(19)
(11)EP 3 585 186 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 18701355.2

(22)Date of filing:  26.01.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A23L 25/00(2016.01)
A23L 27/60(2016.01)
A23L 27/18(2016.01)
A23L 33/185(2016.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2018/051957
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/153614 (30.08.2018 Gazette  2018/35)

(54)

TREATMENT OF BRAN FROM THE SEEDS OF BLACK MUSTARD OR BROWN INDIAN MUSTARD AND USE OF THE TREATED BRAN IN FOOD PRODUCTS

BEHANDLUNG VON KLEIE DER SAMEN VON SCHWARZEM SENF ODER BRAUNEM INDISCHEN SENF UND VERWENDUNG DER BEHANDELTEN KLEIE IN LEBENSMITTELPRODUKTEN

TRAITEMENT DU SON DES GRAINES DE MOUTARDE NOIRE OU DE MOUTARDE INDIENNE BRUNE ET UTILISATION DU SON TRAITÉ DANS DES PRODUITS ALIMENTAIRES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.02.2017 EP 17157545

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.01.2020 Bulletin 2020/01

(73)Proprietors:
  • Unilever N.V.
    3013 AL Rotterdam (NL)
    Designated Contracting States:
    AL AT BE BG CH CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GR HR HU IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR 
  • Unilever PLC
    London, Greater London EC4Y 0DY (GB)
    Designated Contracting States:
    CY GB IE MT 

(72)Inventors:
  • VELIKOV, Krassimir, Petkov
    3133 AT Vlaardingen (NL)
  • DONSI, Francesco
    84084 Fisciano (SA) (NL)

(74)Representative: Fijnvandraat, Arnoldus 
Unilever Patent Group Bronland 14
6708 WH Wageningen
6708 WH Wageningen (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 623 633
WO-A1-2015/169527
GB-A- 1 286 370
US-A- 3 852 488
US-A- 5 023 105
WO-A1-2013/092086
FR-A1- 2 793 997
US-A- 3 630 757
US-A- 4 062 979
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to the treatment of bran from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or the seeds of brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), and to the use of the treated mustard bran in food products.

    BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION



    [0002] Mustard seeds are an important ingredient in foods. They are the prime source for mustard, but also used as spice to prepare other foods such as mayonnaise. Various plant species provide mustard seeds: Sinapis alba and Brassica hirta (white and yellow mustard), Brassica juncea (brown Indian mustard or oriental mustard), and Brassica nigra (black mustard).

    [0003] When mustard seeds are ground to powder in a mill, the seed hulls separate out as mustard bran. Although, typically discarded as waste product, some commercial foods (like sauces) comprise mustard bran from white or yellow mustard as an ingredient. Mustard bran from these mustard varieties contains mucilage and can structure foods by affecting viscosity and water binding properties. Mustard bran is (commercially) available in particulate (powdered) form.

    [0004] Mustard bran obtained from the milling of seeds of black mustard or brown Indian mustard has a substantial protein content.

    [0005] US 3,630,757 describes a method for making an edible food composition having body, taste and mouth feel substantially similar to food products prepared from concentrated dispersions of tomato solids, comprising providing a fluid dispersion of mustard seed hulls, comminuting said fluid mustard seed hull dispersion to provide comminuted mustard seed hulls having a particle size of less than about 500 microns, and mixing said comminuted mustard seed hull dispersion with condiments and a gum so as to provide the edible food composition with body and mouth feel substantially similar to food products prepared from concentrated dispersions of tomato solids. The examples of the US patent describe the preparation of a tomato ketchup-like products in which mustard bran (from Brassica alba type mustard) is mixed with vinegar, water, preservatives and spices, and the resulting mixture is twice passed through a colloid mill.

    [0006] WO 2013/092086 describes an edible oil-in-water emulsion comprising finely ground pulse seed and rhamnogalacturonan mucilage gum originating from mustard bran. The examples of the international patent application describe the preparation of mayonnaise using a process in which ground yellow mustard bran is mixed with water, lentil flour, sugar and salt, and wherein remaining ingredients (oil, vinegar, egg yolk) are admixed using a Silverson mixer or a Fryma Del mixer.

