(19)
(11)EP 3 627 894 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 19186666.4

(22)Date of filing:  19.01.2011
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 36/00(2009.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
11855931.9 / 2661123

(71)Applicant: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LU, Feng
    Shenzhen, Guangdong (CN)
  • YU, Yijun
    Shenzhen, Guangdong (CN)

(74)Representative: Kreuz, Georg Maria 
Huawei Technologies Duesseldorf GmbH Riesstraße 25
80992 München
80992 München (DE)

 
Remarks:
This application was filed on 17.07.2019 as a divisional application to the application mentioned under INID code 62.
Remarks:
Claims filed after the date of filing of the application/after the date of receipt of the divisional application (Rule 68(4) EPC).
 


(54)HANDOVER METHOD AND MOBILITY MANAGEMENT NETWORK ELEMENT


(57) The embodiments of the present invention disclose a handover method and a mobility management network element. The method includes: a target mobility management network element receives a forward relocation request message sent by a source mobility management network element, where the forward relocation request message includes single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information; and the target mobility management network element sends, to an target access network element, a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible. The present invention also provides a corresponding mobility management network element. The embodiments of the present invention provide a handover method and a mobility management network element. The source mobility management network element indicates whether the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable through the forward relocation request, which enables the target mobility management network element to correctly indicate that the target radio access network network element is SRVCC capable, and enables the target radio access network network element to correctly trigger an SRVCC handover, and saves network's signaling exchanges, and ensures correct usage of a user's voice service.


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a handover method and a mobility management network element.

BACKGROUND



[0002] An evolved universal mobile telecommunication system territorial radio access network (Evolved Universal Mobile Telecommunication System Territorial Radio Access Network; E-UTRAN) and an evolved packet core network (Evolved Packet Core Network, EPC) form an evolved packet system (Evolved Packet System, EPS). The evolved packet system generally adopts an Internet Protocol (Internet Protocol; IP) multimedia subsystem (IP Multimedia Subsystem; IMS) to provide a voice service.

[0003] Given that an initial E-UTRAN deployment cannot achieve a whole-network coverage, therefore, IMS voice cannot be provided outside an E-UTRAN coverage scope. To maintain continuity of a voice call along an E-UTRAN coverage boundary, a 3rd generation partnership (The 3rd Generation Partnership Project; 3GPP) defines a single radio voice call continuity (Single Radio Voice Call Continuity; SRVCC) technology to achieve a handover from an E-UTRAN to a circuit domain (Circuite Switching; CS) of an enhanced radio access network (GSM EDGE Radio Access Network; GERAN) or a territorial radio access network (UMTS Territorial Radio Access Network; UTRAN), or a handover from 3GPP2 1xCS packet switched (Packet Switched; PS) to the CS. Further, the SRVCC technology also achieves a handover from UTRAN high speed packet access (High Speed Packet Access, HSPA) to the GERAN/UTRAN. A radio access network network element may trigger performing an SRVCC handover only if it is learned that a user equipment (User Equipment/Mobile Station; UE/MS, hereinafter collectively referred to as a UE) and the mobility management network element (as regards different radio communication networks, it may be a mobility management entity (Mobility Management Entity; MME) or a service general packet radio technology (General Packet Radio Service; GPRS) supporting node (Serving GPRS Support Node; SGSN), and so on) support the SRVCC, and under a scenario in which a user is allowed to use the SRVCC.

[0004] When the prior art applies to an attach or a location update process, if the mobility management network element learns, by receiving an attach request/location update request message sent by the user equipment, that the UE has the SRVCC capability, learns, from subscription data sent by a home subscriber server, that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, and learns that the mobility management network element supports the SRVCC, the mobility management network element sends an initial context setup request message to the radio access network network element, indicating that the radio access network element network element may perform an SRVCC operation.

