(19)
(11)EP 3 615 821 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/30

(21)Application number: 18723204.6

(22)Date of filing:  20.04.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16C 33/36(2006.01)
F16C 33/58(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
F16C 33/36; F16C 33/366; F16C 33/585
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2018/028521
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/200324 (01.11.2018 Gazette  2018/44)

(54)

NON-ELLIPTICAL CONTACT PROFILE FOR ROLLER BEARING

NICHTELLIPTISCHES KONTAKTPROFIL FÜR EIN ROLLENLAGER

PROFIL DE CONTACT NON ELLIPTIQUE POUR ROULEMENT À ROULEAUX


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.04.2017 US 201762490392 P
14.06.2017 US 201762519464 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/10

(60)Divisional application:
22175634.9
22175637.2

(73)Proprietor: The Timken Company
North Canton, Ohio 44720 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • AI, Xiaolan
    Massillon, OH 44646 (US)
  • RHODES, Jerry, P.
    Canton, OH 44714 (US)

(74)Representative: Stevens Hewlett & Perkins 
1 St. Augustine's Place
Bristol BS1 4UD
Bristol BS1 4UD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 309 143
WO-A1-2018/017352
US-A1- 2009 003 747
EP-A1- 2 884 126
US-A1- 2003 012 477
  
  • Hiroki FUJIWARA, Tatsuo KAWASE: "Logarithmic profiles of rollers in roller bearings and optimizattion of the profiles", NTN technical review n° 75 NTN technical review, no. 75 2007, pages 140-148, XP002783384, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:https://www.ntnglobal.com/en/products/ review/pdf/NTN_TR75_en_P140.pdf [retrieved on 2018-07-26]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] The present invention relates to bearings, and more particularly to roller bearings.

[0002] Radial cylindrical bearings are used primarily to bear a substantial amount of radial load. Modem applications however require such bearings to also bear a certain amount of axial load. In these cases, the roller end and the mating faces on the inner and outer flanges of the bearing rings have to be properly designed to produce adequate contact footprints to manage contact stress and friction. Prior art designs, such as those disclosed in US 6,530,693 B1 and US 6,997,616 B2, propose profiled roller ends that result in elliptical-shaped contact portions or footprints between roller ends and flange faces. The shapes of the contact ellipses are determined by the principal radii at the center of the contact, and are independent of contact load. The size of the contact ellipse increases as the contact load increases. To prevent the contact footprint from having undesired interaction (e.g., truncation) with the edges of the flange face created by the undercut and outer diameter or inner diameter surface geometry, which leads to severe edge stresses, the contact ellipses are designed with their semi-major axis lying in the circumferential direction. At light loads, however, when the periphery of the contact ellipse is far away from the edges of the flange face, the shape of the contact footprint ellipse may not be the most desirable for managing the contact stress.

[0003] EP 2309143 discloses a bearing roller for a bearing, the roller having a profiled end, the profile having a middle segment which has a greater radius than adjacent segments.

SUMMARY



[0004] According to the present invention there is provided a roller bearing comprising: an inner race ring; an outer race ring; and a roller arranged between and in contact with the inner and outer rings; wherein the bearing has a flange on the inner race ring at one axial end, and a flange on the outer race ring at an opposite axial end; wherein an end of the roller has a profile including at least one principal segment intermediate two additional segments, the principle segment being tangentially blended with the two additional segments; wherein the principle segment has a first curvature that is different from the respective curvatures of the two additional segments; and wherein the curvatures of each of the principle segment and the two additional segments are portions of a circle, and wherein the first curvature has a greater radius of curvature than the respective radii of curvatures of the two additional segments; characterised in that the roller has a roller axis and a radius R, and wherein the principal segment has a center of curvature offset from the roller axis by a distance less than 0.5R Preferred features are set out on the attached sub-claims.

[0005] In another arrangement not covered by the attached claims there is provided a roller bearing including an inner race ring, an outer race ring, and a roller arranged between and in contact with the inner and outer rings. The bearing has a flange on the inner race ring at one axial end, and a flange on the outer race ring at an opposite axial end. At least one of the flanges is profiled to include at least one principal segment intermediate two additional segments. The principal segment is tangentially blended with the two additional segments, and the principal segment has a first curvature that is different from the respective curvatures of the two additional segments.

