a diagram illustrating a nineteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 130 is a diagram illustrating twentieth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 131 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-first example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 132 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-second example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 133 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-third example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 134 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-fourth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 135 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-fifth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 136 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-sixth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 137 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-seventh example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 138 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-eighth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 139 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-ninth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 140 is a diagram illustrating thirtieth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 141 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-first example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 142 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-second example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 143 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-third example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 144 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-fourth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 145 is a figure illustrating a thirty-fifth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 146 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-sixth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 147 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-seventh example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 148 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-eighth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 149 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-ninth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 150 is a diagram illustrating a fortieth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 151 is a diagram illustrating a forty-first example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 152 is a diagram illustrating a forty-second example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 153 is a diagram illustrating a forty-third example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 154 is a diagram illustrating a forty-fourth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 155 is a diagram illustrating a forty-fifth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
Fig. 156 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a reception device 12.
Fig. 157 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a bit deinterleaver 165.
Fig. 158 is a flowchart for describing an example of processing performed by a demapper 164, the bit deinterleaver 165, and an LDPC decoder 166.
Fig. 159 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code.
Fig. 160 is a diagram illustrating an example of a matrix (transformed parity check matrix) obtained by performing row permutation and column permutation for a parity check matrix.
Fig. 161 is a diagram illustrating an example of a transformed parity check matrix divided into 5 × 5 units.
Fig. 162 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a decoding device that collectively performs P node operations.
Fig. 163 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the LDPC decoder 166.
Fig. 164 is a diagram for describing block deinterleaving performed by a block deinterleaver 54.
Fig. 165 is a block diagram illustrating another configuration example of the bit deinterleaver 165.
Fig. 166 is a block diagram illustrating a first configuration example of a reception system to which the reception device 12 is applicable.
Fig. 167 is a block diagram illustrating a second configuration example of the reception system to which the reception device 12 is applicable.
Fig. 168 is a block diagram illustrating a third configuration example of the reception system to which the reception device 12 is applicable.
Fig. 169 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of an embodiment of a computer to which the present technology is applied.
MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
[0036] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present technology will be described. Before the description of embodiments, an LDPC code will be described.
<LDPC Code>
[0037] Note that the LDPC code is a linear code and is not necessarily binary. However, description will be given on the assumption that the LDPC code is binary.
[0038] An LDPC code is most characterized in that a parity check matrix defining the LDPC code is sparse. Here, a sparse matrix is a matrix in which the number of "1"s of matrix elements is very small (a matrix in which most elements are 0).
[0039] Fig. 1 is a diagram illustrating a parity check matrix H of the LDPC code.
[0040] In the parity check matrix H in Fig. 1, a weight (column weight) (number of "1"s) (weight) of each column is "3", and a weight (row weight) of each row is "6".
[0041] In coding (LDPC coding) with an LDPC code, for example, a codeword (LDPC code) is generated by generating a generator matrix G on the basis of the parity check matrix H and multiplying binary information bits by the generator matrix G.
[0042] Specifically, a coding device for performing the LDPC coding first calculates the generator matrix G that holds an equation GH
^{T} = 0 with a transposed matrix H
^{T} of the parity check matrix H. Here, in a case where the generator matrix G is a K × N matrix, the coding device multiplies the generator matrix G by a bit string (vector u) of information bits including K bits and generates a codeword c (= uG) including N bits. The codeword (LDPC code) generated by the coding device is received at a reception side via a predetermined communication path.
[0043] Decoding of the LDPC code can be performed by an algorithm called probabilistic decoding proposed by Gallager, which is a message passing algorithm according to belief propagation on a so-called Tanner graph including a variable node (also called message node) and a check node. Here, as appropriate, the variable node and the check node are hereinafter also simply referred to as nodes.
[0044] Fig. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a procedure of decoding an LDPC code.
[0045] Note that, hereinafter, a real value (received LLR) expressing "0" likeliness of a value of an i-th code bit of the LDPC code (1 codeword) received on the reception side using a log likelihood ratio is also referred to as a received value u
_{0i} as appropriate. Furthermore, a message output from the check node is u
_{j} and a message output from the variable node is v
_{i}.
[0046] First, in decoding the LDPC code, as illustrated in Fig. 2, in step S11, the LDPC code is received, a message (check node message) u
_{j} is initialized to "0", a variable k that is an integer as a counter for repeated processing is initialized to "0", and the processing proceeds to step S12. In step S12, a message (variable node message) v
_{i} is obtained by performing an operation (variable node operation) illustrated in the expression (1) on the basis of the received value u
_{0i} obtained by receiving the LDPC code, and moreover, a message u
_{j} is obtained by performing an operation (check node operation) illustrated in the expression (2) on the basis of the message v
_{i}.
[Expression 1]
[Expression 2]
[0047] Here, d
_{v} and d
_{c} in the expressions (1) and (2) are arbitrarily selectable parameters respectively indicating the numbers of "1"s in a vertical direction (column) and a cross direction (row) of the parity check matrix H. For example, in the case of the LDPC code ((3, 6) LDPC code) for the parity check matrix H with the column weight of 3 and the row weight of 6 as illustrated in Fig. 1, d
_{v} = 3 and d
_{c} = 6.
[0048] Note that, in each of the variable node operation in the expression (1) and the check node operation in (2), a message input from an edge (a line connecting the variable node and the check node) to output a message is not an object for the operation. Therefore, an operation range is 1 to d
_{v}-1 or 1 to d
_{c}-1. Furthermore, the check node operation in the expression (2) is performed by, in practice, creating a table of a function R (v
_{1}, v
_{2}) illustrated in the expression (3) defined by one output for two inputs v
_{1} and v
_{2}, in advance, and using the table continuously (recursively) as illustrated in the expression (4).
[Expression 3]
[Expression 4]
[0049] In step S12, the variable k is further incremented by "1", and the processing proceeds to step S13. In step S13, whether or not the variable k is larger than a predetermined number of iterative decodings C is determined. In a case where the variable k is determined not to be larger than C in step S13, the processing returns to step S12 and hereinafter similar processing is repeated.
[0050] Furthermore, in a case where the variable k is determined to be larger than C in step S13, the processing proceeds to step S14, the operation illustrated in the expression (5) is performed to obtain the message v
_{i} as a decoding result to be finally output and the message v
_{i} is output, and the decoding processing for the LDPC code is terminated.
[Expression 5]
[0051] Here, the operation in the expression (5) is performed using messages u
_{j} from all the edges connected to the variable node unlike the variable node operation in the expression (1).
[0052] Fig. 3 is a diagram illustrating an example of the parity check matrix H of a (3, 6) LDPC code (a coding rate of 1/2 and a code length of 12).
[0053] In the parity check matrix H in Fig. 3, as in Fig. 1, the column weight is 3 and the row weight is 6.
[0054] Fig. 4 is a diagram illustrating a Tanner graph of the parity check matrix H in Fig. 3.
[0055] Here, in Fig. 4, the check node is represented by plus "+", and the variable node is represented by equal "=". The check node and variable node correspond to a row and a column of the parity check matrix H, respectively. A connection between the check node and the variable node is an edge and corresponds to "1" of an element of the parity check matrix.
[0056] In other words, in a case where the element of the j-th row and the i-th column of the parity check matrix is 1, the i-th variable node from the top ("=" node) and the j-th check node from the top ("+" node) are connected by an edge in Fig. 4. The edge indicates that a code bit corresponding to the variable node has a constraint corresponding to the check node.
[0057] In a sum product algorithm that is a decoding method of an LDPC code, the variable node operation and the check node operation are repeatedly performed.
[0058] Fig. 5 is a diagram illustrating the variable node operation performed in the variable node.
[0059] In the variable node, the message v
_{i} corresponding to the edge to be calculated is obtained by the variable node operation in the expression (1) using messages u
_{1} and u
_{2} and the received value u
_{0i} from the remaining edges connected to the variable node. Messages corresponding to other edges are similarly obtained.
[0060] Fig. 6 is a diagram illustrating the check node operation performed in the check node.
[0061] Here, the check node operation in the expression (2) can be rewritten to the expression (6), using a relationship of an expression a × b = exp {In(|a|) + In(|b|)} × sign (a) × sign (b). Note that sign (x) is 1 when x ≥ 0 and -1 when x < 0.
[Expression 6]
[0062] When the function Ï•(x) is defined as an expression Ï•(x) = ln(tan h(x/2)) when x ≥ 0, an expression Ï•
^{-1}(x) = 2tan h
^{-1}(e
^{-x}) holds, and thus the expression (6) can be deformed into the expression (7).
[Expression 7]
[0063] In the check node, the check node operation in the expression (2) is performed according to the expression (7).
[0064] In other words, in the check node, the message u
_{j} corresponding to the edge to be calculated is obtained by the check node operation in the expression (7) using messages v
_{1}, v
_{2}, v
_{3}, v
_{4}, and v
_{5} from the remaining edges connected to the check node, as illustrated in Fig. 6. Messages corresponding to other edges are similarly obtained.
[0065] Note that the function Ï•(x) in the expression (7) can be expressed by the expression Ï•(x) = ln((e
^{x} + 1)/(e
^{x} - 1)), and Ï•(x) = Ï•
^{-1}(x) holds when x > 0. When the functions Ï•(x) and Ï•
^{-1}(x) are implemented in hardware, the functions may be implemented using look up tables (LUTs), and the LUTs are the same.
<Configuration Example of Transmission System to Which Present Technology is Applied>
[0066] Fig. 7 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of an embodiment of a transmission system (a system is a group of a plurality of logically gathered devices, and whether or not the devices of configurations are in the same casing is irrelevant) to which the present technology is applied.
[0067] The transmission system in Fig. 7 is configured by a transmission device 11 and a reception device 12.
[0068] The transmission device 11 performs transmission (broadcasting) of, for example, a television broadcast program or the like. In other words, the transmission device 11 encodes target data to be transmitted, such as image data and audio data as a program, into an LDPC code, and transmits the LDPC code via a communication path 13 such as a satellite line, a ground wave, or a cable (wired line), for example.
[0069] The reception device 12 receives the LDPC code transmitted from the transmission device 11 via the communication path 13, decodes the LDPC code to the target data, and outputs the data.
[0070] Here, it is known that the LDPC code used in the transmission system in Fig. 7 exhibits extremely high capability in an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) communication path.
[0071] Meanwhile, in the communication path 13, burst errors and erasures may occur. For example, in particular, in a case where the communication path 13 is a ground wave, power of a certain symbol becomes zero (erasure) in some cases according to a delay of an echo (a path other than a main path) in a multipath environment where a desired to undesired ratio (D/U) is 0 dB (power of undesired = echo is equal to power of desired = main path) in an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system.
[0072] Also, power of the entire symbols of OFDM at a specific time may become zero (erasure) due to a Doppler frequency in the case where D/U is 0 dB in a flutter (a communication path in which a delay is 0 and to which an echo with Doppler frequency is added).
[0073] Moreover, a burst error may occur due to a wiring condition from a receiving unit (not illustrated) on the reception device 12 side such as an antenna that receives a signal from the transmission device 11 to the reception device 12, and power supply instability of the reception device 12.
[0074] Meanwhile, in decoding the LDPC code, the variable node operation in the expression (1) with addition of (the received value u
_{0i} of) the code bit of the LDPC code is performed, as illustrated in Fig. 5, at a column of the parity check matrix H and thus at a variable node corresponding to the code bit of the LDPC code. Therefore, if an error occurs in the code bit used in the variable node operation, the accuracy of an obtained message decreases.
[0075] Then, in the decoding of the LDPC code, the check node calculation of the expression (7) is performed using a message obtained by the variable node connected to the check node in the check node, so if the number of check nodes at which (the code bits of the LDPC code corresponding to) a plurality of connected variable nodes simultaneously causes errors (including erasures) increases, the decoding performance is degraded.
[0076] In other words, for example, if two or more of the variable nodes connected to the check node become erasures at the same time, the check node returns a message that the probability of the value of 0 and the probability of the value of 1 are equal to all the variable nodes. In this case, the check node returning the equal probability message will not contribute to one decoding processing (one set of variable node operation and check node operation). As a result, a large number of repetitions of the decoding processing are required. As result, decoding performance is degraded, and the power consumption of the reception device 12 that decodes the LDPC code is increased.
[0077] Therefore, in the transmission system in Fig. 7, improvement of resistance to burst errors and erasure is possible while maintaining the performance in the AWGN communication path (AWGN channel).
<Configuration Example of Transmission Device 11>
[0078] Fig. 8 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the transmission device 11 in Fig. 7.
[0079] In the transmission device 11, one or more input streams as the target data are supplied to a mode adaptation/multiplexer 111.
[0080] The mode adaptation/multiplexer 111 performs processing such as mode selection and multiplexing of the one or more input streams supplied thereto as necessary, and supplies resulting data to a padder 112.
[0081] The padder 112 performs necessary zero padding (insertion of null) to the data from the mode adaptation/multiplexer 111, and supplies resulting data to a base band (BB) scrambler 113.
[0082] The BB scrambler 113 applies BB scramble to the data from the padder 112, and supplies resulting data to a BCH encoder 114.
[0083] The BCH encoder 114 BCH encodes the data from the BB scrambler 113, and supplies resulting data to an LDPC encoder 115 as LDPC target data to be subjected to LDPC encoding.
[0084] The LDPC encoder 115 performs, for the LDPC target data from the BCH encoder 114, LDPC coding according to a parity check matrix in which a parity matrix that is a portion corresponding to parity bits of the LDPC code has a step (dual diagonal) structure or the like, for example, and outputs the LDPC code having the LDPC target data as information bits
[0085] In other words, the LDPC encoder 115 performs LDPC coding for coding the LDPC target data to an LDPC code (corresponding to the parity check matrix) defined in a predetermined standard such as DVB-S.2, DVB-T.2, DVB-C.2, or ATSC 3.0, or another LDPC code, for example, and outputs a resulting LDPC code.
[0086] Here, the LDPC code defined in the DVB-S.2 or ATSC 3.0 standard and the LDPC code to be adopted in ATSC 3.0 is an irregular repeat accumulate (IRA) code, and (a part or all of) a parity matrix in the parity check matrix of the LDPC code has a step structure. The parity matrix and the step structure will be described below. Furthermore, the IRA code is described in, for example, "
Irregular Repeat-Accumulate Codes," H. Jin, A. Khandekar, and R. J. McEliece, in Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Turbo codes and Related Topics, pp. 1-8, Sept 2000.
[0087] The LDPC code output by the LDPC encoder 115 is supplied to a bit interleaver 116.
[0088] The bit interleaver 116 performs bit interleaving described below for the LDPC code from the LDPC encoder 115, and supplies the LDPC code after the bit interleaving to a mapper (Mapper) 117.
[0089] The mapper 117 maps the LDPC code from the bit interleaver 116 into signal points representing one symbol of quadrature modulation in units of one or more code bits (symbol units) of the LDPC code and performs quadrature modulation (multiple value modulation).
[0090] In other words, the mapper 117 maps the LDPC code from the bit interleaver 116 into signal points determined by a modulation method for performing the quadrature modulation of the LDPC code, on a constellation that is an IQ plane defined with an I axis representing an I component in phase with a carrier and a Q axis representing a Q component orthogonal to the carrier, and performs the quadrature modulation.
[0091] In a case where the number of constellation signal points used in the modulation method of the quadrature modulation performed by the mapper 117 is 2
^{m}, the mapper 117 maps the LDPC code from the bit interleaver 116 into signal points representing symbols, of 2
^{m} signal points in symbol units, where m-bit code bits of the LDPC code is a symbol (one symbol).
[0092] Here, examples of the modulation method of the quadrature modulation performed by the mapper 117 include the modulation method defined in the standard such as DVB-S.2 or ATSC 3.0, and other modulation methods such as binary phase shift keying (BPSK), quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK), phase-shift keying (8PSK), amplitude phase-shift keying (16APSK), 32APSK, quadrature amplitude modulation (16QAM), 16QAM, 64QAM, 256QAM, 1024QAM, 4096QAM, and pulse amplitude modulation (4PAM), for example. Which modulation method of the quadrature modulation is used in the mapper 117 is set in advance according to an operation of an operator of the transmission device 11, or the like, for example.
[0093] Data obtained by the processing in the mapper 117 (the mapping result of mapping the symbols to the signal points) is supplied to a time interleaver 118.
[0094] The time interleaver 118 performs time interleaving (interleaving in a time direction) in symbol units for the data from the mapper 117, and supplies resulting data to a single input single output/multiple input single output encoder (SISO/MISO encoder) 119.
[0095] The SISO/MISO encoder 119 applies space-time coding to the data from the time interleaver 118, and supplies the data to a frequency interleaver 120.
[0096] The frequency interleaver 120 performs, for the data from the SISO/MISO encoder 119, frequency interleaving (interleaving in a frequency direction) in symbol units, and supplies the data to a frame builder/resource allocation unit 131.
[0097] Meanwhile, control data (signalling) for transmission control such as base band (BB) signalling (BB header) is supplied to a BCH encoder 121, for example.
[0098] The BCH encoder 121 performs BCH encoding for the control data supplied thereto similarly to the BCH encoder 114, and supplies resulting data to an LDPC encoder 122.
[0099] The LDPC encoder 122 performs LDPC coding for the data from the BCH encoder 121 as the LDPC target data, similarly to the LDPC encoder 115, and supplies a resulting LDPC code to a mapper 123.
[0100] The mapper 123 maps the LDPC code from the LDPC encoder 122 into signal points representing one symbol of quadrature modulation in units of one or more code bits (symbol units) of the LDPC code and performs quadrature modulation, similarly to the mapper 117, and supplies resulting data to a frequency interleaver 124.
[0101] The frequency interleaver 124 performs frequency interleaving in symbol units for the data from the mapper 123, similarly to the frequency interleaver 120, and supplies resulting data to the frame builder/resource allocation unit 131.
[0102] The frame builder/resource allocation unit 131 inserts pilot symbols into necessary positions of the data (symbols) from the frequency interleavers 120 and 124, and configures a frame by a predetermined number of symbols (for example, a physical layer (PL) frame, a T2 frame, a C2 frame, or the like) from resulting data (symbols), and supplies the frame to an OFDM generation unit 132.
[0103] The OFDM generation unit 132 generates an OFDM signal corresponding to the frame from the frame builder/resource allocation unit 131, and transmits the OFDM signal via the communication path 13 (Fig. 7).
[0104] Note that the transmission device 11 can be configured without including part of the blocks illustrated in Fig. 8, such as the time interleaver 118, the SISO/MISO encoder 119, the frequency interleaver 120, and the frequency interleaver 124.
<Configuration Example of Bit Interleaver 116>
[0105] Fig. 9 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the bit interleaver 116.
[0106] The bit interleaver 116 has a function to interleave data, and is configured by a parity interleaver 23, a group-wise interleaver 24, and a block interleaver 25.
[0107] The parity interleaver 23 performs parity interleaving to interleave the parity bits of the LDPC code from the LDPC encoder 115 to positions of other parity bits, and supplies the LDPC code after the parity interleaving to the group-wise interleaver 24.
[0108] The group-wise interleaver 24 performs group-wise interleaving for the LDPC code from the parity interleaver 23, and supplies the LDPC code after the group-wise interleaving to the block interleaver 25.
[0109] Here, in the group-wise interleaving, the LDPC code from the parity interleaver 23 is interleaved in units of bit groups, where one section of 360 bits is set as a bit group, the one section of 360 bits being obtained by dividing the LDPC code of one code into units of 360 bits, the unit being equal to a unit size P described below, from the head of the LDPC code, and taking one of the sections as the one section.
[0110] In a case of performing the group-wise interleaving, the error rate can be improved as compared with a case of not performing the group-wise interleaving. As a result, favorable communication quality can be secured in data transmission.
[0111] The block interleaver 25 performs block interleaving for demultiplexing the LDPC code from the group-wise interleaver 24 to symbolize the LDPC code of one code into m-bit symbols, the m bits being the unit of mapping, and supplies the symbols to the mapper 117 (Fig. 8) .
[0112] Here, in the block interleaving, for example, the LDPC code from the group-wise interleaver 24 is written in a column (vertical) direction and is read in a row (cross) direction with respect to a storage area in which columns as storage areas each storing a predetermined bit length in the column direction are arranged in the row direction by the number of bit length m of symbols, whereby the LDPC code is symbolized into the m-bit symbols.
<Parity Check Matrix of LDPC Code>
[0113] Fig. 10 is a diagram illustrating an example of the parity check matrix H used for LDPC coding in the LDPC encoder 115 in Fig. 8.
[0114] The parity check matrix H has a low-density generation matrix (LDGM) structure and is expressed by an information matrix H
_{A} of a portion corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix H
_{T} corresponding to the parity bits, of the code bits of the LDPC code, as an expression H = [H
_{A}|H
_{T}] (elements of the information matrix H
_{A} are elements on the left side and elements of the parity check matrix H
_{T} are elements on the right side).
[0115] Here, the bit length of the information bits and the bit length of the parity bits, of the code bits of the LDPC code of one code (one codeword), are respectively referred to as an information length K and a parity length M, and the bit length of the code bits of one (one codeword) LDPC code is referred to as code length N (= K + M).
[0116] The information length K and the parity length M of an LDPC code of a given code length N are determined by a coding rate. Furthermore, the parity check matrix H is a matrix of M × N in rows × columns (M-row N-column matrix). Then, the information matrix H
_{A} is an M × K matrix, and the parity matrix H
_{T} is an M × M matrix.
[0117] Fig. 11 is a diagram illustrating an example of the parity matrix H
_{T} of the parity check matrix H used for LDPC coding in the LDPC encoder 115 in Fig. 8.
[0118] As the parity matrix H
_{T} of the parity check matrix H used for LDPC coding in the LDPC encoder 115, a parity matrix H
_{T} similar to the parity check matrix H of the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2 can be adopted, for example.
[0119] The parity matrix H
_{T} of the parity check matrix H of the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2 is a matrix having a step structure (lower bidiagonal matrix) in which elements of 1 are arranged in a step-like manner, as illustrated in Fig. 11. The row weight of the parity matrix H
_{T} is 1 in the 1st row and 2 in all the remaining rows. Furthermore, the column weight is 1 in the last one column and 2 in all the remaining columns.
[0120] As described above, the LDPC code of the parity check matrix H having the parity matrix H
_{T} in a step structure can be easily generated using the parity check matrix H.
[0121] In other words, the LDPC code (one codeword) is represented by a row vector c, and a column vector obtained by transposing the row vector is represented as c
^{T}. Furthermore, a portion of the information bits, of the row vector c that is the LDPC code, is represented by a row vector A, and a portion of the parity bits, of the row vector c, is represented by a row vector T.
[0122] In this case, the row vector c can be expressed by an expression c = [A|T] (elements of the row vector A are elements on the left side and elements of the row vector T are elements on the right side) using the row vector A as the information bits and the row vector T as the parity bits.
[0123] The parity check matrix H and the row vector c = [A|T] as the LDPC code need to satisfy an expression Hc
^{T} = 0, and the row vector T as the parity bits constituting the row vector c = [A|T] satisfying the expression Hc
^{T} = 0 can be sequentially obtained (in order) by sequentially setting the element of each row to 0 from the element in the 1st row of the column vector Hc
^{T} in the expression Hc
^{T} = 0 in a case where the parity matrix H
_{T} of the parity check matrix H = [H
_{A}|H
_{T}] has the step structure illustrated in Fig. 11.
[0124] Fig. 12 is a diagram for describing the parity check matrix H of the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2.
[0125] The column weight of the parity check matrix H of the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2 is X in KX columns from the 1st column, 3 in following K3 columns, and 2 in following M - 1 columns, and 1 in the last one column.
[0126] Here, KX + K3 + M - 1 + 1 is equal to the code length N.
[0127] Fig. 13 is a diagram illustrating the number of columns KX, K3, and M and the column weight X for each coding rate r of the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2.
[0128] In the standard such as DVB-T.2, LDPC codes having code lengths N of 64800 bits and 16200 bits are defined.
[0129] Then, eleven coding rates (nominal rates) of 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, and 9/10 are defined for the LDPC code with the code length N of 64800 bits. Ten coding rates of 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, and 8/9 are defined for the LDPC code with the code length N of 16200 bits.
[0130] Here, the code length N of 64800 bits is also referred to as 64 k bits and the code length N of 16200 bits is also referred to as 16 k bits.
[0131] In regard to the LDPC code, code bits corresponding to a column having a larger column weight of the parity check matrix H tend to have a lower error rate.
[0132] In the parity check matrix H defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2 illustrated in Figs. 12 and 13, the column weight tends to be larger in the columns on the head side (left side), and hence the code bits on the head side are more resistant to errors and the late code bits are more susceptible to errors in the LDPC code corresponding to the parity check matrix H.
<Parity Interleaving>
[0133] The parity interleaving by the parity interleaver 23 in Fig. 9 will be described with reference to Figs. 14 to 16.
[0134] Fig. 14 is a diagram illustrating an example of (a part of) a Tanner graph of the parity check matrix of the LDPC code.
[0135] As illustrated in Fig. 14, when two or more of (the code bits corresponding to) the variable nodes connected to the check node become errors such as erasures at the same time, for example, the check node returns a message that the probability of the value of 0 and the probability of the value of 1 are equal to all the variable nodes connected to the check node. Therefore, if a plurality of variable nodes connected to the same check node simultaneously becomes erasures or the like, the decoding performance will deteriorate.
[0136] By the way, the LDPC code output from the LDPC encoder 115 in Fig. 8 is an IRA code, similarly to the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2, for example, and the parity matrix H
_{T} of the parity check matrix H has a step structure, as illustrated in Fig. 11.
[0137] Fig. 15 is a diagram illustrating examples of the parity matrix H
_{T} having the step structure, as illustrated in Fig. 11, and the Tanner graph corresponding to the parity matrix H
_{T}.
[0138] A in Fig. 15 illustrates an example of the parity matrix H
_{T} having a step structure, and B in Fig. 15 illustrate a Tanner graph corresponding to the parity matrix H
_{T} in A in Fig. 15.
[0139] In the parity matrix H
_{T} having a step structure, elements of 1 are adjacent (except the 1st row) in rows. Therefore, in the Tanner graph of the parity matrix H
_{T}, two adjacent variable nodes corresponding to columns of the two adjacent elements in which the values of the parity matrix H
_{T} are 1 are connected to the same check node.
[0140] Therefore, when the parity bits corresponding to the above two adjacent variable nodes become errors at the same time due to burst errors, erasures, or the like, the check node connected to the two variable nodes corresponding to the two error parity bits (variable nodes seeking a message using the parity bits) returns the message that the probability of the value of 0 and the probability of the value of 1 are equal to the variable nodes connected to the check node. Therefore, the decoding performance is degraded. Then, when a burst length (the bit length of the parity bits which becomes an error in succession) becomes large, the number of check nodes returning the message of equal probability increases, and the decoding performance is further degraded.
[0141] Therefore, the parity interleaver 23 (Fig. 9) performs the parity interleaving in which the parity bits of the LDPC code from the LDPC encoder 115 are interleaved at the positions of other parity bits in order to prevent the degradation in the decoding performance described above.
[0142] Fig. 16 is a diagram illustrating the parity matrix H
_{T} of the parity check matrix H corresponding to the LDPC code after parity interleaving performed by the parity interleaver 23 in Fig. 9.
[0143] Here, the information matrix H
_{A} of the parity check matrix H corresponding to the LDPC code output from the LDPC encoder 115 has a cyclic structure, similarly to the information matrix of the parity check matrix H corresponding to the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2.
[0144] The cyclic structure is a structure in which a certain column matches a cyclically shifted another column, and includes, for example, a structure in which, for each P columns, the positions of 1 of rows of the P columns become cyclically shifted positions in the column direction by a predetermined value such as a value proportional to a value q obtained by dividing the first column of the P columns by the parity length M. Hereinafter, the P columns in the cyclic structure are referred to as a unit size, as appropriate.
[0145] As the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2, there are two types of LDPC codes with the code lengths N of 64800 bits and 16200 bits as described in Figs. 12 and 13. For either of the two types of LDPC codes, the unit size P is defined to 360, which is one of divisors of the parity length M except 1 and M.
[0146] Furthermore, the parity length M is a value other than a prime number represented by an expression M = q × P = q × 360, using a value q that varies depending on the coding rate. Therefore, similarly to unit size P, the value q is also another one of the divisors of the parity length M except 1 and M, and is obtained by dividing the parity length M by the unit size P (the product of P and q, which are the divisors of the parity length M, becomes the parity length M).
[0147] As described above, the parity interleaver 23 interleaves the (K + qx + y + 1)th code bit, of the code bits of the N-bit LDPC code, to the position of the (K + Py + x + 1)th code bit, as the parity interleaving, with the setting of the information length of K, an integer x from 0 to P, exclusive of P, and an integer y from 0 to q, exclusive of q.
[0148] Since the (K + qx + y + 1)th code bit and the (K + Py + x + 1)th code bit are both code bits of (K + 1)th or subsequent code bit and thus are parity bits, the position of the parity bit of the LDPC code is moved according to the parity interleaving.
[0149] According to such parity interleaving, (the parity bits corresponding to) the variable nodes connected to the same check node are separated by the unit size P, in other words, 360 bits. Therefore, in a case where the burst length is less than 360 bits, it is possible to avoid a situation where a plurality of variable nodes connected to the same check node becomes error at the same time, and as a result, the resistance to the burst errors can be improved.
[0150] Note that the LDPC code after the parity interleaving to interleave the (K + qx + y + 1)th code bit to the position of the (K + Py + x + 1)th code bit matches the LDPC code of the parity check matrix (hereinafter also referred to as transformed parity check matrix) that is obtained by performing column permutation to permutate the (K + qx + y + 1)th column of the original parity check matrix H to the (K + Py + x + 1)th column.
[0151] Furthermore, a pseudo cyclic structure having P columns (360 columns in Fig. 16) as units appears in the parity matrix of the transformed parity check matrix, as illustrated in Fig. 16.
[0152] Here, the pseudo cyclic structure means a structure having a cyclic structure excluding a part.
[0153] A transformed parity check matrix obtained by applying column permutation corresponding to parity interleaving to a parity check matrix of an LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2 lacks one element of 1 (the one element of 1 is the element of 0 here) in a portion (shift matrix to be described below) of 360 rows × 360 columns in an upper right corner portion of the transformed parity check matrix, and thus has a so-called pseudo cyclic structure, rather than a (complete) cyclic structure, on that point.
[0154] A transformed parity check matrix with respect to the parity check matrix of the LDPC code output by the LDPC encoder 115 has a pseudo cyclic structure, similarly to the transformed parity check matrix with respect to the parity check matrix of the LDPC code defined in the standard such as DVB-T.2, for example.
[0155] Note that the transformed parity check matrix in Fig. 16 is a matrix obtained by applying the column permutation corresponding to the parity interleaving to the original parity check matrix H, and applying permutation for rows (row permutation) so that the transformed parity check matrix is configured in configuration matrices to be describe below.
[0156] Fig. 17 is a flowchart for describing processing performed by the LDPC encoder 115, the bit interleaver 116, and a mapper 117 in Fig. 8.
[0157] The LDPC encoder 115 waits for supply of the LDPC target data from the BCH encoder 114. In step S101, the LDPC encoder 115 encodes the LDPC target data into the LDPC code, and supplies the LDPC code to the bit interleaver 116. The processing proceeds to step S102.
[0158] In step S102, the bit interleaver 116 performs bit interleaving for the LDPC code from the LDPC encoder 115, and supplies a symbol obtained by the bit interleaving to the mapper 117. The processing proceeds to step S103.
[0159] In other words, in step S102, in the bit interleaver 116 (Fig. 9), the parity interleaver 23 performs parity interleaving for the LDPC code from the LDPC encoder 115, and supplies the LDPC code after the parity interleaving to the group-wise interleaver 24.
[0160] The group-wise interleaver 24 performs group-wise interleaving for the LDPC code from the parity interleaver 23, and supplies the LDPC code to the block interleaver 25.
[0161] The block interleaver 25 performs block interleaving for the LDPC code after the group-wise interleaving by the group-wise interleaver 24, and supplies a resulting m-bit symbol to the mapper 117.
[0162] In step S103, the mapper 117 maps the symbol from the block interleaver 25 to any of 2
^{m} signal points determined by the modulation method of the quadrature modulation performed by the mapper 117 and performs the quadrature modulation, and supplies resulting data to the time interleaver 118.
[0163] As described above, by performing the parity interleaving and the group-wise interleaving, the error rate of a case where a plurality of code bits of the LDPC code is transmitted as one symbol can be improved.
[0164] Here, in Fig. 9, for convenience of description, the parity interleaver 23 as a block for performing the parity interleaving and the group-wise interleaver 24 as a block for performing the group-wise interleaving are separately configured. However, the parity interleaver 23 and the group-wise interleaver 24 can be integrally configured.
[0165] In other words, both the parity interleaving and the group-wise interleaving can be performed by writing and reading code bits with respect to the memory, and can be represented by a matrix for converting an address for writing code bits (write address) into an address for reading code bits (read address).
[0166] Therefore, by obtaining a matrix obtained by multiplying a matrix representing the parity interleaving and a matrix representing the group-wise interleaving, the parity interleaving is performed by converting code bits by these matrices, and further the group-wise interleaving is performed for the LDPC code after the parity interleaving, whereby a result can be obtained.
[0167] Furthermore, the block interleaver 25 can also be integrally configured in addition to the parity interleaver 23 and the group-wise interleaver 24.
[0168] In other words, the block interleaving performed by the block interleaver 25 can also be represented by the matrix converting the write address of the memory for storing the LDPC code into the read address.
[0169] Therefore, by obtaining a matrix obtained by multiplying the matrix representing the parity interleaving, the matrix representing the group-wise interleaving, and a matrix representing the block interleaving, the parity interleaving, the group-wise interleaving, and the block interleaving can be collectively performed by the matrices.
[0170] Note that one or the amount of the parity interleaving and the group-wise interleaving may not be performed.
<Configuration Example of LDPC Encoder 115>
[0171] Fig. 18 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the LDPC encoder 115 in Fig. 8.
[0172] Note that the LDPC encoder 122 in Fig. 8 is similarly configured.
[0173] As described in Figs. 12 and 13, in the standard such as DVB-T.2, LDPC codes having two types of code lengths N of 64800 bits and 16200 bits are defined.
[0174] Then, the eleven coding rates of 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, 8/9, and 9/10 are defined for the LDPC code with the code length N of 64800 bits, and the ten coding rates of 1/4, 1/3, 2/5, 1/2, 3/5, 2/3, 3/4, 4/5, 5/6, and 8/9 are defined for the LDPC code with the code length N of 16200 bits (Figs. 12 and 13).
[0175] The LDPC encoder 115 can perform, for example, such coding (error correction coding) by the LDPC codes with the coding rates of the code lengths N of 64800 bits and 16200 bits according to the parity check matrix H prepared for each code length N and each coding rate.
[0176] Besides, the LDPC encoder 115 can perform LDPC coding according to the parity check matrix H of an LDPC code with an arbitrary code length N and an arbitrary coding rate r.
[0177] The LDPC encoder 115 is configured by an coding processing unit 601 and a storage unit 602.
[0178] The coding processing unit 601 is configured by a coding rate setting unit 611, an initial value table reading unit 612, a parity check matrix generation unit 613, an information bit reading unit 614, a coded parity operation unit 615, and a control unit 616. The coding processing unit 601 performs LDPC coding for the LDPC target data supplied to the LDPC encoder 115, and supplies a resulting LDPC code to the bit interleaver 116 (Fig. 8).
[0179] In other words, the coding rate setting unit 611 sets the code length N and the coding rate r of the LDPC code, and in addition, specific information specifying the LDPC code, according to the operation of the operator or the like, for example.
[0180] The initial value table reading unit 612 reads, from the storage unit 602, a parity check matrix initial value table, which is described below, representing the parity check matrix of the LDPC code specified by the specific information set by the coding rate setting unit 611.
[0181] The parity check matrix generation unit 613 generates the parity check matrix H on the basis of the parity check matrix initial value table read by the initial value table reading unit 612, and stores the parity check matrix H in the storage unit 602. For example, the parity check matrix generation unit 613 arranges the element of 1 of the information matrix H
_{A} corresponding to the information length K (= the code length N - the parity length M) according to the code length N and the coding rate r set by the coding rate setting unit 611 with a period of every 360 columns (unit size P) in the column direction to generate the parity check matrix H, and stores the parity check matrix H in the storage unit 602.
