(19)
(11)EP 3 643 522 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION
published in accordance with Art. 153(4) EPC

(43)Date of publication:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 18820360.8

(22)Date of filing:  07.06.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60C 9/20  (2006.01)
B60C 9/22  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2018/021884
(87)International publication number:
WO 2018/235623 (27.12.2018 Gazette  2018/52)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(30)Priority: 19.06.2017 JP 2017119891

(71)Applicant: Bridgestone Corporation
Tokyo 104-8340 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • HASEGAWA, Keiichi
    Tokyo 104-8340 (JP)
  • SONE, Naoyuki
    Tokyo 104-8340 (JP)

(74)Representative: Oxley, Robin John George 
Marks & Clerk LLP 15 Fetter Lane
London EC4A 1BW
London EC4A 1BW (GB)

  


(54)PNEUMATIC TIRE


(57) A pneumatic tire of the present disclosure comprises a resin-coated belt comprising a wire coated with a coating resin, and on an inner side of the resin-coated belt in a tire radial direction, a base ring that comes in contact with a tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt is provided, the base ring has a tire widthwise inner end located on an inner side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in a tire width direction, the base ring has a tire widthwise outer end located on an outer side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in the tire width direction, and the base ring includes a rigidity decreasing portion having a rigidity that decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction, in a portion of the base ring on an inner side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in the tire width direction.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates to a pneumatic tire.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Heretofore, in a pneumatic tire, a belt has been usually disposed on an outer side of a carcass in a tire radial direction to exert a hoop effect of fastening the carcass and to heighten a rigidity of a tread (e.g., Patent Literature 1).

[0003] In recent years, demand for weight reduction of a tire has risen, and it has therefore been suggested that a wire coated with a coating resin is used as a belt. By use of such a resin-coated belt, the above function of the belt can be exerted while achieving the weight reduction, because the resin has a high rigidity for its weight.

CITATION LIST


Patent Literature



[0004] PTL 1: Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 1998-035220

SUMMARY


(Technical Problem)



[0005] In a case where a resin-coated belt is used in a pneumatic tire, however, a sharp and large difference in level of rigidity occurs in a tire width direction with a tire widthwise end of the resin-coated belt as a boundary, due to a high rigidity of the resin-coated belt. Consequently, an end portion of the resin-coated belt is easily noticeably strained. It has been desired that occurrence of a failure in the end portion of the resin-coated belt due to the strain is inhibited.

[0006] Therefore, it is an object of the present disclosure to provide a pneumatic tire that is capable of inhibiting occurrence of a failure in an end portion of a resin-coated belt.

(Solution to Problem)



[0007] A gist configuration of the present disclosure is as follows.

[0008] A pneumatic tire of the present disclosure comprises a resin-coated belt comprising a wire coated with a coating resin,
wherein on an inner side of the resin-coated belt in a tire radial direction, a base ring that comes in contact with a tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt is provided,
the base ring has a tire widthwise inner end located on an inner side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in a tire width direction, and the base ring has a tire widthwise outer end located on an outer side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in the tire width direction, and
the base ring includes a rigidity decreasing portion having a rigidity that decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction, in a portion of the base ring on an inner side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in the tire width direction.

(Advantageous Effect)



[0009] According to the present disclosure, there can be provided a pneumatic tire that is capable of inhibiting occurrence of a failure in an end portion of a resin-coated belt.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0010] In the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 is a schematic partially cross-sectional view in a tire width direction, illustrating a tire widthwise half portion of a pneumatic tire according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

FIG. 2A is a partially cross-sectional view illustrating another example of a rigidity decreasing portion together with a part of a resin-coated belt;

FIG. 2B is a partially cross-sectional view illustrating still another example of the rigidity decreasing portion together with a part of the resin-coated belt; and

FIG. 2C is a partially cross-sectional view illustrating a further example of the rigidity decreasing portion belt together with a part of the resin-coated belt.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0011] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present disclosure will be illustrated and described in detail with reference to the drawings.

[0012] FIG. 1 is a schematic partially cross-sectional view in a tire width direction, illustrating a tire widthwise half portion of a pneumatic tire according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 1 only illustrates one tire widthwise half portion with a tire equatorial plane CL as a boundary, and omits depiction of the other half portion. The other half portion also has a similar configuration. A pneumatic tire 1 (hereinafter also referred to simply as the tire) of the present embodiment comprises a resin-coated belt 4 comprising a wire 4b coated with a coating resin 4a, and a tread 5 in order on an outer side of a crown portion of a carcass 3 that toroidally straddles a bead core 2a embedded in a pair of bead portions 2 in a tire radial direction.

[0013] In the present disclosure, there are not any special restrictions on a belt structure, and a tire structure other than configurations of an after-mentioned base ring, and the structure can be configured using a usual rubber according to the convention.