[0005] However, when the prior art applies to a packet switched handover (Packet Switched Handover; PS HO) process, the target mobility management network element may not correctly learn whether the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, and accordingly the target radio access network network element may not correctly learn whether the SRVCC operation may be performed. In addition, the target radio access network network element incorrectly triggers an SRVCC handover. This results in an SRVCC handover failure and a waste of a large number of relevant exchanged signaling; or, this may result in a failure of performing the SRVCC handover and interruption of a user voice service.

SUMMARY



[0006] Embodiments of the present invention provide a handover method and a mobility management network element for solving a problem in prior art that an SRVCC handover is incorrectly triggered because a target radio access network network element may not learn whether the SRVCC operation may be performed, which results in an SRVCC handover failure and a waste of a large number of relevant exchanged signaling. In addition, this may result in the SRVCC handover failure and interruption of a user voice service.

[0007] An embodiment of the present invention provides a handover method, including:

receiving, by a target mobility management network element, a forward relocation request message sent by a source mobility management network element, wherein the forward relocation request message includes single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information; and

sending, by the target mobility management network element to a target access network network element, a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible.



[0008] An embodiment of the present invention provides a mobility management network element, including:

a receiving module, configured to receive a forward relocation request message sent by a source mobility management network element, where the forward relocation request message includes single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information; and

a sending module, configured to send, to a target access network element, a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible.



[0009] The embodiments of the present invention provide a handover method and a mobility management network element. The source mobility management network element indicates whether the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable through a forward relocation request, which enables the target mobility management network element to correctly indicate that a target radio access network network element is SRVCC capable, and enables the target radio access network network element to correctly trigger an SRVCC handover, and saves network's signaling exchanges, and ensures correct usage of a user's voice service.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0010] To illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the accompanying drawings needed for describing the embodiments or the prior art are briefly described in the following. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description merely show some embodiments of the present invention, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a handover method according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a flowchart of a handover method according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a handover method according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention; and

FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a mobility management network element according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0011] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely a part rather than all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

[0012] FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a handover method according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the method includes:

S101: A target mobility management network element receives a forward relocation request message sent by a source mobility management network element. The forward relocation request message includes single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information.

S102: The target mobility management network element, to a target access network element, a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible.



[0013] According to different networks where a user equipment is located, the source mobility management network element and the target mobility management network element may be a mobility management equipment such as an MME or an SGSN; a source radio access network network element and a target radio access network network element may be a device such as an evolved base station (Evolved Node B; eNodeB) or a radio network controller (Radio Network Controller: RNC).

[0014] In a handover process, the source mobility management network element receives a handover request message or a relocation request message sent by the source radio access network network element. To enable the target radio access network network element to correctly perform a handover operation, the source mobility management network element needs to notify the target management network element whether a user is allowed to use the SRVCC, or a UE's SRVCC capability and whether the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, so that the target mobility management network element may notify the target radio access network network element of a UE's SRVCC capability, whether the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, and whether the target mobility management network element supports the SRVCC, which enables the target radio access network network element to correctly perform an SRVCC handover operation.

[0015] A forwarded relocation request message sent by the source mobility management network element to the target mobility management network element includes SRVCC capability information. The SRVCC capability information may be used to indicate that a user is SRVCC capable.

[0016] The SRVCC capability information specifically includes: at least one of a single radio voice call continuity session transfer number (Session Transfer Number for SR-VCC, STN-SR) and a relevant mobile station international ISDN number (Correlation Mobile Subscriber International ISDN Number, C-MSISDN); or, SRVCC permission information, for example, an SRVCC permission indication (SRVCC is Allowed); or, information of SRVCC operation possible, for example, SRVCC operation possibility indication (SRVCC Operation Possible).

[0017] That the user is SRVCC capable may include: the user is allowed to use the SRVCC. Or, that the user is SRVCC capable may also include both that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and that a user equipment has SRVCC capability.

[0018] In addition, the SRVCC capability information may also be used to indicate: the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable. That the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable may specifically be that the source mobility management network element supports the SRVCC or supports the Sv interface, and so on.