[0182] The information bit reading unit 614 reads (extracts) the information bits of the information length K from the LDPC target data supplied to the LDPC encoder 115.
[0183] The coded parity operation unit 615 reads the parity check matrix H generated by the parity check matrix generation unit 613 from the storage unit 602, and calculates the parity bits for the information bits read by the information bit reading unit 614 on the basis of a predetermined expression using the parity check matrix H, thereby generating the codeword (LDPC code).
[0184] The control unit 616 controls blocks constituting the coding processing unit 601.
[0185] The storage unit 602 stores a plurality of parity check matrix initial value tables and the like respectively corresponding to the plurality of coding rates and the like illustrated in Figs. 12 and 13 for the code lengths N of 64800 bits and 16200 bits, and the like, for example. Furthermore, the storage unit 602 temporarily stores data necessary for the processing of the coding processing unit 601.
[0186] Fig. 19 is a flowchart for describing an example of the processing of the LDPC encoder 115 in Fig. 18.
[0187] In step S201, the coding rate setting unit 611 sets the code length N and the coding rate r for performing the LDPC coding, and in addition, the specific information specifying another LDPC code.
[0188] In step S202, the initial value table reading unit 612 reads, from the storage unit 602, the predetermined parity check matrix initial value table specified by the code length N, the coding rate r, and the like as the specific information set by the coding rate setting unit 611.
[0189] In step S203, the parity check matrix generation unit 613 obtains (generates) the parity check matrix H of the LDPC code with the code length N and the coding rate r set by the coding rate setting unit 611, using the parity check matrix initial value table read from the storage unit 602 by the initial value table reading unit 612, and supplies and stores the parity check matrix H in the storage unit 602.
[0190] In step S204, the information bit reading unit 614 reads the information bits of the information length K (= N × r) corresponding to the code length N and the coding rate r set by the coding rate setting unit 611 from the LDPC target data supplied to the LDPC encoder 115, and reads the parity check matrix H obtained by the parity check matrix generation unit 613 from the storage unit 602, and supplies the information bits and the parity check matrix H to the coded parity operation unit 615.
[0191] In step S205, the coded parity operation unit 615 sequentially operates the parity bit of the codeword c that satisfies the expression (8), using the information bits and the parity check matrix H from the information bit reading unit 614.
[0192] In the expression (8), c represents the row vector as the codeword (LDPC code), and c
^{T} represents transposition of the row vector c.
[0193] Here, as described above, in the case of representing the portion of the information bits, of the row vector c as the LDPC code (one codeword), by the row vector A, and the portion of the parity bits, of the row vector c, by the row vector T, the row vector c can be expressed by the expression c = [A|T] by the row vector A as the information bits and the row vector T as the parity bits.
[0194] The parity check matrix H and the row vector c = [A|T] as the LDPC code need to satisfy an expression Hc
^{T} = 0, and the row vector T as the parity bits constituting the row vector c = [A|T] satisfying the expression Hc
^{T} = 0 can be sequentially obtained by sequentially setting the element of each row to 0 from the element in the 1st row of the column vector Hc
^{T} in the expression Hc
^{T} = 0 in a case where the parity matrix H
_{T} of the parity check matrix H = [H
_{A}|H
_{T}] has the step structure illustrated in Fig. 11.
[0195] The coded parity operation unit 615 obtains the parity bits T for the information bits A from the information bit reading unit 614, and outputs the codeword c = [A|T] expressed by the information bits A and the parity bits T as an LDPC coding result of the information bits A.
[0196] Thereafter, in step S206, the control unit 616 determines whether to terminate the LDPC coding. In a case where it is determined in step S206 that the LDPC coding is not terminated, in other words, in a case where there is still LDPC target data to be LDPC coded, the processing returns to step S201 (or step S204), and hereinafter the processing from step S201 (or step S204) to step S206 is repeated.
[0197] Furthermore, in step S206, in a case where it is determined that the LDPC coding is terminated, in other words, for example, in a case where there is no LDPC target data to be LDPC coded, the LDPC encoder 115 terminates the processing.
[0198] In regard to the LDPC encoder 115, a parity check matrix initial value table (representing a parity check matrix) of LDPC codes with various code lengths N and coding rates r can be prepared in advance. The LDPC encoder 115 can perform LDPC coding for the LDPC codes with various code lengths N and coding rates r, using the parity check matrix H generated from the parity check matrix initial value table prepared in advance.
<Example of Parity Check Matrix Initial Value Table>
[0199] The parity check matrix initial value table is, for example, a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the information matrix H
_{A} (Fig. 10) corresponding to the information length K according to the code length N and the coding rate r of the LDPC code (the LDPC code defined by the parity check matrix H) of the parity check matrix H, in every 360 columns (unit size P), and is created in advance for each parity check matrix H of each code length N and each coding rate r.
[0200] In other words, the parity check matrix initial value table indicates at least the position of the elements of 1 of the information matrix H
_{A} in every 360 columns (unit size P).
[0201] Furthermore, as the parity check matrix H, there are a parity check matrix in which all of the parity matrix H
_{T} has the step structure, and a parity check matrix in which a part of the parity matrix H
_{T} has the step structure and the remaining part is a diagonal matrix (unit matrix).
[0202] Hereinafter, the method of expressing the parity check matrix initial value table indicating the parity check matrix in which a part of the parity matrix H
_{T} has the step structure and the remaining part is a diagonal matrix is also referred to as a type A method. Furthermore, the method of expressing the parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix in which all of the parity matrix H
_{T} has the step structure is also referred to as a type B method.
[0203] Furthermore, the LDPC code for the parity check matrix represented by the parity check matrix initial value table by the type A method is also referred to as a type A code, and the LDPC code for the parity check matrix represented by the parity check matrix initial value table by the type B method is also referred to as a type B code.
[0204] The designations "type A" and "type B" are designations in accordance with the standard of ATSC 3.0. For example, in ATSC 3.0, both the type A code and type B code are adopted.
[0205] Note that, in DVB-T. 2 and the like, the type B code is adopted.
[0206] Fig. 20 is a diagram illustrating an example of the parity check matrix initial value table by the type B method.
[0207] In other words, Fig. 20 illustrates the parity check matrix initial value table (representing the parity check matrix H) of the type B code with the code length N of 16200 bits and the coding rate (coding rate on the notation of DVB-T.2) r of 1/4 defined in the standard of DVB-T.2.
[0208] The parity check matrix generation unit 613 (Fig. 18) obtains the parity check matrix H as follows using the parity check matrix initial value table by the type B method.
[0209] Fig. 21 is a diagram for describing a method of obtaining the parity check matrix H from the parity check matrix initial value table by the type B method.
[0210] In other words, Fig. 21 illustrates the parity check matrix initial value table of the type B code with the code length N of 16200 bits and the coding rate r of 2/3 defined in the standard of DVB-T.2.
[0211] The parity check matrix initial value table by the type B method is a table representing the positions of the elements of 1 of the entire information matrix H
_{A} corresponding to the information length K according to the code length N and the coding rate r of the LDPC code in every 360 columns (unit size P). In the i-th row, row numbers of the elements of 1 of the (1 + 360 × (i - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H (the row number when the row number of the 1st row of the parity check matrix H is counted as 0) by the number of the column weight of the (1 + 360 × (i - 1))th column.
[0212] Here, since the parity matrix H
_{T} (Fig. 10) corresponding to the parity length M, of the parity check matrix H by the type B method, has the step structure as illustrated in Fig. 15, the parity check matrix H can be obtained if the information matrix H
_{A} (Fig. 10) corresponding to the information length K can be obtained according to the parity check matrix initial value table.
[0213] The number of rows k + 1 of the parity check matrix initial value table by the type B method differs depending on the information length K.
[0214] The relationship of the expression (9) holds between the information length K and the number of rows k + 1 of the parity check matrix initial value table.
[0215] Here, 360 in the expression (9) is the unit size P described in Fig. 16.
[0216] In the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 21, thirteen numerical values are arranged in the 1st to 3rd rows, and three numerical values are arranged in the 4th to (k + 1)th rows (30th row in Fig. 21).
[0217] Therefore, the column weight of the parity check matrix H obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 21 is 13 from the 1st to (1 + 360 × (3 - 1) - 1)th columns, and 3 from the (1 + 360 × (3 - 1))th to K-th columns.
[0218] The 1st row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 21 is 0, 2084, 1613, 1548, 1286, 1460, 3196, 4297, 2481, 3369, 3451, 4620, and 2622, which represents that, in the 1st column of the parity check matrix H, the elements of the rows with the row numbers of 0, 2084, 1613, 1548, 1286, 1460, 3196, 4297, 2481, 3369, 3451, 4620, and 2622 are 1 (and the other elements are 0).
[0219] Furthermore, the 2nd row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 21 is 1, 122, 1516, 3448, 2880, 1407, 1847, 3799, 3529, 373, 971, 4358, and 3108, which represents that, in the 361 (= 1 + 360 × (2 - 1))st column of the parity check matrix H, the elements of the rows with the row numbers of 1, 122, 1516, 3448, 2880, 1407, 1847, 3799, 3529, 373, 971, 4358, and 3108 are 1.
[0220] As described above, the parity check matrix initial value table represents the positions of the elements of 1 of the information matrix H
_{A} of the parity check matrix H in every 360 columns.
[0221] The columns other than the (1 + 360 × (i - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H, in other words, the (2 + 360 × (i - 1)th to (360 × i)th columns are arranged by cyclically shifting the elements of 1 of the (1 + 360 × (i - 1))th column determined by the parity check matrix initial value table downward (downward of the columns) according to the parity length M.
[0222] In other words, for example, the (2 + 360 × (i - 1))th column is obtained by cyclically shifting the (1 + 360 × (i - 1))th column downward by M/360 (= q). The next (3 + 360 × (i - 1))th column is obtained by cyclically shifting the (1 + 360 × (i - 1))th column downward by 2 × M/360 (= 2 × q) (by cyclically shifting the (2 + 360 × (i - 1))th column downward by M/360 (= q)).
[0223] Now, in a case where the numerical value of the j-th column (j-th from the left) in the i-th row (i-th from the top) of the parity check matrix initial value table is denoted as h
_{i,j} and the row number of the element of j-th 1 of the w-th column of the parity check matrix H is denoted as H
_{w-j}, the row number H
_{w-j} of the element of 1 of the w-th column that is a column other than the (1 + 360 × (i - 1)th column of the parity check matrix H can be obtained by the expression (10).
[0224] Here, mod (x, y) means the remainder of dividing x by y.
[0225] Furthermore, P is the above-described unit size, and in the present embodiment, P is 360 as in DVB-T.2 or the like and the standard of ATSC 3.0, for example. Moreover, q is a value M/360 obtained by dividing the parity length M by the unit size P (= 360).
[0226] The parity check matrix generation unit 613 (Fig. 18) specifies the row number of the element of 1 in the (1 + 360 × (i - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H using the parity check matrix initial value table.
[0227] Further, the parity check matrix generation unit 613 (Fig. 18) calculates the row number H
_{w-j} of the element of 1 in the w-th column that is a column other than the (1 + 360 × (i - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H by the expression (10), and generates the parity check matrix H in which the elements of the row numbers obtained as described above are 1.
[0228] Fig. 22 is a diagram illustrating a structure of the parity check matrix H by the type A method.
[0229] The parity check matrix by the type A method is configured by an A matrix, a B matrix, a C matrix, a D matrix, and a Z matrix.
[0230] The A matrix is an upper left matrix in the parity check matrix H, of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and the information length K = the code length N × the coding rate r of the LDPC code.
[0231] The B matrix is a matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns having a step structure adjacent to the right of the A matrix.
[0232] The C matrix is a matrix of N - K - M1 rows and K + M1 columns adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix.
[0233] The D matrix is an identity matrix of N - K - M1 rows and N - K - M1 columns adjacent to the right of the C matrix.
[0234] The Z matrix is a zero matrix (0 matrix) of M1 rows and N - K - M1 columns adjacent to the right of the B matrix.
[0235] In the parity check matrix H by the type A method configured by the above A matrix to D matrix and Z matrix, the A matrix and a part of the C matrix constitute the information matrix, and the B matrix, the rest of the C matrix, the D matrix, and the Z matrix constitute the parity matrix.
[0236] Note that, since the B matrix is a matrix with a step structure and the D matrix is an identity matrix, a part (the part of the B matrix) of the parity matrix of the parity check matrix H by the type A method has the step structure and the remaining part (the part of the D matrix) is the diagonal matrix (identity matrix).
[0237] The A matrix and the C matrix have a cyclic structure of every unit size P columns (for example, 360 columns), similarly to the information matrix of the parity check matrix H by type B method, and the parity check matrix initial value table by the type A method represents the positions of the elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix in every 360 columns.
[0238] Here, as described above, since the A matrix and a part of the C matrix constitute an information matrix, the parity check matrix initial value table by the type A method representing the positions of the elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix in every 360 columns can be said to represent at least the positions of the elements of 1 of the information matrix in every 360 columns.
[0239] Note that, since the parity check matrix initial value table by the type A method represents the positions of the elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix in every 360 columns, the parity check matrix initial value table can also be said to represent the positions of the elements of 1 of a part (the remaining part of the C matrix) of the parity check matrix in every 360 columns.
[0240] Fig. 23 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table by a type A method.
[0241] In other words, Fig. 23 illustrates an example of the parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H with the code length N of 35 bits and the coding rate r of 2/7.
[0242] The parity check matrix initial value table by the type A method is a table representing the positions of the elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix in every unit size P. In the i-th row, row numbers of the elements of 1 of the (1 + P × (i - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H (the row number when the row number of the 1st row of the parity check matrix H is counted as 0) by the number of the column weight of the (1 + P × (i - 1))th column.
[0243] Note that, here, to simplify the description, the unit size P is 5, for example.
[0244] The parity check matrix H by the type A method has M1, M2, Q1, and Q2, as parameters.
[0245] M1 (Fig. 22) is a parameter for determining the size of the B matrix, and takes a value that is a multiple of the unit size P. By adjusting M1, the performance of the LDPC code changes, and M1 is adjusted to a predetermined value when determining the parity check matrix H. Here, it is assumed that 15, which is three times the unit size P = 5, is adopted as M1.
[0246] M2 (Fig. 22) takes a value M - M1 obtained by subtracting M1 from the parity length M.
[0247] Here, since the information length K is N × r = 35 × 2/7 = 10 and the parity length M is N - K = 35 - 10 = 25, M2 is M - M1 = 25 - 15 = 10.
[0248] Q1 is obtained according to the expression Q1 = M1/P, and represents the number of shifts (the number of rows) of cyclic shift in the A matrix.
[0249] In other words, the columns other than the (1 + P × (i - 1))th column of the A matrix of the parity check matrix H by the type A method, in other words, the (2 + P × (i - 1))th to (P × i)th columns are arranged by cyclically shifting the elements of 1 of the (1 + P × (i - 1))th column determined by the parity check matrix initial value table downward (downward of the columns), and Q1 represents the number of shifts of the cyclic shift in the A matrix.
[0250] Q2 is obtained according to the expression Q2 = M2/P, and represents the number of shifts (the number of rows) of cyclic shift in the C matrix.
[0251] In other words, the columns other than the (1 + P × (i - 1))th column of the C matrix of the parity check matrix H by the type A method, in other words, the (2 + P × (i - 1))th to (P × i)th columns are arranged by cyclically shifting the elements of 1 of the (1 + P × (i - 1))th column determined by the parity check matrix initial value table downward (downward of the columns), and Q2 represents the number of shifts of the cyclic shift in the C matrix.
[0252] Here, Q1 is M1/P = 15/5 = 3, and Q2 is M2/P = 10/5 = 2.
[0253] In the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23, three numerical values are arranged in the 1st and 2nd rows, and one numerical value is arranged in the 3rd to 5th rows. According to the sequence of the numerical values, the column weights of the A matrix and the C matrix of the parity check matrix H obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23 are 3 from the 1 = (1 + 5 × (1 - 1))st to 10 = (5 × 2)th columns, and 1 from the 11 = (1 + 5 × (3 - 1))th to 25 = (5 × 5)th columns.
[0254] In other words, the 1st row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23 is 2, 6, and 18, which represents that, in the 1st column of the parity check matrix H, the elements of the rows with the row numbers of 2, 6, and 18 are 1 (and the other elements are 0) .
[0255] Here, in this case, since the A matrix (Fig. 22) is a matrix of 15 rows by 10 columns (M1 rows by K columns), and the C matrix (Fig. 22) is a matrix of 10 rows by 25 columns (N - K - M1 rows by K + M1 columns), the rows with the row numbers 0 to 14 of the parity check matrix H are rows of the A matrix, and the rows with the row numbers 15 to 24 of the parity check matrix H are rows of the C matrix.
[0256] Therefore, rows #2 and #6 of the rows with the row numbers 2, 6, and 18 (hereinafter described as rows #2, #6, and #18) are rows of the A matrix, and the row #18 is a row of the C matrix.
[0257] The 2nd row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23 is 2, 10, and 19, which represents that, in the 6 (= 1 + 5 × (2 - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H, the elements of the rows #2, #10, and #19 are 1.
[0258] Here, in the 6 (= (1 + 5 × (2 - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H, the rows #2 and #10 of the rows #2, #10, and #19 are rows of the A matrix, and the row #19 is a row of the C matrix.
[0259] The 3rd row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23 is 22, which represents that, in the 11 (= 1 + 5 × (3 - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H, the element of the row #22 is 1.
[0260] Here, the row #22 is a row of the C matrix in the 11 (= 1 + 5 × (3 - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H.
[0261] Similarly, 19 in the 4th row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23 indicates that the element of the row #19 is 1 in the 16 (= 1 + 5 × (4 - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H. 15 in the fifth row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23 indicates that the element of the row #15 is 1 in the 21 (= 1 + 5 × (5 - 1))st column of the parity check matrix H.
[0262] As described above, the parity check matrix initial value table represents the positions of the elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix of the parity check matrix H in every unit size P = 5 columns.
[0263] The columns other than the (1 + 5 × (i - 1))th column of the A matrix and the C matrix of the parity check matrix H, in other words, the (2 + 5 × (i - 1))th to (5 × i)th columns are arranged by cyclically shifting the elements of 1 of the (1 + 5 × (i - 1))th column determined by the parity check matrix initial value table downward (downward of the columns) according to the parameters Q1 and Q2.
[0264] In other words, for example, the (2 + 5 × (i - 1))th column of the A matrix is obtained by cyclically shifting the (1 + 5 × (i - 1))th column downward by Q1 (= 3). The next (3 + 5 × (i - 1))th column is obtained by cyclically shifting the (1 + 5 × (i - 1))th column downward by 2 × Q1 (= 2 × 3) (by cyclically shifting the (2 + 5 × (i - 1))th column downward by Q1).
[0265] Furthermore, for example, the (2 + 5 × (i - 1))th column of the C matrix is obtained by cyclically shifting the (1 + 5 × (i - 1))th column downward by Q2 (= 2). The next (3 + 5 × (i - 1))th column is obtained by cyclically shifting the (1 + 5 × (i - 1))th column downward by 2 × Q2 (= 2 × 2) (by cyclically shifting the (2 + 5 × (i - 1))th column downward by Q2).
[0266] Fig. 24 is a diagram illustrating an A matrix generated from a parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23.
[0267] In the A matrix in Fig. 24, the elements of the rows #2 and #6 of the 1 (= 1 + 5 × (1 - 1))st column are 1 according to the 1st row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23.
[0268] Then, the 2 (= (2 + 5 x (1 - 1))nd to 5 (= (5 + 5 x (1 - 1))th columns are obtained by cyclically shifting the previous column downward by Q1 = 3.
[0269] Moreover, in the A matrix in Fig. 24, the elements of the rows #2 and #10 of the 6 (= 1 + 5 × (2 - 1))th column are 1 according to the 2nd row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23.
[0270] Then, the 7 (= 2 + 5 x (2 - 1))th to 10 (= 5 + 5 x (2 - 1))th columns are obtained by cyclically shifting the previous column downward by Q1 = 3.
[0271] Fig. 25 is a diagram illustrating parity interleaving of the B matrix.
[0272] The parity check matrix generation unit 613 (Fig. 18) generates the A matrix using the parity check matrix initial value table, and arranges the B matrix having a step structure adjacent to the right of the A matrix. Then, the parity check matrix generation unit 613 treats the B matrix as a parity matrix, and performs parity interleaving such that adjacent elements of 1 of the B matrix having step structure are separated in the row direction by the unit size P = 5.
[0273] Fig. 25 illustrates the A matrix and the B matrix after parity interleaving of the B matrix in Fig. 24.
[0274] Fig. 26 is a diagram illustrating the C matrix generated from the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23.
[0275] In the C matrix in Fig. 26, the element of the row #18 of the 1 (= 1 + 5 × (1 - 1))st column of the parity check matrix H is 1 according to the 1st row of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23.
[0276] Then, the 2 (= 2 + 5 x (1 - 1))th to 5 (= 5 + 5 x (1 - 1))th columns are obtained by cyclically shifting the previous column downward by Q2 = 2.
[0277] Moreover, in the C matrix in Fig. 26, according to the 2nd to 5th rows of the parity check matrix initial value table in Fig. 23, the elements of the row #19 of the 6 (= 1 + 5 × (2 - 1))th column of the parity check matrix H, the row #22 of the 11 (= 1 + 5 × (3 - 1))th column, the row #19 of the 16 (= 1 + 5 × (4 - 1))th column, and the row #15 in the 21 (= 1 + 5 × (5 - 1))st column are 1.
[0278] Then, the 7 (= 2 + 5 × (2 - -1))th to 10 (= 5 + 5 × (2 - 1))th columns, the 12 (= 2 + 5 × (3 - 1))th to 15 (= 5 + 5 × (3 - 1))th columns, the 17 (= 2 + 5 × (4 - 1))th to 20 (= 5 + 5 × (4 - 1))th columns, and the 22 (= 2 + 5 × (5 - 1))nd to 25th (= 5 + 5 × (5 - 1)) th columns are obtained by cyclically shifting the previous columns downward by Q2 = 2.
[0279] The parity check matrix generation unit 613 (Fig. 18) generates the C matrix using the parity check matrix initial value table and arranges the C matrix below the A matrix and the B matrix (after parity interleaving).
[0280] Moreover, the parity check matrix generation unit 613 arranges the Z matrix adjacent to the right of the B matrix and arranges the D matrix adjacent to the right of the C matrix to generate the parity check matrix H illustrated in Fig. 26.
[0281] Fig. 27 is a diagram for describing parity interleaving of the D matrix.
[0282] The parity check matrix generation unit 613 treats the D matrix after generating the parity check matrix H in Fig. 26 as a parity matrix, and performs parity interleaving of (only the D matrix) such that the elements of 1 of the odd rows and next even rows of the D matrix as an identity matrix are separated by the unit size P = 5 in the row direction.
[0283] Fig. 27 illustrates the parity check matrix H after the parity interleaving of the D matrix, for the parity check matrix H in Fig. 26.
[0284] (The coded parity operation unit 615 (Fig. 18) of) the LDPC encoder 115 performs LDPC coding (generates an LDPC code) using the parity check matrix H in Fig. 27, for example.
[0285] Here, the LDPC code generated using the parity check matrix H in Fig. 27 is an LDPC code for which parity interleaving has been performed. Therefore, it is not necessary to perform the parity interleaving in the parity interleaver 23 (Fig. 9), for the LDPC code generated using the parity check matrix H in Fig. 27. In other words, the LDPC code generated using the parity check matrix H after the parity interleaving of the D matrix is performed is the LDPC code for which the parity interleaving has been performed. Therefore, the parity interleaving in the parity interleaver 23 is skipped for the LDPC code.
[0286] Fig. 28 illustrates a parity check matrix H in which column permutation as parity deinterleaving for restoring the parity interleaving is performed for the B matrix, a part of the C matrix (a portion of the C matrix arranged below the B matrix), and the D matrix of the parity check matrix H in Fig. 27.
[0287] The LDPC encoder 115 can perform LDPC coding (generates an LDPC code) using the parity check matrix H in Fig. 28.
[0288] In a case of performing the LDPC coding using the parity check matrix H in Fig. 28, an LDPC code for which parity interleaving is not performed can be obtained according to the LDPC coding. Therefore, in a case of performing the LDPC coding using the parity check matrix H in Fig. 28, the parity interleaving is performed in the parity interleaver 23 (Fig. 9).
[0289] Fig. 29 is a diagram illustrating a transformed parity check matrix H obtained by performing row permutation for the parity check matrix H in Fig. 27.
[0290] The transformed parity check matrix is, as described below, a matrix represented by a combination of a P × P identity matrix, a quasi identity matrix in which one or more of 1 in the identity matrix is 0, a shift matrix in which the identity matrix or the quasi identity matrix is cyclically shifted, a sum matrix that is a sum of two or more of the identity matrix, the quasi identity matrix, and the shift matrix, and a P × P zero matrix.
[0291] By using the transformed parity check matrix for decoding the LDPC code, architecture of performing P check node operations and variable node operations at the same time can be adopted in decoding the LDPC code, as described below.
<New LDPC Code>
[0292] One of methods of securing favorable communication quality in data transmission using an LDPC code, there is a method using an LDPC code with high performance.
[0293] Hereinafter, a new LDPC code with high performance (hereinafter also referred to as a new LDPC code) will be described.
[0294] As the new LDPC code, for example, the type A code or the type B code corresponding to the parity check matrix H having a cyclic structure with the unit size P of 360, which is similar to DVB-T.2, ATSC 3.0, or the like, can be adopted.
[0295] The LDPC encoder 115 (Figs. 8 and 18) can perform LDPC coding to obtain the new LDPC code, using (a parity check matrix H obtained from) a parity check matrix initial value table of the new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits, for example, which is longer than 64 k bits, and the coding rate r of any of 2/16, 3/16, 4/16, 5/16, 6/16, 7/16, 8/16, 9/16, 10/16, 11/16, 12/16, 13/16, or 14/16, for example.
[0296] In this case, a parity check matrix initial value table of the new LDPC code is stored in the storage unit 602 of the LDPC encoder 115 (Fig. 8).
[0297] Fig. 30 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table (of the type A method) representing the parity check matrix H of the type A code (hereinafter also referred to as the type A code with r = 2/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 2/16.
[0298] Figs. 31 and 32 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type A code (hereinafter also referred to as the type A code with r = 3/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 3/16.
[0299] Note that Fig. 32 is a diagram following Fig. 31.
[0300] Fig. 33 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type A code (hereinafter also referred to as the type A code with r = 4/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 4/16.
[0301] Figs. 34 and 35 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type A code (hereinafter also referred to as the type A code with r = 5/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 5/16.
[0302] Note that Fig. 35 is a diagram following Fig. 34.
[0303] Figs. 36 and 37 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type A code (hereinafter also referred to as the type A code with r = 6/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 6/16.
[0304] Note that Fig. 37 is a diagram following Fig. 36.
[0305] Figs. 38 and 39 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type A code (hereinafter also referred to as the type A code with r = 7/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 7/16.
[0306] Note that Fig. 39 is a diagram following Fig. 38.
[0307] Figs. 40 and 41 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type A code (hereinafter also referred to as the type A code with r = 8/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 8/16.
[0308] Note that Fig. 41 is a diagram following Fig. 40.
[0309] Figs. 42 and 43 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table (of the type B method) representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code (hereinafter also referred to as the type B code with r = 7/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 7/16.
[0310] Note that Fig. 43 is a diagram following Fig. 42.
[0311] Figs. 44 and 45 are diagrams illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code with r = 7/16.
[0312] Note that Fig. 45 is a diagram following Fig. 44. The type B code with r = 7/16 obtained from (the parity check matrix H represented by) the parity check matrix initial value table in Figs. 44 and 45 will be also hereinafter referred to as another type B code with r = 7/16.
[0313] Figs. 46 and 47 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code (hereinafter also referred to as the type B code with r = 8/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 8/16.
[0314] Note that Fig. 47 is a diagram following Fig. 46.
[0315] Figs. 48 and 49 are diagrams illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code with r = 8/16.
[0316] Note that Fig. 49 is a diagram following Fig. 48. The type B code with r = 8/16 obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Figs. 48 and 49 will be also hereinafter referred to as another type B code with r = 8/16.
[0317] Figs. 50, 51, and 52 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code (hereinafter also referred to as the type B code with r = 9/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 9/16.
[0318] Note that Fig. 51 is a diagram following Fig. 50 and Fig. 52 is a diagram following Fig. 51.
[0319] Figs. 53, 54, and 55 are diagrams illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code with r = 9/16.
[0320] Note that Fig. 54 is a diagram following Fig. 53 and Fig. 55 is a diagram following Fig. 54. The type B code with r = 9/16 obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Figs. 53 to 55 will be also hereinafter referred to as another type B code with r = 9/16.
[0321] Figs. 56, 57, and 58 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code (hereinafter also referred to as the type B code with r = 10/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 10/16.
[0322] Note that Fig. 57 is a diagram following Fig. 56 and Fig. 58 is a diagram following Fig. 57.
[0323] Figs. 59, 60, and 61 are diagrams illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code with r = 10/16.
[0324] Note that Fig. 60 is a diagram following Fig. 59 and Fig. 61 is a diagram following Fig. 60. The type B code with r = 10/16 obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Figs. 59 to 61 will be also hereinafter referred to as another type B code with r = 10/16.
[0325] Figs. 62, 63, and 64 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code (hereinafter also referred to as the type B code with r = 11/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 11/16.
[0326] Note that Fig. 63 is a diagram following Fig. 62 and Fig. 64 is a diagram following Fig. 63.
[0327] Figs. 65, 66, and 67 are diagrams illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code with r = 11/16.
[0328] Note that Fig. 66 is a diagram following Fig. 65 and Fig. 67 is a diagram following Fig. 66. The type B code with r = 11/16 obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Figs. 65 to 67 will be also hereinafter referred to as another type B code with r = 11/16.
[0329] Figs. 68, 69, and 70 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code (hereinafter also referred to as the type B code with r = 12/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 12/16.
[0330] Note that Fig. 69 is a diagram following Fig. 68 and Fig. 70 is a diagram following Fig. 69.
[0331] Figs. 71, 72, and 73 are diagrams illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code with r = 12/16.
[0332] Note that Fig. 72 is a diagram following Fig. 71 and Fig. 73 is a diagram following Fig. 72. The type B code with r = 12/16 obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Figs. 71 to 73 will be also hereinafter referred to as another type B code with r = 12/16.
[0333] Figs. 74, 75, and 76 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code (hereinafter also referred to as the type B code with r = 13/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 13/16.
[0334] Note that Fig. 75 is a diagram following Fig. 74 and Fig. 76 is a diagram following Fig. 75.
[0335] Figs. 77, 78, and 79 are diagrams illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code with r = 13/16.
[0336] Note that Fig.78 is a diagram following Fig. 77 and Fig. 79 is a diagram following Fig. 78. The type B code with r = 13/16 obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Figs. 77 to 79 will be also hereinafter referred to as another type B code with r = 13/16.
[0337] Figs. 80, 81, and 82 are diagrams illustrating an example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code (hereinafter also referred to as the type B code with r = 14/16) as a new LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rate r of 14/16.
[0338] Note that Fig. 81 is a diagram following Fig. 80 and Fig. 82 is a diagram following Fig. 81.
[0339] Figs. 83, 84, and 85 are diagrams illustrating another example of a parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix H of the type B code with r = 14/16.
[0340] Note that Fig. 84 is a diagram following Fig. 83 and Fig. 85 is a diagram following Fig. 84. The type B code with r = 14/16 obtained from the parity check matrix initial value table in Figs. 83 to 85 will be also hereinafter referred to as another type B code with r = 14/16.
[0341] The new LDPC code has become an LDPC code with high performance.
[0342] Here, the LDPC code with high performance is an LDPC code obtained from an appropriate parity check matrix H.
[0343] The appropriate parity check matrix H is, for example, a parity check matrix that satisfies a predetermined condition that makes a bit error rate (BER) (and a frame error rate (FER)) smaller when an LDPC code obtained from a parity check matrix H is transmitted at low E
_{s}/N
_{o} or E
_{b}/N
_{o} (signal power to noise power ratio per bit) .
[0344] The appropriate parity check matrix H can be obtained by, for example, performing a simulation to measure BER when an LDPC code obtained from various parity check matrices satisfying the predetermined condition is transmitted at low E
_{s}/N
_{o}.
[0345] Examples of the predetermined condition to be satisfied by the appropriate parity check matrix H include a good analysis result obtained by an analysis method of performance of code called density evolution, and absence of a loop of the elements of 1, called cycle 4.
[0346] Here, it is known that the decoding performance of the LDPC code is degraded if the elements of 1 are densely packed in the information matrix H
_{A} as in the cycle 4, and therefore, absence of the cycle 4 is desirable in the parity check matrix H.
[0347] In the parity check matrix H, the minimum value of a loop length configured by the elements of 1 is called girth. The absence of the cycle 4 means that the girth is greater than 4.
[0348] Note that the predetermined condition to be satisfied by the appropriate parity check matrix H can be appropriately determined from the viewpoints of improvement of the decoding performance of the LDPC code, facilitation (simplification) of the decoding processing for the LDPC code, and the like.
[0349] Figs. 86 and 87 are diagrams for describing density evolution in which an analysis result as the predetermined condition to be satisfied by the appropriate parity check matrix H can be obtained.
[0350] The density evolution is a code analysis method of calculating an expected value of an error probability for the entire LDPC code (ensemble) with the code length N of ∞ characterized by a degree sequence to be described below.
[0351] For example, when increasing a variance of noise from 0 on an AWGN channel, the expected value of the error probability of an ensemble is initially 0, but the expected value becomes not 0 when the variance of noise becomes a certain threshold or greater.
[0352] According to the density evolution, the performance of the ensemble (appropriateness of the parity check matrix) can be determined by comparing the threshold of the variance of noise (hereinafter also referred to as performance threshold) at which the expected value of the error probability becomes not 0.
[0353] Note that, for a specific LDPC code, an ensemble to which the LDPC code belongs is determined, and the density evolution is performed for the ensemble, whereby rough performance of the LDPC code can be predicted.
[0354] Therefore, if an ensemble with high performance is found, the LDPC code with high performance can be found from LDPC codes belonging to the ensemble.
[0355] Here, the above-described degree sequence indicates what ratio the variable nodes and check nodes having weights of respective values exist at to the code length N of the LDPC code.
[0356] For example, a regular (3, 6) LDPC code with the coding rate of 1/2 belongs to an ensemble characterized by the degree sequence that the weight (column weight) of all the variable nodes is 3 and the weight (row weight) of all the check nodes is 6.
[0357] FIG. 86 shows a Tanner graph of such an ensemble.
[0358] In the Tanner bluff in Fig. 86, N variable nodes illustrated by the circles (o) in Fig. 86 exist, the number N being equal to the code length N, and N/2 check nodes illustrated by the squares (â–¡) in Fig. 86 exist, the number N/2 being equal to a multiplication value obtained by multiplying the code length N by the coding rate 1/2.
[0359] Three edges with an equal column weight are connected to each variable node. Therefore, there are a total of 3N edges connected to the N variable nodes.
[0360] Furthermore, six edges with an equal row weight are connected to each check node. Therefore, there are a total of 3N edges connected to the N/2 check nodes.
[0361] Moreover, in the Tanner graph in Fig. 86, there is one interleaver.
[0362] The interleaver randomly rearranges the 3N edges connected to the N variable nodes and connects each edge after the rearrangement to any of the 3N edges connected to the N/2 check nodes.
[0363] The number of patterns for rearranging the 3N edges connected to the N variable nodes in the interleaver is (3N)! (= (3N) × (3N - 1) × ... × 1). Therefore, the ensemble characterized by the degree sequence that the weight of all the variable nodes is 3 and the weight of all the check nodes is 6 is a set of (3N)! LDPC codes.
[0364] In the simulation for finding the LDPC code with high performance (appropriate parity check matrix), a multi-edge type ensemble has been used in the density evolution.
