(19)
(11)EP 3 644 522 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 18202952.0

(22)Date of filing:  26.10.2018
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04B 7/06  (2006.01)
H04B 7/08  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
KH MA MD TN

(71)Applicant: Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
80686 München (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • Grossmann, Marcus
    99894 FRIEDRICHRODA (DE)
  • Varatharaajan, Sutharshun
    98693 ILMENAU (DE)

(74)Representative: Groth & Co. KB 
P.O. Box 6107
102 32 Stockholm
102 32 Stockholm (SE)

  


(54)METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR PROVIDING ANTENNA PORT RELATED INFORMATION IN A COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK


(57) The embodiments herein relate to a method performed by a radio base station (800), a radio base station (800), a method performed by a UE (700) and a UE (700) for providing antenna port-related information to the radio base station in a communications network. The method performed by the UE (700) comprises: (501) receiving at least one DownLink (DL) beam from the radio base station (800); and (502) reporting at least one Sounding Reference Signal (SRS) resource identification information for said at least one received DL beam, wherein the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna port of the UE (700) receiving the corresponding DL beam.




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates to the field of wireless communications, and in particular to methods and apparatuses for providing antenna port-related information of a User Equipment (UE) to a radio base station in a communications network

BACKGROUND



[0002] Beamforming is a crucial part of the third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Release (Rel.) 15 which define a New Radio (NR) access technology that enables a radio base station (also denote herein gNB) and a User Equipment (UE) to establish and adapt communication links using spatially precoded pilot signals. The beam management framework is discussed in parts below, for the DownLink (DL) and the UpLink (UL), followed by a description on the issues or drawbacks to be addressed.

DL beam reporting



[0003] The beam management framework in the DL in the current Release-15 3GPP-NR specification [1], for beam establishment and adaptation, may be explained as follows:
  1. a. The radio base station or the gNB configures the UE with a Channel-State-Information (CSI) resource setting denoted CSI-ResourceConfig via higher layer (Radio Resource Control layer - RRC) signaling containing a configuration of a number of CSI-Reference Signals (CSI-RS) resource sets and/or Synchronization Signal / Physical Broadcast Channel (SS/PBCH) block sets. Each configured CSI-RS resource set may contain one or more CSI-RS resources, where each CSI-RS resource contains one or more CSI-RS. The DL reference signals (CSI-RS and/or SS/PBCH block) contained in a single RS resource may be transmitted using a beamforming operation to achieve certain spatial coverage. Each DL RS resource in a CSI-RS resource set may therefore be associated with a DL transmission beam. The DL transmission beams may be transmitted by the gNB in different spatial directions, this means, the first DL Transmit (Tx) beam is transmitted in a first direction, the second DL Tx beam is transmitted in a second direction, and so on. Figure 1 illustrates such an example involving a radio base station or gNB and two UEs UE1 and UE2. The TX beams are shown as well. Link establishment and adaptation between a UE and a gNB may be performed using beamformed reference signals (RSs).
    Moreover, the DL transmission (Tx) beams may be time division multiplexed in different symbol periods or slots of a subframe. For example, the first beam is transmitted in a first symbol period, the second DL beam is transmitted in a second symbol period, and so on.
  2. b. The gNB also configures one or several higher-layer reporting settings CSI-ReportConfig [2] that provide instructions to the UE on how to report the CSI. In case of DL beam management, the UE is configured to report either of the following quantities using the RRC parameter reportQuantity: CRI-RSRP (CSI-Reference Signal Received Power) or SSBRI-RSRP (SSB Resource-Indicator - RSRP).
  3. c. The UE is configured to perform measurements on the received downlink beamformed RS and may identify a plurality of DL reception beam(s). Each DL reception beam is associated with a corresponding DL transmission beam. For each DL reception beam, the UE may use a specific setting of its Rx beamformer (the so-called Rx spatial filter). The UE may provide a beam report using the Uplink Control Information (UCI) containing the values of received beam-IDs (IDentifications or IDentities) with the received signal strengths (in terms of RSRPs):
    1. 1) A CSI-RS Resource Index (CRI) or SSB Resource index (SSBRI), each index corresponds to the CSI-RS or SS/PBCH block resource index (CRI, SSBRI) of the transmitted DL beam.
    2. 2) Reference Signal Received Power (RSRP) associated with a particular CRI or SSBRI. It denotes the received power of the corresponding reference signal on a single or multiple panels.
  4. d. The number of pairs of CRI/SSBRI and RSRP values to be reported by the UE is configured by the gNB in the RRC parameter nrOfReportedRS.
    1. 1) In 3GPP Rel-15, there are two types of beam reporting schemes: (a) group-based beam reporting and (b) non-group based beam reporting.
      1. i. In group-based beam reporting, the UE reports CRI/SSBRI values that can be received simultaneously by the UE either with a single spatial domain receive filter or with multiple simultaneous spatial domain receive filters.
      2. ii. In non-group-based beam reporting, the UE reports a total of nrOfReportedRS (CRI/SSBRI, RSRP) pairs without taking into account if the CSI-RS/SSB resources reported can be received simultaneously or not.

UL beam indication and channel sounding



[0004] To understand the UL beam management framework, we look at the UL reference signal for channel sounding, the Sounding Reference Signal (SRS), in general.

[0005] The gNB configures the UE with one or more SRS resource sets for UL channel sounding. The configuration of SRS resource set(s) is provided by the RRC parameter SRS-Config [2], which indicates groups of SRS resources in various resource sets, the time and frequency domain properties of each resource, antenna ports to be used for transmission, SRS usage type, power control parameters, spatial Tx filter settings and so on.
  • Each SRS resource set may be configured with the higher-layer parameter usage that takes one of the following values: beamManagement, codebook, nonCodeBook, antennaSwitching.
  • At most 1 SRS resource set can be configured when the parameter usage in SRS-Config is set to codebook or nonCodebook. However, more than 1 SRS resource sets can be configured if the parameter usage is set to beamManagement.
  • Each SRS resource set may be additionally SRS-resource-wise configured with one of the following parameters:

    ▪ spatialRelationlnfo: The higher-layer parameter spatialRelationlnfo can be considered as a one-to-one relationship between an SRS resource and a CSI-RS or SSB reference signal, or another SRS resource. This means that the SRS (Tx beam) in the UL is transmitted with the same spatial filter used to receive the related DL beam (or in one case of spatialRelationlnfo, the same spatial filter used to transmit the related SRS).

    ▪ associatedCSI-RS: The higher-layer parameter associatedCSI-RS associates an SRS resource with a CSI-RS resource. This means that the SRS transmission in the UL may be precoded, where the precoder calculation is based on DL measurements of the reference CSI-RS resource.

  • One of the following ways can be followed to determine the UL transmission beam:

    ▪ Codebook-based SRS transmissions: The UE transmits an SRS resource set and receives an SRS Resource Index (SRI) value from the gNB in the downlink. The SRI selects a single SRS resource from the configured SRS resource set. The UE also receives a TPMI (Transmission Precoder Matrix Index) that determines the precoder for the selected SRS resource from a codebook table.

