(19)
(11)EP 3 626 961 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 18195367.0

(22)Date of filing:  19.09.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F02M 69/46(2006.01)
B23K 3/00(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Continental Automotive GmbH
30165 Hannover (DE)

(72)Inventor:
  • Ricci, Roberto
    57124 Livorno (IT)

  


(54)METHOD FOR CREATING BUMPS, METHOD FOR JOINING COMPONENTS, INJECTOR CUP AND ARRANGEMENT


(57) A first aspect of the present invention refers to a method for creating bumps (10), wherein the method comprises:
providing a first component (1) having a first metallic surface area (5), creating bumps (10) at the first component (1), wherein the bumps (10) project beyond an infinite geometric plane (11) which is spanned by the first metallic surface area (5) . In order to improve the method it is suggested that the method comprises: providing a conical tool (12) or a number of conical tools (12), wherein each bump (10) is created by pressing a conical tool (12) or one of the conical tools (12) against the first component (1) in a respective surface region (9) of the first component (1). A second aspect of the invention refers to a method for joining components (1, 2) to each other. A third aspect of the invention refers to an injector cup (3). A fourth aspect of the invention refers to an arrangement (26), comprising an injector cup (3) and a fuel rail (4).




Description


[0001] The present invention according to a first aspect refers to a method for creating bumps, wherein the method comprises: providing a first component having a first metallic surface area, creating bumps at the first component, wherein the bumps project beyond an infinite geometric plane which is spanned by the first metallic surface area. According to a second aspect the invention refers to a method for joining components to each other.

[0002] According to a third aspect the invention refers to an injector cup, preferably for an injection valve, in particular for injection of fuel into a combustion chamber of a cylinder of an internal combustion engine. The injector cup may have a face wall, a radially protruding wall and a laterial, preferably cylindrical, wall extending between the face wall and the radially protruding wall. Further, a first via hole may be provided in the face wall and the first metallic surface area may be located at the face wall at a side faced away from the radially protruding wall. The first metallic surface area may extend around the first via hole. Furthermore, according to a fourth aspect the invention refers to an arrangement, comprising an injector cup and a fuel rail.

[0003] It is known in the technical field of brazing that it is recommendable before brazing to position the two metallic surfaces to be joined relative to each other so that a certain gap, i.e. a clearance of a preferred width remains between the relevant surfaces. If the clearance has the preferred width this enables the brazing filler material to enter into the gap between the two metallic surfaces from the outside in an inward direction by joining the metallic surfaces. On the other hand, if the two flat surfaces to be joined by brazing would be arranged in full contact with each other before brazing, such contact could "seal" the two components at their metallic contact surfaces which hence could prevent the intended penetration of the brazing paste. In order to create a correct clearance between two flat surfaces to be joined by brazing, until now different attempts have been taken. Regarding components to be brazed which are intended for high pressure applications and which therefore require a considerable wall thickness the described problem has been solved with machined steps or grooves on the parts. On the other hand, components of metal sheets which are intended for low pressure applications may have a smaller wall thickness; here it is known to create bumps by pushing out material from a side of the metal sheet which is opposite to the side of the brazing connection.

[0004] However, the known solutions have different drawbacks. The described practice to push out material from the opposite side of a metal sheet is only possible for parts having a small wall thickness, i.e. is not possible for parts intended for high pressure applications. Regarding parts for high pressure applications which have a comparatively higher wall thickness preparing the steps or grooves for providing a clearance requires machining for chip removal like e.g. drilling, milling, turning, etc., which is expensive and time consuming.

[0005] Regarding the first aspect of the invention it is an underlying object to provide an enhanced method for creating bumps at a component for brazing. In particular it is an object to provide a method for creating bumps without deforming material from a side of the metal sheet which is opposite to the brazing side towards the side of the metal sheet which is intended for brazing. Further, in particular it is intended to provide a method for creating bumps by deforming the material directly on the contact surface to be brazed. Further, in particular it is intended to provide a method for creating bumps which is applicable independent of a wall thickness of the component and hence which can be used irrespective of if the component is intended for low pressure application or high pressure application. In particular it is intended that the provided method can avoid at least some or all of the before-described drawbacks. According to the second aspect of the invention it is an underlying object to provide an improved method for joining components to each other, which in particular can avoid at least some or all of the before-described drawbacks of the prior art. In particular, it is an object to improve a method for enabling that an intended (i.e. correct) clearance between two flat surfaces is achieved before the brazing process. With regard to the third aspect of the invention it is an underlying object to provide an improved injector cup which is capable to be brazed to a fuel rail, for example. In particular, it is intended that the provided injector cup can avoid at least some or all of the before-described drawbacks. Regarding the fourth aspect of the invention it is an underlying object to provide an improved arrangement comprising an injector cup and a fuel rail which in particular can avoid at least some or all of the before-described drawbacks.