[0365] In the multi-edge type ensemble, the interleaver through which the edges connected to the variable nodes and the edges connected to the check nodes pass is divided into multi edges, whereby characterization by the ensemble is more strictly performed.
[0366] Fig. 87 is a diagram illustrating an example of a Tanner graph of a multi-edge type ensemble.
[0367] In the Tanner graph in Fig. 87, there are two interleavers of a first interleaver and a second interleaver.
[0368] Furthermore, in the Tanner graph in Fig. 87, v1 variable nodes each connected with one edge connected to the first interleaver and 0 edges connected to the second interleaver, v2 variable nodes each connected with one edge connected to the first interleaver and two edges connected to the second interleaver, and v3 variable nodes each connected with 0 edges connected to the first interleaver and two edges connected to the second interleaver exist.
[0369] Moreover, in the Tanner graph in Fig. 87, c1 check nodes each connected with two edges connected to the first interleaver and 0 edges connected to the second interleaver, c2 check nodes each connected with two edges connected to the first interleaver and two edges connected to the second interleaver, and c3 check nodes each connected with 0 edges connected to the first interleaver and three edges connected to the second interleaver exist.
[0370] Here, the density evolution and its implementation are described in, for example, "
On the Design of Low-Density Parity-Check Codes within 0.0045 dB of the Shannon Limit", S. Y. Chung, G. D. Forney, T. J. Richardson, R. Urbanke, IEEE Communications Leggers, VOL. 5, NO. 2, Feb 2001.
[0371] In the simulation for finding (the parity check matrix of) the new LDPC code, an ensemble in which the performance threshold that is E
_{b}/N
_{0} (signal power to noise power ratio per bit) at which BER starts to drop (start to become small) becomes a predetermined value or less is found by the multi-edge type density evolution, and the LDPC code that makes BER small in a case of using one or more quadrature modulations such as QPSK is selected from among the LDPC codes belonging to the ensemble as the LDPC code with high performance.
[0372] (The parity check matrix initial value table representing the parity check matrix of) the new LDPC code has been obtained by the above simulation.
[0373] Therefore, according to the new LDPC code, favorable communication quality can be secured in data transmission.
[0374] Fig. 88 is a diagram for describing the column weights of a parity check matrix H of the type A code as the new LDPC code.
[0375] It is assumed that, in regard to the parity check matrix H of the type A code, as illustrated in Fig. 88, the column weights of K1 columns from the 1st column of the A matrix are represented as Y1, the column weights of following K2 columns of the A matrix are represented as Y2, the column weights of K1 columns from 1st column of the C matrix are represented as X1, the column weights of the following K2 columns of the C matrix are represented as X2, and the column weights of the further following M1 columns of the C matrix are represented as X3.
[0376] Note that K1 + K2 is equal to the information length K, and M1 + M2 is equal to the parity length M. Therefore, K1 + K2 + M1 + M2 is equal to the code length N = 69120 bits.
[0377] Furthermore, in regard to the parity check matrix H of the type A code, the column weights of M1 - 1 columns from the 1st column of the B matrix are 2, and the column weight of the M1-th column (last column) of the B matrix is 1. Moreover, the column weight of the D matrix is 1 and the column weight of the Z matrix is 0.
[0378] Fig. 89 is a diagram illustrating parameters of parity check matrices H of the type A codes (represented by the parity check matrix initial value tables) in Figs. 30 to 41.
[0379] X1, Y1, K1, X2, Y2, K2, X3, M1, and M2 as the parameters and the performance thresholds of the parity check matrices H of the type A codes with r = 2/16, 3/16, 4/16, 5/16, 6/16, 7/16, and 8/16 are as illustrated in Fig. 89.
[0380] The parameters X1, Y1, K1 (or K2), X2, Y2, X3, and M1 (or M2) are set so as to further improve the performance (for example, the error rate or the like) of the LDPC codes.
[0381] Fig. 90 is a diagram for describing the column weights of the parity check matrix H of the type B code as the new LDPC code.
[0382] It is assumed that, in regard to the parity check matrix H of the type B code, as illustrated in Fig. 90, the column weights of KX1 columns from the 1st column are represented as X1, the column weights of the following KX2 columns are represented as X2, the column weights of the following KY1 columns are represented as Y1, and the column weights of the following KY2 columns are represented as Y2.
[0383] Note that KX1 + KX2 + KY1 + KY2 is equal to the information length K, and KX1 + KX2 + KY1 + KY2 + M is equal to the code length N = 69120 bits.
[0384] Furthermore, in regard to the parity check matrix H of the type B code, the column weights of M - 1 columns excluding the last column, of the last M columns, are 2, and the column weight of the last one column is 1.
[0385] Fig. 91 is a diagram illustrating parameters of parity check matrices H of the type B codes (represented by the parity check matrix initial value tables) in Figs. 42 to 85.
[0386] X1, KX1, X2, KX2, Y1, KY1, Y2, KY2, and M as the parameters and the performance thresholds of the parity check matrices H of the type B codes and another type B code with r = 7/16, 8/16, 9/16, 10/16, 11/16, 12/16, 13/16, and 14/16 are as illustrated in Fig. 91.
[0387] The parameters X1, KX1, X2, KX2, Y1, KY1, Y2, and KY2 are set so as to further improve the performance of the LDPC codes.
[0388] According to the new LDPC code, favorable BER/FER is realized, and a capacity (channel capacity) close to the Shannon limit is realized.
<Constellation>
[0389] Figs. 92 to 107 illustrate diagrams illustrating examples of constellations adaptable in the transmission system in Fig. 7.
[0390] In the transmission system in Fig. 7, a constellation used in MODCOD can be set for the MODCOD that is a combination of a modulation method (MODulation) and the LDPC code (CODe).
[0391] One or more constellations can be set to one MODCOD.
[0392] As the constellation, there are a uniform constellation (UC) in which arrangement of signal points is uniform and a non uniform constellation (NUC) in which the arrangement of signal points are non-uniform.
[0393] Furthermore, as the NUC, there are constellation called 1-dimensional M
^{2}-QAM non-uniform constellation (1D NUC), a constellation called 2-dimensional QQAM non-uniform constellation (2D NUC), and the like.
[0394] In general, the BER is further improved in the 1D NUC than the UC, and moreover, the BER is further improved in the 2D NUC than the 1D NUC.
[0395] The constellation with the modulation method of QPSK is the UC. For example, the UC or the 2D NUC can be adopted as a constellation for the modulation method of 16QAM, 64QAM, 256QAM, or the like. For example, the UC or the 1D NUC can be adopted as a constellation for the modulation method of 1024QAM, 4096QAM, or the like.
[0396] In the transmission system in Fig. 7, for example, constellations defined in ATSC 3.0, DVB-C.2 or the like, and various other constellations can be used.
[0397] In other words, in a case where the modulation method is QPSK, for example, the same UC can be used for the coding rates r of the LDPC codes.
[0398] Furthermore, in a case where the modulation method is 16QAM, 64QAM, or 256QAM, for example, the same UC can be used for the coding rates r of the LDPC codes. Moreover, in a case where the modulation method is 16QAM, 64QAM, or 256QAM, for example, different 2D NUCs can be used for the coding rates r of the LDPC codes, respectively.
[0399] Furthermore, in a case where the modulation method is 1024QAM or 4096QAM, for example, the same UC can be used for the coding rates r of the LDPC codes. Moreover, in a case where the modulation method is 1024QAM or 4096QAM, for example, different 1D NUCs can be used for the coding rates r of the LDPC codes, respectively.
[0400] Here, UC of QPSK is also described as QPSK-UC, and UC of 2
^{m}QAM is also described as 2
^{m}QAM-UC. Furthermore, 1D NUC and 2D NUC of 2
^{m}QAM are also described as 2
^{m}QAM-1D NUC and 2
^{m}QAM-2D NUC, respectively.
[0401] Hereinafter, some of the constellations defined in ATSC 3.0 will be described.
[0402] Fig. 92 is a diagram illustrating coordinates of QPSK-UC signal points used for all coding rates of LDPC codes defined in ATSC 3.0 in a case where the modulation method is QPSK.
[0403] In Fig. 92, "Input Data cell y" represents a 2-bit symbol to be mapped to QPSK-UC, and "Constellation point z
_{s}" represents coordinates of a signal point z
_{s}. Note that an index s of the signal point z
_{s} (an index q of a signal point z
_{q} as described below is similar) represents discrete time of the symbol (a time interval between one symbol and the next symbol).
[0404] In Fig. 92, the coordinates of the signal point z
_{s} are represented in the form of a complex number, and j represents an imaginary unit (√(-1)).
[0405] Fig. 93 is a diagram illustrating coordinates of 16QAM-2D NUC signal points used for the coding rates r (CR) = 2/15, 3/15, 4/15, 5/15, 6/15, 7/15, 8/15, 9/15, 10/15, 11/15, 12, 15, and 13/15 of the LDPC codes defined in ATSC 3.0, in a case where the modulation method is 16QAM.
[0406] In Fig. 93, the coordinates of the signal point z
_{s} are represented in the form of a complex number, and j represents an imaginary unit, similarly to Fig. 92.
[0407] In Fig. 93, w#k represents coordinates of a signal point in the first quadrant of the constellation.
[0408] In the 2D NUC, a signal point in the second quadrant of the constellation is arranged at a position obtained by symmetrically moving a signal point in the first quadrant with respect to a Q axis, and a signal point in the third quadrant of the constellation is arranged at a position obtained by symmetrically moving a signal point in the first quadrant with respect to the origin. Then, a signal point in the fourth quadrant of the constellation is arranged at a position obtained by symmetrically moving a signal point in the first quadrant with respect to an I axis.
[0409] Here, in a case where the modulation method is 2
^{m}QAM, m bits are regarded as one symbol, and the one symbol is mapped to the signal point corresponding to the symbol.
[0410] The m-bit symbol can be expressed by, for example, an integer value of 0 to 2
^{m} - 1. Now, symbols y(0), y(1), ..., y(2
^{m} - 1) represented by integer values of 0 to 2
^{m} - 1 where b = 2
^{m}/4 can be classified into four: symbols y(0) to y(b - 1), y(b) to y(2b - 1), y(2b) to y(3b - 1), and y(3b) to y(4b - 1).
[0411] In Fig. 93, the suffix k of w#k takes an integer value in a range of 0 to b - 1, and w#k represents coordinates of a signal point corresponding to a symbol y(k) in a range of symbols y(0) to y(b - 1).
[0412] Then, coordinates of a signal point corresponding to a symbol y(k + b) in a range of symbols y(b) to y(2b - 1) are represented as -conj(w#k), and coordinates of a signal point corresponding to a symbol y(k + 2b) in a range of symbols y(2b) to y(3b - 1) are represented as conj (w#k). Furthermore, coordinates of a signal point corresponding to a symbol y(k + 3b) in a range of symbols y(3b) to y(4b - 1) are represented by -w#k.
[0413] Here, conj(w#k) represents a complex conjugate of w#k.
[0414] For example, in a case where the modulation method is 16QAM, symbols y(0), y(1), ..., and y(15) of m = 4 bits where b = 2
^{4}/4 = 4 are classified into four: symbols y(0) to y(3), y(4) to y(7), y(8) to y(11), and y(12) to y(15).
[0415] Then, for example, the symbol y(12), of the symbols y(0) to y(15), is a symbol y(k + 3b) = y(0 + 3 × 4) in the range of symbols y(3b) to y(4b - 1)) and k = 0, and therefore the coordinates of the signal point corresponding to the symbol y(12) is -w#k = -w0.
[0416] Now, assuming that the coding rate r (CR) of the LDPC code is, for example, 9/15, w0 in a case where the modulation method is 16QAM and the coding rate r is 9/15 is 0.2386 + j0.5296 according to Fig. 93, and therefore the coordinates -w0 of the signal point corresponding to the symbol y(12) is -(0.2386 + j0.5296).
[0417] Fig. 94 is a diagram illustrating an example of coordinates of 1024QAM-1D NUC signal points used for the coding rates r (CR) = 2/15, 3/15, 4/15, 5/15, 6/15, 7/15, 8/15, 9/15, 10/15, 11/15, 12, 15, and 13/15 of the LDPC codes defined in ATSC 3.0, in a case where the modulation method is 1024QAM.
[0418] In Fig. 94, u#k represents a real part Re(z
_{s}) and an imaginary part Im(z
_{s}) of the complex number as the coordinates of the signal point z
_{s} of 1D NUC.
[0419] Fig. 95 is a diagram illustrating a relationship between the symbol y of 1024QAM, and u#k as the real part Re(z
_{s}) and the imaginary part Im(z
_{s}) of the complex number representing the coordinates of the signal point z
_{s} of the 1D NUC corresponding to the symbol y.
[0420] Now, it is assumed that the 10-bit symbol y of 1024QAM is represented as, from the lead bit (most significant bit), y
_{0,s}, y
_{1,s}, y
_{2,s}, y
_{3,s}, y
_{4,s}, y
_{5,s}, y
_{6,s}, y
_{7,s}, y
_{8,s}, and Y
_{9,s}.
[0421] A in Fig. 95 illustrates a correspondence between the even-numbered 5 bits y
_{1,s}, y
_{3,s}, y
_{5,s}, y
_{7,s}, and y
_{9,s} of the symbol y, and u#k representing the real part Re(z
_{s}) of (the coordinates) of the signal point z
_{s} corresponding to the symbol y.
[0422] B in Fig. 95 illustrates a correspondence between the odd-numbered 5 bits y
_{0,s}, y
_{2,s}, y
_{4,s}, y
_{6,s}, and y
_{8,s} of the symbol y, and u#k representing the imaginary part Im(z
_{s}) of the signal point z
_{s} corresponding to the symbol y.
[0423] In a case where the 10-bit symbol y = (y
_{0,s}, y
_{1,s}, y
_{2,s}, y
_{3,s}, y
_{4,s}, y
_{5,s}, y
_{6,s}, y
_{7,s}, y
_{8,s}, and y
_{9,s}) of 1024QAM is (0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0), for example, the odd-numbered 5 bits y
_{0,s}, y
_{2,s}, y
_{4,s}, y
_{6,s}, and y
_{8,s} are (0, 1, 0, 1, 0) and the even-numbered 5 bits y
_{1,s}, y
_{3,s}, y
_{5,s}, y
_{7,s}, and y
_{9,s} are (0, 0, 1, 1, 0).
[0424] In A in Fig. 95, the even-numbered 5 bits (0, 0, 1, 1, 0) are associated with u11, and therefore the real part Re(z
_{s}) of the signal point z
_{s} corresponding to the symbol y = (0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0) is u11.
[0425] In B in Fig. 95, the odd-numbered 5 bits (0, 1, 0, 1, 0) are associated with u3, and therefore the imaginary part Im(z
_{s}) of the signal point z
_{s} corresponding to the symbol y = (0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0) is u3.
[0426] Meanwhile, when the coding rate r of the LDPC code is 6/15, for example, in regard to the 1D NUC used in a case where the modulation method is 1024QAM and the coding rate r (CR) of the LDPC code = 6/15, u3 is 0.1295 and u11 is 0.7196, according to Fig. 94.
[0427] Therefore, the real part Re(z
_{s}) of the signal point z
_{s} corresponding to the symbol y = (0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0) is u11 = 0.7196 and the imaginary part Im(z
_{s}) is u3 = 0.1295. As a result, the coordinates of the signal point z
_{s} corresponding to the symbol y = (0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0) are expressed by 0.7196 + j0.1295.
[0428] Note that the signal points of the 1D NUC are arranged in a lattice on a straight line parallel to the I axis and a straight line parallel to the Q axis in the constellation. However, the interval between signal points is not constant. Furthermore, average power of the signal points on the constellation can be normalized in transmission of (data mapped to) the signal points. Normalization can be performed by, where the root mean square of absolute values of all (the coordinates of) the signal points on the constellation is P
_{ave}, multiplying each signal point z
_{s} on the constellation by a reciprocal 1/ (√P
_{ave}) of the square root √P
_{ave} of the root mean square value P
_{ave}.
[0429] The transmission system in Fig. 7 can use the constellation defined in ATSC 3.0 as described above.
[0430] Figs. 96 to 107 illustrate coordinates of a signal point of UC defined in DVB-C.2.
[0431] In other words, Fig. 96 is a diagram illustrating a real part Re(z
_{q}) of coordinate z
_{q} of a signal point of QPSK-UC (UC in QPSK) defined in DVB-C.2. Fig. 97 is a diagram illustrating an imaginary part Im(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of QPSK-UC defined in DVB-C.2.
[0432] Fig. 98 is a diagram illustrating a real part Re(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 16QAM-UC (UC of 16QAM) defined in DVB-C.2. Fig. 99 is a diagram illustrating an imaginary part Im(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 16QAM-UC defined in DVB-C.2.
[0433] Fig. 100 is a diagram illustrating a real part Re(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 64QAM-UC (UC of 64QAM) defined in DVB-C.2. Fig. 101 is a diagram illustrating an imaginary part Im(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 64QAM-UC defined in DVB-C.2.
[0434] Fig. 102 is a diagram illustrating a real part Re(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 256QAM-UC (UC of 256QAM) defined in DVB-C.2. Fig. 103 is a diagram illustrating an imaginary part Im(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 256QAM-UC defined in DVB-C.2.
[0435] Fig. 104 is a diagram illustrating a real part Re(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 1024QAM-UC (UC of 1024QAM) defined in DVB-C.2. Fig. 105 is a diagram illustrating an imaginary part Im(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 1024QAM-UC specified in DVB-C.2.
[0436] Fig. 106 is a diagram illustrating a real part Re(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 4096QAM-UC (UC of 4096QAM) defined in DVB-C.2. Fig. 107 is a diagram illustrating an imaginary part Im(z
_{q}) of coordinates z
_{q} of a signal point of 4096QAM-UC defined in DVB-C.2.
[0437] Note that, in Figs. 96 to 107, y
_{i,q} represent the (i + 1)th bit from the head of the m-bit symbol (for example, 2-bit symbol in QPSK) of 2
^{m}QAM. Furthermore, the average power of the signal points on the constellation can be normalized in transmission of (data mapped to) the signal points of the UC. Normalization can be performed by, where the root mean square of absolute values of all (the coordinates of) the signal points on the constellation is P
_{ave}, multiplying each signal point z
_{q} on the constellation by a reciprocal 1/ (√P
_{ave}) of the square root √P
_{ave} of the root mean square value P
_{ave}.
[0438] In the transmission system in Fig. 7, the UC defined in DVB-C.2 as described above can be used.
[0439] In other words, the UCs illustrated in Figs. 96 to 107 can be used for the new LDPC codes corresponding to (the parity check matrix initial value tables) with the code length N of 69120 bits and the coding rates r of 2/16, 3/16, 4/16, 5/16, 6/16, 7/16, 8/16, 9/16, 10/16, 11/16, 12/16, 13/16, and 14/16 in Figs. 30 to 85.
<Block Interleaver 25>
[0440] Fig. 108 is a diagram for describing block interleaving performed by the block interleaver 25 in Fig. 9.
[0441] The block interleaving is performed by dividing the LDPC code of one codeword into a part called part 1 and a part called part 2 from the head of the LDPC code.
[0442] Npart 1 + Npart 2 is equal to the code length N, where the length (bit length) of part 1 is Npart 1 and the length of part 2 is Npart 2.
[0443] Conceptually, in the block interleaving, columns as storage areas each storing Npart1/m bits in a column (vertical) direction as one direction are arranged in a row direction orthogonal to the column direction by the number m equal to the bit length m of the symbol, and each column is divided from the top into a small unit of 360 bits that is the unit size P. This small unit of column is also called column unit.
[0444] In block interleaving, as illustrated in Fig. 108, writing part 1 of the LDPC code of one codeword from the top of the first column unit of the column downward (in the column direction) is performed in the columns from a left to right direction.
[0445] Then, when writing to the first column unit of the rightmost column is completed, writing returns to the leftmost column, and writing downward from the top of the second column unit of the column is performed in the columns from the left to right direction, as illustrated in Fig. 108. Hereinafter, the writing part 1 of the LDPC code of one codeword is similarly performed.
[0446] When the writing part 1 of the LDPC code of one codeword is completed, part 1 of the LDPC code is read in units of m bits in the row direction from the first column of all the m columns, as illustrated in Fig. 108.
[0447] The unit of m bits of part 1 is supplied from the block interleaver 25 to the mapper 117 (Fig. 8) as the m-bit symbol.
[0448] The reading of part 1 in units of m bits is sequentially performed toward lower rows of the m columns. When the reading of part 1 is completed, part 2 is divided into units of m bits from the top, and the unit of m bits is supplied from the block interleaver 25 to the mapper 117 as the m-bit symbol.
[0449] Therefore, part 1 is symbolized while being interleaved, and part 2 is symbolized by sequentially dividing into m bits without being interleaved.
[0450] Npart1/m as the length of the column is a multiple of 360 as the unit size P, and the LDPC code of one codeword is divided into part 1 and part 2 so that Npart1/m becomes a multiple of 360.
[0451] Fig. 109 is a diagram illustrating examples of part 1 and part 2 of the LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits in a case where the modulation method is QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM, 256QAM, 1024QAM, and 4096QAM.
[0452] In Fig. 109, part 1 is 68400 bits and part 2 is 720 bits in a case where the modulation method is 1024QAM, and part 1 is 69120 bits and part 2 is 0 bits in cases where the modulation methods are QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM, 256QAM, and 4096QAM.
<Group-wise Interleaving>
[0453] Fig. 110 is a diagram for describing group-wise interleaving performed by a group-wise interleaver 24 in Fig. 9.
[0454] In the group-wise interleaving, as illustrated in Fig. 110, the LDPC code of one codeword is interleaved in units of bit groups according to a predetermined pattern (hereinafter also referred to as GW pattern) where one section of 360 bits is set as a bit group, the one section of 360 bits being obtained by dividing the LDPC code of one code into units of 360 bits, the unit being equal to a unit size P, from the head of the LDPC code.
[0455] Here, the (i + 1)th bit group from the head when the LDPC code of one codeword is divided into bit groups is hereinafter also described as bit group i.
[0456] In a case where the unit size P is 360, for example, an LDPC code with the code length N of 1800 bits is divided into 5 (= 1800/360) bit groups of bit groups 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4. Moreover, for example, an LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits is divided into 192 (= 69120/360) bit groups of the bit groups 0, 1, ..., 191.
[0457] Furthermore, hereinafter, the GW pattern is represented by a sequence of numbers representing a bit group. For example, regarding the LDPC code with the code length N of 1,800 bits, GW patterns 4, 2, 0, 3, and 1 indicate interleaving (rearranging) sequence of the bit groups 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 into sequence of the bit groups 4, 2, 0, 3, and 1.
[0458] For example, now, it is assumed that the (i + 1)th code bit from the head of the LDPC code with the code length N of 1800 bits is represented by x
_{i}.
[0459] In this case, according to the group-wise interleaving of the GW patterns 4, 2, 0, 3, and 1, the LDPC code {x
_{0}, x
_{1}, ..., x
_{1799}} of 1800 bits is interleaved in sequence of {x
_{1440}, x
_{1441}, ..., x
_{1799}}, {x
_{720}, x
_{721}, ..., x
_{1079}}, {x
_{0}, x
_{1}, ..., x
_{359}}, {x
_{1080}, x
_{1081}, ..., x
_{1439}}, and {x
_{360}, x
_{361}, ..., x
_{719}}.
[0460] The GW pattern can be set to each code length N of the LDPC code, each coding rate r, each modulation method, each constellation, or each combination of two or more of the code length N, the coding rate r, the modulation method, and the constellation.
<Examples of GW Patterns for LDPC Codes>
[0461] Fig. 111 is a diagram illustrating a first example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0462] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 111, a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
12, 8, 132, 26, 3, 18, 19, 98, 37, 190, 123, 81, 95, 167, 76, 66, 27, 46, 105, 28, 29, 170, 20, 96, 35, 177, 24, 86, 114, 63, 52, 80, 119, 153, 121, 107, 97, 129, 57, 38, 15, 91, 122, 14, 104, 175, 150, 1, 124, 72, 90, 32, 161, 78, 44, 73, 134, 162, 5, 11, 179, 93, 6, 152, 180, 68, 36, 103, 160, 100, 138, 146, 9, 82, 187, 147, 7, 87, 17, 102, 69, 110, 130, 42, 16, 71, 2, 169, 58, 33, 136, 106, 140, 84, 79, 143, 156, 139, 55, 116, 4, 21, 144, 64, 70, 158, 48, 118, 184, 50, 181, 120, 174, 133, 115, 53, 127, 74, 25, 49, 88, 22, 89, 34, 126, 61, 94, 172, 131, 39, 99, 183, 163, 111, 155, 51, 191, 31, 128, 149, 56, 85, 109, 10, 151, 188, 40, 83, 41, 47, 178, 186, 43, 54, 164, 13, 142, 117, 92, 113, 182, 168, 165, 101, 171, 159, 60, 166, 77, 30, 67, 23, 0, 65, 141, 185, 112, 145, 135, 108, 176, 45, 148, 137, 125, 62, 75, 189, 59, 173, 154, 157.
[0463] Fig. 112 is a diagram illustrating a second example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0464] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 112, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
14, 119, 182, 5, 127, 21, 152, 11, 39, 164, 25, 69, 59, 140, 73, 9, 104, 148, 77, 44, 138, 89, 184, 35, 112, 150, 178, 26, 123, 133, 91, 76, 70, 0, 176, 118, 22, 147, 96, 108, 109, 139, 18, 157, 181, 126, 174, 179, 116, 38, 45, 158, 106, 168, 10, 97, 114, 129, 180, 52, 7, 67, 43, 50, 120, 122, 3, 13, 72, 185, 34, 83, 124, 105, 162, 87, 131, 155, 135, 42, 64, 165, 41, 71, 189, 159, 143, 102, 153, 17, 24, 30, 66, 137, 62, 55, 48, 98, 110, 40, 121, 187, 74, 92, 60, 101, 57, 33, 130, 173, 32, 166, 128, 54, 99, 111, 100, 16, 84, 132, 161, 4, 190, 49, 95, 141, 28, 85, 61, 53, 183, 6, 68, 2, 163, 37, 103, 186, 154, 171, 170, 78, 117, 93, 8, 145, 51, 56, 191, 90, 82, 151, 115, 175, 1, 125, 79, 20, 80, 36, 169, 46, 167, 63, 177, 149, 81, 12, 156, 142, 31, 47, 88, 65, 134, 94, 86, 160, 172, 19, 23, 136, 58, 146, 15, 75, 107, 188, 29, 113, 144, 27.
[0465] Fig. 113 is a diagram illustrating a third example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0466] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 113, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
121, 28, 49, 4, 21, 191, 90, 101, 188, 126, 8, 131, 81, 150, 141, 152, 17, 82, 61, 119, 125, 145, 153, 45, 108, 22, 94, 48, 29, 12, 59, 140, 75, 169, 183, 157, 142, 158, 113, 79, 89, 186, 112, 80, 56, 120, 166, 15, 43, 2, 62, 115, 38, 123, 73, 179, 155, 171, 185, 5, 168, 172, 190, 106, 174, 96, 116, 91, 30, 147, 19, 149, 37, 175, 124, 156, 14, 144, 86, 110, 40, 68, 162, 66, 130, 74, 165, 180, 13, 177, 122, 23, 109, 95, 42, 117, 65, 3, 111, 18, 32, 52, 97, 184, 54, 46, 167, 136, 1, 134, 189, 187, 16, 36, 84, 132, 170, 34, 57, 24, 137, 100, 39, 127, 6, 102, 10, 25, 114, 146, 53, 99, 85, 35, 78, 148, 9, 143, 139, 92, 173, 27, 11, 26, 104, 176, 98, 129, 51, 103, 160, 71, 154, 118, 67, 33, 181, 87, 77, 47, 159, 178, 83, 70, 164, 44, 69, 88, 63, 161, 182, 133, 20, 41, 64, 76, 31, 50, 128, 105, 0, 135, 55, 72, 93, 151, 107, 163, 60, 138, 7, 58.
[0467] Fig. 114 is a diagram illustrating a fourth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0468] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 114, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
99, 59, 95, 50, 122, 15, 144, 6, 129, 36, 175, 159, 165, 35, 182, 181, 189, 29, 2, 115, 91, 41, 60, 160, 51, 106, 168, 173, 20, 138, 183, 70, 24, 127, 47, 5, 119, 171, 102, 135, 116, 156, 120, 105, 117, 136, 149, 128, 85, 46, 186, 113, 73, 103, 52, 82, 89, 184, 22, 185, 155, 125, 133, 37, 27, 10, 137, 76, 12, 98, 148, 109, 42, 16, 190, 84, 94, 97, 25, 11, 88, 166, 131, 48, 161, 65, 9, 8, 58, 56, 124, 68, 54, 3, 169, 146, 87, 108, 110, 121, 163, 57, 90, 100, 66, 49, 61, 178, 18, 7, 28, 67, 13, 32, 34, 86, 153, 112, 63, 43, 164, 132, 118, 93, 38, 39, 17, 154, 170, 81, 141, 191, 152, 111, 188, 147, 180, 75, 72, 26, 177, 126, 179, 55, 1, 143, 45, 21, 40, 123, 23, 162, 77, 62, 134, 158, 176, 31, 69, 114, 142, 19, 96, 101, 71, 30, 140, 187, 92, 80, 79, 0, 104, 53, 145, 139, 14, 33, 74, 157, 150, 44, 172, 151, 64, 78, 130, 83, 167, 4, 107, 174.
[0469] Fig. 115 is a diagram illustrating a fifth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0470] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 115, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
170, 45, 67, 94, 110, 153, 19, 38, 112, 176, 49, 138, 35, 114, 184, 159, 17, 41, 47, 189, 65, 125, 154, 57, 83, 6, 97, 167, 51, 59, 23, 81, 54, 46, 168, 178, 148, 5, 122, 129, 155, 179, 95, 102, 8, 119, 29, 113, 14, 60, 43, 66, 55, 103, 111, 88, 56, 7, 118, 63, 134, 108, 61, 187, 124, 31, 133, 22, 79, 52, 36, 144, 89, 177, 40, 116, 121, 135, 163, 92, 117, 162, 149, 106, 173, 181, 11, 164, 185, 99, 18, 158, 16, 12, 48, 9, 123, 147, 145, 169, 130, 183, 28, 151, 71, 126, 69, 165, 21, 13, 15, 62, 80, 182, 76, 90, 180, 50, 127, 131, 109, 3, 115, 120, 161, 82, 34, 78, 128, 142, 136, 75, 86, 137, 26, 25, 44, 91, 42, 73, 140, 146, 152, 27, 101, 93, 20, 166, 171, 100, 70, 84, 53, 186, 24, 98, 4, 37, 141, 190, 68, 150, 1, 72, 39, 87, 188, 191, 156, 33, 30, 160, 143, 64, 132, 77, 0, 58, 174, 157, 105, 175, 10, 172, 104, 2, 96, 139, 32, 85, 107, 74.
[0471] Fig. 116 is a diagram illustrating a sixth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0472] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 116, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
111, 156, 189, 11, 132, 114, 100, 154, 77, 79, 95, 161, 47, 142, 36, 98, 3, 125, 159, 120, 40, 160, 29, 153, 16, 39, 101, 58, 191, 46, 76, 4, 183, 176, 62, 60, 74, 7, 37, 127, 19, 186, 71, 50, 139, 27, 188, 113, 38, 130, 124, 26, 146, 131, 102, 110, 105, 147, 86, 150, 94, 162, 175, 88, 104, 55, 89, 181, 34, 69, 22, 92, 133, 1, 25, 0, 158, 10, 24, 116, 164, 165, 112, 72, 106, 129, 81, 66, 54, 49, 136, 118, 83, 41, 2, 56, 145, 28, 177, 168, 117, 9, 157, 173, 115, 149, 42, 103, 14, 84, 155, 187, 99, 6, 43, 70, 140, 73, 32, 78, 75, 167, 148, 48, 134, 178, 59, 15, 63, 91, 82, 33, 135, 166, 190, 152, 96, 137, 12, 182, 61, 107, 128, 119, 179, 45, 184, 65, 172, 138, 31, 57, 174, 17, 180, 5, 30, 170, 23, 85, 185, 35, 44, 123, 90, 20, 122, 8, 64, 141, 169, 121, 97, 108, 80, 171, 18, 13, 87, 163, 109, 52, 51, 21, 93, 67, 126, 68, 53, 143, 144, 151.
[0473] Fig. 117 is a diagram illustrating a seventh example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0474] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 117, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191.
[0475] Fig. 118 is a diagram illustrating an eighth example of a GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0476] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 118, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191.
[0477] Fig. 119 is a diagram illustrating a ninth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0478] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 119, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191.
[0479] Fig. 120 is a diagram illustrating a tenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0480] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 120, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191.
[0481] Fig. 121 is a diagram illustrating an eleventh example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0482] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 121, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191.
[0483] Fig. 122 is a diagram illustrating a twelfth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0484] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 122, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191.
[0485] Fig. 123 is a diagram illustrating a thirteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0486] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 123, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191.
[0487] Fig. 124 is a diagram illustrating a fourteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0488] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 124, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
154, 106, 99, 177, 191, 55, 189, 181, 22, 62, 80, 114, 110, 141, 83, 103, 169, 156, 130, 186, 92, 45, 68, 126, 112, 185, 160, 158, 17, 145, 162, 127, 152, 174, 134, 18, 157, 120, 3, 29, 13, 135, 173, 86, 73, 150, 46, 153, 33, 61, 142, 102, 171, 168, 78, 77, 139, 85, 176, 163, 128, 101, 42, 2, 14, 38, 10, 125, 90, 30, 63, 172, 47, 108, 89, 0, 32, 94, 23, 34, 59, 35, 129, 12, 146, 8, 60, 27, 147, 180, 100, 87, 184, 167, 36, 79, 138, 4, 95, 148, 72, 54, 91, 182, 28, 133, 164, 175, 123, 107, 137, 88, 44, 116, 69, 7, 31, 124, 144, 105, 170, 6, 165, 15, 161, 24, 58, 70, 11, 56, 143, 111, 104, 74, 67, 109, 82, 21, 52, 9, 71, 48, 26, 117, 50, 149, 140, 20, 57, 136, 113, 64, 151, 190, 131, 19, 51, 96, 76, 1, 97, 40, 53, 84, 166, 75, 159, 98, 81, 49, 66, 188, 118, 39, 132, 187, 25, 119, 41, 122, 16, 5, 93, 115, 178, 65, 121, 37, 155, 183, 43, 179.
[0489] Fig. 125 is a diagram illustrating a fifteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0490] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 125, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
1, 182, 125, 0, 121, 47, 63, 154, 76, 99, 82, 163, 102, 166, 28, 189, 56, 67, 54, 39, 40, 185, 184, 65, 179, 4, 91, 87, 137, 170, 98, 71, 169, 49, 73, 37, 11, 143, 150, 123, 93, 62, 3, 50, 26, 140, 178, 95, 183, 33, 21, 53, 112, 128, 118, 120, 106, 139, 32, 130, 173, 132, 156, 119, 83, 176, 159, 13, 145, 36, 30, 113, 2, 41, 147, 174, 94, 88, 92, 60, 165, 59, 25, 161, 100, 85, 81, 61, 138, 48, 177, 77, 6, 22, 16, 43, 115, 23, 12, 66, 70, 9, 164, 122, 58, 105, 69, 42, 38, 19, 24, 180, 175, 74, 160, 34, 101, 72, 114, 142, 20, 8, 15, 190, 144, 104, 79, 172, 148, 31, 168, 10, 107, 14, 35, 52, 134, 126, 167, 149, 116, 186, 17, 162, 151, 5, 136, 55, 44, 110, 158, 46, 191, 29, 153, 155, 117, 188, 131, 97, 146, 103, 78, 109, 129, 57, 111, 45, 68, 157, 84, 141, 89, 64, 7, 108, 152, 75, 18, 96, 133, 171, 86, 181, 127, 27, 124, 187, 135, 80, 51, 90.
