(19)
(11)EP 3 594 040 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
15.01.2020 Bulletin 2020/03

(21)Application number: 19177577.4

(22)Date of filing:  31.05.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60K 15/04  (2006.01)
B65D 53/02  (2006.01)
B60K 13/04  (2006.01)
B65D 51/16  (2006.01)
F16J 15/3232  (2016.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 29.06.2018 TR 201809294

(71)Applicant: Nesan Otomotiv Anonim Sirketi
Izmir (TR)

(72)Inventors:
  • GERÇEKÇI , Emre
    Izmir (TR)
  • SEZGIN, Oguz
    Izmir (TR)

(74)Representative: Yamankaradeniz, Kemal 
Destek Patent, Inc. Eclipse Business D Blok No. 5 Maslak
34398 Istanbul
34398 Istanbul (TR)

  


(54)A SEAL STRUCTURING WITH WING FOR UREA AND FUEL TANK LIDS


(57) The invention relates to a seal structuring (30) which prevents the pass of contaminating materials, which can come from the outer environment in the diesel fuel and urea liquid tanks in the diesel heavy vehicles and especially between the pass type, bayonet type or valve type tank lids (10) and the tank inlet (40), wherein it includes; a seal body (34) covering the surrounding of the whole tank inlet (40) by being located between the said tank inlet (40) and the tank lid (10) and at least one wing (33) which is formed in the continuation of the said seal body (34) and which contacts the side wall by extending from the seal body (34) through the tank lid (10) side wall.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The invention is related to a wing type seal structuring which shall prevent the passing of water, dust and foreign materials between the tank inlet and the tank lid in diesel fuel and urea tanks in the diesel heavy vehicles.

[0002] The invention specifically is related to a wing type seal structuring which shall prevent the passing of the contaminating particles into the fuel tank in pass type, bayonet type and valve type tank lids.

State Of The Art



[0003] Today, it is important to store and maintain the fuel, that is needed for the automobiles, commercial vehicles and heavy vehicles to operate and travel, under appropriate conditions. The fuel tank in automobiles and light commercial vehicles is located inside the vehicle body and is guarded with a lid on the vehicle body in addition to the tank lid. However, for the heavy type of vehicles such as trucks, trailer trucks etc. the fact that the fuel tank is located in a manner that is open to the atmosphere requires the tank lid to be designed in a manner such that it does not allow the contamination of the fuel. Sealing elements such as seals are used between the tank lid and the filler opening in order to prevent the entrance of foreign materials into the fuel tank. Fuel tank lids of pass type, bayonet type and valve type and the seals that are appropriate for these lid types are commonly used in order to obtain the sealing.

[0004] Generally, since the O-ring seals or tank lid seals with a geometry similar to felt have a plane form, they can only be in contact with the frontal surface of the tank inlet and the tank lid. These seals which cannot provide a contact with any of the lateral surfaces of the tank lid create a risk regarding the foreign materials entering into the fuel tanks which are open to the atmosphere. These tank lids are opened and closed in every fuel filling and are prone to the contamination depending on the environmental factors. On the other hand, the tank lid seals used in prior art create a possibility of foreign materials to enter into the fuel tank, by accumulating the dust, water and similar foreign materials, that are brought by the environmental factors, on their surface by time. These foreign materials which can be mixed with the fuel fill the fuel filter system before it is supposed to be filled and increase the costs of maintenance. In addition to that, fuel system elements which have high replacement costs, can also be damaged due to these foreign materials which are capable of directly passing to the fuel pump and fuel injectors.

[0005] Fuel lid seals, which are generally manufactured of materials derivative of rubber, are exposed to an extent of alteration in their shape when the lid is screwed. The seals that are used in prior art are exposed to this alteration of shape much more under the screwing pressure, due to the geometry they have, and increase the risk of foreign materials entering into the fuel tank. In addition, the seal surfaces in the vehicles which use different fuels such as urea, are exposed to chemical reactions and are deformed; therefore they lose their sealing feature by time.

[0006] In Figure 6, a cross section view of a pass type seal (50) and bayonet type seal (50) of the prior art are shown on the tank. According to this, the seals (50) that are used in pass type tank lid (10) and bayonet type tank lid (10) systems for obtaining a sealing feature in the tank lids, function only by contacting the top surfaces of the respective tank inlet. The elements inside the lid have no protection against the foreign materials such as dust and water, which can enter into the said tank lids from the atmosphere. The foreign materials which accumulate over time on the said tank lids and tank inlets can prevent the operation of the locking mechanism of the lid. The seal structures which are prone to let foreign materials into the fuel tank via the tank lid and the tank inlets due to their geometry cause particles enter into the fuel pump from the tank and consequently to the injecting system and result in serious damages with high maintenance costs in the engine.