[0019] After the target mobility management network element receives the forward relocation request sent by the source mobility management network element, the target mobility management network element sends a first request message to the target radio access network network element. The first request message may be a handover request message or relocation request message, and the first request message carries the information of SRVCC operation possible. This specifically includes the following:
If the target mobility management network element supports the SRVCC (that is, the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable), the target mobility management network element may send a first request message that includes the SRVCC operation possibility indication (SRVCC Operation Possible) to the target radio access network network element. The SRVCC operation possibility indication may indicate that the user is SRVCC capable and the target MME is SRVCC capable (If the indication is not included, it indicates that an SRVCC operation is incapable); or the target mobility management network element may send the first request message that includes the SRVCC operation possibility indication (SRVCC Operation Possible) to the target radio access network network element. If the value of the SRVCC operation possibility indication is true (TRUE) or 1, it indicates that an SRVCC operation is capable (If the SRVCC operation possibility indication is false (FALSE) or 0, it indicates that an SRVCC operation is incapable, that is, at least one of the user and the target MME is SRVCC incapable.

[0020] The handover method provided by the embodiment, in which the source mobility management network element indicates, through a forward relocation request, whether the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable, which enables the target radio access network network element to correctly trigger an SRVCC handover, saves network's signaling exchanges, and ensures normal usage of a user voice service.

[0021] FIG. 2 is a flowchart of a handover method according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention. The embodiment uses processing of a handover performed by a UE attached to the E-UTRAN as an example. Both source and target mobility management network elements are MMEs and both source and target radio access network network element are eNodeBs. It should be noted that the embodiment only provides a specific application scenario of the handover method, however, does not use this as the limitation for the embodiment in the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, this method includes:

S201: A source eNodeB decides to initiate an S1-based handover (The source eNodeB decides to initiate an S1-based handover to the target eNodeB).

S202: The source eNodeB sends a handover request (Handover Required) message (that is, a second request message) to a source MME.

S203: The source MME sends a forward relocation request (Forward Relocation Request) message to a target MME.



[0022] The forward relocation request message includes the SRVCC capability information, which indicates that a user is single radio voice call continuity capable (that is, the user is SRVCC capable). That the specific content of that the user is SRVCC capable may include but is not limited to any of the following methods:
A user is allowed to use the SRVCC; or, the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and a user equipment has the SRVCC capability. In addition, the SRVCC capability information may also indicate: the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable. That the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable may be that the source mobility management network element supports the SRVCC or supports the Sv interface, and so on. The user equipment has the SRVCC capability specifically may be that the user equipment supports the SRVCC.

[0023] Based on the above, the SRVCC capability information specifically may be used to indicate any of the following content:
  1. (1) the user is SRVCC capable;
  2. (2) the user is SRVCC capable and the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable;
  3. (3) the user is allowed to use the SRVCC;
  4. (4) the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and the user equipment has the SRVCC capability;
  5. (5) the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable; and
  6. (6) the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, the user equipment has the SRVCC capability, and the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.


[0024] Specific implementation of the SRVCC capability information may include but is not limited to any of the following methods:
  1. (1) The SRVCC capability information includes: at least one of a single radio voice call continuity session transfer number (STN-SR) and a relevant mobile station international ISDN number (C-MSISDN); or, SRVCC permission information, for example, an SRVCC permission indication (SRVCC is Allowed); or, information of SRVCC operation possible, for example, SRVCC operation possibility indication (SRVCC Operation Possible). The embodiment does not limit a specific name of the information or indication.
    The STN-SR and/or C-MSISDN, or SRVCC permission information, or the information of SRVCC operation possible may be used to indicate any of the above mentioned 6 indication content, for example, indicating that the user is SRVCC capable, or indicating that the user is SRVCC capable and the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable, or, indicating that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, or indicating that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and the user equipment has the SRVCC capability, and so on.
  2. (2) The SRVCC capability information may also include: SRVCC capability information, for example, SRVCC capability indication (SRVCC capability indication). The SRVCC capability information may be used to indicate that the user equipment has the SRVCC capability. The embodiment does not limit a specific name of the information or indication.


