(19)
(11)EP 3 595 489 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
28.07.2021 Bulletin 2021/30

(21)Application number: 18717152.5

(22)Date of filing:  15.03.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A47B 43/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2018/022611
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/170250 (20.09.2018 Gazette  2018/38)

(54)

COLLAPSIBLE ARTICULATING CABINET FRAME

ZUSAMMENKLAPPBARER GELENKIGER SCHRANKRAHMEN

CADRE D'ARMOIRE ARTICULÉ PLIABLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.03.2017 US 201762472272 P
14.03.2018 US 201815920724

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.01.2020 Bulletin 2020/04

(73)Proprietor: Panduit Corp.
Tinley Park, Illinois 60487 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • KUFFEL, Gregory L.
    Plainfield, Illinois 60544 (US)

(74)Representative: Harden, Henry Simon 
Kilburn & Strode LLP Lacon London 84 Theobalds Road
London WC1X 8NL
London WC1X 8NL (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2012/104697
US-A1- 2004 238 469
GB-A- 2 286 337
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Cross-Reference to Related Applications



    [0001] This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/472,272, filed March 16, 2017.

    Field of the Invention



    [0002] The present invention relates to a cabinet frame assembly, and more particularly to a collapsible articulating cabinet frame assembly.

    Background of the Invention



    [0003] The cost to ship cabinets is very high because they consume a large amount of space which limits the quantity that can be placed in a truck or shipping container. Since shipping charges are often based on the truck or container load, being able to place more cabinets in a container helps to reduce cost. One method being deployed today to increase container load quantity is the use of flat packs configurations. Figs. 6A-6C illustrated flat pack configurations. Cabinets are packaged and shipped unassembled, individually or in bulk to improve space efficiency by reducing the volume each unit occupies. The cabinets are then assembled in the supplier's factory, at a reseller or distributor, or the job site. Using this method, container loads can roughly be doubled. Typically, 36 fully assembled standard configuration cabinets can fit into a 40-foot shipping container. However, using a flat pack solution, 77 units would be able to fit into a 40-foot shipping container.

    [0004] Although flat pack configurations for cabinets has reduced shipping costs, it is still desirable to further reduce shipping costs. It is also desirable to provide cabinets that are easily and economically assembled after shipping.

    [0005] GB2286337 A discloses a collapsible structure, comprising at least three frames so connected to one another that the structure can be converted between a "collapsed" generally flat state and an "erected" configurations of the structure.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0006] An invention is defined in the claims.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0007] 

    Fig. 1A is a perspective view of a cabinet frame of the present invention in a standard configuration with doors, equipment rails, top cap, and other hardware shown inside the cabinet for shipping.

    Fig. 1B is a perspective view of the cabinet frame of Fig. 1A in a partially collapsed configuration.

    Fig. 1C is a perspective view of the cabinet frame of Fig. 1A in a collapsed configuration.

    Fig. 2A is a front view of the cabinet frame of Fig. 1A.

    Fig. 2B is a front view of the cabinet frame of Fig. 1B.

    Fig. 2C is a front view of the cabinet frame of Fig. 1C.

    Fig. 3 is a partially exploded view of the side frame assembly that forms the cabinet frame of Fig. 1A.

    Fig. 4 is a partially exploded view of the side frame assembly of Fig. 3 with side to side beams and hinges.

    Fig. 5 is a partially exploded view of the cabinet frame, doors, and top cap of Fig. 1A.

    Fig. 6A is an exploded view of the prior art cabinet frame being flat packaged.

    Fig. 6B is a perspective view of the prior art flat packed cabinet frame assembly of Fig. 6A.

    Fig. 6C is a perspective view of numerous prior art flat packed cabinet frames of Fig. 6b.


    Detailed Description



    [0008] The present invention is a collapsible cabinet frame 50 that is easily articulated between a collapsed form to an expanded form. Fig. 1A and 2A illustrate the cabinet frame of the present invention fully expanded. Figs. 1B and 2B illustrate the cabinet frame being partially collapsed. Figs. 1C and 2C illustrate the cabinet frame fully collapsed. As described below, the doors, top cap, bottom cover, equipment rails, and various accessories hardware are positioned inside the cabinet frame for protection while allowing the cabinet frame to collapse for improved shipping and handling. Note, these items can also be positioned outside of the cabinet interior, if needed.