[0007] As a result, due to the disadvantages that are mentioned above and the inadequacy of the existing solutions regarding the issue, a development in the technical field is required.

Aim of the Invention



[0008] The invention aims to solve the above-mentioned disadvantages by being created with an inspiration of the current status of the art.

[0009] The main aim of the invention is to provide a structure for sealing by adding a wing to the seal systems that are used in the urea liquid fuel tanks and diesel fuel tanks.

[0010] Another aim of the invention is to prevent the foreign materials such as dust and water from entering into tank through the pass and bayonet type fuel tank lids.

[0011] Another aim of the invention is to provide a wing type seal structuring which is collapsible, in order to balance the pressure inside the tank in valve ventilation tank lids.

[0012] Another aim of the invention is to prevent the accumulation of foreign materials on and about the tank lid due to a seal structuring with double wings.

[0013] In order to realize all the aims that are mentioned above and can be understood from the detailed description provided below, the invention relates to a seal structuring that shall prevent the passing of foreign materials, which can come from the outer environment, especially between pass type, bayonet type or valve type tank lids and the tank inlet in diesel fuel and urea liquid tanks in the diesel heavy vehicles, wherein; it comprises:
  • a seal body covering the surrounding of the whole tank inlet by being located between the said tank inlet and the tank lid;
  • at least one wing which is formed in the continuation of the said seal body and which contacts the side wall by extending from the seal body through the tank lid side wall.


[0014] The structural and characteristical properties of the invention, along with its all advantages, shall be understood in a clear manner by the figures provided below and the detailed description with reference to these accompanied figures and therefore; an evaluation shall be made by taking these figures and the detailed description into the account.

Brief Description of the Figures



[0015] 

Figure 1, is a view of the wing type seal structuring of the invention on the pass type tank lid.

Figure 2, is a view of the wing type seal structuring of the invention on the bayonet type tank lid.

Figure 3, is another view of the wing type seal structuring of the invention on the bayonet type tank lid.

Figure 4, is another view of the seal structuring of the invention on the alternative bayonet type tank lid with a structuring with double wings.

Figure 5, is a view of the wing type seal structuring of the invention on the valve type tank lid.

Figure 6, is a cross sectional view of the pass type seal and the bayonet type seal of the prior art on the tank.



[0016] The drawings do not have to be necessarily scales and the details that are not relevant in order to understand the present invention can be ignored. In addition to that, the elements which are at least similar to a great extent or which have functions that are at least similar in a to a great extent are shown with the same numbers.

Description of the Part References



[0017] 

10. Tank lid

11. Valve ventilation threads

12. Air gap

20. Lid body

30. Seal structuring

31. Top radius

32. Bottom radius

33. Wing

34. Seal body

35. Connection radius

40. Tank inlet

X. Air intake

Y. Air release

Z. Material transition

50. Old type seal


Detailed Description of the Invention



[0018] In this detailed description, the preferred structurings of a wing type seal structuring (30) are merely explained in order for the issue to be understood in detail and they are not limiting in any manner.

[0019] In Figure 1 a view of the wing type seal structuring (30) of the invention on a pass type tank lid (10) is shown. According to this, the seal structuring (30) goes onto the pass type tank inlet (40) and is located onto the frontal surface of a lid body(20) which is integrated with the pass type tank lid (10) in order to prevent the entrance of foreign material onto the fuel tank; and this seal structuring (30) is composed of a seal body (34) and at least one wing (33). The seal body (34), which has a circular form, has the appropriate geometry to provide a sealing by being located between the lid body (20) and the tank inlet (40) and it prevents the entrance of foreign materials that may come from the outer environment into the fuel tank by the tank lid (10) being screwed. In order to prevent the disruption of the geometry of the seal during the screwing between the tank lid (10) and the tank inlet (40); a top radius (31) is located in the top part in a manner to form a gap between the said seal body (34) and the wing (33) is included and a bottom radius (32) which is formed in the bottom part as a result of the curve the said wing (33) has. The contact of the seal structuring (30) to the pass type tank lid (10) are provided by at least one wing (33) which is formed in the continuation of the said seal body (34) and which contacts the side wall by extending from the seal body (34) through the tank lid (10) side wall.

