(19)
(11)EP 3 608 945 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
12.02.2020 Bulletin 2020/07

(21)Application number: 18781549.3

(22)Date of filing:  02.04.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01L 21/3065  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/014161
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/186364 (11.10.2018 Gazette  2018/41)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 06.04.2017 JP 2017076019

(71)Applicant: Kanto Denka Kogyo Co., Ltd.
Chiyoda-ku Tokyo 101-0063 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KATO, Korehito
    Shibukawa-shi Gunma 377-8513 (JP)
  • IKETANI, Yoshihiko
    Shibukawa-shi Gunma 377-8513 (JP)
  • SHIBUSAWA, Yukinobu
    Shibukawa-shi Gunma 377-8513 (JP)
  • SHIMIZU, Hisashi
    Shibukawa-shi Gunma 377-8513 (JP)

(74)Representative: Plougmann Vingtoft a/s 
Strandvejen 70
2900 Hellerup
2900 Hellerup (DK)

  


(54)DRY ETCHING GAS COMPOSITION AND DRY ETCHING METHOD


(57) A dry etching gas composition is used which contains a saturated or unsaturated hydrofluorocarbon compound (excluding 1,2,2,3-pentafluorocyclobutane and 1,1,2,2-tetrafluorocyclobutane) represented by a general formula (1):

        CxHyFz

(where x, y, and z are integers that satisfy 2 ≤ x ≤ 4, y+z ≤ 2x+2, and 0.5 < z/y < 2). Use of the etching gas composition containing the above-described hydrofluorocarbon makes it possible to selectively etch a nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) with respect to a silicon oxide film, a non-silicon-based mask material, or a polycrystalline silicon film.




Description

Technical Field



[0001] The present invention relates to a dry etching gas composition containing a hydrofluorocarbon gas and a dry etching method using the same.

Background Art



[0002] Currently, in order to realize semiconductor devices that are faster and more power-saving, the miniaturization of semiconductor devices, the use of new materials, and the like are being actively tried. Micromachining of semiconductor devices is performed through dry etching using a fluorocarbon (hereinafter also referred to as "FC") gas or hydrofluorocarbon (hereinafter also referred to as "HFC") gas plasma.

[0003] It is commonly known that in an FC gas plasma having with 2 or more carbon atoms and having a cyclic structure or an unsaturated bond, such as C4F8, C4F6, or C5F8, a silicon oxide film (hereinafter also referred to as "(SiOm) (m indicates a natural number)") can be selectively etched with respect to a silicon nitride film (hereinafter also referred to as "SiN"), a polycrystalline silicon (hereinafter also referred to as "Poly-Si"), a resist, or the like (Patent Literatures 1 to 3, for example).

[0004] Furthermore, an HFC gas is also known to have an etching effect with regard to a silicon oxide film, a silicon nitride film, or the like.

[0005] For example, Patent Literature 4 discloses a plasma etching method that uses a process gas containing a saturated fluorohydrocarbon represented by CxHyFz (where x indicates 3, 4, or 5 and y and z each independently indicate a positive integer and satisfy y > z). This literature states that a silicon nitride film can be selectively etched with respect to a silicon oxide film by using this process gas. Examples in this literature give 2,2-difluoro-n-butane (C4H8F2) as a specific example of the process gas.

[0006] Moreover, Patent Literature 5 discloses an etching gas containing an unsaturated fluorohydrocarbon represented by CxHyFz (x = 3, 4, or 5, y+z ≤ 2x, and y > z), and states that a silicon nitride film laminated on a silicon oxide film or a silicon film can be highly selectively etched by using this etching gas. Examples in this literature give 4-fluoro-1-butene (C4H7F1), 2-methyl-3-fluoropropene (C4H7F1), and 1,1-difluoro-2-methylpropene (C4H6F2) as specific examples of the etching gas.

[0007] Patent Literature 6 discloses a fluorine-containing unsaturated hydrocarbon represented by a formula CaFbHc (where a, b, and c each indicate a positive integer and satisfy the relationships 2 ≤ a ≤ 5, c < b ≥ 1, 2a+2 > b+c, and b ≤ a+c, excluding a case where a = 3, b = 4, and c = 2), and states that silicon dioxide and silicon nitride can be etched using this fluorine-containing unsaturated hydrocarbon. Examples thereof use pentafluoropropene (C3H1F5).