    [0009] Fig. 3 illustrates the side frame assembly 52 of the cabinet frame 50. The cabinet assembly 50 has two side frames 54. Each side frame 54 includes an upper front to back beam 56, a lower front to back beam 58, a middle front to back beam 60, a front corner post 62, and a rear corner post 64. Each upper front to back beam 56 and each lower front to back beam 58 include e-rail mounting flanges 66b and 68a, respectively. Each middle front to back beam 60 includes e-rail mounting flange 60a. The upper front to back beams 56 and the lower front to back beams 58 also include hinge pin guide holes 70, 74 and pin holes 72, 76, respectively. The lower front to back beam 58 includes threaded caster mounting posts 78.

    [0010] The side frame(s) 54 are generally assembled as follows. The front corner post 62 is fastened to the lower front to back beam 58 such that the end of the post 62 is positioned over the front to back beam hinge pin guide hole 74. This can be done by welding or other means. Next, the rear comer post 64 is fastened to the rear portion of the lower front to back beam 58. The upper front to back beam 56 is fastened to the front and rear corner posts 62, 64 in the same manner as the lower front to back beam 58. The middle front to back beam 60 is then assembled to the front and rear comer posts 62, 64 midspan by welding or other means.

    [0011] Fig. 4 illustrates the two side frames 54 joined together by upper side to side beams 80 and lower side to side beams 82. The upper side to side beams 80 and the lower side to side beams 82 include hinge pin guide holes 84, 88 and locking pin holes 86, 90, respectively. One end of the front lower side to side beam 82 is placed between the flanges 68a, 68b of the lower front to back beam 58 with the lower front to back beam hinge pin guide hole 74 and the side to side beam hinge pin guide hole 88 being aligned. A hinge pin 92 is inserted through the holes until the hinge pin flange 94 touches the bottom flange 68b of the lower front to back beam 58. The hinge pin flange 94 is then welded or fastened to the bottom flange 68b of the lower front to back beam 58 to retain the hinge pin 92. The holes 84, 88 will be sized to allow the lower front to back beam 58 and the side to side beam 82 to rotate or hinge in a precise well controlled manner relative to each other. This process is repeated at the remaining seven corners. About the upper front to back beams 56, the hinge pin flange 94 will touch the top flange 66a of the upper front to back beams 56 instead of the bottom flange 66b.

    [0012] Alternatively, the hinge pin may be press fit into the lower front to back beam pin holes to retain the hinge pin or the pin can be pressed into the side to side beam holes to retain the hinge pin. In either case, the holes will have some clearance relative to the pin's outside diameter and will act as a precise bearing in situ with the pin to create a hinge point.

    [0013] A threaded leveling leg 98 is threaded into the lower hinge pin threaded bore 96. This is repeated on the remaining lower corners of the cabinet frame. A caster 102 is mounted with nuts to the lower flange of the lower front to back beam using caster threaded mounting posts 78. This is repeated at the remaining lower corners of the cabinet frame.

    [0014] Fig. 5 illustrates an assembled cabinet with the equipment rails 110, 112, doors 114, top cap 118, and hardware positioned within the cabinet. Two side panels 116 are also shown. The front and rear equipment rails 110, 112 can be mounted to the upper, lower, and middle front to back beams in locations that will allow the cabinet frame to collapse as much as possible without damage to the cabinet frame or accessories contained within during shipping and handling.

    [0015] In preparing the cabinet frame for shipping, the doors 114, top cap 118, bottom cover (not illustrated), and accessory hardware are positioned and secured inside the cabinet frame 50 (see Fig. 5). The cabinet frame 50 is then collapsed until the angle between the side to side and front to back beams is significantly less than 90 degrees, without damaging the items contained therein. Stop points are incorporated into the cabinet design or the packaging to prevent over collapsing and provide support. The cabinet frame 50 is now ready to be packaged.

    [0016] The packaging will generally be wrapped around the collapsed cabinet frame with additional protection for the top and bottom of the cabinet frame. The packaging material can be corrugated cardboard or other suitable material. The packaging is unique in that it is designed to protect the collapsed cabinet frame during shipment can be reused on the cabinet after it has been expanded. This is beneficial to resellers who plan to expand and assemble cabinets in their facility prior to passing them on to their customers. This will save the expense of buying their own packaging solution.