    [0007] WO 2015/169527 describes an oil-in-water emulsion, comprising ground white or yellow mustard seed, wherein the ground white or yellow mustard seed is obtained by grinding white or yellow mustard seed in the presence of water and vinegar. Example 1 describes the preparation of an oil-in-water emulsion by mixing egg blend, mustard bran and aqueous phase in a pre-emulsion vessel and adding the oil under continuous stirring, followed by passing the pre-emulsion through a colloid mill for emulsification (rotation speeds between 7,000 and 14,000 rpm).

    [0008] GB1286370 describes milling of mustard seed and an aqueous suspension comprising black mustard bran.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0009] The inventors have discovered that bran from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) can advantageously be applied in food products after it has been treated in a high shear device selected from a high pressure homogenizer and/or an ultra-fine friction grinder. More particularly, the inventors have discovered that treatment of this type of mustard bran in a high shear device increases overall bioaccessability of the proteins contained in the bran. This is desirable in view of the high nutritional value of these proteins which provide all the essential amino acids.

    [0010] Thus, a first aspect of the present invention relates to a process for the manufacture of a suspension of mustard bran particles comprising the following steps:
    1. a) providing an aqueous dispersion of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or the seeds of brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of more than 300 µm;
    2. b) producing a milled suspension of mustard bran particles by passing the dispersion one or more times through a high shear device selected from a high pressure homogenizer and/or an ultra-fine friction grinder, said high pressure homogenizer being operated at a pressure drop of at least 100 bar.


    [0011] Without wishing to be bound by theory it is believed that by passing the aqueous dispersion of mustard bran particles one or more times through a high pressure homogenizer and/or an ultra-fine friction grinder, a substantial part of the protein contained in the bran is solubilized. In addition, bioaccessability of a part of the protein that is retained in the bran is improved by the shear treatment in that this protein fraction is rendered accessible by enzymes.

    [0012] Another aspect of the present invention is an aqueous suspension comprising 0.5 to 80 wt. % of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of less than 600 µm, wherein at least 25% of the total Kjeldahl protein content of the aqueous suspension is found in the liquid phase.

    [0013] A further aspect of the invention relates to a food product comprising an aqueous phase comprising an aqueous suspension comprising 0.5 to 80 wt. % of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of less than 600 µm, wherein at least 25% of the total Kjeldahl protein content of the aqueous suspension is found in the liquid phase, said aqueous phase comprising 0.5 to 15 wt. % of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of less than 600 µm.

    [0014] Yet another aspect of the invention relates to method of producing the aforementioned food product, said method comprising mixing the aqueous suspension of the present invention with one or more other food ingredients

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0015] As explained above, a first aspect of the present invention relates to a process for the manufacture of a suspension of mustard bran particles comprising the following steps:
    1. a) providing an aqueous dispersion of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or the seeds of brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of more than 300 µm;
    2. b) producing a milled suspension of mustard bran particles by passing the dispersion one or more times through a high shear device selected from a high pressure homogenizer and/or an ultra-fine friction grinder, said high pressure homogenizer being operated at a pressure drop of at least 100 bar.


    [0016] The term "mustard bran" as used herein refers to the seed hull material that can be removed from mustard seed, for instance, by grinding the seed.

    [0017] The volume weighted mean diameter of the bran particles in aqueous environment can suitably be determined by means of laser diffraction methods (e.g. using a Malvern Mastersizer 2000).

    [0018] Throughout this document all percentages, unless otherwise stated, refer to the percentage by weight (wt. %).

    [0019] The term 'oil' as used herein refers to a lipid component selected from triglycerides, diglycerides, monoglycerides, phosphoglycerides and combinations thereof.

    [0020] The terms 'oil' and 'fat' are used interchangeably. Where applicable the prefix 'liquid' or 'solid' is added to indicate if the fat or oil is liquid or solid at 20°C.

    [0021] The term 'total Kjeldahl protein' (TKP) content as used herein refers to the protein content that is calculated by multiplying the total Kjeldahl nitrogen content with a factor 6.25.

    [0022] The high shear device is employed in step b) of the present process to mechanically disintegrate the mustard bran particles that are present in the aqueous dispersion of mustard bran particles.

    [0023] High pressure homogenizers are devices in which a fluidic product is forced through a narrow gap (the homogenizing nozzle) at high pressure. The product is subjected to very high shear stress causing dispersed particles to disintegrate. Origin of this shear is the sudden restriction of flow under high pressure through a restrictive valve. A high pressure homogenizer consists of a high pressure pump and a homogenizing nozzle. The homogenizing pressure is typically in excess of 50 bar. Ultra high pressure homogenizers are able to reach up to 4000 bars. Microfluidizers are a type of high pressure homogenizer that can be operated are very high pressures (up to approximately 4000 bar).

