(19)
(11)EP 3 627 221 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.10.2022 Bulletin 2022/43

(21)Application number: 18802279.2

(22)Date of filing:  16.04.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G03B 21/14(2006.01)
H04N 5/74(2006.01)
G03B 21/20(2006.01)
F21S 2/00(2016.01)
F21Y 115/30(2016.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H04N 5/74; F21S 2/00; G03B 21/2013; G03B 21/2066; G03B 21/204
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/015717
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/211886 (22.11.2018 Gazette  2018/47)

(54)

PROJECTION DISPLAY DEVICE

PROJEKTIONSANZEIGEVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF D'AFFICHAGE PAR PROJECTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.05.2017 JP 2017099731

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(73)Proprietor: Sony Group Corporation
Tokyo 108-0075 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • SUDO, Takashi
    Tokyo 108-0075 (JP)

(74)Representative: D Young & Co LLP 
120 Holborn
London EC1N 2DY
London EC1N 2DY (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 584 395
JP-A- 2012 181 260
JP-A- 2016 197 600
JP-A- 2017 073 245
US-A1- 2015 270 682
US-A1- 2016 077 416
US-B1- 6 356 577
JP-A- 2012 018 208
JP-A- 2013 114 980
JP-A- 2016 218 303
JP-B2- 5 849 727
US-A1- 2015 309 399
US-A1- 2017 115 554
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a projection display apparatus using, for example, a semiconductor laser as a light-emitting device.

    Background Art



    [0002] A projection display apparatus (projector) that projects a viewing surface of a personal computer, a video image, etc. onto a screen has been requested to have higher luminance enough to allow for clear image light even in a bright place. Accordingly, in recent years, a solid-state light-emitting device such as a light-emitting diode (LED) and a laser diode (LD), as a high-luminance light source, has been adopted for a light source unit to be used in the projection display apparatus.

    [0003] As a method for improving the luminance of the projection display apparatus that adopts the solid-state light-emitting device as a light source, for example, PTL 1 discloses a projection apparatus in which emission light emitted from a laser diode and having an elliptical cross-sectional shape is incident to allow a major axis thereof to be substantially parallel to a long side of an image-forming surface of a display device formed in a rectangular shape. This allows the projection apparatus to have improved intensity of reflected light per unit area on the image-forming surface of the display device. PTL 2 discloses a light source arrangement. The light source arrangement may include a plurality of semiconductor laser light sources, each having an optical axis. The semiconductor laser light sources are arranged in such a way that their optical axes are oriented parallel to one another so that respective laser light emission sides of the semiconductor laser light sources point in the same spatial direction. The light source arrangement may further include a deflection unit configured to collect and influence beam paths of the laser light emitted by the semiconductor laser light sources in order to form a beam bundle. The semiconductor laser light sources are arranged on a surface of a carrier, distributed at least two-dimensionally over the surface.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0004] 

    PTL 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2015-121597

    PTL 2: US 2015/270682 A1


    Summary of the Invention



    [0005] As described, a projection display apparatus is requested to have improved luminance.

    [0006] It is desirable to provide a projection display apparatus that makes it possible to improve luminance.

    [0007] Particular and preferred aspects of the invention are set out in the independent and dependent claims.

    [0008] A projection display apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes: a plurality of solid-state light sources; an image generating section including a display device that modulates light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources; a light source optical system that guides the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources to the image generating section; and a projection optical system that projects image light generated in the image generating section. The light source optical system includes a first reflection device having a plurality of reflection regions and a plurality of transmission regions, with the plurality of transmission regions being arranged in substantially the same direction as a minor-axis direction in an elliptical cross-sectional shape of light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources.

    [0009] In the projection display apparatus according to the embodiment of the present disclosure, there are disposed the plurality of solid-state light sources and the first reflection device having the plurality of reflection regions and the plurality of transmission regions in the light source optical system that guides the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources to the image generating section. The first reflection device is so formed as to allow an arrangement direction of the plurality of transmission regions to be substantially the same as the minor-axis direction in the elliptical cross-sectional shape of the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources. This makes it possible to efficiently guide the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources to the display device.

    [0010] According to the projection display apparatus of the embodiment of the present disclosure, the first reflection device is disposed in the light source optical system that guides the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources to the image generating section, as described above. The first reflection device has the plurality of reflection regions and the plurality of transmission regions, with the plurality of reflection regions being arranged in substantially the same direction as the minor-axis direction in the elliptical cross-sectional shape of the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources. This allows the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources to be efficiently guided to the display device. This makes it possible to improve the luminance.