[0006] According to the first aspect in order to solve the object the invention suggests that the method for creating bumps comprises: providing a conical tool or a number of conical tools, wherein each bump is created by pressing a conical tool or one of the conical tools against the first component in a respective surface region of the first component.

[0007] The surface regions where a conical tool is pressed against the first component are preferably small in size compared to the first metallic surface area. It is preferred that before pressing a conical tool against a respective surface region, a center axis of the conical tool is arranged perpendicularly with regard to the respective surface region. This enables to create a concentric bump. The conical tool may be mounted for example at a handle or may be hold by a holding device of a machine or the like. The conical tool may be pressed against a respective surface region of the first component for example by a stroke of a hammer or by a machine or in any other appropriate manner. Preferably, the conical tool is pressed with its tapered end first against the first component.

[0008] Hence, the invention proposes to solve the underlying object by creating some bumps on preferably only one of the two surfaces by pressing a conical tool against a respective surface region in order to obtain a material shift. Hence, with regard to an intended brazing operation the invention enables to prepare at least one of the two surfaces before brazing so that an intended clearance which is needed for the brazing process can be achieved without machining, especially without chip removal by machining like for example drilling, milling, turning, etc. As an additional advantage the invention can also be used with high thickness material, because the deformation to create the respective bumps is directly created on that side of the component where also the contact surface area for brazing is situated. For example, if the first component is an injector cup for high pressure applications, the bumps can be created directly at an outside of the injector cup, preferably in surface regions which are surrounded by the first metallic surface area which is intended to be joined to a second component by brazing. Regarding a wall of a component where a surface for brazing is situated, according to the invention it is not necessary to deform the wall including its complete thickness by pressing to the wall at the side opposite to the intended bumps; rather, the invention suggests to create the intended bumps directly on that side of the wall where also the surface for brazing is situated. In consequence, the method for preparing the bumps is simplified. As an additional advantage, the invention can also be applied to walls having any desirable wall thickness. The invention can be applied to low and high pressure applications, but it is even reasonable to use the invention for high thickness material in order to have a more reliable process due to a higher thickness used. For example, the invention may be used for creating bumps at an injector cup (which for example may be intended for high pressure applications) which has a minimum wall thickness of 1.5 mm stainless steel. Furthermore, whereas the invention is preferred for creating bumps for brazing, the invention could also be used in all other applications where it is necessary or preferred to have a little clearance between two flat surfaces.

[0009] There are many possibilities for performing preferred modifications:
For example, it is possible that the bumps are created in surface regions of the first component which are spaced from each other, either by providing a conical tool and by pressing the conical tool against the first component successively in respectively one of the surface regions which are spaced from each other and/or by providing a number of conical tools and by pressing the conical tools against the first component simultaneously, wherein each of the conical tools is pressed individually against one of the surface regions which are spaced from each other. For example, the bumps can be obtained altogether with "one punch shot". For example, it can be used a punching tool having a minimum of three conical tools (i.e. tips) which for example may be spaced from each other by angles of 120 degrees. In an example, the first component is an injector cup and the bumps can be created all together with "one punch shot" (punching tool with a minimum of 3 tips/conical tools at 120 degree) during the cup molding or with three shots with a single tip (single conical tool) with cup rotation, or also in a second time with manual operations, for example by punching with a hammer and a conical tool. It is possible to press a conical tool against a selected surface region a second time, for example by manual operation.

[0010] It is preferred that the first metallic surface area is a flat surface. Further, it is preferred that the surface regions, which are selected to press the conical tool or the conical tools against the first component, are surrounded by the flat first metallic surface area of the first component wherein said selected surface regions and said flat surrounding first metallic surface area together form a continuous flat surface before the bumps are created. Preferably the selected surface regions are small compared to the first metallic surface area. Consequently, after creating the bumps they may be encircled by the surrounding flat first metallic surface area. Alternatively, the respective surface regions for pressing a conical tool against the first component may be situated at the first component outside of the flat first metallic surface area.

