(19)
(11)EP 3 623 704 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
28.04.2021 Bulletin 2021/17

(21)Application number: 19197102.7

(22)Date of filing:  12.09.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F23R 3/00  (2006.01)
F23R 3/60  (2006.01)

(54)

COMBUSTOR PANEL FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE

BRENNKAMMERPLATTE FÜR GASTURBINENTRIEBWERK

PANNEAUX DE CHAMBRE DE COMBUSTION POUR MOTEUR À TURBINE À GAZ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.09.2018 US 201816129918

(43)Date of publication of application:
18.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/12

(73)Proprietor: Raytheon Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • DILLARD, Gary J.
    Gainesville, FL 32608 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 420 208
US-A- 4 302 932
US-A1- 2011 185 740
US-A1- 2015 107 109
WO-A1-2018/087878
US-A- 4 688 310
US-A1- 2014 360 196
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] A typical gas turbine engine combustor can include metallic liners and liner panels coated with a thermal barrier coating. Metallic panels are thermally limited as far as maximum operating temperatures and require large amounts of cooling air to meet full life cycle requirements. Ceramic matrix composite (CMC) panels have higher temperature capabilities compared to metallic panels, and are typically lighter in weight than metal panels. However, attaching CMC panels to the liners and existing metallic support structures of the combustor can be challenging due to thermal expansion differences between metals and CMC materials, as well as poor localized stress loading at attachment points.

    [0002] US 2014/360196 A1 discloses a prior art combustor panel having the features of the preamble to claim 1.

    SUMMARY



    [0003] In accordance with a first aspect, the present invention provides a combustor panel for use in a gas turbine engine as claimed in claim 1.

    [0004] In accordance with a second aspect, the present invention provides a combustor liner assembly for a gas turbine engine combustor as claimed in claim 7.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0005] 

    FIG. 1 schematically illustrates an example gas turbine engine.

    FIG. 2 is a partial cross-section of a gas turbine engine combustor having ceramic matrix composite panels.

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an individual panel and associated attachment hardware.

    FIG. 4 is a cross-section of the panel.

    FIG. 5 is a partial cross-section of an alternative gas turbine engine combustor having ceramic matrix composite panels.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0006] The present invention is directed to a gas turbine engine assembly including one or more ceramic matrix composite liner (CMC) panels and associated attachment componentry. The CMC panels are formed with attachment flanges for use in securing the panels to a metallic liner. This allows the metal-CMC attachment interface to be situated away from the hot, inner side of the panel, which reduces thermal stress on the interface.

    [0007] FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine 10. The gas turbine engine 10 is disclosed herein as a two-spool turbofan that generally incorporates a fan section 12, a compressor section 14, a combustor section 16 and a turbine section 18. The fan section 12 drives air along a bypass flow path B in a bypass duct defined within a nacelle 20, while the compressor section 14 drives air along a core flow path C for compression and communication into the combustor section 16 then expansion through the turbine section 18. Although depicted as a two-spool turbofan gas turbine engine in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment, it should be understood that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with two-spool turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines including three-spool architectures.

    [0008] The exemplary engine 10 generally includes a low speed spool 22 and a high speed spool 24 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A relative to an engine static structure 26 via several bearing systems 28. It should be understood that various bearing systems 28 at various locations may alternatively or additionally be provided, and the location of bearing systems 28 may be varied as appropriate to the application.

    [0009] The low speed spool 22 generally includes an inner shaft 30 that interconnects a fan 32, a first (or low) pressure compressor 34 and a first (or low) pressure turbine 36. The inner shaft 30 is connected to the fan 32 through a speed change mechanism, which in exemplary gas turbine engine 10 is illustrated as a geared architecture 38 to drive the fan 32 at a lower speed than the low speed spool 22. The high speed spool 24 includes an outer shaft 40 that interconnects a second (or high) pressure compressor 42 and a second (or high) pressure turbine 44. A combustor 46 is arranged in exemplary gas turbine 10 between the high pressure compressor 42 and the high pressure turbine 44. A mid-turbine frame 48 of the engine static structure 26 is arranged generally between the high pressure turbine 44 and the low pressure turbine 36. The mid-turbine frame 48 further supports bearing systems 28 in the turbine section 18. The inner shaft 30 and the outer shaft 40 are concentric and rotate via bearing systems 28 about the engine central longitudinal axis A which is collinear with their longitudinal axes.