[0025] A scenario that the SRVCC capability information includes the SRVCC capability information includes but is not limited to: the STN-SR and/or C-MSISDN or the SRVCC permission information or the information of SRVCC operation possible indicates that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, and the SRVCC capability information may indicate that the user equipment has the SRVCC capability. The STN-SR and/or C-MSISDN or SRVCC permission information or information of SRVCC operation possible and the SRVCC capability information together indicate that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and the user equipment has the SRVCC capability or the user is SRVCC capable.

[0026] Before a source MME sends the relocation request message to the target MME, the source MME may learn the SRVCC capability information through but not limited to any of the following methods:
When a UE is attached to a network for the first time, the UE needs to send an attach request (Attach Request) message to the source MME; or, if the UE has been attached to a network, and the UE location changes, the UE sends a location update request to the source MME (the source MME in a location update process is a target mobility management network element), for example: a tracking area update request (Tracking Area Update Request, TAU) message. If the UE has the SRVCC capability, the UE may carry an SRVCC capability indication (SRVCC capability indication) in the attach request message/tracking area update request message, for example, the SRVCC capability indication may be included in an "MS Network Capability" information element in the attach request message/tracking area update request message.

[0027] In addition, after the source MME receives the attach request message or location update request message sent by the UE, a location update request is sent to a home subscriber server; after the home subscriber server receives the location update request, UE's user subscription information is returned to the mobility management network element; if a user is allowed to use the SRVCC (SRVCC subscribed allowed), the UE's user subscription data may include the STN-SR and C-MSISDN, that is, the source MME may learn that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC from the home subscriber server. The home subscriber server is a home subscriber server (Home Subscriber Server; HSS).

[0028] The source MME may learn that the user is SRVCC capable according to the user is allowed to use the SRVCC or the user equipment has the SRVCC capability and the user is allowed to use the SRVCC. The source MME may learn that itself (the source MME) is SRVCC capable according to configuration information.

[0029] S204: The target MME sends a create session request (Create Session Request) message to a target service gateway.

[0030] S205: The target MME receives a create session response (Create Session Response) message sent by the target service gateway.

[0031] S206: The target MME sends a handover request (Handover Required) message (that is, a first request message) to the target eNodeB.

[0032] The handover request message may include single radio voice call continuity operation possibility information (SRVCC operation possible).

[0033] If the target MME learns that the user is SRVCC capable (that is, the UE is allowed to use the SRVCC or the UE is allowed to use the SRVCC and the UE has the SRVCC capability), it should be taken that the target MME is SRVCC capable (that is, the SRVCC is supported), for example, the MME supports completion of an SRVCC handover through the Sv interface, the target MME may include the information of SRVCC operation possible in a handover request message sent to the target eNodeB, indicating that the user is SRVCC capable and the target MME is SRVCC capable, and the target eNodeB may record the information of SRVCC operation possible, which is used to determine whether an SRVCC handover may be triggered.

[0034] Specifically, the target MME may include the SRVCC operation possibility indication (SRVCC operation possible indication) in a handover request sent to the target eNodeB. The SRVCC operation possibility indication may indicate that the user is SRVCC capable and the target MME is SRVCC capable, if the indication is not included, it indicates that an SRVCC operation is incapable (that is, at least one of the user and the target MME is SRVCC incapable); or, the target MME may include the information of SRVCC operation possible (SRVCC operation possible indication) in a handover request message sent to the target eNodeB; if the value of the SRVCC operation possibility indication is true (TRUE) or 1, it indicates that the SRVCC operation is capable and the target MME is SRVCC capable; if the value of the SRVCC operation possibility indication is false (FALSE) or 0, it indicates indicates that the SRVCC operation is incapable (that is, at least one of the user and the target MME is SRVCC incapable).

