(19)
(11)EP 3 623 462 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
18.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/12

(21)Application number: 18739446.5

(22)Date of filing:  02.01.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C12M 1/34  (2006.01)
C12Q 1/68  (2018.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2018/070032
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/205648 (15.11.2018 Gazette  2018/46)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 12.05.2017 CN 201710334710

(71)Applicants:
  • BOE Technology Group Co., Ltd.
    Beijing 100015 (CN)
  • Beijing BOE Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.
    Beijing 100176 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • GENG, Yue
    Beijing 100176 (CN)
  • PANG, Fengchun
    Beijing 100176 (CN)
  • CAI, Peizhi
    Beijing 100176 (CN)
  • GU, Le
    Beijing 100176 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gesthuysen Patent- und Rechtsanwälte 
Patentanwälte Huyssenallee 100
45128 Essen
45128 Essen (DE)

  


(54)GENE SEQUENCING CHIP AND GENE SEQUENCING METHOD


(57) Embodiments of the disclosure provide a gene sequencing chip, including: an upper substrate including a plurality of liquid inlets for inletting liquid drops; a lower substrate opposite to the upper substrate and spaced therefrom by a gap, the gap being provided for allowing the liquid drops to move therein, the lower substrate including a liquid drop operation region, the liquid drop operation region including a manipulation electrode array. The manipulation electrode array includes multiple first sub-arrays for preparing a gene library, multiple second sub-arrays for sequencing the prepared gene library, each first sub-array being adjacent to one of the second sub-arrays. Based on the gene sequencing chip provided in this disclosure, operations to tiny liquid drops such as movement, fusion and splitting can be accurately manipulated by using digital microfluidic techniques, and all steps of the gene sequencing from library preparation to gene sequencing can be completed in a programmatic manner on one chip. The chip has a high degree of integration, the liquid drops can be manipulated accurately, the consumption of the reagents can be reduced, and the preparation process is simple and mature.




Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



[0001] The present application claims the priority of Chinese patent application No. 201710334710.1 filed on May 12, 2017, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0002] This disclosure relates to the field of gene sequencing techniques, and in particular to a gene sequencing chip and a gene sequencing method.

BACKGROUND



[0003] For existing techniques of gene sequencing chip, library preparation and gene sequencing are carried out on different chips respectively. Firstly, a gene library is prepared by manual operation or on a digital microfluidic chip, and then the prepared library is injected into a sequencing chip to complete sequencing. Such traditional techniques are very mature, for example, Illumina Company uses a digital microfluidic chip for library preparation and then uses a further sequencing chip to perform gene sequencing. Such a traditional sequencing method requires preparing a gene library separately, and then manually loading the prepared library to a sequencing chip, wherein many manual operations are involved, which is unfavorable to the reduction of a sequencing period. Moreover, since it requires manual loading, only a large library dose can satisfy liquids loss occurring during manual transfer, which increases the consumption of reagents, raises the reagent cost and the time cost and goes against improvement of automation degree and reduction in cost. Besides, traditional chips for sequencing are usually driven based on an electroosmotic flow or a pressure, where large-dimensioned channels and a great many of reagents are required and liquid drops cannot be manipulated accurately, which also raises the cost of sequencing-related reagents. During the traditional gene sequencing, library preparation and gene sequencing are performed by using different techniques and principles, so the entire procedure cannot be carried out on one same chip. Although the fabrication of a corresponding chip is very simple as library preparation and gene sequencing are performed separately, the cost cannot be lowered due to inaccurate metering and use of the reagents.

SUMMARY



[0004] Embodiments of this disclosure provide a gene sequencing chip, comprising: an upper substrate including a plurality of liquid inlets for inletting liquid drops, a lower substrate opposite to the upper substrate and spaced therefrom by a gap, the gap being provided for allowing the liquid drops to move therein, the lower substrate comprising a liquid drop operation region, the liquid drop operation region comprising a manipulation electrode array. The manipulation electrode array comprises multiple first sub-arrays for preparing a gene library, and multiple second sub-arrays for sequencing the prepared gene library, each of the multiple first sub-arrays being adjacent to one of the second sub-arrays.

[0005] In some embodiments, the liquid drops comprise raw material liquid drops, gene library preparation reagent liquid drops and sequencing reagent liquid drops, and the plurality of liquid inlets comprise: an inlet port via which the raw material liquid drops are provided to the first sub-arrays, a first inlet via which the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops are provided to the first sub-arrays, a second inlet via which gene amplification reagent liquid drops are provided to the second sub-arrays, a third inlet via which the sequencing reagent liquid drops are provided to the second sub-arrays, and an outlet port for discharging a waste liquid. The inlet port, the first inlet, the second inlet, the third inlet and the outlet port all penetrate the upper substrate.