    [0010] The core airflow is compressed by the low pressure compressor 34 then the high pressure compressor 42, mixed and burned with fuel in the combustor 46, then expanded over the high pressure turbine 44 and low pressure turbine 36. The mid-turbine frame 48 includes airfoils 50 which are in the core airflow path C. The turbines 36, 44 rotationally drive the respective low speed spool 22 and high speed spool 24 in response to the expansion. It will be appreciated that each of the positions of the fan section 12, compressor section 14, combustor section 16, turbine section 18, and fan drive gear system 38 may be varied. For example, gear system 38 may be located aft of combustor section 16 or even aft of turbine section 18, and fan section 12 may be positioned forward or aft of the location of gear system 38.

    [0011] The engine 10 in one example is a high-bypass geared aircraft engine. In a further example, the engine 10 bypass ratio is greater than about six, with an example embodiment being greater than about ten, the geared architecture 38 is an epicyclic gear train, such as a planetary gear system or other gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3 and the low pressure turbine 36 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five. In one disclosed embodiment, the engine 10 bypass ratio is greater than about ten, the fan diameter is significantly larger than that of the low pressure compressor 34, and the low pressure turbine 36 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five. Low pressure turbine 36 pressure ratio is pressure measured prior to inlet of low pressure turbine 36 as related to the pressure at the outlet of the low pressure turbine 36 prior to an exhaust nozzle. The geared architecture 38 may be an epicycle gear train, such as a planetary gear system or other gear system, with a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3:1. It should be understood, however, that the above parameters are only exemplary of one embodiment of a geared architecture engine and that the present invention is applicable to other gas turbine engines including direct drive turbofans.

    [0012] A significant amount of thrust is provided by the bypass flow B due to the high bypass ratio. The fan section 12 of the engine 10 is designed for a particular flight condition-typically cruise at about 0.8 Mach and about 35,000 feet. The flight condition of 0.8 Mach and 35,000 ft (10,668 meters), with the engine at its best fuel consumption-also known as "bucket cruise Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption ('TSFC')"-is the industry standard parameter of lbm of fuel being burned divided by lbf of thrust the engine produces at that minimum point. "Low fan pressure ratio" is the pressure ratio across the fan blade alone, without a Fan Exit Guide Vane ("FEGV") system. The low fan pressure ratio as disclosed herein according to one non-limiting embodiment is less than about 1.45. "Low corrected fan tip speed" is the actual fan tip speed in ft/sec divided by an industry standard temperature correction of [(Tram ° R)/(518.7° R)]0.5 (where °R = K x 9/5). The "Low corrected fan tip speed" as disclosed herein according to one non-limiting embodiment is less than about 1150 ft/second (350.5 meters/second).

    [0013] FIG. 2 is a partial cross-section of combustor 46 showing hood 54, combustion chamber 56, and combustor assembly 58 defining combustion chamber 56. As shown, combustor 46 has a "kinked" configuration, as is known in the art. Assembly 58 includes radially inner and outer liners 60 and 62, respectively, as well as bulkhead liner 64, forward panel ring 66, and inner and outer aft panels 68. Bulkhead liner 64 can be secured to hood 54, and can include openings to accommodate swirlers 70. Hood 54, liners 60 and 62, and bulkhead liner 64 can be formed from a metallic material, such as a nickel alloy, and can further include a high temperature coating.