    [0017] Once the cabinet frame 50 has arrived at the assembly site, the cabinet frame 50 is erected based on the following steps. First the packaging is removed and the doors 114, top cap 118, bottom cover (not illustrated), and accessory hardware are put aside in a safe location. Next, the cabinet frame 50 is expanded until the side to side beams 80, 82 and the front to back beams 56, 58, 60 are at a 90-degree angle to each other. A locking screw, bolt pin or other fastening device 100 is then placed into one of the lower front to back beam locking pin holes 76 and the corresponding side beam locking pin hole 90. This process is repeated for the remaining seven hole locations.

    [0018] At this point, the cabinet frame 50 is square, rigid and secure. It can no longer collapse. The equipment rails 110, 112 are unmounted, moved, and remounted in the desired location to accommodate the equipment deployed. The top cap 118 is mounted to the upper front to back beams 56 and the upper side to side beams 80 via fasteners. The optional bottom cover (not illustrated) would be mounted to the lower front to back beams 58 and the lower side to side beams 82 using fasteners. Finally, the front and rear doors 114 are mounted to the front and rear of the cabinet frame 50. The side panels 116 were pre-installed.

    [0019] To those familiar in the art, alternate frame constructions are possible to achieve the function and benefits associated with the embodiment described. In keeping with the benefits of this invention, the collapsible cabinet frame can be constructed in several ways. For example, the door frame can be assembled as a front and back frame that is then hingeably attached to the front to back beams.

    [0020] Alternately, while this embodiment incorporates eight hinge points located at the corner of the cabinet, additional hinge points and or a telescoping beam configuration can be deployed to collapse the sides of the frame to reduce its footprint for shipping. For example, the front to back and side to side beam components may be configured as two or more pieces and can be designed to interact in a controlled telescoping manner to reduce the footprint of the frame. Also, hinge points deployed within the length of the front to back and side to side beams interacting with hinge points at the ends of these components can also be used to collapse the beams and reduce the footprint of the frame.

    [0021] Another example, rather than incorporating features into the front to back and side to side beams that work together to create the hinge points of the frame, the hinges/hinge points could be produced as standalone components that would be secured to alternate configurations of the front to back and side to side beams to create the same function and benefits. The packaging configuration can also be altered from that described while still utilizing the benefits of the collapsible frame.

    [0022] The collapsible frame of the present invention offers several benefits and solutions to problems cabinet manufactures and resellers face. First, the collapsible cabinet frame enables shipping costs to be reduced. The shipping configuration of the collapsed cabinet frame is much smaller than standard non-collapsing cabinets. For example, a standard cabinet is 600 mm wide by 1200 mm deep by 42RU tall. This cabinet is typically 598 mm wide x 1269 mm deep x 2026 mm tall with the doors mounted thereto, The volume of the cabinet is 1.537 cubic meters. This sized cabinet when collapsed has the dimensions 224 mm wide x 1733 mm deep x 2026 mm tall. The volume of the collapsible cabinet frame is 0.786 cubic meters which is 51% less than the volume of a standard cabinet. Thus, shipping costs per unit will be decreased, which will provide saving benefits throughout the supply chain.

    [0023] The collapsible cabinet frame also reduces the cabinet storage area space at a warehouse or job site. The smaller collapsible cabinet frame footprint allows cabinets to be stored on site while minimizing obstructions. Additionally, by reducing the footprint of the cabinet frame, the distributor reseller may be more inclined to stock cabinets on site in support of discretionary business.

    [0024] The collapsed cabinet frame is largely preassembled from the factory. As described above, to assemble the cabinet, the cabinet frame is expanded, locking pins are installed, the equipment rails are adjusted, the top cap is installed and then the doors are hung. It is estimated that this process would take two individuals 10-15 minutes to complete. In contrast, a flat pack cabinet frame arrives with a plurality of pieces or components, e.g. side frames, side to side beams, front to back beams, casters, etc., that must be assembled. Assembling the cabinet takes two individuals between 15 to 40 minutes, depending on the individual's skill level. The reduction in assembly time of the collapsible cabinet reduces labor costs which make it more economical and inviting for resellers, distributors, contractors, or end users to install.