    [0024] Ultra-fine friction grinders are devices comprising two ceramic nonporous grinders. The clearance between the upper and lower grinder is adjustable. The clearance between the grinders is important as it determines the size of ground material. An example of an ultra-fine friction grinder is the "Supermasscolloider" that is available from Masuko Sangyo Co., Japan.

    [0025] In a preferred embodiment of the present process, the aqueous dispersion in step a) contains 0.5 to 80 wt.%, more preferably 1 to 20 wt.% and most preferably 2 to 10 wt.% of the mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of more than 300 µm, preferably of more than 500 µm and most preferably of more than 600 µm.

    [0026] The aqueous dispersion of mustard bran particles that is employed in the present process typically has a water content of at least 20 wt.%, more preferably of at least 80 wt.% and most preferably of at least 85 wt.%.

    [0027] As explained, the passing of the aqueous dispersion of mustard bran particles through the high shear device causes a breakdown of these particles. Typically, the volume weighted mean diameter of the mustard bran particles is reduced with at least 20%, more preferably with at least 25% and most preferably with 30-90% by the one or more passages through the high shear device.

    [0028] The mustard bran particles in the aqueous dispersion preferably have a volume weighted mean diameter of more than 500 µm, more preferably of more than 550 µm and most preferably of more than 600 µm.

    [0029] In accordance with another preferred embodiment, at least 10 vol.% of the bran particles in the aqueous dispersion have a diameter of at least 700 µm, more preferably of at least 900 µm, even more preferably of at least 1000 µm.

    [0030] The milled suspension that is produced in the present process preferably contains not more than a limited amount of very coarse bran particles. Accordingly, in a preferred embodiment, less than 10 vol.% of the bran particles in the milled suspension have a diameter of at least than 1200 µm, more preferably of at least 1000 µm and most preferably of least 800 µm.

    [0031] The present process preferably yields a milled suspension in which the mustard bran particles have a volume weighted mean diameter of less than 600 µm, more preferably of less than 500 µm and most preferably of 50-300 µm.

    [0032] The mustard bran particles in the aqueous dispersion typically have a total Kjeldahl protein (TKP) content of at least 10 wt.% on dry matter, more preferably of least 15 wt.% on dry matter and most preferably of 15 wt.% to 25 wt.% on dry matter.

    [0033] Due to solubilisation and dispersing of the protein contained in the bran particles of the aqueous dispersion, the TKP content of these bran particles is reduced by the one or more passages through the high shear device.

    [0034] Due to the aforementioned solubilisation and dispersing of the bran protein, the liquid phase of the milled suspension typically has a TKP content of at least 1 g/l, more preferably of at least 1.5 g/l and most preferably of 2 to 60 g/l.

    [0035] Preferably, the liquid phase of the milled suspension contains at least 1 g/l, more preferably at least 1.5 g/l and most preferably 2 to 60 g/l of mustard bran protein.

    [0036] At least 25%, more preferably at least 30% and most preferably at least 45% of the total TKP content of the milled suspension is found in the liquid phase.

    [0037] Besides bran particles and water, the aqueous dispersion may contain other edible ingredients, such as salts and/or acids. Preferably, however, such additional components are absent in the aqueous dispersion or present in relatively low concentrations. Accordingly in a preferred embodiment, the combination of water and mustard bran particles constitutes at least 95 wt.%, more preferably at least 98 wt.% of the aqueous dispersion.

    [0038] The high shear device that is employed in the present process preferably is a high-pressure homogenizer. High pressure homogenisation (HPH) is a mechanical process, in which fluid material is forced through a narrow gap (the homogenizing nozzle) at high pressure. Preferably a high-pressure homogenizer is used to apply the shear at step b) operating at a pressure drop of at least 200 bar, more preferably of from 300 to 2000 bar, even more preferably of from 350 to 1400 bar and still even more preferably of from 400 to 1100 bar.

    [0039] In the present process, the dispersion entering the high shear device preferably has a temperature of at least 50 degrees Celsius, more preferably of at least 60 degrees Celsius and most preferably of 70-100 degrees Celsius.

