(19)
(11)EP 3 636 723 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
15.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/16

(21)Application number: 18813290.6

(22)Date of filing:  07.05.2018
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C09J 183/04(2006.01)
C08F 290/06(2006.01)
C08L 83/04(2006.01)
C09J 4/06(2006.01)
C08F 2/50(2006.01)
C08K 5/101(2006.01)
C08L 83/07(2006.01)
C09J 11/06(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/017581
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/225430 (13.12.2018 Gazette  2018/50)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 06.06.2017 JP 2017111805

(71)Applicant: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
Tokyo 100-0004 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • OTAKE Kohei
    Annaka-shi Gunma 379-0224 (JP)
  • MATSUMOTO Nobuaki
    Annaka-shi Gunma 379-0224 (JP)
  • MATSUDA Tsuyoshi
    Annaka-shi Gunma 379-0224 (JP)
  • YAGINUMA Atsushi
    Annaka-shi Gunma 379-0224 (JP)

(74)Representative: Mewburn Ellis LLP 
City Tower 40 Basinghall Street
London EC2V 5DE
London EC2V 5DE (GB)

  


(54)ULTRAVIOLET-CURABLE PRESSURE-SENSITIVE SILICONE ADHESIVE COMPOSITION AND CURED OBJECT OBTAINED THEREFROM


(57) An ultraviolet-curable pressure-sensitive silicone adhesive composition which comprises: 100 parts of an organopolysiloxane (A) having, in the molecule, two groups represented by general formula (1)

(wherein R1 represents a C1-20 monovalent hydrocarbon group, R2 represents an oxygen atom, etc., R3 represents an acryloyloxyalkyl group, etc., p and a respectively indicate numbers satisfying 0 ≤ p ≤ 10 and 1 ≤ a ≤ 3); 1-500 parts of a monofunctional (meth)acrylate compound (B) containing no siloxane structure and/or a polyfunctional (meth)acrylate compound (C) containing no siloxane structure; 1-5,000 parts of an oranopolysiloxane resin (D) comprising R43SiO1/2 units (a) (wherein R4 represents a C1-10 monovalent hydrocarbon group) and Si04/2 units (b), the (a)/(b) molar ratio being (0.6-1.2)/1; and 0.01-20 parts of a photopolymerization initiator (E). This composition has satisfactory applicability and curability and gives a cured object which, when used as a temporary fixer, has excellent tackiness and strength.


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] This invention relates to ultraviolet (UV) cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) compositions and to cured products thereof. More particularly, it relates to a UV cure type silicone PSA composition and a cured product thereof which is useful as a temporary adhesive for transfering objects.

BACKGROUND ART



[0002] Recent electronic instruments, typically smartphones, liquid crystal displays and automobile parts, face demands not only for higher performance but also for more savings in space and energy. To meet such societal demands, electrical and electronic parts mounted thereon are made smaller and finer. Their assembly process thus becomes more complicated and difficult year by year.

[0003] A technology capable of transfering such microstructures and parts selectively and in turn was recently developed (see Non-Patent Document 1), attracting engineers' attention.

[0004] This technology, known as "micro transfer printing technology", uses the bonding force of an elastomer to pick up microstructures one at a time and transfer them to a desired place having a stronger bonding force.

[0005] Silicone elastomers are known as pressure-sensitive adhesive materials for use in this application. Many heat-cure type solventless silicone-base pressure-sensitive adhesives were proposed (see Patent Documents 1 to 3).

[0006] On use of heat-cure type silicone-base PSAs, however, a heating step is essential, requiring a certain energy. Also, a long time is taken in heating and cooling the material.

[0007] To omit such steps, a silicone resin which is curable by UV in a short time was developed (Patent Document 4). Since this approach utilizes the bonding force of the silicone material itself and has insufficient adhesion, the applicable range of devices and parts is limited.

[0008] Therefore, there is a need for a UV-curable silicone PSA having a stronger bonding force which is applicable to even the devices and parts that cannot be lifted up by the material of Patent Document 4.

[0009] However, simply increasing the bonding force gives rise to the problems that cohesive failure is likely to occur during peeling of the PSA from the object (i.e., device or part) to be transferred, and in addition, PSA remains on the transferred object. It is thus desired to develop a material which is UV-curable and has a bonding force adjustable from weak to strong depending on members, and does not undergo cohesive failure during peeling despite a strong bonding force.