    [0025] Because the collapsed cabinet frame is largely pre-assembled and requires only a few basic assembly operations, the skill and experience level of the individuals necessary to assemble the cabinet frame quickly is less critical versus the flat pack option. Individuals that may perform the assembly include factory workers, distributors, contractors, or the end user.

    [0026] Additionally, the collapsible cabinet frame requires less hardware to manage and keep track of during deployment than flat pack solutions thereby reducing the risk of misplacement or loss. Misplaced or lost hardware components would prevent a cabinet from being assembled properly.

    [0027] The collapsible cabinet frame improves assemble quality and consistency. Flat pack configurations require a considerable amount of mechanical assembly steps that need to be controlled and monitored to ensure that the final assembly is put together correctly and functions as intended. Bolt and screw torque application levels and overall squareness are two such important parameters to be controlled. If torque is not controlled at the job site or reseller, the screws and bolts can potentially be stripped out under tightened leading to complaints of unstable cabinet structures or defective product. Further, it is an ongoing expense for the assembler to control the assembly process as special tools, such as torques wrenches, and ongoing Q.C. checks are necessary to control quality. With the collapsible cabinet frame of the present invention, the control and monitoring are less complex. There are fewer assembly steps since the collapsible cabinet frame is largely preassembled with inherent structural integrity. Expanding the frame and securing it is a simple robust operation.

    [0028] Another benefit of the collapsible cabinet frame is the reduction in shipping damage. Cabinet damage is a significant problem with standard cabinet configurations. The doors are particularly vulnerable as they are made of light, perforated metal and are attached to the outside of the frame. The doors and other areas of the cabinet can be dented or pierced due to rough handling during shipment by fork trucks, shipping strap application, etc. The top caps are also at risk from crushing should a shipping strap be placed over the top of the cabinet. Often a significant amount of packaging is required to adequately protect the cabinet. The shipping configuration of the collapsed cabinet frame places the doors, top cap, and various accessories inside of the frame. This effectively protects the cabinet pieces from external impacts or crush forces during shipment. Further, the reduced width of the collapsible cabinet frame minimizes the frontal area exposed to possible impacts and allows the cabinets to be shipped in bulk formats, e.g. multiple cabinets per pallet or skid, which can provide further protection.

    [0029] Another benefit is that the collapsible cabinet frame affords resellers with re-packing improvements. Distributors are interested in storing and then assembling flat pack cabinets to support discretionary sales, reduce lead times, and improved service levels. An issue with this model is that the assembled cabinet must be adequately re-packaged with appropriate materials to ensure it gets to the customer in good condition. The procurement of these materials creates an expense for the distributor, one they may not wish to adopt, in terms of the purchasing cost, inventory management, and inventory space. Further, it is unlikely that the distributor will have the capability to design and conduct the proper packaging tests to ensure that the packaging solution is reliable. This leads to potential issues for the cabinet supplier as damage complaints may be assigned to them which could impact the company's reputation should the cabinet be resold under the supplier's own brand name.

    [0030] The packaging system for the collapsible cabinet frame will mitigate these issues. Since the perimeter of the collapsible cabinet frame in the collapsed and expanded configurations are generally equivalent the same packaging can be used to ship the cabinet in the collapsed, as well as the expanded (standard) configuration. Thus, the distributor does not have to purchase packaging materials, manage packing material inventory, and utilize valuable space for packing materials. This minimizes costs and simplifies the delivery model. The solution is also eco-friendly as the packaging used during the supply chain life cycle will be reduced by roughly half.

    [0031] Furthermore, while the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that changes and modifications may be made without departing from the teaching of the invention. The matter set forth in the foregoing description and accompanying drawings is offered by way of illustration only and not as limitation.