    ▪ Non-codebook-based SRS transmissions: One SRS resource set is transmitted for UL channel sounding and the UE receives an SRI value from the gNB in the downlink. The gNB configures the higher-layer parameter spatialRelationlnfo or associatedCSI-RS in the downlink in SRS-Config to determine the precoder for the indicated SRS resource.

    ▪ SRS transmissions with usage 'beamManagement' or 'antennaSwitching': The gNB configures the higher-layer parameter spatialRelationlnfo in the downlink in SRS-Config to determine the precoder for each SRS resource transmitted in the UL. If no spatialRelationlnfo is configured for a specific SRS resource, the precoder for that resource is up to UE implementation.



[0006] In the case of beam management, the UL transmission might happen as follows:
  • The downlink channel is sounded by the gNB for link adaptation by DL beams (CSI-RS or SSB) and the UE provides a beam report on the received DL beams in the uplink control information as configured in the higher-layer parameter CSI-ReportConfig.
  • For the uplink transmission of the SRS, the gNB configures SRS resources and SRS resource sets to be transmitted by the higher-layer parameter SRS-Config (the higher-layer parameter usage is set to 'beamManagement'). The SRS resources to be transmitted may be configured with the higher-layer parameter spatialRelationlnfo that instructs the UE to reuse the spatial Rx filter used for the reception of a DL beam for the corresponding UL Tx beam transmission. The parameter spatialRelationlnfo in SRS-Config is thus used to control the precoder used to transmit the configured SRS resources. Note that if spatialRelationlnfo is not configured, the spatial Tx filter used for transmission of the SRS resources is up to UE implementation.
  • The configured SRS resource sets are triggered by the parameter 'SRS request' in the Downlink Control Information (DCI) or an activation command in the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer's Control Element (CE).
  • The gNB may carry out multiple instances of SRS sounding to determine the appropriate UL beam to be transmitted. In each instance, the SRS to be transmitted is configured using the higher-layer parameter SRS-Config. The Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH) that carries the payload in the uplink uses the same spatial filter as the SRS in the UL.


[0007] At mmWave frequency operation, a UE may be equipped with a plurality of antenna arrays (a.k. array panels) used for signal transmission and signal reception, see Fig. 1. The UE panels typically have a high directivity and point in different spatial directions. Each array panel may be equipped with a plurality of antenna elements with a single or multiple RF transmitter/receiver chains for signal transmission and reception.

[0008] In a typical setting, the UE may use multiple panels for receiving the DL transmission beams (using Rx diversity combining) sent by the gNB. Due to the high panel directivity, the path gains of the channels associated with the different panels may be quite different in typical mmWave channel environments and therefore, the signal power of a received DL beam may vary significantly over the panels. For an associated UL beam transmission, simultaneous multi-panel transmission at the UE may therefore not provide a significant performance gain (e.g., in terms of throughput) compared to single-panel-based transmission (since a significant portion of the total transmit power is spent for panels associated with low channel path gains). In typical settings, the UE may therefore use multiple panels or antenna ports for receiving a DL transmission beam, and only a single panel or antenna port for a corresponding UL Tx beam transmission (see Figure 2 (a) and (b)), wherein 2(a) depicts reception of a DL Tx beam sent by the gNB using two panels (or antenna ports) at the UE and 2(b) depicts the corresponding UL transmission on the strong path component using a single panel or port at the UE. Figure 2 is self-explanatory.

[0009] In current Rel-15 beam/CSI reporting, the UE does not provide any information on DL beam reception with respect to the UE panels/ports. The information about the panel/port(s) configuration at the UE is maintained transparent from the gNB. This lack of information may give rise to the following issues at the gNB:
  1. 1) In 3GPP Release 15 specifications, the network has full control over UL transmissions. The usage of multiple panels at the UE for transmission and reception increases the power consumption at the UE. Since array panel configuration at the UE is transparent to the gNB, the gNB may not be able to optimally configure UL transmissions that conserve power at the UE.
  2. 2) Latency issues of the UL link establishment and adaptation. Figure 3 illustrates a problem that might arise while performing UL beam sweeping without panel/port-information. As shown, the UE has 4 panels or ports and the SRS sounding is transmitted from all ports. The CSI-RS having the highest channel quality characteristic is shown received by the UE on port 2 or panel 2. An example of a channel quality characteristic includes, RSPR, SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio), SINR (Signal to Interference Noise Ratio),, BER (Block Error Rate), throughput, or any suitable characteristic of the channel. Note that the lowest BER, BLER applies if the channel quality characteristic is BER, BLER. Note also that a UE may include any number of ports/panels and 4 panels in Figure 2 is just an example. Consider the following sequence of events:
    • The UE is configured with CSI-RS resources for DL beam reporting by the higher-layer parameter CSI-ResourceConfig.
    • The UE forms Rx beams using either a single or multiple panels/ports to receive the DL beams transmitted by the gNB. As shown in Fig. 2, the UE receives the DL beam (CSI-RS resource) on a single panel/port (panel/port 2). The UE reports the CRI associated with the CSI-RS resource and the associated received signal strength.
    • The gNB configures SRS resources to sound the UL channel. Without any information on which panel(s) receive the DL beams with the best channel quality metrics, the gNB tries to determine the best UL transmit beam by triggering the transmission of SRS resource sets from multiple panels. The higher-layer parameter spatialRelationInfo for the transmitted SRS resources may be configured based on the reported CSI-RS/SSB resources in the DL beam report. Multiple instances of UL sounding might have to be performed before determining the suitable precoded SRS resource in the uplink. If the gNB had some information on the reception of the DL beams at the UE, it may choose to reduce the number of panels from which it sounds the UL channel, thereby reducing the amount of UL resources used for channel sounding and the latency in link establishment/adaptation in the UL.


[0010] There are solutions known in the art for providing information on antenna ports or panels to a gNB.

[0011] In the RAN1#94-bis of 3GPP, a popular solution proposed by some companies is to introduce explicit UE panel-specific IDs [3, R1-1811408] [4, R1-1810221], [5, R1-1810791] to indicate the selected panel(s)/ports in beam reporting. As such, the gNB can know the UE panel index/indices for measurement of the corresponding SSB/CSI-RS. For example, [5, R1-1810791] proposes "Proposal 5: For UL panel specific beam selection, it should be supported that UE can report antenna port(s) group index for each downlink reference signal resource." Here, an antenna port(s) group ID can be understood as a panel ID. An explicit signaling of panel IDs as proposed by [4, R1-1810221], [5, R1-1810791] in a beam report would mean that the UE shares information about its particular panel configuration/implementation with the gNB.

[0012] A problem with such a solution is that it violates UE privacy. Moreover, an explicit signaling of UE panel/port-specific IDs increases the feedback overhead in beam reporting.

SUMMARY



[0013] In view of the drawbacks/issues disclosed earlier, the inventors propose in the following an extension of the 3GPP Rel-15 beam reporting scheme that facilities gNB-based UL beam/panel/port selection at the UE without explicit signaling of UE panel/port IDs. To deal with these issues, the inventors propose two solutions to aid the gNB in aligning the panels for signal reception and transmission at the UE.