[0006] In another arrangement not covered by the attached claims there is provided a roller bearing including an inner race ring, an outer race ring, and a roller arranged between and in contact with the inner and outer rings. The bearing has a flange on the inner race ring at one axial end, and a flange on the outer race ring at an opposite axial end. At least one of the flanges, or an end of the roller, has a profile including a principal segment with a reference point C defining a contact location between the roller and the flange, the principal segment having a continuously changing radius of curvature that decreases as a distance from the reference point C increases. In many embodiments, the reference point C may be at the center of the principal segment, but this need not be the case. contains a segment of a logarithmic profile in the contact portion. In some of these arrangements the profile contains a segment of logarithmic profile in the contact portion.

[0007] Other aspects of the invention will become apparent by consideration of the detailed description and accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0008] 

Fig. 1 is a perspective view, partially cut-away, of a rolling element bearing embodying the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a rolling element of the rolling element bearing of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the rolling element of Fig. 2, illustrating a portion of the curved end face profile.

Fig. 4 schematically illustrates the contact footprint between the rolling element of Fig. 3 and the mating flange face of the rolling element bearing.

Fig. 5 schematically depicts an alternative arrangement in which the roller end profile is spherical and the mating flange face has at least three profile segments.

Fig. 6 schematically depicts another alternative arrangement in which the roller end profile is conical and the mating flange face has at least three profile segments.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view, partially cut-away, of another rolling element bearing embodying the present invention.

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a rolling element of the rolling element bearing of Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the rolling element of Fig. 8, illustrating a portion of the curved end face profile.

Fig. 10 is an enlarged partial view of the schematic view of Fig. 9, in an alternative arrangement not covered by the attached claims.

Fig. 11 is a graphical view showing the curvature of a portion of the curved end face profile of Fig. 9, including alternative arrangements shown in Fig. 10.

Fig. 12 schematically illustrates the contact footprint between the rolling element of Fig. 9 and the mating flange face of the rolling element bearing.

Fig. 13 schematically depicts another alternative arrangement in which the roller end profile is conical and the mating flange face has at least three profile segments, with at least one segment being a portion of a logarithmic curve.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0009] Before any embodiments of the invention are explained in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the following drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways.

[0010] Referring to Fig. 1, a roller bearing or rolling element bearing 10 of the current invention includes an outer ring 20, an inner ring 30, and a set of rollers 40 arranged between and in rolling contact with the outer and inner rings 20 and 30. While the illustrated embodiment shows a cylindrical roller bearing (with cylindrical rollers), the invention can also be applied to tapered roller bearings, spherical roller bearings, and possibly, needle roller bearings. The outer ring 20 includes at least one radially inwardly-extending flange 21 at one end of the raceway 22 defined on the outer ring 20. In the illustrated embodiment, the outer ring 20 includes two radially inwardly-extending flanges 21. Each flange 21 includes a flange face 23 facing axially inwardly toward the raceway 22.

[0011] The inner ring 30 includes at least one radially outwardly-extending flange 31 at one axial end of the raceway 32 defined on the inner ring 30. The flange 31 includes a flange face 33 facing axially inwardly toward the raceway 32.

[0012] Each roller 40 has two end faces 41a and 41b, and an outer diameter surface 46 that engages and rolls on the raceways 22, 32. The end faces 41a, 41b may be made substantially symmetrical to a center radial plane (a plane perpendicular to roller axis) of the roller 40, however this need not be the case.