[0008] Patent Literature 7 discloses the use of an etching gas selected from the group consisting of trans-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene (C4H2F6), cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene (C4H2F6), hexafluoroisobutene (C4H2F6), trans-1,1 ,2,2,3,4-hexafluorocyclobutane (C4H2F6), 1,1 ,2,2,3-pentafluorocyclobutane, 1,1,2,2-tetrafluorocyclobutane, and cis-1,1,2,2,3,4-hexafluorocyclobutane (C4H2F6). This literature states that a silicon-containing thin film can be selectively etched from an amorphous carbon layer by using these gases.

[0009] Patent Literature 8 discloses a dry etching gas composition containing a hydrofluorocarbon gas that is represented by CxHyFz, where x is an integer of 3 to 5, and y+z ≤ 2x and y ≤ z are satisfied, and that has an unsaturated bond in a molecule, and states that a silicon oxide film or a silicon nitride film can be selectively etched by using this composition as the etching gas. Examples in this literature give 1,1,4,4-tetrafluoro-1,3-butadiene (C4H2F4) as a specific example of the hydro fluorocarbon gas.

[0010] Patent Literature 9 discloses that a dry etching gas composed of 1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (C3H2F4) selectively etches a silicon oxide film or a silicon nitride film.

Citation List


Patent Literatures



[0011] 

Patent Literature 1: US 2004011763A1

Patent Literature 2: JP 2011-44740A

Patent Literature 3: JP 2011-86966A

Patent Literature 4: US 2011068086A1

Patent Literature 5: US 2014306146A1

Patent Literature 6: US 2014302683A1

Patent Literature 7: WO 2014070838A1

Patent Literature 8: JP 2016-149451A

Patent Literature 10: JP 2016-197713A


Summary of Invention



[0012] As described above, techniques for selectively etching a silicon nitride film with respect to other films are conventionally known.

[0013] However, due to recent circumstances of semiconductor production, there is demand for a technique to selectively etch a silicon nitride film with substantially no damage to, among other films, a silicon oxide film in particular, or to a polycrystalline silicon film, or a non-silicon-based mask material, such as an amorphous carbon film (hereinafter also referred to as "ACL").

[0014] The inventors of the present invention have conducted in-depth research to address the above-described problems and consequently have found that an etching gas composition containing a specific hydrofluorocarbon is effective, and thus, the present invention has been accomplished.

[0015] Specifically, the present invention provides a dry etching gas composition containing, as an HFC gas, a saturated or unsaturated hydrofluorocarbon compound (excluding 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluorocyclobutane and 1,1,2,2-tetrafluorocyclobutane) represented by a general formula CxHyFz (where x, y, and z are integers that satisfy 2 ≤ x ≤ 4, y+z ≤ 2x+2, and 0.5 < z/y < 2).

[0016] Also, the present invention provides a dry etching method that uses the dry etching gas composition, the method including:
performing plasma etching, using the dry etching gas composition, on a laminated structure in which a silicon oxide film (a1), a non-silicon-based mask material (a2), or a polycrystalline silicon film (a3), and a nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) are laminated, and at least a portion of the nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) is capable of coming into contact with the dry etching composition, to thereby selectively etch the nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1).

Advantageous Effects of Invention



[0017]  Plasma etching using the hydrofluorocarbon gas composition of the present invention eliminates conventional problems, issues, or the like and has the following advantages.

[0018] A silicon nitride film is selectively etched with respect to a silicon oxide film, an amorphous carbon film, or a polycrystalline silicon film. This makes it possible to reduce damage by plasma etching to a mask material, such as amorphous carbon or polycrystalline silicon, or an SiO2 layer, and therefore, a deterioration in device characteristics and a reduction in yield can be suppressed.

[0019] Conventionally, in order to highly selectively etch a silicon nitride film with respect to an amorphous carbon film, a polycrystalline silicon film, or a silicon oxide film, it is necessary to mix a plurality of FC gases or HFC gases in accordance with the film to be etched, and control the mixing ratio and the like. However, according to the present invention, highly selective etching of the silicon nitride film can be realized by using a specific hydrofluorocarbon alone or as an etching gas composition in which O2 or Ar is added to the specific hydrifluorocarbon.

Brief Description of Drawings



[0020] 

[Fig. 1] Figs. 1(a) and 1(b) are diagrams sequentially illustrating steps of a method in which dry etching is performed according to the present invention.