[0011] Preferably, the first component may be an injector cup, wherein the first metallic surface area is located at an outside of a face wall of the injector cup and extends around a first via hole which is provided in the face wall. In an alternative, it is possible that the first component is a fuel rail which has a flat plane interface extending around a second via hole, wherein the second metallic surface area is located at a surface of the flat plane interface and extends around the second via hole.

[0012] It is also preferred that, if the first component is the injector cup, bumps are located along a circumference around the first via hole and are spaced from each other in the circumference direction by even distance angles, or, if the first component is the fuel rail, that bumps are located along a circumference around the second via hole and are spaced from each other in the circumference direction by even distance angles. For example, if four bumps are located along the circumference, each pair of neighboured bumps may be spaced by an angle of 90 degrees. In another example, if only three bumps are located along the circumference, each pair of neighboured bumps may be spaced by an angle of 120 degrees. Preferably, perpendicular to the infinite geometric plane each bump has a height which is in a range between 0.08 and 0.12 mm and which in particular is about 0.1 mm or 0.1 mm. The direction of the height is perpendicular to the infinite geometric plane. The term about may include positive or negative deviations of up to 10 percent. In some typical situations bumps for the brazing process must guarantee a clearance of 0.1 mm, necessary for the complete penetration of the brazing paste. This for example also may apply for an injector cup and a fuel rail to be joined by brazing at their respective metallic contact surfaces. The invention suggests to create bumps at surface regions which are surrounded by the metallic surface area of the injector cup in order to achieve the intended clearance between both contact surfaces for the brazing process.

[0013] It is preferred that the first component comprises a first wall section, wherein the bumps are located at a wall surface of the first wall section, wherein at the positions of the bumps a wall thickness of the wall section is at least 1.5 mm. The term about may include positive or negative deviations of up to 10 percent. Preferably, a respective bump is created by a material shift which is achieved by pressing the conical tool in the respective surface region wherein in particular a respective bump is created by pressing a conical tool only one-time. It is preferred that that a respective bump has a shape of a ring and extends around a central crater, wherein the crater has a depth with regard to the infinite geometric plane and wherein the depth in particular is in range between 0.1 and 0.5 mm.

[0014] According to the second aspect in order to solve the underlying object the invention suggests that the method for joining components to each other comprises steps of the above-described method for creating bumps and in addition the following steps: providing a second component having a second metallic surface area, arranging the first component und the second component relative to each other so that the first metallic surface area and the second metallic surface area face each other and so that the bumps contact the second component, in particular at the second metallic surface area, resulting in a clearance between the first metallic surface area and the second metallic surface area, and thereafter joining the first metallic surface area and the second metallic surface area by brazing. Regarding possible effects and advantages reference is made to the above description.

[0015] Preferably the first metallic surface area is a plane and the second metallic surface area is a plane. As a possible generalization, the invention also comprises a method wherein bumps are created at a first component as described above and wherein the first component is arranged relative to a second component so that the bumps contact the second component for providing a certain clearance between the first and the second components, however, without a brazing process. In other words, the invention can be used not only for brazing, but in all applications where it is necessary to have a little clearance between two (in particular flat) surfaces.

[0016] Regarding the second aspect of the invention, there are many possibilities for performing preferred modifications:
It is preferred that the second metallic surface area is a flat surface and/or that before joining the first metallic surface area and the second metallic surface area by brazing the clearance has a width of 0.1 mm or about 0.1 mm. In an example, the second component is a fuel rail having a flat plane interface, wherein the flat plane interface extends around a second via hole and wherein the second metallic surface area is located at a surface of the flat plane interface and extends around the second via hole. In an alternative, the second component may be an injector cup having a face wall, wherein the face wall extends around a first via hole and wherein the first metallic surface area is located at a surface of the face wall and extends around the first via hole.