[0013] With reference to Figs. 2 and 3, each end face 41a, 41b contains a curved profile 45 defined in an axial plane through a rotational axis 47 (see Fig. 3) of the roller 40. The curved right corner of the end face 41b would have the same profile mirrored about the axis 47. Likewise, the end face 41a could include the same profile 45 mirrored about the axial centerpoint of the roller 40. Each profile segment 51, 52, 53, 54 and 55 is defined by a mathematically defined curvature. The profile segment 51 is a portion of a straight line whose curvature radius is infinity. Profile segments 52 to 55 are portions of circles with curvature radii of RA2, RB2, RC2, and RD2, respectively. The centers of these curvatures are at OA2, OB2, OC2, and OD2, respectively. Profile segments 51 and 52 are blended at a tangent point A. Profile segments 52 and 53 are blended at a tangent point B. Profile segments 53 and 54 are blended at a tangent point C. Profile segments 54 and 55 are blended at a tangent point D. Profile segment 55 is blended with the outer diameter surface 46 of the roller 40 at point E. Unlike the other blending points (A-D), point E may or may not be a tangent point. The profile segment 55 is optional. In cases where the profile segment 55 is not used, profile segment 54 can be blended directly with outer diameter surface 46 at a non-tangent point.

[0014] The locations of the profile segments 51, 52, 53, 54 and 55 of the rollers 40 are designed such that when the roller 40 is assembled and set in operation in a bearing 10 under thrust load, the contact between the roller end 41a or 41b and the mating flange face 23 and/or 33 starts at point 61 (see Figs. 4-6). Referring to Fig. 4, a contact patch or footprint 62 is developed as contact load increases. The contact footprint 62 remains elliptical or circular in shape when the contact load is relatively low before reaching a load threshold of Qmin. This ellipse or circle corresponds to profile segment 53 (BC) with the curvature radius RB2. As the load continues to increase, the contact footprint 62 starts to deviate from its original elliptical or circular shape. Specifically, the contact footprint 62 is truncated by segment 52 (AB) at the upper side and by segment 54 (CD) at the lower side, and assumes a non-ellipse or non-elliptical shape as represented in the area between 65 and 62. As the load further increases, the aspect ratio (length over width) of the contact footprint 62 increases, and reaches a predetermined or desirable value for optimal contact attributes, such as flange torque and/or wear rate, under a predetermined design load Qmax At load Qmax, the contact footprint is represented by 65, and is non-elliptical in shape.

[0015] To achieve the above mentioned non-elliptical shape during contact, the curvature center OB2 of the profile segment 53 is offset from or located at a distance from the roller axis 47 that is within (smaller than) a distance DS1 (see Fig. 3). Likewise, the centers of curvatures for other profile segments may be offset from or located at distances from the roller axis 47 that is outside or above (greater than) DS2 (see Fig. 3). DS1 <0.5R, and DS2 >0.5R, where R is the radius of roller body.

[0016] In another arrangement not covered by the attached claims, to achieve the above-mentioned non-elliptical contact footprint, profile segments 52 and 54 adjacent to the principal profile segment 53 need not be portions of circles. They can be, for example, a portion of exponential curves and/or logarithm curves. In yet other embodiments (such as discussed below with respect to Figs. 7-13), the principal profile segment 53 could be a portion of exponential curves and/or logarithm curves.

[0017] The above-mentioned multi-radius profile or multi-segment profile on roller end faces can also be made on flange faces 23 and/or 33. Figs. 5 and 6 illustrate the flange faces 33, but can also represent the flange faces 23.

[0018] In an alternative arrangement not covered by the attached claims, Fig. 5 depicts a portion of a roller bearing having rollers 40' with spherical roller ends 41'. The profile of the roller end 41' is described by a single radius curve (RB2) with the center of curvature at the rotation axis 47 of the roller. The roller 40' is brought into contact with inner ring 30' of the bearing during operation. The contact occurs at the mating flange face 33' having at least three profile segments 34, 35, and 36. Each profile segment 34, 35, and 36 may be mathematically described by a radius of curvature. The radius of curvature (RB1) for the second profile segment 35 can be infinity, that is to say the second profile segment is a straight line. The first profile segment 34 is designed to be tangent to the second profile segment 35. The second profile segment 35, in turn, is tangent to the third profile segment 36. The first profile segment 34 is blended to the outer diameter 37 of the flange 31' at a non-tangent point. The third profile segment 36 is blended to the undercut 38 of the flange at another non-tangent point. When the roller 40' is brought into contact with the mating flange 31' at the contact point 61', an elliptically-shaped or circular contact footprint initially develops. The elliptically-shaped or circular contact footprint corresponds to the curvature radius RB2 of the roller end 41'. As the load is increased, the ellipse is truncated by profile segment 34" at the upper side and by profile segment 36" at the lower side. The aspect ratio of the truncated ellipse increases as the contact load increases.