PRIOR ART DOCUMENTS


PATENT DOCUMENTS



[0010] 

Patent Document 1: JP 5825738

Patent Document 2: JP 2631098

Patent Document 3: JP 5234064

Patent Document 4: JP 5989417


NON-PATENT DOCUMENTS



[0011] Non-Patent Document 1: JOHN A. ROGERS, "Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp", Nature Materials, Nature Publishing Group, 11 December 2005, Vol. 6, pp. 33-38

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


TECHNICAL PROBLEM



[0012] An object of the invention, which has been made under the above-mentioned circumstances, is to provide a UV cure type silicone PSA composition which is good in working and cure and gives a cured product having appropriate adhesiveness and strength as temporary adhesive and a cured product thereof.

SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM



[0013] Making extensive investigations to attain the above object, the inventors have found that by using a specific organopolysiloxane having a (meth)acryloyloxy-containing group, a monofunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure and/or a polyfunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure, and a particular organopolysiloxane resin, there is obtained a UV cure type silicone composition which is rapidly cured on UV irradiation into a cured product having satisfactory adhesiveness and strength. The invention is predicated on this finding.

[0014] Accordingly, the invention provides the following.
  1. 1. A UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive composition comprising:

    (A) 100 parts by weight of an organopolysiloxane having, in the molecule, two groups of the general formula (1):

    wherein each R1 independently is a C1-C20 monovalent hydrocarbon group, R2 is oxygen or C1-C20 alkylene group, R3 is an acryloyloxyalkyl, methacryloyloxyalkyl, acryloyloxyalkyloxy or methacryloyloxyalkyloxy group, p is a number in the range 0 ≤ p ≤ 10 and a is a number in the range 1 ≤ a ≤ 3,

    (B) a monofunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure and/or (C) a polyfunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure, in an amount of 1 to 500 parts by weight,

    (D) 1 to 5,000 parts by weight of an organopolysiloxane resin composed of (a) R43SiO1/2 units wherein R4 is a C1-C10 monovalent hydrocarbon group and (b) SiO4/2 units, the molar ratio of (a) units to (b) units being in the range of from 0.6/1 to 1.2/1, and

    (E) 0.01 to 20 parts by weight of a photopolymerization initiator.

  2. 2. The UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive composition of 1, further comprising (F) an organopolysiloxane having one acryloyloxyalkyl or methacryloyloxyalkyl group in the molecule in an amount of 0.1 to 1,000 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of component (A).
  3. 3. The UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive composition of 1 or 2 which has a viscosity of up to 100,000 mPa·s at 23°C.
  4. 4. A cured product of the UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive composition of any one of 1 to 3.
  5. 5. A pressure-sensitive adhesive comprising the cured product 4.

ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION



[0015] The UV cure type silicone PSA composition is good in working and cure and its cured product has appropriate adhesiveness and strength as a temporary adhesive.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0016] Now the invention is described in detail.

[0017] The invention provides a UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA) composition comprising:

(A) 100 parts by weight of an organopolysiloxane having two groups of the following general formula (1) in the molecule,

(B) a monofunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure and/or (C) a polyfunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure, in an amount of 1 to 500 parts by weight,

(D) 1 to 5,000 parts by weight of an organopolysiloxane resin composed of (a) R43SiO1/2 units wherein R4 is a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 monovalent hydrocarbon group and (b) SiO4/2 units, a molar ratio of (a) units to (b) units being in the range of from 0.6/1 to 1.2/1, and

(E) 0.01 to 20 parts by weight of a photopolymerization initiator.


(A) Organopolysiloxane



[0018] Component (A) used herein, which serves as a crosslinking component of the composition, is an organopolysiloxane having two groups of the following general formula (1) in the molecule and a backbone consisting essentially of repeating diorganosiloxane units.



[0019] In formula (1), R1 is each independently a C1-C20 monovalent hydrocarbon group, preferably C1-C10, and more preferably C1-C8 monovalent hydrocarbon group free of aliphatic unsaturation. R2 is oxygen or a C1-C20, preferably C1-C10, more preferably C1-C5 alkylene group. R3 is an acryloyloxyalkyl, methacryloyloxyalkyl, acryloyloxyalkyloxy or methacryloyloxyalkyloxy group, p is a number in the range 0 ≤ p ≤ 10, and a is a number in the range 1 ≤ a ≤ 3.