    [0011] It is to be noted that the effects of the present disclosure are not necessarily limited to the effects described here, and may be any of the effects described in the present specification.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0012] 

    [FIG. 1] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an example of a partial configuration of a light source unit and a light source optical system according to a partial embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [FIG. 2] FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a structure of a semiconductor laser array that configures a light source section illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [FIG. 3] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a cross-sectional configuration (A) and a planar configuration (B) of the light source section that configures the light source unit illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [FIG. 4] FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a structure of a reflection mirror illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [FIG. 5] FIG. 5 illustrates a positional relationship between light emitted from two light source sections illustrated in FIG. 1 and the reflection mirror illustrated in FIG. 4 as well as density of light after combination.

    [FIG. 6] FIG. 6 is a block diagram illustrating an example of a configuration of a projection display apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

    [FIG. 7] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of an example of a partial configuration of a light source unit and a light source optical system which is not part of the claims.

    [FIG. 8] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of an example of a partial configuration of a light source unit and a light source optical system according to a modification example of the present disclosure.


    Modes for Carrying Out the Invention



    [0013] In the following, embodiments of the present disclosure are described in detail with reference to the drawings. The following description is merely a specific example of the present disclosure, and the present disclosure should not be limited to the following implementations but by the appended claims. Moreover, the present disclosure is not limited to arrangements, dimensions, dimensional ratios, and the like of each component illustrated in the drawings. It is to be noted that the description is given in the following order.
    1. 1. Embodiment (An example of a projection display apparatus provided with a reflection mirror including a plurality of reflection regions and a plurality of transmission regions)

      1-1. Configuration of Light Source Unit and Light Source Optical System

      1-2. Configuration of Projection Display Apparatus

      1-3. Workings and Effects

    2. 2. Modification Example (An arrangement example of light source sections and reflection mirrors)

    <1. Embodiment>



    [0014] FIG. 1 schematically illustrates an example of a partial configuration of a light source unit (light source unit 100) and a light source optical system (light source optical system 200) according to a partial embodiment of the present disclosure. These components are used, for example, in a projection display apparatus (e.g., projection display apparatus 1; see FIG. 6) described later. The projection display apparatus 1 includes the light source unit 100, the light source optical system 200, an image generating section 300, and a projection optical system 400. In the present embodiment, the light source optical system 200 includes, as reflection devices that reflect light emitted from the light source unit 100, a reflection mirror 212 (first reflection device) having a plurality of reflection regions 212X and a plurality of transmission regions 212Y. The reflection mirror 212 has a configuration in which the plurality of transmission regions 212Y is arranged in substantially the same direction as a minor-axis direction in an elliptical cross-sectional shape of the light emitted from the light source unit 100.

    (1-1. Configuration of Light Source Unit and Light Source Optical System)



    [0015] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the light source unit 100 includes, for example, two light source sections 110, i.e., a light source section 110a (second light source section) and a light source section 110b (first light source section). The light source section 110a and the light source section 110b are arranged side by side, and each include a plurality of light-emitting devices (e.g., semiconductor lasers 122; solid-state light sources). Specifically, the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b are each configured by, for example, a plurality of semiconductor laser arrays 120.

    [0016] FIG. 2 perspectively illustrates a configuration of the semiconductor laser array 120. The semiconductor laser array 120 has a configuration in which a plurality of (ten in this case) semiconductor lasers 122 are arranged in, for example, five rows and two columns in a pedestal part 121. (A) of FIG. 3 schematically illustrates a cross-sectional configuration of the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b, and (B) of FIG. 3 schematically illustrates a planar configuration of the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b. In the present embodiment, the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b each have a configuration in which a plurality of (five in this example) semiconductor laser arrays 120 illustrated in FIG. 2 are stacked in a column direction (Y-axis direction). A cross-sectional shape f of laser light oscillated from the semiconductor laser 122 has, for example, an elliptical shape as illustrated in FIG. 5. In the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b, a major axis and a minor axis of each of laser light Lx and laser light Ly having elliptical cross-sectional shapes oscillated from the respective semiconductor lasers 122 are each arranged in substantially the same direction.

    [0017] The light source optical system 200 serves to guide light (e.g., laser light Lx and laser light Ly) emitted from the light source unit 100 to an image generating section, and is configured by a plurality of optical devices. The light source optical system 200 includes, as optical devices, a reflection mirror 211 (second reflection device) and a reflection mirror 212 (first reflection device) which are disposed in oscillation directions of the laser light (laser light Lx and laser light Ly) emitted from the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b, respectively. The reflection mirror 211 and the reflection mirror 212 are each configured by, for example, a plate-like member. The reflection mirror 211 and the reflection mirror 212 are so disposed as to be inclined in the same direction with respect to, respectively, the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b arranged side by side, for example, at diametrically opposed positions. As a result, each of the laser light Lx and the laser light Ly emitted from the respective semiconductor lasers 122 of the light source sections 110a and 110b is reflected in the same direction (toward a condensing lens 213 in FIG. 1).