    Claims

    1. A collapsible cabinet frame (50) for articulating between a collapsed form and an expanded form, the collapsible cabinet frame (50) comprising:

    a first side frame (54) and a second side frame (54), the first side frame (54) and second side frame (54) each include a front corner post (62), a rear corner post (64), and a plurality of front to back beams extending between the front corner post (62) and the rear corner post (64);

    a front upper side to side beam (80) and a front lower side to side (82) beam hingedly connected to the first side frame and the second side frame;

    a rear upper side to side beam (80) and a rear lower side to side beam (82) hingedly connected to the first side frame and the second side frame;

    wherein the plurality of front to back beams includes an upper front to back beam (56), a middle front to back beam (60), and a lower front to back beam (58); characterised in that the upper front to back beams (56) have a top flange (66a) with hinge pin guide holes (70) and a bottom flange (66b) with hinge pin guide holes (70); and the lower front to back beams (58) have a top flange (68a) with hinge pin guide holes (74) and a bottom flange (68b) with hinge pin guide holes (74); and

    wherein the front upper side to side beam (80) and the rear upper side to side beam (80) are positioned between the top flange (66a) and the bottom flange (66b) of the upper front to back beams (56) of the first side frame (54) and the second side frame (54); and the front lower side to side beam (82) and the rear lower side to side beam (82) are positioned between the top flange (68a) and the bottom flange (68b) of the lower front to back beams (58) of the first side frame (54) and the second side frame (54).


     
    2. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 1, wherein the front upper side to side beam (80) and the front lower side to side beam (82) include hinge pin guide holes (84, 88); the rear upper side to side beam (80) and the rear lower side to side beam (82) include hinge pin guide holes (84, 88).
     
    3. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 2, wherein the hinge pin guide holes (70) in the upper front to back beams (56) align with the hinge pin guide holes (84) in the upper front side to side beam (80) and the upper rear side to side beam (80); and
    wherein the hinge pin guide holes (74) in the lower front to back beams (58) align with the hinge pin guide holes (88) in the lower front side to side beam (82) and the lower rear side to side beam (82); whereby the aligned hinge pin guide holes receive hinge pins (92) to hingedly connect the collapsible cabinet frame (50).
     
    4. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 1, wherein casters (102) are mounted to the bottom flange (68b) of the lower front to back beams (58).
     
    5. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 1, wherein the top flange (66a) of each upper front to back beam (56) includes locking pin holes (72); the bottom flange (68b) of each lower front to back beam (58) includes locking pin holes (76); and the side to side beams (80, 82) include locking pin holes (86, 90) at each end, whereby when the cabinet is expanded the locking pin holes of the side to side beams (80, 82) align with the locking pin holes of the upper front to back beams (56) and the lower front to back beams (58) for receiving a fastener to lock the expanded frame.
     
    6. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 1, wherein the front corner post (62), the rear corner post (64) and the front to back beams are welded together to form the first side frame (54) and the front corner post (62), the rear corner post (64) and the front to back beams are welded together to form the second side frame (54).
     
    7. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 1, wherein the front upper side to side beam (80) and the front lower side to side beam (82) are positioned between the first side frame (54) and the second side frame (54); and the rear upper side to side beam (80) and the rear lower side to side beam (82) are positioned between the first side frame (54) and the second side frame (54).
     
    8. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 1, wherein the frame further comprising a door (114) positioned between the first side frame (54) and the second side frame (54); at least one equipment rail (110) secured to one of the front to back beams; and a top cap (118).
     
    9. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 8, wherein the door, equipment rails and top cap are positioned inside the cabinet frame while in the collapsed form.
     
    10. The collapsible cabinet frame (50) of claim 1, wherein the collapsible cabinet frame (50) is collapsible from an expanded form to a collapsible form.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) zum Klappen zwischen einer zusammengeklappten Form und einer ausgeklappten Form, wobei der zusammenklappbare Schrankrahmen (50) Folgendes umfasst:

    einen ersten Seitenrahmen (54) und einen zweiten Seitenrahmen (54), wobei der erste Seitenrahmen (54) und der zweite Seitenrahmen (54) jeweils einen vorderen Eckpfosten (62), einen hinteren Eckpfosten (64) und mehrere Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken, die sich zwischen dem vorderen Eckpfosten (62) und dem hinteren Eckpfosten (64) erstrecken, umfassen;

    einen vorderen oberen Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) und einen vorderen unteren Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82), angelenkt mit dem ersten Seitenrahmen und dem zweiten Seitenrahmen verbunden;

    einen hinteren oberen Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) und einen hinteren unteren Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82), angelenkt mit dem ersten Seitenrahmen und dem zweiten Seitenrahmen verbunden;