[0020] In Figure 2, a view of the wing type seal structuring (30) of the invention on the bayonet type tank lid (10) is shown. According to this, the bayonet type seal structuring (30) with a wide surface which shall prevent the entrance of the foreign materials from the outer environment by increasing the contact surface between the bayonet type tank inlet (40) and the bayonet type tank lid (10; has a wing (33) in order to perform this function. The said wing (33) performs the function of sealing by being in contact with the side wall of the bayonet type tank lid (10).

[0021] In Figure 3, another view of the wing type seal structuring (30) of the invention on the bayonet type tank lid (10) is shown. In the said seal structuring (30); by the virtue of the connection radius (35) that is formed in a manner to create a gap in the connection point of the said seal body (34) and the wing (33) in the bottom part; the seal form between the tank lid (10) and the tank inlet (40) is maintained during the screwing.

[0022] Figure 4, another view of the seal structuring (30) of the invention on the bayonet type tank lid (10) is shown. Here, there is a seal structuring (30) with double wings (33) which is obtained by adding the extra wing (33) to the existing wing type bayonet seal. There are two wings (33) which are formed in the continuation of the seal body (34) and one of which extends and contacts to the tank inlet (40) whereas the other extends and contact to the tank lid (10).

[0023] In Figure 5, a view of the wing type seal structuring (30) of the invention on the valve type tank lid (10) is shown. Here, the usage of the seal structuring (30) in the valve type tank lid (10) systems is showed. A positive pressure is created inside the tank due to the vapor pressure which is created due to the vaporization of the fuel depending on the temperature inside the tank. At the same time, the vacuum which results from the fuel being drawn to the engine from the tank creates a negative pressure. When a difference of pressure as such occurs; the wing (33) opens and closes on the valve ventilation threads (11) and provides the air intake (X) and the air release (Y) between the valve ventilation threads (11) and the seal structuring (30). Negative pressure is prevented by an air intake (X) into the tank and positive pressure is prevented by an air release (Y) into the atmosphere from the tank.

[0024] Due to the wings (33) that are added to the designs of the said pass type, wide surfaced bayonet type, bayonet type and valve type seal structurings (30); a structuring; of which the permeability of the foreign materials such as water and dust is decreased under the high pressure and temperature conditions of the respective tank lids IP69K standards; is obtained. The materials of these seals, which are generally used in tanks containing urea and diesel oil type fuels, shall be in a manner to be proofed against the chemical features of the fuels, in order to maintain its form. Therefore; the seals that shall be used in the tanks containing diesel oil fuel are preferably produced of a material that is derivative of natural rubber of NBR (nitryl rubber) class. Since the form of the NBR class rubber material can be disrupted by interacting with the chemicals when contacting the urea liquid, the seal material in tanks which contain urea liquid as fuel shall be produced of rubber material of EPDM (Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer) class.


Claims

1. A seal structuring (30) which prevents the pass of contaminating materials, which can come from the outer environment, especially between the pass type, bayonet type or valve type a tank lids (10) and a tank inlet (40), in the diesel fuel and urea liquid tanks in the diesel heavy vehicles, characterized by comprising;

• a seal body (34) covering the surrounding of the whole tank inlet (40) by being located between the said tank inlet (40) and the tank lid (10);

• at least one wing (33) which is formed in the continuation of the said seal body (34) and which contacts the side wall by extending from the seal body (34) through the tank lid (10) side wall.


 
2. The seal structuring (30) according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; a top radius (31) located in the top part in a manner to form a gap between the said seal body (34) and the wing (33) and which prevents the disruption of the form of the seal geometry during the screwing between the tank lid (10) and the tank inlet (40).
 
3. The seal structuring (30) according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; a bottom radius (32) which is formed in the bottom part and which prevents the disruption of the form of the seal geometry during the screwing between the tank lid (10) and the tank inlet (40), due to the curve the said wing (33) has.
 
4. The seal structuring (30) according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; at least two wings (33) which are formed in the continuation of the said body seal (34) and one of which extends and contacts to the tank inlet (40) whereas the other extends and contacts to the tank lid (10).
 
5. The seal structuring (30) according to Claim 1, characterized by comprising; the wing (33) which opens and closes on a valve ventilation threads (11) of the valve type lid and which provides an air intake (X) or an air release (Y) between the valve ventilation threads (11) and the valve type seal, in order to tolerate the pressure occurring inside the tank.
 
6. The seal structuring (30) according to Claim 1 or Claim 5, characterized by comprising; a connection radius (35) which is formed on the bottom part in a manner to create a gap in the connection point of the said seal body (34) and the wing (33) and which prevents the disruption of the form of the seal geometry during the screwing between the tank lid (10) and the tank inlet (40).
 




Drawing