    [0014] Forward panel ring 66 abuts bulkhead liner 64 and need not be secured to liners 60 and 62 with fasteners. Rather, radial and axial displacement of forward panel ring 66 can be prevented by an interference fit between forward panel ring 66, liners 60 and 62, and bulkhead liner 64 respectively. In the embodiment shown, panel ring 66 is a one-piece annular structure, but can alternatively be formed as multiple annular components (e.g., outer panel, inner panel, bulkhead panel) and/or arcuate segments of the annulus, depending on manufacturing capabilities and/or the particular geometry of liners 60 and 62. Depending on thermal and structural requirements, panel ring 66 can be formed from a metallic material, a CMC material, or a combination of the two, with, for example, the forward portion abutting bulkhead liner 62 being a metallic material, and the axially extending portions being a CMC material.

    [0015] FIGS. 3 and 4 are perspective and cross-sectional views, respectively, of the radially outer aft panel 68. Although FIGS. 3 and 4 specifically show aft panel 68 in an outer aft panel arrangement, the present invention can additionally or alternatively be utilized in an inner aft panel arrangement.

    [0016] With continued reference to FIGS. 2-4, aft panel 68 can include a body portion 72 having an inner, hot side surface 74 in communication with combustion chamber 56, and an outer, cold side surface 76 on the side opposite combustion chamber 56. Body portion 72 can include a number of dilution holes 78, and seals 80 can be disposed along the axial edges of body portion 72 on cold side surface 76. Seals 80 can be formed from a CMC or metallic material, depending on thermal requirements and/or material availability. Seals 80 can further be distinct seal members in an exemplary embodiment, but can alternatively be formed as sealing surfaces on body portion 72. Body portion 72 can have a thickness T that, in an exemplary embodiment, can range nominally from about 80-100 mil (0.08 in - 0.10 in). Body portion 72 can be thicker or thinner, depending on the particular arrangement of the CMC material and/or thermal requirements.

    [0017] Aft panel 68 further includes outwardly curved edges 82 forward and aft of body portion 72. Curved edges 82 are curved outward about 180° giving the edges a "U" shape. Each curved edge 82 includes a curved region 84, a flange 86 generally parallel to body portion 72, and a plurality of slots 88 circumferentially disposed along flange 86. Each curved edge 82 defines a channel 90 into which fastening member 92 can be inserted, as is discussed in detail below.

    [0018] Aft panels 68 can be formed from a CMC material, such as a silicon-carbide or other suitable CMC material impregnated with a resin. The CMC material can have a woven structure, or can be formed as a lay-up of individual plies. Outwardly curved edges 82 are formed by curing aft panels 68 on a specialized tool. In an exemplary embodiment, outwardly curved edges 82 are formed having a bend radius of 1T (i.e., the thickness of body portion 72), but other bend radii can be used depending on the desired geometry of curved edges 82. Aft panel 68 is shown in FIG. 4 having generally uniform thickness of body portion 72 and curved edges 82. In an alternative embodiment, aft panel 68 can be thickened, for example, at curved edges 82 to improve mechanical properties in that region. The curved geometry of curved edges 82 also allows for greater distribution of stresses through aft panel 68 when fastened to the liner, compared to configurations in which metal fasteners are attached to/extend through CMC panel bodies.

    [0019] In FIG. 3, a portion of curved edge 82 has been removed to better illustrate fastening member 92, which can be formed from a metallic material, and further can be cast as a single piece. Fastening member 92 can include an elongate base 94 in a strip-like configuration and commensurate in length to curved edge 82. Fastening member 92 can further include a plurality of studs 96 extending radially from base 94, spaced at intervals allowing the studs to match with and extend radially through slots 88 of flange 86. When inserted into channel 90 created by curved edge 82, a gap G exists between cold side surface 76 of body portion 72 and elongate base 94. Aft panel 68 can be secured to liner 62 by matching studs 96 to corresponding holes within liner 62 and tightening a nut 98 (shown in FIG. 4) around one or more of studs 96. A thickened shoulder portion 99 can be provided at the base of one or more studs 96 to act as a stop for nut 98.