    [0018] The reflection mirror 211 and the reflection mirror 212 are each configured by, for example, a metal film deposition mirror or a dielectric multilayer film mirror.

    [0019] In the present embodiment, among the two reflection mirrors 211 and 212, the reflection mirror 212 disposed closer to the condensing lens, i.e., the reflection mirror 212 disposed on an optical path of the laser light Lx emitted from the light source section 110a and reflected by the reflection mirror 211 has a configuration in which the plurality of reflection regions 212X and the plurality of transmission regions 212Y are provided as described above. It is to be noted that the reflection region 212X is a region that reflects light and bends the light in a direction substantially perpendicular to an incident direction, and the transmission region 212Y is a region that transmits light.

    [0020] The plurality of reflection regions 212X and the plurality of transmission regions 212Y are arranged alternately. Arrangement thereof, for example, an arrangement direction of the plurality of transmission regions 212Y is preferably substantially the same as a minor-axis direction in an elliptical cross-sectional shape of the laser light emitted from the semiconductor laser 122. Further, it is preferable that one or both of the plurality of reflection regions 212X and the plurality of transmission regions 212Y have, for example, a rectangular shape, and that a long-side direction thereof be so formed as to be substantially parallel to a major-axis direction in the elliptical cross-sectional shape of the laser light emitted from the semiconductor laser 122. FIG. 4 perspectively illustrates a configuration of the reflection mirror 212. The plurality of transmission regions 212Y of the reflection mirror 212 is configured by a plurality of openings 212h provided in, for example, the metal film deposition mirror or the dielectric multilayer film mirror. Further, the plurality of transmission regions 212Y may be configured by using, for example, a parallel flat plate-shaped transparent member. In this case, it is preferable to form an antireflection film on a surface of the transparent member.

    [0021] FIG. 5 illustrates a positional relationship between the laser light Lx as well as the laser light Ly emitted from the light source sections 110a and 110b and the plurality of reflection regions 212X as well as the plurality of transmission regions 212Y of the reflection mirror 212; FIG. 5 also illustrates density of light after combination. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the laser light Lx emitted from the light source section 110a is reflected by the reflection mirror 211. The reflection mirror 212 is provided beyond a location of the reflection, and the respective transmission regions 212Y are formed in the reflection mirror 212 on optical paths of the laser light beams Lx. The laser light beams Lx pass through the respective transmission regions 212Y, and enter the condensing lens 213. The laser light beams Ly emitted from the light source section 110b are reflected by the respective reflection regions 212X of the reflection mirror 212, and enter the condensing lens 213 together with the laser light beams Lx. At this time, the laser light Lx and the laser light Ly enter the condensing lens 213 independently of each other without intersecting each other. The laser light Lx and the laser light Ly combined by the condensing lens 213 are arranged alternately as illustrated in a location pointed by an arrow in FIG. 5. Optical density thereof is doubled as compared with the optical density of each of the laser light Lx and the laser light Ly emitted from the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b, respectively. That is, luminance per unit area is improved by a factor of two.

    [0022] It is to be noted that, as described above, in order to efficiently improve the luminance per unit area, it is desirable to provide the reflection mirror 212 to allow the plurality of transmission regions 212Y to be arranged on the respective optical paths of the laser light beams Lx reflected by the reflection mirror 211, and to allow the plurality of reflection regions 212X to be arranged on the respective optical paths of the laser light beams Ly emitted from the light source section 110b.

    [0023] Further, a width w (length in a short-side direction) of each of the transmission regions 212Y is preferably equal to or greater than a length 1s of each of the laser light beams Lx in a minor-axis direction; for example, the width w is preferably equal to or greater than 1s×1.5 in view of a manufacturing margin, and the like. In addition, a depth (length in a long-side direction) d of each of the transmission regions 212Y is preferably equal to or greater than a length lm of each of the laser light beams Lx in the major-axis direction; for example, the depth d is preferably equal to or greater than 1s×1.5 in view of a manufacturing margin, and the like. The same holds true also for each of the reflection regions 212X. This makes it possible to combine the laser light Lx and the laser light Ly with no waste.