[0017] According to the third aspect in order to solve the object the invention suggests that the injector cup is manufactured by using a method for creating bumps as described in this application and/or that an injector cup comprises a number of bumps created in surface regions which are spaced from each other and which are surrounded by the first metallic surface area, wherein each bump is integrally formed with the face wall and projects beyond an infinite geometric plane which is spanned by the first metallic surface area, wherein in particular a respective bump has a shape of a ring and extends around a central crater. Regarding possible effects and advantages reference is made to the above description. The injector cup may be in accordance to one or more of the features as described above with regard to a method. For example, it is preferred that the injector cup may have a wall thickness which is at least 1.5 mm in order to adapt the injector cup to an injection valve for high pressure applications. According to another aspect the invention refers also to a fuel rail which is manufactured by a method in accordance to the present invention; the fuel rail may be in accordance to one or more of the features as described with regard to a method for creating bumps in accordance to the invention. Regarding possible effects and advantages reference is made to the above description.

[0018] According to the fourth aspect regarding an arrangement which comprises an injector cup and a fuel rail in order to solve the object the invention suggests that the injector cup is an injector cup according the present invention, wherein the fuel rail has a flat plane interface extending around a second via hole, wherein the second metallic surface area is located at a surface of the flat plane interface and extends around the second via hole, wherein the injector cup and the fuel rail are arranged relative to each other so that the first metallic surface area and the second metallic surface area face each other and so that the first via hole and the second via hole are aligned with each other, wherein the bumps of the injector cup contact the second metallic surface area of the fuel rail, and wherein the first metallic surface area and the second metallic surface area are joined by brazing filler material which continuously extends around an axis extending along the first via hole and the second via hole. Regarding possible effects and advantages reference is made to the above description.

[0019] Exemplary embodiments of the aspects of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. These are as follows:
Fig. 1
is a cross section of an exemplary embodiment of an injector cup which for example may be used for the inventive method for creating bumps;
Fig. 2
is a perspective view of the injector cup shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3
is a cross section of the injector cup shown by Figs. 1 and 2 after creating bumps by a preferred embodiment of a method for creating bumps according to the present invention;
Fig. 4
is a perspective view of an exemplary embodiment of an injector cup in accordance to the third aspect of the invention, which has been prepared by a preferred embodiment of the method for creating bumps in accordance to the invention;
Fig. 5
is an enlarged cross section of a metallic surface of a component wherein a bump has been created according to a preferred embodiment of the invention and is a cross section of a conical tool;
Fig. 6
is an enlarged partial cross section of the injector cup shown in Fig. 4;
Fig. 7
is an enlarged partial cross section of a preferred embodiment of an arrangement, comprising an injector cup and a fuel rail, according to the fourth aspect of the invention, before brazing;
Fig. 8
is the arrangement shown in Fig. 7, however shown after brazing; and
Fig. 9
a photo showing a section of a preferred embodiment of an injector cup having a bump in accordance to the present invention.


[0020] In Figs. 1 and 2 it is shown a first component 1, which by way of example is intended to be joined by brazing to a second component 2, as depicted by the partial cross sections of Figs. 7 and 8. In the example, the first component 1 is an injector cup 3 and the second component 2 is a fuel rail 4. The injector cup 3 as shown by Figs. 1 and 2 can be used for performing a method for creating bumps in accordance to the first aspect of the invention. The first component 1, i.e. in the example the injector cup 3, has a first metallic surface area 5 which in the example is located at the outer side of a face wall 6 of the injector cup 3 and which extends around a first via hole 7 which extends through the face wall 6 along a center axis 8.

[0021] In Fig. 2 it is shown schematically by dotted lines that on performing a preferred embodiment of the method for creating bumps according to the invention four surface regions 9 are selected for creating bumps 10 as shown by Fig. 4. In the example, the surface regions 9 are surrounded by the flat first metallic surface area 5, and before creating the bumps the selected surface regions 9 and the flat surrounding first metallic surface area 5 together form a continuous flat surface, as shown by Figs. 1 and 2. As further depicted, an infinite geometric plane 11 which is to be understood as a geometric reference plane is spanned by the first metallic surface area 5. In the example shown by Figs. 1 and 2 also the selected surface regions 9 extend within the infinite geometric plane 11 so that there is no visible boundary between the first metallic surface area 5 and the surface regions 9. Depending on the individual requirements, differing from Fig. 2 other surface regions 9 may be selected for creating bumps 10; in particular a different number and/or different positions of the surface regions 9 may be selected. As shown by Fig. 2 it is preferred that the selected surface regions 9 are encircled by the surface region 9. However, alternatively it would be possible that the surface regions 9 are situated outside of the first metallic surface area 5. As shown by the figures, the injector cup 3 comprises a cylindrical lateral wall 27 and a radially protruding wall 28. The injector cup 3 is integrally formed wherein the lateral wall 27 extends from the face wall 6 to the wall 28. The first metallic surface area 5 is located at an outside of the face wall 6, i.e. at a side which is faced away from the wall 28.