[0020] In formula (1), the C1-C20 monovalent hydrocarbon group R1 may be straight, branched or cyclic. Examples thereof include alkyl groups such as methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, n-hexyl, cyclohexyl, n-octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, and n-decyl; alkenyl groups such as vinyl, allyl (or 2-propenyl), 1-propenyl, isopropenyl, and butenyl; aryl groups such as phenyl, tolyl, xylyl, and naphthyl; and aralkyl groups such as benzyl, phenylethyl, and phenylpropyl.

[0021] Also, in these monovalent hydrocarbon groups, some or all of the carbon-bonded hydrogen atoms may be substituted by other substituents. Examples include halo- or cyano-substituted hydrocarbon groups such as chloromethyl, bromoethyl, trifluoropropyl, and cyanoethyl.

[0022] Among these, R1 is preferably selected from C1-C5 alkyl groups and phenyl, with methyl, ethyl and phenyl being more preferred.

[0023] The C1-C20 alkylene group R2 may be straight, branched or cyclic. Examples thereof include methylene, ethylene, propylene, trimethylene, tetramethylene, isobutylene, pentamethylene, hexamethylene, heptamethylene, octamethylene, nonamethylene, and decylene.

[0024] Inter alia, R2 is preferably selected from oxygen, methylene, ethylene, and propylene, with oxygen and ethylene being more preferred.

[0025] Although the carbon count of the alkyl (or alkylene) group in acryloyloxyalkyl, methacryloyloxyalkyl, acryloyloxyalkyloxy and methacryloyloxyalkyloxy groups represented by R3 is not particularly limited, it is preferably 1 to 10, more preferably 1 to 5. Examples of the alkyl group are those alkyl groups of 1 to 10 carbon atoms among the groups exemplified above for R1.

[0026] Examples of group R3 include those of the following formulae, but are not limited thereto.

Herein b is a number in the range: 1 ≤ b ≤ 4 and R5 is a C1-C10 alkylene group.

[0027] In formula (1), p is a number in the range 0 ≤ p ≤ 10, preferably 0 or 1, and a is a number in the range 1 ≤ a ≤ 3, preferably 1 or 2.

[0028] In the molecule of the organopolysiloxane as component (A), the group of formula (1) may be attached at the end of the molecular chain and/or at non-terminal positions of the molecular chain (i.e., positions midway along the molecular chain or side chains from the molecular chain). For flexibility, groups of formula (1) are preferably present only at molecular chain ends.

[0029] In the molecule of the organopolysiloxane as component (A), silicon-bonded organic groups other than the group of formula (1) are as exemplified above for R1, preferably C1-C12, more preferably C1-C10 monovalent hydrocarbon groups free of aliphatic unsaturation.

[0030] Examples thereof are as exemplified above for R1. Among others, alkyl, aryl and haloalkyl groups are preferred for ease of synthesis, with methyl, phenyl and trifluoropropyl being more preferred.

[0031] Component (A) has a molecular structure which is basically a linear or branched backbone (inclusive of partially branched, linear backbone) composed of repeating diorganosiloxane units, and is preferably a linear diorganopolysiloxane capped at both ends of the molecular chain with the group of formula (1).

[0032] Component (A) may be a homopolymer having such molecular structure, a copolymer having such molecular structure, or a mixture of two or more polymers.

[0033] The organopolysiloxane (A) preferably has a viscosity at 25°C of 10 to 100,000 mPa·s, more preferably 10 to 50,000 mPa·s, for enhancing workability of the composition and dynamic properties of the cured product. In the case of a linear organopolysiloxane, this viscosity range typically corresponds to a number average degree of polymerization of about 10 to about 2,000, more preferably about 50 to about 1,100. As used herein, the viscosity may be measured by a rotational viscometer, for example, BL, BH, BS or cone-plate type viscometer or rheometer (the same holds true, hereinafter).

[0034] As used herein, the degree of polymerization (or molecular weight) may be determined, for example, as a number average degree of polymerization (or number average molecular weight) by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) versus polystyrene standards using toluene as developing solvent (the same holds true, hereinafter).