[0019] In an alternative arrangement not covered by the attached claims, Fig. 6 depicts a roller bearing having rollers 40" that have conical roller ends 41". The profile of the mating face 33" of the flange 31" is mathematically described by multi-radius curves. The profile has at least three segments 34", 35", and 36". Any two adjacent segments are tangent to each other. When the roller 40" is brought into contact with the mating flange 31" at the contact point 61", an elliptically-shaped or circular contact footprint initially develops. The elliptically-shaped or circular contact footprint corresponds to the curvature radius RB1 of the profile segment 35". As the load is increased, the ellipse is truncated by profile segment 34" at the upper side and by profile segment 36" at the lower side. The aspect ratio of the truncated ellipse increases as the contact load increases. At a predetermined design load for the bearing, the contract footprint is non-elliptical.

[0020] A non-elliptical contact footprint can be obtained by composite profiles at the contact location between the roller end and the mating flange face. This is to say that multi-radius profiles or multi-segment profiles can be placed either on the roller end, on the flange face, or on both the roller end and the flange faces. The profile segment (or segments) at the center of the contact footprint has a radius of curvature that is substantially greater than that of the segments adjacent to that center segment. At a predetermined design load for the bearing, the contract footprint is non-elliptical.

[0021] Figs. 7-11 illustrate another embodiment of a roller or rolling element bearing 100 of the current invention. Referring to Fig. 7, the bearing 100 includes an outer ring 120, an inner ring 130, a set of rollers 140 arranged between and in rolling contact with the outer and inner rings 120, and 130. While the illustrated embodiment shows a cylindrical roller bearing (with cylindrical rollers), the invention can also be applied to tapered roller bearings, spherical roller bearings, and, possibly, needle roller bearings. The outer ring 120 includes at least one radially inwardly-extending flange 121 at one end of the raceway 122 defined on the outer ring 120. In the illustrated embodiment, the outer ring 120 includes two radially inwardly-extending flanges 121. Each flange 121 includes a flange face 123 facing axially inwardly toward the raceway 122.

[0022] The inner ring 130 includes at least one radially outwardly-extending flange 131 at one axial end of the raceway 132 defined on the inner ring 130. The flange 131 includes a flange face 133 facing axially inwardly toward the raceway 132.

[0023] Each roller 140 has two end faces 141a and 141b, and an outer diameter surface 146 that engages and rolls on the raceways 122, 132. The end faces 141a, 141b may be made substantially symmetrical to a center radial plane (a plane perpendicular to roller axis) of the roller 140, however this need not be the case.

[0024] With reference to Figs. 8 and 9, each end face 141a, 141b contains a curved profile 145 defined in an axial plane that passes through the rotational axis 147 (See Fig. 9) of the roller 140. The curved profile 145 is formed by multiple segments 151, 152, 153, and 154 as for example shown in Figs. 8 and 9. It is to be understood that in Fig. 9, only the lower left corner of the roller 140 is illustrated with the profile 145 for simplicity and clarity, but that at least the upper left corner of the end face 141a would have the same profile 145 mirrored about the axis 147. Each profile segment 151, 152, 153, and 154 is defined by a mathematically described or defined curvature. Each segment 151, 152, 153, and 154 can be a straight line, or a portion of a circle.

[0025] The profile segment 151 is a portion of a straight line whose curvature radius is infinity. Profile segments 152 and 154 are portions of circles with curvature radii of RB2 and RD2, respectively. The centers of these curvatures are at OB2 and OD2 respectively. Profile segments 151 and 152 are blended at tangent point A. Profile segments 152 and 153 are blended at a tangent point B. Profile segments 153 and 154 are blended at a tangent point D. Profile segment 153 extends from point B to point D and includes point C. As such, profile segment 153 can be broken into segment portions 153B and 153D. Profile segment 154 is blended with the body 146 or outer diameter of the roller 140 or a green corner of the roller at point E. Unlike blending points (A-D), point E may or may not be a tangent point.