[0006] In some embodiments, the manipulation electrode array comprises manipulation electrodes corresponding to the inlet port, the first inlet, the second inlet, the third inlet or the outlet port and configured for controlling an inlet amount or outlet amount of liquid drops at the inlet port, the first inlet, the second inlet, the third inlet or the outlet port.

[0007] In some embodiments, the first sub-array further comprises a rectangular ring-shaped array for mixing the raw material liquid drops and the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops.

[0008] In some embodiments, the lower substrate further comprises an electrode control region located outside the liquid drop operation region, the electrode control region being used for controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes in the manipulation electrode array so as to achieve movement of the liquid drops in the gap.

[0009] In some embodiments, the electrode control region comprises a metal contact point array, each metal contact point in the metal contact point array being electrically connected with one or more manipulation electrodes in the manipulation electrode array.

[0010] In some embodiments, the lower substrate further comprises a lower glass substrate for carrying the liquid drop operation region and the electrode control region.

[0011] In some embodiments, the lower substrate further comprises a lower dielectric layer overlaying the liquid drop operation region, and a lower hydrophobic layer arranged on a surface of the lower dielectric layer closer to the upper substrate.

[0012] In some embodiments, the upper substrate further comprises an upper glass substrate, an ITO reference electrode arranged on a surface of the upper glass substrate closer to the lower substrate, an upper dielectric layer arranged on a surface of the ITO reference electrode closer to the lower substrate, and an upper hydrophobic layer arranged on a surface of the upper dielectric layer closer to the lower substrate.

[0013] In some embodiments, the upper hydrophobic layer or the lower hydrophobic layer comprises PTFE.

[0014] Another embodiment of this disclosure provides a gene sequencing method based on the gene sequencing chip according to any of the above embodiments, the method comprising steps of: controlling the raw material liquid drops to arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region from the inlet port, controlling the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops to arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region from the first inlet, controlling flow of the liquid drops in the liquid drop operation region by controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region, mixing the raw material liquid drops with the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops to prepare a gene library, and controlling the prepared gene library to arrive at the second sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region for gene sequencing.

[0015] In some embodiments, mixing the raw material liquid drops with the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops comprises: controlling the raw material liquid drops and the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops to flow circularly within the rectangular ring-shaped array comprised in the first sub-array.

[0016] In some embodiments, controlling the prepared gene library to arrive at the second sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region for gene sequencing comprises: controlling the gene amplification reagent liquid drops to arrive at the second sub-arrays and controlling the sequencing reagent liquid drops to arrive at the second sub-arrays so as to amplify the prepared gene library while sequencing.

[0017] In some embodiments, the method comprises controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region by means of the electrode control region located outside the liquid drop operation region such that the liquid drops move in the gap.

[0018] In some embodiments, controlling the raw material liquid drops to arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region from the inlet port comprises splitting the raw material liquid drops from large liquid drops into small liquid drops which arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region.

[0019] With the gene sequencing chip and the gene sequencing method provided in the embodiments of this disclosure, operations of liquid drops such as movement, fusion and splitting can be accurately manipulated by using digital microfluidic techniques, and all steps of the gene sequencing from library preparation to gene detection can be completed in a programmatic manner on one chip. The chip has a high degree of integration, the liquid drops can be manipulated accurately, the consumption of the reagents can be reduced, and the preparation process is simple and mature.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0020] 

Fig. 1 is a schematic partial sectional view of a gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure.

Fig. 2 is a top view of the upper substrate of the gene sequencing chip according to the embodiment of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a top view of the lower substrate of the gene sequencing chip according to the embodiment of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing specific details of the lower substrate of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of the electrode control region of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure.

Fig. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of the inlet port/outlet port of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0021] Embodiments of the disclosure will be further explained in detail with reference to the drawings and examples. It can be understood that the specific embodiments depicted herein are only used for explaining this disclosure, instead of limiting the invention. Besides, it should be further noted that in order to facilitate depiction, the drawings only show structures of the gene sequencing chip related to the embodiments of this disclosure, instead of all.