[0491] Fig. 126 is a diagram illustrating a sixteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0492] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 126, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
35, 75, 166, 145, 143, 184, 62, 96, 54, 63, 157, 103, 32, 43, 126, 187, 144, 91, 78, 44, 39, 109, 185, 102, 10, 68, 29, 42, 149, 83, 133, 94, 130, 27, 171, 19, 51, 165, 148, 28, 36, 33, 173, 136, 87, 82, 100, 49, 120, 152, 161, 162, 147, 71, 137, 57, 8, 53, 132, 151, 163, 123, 47, 92, 90, 60, 99, 79, 59, 108, 115, 72, 0, 12, 140, 160, 61, 180, 74, 37, 86, 117, 191, 101, 52, 15, 80, 156, 127, 81, 131, 141, 142, 31, 95, 4, 73, 64, 16, 18, 146, 70, 181, 7, 89, 124, 77, 67, 116, 21, 34, 41, 105, 113, 97, 2, 6, 55, 17, 65, 38, 48, 158, 159, 179, 5, 30, 183, 170, 135, 125, 20, 106, 186, 182, 188, 114, 1, 14, 3, 134, 178, 189, 167, 40, 119, 22, 190, 58, 23, 155, 138, 98, 84, 11, 110, 88, 46, 177, 175, 25, 150, 118, 121, 129, 168, 13, 128, 104, 69, 112, 169, 9, 45, 174, 93, 26, 56, 76, 50, 154, 139, 66, 85, 153, 107, 111, 172, 176, 164, 24, 122.
[0493] Fig. 127 is a diagram illustrating a seventeenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0494] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 127, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
155, 188, 123, 132, 15, 79, 59, 119, 66, 68, 41, 175, 184, 78, 142, 32, 54, 111, 139, 134, 95, 34, 161, 150, 58, 141, 74, 112, 121, 99, 178, 179, 57, 90, 80, 21, 11, 29, 67, 104, 52, 87, 38, 81, 181, 160, 176, 16, 71, 13, 186, 171, 9, 170, 2, 177, 0, 88, 149, 190, 69, 33, 183, 146, 61, 117, 113, 6, 96, 120, 162, 23, 53, 140, 91, 128, 46, 93, 174, 126, 159, 133, 8, 152, 103, 102, 151, 143, 100, 4, 180, 166, 55, 164, 18, 49, 62, 20, 83, 7, 187, 153, 64, 37, 144, 185, 19, 114, 25, 116, 12, 173, 122, 127, 89, 115, 75, 101, 189, 124, 157, 108, 28, 165, 163, 65, 168, 77, 82, 27, 137, 86, 22, 110, 63, 148, 158, 97, 31, 105, 135, 98, 44, 70, 182, 191, 17, 156, 129, 39, 136, 169, 3, 145, 154, 109, 76, 5, 10, 106, 35, 94, 172, 45, 51, 60, 42, 50, 72, 85, 40, 118, 36, 14, 130, 131, 138, 43, 48, 125, 84, 24, 26, 1, 56, 107, 92, 147, 47, 30, 73, 167.
[0495] Fig. 128 is a diagram illustrating an eighteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0496] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 128, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
152, 87, 170, 33, 48, 95, 2, 184, 145, 51, 94, 164, 38, 90, 158, 70, 124, 128, 66, 111, 79, 42, 45, 141, 83, 73, 57, 119, 20, 67, 31, 179, 123, 183, 26, 188, 15, 163, 1, 133, 105, 72, 81, 153, 69, 182, 101, 180, 185, 190, 77, 6, 127, 138, 75, 59, 24, 175, 30, 186, 139, 56, 100, 176, 147, 189, 116, 131, 25, 5, 16, 117, 74, 50, 171, 114, 76, 44, 107, 135, 71, 181, 13, 43, 122, 78, 4, 58, 35, 63, 187, 98, 37, 169, 148, 7, 10, 49, 80, 161, 167, 28, 142, 46, 97, 92, 121, 112, 88, 102, 106, 173, 19, 27, 41, 172, 91, 191, 34, 118, 108, 136, 166, 155, 96, 3, 165, 103, 84, 109, 104, 53, 23, 0, 178, 17, 86, 9, 168, 134, 110, 18, 32, 146, 129, 159, 55, 154, 126, 40, 151, 174, 60, 52, 22, 149, 156, 113, 143, 11, 93, 62, 177, 64, 61, 160, 150, 65, 130, 82, 29, 115, 137, 36, 8, 157, 54, 89, 99, 120, 68, 21, 140, 14, 39, 132, 125, 12, 85, 162, 47, 144.
[0497] Fig. 129 is a diagram illustrating a nineteenth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0498] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 129, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
140, 8, 176, 13, 41, 165, 27, 109, 121, 153, 58, 181, 143, 164, 103, 115, 91, 66, 60, 189, 101, 4, 14, 102, 45, 124, 104, 159, 130, 133, 135, 77, 25, 59, 180, 141, 144, 62, 114, 182, 134, 148, 11, 20, 125, 83, 162, 75, 126, 67, 9, 178, 171, 152, 166, 69, 174, 15, 80, 168, 131, 95, 56, 48, 63, 82, 147, 51, 108, 52, 30, 139, 22, 37, 173, 112, 191, 98, 116, 149, 167, 142, 29, 154, 92, 94, 71, 117, 79, 122, 129, 24, 81, 105, 97, 137, 128, 1, 113, 170, 119, 7, 158, 76, 19, 183, 68, 31, 50, 118, 33, 72, 55, 65, 146, 185, 111, 145, 28, 21, 177, 160, 32, 61, 70, 106, 156, 78, 132, 88, 184, 35, 5, 53, 138, 47, 100, 10, 42, 36, 175, 93, 120, 190, 16, 123, 87, 54, 186, 18, 57, 84, 99, 12, 163, 157, 188, 64, 38, 26, 2, 136, 40, 169, 90, 107, 46, 172, 49, 6, 39, 44, 150, 85, 0, 17, 127, 155, 110, 34, 96, 74, 86, 187, 89, 151, 43, 179, 161, 73, 23, 3.
[0499] Fig. 130 is a diagram illustrating a twentieth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0500] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 130, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
10, 61, 30, 88, 33, 60, 1, 102, 45, 103, 119, 181, 82, 112, 12, 67, 69, 171, 108, 26, 145, 156, 81, 152, 8, 16, 68, 13, 99, 183, 146, 27, 158, 147, 132, 118, 180, 120, 173, 59, 186, 49, 7, 17, 35, 104, 129, 75, 54, 72, 18, 48, 15, 177, 191, 51, 24, 93, 106, 22, 71, 29, 141, 32, 143, 128, 175, 86, 190, 74, 36, 43, 144, 46, 63, 65, 133, 31, 87, 44, 20, 117, 76, 187, 80, 101, 151, 47, 130, 116, 162, 127, 153, 100, 94, 2, 41, 138, 125, 131, 11, 50, 40, 21, 184, 167, 172, 85, 160, 105, 73, 38, 157, 53, 39, 97, 107, 165, 168, 89, 148, 126, 3, 4, 114, 161, 155, 182, 136, 149, 111, 98, 113, 139, 92, 109, 174, 185, 95, 56, 135, 37, 163, 154, 0, 96, 78, 122, 5, 179, 140, 83, 123, 77, 9, 19, 66, 42, 137, 14, 23, 159, 189, 110, 142, 84, 169, 166, 52, 91, 164, 28, 124, 121, 70, 115, 90, 170, 58, 6, 178, 176, 64, 188, 57, 34, 79, 62, 25, 134, 150, 55.
[0501] Fig. 131 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-first example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0502] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 131, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
8, 165, 180, 182, 189, 61, 7, 140, 105, 78, 86, 75, 15, 28, 82, 1, 136, 130, 35, 24, 70, 152, 121, 11, 36, 66, 83, 57, 164, 111, 137, 128, 175, 156, 151, 48, 44, 147, 18, 64, 184, 42, 159, 3, 6, 162, 170, 98, 101, 29, 102, 21, 188, 79, 138, 45, 124, 118, 155, 125, 34, 27, 5, 97, 109, 145, 54, 56, 126, 187, 16, 149, 160, 178, 23, 141, 30, 117, 25, 69, 116, 131, 94, 65, 191, 99, 181, 185, 115, 67, 93, 106, 38, 71, 76, 113, 132, 172, 103, 95, 92, 107, 4, 163, 139, 72, 157, 0, 12, 52, 68, 88, 161, 183, 39, 14, 32, 49, 19, 77, 174, 47, 154, 17, 134, 133, 51, 120, 74, 177, 41, 108, 142, 143, 13, 26, 59, 100, 123, 55, 158, 62, 104, 148, 135, 9, 179, 53, 176, 33, 169, 129, 186, 43, 167, 87, 119, 84, 90, 150, 20, 10, 122, 114, 80, 50, 146, 144, 96, 171, 40, 73, 81, 168, 112, 190, 37, 173, 46, 110, 60, 85, 153, 2, 63, 91, 127, 89, 31, 58, 22, 166.
[0503] Fig. 132 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-second example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0504] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 132, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
17, 84, 125, 70, 134, 63, 68, 162, 61, 31, 74, 137, 7, 138, 5, 60, 76, 105, 160, 12, 114, 81, 155, 112, 153, 191, 82, 148, 118, 108, 58, 159, 43, 161, 149, 96, 71, 30, 145, 174, 67, 77, 47, 94, 48, 156, 151, 141, 131, 176, 183, 41, 35, 83, 164, 55, 169, 98, 187, 124, 100, 54, 104, 40, 2, 72, 8, 85, 182, 103, 6, 37, 107, 39, 42, 123, 57, 106, 13, 150, 129, 46, 109, 188, 45, 113, 44, 90, 20, 165, 142, 110, 22, 28, 173, 38, 52, 16, 34, 0, 3, 144, 27, 49, 139, 177, 132, 184, 25, 87, 152, 119, 158, 78, 186, 167, 97, 24, 99, 69, 120, 122, 133, 163, 21, 51, 101, 185, 111, 26, 18, 10, 33, 170, 95, 65, 14, 130, 157, 59, 115, 127, 92, 56, 1, 80, 66, 126, 178, 147, 75, 179, 171, 53, 146, 88, 4, 128, 121, 86, 117, 19, 23, 168, 181, 11, 102, 93, 73, 140, 89, 136, 9, 180, 62, 36, 79, 91, 190, 143, 29, 154, 32, 64, 166, 116, 15, 189, 175, 50, 135, 172.
[0505] Fig. 133 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-third example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0506] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 133, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
157, 20, 116, 115, 49, 178, 148, 152, 174, 130, 171, 81, 60, 146, 182, 72, 46, 22, 93, 101, 9, 55, 40, 163, 118, 30, 52, 181, 151, 31, 87, 117, 120, 82, 95, 190, 23, 36, 67, 62, 14, 167, 80, 27, 24, 43, 94, 0, 63, 5, 74, 78, 158, 88, 84, 109, 147, 112, 124, 110, 21, 47, 45, 68, 184, 70, 1, 66, 149, 105, 140, 170, 56, 98, 135, 61, 79, 123, 166, 185, 41, 108, 122, 92, 16, 26, 37, 177, 173, 113, 136, 89, 162, 85, 54, 39, 73, 58, 131, 134, 188, 127, 3, 164, 13, 132, 129, 179, 25, 18, 57, 32, 119, 111, 53, 155, 28, 107, 133, 144, 19, 160, 71, 186, 153, 103, 2, 12, 91, 106, 64, 175, 75, 189, 128, 142, 187, 76, 180, 34, 59, 169, 90, 11, 172, 97, 141, 38, 191, 17, 114, 126, 145, 83, 143, 125, 121, 10, 44, 137, 86, 29, 104, 154, 168, 65, 159, 15, 99, 35, 50, 48, 138, 96, 100, 102, 7, 42, 156, 8, 4, 69, 183, 51, 165, 6, 150, 77, 161, 33, 176, 139.
[0507] Fig. 134 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-fourth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0508] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 134, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
42, 168, 36, 37, 152, 118, 14, 83, 105, 131, 26, 120, 92, 130, 158, 132, 49, 72, 137, 100, 88, 24, 53, 142, 110, 102, 74, 188, 113, 121, 12, 173, 5, 126, 127, 3, 93, 46, 164, 109, 151, 2, 98, 153, 116, 89, 101, 136, 35, 80, 0, 133, 183, 162, 185, 56, 17, 87, 117, 184, 54, 70, 176, 91, 134, 51, 38, 73, 165, 99, 169, 43, 167, 86, 11, 144, 78, 58, 64, 13, 119, 33, 166, 6, 75, 31, 15, 28, 125, 148, 27, 114, 82, 45, 55, 191, 160, 115, 1, 69, 187, 122, 177, 32, 172, 52, 112, 171, 124, 180, 85, 150, 7, 57, 60, 94, 181, 29, 97, 128, 19, 149, 175, 50, 140, 10, 174, 68, 59, 39, 106, 44, 62, 71, 18, 107, 156, 159, 146, 48, 81, 111, 96, 103, 34, 161, 141, 154, 76, 61, 135, 20, 84, 77, 108, 23, 145, 182, 170, 139, 157, 47, 9, 63, 123, 138, 155, 79, 4, 30, 143, 25, 90, 66, 147, 186, 179, 129, 21, 65, 41, 95, 67, 22, 163, 190, 16, 8, 104, 189, 40, 178.
[0509] Fig. 135 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-fifth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0510] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 135, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
92, 132, 39, 44, 190, 21, 70, 146, 48, 13, 17, 187, 119, 43, 94, 157, 150, 98, 96, 47, 86, 63, 152, 158, 84, 170, 81, 7, 62, 191, 174, 99, 116, 10, 85, 113, 135, 28, 53, 122, 83, 141, 77, 23, 131, 4, 40, 168, 129, 109, 51, 130, 188, 147, 29, 50, 26, 78, 148, 164, 167, 103, 36, 134, 2, 177, 20, 123, 27, 90, 176, 5, 33, 133, 189, 138, 76, 41, 89, 35, 72, 139, 32, 73, 68, 67, 101, 166, 93, 54, 52, 42, 110, 59, 8, 179, 34, 171, 143, 137, 9, 126, 155, 108, 142, 120, 163, 12, 3, 75, 159, 107, 65, 128, 87, 6, 22, 57, 100, 24, 64, 106, 117, 19, 58, 95, 74, 180, 125, 136, 186, 154, 121, 161, 88, 37, 114, 102, 105, 160, 80, 185, 82, 124, 184, 15, 16, 18, 118, 173, 151, 11, 91, 79, 46, 140, 127, 1, 169, 0, 61, 66, 45, 162, 149, 115, 144, 30, 25, 175, 153, 183, 60, 38, 31, 111, 182, 49, 55, 145, 56, 181, 104, 14, 71, 178, 112, 172, 165, 69, 97, 156.
[0511] Fig. 136 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-sixth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0512] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 136, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
133, 96, 46, 148, 78, 109, 149, 161, 55, 39, 183, 54, 186, 73, 150, 180, 189, 190, 22, 135, 12, 80, 42, 130, 164, 70, 126, 107, 57, 67, 15, 157, 52, 88, 5, 23, 123, 66, 53, 147, 177, 60, 131, 108, 171, 191, 44, 140, 98, 154, 37, 118, 176, 92, 124, 138, 132, 167, 173, 13, 79, 32, 145, 14, 113, 30, 2, 0, 165, 182, 153, 24, 144, 87, 82, 75, 141, 89, 137, 33, 100, 106, 128, 168, 29, 36, 172, 11, 111, 68, 16, 10, 34, 188, 35, 160, 77, 83, 178, 58, 59, 7, 56, 110, 104, 61, 76, 85, 121, 93, 19, 134, 179, 155, 163, 115, 185, 125, 112, 71, 8, 119, 18, 47, 151, 26, 103, 122, 9, 170, 146, 99, 49, 72, 102, 31, 40, 43, 158, 142, 4, 69, 139, 28, 174, 101, 84, 129, 156, 74, 62, 91, 159, 41, 38, 45, 136, 169, 21, 51, 181, 97, 166, 175, 90, 27, 86, 65, 105, 143, 127, 17, 6, 116, 94, 117, 48, 50, 25, 64, 95, 63, 184, 152, 120, 1, 187, 162, 114, 3, 81, 20.
[0513] Fig. 137 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-seventh example of a GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0514] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 137, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
59, 34, 129, 18, 137, 6, 83, 139, 47, 148, 147, 110, 11, 98, 62, 149, 158, 14, 42, 180, 23, 128, 99, 181, 54, 176, 35, 130, 53, 179, 39, 152, 32, 52, 69, 82, 84, 113, 79, 21, 95, 7, 126, 191, 86, 169, 111, 12, 55, 27, 182, 120, 123, 88, 107, 50, 144, 49, 38, 165, 0, 159, 10, 43, 114, 187, 150, 19, 65, 48, 124, 8, 141, 171, 173, 17, 167, 92, 74, 170, 184, 67, 33, 172, 16, 119, 66, 57, 89, 106, 26, 78, 178, 109, 70, 2, 157, 15, 105, 22, 174, 127, 100, 71, 97, 163, 9, 77, 87, 41, 183, 117, 46, 40, 131, 85, 136, 72, 122, 1, 45, 13, 44, 56, 61, 146, 25, 132, 177, 76, 121, 160, 112, 5, 134, 73, 91, 135, 68, 3, 80, 90, 190, 60, 75, 145, 115, 81, 161, 156, 116, 166, 96, 28, 138, 94, 162, 140, 102, 4, 133, 30, 155, 189, 143, 64, 185, 164, 104, 142, 154, 118, 24, 31, 153, 103, 51, 108, 29, 37, 58, 186, 175, 36, 151, 63, 93, 188, 125, 101, 20, 168.
[0515] Fig. 138 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-eighth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0516] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 138, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
61, 110, 123, 127, 148, 162, 131, 71, 176, 22, 157, 0, 151, 155, 112, 189, 36, 181, 10, 46, 133, 75, 80, 88, 6, 165, 97, 54, 31, 174, 49, 139, 98, 4, 170, 26, 50, 16, 141, 187, 13, 109, 106, 120, 72, 32, 63, 59, 79, 172, 83, 100, 92, 24, 56, 130, 167, 81, 103, 111, 158, 159, 153, 175, 8, 41, 136, 70, 33, 45, 84, 150, 39, 166, 164, 99, 126, 190, 134, 40, 87, 64, 154, 140, 116, 184, 115, 183, 30, 35, 7, 42, 146, 86, 58, 12, 14, 149, 89, 179, 128, 160, 95, 171, 74, 25, 29, 119, 143, 178, 28, 21, 23, 90, 188, 96, 173, 93, 147, 191, 18, 62, 2, 132, 20, 11, 17, 135, 152, 67, 73, 108, 76, 91, 156, 104, 48, 121, 94, 125, 38, 65, 177, 68, 37, 124, 78, 118, 186, 34, 185, 113, 169, 9, 69, 82, 163, 114, 145, 168, 44, 52, 105, 51, 137, 1, 161, 3, 55, 182, 101, 57, 43, 77, 5, 47, 144, 180, 66, 53, 19, 117, 60, 138, 142, 107, 122, 85, 27, 129, 15, 102.
[0517] Fig. 139 is a diagram illustrating a twenty-ninth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0518] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 139, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
8, 174, 121, 46, 70, 106, 183, 9, 96, 109, 72, 130, 47, 168, 1, 190, 18, 90, 103, 135, 105, 112, 23, 33, 185, 31, 171, 111, 0, 115, 4, 159, 25, 65, 134, 146, 26, 37, 16, 169, 167, 74, 67, 155, 154, 83, 117, 53, 19, 161, 76, 12, 7, 131, 59, 51, 189, 42, 114, 142, 126, 66, 164, 191, 55, 132, 35, 153, 137, 87, 5, 100, 122, 150, 2, 49, 32, 172, 149, 177, 15, 82, 98, 34, 140, 170, 56, 78, 188, 57, 118, 186, 181, 52, 71, 24, 81, 22, 11, 156, 86, 148, 97, 38, 48, 64, 40, 165, 180, 125, 127, 143, 88, 43, 61, 158, 28, 162, 187, 110, 84, 157, 27, 41, 39, 124, 85, 58, 20, 44, 102, 36, 77, 147, 120, 179, 21, 60, 92, 138, 119, 173, 160, 144, 91, 99, 107, 101, 145, 184, 108, 95, 69, 63, 3, 89, 128, 136, 94, 129, 50, 79, 68, 151, 104, 163, 123, 182, 93, 29, 133, 152, 178, 80, 62, 54, 14, 141, 166, 176, 45, 30, 10, 6, 75, 73, 116, 175, 17, 113, 139, 13.
[0519] Fig. 140 is a diagram illustrating a thirtieth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0520] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 140, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
179, 91, 101, 128, 169, 69, 185, 35, 156, 168, 132, 163, 46, 28, 5, 41, 162, 112, 108, 130, 153, 79, 118, 102, 125, 176, 71, 20, 115, 98, 124, 75, 103, 21, 164, 173, 9, 36, 56, 134, 24, 16, 159, 34, 15, 42, 104, 54, 120, 76, 60, 33, 127, 88, 133, 137, 61, 19, 3, 170, 87, 190, 13, 141, 188, 106, 113, 67, 145, 146, 111, 74, 89, 62, 175, 49, 32, 99, 93, 107, 171, 66, 80, 155, 100, 152, 4, 10, 126, 109, 181, 154, 105, 48, 136, 161, 183, 97, 31, 12, 8, 184, 47, 142, 18, 14, 117, 73, 84, 70, 68, 0, 23, 96, 165, 29, 122, 81, 17, 131, 44, 157, 26, 25, 189, 83, 178, 37, 123, 82, 191, 39, 7, 72, 160, 64, 143, 149, 138, 65, 58, 119, 63, 166, 114, 95, 172, 43, 140, 57, 158, 186, 86, 174, 92, 45, 139, 144, 147, 148, 151, 59, 30, 85, 40, 51, 187, 78, 38, 150, 129, 121, 27, 94, 52, 177, 110, 182, 55, 22, 167, 90, 77, 6, 11, 1, 116, 53, 2, 50, 135, 180.
[0521] Fig. 141 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-first example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0522] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 141, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
99, 59, 95, 50, 122, 15, 144, 6, 129, 36, 175, 159, 165, 35, 182, 181, 189, 29, 2, 115, 91, 41, 60, 160, 51, 106, 168, 173, 20, 138, 183, 70, 24, 127, 47, 5, 119, 171, 102, 135, 116, 156, 120, 105, 117, 136, 149, 128, 85, 46, 186, 113, 73, 103, 52, 82, 89, 184, 22, 185, 155, 125, 133, 37, 27, 10, 137, 76, 12, 98, 148, 109, 42, 16, 190, 84, 94, 97, 25, 11, 88, 166, 131, 48, 161, 65, 9, 8, 58, 56, 124, 68, 54, 3, 169, 146, 87, 108, 110, 121, 163, 57, 90, 100, 66, 49, 61, 178, 18, 7, 28, 67, 13, 32, 34, 86, 153, 112, 63, 43, 164, 132, 118, 93, 38, 39, 17, 154, 170, 81, 141, 191, 152, 111, 188, 147, 180, 75, 72, 26, 177, 126, 179, 55, 1, 143, 45, 21, 40, 123, 23, 162, 77, 62, 134, 158, 176, 31, 69, 114, 142, 19, 96, 101, 71, 30, 140, 187, 92, 80, 79, 0, 104, 53, 145, 139, 14, 33, 74, 157, 150, 44, 172, 151, 64, 78, 130, 83, 167, 4, 107, 174.
[0523] Fig. 142 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-second example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0524] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 142, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
16, 133, 14, 114, 145, 191, 53, 80, 166, 68, 21, 184, 73, 165, 147, 89, 180, 55, 135, 94, 189, 78, 103, 115, 72, 24, 105, 188, 84, 148, 85, 32, 1, 131, 34, 134, 41, 167, 81, 54, 142, 141, 75, 155, 122, 140, 13, 17, 8, 23, 61, 49, 51, 74, 181, 162, 143, 42, 71, 123, 161, 177, 110, 149, 126, 0, 63, 178, 35, 175, 186, 52, 43, 139, 112, 10, 40, 150, 182, 164, 64, 83, 174, 38, 47, 30, 2, 116, 25, 128, 160, 144, 99, 5, 187, 176, 82, 60, 18, 185, 104, 169, 39, 183, 137, 22, 109, 96, 151, 46, 33, 29, 65, 132, 95, 31, 136, 159, 170, 168, 67, 79, 93, 111, 90, 97, 113, 92, 76, 58, 127, 26, 27, 156, 3, 6, 28, 77, 125, 173, 98, 138, 172, 86, 45, 118, 171, 62, 179, 100, 19, 163, 50, 57, 56, 36, 102, 121, 117, 154, 119, 66, 20, 91, 130, 69, 44, 70, 153, 152, 158, 88, 108, 12, 59, 4, 11, 120, 87, 101, 37, 129, 146, 9, 106, 48, 7, 15, 124, 190, 107, 157.
[0525] Fig. 143 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-third example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0526] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 143, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
178, 39, 54, 68, 122, 20, 86, 137, 156, 55, 52, 72, 130, 152, 147, 12, 69, 48, 107, 44, 88, 23, 181, 174, 124, 81, 59, 93, 22, 46, 82, 110, 3, 99, 75, 36, 38, 119, 131, 51, 115, 78, 84, 33, 163, 11, 2, 188, 161, 34, 89, 50, 8, 90, 109, 136, 77, 103, 67, 41, 149, 176, 134, 189, 159, 184, 153, 53, 129, 63, 160, 139, 150, 169, 148, 127, 25, 175, 142, 98, 56, 144, 102, 94, 101, 85, 132, 76, 5, 177, 0, 128, 45, 162, 92, 62, 133, 30, 17, 9, 61, 70, 154, 4, 146, 24, 135, 104, 13, 185, 79, 138, 31, 112, 1, 49, 113, 106, 100, 65, 10, 83, 73, 26, 58, 114, 66, 126, 117, 96, 186, 14, 40, 164, 158, 118, 29, 121, 151, 168, 183, 179, 16, 105, 125, 190, 116, 165, 80, 64, 170, 140, 171, 173, 97, 60, 43, 123, 71, 182, 167, 95, 145, 141, 187, 166, 87, 143, 15, 74, 111, 157, 32, 172, 18, 57, 35, 191, 27, 47, 21, 6, 19, 155, 42, 120, 180, 37, 28, 91, 108, 7.
[0527] Fig. 144 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-fourth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0528] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 144, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
139, 112, 159, 99, 87, 70, 175, 161, 51, 56, 174, 143, 12, 36, 77, 60, 155, 167, 160, 73, 127, 82, 123, 145, 8, 76, 164, 178, 144, 86, 7, 124, 27, 187, 130, 162, 191, 182, 16, 106, 141, 38, 72, 179, 111, 29, 59, 183, 66, 52, 43, 121, 20, 11, 190, 92, 55, 166, 94, 138, 1, 122, 171, 119, 109, 58, 23, 31, 163, 53, 13, 188, 100, 158, 156, 136, 34, 118, 185, 10, 25, 126, 104, 30, 83, 47, 146, 63, 134, 39, 21, 44, 151, 28, 22, 79, 110, 71, 90, 2, 103, 42, 35, 5, 57, 4, 0, 107, 37, 54, 18, 128, 148, 129, 26, 75, 120, 19, 116, 117, 147, 114, 48, 96, 61, 46, 88, 67, 135, 65, 180, 9, 74, 176, 6, 149, 49, 50, 125, 64, 169, 168, 157, 153, 24, 108, 89, 98, 33, 132, 93, 40, 154, 62, 142, 41, 69, 105, 189, 115, 152, 45, 133, 3, 95, 17, 186, 184, 85, 165, 32, 173, 113, 172, 78, 181, 150, 170, 102, 97, 140, 81, 91, 15, 137, 101, 80, 68, 14, 177, 131, 84.
[0529] Fig. 145 is a diagram illustrating a thirty-fifth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0530] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 145, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
21, 20, 172, 86, 178, 25, 104, 133, 17, 106, 191, 68, 80, 190, 129, 29, 125, 108, 147, 23, 94, 167, 27, 61, 12, 166, 131, 120, 159, 28, 7, 62, 134, 59, 78, 0, 121, 149, 6, 5, 143, 171, 153, 161, 186, 35, 92, 113, 55, 163, 16, 54, 93, 79, 37, 44, 75, 182, 127, 148, 179, 95, 169, 141, 38, 168, 128, 56, 31, 57, 175, 140, 164, 24, 177, 88, 51, 112, 49, 185, 170, 87, 32, 60, 65, 77, 89, 3, 18, 116, 184, 45, 109, 53, 160, 9, 100, 8, 111, 69, 189, 36, 173, 33, 72, 144, 183, 115, 137, 98, 90, 142, 30, 154, 180, 122, 155, 130, 83, 138, 14, 41, 150, 132, 70, 152, 117, 11, 4, 124, 15, 42, 181, 58, 10, 22, 145, 99, 126, 107, 66, 174, 39, 13, 97, 63, 123, 84, 85, 67, 76, 158, 71, 46, 118, 81, 162, 146, 135, 2, 73, 50, 114, 82, 103, 188, 74, 101, 157, 151, 91, 119, 102, 48, 1, 40, 43, 64, 156, 34, 110, 52, 96, 136, 139, 165, 19, 176, 187, 47, 26, 105.
[0531] Fig. 146 is a diagram of a thirty-sixth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0532] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 146, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
160, 7, 29, 39, 110, 189, 140, 143, 163, 130, 173, 71, 191, 106, 60, 62, 149, 135, 9, 147, 124, 152, 55, 116, 85, 112, 14, 20, 79, 103, 156, 167, 19, 45, 73, 26, 159, 44, 86, 76, 56, 12, 109, 117, 128, 67, 150, 151, 31, 27, 133, 17, 120, 153, 108, 180, 52, 187, 98, 63, 176, 186, 179, 113, 161, 32, 24, 111, 41, 95, 38, 10, 154, 97, 141, 2, 127, 40, 105, 34, 11, 185, 155, 61, 114, 74, 158, 162, 5, 177, 43, 51, 148, 137, 28, 181, 171, 13, 104, 42, 168, 93, 172, 144, 80, 123, 89, 81, 68, 75, 78, 121, 53, 65, 122, 142, 157, 107, 136, 66, 90, 23, 8, 1, 77, 54, 125, 174, 35, 88, 82, 134, 101, 131, 33, 50, 87, 36, 15, 47, 83, 18, 6, 21, 30, 94, 72, 145, 138, 184, 69, 84, 58, 49, 16, 48, 70, 183, 3, 92, 25, 115, 0, 182, 139, 91, 146, 102, 96, 100, 119, 129, 178, 46, 37, 57, 118, 126, 59, 165, 170, 190, 188, 175, 166, 99, 4, 22, 132, 164, 64, 169.
[0533] Fig. 147 is a diagram of a thirty-seventh example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0534] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 147, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
167, 97, 86, 166, 11, 57, 187, 169, 104, 102, 108, 63, 12, 181, 1, 71, 134, 152, 45, 144, 124, 22, 0, 51, 100, 150, 179, 54, 66, 79, 25, 172, 59, 48, 23, 55, 64, 185, 164, 123, 56, 80, 153, 9, 177, 176, 81, 17, 14, 43, 76, 27, 175, 60, 133, 91, 61, 41, 111, 163, 72, 95, 84, 67, 129, 52, 88, 121, 7, 49, 168, 154, 74, 138, 142, 158, 132, 127, 40, 139, 20, 44, 6, 128, 75, 114, 119, 2, 8, 157, 98, 118, 89, 46, 160, 190, 5, 165, 28, 68, 189, 161, 112, 173, 148, 183, 33, 131, 105, 186, 156, 70, 117, 170, 174, 36, 19, 135, 125, 122, 50, 113, 141, 37, 38, 31, 94, 149, 78, 32, 178, 34, 107, 13, 182, 146, 93, 10, 106, 109, 4, 77, 87, 3, 184, 83, 30, 180, 96, 15, 155, 110, 145, 191, 151, 101, 65, 99, 115, 140, 26, 147, 42, 136, 137, 18, 53, 116, 171, 16, 21, 92, 162, 130, 85, 69, 47, 35, 82, 120, 24, 73, 39, 58, 62, 126, 29, 90, 143, 159, 188, 103.
[0535] Fig. 148 is a diagram of a thirty-eighth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0536] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 148, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
74, 151, 79, 49, 174, 180, 133, 106, 116, 16, 163, 62, 164, 45, 187, 128, 176, 2, 126, 136, 63, 28, 118, 173, 19, 46, 93, 121, 162, 88, 0, 147, 131, 54, 117, 138, 69, 182, 68, 143, 78, 15, 7, 59, 109, 32, 10, 179, 165, 90, 73, 71, 171, 135, 123, 125, 31, 22, 70, 185, 155, 60, 120, 113, 41, 154, 177, 85, 64, 55, 26, 129, 84, 38, 166, 44, 30, 183, 189, 191, 124, 77, 80, 98, 190, 167, 140, 52, 153, 43, 25, 188, 103, 152, 137, 76, 149, 34, 172, 122, 40, 168, 141, 96, 142, 58, 110, 65, 9, 36, 42, 50, 184, 105, 156, 127, 8, 61, 146, 169, 181, 5, 87, 150, 91, 17, 18, 24, 112, 81, 170, 95, 29, 100, 130, 48, 159, 72, 75, 160, 27, 108, 148, 66, 144, 97, 57, 115, 114, 1, 132, 4, 21, 92, 11, 107, 175, 67, 145, 14, 186, 20, 51, 39, 3, 86, 89, 47, 53, 102, 82, 139, 23, 104, 157, 99, 158, 12, 161, 35, 178, 37, 134, 83, 94, 101, 111, 119, 6, 33, 13, 56.
[0537] Fig. 149 is a diagram of a thirty-ninth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0538] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 149, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
20, 118, 185, 106, 82, 53, 41, 40, 121, 180, 45, 10, 145, 175, 191, 160, 177, 172, 13, 29, 133, 42, 89, 51, 141, 99, 7, 134, 52, 48, 169, 162, 124, 25, 165, 128, 95, 148, 98, 171, 14, 75, 59, 26, 76, 47, 34, 122, 69, 131, 105, 60, 132, 63, 81, 109, 43, 189, 19, 186, 79, 62, 85, 54, 16, 46, 27, 44, 139, 113, 11, 102, 130, 184, 119, 1, 152, 146, 37, 178, 61, 150, 32, 163, 92, 166, 142, 67, 140, 157, 188, 18, 87, 149, 65, 183, 161, 5, 31, 71, 173, 73, 15, 138, 156, 28, 66, 170, 179, 135, 86, 39, 104, 17, 154, 174, 56, 153, 0, 97, 9, 72, 23, 167, 190, 80, 3, 38, 120, 4, 24, 159, 12, 103, 22, 125, 83, 50, 6, 77, 168, 74, 93, 49, 57, 147, 2, 155, 181, 96, 114, 107, 110, 30, 117, 127, 101, 94, 129, 35, 58, 70, 126, 182, 151, 111, 91, 64, 88, 144, 137, 143, 176, 84, 136, 8, 112, 123, 164, 115, 78, 36, 90, 100, 55, 108, 21, 158, 68, 33, 116, 187.
[0539] Fig. 150 is a diagram of a fortieth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0540] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 150, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
42, 43, 190, 119, 183, 103, 51, 28, 171, 20, 18, 25, 85, 22, 157, 99, 174, 5, 53, 62, 150, 128, 38, 153, 37, 148, 39, 24, 118, 102, 184, 49, 111, 48, 87, 76, 81, 40, 55, 82, 70, 105, 66, 115, 14, 86, 88, 135, 168, 139, 56, 80, 93, 95, 165, 13, 4, 100, 29, 104, 11, 72, 116, 83, 112, 67, 186, 169, 8, 57, 44, 17, 164, 31, 96, 84, 2, 125, 59, 3, 6, 173, 149, 78, 27, 160, 156, 187, 34, 129, 154, 79, 52, 117, 110, 0, 7, 113, 137, 26, 47, 12, 178, 46, 136, 97, 15, 188, 101, 58, 35, 71, 32, 16, 109, 163, 134, 75, 68, 98, 132, 90, 124, 189, 121, 123, 170, 158, 159, 77, 108, 63, 180, 36, 74, 127, 21, 146, 147, 54, 155, 10, 144, 130, 60, 1, 141, 23, 177, 133, 50, 126, 167, 151, 161, 191, 91, 114, 162, 30, 181, 182, 9, 94, 69, 176, 65, 142, 152, 175, 73, 140, 41, 179, 172, 145, 64, 19, 138, 131, 166, 33, 107, 185, 106, 122, 120, 92, 45, 143, 61, 89.
