(19)
(11)EP 3 643 153 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 19199112.4

(22)Date of filing:  24.09.2019
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A01B 69/04  (2006.01)
B62D 49/06  (2006.01)
B62D 15/02  (2006.01)
G05D 1/02  (2020.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 26.10.2018 JP 2018202317

(71)Applicant: Iseki & Co., Ltd.
Matsuyama-shi, Ehime 799-2692 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KAMODA, Hiroshi
    Iyo-gun, Ehime 791-2193 (JP)
  • DOI, Itsuki
    Iyo-gun, Ehime 791-2193 (JP)
  • KAJINO, Yutaka
    Iyo-gun, Ehime 791-2193 (JP)
  • MACHIDA, Akihiro
    Iyo-gun, Ehime 791-2193 (JP)
  • TANAKA, Seiji
    Iyo-gun, Ehime 791-2193 (JP)
  • ITO, Shiro
    Iyo-gun, Ehime 791-2193 (JP)
  • FUJIIE, Hisasada
    Iyo-gun, Ehime 791-2193 (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)

  


(54)TRACTOR


(57) [Object]
To provide a working vehicle that detects obstacles around the self-traveling tractor in a wide range, with reduced erroneous detection.
[Solution]
A tractor comprises:
a vehicle body (100) including a front wheel (6) and a rear wheel (7);
a rear wheel fender (17) covering the front and top of the rear wheel (7);
a rear stay (111) in a shape that extends along the rear wheel fender (17),
a rear first obstacle sensor (109b) provided at the front of the rear stay (111); and
a rear second obstacle sensor (109c) provided at the rear of the rear stay (111).




Description

[Technical Field]



[0001] The present invention relates to a working vehicle such as an agricultural tractor, and especially to arrangement of sensors, etc. detecting obstacles around the vehicle.

[Background Art]



[0002] There is a known working vehicle that comprises a plurality of obstacle sensors detecting obstacles around the vehicle, and flexibly changes the areas of obstacle detection according to the work travelling state obtained by a detection sensor (e.g., Patent Document 1).

[Prior Art Documents]


[Patent Document]



[0003] [Patent Document 1] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2018-113937

[Summary]


[Problems to be Solved by Invention]



[0004] To obtain an appropriate detection area, arrangement of sensors is important. In the above-mentioned art, some arrangement of obstacle sensors causes a big blind area in the detection area.

[0005] One object of the present invention is to provide a tractor that detects obstacles around the tractor in a wide range, with reduced erroneous detection.

[Means for Solving Problems]



[0006] To solve the above problem, the invention provides the following technical means.

[0007] A first aspect of the invention is a tractor comprising:

a vehicle body (100) including a front wheel (6) and a rear wheel (7);

a rear wheel fender (17) covering the front and top of the rear wheel (7);

a rear stay (111) in a shape that extends along the rear wheel fender (17),

a rear first obstacle sensor (109b) provided at the front of the rear stay (111); and

a rear second obstacle sensor (109c) provided at the rear of the rear stay (111).



[0008] A second aspect of the invention is the tractor of claim 1, wherein in a side view, the rear first obstacle sensor (109b) is provided in front of a rear axle (5) of the rear wheel (7); and
in a side view, the rear second obstacle sensor (109c) is provided in rear of the rear axle (5) of the rear wheel (7).

[0009] A third aspect of the invention is the tractor of claim 2, wherein the rear first obstacle sensor (109b) is attached in such a way that the major axis of its obstacle detection range (119b) is substantially horizontal, and the rear second obstacle sensor (109c) is attached in such a way that the major axis of its obstacle detection range (119c) is substantially vertical.

[0010] A fourth aspect of the invention is the tractor of any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising a side obstacle sensor (109a) provided between the front wheel (6) and the rear wheel (7); wherein
the side obstacle sensor (109a) is provided outside an inner end of the front wheel (6), when the front wheel (6) is in a straight travel position in a plan view.