[0035] S207: The target MME receives a handover response (Handover Response) message from the target eNodeB.

[0036] S208: Perform relevant PS HO steps which may include but are not limited to: creating a temporary data transfer tunnel, updating uplink and downlink user planes, performing a tracking area update and deleting the temporary data transfer channel, and so on.

[0037] In addition, in performing a tracking area update request process in step S208, when the target MME sends a user equipment context modification request (UE CONTEXT MODIFICATION REQUEST) message to the target eNodeB, the information of SRVCC operation possible may be included in the user equipment context modification request message; in this case, it is not limited to whether the handover request message in the previous step S206 includes the information of SRVCC operation possible.

[0038] For specific content and achievement of the information of SRVCC operation possible included in the user equipment context modification request message, reference may be made to the description of step S206, which are not described here.

[0039] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a handover method according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention. This embodiment uses processing of a serving radio network subsystem (Serving Radio Network Subsystem; SRNS) relocation (Relocation) of a UE attached to a UTRAN (high speed packet access technology (High Speed Packet Access; HSPA)) as an example. Both source and target mobility management network elements are SGSNs and both source and target radio access network network elements are RNCs. It should be noted that the embodiment only provides a specific application scenario of the handover method, however, does not use this as the limitation for the embodiment in the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, this method includes:

S301: A source RNC decides to initiate a serving radio network subsystem relocation (SRNS relocation).

S302: The source RNC sends a relocation request (Relocation Required) message (that is, a second request message) to a source SGSN.

S303: The source SGSN sends a forward relocation request (Forward Relocation Request) message to a target SGSN.



[0040] The forward relocation request message includes the SRVCC capability information, which indicates that a user is single radio voice call continuity capable (the user is SRVCC capable). The specific content of that the user is SRVCC capable may include but is not limited to any of the following methods: the user is allowed to use the SRVCC; or, the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and a user equipment has the SRVCC capability. In addition, the SRVCC capability information may also indicate: the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable. That the source mobility management network element of is SRVCC capable may be that the source mobility management network element supports the SRVCC or supports the Sv interface, and so on. The user equipment has the SRVCC capability specifically may be the user equipment supports the SRVCC.

[0041] Based on the above, the SRVCC capability information specifically may be used to indicate any of the following content:
  1. (1) the user is SRVCC capable;
  2. (2) the user is SRVCC capable and the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable;
  3. (3) the user is allowed to use the SRVCC;
  4. (4) the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and the user equipment has the SRVCC capability;
  5. (5) the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable; and
  6. (6) the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, the user equipment has the SRVCC capability, and the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.


[0042] Specific implementation of the SRVCC capability information may include but is not limited to any of the following methods:
  1. (1) The SRVCC capability information includes: at least one of a single radio voice call continuity session transfer number (STN-SR) and a relevant mobile station international ISDN number (C-MSISDN); or, SRVCC permission information, for example, an SRVCC permission indication (SRVCC is Allowed); or, information of SRVCC operation possible, for example, SRVCC operation possibility indication (SRVCC Operation Possible). The embodiment does not limit a specific name of the information or indication.
    The STN-SR and/or C-MSISDN, or SRVCC permission information, or information of SRVCC operation possible may be used to indicate any of the indication content, for example, indicating that the user is SRVCC capable, or indicating that the user is SRVCC capable and the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable, or, indicating that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, or indicating that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and the user equipment has the SRVCC capability, and so on.
  2. (2) The SRVCC capability information may also include: SRVCC capability information, for example, SRVCC capability indication (SRVCC capability indication). The SRVCC capability information may be used to indicate that the user equipment has the SRVCC capability. The embodiment does not limit a specific name of the information or indication.


[0043] A scenario that the SRVCC capability information includes the SRVCC capability information includes but is not limited to: the STN-SR and/or C-MSISDN or the SRVCC permission information or information of SRVCC operation possible indicates that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, and the SRVCC capability information may indicate that the user equipment has the SRVCC capability. The STN-SR and/or C-MSISDN or SRVCC permission information or information of SRVCC operation possible and the SRVCC capability information indicate that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and the user equipment has the SRVCC capability or the user is SRVCC capable.