[0026] In an alternative arrangement not covered by the attached claims, the profile segment 153 is a logarithmic curve or logarithmic curves described by the following equations in local x-y coordinate system whose origin is at the central contact point indicated by the reference point C or 161, with the x-axis being tangent to the roller end profile at the contact point C. The angle b represents the contact angle, which is also the rotation angle between the local x-y and global XG-YG coordinate systems.



where Ab and Ad are constants related to deflection of the contact surfaces in y-direction under nominal design load (e.g., in some embodiments may vary from 1-100 microns, or more preferably from 10-25 microns); lb, ld, yb and yd are the distances as defined in Fig. 10. More specifically, lb is a distance in the local x-direction between point C and point B, ld is a distance in the local x-direction between point C and point D, yb is a distance in the local y-direction between point C and point B, and yd is a distance in the local y-direction between point C and point D.

[0027] The logarithmic curves of segment portion 153B (CB) and 153D (CD) are described by equations (1a) and (1b), respectively, and have continuously variable curvature radii. For example, at the starting point C, the curvature radii for CB and CD are, respectively,





[0028] At the end ending points (B or D) of the logarithmic curves (CB and CD), the curvature radii are, respectively,



In general, the following inequalities hold true,





[0029] At the center of the contact point C, the curvature radii of the logarithmic curves are the largest. Therefore, the curvature radius at a given point decreases as the point moves along the curve away from the center of the contact point C.

[0030] It may be desirable to select design parameters such that the following equations hold true,





where RB2 and RD2 are curvature radii of circular segments AB and DE, respectively.

[0031] Fig. 11 shows a graphical example of a multi-segment roller end profile according to the current invention. In this example, the relationships set forth in equations (5a) - (5c) were incorporated.

[0032] With reference to Fig. 12, the locations of the profile segments 151, 152, 153, and 154 of the rollers 140 are designed such that when the roller 140 is assembled and set in operation in a bearing 100 under thrust load, the contact between roller end 141a or 141b and the mating flange face 123 and/or 133 starts at point 161. A footprint 162 is developed as contact load increases. The size and shape of the footprint 162 change as contact load increases. At a predetermined design load for the bearing 100, the contract footprint is non-elliptical.

[0033] In an alternative arrangement not covered by the attached claims, profile segments 152 and 154 adjacent to the principal profile segment 153 need not be portions of circles. They can be, for example, be portions of exponential curves or portions of logarithmic curves. In yet other alternatives, the profile segments 152, 154 might be extensions of the logarithmic curves used for the principal profile segment 153. In yet other embodiments, there need not be additional, adjacent profile segments 152 and 154. Instead, the principal segment 153 can be the sole segment of the curved profile 145.

[0034] The above-mentioned multi-segment roller end profiles can also be made on flange faces 123 and/or 133. Fig. 13 illustrates the flange face 133, but can also represent the flange faces 123.

[0035] In an alternative arrangement not covered by the attached claims, Fig. 13 depicts a roller bearing with rollers 140' having conical roller ends 141'. The profile of the mating face 133' of the flange 131' is mathematically described by multi-segment curves. The profile has at least three segments 134, 135 and 136. Any two adjacent segments are tangent to each other. When the roller 140' is brought into contact with the mating flange 131' at the contact point 161, a non-elliptical contact footprint develops at a predetermined design load. The non-elliptical contact footprint corresponds to the logarithmic curves of the profile segment 135, which can have same curvature as the profile segment 153 described above. The aspect ratio of the contact footprint increases as the contact load further increases.

[0036] Once again, a non-elliptical contact footprint can be obtained by composite profiles at the contact location between the roller end and the mating flange face. This is to say that multi-segment profiles can be placed also on the flange face, or on both the roller end and the flange faces. In an alternative arrangement not covered by the attached claims, the profile segment or segments at the center of the contact footprint is a portion of a logarithmic curve that has continuously changing curvature radii and the curvature radii of the logarithmic segment are no less than that of the segments adjacent to the logarithmic segment.