    [0020] In operation of combustor 46, hot side surface 74 of aft panel 68 can be exposed to hot fluid within combustion chamber 56. Flanges 86, fastening members 92, and the attachment region of liner 62 remain relatively cool, as they are positioned on the cold side of assembly 58. Further, a cooling flow can be provided through gap G to thermally regulate the attachment components. This allows for control of thermal expansion of the CMC material relative to the metal components (i.e., liner 62, fastening member 92, and nut 98). Further, slots 88 can be shaped and sized to accommodate thermal expansion of studs 96.

    [0021] FIG. 5 is a partial cross-section of alternative gas turbine engine combustor 146, which is operationally similar to combustor 46, but with fewer panels and in a straight wall configuration. Combustor 146 includes hood 154 and combustion chamber 156 defined by combustor assembly 158. Assembly 158 includes radially inner and outer support liners 160 and 162, respectively, as well as bulkhead liner 164, forward panel ring 166 and aft panels 168. Hood 154, liners 160 and 162, and bulkhead liner 164 can be formed from the same metallic material(s) as the corresponding components of combustor 46.

    [0022] Forward panel ring 166 can be similar to panel ring 66 with respect to materials, but as shown in FIG. 5, has a different cross-sectional geometry, and is arranged such that bulkhead liner 164 is nested within it. Because of this positioning, the shape of panel ring 166 generally corresponds to that of bulkhead liner 164. Liner assembly 158 further includes inner and outer aft panels 168, which can also be substantially similar to aft panels 68, particularly with respect to materials, manufacturing, and structural properties. Because of the straight wall configuration of combustor 146, aft panels 168 may geometrically differ from panels 68 (e.g., in area, thickness, etc.) as well as in the total number of aft panels 168 required for liner assembly 158.

    [0023] The disclosed CMC combustor assemblies provide improved thermal capabilities over current metallic assemblies, as well as improved attachment componentry and structural durability over current CMC assemblies. The disclosed assemblies can advantageously be used in existing combustor architecture. In addition to aerospace applications, the disclosed assemblies and/or attachment means can be used in marine or industrial applications, to name a few non-limiting examples.

    [0024] While the invention has been described with reference to an exemplary embodiment(s), it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment(s) disclosed, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A combustor panel (68, 168) for use in a gas turbine engine (10), the panel (68, 168) comprising:

    a body portion (72) having an outwardly curved edge (82) defining a channel (90) between the body portion (72) and the outwardly curved edge (82), the outwardly curved edge (82) comprising a plurality of slots (88); and

    a fastening member (92) comprising:

    a base (94) disposed within the channel (90); and

    a plurality of fasteners (96);

    characterised in that:

    the plurality of fasteners (96) extend from the base (94) and are disposed within the slots (88); and

    the curved edge (82) includes a curved region (84), and a flange (86) parallel to the body portion (72), the plurality of slots (88) being circumferentially disposed along the flange (86).


     
    2. The panel of claim 1, wherein the body portion (72) comprises an inner surface (74) and an outer surface (76), and wherein a gap exists between the base (94) and the outer surface (76).
     
    3. The panel of any preceding claim, wherein the panel (68, 168) is formed from a ceramic matrix composite material.
     
    4. The panel of any preceding claim, wherein the fastening member (92) is formed from a metallic material.
     
    5. The panel of any preceding claim, wherein the panel (68, 168) has a first coefficient of thermal expansion, and the fastening member (92) has a second coefficient of thermal expansion different from the first coefficient of thermal expansion.
     
    6. The panel of any preceding claim, further comprising: a locking nut (98) fitted over at least one of the plurality of fasteners (96).
     
    7. A combustor liner assembly for a gas turbine engine combustor (46, 146), the assembly comprising:
    at least one liner; and
    at least one panel secured to the at least one liner, the at least one panel comprising the panel (68, 168) of any preceding claim.
     
    8. The assembly of claim 7, wherein the at least one liner is formed from a metallic material.
     
    9. The assembly of claim 7 or 8, wherein the at least one panel has a first coefficient of thermal expansion, and wherein the at least one liner has a second coefficient of thermal expansion different from the first coefficient of thermal expansion.
     
    10. The assembly of any of claims 7 to 9, further comprising a seal (80) disposed along an edge of the body portion (72).
     