[0022] The embodiments of this disclosure provide a gene sequencing chip. Fig. 1 schematically shows a partial section view of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure. Fig. 2 is a top view of an upper substrate of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure.

[0023] As shown in Fig. 1, the gene sequencing chip provided in the embodiment of this disclosure comprises an upper substrate 102 and a lower substrate 101, the upper substrate 102 and the lower substrate 101 being spaced from each other by a certain gap, the gap being provided for accommodating liquid drops 110 for test (the liquid drops for test herein comprise raw material liquid drops, gene library preparation reagent liquid drops, gene sequencing reagent liquid drops and so on, which will be mentioned below). As shown in Fig. 2, the upper substrate 102 comprises a plurality of through holes, which form inlets and outlets for various reagents and allows entrance of the liquid drops for test. Referring to Fig. 2, the upper substrate 102 comprises: an inlet port 113 for adding raw material liquid drops, the raw material liquid drops being a basic raw material for preparing a gene library; a first inlet 113 for adding gene library preparation reagent liquid drops, for example, the four first inlets 114 in Fig. 2 are used for adding DNA helicases, reagent for breaking DNA, DNA adapters or the like respectively; a second inlet 116 and a third inlet 117, the second inlet 116 being used for adding reagents related to gene amplification, and the third inlet 117 being used for adding gene sequencing reagent liquid drops, e.g., four fluorescent labeled bases.

[0024] The upper substrate 102 further comprises an upper glass substrate 103, an ITO (indium tin oxide) reference electrode 106 arranged on a surface of the upper glass substrate 103 closer to the lower substrate 101, an upper dielectric layer 107 arranged on a surface of the ITO reference electrode 106 closer to the lower substrate 101, and an upper hydrophobic layer 108 arranged on a surface of the upper dielectric layer 107 closer to the lower substrate 101. A material of the upper dielectric layer 107 comprises various polymer materials or silicon oxides, silicon nitrides or the like, and a material of the upper hydrophobic layer 108 comprises PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene).

[0025] The lower substrate 101 comprises a lower glass substrate 104 and a manipulation electrode array 105, the manipulation electrode array 105 being arranged on a surface of the lower glass substrate 104 closer to the upper substrate 102. The manipulation electrode array 105 comprises a plurality of manipulation electrodes, each manipulation electrode may have a size of 0.5-5mm. The manipulation electrodes may have an interval of 0.1-1mm therebetween, and a material of the manipulation electrodes may include ITO, copper or chromium. The lower substrate 101 further comprises a lower dielectric layer 107 overlaying the manipulation electrode array 105, and a lower hydrophobic layer 108 arranged on a surface of the lower dielectric layer 107 closer to the upper substrate 102. The gene sequencing chip further comprises an electrode control region for controlling the manipulation electrodes in the manipulation electrode array 105, the electrode control region may be arranged in a same layer as the manipulation electrode array. Fig. 3 is a schematic top view of the lower substrate of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure. Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing details of the lower substrate of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure.

[0026] As shown in Fig. 3, the lower substrate 101 comprises: a liquid drop operation region 301; a plurality of manipulation electrodes 303 located in the liquid drop operation region 301 and forming an array; an electrode control region 302 outside the liquid drop operation region 301, the electrode control region controlling an energizing sequence for the plurality of manipulation electrodes 303 to achieve movement of the liquid drops for test above the plurality of manipulation electrodes 303.

[0027] As shown in Fig. 4, in the liquid drop operation region 301, the plurality of manipulation electrodes 303 in an array comprise multiple first sub-arrays 401 and multiple second sub-arrays 402, the first sub-arrays 401 being used for preparing a gene library and the second sub-arrays 402 being used for sequencing the gene library prepared by the first sub-arrays, the first sub-arrays 401 being adjacent to the second sub-arrays 402.

[0028] The first sub-arrays 401 in the liquid drop operation region 301 further comprise a rectangular ring-shaped array 405 for mixing the raw material liquid drops and the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops added to the first sub-arrays 401.

[0029] The procedure of gene library preparation and sequencing will be specifically described with reference to Fig. 4. In Fig. 4, the area indicated by 413 corresponds to the inlet port 113 in the upper substrate of Fig. 2. The inlet port, the first inlet for adding reagents for the preparation of the gene library, the second inlet and the third inlet for adding reagents for sequencing the gene library are all formed in the upper substrate by through hole processing. In fact, the lower substrate is not provided with an inlet port, a first inlet, a second inlet, a third inlet or an outlet port. In the following, for the convenience of description, positions of the lower substrate corresponding to the inlet port, the inlets and the outlet port in the upper substrate will be referred to as inlet port, inlets and outlet port of the lower substrate.