    [0024] As described above, in the present embodiment, the reflection mirror 212 having the above-described configuration is disposed in the oscillation direction of the laser light Ly emitted from the light source section 110 disposed closer to the condensing lens 213 among the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b arranged side by side. This allows the laser light Lx and the laser light Ly emitted respectively from the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b to be efficiently combined. This makes it possible to improve luminance in the projection display apparatus 1 described later.

    (1-2. Configuration of Projection Display Apparatus)



    [0025] As described above, the projection display apparatus 1 of the present embodiment includes, in order, the light source unit 100, the light source optical system 200, the image generating section 300, and the projection optical system 400. The projection display apparatus 1 illustrated in FIG. 6 exemplifies a transmissive 3LCD (liquid crystal display) type projection display apparatus in which light is modulated by a reflective liquid crystal panel (liquid crystal panels 312R, 312G, and 312B); however, this is not limitative. For example, the projection display apparatus 1 may be configured as a projection display apparatus of a reflective 3LCD type in which light is modulated by a transmissive liquid crystal panel.

    [0026] It is to be noted that the liquid crystal panels 312R, 312G, and 312B each correspond to a specific example of the display device of the present disclosure. Further, the projection display apparatus 1 of the present embodiment is also applicable to a projector using, for example, a digital micromirror device (DMD: Digital Micro-mirror Device) or the like instead of the reflective liquid crystal panel and the transmissive liquid crystal panel.

    [0027] In the light source unit 100, light sources that emit red light (R), green light (G), and blue light (B) required for color image display are arranged. In the present embodiment, the light source unit 100 is provided with a light source unit 100R that emits the red light (R) and a light source unit 100GB that emits the green light (G) and the blue light (B). In each of the light source units 100R and 100GB, for example, a solid-state light source such as a semiconductor laser (LD) or a light-emitting diode (LED) which oscillates laser light of a corresponding wavelength is used as a light source.

    [0028] FIG. 7 schematically illustrates a portion of configurations of the light source unit 100GB which is not part of the claims and that emits the green light (G) and the blue light (B) and the light source optical system 200 thereof. In general, an emission efficiency of a semiconductor laser 122G that emits the green light (G) is lower than that of the semiconductor laser 122B that emits the blue light (B). Accordingly, as illustrated in FIG. 7, it is preferable to use a larger number of semiconductor lasers 122G in the light source section 110G of the green light (G) than the light source section 110B of the blue light (B); the configuration of the light source section 110G is made by, for example, two light source sections 110Ga and 110Gb, similarly to the light source section 110 illustrated in FIG. 1. The light source section 110B of the blue light (B) is configured by, for example, a light source section 110Ba including three semiconductor laser arrays, as illustrated in FIG. 7, in accordance with light emission intensity obtained from the light source section 110G of the green light (G). The light source sections 110Ga, 110Gb, and 110Ba are arranged side by side in this order, for example, toward the condensing lens 213.

    [0029] Reflection mirrors 211G, 212G, and 212B are arranged in respective oscillation directions of laser light beams Lga, Lgb, and Lb emitted from the light source sections 110Ga, 110Gb, and 110Ba, respectively. The reflection mirror 211G is a typical total reflection mirror, similarly to the above-described reflection mirror 211. The reflection mirror 212G and the reflection mirror 212B each have a configuration similar to that of the reflection mirror 212 described above, and each have a plurality of reflection regions and a plurality of transmission regions.

    [0030] Positions where the reflection mirrors 211G, 212G, and 212B are provided are so adjusted that the laser light Lga reflected by the reflection mirror 211G and the laser light beams Lgb and Lb reflected respectively by the reflection mirrors 212G and 212B enter the condensing lens 213 independently of one another, without the optical paths thereof intersecting one another. That is, the laser light Lgb emitted from the light source section 110Gb is reflected at the plurality of reflection regions of the reflection mirror 212G. The laser light Lga emitted from the light source section 110Ga and reflected by the reflection mirror 211G is transmitted through the plurality of transmission regions of the reflection mirror 212G. The laser light Lb emitted from the light source section 110Ba is reflected at the plurality of reflection regions of the reflection mirror 212B. The laser light Lga reflected by the reflection mirror 211G and the laser light Lgb reflected by the plurality of reflection regions of the reflection mirror 212G are each transmitted through the plurality of transmission regions of the reflection mirror 212B.

    [0031] It is to be noted that the light source unit 100R may adopt a typical configuration, or may adopt, for example, a configuration similar to that of the light source unit 100 illustrated in FIG. 1.