[0014] It is thus an object of embodiments herein to provide methods and apparatuses for providing antenna panel/port-related information of a UE to a radio base station or gNB in a communications network. The presented solutions achieve at least the following technical effects: reduction of UL link adaptation latency; providing information to the network to optimally control UE's power consumption and facilitating configuration of the SRS resource(s) or SRS resource set(s) for UL transmission.

[0015] According to an aspect of embodiments herein, there is provided a method performed by a UE for providing antenna port related information to a radio base station (or gNB), about signal reception at the UE, the method comprising: receiving at least one DL beam from the radio base station; and reporting at least one SRS resource identification information for said at least one received DL beam, wherein the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna port of the UE receiving the corresponding DL beam.

[0016] According to another aspect of embodiments herein, there is provided a method performed by a radio base station for acquiring antenna-port related information of a UE about signal reception at the UE, the method comprising: transmitting at least one DL beam to the UE; and receiving, from the UE, at least one at least one SRS resource identification information for at least one DL beam transmitted to the UE, wherein the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna-port of the UE receiving the corresponding DL beam.

[0017] According to another aspect of embodiments herein, there is also provided UE for providing antenna port related information to a radio base station, the UE comprising a processor and a memory, said memory containing instructions executable by said processor whereby said UE is operative to perform any one of the subject-matter of method claims 1-10.

[0018] According to another aspect of embodiments herein, there is also provided a radio base station or gNB, for acquiring antenna port related information from a UE, the radio base station comprising a processor and a memory, said memory containing instructions executable by said processor whereby said UE is operative to perform any one of the subject-matter of method claims 11-19.

[0019] There is also provided a computer program comprising instructions which when executed on at least one processor of the UE according to claim 20, cause the at least said one processor to carry out the method according to anyone claims 1-10. A carrier is also provided containing the computer program according to claim 22, wherein the carrier is one of a computer readable storage medium; an electronic signal, optical signal or a radio signal.

[0020] There is also provided a computer program comprising instructions which when executed on at least one processor of the radio base station according to claim 21, cause the at least said one processor to carry out the method according to anyone claims 11-19.

[0021] A carrier is also provided containing the computer program according to claim 24, wherein the carrier is one of a computer readable storage medium; an electronic signal, optical signal or a radio signal.

[0022] An advantage with embodiments herein, from a UE energy consumption perspective is to synchronize the panel/port information between the UE and the radio base station thereby helping the network to control the UE's power consumption.

[0023] Another advantage with embodiments herein is to enable the radio base station take into account the UE's ability to exploit reciprocity between DL and UL transmission. By sharing the panel information on the DL beam reception, the UE aids the radio base station to setup UE's UL Tx beams; thereby reducing the latency of the UL link establishment and adaptation.

[0024] Yet another advantage with providing panel-specific or port-specific information or information on the antenna ports receiving the reported CSI-RS, is to enable the radio base station to configure appropriate SRS resources or resource set from specific panel(s)/port(s) for UL transmission thereby reducing the latency of link establishment/adaptation in the UL and the resources used for UL channel sounding.
Further, feedback overhead in beam reporting is avoided since no explicit signaling of the antenna port related information is transmitted to the radio base station.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0025] Examples of embodiments and advantages of the embodiments herein are described in more detail with reference to attached drawings in which:
Figure 1
depicts a network scenario wherein link establishment and adaptation may be performed using beam-formed reference signals.
Figure 2
depicts in (a) Reception of a DL Tx beam sent by the gNB using two panels at the UE, and in (b) Corresponding uplink transmission on the strong path component using a single panel at the UE.
Figure 3
illustrates an example of a lack of DL signal reception information at the UE which delays link adaptation in the UL.
Figure 4
illustrates example of SRS resource set allocation for UEs with multiple panels/ports according to some embodiments herein.
Figure 5
illustrates a flowchart of a method performed by a UE according to some exemplary embodiments herein.
Figure 6
illustrates a flowchart of a method performed by a radio base station according to some exemplary embodiments herein.
Figure 7
is a block diagram depicting a UE according to exemplary embodiments herein.
Figure 8
is a block diagram depicting a radio base station according to exemplary embodiments herein.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0026] In the following, a detailed description of the exemplary embodiments is described in conjunction with the drawings, in several scenarios to enable easier understanding of the solution(s) described herein.

[0027] It should emphasized that a panel discussed throughout this disclosure may be associated with at least one antenna port. Below are some examples demonstrating that where you basically a panel may be associated with a more than an antenna port, for example a set of antenna ports. Please note that a panel may be associated with any number of antenna ports, 1, 2, 3, 4, ..., 64, etc. and the embodiments herein are not restricted to any particular number of antenna ports associated with a panel. Generally, the number of antenna ports is a design parameter depending on cost, size, complexity of a UE with such a panel or antenna ports.

[0028] Possible example configuration of SRS sets/SRS resources in relation to panel(s) or antenna port(s): below is an example wherein two panels are considered:
  1. a) A UE may be equipped equipped with two panels and each panel (may be associated with or may use 1 UE antenna port) to form a single beam/receive at one time instant. As such, there will be 2 SRS sets and each SRS set will include a number of SRS resources, where each SRS resource contains a single SRS port.
  2. b) The UE may be equipped with two panels and each panel (may be associated with or may use 2 UE antenna ports) to form/receive a single beam at one time instant. As such, there will be 2 SRS sets and each SRS set will include a number of SRS resources, where each SRS resource contains two SRS ports.
  3. c) The UE may be equipped with two panels and each panel (may be associated with or may use 2 UE antenna ports) to form two beams at one time instant. As such, there will be 4 SRS sets and each SRS set will include a number of SRS resources, where each SRS resource contains a single SRS ports.
  4. d) The UE may be equipped with two panels and each panel (may be associated with or may use 4 UE antenna ports) to form two beams at one time instant. As such, there will be 4 SRS sets and each SRS set will include a number of SRS resources, where each SRS resource contains two SRS ports.


[0029] In general, the embodiments herein relating to a method performed by a UE and a UE for providing antenna port related information to a radio base station. The embodiments also relate to a method performed by a radio base station and a radio base station for acquiring antenna-port related information of a UE about signal reception at the UE. Benefits of providing and/or acquiring such information were listed above and will be described more in this detailed description.

[0030] The method performed by the UE includes: receiving at least one DL beam from the radio base station or gNB; and reporting at least one Sounding Reference Signal (SRS) resource identification information for said at least one received DL beam, wherein the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna port of the UE receiving the corresponding DL beam. The SRS resource identification information may be a SRS resource ID and/or a SRS resource set ID depending on the desired case and/or implementation.

Configuration of at least one SRS resource/SRS resource set



[0031] The UE panels or antenna ports are generally kept transparent to the network and no definition of a UE panel is provided in the Rel.-15 specifications. However, in the specific case when the higher layer parameter usage in SRS-Config is set to beamManagement, a SRS resource set can be understood to be associated with a UE panel. In [1, TS 38.214, 6.2.1], it is stated that:
"When the higher layer parameter usage is set to beamManagement, only one SRS resource in each of multiple SRS sets can be transmitted at a given time instant. The SRS resources in different SRS resource sets can be transmitted simultaneously."