[0037] Various features and advantages of the invention are set forth in the following claims.


Claims

1. A roller bearing (10) comprising:

an inner race ring (30);

an outer race ring (20); and

a roller (40; 140) arranged between and in contact with the inner and outer rings (30, 20);

wherein the bearing has a flange (31) on the inner race ring (30) at one axial end, and a flange (21) on the outer race ring (20) at an opposite axial end;

wherein an end (41,141) of the roller (140) has a profile:(45,145) including at least one principal segment (53,153) intermediate two additional segments (52,152,54,154), the principal segment being tangentially blended with the two additional segments;

wherein the principal segment has a first curvature (BC) that is different from the respective curvatures (AB,CD) of the two additional segments; and

wherein the curvatures of each of the principal segment and the two additional segments are portions of a circle, and wherein the first curvature has a greater radius (RB2) of curvature than the respective radii (RA2,RC2) of curvatures of the two additional segments:

characterised in that the roller (140) has a roller axis and a radius R, and wherein the principal segment (53) has a center of curvature (OB2) offset from the roller axis by a distance less than 0.5R


 
2. The roller bearing of claim 1, wherein the respective radii of curvatures of the two additional segments are different.
 
3. The roller bearing of claim 1, further comprising a fourth segment (55) tangentially blended with one of the two additional segments.
 
4. The roller bearing of claim 1, wherein the profiled roller end is at a first axial end of the roller (140), and wherein the roller (140) includes a second profiled roller end at a second axial end of the roller (140),
wherein the second profiled roller end includes at least one principal segment intermediate two additional segments, the principal segment being tangentially blended with the two additional segments, and wherein the principal segment has a first curvature that is different from the respective curvatures of the two additional segments.
 
5. The roller bearing of claim 1, wherein a contact footprint (65; 162) defined between the profiled roller end and a mating flange (31, 21) on the inner ring (30) or the outer ring (20) is non-elliptical in shape when the bearing operates at a predetermined design load.
 
6. The roller bearing of claim 1, wherein centers of curvature (OA2,OC2) of the two additional segments are offset from the roller axis by a distance greater than 0.5R.
 


Ansprüche

1. Rollenlager (10), das umfasst:

einen inneren Laufbahnring (30);

einen äußeren Laufbahnring (20); und

eine Rolle (40; 140), die zwischen und im Kontakt mit den inneren und äußeren Ringen (30, 20) angeordnet ist; wobei das Lager einen Flansch (31) auf dem inneren Laufbahnring (30) an einem axialen Ende aufweist, und einen Flansch (21) auf dem äußeren Laufbahnring (20) an einem gegenüberliegenden axialen Ende aufweist;

wobei ein Ende (41, 141) der Rolle (140) ein Profil (45, 145) aufweist, das mindestens ein Hauptsegment (53, 153) enthält, das zwischen zwei zusätzlichen Segmenten (52, 152, 54, 154) liegt, wobei das Hauptsegment tangential mit den zwei zusätzlichen Segmenten verläuft;

wobei das Hauptsegment eine erste Krümmung (BC) aufweist, die verschieden von den jeweiligen Krümmungen (AB, CD) der zwei zusätzlichen Segmente ist; und

wobei die Krümmungen von jedem der Hauptsegmente und der zwei zusätzlichen Segmente Abschnitte eines Kreises sind, und wobei die erste Krümmung einen größeren Krümmungsradius (RB2) als die jeweiligen Krümmungsradien (RA2, RC2) der zwei zusätzlichen Segmente aufweist;

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Rolle (140) eine Rollenachse und einen Radius R aufweist, und wobei das Hauptsegment (53) einen Krümmungsmittelpunkt (OB2) aufweist, der von der Rollenachse um einen Abstand versetzt ist, der kleiner als 0,5 R ist.


 
2. Rollenlager nach Anspruch 1, wobei die jeweiligen Krümmungsradien der zwei zusätzlichen Segmente unterschiedlich sind.
 