    [0032] The light source optical system 200 includes a plurality of optical devices on respective optical paths of light (the red light (R), and the green light (G) and the blue light (B)) emitted from the light source unit 100R and the light source unit 100GB, respectively. As an example, there are disposed, on the optical path of the light source unit 100R, the above-described reflection mirrors 211 and 212, the condensing lens 213, a diffusion plate 214, a collimator lens 215, fly-eye lenses 216 and 217, a condenser lens 218, and turning mirrors 219 and 220. There are disposed, on the optical path of the light source unit 100GB, for example, the above-described reflection mirrors 211G, 212G, and 212B, the condensing lens 213, the diffusion plate 214, the collimator lens 215, the fly-eye lenses 216 and 217, the condenser lens 218, the turning mirror 219, and a dichroic mirror 221.

    [0033] Light (the red light (R), and the green light (G) and the blue light (B)) emitted respectively from the light source units 100R and 100GB and passed through the reflection mirrors 211G and 212G (or the reflection mirrors 211G, 212G, and 212B) is condensed on the diffusion plate 214 by the condensing lens 213. Each of the condensed red light (R), green light (G), and blue light (B) is diffused by the diffusion plate 214, and enters the collimator lens 215. Each of the red light (R), the green light (G), and the blue light (B) transmitted through the collimator lens 215 is split, by macro lenses of the fly-eye lens 216, into a plurality of light fluxes, which are respectively imaged on corresponding macro lenses of the fly-eye lens 217. Each of the micro lenses of the fly-eye lens 217 serves as a secondary light source. Each of the red light (R), the green light (G), and the blue light (B) having passed through the fly-eye lens 217 is condensed by the condenser lens 218.

    [0034] The turning mirrors 219 and 220 are disposed on the optical path of the red light (R); the red light (R) condensed by the condenser lens 218 is sequentially reflected by the turning mirrors 219 and 220, and enters a polarization beam splitter (PBS) 311R. The turning mirror 219 and the dichroic mirror 221 are disposed on the optical path of each of the green light (G) and the blue light (B); each of the green light (G) and the blue light (B) condensed by the condenser lens 218 is reflected by the turning mirror 219 and enters the dichroic mirror 221, and the dichroic mirror 221 performs separation into the green light (G) and the blue light (B).

    [0035] The image generating section 300 includes PBS 311R, 311G, and 311B, liquid crystal panels 312R, 312G, and 312B, and a dichroic prism 313.

    [0036] The PBS 311R is disposed on the optical path of the red light (R), and has a function of separating the incident red light (R) into two polarization components orthogonal to each other on a polarization separating surface. The PBS 311G is disposed on the optical path of the green light (G), and has a function of separating the incident green light (G) into two polarization components orthogonal to each other on a polarization separating surface. The PBS 311B is disposed on the optical path of the blue light (B), and has a function of separating the incident blue light (B) into two polarization components orthogonal to each other on a polarization separating surface. Each polarization separating surface reflects one polarization component (e.g., S-polarization component) and transmits the other polarization component (e.g., P-polarization component).

    [0037] The liquid crystal panels 312R, 312G, and 312B are each a reflective liquid crystal panel, and generate image light of each color by modulating incident light on the basis of an input image signal. The liquid crystal panel 312R is disposed on the optical path of the red light (R) reflected at the polarization separating surface of the PBS 311R. The liquid crystal panel 312R is driven by a digital signal subjected to pulse-width modulation (PWM) in accordance with a red image signal, for example, and has a function of modulating incident light by the digital signal and reflecting the modulated light toward the PBS 311R. The liquid crystal panel 312G is disposed on the optical path of the green light (G) reflected at the polarization separating surface of the PBS 311G. The liquid crystal panel 312G is driven by a digital signal subjected to pulse-width modulation (PWM) in accordance with a green image signal, for example, and has a function of modulating incident light by the digital signal and reflecting the modulated light toward the PBS 311G. The liquid crystal panel 312B is disposed on the optical path of the blue light B reflected at the polarization separating surface of the PBS 311B. The liquid crystal panel 312B is driven by a digital signal subjected to pulse-width modulation (PWM) in accordance with a blue image signal, for example, and has a function of modulating incident light by the digital signal and reflecting the modulated light toward the PBS 311B.

    [0038] The red light (R), the green light (G), and the blue light (B) reflected by the liquid crystal panels 312R, 312G, and 312B pass through the PBS 311R, 311G, and 311B, respectively, and enter the dichroic prism 313.

    [0039] The dichroic prism 313 superimposes and combines the red light (R), the green light (G), and the blue light (B) incident in three directions, and outputs the combined image light (Li) toward the projection optical system 400.