    wobei die mehreren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken einen oberen Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (56), einen mittleren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (60) und einen unteren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (58) umfassen;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die oberen Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (56) einen oberen Flansch (66a) mit Scharnierstiftführungslöchern (70) und einen unteren Flansch (66b) mit Scharnierstiftführungslöchern (70) umfassen; und wobei die unteren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (58) einen oberen Flansch (68a) mit Scharnierstiftführungslöchern (74) und einen unteren Flansch (68b) mit Scharnierstiftführungslöchern (74) aufweisen; und

    wobei der vordere obere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) und der hintere obere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) zwischen dem oberen Flansch (66a) und dem unteren Flansch (66b) der oberen Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (56) des ersten Seitenrahmens (54) und des zweiten Seitenrahmens (54) positioniert sind; und wobei der vordere untere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82) und der hintere untere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82) zwischen dem oberen Flansch (68a) und dem unteren Flansch (68b) der unteren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (58) des ersten Seitenrahmens (54) und des zweiten Seitenrahmens (54) positioniert sind.


     
    2. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der vordere obere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) und der vordere untere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82) Scharnierstiftführungslöcher (84, 88) umfassen; wobei der hintere obere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) und der hintere untere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82) Scharnierstiftführungslöcher (84, 88) umfassen.
     
    3. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 2,
    wobei die Scharnierstiftführungslöcher (70) in den oberen Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (56) mit den Scharnierstiftführungslöchern (84) im oberen vorderen Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) und im oberen hinteren Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) ausgerichtet sind; und
    wobei die Scharnierstiftführungslöcher (74) in den unteren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (58) mit den Scharnierstiftführungslöchern (88) im unteren vorderen Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82) und im unteren hinteren Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82) ausgerichtet sind; wobei die ausgerichteten Scharnierstiftführungslöcher Scharnierstifte (92) aufnehmen, um den zusammenklappbaren Schrankrahmen (50) angelenkt zu verbinden.
     
    4. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei Laufrollen (102) am unteren Flansch (68b) der unteren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (58) montiert sind.
     
    5. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der obere Flansch (66a) jedes oberen Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balkens (56) Verriegelungsstiftlöcher (72) umfasst; wobei der untere Flansch (68b) jedes unteren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balkens (58) Verriegelungsstiftlöcher (76) umfasst; und wobei die Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80, 82) Verriegelungsstiftlöcher (86, 90) an jedem Ende umfassen, wobei, wenn der Schrank aufgeklappt wird, die Verriegelungsstiftlöcher der Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80, 82) mit den Verriegelungsstiftlöchern der oberen Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (56) und der unteren Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken (58) ausgerichtet sind zum Aufnehmen eines Befestigungselements zum Verriegeln des ausgeklappten Rahmens.
     
    6. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der vordere Eckpfosten (62), der hintere Eckpfosten (64) und die Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken zusammengeschweißt sind, um einen ersten Seitenrahmen (54) zu bilden, und wobei der vordere Eckpfosten (62), der hintere Eckpfosten (64) und die Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken zusammengeschweißt sind, um den zweiten Seitenrahmen (54) zu bilden.
     
    7. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der vordere obere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) und der vordere untere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82) zwischen dem ersten Seitenrahmen (54) und dem zweiten Seitenrahmen (54) positioniert sind; und wobei der hintere obere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (80) und der hintere untere Seite-zu-Seite-Balken (82) zwischen dem ersten Seitenrahmen (54) und dem zweiten Seitenrahmen (54) positioniert sind.
     
    8. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der Rahmen ferner eine Tür (114), die zwischen dem ersten Seitenrahmen (54) und dem zweiten Seitenrahmen (54) positioniert ist; zumindest eine Ausstattungsschiene (110), gesichert an einem der Vorderseite-zu-Rückseite-Balken; und eine obere Kappe (118) umfasst.
     
    9. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 8,
    wobei die Tür, die Ausstattungsschienen und die obere Kappe, wenn in der zusammengeklappten Form, im Inneren des Schrankrahmens positioniert sind.
     