[0541] Fig. 151 is a diagram of a forty-first example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0542] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 151, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
111, 33, 21, 133, 18, 30, 73, 139, 125, 35, 77, 105, 122, 91, 41, 86, 11, 8, 55, 71, 151, 107, 45, 12, 168, 51, 50, 59, 7, 132, 144, 16, 190, 31, 108, 89, 124, 110, 94, 67, 159, 46, 140, 87, 54, 142, 185, 85, 84, 120, 178, 101, 180, 20, 174, 47, 28, 145, 70, 24, 131, 4, 83, 56, 79, 37, 27, 109, 92, 52, 96, 177, 141, 188, 155, 38, 156, 169, 136, 81, 137, 112, 95, 93, 106, 149, 138, 15, 39, 170, 146, 103, 184, 43, 5, 9, 189, 34, 19, 63, 90, 36, 23, 78, 100, 75, 162, 42, 161, 119, 64, 65, 152, 62, 173, 104, 88, 118, 48, 44, 40, 60, 102, 61, 74, 99, 53, 10, 6, 172, 186, 163, 134, 14, 148, 3, 26, 1, 157, 150, 25, 123, 115, 116, 57, 175, 127, 82, 117, 114, 160, 164, 153, 176, 76, 13, 181, 68, 128, 0, 183, 49, 22, 166, 17, 191, 135, 165, 72, 158, 130, 154, 167, 66, 2, 147, 69, 58, 98, 97, 143, 32, 29, 179, 113, 80, 182, 129, 126, 171, 121, 187.
[0543] Fig. 152 is a diagram of a forty-second example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0544] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 152, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
148, 32, 94, 31, 146, 15, 41, 7, 79, 58, 52, 167, 154, 4, 161, 38, 64, 127, 131, 78, 34, 125, 171, 173, 133, 122, 50, 95, 129, 57, 71, 37, 137, 69, 82, 107, 26, 10, 140, 156, 47, 178, 163, 117, 139, 174, 143, 138, 111, 11, 166, 43, 141, 114, 45, 39, 177, 103, 96, 123, 63, 23, 18, 20, 187, 27, 66, 130, 65, 142, 5, 135, 113, 90, 121, 54, 190, 134, 153, 147, 92, 157, 3, 97, 102, 106, 172, 91, 46, 89, 56, 184, 115, 99, 62, 93, 100, 88, 152, 109, 124, 182, 70, 74, 159, 165, 60, 183, 185, 164, 175, 108, 176, 2, 118, 72, 151, 0, 51, 33, 28, 80, 14, 128, 179, 84, 77, 42, 55, 160, 119, 110, 86, 22, 101, 13, 170, 36, 104, 189, 191, 169, 112, 12, 29, 30, 162, 136, 24, 68, 9, 81, 120, 145, 180, 144, 73, 21, 44, 1, 16, 67, 19, 158, 188, 181, 61, 35, 8, 53, 168, 150, 105, 59, 87, 6, 126, 75, 85, 17, 83, 98, 48, 132, 40, 76, 49, 25, 149, 186, 155, 116.
[0545] Fig. 153 is a diagram illustrating a forty-third example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0546] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 153, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
161, 38, 41, 138, 20, 24, 14, 35, 32, 179, 68, 97, 94, 142, 43, 53, 22, 28, 44, 81, 148, 187, 169, 89, 115, 144, 75, 40, 31, 152, 30, 124, 80, 135, 160, 8, 129, 147, 60, 112, 171, 0, 133, 100, 156, 180, 77, 110, 151, 69, 95, 25, 117, 127, 154, 64, 146, 143, 29, 168, 177, 183, 126, 10, 26, 3, 50, 92, 164, 163, 11, 109, 21, 37, 84, 122, 49, 71, 52, 15, 88, 149, 86, 61, 90, 155, 162, 9, 153, 67, 119, 189, 82, 131, 190, 4, 46, 118, 47, 178, 59, 150, 186, 123, 18, 79, 57, 120, 70, 62, 137, 23, 185, 167, 175, 16, 134, 73, 139, 166, 55, 165, 116, 76, 99, 182, 78, 93, 141, 33, 176, 101, 130, 58, 12, 17, 132, 45, 102, 7, 19, 145, 54, 91, 113, 36, 27, 114, 174, 39, 83, 140, 191, 74, 56, 87, 48, 158, 121, 159, 136, 63, 181, 34, 173, 103, 42, 125, 104, 107, 96, 65, 1, 13, 157, 184, 170, 105, 188, 108, 6, 2, 98, 72, 5, 66, 128, 106, 172, 111, 85, 51.
[0547] Fig. 154 is a diagram of a forty-fourth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0548] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 154, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
57, 73, 173, 63, 179, 186, 148, 181, 160, 163, 4, 109, 137, 99, 118, 15, 5, 115, 44, 153, 185, 40, 12, 169, 2, 37, 188, 97, 65, 67, 117, 90, 66, 135, 154, 159, 146, 86, 61, 182, 59, 83, 91, 175, 58, 138, 93, 43, 98, 22, 152, 96, 45, 120, 180, 10, 116, 170, 162, 68, 3, 13, 41, 131, 21, 172, 55, 24, 1, 79, 106, 189, 52, 184, 112, 53, 136, 166, 29, 62, 107, 128, 71, 111, 187, 161, 101, 49, 155, 28, 94, 70, 48, 0, 33, 157, 151, 25, 89, 88, 114, 134, 75, 87, 142, 6, 27, 64, 69, 19, 150, 38, 35, 130, 127, 76, 102, 123, 158, 129, 133, 110, 141, 95, 7, 126, 85, 108, 174, 190, 165, 156, 171, 54, 17, 121, 103, 14, 36, 105, 82, 8, 178, 51, 23, 84, 167, 30, 100, 42, 72, 149, 92, 77, 104, 183, 39, 125, 80, 143, 144, 56, 119, 16, 132, 139, 191, 50, 164, 122, 46, 140, 31, 176, 60, 26, 32, 11, 177, 124, 74, 145, 20, 34, 18, 81, 168, 9, 78, 113, 147, 47.
[0549] Fig. 155 is a diagram of a forty-fifth example of the GW pattern for an LDPC code with a code length N of 69120 bits.
[0550] According to the GW pattern in Fig. 155, the sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
89, 123, 13, 47, 178, 159, 1, 190, 53, 12, 57, 109, 115, 19, 36, 143, 82, 96, 163, 66, 154, 173, 49, 65, 131, 2, 78, 15, 155, 90, 38, 130, 63, 188, 138, 184, 166, 102, 139, 28, 50, 186, 17, 20, 112, 41, 11, 8, 59, 79, 45, 162, 146, 40, 43, 129, 119, 18, 157, 37, 126, 124, 110, 191, 85, 165, 60, 142, 135, 74, 187, 179, 141, 164, 34, 69, 26, 33, 113, 120, 95, 169, 30, 0, 175, 70, 91, 104, 140, 25, 132, 23, 105, 158, 171, 6, 121, 56, 22, 127, 54, 68, 107, 133, 84, 81, 150, 99, 73, 185, 67, 29, 151, 87, 10, 167, 148, 72, 147, 5, 31, 125, 145, 4, 52, 44, 134, 83, 46, 75, 152, 62, 7, 86, 172, 180, 111, 61, 9, 58, 14, 116, 92, 170, 93, 77, 88, 42, 21, 106, 97, 144, 182, 108, 55, 94, 122, 114, 153, 64, 24, 80, 117, 3, 177, 149, 76, 128, 136, 39, 181, 160, 103, 174, 156, 27, 183, 16, 137, 101, 161, 176, 35, 118, 98, 168, 48, 100, 71, 189, 32, 51.
[0551] The first to forty-fifth examples of the GW pattern for the LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits can be applied to any combination of the LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 bits and an arbitrary coding rate r, an arbitrary modulation method, and an arbitrary constellation.
[0552] Note that, as for the group-wise interleaving, the applied GW pattern is set for each combination of the code length N of the LDPC code, the coding rate r of the LDPC code, the modulation method, and the constellation, whereby the error rate can be further improved for each combination.
[0553] The GW pattern in Fig. 111 is applies to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code (corresponding to the parity check matrix initial value table) with N = 69120 and r = 2/16 in Fig. 30 (the LDPC code with the code length N of 69120 and the coding rate r of 2/16), QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0554] The GW pattern in Fig. 112 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 3/16 in Figs. 31 and 32, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0555] The GW pattern in Fig. 113 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 4/16 in Fig. 33, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0556] The GW pattern in Fig. 114 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 5/16 in Figs. 34 and 35, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0557] The GW pattern in Fig. 115 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 6/16 in Figs. 36 and 37, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0558] The GW pattern in Fig. 116 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 7/16 in Figs. 38 and 39, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0559] The GW pattern in Fig. 117 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 8/16 in Figs. 46 and 47, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0560] The GW pattern in Fig. 118 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 9/16 in Figs. 50 to 52, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0561] The GW pattern in Fig. 119 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 10/16 in Figs. 56 to 58, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0562] The GW pattern in Fig. 120 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 11/16 in Figs. 62 to 64, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0563] The GW pattern in Fig. 121 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 12/16 in Figs. 68 to 70, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0564] The GW pattern in Fig. 122 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 13/16 in Figs. 74 to 76, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0565] The GW pattern in Fig. 123 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 14/16 in Figs. 80 to 82, QPSK, and QPSK-UC in Figs. 96 and 97, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0566] The GW pattern in Fig. 124 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 3/16 in Figs. 31 and 32, 16QAM, and 16QAM-UC in Figs. 98 and 99, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0567] The GW pattern in Fig. 125 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 5/16 in Figs. 34 and 35, 16QAM, and 16QAM-UC in Figs. 98 and 99, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0568] The GW pattern in Fig. 126 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 7/16 in Figs. 38 and 39, 16QAM, and 16QAM-UC in Figs. 98 and 99, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0569] The GW pattern in Fig. 127 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 9/16 in Figs. 50 to 52, 16QAM, and 16QAM-UC in Figs. 98 and 99, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0570] The GW pattern in Fig. 128 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 11/16 in Figs. 62 to 64, 16QAM, and 16QAM-UC in Figs. 98 and 99, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0571] The GW pattern in Fig. 129 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 13/16 in Figs. 74 to 76, 16QAM, and 16QAM-UC in Figs. 98 and 99, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0572] The GW pattern in Fig. 130 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 2/16 in Fig. 30, 64QAM, and 64QAM-UC in Figs. 100 and 101, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0573] The GW pattern in Fig. 131 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 4/16 in Fig. 33, 64QAM, and 64QAM-UC in Figs. 100 and 101, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0574] The GW pattern in Fig. 132 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 6/16 in Figs. 36 and 37, 64QAM, and 64QAM-UC in Figs. 100 and 101, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0575] The GW pattern in Fig. 133 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 8/16 in Figs. 46 and 47, 64QAM, and 64QAM-UC in Figs. 100 and 101, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0576] The GW pattern in Fig. 134 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 10/16 in Figs. 56 to 58, 64QAM, and 64QAM-UC in Figs. 100 and 101, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0577] The GW pattern in Fig. 135 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 12/16 in Figs. 68 to 70, 64QAM, and 64QAM-UC in Figs. 100 and 101, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0578] The GW pattern in Fig. 136 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 14/16 in Figs. 80 to 82, 64QAM, and 64QAM-UC in Figs. 100 and 101, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0579] The GW pattern in Fig. 137 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 3/16 in Figs. 31 and 32, 256QAM, and 256QAM-UC in Figs. 102 and 103, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0580] The GW pattern in Fig. 138 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 5/16 in Figs. 34 and 35, 256QAM, and 256QAM-UC in Figs. 102 and 103, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0581] The GW pattern in Fig. 139 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 7/16 in Figs. 38 and 39, 256QAM, and 256QAM-UC in Figs. 102 and 103, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0582] The GW pattern in Fig. 140 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 9/16 in Figs. 50 to 52, 256QAM, and 256QAM-UC in Figs. 102 and 103, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0583] The GW pattern in Fig. 141 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 11/16 in Figs. 62 and 64, 256QAM, and 256QAM-UC in Figs. 102 and 103, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0584] The GW pattern in Fig. 142 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 13/16 in Figs. 74 to 76, 256QAM, and 256QAM-UC in Figs. 102 and 103, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0585] The GW pattern in Fig. 143 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 2/16 in Fig. 30, 1024QAM, and 1024QAM-UC in Figs. 104 and 105, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0586] The GW pattern in Fig. 144 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 4/16 in Fig. 33, 1024QAM, and 1024QAM-UC in Figs. 104 and 105, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0587] The GW pattern in Fig. 145 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 6/16 in Figs. 36 and 37, 1024QAM, and 1024QAM-UC in Figs. 104 and 105, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0588] The GW pattern in Fig. 146 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 8/16 in Figs. 46 and 47, 1024QAM, and 1024QAM-UC in Figs. 104 and 105, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0589] The GW pattern in Fig. 147 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 10/16 in Figs. 56 to 58, 1024QAM, and 1024QAM-UC in Figs. 104 and 105, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0590] The GW pattern in Fig. 148 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 12/16 in Figs. 68 to 70, 1024QAM, and 1024QAM-UC in Figs. 104 and 105, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0591] The GW pattern in Fig. 149 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 14/16 in Fig. 80 to 82, 1024QAM, and 1024QAM-UC in Figs. 104 and 105, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0592] The GW pattern in Fig. 150 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 3/16 in Figs. 31 and 32, 4096QAM, and 4096QAM-UC in Figs. 106 and 107, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0593] The GW pattern in Fig. 151 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 5/16 in Figs. 34 and 35, 4096QAM, and 4096QAM-UC in Figs. 106 and 107, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0594] The GW pattern in Fig. 152 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 7/16 in Figs. 38 and 39, 4096QAM, and 4096QAM-UC in Figs. 106 and 107, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0595] The GW pattern in Fig. 153 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 9/16 in Figs. 50 to 52, 4096QAM, and 4096QAM-UC in Figs. 106 and 107, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0596] The GW pattern in Fig. 154 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 11/16 in Figs. 62 to 64, 4096QAM, and 4096QAM-UC in Figs. 106 and 107, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
[0597] The GW pattern in Fig. 155 is applied to, for example, a combination of the LDPC code with N = 69120 and r = 13/16 in Figs. 74 to 76, 4096QAM, and 4096QAM-UC in Figs. 106 and 107, thereby achieving a particularly favorable error rate.
<Configuration Example of Reception Device 12>
[0598] Fig. 156 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the reception device 12 in Fig. 7.
[0599] An OFDM processing unit (OFDM operation) 151 receives an OFDM signal from the transmission device 11 (Fig. 7) and performs signal processing for the OFDM signal. Data obtained by performing the signal processing by the OFDM processing unit 151 is supplied to a frame management unit 152.
[0600] The frame management unit 152 processes (frames interprets) a frame configured by the data supplied from the OFDM processing unit 151, and supplies a signal of resulting target data and a signal of control data to frequency deinterleavers 161 and 153, respectively.
[0601] The frequency deinterleaver 153 performs frequency deinterleaving in symbol units for the data from the frame management unit 152, and supplies the data to a demapper 154.
[0602] The demapper 154 performs demapping (signal point arrangement decoding) and quadrature demodulation for the data (data on the constellation) from the frequency deinterleaver 153 on the basis of arrangement (constellation) of the signal points determined by the quadrature modulation performed on the transmission device 11 side, and supplies resulting data ((likelihood) of the LDPC code) to an LDPC decoder 155.
[0603] The LDPC decoder 155 performs LDPC decoding for the LDPC code from the demapper 154, and supplies resulting LDPC target data (here, BCH code) to a BCH decoder 156.
[0604] The BCH decoder 156 performs BCH decoding for the LDPC target data from the LDPC decoder 155, and outputs resulting control data (signaling).
[0605] Meanwhile, the frequency deinterleaver 161 performs frequency deinterleaving in symbol units for the data from the frame management unit 152, and supplies the data to the SISO/MISO decoder 162.
[0606] The SISO/MISO decoder 162 performs space-time decoding of the data from the frequency deinterleaver 161 and supplies the data to a time deinterleaver 163.
[0607] The time deinterleaver 163 deinterleaves the data from the SISO/MISO decoder 162 in symbol units and supplies the data to a demapper 164.
[0608] The demapper 164 performs demapping (signal point arrangement decoding) and quadrature demodulation for the data (data on the constellation) from the time deinterleaver 163 on the basis of arrangement (constellation) of the signal points determined by the quadrature modulation performed on the transmission device 11 side, and supplies resulting data to a bit deinterleaver 165.
[0609] The bit deinterleaver 165 performs bit deinterleaving for the data from the demapper 164, and supplies (likelihood of) the LDPC code that is data after the bit deinterleaving to the LDPC decoder 166.
[0610] The LDPC decoder 166 performs LDPC decoding for the LDPC code from the bit deinterleaver 165, and supplies resulting LDPC target data (here, the BCH code) to the BCH decoder 167.
[0611] The BCH decoder 167 performs BCH decoding for the LDPC target data from the LDPC decoder 155, and supplies resulting data to a BB descrambler 168.
[0612] The BB descrambler 168 applies BB descrambling to the data from the BCH decoder 167, and supplies resulting data to a null deletion unit 169.
[0613] The null deletion unit 169 deletes the null inserted by the padder 112 in Fig. 8 from the data from the BB descrambler 168, and supplies the data to the demultiplexer 170.
[0614] The demultiplexer 170 demultiplexes each of one or more streams (target data) multiplexed into the data from the null deletion unit 169, applies necessary processing, and outputs a result as an output stream.
[0615] Note that the reception device 12 can be configured without including a part of the blocks illustrated in Fig. 156. In other words, in a case where the transmission device 11 (Fig. 8) is configured without including the time interleaver 118, the SISO/MISO encoder 119, the frequency interleaver 120, and the frequency interleaver 124, for example, the reception device 12 can be configured without including the time deinterleaver 163, the SISO/MISO decoder 162, the frequency deinterleaver 161, and the frequency deinterleaver 153 which are blocks respectively corresponding to the time interleaver 118, the SISO/MISO encoder 119, the frequency interleaver 120, and the frequency interleaver 124 of the transmission device 11.
<Configuration Example of Bit Deinterleaver 165>
[0616] Fig. 157 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of the bit deinterleaver 165 in Fig. 156.
[0617] The bit deinterleaver 165 is configured by the block deinterleaver 54 and the group-wise deinterleaver 55, and performs (bit) deinterleaving of a symbol bit of a symbol that is the data from the demapper 164 (Fig. 156).
[0618] In other words, the block deinterleaver 54 performs, for the symbol bit of the symbol from demapper 164, block deinterleaving corresponding to the block interleaving performed by the block interleaver 25 in Fig. 9 (processing reverse to the block interleaving), in other words, block deinterleaving of returning the positions of (the likelihood of) the code bits of the LDPC code permutated by the block interleaving to the original positions, and supplies a resulting LDPC code to the group-wise deinterleaver 55.
[0619] The group-wise deinterleaver 55 performs, for example, for the LDPC code from the block deinterleaver 54, group-wise deinterleaving corresponding to the group-wise interleaving performed by the group-wise interleaver 24 in Fig. 9 (processing reverse to the group-wise interleaving), in other words, group-wise deinterleaving of rearranging, in units of bit groups, the sequence of the code bits of the LDPC code changed in units of bit groups by the group-wise interleaving described in Fig. 110 to return to the original sequence.
[0620] Here, in a case where the parity interleaving, the group-wise interleaving, and the block interleaving have been applied to the LDPC code to be supplied from the demapper 164 to the bit deinterleaver 165, the bit deinterleaver 165 can perform all of parity deinterleaving corresponding to the parity interleaving (processing reverse to the parity interleaving, in other words, parity deinterleaving of returning the sequence of the code bits of the LDPC code changed by the parity interleaving to the original sequence, the block deinterleaving corresponding to the block interleaving, and the group-wise deinterleaving corresponding to the group-wise interleaving.
[0621] Note that the bit deinterleaver 165 in Fig. 157 is provided with the block deinterleaver 54 for performing the block deinterleaving corresponding to the block interleaving, and the group-wise deinterleaver 55 for performing the group-wise deinterleaving corresponding to the group-wise interleaving, but the bit deinterleaver 165 is not provided with a block for performing the parity deinterleaving corresponding to the parity interleaving, and does not perform the parity deinterleaving.
[0622] Therefore, the LDPC code for which the block deinterleaving and the group-wise deinterleaving are performed and the parity deinterleaving is not performed is supplied from (the group-wise deinterleaver 55 of) the bit deinterleaver 165 to the LDPC decoder 166.
[0623] The LDPC decoder 166 performs LDPC decoding for the LDPC code from the bit deinterleaver 165, using a transformed parity check matrix obtained by performing at least column permutation corresponding to the parity interleaving for the parity check matrix H by the type B method used for the LDPC coding by the LDPC encoder 115 in Fig. 8, or a transformed parity check matrix (Fig. 29) obtained by performing row permutation for the parity check matrix (Fig. 27) by the type A method, and outputs resulting data as a decoding result of the LDPC target data.
[0624] Fig. 158 is a flowchart for describing processing performed by the demapper 164, the bit deinterleaver 165, and the LDPC decoder 166 in Fig. 157.
[0625] In step S111, the demapper 164 performs demapping and quadrature demodulation for the data from the time deinterleaver 163 (the data on the constellation mapped to the signal points) and supplies the data to the bit deinterleaver 165. The processing proceeds to step S112.
[0626] In step S112, the bit deinterleaver 165 deinterleaves (bit deinterleaves) the data from the demapper 164. The process proceeds to step S113.
[0627] In other words, in step S112, in the bit deinterleaver 165, the block deinterleaver 54 block deinterleaves the data (symbol) from the demapper 164, and supplies code bits of a resulting LDPC code to the group-wise deinterleaver 55.
[0628] The group-wise deinterleaver 55 group-wise deinterleaves the LDPC code from the block deinterleaver 54, and supplies (the likelihood of) the resulting LDPC code to the LDPC decoder 166.
[0629] In step S113, the LDPC decoder 166 performs LDPC decoding for the LDPC code from the group-wise deinterleaver 55 using the parity check matrix H used for the LDPC coding by the LDPC encoder 115 in Fig. 8, in other words, the transformed parity check matrix obtained from the parity check matrix H, for example, and supplies resulting data as a decoding result of the LDPC target data to the BCH decoder 167.
[0630] Note that, even in Fig. 157, the block deinterleaver 54 for performing the block deinterleaving and the group-wise deinterleaver 55 for performing the group-wise deinterleaving are separately configured, as in the case in Fig. 9, for convenience of description. However, the block deinterleaver 54 and the group-wise deinterleaver 55 can be integrally configured.
[0631] Furthermore, in a case where the group-wise interleaving is not performed in the transmission device 11, the reception device 12 can be configured without including the group-wise deinterleaver 55 for performing the group-wise deinterleaving.
<LDPC Decoding>
[0632] The LDPC decoding performed by the LDPC decoder 166 in Fig. 156 will be further described.
[0633] The LDPC decoder 166 in Fig. 156 performs the LDPC decoding for the LDPC code from the group-wise deinterleaver 55, for which the block deinterleaving and the group-wise deinterleaving have been performed and the parity deinterleaving has not been performed, using a transformed parity check matrix obtained by performing at least column permutation corresponding to the parity interleaving for the parity check matrix H by the type B method used for the LDPC coding by the LDPC encoder 115 in Fig. 8, or the transformed parity check matrix (Fig. 29) obtained by performing row permutation for the parity check matrix (Fig. 27) by the type A method.
[0634] Here, LDPC decoding for enabling suppression of a circuit scale and suppression of an operation frequency within a sufficiently feasible range by being performed using a transformed parity check matrix has been previously proposed (for example, see Patent No.
4224777).
[0635] Therefore, first, the LDPC decoding using a transformed parity check matrix, which has been previously proposed, will be described with reference to Figs. 159 to 162.
[0636] Fig. 159 is a diagram illustrating an example of a parity check matrix H of an LDPC code with a code length N of 90 and a coding rate of 2/3.
[0637] Note that, in Fig. 159 (similarly performed in Figs. 160 and 161 described below), 0 is represented by a period (.).
[0638] In the parity check matrix H in Fig. 159, the parity matrix has a step structure.
[0639] Fig. 160 is a diagram illustrating a parity check matrix H' obtained by applying row permutation of the expression (11) and column permutation of the expression (12) to the parity check matrix H in Fig. 159.
[0640] Note that, in the expressions (11) and (12), s, t, x, and y are integers in ranges of 0 ≤ s < 5, 0 ≤ t < 6, 0 ≤ x < 5, and 0 ≤ t < 6, respectively.
[0641] According to the row permutation of the expression (11), permutation is performed in such a manner that the 1, 7, 13, 19, and 25th rows where the remainder becomes 1 when being divided by 6 are respectively permutated to the 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5th rows, and the 2, 8, 14, 20, and 26th rows where the remainder becomes 2 when being divided by 6 are respectively permutated to the 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10th rows.
[0642] Furthermore, according to the column permutation of the expression (12), permutation is performed for the 61st column and subsequent columns (parity matrix) in such a manner that the 61, 67, 73, 79, and 85th columns where the remainder becomes 1 when being divided by 6 are respectively permutated to the 61, 62, 63, 64, and 65th columns, and the 62, 68, 74, 80, and 86th columns where the remainder becomes 2 when being divided by 6 are respectively permutated to the 66, 67, 68, 69, and 70th columns.
[0643] A matrix obtained by performing the row and column permutation for the parity check matrix H in Fig. 159 is the parity check matrix H' in Fig. 160.
[0644] Here, the row permutation of the parity check matrix H does not affect the sequence of the code bits of the LDPC code.
[0645] Furthermore, the column permutation of the expression (12) corresponds to parity interleaving with the information length K of 60, the unit size P of 5, and the divisor q (= M/P) of the parity length M (30 here) of 6, of the parity interleaving of interleaving the (K + qx + y + 1)th code bit at a position of the (K + Py + x + 1)th code bit.
[0646] Therefore, the parity check matrix H' in Fig. 160 is a transformed parity check matrix obtained by performing at least the column permutation of permutating the (K + qx + y + 1)th column to the (K + Py + x + 1)th column, of the parity check matrix (hereinafter referred to as original parity check matrix as appropriate) H in Fig. 159.
[0647] By multiplying the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 160 by a resultant obtained by performing the same permutation as the expression (12) for the LDPC code of the original parity check matrix H in Fig. 159, a 0 vector is output. In other words, assuming that a row vector obtained by applying the column permutation of the expression (12) to the row vector c as the LDPC code (one codeword) of the original parity check matrix H is represented by c', H'c'
^{T} naturally becomes a 0 vector because Hc
^{T} becomes a 0 vector from the nature of the parity check matrix.
[0648] From the above, the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 160 is a parity check matrix of the LDPC code c' obtained by performing the column permutation of the expression (12) for the LDPC code c of the original parity check matrix H.
[0649] Therefore, a similar decoding result to the case of decoding the LDPC code of the original parity check matrix H using the parity check matrix H can be obtained by performing the column permutation of the expression (12) for the LDPC code c of the original parity check matrix H, decoding (LDPC decoding) the LDPC code c' after the column permutation using the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 160, and applying reverse permutation to the column permutation of the expression (12) to the decoding result.
[0650] Fig. 161 is a diagram illustrating the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 160, which is separated in units of 5 × 5 matrix.
[0651] In Fig. 161, the transformed parity check matrix H' is represented by a combination of an identity matrix of 5 × 5 (= P × P) as the unit size P, a matrix where one or more of 1s in the identity matrix become 0 (hereinafter, the matrix is referred to as quasi identity matrix), a matrix obtained by cyclically shifting the identity matrix or the quasi identity matrix (hereinafter the matrix is referred to as shift matrix as appropriate), and a sum of two or more of the identity matrix, the quasi identity matrix, and the shift matrix (hereinafter, the matrix is referred to as sum matrix as appropriate), and a 5 × 5 zero matrix.
[0652] It can be said that the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 161 is configured by the 5 × 5 identity matrix, the quasi identity matrix, the shift matrix, the sum matrix, and the 0 matrix. Therefore, these 5 × 5 matrices (the identity matrix, the quasi identity matrix, the shift matrix, the sum matrix, and the 0 matrix) constituting the transformed parity check matrix H' are hereinafter referred to as configuration matrices as appropriate.
[0653] For decoding of an LDPC code of a parity check matrix represented by P × P configuration matrices, an architecture that simultaneously performs P check node operations and variable node operations can be used.
[0654] Fig. 162 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of a decoding device that performs such decoding.
[0655] In other words, Fig. 162 illustrates a configuration example of a decoding device that decodes the LDPC code using the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 161 obtained by performing at least the column permutation of the expression (12) for the original parity check matrix H in Fig. 159.
[0656] The decoding device in Fig. 162 includes an edge data storage memory 300 including six FIFOs 300
_{1} to 300
_{6}, a selector 301 for selecting the FIFOs 300
_{1} to 300
_{6}, a check node calculation unit 302, two cyclic shift circuits 303 and 308, an edge data storage memory 304 including eighteen FIFOs 304
_{1} to 304
_{18}, a selector 305 for selecting the FIFOs 304
_{1} to 304
_{18}, a received data memory 306 for storing received data, a variable node calculation unit 307, a decoded word calculation unit 309, a received data rearrangement unit 310, and a decoded data rearrangement unit 311.
[0657] First, a method of storing data in the edge data storage memories 300 and 304 will be described.
[0658] The edge data storage memory 300 is configured by the six FIFOs 300
_{1} to 300
_{6}, the six corresponding to a number obtained by dividing the number of rows of 30 of the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 161 by the number of rows (unit size P) of 5 of the configuration matrix. The FIFO 300
_{y} (y = 1, 2,..., 6) includes storage areas of a plurality of stages, and messages corresponding to five edges, the five corresponding to the number of rows and the number of columns (unit size P) of the configuration matrix, can be read and written at the same time with respect to the storage areas of the respective stages. Furthermore, the number of stages of the storage areas of the FIFO 300
_{y} is nine that is the maximum value of the number of 1s (Hamming weights) in the row direction of the transformed parity check matrix in Fig. 161.
[0659] In the FIFO 300
_{1}, data (message v
_{i} from the variable node) corresponding to the positions of 1 of the 1st to 5th rows of the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 161 are stored close to each other (ignoring 0) for each row in the cross direction. In other words, data corresponding to the positions of 1 of the 5 × 5 identity matrix of from (1, 1) to (5, 5) of the transformed parity check matrix H' is stored in the storage area of the first stage of the FIFO 300
_{1}, where j rows by i columns is represented by (j, i). Data corresponding to the positions of 1 of the shift matrix of from (1, 21) to (5, 25) of the transformed parity check matrix H' (the shift matrix obtained by cyclically shifting the 5 × 5 identity matrix by three in the right direction) is stored in the storage area of the second stage. Data is stored in association with the transformed parity check matrix H', similarly in the storage areas of the third to eighth stages. Then, data corresponding to the positions of 1 of the shift matrix of from (1, 86) to (5, 90) of the transformed parity check matrix H' (the shift matrix obtained by replacing 1 in the 1st row of the 5 × 5 identity matrix to 0 and cyclically shifting the identity matrix by 1 in the left direction) is stored in the storage area of the ninth stage.
[0660] Data corresponding to the positions of 1 of from the 6th to 10th rows of the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 161 is stored in the FIFO 300
_{2}. In other words, data corresponding to the positions of 1 of a first shift matrix constituting the sum matrix of from (6, 1) to (10, 5) of the transformed parity check matrix H' (the sum matrix that is a sum of the first shift matrix obtained by cyclically shifting the 5 × 5 identity matrix by 1 to the right and a second shift matrix obtained by cyclically shifting the 5 × 5 identity matrix by 2 to the right) is stored in the storage area of the first stage of the FIFO 300
_{2}. Furthermore, data corresponding to the positions of 1 of the second shift matrix constituting the sum matrix of from (6, 1) to (10, 5) of the transformed parity check matrix H' is stored in the storage area of the second stage.
[0661] In other words, in regard to the configuration matrix with the weight of 2 or more, when the configuration matrix is expressed in a form of a sum of some matrices of a P × P identity matrix with the weight of 1, a quasi identity matrix in which one or more of the elements of 1 of the identity matrix are 0, and a shift matrix obtained by cyclically shifting the identity matrix or the quasi identity matrix, the data (message corresponding to an edge belonging to the identity matrix, the quasi identity matrix, or the shift matrix) corresponding to a position of 1 of the identity matrix with the weight of 1, the quasi identity matrix, or the shift matrix, is stored in the same address (the same FIFO of FIFOs 300
_{1} to 300
_{6}).
[0662] Hereinafter, data is stored in association with the transformed parity check matrix H', similarly in the storage areas of the third to ninth stages.
[0663] Data are similarly stored in the FIFOs 300
_{3} to 300
_{6} in association with the transformed parity check matrix H'.
[0664] The edge data storage memory 304 is configured by the eighteen FIFOs 304
_{1} to 304
_{18}, the eighteen corresponding to a number obtained by dividing the number of columns of 90 of the transformed parity check matrix H' by the number of columns (unit size P) of 5 of the configuration matrix. The FIFO 304
_{x} (x = 1, 2,..., 18) includes storage areas of a plurality of stages, and messages corresponding to five edges, the five corresponding to the number of rows and the number of columns (unit size P) of the configuration matrix, can be read and written at the same time with respect to the storage areas of the respective stages.
[0665] In the FIFO 304
_{1}, data (message u
_{j} from the check node) corresponding to the positions of 1 of the 1st to 5th columns of the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 161 are stored close to each other (ignoring 0) for each column in the vertical direction. In other words, data corresponding to the positions of 1 of the 5 × 5 identity matrix of from (1, 1) to (5, 5) of the transformed parity check matrix H' is stored in the storage area of the first stage of the FIFO 304
_{1}. Data corresponding to the positions of 1 of a first shift matrix constituting the sum matrix of from (6, 1) to (10, 5) of the transformed parity check matrix H' (the sum matrix that is a sum of the first shift matrix obtained by cyclically shifting the 5 × 5 identity matrix by 1 to the right and a second shift matrix obtained by cyclically shifting the 5 × 5 identity matrix by 2 to the right) is stored in the storage area of the second stage. Furthermore, data corresponding to the positions of 1 of the second shift matrix constituting the sum matrix of from (6, 1) to (10, 5) of the transformed parity check matrix H' is stored in the storage area of the third stage.
[0666] In other words, in regard to the configuration matrix with the weight of 2 or more, when the configuration matrix is expressed in a form of a sum of some matrices of a P × P identity matrix with the weight of 1, a quasi identity matrix in which one or more of the elements of 1 of the identity matrix are 0, and a shift matrix obtained by cyclically shifting the identity matrix or the quasi identity matrix, the data (message corresponding to an edge belonging to the identity matrix, the quasi identity matrix, or the shift matrix) corresponding to the position of 1 of the identity matrix with the weight of 1, the quasi identity matrix, or the shift matrix is stored in the same address (the same FIFO of FIFOs 304
_{1} to 304
_{18}).
[0667] Hereinafter, data is stored in association with the transformed parity check matrix H', similarly in the storage areas of the fourth and fifth stages. The number of stages of the storage areas of the FIFO 304
_{1} is five that is the maximum value of the number of 1s (Hamming weights) in the row direction in the 1st to 5th columns of the transformed parity check matrix H'.
[0668] Data is similarly stored in the FIFOs 304
_{2} and 304
_{3} in association with the transformed parity check matrix H', and respective lengths (stages) are five. Data is similarly stored in the FIFOs 304
_{4} and 304
_{12} in association with the transformed parity check matrix H', and respective lengths are three. Data is similarly stored in the FIFOs 304
_{13} and 304
_{18} in association with the transformed parity check matrix H', and respective lengths are two.
[0669] Next, the operation of the decoding device in Fig. 162 will be described.