    [0040] The milled suspension of mustard bran particles bran that is obtained by the present process can suitably be used as such or it can be diluted or concentrated before further use. In accordance with a preferred embodiment, the milled suspension is dried to a water content of less than 20 wt.%, more preferably of less than 15 wt.% and most preferably of less than 12 wt.%. Preferably, the dried suspension is produced in the form of a powder, more preferably a powder having a mass weighted average diameter in the range of 50-2,000 µm.

    [0041] Examples of drying techniques that can be used to dry the milled suspension include spray drying, drum drying and freeze drying.

    [0042] Another aspect of the present invention relates to an aqueous suspension comprising 0.5 to 80 wt. % of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of less than 600 µm, preferably of less than 500 µm, more preferably of 50-300 µm.

    [0043] The mustard bran particles are preferably contained in the aqueous suspension in a concentration of 1 to 20 wt.%, more preferably of 2 to 10 wt.%.

    [0044] In a preferred embodiment, less than 10 vol.% of the bran particles in the aqueous suspension have a diameter of at least than 1400 µm, more preferably of at least 1000 µm and most preferably of least 600 µm.

    [0045] The liquid phase of the aqueous suspension typically has a TKP content of at least 1 g/l, more preferably of at least 1.5 g/l and most preferably of 2 to 60 mg/l.

    [0046] Preferably, the liquid phase of the aqueous suspension contains at least 1 g/l, more preferably at least 1.5 g/l and most preferably 2 to 60 g/l of mustard bran protein.

    [0047] At least 25%, more preferably at least 30% and most preferably at least 45 % of the TKP content of the aqueous suspension is found in the liquid phase.

    [0048] The aqueous suspension preferably has a water content of at least 70 wt.%, more preferably of at least 80 wt.% and most preferably of at least 85 wt.%.

    [0049] Besides bran particles and water, the aqueous suspension may contain other edible ingredients, such as salts and/or acids. Preferably, however, such additional components are absent in the aqueous suspension or present in relatively low concentrations.

    [0050] Accordingly in a preferred embodiment, the combination of water and mustard bran particles constitutes at least 95 wt.%, more preferably at least 98 wt.% of the aqueous suspension.

    [0051] According to a particularly preferred embodiment, the aqueous suspension is obtained by the process described herein, wherein an aqueous dispersion of mustard bran particles is passed one or more times through a high shear device.

    [0052] A further aspect of the present invention relates to a food product comprising an aqueous phase, said aqueous phase comprising 0.5 to 15 wt. % of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of less than 600 µm, preferably of less than 500 µm, more preferably of 50-300 µm.

    [0053] Preferably, the aqueous phase of the food product contains 1 to 12 wt.%, more preferably 2 to 10 wt. % of mustard bran particles. Here the concentration of the mustard bran particles in the aqueous phase is expressed as a percentage by weight of the total aqueous phase, included suspended mustard bran particles.

    [0054] Preferably, the liquid phase of the aqueous phase contains at least 1 g/l, more preferably at least 1.5 g/l and most preferably 2 to 60 g/l of mustard bran protein.

    [0055] The present food product preferably comprises at least 10 wt.%, more preferably 15-80 wt.%, even more preferably 17-70 wt.% of the aqueous phase containing mustard bran particles.

    [0056] According to a preferred embodiment, the food product is an oil-and-water emulsion, more preferably oil-in-water emulsion. Examples of oil-in-water emulsions include mayonnaise and dressings. Most preferably, the food product of the present invention is a mayonnaise.

    [0057] Preferably the oil-in-water emulsion according to the invention comprises edible acid. Said acid refers to regular acids typically used in food emulsions. Preferably the amount of added acid is from 0.1 to 10 wt. %, more preferably from 0.5 to 5 wt.% and even more preferably from 1.0 to 2.0 wt. %. The acid preferably is selected from acetic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, phosphoric acid, and combinations thereof. Acetic acid may be added as a component of vinegar, and citric acid may be added as a component of lemon juice. Preferably the pH of the emulsion according to the invention is from 2.75 to 5.75, more preferably from 2.85 to 5.50 and even more preferably from 3.25 to 4.25.