[0032] Therefore, it can be argued that different SRS resources (i.e., different UE UL Tx beams) of the same SRS resource set may correspond to the same panel or the same antenna port. However, such a definition is not provided in the Rel-15 specifications. This means, when a UE is equipped with, for example, S antenna panels/ports for transmission and reception, each of the configured S SRS resource sets is associated with a single UE panel/port as shown in Figure 4(a). Moreover, each SRS resource set comprises a number of SRS resources, where an SRS resource of the s-th SRS resource set is associated with an UL Tx beam from the s-th UE panel/port. S can take any value and the embodiments herein are not restricted to any particular number of antenna ports or panels

[0033] In another example as shown in Fig. 4(b), an SRS resource set may correspond to a subset of all possible beams from a panel/antenna port. Four subsets are shown in Fig. 4(b) denoted SRS resource set 1, 2, 3 and 4.

[0034] According to an exemplary embodiment herein denoted Solution 1, for every reported beam in the downlink (DL) CSI report, the UE makes a recommendation of an SRS resource identification information such as an SRS resource set(s) (denoted herein SRS-ResourceSetld) that the gNB can sound in the uplink to identify a suitable UL Tx beam. The UE may decide the recommended SRS-ResourceSetld value(s) based on the panel/antenna ports receiving the DL beam and the channel quality characteristics of the received beams e.g. a RSRP, a SNR, throughput, SINR, etc. Note that a lowest BER or BLER may be used as channel quality characteristic. This embodiment provides the gNB with the suggestion on a panel (or antenna port) or a group of beams that can be sounded to determine the UL Tx beam.

[0035] In case the SRS resource sets are allocated to panels or antenna ports as shown in Fig. 4 (a), the reported SRS resource identification information e.g. the SRS-ResourceSetld value(s) may correspond to panels or antenna ports at the UE. If multiple panels/ports receive the DL beam, the SRS-ResourceSetld value reported may correspond to the panel receiving the DL beam with the highest channel quality characteristic e.g. highest RSRP, SNR, SINR etc., lowest BER, BLER etc. The gNB can thus use the antenna port related information in UL sounding and spatialRelationlnfo configuration to have control over which panels/antenna ports at the UE that may be used for transmission and which ones to switch off.

[0036] Hence, according to an embodiment, the method performed by the UE includes reporting the SRS resource identification information corresponding to the antenna port receiving the DL beam having a highest channel quality characteristic, if multiple antenna ports of the UE receive said at least one DL beam.

[0037] According to an embodiment, reporting said at least one SRS resource identification information ResourceSetld or Resourceld is performed during a CSIreporting or beam reporting instance.

[0038] Accoring to an embodiment denoted here Solution 2, during the CSI/beam report on the received DL beams, the UE is configured to indicate the suitable SRS resource identification information (e.g. a SRS-Resourceld, i.e., an UL Tx beam) that can be used for the corresponding UL transmission together with at least the CRI/SSBRI. In addition to the CRI/SSBRI, other CSI quantities may be reported. The UE decision may be based on the SRS resource using the same antenna port(s) as the one(s) receiving the reported DL resource (RS). The reported SRS identification information (SRS resource ID) may be viewed as a recommendation to the gNB to configure the higher-layer parameter associatedCSI-RS or spatialRelationInfo (to associate the SRS resource and the corresponding CSI-RS/SSB resource).

[0039] According to an embodiment, reporting said at least one one SRS resource identification information is triggered by the radio base station or gNB by configuring a higher-layer parameter, CSI-ReportConfig, indicating at least a list of CSI quantities, ReportQuantity, the UE is requested to report to the gNB.

Proposals to configure and structure UE reporting of the SRS identification information, SRS-ResourceSetld or SRS-Resourceld



[0040] The above-described solutions help the gNB in efficiently deciding which SRS resources to configure for uplink channel sounding. To configure the UE to transmit SRS resource identification information such as SRS-ResourceSetld or SRS-Resourceld values as stated in the above solutions or to efficiently structure the UE's reporting, further proposals are provided:

1) Configuring beam reception information as a CSI reporting quantity for the UE



[0041] For CSI reporting from the received DL beams/reference signals, the gNB configures the UE with the higher-layer parameter CSI-ReportConfig. A number of at least one SRS resource identification information is configured by higher-layer parameter. If plural DL beams are received by the UE, the UE is configured to report a single SRS resource identification information for said received plural DL beams.

[0042] Before discussing the implementation of the proposed solutions by modifying the CSI reporting quantity, a brief account of the higher-layer parameter ReportQuantity in CSI-ReportConfig is provided. The list of CSI quantities the UE may report are provided in ReportQuantity. It includes a subset of the following CSI quantities for the UE to report:
  • cri: CSI-RS resource Indicator
  • ssb-Index: Synchronization Signal Block index
  • RI: Rank Indicator
  • PMI: Precoder Matrix Indicator
  • CQI: Channel Quality Indicator
  • i1: Wideband PMI
  • RSRP: Reference Signal Received Power
  • LI: Layer Indicator


[0043] For example, if ReportQuantity is set to the value 'cri-RI-i1-CQI', the UE is configured to report the received CSI-RS resource indicator, Rank Indicator, wideband Precoding Matrix Indicator (PMI) and the Channel Quality Indicator (CQI). Each CSI quantity in the list is conditioned on all the quantities before it in the list, i.e., the RI is conditioned on the CRI, the wideband PMI i1 is conditioned on the RI and the CRI evaluated, and the CQI is conditioned on the evaluated CRI, RI and the wideband PMI i1.

[0044] To implement solution 1 described before, the following new options are added to values of the higher-layer parameter ReportQuantity:

▪ cri-srsRsid-RI-PMI-CQI

▪ cri-srsRsid-RI-i1

▪ cri-srsRsid-RI-i1-CQI

▪ cri-srsRsid-RI-CQI

▪ cri-srsRsid-RSRP

▪ ssb-lndex-srsRsid-RSRP

▪ cri-srsRsid-RI-LI-PMI-CQI



[0045] If the UE receives the higher-layer parameter ReportQuantity that includes the CSI quantity 'srsRSid', the UE is configured to report the SRS identification information (e.g. SRS-ResourceSetId) mentioned in the higher layer parameter SRS-Config corresponding to the UE panel/antenna port or one of the UE panels/antenna ports receiving the DL beam indicated by the reported 'cri' or 'ssb-index'.

[0046] To implement solution 2, the gNB is configured to notify the UE to report the recommended SRS identification information (SRS-ResourceId) along with the reported CRI/SSBRI values by configuring the higher-layer parameter ReportQuantity with the following new options:

▪ cri-srsRid-RI-PMI-CQI

▪ cri-srsRid-RI-i1

▪ cri-srsRid-RI-i1-CQI

▪ cri-srsRid-RI-CQI

▪ cri-srsRid-RSRP

▪ ssb-lndex-srsRid-RSRP

▪ cri-srsRid-RI-LI-PMI-CQI



[0047] On reception of the higher-layer parameter ReportQuantity with the CSI quantity 'srsRid', the UE is configured to report a suitable SRS-ResourceId from the SRS resource sets configured in the higher layer parameter SRS-Config. The decision, as mentioned earlier, may be based on the SRS resource set associated with the same antenna ports as the ones receiving the reported DL RS. When multiple UE panels receive the DL beam, the SRS-ResourceSetld reported may be associated with the panel receiving the DL beam with the highest RSRP/SNR/SINR/etc.