[0670] The edge data storage memory 300 includes six FIFOs 300
_{1} to 300
_{6}, and selects FIFO to store data from among the six FIFOs 300
_{1} to 300
_{6} according to information (Matrix data) D312 indicating which row of the transformed parity check matrix H' in Fig. 161 five messages D311 supplied from the previous cyclic shift circuit 308 belong to, and collectively stores the five messages D311 to the selected FIFO in order. Furthermore, in reading data, the edge data storage memory 300 sequentially reads the five messages D300
_{1} from the FIFO 300
_{1} and supplies the read messages to the next-stage selector 301. The edge data storage memory 300 sequentially reads the messages from the FIFOs 300
_{2} to 300
_{6} after completion of the reading of the message from the FIFO 300
_{1}, and supplies the messages to the selector 301.
[0671] The selector 301 selects the five messages from the FIFO currently being read out, of the FIFOs 300
_{1} to 300
_{6}, according to a select signal D301, and supplies the messages as message D302 to the check node calculation unit 302.
[0672] The check node calculation unit 302 includes five check node calculators 302
_{1} to 302
_{5}, and performs the check node operation according to the expression (7), using the message D302 (D302
_{1} to D302
_{5}) (the message v
_{i} of the expression (7)) supplied through the selector 301, and supplies five messages D303 (D303
_{1} to D303
_{5}) obtained as a result of the check node operation (message u
_{j} of the expression (7)) to the cyclic shift circuit 303.
[0673] The cyclic shift circuit 303 cyclically shifts the five messages D303
_{1} to D303
_{5} obtained by the check node calculation unit 302, on the basis of information (Matrix data) D305 indicating how many identity matrices (or quasi identity matrices), which are the basis of the transformed parity check matrix H', have been cyclically shifted for the corresponding edge, and supplies a result as a message D304 to the edge data storage memory 304.
[0674] The edge data storage memory 304 includes eighteen FIFOs 304
_{1} to 304
_{18}, and selects FIFO to store data from among the FIFOs 304
_{1} to 304
_{18} according to information D305 indicating which row of the transformed parity check matrix H' five messages D304 supplied from the previous cyclic shift circuit 303 belong to, and collectively stores the five messages D304 to the selected FIFO in order. Furthermore, in reading data, the edge data storage memory 304 sequentially reads five messages D306
_{1} from the FIFO 304
_{1} and supplies the read messages to the next-stage selector 305. The edge data storage memory 304 sequentially reads the messages from the FIFOs 304
_{2} to 304
_{18} after completion of the reading of the message from the FIFO 304
_{1}, and supplies the messages to the selector 305.
[0675] The selector 305 selects the five messages from the FIFO currently being read out, of the FIFOs 304
_{1} to 304
_{18}, according to a select signal D307, and supplies the messages as message D308 to the variable node calculation unit 307 and the decoded word calculation unit 309.
[0676] Meanwhile, the received data rearrangement unit 310 rearranges the LDPC code D313 corresponding to the parity check matrix H in Fig. 159, which has been received via the communication path 13, by performing the column permutation of the expression (12), and supplies data as received data D314 to the received data memory 306. The received data memory 306 calculates and stored received LLR (log likelihood ratio) from the received data D314 supplied from the received data rearrangement unit 310, and groups five received LLRs and collectively supplies the five received LLRs as a received value D309 to the variable node calculation unit 307 and the decoded word calculation unit 309.
[0677] The variable node calculation unit 307 includes five variable node calculators 307
_{1} to 307
_{5}, and performs the variable node operation according to the expression (1), using the message D308 (D308
_{1} to D308
_{5}) (message u
_{j} of the expression (1)) supplied via the selector 305, and the five received values D309 (received value u
_{0i} of the expression (1))) supplied from the received data memory 306, and supplies a message D310 (D310
_{1} to D310
_{5}) (message v
_{i} of the expression (1))) obtained as a result of the operation to the cyclic shift circuit 308.
[0678] The cyclic shift circuit 308 cyclically shifts the messages D310
_{1} to D310
_{5} calculated by the variable node calculation unit 307, on the basis of information indicating how many identity matrices (or quasi identity matrices), which are the basis of the transformed parity check matrix H', have been cyclically shifted for the corresponding edge, and supplies a result as a message D311 to the edge data storage memory 300.
[0679] By one round of the above operation, one decoding (variable node operation and check node operation) of the LDPC code can be performed. After decoding the LDPC code a predetermined number of times, the decoding device in Fig. 162 obtains and outputs a final decoding result in the decoded word calculation unit 309 and the decoded data rearrangement unit 311.
[0680] In other words, the decoded word calculation unit 309 includes five decoded word calculators 309
_{1} to 309
_{5}, and as a final stage of the plurality of times of decoding, calculates the decoding result (decoded word) on the basis of the expression (5), using the five messages D308 (D308
_{1} to D308
_{5}) (message u
_{j} of the expression (5)) output by the selector 305, and the five received values D309 (received value u
_{0i} of the expression (5)) supplied from the received data memory 306, and supplies resulting decoded data D315 to the decoded data rearrangement unit 311.
[0681] The decoded data rearrangement unit 311 rearranges the decoded data D315 supplied from the decoded word calculation unit 309 by performing reverse permutation to the column permutation of the expression (12), and outputs a final decoding result D316.
[0682] As described above, by applying at least one or both of the row permutation and the column permutation to the parity check matrix (original parity check matrix) to convert the parity check matrix into a parity check matrix (transformed parity check matrix) that can be represented by a combination of a P × P identity matrix, a quasi identity matrix in which one or more of the elements of 1 in the identity matrix are 0, a shift matrix in which the identity matrix or the quasi identity matrix is cyclically shifted, a sum matrix that is a sum of two or more of the identity matrix, the quasi identity matrix, and the shift matrix, and a P × P zero matrix, in other words, by a combination of the configuration matrices, an architecture to perform P check node operations and variable node operations at the same time for decoding of the LDPC code, the P being a number smaller than the number of rows and the number of columns of the parity check matrix, can be adopted. In the case of adopting the architecture to perform P node operations (check node operations and variable node operations) at the same time, the P being the number smaller than the number of rows and the number of columns of the parity check matrix, a large number of repetitive decodings can be performed while suppressing the operation frequency to the feasible range, as compared with a case of performing the number of node operations at the same time, the number being equal to the number of rows and the number of columns of the parity check matrix.
[0683] The LDPC decoder 166 that configures the reception device 12 in Fig. 156 performs the P check node operations and variable node operations at the same time, for example, similarly to the decoding device in Fig. 162, thereby performing the LDPC decoding.
[0684] In other words, to simplify the description, assuming that the parity check matrix of the LDPC code output by the LDPC encoder 115 that configures the transmission device 11 in Fig. 8 is the parity check matrix H with the parity matrix having a step structure, as illustrated in Fig. 159, for example, the parity interleaver 23 of the transmission device 11 performs the parity interleaving in which the (K + qx + y + 1)th code bit is interleaved to the position of the (K + Py + x + 1)th code bit, with the setting of the information length K of 60, the unit size P of 5, the divisor q (= M/P) of the parity length M of 6.
[0685] Since this parity interleaving corresponds to the column permutation of the expression (12) as described above, the LDPC decoder 166 does not need to perform the column permutation of the expression (12).
[0686] Therefore, the reception device 12 in Fig. 156 performs similar processing to the decoding device in Fig. 162 except that the LDPC code for which the parity deinterleaving has not been performed, in other words, the LDPC code in the state where the column permutation by the expression (12) has been performed is supplied from the group-wise deinterleaver 55 to the LDPC decoder 166, as described above, and the LDPC decoder 166 does not perform the column permutation of the expression (12).
[0687] In other words, Fig. 163 is a diagram illustrating a configuration example of the LDPC decoder 166 in Fig. 156.
[0688] In Fig. 163, the LDPC decoder 166 is similarly configured to the decoding device in Fig. 162 except that the received data rearrangement unit 310 in Fig. 162 is not provided, and performs similar processing to the decoding device in Fig. 162 except that the column permutation of the expression (12) is not performed. Therefore, description is omitted.
[0689] As described above, since the LDPC decoder 166 can be configured without providing the received data rearrangement unit 310, the scale can be reduced as compared with the decoding device in Fig. 162.
[0690] Note that, in Figs. 159 to 163, to simplify the description, the LDPC code has been set to the code length N of 90, the information length K of 60, the unit size (the numbers of rows and columns of the configuration matrix) P of 5, and the divisor q (= M/P) of the parity length M of 6. However, the code length N, the information length K, the unit size P, and the divisor q (= M/P) are not limited to the above-described values.
[0691] In other words, in the transmission device 11 in Fig. 8, what the LDPC encoder 115 outputs is the LDPC codes with the code lengths N of 64800, 16200, 69120, and the like, for example, the information length K of N - Pq(= N - M), the unit size P of 360, and the divisor q of M/P. However, the LDPC decoder 166 in Fig. 163 can be applied to a case of performing the LDPC decoding by performing the P check node operations and variable node operations at the same time for such an LDPC code.
[0692] Furthermore, after the decoding of the LDPC code in the LDPC decoder 166, the parity part of the decoding result is unnecessary, and in a case of outputting only the information bit of the decoding result, the LDPC decoder 166 can be configured without the decoded data rearrangement unit 311.
<Configuration Example of Block Deinterleaver 54>
[0693] Fig. 164 is a diagram for describing the block deinterleaving performed by the block deinterleaver 54 in Fig. 157.
[0694] In the block deinterleaving, reverse processing to the block interleaving by the block interleaver 25 described in Fig. 108 is performed to return (restore) the sequence of the code bits of the LDPC code to the original sequence.
[0695] In other words, in the block deinterleaving, for example, as in the block interleaving, the LDPC code is written and read with respect to m columns, the m being equal to the bit length m of the symbol, whereby the sequence of the code bits of the LDPC code is returned to the original sequence.
[0696] Note that, in the block deinterleaving, writing of the LDPC code is performed in the order of reading the LDPC code in the block interleaving. Moreover, in the block deinterleaving, reading of the LDPC code is performed in the order of writing the LDPC code in the block interleaving.
[0697] In other words, in regard to part 1 of the LDPC code, part 1 of the LDPC code in symbol units of m bits is written in the row direction from the 1st row of all the m columns, as illustrated in Fig. 164. In other words, the code bit of the LDPC code, which is the m-bit symbol, is written in the row direction.
[0698] Writing of part 1 in units of m bits is sequentially performed toward lower rows of the m columns, and when writing of part 1 is completed, as illustrated in Fig. 164, reading part 1 downward from the top of the first column unit of the column is performed in the columns from the left to right direction.
[0699] When reading to the rightmost column is completed, as illustrated in Fig. 164, reading returns to the leftmost column, and reading part 1 downward from the top of the second column unit of the column is performed in the columns from the left to right direction. Hereinafter, the reading part 1 of the LDPC code of one codeword is similarly performed.
[0700] When reading of part 1 of the LDPC code of one codeword is completed, in regard to part 2 in m-bit symbol units, the m-bit symbol units are sequentially concatenated after part 1, whereby the LDPC code in symbol units is returned to the sequence of code bits of the LDPC code (the LDCP code before block interleaving) of the original one codeword.
<Another Configuration Example of Bit Deinterleaver 165>
[0701] Fig. 165 is a block diagram illustrating another configuration example of the bit deinterleaver 165 in Fig. 156.
[0702] Note that, in the figure, parts corresponding to the case of Fig. 157 are given the same reference numerals, and hereinafter the description of the parts is appropriately omitted.
[0703] In other words, the bit deinterleaver 165 in Fig. 165 is configured in a similar manner as the case in Fig. 157 except that a parity deinterleaver 1011 is newly provided.
[0704] In Fig. 165, the bit deinterleaver 165 is configured by the block deinterleaver 54, the group-wise deinterleaver 55, and the parity deinterleaver 1011 and performs bit deinterleaving of the code bit of the LDPC code from the demapper 164.
[0705] In other words, the block deinterleaver 54 performs, for the LDPC code from demapper 164, block deinterleaving corresponding to the block interleaving performed by the block interleaver 25 of the transmission device 11 (processing reverse to the block interleaving), in other words, block deinterleaving of returning the positions of the code bits permutated by the block interleaving to the original positions, and supplies a resulting LDPC code to the group-wise deinterleaver 55.
[0706] The group-wise deinterleaver 55 performs, for the LDPC code from the block deinterleaver 54, group-wise deinterleaving corresponding to group-wise interleaving as rearrangement processing performed by the group-wise interleaver 24 of the transmission device 11.
[0707] The LDPC code obtained as a result of group-wise deinterleaving is supplied from the group-wise deinterleaver 55 to the parity deinterleaver 1011.
[0708] The parity deinterleaver 1011 performs, for the bit code after the group-wise deinterleaving in the group-wise deinterleaver 55, parity deinterleaving corresponding to parity interleaving performed by the parity interleaver 23 of the transmission device 11 (processing reverse to the parity interleaving), in other words, parity deinterleaving of returning the sequence of the code bits of the LDPC code changed by the parity interleaving to the original sequence.
[0709] The LDPC code obtained as a result of the parity deinterleaving is supplied from the parity deinterleaver 1011 to the LDPC decoder 166.
[0710] Therefore, in the bit deinterleaver 165 in Fig. 165, the LDPC code for which the block deinterleaving, group-wise deinterleaving, and the parity deinterleaving have been performed, in other words, the LDPC code obtained by the LDPC coding according to the parity check matrix H, is supplied to the LDPC decoder 166.
[0711] The LDPC decoder 166 performs LDPC decoding of the LDPC code from the bit deinterleaver 165 using the parity check matrix H used for the LDPC coding by the LDPC encoder 115 of the transmission device 11.
[0712] In other words, as the type B method, the LDPC decoder 166 performs, for the LDPC code from the bit deinterleaver 165, the LDPC decoding using the parity check matrix H itself (of the type B method) used for the LDPC coding by the LDPC encoder 115 of the transmission device 11 or using the transformed parity check matrix obtained by performing at least column permutation corresponding to the parity interleaving for the parity check matrix H. Furthermore, as the type A method, the LDPC decoder 166 performs, for the LDPC code from the bit deinterleaver 165, the LDPC decoding using the parity check matrix (Fig. 28) obtained by applying column permutation to the parity check matrix (Fig. 27) (of the type A method) used for the LDPC coding by the LDPC encoder 115 of the transmission device 11 or using the transformed parity check matrix (Fig. 29) obtained by applying row permutation to the parity check matrix (Fig. 27) used for the LDPC coding.
[0713] Here, in Fig. 165, since the LDPC code obtained by LDPC coding according to the parity check matrix H is supplied from (the parity deinterleaver 1011 of) the bit deinterleaver 165 to the LDPC decoder 166, in a case of performing LDPC decoding of the LDPC code using the parity check matrix H itself by the type B method used for the LDPC coding by the LDPC encoder 115 of the transmission device 11 or using the parity check matrix (Fig. 28) obtained by applying column permutation to the parity check matrix (Fig. 27) by the type A method used for the LDPC coding, the LDPC decoder 166 can be configured as a decoding device for performing LDPC decoding by a full serial decoding method in which operations of messages (a check node message and a variable node message) are sequentially performed one node at a time or a decoding device for performing LDPC decoding by a full parallel decoding method in which operations of messages are performed simultaneously (parallelly) for all nodes, for example.
[0714] Furthermore, in the LDPC decoder 166, in a case of performing LDPC decoding of the LDPC code using the transformed parity check matrix obtained by applying at least column permutation corresponding to the parity interleaving to the parity check matrix H by the type B method used for the LDPC coding by the LDPC encoder 115 of the transmission device 11 or using the transformed parity check matrix (Fig. 29) obtained by applying row permutation to the parity check matrix (Fig. 27) by the type A method used for the LDPC coding, the LDPC decoder 166 can be configured as an architecture decoding device for simultaneously performing the check node operation and the variable node operation for P nodes (or divisors of P other than 1), the architecture decoding device being also a decoding device (Fig. 162) including a received data rearrangement unit 310 for rearranging the code bits of the LDPC code by applying column permutation similar to the column permutation (parity interleaving) for obtaining the transformed parity check matrix to the LDPC code.
[0715] Note that, in Fig. 165, for convenience of description, the block deinterleaver 54 for performing block deinterleaving, the group-wise deinterleaver 55 for performing group-wise deinterleaving, and the parity deinterleaver 1011 for performing parity deinterleaving are separately configured. However, two or more of the block deinterleaver 54, the group-wise deinterleaver 55, and the parity deinterleaver 1011 can be integrally configured similarly to the parity interleaver 23, the group-wise interleaver 24, and the block interleaver 25 of the transmission device 11.
<Example of Configuration of Reception System>
[0716] Fig. 166 is a block diagram illustrating a first configuration example of the reception system to which the reception device 12 is applicable.
[0717] In Fig. 166, the reception system includes an acquisition unit 1101, a transmission path decoding processing unit 1102, and an information source decoding processing unit 1103.
[0718] The acquisition unit 1101 acquires a signal including the LDPC code obtained by performing at least the LDPC coding for the LDPC target data such as image data and audio data of a program or the like, via a transmission path (communication path, not illustrated) such as, for example, terrestrial digital broadcasting, satellite digital broadcasting, a cable television (CATV) network, the Internet, or another network, and supplies the signal to the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102.
[0719] Here, in a case where the signal acquired by the acquisition unit 1101 is broadcasted from, for example, a broadcasting station via terrestrial waves, satellite waves, cable television (CATV) networks, or the like, the acquisition unit 1101 is configured by a tuner, a set top box (STB), or the like. Furthermore, in a case where the signal acquired by the acquisition unit 1101 is transmitted from a web server by multicast like an internet protocol television (IPTV), for example, the acquisition unit 1101 is configured by, for example, a network interface (I/F) such as a network interface card (NIC) .
[0720] The transmission path decoding processing unit 1102 corresponds to the reception device 12. The transmission path decoding processing unit 1102 applies transmission path decoding processing including at least processing of correcting an error occurring in the transmission path to the signal acquired by the acquisition unit 1101 via the transmission path, and supplies a resulting signal to the information source decoding processing unit 1103.
[0721] In other words, the signal acquired by the acquisition unit 1101 via the transmission path is a signal obtained by performing at least error correction coding for correcting an error occurring in the transmission path, and the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102 applies the transmission path decoding processing such as the error correction processing to such a signal, for example.
[0722] Here, examples of the error correction coding include LDPC coding, BCH coding, and the like. Here, at least the LDPC coding is performed as the error correction coding.
[0723] Furthermore, the transmission path decoding processing may include demodulation of a modulated signal, and the like.
[0724] The information source decoding processing unit 1103 applies information source decoding processing including at least processing of decompressing compressed information into original information to the signal to which the transmission path decoding processing has been applied.
[0725] In other words, compression encoding for compressing information is sometimes applied to the signal acquired by the acquisition unit 1101 via the transmission path in order to reduce the amount of data such as image and sound as the information. In that case, the information source decoding processing unit 1103 applies the information source decoding processing such as processing of decompressing the compressed information into the original information (decompression processing) to the signal to which the transmission path decoding processing has been applied.
[0726] Note that, in a case where the compression encoding has not been applied to the signal acquired by the acquisition unit 1101 via the transmission path, the information source decoding processing unit 1103 does not perform the processing of decompressing the compressed information into the original information.
[0727] Here, an example of the decompression processing includes MPEG decoding and the like. Furthermore, the transmission path decoding processing may include descrambling or the like in addition to the decompression processing.
[0728] In the reception system configured as described above, the acquisition unit 1101 acquires the signal via the transmission path and supplies the acquired signal to the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102, the signal being obtained by applying the compression encoding such as MPEG encoding to data such as image and sound, for example, and further applying the error correction coding such as the LDPC coding to the compressed data.
[0729] The transmission path decoding processing unit 1102 applies processing similar to the processing performed by the reception device 12 or the like, for example, to the signal from the acquisition unit 1101 as the transmission path decoding processing, and supplies the resulting signal to the information source decoding processing unit 1103.
[0730] The information source decoding processing unit 1103 applies the information source decoding processing such as MPEG decoding to the signal from the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102, and outputs resulting image or sound.
[0731] The reception system in Fig. 166 as described above can be applied to, for example, a television tuner for receiving television broadcasting as digital broadcasting and the like.
[0732] Note that the acquisition unit 1101, the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102, and the information source decoding processing unit 1103 can be configured as independent devices (hardware (integrated circuits (ICs) or the like) or software modules), respectively.
[0733] Furthermore, the acquisition unit 1101, the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102, and the information source decoding processing unit 1103 can be configured as a set of the acquisition unit 1101 and the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102, a set of the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102 and the information source decoding processing unit 1103, or a set of the acquisition unit 1101, the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102, and the information source decoding processing unit 1103, as an independent device.
[0734] Fig. 167 is a block diagram illustrating a second configuration example of the reception system to which the reception device 12 is applicable.
[0735] Note that, in the figure, parts corresponding to the case of Fig. 166 are given the same reference numerals, and hereinafter the description of the parts is appropriately omitted.
[0736] The reception system in Fig. 167 is common to the case in Fig. 166 in including the acquisition unit 1101, the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102, and the information source decoding processing unit 1103 but is different from the case in Fig. 166 in newly including an output unit 1111.
[0737] The output unit 1111 is, for example, a display device for displaying an image or a speaker for outputting a sound, and outputs an image, a sound, or the like as a signal output from the information source decoding processing unit 1103. In other words, the output unit 1111 displays an image or outputs a sound.
[0738] The reception system in Fig. 167 as described above can be applied to, for example, a television (TV) receiver for receiving television broadcasting as the digital broadcasting, a radio receiver for receiving radio broadcasting, or the like.
[0739] Note that, in a case where the compression encoding has not been applied to the signal acquired by the acquisition unit 1101, the signal output by the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102 is supplied to the output unit 1111.
[0740] Fig. 168 is a block diagram illustrating a third configuration example of the reception system to which the reception device 12 is applicable.
[0741] Note that, in the figure, parts corresponding to the case of Fig. 166 are given the same reference numerals, and hereinafter the description of the parts is appropriately omitted.
[0742] The reception system in Fig. 168 is common to the case in Fig. 166 in including the acquisition unit 1101 and the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102.
[0743] However, the reception system in Fig. 168 is different from the case in Fig. 166 in not including the information source decoding processing unit 1103 and newly including a recording unit 1121.
[0744] The recording unit 1121 records the signal (for example, a TS packet of TS of MPEG) output by the transmission path decoding processing unit 1102 on a recording (storage) medium such as an optical disk, hard disk (magnetic disk), or flash memory.
[0745] The reception system in Fig. 168 as described above can be applied to a recorder for recording television broadcasting or the like.
[0746] Note that, in Fig. 168, the reception system includes the information source decoding processing unit 1103, and the information source decoding processing unit 1103 can record the signal to which the information source decoding processing has been applied, in other words, the image or sound obtained by decoding, in the recording unit 1121.
<One Embodiment of Computer>
[0747] Next, the above-described series of processing can be performed by hardware or software. In a case of executing the series of processing by software, a program that configures the software is installed in a general-purpose computer or the like.
[0748] Therefore, Fig. 169 illustrates a configuration example of an embodiment of a computer to which a program for executing the above-described series of processing is installed.
[0749] The program can be recorded in advance in a hard disk 705 or a read only memory (ROM) 703 as a recording medium built in the computer.
[0750] Alternatively, the program can be temporarily or permanently stored (recorded) in a removable recording medium 711 such as a flexible disk, a compact disc read only memory (CD-ROM), a magneto optical (MO) disk, a digital versatile disc (DVD), a magnetic disk, or a semiconductor memory. Such a removable recording medium 711 can be provided as so-called package software.
[0751] Note that the program can be wirelessly transferred from a download site to a computer via an artificial satellite for a digital satellite broadcasting or can be transferred by wired means to a computer via a network such as a local area network (LAN) or the Internet, other than being installed from the removable recording medium 711 as described above to a computer. The computer receives the program thus transferred by a communication unit 708 and can install the program to the built-in hard disk 705.
[0752] The computer has a central processing unit (CPU) 702 built in. An input/output interface 710 is connected to the CPU 702 via a bus 701. When a command is input via the input/output interface 710 as the user operates an input unit 707 configured by a keyboard, a mouse, a microphone, or the like, for example, the CPU 702 executes the program stored in the ROM 703 according to the command. Alternatively, the CPU 702 loads the program into a random access memory (RAM) 704 and executes the program, which is stored in the hard disk 705, transferred from the satellite or the network and received by the communication unit 708 and installed in the hard disk 705, or read from the removable recording medium 711 mounted to a drive 709 and installed in the hard disk 705. As a result, the CPU 702 performs processing according to the above-described flowcharts or processing performed by the configurations of the above-described block diagrams. Then, the CPU 702 causes an output unit 706 configured by a liquid crystal display (LCD), a speaker, or the like to output the processing result, the communication unit 708 to transmit the processing result, and the hard disk 705 to record the processing result, via the input/output interface 710, as necessary, for example.
[0753] Here, in the present specification, the processing steps for describing the program for causing a computer to perform the various types of processing do not necessarily have to be processed chronologically in the order described as flowcharts, and includes processing executed in parallel or individually (for example, parallel processing or processing by an object).
[0754] Furthermore, the program may be processed by one computer or may be processed in a distributed manner by a plurality of computers. Moreover, the program may be transferred to a remote computer and executed.
[0755] Note that embodiments of the present technology are not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications can be made without departing from the gist of the present technology.
[0756] For example, (the parity check matrix initial value table of) the above-described new LDPC code and the GW pattern can be used for a satellite channel, a ground wave, a cable (wired channel), and another communication path 13 (Fig. 7). Moreover, the new LDPC code and the GW pattern can be used for data transmission other than digital broadcasting.
[0757] Note that the effects described in the present specification are merely examples and are not limited, and other effects may be exhibited.
REFERENCE SIGNS LIST
[0758]
- 11
- Transmission device
- 12
- Reception device
- 23
- Parity interleaver
- 24
- Group-wise interleaver
- 25
- Block interleaver
- 54
- Block deinterleaver
- 55
- Group-wise deinterleaver
- 111
- Mode adaptation/multiplexer
- 112
- Padder
- 113
- BB scrambler
- 114
- BCH encoder
- 115
- LDPC encoder
- 116
- Bit interleaver
- 117
- Mapper
- 118
- Time interleaver
- 119
- SISO/MISO encoder
- 120
- Frequency interleaver
- 121
- BCH encoder
- 122
- LDPC encoder
- 123
- Mapper
- 124
- Frequency interleaver
- 131
- Frame builder/resource allocation unit
- 132
- OFDM generation unit
- 151
- OFDM processing unit
- 152
- Frame management unit
- 153
- Frequency deinterleaver
- 154
- Demapper
- 155
- LDPC decoder
- 156
- BCH decoder
- 161
- Frequency deinterleaver
- 162
- SISO/MISO decoder
- 163
- Time deinterleaver
- 164
- Demapper
- 165
- Bit deinterleaver
- 166
- LDPC decoder
- 167
- BCH decoder
- 168
- BB descrambler
- 169
- Null deletion unit
- 170
- Demultiplexer
- 300
- Edge data storage memory
- 301
- Selector
- 302
- Check node calculation unit
- 303
- Cyclic shift circuit
- 304
- Edge data storage memory
- 305
- Selector
- 306
- Received data memory
- 307
- Variable node calculation unit
- 308
- Cyclic shift circuit
- 309
- Decoded word calculation unit
- 310
- Received data rearrangement unit
- 311
- Decoded data rearrangement unit
- 601
- Coding processing unit
- 602
- Storage unit
- 611
- Coding rate setting unit
- 612
- Initial value table reading unit
- 613
- Parity check matrix generation unit
- 614
- Information bit reading unit
- 615
- Coded parity operation unit
- 616
- Control unit
- 701
- Bus
- 702
- CPU
- 703
- ROM
- 704
- RAM
- 705
- Hard disk
- 706
- Output unit
- 707
- Input unit
- 708
- Communication unit
- 709
- Drive
- 710
- Input/output interface
- 711
- Removable recording medium
- 1001
- Reverse permutation unit
- 1002
- Memory
- 1011
- Parity deinterleaver
- 1101
- Acquisition unit
- 1102
- Transmission path decoding processing unit
- 1103
- Information source decoding processing unit
- 1111
- Output unit
- 1121
- Recording unit
1. A transmission method comprising:
a coding step of performing LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 3/16;
a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
154, 106, 99, 177, 191, 55, 189, 181, 22, 62, 80, 114, 110, 141, 83, 103, 169, 156, 130, 186, 92, 45, 68, 126, 112, 185, 160, 158, 17, 145, 162, 127, 152, 174, 134, 18, 157, 120, 3, 29, 13, 135, 173, 86, 73, 150, 46, 153, 33, 61, 142, 102, 171, 168, 78, 77, 139, 85, 176, 163, 128, 101, 42, 2, 14, 38, 10, 125, 90, 30, 63, 172, 47, 108, 89, 0, 32, 94, 23, 34, 59, 35, 129, 12, 146, 8, 60, 27, 147, 180, 100, 87, 184, 167, 36, 79, 138, 4, 95, 148, 72, 54, 91, 182, 28, 133, 164, 175, 123, 107, 137, 88, 44, 116, 69, 7, 31, 124, 144, 105, 170, 6, 165, 15, 161, 24, 58, 70, 11, 56, 143, 111, 104, 74, 67, 109, 82, 21, 52, 9, 71, 48, 26, 117, 50, 149, 140, 20, 57, 136, 113, 64, 151, 190, 131, 19, 51, 96, 76, 1, 97, 40, 53, 84, 166, 75, 159, 98, 81, 49, 66, 188, 118, 39, 132, 187, 25, 119, 41, 122, 16, 5, 93, 115, 178, 65, 121, 37, 155, 183, 43, 179,
the parity check matrix includes
an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix,
a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix,
a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix,
a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and
a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix,
the predetermined value M1 is 1800,
the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
126 1125 1373 4698 5254 17832 23701 31126 33867 46596 46794 48392 49352 51151 52100 55162
794 1435 1552 4483 14668 16919 21871 36755 42132 43323 46650 47676 50412 53484 54886 55333
698 1356 1519 5555 6877 8407 8414 14248 17811 22998 28378 40695 46542 52817 53284 55968
457 493 1080 2261 4637 5314 9670 11171 12679 29201 35980 43792 44337 47131 49880 55301
467 721 1484 5326 8676 11727 15221 17477 21390 22224 27074 28845 37670 38917 40996 43851
305 389 526 9156 11091 12367 13337 14299 22072 25367 29827 30710 37688 44321 48351 54663
23 342 1426 5889 7362 8213 8512 10655 14549 15486 26010 30403 32196 36341 37705 45137
123 429 485 4093 6933 11291 11639 12558 20096 22292 24696 32438 34615 38061 40659 51577
920 1086 1257 8839 10010 13126 14367 18612 23252 23777 32883 32982 35684 40534 53318 55947
579 937 1593 2549 12702 17659 19393 20047 25145 27792 30322 33311 39737 42052 50294 53363
116 883 1067 9847 10660 12052 18157 20519 21191 24139 27132 27643 30745 33852 37692 37724
915 1154 1698 5197 5249 13741 25043 29802 31354 32707 33804 36856 39887 41245 42065 50240
317 1304 1770 12854 14018 14061 16657 24029 24408 34493 35322 35755 38593 47428 53811 55008
163 216 719 5541 13996 18754 19287 24293 38575 39520 43058 43395 45390 46665 50706 55269
42 415 1326 2553 7963 14878 17850 21757 22166 32986 39076 39267 46154 46790 52877 53780
593 1511 1515 13942 14258 14432 24537 38229 38251 40975 41350 43490 44880 45278 46574 51442
219 262 955 1978 10654 13021 16873 23340 27412 32762 40024 42723 45976 46603 47761 54095
632 944 1598 12924 17942 18478 26487 28036 42462 43513 44487 44584 48245 53274 54343 55453
501 912 1656 2009 6339 15581 20597 26886 32241 34471 37497 43009 45977 46587 46821 51187
610 713 1619 5176 6122 6445 8044 12220 14126 32911 38647 40715 45111 47872 50111 55027
258 445 1137 4517 5846 7644 15604 16606 16969 17622 20691 34589 35808 43692 45126 49527
612 854 1521 13045 14525 15821 21096 23774 24274 25855 26266 27296 30033 40847 44681 46072
714 876 1365 5836 10004 15778 17044 22417 26397 31508 32354 37917 42049 50828 50947 54052
1338 1595 1718 4722 4981 12275 13632 15276 15547 17668 21645 26616 29044 39417 39669 53539
687 721 1054 5918 10421 13356 15941 17657 20704 21564 23649 35798 36475 46109 46414 49845
734 1635 1666 9737 23679 24394 24784 26917 27334 28772 29454 35246 35512 37169 39638 44309
469 918 1212 3912 10712 13084 13906 14000 16602 18040 18697 25940 30677 44811 50590 52018
70 332 496 6421 19082 19665 25460 27377 27378 31086 36629 37104 37236 37771 38622 40678
48 142 1668 2102 3421 10462 13086 13671 24889 36914 37586 40166 42935 49052 49205 52170
294 616 840 2360 5386 7278 10202 15133 24149 24629 27338 28672 31892 39559 50438 50453
517 946 1043 2563 3416 6620 8572 10920 31906 32685 36852 40521 46898 48369 48700 49210
1325 1424 1741 11692 11761 19152 19732 28863 30563 34985 42394 44802 49339 54524 55731
664 1340 1437 9442 10378 12176 18760 19872 21648 34682 37784 40545 44808 47558 53061
378 705 1356 16007 16336 19543 21682 28716 30262 34500 40335 44238 48274 50341 52887
999 1202 1328 10688 11514 11724 15674 21039 35182 36272 41441 42542 52517 54945 56157
247 384 1270 6610 10335 24421 25984 27761 38728 41010 46216 46892 47392 48394 51471
10091 10124 12187 13741 18018 20438 21412 24163 35862 36925 37532 46234
7860 8123 8712 17553 20624 29410 29697 29853 43483 43603 53476 53737
11547 11741 19045 20400 23052 28251 32038 44283 50596 53622 55875 55888
3825 11292 11723 13819 26483 28571 33319 33721 34911 37766 47843 48667
10114 10336 14710 15586 19531 22471 27945 28397 45637 46131 47760 52375.