    [0058] The oil-in-water emulsion of the present invention preferably contains egg yolk. The emulsion typically contains 0.5-10 wt. %, more preferably 2-8 wt. % and most preferably 3-7 wt. % egg yolk. Here the weight percentage refers to ordinary 'wet' egg yolk. It should be understood that the invention also encompasses the use of lyophilized egg yolk in equivalent amounts.

    [0059] Preferably, the emulsion according to the present invention contains 10-90 wt.% oil. More preferably, the oil content of the emulsion is in the range of 20-85 wt.%, most preferably in the range of 30-83 wt.%. The oil in the emulsion preferably contains at least 80 wt.%, more preferably at least 90 wt.% of triglycerides.

    [0060] The food product of the present invention preferably comprises mustard bran in a concentration of 0.05 to 4.0 wt.%, more preferably in a concentration of 0.075 to 2.75 wt.% and most preferably in a concentration of 0.1 to 2.0 wt.%, based on the total weight of the food product.

    [0061] Yet a further aspect of the present invention relates to a method of producing a food product as described herein, said method comprising mixing the aqueous suspension containing mustard bran particles as defined herein with one or more other food ingredients. In accordance with a particularly preferred embodiment, said one or more other food ingredients include oil.

    [0062] The invention is further illustrated by the following non-limiting examples.

    EXAMPLES


    Example 1



    [0063] 60 grams of Oriental mustard bran (Brassica juncea), obtained from G.S. Dunn Ltd. (product code 403), was dispersed in 2960 gram of Millipore water (a beaker of 5000 ml was used) at room temperature using a spoon. Next, the dispersion was homogenised using a Silverson (L4RT-A) mixer with a screen with 2 mm holes at 7000 rpm for 5 minutes.

    [0064] Subsequently the dispersion was further processed in a high pressure homogeniser (PandaPlus 2000 from GEA Niro Soavi) at different pressures, using only the first stage of the homogeniser. During homogenisation the dispersion in the pre-mix tank was stirred to prevent sedimentation of large particles.

    [0065] The particle size distribution of the homogenised dispersions was determined using a Mastersizer 2000 (Malvern) and compared to that of the non-homogenised dispersion (Reference).

    [0066] Likewise, the amount of protein that had been released into the aqueous phase of the homonogenised dispersions was measured and compared to that of the non-homogenized reference. To prepare a sample for protein concentration measurements, the sample was subjected to centrifugation (5 min at 10,000 rpm in an Eppendorf® centrifuge). The entire supernatant was taken for analysis, leaving only the dark sediment at the bottom of the Eppendorf® tubes. The protein content was determined on the basis of total nitrogen content. Kjeldahl was applied to determine nitrogen content (Official Methods of Analysis AOAC, 2000). Nitrogen content was then multiplied by a factor 6.25 to arrive at protein content.

    [0067] The results are shown in Table 1
    Table 1
    SampleHomogenisationD[4,3] (µm)d(0,1) (µm)d(0,5) (µm)d(0,9) (µm)Protein content (mg/l)
    Reference None 885 310 863 1502 600
    1 Silverson 634 20 600 1325 1100
    2 HPH 100 bar 573 24 506 1244 1200
    4 HPH 300 bar 481 22 400 1099 1600
    5 HPH 500 bar 294 14 167 756 1700
    6 HPH 1000 bar 91 10 63 213 1300
    7 HPH 1500 bar 69 10 45 137 1300


    [0068] The reduction in protein content that was observed at homogenization pressure of 1000 and 1500 bar is believed to be caused by disaggregation of protein aggregates that are naturally present in mustard bran. These disaggregated proteins then re-aggregate and form larger particles that are subsequently removed during the centrifugation step that is used to prepare the samples for analysis.


    Claims

    1. Process for the manufacture of a suspension of mustard bran particles comprising the following steps:

    a) providing an aqueous dispersion of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or the seeds of brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of more than 300 µm;

    b) producing a milled suspension of mustard bran particles by passing the dispersion one or more times through a high shear device selected from a high-pressure homogenizer and an ultra-fine friction grinder, said high pressure homogenizer being operated at a pressure drop of at least 100 bar.


     
    2. Process according to claim 1, wherein the volume weighted mean diameter of the mustard bran particles is reduced with at least 20% by the one or more passages through the high shear device.
     
    3. Process according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the mustard bran particles in the aqueous dispersion have a volume weighted mean diameter of more than 500 µm.
     