2) Configuring UE beam reception information with an 'enable/disable' bit



[0048] According to an embodiment, the CSI-ReportConfig includes a new enable/disable bit denoted rsReception-SRS-SRId, to indicate that the SRS resource identification information is to be included or not along with a CSI/beam reporting.

[0049] In other words, the beam reception information may be included as optional information to the CSI report configured using the settings in CSI-ReportConfig. The new enable/disable bit (rsReceptionInfo-SRS-RsId) added to the CSI-ReportConfig indicates that the SRS-ResourceSetId or SRS-ResourceId recommendation has to be included along with the beam/CSI report.

[0050] An an example, If the higher-layer parameter rsReceptionlnfo-SRS-RsId in CSI-ReportConfig is set to 'true' or 1", then the UE reports the SRS-ResourceSetld mentioned in the higher layer parameter SRS-Config corresponding to the panel receiving the DL beam indicated by the reported 'cri' or 'ssb-index'. When multiple UE panels receive the DL beam, the SRS-ResourceSetId reported may be associated with the panel receiving the DL beam with the highest RSRP/RSRQ/SNR/SINR/etc.

[0051] If the higher-layer parameter rsReceptionInfo-SRS-RId in CSI-ReportConfig is set to 'true' or "1", the UE indicates the suitable SRS resource (a SRS-ResourceId) that can be used in the uplink. The decision may be based on the SRS resource using the same ports as the spatial filter receiving the reported DL RS and the RSRP/RSRQ/SNR/SINR/etc. at the receiving ports.

[0052] The SRS resource identification information, SRS-ResourceSetId or the SRS-Resourceld value(s), is/are reported along with each of the reported CRI/SSBRI values in the uplink control information carrying the corresponding CSI.

[0053] According to an embodiment, proposals 1 and 2 can be extended as described below:
Configuring the number of SRS-ResourceId or SRS-ResourceSetId values reported in case of 'cri-RSRP' and 'ssb-Index-RSRP' reporting.
This extension is applicable when the higher-layer parameter groupBasedBeamReporting is disabled and the higher-layer parameter ReportQuantity is set to 'cri-RSRP' or 'ssb-Index-RSRP'.

[0054] According to an embodiment in relation to Solution 1, the number of SRS-ResourceSetId values to be reported by the UE in the case of DL beam reporting can be configured by adding a higher-layer parameter nrOfReportedSRSsId. The SRS resource identification information corresponds in this case to SRS-ResourceSetId.

[0055] When the value of nrOfReportedSRSsId is set to n, the beam report may look as follows.
  • cri/ssb-Index #1, RSRP #1, SRS-ResourceSetId #1
  • cri/ssb-Index #2, RSRP #2, SRS-ResourceSetId #2
  • .....
  • cri/ssb-Index #n, RSRP #n, SRS-ResourceSetId #n
  • cri/ssb-Index #n+1, RSRP #n+1
  • ....


[0056] According to an embodiment in relation to Solution 2, the number of SRS-Resourceld values to be reported by the UE in the case of DL beam reporting can be configured by adding a higher-layer parameter nrOfReportedSRSId respectively. The SRS resource identification information corresponds in this case to SRS-ResourcetId.
When the value of nrOfReportedSRSId is set to n, the beam report may look as follows
  • cri/ssb-Index #1, RSRP #1, SRS-ResourceId #1
  • cri/ssb-Index #2, RSRP #2, SRS-ResourceId #2
  • ....
  • cri/ssb-Index #n, RSRP #n, SRS-ResourceId #n
  • cri/ssb-Index #n+1, RSRP #n+1
  • ....


[0057] Note: In the examples for both solutions, the higher-layer parameter nrofReportedRS is assumed to be greater than n. If nrofReportedRS is less than or equal to n, then a SRS-ResourceSetId or SRS-ResourceId value is reported for every reported cri/ssb-Index. N may take any suitable value and is a design parameter.

[0058] Proposal 3, according to another proposal, suggests extension to group-based SRS-ResourceSetId or SRS-ResourceId report in DL beam reports
  • Solution 1 above provides panel-specific or antenna port related information to the gNB for UL data transmission. For DL beam reporting, N out of K DL beams reported may be associated with the same panel/antenna port (i.e., the same srsRsId). N and K are design parameters and any suitable values may be used.


[0059] In order to reduce the feedback overhead, the DL beams (CRI/SSBRI values) reported may be grouped with respect to the srsRsId they are associated with. This means, instead of reporting for the N DL beams (which are associated with the same srsRsId) N times the same srsRsId, only a single srsRsId is reported for those DL beams. If a number of received DL beams (CRI/SSBRI values) have a common srsRsId, the DL beams (cri's or ssb-indices) may be grouped in the report as follows:

srsRsId #1:

∘ cri/ssb-Index #1, Reporting Quantity #1 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER, etc.)

∘ cri/ssb-Index #2, Reporting Quantity #2 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER etc.)

∘ ....

srsRsId #2:

∘ cri/ssb-Index #N, Reporting Quantity #N (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, etc.)

∘ cri/ssb-Index #N+1, Reporting Quantity #N+1 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER etc.)

∘ ....



[0060] Solution 2 presented earlier further provides beam-specific information to the gNB for UL data transmission. For DL beam reporting, N out of K DL beams reported may be associated with the same UE Tx beam (i.e., the same srsRId). In order to reduce the feedback overhead, the DL beams (CRI/SSBRI values) reported may be grouped with respect to the srsRId they are associated with. This means, instead of reporting for the N DL beams (which are associated with the same srsRId) N times the same srsRId, only a single srsRId is reported for those DL beams. If a number of received DL beams (CRI/SSBRI values) have a common srsRId, the DL beams (cri's or ssb-indices) may be grouped in the report as follows:

srsRId #1:

∘ cri/ssb-Index #1, Reporting Quantity #1 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER, etc.)

∘ cri/ssb-Index #2, Reporting Quantity #2 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER, etc.)

∘ ....

srsRId #2:

∘ cri/ssb-Index #N, Reporting Quantity #N (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER, etc.)

∘ cri/ssb-Index #N+1, Reporting Quantity #N+1 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER, etc.)

∘ ....



[0061] According to another proposal, reporting multiple SRS-ResourceSetId or SRS-ResourceId values for each beam or a group of beams

[0062] The UE may recommend more than one SRS-ResourceSetId or SRS-Resourceld values for each beam or a set of beams. This would mean that a CSI-RS or SSB resource may be received by multiple panels/beams/antenna ports and the UE recommendation of multiple SRS resources/resource sets may be used for multi-beam and multi-panel UL transmissions.