[0022] As it is schematically shown by Fig. 5, for performing the method in accordance to the invention a conical tool 12 is provided for creating the bumps 10. In the example the conical tool 12 is integrally connected to a handle 13. The handle 13 may be used for holding by a person and for aligning the conical tool 12 with regard to a surface region 9 for creating a bump 10. As shown by Fig. 5 schematically, for creating the bump 10 in the surface region 9 the conical tool 12 with its tapered end 14 first has been pressed against the flat surface region 9 (which is superimposed in Fig. 5 by a dotted line) along its axial center line 15 by transferring a force 16 directed to-wards the first component 1. The force 16 e.g. may be the result of a single stroke by a hammer (not shown in Fig. 5) or the like. In the example, the axial center line 15 of the conical tool 12 has been aligned perpendicular to the surface region 9 (i.e. also perpendicular to the infinite geometric plane 11). In result by the stroke a concentric bump 10 has been created. The bump 10 has a shape of a ring 17 around a central crater 18. Perpendicular to the infinite geo-metric plane 11 the ring 17 of the bump 10 has a height "a" of 0.1 mm in the example. The ring 17 pro-jects beyond the infinite geometric plane 11 in a direction away from the first component 1. From Fig. 5 a skilled person will understand that the bump 10 is created by a local material shift at the surface of the first component 1 which is achieved by pressing the conical tool 12 against the first component 1 in the surface region 9. In the example, the bump 10 is created in only one shot.

[0023] Figs. 3 and 4 depict the injector cup 3 of Figs. 1 and 2 after creating four bumps 10 as described before. In the example, the bumps 10 are located spaced from each other along a circumference around the first via hole 7. In more detail, the four bumps 10 are spaced from each other in the circumference direction by equal distance angles of ninety degrees, respectively. In the example, the four bumps 10 are created by providing only one conical tool 12 and by pressing said conical tool 12 against the injector cup 3 successively in respectively one of the surface regions 9 which are spaced from each other.

[0024] As shown by Fig. 3 the bumps 10 are created at the surface of a first wall section 19, wherein at the positions of the bumps 10 a wall thickness "b" of the wall section 19 is at least 1.5 mm, e.g. 1.6 mm.

[0025] Figs. 7 and 8 depict a preferred embodiment of an arrangement 26 in accordance to the fourth aspect of the invention. The arrangement 26 may be created by a preferred embodiment of a method for joining components to each other according to the third aspect of the invention. Such method may comprise the steps of the method for creating bumps 10 according to the first aspect of the invention described before. In addition, such method may comprise the step of providing a second component 2 which in the example is a fuel rail 4 as mentioned above. In Figs. 7 and 8 only a section of the cross section of the second component 2 is shown. The second component 2, i.e. the fuel rail 4, comprises a flat second metallic surface area 20. On performing the method the first component 1 and the second component 2 have been arranged relative to each other so that the first metallic surface area 5 and the second metallic surface area 20 face each other and so that the bumps 10 contact the second component 2 within the second metallic surface area 20. Hence, between the first metallic surface area 5 and the second metallic surface area 20 a clearance 21 results. A width of the clearance 21 corresponds to the height a of the bumps 10 with regard to the infinite geometric plane 11. In other words, in an exemplary way of performing the method before brazing the second component 2 may be supported on the first component 1 by means of the bumps 10.

[0026] Starting from the situation shown by Fig. 7, the first component 1 and the second component 2 may be joined by brazing, as depicted by Fig. 8. For this purpose a brazing filler material may be heated to achieve flowable properties and may be supplied to an outer rim 22 of the clearance 21. Because the clearance 21 has an appropriate width (according to the height "a") the molten brazing filler material 23 (e.g. a brazing paste) can penetrate into the complete circular clearance 21 provided between the metallic surface areas 5, 20. By this way the first metallic surface area 5 and the second metallic surface area 20 are joined by brazing.