[0035] Examples of the organopolysiloxane (A) include those of the following formulae (2) to (4), but are not limited thereto.

Herein R1, R5 and b are as defined above, and n is a number such that the organopolysiloxane may have a viscosity within the above range, preferably a number of 1 to 800, more preferably 50 to 600.

[0036] The organopolysiloxane may be synthesized by well-known methods. For example, the organopolysiloxane of formula (2) is obtained as the product of hydrosilylation reaction between a both-end dimethylvinylsiloxy-capped dimethylsiloxane/diphenylsiloxane copolymer and 3-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisiloxanyl)propyl methacrylate (CAS No. 96474-12-3).

[0037] The organopolysiloxane of formula (3) may be obtained from reaction of the product of hydrosilylation reaction between a both-end dimethylvinylsiloxy-capped dimethylsiloxane/diphenylsiloxane copolymer and chlorodimethylsilane, with 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate.

[0038] The organopolysiloxane of formula (4) may be obtained from reaction of the product of hydrosilylation reaction between a both-end dimethylvinylsiloxy-capped dimethylsiloxane/diphenylsiloxane copolymer and dichloromethylsilane, with 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate.

(B) Monofunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure



[0039] Examples of the monofunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure (B) include isoamyl acrylate, lauryl acrylate, stearyl acrylate, ethoxy-diethylene glycol acrylate, methoxy-triethylene glycol acrylate, 2-ethylhexyl-diglycol acrylate, phenoxyethyl acrylate, phenoxy diethylene glycol acrylate, tetrahydrofurfuryl acrylate, and isobornyl acrylate. They may be used alone or in admixture.

[0040] Of these, isobornyl acrylate is preferred.

(C) Polyfunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure



[0041] Examples of the polyfunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure (C) include triethylene glycol diacrylate, polytetramethylene glycol diacrylate, neopentyl glycol diacrylate, 1,6-hexanediol diacrylate, dimethylol-tricyclodecane diacrylate, trimethylol-propane triacrylate, and pentaerythritol tetraacrylate. They may be used alone or in admixture.

[0042] Of these, dimethylol-tricyclodecane diacrylate is preferred.

[0043] The total amount of the (meth)acrylate compounds as components (B) and (C) added is in the range of 1 to 500 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of component (A). If the amount of components (B) and (C) added is less than 1 part by weight per 100 parts by weight of component (A), the composition has insufficient curability and the cured product is poor in strength and adhesiveness. On the other hand, the viscosity of the overall composition can be adjusted by increasing the amount of components (B) and (C). However, if the amount of components (B) and (C) added exceeds 500 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of component (A), the cured product has too high a hardness to provide the desired adhesiveness.

[0044] The amount of components (B) and (C) added is preferably 10 to 200 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of component (A).

(D) Organopolysiloxane resin



[0045] Component (D) for imparting adhesiveness to the cured product is an organopolysiloxane resin composed of (a) R43SiO1/2 units wherein R4 is a C1-C10 monovalent hydrocarbon group and (b) SiO4/2 units, with a molar ratio of (a) units to (b) units being in the range 0.6/1 to 1.2/1.

[0046] Examples of the C1-C10 monovalent hydrocarbon group R4 include those monovalent hydrocarbon groups of 1 to 10 carbon atoms among the groups exemplified above for R1. Among these, preference is given to C2-C6 alkyl groups such as methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, and n-butyl; C6-C10 aryl groups such as phenyl and tolyl; C7-C10 aralkyl groups such as benzyl; and C2-C6 alkenyl groups such as vinyl, allyl, and butenyl.

[0047] Like R1, some or all of the carbon-bonded hydrogen atoms on the monovalent hydrocarbon group R4 may be replaced by substituents as described above.

[0048] In component (D), the molar ratio of (a) R43SiO1/2 units (M units) and (b) SiO4/2 units (Q units), that is, M units to Q units is in the range of 0.6/1 to 1.2/1. If the molar ratio of M units is less than 0.6, the cured product may experience a drop of bonding force or tack. If the molar ratio exceeds 1.2, the cured product may experience a drop of bonding or retaining force.

[0049] For adjusting the bonding force, retaining force, and tack of a cured product to an appropriate range, the molar ratio of M units to Q units is preferably in the range of 0.7/1 to 1.2/1.