    4. Process according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the aqueous dispersion in step a) contains 0.5 to 80 wt.%, based on the weight of the dispersion, of the mustard bran particles.
     
    5. Process according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the dispersion is passed through a high pressure homogenizer operating at a pressure drop of at least 200 bar, preferably of 300 to 2000 bar.
     
    6. An aqueous suspension comprising 0.5 to 80 wt. % of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of less than 600 µm
    wherein at least 25% of the total Kjeldahl protein content of the aqueous suspension is found in the liquid phase.
     
    7. Aqueous suspension according to claim 6, wherein the suspension has a water content of at least 70 wt.%.
     
    8. Aqueous suspension according to any one of claims 6-7, wherein the mustard bran particles and water together constitute at least 95 wt.% of the aqueous suspension.
     
    9. Aqueous suspension according to any one of claims 6-8, wherein the suspension is obtained by a process according to any one of claims 1-5,
     
    10. A food product comprising an aqueous phase comprising the aqueous suspension of any one of claims 6 to 9, said aqueous phase comprising 0.5 to 15 wt. % of mustard bran particles originating from the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) and/or brown Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), said mustard bran particles having a volume weighted mean diameter of less than 600 µm.
     
    11. Food product according to claim 10, wherein food product comprises at least 10 wt.% of the aqueous phase.
     
    12. Food product according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the food product is an emulsion, preferably oil-in-water emulsion.
     
    13. Food product according to any one of claims 10 to 12, wherein the food product is a mayonnaise.
     
    14. A method of producing a food product according to any one of claims 10-13, said method comprising mixing the aqueous suspension according to any one of claims 6-9 with one or more other food ingredients.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Suspension von Senfkleiepartikeln, umfassend die folgenden Schritte:

    a) Bereitstellen einer wässrigen Dispersion von Senfkleiepartikeln, die von den Samen von Schwarzem Senf (Brassica nigra) und/oder den Samen von braunem Indischen Senf (Brassica juncea) stammen, wobei die Senfkleiepartikel einen volumengewichteten mittleren Durchmesser von mehr als 300 µm aufweisen;

    b) Herstellung einer gemahlenen Suspension von Senfkleiepartikeln, indem die Dispersion ein oder mehrere Male durch eine Hochschervorrichtung geführt wird, ausgewählt unter einem Hochdruckhomogenisator und einer Ultrafein-Reibemühle, wobei der Hochdruckhomogenisator bei einem Druckabfall von mindestens 100 bar betrieben wird.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der volumengewichtete mittlere Durchmesser der Senfkleiepartikel durch den einen oder die mehreren Durchläufe durch die Hochschervorrichtung um mindestens 20% vermindert wird.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Senfkleiepartikel in der wässrigen Dispersion einen volumengewichteten mittleren Durchmesser von mehr als 500 µm aufweisen.
     
    4. Verfahren nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die wässrige Dispersion im Schritt a) 0,5 bis 80 Gew.-%, bezogen auf das Gewicht der Dispersion, Senfkleiepartikel enthält.
     
    5. Verfahren nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Dispersion durch einen Hochdruckhomogenisator geführt wird, der bei einem Druckabfall von mindestens 200 bar, bevorzugt von 300 bis 2000 bar, betrieben wird.
     
    6. Wässrige Suspension, umfassend 0,5 bis 80 Gew.-% Senfkleiepartikel, die von den Samen von Schwarzem Senf (Brassica nigra) und/oder braunem Indischen Senf (Brassica juncea) stammen, wobei die Senfkleiepartikel einen volumengewichteten mittleren Durchmesser von weniger als 600 µm aufweisen, wobei mindestens 25% des gesamten Kjeldahl-Proteingehalts der wässrigen Suspension in der flüssigen Phase gefunden werden.
     
    7. Wässrige Suspension nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Suspension einen Wassergehalt von mindestens 70 Gew.-% aufweist.
     
    8. Wässrige Suspension nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 6-7, wobei die Senfkleiepartikel und Wasser zusammen mindestens 95 Gew.-% der wässrigen Suspension darstellen.
     
    9. Wässrige Suspension nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 6-8, wobei die Suspension durch ein Verfahren nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1-5 erhalten wird.
     