[0030] The raw material liquid drops (i.e., base materials for preparing the gene library) for extracting original DNA segments are provided to the first sub-arrays 401 from the inlet port 413, the first sub-arrays 401 comprising first inlets 414 (corresponding to the first inlets 114 in the upper substrate 102 of Fig. 2), and various reagents related to the preparation of the gene library are added via the first inlets 414, for example, DNA helicases, reagents for breaking DNA, DNA adapters or the like are added via four first inlets 114 respectively.

[0031] The corresponding manipulation electrodes are sequentially energized by means of the electrode control region, such that the raw material liquid drops move to the first inlets 414 along a path of the manipulation electrodes in the first sub-arrays 401. Now the original DNA segments added via the inlet port 413 and the reagents related to the preparation of the gene library added via the first inlets 414 can be mixed in the rectangular ring-shaped array 405 for preparing the gene library. The mixing process may comprise controlling an energizing sequence of the related manipulation electrodes to achieve circular flow of the raw material liquid drops and the related reagents, such that reactions involved in the preparation of the gene library is performed sufficiently.

[0032] Then, the prepared gene library enters via the manipulation electrodes 408 sequencing channels in the second sub-arrays 402, so as to perform sequencing. At this time, reagents for gene amplification are added via the second inlets 416 (corresponding to the position of the second inlets 116 in the upper substrate 102 of Fig. 2), and reagents for sequencing are added via the third inlets 417 (corresponding to the position of the third inlets 117 in the upper substrate 102 of Fig. 2), for example, four fluorescent labeled bases, so the prepared gene library is amplified while being sequenced in the second sub-arrays, and then flows out of the gene chip via the outlet port 419 (corresponding to the position of the outlet port 119 in the upper substrate 102 of Fig. 2) after the sequencing, thereby completing the gene sequencing.

[0033] Controlling the flow of the raw material liquid drops, the reagents related to gene library preparation, reagents related to gene amplification and reagents for sequencing within the first sub-arrays 401 and the second sub-arrays 402 is achieved by controlling an energizing sequence of the manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region 301. The energization of the manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region is controlled by means of the electrode control region 302 outside the liquid drop operation region 301. Fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of the electrode control region of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure. The manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region 301 form an array, and the electrode control region 302 comprises a metal contact point array, metal contact points 302a in the metal contact point array being electrically connected with one or more manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region 301, so different voltage signals can be applied to the manipulation electrodes via the metal contact point array.

[0034] Moreover, during the sequencing process, inlet amounts of different reagent liquid drops can be controlled accurately so that accurate metering control can be achieved during the entire sequencing process from library preparation to gene amplification and to sequencing.

[0035] Fig. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of the inlet port/outlet port of the gene sequencing chip according to an embodiment of this disclosure. As shown in Fig. 6, the upper substrate 601 is provided with an inlet port/outlet port 619, and manipulation electrodes 603 are arranged on the lower substrate 602. By applying a voltage to the manipulation electrodes 603 and taking advantage of the inlet port 619, large liquid drops can be split into small liquid drops, which enter a gap 610 between the upper and lower substrates and then arrive at the sub-arrays mentioned above. After the completion of the sequencing, small liquid drops in different sub-arrays can be fused into large liquid drops which are converged at the outlet port. Similar to the inlet port/outlet port 619, manipulation electrodes are provided at the inlets mentioned above, so as to control inlet amounts of different liquid drops, which will not be depicted herein for simplicity. The upper part of Fig. 6 schematically shows a plan view of the manipulation electrodes on the lower substrate 602, and the lower part of Fig. 6 shows a section view of the upper substrate 601, the lower substrate 602 and the manipulation electrodes.

[0036] With the gene sequencing chip according to the embodiments of this disclosure, operations to tiny liquid drops such as movement, fusion and splitting of the liquid drops can be accurately manipulated by using digital microfluidic techniques, and all steps of the gene sequencing from library preparation to gene detection can be completed in a programmatic manner on one chip. The chip has a high degree of integration, the liquid drops can be manipulated accurately, the consumption of the reagents can be reduced, and the preparation process is simple and mature.