[0011] A fifth aspect of the invention is the tractor of any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising:

a cabin roof (27) for a cabin mounted on the vehicle body (100) ;

a rear camera (103) that is provided at a rear center of the cabin roof (27) and takes pictures of the rear; and

a rear obstacle sensor (107) disposed near, in rear of and above the rear camera (103).


[Advantageous Effects]



[0012] Consequently, a tractor that detects obstacles around the tractor in a wide range with reduced erroneous detection is provided.

[Brief Description of the Drawings]



[0013] 

[Fig. 1] Fig. 1 illustrates a side view of a tractor.

[Fig. 2] Fig. 2 illustrates a schematic side view of the tractor showing detection ranges of sensors.

[Fig. 3] Fig. 3 illustrates a schematic plan view of the tractor showing detection ranges of sensors.


[Description of Embodiments]



[0014] An embodiment of a working vehicle of the present invention will now be explained with reference to the drawings.

[0015] Fig. 1 illustrates a whole side view of an example of the working vehicle, a tractor 1, comprising a vehicle body 100 and an implement 200 attached thereto.

[0016] The tractor 1 further comprises: a hood 5 in the front thereof; an engine 2 housed in the hood 5; a front axle 4; a rear axle 5; and a transmission case 3 appropriately changing the speed of the power of the engine 2 and transmitting it to the front axle 4 and the rear axle 5. The tractor 1 also comprises front wheels 6 and rear wheels 7, and travels by driving the front wheels 6 and rear wheels 7 or only the rear wheels 7, while controlling the direction of travel by steering the front wheels 6. The tractor 1 further comprises a lower link 9 that projects rearward from the machine body, and the implement 200 such as a rotary tiller is attached thereto. The implement 200 is driven by a power takeoff (PTO) shaft that projects rearward from the transmission case 3.

[0017]  The tractor 1 further comprises a cabin roof 27, and a global positioning system (GPS) antenna 174 as an example of a positioning device is provided on an upper surface of the cabin roof 27. The GPS antenna 174 measures its position by receiving positioning signals sent from a plurality of GPS satellites. The GPS antenna 174 is attached to the cabin roof 27 by a GPS antenna stay 173. The GPS antenna stay 173 includes a beam portion 173a provided from side to side of the cabin roof 27, and an antenna fixation member 173b that extends forward from a rear end of the cabin roof 27 to its upper surface along the shape of the roof. The beam portion 173a is provided with a stack light 180 that is attached to a stack light stay 181, and the stack light 180 is visible from around the tractor 1. Furthermore, a side camera 182 is attached to a bottom surface of the stack light stay 181.

[0018] The tractor 1 further comprises a front camera 102 that is attached to a front center of the cabin roof 27 and takes pictures of the front of the tractor 1. The tractor 1 also comprises a rear camera 103 that is attached to the rear of the antenna fixation member 173b of the GPS antenna stay 173, and takes pictures of the rear of the tractor 1 from a rear center of the cabin roof 27. At the rear of the antenna fixation member 173b, a rear obstacle sensor 107 is attached. The rear obstacle sensor 107 is provided in rear of and above the rear camera 103. The rear obstacle sensor 107 emits infrared light toward the rear, and if an obstacle is detected at the rear of the tractor 1 by reception of reflection of the infrared light, it detects a distance to the obstacle.

[0019] Below the hood 5, a vehicle body frame 12 attaching the front axle 4 is provided. The vehicle body frame 12 has a front end provided with a weight bracket 13 attaching a weight 14 to balance the vehicle's weight. The tractor 1 further comprises an obstacle sensor stay 108 that has a base end attached to the weight bracket 13, and a tip end that extends toward the front of the weight bracket 13, above the weight bracket 13. A front obstacle sensor 105 is attached to the obstacle sensor stay 108. The front obstacle sensor 105 is attached in front of a rear end of the weight 14 and above the weight 14. Consequently, the detection range of the front obstacle sensor 105 is set to cover a vertically wide range, avoiding the weight 14.