[Fig. 2] Figs. 2(a) to 2(c) are diagrams sequentially illustrating steps of another method in which dry etching is performed according to the present invention.


Description of Embodiments



[0021] Hereinafter, a dry etching gas composition of the present invention and a dry etching method using the dry etching gas composition will be described in detail. The scope of the present invention is not restricted to that which will be described below, and changes can be made thereto without departing from the gist of the present invention.

[0022] A dry etching gas composition of the present invention contains an HFC gas represented by a formula (1) below. In the formula, x, y, and z are integers that satisfy 2 ≤ x ≤ 4, y+z ≤ 2x+2, and 0.5 < z/y < 2. Note that the formula (1) is a composition formula.

        CxHyFz     (1)



[0023] The HFC gas represented by the formula (1) may or may not have an unsaturated bond in a molecule. The unsaturated bond is C=C and/or C≡C.

[0024] In the present invention, one or two or more HFC gases represented by the formula (1) can be used. The HFC gas represented by the formula (1) may have a chain structure or a cyclic structure. It is preferable that the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) has a chain structure. The chain structure may be a straight chain or a branched chain. A compound having a chain structure will also be referred to as a chain compound.

[0025] In the case where the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) has 4 carbon atoms and is a saturated compound, preferable basic frameworks of the HFC gas are as indicated by (4A) to (4C) below:

        C-C-C-C     (4A),

        -C-C-C-C- (indicating a four-membered ring structure)     (4B),

and

        -C-C-(C)-C- (indicating a three-membered ring structure; hereinafter, ( ) indicates a branched structure)     (4C).



[0026] In the case where the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) has 4 carbon atoms and is an unsaturated compound, preferable basic frameworks of the HFC gas are as indicated by (4a) to (4o) below:

        C=C-C-C     (4a),

        C-C=C-C     (4b),

        C-C-(C)=C     (4c),

        C≡C-C-C     (4d),

        C-C≡C-C     (4e),

        C=C-C=C     (4f),

        C=C=C-C     (4g),

        -C-C=C-C- (indicating a four-membered ring structure)     (4h),

        -C=C-(C)-C- (indicating a three-membered ring structure)     (4i),

        -C-C-(C)-C= (indicating a three-membered ring structure)     (4j),

        -C-C=(C)-C- (indicating a three-membered ring structure)     (4k),

        C≡C-C=C     (4l),

        -C=C-C=C- (indicating a four-membered ring structure)     (4m),

        -C-C=(C)-C= (indicating a three-membered ring structure)     (4n),

and

        C≡C-C≡C     (4o).



[0027] In the case where the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) has 3 carbon atoms and is a saturated compound, preferable basic frameworks of the HFC gas are as indicated by (3A) and (3B) below:

        C-C-C     (3A),

and

        -C-C-C- (indicating a three-membered ring structure)     (3B).



[0028] In the case where the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) has 3 carbon atoms and is an unsaturated compound, preferable basic frameworks of the HFC gas are as indicated by (3a) to (3d) below:

        C=C-C     (3a),

        C≡C-C     (3b),

        C=C=C     (3c),

and

        -C=C-C- (indicating a three-membered ring structure)     (3d).



[0029] In the case where the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) has 2 carbon atoms, preferable basic frameworks of the HFC gas are as indicated by (2A), (2a), and (2b) below:

        C-C     (2A),

        C=C     (2a),

and

        C≡C     (2b).



[0030] An HFC gas that satisfies y+z = 2x-2, y+z = 2x, or y+z = 2x+2 is preferable as the HFC gas represented by the formula (1). Moreover, in the case where x is 4, it is preferable that y is from 3 to 6, and z is from 3 to 6. In the case where x is 3, it is preferable that y is from 3 to 5, and z is from 3 to 5. In the case where x is 2, it is preferable that y is from 2 to 3, and z is from 2 to 3.

[0031] HFC gases listed below are preferable as the HFC gas represented by the formula (1).

[0032] HFC gases whose formula (1) is C4H3F3, C4H3F5, C4H4F4, C4H5F3, C4H4F6, C4H5F5, or C4H6F4 are preferable as the HFC gases having 4 carbon atoms.

[0033] HFC gases whose formula (1) is C3H3F3, C3H3F5, C3H4F4, or C3H5F3 are preferable as the HFC gases having 3 carbon atoms.