[0063] The SRS resource identification information, SRS-ResourceSetId or SRS-ResourceId values, may be reported for each and every cri/ssb-Index value reported or the DL beam report may be grouped if multiple DL beams have the same SRS resource/resource set recommendation.

[0064] An example of the DL beam report when two SRS resources or resource sets are recommended for each reported CRI/SSB-Index:

For solution 1:

  • cri/ssb-Index #1, Reporting Quantity #1 (e.g., RSRP), srsRsId #1.1, srsRsId #1.2
  • ....
  • cri/ssb-Index #2, Reporting Quantity #N (e.g., RSRP), srsRsId #N.1, srsRsId #N.2

For solution 2:

  • cri/ssb-Index #1, Reporting Quantity #1 (e.g., RSRP), srsRId #1.1, srsRId #1.2
  • ....
  • cri/ssb-Index #2, Reporting Quantity #N (e.g., RSRP), srsRId #N.1, srsRId #N.2



[0065] An example of the DL beam report when two SRS resources or resource sets are recommended for the set of all reported CRI/SSB-Index values:

For solution 1:

  • srsRsId #1:

    ∘ cri/ssb-Index #1, Reporting Quantity #1 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER etc.)

    ∘ ....

    ∘ cri/ssb-Index #2, Reporting Quantity #N1 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER, etc.)

  • srsRsId #2:

    ∘ cri/ssb-Index #N1+1, Reporting Quantity #N1+1 (e.g., RSRP)

    ∘ ....

    ∘ cri/ssb-Index #N1+N2, Reporting Quantity #N1+N2 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER, etc.)

For solution 2:

  • srsRId #1:

    ∘ cri/ssb-Index #1, Reporting Quantity #1 (e.g., RSRP)

    ∘ ....

    ∘ cri/ssb-Index #2, Reporting Quantity #N1 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, etc.)

  • srsRId #2:

    ∘ cri/ssb-Index #N1+1, Reporting Quantity #N1+1 (e.g., RSRP)

    ∘ ....

    ∘ cri/ssb-Index #N1+N2, Reporting Quantity #N1+N2 (e.g., RSRP, SNR, SINR, BER, BLER, etc.)



[0066] Referring to Figure 5, there is illustrated a flowchart of a method performed by a UE according to previously described embodiments for providing antenna port or panel related information to a radio base station (or gNB), about signal reception at the UE, the method comprising:

(501) receiving at least one downlink, DL, beam from the radio base station; and

(502) reporting at least one Sounding Reference Signal, SRS, resource identification information for said at least one received DL beam, wherein the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna port of the UE receiving the corresponding DL beam.



[0067] As previously described, if multiple antenna ports of the UE receive said at least one DL beam, the method comprises reporting the SRS resource identification information corresponding to the antenna port receiving the DL beam having a highest channel quality characteristic (RSRP, SNR, SINR, (lowest BER, BLER (BLock Error Rate), etc.) The embodiments herein are not restricted to any particular channel quality characteristic. As previously described, the reporting of said at least one SRS resource identification information is performed during a CSI reporting or beam reporting instance. According to another embodiment, the reporting of the SRS resource identification information used by the UE for UL transmission is performed together with at least a CSI/SSBRI and wherein the SRS resource identification information corresponds to the SRS resource using the same antenna port(s) as the one(s) receiving a reporting DL resource.

[0068] As previously presented reporting said at least one one SRS resource identification information is triggered by the radio base station by configuring a higher-layer parameter, CSI-ReportConfig, indicating at least a list of CSI quantities, ReportQuantity, the UE is requested to report to the radio base station. The SI-ReportConfig may include an enable/disable bit, rsReceptionlnfo-SRS-RsId, to indicate that the SRS resource identification information is to be included or not along with a CSI/beam reporting.

[0069] Further, if plural DL beams are received by the UE, a single SRS resource identification information for said received plural DL beams is report.

[0070] According to an embodiment, the UE may report multiple SRS resource identification information for each received DL beam or for each received group of DL beams.

[0071] Referring to Figure 6, a flowchart of a method performed by a radio base station or gNB for acquiring antenna port related information or panel related information of a UE about signal reception at the UE. The main steps include:

(601) transmitting at least one downlink, DL, beam to the UE; and

(602) receiving, from the UE, at least one at least one Sounding Reference Signal, SRS, resource identification information for said at least one DL beam transmitted to the UE, wherein the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna-port of the UE receiving the corresponding DL beam.



[0072] According to an embodiment, the method further comprises: receiving the SRS resource identification information corresponding to the antenna port used by the UE to receive the DL beam having a highest channel quality characteristic, if multiple antenna ports of the UE receive said at least one DL beam. The method further comprises: receiving said at least one SRS resource identification information during a CSI reporting or beam reporting instance. According to an embodiment, the method comprises: receiving the SRS resource identification information used by the UE for UL transmission together with at least a CSI/SSBRI. As previously disclosed, the reporting of said at least one SRS resource identification information may be triggered by configuring the UE with a higher-layer parameter, CSI-ReportConfig, indicating at least a list of CSI quantities, ReportQuantity, the UE is requested to report to the radio base station. The CSI-ReportConfig may include an enable/disable bit, rsReceptionlnfo-SRS-RsId, to indicate that the SRS resource identification information is to be included or not along with a CSI/beam reporting from the UE. Further a number of said at least one SRS resource identification information is configured by a higher-layer parameter. In addition, a single SRS resource identification information may be transmitted for transmitted plural DL beams, if plural DL beams are transmitted to the UE and received by the UE.

[0073] The method further comprises: receiving multiple SRS resource identification information for each transmitted DL beam and received by the UE or for each transmitted group of DL beams and received by the UE.

[0074] In order to perform the previously described process or method steps related to a UE, some embodiments herein include a UE for providing antenna port related information to a radio base station (or gNB). As shown in Figure 7, the UE 700 comprises a processor 710 or processing circuit or a processing module or a processor or means 710; a receiver circuit or receiver module 740; a transmitter circuit or transmitter module 750; a memory module 720 a transceiver circuit or transceiver module 730 which may include the transmitter circuit 750 and the receiver circuit 740. The UE 700 further comprises an antenna port system or panel system 760 which includes antenna circuitry and/or ports for transmitting and receiving signals to/from at least the radio base station;

[0075] The UE 700 may be a wireless device, a wireless terminal, a mobile station, a mobile telephone, a mobile terminal, a cellular telephone, or a smart phone. Further examples of different wireless devices comprise laptops with wireless capability, Laptop Embedded Equipment (LEE), Laptop Mounted Equipment (LME), USB dongles, Customer Premises Equipment (CPE), modems, Personal Digital Assistants (PDA), or tablet computers, sometimes referred to as a surf plates with wireless capability or simply, tablets, just to mention some examples.

[0076] The processing module/circuit 710 includes a processor, microprocessor, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA), or the like, and may be referred to as the "processor 710." The processor 710 controls the operation of the UE 700 and its components. Memory (circuit or module) 720 includes a random access memory (RAM), a read only memory (ROM), and/or another type of memory to store data and instructions that may be used by processor 710. In general, it will be understood that the UE 700 in one or more embodiments includes fixed or programmed circuitry that is configured to carry out the operations in any of the embodiments disclosed herein.