    [0040] The projection optical system 400 includes a plurality of lenses, and enlarges the image light (Li) combined by the dichroic prism 313 to project the image light Li onto a screen (not illustrated).

    (1-3. Workings and Effects)



    [0041] As described above, the projection display apparatus has been requested to have higher luminance enough to allow for clear image light even in a bright place. In recent years, the solid-state light source such as LED and LD has been adopted as a light source for the projection display apparatus. As a method for improving the luminance of the projection display apparatus that uses a solid-state light source, for example, it is considered that a major axis of emitted light emitted from LD and having an elliptical cross-sectional shape and a long side of an image-forming surface of a display device formed in a rectangular shape are substantially parallel to each other. In this method, intensity of reflected light per unit area on the image-forming surface of the display device is improved to achieve high luminance.

    [0042] Other conceivable methods include increasing the number of the solid-state light source. However, in a case where the number of the solid-state light source is doubled and the solid-state light sources are simply arranged on a plane, for example, the size of the condensing lens and the distance between the condensing lens and the diffusion plate are doubled, resulting in an issue of increased size of the light source unit.

    [0043] Meanwhile, in the present embodiment, in the light source optical system 200 that guides laser light emitted from the light source section 110 including the plurality of semiconductor lasers 122 to the image generating section 300, the reflection mirror 212 is provided which includes the plurality of reflection regions 212X and the plurality of transmission regions 212Y. In the reflection mirror 212, the plurality of transmission regions 212Y is arranged in substantially the same direction as the minor-axis direction in the elliptical cross-sectional shape of the laser light emitted from the light source section 110. This makes it possible to efficiently guide laser light L emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources to the image generating section 300.

    [0044] As described above, in the projection display apparatus 1 of the present embodiment, as an optical device that configures the light source optical system 200, the reflection mirror 212, which includes the plurality of reflection regions 212X and the plurality of transmission regions 212Y, is provided to allow the plurality of transmission regions 212Y to be arranged in substantially the same direction as the minor-axis direction in the elliptical cross-sectional shape of the laser light emitted from the light source section 110, as described above. As a result, the laser light L emitted from the light source section 110 is efficiently guided to the image generating section 300, thus making it possible to improve the luminance.

    [0045] In the present embodiment, a plurality of light source sections (e.g., two light source sections 110a and 110b) configured by the plurality of semiconductor laser arrays 120 each including the plurality of semiconductor lasers 122 are arranged side by side. The above-described reflection mirror 212 is disposed in the oscillation direction of the laser light Ly emitted from the light source section 110b, disposed closer to the display device (e.g., the liquid crystal panels 312R, 312G, and 312B), among the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b arranged side by side. In addition, the reflection mirror 211 configured by, for example, a total reflection mirror is disposed in the oscillation direction of the laser light Lx emitted from the light source section 110a. As a result, a plurality of laser light beams Lx emitted from the light source section 110a and reflected by the reflection mirror 211 pass through the respective transmission regions 212Y of the reflection mirror 212. A plurality of laser light beams Ly emitted from the light source section 110b are reflected by the respective reflection regions 212X of the reflection mirror 212, and enter, for example, the condensing lens 213 together with the plurality of laser light beams Lx to be combined together. This makes it possible to improve the luminance while suppressing the increase in size of the light source unit 100, as compared with the case where the number of the semiconductor laser is simply increased as described above.

    [0046] Description is given next the embodiment according to the appended claims. It is to be noted that components corresponding to those of the light source unit 100 and the light source optical system 200 of the foregoing embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and descriptions thereof are omitted.

    [0047] FIG. 8 schematically illustrates an example of a partial configuration of a light source unit (light source unit 500) and a light source optical system (light source optical system 600) according to the appended claims. These components are used in a projection display apparatus (e.g., the projection display apparatus 1) similarly to the foregoing embodiment. In the present modification example, for example, a light source section 510a and a light source section 510b that have similar configurations are disposed at positions, for example, diametrically opposed to the light source section 110a and the light source section 110b with respect to a broken line X, as a symmetry axis, that passes through the center of the condensing lens 213. Further, a reflection mirror 511 and a reflection mirror 512 that have configurations similar, respectively, to those of the reflection mirror 211 and the reflection mirror 212 are arranged in respective oscillation directions of the laser light beams L emitted from the light source section 510a and the light source section 510b.

    [0048] In this manner, disposing the plurality of light source sections (four light source sections 110a, 110b, 510a, and 510b in this example) and the reflection mirrors 211, 212, 511, and 512 of the present disclosure in line symmetry makes it possible to further improve the luminance while suppressing the increase in size of the light source unit 100.