[0014] For example, in the present embodiment, the structure includes the bead core 2a formed by bundling steel wires, but there are not any special restrictions on a material and a shape of the bead core. Alternatively, the structure does not have to include the bead core 2a. Furthermore, in the present embodiment, the carcass 3 is formed with a carcass ply made of organic fibers, and there are not any special restrictions on a material or number of carcass plies.

[0015] In the present embodiment, the resin-coated belt 4 is a spiral belt formed by spirally winding, about a tire axis, a resin-coated wire formed by coating the wire 4b with the coating resin 4a. In the present disclosure, it is preferable that the resin-coated belt 4 comprises one layer. A resin containing a wire has a high rigidity, and hence, a tread rigidity can be sufficiently heightened with the one layer, which is also preferable from a viewpoint of weight reduction. The resin-coated belt 4 can have a tire widthwise width that is, for example, from 90 to 120% of a tire ground contact width.

[0016] In the wire 4b, an arbitrary known material can be used, and, for example, a steel cord can be used. The steel cord can be formed of, for example, a steel monofilament or a stranded wire. Furthermore, in the wire 4b, the organic fibers, carbon fibers or the like may be used.

[0017] Additionally, in the coating resin 4a, for example, a thermoplastic elastomer or a thermoplastic resin can be used, and a resin that crosslinks by heat or an electron beam or a resin that cures by thermal dislocation can be used. Examples of the thermoplastic elastomer include polyolefin thermoplastic elastomer (TPO), polystyrene thermoplastic elastomer (TPS), polyamide thermoplastic elastomer (TPA), polyurethane thermoplastic elastomer (TPU), polyester thermoplastic elastomer (TPC), and dynamic crosslinking thermoplastic elastomer (TPV). Furthermore, examples of the thermoplastic resin include polyurethane resin, polyolefin resin, vinyl chloride resin, and polyamide resin. Furthermore, as the thermoplastic resin, a resin can be used in which, for example, a deflection temperature under load (under a load of 0.45 MPa) prescribed in ISO75-2 or ASTM D648 is 78°C or more, a tensile yield strength prescribed in JIS K7113 is 10 MPa or more, a tensile rupture elongation (JIS K7113) similarly prescribed in JIS K7113 is 50% or more, and Vicat softening temperature (A-method) prescribed in JIS K7206 is 130°C or more. It is preferable that the coating resin 4a that coats the wire 4b has a tensile elastic modulus (prescribed in JIS K7113: 1995) of 50 MPa or more. Furthermore, it is preferable that the tensile elastic modulus of the coating resin 4a that coats the wire 4b is 1000 MPa or less. Note that the coating resin 4a mentioned herein does not contain a rubber (an organic polymer material that exhibits a rubber elasticity at normal temperature).

[0018] The spiral belt can be formed, for example, by coating an outer peripheral side of the wire 4b with the molten coating resin 4a, cooling and solidifying the resin to form the resin-coated wire, and welding and bonding, to each other, the resin-coated wires adjacent in an axial direction of an annular material formed by winding the resin-coated wire while melting the coating resin 4a by hot plate welding or the like. Alternatively, the spiral belt may be formed by bonding and joining, to each other, the resin-coated wires adjacent in the axial direction of the formed annular material with an adhesive or the like.

[0019] As illustrated in FIG. 1, in the tire 1 of the present embodiment, a base ring 6 that comes in contact with a tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 (at least a part of the ring is located at the same position as a position of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 in the tire width direction) is provided on a tire radial inside of the resin-coated belt 4. In this example, the base ring 6 is an annular member made of a resin (in this example, the member extends continuously in a tire circumferential direction). As the resin, the same resin as the coating resin 4a of the resin-coated belt 4 may be used, or a different resin may be used. Also in a case where the resin of the base ring 6 is different from the coating resin 4a of the resin-coated belt 4, the above illustrated thermoplastic elastomer or thermoplastic resin can be used as a material of the coating resin 4a.