[0027] In the example, the fuel rail 4 has a flat plane interface 24, which extends around a second via hole 25. The second metallic surface 20 is located at an outer side of the flat plane interface 24 and extends around the second via hole 25. As shown by Fig. 8, the brazing filler material 23 also provides a sealing between the first component 1 and second component 2 with regard to the fluid connection provided by the via holes 7 and 25.

[0028] Fig. 9 depicts a photo showing a section of a preferred embodiment of an injector cup having a bump in accordance to the present invention. Some reference numbers have been added to the photo. The picture represents a possible effect of the invention on a real part; the photo depicts an external metallic surface area 5 situated at a face wall 6 of an injector cup 3 in the region of a bump 10 created on using the present invention. The photo has been taken by a profile projector, and the shown bump 10 has a height of 0.1 mm in the example. Like in the other figures, the bump 10 has been created on using a conical tool 12 and a hammer for punching.

[0029] All disclosed features are (for its own, but also in combination) relevant for the invention. The features of the dependent claims characterize also independent inventive improvements of the prior art, in particular for filing divisional application on a basis of these claims.

List of references



[0030] 
1
first component
2
second component
3
injector cup
4
fuel rail
5
first metallic surface area
6
face wall
7
first via hole
8
center axis
9
surface region
10
bumps
11
infinite geometric plane
12
conical tool
13
handle
14
tapered end
15
axial outer line
16
force
17
ring
18
crater
19
wall section
20
second metallic surface area
21
clearance
22
rim
23
brazing filler material
24
flat plane interface
25
second via hole
26
arrangement
27
lateral wall
28
wall
a
height
b
wall thickness



Claims

1. Method for creating bumps (10), wherein the method comprises:

providing a first component (1) having a first metallic surface area (5),

creating bumps (10) at the first component (1), wherein the bumps (10) project beyond an infinite geometric plane (11) which is spanned by the first metallic surface area (5),

characterized in that the method comprises:

providing a conical tool (12) or a number of conical tools (12), wherein

each bump (10) is created by pressing a conical tool (12) or

one of the conical tools (12) against the first component (1) in a respective surface region (9) of the first component (1) .


 
2. Method for creating bumps (10) according to claim 1, characterized in that the bumps (10) are created in surface regions (9) of the first component (1) which are spaced from each other,
either by providing a conical tool (12) and by pressing the conical tool (12) against the first component successively in respectively one of the surface regions (9) which are spaced from each other
and/or by providing a number of conical tools (12) and by pressing the conical tools (12) against the first component (1) simultaneously, wherein each of the conical tools (12) is pressed individually against one of the surface regions (9) which are spaced from each other.
 
3. Method for creating bumps (10) according to any of claims 1-2, characterized in that the first metallic surface area is a flat surface.
 
4. Method for creating bumps (10) according to any of claims 1-3, characterized in that the surface regions (9), which are selected to press the conical tool (12) or the conical tools (12) against the first component (1), are surrounded by the flat first metallic surface area (5) of the first component (1) wherein said selected surface regions (9) and said flat surrounding first metallic surface area (5) together form a continuous flat surface before the bumps (10) are created.
 
5. Method for creating bumps (10) according to any of claims 1-4, characterized in that the first component is an injector cup, wherein the first metallic surface area (5) is located at an outside of a face wall (6) of the injector cup (3) and extends around a first via hole (7) which is provided in the face wall (6), or that the first component is a fuel rail (4) which has a flat plane interface extending around a second via hole, wherein the second metallic surface area is located at a surface of the flat plane interface and extends around the second via hole.
 
6. Method for creating bumps (10) according to claim 5, characterized in that, if the first component (1) is the injector cup (3), bumps (10) are located along a circumference around the first via hole (7) and are spaced from each other in the circumference direction by even distance angles, or, if the first component (1) is the fuel rail (4), that bumps (10) are located along a circumference around the second via hole and are spaced from each other in the circumference direction by even distance angles.
 
7. Method for creating bumps (10) according to any of claims 1-6, characterized in that perpendicular to the infinite geometric plane (11) each bump (10) has a height (a) which is in a range between 0.08 and 0.12 mm and which in particular is about 0.1 mm or 0.1 mm and/or characterized in that the first component (1) comprises a first wall section (19), wherein the bumps (10) are located at a wall surface of the first wall section (19), wherein at the positions of the bumps (10) a wall thickness (b) of the wall section is at least 1.5 mm.
 