    Claims

    1. A projection display apparatus (1) comprising:

    a plurality of solid-state light sources;

    an image generating section (300) including a display device that modulates light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources;

    a light source optical system (200) that guides the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources to the image generating section;

    a projection optical system (400) that projects image light generated in the image generating section;

    the light source optical system including a first reflection device (212) having a plurality of reflection regions (212X) and a plurality of transmission regions (212Y);

    the plurality of transmission regions being arranged in substantially same direction as a minor-axis direction in an elliptical cross-sectional shape of light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources;

    a first light source section (110b) and a second light source section (110a) each including the plurality of solid-state light sources, wherein

    the light source optical system includes the first reflection device (212) in a direction in which light is emitted from the first light source section and includes a second reflection device (211) in a direction in which light is emitted from the second light source section; and

    a third light source section (510b) and a fourth light source section (510a) that are diametrically opposed to the first light source section and the second light source section, respectively.


     
    2. The projection display apparatus according to claim 1, wherein, in the first reflection device, the plurality of reflection regions and the plurality of transmission regions are arranged alternately.
     
    3. The projection display apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a longitudinal direction of the transmission region and a major-axis direction of the elliptical cross-sectional shape of the light emitted from the plurality of solid-state light sources are substantially same.
     
    4. The projection display apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first light source section and the second light source section are arranged side by side in this order with respect to the display device.
     
    5. The projection display apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the first reflection device reflects, at the plurality of reflection regions, light emitted from the first light source section, and transmits, through the plurality of transmission regions, light emitted from the second light source section and reflected by the second reflection device.
     
    6. The projection display apparatus according to claim 1, wherein

    the first reflection device is configured by a mirror, and

    the plurality of transmission regions is configured by openings formed in the mirror.


     
    7. The projection display apparatus according to claim 1, wherein

    the light source optical system further includes a third reflection device (512) and a fourth reflection device (511), respectively, in a direction in which light is emitted from the third light source section and in a direction in which light is emitted from the fourth light source section, and

    the third reflection device includes a plurality of reflection regions and a plurality of transmission regions that are arranged alternately.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Projektionsanzeigegerät (1), umfassend:

    eine Vielzahl von Festkörperlichtquellen;

    einen Bilderzeugungsabschnitt (300), der eine Anzeigevorrichtung einschließt, die Licht moduliert, das von der Vielzahl der Festkörperlichtquellen emittiert wird;

    ein Lichtquellenoptiksystem (200), welches das von der Vielzahl von Festkörperlichtquellen emittierte Licht zu dem Bilderzeugungsabschnitt führt;

    ein Projektionsoptiksystem (400), das in dem Bilderzeugungsabschnitt erzeugtes Bildlicht projiziert;

    wobei das Lichtquellenoptiksystem eine erste Reflexionsvorrichtung (212) mit einer Vielzahl von Reflexionsregionen (212X) und einer Vielzahl von Transmissionsregionen (212Y) einschließt;

    die Vielzahl von Transmissionsregionen in im Wesentlichen der gleichen Richtung wie eine Nebenachsenrichtung in einer elliptischen Querschnittform des Lichts angeordnet ist, das von der Vielzahl der Festkörperlichtquellen emittiert wird;

    einen ersten Lichtquellenabschnitt (110b) und einen zweiten Lichtquellenabschnitt (110a), die jeweils die Vielzahl der Festkörperlichtquellen einschließen, wobei das Lichtquellenoptiksystem die erste Reflexionsvorrichtung (212) in einer Richtung einschließt, in welcher Licht von dem ersten Lichtquellenabschnitt emittiert wird, und eine zweite Reflexionsvorrichtung (211) in einer Richtung einschließt, in der Licht von dem zweiten Lichtquellenabschnitt emittiert wird; und einen dritten Lichtquellenabschnitt (510b) und einen vierten Lichtquellenabschnitt (510a), die dem ersten Lichtquellenabschnitt beziehungsweise dem zweiten Lichtquellenabschnitt diametral gegenüber liegen.


     
    2. Projektionsanzeigegerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei in der ersten Reflexionsvorrichtung die Vielzahl der Reflexionsregionen und die Vielzahl der Transmissionsregionen alternierend angeordnet sind.
     
    3. Projektionsanzeigegerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Längsrichtung der Transmissionsregion und eine Hauptachsenrichtung der elliptischen Querschnittform des von der Vielzahl der Festkörperlichtquellen emittierten Lichts im Wesentlichen gleich sind.
     
    4. Projektionsanzeigegerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Lichtquellenabschnitt und der zweite Lichtquellenabschnitt Seite an Seite in dieser Reihenfolge in Bezug auf die Anzeigevorrichtung angeordnet sind.
     