[0034] HFC gases whose formula (1) is C2H3F3 or C2H2F2 are preferable as the HFC gases having 2 carbon atoms.

[0035] Examples of the HFC gas whose formula (1) is C4H3F3 include:

1,1,2-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene,

1,1,3-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene,

1,1,4-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene, and

other HFC gases having a cyclic structure.



[0036] Examples of the HFC gas whose formula (1) is C4H3F5 include:

3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

2,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,2,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,1,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

2,3,3,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,3,3,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,2,3,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,1,3,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,2,3,3,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,1,3,3,4-pentafluoro-1-butene,

1,1,2,3,4-pentafluoro-1-butene, and

other HFC gases having a cyclic structure (excluding 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluorocyclobutane).



[0037] Examples of the HFC gas whose formula (1) is C4H4F4 or C4H5F3 include those having various chain structures or cyclic structures (excluding 1,1,2,2-tetrafluorocyclobutane).

[0038] Examples of a specific compound whose formula (1) is C4H4F6 include:

1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,1,3,4,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,1,2,4,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,1,3,3,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,1,2,3,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,1,2,2,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,1,2,3,3-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,1,2,2,3-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,2,3,4,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,2,2,4,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,2,2,3,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,2,3,3,4-hexafluorobutane,

1,1,2,2,3,3-hexafluorobutane, and

1,2,2,3,3,4-hexafluorobutane.



[0039] Examples of a specific compound whose formula (1) is C4H5F5 include:

1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane,

1,1,1,2,3-pentafluorobutane,

1,1,1,2,2-pentafluorobutane,

1,1,1,4,4-pentafluorobutane,

1,1,2,3,4-pentafluorobutane,

1,1,2,3,3-pentafluorobutane,

1,1,2,2,3-pentafluorobutane,

1,1,2,3,4-pentafluorobutane,

1,2,2,3,4-pentafluorobutane, and

1,2,2,3,3-pentafluorobutane.



[0040] Examples of the compound whose formula (1) is C4H6F4 include those having various straight-chain structures.

[0041] Examples of a specific compound whose formula (1) is C3H3F3 include:

3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene,

2,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene,

1,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene,

1,2,3-trifluoro-1-propene,

1,1,3-trifluoro-1-propene,

1,1,2-trifluoro-1-propene, and

other compounds having a cyclic structure.



[0042] Examples of the compound whose formula (1) is C3H3F5 or C3H4F4 include compounds having various straight-chain structures.

[0043] Examples of a specific compound whose formula (1) is C3H5F3 include:

1,1,1-trifluoropropane,

1,1,2-trifluoropropane,

1,1,3-trifluoropropane,

1,2,3-trifluoropropane, and

1,2,2-trifluoropropane.



[0044] Examples of a specific compound whose formula (1) is C2H3F3 include:

1,1,1-trifluoroethane, and

1,1,2-trifluoroethane.



[0045] Examples of a specific compound whose formula (1) is C2H2F2 include:

1,1-difluoroethene,

(E)-1,2-difluoroethene, and

(Z)-1,2-difluoroethene.



[0046] Among the above-described compounds, a compound whose formula (1) is at least one selected from C4H3F3, C4H3F5, C4H4F6, C4H5F5, C3H3F3, C3H5F3, and C2H3F3 is preferable because such a compound achieves highly effective selective etching of silicon nitride film in the present invention and is easily available.

[0047] Moreover, although preferable z/y in the formula (1) is 3/5 ≤ y ≤ 5/3, in particular, a compound that satisfies y ≤ z is preferable in terms of the high plasma resistance of a hydrofluorocarbon film that is to be formed on the surface of each film, and the ease of obtaining a desired processed shape.

[0048] Furthermore, a chain compound represented by the formula (1) is preferable because such a compound achieves highly effective selective etching of a silicon nitride film in the present invention, and, in particular, a compound whose basic framework is at least one selected from (4A), (4a), (4f), (3A), (3a), and (2A) above is preferable.

[0049] Moreover, it is preferable that a compound represented by the formula (1) has a structure in which a CF3 group or a CF2=CF group is attached to a terminal, because this makes it easy to realize both selective etching of a silicon nitride film and a high processing speed.