[0037] Other embodiments of this disclosure provide a gene sequencing method based on the gene sequencing chip according to any of the above embodiments, the method comprises the following steps: controlling the raw material liquid drops (i.e., base materials for preparing a gene library) for extracting original DNA segments to arrive at the first sub-arrays 401 of the liquid drop operation region 301 from the inlet port 413, controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes, so as to enable the raw material liquid drops to flow along a path of the manipulation electrodes of the first sub-array 401.

[0038] Controlling reagent liquid drops related to gene library preparation to arrive at the first sub-arrays 401 from the first inlets 414, and then controlling the related reagent liquid drops to flow along channels of the first sub-arrays 401 and mix with the raw material liquid drops.

[0039] The raw material liquid drops and the reagents related to gene library preparation added via the first inlets 414 are mixed in the rectangular ring-shaped array 405, so as to prepare the gene library. The mixing process can comprise controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes to achieve circular flow of the raw material liquid drops and the related reagent liquid drops, such that reactions involved in the preparation of the gene library is performed sufficiently.

[0040] Then, the prepared gene library is controlled to enter sequencing channels of the second sub-arrays 402 by controlling the energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes, and the prepared gene library liquid drops flow along the second sub-arrays 402.

[0041] Reagent liquid drops related to gene amplification are added via the second inlets 416, and reagent liquid drops for sequencing are added via the third inlets 417, for example, four fluorescent labeled bases, so the prepared gene library is amplified while being sequenced in the second sub-arrays, and then flows out of the gene chip via the outlet port 419 after the sequencing, thereby completing the sequencing by the gene chip.

[0042] Controlling the flow of the raw material liquid drops, the reagent liquid drops related to gene library preparation, reagent liquid drops related to gene amplification and reagent liquid drops for sequencing within the first sub-arrays 401 and the second sub-arrays 402 is achieved by controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region 301. The manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region 301 are controlled by means of the electrode control region 302 arranged outside the liquid drop operation region 301. As shown in Fig. 6, the manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region 301 are in an array, and the electrode control region 302 includes a metal contact point array, contact points of the metal contact point array are in one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of manipulation electrodes.

[0043] Controlling the liquid drops for test to arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region from the inlet port comprises splitting the liquid drops for test from large liquid drops into small liquid drops which arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region. Similar expressions such as "arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region", "arrive at the second sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region" and "arrive at the manipulation electrodes" mentioned in this disclosure do not mean that the liquid drops are in direct contact with the manipulation electrodes, but instead they indicate that the liquid drops are located in a position corresponding to the related manipulation electrodes, and the liquid drops may be located above the manipulation electrodes, but any other possible medium such as a hydrophobic layer may exist between the liquid drops and the manipulation electrodes. According to the gene sequencing method of this disclosure, operations to tiny liquid drops such as movement, fusion and splitting of the liquid drops can be accurately manipulated by using digital microfluidic techniques, and all steps of the gene sequencing from library preparation to gene detection can be completed on one chip. The chip has a high degree of integration, the liquid drops can be manipulated accurately, the consumption of the reagents can be reduced, and the preparation process is simple and mature.

[0044] The movement, fusion or splitting of the liquid drops mentioned the embodiments of this disclosure are based on an electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) principle, which will be explained briefly. Due to the existence of an upper hydrophobic layer and a lower hydrophobic layer, when the manipulation electrodes are not energized, the liquid drop has a contact angle of greater than 90 degrees with respect to a surface of the hydrophobic layer, and when a voltage is applied to the manipulation electrodes, the contact angle of the liquid drop will be changed. For example, for two adjacent manipulation electrodes, if the liquid drop is initially still on a left manipulation electrode, and now if a voltage is applied to the manipulation electrode on the right, the contact angle of the liquid drop will be changed (become smaller than 90 degrees), and the shape of the liquid drop will change, so that the liquid drop as a whole has a tendency of moving towards the manipulation electrode on the right. If the manipulation electrode on the right is continuously energized, the liquid drop will move towards the electrode on the right until it arrives at the manipulation electrode on the right. If voltage application to the manipulation electrode on the right stops, the liquid drop will stop at the manipulation electrode on the right.

[0045] Some embodiments of this disclosure and the technical principles applied therein are depicted above. Those skilled in the art should understand that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments herein, and for those skilled in the art, these embodiments can be obviously changed, adjusted and substituted without deviating from the protection scope of the invention. Therefore, more other equivalent embodiments can be obtained without deviating from the idea of the invention, and the scope of the invention is subject to the appended claims.