[0020] The front obstacle sensor 105 includes: a first front obstacle sensor 105a that emits infrared light toward the front, and if an obstacle is detected in front of the tractor 1 by reception of reflection of the infrared light, detects a distance to the obstacle; and a second front sensor 105b that emits an acoustic wave, and if an obstacle is detected in front of the tractor 1 by reception of reflection of the acoustic wave, detects a distance to the obstacle. The first front obstacle sensor 105a is attached to a center of a sensor attachment member 108a of the obstacle sensor stay 108 extending in a right-left direction. One each of the second front obstacle sensor 105b is provided at the right and left sides of the sensor attachment member 108a, at an outer side of and above the right/left first front sensor 105a.

[0021] The obstacle sensor stay 108 is attachably detachably fixed to an outer surface of the weight bracket 13 by a support frame 108b. The support frame 108b vertically extends at a center in the right-left direction of the vehicle, and has a shape that does not overlap, in a front view, with a headlight 15 provided at the bottom of the hood 5. The obstacle sensor stay 108 is provided at a position that does not overlap, in a front view and side view, with a work light 16 provided at the top of the hood 5.

[0022] At a side of the tractor 1, an obstacle sensor 109a is provided. A side stay 110 attaching the side obstacle sensor 109a is attachably detachably attached to a bottom surface of a fuel tank 21. The side stay 110 extends forward under the fuel tank 21, and bent upward in front of the fuel tank 21. The side stay 110 is disposed between the front wheels 6 and the rear wheels 7, and below upper ends of a floor surface 28 that forms a floor of a platform member 26 for workers to get on and the front wheels 6. Consequently, the side obstacle sensor 109a detects obstacles near a lower step 22, whereas it does not block the view of the front bottom viewed from the platform member 26. The side obstacle sensor 109a is also provided at a position that does not interfere, in a side view, with the lower step 22, a step portion 21a of the fuel tank 21, and a filler opening 21b. Consequently, getting on/off the machine, fuel filling, etc. are smoothly performed from a side of the machine.

[0023] A rear first obstacle sensor 109b and a rear second obstacle sensor 109c are attached to a rear stay 111 in a shape that extends along a rear wheel fender 17 covering the front and top of the rear wheel 7. The rear first obstacle sensor 109b is attached to a front projection 111a of the rear stay 111, and the rear second obstacle sensor 109c is attached to a rear projection 111b of the rear stay 111. The rear first obstacle sensor 109b and the rear obstacle second sensor 109c are attached substantially at 90° to each other.

[0024] In a side view, the rear first obstacle sensor 109b and the rear second obstacle sensor 109c are attached respectively in front and rear of the rear axle 5, at an outer side of the right/left rear wheel fender 17. The rear second obstacle sensor 109c is attached in rear of and above the rear first obstacle sensor 109b.

[0025] The rear stay 111 has the shape of a curved line with which the shape of the top of the rear stay 111 extends substantially along the shape of the rear wheel fender 17.

[0026] Between the front projection 111a and the rear projection 111b, an intermediate recess 111c is provided such that maintenance work of the rear wheels 7 such as attachment/detachment thereof is easily performed.

[0027] The rear stay 111 is fixed to a bottom surface side of the rear wheel fender 17 by an attachment member 111d. The attachment member 111d is bent upward from a side of the rear wheel fender 17, and the top of the rear stay 111 is positioned above a portion that faces an outer end surface of the rear wheel fender 17. Consequently, the rear first obstacle sensor 109b and the rear second obstacle sensor 109c are disposed above the rear wheel 7, avoiding the rear wheel 7.