(E) Photopolymerization initiator



[0050] Examples of the photopolymerization initiator which can be used herein include 2,2-diethoxyacetophenone, 2,2-dimethoxy-1,2-diphenylethan-1-one (Irgacure 651, BASF), 1-hydroxycyclohexyl phenyl ketone (Irgacure 184, BASF), 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-phenyl-propan-1-one (Irgacure 1173, BASF), 2-hydroxy-1-{4-[4-(2-hydroxy-2-methyl-propionyl)-benzyl]-phenyl}-2-methyl-propan-1-one (Irgacure 127, BASF), phenylglyoxylic acid methyl ester (Irgacure MBF, BASF), 2-methyl-1-[4-(methylthio)phenyl]-2-morpholinopropan-1-one (Irgacure 907, BASF), 2-benzyl-2-dimethylamino-1-(4-morpholinophenyl)-1-butanone (Irgacure 369, BASF), bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)-phenylphosphine oxide (Irgacure 819, BASF), and 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl-diphenyl-phosphine oxide (Irgacure TPO, BASF). They may be used alone or in admixture.

[0051] Of these, 2,2-diethoxyacetophenone, 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1 -phenyl-propan-1 -one (Irgacure 1173, BASF), bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)-phenylphosphine oxide (Irgacure 819, BASF), and 2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl-diphenyl-phosphine oxide (Irgacure TPO, BASF) are preferred from the aspect of compatibility with component (A).

[0052] The amount of the photopolymerization initiator added is in the range of 0.1 to 20 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of component (A). An amount of less than 0.1 part by weight leads to insufficient curability whereas an amount in excess of 20 parts by weight adversely affects depth-curability.

(F) Organopolysiloxane



[0053] In addition to the foregoing essential components, the inventive UV cure type silicone PSA composition may comprise an organopolysiloxane having one acryloyloxyalkyl or methacryloyloxyalkyl group in the molecule, if necessary. Component (F) blended in the composition permits the cured product to be adjusted in flexibility and adhesiveness.

[0054] Examples of the acryloyloxyalkyl group include acryloyloxybutyl and acryloyloxypropyl and examples of the methacryloyloxyalkyl group include methacryloyloxybutyl and methacryloyloxypropyl. Methacryloyloxypropyl and acryloyloxypropyl are preferred for ease of synthesis.

[0055] In the molecule of the organopolysiloxane as component (F), silicon-bonded organic groups other than the acryloyloxyalkyl or methacryloyloxyalkyl group are as exemplified above for R1, preferably C1-C12, more preferably C1-C10 monovalent hydrocarbon groups free of aliphatic unsaturation.

[0056] Examples of the monovalent hydrocarbon group are as exemplified above for R1. Of these, alkyl, aryl and haloalkyl groups are preferred for ease of synthesis, with methyl, phenyl and trifluoropropyl being more preferred.

[0057] The organopolysiloxane (F) preferably has a viscosity at 25°C of 1 to 100,000 mPa·s, more preferably 1 to 10,000 mPa·s, for enhancing workability of the composition and dynamic properties of the cured product. This viscosity range typically corresponds to a number average degree of polymerization of about 5 to about 1,000, more preferably about 5 to about 500.

[0058] In the molecule of the organopolysiloxane component (F), the acryloyloxyalkyl or methacryloyloxyalkyl group may be attached at the end of the molecular chain and/or at non-terminal positions of the molecular chain (i.e. positions midway along the molecular chain or side chains from the molecular chain). For ease of synthesis and cost, one acryloyloxyalkyl or methacryloyloxyalkyl group is preferably present at one end of the molecule.

[0059] Examples of component (F) include those of the following formulae (5) and (6), but are not limited thereto.

Herein b and R1 are as defined above, and m is such a number that the organopolysiloxane may have a viscosity within the range, preferably a number of 1 to 200, more preferably 10 to 100.

[0060] The inventive composition may further comprise additives such as colorants (i.e., pigments and dyes), silane coupling agents, adhesive aids, polymerization inhibitors, antioxidants, and light resistance stabilizers (for example, UV absorbers and photostabilizers) as long as the benefits of the invention are not impaired.

[0061] Also, the composition may be properly mixed with other resin compositions prior to use.