[0044] Before a source SGSN sends the relocation request message to an target SGSN, the source MME may learn the SRVCC capability information through but not limited to any of the following methods:
When the UE is attached to a network for the first time, the UE needs to send an attach request (Attach Request) message to the source SGSN; or, if the UE has been attached to a network, and the UE location changes, the UE sends a location update request to the source SGSN, for example: a routing area update request (Routing Area Update, RAU). If the UE has the SRVCC capability, the UE may carry an SRVCC capability indication (SRVCC capability indication) in the attach request message or routing area update request message, for example, the SRVCC capability indication may be included in an "MS Network Capability" information element in the attach request message/routing area update request message.

[0045] In addition, after the source SGSN receives the attach request message or location update request message sent by the UE, a location update request is sent to the home subscriber server; after the home subscriber server receives the location update request, UE's user subscription information is returned to the mobility management network element. If a user is allowed to use the SRVCC (SRVCC subscribed allowed), the UE's user subscription data may include the STN-SR and C-MSISDN, that is, the source SGSN may learn that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC from the home subscriber server. The home subscriber server may be a home location register (Home Location Register; HLR) or an HSS, and so on.

[0046] The source SGSN may learn that the user is SRVCC capable according to that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC or that the user equipment has the SRVCC capability and that the user is allowed to use the SRVCC. The source SGSN may learn that itself (source MME) is SRVCC capable according to configuration information.

[0047] S304: The Target SGSN sends a create session request (Create Session Request) message to a target service gateway.

[0048] If the target SGSN uses an S4 interface, perform step S404 and step S405; otherwise, if the target SGSN uses a Gn/Gp interface, do not perform step S404 and step S405.

[0049] S305: The target SGSN receives a create session response (Create Session Response) message sent by the target service gateway.

[0050] S306: The target SGSN sends a relocation request (Relocation Request) message (that is, a first request message) to the target RNC.

[0051] The handover request message may include single radio voice call continuity operation possibility information (SRVCC operation possible).

[0052] If the target SGSN learns that the user is SRVCC capable (that is, the user is allowed to use the SRVCC, or the UE is allowed to use the SRVCC and the UE has the SRVCC capability), then if the target SGSN is SRVCC capable (that is, the SRVCC is supported), for example, the SGSN supports completion of an SRVCC handover through the Sv interface, the target SGSN may include the information of SRVCC operation possible in a relocation request message sent to the target RNC, indicating that the user is SRVCC capable and the target SGSN is SRVCC capable, the target RNC may record the information of SRVCC operation possible, which is used to trigger an SRVCC handover.

[0053] Specifically, the target SGSN may include the SRVCC operation possibility indication (SRVCC operation possible indication) in a handover request sent to the target eNodeB. The SRVCC operation possibility indication may indicate that the user is SRVCC capable and the target SGSN is SRVCC capable. If the indication is not included, it indicates that an SRVCC operation is incapable (that is, at least one of the user and the target SGSN is SRVCC incapable); or, the target SGSN may include the information of SRVCC operation possible (SRVCC operation possible indication) in a handover request message sent to the target eNodeB; if the value of the SRVCC operation possibility indication is true (TRUE) or 1, it indicates that the SRVCC operation is capable and the target SGSN is SRVCC capable; if the value of the SRVCC operation possibility indication is false (FALSE) or 0, it indicates that the SRVCC operation is incapable (that is, at least one of the user and the target SGSN is incapable).

[0054] S307: The target SGSN receives a relocation response (Relocation Response) message from the target RNC.

[0055] S308: Perform other SRNS Relocation steps, which specifically include but are not limited to: updating uplink and downlink user planes, performing a routing area update and so on.