    11. The assembly of claim 10, wherein the seal (80) is formed from a ceramic matrix composite material.
     
    12. The assembly of any of claims 7 to 11, wherein the at least one liner comprises a first, axially extending liner (60, 62, 160, 162) and a second, radially extending liner (64, 164) forward of the first liner (60, 62, 160, 162).
     
    13. The assembly of claim 12, wherein the at least one panel comprises a first panel (68, 168), and a second panel (66, 166), optionally wherein the second panel (66, 166) is disposed forward of the first panel (68, 168).
     
    14. The assembly of claim 13, wherein the second panel (66) is held in place by interference fit with the first liner (60, 62) and the second liner (64).
     
    15. The assembly of any of claims 7 to 14, wherein the combustor (46, 146) is arranged in a kinked configuration or a straight wall configuration.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Brennkammerplatte (68, 168) zur Verwendung in einem Gasturbinentriebwerk (10), wobei die Platte (68, 168) Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Körperabschnitt (72), der eine nach außen gekrümmte Kante (82) aufweist, wodurch ein Kanal (90) zwischen dem Körperabschnitt (72) und der nach außen gekrümmten Kante (82) definiert wird, wobei die nach außen gekrümmte Kante (82) eine Vielzahl von Schlitzen (88) umfasst; und

    ein Befestigungselement (92), das Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Basis (94), die innerhalb des Kanals (90) angeordnet ist; und

    eine Vielzahl von Befestigungsmitteln (96);

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    sich die Vielzahl von Befestigungsmitteln (96) von der Basis (94) aus erstrecken und innerhalb der Schlitze (88) angeordnet sind; und

    die gekrümmte Kante (82) einen gekrümmten Bereich (84) und einen Flansch (86) parallel zum Körperabschnitt (72) beinhaltet, wobei die Vielzahl von Schlitzen (88) in Umfangsrichtung entlang des Flansches (86) angeordnet sind.


     
    2. Platte nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Körperabschnitt (72) eine Innenfläche (74) und eine Außenfläche (76) umfasst und wobei eine Lücke zwischen der Basis (94) und der Außenfläche (76) besteht.
     
    3. Platte nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Platte (68, 168) aus einem Keramikmatrix-Verbundwerkstoff ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Platte nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Befestigungselement (92) aus einem metallischen Material ausgebildet ist.
     
    5. Platte nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Platte (68, 168) einen ersten Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizienten aufweist und das Befestigungselement (92) einen zweiten Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizienten aufweist, der sich von dem ersten Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizienten unterscheidet.
     
    6. Platte nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, ferner Folgendes umfassend: eine Feststellmutter (98), die über mindestens einem aus der Vielzahl von Befestigungsmitteln (96) angebracht ist.
     
    7. Brennkammereinsatzanordnung für eine Gasturbinentriebwerksbrennkammer (46, 146), wobei die Anordnung Folgendes umfasst:

    mindestens einen Einsatz; und

    mindestens eine Platte, die an dem mindestens einen Einsatz fixiert ist, wobei die mindestens eine Platte die Platte (68, 168) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche umfasst.


     
    8. Anordnung nach Anspruch 7, wobei der mindestens eine Einsatz aus einem metallischen Material ausgebildet ist.
     
    9. Anordnung nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei die mindestens eine Platte einen ersten Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizienten aufweist und wobei der mindestens eine Einsatz einen zweiten Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizienten aufweist, der sich von dem ersten Wärmeausdehnungskoeffizienten unterscheidet.
     
    10. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 9, ferner eine Dichtung (80) umfassend, die entlang einer Kante des Körperabschnitts (72) angeordnet ist.
     
    11. Anordnung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Dichtung (80) aus einem Keramikmatrix-Verbundwerkstoff ausgebildet ist.
     
    12. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 11, wobei der mindestens eine Einsatz einen erste, axial verlaufenden Einsatz (60, 62, 160, 162) und einen zweiten, radial verlaufenden Einsatz (64, 164) vor dem ersten Einsatz (60, 62, 160, 162) umfasst.
     