3. Rollenlager nach Anspruch 1, das ferner ein viertes Segment (55) umfasst, das tangential mit einem der zwei zusätzlichen Segmente verläuft.
 
4. Rollenlager nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich das profilierte Rollenende an einem ersten axialen Ende der Rolle (140) befindet, und wobei die Rolle (140) ein zweites profiliertes Rollenende an einem zweiten axialen Ende der Rolle (140) enthält,
wobei das zweite profilierte Rollenende mindestens ein Hauptsegment enthält, das zwischen zwei zusätzlichen Segmenten liegt, wobei das Hauptsegment tangential mit den zwei zusätzlichen Segmenten verläuft, und wobei das Hauptsegment einen ersten Krümmungsradius aufweist, der von den jeweiligen Krümmungsradien der zwei zusätzlichen Segmente verschieden ist.
 
5. Rollenlager nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Kontaktfußabdruck (65; 162), der zwischen dem profilierten Rollenende und einem Gegenflansch (31, 21) auf dem inneren Ring (30) oder dem äußeren Ring (20) nicht-elliptisch geformt ist, wenn das Lager bei einer vorgegebenen Designlast arbeitet.
 
6. Rollenlager nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Krümmungsmittelpunkte (OA2, OC2) der zwei zusätzlichen Segmente von der Rollenachse um einen Abstand versetzt sind, der größer als 0,5 R ist.
 


Revendications

1. Palier à roulements (10) comprenant :

une bague à chemin de roulement intérieure (30) ;

une bague à chemin de roulement extérieure (20) ; et

un roulement (40 ; 140) disposé entre et en contact avec les bagues intérieure et extérieure (30, 20) ;

le palier comportant une bride (31) sur la bague à chemin de roulement intérieure (30) à une extrémité axiale, et une bride (21) sur la bague à chemin de roulement extérieure (20) à une extrémité axiale opposée ;

une extrémité (41, 141) du roulement (140) comportant un profilé (45, 145) incluant au moins un segment principal (53, 153) intermédiaire à deux segments supplémentaires (52, 152, 54, 154), le segment principal étant fusionné tangentiellement avec les deux segments supplémentaires ;

le segment principal ayant une première courbure (BC) qui est différente des courbures respectives (AB, CD) des deux segments supplémentaires ; et

les courbures de chacun parmi le segment principal et les deux segments supplémentaires étant des parties d'un cercle, et la première courbure ayant un rayon de courbure (RB2) supérieur aux rayons de courbure respectifs (RA2, RC2) des deux segments supplémentaires,

caractérisé en ce que le roulement (140) a un axe de roulement et un rayon R, et le segment principal (53) a un centre de courbure (OB2) décalé de l'axe de roulement d'une distance inférieure à 0,5 R.


 
2. Palier à roulements selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les rayons de courbure respectifs des deux segments supplémentaires sont différents.
 
3. Palier à roulements selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un quatrième segment (55) fusionné tangentiellement avec l'un des deux segments supplémentaires.
 
4. Palier à roulements selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'extrémité de roulement profilée se situe à une première extrémité axiale du roulement (140), et le roulement (140) inclut une seconde extrémité de roulement profilée à une seconde extrémité axiale du roulement (140),
la seconde extrémité de roulement profilée incluant au moins un segment principal intermédiaire à deux segments supplémentaires, le segment principal étant tangentiellement fusionné avec les deux segments supplémentaires, et le segment principal ayant une première courbure qui est différente des courbures respectives des deux segments supplémentaires.
 
5. Palier à roulements selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une empreinte de contact (65 ; 162) définie entre l'extrémité de roulement profilée et une bride correspondante (31, 21) sur la bague intérieure (30) ou la bague extérieure (20) a une forme non elliptique lorsque le palier fonctionne avec une charge de conception prédéterminée.
 
6. Palier à roulements selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les centres de courbure (OA2, OC2) des deux segments supplémentaires sont décalés de l'axe de roulement d'une distance supérieure à 0,5 R.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description