    10. Lebensmittelprodukt, umfassend eine wässrige Phase, umfassend die wässrige Suspension nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 6 bis 9, wobei die wässrige Phase 0,5 bis 15 Gew.-% Senfkleiepartikel, die von den Samen von Schwarzem Senf (Brassica nigra) und/oder braunem Indischen Senf (Brassica jucea) stammen, umfasst, wobei die Senfkleiepartikel einen volumengewichteten mittleren Durchmesser von weniger als 600 µm aufweisen.
     
    11. Lebensmittelprodukt nach Anspruch 10, wobei das Lebensmittelprodukt mindestens 10 Gew.-% der wässrigen Phase umfasst.
     
    12. Lebensmittelprodukt nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, wobei das Lebensmittelprodukt eine Emulsion, bevorzugt eine Öl-in-Wasser-Emulsion, darstellt.
     
    13. Lebensmittelprodukt nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 10 bis 12, wobei das Lebensmittelprodukt eine Mayonnaise darstellt.
     
    14. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Lebensmittelprodukts nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 10-13, wobei das Verfahren das Mischen der wässrigen Suspension nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 6-9 mit einer oder mehreren anderen Lebensmittelzutaten umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé pour la fabrication d'une suspension de particules de son de moutarde comprenant les étapes suivantes de :

    a) fourniture d'une dispersion aqueuse de particules de son de moutarde provenant des graines de moutarde noire (nigra) et/ou des graines de moutarde Indienne brune (Brassica juncea), lesdites particules de son de moutarde présentant un diamètre moyen pondéré en volume supérieur à 300 µm ;

    b) production d'une suspension broyée de particules de son de moutarde par passage de la dispersion une ou plusieurs fois à travers un dispositif de cisaillement élevé choisi parmi un homogénéisateur haute pression et un broyeur à friction ultrafine, ledit homogénéisateur haute pression fonctionnant à une perte de charge d'au moins 100 bar.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le diamètre moyen pondéré en volume des particules de son de moutarde est réduit d'au moins 20 % par les un ou plusieurs passages à travers le dispositif de cisaillement élevé.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel les particules de son de moutarde dans la dispersion aqueuse présentent un diamètre moyen pondéré en volume supérieur à 500 µm.
     
    4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la dispersion aqueuse dans l'étape a) contient de 0,5 à 80 % en masse, rapporté à la masse de la dispersion, des particules de son de moutarde.
     
    5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la dispersion passe à travers un homogénéisateur haute pression fonctionnant à une perte de charge d'au moins 200 bar, de préférence de 300 à 2 000 bar.
     
    6. Suspension aqueuse comprenant de 0,5 à 80 % en masse de particules de son de moutarde provenant des graines de moutarde noire (Brassica nigra) et/ou de moutarde Indienne brune (Brassica juncea), lesdites particules de son de moutarde présentant un diamètre moyen pondéré en volume inférieur à 600 µm
    dans laquelle au moins 25 % de la teneur totale en protéine Kjeldahl de la suspension aqueuse se trouve dans la phase liquide.
     
    7. Suspension aqueuse selon la revendication 6, dans laquelle la suspension présente une teneur en eau d'au moins 70 % en masse.
     
    8. Suspension aqueuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6-7, dans laquelle les particules de son de moutarde et l'eau constituent ensemble au moins 95 % en masse de la suspension aqueuse.
     
    9. Suspension aqueuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6-8, dans laquelle la suspension est obtenue par un procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1-5.
     
    10. Produit alimentaire comprenant une phase aqueuse comprenant la suspension aqueuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 9, ladite phase aqueuse comprenant de 0,5 à 15 % en masse de particules de son de moutarde provenant des graines de moutarde noire (Brassica nigra) et/ou de moutarde Indienne brune (Brassica juncea), lesdites particules de son de moutarde présentant un diamètre moyen pondéré en volume inférieur à 600 µm.
     
    11. Produit alimentaire selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le produit alimentaire comprend au moins 10 % en masse de la phase aqueuse.
     
    12. Produit alimentaire selon la revendication 10 ou 11, dans lequel le produit alimentaire est une émulsion, de préférence une émulsion huile-dans-eau.
     
    13. Produit alimentaire selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 12, dans lequel le produit alimentaire est une mayonnaise.
     
    14. Procédé de production d'un produit alimentaire selon l'une quelconque des revendications 10-13, ledit procédé comprenant le mélange de la suspension aqueuse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6-9 avec un ou plusieurs autres ingrédients alimentaires.
     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description