[0056] In addition, in performing a tracking area update request process in step S308, when the target SGSN sends a common ID (Common ID) message to the target RNC, the information of SRVCC operation possible may also be included in the common ID; in this case, it is not limited to whether the handover request message in the previous step S306 includes the information of SRVCC operation possible.

[0057] For specific content and achievement of the information of SRVCC operation possible included in the common ID message, reference may be made to the description of step S306, which are not described here.

[0058] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or part of the processes of the methods in the embodiments may be implemented by a computer program instructing relevant hardware. The program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. When the program is run, the processes of the methods in the embodiments are performed. The storage medium may be a magnetic disk, an optical disk, a read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM), or a random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM).

[0059] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a mobility management network element according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4, the mobility management network element includes: a receiving module 11 and a sending module 12, where

the receiving module 11 is configured to receive a forward relocation request message sent by a source mobility management network element, the forward relocation request message includes single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information; and

the sending module 12 is configured to send, to a target access network element, a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible.



[0060] Based on the previous embodiment, the SRVCC capability information included in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module 11 may be used to indicate that the user is SRVCC capable.

[0061] Further, the SRVCC capability information included in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module 11 may also be used to indicate that the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.

[0062] That the user is SRVCC capable includes: a user is allowed to use the SRVCC, or the user is allowed to use the SRVCC and a user equipment has the SRVCC capability.

[0063] As an exemplary embodiment, the SRVCC capability information included in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module 11 may include:

a single radio voice call continuity session transfer number STN-SR and/or a relevant mobile station international ISDN number C-MSISDN;

or, information of SRVCC operation possible.



[0064] Further, the information of SRVCC operation possible carried in the first request message sent by the sending module 12 to the access network element of the destination side may be used to indicate that the user is SRVCC capable and the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.

[0065] The mobility management network element provided by the embodiment of the present invention is the target mobility management network element involved in the handover method provided by the present invention; for a specific operation process, reference may be made to the prior method embodiments, which is not described here again.

[0066] The mobility management network element provided by the embodiment, in which the source mobility management network element indicates, through a forward relocation request, whether the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable, which enables the target radio access network network element to correctly trigger an SRVCC handover, saves network's signaling exchanges, and ensures normal usage of a user voice service.

[0067] Further embodiments of the present invention are provided in the following. It should be noted that the numbering used in the following section does not necessarily need to comply with the numbering used in the previous sections.

Embodiment 1. A handover method, comprising:

receiving, by a target mobility management network element, a forward relocation request message sent by a source mobility management network element, wherein the forward relocation request message comprises single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information; and

sending, by the target mobility management network element to a target access network element, a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible.

Embodiment 2. The method according to embodiment 1, wherein the SRVCC capability information is used to indicate that a user is SRVCC capable.

Embodiment 3. The method according to embodiment 1 or 2, wherein the SRVCC capability information is used to indicate that the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.

Embodiment 4. The method according to embodiment 2, wherein that the user is SRVCC capable comprises: the user is allowed to use SRVCC, or the user is allowed to use SRVCC and a user equipment has SRVCC capability.

Embodiment 5. The method according to embodiment 1, wherein the SRVCC capability information comprises:

a single radio voice call continuity session transfer number STN-SR and/or a relevant mobile station international ISDN number C-MSISDN;

or, the information of SRVCC operation possible.

Embodiment 6. The method according to embodiment 1, wherein the information of SRVCC operation possible is used to indicate that a user is SRVCC capable and the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.

Embodiment 7. The method according to embodiment 1, wherein before the receiving, by the target mobility management network element, the forward relocation request message sent by the source mobility management network element, the method further comprises:
receiving, by the source mobility management network element, a second request message sent by a source radio access network network element.

Embodiment 8. A mobility management network element, comprising:

a receiving module, configured to receive a forward relocation request message sent by a source mobility management network element, wherein the forward relocation request message comprises single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information; and

a sending module, configured to send, to a target access network element , a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible.