[0077] In at least one such example, the UE 700 includes a microprocessor, microcontroller, DSP, ASIC, FPGA, or other processing circuitry that is configured to execute computer program instructions from a computer program stored in a non-transitory computer-readable medium that is in, or is accessible to the processing circuitry. Here, "non-transitory" does not necessarily mean permanent or unchanging storage, and may include storage in working or volatile memory, but the term does connote storage of at least some persistence. The execution of the program instructions specially adapts or configures the processing circuitry to carry out the UE operations disclosed herein including anyone of method claims 1-10. Further, it will be appreciated that the UE 700 may comprise additional components not shown in Figure 7.

[0078] As previously presented, the UE 700 is operative to receive at least one DL beam from the radio base station; and report at least one SRS resource identification information for said at least one received DL beam, wherein the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna port of the UE receiving the corresponding DL beam.
The UE 700 is operative to report the SRS resource identification information corresponding to the antenna port receiving the DL beam having a highest channel quality characteristic, if multiple antenna ports of the UE receive said at least one DL beam.

[0079] The UE 700 is operative to report said at least one SRS resource identification information during a CSI reporting or beam reporting instance.

[0080] The UE 700 is further operative to report the SRS resource identification information used by the UE for UL transmission together with at least a CSI/SSBRI, wherein SRS resource identification information corresponds to the SRS resource using the same antenna port(s) as the one(s) receiving a reporting DL resource. The UE 700 is further configured to be triggered by the gNB to report said at least one SRS resource identification information by configuring a triggering higher-layer parameter, CSI-ReportConfig, indicating at least a list of CSI quantities, ReportQuantity, the UE 700 is requested to report to the radio base station. According to an embodiment, the CSI-ReportConfig includes an enable/disable bit, rsReceptionInfo-SRS-RsId, to indicate that the SRS resource identification information is to be included or not along with a CSI/beam reporting.

[0081] A number of said at least one SRS resource identification information is configured by a higher-layer parameter. If plural DL beams are received by the UE 700, the UE 700 is configured to report a single SRS resource identification information for said received plural DL beams. The UE 700 is further configured to report multiple SRS resource identification information for each received DL beam or for each received group of DL beams.

[0082] Additional details relating to the functionality or actions performed by the UE have already been disclosed.

[0083] There is also provided a computer program comprising instructions which when executed on at least one processor 710 of the UE 700 according to claim 20, cause the processor 710 to carry out the method according to anyone claims 1-10.
A carrier containing the computer program is provided wherein the carrier is one of a computer readable storage medium; an electronic signal, optical signal or a radio signal.

[0084] In order to perform the previously described process or method steps related to the radio base station, some embodiments herein include a radio base station for acquiring antenna port related information. As shown in Figure 8, the radio base station 800 comprises a processor 810 or processing circuit or a processing module or a processor or means 810; a receiver circuit or receiver module 840; a transmitter circuit or transmitter module 850; a memory module 820 a transceiver circuit or transceiver module 830 which may include the transmitter circuit 850 and the receiver circuit 840. The radio base station 800 further comprises an antenna system 860 which includes antenna circuitry for transmitting and receiving signals to/from at least the UE 700;

[0085] The radio base station 800 may belong to any radio access technology including 2G, 3G, 4G or LTE, LTE-A, 5G, WLAN, and WiMax etc. that support beamforming technology.

[0086] The processing module/circuit 810 includes a processor, microprocessor, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field programmable gate array (FPGA), or the like, and may be referred to as the "processor 810." The processor 810 controls the operation of the UE 800 and its components. Memory (circuit or module) 820 includes a random access memory (RAM), a read only memory (ROM), and/or another type of memory to store data and instructions that may be used by processor 810. In general, it will be understood that the radio base station 800 in one or more embodiments includes fixed or programmed circuitry that is configured to carry out the operations in any of the embodiments disclosed herein.

[0087] In at least one such example, the radio base station 800 includes a microprocessor, microcontroller, DSP, ASIC, FPGA, or other processing circuitry that is configured to execute computer program instructions from a computer program stored in a non-transitory computer-readable medium that is in, or is accessible to the processing circuitry. Here, "non-transitory" does not necessarily mean permanent or unchanging storage, and may include storage in working or volatile memory, but the term does connote storage of at least some persistence. The execution of the program instructions specially adapts or configures the processing circuitry to carry out the operations disclosed herein including anyone of method claims 11-19. Further, it will be appreciated that the radio base station 800 may comprise additional components not shown in Figure 8.

[0088] As previously presented, the radio base station 800 is operative to transmit at least one DL beam to the UE; and receive, from the UE, at least one at least one SRS resource identification information for said at least one DL beam transmitted to the UE, wherein the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna-port of the UE receiving the corresponding DL beam.
The radio base station 800 is operative to receive the SRS resource identification information corresponding to the antenna port used by the UE to receive the DL beam having a highest channel quality characteristic, if multiple antenna ports of the UE receive said at least one DL beam. Examples of channel quality characteristics have already been described.

[0089] The radio base station 800 is operative to receive said at least one SRS resource identification information during a CSI reporting or beam reporting instance. The radio base station 800 is operative to receive the SRS resource identification information used by the UE for UL transmission together with at least a CSI/SSBRI. The radio base station 800 is further operative to trigger the reporting of said at least one SRS resource identification information by configuring the UE with a higher-layer parameter, CSI-ReportConfig, indicating at least a list of CSI quantities, ReportQuantity, the UE is requested to report to the radio base station. The CSI-ReportConfig includes an enable/disable bit, rsReceptionInfo-SRS-RsId, to indicate that the SRS resource identification information is to be included or not along with a CSI/beam reporting from the UE. A number of said at least one SRS resource identification information is configured by a higher-layer parameter. The radio base station 800 is further operative to transmit a single SRS resource identification information for transmitted plural DL beams, if plural DL beams are transmitted to the UE and received by the UE, and to receive multiple SRS resource identification information for each transmitted DL beam and received by the UE or for each transmitted group of DL beams and received by the UE.

[0090] Additional details relating to the functionality or actions performed by the radio base station have already been disclosed.

[0091] There is also provided a computer program comprising instructions which when executed on at least one processor 810 of the radio base station 800 according to claim 21, cause the processor 810 to carry out the method according to anyone claims 11-19.

[0092] A carrier containing the computer program is provided wherein the carrier is one of a computer readable storage medium; an electronic signal, optical signal or a radio signal.

[0093] The embodiments described in this disclosure achieve several advantages which include:
From a UE energy consumption perspective, it may be advantageous to use only a small number of panels for UL Tx beam transmission. Synchronizing the panel/antenna port information between the UE and the gNB with said knowledge may help the network to control the UE's power consumption.

[0094] There is no need to violate UE privacy since no explicit signalling of UE panel related information or antenna port related information is performed using the presented invention. Further, because no explicit signalling of UE panel related information or antenna port related information is performed, feedback overhead in beam reporting is avoided.