[0050] An especially preferable compound is at least one compound selected from 1,1,2-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene, 3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene, 1,1,1,4,4-pentafluorobutane, 1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane, 3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene, 1,1,1-trifluoroethane, and 1,1,2-trifluoroethane. Among these, 1,1,2-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene is preferable in terms of the ease of realizing both selective etching of a silicon nitride film and a desired processed shape.

[0051] Many of HFC gases represented by the above-described various structures are known substances and can be produced, and obtained, using conventionally known methods. For example, an HFC gas can be produced, and obtained, using a method described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, 77, 3640-2 (1955). Moreover, a commercially-available product can be used as-is, or after having been purified if desired.

[0052] The etching method of the present invention is a dry etching method that uses plasma, and is performed using a dry etching gas composition containing one or two or more HFC gases represented by the formula (1). In the dry etching gas composition used for etching, a compound represented by the formula (1) is contained in a ratio of preferably 1 to 100 vol%, and more preferably 10 to 30 vol%. In particular, the ratio of the compound represented by the formula (1), in hydrofluorocarbon compounds and fluorocarbon compounds contained in the dry etching gas composition, is preferably 90 vol% or greater, more preferably 99 vol% or greater, and even more preferably 99.999 vol% or greater. When the ratio of the compound represented by the formula (1) is within the above-described range, the effects of the present invention can be increased even further. In particular, it is preferable that as a compound represented by the formula (1), the ratio of at least one compound selected from 1,1,2-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene, 3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene, 1,1,1,4,4-pentafluorobutane, 1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane, 3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene, 1,1,1-trifluoroethane, and 1,1,2-trifluoroethane satisfies the above-described preferable ratio with respect to the total amount of hydrofluorocarbons and fluorocarbons.

[0053] It is preferable that the etching gas composition for use in the plasma etching method of the present invention contains, in addition to the HFC gas represented by the formula (1), at least one compound having an oxygen atom selected from the group consisting of O2, O3, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, SO2, and SO3. In particular, it is more preferable to use O2 among the group of compounds having an oxygen atom. The ratio of the group of compounds having an oxygen atom in the etching gas composition is preferably from 5 to 80 vol%, and more preferably from 5 to 60 vol%.

[0054] Moreover, it is preferable that the etching gas composition contains, in addition to the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) and in addition to, or instead of, the above-described compound having an oxygen atom, at least one inert gas selected from the group consisting of N2, He, Ar, Ne, and Xe. In particular, it is more preferable to use Ar among the inert gas group.

[0055] The ratio of the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) mixed in the etching gas composition is preferably within a range of 1 to 100 vol%. The ratio of the gas selected from the group of compounds having an oxygen atom, the group consisting of O2, O3, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, SO2, and SO3, is preferably within a range of 1 to 80 vol%. Moreover, the ratio of the gas selected from the inert gas group consisting of N2, He, Ar, Ne, and Xe is preferably within a range of 1 to 80 vol%. In particular, in the case where O2 is used, the effects of the present invention can be increased even further by mixing the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) in a ratio of 5 to 50 vol% and O2 in a ratio of 5 to 80 vol%.

[0056] Plasma etching of the present invention is performed at a pressure preferably within a range of 0.01 to 100 Pa, and more preferably within a range of 0.1 to 10 Pa.

[0057] Any apparatus that is known in the art can be used as a plasma etching apparatus without limitation. For example, a helicon wave type, a high-frequency induction type, a parallel-plate type, a magnetron type, a microwave type, and other apparatuses can be used.

[0058] Although the plasma density is not particularly limited, it is desirable to perform etching in a high-density plasma atmosphere of 108 ions/cm3 or greater, and more preferably 108 to 1013 ions/cm3.

[0059] An example of an object to be subjected to plasma etching is a laminated structure in which a silicon oxide film (a1), a non-silicon-based mask material (a2), or a polycrystalline silicon film (a3), and a nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) are laminated. Examples of the nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) include a silicon nitride film, an SiON film, an SiCN film, and an SiOCN film, and a silicon nitride film is particularly preferable in terms of the high etching selectivity with respect to the silicon oxide film (a1), the non-silicon-based mask material (a2), or the polycrystalline silicon film (a3). Moreover, the non-silicon-based mask material (a2) may be either of an organic film containing carbon as the main component and an inorganic film. Examples of the organic film containing carbon as the main component include an amorphous carbon film and a photoresist. An example of the inorganic film is a titanium nitride film.