[0020] As illustrated in FIG. 1, a tire widthwise inner end 6a of the base ring 6 is located on an inner side of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 in the tire width direction, and a tire widthwise outer end 6b of the base ring 6 is located on an outer side of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 in the tire width direction. In the present disclosure, it is preferable that a width of the base ring 6 in the tire width direction is 7% or more of a width of the resin-coated belt 4 in the tire width direction. When the percentage is 7% or more, the resin-coated belt 4 can be easily disposed during manufacturing (especially in a case where the spiral belt is wound). Furthermore, it is preferable that a central position of the base ring 6 in the tire width direction is a position of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 or a tire widthwise position near the outer end. During the manufacturing, the resin-coated belt 4 can be easily disposed (especially in the case where the spiral belt is wound). Furthermore, the after-mentioned base ring 6 can securely exert an effect of decreasing a difference in level of rigidity between the resin-coated belt 4 and the rubber. A thickness of the base ring 6 can be from 0.5 to 2 mm, and a tire widthwise distance from the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 to each of the tire widthwise inner end and outer end of the base ring 6 can be 0 mm or more. Note that "the tire widthwise widths" of the base ring 6 and the resin-coated belt 4 and the other dimensions described herein are measured in a state where the tire is installed to an applicable rim and charged with a prescribed internal pressure and no load (provided that "the tire ground contact width" is a tire widthwise distance between ground contact ends in a state where the tire is installed to the applicable rim, and charged with the prescribed internal pressure and no load, the ground contact end being a tire widthwise outermost position of a contact patch in a state where the tire is installed to the applicable rim, and charged with the prescribed internal pressure and a maximum load). In the present description, "the applicable rim" indicates an approved rim (a measuring rim in Standards Manual of ETRTO, and a design rim in Year Book of TRA) in an applicable size described or to be described in future in an industrial standard valid in a district where the tire is produced and used, for example, JATMA Year Book of JATMA (the Japan Automobile Tyre Manufacturers Association) in Japan, Standards Manual of ETRTO (the European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation) in Europe, or Year Book of TRA (the Tire and Rim Association, Inc.) in U.S. (That is, the above rim also includes a size that can be included in the above industrial standard in future, in addition to the existing size. Examples of "the size to be described in future" can include sizes described as "future developments" in 2013 edition of Standards Manual of ETRTO.) However, it is considered that a rim having a size that is not described in the above industrial standard is a rim having a width corresponding to a bead width of the tire. Additionally, "the prescribed internal pressure" indicates an air pressure (a maximum air pressure) corresponding to a tire maximum load capability of a standard such as JATMA described above in the tire of the applicable size. Note that in case of a size that is not described in the above industrial standard, "the prescribed internal pressure" is an air pressure (the maximum air pressure) corresponding to the maximum load capability prescribed for each vehicle to which the tire is installed. "The maximum load" means a load corresponding to the tire maximum load capability of the standard such as JATMA described above in the tire of the applicable size, or the maximum load capability prescribed for each vehicle to which the tire is installed in a case where the load has a size that is not described in the above industrial standard.

[0021] Here, in the present embodiment, the base ring 6 includes a rigidity decreasing portion 6c having a rigidity that decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction, in a portion of the base ring 6 on an inner side of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 in the tire width direction. Specifically, in the present embodiment, as illustrated in FIG. 1, the rigidity decreasing portion 6c is a tapered portion in which a thickness of the base ring 6 in the tire radial direction gradually decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction. In the present embodiment, the rigidity decreasing portion is the tapered portion having a linear inner peripheral surface in the tire radial direction in cross-sectional view.

[0022] Hereinafter, description will be made as to operations and effects of the pneumatic tire of the present embodiment. Note that in the present embodiment, the resin-coated belt 4 comprises a steel wire coated with the coating resin 4a, and has a rigidity higher than a rigidity of the base ring 6 comprising the resin (that does not include the wire).

[0023] According to the pneumatic tire of the present embodiment, first, the base ring 6 that comes in contact with the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 is provided on the tire radial inside of the resin-coated belt 4. Consequently, the difference in level of rigidity with the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 as a boundary can be decreased as in the case where a shape and large difference in level of rigidity occurs between the resin-coated belt 4 and the rubber in the tire width direction (a case where the base ring 6 is not provided). On the other hand, only in such a configuration, there is a possibility that a large force is applied to the resin-coated belt 4 near the tire widthwise inner end 6a of the base ring 6 and causes a failure of the resin-coated belt 4. On the other hand, in the present embodiment, in the portion of the base ring 6 on the inner side of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 in the tire width direction, there is provided the rigidity decreasing portion 6c having the rigidity that decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction (in the present embodiment, the tapered portion in which the thickness of the base ring 6 in the tire radial direction gradually decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction). Consequently, the large force can be inhibited from being applied to the resin-coated belt 4. Particularly in the present embodiment, the resin-coated belt 4 is a spiral belt. Therefore, the failure is easily caused from a starting point that is a joined region of resin-coated wires of a spiral belt forming annular body which are adjacent in the axial direction. However, the rigidity decreasing portion 6c inhibits the large force from being applied to the resin-coated belt 4, and hence, such a failure can be inhibited.

[0024] As described above, according to the present embodiment, occurrence of a failure near an end portion of the resin-coated belt 4 can be inhibited. Furthermore, occurrence of a failure of the resin-coated belt 4 can be inhibited.