[0062] The UV cure type silicone PSA composition may be obtained by combining components (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E), optionally component (F) and other components in any desired order and stirring. The machine used for the stirring operation is not particularly limited. Suitable machines include a mortar grinder, three-roll mill, ball mill, and planetary mixer. These machines may also be used in a suitable combination.

[0063] Although the viscosity of the UV cure type silicone PSA composition is not particularly limited, it is preferred from the aspect of workability that the viscosity at 23°C be up to 100,000 mPa·s, more preferably up to 50,000 mPa·s. The lower limit is typically about 100 mPa·s, though not critical.

[0064] The UV cure type silicone PSA composition is rapidly cured on UV irradiation.

[0065] Examples of the light source for UV irradiation include UV LED lamps, high-pressure mercury lamps, extra-high pressure mercury lamps, metal halide lamps, carbon arc lamps, and xenon lamps.

[0066] For example, when the inventive composition is shaped into a sheet of about 2.0 mm thick, it is preferably given a UV exposure dose (accumulative light quantity) of 1 to 10,000 mJ/cm2, more preferably 10 to 6,000 mJ/cm2. Specifically, when UV having an illuminance of 100 mW/cm2 is used, UV may be irradiated for about 0.01 to about 100 seconds.

[0067] The cured product obtained from UV irradiation preferably has a bonding force of 0.01 to 100 MPa, more preferably 0.02 to 50 MPa in consideration of a balance between adhesion and release of the object to be transferred although the bonding force is not particularly limited.

[0068] Also, the UV cure type silicone PSA composition may be used in PSA articles by coating it onto various substrates and UV curing.

[0069] The substrate is not particularly limited and plastic films, glass and metals may be used.

[0070] Suitable plastic films include polyethylene films, polypropylene films, polyester films, polyimide films, polyvinyl chloride films, polyvinylidene chloride films, polyvinyl alcohol films, polycarbonate films, polystyrene films, ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer films, ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer films, and triacetyl cellulose films.

[0071] The glass used herein is not particularly limited with respect to the thickness and type, and even chemically strengthened glass is acceptable.

[0072] For improving the adhesion between the substrate and the PSA layer, the substrate may be treated such as by primer treatment or plasma treatment, prior to use.

[0073] The coating means or method may be selected as appropriate from well-known coating means or methods such as a spin coater, comma coater, lip coater, roll coater, die coater, knife coater, blade coater, rod coater, kiss coater, gravure coater, screen printing, dipping and casting methods.

[0074] Since the UV cure type silicone PSA composition is of solventless type, a cured product thereof can also be prepared by potting in a template.

[0075] In the event that bubbles are entrapped in the potting step of pouring the composition into a template, the bubbles can be removed under reduced pressure. The template used herein may be, for example, a resist pattern, that is, a photoresist film which is engraved with a desired contour on a silicon wafer.

[0076] If it is desired to take out the cured product from the template, preferably the template is treated with a parting agent before potting of the composition. For example, fluorine-and silicone-based parting agents may be used.

[0077] The UV cure type silicone PSA composition is generally used as such. Where the composition must be improved in handling and coating to substrates, it is acceptable to dilute the composition with an organic solvent prior to use as long as the desired properties are not compromised.

EXAMPLES



[0078] Examples and Comparative Examples are given below for further illustrating the invention although the invention is not limited thereto.

[0079] It is noted that the compounds used in Examples are shown below.

Component (A)



[0080] 

In formula (A-1), x=30, y=240 and the repeating units in parentheses with subscripts x and y may be arranged in any sequence.

Component (B)


(B-1)



[0081] Isobornyloxy acrylate (Light Acrylate IB-XA, Kyoeisha Chemical Co., Ltd.)

(B-2)



[0082] Acryloxymethyl-pentamethyldisiloxane


Component (C)


(C-2)



[0083] Dimethylol-tricyclodecane diacrylate (Light Acrylate DCP-A, Kyoeisha Chemical Co., Ltd.)

Component (D)


(D-1)



[0084] A 60 wt% toluene solution of an organopolysiloxane resin consisting of Me3SiO1/2 units and SiO2 units in a molar ratio of (Me3SiO1/2 units)/(SiO2 units) of 0.85/1 (number average molecular weight 3,500)

Component (E)


(E-1)



[0085] 2-Hydroxy-2-methyl-1-phenyl-propan-1-one (Irgacure 1173, BASF Japan, Ltd.)