2. A reception device comprising:
a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from
a transmission device including
a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 3/16,
a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
154, 106, 99, 177, 191, 55, 189, 181, 22, 62, 80, 114, 110, 141, 83, 103, 169, 156, 130, 186, 92, 45, 68, 126, 112, 185, 160, 158, 17, 145, 162, 127, 152, 174, 134, 18, 157, 120, 3, 29, 13, 135, 173, 86, 73, 150, 46, 153, 33, 61, 142, 102, 171, 168, 78, 77, 139, 85, 176, 163, 128, 101, 42, 2, 14, 38, 10, 125, 90, 30, 63, 172, 47, 108, 89, 0, 32, 94, 23, 34, 59, 35, 129, 12, 146, 8, 60, 27, 147, 180, 100, 87, 184, 167, 36, 79, 138, 4, 95, 148, 72, 54, 91, 182, 28, 133, 164, 175, 123, 107, 137, 88, 44, 116, 69, 7, 31, 124, 144, 105, 170, 6, 165, 15, 161, 24, 58, 70, 11, 56, 143, 111, 104, 74, 67, 109, 82, 21, 52, 9, 71, 48, 26, 117, 50, 149, 140, 20, 57, 136, 113, 64, 151, 190, 131, 19, 51, 96, 76, 1, 97, 40, 53, 84, 166, 75, 159, 98, 81, 49, 66, 188, 118, 39, 132, 187, 25, 119, 41, 122, 16, 5, 93, 115, 178, 65, 121, 37, 155, 183, 43, 179,
the parity check matrix includes
an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix,
a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix,
a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix,
a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and
a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix,
the predetermined value M1 is 1800,
the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
126 1125 1373 4698 5254 17832 23701 31126 33867 46596 46794 48392 49352 51151 52100 55162
794 1435 1552 4483 14668 16919 21871 36755 42132 43323 46650 47676 50412 53484 54886 55333
698 1356 1519 5555 6877 8407 8414 14248 17811 22998 28378 40695 46542 52817 53284 55968
457 493 1080 2261 4637 5314 9670 11171 12679 29201 35980 43792 44337 47131 49880 55301
467 721 1484 5326 8676 11727 15221 17477 21390 22224 27074 28845 37670 38917 40996 43851
305 389 526 9156 11091 12367 13337 14299 22072 25367 29827 30710 37688 44321 48351 54663
23 342 1426 5889 7362 8213 8512 10655 14549 15486 26010 30403 32196 36341 37705 45137
123 429 485 4093 6933 11291 11639 12558 20096 22292 24696 32438 34615 38061 40659 51577
920 1086 1257 8839 10010 13126 14367 18612 23252 23777 32883 32982 35684 40534 53318 55947
579 937 1593 2549 12702 17659 19393 20047 25145 27792 30322 33311 39737 42052 50294 53363
116 883 1067 9847 10660 12052 18157 20519 21191 24139 27132 27643 30745 33852 37692 37724
915 1154 1698 5197 5249 13741 25043 29802 31354 32707 33804 36856 39887 41245 42065 50240
317 1304 1770 12854 14018 14061 16657 24029 24408 34493 35322 35755 38593 47428 53811 55008
163 216 719 5541 13996 18754 19287 24293 38575 39520 43058 43395 45390 46665 50706 55269
42 415 1326 2553 7963 14878 17850 21757 22166 32986 39076 39267 46154 46790 52877 53780
593 1511 1515 13942 14258 14432 24537 38229 38251 40975 41350 43490 44880 45278 46574 51442
219 262 955 1978 10654 13021 16873 23340 27412 32762 40024 42723 45976 46603 47761 54095
632 944 1598 12924 17942 18478 26487 28036 42462 43513 44487 44584 48245 53274 54343 55453
501 912 1656 2009 6339 15581 20597 26886 32241 34471 37497 43009 45977 46587 46821 51187
610 713 1619 5176 6122 6445 8044 12220 14126 32911 38647 40715 45111 47872 50111 55027
258 445 1137 4517 5846 7644 15604 16606 16969 17622 20691 34589 35808 43692 45126 49527
612 854 1521 13045 14525 15821 21096 23774 24274 25855 26266 27296 30033 40847 44681 46072
714 876 1365 5836 10004 15778 17044 22417 26397 31508 32354 37917 42049 50828 50947 54052
1338 1595 1718 4722 4981 12275 13632 15276 15547 17668 21645 26616 29044 39417 39669 53539
687 721 1054 5918 10421 13356 15941 17657 20704 21564 23649 35798 36475 46109 46414 49845
734 1635 1666 9737 23679 24394 24784 26917 27334 28772 29454 35246 35512 37169 39638 44309
469 918 1212 3912 10712 13084 13906 14000 16602 18040 18697 25940 30677 44811 50590 52018
70 332 496 6421 19082 19665 25460 27377 27378 31086 36629 37104 37236 37771 38622 40678
48 142 1668 2102 3421 10462 13086 13671 24889 36914 37586 40166 42935 49052 49205 52170
294 616 840 2360 5386 7278 10202 15133 24149 24629 27338 28672 31892 39559 50438 50453
517 946 1043 2563 3416 6620 8572 10920 31906 32685 36852 40521 46898 48369 48700 49210
1325 1424 1741 11692 11761 19152 19732 28863 30563 34985 42394 44802 49339 54524 55731
664 1340 1437 9442 10378 12176 18760 19872 21648 34682 37784 40545 44808 47558 53061
378 705 1356 16007 16336 19543 21682 28716 30262 34500 40335 44238 48274 50341 52887
999 1202 1328 10688 11514 11724 15674 21039 35182 36272 41441 42542 52517 54945 56157
247 384 1270 6610 10335 24421 25984 27761 38728 41010 46216 46892 47392 48394 51471
10091 10124 12187 13741 18018 20438 21412 24163 35862 36925 37532 46234
7860 8123 8712 17553 20624 29410 29697 29853 43483 43603 53476 53737
11547 11741 19045 20400 23052 28251 32038 44283 50596 53622 55875 55888
3825 11292 11723 13819 26483 28571 33319 33721 34911 37766 47843 48667
10114 10336 14710 15586 19531 22471 27945 28397 45637 46131 47760 52375.
3. A transmission method comprising:
a coding step of performing LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 5/16;
a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
1, 182, 125, 0, 121, 47, 63, 154, 76, 99, 82, 163, 102, 166, 28, 189, 56, 67, 54, 39, 40, 185, 184, 65, 179, 4, 91, 87, 137, 170, 98, 71, 169, 49, 73, 37, 11, 143, 150, 123, 93, 62, 3, 50, 26, 140, 178, 95, 183, 33, 21, 53, 112, 128, 118, 120, 106, 139, 32, 130, 173, 132, 156, 119, 83, 176, 159, 13, 145, 36, 30, 113, 2, 41, 147, 174, 94, 88, 92, 60, 165, 59, 25, 161, 100, 85, 81, 61, 138, 48, 177, 77, 6, 22, 16, 43, 115, 23, 12, 66, 70, 9, 164, 122, 58, 105, 69, 42, 38, 19, 24, 180, 175, 74, 160, 34, 101, 72, 114, 142, 20, 8, 15, 190, 144, 104, 79, 172, 148, 31, 168, 10, 107, 14, 35, 52, 134, 126, 167, 149, 116, 186, 17, 162, 151, 5, 136, 55, 44, 110, 158, 46, 191, 29, 153, 155, 117, 188, 131, 97, 146, 103, 78, 109, 129, 57, 111, 45, 68, 157, 84, 141, 89, 64, 7, 108, 152, 75, 18, 96, 133, 171, 86, 181, 127, 27, 124, 187, 135, 80, 51, 90,
the parity check matrix includes
an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix,
a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix,
a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix,
a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and
a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix,
the predetermined value M1 is 1800,
the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
152 1634 7484 23081 24142 26799 33620 40989 41902 44319 44378 45067
140 701 5137 7313 12672 16929 20359 27052 30236 33846 36254 46973
748 769 2891 7812 9964 15629 19104 20551 25796 28144 31518 34124
542 976 2279 18904 20877 24190 25903 28129 36804 41152 41957 46888
173 960 2926 11682 12304 13284 18037 22702 30255 33718 34073 37152
78 1487 4898 7472 8033 10631 11732 19334 24577 34586 38651 43639
594 1095 1857 2368 8909 17295 17546 21865 23257 31273 37013 41454
72 419 1596 7849 16093 23167 26923 31883 36092 40348 44500
866 1120 1568 1986 3532 20094 21663 26664 26970 33542 42578
868 917 1216 12018 15402 20691 24736 33133 36692 40276 46616
955 1070 1749 7988 10235 19174 22733 24283 27985 38200 44029
613 1729 1787 19542 21227 21376 31057 36104 36874 38078 42445
86 1555 1644 4633 14402 14997 25724 31382 31911 32224 43900
353 1132 1246 5544 7248 17887 25769 27008 28773 33188 44663
600 958 1376 6417 6814 17587 20680 25376 29522 31396 40526
179 528 1472 2481 5589 15696 20148 28040 29690 32370 42163
122 144 681 6613 11230 20862 26396 27737 35928 39396 42713
934 1256 1420 3881 4487 5830 7897 9587 17940 40333 41925
622 1458 1490 16541 18443 19401 24860 26981 28157 32875 38755
1017 1143 1511 2169 17322 24662 25971 29149 31450 31670 34779
935 1084 1534 2918 10596 11534 17476 27269 30344 31104 37975
173 532 1766 8001 10483 17002 19002 26759 31006 43466 47443
221 610 1795 9197 11770 12793 14875 30177 30610 42274 43888
188 439 1332 7030 9246 15150 26060 26541 27190 28259 36763
812 1643 1750 7446 7888 7995 18804 21646 28995 30727 39065
44 481 555 5618 9621 9873 19182 22059 42510 45343 46058
156 532 1799 6258 18733 19988 23237 27657 30835 34738 39503
1128 1553 1790 8372 11543 13764 17062 28627 38502 40796 42461
564 777 1286 3446 5566 12105 16038 18918 21802 25954 28137
1167 1178 1770 4151 11422 11833 16823 17799 19188 22517 29979
576 638 1364 12257 22028 24243 24297 31788 36398 38409 47211
334 592 940 2865 12075 12708 21452 31961 32150 35723 46278
1205 1267 1721 9293 18685 18917 23490 27678 37645 40114 45733
189 628 821 17066 19218 21462 25452 26858 38408 38941 42354
190 951 1019 5572 7135 15647 32613 33863 33981 35670 43727
84 1003 1597 12597 15567 21221 21891 23151 23964 24816 46178
756 1262 1345 6694 6893 9300 9497 17950 19082 35668 38447
848 948 1560 6591 12529 12535 20567 23882 34481 46531 46541
504 631 777 10585 12330 13822 15388 23332 27688 35955 38051
676 1484 1575 2215 5830 6049 13558 25034 33602 35663 41025
1298 1427 1732 13930 15611 19462 20975 23200 30460 30682 34883
1491 1593 1615 4289 7010 10264 21047 26704 27024 29658 46766
969 1730 1748 2217 7181 7623 15860 21332 28133 28998 36077
302 1216 1374 5177 6849 7239 10255 34952 37908 39911 41738
220 362 1491 5235 5439 22708 29228 29481 33272 36831 46487
4 728 1279 4579 8325 8505 27604 31437 33574 41716 45082
472 735 1558 4454 6957 14867 18307 22437 38304 42054 45307
85 466 851 3669 7119 32748 32845 41914 42595 42600 45101
52 553 824 2994 4569 12505 24738 33258 37121 43381 44753
37 495 1553 7684 8908 12412 15563 16461 17872 29292 30619
254 1057 1481 9971 18408 19815 28569 29164 39281 42723 45604
16 1213 1614 4352 8091 8847 10022 24394 35661 43800 44362
395 750 888 2582 3772 4151 26025 36367 42326 42673 47393
862 1379 1441 6413 25621 28378 34869 35491 41774 44165 45411
46 213 1597 2771 4694 4923 17101 17212 19347 22002 43226
1339 1544 1610 13522 14840 15355 29399 30125 33685 36350 37672
251 1162 1260 9766 13137 34769 36646 43313 43736 43828 45151
214 1002 1688 5357 19091 19213 24460 28843 32869 35013 39791
646 733 1735 11175 11336 12043 22962 33892 35646 37116 38655
293 927 1064 4818 5842 10983 12871 17804 33127 41604 46588
10927 15514 22748 34850 37645 40669 41583 44090
3329 7548 8092 11659 16832 35304 46738 46888
3510 5915 9603 30333 37198 42866 44361 46416
2575 5311 9421 13410 15375 34017 37136 43990
12468 14492 24417 26394 38565 38936 41899 45593.
4. A reception device comprising:
a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from
a transmission device including
a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 5/16,
a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
1, 182, 125, 0, 121, 47, 63, 154, 76, 99, 82, 163, 102, 166, 28, 189, 56, 67, 54, 39, 40, 185, 184, 65, 179, 4, 91, 87, 137, 170, 98, 71, 169, 49, 73, 37, 11, 143, 150, 123, 93, 62, 3, 50, 26, 140, 178, 95, 183, 33, 21, 53, 112, 128, 118, 120, 106, 139, 32, 130, 173, 132, 156, 119, 83, 176, 159, 13, 145, 36, 30, 113, 2, 41, 147, 174, 94, 88, 92, 60, 165, 59, 25, 161, 100, 85, 81, 61, 138, 48, 177, 77, 6, 22, 16, 43, 115, 23, 12, 66, 70, 9, 164, 122, 58, 105, 69, 42, 38, 19, 24, 180, 175, 74, 160, 34, 101, 72, 114, 142, 20, 8, 15, 190, 144, 104, 79, 172, 148, 31, 168, 10, 107, 14, 35, 52, 134, 126, 167, 149, 116, 186, 17, 162, 151, 5, 136, 55, 44, 110, 158, 46, 191, 29, 153, 155, 117, 188, 131, 97, 146, 103, 78, 109, 129, 57, 111, 45, 68, 157, 84, 141, 89, 64, 7, 108, 152, 75, 18, 96, 133, 171, 86, 181, 127, 27, 124, 187, 135, 80, 51, 90,
the parity check matrix includes
an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix,
a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix,
a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix,
a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and
a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix,
the predetermined value M1 is 1800,
the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
152 1634 7484 23081 24142 26799 33620 40989 41902 44319 44378 45067
140 701 5137 7313 12672 16929 20359 27052 30236 33846 36254 46973
748 769 2891 7812 9964 15629 19104 20551 25796 28144 31518 34124
542 976 2279 18904 20877 24190 25903 28129 36804 41152 41957 46888
173 960 2926 11682 12304 13284 18037 22702 30255 33718 34073 37152
78 1487 4898 7472 8033 10631 11732 19334 24577 34586 38651 43639
594 1095 1857 2368 8909 17295 17546 21865 23257 31273 37013 41454
72 419 1596 7849 16093 23167 26923 31883 36092 40348 44500
866 1120 1568 1986 3532 20094 21663 26664 26970 33542 42578
868 917 1216 12018 15402 20691 24736 33133 36692 40276 46616
955 1070 1749 7988 10235 19174 22733 24283 27985 38200 44029
613 1729 1787 19542 21227 21376 31057 36104 36874 38078 42445
86 1555 1644 4633 14402 14997 25724 31382 31911 32224 43900
353 1132 1246 5544 7248 17887 25769 27008 28773 33188 44663
600 958 1376 6417 6814 17587 20680 25376 29522 31396 40526
179 528 1472 2481 5589 15696 20148 28040 29690 32370 42163
122 144 681 6613 11230 20862 26396 27737 35928 39396 42713
934 1256 1420 3881 4487 5830 7897 9587 17940 40333 41925
622 1458 1490 16541 18443 19401 24860 26981 28157 32875 38755
1017 1143 1511 2169 17322 24662 25971 29149 31450 31670 34779
935 1084 1534 2918 10596 11534 17476 27269 30344 31104 37975
173 532 1766 8001 10483 17002 19002 26759 31006 43466 47443
221 610 1795 9197 11770 12793 14875 30177 30610 42274 43888
188 439 1332 7030 9246 15150 26060 26541 27190 28259 36763
812 1643 1750 7446 7888 7995 18804 21646 28995 30727 39065
44 481 555 5618 9621 9873 19182 22059 42510 45343 46058
156 532 1799 6258 18733 19988 23237 27657 30835 34738 39503
1128 1553 1790 8372 11543 13764 17062 28627 38502 40796 42461
564 777 1286 3446 5566 12105 16038 18918 21802 25954 28137
1167 1178 1770 4151 11422 11833 16823 17799 19188 22517 29979
576 638 1364 12257 22028 24243 24297 31788 36398 38409 47211
334 592 940 2865 12075 12708 21452 31961 32150 35723 46278
1205 1267 1721 9293 18685 18917 23490 27678 37645 40114 45733
189 628 821 17066 19218 21462 25452 26858 38408 38941 42354
190 951 1019 5572 7135 15647 32613 33863 33981 35670 43727
84 1003 1597 12597 15567 21221 21891 23151 23964 24816 46178
756 1262 1345 6694 6893 9300 9497 17950 19082 35668 38447
848 948 1560 6591 12529 12535 20567 23882 34481 46531 46541
504 631 777 10585 12330 13822 15388 23332 27688 35955 38051
676 1484 1575 2215 5830 6049 13558 25034 33602 35663 41025
1298 1427 1732 13930 15611 19462 20975 23200 30460 30682 34883
1491 1593 1615 4289 7010 10264 21047 26704 27024 29658 46766
969 1730 1748 2217 7181 7623 15860 21332 28133 28998 36077
302 1216 1374 5177 6849 7239 10255 34952 37908 39911 41738
220 362 1491 5235 5439 22708 29228 29481 33272 36831 46487
4 728 1279 4579 8325 8505 27604 31437 33574 41716 45082
472 735 1558 4454 6957 14867 18307 22437 38304 42054 45307
85 466 851 3669 7119 32748 32845 41914 42595 42600 45101
52 553 824 2994 4569 12505 24738 33258 37121 43381 44753
37 495 1553 7684 8908 12412 15563 16461 17872 29292 30619
254 1057 1481 9971 18408 19815 28569 29164 39281 42723 45604
16 1213 1614 4352 8091 8847 10022 24394 35661 43800 44362
395 750 888 2582 3772 4151 26025 36367 42326 42673 47393
862 1379 1441 6413 25621 28378 34869 35491 41774 44165 45411
46 213 1597 2771 4694 4923 17101 17212 19347 22002 43226
1339 1544 1610 13522 14840 15355 29399 30125 33685 36350 37672
251 1162 1260 9766 13137 34769 36646 43313 43736 43828 45151
214 1002 1688 5357 19091 19213 24460 28843 32869 35013 39791
646 733 1735 11175 11336 12043 22962 33892 35646 37116 38655
293 927 1064 4818 5842 10983 12871 17804 33127 41604 46588
10927 15514 22748 34850 37645 40669 41583 44090
3329 7548 8092 11659 16832 35304 46738 46888
3510 5915 9603 30333 37198 42866 44361 46416
2575 5311 9421 13410 15375 34017 37136 43990
12468 14492 24417 26394 38565 38936 41899 45593.
5. A transmission method comprising:
a coding step of performing LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 7/16;
a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
35, 75, 166, 145, 143, 184, 62, 96, 54, 63, 157, 103, 32, 43, 126, 187, 144, 91, 78, 44, 39, 109, 185, 102, 10, 68, 29, 42, 149, 83, 133, 94, 130, 27, 171, 19, 51, 165, 148, 28, 36, 33, 173, 136, 87, 82, 100, 49, 120, 152, 161, 162, 147, 71, 137, 57, 8, 53, 132, 151, 163, 123, 47, 92, 90, 60, 99, 79, 59, 108, 115, 72, 0, 12, 140, 160, 61, 180, 74, 37, 86, 117, 191, 101, 52, 15, 80, 156, 127, 81, 131, 141, 142, 31, 95, 4, 73, 64, 16, 18, 146, 70, 181, 7, 89, 124, 77, 67, 116, 21, 34, 41, 105, 113, 97, 2, 6, 55, 17, 65, 38, 48, 158, 159, 179, 5, 30, 183, 170, 135, 125, 20, 106, 186, 182, 188, 114, 1, 14, 3, 134, 178, 189, 167, 40, 119, 22, 190, 58, 23, 155, 138, 98, 84, 11, 110, 88, 46, 177, 175, 25, 150, 118, 121, 129, 168, 13, 128, 104, 69, 112, 169, 9, 45, 174, 93, 26, 56, 76, 50, 154, 139, 66, 85, 153, 107, 111, 172, 176, 164, 24, 122,
the parity check matrix includes
an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix,
a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix,
a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix,
a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and
a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix,
the predetermined value M1 is 4680,
the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
1012 3997 5398 5796 21940 23609 25002 28007 32214 33822 38194
1110 4016 5752 10837 15440 15952 17802 27468 32933 33191 35420
95 1953 6554 11381 12839 12880 22901 26742 26910 27621 37825
1146 2232 5658 13131 13785 16771 17466 20561 29400 32962 36879
2023 3420 5107 10789 12303 13316 14428 24912 35363 36348 38787
3283 3637 12474 14376 20459 22584 23093 28876 31485 31742 34849
1807 3890 4865 7562 9091 13778 18361 21934 24548 34267 38260
1613 3620 10165 11464 14071 20675 20803 26814 27593 29483 36485
849 3946 8585 9208 9939 14676 14990 19276 23459 30577 36838
1890 2583 5951 6003 11943 13641 16319 18379 22957 24644 33430
1936 3939 5267 6314 12665 19626 20457 22010 27958 30238 32976
2153 4318 6782 13048 17730 17923 24137 24741 25594 32852 33209
1869 4262 6616 13522 19266 19384 22769 28883 30389 35102 36019
3037 3116 7478 7841 10627 10908 14060 14163 23772 27946 37835
1668 3125 7485 8525 14659 22834 24080 24838 30890 33391 36788
1623 2836 6776 8549 11448 23281 32033 32729 33650 34069 34607
101 1420 5172 7475 11673 18807 21367 23095 26368 30888 37882
3874 3940 4823 16485 21601 21655 21885 25541 30177 31656 35067
592 643 4847 6870 7671 10412 25081 33412 33478 33495 35976
2578 2677 12592 17140 17185 21962 23206 23838 27624 32594 34828
3058 3443 4959 21179 22411 24033 26004 26489 26775 33816 36694
91 2998 10137 11957 12444 22330 24300 26008 26441 26521 38191
889 1840 8881 10228 12495 18162 22259 23385 25687 35853 38848
1332 3031 13482 14262 15897 23112 25954 28035 34898 36286 36991
2505 2599 10980 15245 20084 20114 24496 26309 31139 34090 37258
599 1778 8935 16154 19546 23537 24938 32059 32406 35564 37175
392 1777 4793 8050 10543 10668 14823 25252 32922 36658 37832
1680 2630 7190 7880 10894 20675 27523 33460 33733 34000 35829
532 3750 5075 10603 12466 19838 24231 24998 27647 35111 38617
1786 3066 11367 12452 13896 15346 24646 25509 26109 30358 37392
1027 1659 6483 16919 17636 18905 19741 30579 35934 36515 37617
2064 2354 14085 16460 21378 21719 22981 23329 31701 32057 32640
2009 4421 7595 8790 12803 17649 18527 24246 27584 28757 31794
364 646 9398 13898 17486 17709 20911 31493 31810 32019 33341
2246 3760 4911 19338 25792 27511 28689 30634 31928 34984 36605
3178 3544 8858 9336 9602 12290 16521 27872 28391 28422 36105
1981 2209 12718 20656 21253 22574 28653 29967 33692 36759 37871
787 1545 7652 8376 9628 9995 10289 16260 17606 22673 34564
795 4580 12749 16670 18727 19131 19449 26152 29165 30820 31678
1577 2980 8659 12301 13813 14838 20782 23068 30185 34308 34676
84 434 13572 21777 24581 28397 28490 32547 33282 34655 37579
2927 4440 8979 14992 19009 20435 23558 26280 31320 35106 37704
1974 2712 6552 8585 10051 14848 15186 22968 24285 25878 36054
585 1990 3457 5010 8808
9 2792 4678 22666 32922
342 507 861 18844 32947
554 3395 4094 8147 34616
356 2061 2801 20330 38214
425 2432 4573 7323 28157
73 1192 2618 7812 17947
842 1053 4088 10818 24053
1234 1249 4171 6645 37350
1498 2113 4175 6432 17014
524 2135 2205 6311 7502
191 954 3166 28938 31869
548 586 4101 12129 25819
127 2352 3215 6791 13523
286 4262 4423 14087 38061
1645 3551 4209 14083 15827
719 1087 2813 32857 34499
651 2752 4548 25139 25514
1702 4186 4478 10785 33263
34 3157 4196 5811 36555
643 649 1524 6587 27246
291 836 1036 18936 19201
78 1099 4174 18305 36119
3083 3173 4667 27349 32057
3449 4090 4339 18334 24596
503 3816 4465 29204 35316
102 1693 1799 17180 35877
288 324 1237 16167 33970
224 2831 3571 17861 28530
1202 2803 2834 4943 31485
1112 2196 3027 29308 37101
4242 4291 4503 16344 28769
1020 1927 3349 9686 33845
3179 3304 3891 8448 37247
1076 2319 4512 17010 18781
987 1391 3781 12318 35710
2268 3467 3619 15764 25608
764 1135 2224 8647 17486
2091 4081 4648 8101 33818
471 3668 4069 14925 36242
932 2140 3428 12523 33270
5840 8959 12039 15972 38496
5960 7759 10493 31160 38054
10380 14835 26024 35399 36517
5260 7306 13419 28804 31112
12747 23075 32458 36239 37437
14096 16976 21598 32228 34672
5024 5769 21798 22675 25316
8617 14189 17874 22776 29780
7628 13623 16676 30019 33213
14090 14254 18987 21720 38550
17306 17709 19135 22995 28597
13137 18028 23943 27468 37156
7704 8171 10815 28138 29526.
6. A reception device comprising:
a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from
a transmission device including
a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 7/16,
a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
35, 75, 166, 145, 143, 184, 62, 96, 54, 63, 157, 103, 32, 43, 126, 187, 144, 91, 78, 44, 39, 109, 185, 102, 10, 68, 29, 42, 149, 83, 133, 94, 130, 27, 171, 19, 51, 165, 148, 28, 36, 33, 173, 136, 87, 82, 100, 49, 120, 152, 161, 162, 147, 71, 137, 57, 8, 53, 132, 151, 163, 123, 47, 92, 90, 60, 99, 79, 59, 108, 115, 72, 0, 12, 140, 160, 61, 180, 74, 37, 86, 117, 191, 101, 52, 15, 80, 156, 127, 81, 131, 141, 142, 31, 95, 4, 73, 64, 16, 18, 146, 70, 181, 7, 89, 124, 77, 67, 116, 21, 34, 41, 105, 113, 97, 2, 6, 55, 17, 65, 38, 48, 158, 159, 179, 5, 30, 183, 170, 135, 125, 20, 106, 186, 182, 188, 114, 1, 14, 3, 134, 178, 189, 167, 40, 119, 22, 190, 58, 23, 155, 138, 98, 84, 11, 110, 88, 46, 177, 175, 25, 150, 118, 121, 129, 168, 13, 128, 104, 69, 112, 169, 9, 45, 174, 93, 26, 56, 76, 50, 154, 139, 66, 85, 153, 107, 111, 172, 176, 164, 24, 122,
the parity check matrix includes
an A matrix of M1 rows and K columns represented by a predetermined value M1 and an information length K = N × r of the LDPC code, the A matrix being an upper left matrix of the parity check matrix,
a B matrix of M1 rows and M1 columns, having a step structure adjacent to right of the A matrix,
a Z matrix of M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the Z matrix being a zero matrix adjacent to right of the B matrix,
a C matrix of N-K-M1 rows and K + M1 columns, adjacent to below the A matrix and the B matrix, and
a D matrix of N-K-M1 rows and N-K-M1 columns, the D matrix being an identity matrix adjacent to right of the C matrix,
the predetermined value M1 is 4680,
the A matrix and the C matrix are represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing positions of elements of 1 of the A matrix and the C matrix for every 360 columns, and is
1012 3997 5398 5796 21940 23609 25002 28007 32214 33822 38194
1110 4016 5752 10837 15440 15952 17802 27468 32933 33191 35420
95 1953 6554 11381 12839 12880 22901 26742 26910 27621 37825
1146 2232 5658 13131 13785 16771 17466 20561 29400 32962 36879
2023 3420 5107 10789 12303 13316 14428 24912 35363 36348 38787
3283 3637 12474 14376 20459 22584 23093 28876 31485 31742 34849
1807 3890 4865 7562 9091 13778 18361 21934 24548 34267 38260
1613 3620 10165 11464 14071 20675 20803 26814 27593 29483 36485
849 3946 8585 9208 9939 14676 14990 19276 23459 30577 36838
1890 2583 5951 6003 11943 13641 16319 18379 22957 24644 33430
1936 3939 5267 6314 12665 19626 20457 22010 27958 30238 32976
2153 4318 6782 13048 17730 17923 24137 24741 25594 32852 33209
1869 4262 6616 13522 19266 19384 22769 28883 30389 35102 36019
3037 3116 7478 7841 10627 10908 14060 14163 23772 27946 37835
1668 3125 7485 8525 14659 22834 24080 24838 30890 33391 36788
1623 2836 6776 8549 11448 23281 32033 32729 33650 34069 34607
101 1420 5172 7475 11673 18807 21367 23095 26368 30888 37882
3874 3940 4823 16485 21601 21655 21885 25541 30177 31656 35067
592 643 4847 6870 7671 10412 25081 33412 33478 33495 35976
2578 2677 12592 17140 17185 21962 23206 23838 27624 32594 34828
3058 3443 4959 21179 22411 24033 26004 26489 26775 33816 36694
91 2998 10137 11957 12444 22330 24300 26008 26441 26521 38191
889 1840 8881 10228 12495 18162 22259 23385 25687 35853 38848
1332 3031 13482 14262 15897 23112 25954 28035 34898 36286 36991
2505 2599 10980 15245 20084 20114 24496 26309 31139 34090 37258
599 1778 8935 16154 19546 23537 24938 32059 32406 35564 37175
392 1777 4793 8050 10543 10668 14823 25252 32922 36658 37832
1680 2630 7190 7880 10894 20675 27523 33460 33733 34000 35829
532 3750 5075 10603 12466 19838 24231 24998 27647 35111 38617
1786 3066 11367 12452 13896 15346 24646 25509 26109 30358 37392
1027 1659 6483 16919 17636 18905 19741 30579 35934 36515 37617
2064 2354 14085 16460 21378 21719 22981 23329 31701 32057 32640
2009 4421 7595 8790 12803 17649 18527 24246 27584 28757 31794
364 646 9398 13898 17486 17709 20911 31493 31810 32019 33341
2246 3760 4911 19338 25792 27511 28689 30634 31928 34984 36605
3178 3544 8858 9336 9602 12290 16521 27872 28391 28422 36105
1981 2209 12718 20656 21253 22574 28653 29967 33692 36759 37871
787 1545 7652 8376 9628 9995 10289 16260 17606 22673 34564
795 4580 12749 16670 18727 19131 19449 26152 29165 30820 31678
1577 2980 8659 12301 13813 14838 20782 23068 30185 34308 34676
84 434 13572 21777 24581 28397 28490 32547 33282 34655 37579
2927 4440 8979 14992 19009 20435 23558 26280 31320 35106 37704
1974 2712 6552 8585 10051 14848 15186 22968 24285 25878 36054
585 1990 3457 5010 8808
9 2792 4678 22666 32922
342 507 861 18844 32947
554 3395 4094 8147 34616
356 2061 2801 20330 38214
425 2432 4573 7323 28157
73 1192 2618 7812 17947
842 1053 4088 10818 24053
1234 1249 4171 6645 37350
1498 2113 4175 6432 17014
524 2135 2205 6311 7502
191 954 3166 28938 31869
548 586 4101 12129 25819
127 2352 3215 6791 13523
286 4262 4423 14087 38061
1645 3551 4209 14083 15827
719 1087 2813 32857 34499
651 2752 4548 25139 25514
1702 4186 4478 10785 33263
34 3157 4196 5811 36555
643 649 1524 6587 27246
291 836 1036 18936 19201
78 1099 4174 18305 36119
3083 3173 4667 27349 32057
3449 4090 4339 18334 24596
503 3816 4465 29204 35316
102 1693 1799 17180 35877
288 324 1237 16167 33970
224 2831 3571 17861 28530
1202 2803 2834 4943 31485
1112 2196 3027 29308 37101
4242 4291 4503 16344 28769
1020 1927 3349 9686 33845
3179 3304 3891 8448 37247
1076 2319 4512 17010 18781
987 1391 3781 12318 35710
2268 3467 3619 15764 25608
764 1135 2224 8647 17486
2091 4081 4648 8101 33818
471 3668 4069 14925 36242
932 2140 3428 12523 33270
5840 8959 12039 15972 38496
5960 7759 10493 31160 38054
10380 14835 26024 35399 36517
5260 7306 13419 28804 31112
12747 23075 32458 36239 37437
14096 16976 21598 32228 34672
5024 5769 21798 22675 25316
8617 14189 17874 22776 29780
7628 13623 16676 30019 33213
14090 14254 18987 21720 38550
17306 17709 19135 22995 28597
13137 18028 23943 27468 37156
7704 8171 10815 28138 29526.
7. A transmission method comprising:
a coding step of performing LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 9/16;
a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
155, 188, 123, 132, 15, 79, 59, 119, 66, 68, 41, 175, 184, 78, 142, 32, 54, 111, 139, 134, 95, 34, 161, 150, 58, 141, 74, 112, 121, 99, 178, 179, 57, 90, 80, 21, 11, 29, 67, 104, 52, 87, 38, 81, 181, 160, 176, 16, 71, 13, 186, 171, 9, 170, 2, 177, 0, 88, 149, 190, 69, 33, 183, 146, 61, 117, 113, 6, 96, 120, 162, 23, 53, 140, 91, 128, 46, 93, 174, 126, 159, 133, 8, 152, 103, 102, 151, 143, 100, 4, 180, 166, 55, 164, 18, 49, 62, 20, 83, 7, 187, 153, 64, 37, 144, 185, 19, 114, 25, 116, 12, 173, 122, 127, 89, 115, 75, 101, 189, 124, 157, 108, 28, 165, 163, 65, 168, 77, 82, 27, 137, 86, 22, 110, 63, 148, 158, 97, 31, 105, 135, 98, 44, 70, 182, 191, 17, 156, 129, 39, 136, 169, 3, 145, 154, 109, 76, 5, 10, 106, 35, 94, 172, 45, 51, 60, 42, 50, 72, 85, 40, 118, 36, 14, 130, 131, 138, 43, 48, 125, 84, 24, 26, 1, 56, 107, 92, 147, 47, 30, 73, 167,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits,
the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits,
the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
110 3064 6740 7801 10228 13445 17599 17891 17979 18044 19923 21848 23262 25585 25968 30124
1578 8914 9141 9731 10605 11690 12824 18127 18458 24648 24950 25150 26323 26514 27385 27460
3054 3640 3923 7332 10770 12215 14455 14849 15619 20870 22033 26427 28067 28560 29777 29780
1348 4248 5479 8902 9101 9356 10581 11614 12813 21554 22985 23701 24099 24575 24786 27370
3266 8358 16544 16689 16693 16823 17565 18543 19229 21121 23799 24981 25423 28997 29808 30202
320 1198 1549 5407 6080 8542 9352 12418 13391 14736 15012 18328 19398 23391 28117 28793
2114 3294 3770 5225 5556 5991 7075 7889 11145 11386 16561 18956 19034 23605 26085 27132
3623 4011 4225 5249 5489 5711 7240 9831 10458 14697 15420 16015 17782 23244 24215 24386
2624 2750 3871 8247 11135 13702 19290 22209 22975 23811 23931 24872 25154 25165 28375 30200
1060 1240 2040 2382 7723 9165 9656 10398 14517 16653 21241 22348 23476 27203 28443 28445
1070 1233 3416 6633 11736 12808 15454 16505 18720 20162 21425 21874 26069 26855 27292 27978
420 5524 10279 11218 12500 12913 15389 15824 19414 19588 21138 23846 26621 27907 28594 28781
151 1356 2323 3289 4501 10573 13667 14642 16127 17040 17475 18055 24061 26204 26567 29277
1410 3656 4080 6963 8834 10527 17490 17584 18065 19234 22211 22338 23746 24662 29863 30227
1924 2694 3285 8761 9693 11005 17592 21259 21322 21546 21555 24044 24173 26988 27640 28506
1069 6483 6554 9027 11655 12453 16595 17877 18350 18995 21304 21442 23836 25468 28820 29453
149 1621 2199 3141 8403 11974 14969 16197 18844 21027 21921 22266 22399 22691 25727 27721
3689 4839 7971 8419 10500 12308 13435 14487 16502 16622 17229 17468 22710 23904 25074 28508
1270 7007 9830 12698 14204 16075 17613 19391 21362 21726 21816 23014 23651 26419 26748 27195
96 1953 2456 2712 2809 3196 5939 10634 21828 24606 26169 26801 27391 28578 29725 30142
832 3394 4145 5375 6199 7122 7405 7706 10136 10792 15058 15860 21881 23908 25174 25837
730 1735 2917 4106 5004 5849 8194 8943 9136 17599 18456 20191 22798 27935 29559
6238 6776 6799 9142 11199 11867 15979 16830 18110 18396 21897 22590 24020 29578 29644
407 2138 4493 7979 8225 9467 11956 12940 15566 15809 16058 18211 22073 28314 28713
957 1552 1869 4388 7642 7904 13408 13453 16431 19327 21444 22188 25719 28511 29192
3617 8663 22378 28704
8598 12647 19278 22416
15176 16377 16644 22732
12463 12711 18341
11079 13446 29071
2446 4068 8542
10838 11660 27428
16403 21750 23199
9181 16572 18381
7227 18770 21858
7379 9316 16247
8923 14861 29618
6531 24652 26817
5564 8875 18025
8019 14642 21169
16683 17257 29298
4078 6023 8853
13942 15217 15501
7484 8302 27199
671 14966 20886
1240 11897 14925
12800 25474 28603
3576 5308 11168
13430 15265 18232
3439 5544 21849
3257 16996 23750
1865 14153 22669
7640 15098 17364
6137 19401 24836
5986 9035 11444
4799 20865 29150
8360 23554 29246
2002 18215 22258
9679 11951 26583
2844 12330 18156
3744 6949 14754
8262 10288 27142
1087 16563 22815
1328 13273 21749
2092 9191 28045
3250 10549 18252
13975 15172 17135
2520 26310 28787
4395 8961 26753
6413 15437 19520
5809 10936 17089
1670 13574 25125
5865 6175 21175
8391 11680 22660
5485 11743 15165
21021 21798 30209
12519 13402 26300
3472 25935 26412
3377 7398 28867
2430 24650 29426
3364 13409 22914
6838 13491 16229
18393 20764 28078
289 20279 24906
4732 6162 13569
8993 17053 29387
2210 5024 24030
21 22976 24053
12359 15499 28251
4640 11480 24391
1083 7965 16573
13116 23916 24421
10129 16284 23855
1758 3843 21163
5626 13543 26708
14918 17713 21718
13556 20450 24679
3911 16778 29952
11735 13710 22611
5347 21681 22906
6912 12045 15866
713 15429 23281
7133 17440 28982
12355 17564 28059
7658 11158 29885
17610 18755 28852
7680 16212 30111
8812 10144 15718.