Embodiment 9. The mobility management network element according to embodiment 8, wherein the SRVCC capability information comprised in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module is used to indicate that a user is SRVCC capable.

Embodiment 10. The mobility management network element according to embodiment 8 or 9, wherein the SRVCC capability information comprised in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module is used to indicate that the source mobility management network element is capable.

Embodiment 11. The mobility management network element according to embodiment 9, wherein that the user is SRVCC capable comprises: the user is allowed to use SRVCC, or the user is allowed to use SRVCC and a user equipment has the SRVCC capability.

Embodiment 12. The mobility management network element according to embodiment 8, wherein the SRVCC capability information comprised in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module comprises:

a single radio voice call continuity session transfer number STN-SR and/or a relevant mobile station international ISDN number C-MSISDN;

or, the information of SRVCC operation possible.

Embodiment 13. The mobility management network element according to embodiment 8, wherein the information of SRVCC operation possible that carried in the first request message sent by the sending module to the target access network element is used to indicate that a user is SRVCC capable and the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.



[0068] Finally, it should be noted that the embodiments are merely intended for describing the technical solutions of the present invention other than limiting the present invention. Although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the embodiments, a person of ordinary skill in the art should understand that they may still make modifications to the technical solutions described in the embodiments or make equivalent replacements to some technical features thereof, without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.


Claims

1. A handover method, comprising:

receiving (S101, S203, S303), by a target mobility management network element, a forward relocation request message from a source mobility management network element, wherein the forward relocation request message comprises single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information; and

sending (SI02, S206, S306), by the target mobility management network element to a target access network element, a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible.


 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the SRVCC capability information indicating that a user is SRVCC capable.
 
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the SRVCC capability information indicating that the source mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.
 
4. The method according to claim 2, wherein that the user is SRVCC capable comprises:
the user is allowed to use SRVCC, or the user is allowed to use SRVCC and a user equipment has SRVCC capability.
 
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the SRVCC capability information comprises:

a single radio voice call continuity session transfer number STN-SR and/or a relevant mobile station international ISDN number C-MSISDN;

or, the information of SRVCC operation possible.


 
6. The method according to claim 1, wherein the information of SRVCC operation possible indicating that a user is SRVCC capable and the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.
 
7. The method according to claim 1, wherein before the receiving, by the target mobility management network element, the forward relocation request message from the source mobility management network element, the method further comprises:
receiving, by the source mobility management network element, a second request message from a source radio access network element.
 
8. A mobility management network element, comprising:

a receiving module (11), configured to receive a forward relocation request message from a source mobility management network element, wherein the forward relocation request message comprises single radio voice call continuity SRVCC capability information; and

a sending module (12), configured to send, to a target access network element, a first request message that carries information of SRVCC operation possible.


 
9. The mobility management network element according to claim 8, wherein the SRVCC capability information comprised in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module indicating that a user is SRVCC capable.
 
10. The mobility management network element according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the SRVCC capability information comprised in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module indicating that the source mobility management network element is capable.
 
11. The mobility management network element according to claim 9, wherein that the user is SRVCC capable comprises: the user is allowed to use SRVCC, or the user is allowed to use SRVCC and a user equipment has the SRVCC capability.
 
12. The mobility management network element according to claim 8, wherein the SRVCC capability information comprised in the forward relocation request message received by the receiving module comprises:

a single radio voice call continuity session transfer number STN-SR and/or a relevant mobile station international ISDN number C-MSISDN;

or, the information of SRVCC operation possible.


 
13. The mobility management network element according to claim 8, wherein the information of SRVCC operation possible that carried in the first request message from the sending module to the target access network element indicating that a user is SRVCC capable and the target mobility management network element is SRVCC capable.
 
14. A computer readable storage medium, wherein the computer readable storage medium comprises a program instruction, and when the program instruction is executed, the method according to any one of claim 1 to 7 is implemented.
 
15. A hardware apparatus, wherein the hardware apparatus is configured to execute a program instruction to perform the method according to any one of claim 1 to 7.
 




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