    10. Zusammenklappbarer Schrankrahmen (50) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der zusammenklappbare Schrankrahmen (50) aus einer ausgeklappten Form in eine zusammengeklappte Form zusammenklappbar ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) pour s'articuler entre une forme repliée et une forme déployée, le cadre d'armoire pliable (50) comprenant :

    un premier cadre latéral (54) et un second cadre latéral (54), le premier cadre latéral (54) et le second cadre latéral (54) comprenant chacun un montant d'angle avant (62), un montant d'angle arrière (64), et une pluralité de poutres avant-arrière s'étendant entre le montant d'angle avant (62) et le montant d'angle arrière (64) ;

    une poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) avant et une poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) avant reliées de manière articulée au premier cadre latéral et au second cadre latéral ;

    une poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) arrière et une poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) arrière reliées de manière articulée au premier cadre latéral et au second cadre latéral ;

    la pluralité de poutres avant-arrière comprenant une poutre supérieure avant-arrière (56), une poutre avant-arrière centrale (60) et une poutre inférieure avant-arrière (58) ;

    caractérisé en ce que

    les poutres supérieures avant-arrière (56) ont une bride supérieure (66a) avec des trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (70) et une bride inférieure (66b) avec des trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (70) ; et les poutres inférieures avant-arrière (58) ont une bride supérieure (68a) avec des trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (74) et une bride inférieure (68b) avec des trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (74) ; et

    la poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) avant et la poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) arrière étant positionnées entre la bride supérieure (66a) et la bride inférieure (66b) des poutres supérieures avant-arrière (56) du premier cadre latéral (54) et du second cadre latéral (54) ; et la poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) avant et la poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) arrière étant positionnées entre la bride supérieure (68a) et la bride inférieure (68b) des poutres inférieures avant-arrière (58) du premier cadre latéral (54) et du second cadre latéral (54).


     
    2. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 1,
    la poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) avant et la poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) avant comprenant des trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (84, 88) ; la poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) arrière et la poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) arrière comprenant des trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (84, 88).
     
    3. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 2,
    les trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (70) dans les poutres supérieures avant-arrière (56) s'alignant avec les trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (84) dans la poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) avant et la poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) arrière ; et
    les trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (74) dans les poutres inférieures avant-arrière (58) s'alignant avec les trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation (88) dans la poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) avant et la poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) arrière ; moyennant quoi les trous de guidage d'axe d'articulation alignés reçoivent des axes de charnière (92) pour relier de manière articulée le cadre d'armoire pliable (50).
     
    4. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 1, des roulettes (102) étant montées sur la bride inférieure (68b) des poutres inférieures avant-arrière (58) .
     
    5. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 1, la bride supérieure (66a) de chaque poutre supérieure avant-arrière (56) comprenant des trous de goupille de verrouillage (72) ; la bride inférieure (68b) de chaque poutre inférieure avant-arrière (58) comprenant des trous de goupille de verrouillage (76) ; et les poutres de côté à côté (80, 82) comprenant des trous de goupille de verrouillage (86, 90) à chaque extrémité, moyennant quoi, lorsque l'armoire est déployée, les trous de goupille de verrouillage des poutres de côté à côté (80, 82) s'alignent avec les trous de goupille de verrouillage des poutres supérieures avant-arrière (56) et des poutres inférieures avant-arrière (58) pour recevoir un élément de fixation pour verrouiller le cadre déployé.
     
    6. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 1, le montant d'angle avant (62), le montant d'angle arrière (64) et les poutres avant-arrière étant soudés ensemble pour former le premier cadre latéral (54) et le montant d'angle avant (62), le montant d'angle arrière (64) et les poutres avant-arrière étant soudés ensemble pour former le second cadre latéral (54).
     
    7. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 1, la poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) avant et la poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) avant étant positionnées entre le premier cadre latéral (54) et le second cadre latéral (54) ; et la poutre supérieure de côté à côté (80) arrière et la poutre inférieure de côté à côté (82) arrière étant positionnées entre le premier cadre latéral (54) et le second cadre latéral (54).
     
    8. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 1, le cadre comprenant en outre une porte (114) positionnée entre le premier cadre latéral (54) et le second cadre latéral (54) ; au moins un rail d'équipement (110) fixé à l'une des poutres avant-arrière ; et un capuchon supérieur (118).
     
    9. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 8, la porte, les rails d'équipement et le capuchon supérieur étant positionnés à l'intérieur du cadre d'armoire lorsqu'il est sous la forme repliée.
     
    10. Cadre d'armoire pliable (50) selon la revendication 1, le cadre d'armoire pliable (50) pouvant être replié d'une forme déployée à une forme repliée.
     




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    Cited references

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    Patent documents cited in the description