Claims

1. A gene sequencing chip, comprising:

- an upper substrate including a plurality of liquid inlets for inletting liquid drops,

- a lower substrate opposite to the upper substrate and spaced therefrom by a gap, the gap being provided for allowing the liquid drops to move therein, the lower substrate comprising a liquid drop operation region, the liquid drop operation region comprising a manipulation electrode array, wherein the manipulation electrode array comprises:

- multiple first sub-arrays for preparing a gene library, and

- multiple second sub-arrays for sequencing the prepared gene library, each of the multiple first sub-arrays being adjacent to one of the second sub-arrays.


 
2. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 1, wherein the liquid drops comprise raw material liquid drops, gene library preparation reagent liquid drops and sequencing reagent liquid drops, and the plurality of liquid inlets comprise:

- an inlet port via which the raw material liquid drops are provided to the first sub-arrays,

- a first inlet via which the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops are provided to the first sub-arrays,

- a second inlet via which gene amplification reagent liquid drops are provided to the second sub-arrays,

- a third inlet via which the sequencing reagent liquid drops are provided to the second sub-arrays, and

- an outlet port for discharging a waste liquid,

- wherein the inlet port, the first inlet, the second inlet, the third inlet and the outlet port all penetrate the upper substrate.


 
3. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 2, wherein the manipulation electrode array comprises manipulation electrodes corresponding to the inlet port, the first inlet, the second inlet, the third inlet or the outlet port and configured for controlling an inlet amount or outlet amount of liquid drops at the inlet port, the first inlet, the second inlet, the third inlet or the outlet port.
 
4. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 2, wherein the first sub-array further comprises a rectangular ring-shaped array for mixing the raw material liquid drops and the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops.
 
5. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 1, wherein the lower substrate further comprises an electrode control region located outside the liquid drop operation region, the electrode control region being used for controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes in the manipulation electrode array so as to achieve movement of the liquid drops in the gap.
 
6. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 5, wherein the electrode control region comprises a metal contact point array, each metal contact point in the metal contact point array being electrically connected with one or more manipulation electrodes in the manipulation electrode array.
 
7. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 6, wherein the lower substrate further comprises a lower glass substrate for carrying the liquid drop operation region and the electrode control region.
 
8. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 1, wherein the lower substrate further comprises:

- a lower dielectric layer overlaying the liquid drop operation region, and

- a lower hydrophobic layer arranged on a surface of the lower dielectric layer closer to the upper substrate.


 
9. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 1, wherein the upper substrate further comprises:

- an upper glass substrate,

- an ITO reference electrode arranged on a surface of the upper glass substrate closer to the lower substrate,

- an upper dielectric layer arranged on a surface of the ITO reference electrode closer to the lower substrate, and

- an upper hydrophobic layer arranged on a surface of the upper dielectric layer closer to the lower substrate.


 
10. The gene sequencing chip according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the upper hydrophobic layer or the lower hydrophobic layer comprises PTFE.
 
11. A gene sequencing method based on the gene sequencing chip according to any of claims 2-10, the method comprising:

- controlling the raw material liquid drops to arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region from the inlet port,

- controlling the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops to arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region from the first inlet,

- controlling flow of the liquid drops in the liquid drop operation region by controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region,

- mixing the raw material liquid drops with the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops to prepare a gene library, and

- controlling the prepared gene library to arrive at the second sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region for gene sequencing.


 
12. The gene sequencing method according to claim 11, wherein mixing the raw material liquid drops with the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops comprises: controlling the raw material liquid drops and the gene library preparation reagent liquid drops to flow circularly within the rectangular ring-shaped array comprised in the first sub-array.
 
13. The gene sequencing method according to claim 11, wherein controlling the prepared gene library to arrive at the second sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region for gene sequencing comprises: controlling the gene amplification reagent liquid drops to arrive at the second sub-arrays and controlling the sequencing reagent liquid drops to arrive at the second sub-arrays so as to amplify the prepared gene library while sequencing.
 
14. The gene sequencing method according to claim 11, wherein the method comprises: controlling an energizing sequence for the manipulation electrodes in the liquid drop operation region by means of the electrode control region located outside the liquid drop operation region such that the liquid drops move in the gap.
 
15. The gene sequencing method according to claim 11, wherein controlling the raw material liquid drops to arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region from the inlet port comprises splitting the raw material liquid drops from large liquid drops into small liquid drops which arrive at the first sub-arrays of the liquid drop operation region.
 




Drawing



















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description