    13. Anordnung nach Anspruch 12, wobei die mindestens eine Platte eine erste Platte (68, 168) und eine zweite Platte (66, 166) umfasst, optional wobei die zweite Platte (66, 166) vor der ersten Platte (68, 168) angeordnet ist.
     
    14. Anordnung nach Anspruch 13, wobei die zweite Platte (66) durch eine Presspassung mit dem ersten Einsatz (60, 62) und dem zweiten Einsatz (64) in Position gehalten wird.
     
    15. Anordnung nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 14, wobei die Brennkammer (46, 146) in einer geknickten Konfiguration oder einer Konfiguration mit gerader Wand angeordnet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Panneau de chambre de combustion (68, 168) destiné à être utilisé dans un moteur à turbine à gaz (10), le panneau (68, 168) comprenant :

    une partie de corps (72) ayant un bord incurvé vers l'extérieur (82) définissant un canal (90) entre la partie de corps (72) et le bord incurvé vers l'extérieur (82), le bord incurvé vers l'extérieur (82) comprenant une pluralité de fentes (88) ; et

    un élément de fixation (92) comprenant :

    une base (94) disposée à l'intérieur du canal (90) ; et

    une pluralité d'attaches (96) ;

    caractérisé en ce que :

    la pluralité d'attaches (96) s'étendent à partir de la base (94) et sont disposées à l'intérieur des fentes (88) ; et

    le bord incurvé (82) comporte une région incurvée (84) et un rebord (86) parallèle à la partie de corps (72), la pluralité de fentes (88) étant disposées circonférentiellement le long du rebord (86).


     
    2. Panneau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie de corps (72) comprend une surface intérieure (74) et une surface extérieure (76), et dans lequel un espace existe entre la base (94) et la surface extérieure (76).
     
    3. Panneau selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel le panneau (68, 168) est formé à partir d'un matériau composite à matrice céramique.
     
    4. Panneau selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel l'élément de fixation (92) est formé à partir d'un matériau métallique.
     
    5. Panneau selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel le panneau (68, 168) a un premier coefficient de dilatation thermique, et l'élément de fixation (92) a un second coefficient de dilatation thermique différent du premier coefficient de dilatation thermique.
     
    6. Panneau selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre : un écrou de blocage (98) monté sur au moins l'une de la pluralité d'attaches (96).
     
    7. Ensemble de chemise de chambre de combustion pour une chambre de combustion de moteur à turbine à gaz (46, 146), l'ensemble comprenant :

    au moins une chemise ; et

    au moins un panneau fixé à l'au moins une chemise, l'au moins un panneau comprenant le panneau (68, 168) selon une quelconque revendication précédente.


     
    8. Ensemble selon la revendication 7, dans lequel l'au moins une chemise est formée à partir d'un matériau métallique.
     
    9. Ensemble selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans lequel l'au moins un panneau a un premier coefficient de dilatation thermique, et dans lequel l'au moins une chemise a un second coefficient de dilatation thermique différent du premier coefficient de dilatation thermique.
     
    10. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 9, comprenant en outre un joint (80) disposé le long d'un bord de la partie de corps (72).
     
    11. Ensemble selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le joint (80) est formé à partir d'un matériau composite à matrice céramique.
     
    12. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 11, dans lequel l'au moins une chemise comprend une première chemise s'étendant axialement (60, 62, 160, 162) et une seconde chemise s'étendant radialement (64, 164) en avant de la première chemise (60, 62, 160, 162).
     
    13. Ensemble selon la revendication 12, dans lequel l'au moins un panneau comprend un premier panneau (68, 168) et un second panneau (66, 166), éventuellement dans lequel le second panneau (66, 166) est disposé en avant du premier panneau (68, 168).
     
    14. Ensemble selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le second panneau (66) est maintenu en place par ajustement serré avec la première chemise (60, 62) et la seconde chemise (64).
     
    15. Ensemble selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 14, dans lequel la chambre de combustion (46, 146) est agencée dans une configuration coudée ou une configuration de paroi droite.
     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description