Component (F)



[0086] 


Examples 1 to 4 and Comparative Examples 1 to 3



[0087] Silicone compositions shown in Table 1 were prepared by blending components (A) to (F) in accordance with the formulations in Table 1 and distilling off toluene at 100°C in vacuum. Notably, the viscosities of the compositions in Table 1 were measured at 23°C by a rotational viscometer.

[0088] The silicone composition was cured by exposure to UV of wavelength 365 nm from an Eye UV electronic control instrument (model: UBX0601-01, Eye Graphics Co., Ltd.) at room temperature (25°C) in a nitrogen atmosphere such that the exposure dose of UV light was 4000 mJ/cm2. The hardness of the cured product was measured according to The Society of Rubber Industry, Japan Standard, SRIS0101.

[0089] The adhesiveness of the cured product was measured by a compact table top tester EZ-SX (Shimadzu Corp.). The procedure included pressing a stainless steel (SUS) probe of 1 mm square to the cured product of 1 mm thick under 1 MPa for 15 seconds and then pulling back the probe at a rate of 100 mm/min while measuring the load (bonding force) required for pulling. The test piece was visually observed and evaluated for cohesive failure on its surface. The results are all shown in Table 1.
Table 1
 ExampleComparative Example
1234123
Formulation (parts by weight) A-1 100     100 100   100
A-2   100 100     100  
B-1 25 30 30 60   30  
B-2             30
C-1     2        
D-1 125 90 90 160 125 10,000 200
E-1 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
F-1       80      
Physical properties of composition Viscosity (mPa·s) 10,140 450 430 950 190,000 - 16,440
Physical properties of cured product Hardness (Asker C) 13 30 35 3 13 - 3
Bonding force (MPa) 2.1 1.0 0.9 1.1 0.6 - 2.6
Cohesive failure nil nil nil nil nil - failure


[0090] As seen from Table 1, the UV cure type silicone PSA compositions prepared in Examples 1 to 4 are good in working and cure and the cured products thereof have excellent adhesiveness and satisfactory strength as demonstrated by no evidence of cohesive failure. The cured products are thus useful as temporary adhesives for transfering very small objects such as devices.

[0091] On the other hand, the composition of Comparative Example 1 not containing components (B) and (C) has an extremely high viscosity that interferes with working.

[0092] The composition of Comparative Example 2 wherein component (D) is blended in an excessive amount outside the range of the invention solidifies and is difficult to handle.

[0093] The composition of Comparative Example 3 using a siloxane structure-containing monofunctional acrylate compound as component (B) cures into a cured product which has high adhesiveness, but insufficient strength as demonstrated by cohesive failure in the adhesive test.


Claims

1. UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive composition comprising:

(A) 100 parts by weight of organopolysiloxane having, in the molecule, two groups of the general formula (1):

wherein each R1 independently is a C1-C20 monovalent hydrocarbon group, R2 is oxygen or C1-C20 alkylene group, R3 is an acryloyloxyalkyl, methacryloyloxyalkyl, acryloyloxyalkyloxy or methacryloyloxyalkyloxy group, p is a number in the range 0 ≤ p ≤ 10, and a is a number in the range 1 ≤ a ≤ 3,

(B) monofunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure and/or (C) polyfunctional (meth)acrylate compound free of siloxane structure, in an amount of 1 to 500 parts by weight,

(D) 1 to 5,000 parts by weight of organopolysiloxane resin composed of (a) R43SiO1/2 units wherein R4 is a C1-C10 monovalent hydrocarbon group and (b) SiO4/2 units, the molar ratio of (a) units to (b) units being in the range from 0.6/1 to 1.2/1, and

(E) 0.01 to 20 parts by weight of photopolymerization initiator.


 
2. UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive composition of claim 1, further comprising (F) organopolysiloxane having one acryloyloxyalkyl or methacryloyloxyalkyl group in the molecule in an amount of 0.1 to 1,000 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of component (A).
 
3. UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive composition of claim 1 or 2 which has a viscosity of up to 100,000 mPa·s at 23°C.
 
4. A cured product of a UV cure type silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive composition of any one of claims 1 to 3.
 
5. A pressure-sensitive adhesive comprising a cured product of claim 4.
 





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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description