[0060] As shown in Fig. 1(a), the film (b1) (hereinafter referred to as a "first layer 11") may be used as a surface to be etched. Alternatively, as shown in Fig. 2(a), any of the films (a1) to (a3) (hereinafter referred to as a "second layer 12") may be used as a surface to be etched.

[0061] In the case of the form shown in Fig. 1(a), a mask 13 in which a predetermined pattern is formed is disposed on the surface of the first layer 11 of a laminated structure 10, and dry etching is performed from the mask 13 side. In this laminated structure, at least a portion of the first layer 11, which is the nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1), is capable of coming into contact with the dry etching composition containing the HFC gas represented by the formula (1). As shown in Fig. 1(b), the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) selectively etches the first layer 11, and the etching proceeds to the surface of the second layer 12 that is located under the first layer 11. Since the HFC gas represented by the formula (1) does not etch the second layer 12, the etching stops at the time when the surface of the second layer 12 is exposed.

[0062] In the case of the form shown in Fig. 2(a), the mask 13 in which a predetermined pattern is formed is disposed on the surface of the second layer 12 of a laminated structure 10, and the second layer 12 is selectively etched as shown in Fig. 2(b) using a gas that is capable of selectively etching the second layer 12. Thus, at least a portion of the first layer 11 is capable of coming into contact with the dry etching composition containing the HFC gas represented by the formula (1). Subsequently, as shown in Fig. 2(c), the first layer 11 is selectively etched using the HFC gas represented by the formula (1). At this time, the second layer 12 is not etched. In the forms shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the mask 13 may be composed of any of (a1) to (a3), or may be formed of another material that is not etched by the compound represented by the formula (1). Alternatively, it is also possible that the laminated structure is composed of only the mask 13 formed of any of (a1) to (a3) and the first layer 11 and does not have the second layer 12.

[0063] Moreover, in the forms shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the mask 13 may be composed of any of (a1) to (a3), and the second layer 12 be formed of another material that is other than (a1) to (a3) and that is not etched by the compound represented by the formula (1). Additionally, or alternatively, in the structural laminates shown in Figs. 1 and 2, a layer other than the mask 13, the first layer 11, and the second layer 12 may also be laminated.

[0064] In all of the forms shown in Figs. 1 and 2, it is preferable that ions or radicals having 2 to 4 carbon atoms generated by making the etching gas composition into a plasma are used for etching, because this enables highly selective etching.

[0065] With regard to the plasma conditions that can generate such ions, for example, in the case where 1,1,2-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene is used as the HFC gas, the ratio of 1,1,2-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene is within a range of 10 to 20 vol%, the ratio of O2 is within a range of 20 to 60 vol%, and the ratio of Ar is within a range of 30 to 70 vol%.

[0066] Moreover, for example, in the case where 3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene is used as the HFC gas, the ratio of 3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene is within a range of 10 to 20 vol%, the ratio of O2 is within a range of 20 to 50 vol%, and the ratio of Ar is within a range of 40 to 70 vol%.

[0067] Moreover, for example, in the case where 1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane is used as the HFC gas, the ratio of 1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane is within a range of 10 to 30 vol%, the ratio of O2 is within a range of 10 to 30 vol%, and the ratio of Ar is within a range of 45 to 75 vol%.

[0068] Moreover, for example, in the case where 1,1,1,4,4-pentafluorobutane is used as the HFC gas, the ratio of 1,1,1,4,4-pentafluorobutane is within a range of 10 to 30 vol%, the ratio of O2 is within a range of 5 to 30 vol%, and the ratio of Ar is within a range of 50 to 80 vol%.

[0069] Moreover, for example, in the case where 3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene is used as the HFC gas, the ratio of 3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene is within a range of 10 to 30 vol%, the ratio of O2 is within a range of 5 to 35 vol%, and the ratio of Ar is within a range of 40 to 80 vol%.

[0070] Moreover, for example, in the case where 1,1,1-trifluoroethane or 1,1,2-trifluoroethane is used as the HFC gas, the ratio of 1,1,1-trifluoroethane or 1,1,2-trifluoroethane is within a range of 10 to 30 vol%, the ratio of O2 is within a range of 0 to 30 vol%, and the ratio of Ar is within a range of 50 to 90 vol%.