8. A reception device comprising:
a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from
a transmission device including
a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 9/16;
a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
155, 188, 123, 132, 15, 79, 59, 119, 66, 68, 41, 175, 184, 78, 142, 32, 54, 111, 139, 134, 95, 34, 161, 150, 58, 141, 74, 112, 121, 99, 178, 179, 57, 90, 80, 21, 11, 29, 67, 104, 52, 87, 38, 81, 181, 160, 176, 16, 71, 13, 186, 171, 9, 170, 2, 177, 0, 88, 149, 190, 69, 33, 183, 146, 61, 117, 113, 6, 96, 120, 162, 23, 53, 140, 91, 128, 46, 93, 174, 126, 159, 133, 8, 152, 103, 102, 151, 143, 100, 4, 180, 166, 55, 164, 18, 49, 62, 20, 83, 7, 187, 153, 64, 37, 144, 185, 19, 114, 25, 116, 12, 173, 122, 127, 89, 115, 75, 101, 189, 124, 157, 108, 28, 165, 163, 65, 168, 77, 82, 27, 137, 86, 22, 110, 63, 148, 158, 97, 31, 105, 135, 98, 44, 70, 182, 191, 17, 156, 129, 39, 136, 169, 3, 145, 154, 109, 76, 5, 10, 106, 35, 94, 172, 45, 51, 60, 42, 50, 72, 85, 40, 118, 36, 14, 130, 131, 138, 43, 48, 125, 84, 24, 26, 1, 56, 107, 92, 147, 47, 30, 73, 167,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits,
the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits,
the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
110 3064 6740 7801 10228 13445 17599 17891 17979 18044 19923 21848 23262 25585 25968 30124
1578 8914 9141 9731 10605 11690 12824 18127 18458 24648 24950 25150 26323 26514 27385 27460
3054 3640 3923 7332 10770 12215 14455 14849 15619 20870 22033 26427 28067 28560 29777 29780
1348 4248 5479 8902 9101 9356 10581 11614 12813 21554 22985 23701 24099 24575 24786 27370
3266 8358 16544 16689 16693 16823 17565 18543 19229 21121 23799 24981 25423 28997 29808 30202
320 1198 1549 5407 6080 8542 9352 12418 13391 14736 15012 18328 19398 23391 28117 28793
2114 3294 3770 5225 5556 5991 7075 7889 11145 11386 16561 18956 19034 23605 26085 27132
3623 4011 4225 5249 5489 5711 7240 9831 10458 14697 15420 16015 17782 23244 24215 24386
2624 2750 3871 8247 11135 13702 19290 22209 22975 23811 23931 24872 25154 25165 28375 30200
1060 1240 2040 2382 7723 9165 9656 10398 14517 16653 21241 22348 23476 27203 28443 28445
1070 1233 3416 6633 11736 12808 15454 16505 18720 20162 21425 21874 26069 26855 27292 27978
420 5524 10279 11218 12500 12913 15389 15824 19414 19588 21138 23846 26621 27907 28594 28781
151 1356 2323 3289 4501 10573 13667 14642 16127 17040 17475 18055 24061 26204 26567 29277
1410 3656 4080 6963 8834 10527 17490 17584 18065 19234 22211 22338 23746 24662 29863 30227
1924 2694 3285 8761 9693 11005 17592 21259 21322 21546 21555 24044 24173 26988 27640 28506
1069 6483 6554 9027 11655 12453 16595 17877 18350 18995 21304 21442 23836 25468 28820 29453
149 1621 2199 3141 8403 11974 14969 16197 18844 21027 21921 22266 22399 22691 25727 27721
3689 4839 7971 8419 10500 12308 13435 14487 16502 16622 17229 17468 22710 23904 25074 28508
1270 7007 9830 12698 14204 16075 17613 19391 21362 21726 21816 23014 23651 26419 26748 27195
96 1953 2456 2712 2809 3196 5939 10634 21828 24606 26169 26801 27391 28578 29725 30142
832 3394 4145 5375 6199 7122 7405 7706 10136 10792 15058 15860 21881 23908 25174 25837
730 1735 2917 4106 5004 5849 8194 8943 9136 17599 18456 20191 22798 27935 29559
6238 6776 6799 9142 11199 11867 15979 16830 18110 18396 21897 22590 24020 29578 29644
407 2138 4493 7979 8225 9467 11956 12940 15566 15809 16058 18211 22073 28314 28713
957 1552 1869 4388 7642 7904 13408 13453 16431 19327 21444 22188 25719 28511 29192
3617 8663 22378 28704
8598 12647 19278 22416
15176 16377 16644 22732
12463 12711 18341
11079 13446 29071
2446 4068 8542
10838 11660 27428
16403 21750 23199
9181 16572 18381
7227 18770 21858
7379 9316 16247
8923 14861 29618
6531 24652 26817
5564 8875 18025
8019 14642 21169
16683 17257 29298
4078 6023 8853
13942 15217 15501
7484 8302 27199
671 14966 20886
1240 11897 14925
12800 25474 28603
3576 5308 11168
13430 15265 18232
3439 5544 21849
3257 16996 23750
1865 14153 22669
7640 15098 17364
6137 19401 24836
5986 9035 11444
4799 20865 29150
8360 23554 29246
2002 18215 22258
9679 11951 26583
2844 12330 18156
3744 6949 14754
8262 10288 27142
1087 16563 22815
1328 13273 21749
2092 9191 28045
3250 10549 18252
13975 15172 17135
2520 26310 28787
4395 8961 26753
6413 15437 19520
5809 10936 17089
1670 13574 25125
5865 6175 21175
8391 11680 22660
5485 11743 15165
21021 21798 30209
12519 13402 26300
3472 25935 26412
3377 7398 28867
2430 24650 29426
3364 13409 22914
6838 13491 16229
18393 20764 28078
289 20279 24906
4732 6162 13569
8993 17053 29387
2210 5024 24030
21 22976 24053
12359 15499 28251
4640 11480 24391
1083 7965 16573
13116 23916 24421
10129 16284 23855
1758 3843 21163
5626 13543 26708
14918 17713 21718
13556 20450 24679
3911 16778 29952
11735 13710 22611
5347 21681 22906
6912 12045 15866
713 15429 23281
7133 17440 28982
12355 17564 28059
7658 11158 29885
17610 18755 28852
7680 16212 30111
8812 10144 15718.
9. A transmission method comprising:
a coding step of performing LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 11/16;
a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
152, 87, 170, 33, 48, 95, 2, 184, 145, 51, 94, 164, 38, 90, 158, 70, 124, 128, 66, 111, 79, 42, 45, 141, 83, 73, 57, 119, 20, 67, 31, 179, 123, 183, 26, 188, 15, 163, 1, 133, 105, 72, 81, 153, 69, 182, 101, 180, 185, 190, 77, 6, 127, 138, 75, 59, 24, 175, 30, 186, 139, 56, 100, 176, 147, 189, 116, 131, 25, 5, 16, 117, 74, 50, 171, 114, 76, 44, 107, 135, 71, 181, 13, 43, 122, 78, 4, 58, 35, 63, 187, 98, 37, 169, 148, 7, 10, 49, 80, 161, 167, 28, 142, 46, 97, 92, 121, 112, 88, 102, 106, 173, 19, 27, 41, 172, 91, 191, 34, 118, 108, 136, 166, 155, 96, 3, 165, 103, 84, 109, 104, 53, 23, 0, 178, 17, 86, 9, 168, 134, 110, 18, 32, 146, 129, 159, 55, 154, 126, 40, 151, 174, 60, 52, 22, 149, 156, 113, 143, 11, 93, 62, 177, 64, 61, 160, 150, 65, 130, 82, 29, 115, 137, 36, 8, 157, 54, 89, 99, 120, 68, 21, 140, 14, 39, 132, 125, 12, 85, 162, 47, 144,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits,
the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits,
the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
983 2226 4091 5418 5824 6483 6914 8239 8364 10220 10322 15658 16928 17307 18061
1584 5655 6787 7213 7270 8585 8995 9294 9832 9982 11185 12221 12889 17573 19096
319 1077 1796 2421 6574 11763 13465 14527 15147 15218 16000 18284 20199 21095 21194
767 1018 3780 3826 4288 4855 7169 7431 9151 10097 10919 12050 13261 19816 20932
173 692 3552 5046 6523 6784 9542 10482 14658 14663 15168 16153 16410 17546 20989
2214 2286 2445 2856 3562 3615 3970 6065 7117 7989 8180 15971 20253 21312 21428 532 1361 1905 3577 5147 10409 11348 11660 15230 17283 18724 20190 20542 21159 21282
3242 5061 7587 7677 8614 8834 9130 9135 9331 13480 13544 14263 15438 20548 21174
1507 4159 4946 5215 5653 6385 7131 8049 10198 10499 12215 14105 16118 17016 21371
212 1856 1981 2056 6766 8123 10128 10957 11159 11237 12893 14064 17760 18933 19009
329 5552 5948 6484 10108 10127 10816 13210 14985 15110 15565 15969 17136 18504 20818
4753 5744 6511 7062 7355 8379 8817 13503 13650 14014 15393 15640 18127 18595 20426
1152 1707 4013 5932 8540 9077 11521 11923 11954 12529 13519 15641 16262 17874 19386
858 2355 2511 3125 5531 6472 8146 11423 11558 11760 13556 15194 20782 20988 21261
216 1722 2750 3809 6210 8233 9183 10734 11339 12321 12898 15902 17437 19085 21588
1560 1718 1757 2292 2349 3992 6943 7369 7806 10282 11373 13624 14608 17087 18011
1375 1640 2015 2539 2691 2967 4344 7125 9176 9435 12378 12520 12901 15704 18897
1703 2861 2986 3574 7208 8486 9412 9879 13027 13945 14873 15546 16516 18931 21070
309 1587 3118 5472 10035 13988 15019 15322 16373 17580 17728 18125 18872 19876 20457
984 991 1203 3159 4303 5734 8850 9626 12217 17227 17269 18695 18854 19580 19684
2429 6165 6828 7761 9761 9899 9942 10151 11198 11271 13184 14026 14560 18962 20570
876 1074 5177 5185 6415 6451 10856 11603 14590 14658 16293 17221 19273 19319 20447
557 607 2473 5002 6601 9876 10284 10809 13563 14849 15710 16798 17509 18927 21306
939 1271 3085 5054 5723 5959 7530 10912 13375 16696 18753 19673 20328 21068 21258
2802 3312 5015 6041 6943 7606 9375 12116 12868 12964 13374 13594 14978 16125 18621
3002 6512 6965 6967 8504 10777 11217 11931 12647 12686 12740 12900 12958 13870 17860
151 3874 4228 7837 10244 10589 14530 15323 16462 17711 18995 19363 19376 19540 20641
1249 2946 2959 3330 4264 7797 10652 11845 12987 15974 16536 17520 19851 20150 20172
4769 11033 14937
1431 2870 15158
9416 14905 20800
1708 9944 16952
1116 1179 20743
3665 8987 16223
655 11424 17411
42 2717 11613
2787 9015 15081
3718 7305 11822
18306 18499 18843
1208 4586 10578
9494 12676 13710
10580 15127 20614
4439 15646 19861
5255 12337 14649
2532 7552 10813
1591 7781 13020
7264 8634 17208
7462 10069 17710
1320 3382 6439
4057 9762 11401
1618 7604 19881
3858 16826 17768
6158 11759 19274
3767 11872 15137
2111 5563 16776
1888 15452 17925
2840 15375 16376
3695 11232 16970
10181 16329 17920
9743 13974 17724
29 16450 20509
2393 17877 19591
1827 15175 15366
3771 14716 18363
5585 14762 19813
7186 8104 12067
2554 12025 15873
2208 5739 6150
2816 12745 17143
9363 11582 17976
5834 8178 12517
3546 15667 19511
5211 10685 20833
3399 7774 16435
3767 4542 8775
4404 6349 19426
4812 11088 16761
5761 11289 17985
9989 11488 15986
10200 16710 20899
6970 12774 20558
1304 2495 3507
5236 7678 10437
4493 10472 19880
1883 14768 21100
352 18797 20570
1411 3221 4379
3304 11013 18382
14864 16951 18782
2887 15658 17633
7109 7383 19956
4293 12990 13934
9890 15206 15786
2987 5455 8787
5782 7137 15981
736 1961 10441
2728 11808 21305
4663 4693 13680
1965 3668 9025
818 10532 16332
7006 16717 21102
2955 15500 20140
8274 13451 19436
3604 13158 21154
5519 6531 9995
1629 17919 18532
15199 16690 16884
5177 5869 14843
5 5088 19940
16910 20686 21206
10662 11610 17578
3378 4579 12849
5947 19300 19762
2545 10686 12579
4568 10814 19032
677 18652 18992
190 11377 12987
4183 6801 20025
6944 8321 15868
3311 6049 14757
7155 11435 16353
4778 5674 15973
1889 3361 7563
467 5999 10103
7613 11096 19536
2244 4442 6000
9055 13516 15414
4831 6111 10744
3792 8258 15106
6990 9168 17589
7920 11548 20786
10533 14361 19577.
10. A reception device comprising:
a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from
a transmission device including
a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 11/16;
a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
152, 87, 170, 33, 48, 95, 2, 184, 145, 51, 94, 164, 38, 90, 158, 70, 124, 128, 66, 111, 79, 42, 45, 141, 83, 73, 57, 119, 20, 67, 31, 179, 123, 183, 26, 188, 15, 163, 1, 133, 105, 72, 81, 153, 69, 182, 101, 180, 185, 190, 77, 6, 127, 138, 75, 59, 24, 175, 30, 186, 139, 56, 100, 176, 147, 189, 116, 131, 25, 5, 16, 117, 74, 50, 171, 114, 76, 44, 107, 135, 71, 181, 13, 43, 122, 78, 4, 58, 35, 63, 187, 98, 37, 169, 148, 7, 10, 49, 80, 161, 167, 28, 142, 46, 97, 92, 121, 112, 88, 102, 106, 173, 19, 27, 41, 172, 91, 191, 34, 118, 108, 136, 166, 155, 96, 3, 165, 103, 84, 109, 104, 53, 23, 0, 178, 17, 86, 9, 168, 134, 110, 18, 32, 146, 129, 159, 55, 154, 126, 40, 151, 174, 60, 52, 22, 149, 156, 113, 143, 11, 93, 62, 177, 64, 61, 160, 150, 65, 130, 82, 29, 115, 137, 36, 8, 157, 54, 89, 99, 120, 68, 21, 140, 14, 39, 132, 125, 12, 85, 162, 47, 144,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits,
the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits,
the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
983 2226 4091 5418 5824 6483 6914 8239 8364 10220 10322 15658 16928 17307 18061
1584 5655 6787 7213 7270 8585 8995 9294 9832 9982 11185 12221 12889 17573 19096
319 1077 1796 2421 6574 11763 13465 14527 15147 15218 16000 18284 20199 21095 21194
767 1018 3780 3826 4288 4855 7169 7431 9151 10097 10919 12050 13261 19816 20932
173 692 3552 5046 6523 6784 9542 10482 14658 14663 15168 16153 16410 17546 20989
2214 2286 2445 2856 3562 3615 3970 6065 7117 7989 8180 15971 20253 21312 21428 532 1361 1905 3577 5147 10409 11348 11660 15230 17283 18724 20190 20542 21159 21282
3242 5061 7587 7677 8614 8834 9130 9135 9331 13480 13544 14263 15438 20548 21174
1507 4159 4946 5215 5653 6385 7131 8049 10198 10499 12215 14105 16118 17016 21371
212 1856 1981 2056 6766 8123 10128 10957 11159 11237 12893 14064 17760 18933 19009
329 5552 5948 6484 10108 10127 10816 13210 14985 15110 15565 15969 17136 18504 20818
4753 5744 6511 7062 7355 8379 8817 13503 13650 14014 15393 15640 18127 18595 20426
1152 1707 4013 5932 8540 9077 11521 11923 11954 12529 13519 15641 16262 17874 19386
858 2355 2511 3125 5531 6472 8146 11423 11558 11760 13556 15194 20782 20988 21261
216 1722 2750 3809 6210 8233 9183 10734 11339 12321 12898 15902 17437 19085 21588
1560 1718 1757 2292 2349 3992 6943 7369 7806 10282 11373 13624 14608 17087 18011
1375 1640 2015 2539 2691 2967 4344 7125 9176 9435 12378 12520 12901 15704 18897
1703 2861 2986 3574 7208 8486 9412 9879 13027 13945 14873 15546 16516 18931 21070
309 1587 3118 5472 10035 13988 15019 15322 16373 17580 17728 18125 18872 19876 20457
984 991 1203 3159 4303 5734 8850 9626 12217 17227 17269 18695 18854 19580 19684
2429 6165 6828 7761 9761 9899 9942 10151 11198 11271 13184 14026 14560 18962 20570
876 1074 5177 5185 6415 6451 10856 11603 14590 14658 16293 17221 19273 19319 20447
557 607 2473 5002 6601 9876 10284 10809 13563 14849 15710 16798 17509 18927 21306
939 1271 3085 5054 5723 5959 7530 10912 13375 16696 18753 19673 20328 21068 21258
2802 3312 5015 6041 6943 7606 9375 12116 12868 12964 13374 13594 14978 16125 18621
3002 6512 6965 6967 8504 10777 11217 11931 12647 12686 12740 12900 12958 13870 17860
151 3874 4228 7837 10244 10589 14530 15323 16462 17711 18995 19363 19376 19540 20641
1249 2946 2959 3330 4264 7797 10652 11845 12987 15974 16536 17520 19851 20150 20172
4769 11033 14937
1431 2870 15158
9416 14905 20800
1708 9944 16952
1116 1179 20743
3665 8987 16223
655 11424 17411
42 2717 11613
2787 9015 15081
3718 7305 11822
18306 18499 18843
1208 4586 10578
9494 12676 13710
10580 15127 20614
4439 15646 19861
5255 12337 14649
2532 7552 10813
1591 7781 13020
7264 8634 17208
7462 10069 17710
1320 3382 6439
4057 9762 11401
1618 7604 19881
3858 16826 17768
6158 11759 19274
3767 11872 15137
2111 5563 16776
1888 15452 17925
2840 15375 16376
3695 11232 16970
10181 16329 17920
9743 13974 17724
29 16450 20509
2393 17877 19591
1827 15175 15366
3771 14716 18363
5585 14762 19813
7186 8104 12067
2554 12025 15873
2208 5739 6150
2816 12745 17143
9363 11582 17976
5834 8178 12517
3546 15667 19511
5211 10685 20833
3399 7774 16435
3767 4542 8775
4404 6349 19426
4812 11088 16761
5761 11289 17985
9989 11488 15986
10200 16710 20899
6970 12774 20558
1304 2495 3507
5236 7678 10437
4493 10472 19880
1883 14768 21100
352 18797 20570
1411 3221 4379
3304 11013 18382
14864 16951 18782
2887 15658 17633
7109 7383 19956
4293 12990 13934
9890 15206 15786
2987 5455 8787
5782 7137 15981
736 1961 10441
2728 11808 21305
4663 4693 13680
1965 3668 9025
818 10532 16332
7006 16717 21102
2955 15500 20140
8274 13451 19436
3604 13158 21154
5519 6531 9995
1629 17919 18532
15199 16690 16884
5177 5869 14843
5 5088 19940
16910 20686 21206
10662 11610 17578
3378 4579 12849
5947 19300 19762
2545 10686 12579
4568 10814 19032
677 18652 18992
190 11377 12987
4183 6801 20025
6944 8321 15868
3311 6049 14757
7155 11435 16353
4778 5674 15973
1889 3361 7563
467 5999 10103
7613 11096 19536
2244 4442 6000
9055 13516 15414
4831 6111 10744
3792 8258 15106
6990 9168 17589
7920 11548 20786
10533 14361 19577.
11. A transmission method comprising:
a coding step of performing LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 13/16;
a group-wise interleaving step of performing group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping step of mapping the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
140, 8, 176, 13, 41, 165, 27, 109, 121, 153, 58, 181, 143, 164, 103, 115, 91, 66, 60, 189, 101, 4, 14, 102, 45, 124, 104, 159, 130, 133, 135, 77, 25, 59, 180, 141, 144, 62, 114, 182, 134, 148, 11, 20, 125, 83, 162, 75, 126, 67, 9, 178, 171, 152, 166, 69, 174, 15, 80, 168, 131, 95, 56, 48, 63, 82, 147, 51, 108, 52, 30, 139, 22, 37, 173, 112, 191, 98, 116, 149, 167, 142, 29, 154, 92, 94, 71, 117, 79, 122, 129, 24, 81, 105, 97, 137, 128, 1, 113, 170, 119, 7, 158, 76, 19, 183, 68, 31, 50, 118, 33, 72, 55, 65, 146, 185, 111, 145, 28, 21, 177, 160, 32, 61, 70, 106, 156, 78, 132, 88, 184, 35, 5, 53, 138, 47, 100, 10, 42, 36, 175, 93, 120, 190, 16, 123, 87, 54, 186, 18, 57, 84, 99, 12, 163, 157, 188, 64, 38, 26, 2, 136, 40, 169, 90, 107, 46, 172, 49, 6, 39, 44, 150, 85, 0, 17, 127, 155, 110, 34, 96, 74, 86, 187, 89, 151, 43, 179, 161, 73, 23, 3,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits,
the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits,
the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
1031 4123 6253 6610 8007 8656 9181 9404 9596 11501 11654 11710 11994 12177
399 553 1442 2820 4402 4823 5011 5493 7070 8340 8500 9054 11201 11387
201 607 1428 2354 5358 5524 6617 6785 7708 10220 11970 12268 12339 12537
36 992 1930 4525 5837 6283 6887 7284 7489 7550 10329 11202 11399 12795
589 1564 1747 2960 3833 4502 7491 7746 8196 9567 9574 10187 10591 12947
804 1177 1414 3765 4745 7594 9126 9230 9251 10299 10336 11563 11844 12209
2774 2830 3918 4148 4963 5356 7125 7645 7868 8137 9119 9189 9206 12363
59 448 947 3622 5139 8115 9364 9548 9609 9750 10212 10937 11044 12668
715 1352 4538 5277 5729 6210 6418 6938 7090 7109 7386 9012 10737 11893
1583 2059 3398 3619 4277 6896 7484 7525 8284 9318 9817 10227 11636 12204
53 549 3010 5441 6090 9175 9336 9358 9839 10117 11307 11467 11507 12902
861 1054 1177 1201 1383 2538 4563 6451 6800 10540 11222 11757 12240 12732
330 1450 1798 2301 2652 3038 3187 3277 4324 4610 9395 10240 10796 11100
316 751 1226 1746 2124 2505 3497 3833 3891 7551 8696 9763 11978 12661
2677 2888 2904 3923 4804 5105 6855 7222 7893 7907 9674 10274 12683 12702
173 3397 3520 5131 5560 6666 6783 6893 7742 7842 9364 9442 12287
421 943 1893 1920 3273 4052 5758 5787 7043 11051 12141 12209 12500
679 792 2543 3243 3385 3576 4190 7501 8233 8302 9212 9522 12286
911 3651 4023 4462 4650 5336 5762 6506 8050 8381 9636 9724 12486
1373 1728 1911 4101 4913 5003 6859 7137 8035 9056 9378 9937 10184
515 2357 2779 2797 3163 3845 3976 6969 7704 9104 10102 11507 12700
270 1744 1804 3432 3782 4643 5946 6279 6549 7064 7393 11659 12002
261 1517 2269 3554 4762 5103 5460 6429 6464 8962 9651 10927 12268
782 1217 1395 2383 5754 6060 6540 7109 7286 7438 7846 9488 10119
2070 2247 2589 2644 3270 3875 4901 6475 8953 10090 10629 12496 12547
863 1190 1609 2971 3564 4148 5123 5262 6301 7797 7804 9517 11408
449 488 865 3549 3939 4410 4500 5700 7120 8778 9223 11660 12021
1107 1408 1883 2752 3818 4714 5979 6485 7314 7821 11290 11472 12325
713 2492 2507 2641 3576 4711 5021 5831 7334 8362 9094 9690 10778
1487 2344 5035 5336 5727 6495 9009 9345 11090 11261 11314 12383 12944
1038 1463 1472 2944 3202 5742 5793 6972 7853 8919 9808 10549 12619
134 957 2018 2140 2629 3884 5821 7319 8676 10305 10670 12031 12588
5294 9842
4396 6648
2863 5308
10467 11711
3412 6909
450 3919
5639 9801
298 4323
397 10223
4424 9051
2038 2376
5889 11321 12500
3590 4081 12684
3485 4016 9826
6 2869 8310
5983 9818 10877
2282 9346 11477
4931 6135 10473
300 2901 9937
3185 5215 7479
472 5845 5915
2476 7687 11934
3279 8782 11527
4350 7138 7144
7454 7818 8253
1391 8717 8844
1940 4736 10556
5471 7344 8089
9157 10640 11919
1343 5402 12724
2581 4118 8142
5165 9328 11386
7222 7262 12955
6711 11224 11737
401 3195 11940
6114 6969 8208
1402 7917 9738
965 7700 10139
3428 5767 12000
3501 7052 8803
1447 10504 10961
1870 1914 7762
613 2063 10520
3561 6480 10466
3389 3887 10110
995 1104 1640
1492 4122 7572
3243 9765 12415
7297 11200 11533
1959 10325 11306
1675 5313 11475
3621 4658 12790
4208 5650 8687
2467 7691 11886
3039 3190 5017
866 1375 2272
4374 6453 8228
2763 4668 4749
640 1346 6924
6588 6983 10075
3389 9260 12508
89 5799 9973
1290 2978 8038
317 742 8017
5378 5618 6586
3369 3827 4536
1000 10436 12288
3762 11384 11897
848 874 8968
1001 4751 12066
1788 6685 12397
5721 8247 9005
649 7547 9837
2263 9415 10862
3954 4111 7767
952 4393 5523
8132 8580 10906
4191 9677 12585
1071 10601 11106
3069 6943 11015
5555 8088 9537
85 2810 3100
1249 8418 8684
2743 12099 12686
2908 3691 9890
10172 10409 11615
8358 10584 12082
4902 6310 8368
4976 10047 11299
7325 8228 11092
4942 6974 8533
5782 9780 9869
15 4728 10395
369 1900 11517
3796 7434 9085
2473 9813 12636
1472 3557 6607
174 3715 4811
6263 6694 8114
4538 6635 9101
3199 8348 10057
6176 7498 7937
1837 3382 5688
8897 11342 11680
455 6465 7428
1900 3666 8968
3481 6308 10199
159 2654 12150
5602 6695 12897
3309 4899 6415
6 99 7615
1722 6386 11112
5090 8873 10718
4164 6731 12121
367 846 7678
222 6050 12711
3154 7149 7557
1556 4667 7990
2536 9712 9932
4104 7040 9983
6365 11604 12457
3393 10323 10743
724 2237 5455
108 1705 6151.
12. A reception device comprising:
a group-wise deinterleaving unit configured to return the sequence of the LDPC code after group-wise interleaving to the original sequence, the sequence being obtained from data transmitted from
a transmission device including
a coding unit configured to perform LDPC coding on a basis of a parity check matrix of an LDPC code having a code length N of 69120 bits and a coding rate r of 13/16;
a group-wise interleaving unit configured to perform group-wise interleaving in which the LDPC code is interleaved in units of bit groups of 360 bits; and
a mapping unit configured to map the LDPC code to one of 16 signal points of uniform constellation (UC) in 16QAM on a 4-bit basis, wherein,
in the group-wise interleaving, an (i + 1)th bit group from a head of the LDPC code is set as a bit group i, and a sequence of bit groups 0 to 191 of the 69120-bit LDPC code is interleaved into a sequence of bit groups
140, 8, 176, 13, 41, 165, 27, 109, 121, 153, 58, 181, 143, 164, 103, 115, 91, 66, 60, 189, 101, 4, 14, 102, 45, 124, 104, 159, 130, 133, 135, 77, 25, 59, 180, 141, 144, 62, 114, 182, 134, 148, 11, 20, 125, 83, 162, 75, 126, 67, 9, 178, 171, 152, 166, 69, 174, 15, 80, 168, 131, 95, 56, 48, 63, 82, 147, 51, 108, 52, 30, 139, 22, 37, 173, 112, 191, 98, 116, 149, 167, 142, 29, 154, 92, 94, 71, 117, 79, 122, 129, 24, 81, 105, 97, 137, 128, 1, 113, 170, 119, 7, 158, 76, 19, 183, 68, 31, 50, 118, 33, 72, 55, 65, 146, 185, 111, 145, 28, 21, 177, 160, 32, 61, 70, 106, 156, 78, 132, 88, 184, 35, 5, 53, 138, 47, 100, 10, 42, 36, 175, 93, 120, 190, 16, 123, 87, 54, 186, 18, 57, 84, 99, 12, 163, 157, 188, 64, 38, 26, 2, 136, 40, 169, 90, 107, 46, 172, 49, 6, 39, 44, 150, 85, 0, 17, 127, 155, 110, 34, 96, 74, 86, 187, 89, 151, 43, 179, 161, 73, 23, 3,
the LDPC code includes information bits and parity bits,
the parity check matrix includes an information matrix unit corresponding to the information bits and a parity matrix unit corresponding to the parity bits,
the information matrix unit is represented by a parity check matrix initial value table, and
the parity check matrix initial value table is a table representing a position of an element of 1 of the information matrix unit for every 360 columns, and is
1031 4123 6253 6610 8007 8656 9181 9404 9596 11501 11654 11710 11994 12177
399 553 1442 2820 4402 4823 5011 5493 7070 8340 8500 9054 11201 11387
201 607 1428 2354 5358 5524 6617 6785 7708 10220 11970 12268 12339 12537
36 992 1930 4525 5837 6283 6887 7284 7489 7550 10329 11202 11399 12795
589 1564 1747 2960 3833 4502 7491 7746 8196 9567 9574 10187 10591 12947
804 1177 1414 3765 4745 7594 9126 9230 9251 10299 10336 11563 11844 12209
2774 2830 3918 4148 4963 5356 7125 7645 7868 8137 9119 9189 9206 12363
59 448 947 3622 5139 8115 9364 9548 9609 9750 10212 10937 11044 12668
715 1352 4538 5277 5729 6210 6418 6938 7090 7109 7386 9012 10737 11893
1583 2059 3398 3619 4277 6896 7484 7525 8284 9318 9817 10227 11636 12204
53 549 3010 5441 6090 9175 9336 9358 9839 10117 11307 11467 11507 12902
861 1054 1177 1201 1383 2538 4563 6451 6800 10540 11222 11757 12240 12732
330 1450 1798 2301 2652 3038 3187 3277 4324 4610 9395 10240 10796 11100
316 751 1226 1746 2124 2505 3497 3833 3891 7551 8696 9763 11978 12661
2677 2888 2904 3923 4804 5105 6855 7222 7893 7907 9674 10274 12683 12702
173 3397 3520 5131 5560 6666 6783 6893 7742 7842 9364 9442 12287
421 943 1893 1920 3273 4052 5758 5787 7043 11051 12141 12209 12500
679 792 2543 3243 3385 3576 4190 7501 8233 8302 9212 9522 12286
911 3651 4023 4462 4650 5336 5762 6506 8050 8381 9636 9724 12486
1373 1728 1911 4101 4913 5003 6859 7137 8035 9056 9378 9937 10184
515 2357 2779 2797 3163 3845 3976 6969 7704 9104 10102 11507 12700
270 1744 1804 3432 3782 4643 5946 6279 6549 7064 7393 11659 12002
261 1517 2269 3554 4762 5103 5460 6429 6464 8962 9651 10927 12268
782 1217 1395 2383 5754 6060 6540 7109 7286 7438 7846 9488 10119
2070 2247 2589 2644 3270 3875 4901 6475 8953 10090 10629 12496 12547
863 1190 1609 2971 3564 4148 5123 5262 6301 7797 7804 9517 11408
449 488 865 3549 3939 4410 4500 5700 7120 8778 9223 11660 12021
1107 1408 1883 2752 3818 4714 5979 6485 7314 7821 11290 11472 12325
713 2492 2507 2641 3576 4711 5021 5831 7334 8362 9094 9690 10778
1487 2344 5035 5336 5727 6495 9009 9345 11090 11261 11314 12383 12944
1038 1463 1472 2944 3202 5742 5793 6972 7853 8919 9808 10549 12619
134 957 2018 2140 2629 3884 5821 7319 8676 10305 10670 12031 12588
5294 9842
4396 6648
2863 5308
10467 11711
3412 6909
450 3919
5639 9801
298 4323
397 10223
4424 9051
2038 2376
5889 11321 12500
3590 4081 12684
3485 4016 9826
6 2869 8310
5983 9818 10877
2282 9346 11477
4931 6135 10473
300 2901 9937
3185 5215 7479
472 5845 5915
2476 7687 11934
3279 8782 11527
4350 7138 7144
7454 7818 8253
1391 8717 8844
1940 4736 10556
5471 7344 8089
9157 10640 11919
1343 5402 12724
2581 4118 8142
5165 9328 11386
7222 7262 12955
6711 11224 11737
401 3195 11940
6114 6969 8208
1402 7917 9738
965 7700 10139
3428 5767 12000
3501 7052 8803
1447 10504 10961
1870 1914 7762
613 2063 10520
3561 6480 10466
3389 3887 10110
995 1104 1640
1492 4122 7572
3243 9765 12415
7297 11200 11533
1959 10325 11306
1675 5313 11475
3621 4658 12790
4208 5650 8687
2467 7691 11886
3039 3190 5017
866 1375 2272
4374 6453 8228
2763 4668 4749
640 1346 6924
6588 6983 10075
3389 9260 12508
89 5799 9973
1290 2978 8038
317 742 8017
5378 5618 6586
3369 3827 4536
1000 10436 12288
3762 11384 11897
848 874 8968
1001 4751 12066
1788 6685 12397
5721 8247 9005
649 7547 9837
2263 9415 10862
3954 4111 7767
952 4393 5523
8132 8580 10906
4191 9677 12585
1071 10601 11106
3069 6943 11015
5555 8088 9537
85 2810 3100
1249 8418 8684
2743 12099 12686
2908 3691 9890
10172 10409 11615
8358 10584 12082
4902 6310 8368
4976 10047 11299
7325 8228 11092
4942 6974 8533
5782 9780 9869
15 4728 10395
369 1900 11517
3796 7434 9085
2473 9813 12636
1472 3557 6607
174 3715 4811
6263 6694 8114
4538 6635 9101
3199 8348 10057
6176 7498 7937
1837 3382 5688
8897 11342 11680
455 6465 7428
1900 3666 8968
3481 6308 10199
159 2654 12150
5602 6695 12897
3309 4899 6415
6 99 7615
1722 6386 11112
5090 8873 10718
4164 6731 12121
367 846 7678
222 6050 12711
3154 7149 7557
1556 4667 7990
2536 9712 9932
4104 7040 9983
6365 11604 12457
3393 10323 10743
724 2237 5455
108 1705 6151.