[0095] The gNB may take into account the UE's ability to exploit reciprocity between DL and UL transmission. By sharing the panel/antenna port information on the DL beam reception, the UE may aid the gNB to setup UE's UL Tx beams; thereby reducing the latency of the UL link establishment and adaptation. Another advantage with embodiments herein is to enable the radio base station take into account the UE's ability to exploit reciprocity between DL and UL transmission. By sharing the panel information on the DL beam reception, the UE aids the radio base station to setup UE's UL Tx beams; thereby reducing the latency of the UL link establishment and adaptation.

[0096] Yet another advantage with providing panel-specific or port-specific information or information on the antenna ports receiving the reported CSI-RS, is to enable the radio base station to configure appropriate SRS resources or resource set from specific panel(s)/port(s) for UL transmission thereby reducing the latency of link establishment/adaptation in the UL and the resources used for UL channel sounding.

[0097] Throughout this disclosure, the word "comprise" or "comprising" has been used in a non-limiting sense, i.e. meaning "consist at least of". Although specific terms may be employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation. The embodiments herein may be applied in any wireless systems including GSM, 3G or WCDMA, LTE or 4G, LTE-A (or LTE-Advanced), 5G, WiMAX, WiFi, satellite communications, TV broadcasting etc. that may employ beamforming technology.

1. References



[0098] 
  1. [1] 3GPP TS 38.214, "Physical layer procedures for data (Release 15)," 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network, Version 15.3.0, September 2018.
  2. [2] 3GPP TS 38.331, "Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol specification (Release 15)," 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network, Version 15.1.0, March 2018.
  3. [3] R1-1811408, "Enhancements on Multi-beam Operation," Nokia/Nokia Shanghai Bell, October 2018.
  4. [4] R1-1810221, "Enhancements on multi-beam operation," ZTE, October 2018.
  5. [5] R1-1810791, "On Beam Management Enhancement," Intel Corporation, October 2018.



Claims

1. A method performed by a User Equipment, UE, (700) for providing antenna port related information to a radio base station (800), about signal reception at the UE (700), the method comprising:

- (501) receiving at least one downlink, DL, beam from the radio base station (800); and

- (502) reporting at least one Sounding Reference Signal, SRS, resource identification information for said at least one received DL beam, wherein

the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna port of the UE (700) receiving the corresponding DL beam.
 
2. The method according to claim 1 comprising: reporting the SRS resource identification information corresponding to the antenna port receiving the DL beam having a highest channel quality characteristic, if multiple antenna ports of the UE (700) receive said at least one DL beam.
 
3. The method according to claim 1 comprising, reporting said at least one SRS resource identification information during a CSI reporting or beam reporting instance.
 
4. The method according to claim 3 comprising reporting the SRS resource identification information used by the UE (700) for UL transmission together with at least a CSI/SSBRI.
 
5. The method according to claim 4 wherein the SRS resource identification information corresponds to the SRS resource or SRS resource set using the same antenna port(s) as the one(s) receiving a reporting DL resource.
 
6. The method according to any of the preceding claims wherein reporting said at least one SRS resource identification information is triggered by the radio base station by configuring a higher-layer parameter, CSI-ReportConfig, indicating at least a list of CSI quantities, ReportQuantity, the UE is requested to report to the radio base station.
 
7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the CSI-ReportConfig includes an enable/disable bit, rsReceptionInfo-SRS-RsId, to indicate that the SRS resource identification information is to be included or not along with a CSI/beam reporting.
 
8. The method according to claim 1 wherein a number of said at least one SRS resource identification information is configured by a higher-layer parameter.
 
9. The method according to claim 1 wherein if plural DL beams are received by the UE, reporting a single SRS resource identification information for said received plural DL beams.
 
10. The method according to claim 1 comprising reporting multiple SRS resource identification information for each received DL beam or for each received group of DL beams.
 
11. A method performed by a radio base station (800) for acquiring antenna-port related information of a UE (700) about signal reception at the UE (700), the method comprising:

- (601) transmitting at least one downlink, DL, beam to the UE (700); and

- (602) receiving, from the UE (7009, at least one at least one Sounding Reference Signal, SRS, resource identification information for said at least one DL beam transmitted to the UE (700), wherein

the SRS resource identification information is associated with at least one antenna-port of the UE (700) receiving the corresponding DL beam.
 
12. The method according to claim 11 comprising: receiving the SRS resource identification information corresponding to the antenna port used by the UE (700) to receive the DL beam having a highest channel quality characteristic, if multiple antenna ports of the UE (700) receive said at least one DL beam.
 
13. The method according to claim 11 comprising, receiving said at least one SRS resource identification information during a CSI reporting or beam reporting instance.
 
14. The method according to claim 13 comprising receiving the SRS resource identification information used by the UE f(700) or UL transmission together with at least a CSI/SSBRI.
 
15. The method according to any of the preceding claims comprising triggering the reporting of said at least one SRS resource identification information by configuring the UE with a higher-layer parameter, CSI-ReportConfig, indicating at least a list of CSI quantities, ReportQuantity, the UE is requested to report to the radio base station.
 
16. The method according to claim 15, wherein the CSI-ReportConfig includes an enable/disable bit, rsReceptionInfo-SRS-RsId, to indicate that the SRS resource identification information is to be included or not along with a CSI/beam reporting from the UE (700).
 
17. The method according to claim 11 wherein a number of said at least one SRS resource identification information is configured by a higher-layer parameter.
 
18. The method according to claim 11 wherein transmitting a single SRS resource identification information for transmitted plural DL beams, if plural DL beams are transmitted to the UE (700) and received by the UE.
 
19. The method according to claim 11 comprising receiving multiple SRS resource identification information for each transmitted DL beam and received by the UE (70) or for each transmitted group of DL beams and received by the UE (700).
 
20. A User Equipment, UE, (700) for providing antenna port related information to a radio base station (800), the UE (700) comprising a processor (710) and a memory (720), said memory containing instructions executable by said processor (710) whereby said UE (700) is operative to perform any one of the subject-matter of method claims 1-10.
 
21. A radio base station (800), for acquiring antenna-port related information from a UE (700), the radio base station (800) comprising a processor (810) and a memory (820), said memory (820) containing instructions executable by said processor (810) whereby said radio base station (800) is operative to perform any one of the subject-matter of method claims 11-19.
 
22. A computer program comprising instructions which when executed on at least one processor (710) of the UE (700) according to claim 20, cause the at least said one processor (710) to carry out the method according to anyone claims 1-10.
 
23. A carrier containing the computer program according to claim 22, wherein the carrier is one of a computer readable storage medium; an electronic signal, optical signal or a radio signal.
 
24. A computer program comprising instructions which when executed on at least one processor (810) of the radio base station (800) according to claim 21, cause the at least said one processor (810) to carry out the method according to anyone claims 11-19.
 
25. A carrier containing the computer program according to claim 24, wherein the carrier is one of a computer readable storage medium; an electronic signal, optical signal or a radio signal.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Non-patent literature cited in the description