[0071] In all of the cases where the above-described HFC compounds are used, with regard to conditions of the pressure and the RF power, conditions that can generate ions and radicals having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or preferably 2 to 4 carbon atoms, under the above-described gas composition conditions can be adopted. For example, conditions of 1 to 10 Pa of pressure and 300 W of RF power can be adopted.

Examples



[0072] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in greater detail using examples and comparative examples. However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.

[0073] In the examples of the present invention, a parallel-plate type capacitive coupling plasma etching apparatus was used as the plasma etching apparatus. An SiO2 film with a thickness of 1,000 nm that was deposited on a silicon wafer through plasma CVD was used as a silicon oxide film (SiOm) (m indicates a natural number). An SiN film with a thickness of 300 nm that was deposited on a silicon wafer through thermal CVD was used as a silicon nitride film (SiN) serving as a nitrogen-containing silicon-based film. A Poly-Si film with a thickness of 300 nm that was deposited, through plasma CVD, on an SiO2 film with a thickness of 100 nm deposited on a silicon wafer was used as a polycrystalline silicon film. An ACL film with a thickness of 400 nm that was deposited on a silicon wafer through plasma CVD was used as an amorphous carbon film.

[0074] With regard to the measurement of an etching rate in plasma etching, the etching rate was calculated according to a formula below.



[0075] The film thickness of a sample was measured using an optical interference film thickness meter.

Examples 1 to 9 and Comparative Examples 1 to 5



[0076] Dry etching gas compositions in which etching gases shown in Table 1, O2, and Ar were mixed according to compositions shown in Table 1 were used. A plasma was generated under the conditions of 10 Pa of pressure and 300 W of RF power, and samples of the SiO2 film, the SiN film, the Poly-Si film, and the ACL film were etched. The etching rates of the samples were as shown in Table 1. Table 1 shows selectivity ratios that were calculated according to a formula below using the etching rates of the samples.



[0077] The sources of the etching gases used in the examples are given below. However, the present invention is not limited to the methods for obtaining or producing the etching gases below.

[0078] C4H3F3 (1,1,2-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene): produced using the method described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, 77, 3640-2 (1955).

[0079] C4H3F5 (3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene): purchased from SynQuest Labs, Inc.

[0080] C4H5F5 (1,1,1,4,4-pentafluorobutane): purchased from SynQuest Labs, Inc.

[0081] C4H4F6 (1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane): produced using a method described in the Polish Journal of Chemistry, 52, 71 (1978).

[0082] C3H3F3 (3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene): purchased from SynQuest Labs, Inc.

[0083] C2H3F3 (1,1,1-trifluoroethane): purchased from SynQuest Labs, Inc.

[0084] C2H3F3 (1,1,2-trifluoroethane): purchased from SynQuest Labs, Inc.
Table 1
 Etching gasGas compositionFilm to be etchedEtching rate [nm/min]SiN film selectivity
Etching gas [vol%]O2 [vol%]Ar [vol%]
Ex. 1 C4H3F3 13.3 53.3 33.3 SiO2 film 0.0
SiN film 71.2  
Poly-Si film 0.0
ACL film 0.0
Ex. 2 13.8 51.7 34.5 SiO2 film 0.0
SiN film 13.1  
Poly-Si film 0.0
ACL film 0.0
Ex. 3 C4H3F5 17.4 39.1 43.5 SiO2 film 0.0
SiN film 21.7  
Poly-Si film 0.0
ACL film 0.0
Ex. 4 C4H5F5 22.2 22.2 55.6 SiO2 film 0.0
SiN film 117.4  
Poly-Si film 0.0
ACL film 0.0
Ex. 5 C4H4F6 21.7 23.9 54.3 SiO2 film 0.0
SiN film 46.9  
Poly-Si film 0.0
ACL film 0.0
Ex. 6 C3H3F3 21.1 26.3 52.6 SiO2 film 0.0
SiN film 41.2  
Poly-Si film 0.0
ACL film 0.0
Ex. 7 C2H3F3 (1,1,1-trifluoroethane) 25.0 12.5 62.5 SiO2 film 0.0
SiN film 132.3  
Poly-Si film 0.0
ACL film 0.0
Ex. 8 C2H3F3 (1,1,2-trifluoroethane) 25.0 12.5 62.5 SiO2 film 0.0
SiN film 30.1  
Poly-Si film 0.0
ACL film 0.0
Com. Ex. 1 C4H2F4 13.3 53.3 33.3 SiO2 film 30.6 0.6
SiN film 17.4  
Poly-Si film 1.1 15.8
ACL film 0.0
Com. Ex. 2 C4H2F6 20.0 30.0 50.0 SiO2 film 55.1 0.9
SiN film 49.7  
Poly-Si film 9.8 5.1
ACL film 4.5 11.1
Com. Ex. 3 C4H2F8 22.2 22.2 55.6 SiO2 film 71.1 1.8
SiN film 124.9  
Poly-Si film 39.3 3.2
ACL film 24.4 5.1
Com. Ex. 4 C3HF5 22.2 22.2 55.6 SiO2 film 64.0 1.0
SiN film 62.1  
Poly-Si film 14.8 4.2
ACL film 13.0 4.8
Com. Ex. 5 C2H2F4 25.0 12.5 62.5 SiO2 film 66.1 1.3
SiN film 86.8  
Poly-Si film 6.6 13.1
ACL film 6.4 13.7