    5. Projektionsanzeigegerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Reflexionsvorrichtung an der Vielzahl von Reflexionsregionen Licht, das von dem ersten Lichtquellenabschnitt emittiert wird, reflektiert und durch die Vielzahl der Transmissionsregionen Licht, das von dem zweiten Lichtquellenabschnitt emittiert und von der zweiten Reflexionsvorrichtung reflektiert wird, überträgt.
     
    6. Projektionsanzeigegerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei

    die erste Reflexionsvorrichtung durch einen Spiegel ausgestaltet ist, und

    die Vielzahl der Transmissionsregionen durch Öffnungen ausgestaltet ist, die in dem Spiegel gebildet sind.


     
    7. Projektionsanzeigegerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei

    das Lichtquellenoptiksystem des Weiteren eine dritte Reflexionsvorrichtung (512) und eine vierte Reflexionsvorrichtung (511) in einer Richtung, in der Licht von dem dritten Lichtquellenabschnitt emittiert wird, beziehungsweise in einer Richtung, in der Licht von dem vierten Lichtquellenabschnitt emittiert wird, einschließt, und

    die dritte Reflexionsvorrichtung eine Vielzahl von Reflexionsregionen und eine Vielzahl von Transmissionsregionen einschließt, die alternierend angeordnet sind.


     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil d'affichage par projection (1) comprenant :

    une pluralité de sources de lumière à semiconducteur ;

    une section de génération d'images (300) comprenant un dispositif d'affichage qui module la lumière émise par la pluralité de sources de lumière à semiconducteur ;

    un système optique de source de lumière (200) qui guide la lumière émise par la pluralité de sources de lumière à semiconducteur vers la section de génération d'images ;

    un système optique de projection (400) qui projette la lumière d'image générée dans la section de génération d'images ;

    le système optique de source de lumière comprenant un premier dispositif de réflexion (212) ayant une pluralité de régions de réflexion (212X) et une pluralité de régions de transmission (212Y) ;

    la pluralité de régions de transmission étant disposées sensiblement dans la même direction qu'une direction du petit axe dans une forme de section transversale elliptique de la lumière émise par la pluralité de sources de lumière à semiconducteur ;

    une première section de source de lumière (110b) et une deuxième section de source de lumière (110a) comprenant chacune la pluralité de sources de lumière à semiconducteur, où :

    le système optique de source de lumière comprend le premier dispositif de réflexion (212) dans une direction dans laquelle la lumière est émise à partir de la première section de source de lumière et comprend un deuxième dispositif de réflexion (211) dans une direction dans laquelle la lumière est émise à partir de la deuxième section de source de lumière ; et

    une troisième section de source de lumière (510b) et une quatrième section de source de lumière (510a) qui sont diamétralement opposées à la première section de source de lumière et à la deuxième section de source de lumière, respectivement.


     
    2. Appareil d'affichage par projection selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, dans le premier dispositif de réflexion, la pluralité de régions de réflexion et la pluralité de régions de transmission sont disposées en alternance.
     
    3. Appareil d'affichage par projection selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une direction longitudinale de la région de transmission et une direction du grand axe de la forme de section transversale elliptique de la lumière émise par la pluralité de sources de lumière à semiconducteur sont sensiblement les mêmes.
     
    4. Appareil d'affichage par projection selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la première section de source de lumière et la deuxième section de source de lumière sont disposées côte à côte, dans cet ordre, par rapport au dispositif d'affichage.
     
    5. Appareil d'affichage par projection selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier dispositif de réflexion réfléchit, au niveau de la pluralité de régions de réflexion, la lumière émise par la première section de source de lumière, et transmet, à travers la pluralité de régions de transmission, la lumière émise par la deuxième section de source de lumière et réfléchie par le deuxième dispositif de réflexion.
     
    6. Appareil d'affichage par projection selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    le premier dispositif de réflexion est configuré par un miroir, et

    la pluralité de régions de transmission sont configurées par des ouvertures formées dans le miroir.


     
    7. Appareil d'affichage par projection selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    le système optique de source de lumière comprend en outre un troisième dispositif de réflexion (512) et un quatrième dispositif de réflexion (511), respectivement, dans une direction dans laquelle la lumière est émise depuis la troisième section de source de lumière et dans une direction dans laquelle la lumière est émise depuis la quatrième section de source de lumière, et

    le troisième dispositif de réflexion comprend une pluralité de régions de réflexion et une pluralité de régions de transmission qui sont disposées en alternance.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description