[0025] Furthermore, in the present embodiment, the base ring 6 is provided, so that when winding the resin-coated wire to manufacture the spiral belt, the wire can be wound based on the base ring 6 on both a winding start side and a winding end side. Arrangement of the resin-coated belts 4 can be further facilitated, and a winding step can be further facilitated.

[0026] In the present disclosure, as in the above embodiment, it is preferable that the rigidity decreasing portion 6c is the tapered portion in which the thickness of the base ring 6 in the tire radial direction gradually decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction. The reasons are that the rigidity decreasing portion 6c can be easily formed by molding and processing in a simple manner and that the occurrence of the failure of the resin-coated belt 4 can be inhibited.

[0027] On the other hand, in the present disclosure, the rigidity decreasing portion 6c is not limited to the above example and can be various. FIG. 2A to FIG. 2C are partially cross-sectional views each illustrating another example of the rigidity decreasing portion 6c together with a part of the resin-coated belt 4. As illustrated in FIG. 2A and FIG. 2B, the rigidity decreasing portion 6c may be a tapered portion having, for example, a cross section rounded so that an inner peripheral surface in the tire radial direction has a (finite) curvature, and having the thickness of the base ring 6 in the tire radial direction which gradually decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side of the tire width direction. In this case, as illustrated in FIG. 2A, the portion may be rounded to protrude on the inner side in the tire radial direction. Alternatively, as illustrated in FIG. 2B, the portion may be rounded to protrude on the outer side in the tire radial direction. Furthermore, the rigidity decreasing portion 6c may have a stepwise cross section formed so that the thickness of the base ring 6 in the tire radial direction decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction. Note that it is preferable that a tire widthwise outer end of the rigidity decreasing portion 6c is located on an outer side of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 in the tire width direction.

[0028] As another embodiment, the rigidity decreasing portion 6c may comprise two or more annular members having different rigidities, and the annular member having a smaller rigidity may be disposed on the inner side in the tire width direction. In this case, the annular members having the different rigidities can be joined to each other, for example, by welding or bonding.

[0029] Note that it is preferable that a non-illustrated tire widthwise half portion also has a similar configuration. Alternatively, only in one of the tire widthwise half portions, the base ring 6 may be provided, or only in one of the tire widthwise half portions, the base ring 6 may have the rigidity decreasing portion 6c.

[0030] In the present disclosure, a resin-coated belt 4 can be a spiral belt formed by spirally winding a resin-coated wire formed by coating a wire 4b with a coating resin 4a as in the above embodiment. The reasons are that the resin-coated belt 4 can be formed in a simple manner and that, as described above, such a failure that easily occurs from the starting point of the joined region of the resin-coated wires adjacent in the axial direction of the annular body in case of the spiral belt can be especially effectively inhibited.

[0031] As above, the embodiments of the present disclosure are described, but the present disclosure is not limited to the above embodiments. For example, in the examples illustrated in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2A to FIG. 2C, the portion of the base ring 6 on the outer side of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 in the tire width direction is formed in a shape having an almost constant thickness, but the thickness may vary. In particular, it is preferable that a portion of the base ring 6 on a tire widthwise outer side of the tire widthwise outer end 4c of the resin-coated belt 4 has a rigidity that decreases from the tire widthwise inner side toward the tire widthwise outer side. For example, it is preferable that the portion is formed as a tapered portion having a thickness that gradually decreases from the tire widthwise inner side toward the tire widthwise outer side. This is because the difference in level of rigidity between the base ring 6 and the rubber can be decreased.

REFERENCE SIGNS LIST



[0032] 
1
pneumatic tire
2
bead portion
2a
bead core
3
carcass
4
resin-coated belt
4a
coating resin
4b
wire
4c
tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt
5
tread
6
base ring
6a
tire widthwise inner end of the base ring
6b
tire widthwise outer end of the base ring
6c
rigidity decreasing portion
CL
tire equatorial plane



Claims

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a resin-coated belt comprising a wire coated with a coating resin, wherein on an inner side of the resin-coated belt in a tire radial direction, a base ring that comes in contact with a tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt is provided,
the base ring has a tire widthwise inner end located on an inner side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in a tire width direction, and the base ring has a tire widthwise outer end located on an outer side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in the tire width direction, and
the base ring includes a rigidity decreasing portion having a rigidity that decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction, in a portion of the base ring on an inner side of the tire widthwise outer end of the resin-coated belt in the tire width direction.
 
2. The pneumatic tire according to claim 1, wherein the rigidity decreasing portion is a tapered portion in which a thickness of the base ring in the tire radial direction gradually decreases from the outer side in the tire width direction toward the inner side in the tire width direction.
 
3. The pneumatic tire according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the resin-coated belt is a spiral belt formed by spirally winding a resin-coated wire formed by coating the wire with the coating resin.
 




Drawing













REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description