[0085] As shown in Table 1, in all of Examples 1 to 8, only the SiN film, of the SiO2 film, the SiN film, the poly-Si film, and the ACL film, was etched, and the selectivity of the SiN film with respect to the other films was infinite. Therefore, it was shown that an etching gas composition containing a compound represented by the formula (1) enables highly selective etching of an SiN film with respect to an SiO2 film, a Poly-Si film, and an ACL film.

[0086] Moreover, a comparison of the results of the examples with the results of Comparative Examples 1 to 5 showed that, compared with the existing etching gases, etching that uses an etching gas composition containing a compound represented by the formula (1) enables even more selective etching of the nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) with respect to the silicon oxide film (a1), the non-silicon-based mask material (a2), and the polycrystalline silicon film (a3).

Industrial Applicability



[0087] With the etching gas composition containing the HFC gas represented by the formula (1), a silicon nitride film can be highly selectively etched with respect to the other films. Thus, the etching gas composition can be used in micromachining in which, in a laminated structure constituted by a mask material such as polycrystalline silicon or amorphous carbon, or a silicon oxide film or the like, and a silicon nitride film, the silicon nitride film is to be selectively etched.


Claims

1. A dry etching gas composition containing a saturated or unsaturated hydrofluorocarbon compound (excluding 1,1,2,2,3-pentafluorocyclobutane and 1,1,2,2-tetrafluorocyclobutane) represented by a general formula (1):

        CxHyFz

(where x, y, and z are integers that satisfy 2 ≤ x ≤ 4, y+z ≤ 2x+2, and 0.5 < z/y < 2).
 
2. The dry etching gas composition as set forth in claim 1, wherein the hydrofluorocarbon compound is a chain compound.
 
3. The dry etching gas composition as set forth in claim 1 or 2, wherein the hydrofluorocarbon compound is at least one compound selected from 1,1,2-trifluoro-1,3-butadiene, 3,3,4,4,4-pentafluoro-1-butene, 1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluorobutane, 1,1,1,4,4-pentafluorobutane, 3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene, 1,1,1-trifluoroethane, and 1,1,2-trifluoroethane.
 
4. The dry etching gas composition as set forth in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the hydrofluorocarbon compound is contained in a ratio from 1 to 100 vol%.
 
5. The dry etching gas composition as set forth in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the dry etching gas composition contains, in addition to the hydrofluorocarbon compound, at least one compound having an oxygen atom selected from the group consisting of O2, O3, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, SO2, and SO3.
 
6. The dry etching gas composition as set forth in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the dry etching gas composition contains, in addition to the hydrofluorocarbon compound, at least one inert gas selected from the group consisting of N2, He, Ar, Ne, and Xe.
 
7. A dry etching method that uses a dry etching gas composition, the method comprising:
performing plasma etching, using the dry etching gas composition as set forth in any one of claims 1 to 5, on a laminated structure in which a silicon oxide film (a1), a non-silicon-based mask material (a2), or a polycrystalline silicon film (a3), and a nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) are laminated, and at least a portion of the nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) is capable of coming into contact with the dry etching composition, to thereby selectively etch the nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1).
 
8. The dry etching method as set forth in claim 7, wherein the nitrogen-containing silicon-based film (b1) is a silicon nitride film.
 
9. The dry etching method as set forth in claim 7, wherein the non-silicon-based mask material (a2) is an amorphous carbon film, a photoresist, or a titanium nitride film.
 




Drawing
















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description