8. Method for creating bumps (10) according to any of claims 1-7, characterized in that a respective bump (10) is created by a material shift which is achieved by pressing the conical tool (12) in the respective surface region (9) wherein in particular a respective bump (10) is created by pressing a conical tool (12) only one-time.
 
9. Method for creating bumps (10) according to any of claims 1-8, characterized in that a respective bump (10) has a shape of a ring (17) and extends around a central crater (18), wherein the crater (18) has a depth with regard to the infinite geometric plane and wherein the depth in particular is in a range between 0.1 and 0.5 mm.
 
10. Method for joining components (1, 2) to each other, characterized in that
the method comprises the steps of a method for creating bumps (10) according to any of claims 1-9 and that the method further comprises the following steps:

providing a second component (2) having a second metallic surface area (20),

arranging the first component (1) and the second component (2) relative to each other so that the first metallic surface area (5) and the second metallic surface area (20) face each other and so that the bumps (10) contact the second component (2), in particular at the second metallic surface area (20), resulting in a clearance (21) between the first metallic surface area (5) and the second metallic surface area (20),

and thereafter

joining the first metallic surface area (5) and the second metallic surface area (20) by brazing.


 
11. Method for joining components (1, 2) to each other according to claim 10, characterized in that the second metallic surface area (20) is a flat surface and/or that before joining the first metallic surface area (5) and the second metallic surface area (20) by brazing the clearance (21) has a width of 0.1 mm or about 0.1 mm.
 
12. Method for joining components (1, 2) to each other according to any of claims 10-11, characterized in that the second component (2) is a fuel rail (4) having a flat plane interface (24), wherein the flat plane interface (24) extends around a second via hole (25) and wherein the second metallic surface area (20) is located at a surface of the flat plane interface (24) and extends around the second via hole (25), or that the second component (2) is an injector cup (3) having a face wall (6), wherein the face wall (6) extends around a first via hole (7) and wherein the first metallic surface area (5) is located at a surface of the face wall (6) and extends around the first via hole (7).
 
13. Injector cup (3), preferably for an injection valve, in particular for injection of fuel into a combustion chamber of a cylinder of an internal combustion engine, wherein the injector cup comprises:

a face wall (6), a radially protruding wall (28) and a lateral wall (27) extending between the face wall (6) and the radially protruding wall (28) wherein a first via hole (7) is provided in the face wall (6),

wherein a first metallic surface area (5) is located at the face wall (6) at a side face away from the radially protruding wall (28) and wherein the first metallic surface area (5) extends around the first via hole (7),

characterized in that

the injector cup (3) comprises a number of bumps (10) created in surface regions (9) which are spaced from each other and which are surrounded by the first metallic surface area (5),

wherein each bump (10) is integrally formed with the face wall (6) and projects beyond an infinite geometric plane (11) which is spanned by the first metallic surface area (5), wherein in particular a respective bump (10) has a shape of a ring (17) and extends around a central crater (18).


 
14. Injector cup (3), preferably for an injection valve, in particular for injection of fuel into a combustion chamber of a cylinder of an internal combustion engine, in particular according to claim 13,
characterized in that the injector cup (3) is manufactured by a method according to any of claims 1-9.
 
15. Arrangement (26), comprising an injector cup (3) and a fuel rail (4), characterized in that the injector cup (3) is an injector cup (3) according to any of claims 13 and 14, wherein the fuel rail (4) has a flat plane interface (24) extending around a second via hole (25), wherein the second metallic surface area (20) is located at a surface of the flat plane interface (24) and extends around the second via hole (25),
wherein the injector cup (3) and the fuel rail (4) are arranged relative to each other so that the first metallic surface area (5) and the second metallic surface area (20) face each other and so that the first via hole (7) and the second via hole (25) are aligned with each other,
wherein the bumps (10) of the injector cup (3) contact the second metallic surface area (20) of the fuel rail (4), and wherein the first metallic surface area(5) and the second metallic surface area (20) are joined by brazing filler material (23) which continuously extends around an axis extending along the first via hole (7) and the second via hole (25) .
 




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Search report