[0028] Fig. 2 illustrates a side view of detection ranges of the obstacle sensors. Fig. 3 illustrates a plan view of detection ranges of obstacle sensors. Specifically, the drawings illustrate an obstacle detection range 115b of the second front obstacle sensor 105b, an obstacle detection range 119a of the side obstacle sensor 109a, an obstacle detection range 119b of the rear first obstacle sensor 109b, and an obstacle detection range 119c of the rear second obstacle sensor 109c. As illustrated, each obstacle sensor has a detection range in an oval cone shape. The sensors are attached in different directions in such a manner that the major axes of the obstacle detection range 115b of the second front obstacle sensor 105b, the obstacle detection range 119a of the side obstacle sensor 109a, and the obstacle detection range 119b of the rear first obstacle sensor 109b are substantially horizontal, whereas the major axis of the obstacle detection range 119c of the rear second obstacle sensor 109c is substantially vertical. Consequently, the detection range of the rear second obstacle sensor 109c is kept from being expanded to the rear of the tractor 1, such that the implement 200 attached at the rear of the tractor 1 is not erroneously detected as an obstacle.

[0029] The side obstacle sensor 109a is provided outside the inner end of the front wheel 6, at least when the front wheel 6 is in a straight travel position in a plan view. Consequently, the side obstacle sensor 109a is kept from erroneously detecting the steered front wheel 6 as an obstacle, while maintaining a wide detection range of obstacles. Furthermore, the side obstacle sensor 109a is disposed at a distance to a side from the engine 2 in the hood 5, and the impact of hot air from the engine 2 is reduced.

[0030] Note that in the present embodiment, the side stay 110 is attached to the bottom surface of the fuel tank 21 with the step portion 21a, however, it may be attached to the lower step 22. Also, the front obstacle sensor 105, the side obstacle sensor 109, the rear first obstacle sensor 109b, and the rear second obstacle sensor 109c may be attached to existing tractors by configuring them to be attachable and detachable respectively together with the obstacle sensor stay 108, the side stay 110, and the rear stay 111.

[0031] To provide a working vehicle that detects obstacles around the self-traveling tractor in a wide range, with reduced erroneous detection.

[0032] A tractor comprises:

a vehicle body (100) including a front wheel (6) and a rear wheel (7);

a rear wheel fender (17) covering the front and top of the rear wheel (7);

a rear stay (111) in a shape that extends along the rear wheel fender (17),

a rear first obstacle sensor (109b) provided at the front of the rear stay (111); and

a rear second obstacle sensor (109c) provided at the rear of the rear stay (111).


[Explanation of Reference Numerals]



[0033] 
1
tractor
6
front wheel
7
rear wheel
17
rear wheel fender
27
cabin roof
100
vehicle body
103
rear camera
107
rear obstacle sensor
109a
side obstacle sensor
109b
rear first obstacle sensor
109c
rear second obstacle sensor
111
rear stay



Claims

1. A tractor comprising:

a vehicle body (100) including a front wheel (6) and a rear wheel (7);

a rear wheel fender (17) covering the front and top of the rear wheel (7);

a rear stay (111) in a shape that extends along the rear wheel fender (17),

a rear first obstacle sensor (109b) provided at the front of the rear stay (111); and

a rear second obstacle sensor (109c) provided at the rear of the rear stay (111).


 
2. The tractor of claim 1, wherein in a side view, the rear first obstacle sensor (109b) is provided in front of a rear axle (5) of the rear wheel (7); and
in a side view, the rear second obstacle sensor (109c) is provided in rear of the rear axle (5) of the rear wheel (7).
 
3. The tractor of claim 2, wherein the rear first obstacle sensor (109b) is attached in such a way that the major axis of its obstacle detection range (119b) is substantially horizontal, and the rear second obstacle sensor (109c) is attached in such a way that the major axis of its obstacle detection range (119c) is substantially vertical.
 
4. The tractor of any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising a side obstacle sensor (109a) provided between the front wheel (6) and the rear wheel (7); wherein
the side obstacle sensor (109a) is provided outside an inner end of the front wheel (6), when the front wheel (6) is in a straight travel position in a plan view.
 
5. The tractor of any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising:

a cabin roof (27) for a cabin mounted on the vehicle body (100);

a rear camera (103) that is provided at a rear center of the cabin roof (27) and takes pictures of the rear; and

a rear obstacle sensor (107) disposed near, in rear of and above the rear camera (103).


 




Drawing




















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description